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					Literature to Support First Nations, Métis and Inuit (FNMI) Student Success in Elementary Schools, Grade 3
      Literature to Support First Nations, Métis and Inuit (FNMI) Student Success
                                                                            Grade 3
                                                                    Selected Bibliography
NB: Older titles that you may find in your library have been included, and newer titles are provided as a guide for purchasing of new resources.
Book types include references, non-fiction, picture books, novels, poetry, alphabet books, folklore and biography. Emphasis has been placed on
Canadian titles. (O/P = out of print)

                                        Title                                       Book First               Some Suggested             Curriculum
                                                                                    Type Nation                 Activities                Links
Loveseed, Amanda. Thunder King: A Peruvian Folktale, 1991,                         Folktale              Read for enjoyment.            Social Studies:
0216930642. The great bird Condor helps Illanti rescue his twin brother                                  Identify culture and values.   Peru
from King Thunder’s ice palace high in the mountains.
Treuer, Anton, et al. Indian Nations of North America. 2010 National               Teacher All    Use for teacher reference.            Social Studies
Geographic, 9781426206641. Covers the indigenous people who settled                Refer-  North
North America, and their descendants, whose more than 500 tribes range             ence    Ameri-
from the Arctic Circle across the Great Plains to the Eastern Seaboard. La-                can
kota, Cherokee, Navajo, Haida: these groups and many others are profiled
in entries, images and maps that highlight each tribe's history and character.
Organized into eight geographical regions, this encyclopedic reference
gives details about key tribes within each area: their beliefs, sustenance,
shelter, alliances, interaction with nature, historic events, and more. This is
the definitive, insightful reference on Native Americans. The book's eight
Native American authors include renowned academics, national leaders,
lecturers, and authors.
Knutson, Barbara. Love and Roast Chicken: A Trickster Tale from the                Folktale Peru re-    Identify some characteristics Social Studies:
Andes Mountains. 2004, 1575056577. A clever guinea pig repeatedly out-             (trickster) gion      of rural life in old Peru.   Peru
smarts the fox that wants to eat him for dinner. Clever thinking is the key                    (Andes)  Compare this tale with other Language Arts:
when outfoxing a fox!                                                                                    trickster tales, such as Ja- comparing sto-
                                                                                                         buti The Tortoise: A         ries, literature
                                                                                                         Trickster Tale from the      analysis
                                                                                                         Amazon.
                                                                                                        Activity: Trickster Tales
King, Thomas. Coyote’s New Suit. 2004, 1552634973. Coyote loves his                Picture     Contains Compare to one of the orig- Language Arts:
soft, toasty-brown suit – at least until Raven hints that it might not be the      book        folklore  inal versions: Why Moose     comparing sto-
finest in the forest. Suddenly, Coyote is noticing suits wherever he looks –       (trickster) elements Has Loose Skin: A             ries, literature
and taking them, too. Soon Coyote has everyone mad at him, and Raven is                        from      Swampy Cree Legend           analysis
                                                                                               many
immensely enjoying the resulting chaos. Contains folklore elements from                                  from John W. Friesen’s
                                                                                              cultures
Developed by Southern Alberta Professional Development Consortium, June 2010.                                                                             1
Literature to Support First Nations, Métis and Inuit (FNMI) Student Success in Elementary Schools, Grade 3
many cultures.                                                                                           And Now You Know: 50
                                                                                                         Native American Le-
                                                                                                         gends.
                                                                                                         Activity: Trickster Tales
McDermott, Gerald. Jabuti The Tortoise: A Trickster Tale from the                  Folktale Amazon Read story for enjoyment.             Social Studies:
Amazon. 2001, 0-15-200496-3. All the birds enjoy the songlike flute music          (trickster) area      Compare this tale with other    Peru
of Jabuti, the tortoise, except Vulture, who, jealous because he cannot sing,                            trickster tales, such as Love   Language Arts:
tricks Jabuti into riding on his back toward a festival planned by the King of                           and Roast Chicken: A            comparing sto-
Heaven.                                                                                                  Trickster Tale from the         ries, literature
                                                                                                         Andes Mountains.                analysis
                                                                                                         Activity: Trickster Tales
McDermott, Gerald. Papagayo: The Mischief Maker. 1992, 0152594647.                 Folktale Amazon Compare this tale with other          Social Studies:
Papagayo, the noisy parrot, helps the night animals save the moon from be-         (trickster) area      trickster tales, such as Ja-    Peru
ing eaten up by the moon-dog.                                                                            buti The Tortoise: A            Language Arts:
                                                                                                         Trickster Tale from the         comparing sto-
                                                                                                         Amazon. What’s the same?        ries, literature
                                                                                                         What’s different?               analysis
                                                                                                         Activity: Trickster Tales
McDermott, Gerald. Raven: A Trickster Tale from the Pacific North-                 Folktale Pacific      Compare with How Raven          Language Arts:
west. 2001, 978-0152024499. Raven feels sorry for the people living in the         (Trickster) Northwest Freed the Moon                  comparing sto-
gloomy cold, so he flies to the house of the Sky Chief in search of light and                            Activity: Trickster Tales       ries, literature
warmth. To get inside, Raven pulls a shape-shifting trick that allows him to                                                             analysis
be born to the god's daughter. ―McDermott’s careful examination of Native
American cultures and beliefs is evident in his storytelling.‖1
Ayre, Robert. Sketco the Raven. 2009, 9781443100441. Through his cun-              Folktale (North       Select several Raven stories    Language Arts:
ning, trickery, and transformations, Sketco brings the world the moon, the         Collection Pacific    from different sources to       Literature analy-
sun, and the stars. He gives birds their colours, gives man fire, creates the      (pourquoi, Coast)     analyze and compare. Are        sis
tides, brings food, and much more. No illustrations. Like a chapter book,          trickster,            they hero, trickster, or
each chapter telling another episode. Episodes stand alone, but the whole          hero)                 pourquoi stories?
works as a longer story.                                                                                 Activity: Trickster Tales
                                                                                                         Activity: Pourquoi and
                                                                                                         Creation Tales
                                                                                                         Activity: Quest or Hero
                                                                                                         Tales
Stott, Jon. A Book of Tricksters. 2010, 9781926613697. A wonderful col-            Folktale    Many      Read for enjoyment.             Language Arts:
lection of read-aloud tales from all over the world. Great to compare and          Collec-               Compare and contrast some       Literature analy-
contrast even though illustrations are few and one colour.                         tion,                 of the stories with other       sis
                                                                                   trickster             trickster stories.

