VII. TRANSPORT SECTOR

Roads and Bridges

        Major thrust on the road development in the Eleventh Plan is enhancing the
quality of roads ensuring safety rather than undertaking construction of new roads.
        An amount of Rs.161918 lakh is set apart in the XIth Plan for Roads and Bridges.
Of this Rs. 133563 lakh is for PWD (R&B) Division and Rs. 28355 lakh is for PWD
(NH) Division.
        The outlay and likely percentage of expenditure during 2007-10 under Roads &
Bridges are given in Table 7.1.

                                        Table. 7.1
                              2007-08                   2008-09         2009-10        Likely
            XIth Plan                                                               percentage of
  Sector                           Expendit                  Expendir
             outlay      Outlay                    Outlay               Outlay       expenditure
                                     ure                       ture
                                                                                   during 2007-10
             28355.00   4977.00      77.46         4777.00    94.03     6215.00        22.52
 (Roads &   133563.00   72300.00   77043.10    66116.00      50680.03   52471.00       134.91
            161918.00   77277.00   77120.56    70893.00      50774.06   58686.00        115.23

        PWD (NH) Division has utilized only 2 percentage of the outlay provided during
the first two years of the Eleventh plan. Major problems facing the department is the
delay in land acquisition process. The department has initiated steps for widening of road
from Kesavadasapuram Mosque to Chaithanya Hospital.
        The length of roads maintained by PWD (Roads & Bridges) remain stagnant
during the last three years without any increase or decrease. The department has utilized
92.27 percentage of the outlay provided during the first two years of the Eleventh plan for
the improvement of existing roads and bridges, e-governance, rehabilitation and
construction of Roads under TEAP, KSTP etc.
        Lack of proper and detailed investigation to low budgetary allocation, delay in
execution of works due to absence of proper delegation of power, absence of quality
control mechanism and lack of timely maintenance of roads are the major problems of
PWD (R&B) Division.

Kerala State Transport Project (KSTP)

        Kerala State Transport Project (KSTP) is an initiative of Public Works
Department, Government of Kerala, was officially launched in June 2002 to improve
1600 Km of State Road network and 77 Km of Inland Water. The total cost of the
project is US$ 3.36 million (appx. Rs. 1612 crores). Out of this, the World Bank
Assistance is US$ 255 million (appx. Rs. 1224 crores) and the Government of Kerala
share is US$ 80.96 million (appx. Rs. 388 crores).The Eleventh Plan Outlay for KSTP is
Rs.57500 lakh. The likely percentage of expenditure during 2007-10 is 98.32.

        Road Maintenance, Road Safety works, Inland Water Transport works and
Transport Corridor Upgrading are the major components under KSTP. The performance
during 2007-10 are the following.
I. Road Maintenance
        Of the heavy maintenance of 1000 km of State roads taken, 954 km has been
completed so far. The balance rearranged works are in progress.
        Consequent on the removal of phase II upgradation work from the scope of this
project, 8 new RMC works totaling a length of 105 km were taken up for execution
using the balance uncommitted loan amount.
II. Road Safety works:-
        Of the 38 Road Safety works taken under the project, all works has been
completed except one work due to no response from contractors.
III. Performance Based Maintenance Contract (PBMC)
        One PBMC work comprising 85 km length of road coming under Trivandrum
Road Division was tendered and work awarded to Contractors in 12/2008. This work is
in progress and it is expected that the work could be completed by the end of December
IV. Transport Corridor Upgrading (Roads and Canals) 600 km roads and 77 km of
        Up gradation of 600 km of State Highway and Major District Roads are taken up
under phase I and II .But due to inordinate delay in acquisition of required land for road
widening work and cost escalation, phase II upgradation work has been taken out of this
project as per government decision. Also upgradation of 77 km of feeder canals has been
taken up under this project.

                 The present status of the works are given in Table .7.2
                                        Table. 7.2
                              Contract      Original
      Name of                 Amount       Completion
                     Length                                         Present Status
       Work                    (Rs. in       period
                               crore)       (months)
    KSTP – 1      127.1 km     215.00          36        Work in progress. 70% work completed

    KSTP – 3      49.1 km      93.00             24      100% work completed
    KSTP – 4      78.4 km      140.00            24      Only 65% completed and the work has
                                                         been terminated and reentered as two
                                                         packages KSTP IVA and IVB
    KSTP IVA     45.3 km        30.92            12      Work in progress 64% work completed
    KSTP IVB     33.1 km        54.54            18      Work terminated, Balance work
                                                         tendered in two contracts KSTP IVB (1)
                                                         & KSTP IVB (2)
    IWT           77 km         61.00            -       Work terminated due to Poor
                                                         Performance of contractor, Only 12%
                                                         work completed
    IWT          -              4.40             12      Work nearing Completion

Road Transport
        The major focus on Motor Transport in the Eleventh Plan is introduction of
effective e-governance system, establishment of drivers training institute and an effective
enforcement mechanism in order to ensure safe driving thereby reducing accident rate.

        An amount of Rs. 8800 lakhs is set apart in the XIth Plan for Road Transport.
The outlay and likely percentage of expenditure during 2007-10 under Road Transport
are given in Table.7.3.

                                                Table. 7.3
      Sector   XI Plan            2007-08                 2008-09         2009-10       Likely
                                                                                     percentage of
                             O              E       O               E        O
                                                                                    during 2007-10
     KSRTC     8200      270.00        270.00   2500.00         2500.00   1500.00   52.07
     Motor     600.00    150.00        241.65   500.00          526.40    508.00    212.68
     Total     8800.00   420.00        511.65   3000.00         3026.40   2008.00   63.02

Motor Vehicles Department
        The Eleventh Plan Outlay for Motor Vehicles Department is Rs. 600 lakhs.
The likely percentage of expenditure during 2007-10 is 212.68. The major achievements
are given below.

1.        e-governance activities

         Total Computerization of the Department has been achieved through the project
“FAST” (Fully Automated services for Transport Department) with private participation
on BOMT basis. Registration Certificate and Driving Licenses in laminated card form
permits in printed form, e-mail facilities in all Offices in the Department, Kerala State
Wide Area Network (KSWAN), SPARK and IDEAS are the major achievements under
e-governance activities.

2.      Road Safety Measures
        During the last two years, 10 Nos of Laser based hand held Radars for the
detection of speeding of vehicles and 50 nos of Mahindra Bolero vehicles for conducting
enforcement work and to carry equipment for checking exact emission, over speed etc.
have been purchased.
         Central Government has supplied one mobile interceptor vehicle and three
interceptor vehicles incorporating video cameras with other equipments for detecting
speeding offences .
         Various Road Safety Awareness Programmes have been implemented during
the period 2007--10.

          A Road Safety Authority has been set up by the Department for implementing
various road safety initiatives and to create awareness among the drivers and public
regarding safe driving.
           KSRTC has provided 25 acres of land at Edappal, Malappuram District for
establishing the Institute of Driver Training and Research. The Ministry of Road
Transport & Highway, Government of India has approved the project reports and
released an amount of Rs.1 crore being the first installment of the Central share of
Rs. 2.29 crores. The State share for the Institute of Driver Training & Research is 30%.
The Institute has started functioning on a temporary basis at the Department land at
“Chevayoor, Kozhikode from 30.5.2008.

Kerala State Road Transport Corporation (KSRTC)
       The main focus during the Eleventh plan is on revitalizing and strengthening
KSRTC to ensure successful operations and improved service delivery.
       The Eleventh Plan Outlay for KSRTC is Rs. 8200 lakh and the likely percentage
of expenditure during 2007-10 is 52.07. The entire provision during the first two years of
the XIth Five Year Plan has been utilized for infrastructure development, e-governance
and capacity building of staff. By the end of 2008-09, all units have been provided with
Electronic Ticketing Machine (ETM).

Other Transport Services
        The Eleventh Plan outlay for “Other Transport Services” is Rs. 5000 lakhs.
Details of Outlay and Expenditure during 2007-10 are given in Proforma.I

Port and Light Houses

        Department of Ports, Harbour Engineering Department, Hydrographic Survey
wing are the agencies involved in port development activities in the State. The allocation
of Ports and Light Houses sector in the 11th plan period comes to Rs. 27500 lakhs with a
break up of Rs. 19780 lakhs for the Department of Ports, Rs. 7385 lakhs for HED and Rs.
335 lakhs for the HSW.

Objectives of Eleventh Plan
        The national policy on ports aims at increasing the present handling capacity of
4.60 million tonnes to 1260 million tonnes in the Eleventh plan period. In tune with this
Kerala State also proposes development of port sector with an objective of enhancing the
handling capacity in non major ports from 1.15 million tones to 27.75 million tones.
        The plan also aims at development of two ship repairing yards one at the south
and the other at the North. Inter-port connectivity within the developed ports in the states
and further extensions to ports in the neighboring States are also aimed at.

         Strategy is to develop six selected ports having potential for enhancing cargo
traffic in a wholesome manner to generate additional income in addition to making the
dream project Vizhinjam International Container Transhipment Terminal come true. The
development of these ports require an investment to the tune of Rs. 4000 crores. Since

state government will find it difficult to develop the ports with its own fund private
participation is also envisaged.

