TAMIL NADU SMALL & TINY
10, GST Road, Guindy, Chennai-600032
Phone : 044-22501302, 22500939, Fax : 044-22501890
Email : firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com
Website : www.tanstia.org.in
MEMORANDUM OF ASSOCIATION
RULES AND REGULATIONS
(AMENDMENTS UPTO 23.10.1999 (33RD AGM) INCORPORATED)
MEMORANDUM OF ASSOCIATION
THE TAMIL NADU SMALL & TINY INDUSTRIES ASSOCIATION
10, G.S.T. Road, Guindy, Chennai-600032.
(Amendments upto 33rd AGM dated 23.10.99 incorporated)
I. The name of the Association is the TAMIL NADU SMALL AND TINY INDUSTRIES
II. The registered office of the Association will be situated in the City of Chennai and now functioning at
No.10, G.S.T. Road, Guindy, Chennai-600032.
AIMS AND OBJECTS
III. The aims and objects of the association are ;-
1. To promote and protect the Small & Tiny Industries in Tamilnadu.
2. To take all steps to protect and promote the general interests of the persons engaged in Small &
Tiny Industries in Tamilnadu.
3. To create and encourage a fellow feeling and co-operation among the manufacturers and
consumers in Small & Tiny Industries in Tamilnadu and to evolve a common policy on all
subjects involving their common interest.
4. To consider and formulate opinions upon all matters connected with the Small & Tiny
Industries in Tamilnadu.
5. To collect, classify and circulate statistics and other information relating to commercial interests
in general and Small & Tiny Industries in particular.
6. To promote beneficial and other measures relating to the Small & Tiny Industries and thus
obtain by all acknowledged means of redressal as far as possible of grievances of the
Industrialists in Small & Tiny Industries.
7. To adjust and settle disputes or controversies between the members of the association.
8. To establish just and equitable principles regarding the affairs of Small & Tiny Industries in
9. To communicate with and make representations to authorities and Chambers of Commerce and
other Mercantile and Public Associations throughout the world and concert and promote
measures for the protection and furtherance of the Small & Tiny Industries and the common
good of the persons engaged therein.
10. To maintain a Library of Books and Publications and Literature on Small & Tiny Industries,
so as to diffuse commercial information and knowledge amongst the members of the
11. To acquire by purchase, gift, lease or otherwise, lands and buildings and properties, moveables
and immoveables which the association may from time to time think proper to acquire for
purposes of the Association.
12. To act as Agents, stockists, Distributors for the controlled and such other commodities for the
benefit of the Members of the Association and Registered Small & Tiny Industrialists.
13. To borrow or raise money with or without security or guarantee or to receive money at interest
or otherwise in such manner as the Association may think fit and as security for any such
money so borrowed, raised or received to mortgage, pledge or charge the whole or any part of
the property, assets or revenues of the Association present or future necessary for fulfilling any
of the objects or purposes of the Association.
14. To organize or conduct such services for the benefits of the Association and its servants and
employees without profit, as the Association may require from time to time and to receive
15. To subscribe to become a member of and cooperate with any other organization, whether
incorporated or not, whose objects are wholly or partly identical with, or similar to those of the
Association, and to procure from the communicate to any such organization such information as
may be likely to further the objects of this Association.
16. To organize, encourage, subscribe to, propagate for and to promote technical, scientific,
vocational and general education amongst the citizens of Tamilnadu, taking all parts of the
personality into consideration.
17. To organize and establish vocational Institutes where theoretical and practical training will be
18. To develop, gradually scientific, technical, vocational and general education throughout
Tamilnadu by organizing and establishing different centers in different parts of Tamilnadu.
19. To gather all the technical and scientific principles that have been developed already all over the
country and to utilize and apply the same and to improve upon and to innovate new type of
equipment and industrial apparatus needed to develop such Small & Tiny Industries in the
county, to utilize the energy and skill, talent and dynamics amongst the citizens of Tamilnadu
and to prepare and publish such suitable books on each such Industry and also to promote and
establish educational courses for such vocational work.
20. To publish scientific, technical, vocational and general education literature in Indian languages
and to propagate gradually the education of the citizens of Tamilnadu in the respective
21. To arrange practical training in the various establishments and industrial units and workshops
that are available in Tamilnadu and to prepare the necessary personnel for operating and
manipulating such industrial establishments as may grow, according to the needs, skill and
capacities of the citizens of Tamilnadu.
22. To maintain a list of skilled workmen and to get into contact with Industrial Establishments all
over Tamilnadu and to provide suitable employment for such men.
23. To carry on all the objects mentioned above and also every other act and thing that may be
required for the purposes of propagating and developing technical, scientific, vocational and
general education leading to constructive work amongst the Small & Tiny Industries and to do
all or any of these things and any other thing that may be determined from time to time.
24. To charge and receive fees from the students those gathered for educational purposes and to
charge for all services that may be rendered by the Association to the public at such rates as
may be determined from time to time.
25. To organize, establish and to create such institutions and organizations and to affiliate them to
this body and to encourage, finance, organize, facilitate and conduct such educational and
cultural activities as may be found necessary for the fulfillment of the growing life of the
citizens of Tamilnadu.
26. To products, print, publish, circulate and distribute at equitable prices such literacy, scientific
and technical materials in the shape of books, periodicals, journals, circular letter, etc., and any
such things, as may be found necessary for the fulfillment of the objects heretofore written.
27. To accept gifts, donations, benefactions, etc., from any persons or persons, associations,
institutions, societies, companies, organizations and State and Central Governments.
28. To give donations to organizations or institutions, that may have and work out similar objects as
those of this Association and to individuals for facilitating the evolutionary development of
their personality, in conformity with the objects of the Association.
29. To do all such things as are incidental, or conducive to the attainment of the above objects or
any of them, including the founding and the maintenance of a library or libraries, educational
and cultural center or centers.
30. To open organize and conduct emporiums and to conduct and partake in exhibitions, etc.
31. To organize conduct and run co-operative societies.
32. To open, conduct and run a printing pres and publish periodicals.
33. To conduct and organize competitions and to give prices and testimonials to the winners, from
time to time.
34. To make representations for and on behalf of the members of the Association in public bodies,
Quasi- Government bodies, etc.
35. To render assistance to members in legal, Government aid, Import and Export quotas and advise
members on labour problems, trademarks, etc.