1
    Peterson, Andrea. Second Look: Native Americans in Children's Books. 2007, pp. 225
Developed by Southern Alberta Professional Development Consortium, June 2010.                                                                                2
Literature to Support First Nations, Métis and Inuit (FNMI) Student Success in Elementary Schools, Grade 3
                                                                                                          Activity: Trickster Tales

Yahgulanaas, Michael. Little Hummingbird. 2010, 978-1553655336. This               Picture       South     Activity: Quest or Hero     Language Arts:
book is based on a South American indigenous story about a courageous              Book          American Tales                        comparing sto-
hummingbird who defies fear and expectations in her attempt to save the            (Hero)        altiplano Activity: Respect for Na-   ries, literature
forest from fire. The illustrated story is supplemented by a natural and cul-                                ture                      analysis
tural history of hummingbirds. The artwork by internationally renowned
Haida artist and author complements the optimistic tale that encourages
everyone to take responsibility for their home and the planet.
Bruchac, Joseph & Bruchac, James. (AA), Jose Aruego & Ariane Dewey,                Folktale Abenaki       Activity: Trickster Tales    Language Arts:
Illustrator (AA) Raccoon's Last Race: a traditional Abenaki story. 2004,           (trickster)                                         comparing sto-
0-8037-2977-4. Tells the story of how Raccoon, the fastest animal on earth,                                                            ries, literature
loses his speed because he is boastful and breaks his promises.                                                                        analysis
Football, Virginia. How the Fox Got His Crossed Legs. 2009,                        Folktale      Dogrib   Compare with other trickster Language Arts:
9781894778749. Includes CD. When he gets into an argument with Bear,               (Trickster)            stories.                     Comparing sto-
Fox loses a leg and becomes very sad. The people ask Raven for help. Ra-                                  Activity: Trickster Tales    ries, literature
ven tricks Bear and gets Fox’s leg back for him, but he puts it on crooked.                                                            analysis
Text also in Dogrib.
Friesen, John W. Still More Legends of the Elders. 2005, 1550592793.               Folktale      Many     Compare with other trickster Language Arts:
Includes trickster legends. Learning legends and moral legends. Trickster          (Trickster)            stories.                     Comparing sto-
stories include Coyote and Crow: A Yakima Legend and Swift-Runner                                         Activity: Trickster Tales    ries, literature
and the Trickster: A Zuni Legend. (Hard-to-read titles and one black-                                                                  analysis
and-white illustration of varying quality per story.)
Munsch, Robert and Michael Kusugak. A Promise is a Promise. 1988,                  Folktale Inuit         Compare this tale with other Language Arts:
155037009X. Allashua, a little Inuit girl, disobeys her mother’s warning           (Trickster)            trickster tales.             comparing sto-
that the Quallupelluq (an imaginary fruit creature like a troll) will take her                            Compare this story with      ries, literature
away if she fishes in the crack in the ocean. In exchange for her life, Alla-                             Very Last First Time and     analysis
shua promises to bring her brothers and sisters to the crack in the ocean ice.                            with Nanabosho, Soaring
Her family’s courageous trick allows Allashua to keep both her family--and                                Eagle and the Great
her promise. The book blends a ―warm, loving family into an adventurous                                   Sturgeon.
story that will enchant children…an absolutely wonderful book.‖2                                          Activity: Trickster Tales
Krensky, Stephen. How Coyote Stole Summer: A Native American Tale.                 Folktale (Wyom- Activity: Trickster Tales           Language Arts:
(On My Own Folklore) 2000, 9780822575481. Coyote the trickster is al-              (trickster) ing) Sho-                               comparing sto-
ways up to something. This time he steals summer! Easy reading.                                shone                                   ries, literature
                                                                                                                                       analysis
Cameron, Anne. (CA) How Raven Freed the Moon. 1985, 0920080677.                    Folktale North-        Activity: Trickster Tales    Language Arts:
This is both a trickster story and a pourquoi story. Raven wants the Moon,         (Trickster) west Coast                              comparing sto-
and although she gets it from the old fisherwoman’s cedar chest, she can’t                                                             ries, literature

2
    Peterson, Andrea. Second Look: Native Americans in Children's Books. 2007, pp. 243.
Developed by Southern Alberta Professional Development Consortium, June 2010.                                                                             3
Literature to Support First Nations, Métis and Inuit (FNMI) Student Success in Elementary Schools, Grade 3
carry it, and so throws it up into the sky. Black and white illustrations.                                                           analysis


Cameron, Anne. CA). Raven Goes Berrypicking. 1991, 1550170368. Ra-                 Folktale North-        Compare with Little Red    Language Arts:
ven is clever and tricky – and greedy. She persuades her friends to pick ber-      (Trickster) west Coast Hen.                       comparing sto-
ries with her, and tricks them into doing more than their share of the work,                             Activity: Trickster Tales   ries, literature
for less than their share of the food. In the end, her friends cleverly teach                                                        analysis
Raven a lesson. Black and white illustrations.
Cameron, Anne. (CA) Raven & Snipe. 1991, 1550170376. The ever-wily,                Folktale Pacific      Activity: Trickster Tales   Language Arts:
ever-hungry Raven visits the generous Snipe family, in the hopes of getting        (Trickster) Coast                                 Literature analy-
lots of free food. When she gets a bit too greedy, however, she finds out the                                                        sis
Snipes have a few tricks of their own!
McDermott, Gerald. Coyote: A Trickster Tale from the American                      Folktale American Activity: Trickster Tales       Language Arts:
Southwest. 1999, 978-0152019587. Coyote decides he wants to fly with the           (Trickster) South-                                comparing sto-
crows. They humor him, give him feathers, and tolerate his off-key singing                     west                                  ries, literature
and out-of-step dancing, until he begins to boast and order them about.                                                              analysis
Then, as Coyote struggles in midair, they take back their feathers one by
one and he plummets to earth. His tail catches fire, and he tumbles into the
dirt. To this day he is the color of dust and his tail has a burnt, black tip.
