Presentation East of England Regional Assembly

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					                   East of England
Black and Minority Ethnic Network
            What MENTER is
• Regional network for Black & Minority Ethnic (BME)
  voluntary organisations and community groups in the East
  of England.
• Funded by the Government‟s Active Communities
  Directorate , GO-East (Government Office for the East of
  England), EEDA (East of England Development Agency),
  Sports England East, Connecting Communities Plus
  (DCLG), Change Up /Capacity Builders programme
• Managed by a voluntary management board of 20
  trustees from member groups including Race Equality
  Councils, and advisors from GO-East, EEDA & COVER
  (the general voluntary sector regional network)
• Chief Officer
• Support Services Co-ordinator
• Administrator
• Regional Sports Equality Manager
• Partnership Officer (Equalities)
• Strategic Development Officers
  covering Bedfordshire & Luton; Hertfordshire;
  Cambridgeshire, Essex, Thurrock, Southend &
  Peterborough; and Norfolk & Suffolk.
• Regional     Partnership Development Officer         plus
  refugee, asylum seeker and migrant workers project
MENTER has three strategic aims:
•   To develop the BME sector in the East of
•   To promote race equality and advocate for the
    BME sector
•   To build a strong and “fit for purpose” regional
    BME network able to co-ordinate BME voice
            BME Communities
The region has four distinct groups, each with distinct needs:
1.   BME communities from over 50 different countries of
     origin, including newer Eastern European communities
2.   Asylum seekers & refugees
3.   Migrant workers
4.   Gypsies & Travellers – the largest number in the UK

The 2001 Census shows:
•    7% of the non-white UK British population live in the
     Eastern Region. This is the fifth largest population of non-
     white residents in the UK.
•    There is a wide variation in the proportion of BME groups
     across the Region, e.g. 35% in Luton to 3.7% in Norfolk.
•    There is no single large BME community in the East of
     England. The largest ethnic group is White Other. This
     includes (Eastern) European, Middle Eastern and Gypsies
     & Traveller groups.
•    BME groups in the region come from over 50 countries of
     origin. This has a great impact on the diversity of service
     provision required e.g. translation / interpretation.
     Peterborough now has at least 32 languages
                        Ethnicity in the region
2001 Census ethnicity
                               East of England                  England
                               Number                %          Number             %
All                                     5,388,136    100.0          49,138,831         100
White British                           4,927,343        91.4       42,747,136          87
White Irish                                61,208         1.1            624,115        1.3
White Other                               136,452         2.5        1,308,110          2.7
Multi Heritage                             57,982         1.1            643,373        1.3
Indian                                     51,035         0.9        1,028,546          2.1
Pakistani                                  38,790         0.7            706,539        1.4
Bangladeshi                                18,503         0.3            275,394        0.6
Other Asian or Asian British               13,424         0.2            237,810        0.5
Caribbean                                  26,199         0.5            561,246        1.1
African                                    16,966         0.3            475,938         1
Other Black or Black British                 5,297        0.1             95,324        0.2
Chinese                                    20,385         0.4            110,681        0.4
Other Ethnic Group                         14,552         0.3            214,619        0.4
Total BME                                 460,793         8.6        6,281,695         12.8
Mobility in the region – the need to develop new ways of
Changes in the occupational and industrial profile of employment have
been dominated by changes in the ethnic profile of the workforce and the
population. EEDA estimates over 80,000 migrant workers in the region.

Around 7% of workers in the East of England were born outside the UK in
2004, up from around 5% in 1994. The greatest concentration of migrants
is amongst those aged 25-34, where over 10% of the employed workforce
were from outside the UK. This is significant when the ageing profile of this
region is reviewed

There is a heavy concentration of migrant workers in hotels & catering,
health & social work, and food & drink. There has been a marked increase
in the number of workers in construction in the East of England from
outside the UK. Given the three growth areas in the region, this is
significant. Around 10% of all jobs in professional occupations in the East
of England are filled by migrants.