        The plan provision proposed is to take advantage of leveraging in association with
private sector. The state plan fund will be limited for threshold level development which
includes basic infrastructure, transport, connectivity, minimum dredging and taking care
of environmental issues so as to make private participation a reality. In order to
accelerate the port development activities, formation of a Maritime Development Board
toeing the line of Gujarat, Maharashtra and Chennai is proposed. It is also proposed to
establish ship repair facilities at Azheekal and Poovar, seeking support of Central
Government. Coastal Shipping activity is also envisaged for establishing inter-port

Thrust areas of the Eleventh Plan

           Formation of Kerala State Maritime Board (KMB)
           Development of Ports without cost and time overrun
           Connectivity between Minor Ports in Kerala especially for Transhipment of
           containers from Kochi now and from Vallarpadam and Vizhinjam in the
           future, and also transportation of men and materials in the best possible
           Cost effective modern ship handling equipment and efficiency multipliers in
           the Port with the available State funds
           Approaching the Central Government for 100% Central assistance for fishing
           harbours constructed as part of a non major port also. Fishing Harbours
           constructed as part of a major port receives 100% central assistance. An
           integrated development of fishing harbours and commercial ports are planned
           and proposed to be taken up at the major ports in Kerala
           Seeking Central assistance for development of ship repair facilities proposed
           at Azhikkal and Poovar
           Requesting Central Government to setup a campus in Kerala as part of
           Maritime University being formed at Chennai.

Port Department
        The Port Department has a total outlay of Rs. 19780 lakhs during the 11th Five
Year Plan of which only an amount of Rs. 7443.69 lakhs has been incurred towards
expenditure which registers only 37.63 percent notwithstanding nearly three years have
been went by. It is seen that the performance of the Port Department is chaotic and not
up to the mark.

Physical Achievement
       No major achievement in its entirety has been achieved except obtaining
Administrative Sanction from Government or according A S from the Department or
placing supply orders with various agencies for many schemes by the Port Department
during the first two and a half years of the 11th Five Year Plan.

        As far as Port Department is concerned it would be unfair unless the present
status of Vizhinjam Deep Water International Transhipment Terminal is mentioned.

        During 2007-08 Vizhinjam International Seaport Ltd. employed consultants to
carry out the feasibility study of road rail connectivity, power and water Supply etc. The
original Budget Provision under the head of account is Rs. 25.00 lakhs. An amount of
Rs. 500.00 lakhs has been provided by way of SDG as share capital to the Vizhinjam
International Seaport Ltd for the development of Vizhinjam Deep Water International
Transhipment Terminal. Government have accorded sanction for the utilization of Rs.
525.00 lakhs provided in the Budget for the year 2007-08, as per the request submitted by
the Chief Executive Officer, Vizhinjam Deepwater International Seaport Ltd and
instructed the Director of Ports to take immediate action to draw and disburse the amount
of Rs. 525.00 lakhs to the Managing Director and Chief Executive Officer, Vizhinjam
International Seaport Ltd vide G.O (Rt) No.824/07/F&PD dated 24.12.2007 and payment
         An amount of Rs. 18665000/- is re-appropriated from the various heads of
account operated by the Port Department,               HSW and HED as per GO(Rt)
No.3136/08/Fin. dated 31/03/08
        During 2008-09 the provision of Rs. 2570 lakhs is for providing external support
infrastructure to boost up the implementation of the project Vizhinjam Deep Water
International Container Transhipment Terminal. Since the scheme is being implemented
by M/s. VISL, an amount of Rs.2570 lakhs has been released to the Vizhinjam
International Sea Port Limited.
        No major physical achievement could be made since re-tender steps have only
been initiated.

Harbour Engineering Department

        The total outlay earmarked for the Harbour Engineering Department amounts to
Rs. 7385 lakhs during the 11th Five Year plan of which a meagre amount of Rs. 2120.79
lakhs has been incurred towards expenditure up to June 2009. The percentage of
expenditure comes to only 28.72 which is a serious matter to be taken in to account. An
amount of Rs. 5264.21 lakhs is still to be spent during the remaining period of the 11th
five year plan.
        No physical achievements, whatsoever, has been reported by the Chief Engineer,
HED during the period.

Hydrographic Survey Wing

        The Hydrographic Survey Wing has been earmarked an amount of Rs. 335 lakhs
during the 11th Five Year plan. So far only an amount of Rs. 95.67 lakhs has been
expended registering 28.56 percentage of expenditure. An amount of Rs. 239.33 lakhs is
yet to be spent during the remaining period of the 11th Five Year Plan.

Inland Water Transport

        State Water Transport Department and Kerala Shipping and Inland Navigation
Corporation Ltd are the agencies engaged in transportation activities in the water logged
areas of the State. The development of infrastructure facilities of these areas are
undertaken by the Coastal Shipping & Inland Navigation Department (CSIND - Irrigation
Department) The total outlay proposed in the 11th plan for Inland Water Transport
Development in the State through these agencies comes to Rs. 40100 lakhs. The break
up of the 11th plan outlay for these agencies are Rs. 2500 lakhs for State Water Transport
Department,        Rs. 2900 lakhs for Kerala Shipping and Inland Navigation Corporation
Ltd. and Rs. 34700 lakhs for CSIND.

Objectives of the Eleventh Plan

       The dream project of His excellency the President of India connecting Kovalam in
the South to Manjeswaram on the North as "Smart Waterway of Kerala" will be flag
bearer of Inland Waterway development of Eleventh Plan.

Strategies for the Eleventh Plan

        1. Addressing the critical gaps essential for development of the waterways by
establishing a single window agency, Kerala Inland Water Development Authority

       2. Effective utilization of the Twelth Financial Commission Awards and Central
funds for development of main and feeder canals to promote cargo traffic through the
waterways aimed at reduction in congestion of roads.

State Water Transport Department

        The State Water Transport Department has spent 60.93 percentage of expenditure
amounting to Rs. 1523.22 lakhs out of the 11th plan outlay of Rs. 2500 lakhs leaving a
balance amount to the tune of Rs. 976.78 lakhs.
        Construction of 4 new boats under the scheme 'Acquisition of Fleet and
Augmentation of Ferry Services', modernization of existing slipway, construction of
building for painters and upholsteries under the scheme 'Workshop Facilities' and
purchase of timber worth Rs. 60 lakhs under the scheme' Purchase of new engine and re-
construction of old boats' are the major physical achievements made by the Department
during the period.

        In the case of the scheme 'Acquisition of Fleet and Augmentation of Ferry
Services' construction cost is high since the Department is now preferring to steel boats
for service operation than wooden / FRP boats. Additional funds required may be made
available to avoid delay in the implementation of the scheme. The delay in getting
estimates from the Irrigation Department and PWD etc and the inordinate delay in
executing the works by these agencies are the major bottlenecks as far as the scheme
'Land, Building & Terminal Facilities' is concerned.

Kerala Shipping & Inland Navigation Corporation Ltd.

       The KSINC has still to spent an amount of Rs. 1726.50 lakhs out of the 11th plan
outlay of Rs. 2900 lakhs. The Corporation achieved only 59.53 percentage of
expenditure up to now.

        KSINC being a commercial undertaking, it is getting a lump-sum amount every
year. The delay in getting sanction from the Special Working Group of Secretaries
stands in the way of implementing the projects taken up by KSINC

Coastal Shipping and Inland Navigation Department (Irrigation Department)

        The CSIND has spent only an amount of Rs. 11689.64 lakhs out of the 11th plan
outlay of Rs. 34700 lakhs as on now which leads to only 33.69 percentage of expenditure
though more than half of the period of 11th five year plan has been elapsed. An amount
of Rs. 23010.36 lakhs is still in store.

      No physical achievement has been reported by the Chief Engineer, Irrigation &

       In short, the percentage of expenditure incurred by all the Departments / Agencies
barring State Water Transport Department in the Port and Light Houses and Inland Water
Transport is far below 50% which is not at all appreciable. Altogether, all the above
Departments / Agencies have been earmarked a total outlay of Rs. 67,600 lakhs during
the 11th Five Year Plan of which only an amount of Rs. 24046.51 lakhs has been spent
leaving a balance amount of Rs. 43553.49 lakhs still to be expended. The percentage of
expenditure comes to only 35.57 despite nearly three years have been passed on in the
11th Five Year Plan.

       The expenditure incurred by all the Departments/Agencies except State Water
Transport Department shows their passivity and lethargic attitude in the implementation
of their respective schemes. This necessitates strict monitoring of the progress of
schemes both by the Departments and by the State Planning Board failing which none
can be expected to spend more than 50-55 percent during the entire period of the 11th
Five Year Plan except State Water Transport Department and KSINC.


        Science and Technology was brought within the purview of five year plan during
the Fifth Five Year Plan period. Science & Technology development in the State is
guided by the Science Policy Resolution of Government of Kerala. Inorder to co-
ordinate the development of Science & Technology activities in the State, the Kerala
State Council for Science, Technology and Environment (KSCSTE) was constituted
        The eleventh plan identifies two critical areas relates to the rural industrialization
of the non-traditional kind and self employment.
        The new strategy of the 11th Five Year Plan for Science and Technology is to
ensure that there is a close linkage between the State R & D Institutions and the "User
Agencies", which include not only the "Line Department" but also the LSGIs.

