Safety Manual - Stanger Surveying

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Safety Manual - Stanger Surveying Powered By Docstoc
					This Safety Manual is intended to:

     provide safe operating procedures, guidelines, and practices,
     specific to Stanger. and

b). supplement the practices set forth in the Employee Handbook.


Safety and Health Policy Statement

―It is Stanger’s policy to conduct its business, and provide services,
in the safest possible manner consistent with applicable policy,
procedure or work practice, and promote, through an effective injury
and prevention program, a safe, healthful, and secure work
environment for employees and visitors, including persons with
disabilities, that is free from violence, threats, harassment, and
protects the public from harm in connection with its operations‖.

Our workplace safety program is a top priority at Stanger. We want
Stanger to be a safe and healthy place for employees, customers,
and visitors. The Director of Operations, who serves as the Stanger
Safety Officer, is responsible for implementing, administering,
monitoring, and evaluating the safety program. A successful safety
program depends on everyone being alert and committed to safety.
We regularly communicate in different ways with employees about
workplace safety and health issues.

These communications may include supervisor-employee meetings,
bulletin board postings, memos, or other written communications.
Employees and supervisors receive workplace safety training. The
training covers possible safety and health hazards as well as safe
work practices and procedures to eliminate or reduce hazards.
Some of the best safety improvement ideas come from employees. If
you have an idea, concern, or suggestion on how to improve safety in
the workplace, tell your supervisor, another supervisor, or the
Stanger Director.

We want you to know that you can report any concerns about
workplace safety anonymously and without fear of reprisal.
You are expected to obey all safety rules and be careful at work. You
must immediately report any unsafe condition to the appropriate
supervisor. If you violate Stanger safety standards, you may be
subject to disciplinary action, up to and including termination of
employment.

Violations include causing a hazardous or dangerous situation, not
reporting a hazardous or dangerous situation, and not correcting a
problem even though you could have corrected it.

It is very important that you tell the Director of Operations or the
appropriate supervisor immediately about any accident that causes
an injury, no matter how minor it might seem at the time. When you
report it quickly, we can investigate the accident promptly; follow the
laws, and start insurance and worker's compensation processing.

Stanger will manage all operations in a manner that ensures the
safety of employees, clients, the public and the environment, and
prevent damage to or loss of company property.


INDIVIDUAL RESPONSIBILITIES

        a. This Safety Manual shall be stored in a location accessible
           to all employees for referral.

        b. Employees should have a practical working knowledge of,
           and adhere to the policies and procedures outlined
        c. in the Stanger Safety Manual.

        d. Employees will be alert for possible unsafe conditions
           and/or unsafe acts. Report unsafe conditions and/or acts
           to the supervisor or person in charge.

        e. Employees will promptly report all incidents, accidents
           and personal injuries to their supervisor after rendering or
           finding aid for injured persons.
        f. Employees who fail to comply with safety and health
           policies, regulations, laws or rules will be subject to
           disciplinary action, up to, and including termination.

        g. Employees must report for work properly dressed to
           protect themselves from exposure to conditions found on
           the work site. Employees will wear appropriate footwear
           for the assigned task and work area.

        h. Employees should protect themselves from environmental
           hazards by using personal protective equipment (PPE) ,
           sunscreen and bug spray.


886. 2 CREW CHIEF RESPONSIBILITIES

A designated Crew Chief, whether a supervisor or a lead worker, is
responsible for the work methods and safety practices of the survey
party. It is the Crew Chief’s responsibility to ensure that all safety
rules and procedures are followed and that all work is performed
safely.

The Crew Chief must ensure the use of the safest possible method
for each operation. This responsibility must not be delegated.

The Crew Chief is to conduct Stanger business in the safest possible
manner consistent with Company policies and procedures, and work
practices.

This includes:

        a. Modeling the Company Safety Plan.

        b. Ensuring that employees who fail to comply with the safety
           and health policies and procedures, regulations, rules or
           laws are disciplined according to Stanger standards.
      c. Ensuring that all employee safety and health issues are
         discussed and reviewed annually at the time the employee
         performance evaluation is issued.

      d. Periodically inspect field and work sites to identify,
         document, and eliminate hazards that may cause injury or
         illness.

      e. Ensuring that each field crew has access to the Stanger
         Safety Manual.

      f. Documenting and reporting occupational injuries and
         illnesses on the Incident Analysis Form and submit to the
         Director of Operations who serves as the Stanger Safety
         Officer.

