SEMESTER 1 Chapter 5 by gjmpzlaezgx


									                SEMESTER 1 Chapter 10
                Planning and Cabling a Network
                V 4.0

10.1.1   What are routers primarily    used to interconnect networks
         used for?
         What does each port on a      Each port on a router connects to a different
         router connect to?            network and routes packets between the
         What two things can a         Broadcast and collision domains
         router break up to improve
         overall network
         performance? What does a hub do when it  regenerates it, and sends the signal over all
         receives a signal?          ports
         What is the main problem    It shares bandwidth between devices which
         with using a hub?           can reduce performance of the LAN
         What are some reasons that  Hubs are less expensive than switches. A hub
         hubs are still used today?  is typically chosen as an intermediary device
                                     within a very small LAN, in a LAN that requires
                                     low throughput requirements, or when finances
                                     are limited.
         What does a switch do       regenerates each bit of the frame on to the
         when it receives a frame?   appropriate destination port
         What is the advantage of    A switch segments a network into multiple
         using a switch vs. a hub?   collision domains
         How can a switch increase   a switch provides dedicated bandwidth on
         performance on a LAN?       each port
10.1.2   What are some factors that Cost
         need to be considered when Speed and Types of Ports/Interfaces
         selecting devices for a     Expandability
         LAN?                        Manageability
                                     Additional Features and Services What determines the cost of Features and capacity
         a switch?
         What are the factors of a   # of ports and speed of ports
         switch’s capacity?
         What are other factors that network management capabilities, embedded
         affect the cost of the      security technologies, and optional advanced
         switch?                     switching technologies
         Why would the cost of       A few long cable runs instead of many long
         purchasing more than one    cable runs
         switch sometimes be the
         better choice than one
         Describe the process of     Add a second or more switches between
         using redundancy in a       nodes so that there is not a single point of
         switched network.           failure What are the three             Just enough ports for today's needs?
         questions you should ask       A mixture of UTP speeds?
         when selecting a switch?       Both UTP and fiber ports? What are the factors that      Expandability
         need to be addressed when      Media
         selecting a router?            Operating System Features
         What is the difference         A modular router has expansion slots that can
         between a fixed and            be changed for future expansion. Fixed can
         modular router?                not be changed.
         List the features and          Security
         services that can be           Quality of Service (QoS)
         provided based on the          Voice over IP (VoIP)
         operating system selected.     Routing multiple Layer 3 protocols
                                        Special services such as Network Address
                                        Translation (NAT) and Dynamic Host
                                        Configuration Protocol (DHCP)
10.2.1   What are the four physical     Work area
         areas to consider when         Telecommunications room, also known as the
         wiring a LAN?                  distribution facility
                                        Backbone cabling, also known as vertical
                                        Distribution cabling, also known as horizontal
         What is the total distance     100 meters
         that a UTP cable can be per
         How long can a patch cable     5 meters
         for interconnecting patch
         panels be?
         How long can the cable be      10 meters
         from the wall termination to
         the computer or phone?
         What is horizontal cabling?    horizontal media runs from a patch panel in the
                                        telecommunications room to a wall jack in
                                        each work area
         What is backbone cabling?      Backbones, or vertical cabling, are used for
                                        aggregated traffic, such as traffic to and from
                                        the Internet and access to corporate resources
                                        at a remote location. What are the three types of    UTP (Category 5, 5e, 6, and 7)
         media we study?                Fiber-optics
         What factors need to be        Cable length - Does the cable need to span
         considered when selecting      across a room or from building to building?
         the media to use?              Cost - Does the budget allow for using a more
                                        expensive media type?
                                        Bandwidth - Does the technology used with the
                                        media provide adequate bandwidth?
                                        Ease of installation - Does the implementation
                                        team have the ability to install the cable or is a
                                         vendor required?
                                         Susceptible to EMI/RFI - Is the local
                                         environment going to interfere with the signal?   Define attenuation.           Attenuation is reduction of the strength of a
