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					   RISK ASSESSMENT



RAISING AWARENESS
              RISK ASSESSMENT

Purpose
• Explain the risk assessment process
• Detail 5 basic steps for carrying out a risk assessment Objectives
• To familiarise candidates with OP-10-01-030 and associated pro-formas
• To give candidates the confidence to carry out a risk assessment within
  the work environment
Format
• Explain the basics steps
• Show a video on risk assessment
• Do a desk top risk assessment
• All lasting around 2 hours
• Questions can be asked at any time during the session
• End of session questionnaire
      WHY RISK ASSESSMENT?

   To prevent
                    Accidents

    By The
Identification of




        Reducing the risk of injury from those
            hazards to as low a level as is
               reasonably practicable
BENEFITS OF RISK ASSESSMENT

 • Comply With The Law




           • Economic




                         • Human
WHAT IS A RISK ASSESSMENT ?



“ The overall process of estimating
  the magnitude of risk to the
  population that might be affected
  and deciding whether or not the risk
  is tolerable”
             RISK ASSESSMENT
BASICALLY RISK ASSESSMENT IS THE FIRST STEP TO MAKING
  YOUR WORKPLACE SAFE

AN EMPLOYER MUST :-
• identify the hazards and eliminate where possible.
• Evaluate risks
• reduce or control risks to a low level
• record the assessment (see later)

AN EMPLOYEE MUST:-
• co-operate with the employer on all health and safety matters
• inform their line manager if they are concerned about a health and
  safety matter
• adhere to all work and safety procedures.
     WHO CARRIES OUT RISK
       ASSESSMENTS?


A risk Assessment Must Be Carried Out By A

         COMPETENT PERSON

WHO OR WHAT IS A COMPETENT PERSON?
          COMPETENT PERSON
A COMPETENT PERSON SHOULD HAVE:-
an understanding of the workplace
• an ability to make sound judgements
• a knowledge of the best practicable means to reduce those risks
   identified

COMPETENCY MAY BE DEFINED AS A COMBINATION OF:-
• knowledge
• skill
• experience
• quality of personnel
• ability to recognise the extent and limitations of one‟s own
  experience.
               WHEN ?


AS EARLY AS POSSIBLE !
•   PRE DESIGN
•   PRE MANUFACTURE
•   PRE SITE VISIT
•   AT LEAST PRIOR TO WORK
    COMMENCING
       SOME DEFINITIONS



Accident



An unplanned, unexpected event that can result in
injury or damage
         SOME DEFINITIONS


    Hazard


   Something with the potential to cause harm

      Risk
The likelihood of harm arising from the hazard and
the severity of the harm
      SOME DEFINITIONS
Reasonably Practicable

Balance of the risk against the cost of controls




                               Cost
Assessment of                  Time
     Risk                      Trouble
                               Difficulty
 WHAT DOES THE LAW SAY ?
  Health and Safety at Work etc Act 1974

  Section 2(1) - Employers General Duties


“It shall be the duty of every employer to ensure
  so far as is reasonably practicable the health,
 safety,and welfare at work of all his employees”

   Which basically means that risks need to be
 considered with regard to cost, time, trouble and
                    difficulty
  WHAT DOES THE LAW SAY ?

  Management of Health and Safety at Work
              Regulations 1999
            (Supported by an ACOP and Guidance)

            Regulation 3 - Risk Assessment
1) Every employer shall make a suitable and sufficient
assessment of the risks to his employees and persons
not in his employment from the hazards arising from
his undertaking
2) The assessment should be periodically reviewed
3) The significant findings should be recorded where
there are more than five employees
WHAT DOES THE LAW SAY ?

           Regulation 16/17/18/
         New and Expectant Mothers

The health and safety of new and expectant
mothers and that of her baby must be considered
  Regulation 19 -Protection of Young Persons

Young persons need to be protected from risks to
health and safety due to their lack of experience
and absence of awareness
  WHAT DOES THE LAW SAY ?
      Regulation 4 - Principles of Prevention
a) Avoid the risk
b) Evaluate risks that cannot be avoided
c) Combat risks at source
d) Adapt the work to the individual
e) Adapt to technical progress
f) Replace the dangerous with non or less dangerous
g) Develop an overall policy
h) Give priority to measures protection groups
i) Ensure that employees receive the relevant instruction
Risk Assessment In Other Legislation


• Control of Substances Hazardous to Health
  Regulations 1999

• Display Screen Equipment Regulations 1992


 • Manual Handling Regulations 1992
ANY QUESTIONS SO FAR




  QUESTIONS
     FIVE EASY STEPS TO RISK
          ASSESSMENTS

1.    Consider the task or process and who might
      be at risk
2.    Identify the hazards, analyse and evaluate
      the likelihood against the severity

3.    Decide on control measures and implement
      them
4.    Monitor the control measures

5.    Review the process
               STEP 1
What’s The Task and Who May Be At Risk?




  • The task


             • Who is at risk?
                    STEP 2
Identifying and Evaluating Hazards and Risk