GENERAL SAFETY RULES

      a. This Safety Manual shall be stored in a location accessible
         to all employees for referral.

      b. No one shall be allowed to work while under the influence
         of alcohol or drugs.

      c. Firearms shall be removed from vehicles while on
         Company projects.

      d. A person driving vehicles shall have a valid driver’s
         license for the type of vehicle driven.

      e. Horseplay is forbidden.

      f. Smoking is not permitted in STANGER office. While
         working in the field, care should be taken to extinguish
         cigarettes.

      g. Observe all No Smoking Areas.
  h. Documentation of all near misses and accidents shall be
     filled out and turned into your Project Manager or Director
     of Operations.

  i. All injuries are to be reported to management as soon as
     practical, no matter how slight.

  j. Report any unsafe conditions to your immediate
     supervisor Of Director of Operations.

  k. Do not operate any equipment not owned by Stanger
     without the consent of L. J. Stanger.

  l. Long pants and shirts with sleeves are required.

  m. Each Employee should know the location of exits, first aid
     supplies, and fire extinguishers and how to use them.

  n. All vehicles and equipment shall have a fire extinguisher
     of sufficient size mounted on a bracket in an accessible
     location.

  o. Visitors:
  p. All safety rules are to be observed by visitors.
  q. Hazards are to be pointed out to visitors.

  r. Employees should work in pairs in the field. When this is
     not possible, the individual should have a company phone
     available and someone should know where the lone
     individual is and when he/she is expected to return.

VEHICLE SAFETY RULES

  a. A person driving vehicles shall have a valid driver’s
     license for the type of vehicle driven whether personal or
     company.

  b. No employee shall operate any motorized vehicle or
     equipment while under the influence of alcohol or drugs
  (drugs that may adversely affect the mental or physical
  functional ability of the employee to safely perform his/her
  duties), whether illegal or prescribed.


c. Seat belts shall be worn in all vehicles and equipment
   where provided.

d. No passengers should ride on equipment unless proper
   seating is provided.

e. No fueling of gas operated equipment should be done
   while equipment is running.

f. Smoking is not permitted at fuel storage and service
   locations.

g. Flammable materials should only be transported in an
   approved container.

h. Oil spills should be cleaned up immediately to prevent
   falls, fires and EPA violations.

i. A first aid kit shall be in each vehicle and stored behind
   the seat on the driver’s side.

j. As few objects as possible should be carried in the
   compartment with personnel to prevent damage to life
   and limb in case of an accident.

k. Number of persons in a pickup should not exceed three (3)
   on a bench seat.

l. No one should ride in the back of a pickup on a public road
   unless it is specifically converted to carry personnel.

m. No hard objects should be carried on dash, such as tools,
   keys, locks, cups, etc.
        n. A fire extinguisher (ABC type) shall be required for all
           vehicles.
        o. No vehicle shall carry more than its designated load limit
           and load is to be well balanced.

        p. All local and state highway rules and regulations should
           be complied with.
        q. Maximum driving time for any one operating day should be
           ten (10) hours.

        r. Tools and other work items should be carried in the
           storage area in back of personnel.

        s. Operators should have a Monthly Vehicle Inspection
           Report and use it at least once a month, but more
           frequently is suggested.

           o   _ Check tires (tread, wear, etc.)
           o   _ Check horn
           o   _ Check lights
           o   _ Check wipers
           o   _ Check brakes
           o   _ Check mirrors
           o   _ Check fire extinguisher
           o   _ Check first-aid kit
           o   _ Check Safety Manual


PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT (PPE)

Each employee is furnished all PPE except steel toed boots and
gloves (required to purchase on their own). All PPE, whether
company or client specified, should be used consistently.

Specification for PPE will comply with all
state and federal laws.

     _ Hard Hats – Employees are responsible for wearing hard hats
     with chin straps during any work activity that may expose them
to a head injury. The hard hat must be worn when working all
operations where overhead hazards exist, or as determined by
management.

_ Fire Suits - Employees are responsible for wearing fire suits
during any work activity that may expose them to a fire. The fire
suit must be worn when working all operations where fire
hazards exist, or as
determined by management.

_ Safety Vest – High visibility apparel (vest, shirt, or jacket) of
orange, strong yellow-green fluorescent
or fluorescent versions of these colors must be worn. Orange
or yellow-green fluorescent vest shall be worn in the field
during hunting seasons when working in remote areas.

_ Eye Protection - Safety glasses/goggles shall be worn
appropriately to the hazard presented, or as
determined by management. Eye protection shall meet ANSI
Z87.1 specifications. Clear or tinted lenses are acceptable.
Stanger strongly encourages the use of safety goggles at all
times when working in the field.

_ Shoes - Steel-toed foot protection is required for all field
employees. Employees furnish their own boots.

_ Hearing Protection – Hearing protection is required by any
employees working in a designated high noise environment, or
as determined by management.

_ Respiratory Protection - Approved respirators appropriate to
the hazard present shall be worn, or as
directed by management.

_ Hand/Finger Protection - Finger rings or loose jewelry should
not be worn when climbing on mobile or stationary equipment,
unless well fitting gloves are worn. Heavy-duty work gloves
shall be worn
     when handling wire, rope or other rough materials. Gloves shall
     not be worn when operating motorized equipment or other
     equipment that they might be caught in. Employees furnish
     their own gloves.