                                         signal as it moves down a media.
           What is the major factor that Cable length
           affects attenuation in
           network cables?
           What two cost factors must match the performance needs of the users with
           be matched when selecting the cost of the equipment and cabling to
           the media?                    achieve the best cost/performance ratio
           Does a server need more or More
           less bandwidth than a single
           user?   List in numeric order the     1. wireless
           easiest to most difficult     2. UTP
           media to install.             3. Fiber Optic
           What are the two forms of     EMI- Electromagnetic Interference
           interference that can affect  RFI- Radio Frequency Interference
           the network signals?   What are the EIA/TIA cable 568A & 568B
           specifications for the ends
           of UTP cables?   Which pins are used for       Pins 1 & 2
           transmitting in a straight-
           through cable?
           Which pins are used for       Pins 3 & 6
           receiving in a straight-
           through cable?
           When do you use a straight- When connecting unlike devices
           through cable?
           When do you use a             When connecting like devices
           crossover cable?
           Which connections use a       Switch to a router Ethernet port
           straight-through cable?       Computer to switch
                                         Computer to hub   Describe the ends of a        The transmit of one end connects to the
           crossover cable.              receive of the other end and vice-versa
           Which connections are         Switch to switch
           listed that require a         Switch to hub
           crossover cable?              Hub to hub
                                         Router to router Ethernet port connection
                                         Computer to computer
                                         Computer to a router Ethernet port   Can modern devices be set Yes
           so that different types of
           cables are not necessary?
10.2.3     What are the two types of     DB-60 or a smart serial connector
           connectors for the router
         end of a serial connection?
         What is the connector at the    Winchester 15 pin connector
         network end called? Define a DCE.                   Data Communications Equipment (DCE) - A
                                         device that supplies the clocking services to
                                         another device. Typically, this device is at the
                                         WAN access provider end of the link.
         Define a DTE.                   Data Circuit-Terminal Equipment (DTE) - A
                                         device that receives clocking services from
                                         another device and adjusts accordingly.
                                         Typically, this device is at the WAN customer
                                         or user end of the link.
         Which end of the cable is       DCE
         responsible for supplying
         the clock rate?
10.3.1   Which end devices require       User computers
         an IP address?                  Administrator computers
                                         Other end devices such as printers, IP phones,
                                         and IP cameras
         Which network devices           Router LAN interfaces
         require IP addresses?           Router WAN (serial) interfaces
         Which network devices           Switches
         need IP addresses for           Wireless Access Points
10.3.2   What are the three reasons      Manage broadcast traffic
         given to subnet a network?      Different network requirements
         What two calculations are       A unique subnet and subnet mask for each
         necessary after the             physical segment
         requirements are                A range of usable host addresses for each
         determined?                     subnet
10.3.3   What are the different types    General users
         of hosts on a network?          Special users
                                         Network resources
                                         Router LAN interfaces
                                         Router WAN links
                                         Management access
10.4     We will go over these in
10.5.1   What are router Ethernet        Connecting to LAN
         connections used for?
         What are router Serial          Connections between WANs
         connections used for?
         What is the router’s console    It is used for the initial configuration of the
         interface used for?             router
         What is the security concern    with physical access to the router's console
         involving the console port of   interface, an unauthorized person can interrupt
         a router?                       or compromise network traffic
         What is the auxiliary port of   To remotely configure a router
         a router used for?
         What device is normally         Modem
         attached to the auxiliary
10.5.2   What software is used when      Terminal emulator
         configuring a router?
         What type of cable is           RJ-45 to DB-9
         connected between the
         router console port and
         What are the serial port        Bits per second: 9600 bps
         connection settings             Data bits: 8
         required?                       Parity: None
                                         Stop bits: 1
                                         Flow control: None
         What do you do to access        Hit enter
         the router if all connections
         are made properly?

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