The thrust areas of Eleventh plan are the following
       • Integrated land and water management for production enhancement
       • Enhancement of environment quality for ensuring sustainability
       • Disaster Management with special reference to flood, earthquakes,
           landslides, lightening, cyclones, tsunami, drought and coastal erosion.
       • Conservation of Biodiversity with emphasis on threatened species, ecosystem,
           land and sea scapes and sustainable management of Biodiversity
       • IPR covered issues including indigenous knowledge related to globally
           competent products covering crop and other agricultural products from bio-
           resources in line with CBD and Biological Diversity Act 2004
       • Coastal and Wetland management
       • Infrastructure Development planning
       • Solid waste management
       • Technology adaptation and requirements

       The Eleventh Plan earmarked an outlay of Rs. 440.95 crores for Scientific
Services and Research which showed an increase of 367.46% over the 10th plan outlay
of Rs. 120 crores. Of this, Rs. 344.85 crore is for KSCSTE, Rs.83.58 crore for RCC and
Rs. 12.52 crore for Kerala State Pollution Control Board.

       The Outlay and Expenditure during 2007-10 under Scientific              Services and
Research are shown in Table 8.1

                                        Table 8.1
                          Outlay and Expenditure during 2007-10
                                                                                  (Rs. in lakh)
                                 2007-08              2008-09                  2009-10           Likely
 Sl.   Name of                                                                                    age of
                  plan                             Outla    Expend               Anticipated
 No     Dept                Outlay   Expendi.                         Outlay                    expendi
                 Outlay                                       i.                 expenditure
                                                    y                                           . during

   1   KSCSTE     34485    4253.00    1580.87        4325   2620.56     4390             4390     24.91

   2   RCC         8358     950.00     500.00        1000   1000.00     1115             1115     31.29
   3   KSPCB       1252     170.00         70.00     175    155.97       178             178      32.27

       Total      44095    5373.00    2150.87        5500   3776.53     5683             5683     26.33

        There are seven R & D Centres functioning under the umbrella of the Council viz,
Centre for Earth Science Studies, Rajeev Gandhi Centre for Biotechnology, Kerala Forest
Research Institute, Tropical Botanic Garden and Research Institute, Centre for Water
Resource Management and Development, National Transportation Planning and
Research Centre and Kerala School of Mathematics. In addition, the Council
Headquarters implements a large number of wide ranging programmes aimed at
promoting Science & Technology in the State.
        The major programmes implemented in the KSCSTE headquarters are Science
Research scheme, Selective Augmentation of R & D activities, Fellowship programme,
Sasthra Poshini Schemes for selected Government High Schools in the State, Student
projects Programme envisages providing financial assistance to the students of
University Departments and Colleges to conduct scientific projects, scheme for
Promoting Young Talents in Science etc.
        Also, prepared and released a book on 'Climate Change', for creating
environmental awareness, coordinated R & D programmes on Water Quality Monitoring
and initiated the soil quality monitoring programme.
        Kerala Science Congress is conducted by KSCSTE every year dedicating its
efforts for revitalization of R & D in the State and shifting the focus towards solving the
development problems of Kerala.

       The Major activities of Centre for Earth Science Studies are the following
              The Tsunami inundation mapping of entire Kerala & Kolachal coast was
              completed. Bathymetric Survey of Kollam - Harippad Coast and
              topographic Survey of Alappad - Arattupura for simulation of the
              inundation was taken up and the data was used in the models of the
              tsunami warning system
              completed the District wise multihazard maps and the shoreline
              management plan for Munambam Kayamkulam coast under the
              Integrated Coastal Marine Area Management Scheme of Government of

        The Centre for Water Resources Development and Management has implemented
the following research programmes.
                Prepared Drainage Development plans for Kol lands in Calicut
                Water quality information of Periyar and Bharathapuzha was compiled
                Hydrological Studies of Kadalundi wetland in relation to drainage basin
                was carried out
                Established the Biotechnology Laboratory.
                Stable isotope facility for research in basic and applied sciences

       The major R & D works of Tropical Botanic Garden and Research Institute
during the period 2007-10 are the following
            prepared Pollen slides of 70 species coming under 18 families and completed
            LM study of 30 species and SEM analysis of 15 species regarding the work
            of Pollen Atlas of the Western Ghats Trees.
            Flora of 150 sacred groves incorporated and updated information on the
            database of TBGRI plants, database Plant info, websites, webportal
            Discovered two new Orchid Species.
            Established a tie up with Oushadi
            Completed the first draft of the first volume of "Children's Hand Book on
            Medicinal and Food plants
               The important projects undertaken by KFRI during this period include:
       bioshield planting under Tsunami Rehabilitation Programme, Standardisation of
       protocols for medicinal plant cultivation, establishment of a tree protection
       helpline, homestead bamboo farming, establishment of a clonal multiplication
       area for teak, training for traditional bamboo artisans etc.
               NATPAC conducted studies related to Development of Rural roads in
       Idukki District, Development of Hill Highway in Kerala & Road connectivity to
       the proposed Kannur Airport and prepared Quarterly Price Index for "Stage
       Carriage Operations and for Taxi and Auto", Resource Mapping of Road
       construction materials in Kollam District and Transportation Development Plan
       for Kochi City.
               An amount of Rs. 83.58 crore is earmarked for the 11th plan to RCC,
       Thiruvananthapuram. The activities of RCC include Research and Development,
       Augmentation of facilities for early detection and treatment of early detected
       cancers, upgradation of post graduate teaching facilities etc.
               An amount of Rs. 12.52 crore is earmarked for the 11th Plan to Kerala
       State Pollution Control Board. Major activities include water and air quality
       monitoring , waste management, research & development, public awareness and
       training etc.

       The Plan allocation for the Kerala State Council for Science, Technology and
Environment is given in 6 equal bimonthly installments. This leads to substantial delay in

implementing Research projects under Plan and         the inability to utilize the funds


Objectives and Strategies for XIth Five Year Plan
       Based on the experience from the 10th plan and recent developments in IT, the
following objectives and strategies are set for the XIth plan period.

1. Information Communication Technology (ICT) in Society
        Social and economic divides in the society leads to a situation where certain
sections of our society are not in a position to take advantage of new technological
advancements. "Digital divide" has emerged between those who have the skill and access
to ICT and those who don't. Through conscious and affirmative action disadvantaged
sections of society should be made into active participants in Digital revolution and
emerging knowledge economy.
        Eleventh plan should also address technological issues relating to Malayalam
computing and promote development of local content.
        ICT can be an important tool in revitalizing our traditional industries. By
developing appropriate technologies for farmers, craftsmen and other traditional sectors,
ICT can help a large section of Kerala population. Promotion of social innovation and
development of appropriate ICT technologies must be given emphasis.

2. ICT in Government.
       ICT can improve efficiency and bring transparency in the working of the
government. Government will have to structure its e-governance initiatives based on
National e-Governance Plan and suggestions given by National Knowledge Commission.
       The Government must adopt e-Procurement to bring in efficiency and
transparency in government purchases.
       Each department in the government needs to set aside 2-3% of their annual budget
for ICT capacity building, and infrastructure development.

3. Knowledge Creation
        In the emerging knowledge economy, the success of the state depends on its
knowledge level. Consequently, research, development, and a creative environment
become vital for the development of this state. Research and Development in ICT needs
to be promoted to keep the state's advantage in ICT sector. Human resources
development initiatives must be taken up jointly with academic institutions. Online
learning should also be promoted.
        In order to make Kerala a FOSS industrial destination, government should invest
in capacity building, human resource development, research and development in FOSS.
Networking with national and international agencies working with similar object will
create value to state.

4. ICT industry
       Kerala must try to become the destination for knowledge intensive and high value
IT services. This will ensure that development in this sector is sustainable.

        Content industry is developing very fast around the globe. Animation,
Educational informatics etc are some of the fast developing content based industries. A
rich culture and high literacy levels give the state an edge in this sector. Promotion of
this sector will be given special focus.
        FOSS concept goes well with progressive traditions of Kerala society.
Considering the growing economic opportunities around FOSS, the Government intends
to develop the state as the FOSS destination in the country.
        Following are the major projects undertaken in the IT Sector during XIth Five
Year Plan period

1. Kerala State Information Technology Mission (KSITM)
       The following are the programme proposed to be undertaken by Kerala State
Information Technology Mission.
        Promotion and Business Development. KSITM is undertaking a robust
        promotional campaign to hard sell Kerala as the emerging IT/ITES destination
        in the country.
        Investment and Promotion Management Cell (IPMC)- IPMC registers and
        administers the incentive schemes for IT units. The aim of the scheme is to put
        in place a package of incentives, which will make Kerala one of the most
        attractive destination in IT in the country.
        Human Resource Development for IT/ITES-KSITM has set up India's first
        exclusive ITES Habitat at Kochi. The objective of this Habitat is to train the
        youth churning out top quality hands and thereby offering a readymade talent
        pool for ITES business.
        FRIENDS including e-pay and Citizens Call Centre-It is proposed to augment
        FRIENDS Centres by incorporating new technologies and by introducing new
        Kerala State Wide Area Network - It is planned to extend the KSWAN Network
        to cover all the Panchayats in the States in the next five years.
        ICT for Development Project including ICT Centre for under privileged sectors
        and digital content library.
        Cyber Crimes-Detection, prevention, training and awareness building
        programmes. The programmes envisaged awareness about Indian cyber Law,
        training, Law Enforcement Authority's Activity, establishing a call centre/help
        desk for the public, promotional activities for awareness building, distribution
        for software applications, cyber crimes and cyber securities awareness
        State Information Infrastructure and State Wide Area Network- This include
        State Information Infrastructure, video conferencing for connecting all district
        Digital District Project in Malappuram - The pilot district of Malappuram may
        be re-positioned as a Digital District. The programmes in the district as part of

         this initiative include rolling out the e-governance activities as envisaged in the
         National e-Governance Plan.