     _ Water Safety - Any time a person is working on, over or
     around bodies of water (either from a boat, pier or the like), a
     life jacket should be worn. Loose clothing shall not be worn
     when around or operating moving machinery.


WATER SAFETY

When surveying in or around bodies of water, use the following
precautions:

       o _ Wear a Coast Guard approved life jacket whenever
         working in a boat or in water over waist deep.

       o _ Always perform work with a buddy.

       o _ Never wade barefoot.

       o _ Use a tautly stretched lifeline as a handrail when wading
         if stream velocity is high or stream bed is
       o rough or slippery.

       o _ Do not walk on floating debris.

EXPOSURE CONTROL PLAN

Stanger employees are encouraged to learn the risk factors and
conditions that can cause exposure to blood borne
pathogen/diseases from blood or other potentially infectious
materials. Adherence to the following Stanger procedures is
required for your protection and decrease occupational exposure.
Employees have access to the Exposure Control Plan Policy at any
time. All positions will be evaluated for potential to infectious
materials.

        o _ Field (i.e. surveying crews) have limited exposure; tasks
          such as machete and chainsaw, accidents, and a potential
          need for administering CPR increase the risk.

        o _ Field Crew Party Chiefs will be trained in CPR on a bi-
          annual basis.
        o Safe workplace practices (proper use of tools, proper use
          of PPE according to client regulations, policy and
          procedures) will be used to minimize the risk of exposure.
        o _ Office staff, surveying technicians, and secretarial
          support have minimal exposure.

Personal protective equipment must be worn when handling
potentially infectious materials. Staff trained in First Aid / CPR must
follow American Heart Association or American Red Cross safety
guidelines to minimize exposure. PPE will be provided at no charge
to the employee and kept with each Field crew/designated office
area.

In the event of a life threatening emergency, 911 should be called.
The employee transported to the nearest physician or hospital
according to EMS protocol. Employees in positions with limited
exposure will be encouraged to get a Hepatitis B series at their own
cost for their protection.

In the event of an accident that poses a risk to possible infectious
blood or body fluids:

        o _ Employee must use universal precautions, and assume
          that the blood or body fluid is infectious and use
        o proper PPE such as gloves, or masks).

        o _ Always wash hands with warm water or using an
          antiseptic agent after exposure to potentially infectious
          materials.
         o _ Blood soaked bandages, clothing, etc must be put in
           leak proof bags for handling and transport, and
         o must be disposed of properly.

         o _ Persons trained in First Aid or CPR must follow Red
           Cross or equivalent protocols to minimize exposure.

         o _ Exposures should be reported according to OJA/ injury
           guidelines.

       Records will be maintained in accordance with CFR standards
       (employment plus 30 years). Training records relating to
       occupational exposure control will be maintained for a period
       of at least three (3) years.
Medical records will be kept separate from the employee personnel
file. Employee medical records will be kept separate from personnel
records. Release of record requires the written consent of the
employee.

FALL PROTECTION

Employees will be trained upon hire, and annually on how to prevent
falls, when climbing over fencing to reach land surveying areas. Any
falls or near misses must be reported immediately. The supervisor is
responsible for assessing workplace sites for fall hazards and
communicating these to staff.

Fences

When climbing over a fence, proper climbing techniques should be
used. Please bear in mind how risky fence climbing is and only ever
cross where there are very sturdy fence posts. Be exceptionally
careful to remove any items hanging around your neck that could
become caught if you fell.

Excavation Areas
While land surveying crews do not normally work around excavation
sites or controlled access zones, in the event they do, employees
must follow established client guidelines using guardrails, and safety
nets to minimize potential fall hazards.

HAZARDOUS MATERIALS (HAZ MAT) & HAZARDOUS
COMMUNICATIONS (HAZ COM)

A hazardous material is any substance which is a physical or health
hazard. Materials that are physical hazards include combustible
liquids, compressed gases, explosives, etc. Materials that are health
hazards are substances for which there is scientific evidence that
acute (sudden) or chronic health effects may occur in exposed
employees.


Stanger employees are required to learn the warning, risk factors
and conditions that can cause exposure to
hazardous chemicals or other potentially infectious materials.

Adherence to the following Stanger procedures
is required for your protection and safety.

All hazardous chemicals will be properly labeled and stored
according to manufacturer specifications.

The hazardous communication plan includes Material Safety Data
Sheets (MSDS) on all hazardous materials. These include chemicals
in

Office/Administration Area - Copier Toner ;

Field Crews – Gasoline /Diesel for power tools

   _ Manufacturers are responsible for supplying the MSDS to
    Stanger.
   _ Chemicals will be clearly labeled in plain language (not just
    chemical formula). Labels cannot be defaced or removed.
    MSDS are available in both English and Spanish.

   _ MSDS will be kept in the primary office locations however, will
    be made available to all employees in case of an emergency. An
    up-to-date inventory of chemicals being stored will be
    maintained at all times. Chemicals will be stored in appropriate
    containers, transported and disposed of properly.