A recent report quoted in the Guardian this month, marked the East of
England as the region likely to have the biggest problem with community
    Issues for BME communities
•   2004 OSEP report on multiple disadvantage in the region concluded that “the
    different forms of disadvantage are generally lower in the East of England than
    in the comparable other non-metropolitan counties. The exception is the rate of
    disadvantaged ethnic minorities, which is on average slightly higher in the East
    of England.” This is true even for minorities considered on a par with the
    average e.g. Chinese men have an economic activity rate of 62.8% as
    compared to a rate of just under 80% for white men. With women it is even
    higher – 37.8% as compared to a general rate of 24.7%. 6.8% of BME are
    unemployed as compared to a rate of 3.6% of all white people.
•   68% of the Pakistani and Bangladeshi communities were identified in the 2001
    census as living in poverty after the inclusion of housing costs.
•   In this region 18% of Black men are in psychiatric homes as compared to an
    average of 2%.
•   Again, in the East of England, age standardised “not good health” ratios show
    double the rate in Bangladeshi and Pakistani communities. (2005
    Cambridgeshire County Council research for MENTER)
•   Inclusion research for MENTER in 2006 showed an ethnic penalty e.g. a
    differential employment rate of 15% that was as true for those born and brought
    up here as for first generation immigrants
    Issues for BME communities –
                slide 2
•   Hostile media and other coverage following the war on terror and reporting of
    immigration and refugees: rise in racism and extreme right activity in the
•   The devolution agenda may concentrate more on geographical communities
    rather than communities of interest
•   Poverty in BME communities: 2007 Equalities Review conclusion that a child
    born in poverty in the 90s has less chance of escaping this than a child born in
    poverty in the 60s. 2006 Joseph Rowntree report: 4 out of 10 Bangladeshi
    children in poverty
•   Failure of organisations to link with and benefit with BME entrepreneurial
    spirit. Barclays Bank 2005 research estimated that BME business start ups
    have increased by one third from 2000 to 2004 accounting for 11% of all start
    ups. People in Pakistani and Chinese communities are more likely to be self
    employed with rates of 23% and 18% respectively as compared with a 12%
    rate in white British communities
•   The Home Office predicts that half the growth in the working age population
    over the next ten years will be from BME communities and failure to tackle the
    inequalities of labour market underachievement will have serious economic
    consequences for all
    Reasons to use the BME Voluntary and Community
      Sector (VCS) in the development of community
•   A 1990 Trust report in 2004 showed how BME organisations are
    essential to enable BME communities participation in public life. They
    are a key factor in the alleviation of poverty and social exclusion as well
    as developing advocacy on community needs.

•   A Home Office report in 1998 acknowledged the need for the BME VCS
    sector if the Government wished to engage with “some of the most
    socially excluded people and communities.” The 1990 Trust report
    quotes key indicators showing disproportionate levels of poverty and
    exclusion experienced by BME people.

•   MENTER research in 2004 shows little connection between the BME
    VCS and generic VCS. If the VCS is represented by one or two people
    the partnership does need to show how BME views are given and how
    consultation is carried out to reach these communities
  East of England Faiths Council
• Brings together 9 major faiths Baha‟i,
  Buddhism, Christianity, Hindu, Islam, Jain,
  Judaism, Sikh, Zoroastrian
• Facilitates the faiths of the region in making
  input to regional strategy and issues
• Acts as a contact point for regional
  governance and other public bodies
• Hosts FaithsNetEast – an information and
  learning hub for faith communities in
  partnership with Anglia Ruskin University
  East of England Faiths Agency
• A regional network of faiths and inter-faith groups
• To facilitate consultations with and between faith and
  inter-faith groups
• To disseminate information on policies and strategies
  from key regional agencies to network members
• To identify matters of particular and or common
  concern to these groups and to communicate these
  concerns and any other recommendations to the key
  regional agencies.
  Faith communities in the region
Faith                        Regional %                    National %
Christian                    72.1                          71.6
Muslim                        1.5                           2.7
Hindu                         0.6                           1.0
Jewish                        0.6                           0.5
Sikh                          0.3                           0.6
Buddhist                      0.2                           0.3
Other                         0.3                           0.3
Not stated                    7.7                           7.3
None                         16.7                          15.5

76% of people are connected with a faith community. 188,895 through faiths other
than Christianity.