36. To open, organize and conduct workshops for the benefit of the members.
37. To run research centers, model institutions and to render all such technical aid as may be
required to the members of the Association as far as possible.
38. To do all such other acts and things as may be necessary and conducive to the preservation,
furtherance and expansion of the Small & Tiny Industries in Tamilnadu or incidental to the
attainment of the above objects or any of them.
IV. The income and property of the Association, however derived, shall be applied solely towards the
promotion of the objects of this Association as set forth in the Memorandum of Association and no
portion thereof shall be paid or transferred directly or indirectly by way of dividend or bonus or
otherwise however as profit to the persons who at any time, are or have been members of the
Association or to any of them, or to any persons claiming through or under any of them.
PROVIDED, that nothing herein contained shall prevent the payment of good faith of remuneration or
allowance or honorarium to any officers or servants of the Association or to any members thereof or
other persons in return for any service actually rendered to the Association, or the payment of interest on
money borrowed from any member of the Association.
V. At the time of adoption of these Memorandum of association and rules and regulations, the following
shall be the committee and Governing Body of the Association and they shall hold office until a new
committee is constituted in accordance with these presents :
SL.NO. NAME ADDRESS DESCRIPTION
1. I.S. Rao „Rustom Mahal‟, Second Line Chartered Engineer
Beach, Chennai –1 President
2. S. Ananthachari No.3, Ramanujam Chetty Street, Merchant & Manufacturer of
3 B.G.A. Naidu 15, Perumal Koil Street, Merchant & manufacturer
Chennai – 29 Committee member
4 N.S. Sastri 9-10, Second Line Beach, Industrialist & Companies
Chennai – 1 Director.
5 G.S. Naidu 71, Gollawar Agraharam Road, Industrialist & Member of South
Chennai – 21 India & Andhra Chamber of
Commerce, Vice President
6. Rudolph Mendez 453, T.H. Road, Chennai – 21 Industrialist, Tin Mfr. Of all
kinds and printed Tins.
7. P.C. Sambandam 26/C, Vedagiri Maistry Street, Radio & Electricals.
8. T.J. Loganathan 20, Venkatachala Naicken Street, Offset Printing & Photo Offset
Triplicane, Chennai – 5. Process Plant Mfg. Etc.
9. K.N. Rajagopalan 336, Thambu Chetty Street, Electrical Glassware Mfrs.
Chennai – 1 Committee member.
10. K.G. Shenoy 55/56, General patters Road, Manufacturer of Rubber Goods.
Chennai – 2. Committee Member.
11. R.R. Chari 99, Peters Road, Royapettah, Process of Textile and Leather
12. C. Ethirajiah Ethiraj Industries & Agencies, Manufacturer of Fountain Pens &
8, Govindappa Naick Street, Writing Inks
Chennai – 1 Committee Member
13. B.K. Sankar Preop : Iron & Brass Industries, Manufacturers of Industrial
120, Venkatachala Mudali Street, Engines
Royapetta, Chennai – 14 Vice President
14. K.S.S. Mani Prop : Steel & Allied Industries, Manufacturers of Stainless
3, Bazaar Street, Royapetta, Utensils Garden Tools, Cutlery,
Chennai – 14. etc.
15. K. Perumal Udayar 55, Edapalayam Street, Park President of Madras State Iron &
Town, Chennai-3. Steel Fabricators Assn.
16. S.K. Burkit 7/9, Narayanaswamy Layout, Industrialist & member of
Ranganathapuram, P.B. No.159, International Trades Guide,
17. A. Anthony Muthu Prop. Arogya Industries Industrialist
18. S.A. Krishnamurthy Oil Industries, Industrialist
1/42, Dr. Besant Road, Committee Member.
Chennai – 14.
19. Dr. K.S. Murthy Sreevatsa Chemicals & Drugs Industrialist
Ltd., Committee Member
Chennai – 30.
20. R. Sambasiva Rao Krishnaveni Inks, All India Ink Manufacturers
141, Govindappa Naick Street, Association, Member, Andhra
Chennai – 1. Chamber of Commerce, Chennai
21. D. Ramaswami The Modern Type Foundry Industrialist
26, Broadway, Chennai – 1.
22. K.S. Ekambaram The Industrial metal Corporation, Industrialist
No.16, Peters Road,
Chennai – 14.
23. K. Subramanian Pro : Western India Paint & Industrialist
Colour Mfg. Committee Member
7, Sambasivam Street,
Chennai – 17.
24. G.N. Murthy Standard Dress Mfg. Co. Industrialist
Chennai – 17. Vice President
25. V.P. Lokiah Naidu Sree Veeraraghava Industries, Industrialist
Chennai. Committee Member
26. S.O. Narayanaswamy, L.E.E 313, Linghi Chetty St., Consulting Engineer & Vice
Chennai – 1. President, South India Diesel Oil
Engine & Machinery Importers.
27. S. Badrinath Sole Proprietor, V.M. Raghuvalu Industrialist, Saw Mill Owners
naidu & Sons,9/10, Second Line and Timber Merchants.
Beach, Chennai – 1.
28. E. Venkataswamy 22/28, Kalmandapam Road., Member of Andhra Chamber of
Royapuram, Chennai – 13. Commerce.
29. K. Paramasivan & Co. 93, Hamilton Bridge, Wharf, Coir and Bamboo Industries
Mylapore, Chennai – 4.
30. A.M. Shanmugam “Greams View”, Chennai – 6. Brushware of all kinds and
31. Dr. D.S. Rajalakshmi Prop : Venus Industries Plastic, Leather Textiles, Iron &
100, Seven Well Street, Steel, Confectionery, etc.
Chennai – 1 Committee Member.
32. A.V. Krishna Rao 115, Broadies Road, Manufacturers of Scientific
Chennai – 29. Instruments, Committee Member
33. Chandulal Davey Mg. Partner, S.U.S. Davey & Optical lens Manufacturers,
Sons member of Madras Opticians
4/20, Broadway, Commerce. Assn. & Hindustan Chamber of
34. S.R. Khandke 4, Pattulo Road, President, Dress Mfrs. Assn.,
Chennai – 2. Chennai.
35. M.C. Guha 22/11/2, Pereira Street, Painten Leather Models of all
Chennai-3. varieties, Novelties, etc.
36. V. Venugopalpillai 333, Mint Street, Chennai – 1. Agricultural Implements Mfrs.
37. R. Raghunathan Wilfred Pereira Ltd. Member, Indian Pharmaceutical
Vepery, Chennai – 7. Association.
