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Српски / Srpski
ইমার ঠার/বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী
Srpskohrvatski / Српскохрватски
Sociology Papers Document Library
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This thesis explores the American experiences addressing Islām feminist movement. The research is studying a case of Historic Jumu`ah or a Friday prayer led by a woman in mix gender congregants. This first Muslim woman on record to lead mixed-gender prayer happened on Friday, March 18th 2005, at Episcopal Church. It is a synod house in 1047 Amsterdam Ave, North East corner of 110th Street, Upper Manhattan. The research questions are: 1) How does Historic Jumu`ah deviate from mainstream Islām? 2) How does Historic Jumu`ah represent feminist movement in America? This thesis uses uṣūl al-fiqh and feminism as approach to answer those research questions. Nevin Reda in her article entitled ‘What would the Prophet Do? The Islamic Basis for Female-Led Prayer’ argues the religious validity of female Im�m in a mixed-gender Friday prayer. She uses a hadith that was reported by Imam Ahmad, Ab� D��d, on the authority of Umm Waraqah as hujjah of women are permitted to lead a Friday prayer. Some scholars of Hadith regard the chain of reporters of this Hadith is weak thus this hadith could not be used as hujjah. Moreover Ibn Qudamah says that since women are not permitted to call the Adhan for Prayer for men; they are also not allowed to lead them in Prayer. The conclusions of this research are: 1. It is found that there are three major deviation of Historic Jumu`ah. They are: a woman acts as Im�m, a woman delivers Jumu`ah khutbah, and ikhtilath. 2. Historic Jumu`ah represents feminist movement in America by presenting feminism spirits such as a woman should have the same treatment as a man. Moreover historic Jumu`ah is a manifestation of Islāmic feminism in getting listened by world and it is “the resurrection of Islām feminist” in America. The event of historic Jumu`ah is about Muslim women reclaiming their rightful place in Islām.
men and women
Stereotypes of Masculinity
Final Project for Gender and Society Course. 7 pages with references
masculinity and femininity
men and women
boys and girls
men and masculinity
essay on the effect on technology
Detailing the different aspects of technology, and other factors like stress that distract us from our surroundings. Culminating essay for Challenge and Change gr. 12 8-9 pages Work Cited with websites and movie (correctly cited) included
challenge and change
Collection of Notes to Write an Essay on Why Priests Should Marry
A collection of notes with references, single spaced to enable you to write an essay as to why priests should be allowed to marry.
Police Pursuit Policy Analysis Brief
1 Current Police Vehicle Pursuits Policies and Procedures Why We Need Policy It is important to recognize that to use high speed methods in vehicle pursuit can only have risks reduced by un-holding a standardized gu
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