This is a generic class for:
(1) Processes for molding, casting, or shaping of nonmetallicmaterials to produce articles.
(2) Liquid or melt comminuting of materials other than glassor metal.
(3) Uniting or compacting of bulk or randomly assembled particles.
(4) Furnace Lining or repair.
(5) Melt shaping in the absence of a mold or shaping surface,e.g., spheroidizing of particles.
(6) Working or treatment of nonmetallic materials not otherwiseprovided for.
GENERAL STATEMENT OF CLASS SUBJECT MATTER
(1) This is a generic class for processes for molding, castingor the plastic shaping, not provided for in any other class, ofmiscellaneous nonmetallic materials to make or reproduce articlesof a definite shape, or the shaping and embossing of sheets of miscellaneousnonmetallic materials, not otherwise provided for.
The common property of plasticity renders molding operationsof chief importance in this class.
Where there exists an art class that can properly include alloperations preliminary to a broad molding step, such operations,unless otherwise specified will be classified in such class. Wheresignificant molding steps are combined with any other operations,the patents claiming such combinations, unless otherwise providedfor will be included in this class and cross-referenced into the otherclass or classes involved. Note the lines between this class andother classes as set out below.
Where there is no class which could include such operations,the entire preparation of the material is included in this class,but only those are included in which the preliminary operationsare performed for the purpose of preparing the material for molding.See the search notes below and the references to other classesfor the shaping of specific materials, e.g., paper, sugar, tobacco,etc.
This class will take processes under the class definition, andwhere not otherwise specifically provided for, in which normallyliquid materials are encapsulated. In general, this class willprovide for processes in which the covering, encompassing or encasingmaterial is formed or shaped from material in a fluent state.
(2) This is the generic class for processes, not elsewhere providedfor, for shaping of material by a comminution or disintegrationthereof from a molten or liquid state, wherein the cohesive natureof the material, per se, especially in the comminuted state duringsolidification thereof influences the shape or configuration ofthe discrete particles or elements formed. See subclass 5 and thenotes thereto for the lines with other classes. For liquid comminutionof glass or other vitreous materials and for comminution of liquidmetal, see References to Other Classes, below.
(3) The uniting of bulk assembled particulate material eitherautogenously (see specific references to glass particles and metalparticles below) or with added binder or adhesive in a mold or ona shaping surface are included herein, except those processes inwhich the mold constitutes nothing more than a depository and theparticulate material charge is not disclosed to be shaped by said moldor depository prior to heating but changes its bulk shape only onfusion or melting to assume the configuration of said depository.See Lines With Other Classes below, with regard to mold fillingor charging.
This class has been made the generic home for methods of compactingand briquetting bulk deposited or handled powdered or particulatematter usually predicated on the production of an interfacial bondbetween the individual particles. However, see References to Other Classesbelow for classes that take (1) agglomerating from finely dividedsolid nonmetallic, inorganic elements, e.g., carbon, wherein nobinder, per se, is employed; (2) compacting by mechanical interlocksuch as results from a baling operation; and (3) mechanical formingof a distilland combined with a thermolytic distilling operation.
This class (264) will accommodate such subject matter onlywhere the resulting compact tends to hold its shape as the resultof an interfacial bond between adjacent particles of the mass.Since powder, granules and dust are not characterized by projectingportions which could facilitate a bonding by mechanical interlock,a disclosure or claim restricted to such types of particulate materialis regarded as evidence that the product is rendered self-sustainingby interfacial bonding.
With regard to glass particle uniting, in particular, a patentreciting placing of glass particles other than glass fibers or mineralwool in their final position in a mold, followed by autogenous unitingor sintering or fusion in the configuration or shape imparted bysaid mold, will be classified in this class (264) whether or notsaid particles are disclosed to maintain their individual identities toany degree. See References to Other Classes, below, for for processesincluding a glass working step as therein defined, and for the linewhere glass fibers or mineral wool are placed onto a mold surfacewhich fibers or mineral wool particles are heated on or subsequentto contact with the surface to fuse the particles with each other.
4) This class will be considered generic to processes for furnacelining formation or repair. (See Subclass References to the CurrentClass, below.)
5) This class will take shaping of molten materials whereno mold or molding surface, per se, is employed, e. g., spheroidizingor rounding of particles, see this class, subclass 15 and the notesthereto.
6) This class will take treatment of nonmetallic materialsnot otherwise provided for. See the notes to Lines With Other Classes, "Treatmentof Shaped Articles," and Subclass References to the CurrentClass, below. Patents disclosing working, mulling or kneading, perse, of plastic materials will go to this class except where specificmaterials are recited.
Unless otherwise provided for, the recitation in a claim ofa significant molding step will bring a patent to this class. Significantmolding operations include named injection molding, centrifugalcasting, slush casting, casting of fluids on a forming surface toform a sheet or web, "spinning" into a specificallynamed bath as set out below, evaporative or solvent extractive "spinning" and combinationsof two or more broad molding or shaping steps and other combinationsas set out herein.
Such terms as "molding", "casting" (usedgenerically) "extruding", "sheeting" and "forming" areconsidered to be merely broad or nominal operations for purposesof this class.
The intent must also be considered. If, for example, "extruding" isfor discharging material from a chamber in chunks or gobs ratherthan for shaping, this is not enough for this class.
The production of "shapes" merely suitablefor handling or bulk shipping, e.g., "sheets" or "sheeting" ofno particular structure will not be considered significant moldingin a, per se, operation. Also, where articles identified by nameonly are produced, a process will not be considered significantfor this class unless there are included limitations and/ormodifications unique to molding or shaping said named article.
This class will take combinations of broad molding plus preliminaryphysical or mechanical treatment wherein said treatment is disclosedto perfect the molding.
Patents reciting physical or mechanical treatment subsequentto a broad molding step, e.g., extruding or "spinning" plusstretching, casting with removal of solvent from the cast liquidand heating subsequent to removal of a molded article from the moldto complete cure or to vulcanize, will be placed in this class.Nominal return to ambient temperature is not considered to be anafter treatment or a subsequent treatment within the scope outlinedhere.