38. M.V.Gopalan Modern Agencies Mfrs. Of Wooden Toys,
Guindy, Chennai – 16. Committee Member
39. N. Mohanarangam, 1/2, Lake View Rod, Mfrs. Of Gums, Food & Fruit
West mambalam, Chennai – 17 Products & Brushes
Hony. Joint Secretary for
40. V.V. Nathan 5. Thanikachala Pillai Street, Small Scale Industrialist &
Chennai – 5 Companies Director (Foundry &
Casting) Hony. General
41. V.A. Shenoi Himco Ltd., Din Batteries Mfrs.
Roze Estate, Chennai – 2 Committee Member
RULES AND REGULATIONS
THE TAMIL NADU SMALL & TINY INDUSTRIES ASSOCIATION
(Amendments upto 33 AGM dated 23.10.99 incorporated)
1. Membership :
(a) There shall be five classes of members as under :
(i) Honorary Members
(ii) Life Members
(iii) Organization Members
(iv) Associate Members
(i) Honorary Members :
In the Annual general Meeting any one may be conferred as Honorary member for the official year on the
recommendation of the Executive Committee on any individual, who in their opinion, has rendered most
distinguished service to the growth and development of Small & Tiny Industry. Honorary Members
shall not be required to pay any subscription or any other levy for membership.
(ii) Life Members :
An individual firm or company, interested in development of the Small & Tiny Industry can be accepted
as a Life member on a payment of a lump sum of Rs.3,000/- or 15 times the annual membership
subscription whichever is more. There shall be no admission fee for Life Members.
(iii) Organization Members (Member Bodies) :
Any Small or Tiny Industrial Association shall be eligible to become an Organisation Member of the
(iv) Individual Members :
Any Small or Tiny Industry Unit can join the Association as an Individual Member. The proposal,
however, shall be sponsored by a member of the Association (TANSTIA).
(v) Associate Members :
Class (A) : Any other individual firm or other State members or a corporation or institution,
Government or Quasi – Government, Interested in promoting the cause of Small & Tiny Industries which
is not otherwise eligible to become Individual or Organisation Member may be as an Associate Member of
TANSTIA without voting right.
Class (B) : Any person interested in promoting the cause of Small & Tiny Industries may be enrolled
as an Associate Member under this class, provided however, that his name is sponsored by a Member of
the Association (TANSTIA).
Class (C) : Any Small industrial unit that has not joined the Association as an individual member
shall be enrolled to be an Associate member of the Association provided it is a member of any District
Small Scale Industries Association, in Tamil Nadu or it is a member of any other organization member of
(b) There shall be no limit to the number of members of the Association.
(c) The admission of all members except Honorary members and Associate Members class (C) shall be by
application to and acceptance by the Executive Committee. Such Membership application shall be in the
The admission of Associate Members Class (C) shall be by upon intimation of its own members by any
Small & Tiny Industries Association / Trade Association which is an organization member of this
2. SUBSCRIPTIONS :
(a) The entrance (admission) fee payable with the application for membership of the Association
shall be as under :
(i) Honorary & life Members : No Admission fee.
(ii) Organisation Members : Rs.150/-
(iii) Individual Members : Rs.100/-
(iv) Associate Members
Class A : Rs.150/-
Class B : Rs.100/-
Class C : NIL
(b) The Annual subscription of membership of the Association shall be as under :
(i) Life Members will pay Rs.3,000/- or 15 times the annual membership subscriptions
whichever is more at a time in a lump sum and there will be no further annual
subscription payable by them
(ii) Organisation Members :
a) District Associations
Less than 500 Members : Rs.1000/-
501 to 1000 Members : Rs.3000/-
More than 1000 Members : Rs.5000/-
b) Industrial Estate Manufacturers
Less than 100 Members : Rs.1000/-
100 to 500 Members : Rs.1500/-
More than 500 Members : Rs.4000/-
c) Productwise Mfrs. Associations
Less than 50 Members : Rs.1000/-
More than 50 Members : Rs.2000/-
d) Other Associations : Rs.1000/-
(iii) Individual Members : Rs.500/-
(iv) Associate Members
Class A : Rs.700/-
Class B : Rs.400/-
Class C : NIL
(c) All subscriptions are payable for each official year in advance. When a membership is applied for
on any day on or after the October of a year, the initial subscription payable shall be one half of
the annual subscription
(d) No entrance (admission) fee or subscription or part thereof once paid shall be refunded on termination or
suspension of any class of membership.
(e) Any member whose subscription for an official year stands unpaid for three months after 1st April of the
year shall automatically cease to be a member of the association unless the Executive Committee decides
to grant an extended period for payment of the subscription. No member shall be entitled to vote in any
election whose arrears of subscription are not cleared 30 days before such voting.
3. Resignation from Membership :
Resignation from Membership which must be preceded by the settlement of all arrears due to the
Association shall be conveyed to the Hon. General Secretary in writing. A letter of resignation may,
however, be withdrawn within six months of its receipt. A member whose resignation is thus withdrawn
shall be restored to his former rights and privileges without readmission provided that he shall have paid
such subscription as may be due from him for the period between the date of the letter or resignation and
the date of the restoration to his former rights and privileges.
4. Cessation of Membership :
A member of the Association shall cease to be one in any of the following events :
(a) On the member‟s resignation being accepted by the Executive Committee.
(b) (b) On the member‟s failure to pay his dues to the Association in spite of the final notice
being given under the orders of the Executive Committee.
(c) On the Executive Committee finding by three-fourths majority of the members present that
the continuance of the member is prejudicial to the interests of the Association, it being not
obligatory on the part of the Executive Committee to communicate reasons for doing so.
Provided, however, such member can appeal to the General Body against the decision by the
5. Register of Members :
A register of members shall be kept in which shall be set forth the names and addresses and other
particulars as may be prescribed of the member for the time being and in which all changes in membership
from time to time taking place shall be recorded.
6. Every member is authorized so long as he continues to be a Member, to include or print in his letter heads
in the shape of monogram, emblem or otherwise his membership of this Association, if he so desires ; and
he is eligible to have all the benefits of the status, reputation and influences acquired by the Association.
7. Official Year :
The official year of the Association shall be from 1st April to the following 31st March.