2. National e-Governance Plan (ACA)
        As part of the implementation of the National e-governance plan in the State, the
State e-Mission Team being functional within KSITM shall drive and monitor the
implementation of the Mission Mode Projects (MMPs) identified by the Government. In
addition the departments are required to set up Project e-Mission Teams (PeMTs) for
implementation of MMP within the respective department. The proposals include
operational expenses, training, hardware infrastructure etc. Capacity building and
training for Government staff shall be taken up as part of the initiative.

3. Indian Institute of Information Technology and Management in Kerala
       IIITMK established at Technopark campus is an institute focusing on the
development of human resource in IT sector. This has been developed as an Institute of
Excellence of International Standards. It is also to be developed as a resources centre for
upgrading the quality of teaching/learning in colleges.

4. Land Acquisition and Infrastructure Development under IT - Techno park and
   Info park
        Technopark is the state's primary initiative to promote IT ventures. During XIth
plan Technopark is planning its third phase of expansion. New building and additional
support facilities have to be developed. Infopark Kochi is attracting more industries.
Hence, an amount of Rs.9923 lakhs is proposed in the plan for land acquisition and
infrastructure development in Technopark including land inquisitor for Technocity and

Following are the Major Institutions under IT sector

1. Technopark
        Technopark, the first Technology Park in the country with 143 acres of land and
about 4 million sq. ft built-up area is becoming one of the most sought after IT/ITES
destination and is going for its third phase of expansion. Around 160 transnational
companies employing over 22000 highly paid IT professionals operate from the
sprawling campus. The self-contained Park provides a convention center, club house,
guest house, cafeterias, banks, post office, shopping mall, etc to its clients.
        The third phase expansion of Technopark and TECHNOCITY in Trivandrum is
underway. IT majors such as Tata Consultancy Services, Infosys Technologies etc., have
already acquired land in Trivandrum and are in the process of constructing their own
campuses. The State Government is also in the process of setting up a hub and spoke
model IT development by developing TECHNOPARK in Trivandrum, Infopark in Kochi
and Cyberpark in Kozhikode as the hubs and other district locations as the Spokes.
Activities for setting up IT Parks in Kollam, Cherthala, Ambalpuzha, Kozhikode, Kannur
and Kasaragod have already commenced.

       The status as on 31.7.2009 of TECHNOPARK is given below

                         Description                          Current Status
      Total Land area - (Phase I, II & Akkulam)            239.54 acres
      3rd phase land acquired (out of 92 acres)            70 acres
      Techno city land acquired (out of 447 acres)         186 acres
      Technopark - Kollam land acquired                    4.4 acres
      Built - up area                                      4,000,000 sq.ft.
      Buildings under construction by IT Companies /       1,300,000 sq,ft
      Area – construction planned (phase III)              1,000,000 sq. ft
      No. of companies                                     160 companies
      Employment - direct                                  22,000
      Investment in Infra facilities
      1) Investment by Technopark - (2007-08)              282 crores
      2) Investment by Companies (2008-09)                 1,500 crores
      Exports reported by Companies (2008-09)              1,700 crores

Key highlights

       1.   Number of companies grew from 120 to 160 companies
       2.   Employment grew from 15,000to 22,000
       3.   IT Software export grew from Rs. 700 crores to Rs. 1700 crores
       4.   Investment by companies grew to Rs. 1500 crores

Physical Infrastructure - Technopark, Thiruvananthapuram

       1. Infosys campus construction is underway and first phase to be inaugurated in
          August 2009
       2. NEST / Tata Elxsi Phase II/Case Consult buildings coming up
       3. Leela Holdings IT building to be completed in August 2009
       4. TCS Development Centre construction has started
       5. Setting up integrated TECHNOCITY Campus in 447 acres land registration is
       6. Adding up another 92 acres as 3rd phase expansion understanding with land
          owners reached and land registration is in progress
       7. 40 acres in Phase III and 60 acres in TECHNOCITY and 40 acres in Kollam
          got SEZ approval from Govt of India
       8. TECHNOPARK is Constructing one more building with 10,00,000 sq.ft
       9. Ring road for the campus is under construction
       10. Expansion of Technopark Club was completed
       11. Price Water house Coopers preparing Master Plans for Technopark phase 3,
          Technocity and district level parks

       12. Work for substation for Phase 2/Phase 3 was completed

Shortfalls / Problems
       The recent economic downturn has affected most companies in the campus and
the Government has deferred 50% of the rental for them during the year 2009-10 to 2010-

2. Kerala State Information Technology Mission (KSITM)

Major schemes undertaken by KSITM

a) Service and Payroll Administrative Repository of Kerala (SPARK)
        This projects has the aim to have an up-to-date details of staffs and accountability
of their salary. The salary bill preparation, Service book maintenance, etc are made
simple through SPARK.
        Details of online offices, salary processed and service book digitized using
SPARK are shown below:-

       Particulars                                         Year
                                     2007 March         2008 March         2009 upto
       No. of online offices              23                 59               953
       No. of employees whose            3000               4000          55000 (upto
       salary processed using                                             March 2009)
       No. of service books             30000             150000             280000
       digitalized using

b. Kerala State Wide Area Network including State Information Infrastructure

       KSWAN supports integration of large number of citizen services. United
Telecoms Ltd. (UTL) with technology support from C-DAC is implementing the project
on BOOT basis
       Implementation of KSWAN commenced as per BOOT Agreement signed
between Kerala State IT Mission (State Implementiong Agency) & M/s United Telcom
Ltd. (BOOT Operator) for a total value of Rs. 59 crore. Identification & Site Preparation
of 14 Network Operating Centres at District Head Quarterts, 152 Point of Presence at the
Block Head Quarters and 1660 Remote Offices undertaken as part of the project.
       Network Operating Centres already existing at Thiruvananthapuram, Kochi &
Kozhikode as part of the State Information Infrastructure were enhanced to integrate the

        Network Operating Centres at 42 DHQs were completed during 2007-08, and
integrated to the existing State Information Infrastructure. Similarly, out of 152 BHQ -
PoPS, the work was completed at 90 BHQS during the period. Survey was undertaken
for more than 3000 Remote Offices of the various Government Departments, and about
300 Wireless Remote Links were established during the period
        Network Operating Centres at all the 14 DHQs are completed during 2008-09,
and integrated to the existing SII. The DHQs were formally accepted and commissioned
for operations. Network Services & eGovernance Projects like Video Confrencing,
Departments like Commercial Taxes, Motor Vehicles etc began operation through the

c. Sec WAN
        The Sec WAN project is envisaged for providing connectivity and computers to
Government Secretariat. Core Network based on 1000 MBps, OFC Backbone using
redundant Core Switches & Distribution Switches deployed in the Secretariat.
Approximately 1500 computers and peripherals were deployed at Secretariat. Access
Network using redundant Layer 2 Manageable was deployed in the Secretariat.
Additional 500 computers and accessories deployed. 250 computers were deployed
during the first quarter of the current year (March 2009 - June 2009)

d. Dr.SMS
         The sole idea of the project is to enable citizens to use their mobile phones to
receive information on health resources and to ;provide the user with a comprehensive
list of medical facilities available in that locality, like hospitals having expertise in
various medical specialities and Doctors in the locality with specialization etc. The
facility was piloted at Kozhikode, and it has been decided to extend the same to all the
districts. As part of operationalising the project, a health portal associated with Dr. SMS
has       been      developed       and       its      operational      at     the      URL

e. Integrated Govt. Service Gateway (IGSG)
        It is envisaged to deliver the information about the hierarchy of Government
Departments, the location of individual offices and details of services available.
Provision for downloading of various Government forms is also part of this. It is a GIS
based application software. Entered into a Service Level Agreement with KELTRON on
29th September 2008. Developed a GIS based web application which makes accessing of
relevant information regarding Government Offices and associated services easy to the
public. A interface for the touch screen was developed. Entire map of Kerala is
integrated into the software.

f. Investment Promotion Management Cell (IPMC)
        The aim of the scheme is to put in place a package of incentives, which will make
Kerala one of the most attractive destinations in IT in the country. The activities
envisaged in the cell includes disbursement of incentives to eligible IT units.
        During the Financial Year 2007-08, an amount of Rs. 7785044/- has been released
to 16 IT Units as Standard Investment Subsidy. During the Financial Year 2008-09, an
amount of Rs. 5779470/- has been released to 9 IT Units as Standard Investment Subsidy.
During the current financial year 2009-10, an amount of Rs. 19,60,000/- has been
released to 2 IT Units as Standard Investment Subsidy.
g. Email to all Employees
        Email provides a better speedy communication with multi platform support
solution and it can also be implemented in a short span. This gives the possibility of
having communication round the clock with no interruption and delay. The project
started functioning in March 2009. Approximately 200 email ids were created during this
period. During the first qurter of the current financial year 2009-10 the number of email
ids created has increased to 5000. Majority of the ids are created for Secretariat and for
Kerala Police.

h. Development of Local Language Content
         Entegramam (My Village) portals are windo to respective village. Currently
running in nine Panchayats and one Municipality in Kannur district. These portals
contain information of public institutions like hospitals and schools, local events,
information relating to local governance process like agenda of gramasabha meeting,
labour bank and many more. Portal is a major step forward in ensuring transparency in
governance process. In the financial year 2008-09 this project has been extended to 77
local bodies in Kannur districts. Data collection in 55 local bodies completed in this
period. Selection of local bodies in Malappuram and Kollam completed. In Kannur
district data collection in 7 local bodies and data entry in 62 local bodies completed.
Data collection in Kollam and Malappuram is progressing.

i. Malayalam Computing
       1. This project will disseminate Information Technology among non-English
       speaking masses.
       2. Since Malayalam being the official language, this project will help
        government servants to use computer system for their official matters.