   _ Employees will be trained on hazardous chemicals, MSDS
    information, upon hire and again on an
   annual basis.

Pressurized Spray Cans - Serious injuries and costly cleanup may
result from improper handling of pressurized spray cans. Observe
the following when using spray cans:

       o _ Do not puncture or incinerate.

       o _ Store at temperatures lower than 120 degrees F.

       o _ Do not carry inn passenger compartments.

       o _ Do not discard any spray can in a receptacle that is
         normally accessible to children.

       o _ Always wear safety glasses when using spray cans.

Hazardous Material Spills – When an employee encounters a spill or
a quantity of an unknown material or substance on or near a
highway, or work site, the employee should:

       o _ Call ―911‖ to report.

       o _ Stay clear and ―up wind‖ if possible, and avoid contact
         with the unidentified material.

       o _ Provide traffic control, if necessary.
FIELD OPERATION SAFETY

      o Never carry sharp objects while crossing fences or
        ditches. Put them across first.

      o Avoid jumping ditches, if practical. Walk into and out on
        the other side to prevent injuries to knees and
      o ankles.

      o Do not walk with your hands in your pockets.

      o No tools should be hauled in personnel compartment.
        Personnel compartment and storage area should be
        separated by a barrier.

      o Tools should be kept in good repair.

      o Fully charged, readily accessible, fire extinguisher should
        be maintained in vehicle.


      o Warning signs should be posted, when working along
        highways and farm-to-market roads, at least 500 feet each
        side of the work area (see Section on Highway Safety).

      o Work will be suspended during electrical storms.

      o Do not start warming fires with gasoline or solvents or
        throw them on existing fires or hot coals.

      o When using winches, operator must be within the cab
        enclosure. The person connecting the cable must be 1½
        the length of the cable away in the event the cable breaks.

      o Tools should be stored properly in the toolboxes when not
        in use and should not be carried loose in the cab or bed of
        the vehicle.
       o Tools should be kept in good condition with no
         broken/split handles.

       o Worn or broken tools should be replaced, if not
         repairable.

       o Employees should work in pairs in the field. When this is
         not possible, the individual should have a company phone
         available and someone should know where the lone
         individual is and when he/she is expected to return.


EQUIPMENT SAFETY – Machete and Brush Hook Use

Machetes are extremely dangerous. Do not use within sixteen (16)
feet of another person. Keep sheathed when not in use. Watch for
vines or limbs that might deflect a machete when using. Never
sharpen a machete closer than 6 inches to the handle.

  1. Machetes should be stored in a sheath when not in use.

  2. Keep handles of machete in good repair and dry at all times.
     Check daily for faults and defects in machete.
  3. Tools should be stored properly in toolboxes when not in use
     and not be carried loose in the cab or bed of vehicles.

  4. Tools should be kept in good condition with no broken/split
     handles.

  5. Worn or broken tools should be replaced, if not repairable.


EQUIPMENT SAFETY – Chain Saw Use

No Stanger Surveying employee may operate a chain saw without
the consent of L. J. Stanger.

   Chain brakes are required on all chains saws purchased.
 Chain saw chaps, hard hats, hearing protection, eye
  protection, steel-toed boots and gloves are required when
  operating a chain saw.

 Operator should have a planned escape route before cutting a
  tree down.

 Area should be cleared around the tree to be cut down.

 Shut off engine before refueling.

 Clean up gasoline spills and start saw on level, firm surface.

 Never cut above your head.

 Never cut a tree down when another tree is lodged in it.

 Understand kickback and hold saw firmly with both hands.

 Limb should be on opposite side of tree from your body.

 Keep fuel as far away as possible from two way radios.
 Saws should be shut down when carrying further than from tree
  to tree.

 When carrying saw, turn blade to the rear, taking precautions
  to keep muffler away from your body.

 Be sure of location of electrical lines when cutting timber.
  Should line be broken, be sure power is off prior to removal and
  cleanup.

 Adjustments of chain should be such that it does not turn when
  engine is idling.


 Chain saws should be maintained in good working order with
  spark arresters, mufflers, etc. in place.
   Chain and bar should have protective plastic sheath in place
    when not in use.

If conditions necessitate one employee pushing on a tree while
another is sawing, the employee pushing should use some device to
provide safe clearance from the saw blade area. Such device could
be a hoe handle with a spike in one end in of it.


EQUIPMENT SAFETY – Ladder Use

As with other equipment, employees should ensure ladders are in
good working order, with no broken rungs or steps. The Crew Chief
/designee is responsible for the routine inspection of ladder to
ensure proper working condition.


Employees must follow these guidelines when using ladder in the
workplace:

   _ Ladders must be placed on stable ground.

   _ Ladders should extend 3’ above upper landing surface.

   _ If extension ladders are used, they must be placed at 4:1 ratio.