8. Executive Committee :
The administration of the affairs of the Association shall be vested in a Body hereinafter called the
9. (a) The strength of the Executive Committee shall stand increased or decreased according to the
number of approved District Associations and individual Members becoming members of the State
Association from time to time provided that the total number of members shall not be less than seven. At
present the Executive Committee Strength will be 130 members.
(b) Elected Members :
Subject to the provisions of Rules and Procedures for election of members to the Executive Committee of
the Association appended hereto, the Executive Committee shall consist of members on following basis :
(i) Organisation members :
District Association :
The President of each approved District Association shall be deemed to be elected to the E.C. of the
Association by virtue of his holding office as the President of each District Association provided they
have furnished their registration certificate, Bye-law, Last AGM Notice and approved members list
and paid their subscription upto date.
In addition to the Above
1. One more EC Member is eligible to the District Assn. Whose no. of members exceeds 500 in
addition to the District President..
2. In addition to the above clause (1), one more E.C. Member is eligible to the District Assn.
whose No. of members exceeds 1000 ; (i.e. District President + 2 Members)
Provided the respective District Association pays the necessary additional annual
subscription fixed from time to time for claiming additional E.C. Member9s) as mentioned
above ; provided further that the respective District Association shall produce their Bye-
Law, the last AGM Notice, along with the approved list of members. (At present the annual
subscription is Rs.1,000/- for association having members less than 500 ; Rs.3,000/- for
members 501 to 1000 and Rs.5,000/- for members exceeding 1000). The respective District
Association shall depute eligible additional E.C. Member.
Industrial Estate Mfrs. Association :
The President of Indl. Estate Mfrs. Association having more than 100 members are eligible to
become E.C. Member by virtue of his holding office as the President of such Indl. Estate Mfrs. Assn.
provided they paid their subscription upto date and furnish their Registration Certificate copy, Bye
Law, AGM Notice and their Approved Members list.
Further if the No. of members of such Associations exceeds 500 members one more E.C. member is
eligible in addition to the President. This additional eligible E.C. Member shall be deputed by Indl.
Estate Mfrs. Association.
Besides the above, representatives of industry wise or other Association (whose membership
strength is less than 100) from the regions indicated below shall also be duly elected to the E.C. on
the following basis.
The total number of E.C. members allotted to Industrial Estate Mfrs. Assn shall be restricted to 30.
Out of this 30, after allotting the automatic E.C. Membership to Industrial Estate Mfrs. Associations
having more than 100 members and more than 500 members as mentioned above, the balance shall
be distributed among the remaining Industrial Estate Manufacturers Associations proportionately
on the regional basis provided they paid their subscription upto date and furnish their Registration
Certificate, Bye-Law and last AGM Notice, approved list of members.
The annual subscription payable by such Industrial Estate Manufacturers Association shall be
decided from time to time. At present the annual subscription shall be Rs.1000/- for associations
having less than 100 members and Rs.1,500 for members 100 to 500, Rs.4000 for associations having
more than 500 members.
Productwise Mfrs. Associations :
Total No. of E.C. Members allotted to product wise Mfrs. Assn. shall be restricted to 20. After electing
automatic members, (one E.C. Member for Associations having more than 50 members) the balance will
be distributed among the remaining Productwise, Manufacturers Association proportionately on the
regional basis. The annual subscription payable by the associations having more than 50 members shall be
Rs.2000/- and for less than 50 members this shall be Rs.1000/-. The association should not be in arrears
and should submit their copy of Registration Certificate, Bye Law, last AGM Notice, Approved List of
Other Associations :
Each Region can elect two E.C. Members from other registered Associations which do not fall under the
aforesaid categories. The total number of E.C. representation of this category shall be 8. The annual
subscription shall be Rs.1000/- for each such Association. The association should not be in arrears and
should submit their Registration Certificate, Bye Law, last AGM Notice, Approved List of members.
Following is the breakup of E.C. Members :
District Associations 35
Individual member 35
Indl. Estate Mfrs’ Assn. 30
Productwise Mfrs. Assn. 20
Other Assn. Members 8
Immediate Past President 1
Co-opted Members 1
For this purpose the State will be divided into Four Regions as under :
Region (1) Chennai, Kancheepuram, Tiruvallur
Region (2) Tiruchy, Perambalur, Pudukottai, Thanjavur, Tiruvarur, Nagapattinam , Karur,
Region (3) Coimbatore, Nilgiris, Erode, Salem, Vellore, Dharmapuri, Thiruvannaalai,
Region (4) Madurai, Ramnad, Virudhunagar, Tuticorin, Tirunelveli, Kanyakumari, Theni,
(ii) Individual Members :
More than 10 & upto 20 members
In each district : 1 representative
21 to 50 members : 2 representatives
51 to 100 members : 3 representatives
101 to 200 members : 4 representatives
More than 200 members : 4 representatives
Plus one additional representative for every 100
members or part thereof in excess of 200 members.
(iii) Associate Members :
Class A : 1 Member
Class B : 1 Member
PROCEDURE FOR ELECTION OF MEMBERS OF THE EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE
1. Members of the Association can participate in the Annual General Meeting and vote only if their annual
subscription is paid in terms of Rules and Regulations of the Association.
2. The Honorary General Secretary shall at least 21 days prior to the holding of Annual General Meeting, issue
a circular to all members, specifying the number of representatives of each class Members to be elected to
the Committee and call for nominations for election to the Executive Committee.
3. Such member bodies as intend to nominate any of their delegates for election as aforesaid shall state the
name of the person and other details in the prescribed form and shall declare that he is qualified for the
purpose under these Rules.
4. Nomination papers shall be sent by the members duly filled in to the Hony. General Secretary along with
the Executive Committee Nomination Fee of Rs.200/- so as to reach him at such address and by such date as
may be mentioned in the notice issued as aforesaid. The amount of Rs.200/- so paid in advance shall not be
refundable, if the candidate is elected not elected or withdraws himself from the election.
5. Prior to the holding of the Annual General Meeting, the Committee shall appoint two persons other than
those directly interested in the election to scrutinize the nomination papers received from the members. Such
persons may reject such of the nominations as in their opinion are invalid. If no such persons are appointed
by the Committee, the Hony. General Secretary shall be deemed to have been so appointed with powers to
scrutinize nomination papers and reject such of the nominations, as in his opinion, are invalid. The decision
of the scrutinizer or scrutinizers, as the case may be shall be deemed final.
