Jack the Ripper is an unidentified serial killer(s) who struck between
August and November 1888 , in London’s East End community of
Whitechapel. The town had a population of 76,000, and 39.2 percent of
its citizens lived in poverty at the time. There were at least 400 possible
suspects in the case but the real killer was never caught and convicted.
Jack the Ripper is the first serial killer to achieve worldwide notoriety.
Whitechapel’s main industries were mainly boot and cabinet
manufacturing shops. Employment was difficult to find, and jobs had poor
working conditions, long hours, and low wages. Whitechapel was heavily
inhabited with foreigners and drifters. Criminals, prostitutes, and the poor
lived in group housing due to poverty. Whitechapel had sixty-three
brothels, and more than 1,200 prostitutes. Many women working for low
pay resorted to prostitution to survive. Prostitution had not been a crime in
Victorian England until 1885 when parliament began to cracking down on
prostitution, resulting in the closure of brothels which left women on the
streets and at risk. For the most part Whitechapel was ignored by affluent
London society, until the murders drew attention to the town.
•Prince Albert Victor the grandson of Queen Victoria
•Dr. William Gull a Royal physician
•Dr. Sir John Williams the founder of the National Library of Wales in Aberystwyth
and a personal friend of Queen Victoria, and her daughter Princess Beatrice's
•Montague John Druitt - Barrister and teacher
•Walter Sickert – Artist
•Francis Tumblety, a US "quack" doctor, arrested for gross indecency at the time of
the murders alleged to have kept a collection of female organs.
•Lewis Carroll, born Charles Lutwidge Dodgson, author of " Alice's Adventures in
•Prince Albert Victor, a royal family ladies man.
•James Maybrick, a murdered cotton merchant
The victims were poor, aging, prostitutes
with drinking problems. They were strangled
before their throats slashed. Their organs
were surgically removed from their mutilated
bodies. The murders occurred only on
weekends. There were no witnesses and few
leads. The popular theories were that the
killer was either a religious fanatic ridding
the world of prostitution or a medical
doctor. The doctor theory was based on the
anatomical knowledge the murderer showed.
*A letter "From Hell" postmarked October 15, 1888 was received by the
Whitechapel Vigilance Committee on October 16, along with half a human
kidney in ethyl alcohol. A doctor determined the kidney was similar to the
kidney taken from Eddowes.
*Comparison of notes from the Ripper and Walter Sickert’s papers, drawings
and paintings, led to a salivary mitochondrial DNA match.
*After the two murders early September 30, Constable Alfred Long found a
bloodstained scrap of fabric cloth from Eddowes' apron. Above a message
was written on the wall in white chalk: "The Juwes are the men That Will not
be Blamed for nothing." Or “The Juwes are not The men That Will be Blamed
As you can see the forensic investigation of these murders were lackluster an best.
Although the investigations could have been performed better the technology
available at the time was not very good so a thorough inquiry would have been nearly