   _ Employees must not stand on the top two rungs or top of step
    ladders.

   _ Dangerous tools should not be carried when ascending or
    descending ladders to avoid possible serious injury.

   _ Employees should follow the manufacturer’s maximum
    load/weight capacity when using ladders.

   _ Ladders should be used for their intended propose only.


MAINTENANCE SHOP SAFETY
  1. Electrical tools should have the constant-run or lock-on switch
     removed.

  2. Drill presses should have brackets or clamps to hold objects to
     be drilled.

  3. Safety goggles should be worn when working under equipment.

  4. Safety glasses or goggles plus face shield should be worn when
     operating a bench or slide grinder, even if the shield is in place
     on the grinder.

  5. Ground plug should not be removed from any electrical cords
     so supplied.


  6. All electrical cords should be checked, prior to use, for breaks
     in insulation and plugs.

  7. Splicing of an electrical wire should be on a staggered basis of
     at least six inches apart (no two wire joined next to each other).
  8. Compressed air used for cleaning purposes should be reduced
     to less than 30 p.s.i.

  9. Grease and oil spills should be cleaned up immediately.

Housekeeping

   Tools, debris, etc. should be kept out of walkways.

   Bottles and other glass items should be put in proper racks or
    disposed of after use.

   Workbenches should be free of grease and oil spills.

   Workbenches should be maintained in such a manner as to be
    used for work and not clutter.
   Spitting on floor or in out of the way places is prohibited.

   Battery charging should be done in designated area. Eye
    protection should be worn when servicing or changing
    batteries.

   Use safety glasses or goggles when using a hammer & punch
    or chisel.


HIGHWAY SAFETY

It is the responsibility of the Crew Chief to insure adequate and
proper safety measures are taken when performing duties on or near
the road surface. Whenever possible, survey crews should avoid
unnecessary periods of time on the road surface. Offset lines are
recommended to prevent direct exposure to traffic.

TxDot requires anyone working on or within 50’ of the road surface
to wear yellow fluorescent safety vest and white safety hats.
All traffic control devices used on streets and highways shall
conform to the applicable specifications of the Texas Manual on
Uniform Traffic Control Devices.

Do not make an attempt to control traffic; liability exists when the
responsibility of controlling traffic is assumed. If traffic control is
needed then make a request to your supervisor and then
consultation with TxDot will take place.

When working on or near the road surface courtesy and a
professional attitude are vital in gaining the respect of the traveling
public. The image you project can affect the public’s attitude the
project and your profession.

The following guidelines will make your job easier and more
effective:

   Be neat in appearance.
   Do not leave your position to talk with the work crew.

   Be friendly and polite to the public, but do not engage in small
    talk. Do not leave your position.

   Never argue with the occupants of a vehicle. Be courteous, but
    be brief and factual in your conversation with them.

   Be alert to the needs of emergency vehicles. They should be
    given priority of passage, but only when their safety will not be
    compromised.

   Survey crews should exercise extreme caution when working in
    the vicinity of electric power lines. Special attention should be
    given to prevent metal rods, high level warning devices, racks
    on vehicles, and measuring tapes from close proximity or direct
    contact with electrical lines.



RAILROAD SAFETY

Stanger will on occasion, work around Railroad (RR) areas. Observe
the following guidelines when working within an operating railroad
right of way:

  o _ Operations are not to be interrupted.

  o _ Always have written permission to enter railroad right of way.

  o _ All crew members must be familiar with the safety provisions
    of the permit to enter RR right of way, and abide by the
    requirements and procedures.

  o _ Do not crawl under stopped railroad cars or over couplings,
    and do not cross RR tracks between closely spaced cars. They
    might be bumped at any time.
  o _ Do not leave protruding stakes and any holes within 10 feet of
    the RR tracks.

  o _ Do not park vehicles within 10 feet of RR tracks.

  o _ Do not tape across RR tracks.

  o _ Do not leave instruments or other equipment unattended, on
    or near RR tracks.


FIRST AID – WHAT TO DO IN CASE OF AN ACCIDENT

If accidents do happen, proceed as follows:

A person who understands first aid should take charge.

Keep cool.

Keep the crowd away.
Take the injured to a doctor or send for a doctor or ambulance if
required by calling ―911‖. When sending for the doctor tell him:

  o _ Where the patient is and how to reach him

  o _ What you believe is wrong with the patient

  o _ What you are doing for the patient.

In the meantime, do what you can to help the injured person.

If the patient had been moved before the doctor arrives, leave
someone at the scene of the accident to tell the doctor where to go.

Five most important things to do in case of injury:

  o _ Stoppage of severe bleeding

  o _ Artificial respiration (CPR)
  o _ Treatment for shock

  o _ Proper transportation of the injured person

  o _ Proper first aid treatment for wounds.