       Publicity materials, Short film, documentary, etc., are produced as part of this
program. Implementation started in seven districts, website with all resources for use of
computing in Malayalam has been hosted.
       Various training programs arranged in these seven districts where Malayalam
Computing Campaign has been started.

j. Ongoing projects- FRIENDS, Citizens Call Centre, Video Conferencing etc.
       The recurring expenditure of ongoing projects like FRIENDS, Citizens Call
Centre, Video Conferencing etc are met from the KSITM funds. Recurring expenditure
includes the telephone, water and electricity charges of centres, AMC for equipments etc.

3. Kerala State Information Technology Infrastructure Ltd. (KSITI)
       Kerala State Information Technology Infrastrucutre Ltd has been incorporated on
31/1/2008 and has commenced business on 05/3/08. The authorized Share Capital of the
Company is Rs. 30 crores and paid up Share Capital is Rs. 30.10 crores. Shares have
been issued to Government for Rs. 30 crores. Details of Share Capital received from
Government of Kerala is as below (Rupees in Crores).

                    Year        Agreed        Budget provision         Release
                2007-08           20               20.10                20.10
                2008-09           30                10                 10
                2009-10           50             10                    nil
                 Total           100               40.10                30.10

        Kerala State Information Technology Infrastructure Ltd has been designated as
the authority for the land acquisition for setting up the Cyber Park at Kozhikode. Land
acquisition is in progress and the DD is expected to be published within two months. The
entire share capital released will have to be utilized in lump for procuring the land.
Another major expenditure anticipated soon is the payment of land value to KSIDC
towards the 66 acres of land given for the setting up of Infopark Cherthala and the
enhanced costs to be borne towards LAR cases pertaining to this land. KSITI Ltd is also
the implementing agency of the 2 plot projects of technology scheme at Perinad and
Kadakkal for which work has already been commenced. So, even if the allocated budget
provision of Rs. 10 crores for the current year is also released, KSITI Ltd will be in short
of funds to meet the committed expenditure for the year. As of now utilization towards
preliminary expenses for the projects have been incurred. Details and present status of
the projects implemented by KSITIL is as below.

Major programmes undertaken by KSITI

                              Name                     Extension of Land
                1. Technocity, Pallipuram                  451 Acres
                2. Technopark Phase III                      92 acres
                3. Technopark, Kollam                     44.46 acres
                4. Infopark Phase II                        160 acres
                5. Infopark, Cherthala                      66 acres
                6. Infopark, Ambalapuzha                    100 acres
                7. Land Infopark, Koratty                  30 acres
                8. Cyber Park, Kozhikode                   70 acres
                9. Cyber Park, Kannur                            -
                10. Cyber Park, Kasaragode                100 acres
                11. Technoldge Perinad                 2000 sq. ft Built up
                12. Technoldge, Kadakkal               2000 sq. ft Built up


        The national forest policy envisages maintenance of environmental stability
through preservation and reduction of degradation of forests, conservation of bio-
diversity, increasing the productivity of forests, increasing substantially the forest cover
through massive afforestation and developing participatory forest management. The
present forest management policy of the State encompasses technology improvement,
bio-diversity conservation and development of partnership with the forest dependent

        The forest area in Kerala is 11.17 lakh ha. (28.74 % of geographical area) which
is higher than the national average of 19.50 per cent. About 80% of the effective forest
area is covered by natural forest and 20% by forest plantations. Forest plantations
constitute the major source of raw material to the forest based industries. The total area
covered by forest plantations of various species is about 2.03 lakh ha. Teak is the major
species planted, followed by miscellaneous species and eucalyptus. But the productivity
is low. The systematic replanting as well as application of modern techniques for
improving productivity are required.

        During Tenth plan an outlay of Rs. 175 crore was provided to the forestry and
wild life sector and an amount of Rs.208.71 crore was expended during the plan period,
which accounts 119.3% of the Xth plan outlay. The various schemes implemented during
the period include Management of Natural Forests with an expenditure of Rs. 52.98
crore, improving productivity of plantations with Rs.13.43 crore. Bio conservation and
management with Rs.35.47 crore and Resource Planning and Research with Rs.18.86
        The total plan outlay during the XIth plan for the sector was Rs.318 crore. An
amount of Rs.25 crore was earmarked for Centrally Sponsored Schemes. Out of the total
outlay an amount of Rs.10 crore is envisaged from RIDF and 25 crore is under Twelfth
finance commission award. The target of the XIth Five Year Plan is to achieve the forest
tree cover of 33.3% by the end of the plan period. Sub Sector wise expenditure in the
Forestry and Wildlife during 2007-09 is given in Table 1.

                                          Table - 1
 Sub sector wise Play Outlay & Expenditure under Forestry and Wild life -2007 – 09,
                                                              (Rs. Lakhs)
                                                     2007 - 09                Expd as % to
Sl                            XIth Plan
        Name of Scheme                    Approved    Actual      Expd as %      XIth Plan
No                             Outlay
                                           Outlay Expenditure to Outaly           Outlay
 1               2                3            4          5            6             7
    Management of Natural
 1                            13400.00     2838.00    2705.20        95.32
   Forests                                                                        20.19
    Improving productivity of
 2                             5400.00      745.00      826.3       110.91
   plantations                                                                    15.30
 3 Infrastructure development 3500.00       490.00     414.34        84.56        11.84
   Biodiversity Conservation
 4                             3000.00     1835.00    1009.69        55.02
   and PA Management                                                              33.66
 5 Eco Tourism                  300.00       40.00      36.25        90.63        12.08
    Human Resource
 6                              500.00      110.00     151.54       137.76        30.31
   Resource Planning and
 7                              250.00       60.00       49.4        82.33        19.76
 8 Extension forestry           750.00      350.00      547.6       156.46        73.01
   Management of Non wood
   Forest Products and
 9                             1200.00      260.00     218.15        83.90        18.18
   Promotion of medicinal
   Others incl. Assistance to
10 Public Sector and other     3500.00     2600.00     2439.9        93.84        69.71
                              31800.00     9328.00    8398.35        90.03        26.41

Forest produce
        Major forest produce includes timber, bamboo, reeds and firewood. Their total
production shows a declining trend from 1993-94 onwards. Reeds and bamboos show
sharp decline in supplies during the period while the extraction of timber is on the
increase. The quantity of timber produced in 2007-08 was 48628 cu.m. The number of
bamboos and reeds produced during 2007-08 was 15.51 lakhs and 143.52 lakhs
respectively. These are species, which can be promoted under farm forestry with
people’s participation.

Management of Natural Forests
        The programme envisages improving the ecological status and economic value of
the natural forest, their protection from biotic factors and rehabilitation of degraded area
and conservation of biodiversity. Inorder to increase productivity of forest plantations,
adoption of modern technologies and better planting stock are adopted. The coverage of
plantation forestry is to the extent of 19.3% of the total area. Forest protection,
consolidation of forest area, regeneration of denuded forests, protection of fragile eco
system and participatory habitat management are given thrust.
        During XIth plan an amount of Rs.25 crore was provided for the consolidation of
forests from which 2.43 crore was allotted for 2007-09 for the construction of 10000 nos
of cairns, maintenance of 2000 nos of cairns, 1610M of construction of compound wall
etc. 7038 nos of cairns were newly constructed and 1035 nos of cairns were maintained.
1030M compound wall were constructed during 2007-09.
        Under forest protection, a participatory mode with appropriate partnership with
Vana Samrakshana Samithies and with the active involvement of NGO’s were taken up.
The outlay provided is for creation and maintenance of fire line, prevention of Ganja
raids etc. The improvement of degraded forest were also included in the programme. An
amount of Rs. 27.05 crore was expended for the management of natural forest during
2007-09 and an amount of Rs.14.45 crore is likely to be expended by 2009-10.

Bio Diversity Conservation and Protected Area Management
        Protection of forest and wild life and conservation of Bio diversity are the core
objectives of the scheme. The wild life conservation activities are centered around
protected areas like wild life sanctuaries and biosphere and the other activities for
conservation of bio diversity are within the forest eco system.
        During 2007-09, an amount of 18.35 crore has been earmarked for various
schemes under protected area management including the bio diversity conservation from
which 10.1 crore has been expended. It is estimated that 170238 mandays were
generated during 2007-09.

Extension Forestry
       Participatory greening programme and biodiversity conservation, environmental
awareness campaign are envisaged in the scheme. In order to encourage homestead and
agroforestry practices, a marine tree planting programme outside the forest area with the
involvement of people including school children were also included in this programme.
Haritha Keralam programme, afforestation in coastal areas were also initiated during XIth
Plan period. About 34.78 lakh seedlings were distributed through Ente maram padhathi
and 5.56 lakhs seedlings were distributed through Nammude maram padhathi during the
period. An extent of 163.4 Ha area has been afforested through Haritha theeram padhathi
during 2007-09.