6. An organization member who has paid its membership fee as per clause 2(b) of the Rules and Regulations,
and is not in arrears on the date of scrutiny of nomination papers and who stands as a Member of the
Association on 31st March of the year, in which the election takes place, shall be entitled to nominate one
person for the election to the Committee who possesses the following qualifications :
i) He shall be among the delegates nominated by that organization member attending the Annual
General meeting and shall have paid the necessary delegation fee, (if any ) fixed by the Executive
ii) He should have some industrial activity or some work to his credit in the particular District where
from he has been proposed.
He should be actively engaged in or interested in the development Small Scale Industries.
7. If the number of nominations received is equivalent to or less than the seats allotted, the candidates who
have filed their nominations shall be declared to have been duly elected ; if on the other hand, there are more
nominations than the seats available referred to in clause 9(a), election will be held as per the Rules given
When the number of members elected from a District falls short of the representation provided for, the newly
elected President may propose and include any willing members at the Annual General Body Meeting
“preferably” of the concerned district to fill the vacancies in the Executive Committee.
8. Each candidate to the Executive Committee shall be elected by the respective district or regions or by as
many of them as present belonging to that particular class to which the candidate belongs. The Life
Members can stand for election or cast their vote in accordance to their district.
9. The President shall cause the voting papers to be prepared setting out the names of the candidates and issued
as per the procedures stated hereunder :
10. Prior to holding Annual Session, the Committee shall appoint two persons as scrutineers other than those
directly interested in the election to scrutinize the voting.
The scrutineers so appointed shall reject such of the voting papers as are not valid and count the votes and
draw up the election result. In case of equality of votes lots will be drawn by the scrutineers to declare the
11. The result of the election shall be declared at the Annual Session and shall be deemed to be final.
12. The voting paper shall not be valid if the name or the identity of the voter exercising the vote is given in the
voting paper and a delegate / voter cast more votes than he is entitled to.
13. If any candidate is elected from more than one class of membership constituencies, he has to decide
immediately from which constituency his election should be confirmed and upon such confirmation, his
election from the other constituency will be set aside, and another member who tops votes next to him only
to such vacancy so arised will be automatically elected.
14. Each delegate to the Annual General Meeting shall pay to the Association as delegation fee such amount as
may be fixed by the Executive Committee from time to time, if it is so considers necessary ; and such fees if
prescribed shall be paid by the delegates when they are informed of the same within the time as may be fixed
by the Executive Committee.
10. Every member who contest for Executive Committee shall pay a sum of Rs.200/- to the Association as
Nomination Fee. Such fee shall be paid along with the nomination paper which is non refundable if the
candidate is elected, or not or withdrawn from election.
11. A person shall cease to be a member of the Executive Committee IPSO FACTO :
(a) if he files a petition of insolvency or is adjudicated insolvent ; or
(b) if he is adjudged by a competent Court to be of unsound mind; or
(c) if he is convicted of an offence involving moral turpitude; or
(d) if he or the member whom he represents ceases to be a member of the Association ; or
(e) if he ceases to be the representative of the member who has nominated him to serve the
Committee ; or
(f) if he fails to pay the fee of the membership of the Executive Committee as prescribed ;
(g) if two-thirds of the members of the Executive Committee present or twenty member
whichever is more, debar any member for any activity which in their considered opinion
damages the image of the Association.
12. The Executive Committee shall be elected by the Members of the Association at the Annual General Body
meeting and the Members of the Executive Committee so elected shall immediately thereafter elect Office
Bearers who will hold office as laid down in clause 13.
13. The Office Bearers and Members of the Executive Committee shall hold Office for 2 years from the date
on which they are elected at the Annual General Meeting till the second succeeding Annual General
Meeting at which they shall cease to hold office and be eligible for re-election. However any person who
has held office as a President shall not be eligible for re-election to the said office.
(a) The Executive Committee shall elect as President any elected Member of the Executive
Committee who has held any of the offices other than a President specified in Rule 14.
(b) The outgoing President will automatically be a member of the new Executive Committee and be
designated as Immediate Past President. He is included in the Executive Committee to facilitate
an effective continuity in the policies & programme of the Association.
14. There shall be the following Office Bearers :
President - One
Vice President - Four (One from each Region)
Hon. Genl. Secretary - One
Hon. Jt. Secretary - One (From Chennai / Tiruvallur / Kancheepuram Dists.)
Regl. Hon. Jt. Secretary - Four (One from each Region)
Hon. Treasurer - One
Immediate Past President - One
15. The Executive Committee shall have powers :
(a) To perform all executive duties and to carry on the work of the Association and to sanction all
expenditure for the performance of the activities of the Association.
(b) To appoint staff as may be required for the work of the association.
(c) To receive, in addition to the fees and subscription, gifts or donations or grants made to the
Association either for the promotion of its objects in general or for any particular purpose or
purposes concerned with its objects as may be specified by the donor
(d) To determine the payment to be made by a member or non-member for any special work or
service undertaken by the Association and to receive such payment ;
(e) To invest the funds of the Association that may not be immediately required for the purposes of
the Association in the best manner deemed fit ;
(f) To convene Annual and Extraordinary Meetings of the General Body ;
(g) To submit to the General Body an Annual Report on the working of the Association together with
the Audited Statement of Accounts for the financial year ;
(h) To formulate such bye-laws as are required for calling nominations for election of members to the
Executive Committee by General Body.
(i) To appoint, if necessary, or expedient such standing or adhoc Sub-committee or Committees for
(j) To frame and amend Rules for the conduct of the affairs of the Association and to provide for
matters which are not covered by these rules.
16 (a) President : The President shall be the official head of the Association and shall preside over all
meetings of the Executive Committee at all ordinary and extraordinary general meetings and lead
(b) It shall be open to the President to seek such advice as may be necessary from time to time from
the Past presidents of the Association. The President may nominate any of the Past Presidents to
represent the Association in any body or Committee set up by the State or Central Government or
17. Vice Presidents : In the absence of the President, any one of the Vice Presidents can be nominated by
the President to perform the duties of the President. In the absence of the President, and all the Vice
Presidents, the members present may elect any other member of the Executive Committee as Chairman
of the Executive Committee meeting to perform the duties of the President.
18. Honorary General Secretary : The Honorary General Secretary shall be responsible for the custody
and control of the properties belonging to the Association and of all the books, papers and documents of
the Association. He shall be responsible to keep accurate record of the proceedings of the General Body
of the Association and of the Executive Committee and of sub-committees of which he shall be an ex-
officio member. He shall be responsible for carrying out the day to day administration of the
Association and shall convene all meetings under the direction of the President.