BUGS, BITES AND STINGS
POISON INSECTS

Bites and stings can cause serious reaction. The FIRST RESPONDER
should monitor the bitten or stung person for signs of anaphylactic
shock ...(a severe allergic reaction where a person has difficulty
and/or stops breathing, has swollen lips, throat, and tongue, and a
lowered level of responsiveness). Although these injuries
are usually not fatal, medical help should be quickly obtained if a
serious reaction occurs. It is common for someone to be bitten or
stung and not realize it until a reaction occurs. Therefore, consider
bites or stings whenever there is pain or tenderness and swelling in
one area. Observe for reactions that would signal anaphylactic
shock. If possible, preserve the culprit for positive identification.

BEES
Bee stings can cause respiratory distress and death in susceptible
people. Therefore, observe the patient for systemic reactions such
as generalized swelling and signs of anaphylaxis.

First Aid Treatment for Suspected Anaphylactic Shock:

  o _ Assist the victim with emergency medications, such as a Ana-
    Kit or EpiPen, if prescribed.
  o _ Apply cold packs to minimize swelling.
  o _ Immediately take the victim to a medical facility for treatment.

ANTS, LICE, CHIGGERS, FLEAS, MOSQUITO’S GNATS AND TICKS

These insects cause pain and local irritation. In susceptible
individuals systemic reactions can lead to anaphylaxis.
SCORPIONS
Scorpion stings may cause severe systemic reactions. Signs and
systems include the following:

  o   _ LOCAL PAIN
  o   _ ABDOMINAL PAIN
  o   _ NAUSEA AND VOMITING
  o   _ SEIZURES

SPIDERS

BLACK WIDOW SPIDER – the black widow has a black body with a
red hourglass on the abdomen.

Symptoms include the following:

  o   _ PAIN AT THE SITE
  o   _ ABDOMINAL PAIN
  o   _ NAUSEA AND VOMITING
  o   _ HEADACHE
  o   _ TINGLING IN THE EXTREMITIES
  o   _ RESPIRATORY DISTRESS

BROWN RECLUSE SPIDER – the brown recluse spider is brown, has
three sets of eyes and a distinctive dark, violin-shaped marking on its
head and body. Signs and symptoms of a bite from the brown recluse
spider may not appear until hours after contact.

These signs and symptoms are:

  o   _ TENDERNESS AND REDDENED AREA
  o   _ WEAKNESS
  o   _ FEVER
  o   _ CHILLS
  o   _ VOMITING
  o   _ JOINT PAIN
  o   _ SEVERAL DAYS LATER, THE AREA WILL BECOME
      ULCERATED AND THE TISSUE DIES
FIRST AID TREATMENT FOR INSECT BITES AND STINGS

Local reactions
Apply ice and a soothing lotion (calamine)
Tick Bite – cover the tick with mineral, salad or machine oil. If the tick
does not disengage within onehalf
hour, use tweezers to remove it. Wash the area with soap.
Severe local reaction or systemic reaction. Maintain an airway.

If the bite is on an arm or a leg:

  o Apply a constricting band above the bite.

  o Make sure pulse distal to the band can be felt.

  o Position the affected part of the body below the heart.

  o Apply ice.

  o Begin Basic Life Support as needed.

  o Summon medical help immediately!


POISON OAK & OTHER PLANT HAZARDS

Medical authorities agree that avoidance is the best prevention for
poison oak or Rhus dermatitis. Avoidance can be difficult when
Rhus-sensitive people can react, often severely, from contact with
clothing and other objects that have touched the poison oak bush.

Precautions concerning Plant Hazards

The following precautions should be taken when working in poison
oak areas:
  o _ Keep highly allergic employees from poison oak and tools and
    clothing that have been in contact with the plant during all
    seasons of the year.

  o _ Be able to recognize the plant.

  o _ Wear long sleeves and gloves to minimize contact with the
    plant. Close cuffs and collars by taping.

  o Wear State-issued disposable coveralls or work suits of white
    or fluorescent orange for extra protection.

  o _ Change clothes and wash boots each day after exposure. Use
    a strongly-alkaline laundry soap for cleaning apparel.

  o _ Clean ―contaminated‖ tools with a commercial cleaning fluid
    or a strong laundry soap. Use cleaning fluid out-of-doors. Wear
    neoprene or other waterproof gloves with cleaning agents.


FIRST AID TREATMENT AFTER EXPOSURE TO HAZARDOUS
PLANTS

Immediately after exposure, wash thoroughly with strong soap and
warm water.

Rinse thoroughly with clear water after washing.

Application of rubbing alcohol as a solvent may help remove plant
oils, but will also remove protective lipid coatings from the skin,
making a person more vulnerable to secondary exposure.

Use medications which are specifically made for poison oak
dermatitis.

If the severity of dermatitis persists, see a doctor.


POISON SNAKES
As frightening as these slithering creatures may be, most snakes are
not poisonous. However, even nonpoisonous snake bites can result
in local reactions which require washing and application of an
antiseptic.