McDermott, Gerald. Zomo the Rabbit: A Trickster Tale from West Afri-               Folktale West         Activity: Trickster Tales   Language Arts:
ca. 1996, 978-0152010102. This retelling features bold, vibrant shapes and         (trickster) Africa                                comparing sto-
colours. When Zomo ("He is not big. He is not strong. But he is very clev-                                                           ries, literature
er") beseeches the Sky God for wisdom, he is set three impossible tasks: he                                                          analysis
must bring back "the scales of Big Fish in the sea…, the milk of Wild Cow
and the tooth of Leopard." The clever rabbit dupes the three creatures into
giving up these prizes, but then discovers that the joke is on him.
Ahenakew, Freda. (CAA). Racette, Sherri Farrell (CAA). Wisahkecahk                 Folktale Cree         Activity: Trickster Tales   Language Arts:
Flies to the Moon. 1999, 9780921827573. Written in Cree and English,               (Trickster)                                       comparing sto-
this engaging tale follows Wisahkecahk as he hitches a ride to the moon by                                                           ries, literature
grabbing the legs of a crane. When the moon disappears underneath his feet,                                                          analysis
Wisahkecahk falls to earth and lands in soft mud. Rather than rejoice that
his life was saved, Wisahkecahk curses the mud as a wasteland. Sherry Far-
rell Racette is the Métis artist.
Freed, Don. Sasquatch Exterminator. 1999, 0920915418. Book is based                 Picture (Cree)       Listen for enjoyment and    Music
on a successful music education project intended to encourage Aboriginal            Book                 experience Aboriginal-style
children to write and perform community-based and culturally-enhanced               and Mu-              culture and rhythms.
songs.                                                                              sic CD
Goble, Paul. Iktomi and the Buzzard. 1994, 0531086623. Iktomi, the trick-          Folktale Plains       Activity: Trickster Tales   Language Arts:
ster, tries to fool a buzzard into carrying him across the river on the buz-       (Trickster) (Teton,                               comparing sto-
zard’s back. The asides printed in italics mimic the comments of both the                      Dakota)                               ries, literature
Developed by Southern Alberta Professional Development Consortium, June 2010.                                                                           4
Literature to Support First Nations, Métis and Inuit (FNMI) Student Success in Elementary Schools, Grade 3
storyteller and the listeners in traditional storytelling. Excellent source                                                               analysis
notes. Have two or more readers reading the various parts as the story
progresses.
Goble, Paul. Iktomi and the Ducks: A Plains Indian Story. 1990,              Folktale Plains               Compare with other trickster Language Arts:
0531070441. After outwitting some ducks, Iktomi, the trickster, is outwitted (Trickster)                   stories involving coyote.    comparing sto-
by Coyote. The asides printed in italics mimic the comments of both the                                    Activity: Trickster Tales    ries, literature
storyteller and the listeners in traditional storytelling. Have two or more                                                             analysis
readers reading the various parts as the story progresses.                                                                              Science: Animal
                                                                                                                                        Life Cycles
Goble, Paul. Iktomi and the Buffalo Skull: A Plains Indian Story. 1990,            Folktale Plains         Activity: Trickster Tales    Language Arts:
0531059111. Again the trickster, the man in the middle, makes a fool of            (Trickster)                                          comparing sto-
himself. Iktomi, the Plains trickster, interrupts a powwow of the Mouse                                                                 ries, literature
People and gets his head stuck in a buffalo skull. Excellent source notes.                                                              analysis
The asides printed in italics mimic the comments of both the storyteller and
the listeners in traditional storytelling. Have two or more readers reading
the various parts as the story progresses.
Bruchac, Joseph & Bruchac, James. (AA), Girl Who Helped Thunder and                Story        Many,      How is Old Man and the         Language Arts:
other Native American Folktales. 2008, 9781402732638. Presents 24 sto-             Col-        including   Rolling Rock a perfect ex-     comparing sto-
ries from various Native American groups, including Blackfoot and Inuit.           lection Blackfoot       ample of how not to be-        ries, literature
The Blackfoot story, Old Man and the Rolling Rock, is about Old Man, a             (Trickster, and Inuit   have?                          analysis
favourite trickster character in the tales of the Blackfoot. Old Man some-         pourquoi,               Activity: Quest or Hero        Science: Rocks
times changes the world around him, but other times he gets into trouble. In       quest)                  Tales                          and Minerals
stories like this one, he is a perfect example of how not to behave. The Inuit                             Activity: Trickster Tales
story is Blind Boy and the Loon, which is a trickster story. Another trick-
ster story is Turtle’s Race with Wolf. Excellent illustrations. For a varia-
tion on the Rolling Rock story, go to Legend of Napi and the Rock at
http://canadian-first-
nations.suite101.com/article.cfm/the_legend_of_napi_and_the_rock In this
funny version, the rock is the Okotoks Erratic and it’s after Old Man!
McLellan, Joseph. Nanabosho Steals Fire. 1990, 0921827059. An old man              Folktale      Ojibwa    Compare this story with        Language Arts:
who had fire kept it for himself and was always watching to make sure no           (trickster,             Rainbow Crow.                  comparing sto-
one stole it. Nanabosho changed into a rabbit, fooled the old man’s daugh-         pourquoi,               Activity: Quest or Hero        ries, literature
ters and got them to take him into their wigwam. There, he let the fire catch      hero)                   Tales                          analysis
onto his fur and ran out and back to his people and thereby bought them                                    Activity: Trickster Tales
fire. That’s why how the people got fire and that’s why the rabbit is brown                                Activity: Pourquoi Tales
in summer – to remind the people how they got fire.
Baylor, Byrd. (AA) Everybody Needs a Rock. 1974, 0689710518. How to                Prose                   Find just the right rock for   Science: Rocks
find just the right rock for you.                                                  poetry                  you.                           and Minerals
Ulmer, Mike. Gift of the Inuksuk. 2004, 158536214X. Many lives ago, a              Picture       Inuit     Make an Inuksuk.               Science: Rocks
girl in what would become Nunavut builds stone men, called Inuksuk, to              Book                                                  and Minerals
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Literature to Support First Nations, Métis and Inuit (FNMI) Student Success in Elementary Schools, Grade 3
direct her father and brother home when they are lost in a storm hunting                                                               Building with a
caribou.                                                                                                                               Variety of Mate-
                                                                                                                                       rials
Wallace, Mary. The Inuksuk Book, 1999, 1-895688-90-6. Here is a book               Non-           Inuit    Make an Inuksuk.            Science: Rocks
about Inuit social life and customs with historical references. It includes        fiction                                             and Minerals
full-page watercolours as well as photographs. It has instructions on assem-                                                           Building with a
bling an Inuksuk and directions for building an Inunngerao. It has a guide to                                                          Variety of Mate-
Inuit words, as well as photos, text and drawings of Inuit life and customs.                                                           rials
It realistically depicts the Inuit's creative, cultural and
unusual way of life. Has great illustrations for students and background in-
formation for the teacher.