Management of Non Wood Forest Products
        The Non Wood Forest Products harvested in Kerala is dominated by reeds and
bamboos, but the forests are also rich in canes, forest fruits, seeds, leaves, medicinal
plants, spices and fiber products. An amount of Rs.2.6 crore was provided under the
scheme and 2.18 crore was utilized during 2007-09. Under the scheme medicinal plants
species were planted at an area of 117.02 ha, maintaining 1127.94 ha area during 2007-

       An amount of Rs.15 crore was earmarked for the projects under RIDF schemes
and 3.28 crore was expended during 2007-09. 24.7 Km roads were constructed under the
scheme during the appraisal period.

Forest Management Information System
        Computerisation programme of the Forest Department was started as one of the
major initiatives of the World Bank Assisted Kerala Forestry Project (KFP). Now the
development and implementation of Forest Management Information System (FMIS)
including Geographic Information System (GIS) are undertaken with the assistance from
the state. Kerala is the only state in India, which has been able to successfully develops
seventeen customized modules including GIS, designed for capturing all the major
activities of the Department. An amount of Rs.2 crore was allotted during 2008-10 for
modernization and computerization of the Department.

Issues and priorities
   •   The tribal land issue has occupied the central stage at present and this has major
       implications on the forest particularly in Kerala where tribal land alienation or
       usurpation by outsiders has been a major reason for forest fragmentation and
       subsequent degradation. Giving ownership to tribal inhabitants within Reserved
       Forests must be followed by legal and administrative measures to prevent their
       subsequent alienation and to crop shifts which will have an adverse impact on
       the surrounding forests. Schemes to improve the quality of life of forest
       dwellers as well as people living in the fringe of forests who are dependent on
       forests for their livelihood.

   •   Improve the participatory approach in management of forests.

   •   Promotion of timber and non-wood forest produce outside the designated forest
   •   Modernisation of forestry working through full implementation of FMIS.
   •   Ecotourism is now being widely propagated as a revenue source for the Forest
       Department. Further development of ecotourism could be considered.
   •   The reduction in revenue from the forest sector, inspite of substantial increase in
       quantity of timber and firewood extracted needs to be addressed. Many of the
       forest products could be subjected to improved processing for better economic
   •   The non-wood forest products are under exploited. The major problems are
       destructive collection procedures, improper storage, inadequate primary
       processing and marketing. Steps are to be taken for making revenue from non
       wood forest products.
   •   A number of tree growing schemes are implemented by the Social forestry wing
       as a strategy to increase tree cover outside forest. However the sustainability of
       the projects is not adequately addressed in the schemes. Model projects may be
       taken up with local self governments for the maintenance and upkeep of the trees
       planted outside the forest.

        The Ecology and Environment sector was initiated in the plan for the first time
during Eleventh Five Year Plan. An amount of Rs.22.39 crore was earmarked for
Ecology and Environment programmes during Eleventh Plan and the anticipated
expenditure is Rs.13.48 crores against a budgeted outlay of Rs.27.65 crores. A new
Environment department was established in the state in 2006. Inorder to support the
department, the Environment Management Agency was established in February 2008.
The Bio Diversity Board is also functioning under the department. Another institution
working under the umbrella of the department is the Kerala State Pollution Control
Board. The Board is monitoring Water and air quality in the state at various locations
systematically through National and State level programmes. Around 169 water
monitoring stations and 24 air monitoring stations are covered for this purpose.
        The Eleventh Plan outlay and expenditure for the first three years of the plan are
shown in Table 2.
                                        Table 2
                Outlay and Expenditure for Ecology and Environment
                 Outlay        Exp       Outlay        Exp        Outlay        Exp
     for 11th
                 2007-08 2007-08 2008-09 2008-09 2009-10 2009-10
      2239         750        38.08       1000        314.45       1015       519.85

      The total outlay earmarked for the 11th plan is Rs.22.39 crores, against which the
expenditure including anticipated expenditure for 2009-10 is only Rs.872.38 lakhs. The

low level of expenditure during 2007-08 and 2008-09 are due to the non-approval of
outlay earmarked under RIDF. An amount of Rs.5 crore each was earmarked under
RIDF during 2007-08 and 2008-09.
Key initiatives during 11th plan
 1. Biodiversity Conservation
       The preparation of biodiversity registers at panchayat level has been initiated.
The preparation is going on in about 50 panchayats.

 2. Environmental Research and Development
       The support for research has been initiated on need based areas in environment
from 2008-09 onwards. Separate set of guidelines and an evaluation mechanism have
been introduced.

 1. Consolidation
        The department of Environment is in the initial stage of development. The base
level activities initiated have to be consolidated before initiating new programmes.

2. Preparation of status report on the laboratory facilities in the Environment

        A status report on the laboratory facilities available in the state may be prepared.
A number of laboratories involved in Environment area are working under universities,
CESS, CWRDM etc. A status report on the facilities available will help in framing an
action plan for the sector. Along with this, a report on the ongoing activities of the
environment departments of the Universities / Research institutions also may be

3. Activities of Clubs

        The environment department is an umbrella organisation. The activities of the
department could be delivered through the existing network of various kinds of
ecoclubs/green clubs in colleges and schools. The preparation of a database on the
activities of the clubs seems to be essential.

4. EIA analysis

       A major capacity building programme on EIA has to be initiated in the state. A
pool of trained professions in the area of EIA has to be developed in the state. The
approval for initiating a capacity building programme has been initiated in 2009-10. The
programme needs to be upscaled.


       The outlay for the sector for the Eleventh Five Year Plan is Rs.1583.23 crores
which comprises Rs.1522.73 crores for Secretariat Economic Services, Rs.32 crores for
Surveys and Statistics, Rs.25 crores for Civil Supplies and Rs.3.50 crores for Regulation
of weights and Measures. This is against the out lay of Rs.339.3 crores and expenditure
of Rs.346.65 crores during the Tenth Plan. The budgeted outlay during the first three
years of the Plan is Rs.541.80 crores (34.22%). The anticipated expenditure by the end
of the third year of the Plan is Rs.615.24 crores which works out to 38.86% of the
Eleventh Plan Outlay and 99.5% of the budgeted outlay. Sub sector wise outlays
provided and anticipated expenditure during the first three years of Eleventh Plan is given
in Table. Scheme – wise details are given in Proforma I .

                 Sub Sector – wise outlay and Expenditure during the
                        first three years of the Eleventh Plan
                                                               ( lakh)
Sl.    Sub sector      Eleventh Plan Outlay Anticipated               Likely %
No.                      (2007 -12)     for 2007 Expenditure        Expenditure
                           Outlay          - 10      2007 - 10   Of 11th Budgeted
                                                                  Plan      Outlay
 1           2                3              4           5          6          7
 1    Secretariat          152273         52082      59623.56    39.16       99.86
 2    Surveys and           3200           635        159.87       4.5       25.18
 3    Civil Supplies        2500           1263       1548.14    61.93       122.58
 4    Other General          350           200        192.00     54.86       96.00
   Total General           158323         54180      61523.57    38.86       99.50
Economic Services


        This sub sector which includes schemes of State Planning Board, Central Plan
Monitoring Unit (CPMU), Revenue Department, Modernization/Computerization
Schemes of Departments of Treasuries, Registration, Vigilance, Law, Local fund audit,
Police, Legislature Secretariat, Kerala Public Service Commission, Scheme for Planning
and Management unit in the High Court of Kerala and Scheme providing plan assistance

to institutions like Institute of Management in Government (IMG), Centre for
Development Studies (CDS), etc.

       During 11th Plan priority was given for Modernization/Computerization and
Strengthening of Various Departments/ Institutions coming under Secretariat Economic
Services. Police Department and Justice system conventionally not considered as
development oriented areas were also included under plan schemes during 11th plan. Out
of 32 schemes currently under this sub sector 8 schemes are newly started during 11th
Plan period and others are continuing from the 10th Plan.
 New schemes of Eleventh Plan are the following :

   1.     Plan Monitoring Administrative Reforms and Good Governance
   2.     District Agriculture Plan
   3.     Assistance for Project Preparation
   4.     Strengthening of the District Planning Committee
   5.     Modernization of Police Department
   6.     Protection of Public Wealth – Kerala Land Bank Project
   7.     Disaster Management, Mitigation and Rehabilitation
   8.     Planning and Management Unit in the High Court of Kerala

        Of the eight new schemes the first four are schemes of State Planning Board. As
part of the scheme, "Plan Monitoring, Administrative Reforms and Good Governance" an
IT Based Plan Monitoring System has been introduced in collaboration with IIITM-K.
‘Plan – SPACE’ (System for Progress Analysis and Concurrent Evaluation ) is the first
phase of the programme. The information system for concurrent evaluation of Plan
schemes will be soon available online in the website - www. with
details of different schemes of Kerala State for the years 2008-09 and 2009-10. All the
Development Departments and implementing Agencies are networked and expected to
update their progress in implementation of schemes on a quarterly basis. Other new
schemes of State Planning Board, viz. Assistance for Project Preparation and
Strengthening of District Planning Committee are in the initial stages.
        Another major scheme introduced during Eleventh Plan is' Protection of Public
Wealth -Kerala Land Bank Project' implementing by Revenue Department for the
scientific inventorisation and professional management of Government lands. The
objectives of the project are :- (1) Inventorisation of government lands (2) Income
generation from government lands and (3) Surveillance and protection. The project which
was started during the second year of the Plan is in its initial stage.
        Tsunami rehabilitation Programme accounts for major chunk of the total outlay
for the sub sector in all the three Annual Plans with 77% in 2007-08, 56% in 2008-09 and
91% in 2009-10. The percentage share of expenditure for the scheme is 76.38% in
2007-08 and 89.87% in 2008-09.