19. Honorary Joint Secretary : The Honorary Joint Secretary shall assist the Honorary General Secretary
in all such matters as may be entrusted to him and act as the Honorary General Secretary in his absence
whenever he is authorized and deputed to do so.
20. Honorary Treasurer : The Honorary Treasurer shall be the custodian of the finances and
accounts of the Association and shall operate jointly with the Honorary General Secretary the Banking
accounts of the Association with Nationalised, Scheduled, Cooperative Banks or Government Treasury,
etc., as approved by the Executive Committee. In the event of the absence of the Hon. General
Secretary, the President and the Treasurer shall operate the said banking accounts jointly.
21. Meeting of the Executive Committee : The Executive Committee shall meet as often and in such
place and times as the President may deem advisable, provided that the President shall also convene a
meeting of the Executive Committee if requested to do so by at least 15 or 1/3rd of the Members of the
Executive Committee whichever is higher. However it is provided that the executive Committee shall
meet at least once in a quarter.
22. A notice of 14 days shall ordinarily be given by the Hon. General Secretary to each member of the
Executive Committee for a Meeting of the Executive Committee.
23. Any seven members of the Executive Committee other than ex-officio members shall constitute the
quorum for a meeting of the Executive Committee.
24. Each member of the Executive Committee including the President other than ex-officio members shall
have one vote. In case of a tie, the President shall, in addition to his own vote have a casting vote. There
shall be no proxy.
25. Any member of the Executive Committee not attending three consecutive meetings except for any valid
reasons and who does not get leave of absence granted by the Executive Committee in respect thereof,
loses his Committee membership and the vacancy will be filled by nomination as in interim measure by
the Executive Committee.
26. No resolution passed at any meeting of the Executive Committee shall be rescinded by any subsequent
meetings unless notice of the intention to propose such recession shall have been given in the meeting
notice convening the meeting.
27. Appointment of Sub Committee(s)
(a) The Executive Committee may from time to time delegate any of their powers to Sub-Committees
consisting of such number of members of their body as they think fit and may from time to time revoke
such delegation. Any Sub Committee so formed shall in the exercise of the powers so delegated, conform
to any such Sub-Committee shall be in conformity with such regulations and in fulfillment of the purpose
of their appointment but not otherwise and shall be subject to final confirmation by the Executive
(b) The President as well as the Honorary General Secretary shall be Ex-Officio members of all Sub
28. Minutes of all the proceedings of the Executive Committee and Sub-Committees, if any, shall be kept
open for inspection by any member of the Executive Committee of the Association as its Registered Office
during normal office hours.
29. General Body :
The Annual General Body meeting of the Association shall be held at a place and on a date to be fixed by
the Executive Committee within six months of the close of the Financial Year of the Association for
transacting the following business :
(a) To receive from the Executive Committee the Annual Report and Audited statement of Accounts.
(b) To elect members to the Executive Committee
(c) To appoint Auditor /s and to fix his / their remuneration ; and
(d) To transact any other business that may be placed before the meeting by the Executive Committee.
30. A clear twenty one days notice shall be given to the members before the date of the Annual General
31. An extraordinary General Body Meeting of the Association may be convened by the Executive Committee
or on the requisition of 1 / 10th of the total members or 50 members whichever is more, addressed to the
Honorary General Secretary of the Association, a notice of 21 days shall be given for such meeting and no
other business shall be transacted excepting that which is stated in the meeting notice.
32. Twenty Five or 5% of the members entitled to vote, whichever is lower, shall constitute the quorum at the
Annual General or Extraordinary General Meetings of the Association.
33. If within half an hour from the time appointed for a General or Extraordinary Meeting a quorum be not
present, the meeting shall stand adjourned to such date as the President may fix and notice of such
adjournment shall be given to all members. At the adjourned meeting the members present for the time
being shall constitute a quorum.
34. No amendment to the constitution shall be valid unless it is passed by three fourths of the members present
at the meeting specially convened for the purpose.
35. At any meeting a resolution put to the vote of the members shall be decided by a show of hands, unless a
poll (before or on the declaration of the result on the show of hands) is demanded by at least five members.
Unless a poll is so demanded, a declaration by the President, that the resolution had on show of hands,
been carried unanimously, or by a particular majority or lost and an entry to that effect in the book of the
proceedings of the meetings of the Association and signed by the President shall be conclusive evidence of
36. Votes of Members:
(i) Organisation Members:
(a) Every Organisation Members who is a Small & Tiny Industries Association from the 29
Districts of Tamil Nadu Shall be entitled to nominate four delegates to attend the General Meetings of
(b) Every member-body shall have one vote for each seat to be filled on the committee and shall
not give more than one vote to one candidate. For this purpose such member shall indicate in its
nomination of delegates the priority in which the delegates amongst themselves shall have the right to
record the vote on its behalf.
(c) Each delegate shall have only one vote even if he were to be nominated by more than one
(d) Only such person shall be eligible to be nominated as a delegate as is a Member of the
nominating Organisation member or is entitled to sign the name of a member of such organisation
member in the ordinary course of business.
(ii) Individual Members : Each Individual Member which is a firm or company shall be entitled
to nominate one representative to attend the General Meetings of the Association.
(iii) Associate Member : Each Associate Member whether of Class A, Class B or Class C may
send a representative to observe the General Meetings of the Association but they shall not be eligible
(iv) Office Bearers and members of the Executive Committee for the year shall be called
Ex-officio delegates to the annual or any other meetings of the Association with the power of voting.
(v) A new member shall be entitled to vote in any election only if he is on the membership rolls
for at least 180 days before such election.
(vi) A member shall be entitled to be nominated to stand for any election only if he had paid the
subscriptions due in full at least 30 days before the date of filing the nomination papers. For the
nominations to be valid the proposer and seconder also should have cleared their subscriptions and
arrears, at least 30 days before the date of filing such nominations.
(a) The Books of Accounts shall be kept at the Registered office of the Association or at such
other place as the Executive Committee thinks fit, and shall be open to inspection by the members of
the Executive Committee during office hours subject to the proviso in sub- clause (b) hereunder:-
(b) The books or an other Records of the Association shall not be taken outside the office
premises by any member, committee Member or Office Bearers and any Committee member requiring
to inspect the Accounts and any records is expected to make a written requisition on the Honorary
General Secretary who will fix a day not later than fifteen days from the receipt of the requisition and
the committee Member may then inspect at the time and date given in the presence of the Honorary
General Secretary and / or the Honorary Treasurer.