Ballantyne, Adam. Wisakyjak and the New World. 1991, 9780921254348.                Folktale       Wood-    Activity: Trickster Tales   Language Arts:
Directly taken from a Woodland Cree storyteller, this is one of the stories of     (trickster)    land                                 comparing sto-
Wisakyjak, a trickster who was responsible for changing many of he ani-                           Cree                                 ries, literature
mals so that they appear as they do today.                                                                                             analysis
Robinson, Gail. Coyote the Trickster. 1975, 0844809233. Trickster charac-          Story       Many        Activity: Trickster Tales   Language Arts:
ters are often coyotes, and have many-sided personalities. They can be foo-        Col-                                                comparing sto-
lish, magical, tricky, heroic – all leading to a wise and witty reflection of      lection                                             ries, literature
human nature.                                                                      (Trickster)                                         analysis
Beaver Steals Fire: A Salish Coyote Story. 2005, 9780803216402. Of all             Folktale Salish         Activity: Trickster Tales   Language Arts:
the animals, it’s coyote who devises the plan to steal fire form Curlew so         (trickster)                                         comparing sto-
that they may all have fire.                                                                                                           ries, literature
                                                                                                                                       analysis
Friesen, John W. And Now You Know: 50 Native American Legends.                     Folklore       Many,    Activity: Trickster Tales   Language Arts:
2010, 9781550593846. Provides short origin, why (pourquoi), how, and               (Pourquoi, Cana-                                    Literature analy-
trickster stories from mostly Canadian Nations, including Peigan, Black-           trickster, dian                                     sis
foot, Cree, Iroquois, Dene, and Swampy Cree. (One black-and-white print            creation)
illustration for each story, not great quality. Some editing errors.) Includes
Napi, Skunk, and the Prairie Dogs: A Blackfoot Legend.
Dembicki, Matt. Trickster: Native American Tales: A Graphic Collec-                Folktale       Many     Activity: Trickster Tales   Language Arts:
tion. 2010, 978-1555917241. In Trickster, 21 Native American tales are             (trickster),                                        comparing sto-
adapted into graphic novel form. Each story is written by a different Native       graphic                                             ries, literature
American storyteller who worked closely with a selected illustrator, a com-        novel                                               analysis
bination that gives each tale a unique and powerful voice and look. Stories        format
range from serious and dramatic to funny and sometimes downright fien-
dish.
McLellan, Joseph. Nanabosho Steals Fire. 1990, 0921827059. An old man              Folktale       Ojibwa   Compare this story with     Language Arts:
who had fire kept it for himself and was always watching to make sure no           (trickster,             Rainbow Crow.               comparing sto-
one stole it. Nanabosho changed into a rabbit, fooled the old man’s daugh-         pourquoi)               Activity: Trickster Tales   ries, literature
ters and got them to take him into their wigwam. There, he let the fire catch                                                          analysis
Developed by Southern Alberta Professional Development Consortium, June 2010.                                                                             6
Literature to Support First Nations, Métis and Inuit (FNMI) Student Success in Elementary Schools, Grade 3
onto his fur and ran out and back to his people and thereby bought them
fire. That’s why how the people got fire and that’s why the rabbit is brown
in summer – to remind the people how they got fire.
Alexander, Ellen. Llama and the Great Flood: A folktale from Peru.          Folktale (Peru)              Read story for enjoyment.     Social Studies:
1989, 978-0690047271. In this Peruvian myth about the Great Flood, a lla-                                                              Peru
ma warns his master of the coming destruction and suggests taking refuge
on a high peak in the Andes.
McLellan, Joe. Nanabosho, Soaring Eagle and the Great Sturgeon. 1993, Folktale Ojibwa                   Compare this story with        Language Arts:
0921827237. Soaring Eagle gets greedy and nearly loses his son.                                         Promise is a Promise and       comparing sto-
                                                                                                        Very Last First Time.          ries, writing sto-
                                                                                                        Make a grid and compare        ries
                                                                                                        several aspects.
                                                                                                        What lesson does this story
                                                                                                        teach?
                                                                                                        Activity: Bannock in Sto-
                                                                                                        ries
McLeod, Elaine. (AI). Lessons from Mother Earth. 2010,                             Picture    (probably Activity: Respect for Na-      Science: Animal
9780888998323. Tess has visited her grandmother many times without real-           Book       in the    ture                           Life Cycles
ly being aware of the garden. But today they step outside the door and Tess                   Yukon) Activity: Bannock in Sto-         Language Arts:
learns that all of nature can be a garden. And if you take care of the plants                           ries                           comparing sto-
that are growing, if you learn about them — understanding when they                                                                    ries, writing sto-
flower, when they give fruit, and when to leave them alone — you will al-                                                              ries
ways find something to nourish you.
Teevee, Ningeokuluk. Alego. 2009, 9780888999436. Simple story about a              Picture    Inuit      Activity: Bannock in Sto-     Language Arts:
young Inuit girl who goes to the shore with her grandmother to collect             book                  ries                          Writing a Story
clams for supper. Along the way she discovers tide pools brimming with                                                                 Science: Animal
life. In English and Inuktitut.                                                                                                        Life Cycles
Stotter, Michael. World of North American Indians (Passport to the Past).          Non        Many       Use for research.             Social Studies:
2009, 978-1435851719. General information, and includes sections on buf-           fiction               Activity: Bannock in Sto-     People of Cana-
falo, food and farming, horses, dances, sweat lodges, etc. Includes many                                 ries                          da
sidebars on things to make. Excellent illustrations and format.                                          Activity: Traditional         Science: Build-
                                                                                                         Homes                         ing with a Varie-
                                                                                                         Compare some traditional      ty of Materials
                                                                                                         Aboriginal homes with         Science: Testing
                                                                                                         those of the Berber people    Materials and
                                                                                                         in Tunisia. Use Wonderful     Designs
                                                                                                         Houses Around The
                                                                                                         World for Berber homes.