Computerization in the Department of Registration

        The Department of Registration consists of 309 Sub Registry offices across
Kerala. The computerization project in the Department, namely PEARL, (Programme for
Effective Administration of Registration Law) was started in the year 1999.

         Computerization of the Registration Department was a major e-governance
initiative by the State. Taking into account the core nature of the services and their
public interface, the area identified for computerization in the Department was mainly
service delivery to the public from the Sub Registry offices. Administrative sanction for
the project was accorded during January 2000. The software design and development
started immediately and it culminated in the development of a comprehensive user
friendly menu driven software named “PEARL” (Package for Effective Administration of
Registration Laws).

Software Profile
        PEARL aims at providing better service electronically to the common man and
eliminating the maladies affecting the registration process and connected areas of service
It aims at:-
     • Demystifying the registration process

   •   Introduction of a transparent system easily accessible to the citizen

   •   Bring in speed, efficiency, consistency and reliability

   •   Replacing of the manual system of copying and filling of true copies of
       documents with a sophisticated document management system that uses imaging

   •   Replacing the manual system of indexing, accounting and reporting

   •   Substantial improvement in the citizen interface with which the common man has
       to interact.

         The objective was to carry out almost all activities that are taking place in a Sub
Registry office electronically.
         The project is being implemented by the Registration Department. The software
was designed and developed by Kerala State unit of the National Informatics Center,
Ministry of Information Technology, Government of India.
         A phase level rollout of the project was envisaged and the Pilot project was rolled
out in the year 2000 and was implemented in 4 Sub Registry offices in the 1st phase, 60
offices in the second phase, 64 offices during the 3rd phase, 90 offices and 41 offices in
the 4th and 5th phases respectively.
         The project was inaugurated at Sub Registry office, Thodupuzha on 08-08-2000
using the application software “PEARL” developed by NIC. Since all the modules in the
software were not ready then, in the first phase the only service delivery that was made

through computer system was issuing of encumbrance certificates. The software
development team began the work on the other modules and the plan was to deploy the
fully functional version as soon as it is ready. Since the project envisaged delivering of
all the services through computer system the Department started to acquire the required
hardware and software in phases to all the Sub-Registry offices.

Required Hardware.

    The following hardware is required for the successful implementation of the PEARL
    1. Certified Server machine for Windows NT – 1 No
   2. PCs – 2 Nos. (For offices having 2 SROs one additional PC was Provided)
   3. CD Writer – 1 No
   4. Scanner with ADF – 1 No
   5. Laser Printer – 1 No
   6. 132 col. Dot Matrix Printers 2 Nos.
   7. Accessories link Switches, connectors and cable for networking the above
   8. 3KVA Online UPS with 2 hours backup using SMF battery
Required Software

Microsoft Windows Server OS with Client Access Licenses
SQL Server for RDBMS
ISM Malayalam Script
Microsoft Windows Desktop OS for client PCs

        The department had identified that more human effort is required in rendering
services to the public was in the area of issuing certified copies and have decided to
computerize the issue of certified copies by implementing digital scanning and printing
device. Thus a system for scanning and printing the certified copy was designed and
developed with the technical assistance of C – Dit, a state Government undertaking and
project was extended to all the Sub Registry offices in Kerala during the year 2007-08.
        The Departments future plan is to Web enabling of the present software and to
organize a large operational database in a single repository for easy query and analysis.
The proposed Integrated Service Delivery Project also envisages centralizing the storage
of the database at one location for sharing it with Revenue and Survey Departments. By
organizing land related data into single information warehouse the decision makers in the
Government can be provided with a flexible tool that enables them to make informed
policy decisions for citizen welfare and assessing the impact of such decision over the
targeted sections of the population. The detailed plan expenditure of the first two quarter
of the financial year 2009-10 is given in the table below.

                DURING THE FINANCIAL YEAR 2009-10

Sl.No.                 Proposals               Administrative    Action Taken
1        Up-gradation of old computers in Sub 4237000         Tender formalities
         Registry Offices                                     started
2        Site preparation in District Registry 3643000        Order given to SIDCO
         offices                                              and Submitted their 1st
3        Computerization of Firms Registration 1620000             System        study
         and society Registration                                  entrusted with C-
4        Providing stand by Digital Cameras in     448000          Tender formalities
         Sub Registry Offices                                      started
5        Additional Power points in sub Registry   1948950         Negotiated     with
         Offices                                                   SIDCO
6        Training to Departmental Personnel        291500          Action taken
7        Site preparation charges to FIT Aluva     125000          Amount settled
8        Facility management system                3063750         Letter           of
                                                                   Acceptance given
9        Computer Purchase for District Offices    5265000         Tender Formalities
         Total                                     2,06,42,200

Computerization of Kerala Public Service Commission

       An amount of Rs.4,20,00,000/- (Rupees Four Crores and Twenty Lakhs only) was
sanctioned as Plan Fund for computerization for the year 2009-10, out of which an
amount of Rs.63,18,779/- (Rupees Sixty Three Lakhs Eighteen Thousand Seven Hundred
and Seventy Nine only) has been expended till 30th September 2009.

        The Commission has purchased 45 Nos. of PCs, 70Nos. of SMF Batteries, 5 Nos.
of Print Servers, 2 Nos. of Servers, 20 Nos. of 600 VA UPS, 5 Nos. of OMR Scanners, 2
Nos. of HPLJ 1120 Printers using this amount.
        AMC charges for Lipi Printers, Computers & Allied equipments has also been
paid using this amount.
        Major achievements during this period include software development for Double
valuation of answer scripts and the software development for downloading Hall tickets,
Interview Memos, etc from our website.

       The Commission has decided to extend the online application facility to District
wise sections shortly.    The Commission has also approved the proposal for
computerization of Department Tests and is planning to implement the same by 2010.
Further, computerization of the entire recruitment process is under the active
consideration of the Commission.


        The State of Kerala “God’s own Country” has rapidly developed as a premier
tourist destination in India. Tourism is now one of the largest industries in the world by
virtue of its ability to create employment, income and investment. Kerala is now
positioned as the number one tourist destination in the country.

Eleventh Plan Approach
   1. Sustainable tourism to ensure the safety and security of women employed in this
   2. Niche tourism such as “health tourism” or “eco- tourism”.
   3. Destination Development.
   4. Marketing.
   5. Physical Infrastructure Development.
   6. Land acquisition.

•      Create investor – friendly legislative and political climate to attract private
       investment in accommodation and other tourism infrastructure.
•      Government to ensure quality support to infrastructure at the destinations either
       investing directly or through joint venture or private investment.
•      Formation of State Tourism Financial Corporation to facilitate easy access to
       finance in tourism sector.
•      Development to be regulated within the ‘Responsible Tourism’ paradigm with
       strict guidelines to take care of the environment pollution, local population, local
       conditions, quality aspects and community participation.
•      Investment to be spread out to new and lesser known destinations.
•      Development of destinations in accordance with destination –wise tourism master
•      Encourage new tourism products which respect our nature, culture and tradition.
•      Ensure safety and security of tourists.

The policies and priorities of XIth Plan
      To position Kerala as a model state on Responsible Tourism with Community
      Participation – Involvement of local self government, community groups and
      NGOs in tourism planning, implementation and operation of tourism products and
      creation of employment opportunities for the local population.
      To Promote private investments in tourism
      To create quality infrastructure at waysides and tourist destinations
      To focus on domestic market and identified international markets
      To fully utilize the tourism potential of Malabar Region for the dispersal of
      tourism activity concentrated in the South and Central Kerala
      To conserve the natural heritage of the state
      To revive and promote traditional industries and agricultural sectors through
      To promote innovations in tourism.

         To create new tourism products such as Medical Tourism, Adventure Tourism
         and Farm Tourism.
         To Strengthen the Human Resource Development sector in tourism to take care
         on the large volume of capacity building needs of the local community and
         various actors in the tourism industry.
         To strengthen the organizational set up in tourism development and promotion to
         take care of the new challenges.
         To improve connectivity
         To have clean and safe tourist destination.

        As against an outlay of Rs.826.00 crores in the 10th plan, Rs534.30 crores was
set apart for this sector during the 11th plan. The outlay and expenditure during 2007-10
under Tourism Sector are given below.
                         Outlay and Expenditure during 2007-10
                                                                        (Rs. In Lakhs)
Year                     Outlay                 Expenditure          Percentage
2007-08                  8318                   7877.39              94.70
2008-09                  9754                   8147.37              83.53
2009-10                  6501                   6501 *               100.00*
* Anticipated expenditure

         During the last three years, emphasis has been given mainly in infrastructure
development and marketing of the destination. A lot of new schemes have been
introduced during the first three years of the XIth Plan. Responsible tourism is a major
initiative of Kerala tourism during the last year. My Village, Eco friendly Village is
another important scheme launched to identify and develop unknown rural Tourist
destinations with participation of local bodies. In addition to this 600 ‘Home Stays’ were
approved by Department of Tourism.