(c) All monies received shall be deposited in the bank and the same shall be operated jointly as
mentioned in clause 20 above.
38. The Common Seal
(a) The President of the Association shall provide a common seal for the purpose of the
Association, and shall have power from time to time to destroy the same and substitute a new seal in
lieu thereof, and he shall provide for the safe custody of the seal for the time being.
(b) Every deed or other instrument in which the seal of the Association is required to be affixed,
shall be signed by the President or the Honorary General Secretary and other member of the Executive
39. Head Office and Branch Centres:
(a) The Head Office of the Association shall be the Registered Office of the Association at
(b) The Executive Committee may establish regional centres in different localities to serve better
the needs of the members of such localities and each centre should be responsible to Head Office.
(c) The Executive Committee, in consultation with local members may form regional
committees, in each centre to assist in the administration of the Association in respective regional
40. The entire collections of the subscriptions and other accounts from regional centres should be
remitted to the Head Office and any amount required for expenditure should be indented for and
obtained by the Regional Centres from head office as per the budget provisions made from time to
time by the Executive Committee.
(a) The income and property of the Association, whatsoever derived shall be applied solely towards
the promotion of the objects of the Association as set-forth herein above.
(b) No member or members of the Executive Committee shall be answerable for any loss arising in
the administration or application of the moneys of the Association or for any damage to or deterioration in
the properties of the Association, unless such loss or damage or deterioration shall happen through his or
their willful default or negligence.
(c) If upon the dissolution of the Association for any reasons, there shall remain after the satisfaction
of all its debts and liabilities, any property whatsoever the same shall not be paid to or distributed among
the members of the Association or any of them but shall be given or transferred to some other Society or
association, Institution or institutions, having objects similar to the objects of the Association, to be
determined by the votes given personally at a meeting called specifically for the purpose, or in default
thereof by such judge or court of law as may have jurisdiction in the matter.
(d) The Executive Committee is the sole authority for the interpretation of these Rules and Regulations
and the Bye-laws made there under. The decision of the Executive Committee Upon any matter affecting
the Association and not provided for by these Rules and Regulations and Bye-laws made there under shall
be binding and final upon all members, subject to the provisions of the Societies Registration Act, 1860
and Tamilnadu Society Registration Act 1975 with its amendments.
Amendments to memorandum of Association and Rules and Regulations
of TANSTIA approved in the Annual Body Meeting held on 22nd September 2001 at Coimbatore.
EXISTING TO BE AMENDED AS
III (31)To Organise, Conduct and Run Co-
III (31) To be deleted.
III (36) To open, organise and III (36) To open,
III (36) To open, organise and conduct
organise and Conduct workshops for the benefit of small
workshops For the benefit of the members.
and Tiny Industries.
Rules and Regulations Rules and Regulations
9 (1) ORGANISATION MEMBERS:
9 (1) ORGANISATION MEMBERS:
DISTRICT ASSOCIATION DISTRICT ASSOCIATION
The President of each approved District The Total No. of E.C. Members allotted to District
Association shall be deemed to be elected to Associations shall be restricted to 35
the E.C. of the Association by virtue of his
holding office as the President of each District
Association Provided they have furnished their
registration certificate Bye-Law, Last AGM
Notice and approved members list and paid
their subscription up to date.
The President of each approved District Association shall
be deemed to be elected to the E.C. of the Association
by virtue of his holding office as the President of each
In addition to the above District Association provided they have Furnished their
Registration Certificate copy. Bye-Law, Last AGM Notice
and approved members list and paid their subscription
up to date.
1. One more EC member is eligible to the
The respective District Association shall depute eligible
district Assn., Whose no. of members exceeds
additional E.C. Members if vacancy available.
500 in addition to the District President.
2. In addition to the above clause (1) one Minimum Each Dist.-1
more If District having
E.C.Member is eligible to the District Assn., 501 to 1000 Members -Addl.1 (Total 2)
Whose No. Of Members exceeds 1000 ;
(ie. District President +2 members) 1001 and above - Addl.2 (Total 3)
Provided the respective District Association
If the number of vacancies seats are less than
The necessary additional annual subscription
Fixed form time to time for claiming additional the extra applications then the allocations will be
E.C Member(s) as mentioned above; provided allocated based upon the membership strength of the
further that the Respective District Association concern Districts
shall produce further that The respective
District Association shall produce their Bye-
law, the last AGM Notice , along with the
approved List of members.(At present the
annual subscription is Rs.1,000/- for The annual subscription is Rs.1,000/- for
association having members less than 500, association having members less than 500;
Rs.3,oo/- for members 501 to 1000 and Rs.3000/- for members 501 to 1000 and
Rs.5,000/- for Members exceeding 1000) The Rs.5,000/- for members exceeding 1000)
respective District Association shall depute
eligible additional E.C.Members
INDUSTRIAL ESTATE MFRS.
INDUSTRIAL ESTATE MFRS. ASSOCIATIONS
The President of Industrial Estate Mfrs.
The Total No. of E.C. Members allotted to industrial
Having more than 100 members are eligible to
Estate Mfrs.Association. shall be restricted to 30.
E.C. Member by virtue of his holding office as
the President of such Indl.Estate Mfrs. Assn.
Provided They paid their subscription up to
date and furnish their Registration Certification
copy, Bye-Law, AGM Notice and their
Approved Members List
Further if the No. of Members of such
5 representatives to each region as per details given
below to avoid the regional imbalances and Remaining
Exceeds 500 members one more E.C. member
10 will be kept as open as General Category and these
10 representatives will be elected by the Industrial
Eligible in addition to the President. This
Estate Mfrs.Assns., of the State whose members are not
chosen to E.C.