 Identifying

  • Consider the obvious
     • Use your existing knowledge

        • Consult with colleagues

           • Consult manufacturers instructions

               • Visit the intended workface
STEP 2 CONTINUED - EVALUATE
                   The Business Operating
                   Procedure has a
                   guidance note on
                   completion in the
                   appendix at the back.
            STEP 3
Decide on Controls and Implement
   • Do away with the hazard
   • Competent Personnel
   • Enhance the lighting
   • Well maintained equipment

   • Consult manufacturers instructions
   • Are there regulations and/or standards
     that apply?
   • Personal protective equipment
            STEP 4
 Monitor The Control Measures


Ensure that the controls detailed
 in the assessment are in place
       and are effective
             STEP 5
   Review The Risk Assessment

• Is the assessment still valid?

• Has there been any significant changes?

• Is the assessment generic?
BUSINESS OPERATING PROCEDURE


 BOP OP-10-01-030

 Health and Safety Risk
 Assessment
RISK ASSESSMENT RECORD
                    All Operating
                    Centres
                    throughout
                    the company
                    will be using
                    the same
                    Risk
                    Assessment
                    proforma.
RISK ASSESSMENT RECORD
                    All Operating
                    Centres
                    throughout
                    the company
                    will be using
                    the same
                    Risk
                    Assessment
                    proforma.
RISK ASSESSMENT RECORD
                    All Operating
                    Centres
                    throughout
                    the company
                    will be using
                    the same
                    Risk
                    Assessment
                    proforma.
                   REGISTER


Each operational centre
must create a register for
registering and controlling
Risk Assessments

See later.
     RISK ASSESSMENT



            VIDEO

“RISK ASSESSMENT FOR INDUSTRY”
DO A RISK ASSESSMENT




   PRACTICAL
   EXCERCISE
                    PROCEDURE


KEY RESPONSIBILITIES

EACH OPERATING CENTRE AND FUNCTION WILL DESIGNATE
  A PERSON OR PERSONS WHO WILL BE RESPONSIBLE
  FOR THE FOLLOWING:-

• ensuring that risk assessments are carried out for all work
  activities within their area of responsibility
• establishing and maintaining the „Risk Assessment Register‟
  N.B. for the Renfrew site this will be done by the Health ,Safety
  and Environment Adviser.
                REQUIREMENTS
• EACH OPERATIONAL CENTRE WILL CARRY OUT THEIR
  RISK ASSESSMENTS USING THE PRINCIPLES AND
  PROCESS OUTLINED IN 5.3 AND 5.4 OF OP-10-01-030.

• RECORD THE RISK ASSESSMENT ON THE FORM
   DETAILED IN APPENDIX 3 OF THE PROCEDURE
  (N.B. guidance on completion of this form is in Appendix 2)

• COMPLETE „ REGISTER OF RISK ASSESSMENT‟ AS PER
  APPENDIX 1.

• ENSURE THAT THE RELEVANT RISK ASSESSMENT IS
  MADE AVAILABLE TO ALL CONCERNED PARTIES AND
  THAT CONTROL MEASURES ARE FULLY UNDERSTOOD.
  Radiation Risk Assessments


• If you put a cross on the RA form beside
  Ionising Radiation , then that should
  automatically trigger certain actions:
• Contact Ian Little
• Read the Business Operating Procedure OP-
  10-01-090.(copy from Ian Little at present)
• Refer to relevant Company Local Rules.
• (Dosimetry Request and Prior Risk
  Assessment.
Where to find and where to Archive
       Risk Assessments
Risk Assessments can be found on the MB INTRANET.
Technology Personnel can find Blank in Word Template
Site Services can access Blank in their own directory
Welding Products can access Blank from own directory
Save Completed Risk Assessment
Technology and Engineering
T:/Technology /BC 256/ Safety/Risk Assessments/Tech & Eng Building/RA‟s
    or Register
Site Services
T:/Technology/BC256/Safety/Risk Assessments/Main Office\Ra‟s or Register

Welding Products
H:/Weldprod/Risk Assessments

EACH OPERATIONAL CENTRE MUST CREATE ITS OWN REGISTER
    RISK ASSESSMENT
    MEMORY JOGGER

Remember ERIC PD
•   Eliminate the hazard
•   Reduce the hazard
•   Isolate the hazard
•   Control the hazard
•   Personal Protective Equipment
•   Discipline
                 SUMMARY


• Risk assessment is required by law under HASAWA
  and MHASAW Regulations etc

• Risk assessment can help reduce accidents and near
  misses and can be done in 5 easy steps

• Risk Assessments carried out by MB must record
significant risks and the controls required

• Those affected must be informed
ARE YOUR CONTROLS ADEQUATE?


 Hazard




    Something with the potential to cause harm
    A RISK ASSESSMENT IS
    YOUR BEST INVESTMENT
   END



THANK YOU
   AND
QUESTIONS

				
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posted:10/19/2011
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