2005 Faith in the East of England Report by the East of England Faiths Council
(EEFC) in conjunction with the University of Cambridge, commissioned by the East
of England Development Agency (EEDA).
    Knowledge of faith communities
Social involvement is widely seen as very important to people‟s
faith. 80% do not limit their work to people of their own faith and the
study indicates that 180,000 people benefit regionally every week
from the work of faith groups.

•   20% of respondents work with homeless people
•   32% undertake food distribution
•   16% provide assistance to those abusing alcohol
•   11% provide assistance to those on drugs
•   26% of faith groups are involved in community liaison of various
    types. 30% run projects for unemployed adults and 22% run
    projects to develop skills
  Involving faith communities
• It would be hard to replace the knowledge
  that faith communities have in understanding
  their communities and reaching to the
• It is important to recognise that faith leaders
  can speak both on behalf of their faith and for
  the people they work for. Lead partners must
  clearly define both terms of engagement
   Sustainable Communities
Sustainable communities are:
• Active, inclusive and safe with tolerance and
  respect and engagement with people from
  different cultures, background and beliefs
• Well run with effective and inclusive
  participation, representation and leadership
• Fair for everyone including those in other
  communities, now and in the future
ODPM, January 2005
       Community Participation
What is Community Participation?
As the Community Development Exchange recently highlighted
“terms such as 'community participation' usually refer to attempts to
encourage communities to get involved in the work of an outside
agency or organization. This type of work is more likely to start with
the needs or targets of the agency, rather than the needs of the

‘Community Participation is about enabling people to become
active partners in the regeneration of communities by contributing
and sharing in the decisions that affect their lives. Participation
should enable people to have a degree of power and control in the
processes with which they are involved.‟ (Strategic Framework for
Community Development – Standing Council for Community
Development, 2001)
       Active Partners Benchmarks developed for
           Yorkshire Forward (Yorkshire RDA)
How partnerships involve communities in the „shaping‟ of plans / activities and in
all decision making.

How partnerships ensure all groups and interests in the community can
participate, and the ways in which inequality is addressed.

How partnerships develop effective ways of sharing information with
communities and clear procedures that maximise community participation.

How partnerships provide the resources required by communities to participate
and support both local people and those from partner agencies to develop their
understanding, knowledge and skills.

(Benchmarking Community Participation, Mandy Wilson and Pete Wilde,
   Legislative requirements on
   equality impact assessments
In order to do any Equality Impact
Assessments of policy, the following
should be in place:
• knowledge of a baseline of reach to
  different communities of interest
• ability to monitor the effect of the policy
  on different communities of interest i.e.
  good understanding of these
•   Ila Chandavarkar, Chief Officer; Liesbeth ten Ham, Support Services Co-ordinator; Joella Hazel,
    Equalities Partnership Officer; Aruna Sharma, Regional Equality Sports Manager; Leona Randell,
    62 – 64 Victoria Road, Cambridge CB4 3DU; tel: 01223 355034

•   John Day, Strategic Development Officer for Cambridgeshire, Peterborough, Essex, Southend and
    c/o Peterborough REC, 34 Fitzwilliam Street, Peterborough PE1 2RX
    tel: 01733 341061; mobile: 07717220209; e-mail:

•   Shaila Bibi, Strategic Development Officer for Bedfordshire & Luton
    c/o Bedfordshire REC, 36 Mill Street, Bedford MK40 3HD
    tel: 01234 219481; mobile: 07717220207; e-mail:

•   Graciano Masauso, Strategic Development Officer for Norfolk & Suffolk
    c/o Ipswich & Suffolk CRE, 46a St Matthews Street, Ipswich, Suffolk, IP1 3EP,
    tel. 01473 406557; mobile: 07717220205; e-mail:

•   Moreen Pascal, Strategic Development Consultant for Hertfordshire
    c/o Bill Salmon Centre, 88 Town Centre Hatfield, Hertfordshire AL10 0JW
    tel. 01707260088; mobile: 07717223545, e-mail:

•   Finbarr Carter, Regional Partnership Development Officer, e-mail:
    Pa Musa Jobarteh, Project Administrator, mobile: 07717220209;

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