                                                                                                         Explain how have people
                                                                                                         adapted to the environment.
Developed by Southern Alberta Professional Development Consortium, June 2010.                                                                            7
Literature to Support First Nations, Métis and Inuit (FNMI) Student Success in Elementary Schools, Grade 3
Salariya, David. How Would You Survive as an American Indian? 1995, Non-              Plains             Activity: Traditional          Social Studies:
0531153096. Describes the everyday life and customs of various Plains In-   fiction                      Homes                          People of Alber-
dian tribes during the 18th and 19th Centuries in North America.                                                                        ta
Kalman, Bobbie. Visual Dictionary of Native Communities. 2008,             Non-       Plains             Activity: Traditional          Social Studies:
9780778735052. Includes Nations of the Plains. Small text sections and      fiction                      Homes                          People of Cana-
many illustrations.                                                                                                                     da
Taylor, C. J. Spirits, Fairies, and Merpeople: Native Stories of Other     Folktale Many                 Read for enjoyment.            Language Arts:
Worlds. 2009, 9780887768729. Spirits, fairies, and merpeople, creatures    collection                                                   investigating
that inhabit fantastic realms appear in many First Nations legends across                                                               stories
North America. Includes seven short stories.
Armstrong, Jeannette. (AA), Ron Hall (AI). Dancing With the Cranes.        Picture                       Have students describe the    Science: Animal
2004 and 2009, 978-1894778701. The grandmother's death has greatly sad- Book                             life cycles of some different Life Cycles
dened the child, but her mother helps her look forward to the birth of the                               animals such as birds, but- Health: Dealing
new baby, thus reinforcing the cycle of life.                                                            terflies, and frogs. Make     with death
                                                                                                         big diagrams showing the
                                                                                                         stages.
Miles, Miska. Annie and the Old One. 1971, 0316571202. Annie comes to              Picture    Navajo                                   Social Studies:
grips with the concept of death and the sure knowledge of the coming death         Book                                                Family
of her grandmother. This is the wise story of a Navajo girl and her grand-                                                             Health: Dealing
mother.                                                                                                                                with death
Caduto, Michael J. and Bruchac, Joseph. Keepers of the Earth: Native               Story      Many       Read the Origin of Death.     Health: Dealing
American Stories and Environmental Activities for Children. 1991,                  collection                                          with death
978-1555913854. This flagship book in the Keepers of the Earth series is an        and
environmental classic for teaching children to respect the Earth. Includes         Teacher
the Siksika (Blackfoot) story Origin of Death.                                     Resource
Boyden, Linda. Blue Roses. 2002, 1-58430-037-X. Rosalie is named by her             Picture              Who do you love?               Health: Dealing
grandfather who loves roses and his garden. He teaches her how to plant             Book                                                 with death
and tend a garden which according to him is 'the closest place to heaven on
this hard earth.' With the plants, he teaches Rosalie about the cycle of life,
and that death is part of that cycle. When he dies, Rosalie cries in the com-
pany of her whole family and gradually accepts that he is gone. She has a
dream about him in his heavenly garden with the blue roses they could nev-
er grow. With that vision she learns a way to keep him in her heart.
Cameron, Anne. Raven Returns the Water. 1987, 978-0920080191. Ra-                  Folktale North-       Read for enjoyment.            Science: Animal
ven Returns the Water tells of the time when the world's water disap-                       west         Describe the life cycle of a   Life Cycles
peared. Raven went searching for it - and found it all in the belly of a giant              Coast        raven.
frog!
Van Camp, Richard. (AA). George Littlechild. (AI). What’s the Most                 Picture    Dogrib,    Tell some of the traditional   Social Studies:
Beautiful Thing You Know About Horses? 1998, 0892391855. It’s 40                   Book       Cree       ways of life of the boy’s      people of Cana-
below outside, and a boy asks everyone the same question.                                                family and also tell how       da
Developed by Southern Alberta Professional Development Consortium, June 2010.                                                                             8
Literature to Support First Nations, Métis and Inuit (FNMI) Student Success in Elementary Schools, Grade 3
                                                                                                             they live a contemporary   Language Arts:
                                                                                                             life as well.              Model for Writ-
                                                                                                                                        ing
Flett, Julie. Owls See Clearly at Night: A Michif Alphabet. 2010,                  Alphabet Métis        Activity: Make an Alpha-       Language Arts:
9781897476284. In Michif and English. An introduction to the Michif lan-           Book                  bet Book                       Alphabet
guage of the Métis people, mostly a combination of Cree and French.
Bruchac, Joseph. (AA), Robert Goetzl, Illustrator (AI). Many Nations: An           Alphabet Many         Activity: Make an Alpha-       Language Arts:
Alphabet of Native America. 1997, 0-8167-4389-4. This picture book is              Book                  bet Book                       Alphabet
beautifully illustrated with brief text presenting aspects of the lives of many                                                         Social Studies:
varied Native peoples across North America. The content has an historical                                                               Aboriginal
focus. The book includes an author's note. Each letter is for a different First                                                         People
Nations group.
Carriere, Ken. Bulrush Helps the Pond. Gabriel Dumont Institute, 2007, 0-          Non-       Swampy     Read Big Small and Little      Science: Animal
920915-65-5. Shows prairie wetland ecology as seen by the Swampy Cree              fiction    Cree       Small from Spirit of Can-      Life Cycles
people, looking at the seasonal cycle of nature on a pond. Well illustrated,                             ada.
each photo shows an animal, water bird, or plant that depends upon a
marshland ecosystem. The focus is the changing seasons: fall, ducks; winter
many animals and birds have left or are hibernating; spring, Canada geese,
bulrushes, mosquitoes, water birds and frogs; summer, ducks, bugs, falcons,
foxes, bulrush is tall and helps the pond by preventing all the water from
evaporating; fall again, birds, bulrush drops its seeds. The cycle of nature is
complete and the reader gains understanding of the fragile prairie wetland
ecosystem. Written in Swampy Cree and English.
