Fisheries subsidies WTO Hong Kong meeting should not forget the question - China Ground Fog Machin by anamaulida


									World Trade Organization (WTO) Sixth Ministerial Conference of December
13 kicked off in Hong Kong after the national media have focused. The
past two days, to cut farm subsidies and agricultural tariffs, reducing
industrial tariffs, open services and other issues become the focus of
world attention. Of course, agriculture is the core of the Doha Round
negotiations, and other areas to contain the negotiations. However,
"sustainable development" concept of increasingly recognized
around the world today, "Fisheries subsidies," is also very
important in the WTO Hong Kong meeting should not be ignored and
forgotten. UNEP Executive Director Klaus? Tuopufeier has specialized
stressed: "The WTO Hong Kong Ministerial Conference should be
reviewed and strengthened for the excess fishing capacity and over-
fishing of fisheries subsidies in the negotiating mandate." WWF
global total Officer James? Lipp said, negotiators should be in this a
few days and really push forward the process of fisheries subsidies
negotiations. Nearly 200 years, developed countries have been
subsidizing the fishing industry, fisheries development and protection of
this as an important national policy of food security. EU, U.S., Japan,
Canada and South Korea are all on their huge subsidies to the fisheries
sector. At present, the total amount of national subsidies to the fishing
industry has reached 20 billion U.S. dollars per year, equivalent to the
total catch value of 1 / 4, leading to excess fishing capacity,
overfishing growing problem. United Nations Environment Programme issued
a report, as countries with large fisheries subsidies, about 75% of
global fisheries resources have been depleted or declining. More
critical, because many important species such as cod, tuna, swordfish,
etc. are subjected to destructive fishing in many areas of marine
ecosystems have been caught in dangerous state of disorder and confusion.
For various historical reasons, the WTO's predecessor??? General
Agreement on Tariffs (GATT) carried out several rounds of trade
negotiations has been to exclude the issue of fisheries subsidies. In
November 2001 the WTO Doha Ministerial Conference, members finally
realized that "fishing for some members of the economic importance
of developing", decided to fisheries subsidies included in the new
round of multilateral trade negotiations. The following year, in
Johannesburg, South Africa at the World Summit on Sustainable
Development, countries recognized the importance of the "Cancel that
contribute to illegal, irregular and excessive fishing practices harmful
fisheries subsidies." However, under current WTO rules, in most
cases, to rely on governments to provide some evidence of misconduct.
Data shows that some government concealed its underreporting the amount
of fisheries subsidies as high as 90%. Can be said that many of the
existing rules on fisheries subsidies bad, actually do nothing. Thus,
while in New Zealand, Chile and the United States urged countries such as
under the "Improving the WTO subsidies rules on fisheries subsidies,
provides that" the agenda has entered a substantive aspect of the
operation of the new rules have also entered a preliminary discussion
stage, but is clearly "is not the time to open champagne." If
the meeting of these new rules will be clear and unambiguous set to
ensure its enforceability, while fully aware of the special needs of
developing countries, especially those fishing for a living, fragile
island economy, then, "Hong Kong Conference "will undoubtedly
sustainable development of fisheries in the world occupy an important
page in the history. For the sustainable use of marine, is the people,
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