         Kerala Tourism decided to set a new trend by implementing Resposible Tourism
initiative at 4 pilot destinctions viz, Kovalam, Kumarakom, Thekkady and Wayanad.
Inorder to ensure consistency in implementing the responsible tourism initiative,
Department of tourism had decided to coordinate and manage the implementation by
seeking the service of professional expertise in diverse fields of socio-political and
environmental settings of Kerala.

       The Government have constituted a State Level Responsible Tourism Committee
(SLRTC) with three working committees in economic, social and environmental
responsibility areas. Destination Level Responsible Tourism Committee (DLRTC) were
also constituted. These Committees have diverse representations at all levels, with the
back up of people’s representatives, local people and tourism industry representatives.
The process enabled to lay a frame work for the initiative in the light of the complex and
diverse field dynamics.

        Special focus was given to Malabar area development and projects have been
sanctioned to develop the following centers.

     New tourist centers at Kadmbayar, Marymoor, Janakikkad, Perumbavur and
     surroundings,       Kuilimala,     Ezhattumukhom,       Punalur,    Perumthenaruvi,
     Bhoothanthankettu, Alappuzha canals and Vaikkom.
     Comprehensive Munnar beautification project.
     Comprehensive development of Ponmudi hill station.
     Comprehensive development of Alappuzha Canals.
     Integrated development of Eco tourism circuit on Neyyar-Ponmudi-Thenmala-
     Development of Dharmodam island and Muzhuppilangad beach
     Development of Town squares at Kottayam, Kannur, Thalacherry and Alappuzha.
     Pilgrim facilities at different temples, churches and mosques in Kerala.
     Clean Destination Campaign in association with Kudambashree in all major tourist
     Started Tourism Clubs in all Vocational Higher Secondary schools in the state.
     Additional Guest house at Ernakulam is commissioned and set apart 50% of the
     rooms to the tourists.
      Sarovaram project at Kozhikode started.
     Kerala House at Chennai initiated.
     International Hospitality Management Institute started at Kozhikode.
     New classification system for home stay started.
     New scheme on Farm Tourism.
     Vazhiyoram-2nd phase announced.
     Food Craft Institutes brought under Tourism.

      Kerala Tourism has also concentrated in the marketing area. New marketing
strategies has initiated during this period. Many new fairs and festivals have started. The
major National and International promotion Strategies are as follows.

    New initiative for the promotion of Monsoon Tourism.
    New initiatives for promoting Kerala as one of the best health tourism destinations in
    the world.
    Onam week celebration with great people participation.
    Joint Initiative with Cultural Department to promote traditional arts and festivals.
    UTSAVAM- the Kerala Arts festival for the promotion of local cultural programmes
    to be held in 23 venues across the 14 districts of Kerala from 23rd December 2008 to
    29th March 2009.
    Identified new markets keeping in mind the adversities faced by the global travel and
    tourism Industry.
    Market exploration by attending trade fairs, staging road shows, familiarisation trips
    for tour operators and leading travel writers and journalists, advertising in print and
    television etc,
    A new print Campaign and T V Commercial is also produced to showcase the
    destination in markets.
    Partnership with Google, the No.1 internet property world wide for the popular
   research based campaigns.

   Developed a Campaign branded “Dream Season in God’s Own Country”
    targeting the summer and monsoon holiday months
   Entered into a partnership with Jet Airways and launched “Jet 2 Kerala” Campaign
   where Kerala holidays were bundled with attractive return fares on Jet Airways
   flights to Kerala.
   Kerala Tourism has also tied up with “Louis Crusies” a leading Cruise Linear based
   in the Mediterranean for a Cruise Ship home – ported in kochi and offering cruises to
   Colombo and Male.

        Department of Tourism has taken various innovative initiatives in promotion and
publicity. The result is evident from the very high growth rate of tourist arrivals in
Kerala is witnessing now. The major initiatives in the promotion include conducting fairs
and festivals, participation in major tourism marts, advertising in print and electronic
media etc.

       The State has successfully conducted the Grand Kerala Shopping Festival and
thereby make Kerala the Shopping hub in the country. The festival was conducted by
Tourism Department in co-ordination with the Industries and Commerce Department,
Local Self Government Department, Taxes Department and Cultural Affairs Department.

        The foreign tourist arrivals to the state show a decreasing trend over the year.
However, the number of domestic tourists has risen from 68.80 lakhs in 2007-08 to 76.49
lakhs in 2008-09.

        Bekal Resorts Development Corporation Limited (BRDC) was formed in the year
1995 as a joint sector company for the integrated tourism development in Bekal with
Government of Kerala as the chief promoter. Land acquisition and development of
project area is the main activity envisaged in the project. Land acquisition activity is in
full progress.

      Department of Tourism also undertook conservation and preservation of heritage
and eco-tourism. The major eco- friendly general tourism activities are alone through
Thenmala Eco-tourism Promotion Society (TEPS).

        Kerala Institute of Tourism & Travel Studies (KITTS) and Kerala Institute of
Hospitality Management Studies (KIHMS) are engaged            in Human Resource
Development activities relating to Tourism Sector. KITTS and KIHMS develop and
implement continuous training programmes to the host community to be visitor friendly
and to create a positive mindset to the concept of tourism.

        KTDC is a commercial agency, which is actively participating in building up
basic infrastructure needed for the development of tourism in the State. They operate star
hotels, budget hotels, motel Araams and way side facilities, Yatri Nivases, restaurants
and beer parlours, Central reservation systems and conducted tour.

Major Issues

       The impact of economic recession has been noticed by way of slackening of
advance booking, withdrawal of Charter Flights and reduced level of enquiries. On the
other hand opening of Srilanka as a safe destination and increased marketing activities by
competing states and countries have put pressure on the marketability of the destination.
To overcome the impact of recession and to ensure steady levels of growth, it is
necessary to have an increased outlay in marketing and also make appropriate investment
in Human Resource Department.


       Schemes under the sub sector Survey and Statistics are implementing by
Department of Economics and Statistics. During 11th Five Year Plan the outlay
earmarked for Department of Economics and Statistics in State sector is Rs. 32 crores.
Out of this Rs. 28 crores is for the 50% centrally sponsored scheme ‘Timely Reporting
Survey of Agricultural Statistics’ and during the first year of the plan itself the scheme
has been converted as 100% centrally sponsored scheme. Excluding this scheme 50% of
the outlay under state sector for the sub sector is for up gradation of IT and

        The budgeted outlay under State sector during the first year (2007-08) was Rs.500
lakh and expenditure Rs.31.37 lakh (6.27%). The Low expenditure was due to transfer of
the scheme 'Timely Reporting Survey of Agriculture Statistics', a 50% centrally
sponsored scheme to 100% centrally sponsored for which Rs.450 lakh was provided as
State share and expenditure under the head booked under Central Sector. The outlay and
the expenditure for 2008-09 was Rs.67 lakh and Rs. 60.5 lakh (90.3%) respectively.
Outlay for 2009-10 is Rs. 68 lakh


        The Eleventh Plan out lay of Rs.25 crores is intended for strengthening and
Modernization of Public distribution System/Computerization, Annapoorna, Consumer
Welfare Fund, SUPPLYCO, council for Food Research and Development, Modernization
of Authorized Retail Depots,Training etc..All schemes except Modernisation of
Authorised Retail Depots are continuing from the 10th Plan. Modernization of
Authorized Retail Depots started during the year 2008-09 as a 50% centrally sponsored
scheme. But the expected central assistance is not received and the scheme is continuing
as a state sector scheme. The aim of the scheme is modernize all the ARD,s in the state
with attractive name boards, detailed stock cum price board, electronic weighing and
billing machine etc to make them public friendly. The scheme has implemented in 200
selected ARDs.

       Out of the 11th Plan outlay of Rs.25 crores for Civil Supplies Rs.16.70 crore
(66.8%) is for the scheme Annapoorna. The scheme aims at providing food security to
meet the requirement of those senior citizen who are eligible but remained uncovered
under National Old Age Pension Scheme (NOAPS). For this scheme an amount of
Rs.334 lakhs is providing every year. The sanctioned strength under this scheme is
44980 numbers and a quantity of 450 MT’s of rice is allotting per month.

       The out lay and expenditure for the first three years of Eleventh Plan for the sub
   sector is given in the table below :-

       Year               Out lay         Expenditure       % of Expt. to Out lay
     2007-08               395              681.52                175.54
     2008-09               431              429.62                 99.68
     2009-10               437               437*                   100
*Anticipated expenditure.


       The schemes under this sub sector are implementing by Legal Metrology
Department. Original verification and periodical re-verification of weights, Measures,
Weighing and Measuring Instruments, conduct of periodical inspection of trading
premises, booking of cases against traders who violate the Acts and Rules,
implementation of packaged commodities Rules are the main activities of the department.

        Eleventh Plan out lay for the sector Rs.350 lakh is for implementing the schemes.
Improvement in quality and efficiency of verification, Building construction, and
publicity. During 2007-08, the budgeted outlay was Rs.65 lakh and the expenditure was
Rs.77.07 lakh. The out lay provided during the second year (2008-09) was Rs.67 lakh of
which an amount of Rs.46.93 lakh was expended. The out lay for 2009-10 is Rs.68 lakh..


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