Kusugak, Michael. Northern Lights: The Soccer Trails, 1999, 1-55037-               Picture    Inuit      Tell about the Inuit beliefs   Social Studies:
338-2. This beautifully-illustrated story tells the Inuit beliefs about the        Book                  about the Northern Lights.     Aboriginal
Northern Lights through the eyes of a young girl.                                                                                       People
Brownridge, William Roy. Moccasin Goalie. 1996, 978-1551430546. Dan-               Picture    (Prairie) Read for enjoyment.             Physical Educa-
ny loves to play hockey with his friends in their small Canadian town.             Book                                                 tion: Hockey
Though he can't skate because of a ―crippled leg and foot,'' he plays goalie
in his leather moccasins. When a town team is formed, he is cut because he
can't skate. Very disappointed, his spirits are revived when weeks later the
coach asks him to replace the team's injured goalie in the biggest game of
the year. Danny steps in, plays well, and is invited to stay on the squad for
the playoffs. Good boy appeal.
Brownridge, William Roy. Final Game: The Further Adventures of the                 Picture    (Prairie) Read for enjoyment.             Physical Educa-
Moccasin Goalie. 1998, 978-1551431000. Danny and his friends Anita and             Book                                                 tion: Hockey
little Petou join a hockey team called the Wolves. Danny plays goalie: a
winning tale.


Developed by Southern Alberta Professional Development Consortium, June 2010.                                                                             9
Literature to Support First Nations, Métis and Inuit (FNMI) Student Success in Elementary Schools, Grade 3
Fox-Davies, Sarah. Little Caribou, 1997, 1564029239. A caribou is born on           Picture   (The       Identify the needs of caribou Science: Animal
the Arctic tundra. Very soon she must stand and drink her mother’s milk.            Book       North)     that live in Canada’s Arctic. Life Cycles
She must grow strong quickly since she must soon run with the herd. She                                  Describe the caribou life
will spend her whole life traveling and hunting for food.                                                 cycle.
Kusugak, Michael. Hide and Sneak. 1996, 1-55037-229-7. This is the story            Picture   Inuit      What does an Inukshuk do? Science: Rocks
of a little Inuit girl who learns about the nasty little Ijiraq who will hide you   Book                 Why do you think Inuit par- and Minerals,
during a game of hide and seek. The trouble is that he will hide you so well                              ents tell this story to their Building With a
that you will never be found. The only thing that will help you find your                                 children?                     Variety of Mate-
way home is an Inukshuk.                                                                                 Make an Inuksuk.               rials
Kusugak, Michael. Littlest Sled Dog. 2008, 9781551437521. This story                Picture   Inuit      Describe the life cycle of a   Science: Animal
about a little cairn terrier who dreams of being a big, strong sled dog, incor-     Book                  sled dog.                     Life Cycles
porates many aspects of Inuit culture and the northern environment.
Kusugak, Michael. Baseball Bats for Christmas. 1999, 155037-144-4. This             Picture   Inuit      Why had the people never
is a humourous story of a boy named Arvaarluk who lived in Repulse Bay              Book                 seen trees?
during Christmas, 1955. The people had never seen trees and when they
received six at Christmas time, they carved them into baseball bats.
Kusugak, Michael. Arctic Stories. 1999, 1-55037-453-2. Here are three               Picture   Inuit      Characterize life in the far
stories about an Inuit girl named Agatha. The prologue and analogue pro-            Book                 north.
vide the factual background for the stories. The analogue also contains a
dictionary of Inuit words used in the story. There are full-page illustrations
for each page of print. The pictures are vivid and both the illustrations and
the story portray life in the Northwest Territories.
Kusugak, Michael. My Arctic 1, 2, 3. 1996, 1-55037-504-0. This beautiful            Picture   Inuit      Characterize Inuit customs     Mathematics
picture book uses a northern community as the background for basic count-           Book                 and lifestyle.
ing from 1 to 10. After 10 there are pages to illustrate the numbers 20, 100,
and 1 000 000. Focuses on the Inuit community, language and wildlife. In-
cludes glossary and information about the arctic, its wildlife and climate.
Cherry, Lynn. The Shaman's Apprentice. 2001, 0152024867. For thou-                  Picture Tirio    In what ways do we need to
sands of years, in the jungles of the Amazon, shamans have passed their             Book    (Amazon) preserve the rainforest?
wisdom of the medicinal values of rain forest plants from one generation to                          What does it mean for
the next. The Shaman's Apprentice tells the story of a Tirio Indian boy who                           people around the world?
dreams of one day being the tribal shaman, and how he and his people learn
the importance of their own knowledge about the healing properties of the
rain forest.
Sanderson, Esther. (AA). Two Pairs of Shoes. (reprint 2008). Maggie rece-           Picture              What do the two different      Language Arts:
ives a pair of black leather dress shoes from her mother and her grandmoth-         Book                 pairs of shoes represent in    Connect person-
er gives her a pair of beautiful beaded moccasins. Now Maggie must learn                                 Maggie’s life?                 al experience
when and how to wear each pair of shoes.                                                                 Do you have things that go     with new ideas
                                                                                                         with different parts of your
                                                                                                         life?
Developed by Southern Alberta Professional Development Consortium, June 2010.                                                                         10
Literature to Support First Nations, Métis and Inuit (FNMI) Student Success in Elementary Schools, Grade 3
Wastasecoot, Brenda Isabel. (AA). Granny’s Giant Bannock. 2008,                    Picture     Cree          Activity: Bannock in Sto-   Language Arts:
9781894717496. A little miscommunication between English-speaking Larf             Book                       ries                       Writing a Story
and his Cree-speaking grandmother leads to hilarious results when a giant
bannock threatens to take over the town. Includes a bannock recipe.