There are two general classifications of venomous snakes in the
United States: Pit Vipers & Coral Snakes

PIT VIPERS
Pit vipers are characterized by the pit found between the eyes and
nostril. Pit vipers also have fangs, vertical pupils and a flat,
triangular head. Rattlesnakes, cottonmouths, water moccasins and
copperheads are pit
vipers.

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF PIT VIPER BITES – The pit viper venom
affects the circulatory system in the
following way:

  o   _ SWELLING AND PAIN AT THE BITE
  o   _ BLEEDING UNDER THE SKIN
  o   _ DISCOLORATION WITHIN A FEW HOURS
  o   _ NUMBNESS
  o   _ WEAKNESS
  o   _ RAPID PULSE
  o   _ NAUSEA/VOMITING
  o   _ SWEATING
  o   _ FAINTING
  o   _ YELLOW VISION
  o   _ SHOCK
  o   _ RESPIRATORY FAILURE


CORAL SNAKES

Coral snakes are small; have round pupils and are distinctively
colored. The snake has red, yellow and black rings. The order of the
rings is important to identification since there is a nonpoisonous
snake with the same colors, but in a different order. Since the coral
snake is the most toxic snake in the United States, the FIRST
RESPONDER should remember RED ON YELLOW – KILL A FELLOW


SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF PIT CORAL SNAKE BITES

The coral snake venom affects the nervous system. Paralysis and
respiratory arrest are likely to occur.

_ IMMEDIATE LOCAL PAIN AND SWELLING

Several hours later, these signs and symptoms appear:

  o   _ DEPRESSION OR EUPHORIA
  o   _ RESPIRATORY DISTRESS
  o   _ PARALYSIS OF THE EYEBALLS
  o   _ BLURRED VISION
  o   _ SLURRED SPEECH
  o   _ PARALYSIS
  o   _ SEIZURES
  o   _ COMA


SNAKE BITE: FIRST AID CARE PLAN

  o Maintain the airway

  o Remove all jewelry on the extremity

  o If within ½ hour of the bite, apply a constricting band above the
    bite, loose enough that distal pulse is palpable. Release for one
    minute every ten minutes. This is imperative to avoid damage
    from loss of circulation.

  o If more than ½ hour since the bite, do NOT apply a constricting
    band.

  o Immobilize the extremity.
  o Position the bitten area below the level of the heart.

  o Do not give alcoholic beverages to the patient.

  o Treat for shock.

  o Treat for respiratory or cardiac arrest, as needed.


  o Obtain help immediately.

  o When possible, bring the culprit along for identification.

HOT TIPS FOR WORKING IN THE HEAT

Health risks rise along with the mercury. Those working outdoors in
high temperatures – or indoors where processes or inadequate air-
conditioning create a steamy hot environment – see a different side
of summertime than most. Because heat can cause a range of
ailments from discomfort to death, it’s essential that workers,
supervisors, understand the risks of how to protect against them.

Why It Matters…

The combination of heat, humidity, and human labor can be deadly.
Every year thousands of workers end up in
the emergency room suffering from heat-related illness – and some
of them end dying. Training workers to understand heat hazards and
how to take the proper precautions to prevent heat-related illness
will not only protect their health, it will keep them on the job where
you need them even on the hottest days.

Heed these hot tips for keeping cool:

  o _ Consider physicals fitness to work in a hot environment.

  o _ Employees should work in pairs to reduce stress and so they
    can keep an eye on each other’s physical condition.
  o _ Keep a safe supply of safe drinking water and encourage
    each other to drink plenty of water throughout the shift.

  o _ Alternate work and rest periods in very hot weather, making
    sure workers have a cool, shady place to take their breaks.

  o _ Monitor temperatures and worker response on a regular
    basis.

  o _ Know the signs and symptoms of heat-related illness.


  o Use Personal Protective Equipment to minimize heat stress:

  o _ Reflective Clothing, worn as loosely as possible can minimize
    heat stress hazards.

  o _ Wetted clothing, such as terry cloth overalls, or a two-piece,
    whole body cotton suit are another inexpensive personal
    cooling technique.

  o _ Water-cooled garments range from a hood, which cools only
    the head, to vets, and ―long johns‖ which offer partial or
    complete body cooling. Use of this equipment requires a
    battery-driven circulating pump, liquid-ice coolant, or a
    container.


Signs and symptoms of heat-related illness:

_ Heat stress is a common reaction to high temperatures, especially
when accompanied by strenuous activity. Symptoms include thirst,
fatigue, dizziness, and even difficulty seeing.

  o What to do: Take a break in a cool place and drink cool, water
    or juice.
_ Heat cramps are painful muscle spasms in arms, legs, or intestines
that are caused by losing salt while sweating.

  o What to do: Cool down and drink water or juice. Also make sure
    the diet includes foods that will replace lost salt.

