Praxis

Document Sample
Praxis Powered By Docstoc
					 Praxis

Roberto Goizueta
“Hispanic culture has been portrayed as a culture
of the body, of feelings, of sensuality, and hence
of praxis, in contrast to dominant Anglo American
culture, which is assumed to be a culture of the
mind, of reason, of science,and hence of theory.
Caught in this modern dichotomy, Hispanic culture
is simultaneously idealized and marginalized: the
same sense of community and beauty for which
our culture is rightly admired becomes the
justification for its denigration and
marginalization, since the commitment to
community and beauty is perceived as irrational in
a world dominated by individualist, rationalist, and
scientific epistemological paradigms.”

Roberto Goizueta, “Rediscovering Praxis,”
in Mestizo Christianity
         Roberto Goizueta
 Cuban (La Habana) raised in US
 PhD. in religious studies
   – Marquette University, 1984
 Professor of theology, Boston College, MA
 Founding member and past president of
  ACHTUS
 Husband and father of 2 children
 Works include:
   – We Are a People! Initiatives in Hispanic-
     American Theology (1992)
   – Caminemos con Jesús: Toward a
     Hispanic/Latino Theology of Accompaniment
     (1995)
Theology of Accompaniment
 Locus theologicus: US Hispanic popular
  religion as a way of expressing a
  community’s living encounter with God;
  expressions of an oppressed and
  marginalized people; affirmation of full
  humanity with own history and identity
  inspite of oppression/victimization

 Work impacted by his bicultural Cuban
  experience as well as his encounter with
  Mexican Americans
      Teología en conjunto
 Engages and critiques dominant North
  American theologies, Rahner, von Balthasar
 Engages philosophical thinkers like
  Aristotle and Marx
 Engages Latin American liberation theology
 Draws on works of US Hispanic theologians
  who he sees as emphasizing aesthetics, esp.
  as manifest in popular religion, i.e. Espín,
  Elizondo, Isasi-Díaz,
                    Method

   Theory-Praxis-Aesthetic are interrelated
     Theory – knowing truth
     Praxis – doing justice
     Aesthetic – feeling the beautiful


   Focuses on popular religion, which engages
    the senses and does not simply appeal to
    reason
               Method

 Retrieving significance of popular
  religion, adopts, adapts deepens the
  insights of LA liberation theology
 Theologizing out of the context of
  the ‘faith of the people’ = process of
  mutual accompaniment
         Popular Religion
 Expressed through symbols, rituals,
  narratives, gestures
 Experienced through the senses
 Mediated through the emotions
 Communicated primarily by the laity,
  with women as agents
 Focus is domestic with familial
  structure not ecclesiastical structure
           Popular Religion

 Popular religion can be liberating
 Focuses on fiesta as central element
  of Latino/a culture
 Focuses on 2 symbols significant for
  US Hispanics
    – Crucifix
    – Our Lady of Guadalupe
                  Fiesta
   Form of cultural resistance
    – Not about Latinos/as being happier and
      easy going
    – Is about fundamentally different
      understanding of human and human
      activity
   Human perceived primarily
    = receiver/responder
     maker/doer
                  Fiesta
 Life = gift to be celebrated not object to
  be controlled
 To ‘waste time’ celebrating within a
  dominant culture where time is priceless
  commodity = subversive act
 Can be co-opted within dominant culture,
  i.e. influenced by consumerist values, lose
  sight of political liberation, party as escape
  from drudgery
                   Fiesta

 Reflects understanding that humans
  are constituted by relationships
 Celebrates
    – the ultimate goodness of life even
      amidst suffering
    – Life as a gratuitous gift that cannot be
      destroyed
                     Fiesta
   An expression of community
    – Expression of ‘nosotros’
   Human action in the ‘subjunctive’
    – Celebration of the present linked to a
      remembered past & hoped for future
 Integration of play and work
 Form of liturgical action
    – Human life = gift
    – Human person = grateful responder/receiver
Popular Religion
                Popular Religion

   “popular” = of the people
    – origin and/or social location of the religious practice
      and its participants
   Grounded in lo cotidiano
    – Daily lived experience of the people
   “ministers” = laity
    – Usually older women, abuelas
   “Players”
    – Jesus
    – Mary (virgins)
    – saints
             Popular Religion

   Worldview
    – Divine intervenes constantly in daily human
      reality
    – God’s decisions are ultimate reason and cause
      for all that exists
    – Human existence always included conflict
      between good and evil
         Popular Religion
 Expressed through symbols, rituals,
  narratives, gestures
 Experienced through the senses
 Mediated through the emotions
 Communicated primarily by the laity,
  with women as agents
 Focus is domestic with familial
  structure not ecclesiastical structure
             Popular Religion

   Transformation of reality
    – persuade divine through prayer, ritual,
      & penance
    – self-restraint leading to social quiescence
   Means of developing, preserving,
    communicating deeply held religious (&
    cultural) beliefs
             Popular Religion
   Syncretistic
    – Iberian Catholicism
    – Amerindian
    – African religions
   Positive feature
    – enables survival /resilience
   Negative feature
    – suffers from/does not undo consequences of
     patriarchal society
         Next Class – Field Trip

 Friday,    5 April
   Meet at the National Shrine
    – Intersection of Michigan Ave. & 4th St. NE (located
      on the property of Catholic U)
    – 5 minute walk from Trinity
    – Brookland Metro Station
    – In the cafeteria
    – At 9 a.m. (be ON TIME!!)
   Bring your notebook

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:7
posted:10/19/2011
language:English
pages:21
gjmpzlaezgx gjmpzlaezgx
About