Lethbridge, Victor. Little Chief and Mighty Gopher: The Pemmican                   Picture Sioux         Why is an eagle feather         Language Arts:
Frenzy. 2010, 9780986673801. Discover what happens when a young ab-                Book Lakota           awarded?                        Writing a Story
original boy’s friendship with a gopher turns everyone’s life upside down!                               Activity: Bannock in Sto-
Includes CD with narrated story and song.                                                                ries
McLellan, Joe. Nanabosho and the Cranberries. 1998, 0921827636. Na-                Folktale Ojibwa       Activity: Bannock in Sto-       Language Arts:
nabosho discovers a cranberry bush, but as hard as he tries he cannot get                                ries                            Writing a Story
those cranberries to eat.
dePaola, Tomie. Popcorn Book. 1984, 978-0823405336. Details the history            Non        Many       Research corn to find out       Language Arts:
of popcorn and shows how corn is an Aboriginal food originating in North           fiction               what it needs to grow.          Writing a Story
America. Presents a variety of facts about popcorn and includes two reci-                                Draw its life cycle.            Science: Animal
pes.                                                                                                     Activity: Bannock in Sto-       Life Cycles
                                                                                                         ries
Caduto, Michael J. and Bruchac, Joseph. Native Stories From Keepers of             Folktale Many         Find small animals in your      Science: Animal
the Animals. 1993, 1895618193. Includes 24 illustrated stories about "our          Col-                  area and classify them the      Life Cycles
relations, the animals" demonstrating that the power and importance of an-         lection               way some Cree do - as
imals in Native American traditions and as relevant today as ever. (Black                                flyers, swimmers, crawlers
and white line illustrations only).                                                                      or walkers.
Caduto, Michael J. and Bruchac, Joseph. Keepers of the Animals: Native         Folktale Many                                             Science: Animal
American Stories and Wildlife Activities for Children. 1997, 978-              Col-                                                      Life Cycles
1555913861. The activities involve children in creative arts, theatre, read-   lection
ing, writing, science, social studies, mathematics and sensory awareness.      and
                                                                               Teacher
                                                                               Resource
Barber-Starkey, Joe. Jason's New Dugout Canoe. 2000, 1-55017-229-8.            Picture  Nootka           Make a flow chart showing       Science: Build-
The support that is given to Jason from his extended family, and the teach- Book        (North           the main steps in making a      ing with a Varie-
ing of a highly valued skill that has been passed down for generations, are             west             dugout canoe.                   ty of Materials
themes that can easily be discussed in the classroom. It’s a good story about           Coast)
making a canoe. The story includes many traditions of the people.
Barber-Starkey, Joe. Jason and the Sea Otter. 1989, 1-55017162.3. Here’s Picture        Nootka           Find out more about sea         Science: Animal
the story of Jason and his encounters with a sea otter. The story also in-     Book     (North           otters. Using this book and     Life Cycles
cludes a look into the life of a Nootka Aboriginal boy today with a little bit          west             other sources, describe the
about life in the past.                                                                 Coast)           otter’s food, life cycle, ap-
                                                                                                         pearance, habitat and ha-
                                                                                                         bits.
Cuthand, Beth. (AA). Mary Longman (AI). Little Duck - Sikihpsis. 2003,     Picture            Cree       Compare this story with         Science: Animal
2007, 978-1894778442. 1999, 0-919441-74-2. The little lonely duck tries to Book                          The Ugly Duckling. What         Life Cycles
Developed by Southern Alberta Professional Development Consortium, June 2010.                                                                           11
Literature to Support First Nations, Métis and Inuit (FNMI) Student Success in Elementary Schools, Grade 3
fit into the Cree culture and discovers he is happy after all to be a mud duck                           is the same in the two sto-     Language Arts:
and join other mud ducks. He admires the handsome Cree people, but rea-                                  ries? What is different?        Literature analy-
lizes he can't be Cree. Shows Cree people as strong, beautiful and hand-                                 What happens to the two         sis
some in the eyes of the little duck. Shows rich details of Cree culture, helps                           birds in the end?
children learn care for animals. Beautifully-illustrated.                                                Draw the mud duck life
                                                                                                         cycle.
Friesen, John W. and Virginia Friesen. Legends of the Elders. 2000,               Folktales                                              Language Arts
9781550592023. This series encourages elementary students to gain under-          and                                                    Social Studies
standing of Native American history, cultures, lifestyles, and heritage           Teacher
through the study of folktales. Wonderful short stories but black and white       Resource
line drawings only and poor format. Also:
More Legends of the Elders. 2004, 9781550592733.
Even More Legends of the Elders. 2005, 9781550592801
Still More Legends of the Elders. 2005, 9781550592795.
Legends Of The Elders Handbook For Teachers, Home schoolers, And
Parents. 2005, 9781550592818.
Rafe, Martin. Boy Who Lived With the Seals. 1993, 0399224130. A lost               Folktale Chinook      Find other stories about        Language Arts:
boy who has grown up in the sea with seals returns to his tribe but is                                   children living with ani-       Legends
strangely changed. Many cultures all over the world have stories of children                             mals. Read and compare
living with animals, including seals.                                                                    with Boy Who Ran with
                                                                                                         the Gazelles (could have
                                                                                                         taken place in Tunisia).
Landon, Rocky. A Native American Thought of It: Amazing Inventions Non-                       Many       What innovation of the Na-      Science: Build-
and Innovations. Includes a map of the traditional territories of the various fiction                    tive Americans do you           ing with a Varie-
Native American groups. This book shows a great deal of respect for Native                               think was the most impor-       ty of Materials
Americans and offers a well-researched, well-planned and very interesting                                tant and why?                   Science: Testing
resource. Organized under such headings as food, shelter, transportation,                                List some of the different      Materials and
medicine, communication, fun, hunting and fishing.                                                       materials that the Native       Designs
                                                                                                         Americans used and the
                                                                                                         purpose of what was made.
                                                                                                         What designs did the Native
                                                                                                         Americans improve upon?