_ Heat exhaustion can make a person feel weak and possibly dizzy
and/or nauseous. Other symptoms include chills, clammy skin, and
profuse sweating.

  o What to do: Rest in a cool spot (preferably with feet slightly
    elevated) and drink plenty of fluids. If condition does not soon
    improve, seek medical attention. Take it easy for a few days
    following an incident, especially if excessive heat continues to
    be a work factor, and reduce the pace of activity.

_ Heatstroke is the most serious type of heat-related sickness and is,
in fact, life threatening.

Emergency medical attention is required.

A victim of heatstroke stops sweating, causing the body to overheat.

  o   Symptoms include:
  o   Hot and flushed skin
  o   Poor coordination
  o   Confusion
  o   Possibly followed by a loss of consciousness

  o What to do: Call 911. While waiting for EMT’s to arrive, move the
    person to a cool place, sponge with cold water, apply ice packs
    or cold drink cans, or immerse in cold water. Offer drinking
    water only if the person is conscious

For more information on this, and other health-related issues
affecting workers, visit OSHA’s Web site at www.osha.gov.


TIPS FOR WORKING IN THE COLD
Tips for Cold-Weather Workouts

  o _ Dress in layers. Layering is essential when working out in the
    cold. Start with a moisture-wicking base layer, add a mid layer,
    an insulating layer, and if you expect drizzle, don’t forget a
    waterproof outer layer.

  o _ Warm up indoors first. Jogging in place for five minutes
    before you head out will loosen up your muscles and get your
    heart and lungs ready for the cold air.

  o _ Stay hydrated. Cold air can dry you out and lead to
    dehydration. Dehydration can then lead to frostbite and
    frostbite is no fun. Drink water or a sports drink before and
    after your workout–in the middle if
  o you’re working out for more than twenty minutes.

  o _ Know your limits (and the weather forecast). If it’s too cold,
    it’s too cold. Experts say if the mercury drops below zero or
    negative twenty degrees wind chill, stay inside. Personally, I’m
    inside at twenty
  o degrees above zero. Some people have a hard time breathing
    when exercising in the cold–don’t push it if this happens to you.
    You’ll be more comfortable working out indoors.

  o _ Gear up. Wear reflective clothing if working out in the morning
    or evening. Don’t forget your sunglasses or goggles, gloves,
    hat, shoes with traction soles, and a helmet if you’re skiing or
    snowboarding.

  o _ Cover your mouth. If the air is really cold, covering your
    mouth with a scarf or the neck of your shirt will warm the air
    before you inhale. This will help you to breathe easier.

  o _ Make the most of the conditions—try to work in the sun and
    with your back to the wind.
SAFETY EDUCATION & TRAINING

Upon hire, each employee has a job description that list duties, and
physical requirements of their specific job. The employee also
receives a Safety Manual which is discussed and an
acknowledgement form is signed and maintained in the employee’s
personnel file.

Attendance at safety, or team meetings is not optional. These
meetings are held to keep the employee and workplace safe,
communicate any changes in policy and educate staff. Monthly
safety meetings are routinely held the first Monday of the month at
6:30am. Other meeting dates will be posted and communicated with
at least one week’s notice. Prompt attendance at the meetings are a
requirement.

Stanger will maintain training record showing :

     the date of the training, topic, objectives, presenter name and
     qualifications, and the name of each employee in attendance.

     Attendance at safety education and training is a part of the
     employee’s annual performance evaluation. Failure to
     participate will impact the overall score, and may result in
     disciplinary action.

Annual safety education and training topics include:

  o _ Workplace Safety Practices

  o _ PPE

  o _ First Aid/CPR

  o _ Bloodborne Pathogens

  o _ HAZ Com

  o _ Tool Safety
  o _ Fall Protection

  o _ Environment : Bugs, Bites and Stings, Poison Oak

  o _ Tips for Working in Extreme Temps – Heat and Cold

Training will be delivered utilizing several adult education methods:
video, demonstration, case study review, quizzes. While typical
safety education is delivered in a group ―tailgate‖ format, the one-on-
one instruction will be done for the employee that has additional
learning needs.


SAFETY & DISCIPLINARY ACTION

Violations of safety policies and procedures will result in disciplinary
action, up to and including termination.

The immediate supervisor will document the infraction or violation of
policy and immediately report it to the Director of Operations/Safety
Officer who has formal disciplinary authority. The Director of
Operations will meet with the employee to discuss the violation,
remind them of the policy and procedure in violation, and determine
the corrective action. The severity of the infraction, and the
reoccurrence if any determine the level of disciplinary action taken.
Safety education and training is required and paid time. Tardies to
the meeting or failure to attend will result in disciplinary action,
including suspension. Failure to do so will result in the following
disciplinary action as well as impact performance evaluations.

  o _ 3rd Tardy/absence –Disciplinary action: One (1) day
    suspension without pay.

  o _ 4th Tardy/absence- Disciplinary action: Two (2) days
    suspension without pay.

  o _ 5thTardy/absence- Disciplinary action: Termination.

				
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