Eligible E.C. Member shall be deputed by
Chennai Region - 05
Besides the above, representatives of industry
Coimbatore Region - 05
Or other Association (whose membership
Trichy Region - 05
Less than 100) from the regions indicated
Madurai Region -05
Also be duly elected to the E.C. on the
Total - 30
The total number of E.C. members allotted to If the particular region received more than 5
Estate Mfrs Assn shall be restricted to 30 . Out
then those associations having 100&above members
30, after allotting the automatic
will be given automatic E.C.Membership and the
Industrial Estate Mfrs. Association having
balance E.C will be filled by the election among
100 members and more than 500 members as
the unrepresented IEMAs in that region.
above,the balance shall be distributed among
remaining Indl. Estate Manufacturers
For the general pool of 10 EC Members the total
Proportionately on the regional basis provided
unrepresented IEMAS will elect the Members.
paid their subscription upto date and furnish
Registration Certificate, Bye-Law and last AGM
approved list of members.
Before the election process starts, the IEMAS shall pay
their subscription arrears upto date and furnish the
The annual subscription payable by such Indl.
membership list. If any one disputes the strength of
Manufacturers Association shall be decided
the membership the contestants shall substantiate
to time. At present the annual subscription
their claim with proper document.
Rs.1000/- For associations having less than
members and Rs.1,500/- for members 100 to
Rs.4,000/- for associations having more than
The IEMA's shall pay subscription up to Date and furnish
their Registration Certificate copy, Bye-Law, AGM Notice
and their, Approved member list to claim E.C.
If vacancy arises for this category of E.C. members the
IEMAS having more than 500 members are eligible for
one additional E.C. Members based on this membership
The annual subscription payable by such Industrial
Estate Manufacturers Association shall be decided from
time to time. At present the annual subscription shall be
Rs .1,000/- for association having less than 100
members and Rs .1,500/- for members 100 to 500,
Rs.4000/- for associations having more than 500
PRODUCTWISE MFRS.ASSOCIATIONS PRODUCTWISE MFRS.ASSOCIATION
Total No. of E.C. Members allotted to product
The Total No. of E.C. Members allotted to productwise
wise Mfrs.Assn. shall be restricted to 20. After
Manufactures Association shall be restricted to 30.
automatic members, (one E.C. Member for
Associations having more than 50 members)
the balance will be
distributed among the remaining Productwise,
The Productwise Mfrs. Assn., whose membership
Mfrs. Assn. proportionately on the regional
strength is more than 50 shall have automatically 1 E.C.
basis. The annual subscription payable by the
having more than 50 members shall be Rs.
2000/-and for less than 50 members this shall
be Rs. 1000/-.
The association should not be in arrears and
should submit their copy of Registration Whenever more nominations are received from PMA's, to
Certificate ByeLaw, last AGM Notice, Approved E.C. the following procedure shall be adopted:
List of Members.
First 10 automatic E.C. allocations to top ten PMA's, on
the basis of Maximum Membership strength. The
remaining vacancies will be elected among the
constituents by the unrepresented PMA's
Unrepresented PMA shall elect the rest of the 20
members of the E.C. by election within themselves.
The annual subscription payable by the associations
having more than 50 members shall be Rs.2000/- and
for less than 50 members this shall be Rs.1000/- . The
association should not be in arrears and should submit
their copy of Registration Certificate Bye Law, last AGM
Notice, Approved List of Members.
OTHER ASSOCIATIONS OTHER ASSOCIATIONS- (NO CHANGES)
Each region can elect two E.C. Members from
other registered Associations which do not fall Each region can elect two E.C. Members from other
under the aforesaid categories.The total registered Associations which do not fall under the
number of E.C. representation of this categorly aforesaid categories. The total number of E.C.
shall be 8. The annual subscription shall be Rs. representation of this category shall be 8. The annual
1000/- for each such Association. The subscription shall be Rs. 1000/- for each such
association should not be in arrears and Association. The Contestant association should not be in
should submit their Registration Certificate arrears and should submit their Registration Certificate
Bye Law, last AGM Notice, Approved List kof Bye Law, last AGM Notice and Approved List of Members.
The District, IEMAs, PMAs and Other Associations should
submit their Bye-law, Registration Certificate Copy,
Membership List and AGM Notice 30 days prior to
Election date. The associations with fulfill the above
conditions alone are eligible to contest.
Following is the breakup of E.C.Members Following is the breakup of E.C.Members
District Associations 35
Individual Member 35 District Associations 35
Indl. Estate Mfrs' Assn. 30 Individual Member 50
Productwise Mfrs Assn. 20 Indl. Estate Mfrs' Assn. 30
Other Assn. Members 08 Productwise Mfrs Assn. 30
Immediate Past Other Assn. Members 08
President Immediate Past President 01
Co-opted Members 01 Co-opted Members 01
Total 130 Total 155
For this purpose the state will be divided into For this purpose the state will be divided into four
four Regions as under Regions as under
Chennai, Kancheepuram, Tiruvallur, Cuddalore,
Chennai, Kancheepuram, Tiruvallur
Tiruvannamalai, Villupuram, Vellore.
Tiruchy, Perambalur, Pudukottai, Thanjavur,
Tiruchy, Perambalur, Ariyalur, Pudukottai, Dindigul,
Tiruvanrur, Nagapattinam, Karur, Cuddalore,
Thanjavur, Tiruvanrur, Nagapattinam.
Coimbatore, Nilgiris, Erode, Salem, Vellore, Coimbatore, Nilgiris, Erode, Salem, Namakkal, Karur,
Dharmapuri, Thiruvannamalai, Namakkal. Dharmapuri.
Madurai, Ramnad, Virudhunagar,Tuticorin,
Tirunelveli, Kanyakumari, Theni, Sivaganga,
Madurai, Ramnad, Sivaganga, Virudunagar, Tuticorin,
Tirunelveli, Kanyakumari, Theni.
9 (II) INDIVIDKUAL MEMBERS 9 (II) INDIVIDKUAL MEMBERS
The Total No. of E.C. Members allotted
to Individual Membership category shall
More than 10 & upto 20 be restricted to 50
members in each district
21 to 50 members 2 Rep.
The procedures with regard to
provisions for Individual E.C.
51 to 100 members 3 Rep.
Membership as follows:
101 to 200 members 4 Rep.
More than 10 & upto 20
More than 200 members 4 Rep. 1 Rep.
members in each district
(Plus one additional representative for every 21 to 50 members 2 Rep.
100 members or part there of in excess of 200
51 to 100 members 3 Rep.
101 to 200 members 4 Rep.
More than 200 members 4 Rep.
(Plus one additional representative for
every 100 members or part there of in
excess of 200 members.)
(III) ASSOCIATE MEMBERS:
Class A : 1 Member SECTION III STANDS DELETED
Class B : 1 Member