                                                                                                         Activity: Traditional
                                                                                                         Homes
Ipellie, Alootook. The Inuit Thought of It: Amazing Arctic Innovations.            Non-       Inuit      List some of the different      Science: Build-
 Offers a well-researched, well-planned and very interesting resource. Orga-       fiction               materials that the Inuit used   ing with a Varie-
 nized under such headings as food, shelter, clothing, medicine, dog sleds,                              and the purpose of what         ty of Materials
 fun, hunting and the kayak.                                                                             was made.                       Science: Testing
                                                                                                         What designs did Inuit im-      Materials and
                                                                                                         prove upon?                     Designs
Developed by Southern Alberta Professional Development Consortium, June 2010.                                                                             12
Literature to Support First Nations, Métis and Inuit (FNMI) Student Success in Elementary Schools, Grade 3
                                                                                                         Activity: Traditional
                                                                                                         Homes
Fullman, Joe. Native North Americans: Dress, eat, write and play just              Non-       Many       Activity: Traditional           Science: Build-
like the Native North Americans. 2010, 9781595662453. Make a dream                 fiction               Homes                           ing with a Varie-
catcher, design a Navajo sand painting, create a story on buffalo hide, chal-                            Make a Teepee, pg. 17,          ty of Materials
lenge your friends to a game of Chance, and make a teepee. Informative                                   Make an Igloo, pg. 25.          Science: Testing
text and activities help bring Aboriginal civilizations to life.                                                                         Materials and
                                                                                                                                         Designs
Lassieur, Allison. Blackfeet Nation. 2002, 0736809465. An overview of the Non-     Black-                Identify characteristics of     Science: Build-
past and present of the Blackfoot Nation, including a description of their fiction foot                   traditional Blackfoot life.    ing With a Va-
homes, food, clothing, religion, family life and government. Large print,                                Activity: Traditional           riety of Mate-
easy reading.                                                                                             Homes                          rials
Shemie, Bonnie. Houses of Hide and Earth. (Native Dwellings). 1993,        Non-    Plains                Activity: Traditional           Science: Build-
978-0887763076. Here’s an authoritative and intriguing exploration of the  fiction                        Homes                          ing With a Va-
lives of people through the homes they have built.                                                                                       riety of Mate-
                                                                                                                                         rials, Testing
                                                                                                                                         Materials and
                                                                                                                                         Designs
Shemie, Bonnie. Houses of Snow, Skin and Bones (Native Dwellings).                      Inuit            Activity: Traditional           Science: Build-
1993, 978-0887763052. The author focuses on the critical need for shelter                                Homes                           ing With a Va-
in the harsh Far North as the primary shaper of Inuit life. The architecture,                                                            riety of Mate-
engineering, and construction methods for igloos, sod houses, and tents are                                                              rials, Testing
explained, and the author also discusses patterns of living within the struc-                                                            Materials and
tures.                                                                                                                                   Designs
Silvey, Diane. Kids Book of Aboriginal Peoples in Canada. 2005,                         Many             Activity: Traditional           Science: Build-
1550749986. Another in the Kids Book series on Canada and Canadian his-                                  Homes                           ing With a Va-
tory. With index, timeline and table of contents this title has excellent co-                                                            riety of Mate-
lour drawings, accessible format, and lots of sidebars with quick facts and                                                              rials
added interest items. An important book to have, very well researched. Full
sections on people of the Plains, the Arctic and the Sub-arctic. This is the
only resource that provides a map of Canada showing the land areas of the
various seven major groups and the only one to list the various peoples of
each of the major areas.
Kalman, Bobbie. Life in a Plains Camp. (Native Nations of North Ameri-          Non-     Plains          Use for research.               Science: Build-
ca). 2001, 0-7787-0461-0. Portrays the various aspects of life of the Plains    fiction                  Identify characteristics of     ing With a Va-
people with their own customs and traditions. Looks at hunting, clothing,                                 life in a plains Indian vil-   riety of Mate-
food, family, sports and the roles and responsibilities of various individuals.                           lage.                          rials
The illustrations in the book are well done. Give general information but                                Activity: Traditional
also specific details about selected groups.                                                              Homes

Developed by Southern Alberta Professional Development Consortium, June 2010.                                                                              13
Literature to Support First Nations, Métis and Inuit (FNMI) Student Success in Elementary Schools, Grade 3
Kalman, Bobbie. Native Homes (Native Nations of North America). 2001, Non-                    Many       Use for research.       Science: Build-
978-0778704638. This book looks at many of the dwellings built by the            fiction                 Activity: Traditional   ing With a Va-
native nations across the continent. Detailed illustrations show the exteriors,                          Homes                   riety of Mate-
interiors, and way of life in each lodge. Discover thatch homes and pueblos                                                      rials, Testing
of the Southwest, plank houses of the Northwest Coast, wigwams, long-                                                            Materials and
houses, tipis, earth lodges, pit homes, and igloos.                                                                              Designs
Bishop, Amanda. Life in a Pueblo. (Native Nations of North America).             Non-         Pueblo     Activity: Traditional   Science: Build-
2003, 978-0778704676. Photographs and clear text explore the daily lives         fiction                 Homes                   ing With a Va-
of the people who lived in these communal adobe dwellings. Students will                                                         riety of Mate-
learn how pueblos were built and the roles played by men, women, and                                                             rials
children
Kalman, Bobbie. Nations of the Northwest Coast. With index, glossary,            Non-         (North     Activity: Traditional   Science: Build-
table of contents, appealing format, and large, bright illustrations, here is an fiction      west       Homes                   ing With a Va-
historical look at the people and their culture. Topics covered include the                   Coast)                             riety of Mate-
distinct customs, cultures, and beliefs of the various nations; dwellings used                                                   rials
in different seasons and locales; fishing and the use of coastal plants and
animals; traditional handicrafts, including carving and weaving; the organi-
zation of families, clans, and moieties.




Developed by Southern Alberta Professional Development Consortium, June 2010.                                                                      14
Literature to Support First Nations, Métis and Inuit (FNMI) Student Success in Elementary Schools, Grade 3
Using Children’s Literature in Teaching Elementary Social Studies
Advantages:
                               Widespread availability
                               Easily integrated into thematic curricula
                               Generally more up to date
                               More focused and provide an in-depth look at social studies concepts
                               More interesting and less confusing for students than textbooks
                               Story lines help students remember concepts better
                               Contain colourful pictures and graphics
                               Present a more human side of social studies than do textbooks
                               Evoke both efferent (factual) and aesthetic response (emotional)
                               Support Inquiry and Research Processes

What Do We Look For In Non-Fiction?
Criteria:
     Large, clear, high quality colour illustrations, including both photos and drawings
     Drawings include graphs, diagrams, tables and other structures that plot information and show relationships
     Illustrations that match and support the text
     Captions that support the material
     Index
     Table of Contents
     Glossary
     Authority and currency evident in sources used in content development (e.g., sources and authorities listed)
     Text appropriate as to size, font type, placement, amount per page
     Headings and sub-headings used frequently throughout the text
     Content suitable for age of student
     Content appropriate for the intended unit of study
     Content organized in ―chunks‖ of related material
     Print broken up by illustrations, boxes, sidebars, etc., so as to avoid long, intimidating sections of text.
     Appealing format
     Canadian or Albertan content where appropriate and available


Developed by Southern Alberta Professional Development Consortium, June 2010.                                        15

				
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