Review of the Paper
“Analyzing the past to prepare for the future:
Writing a literature review”
By Jane Webster and Richard T. Watson
In the paper authors discuses about the importance of literature reviews for the research and discuss categorically the steps for writing a comprehensive review article. Literature review lays the foundation for the advancement in depth knowledge of a research area and helps to discover the rooms to be filled in that particular area. According to the paper the field of Information system development is reaching the level of other management field like Organization Behavior and has dedicated journals for review articles. Unlikely in the field of IS we see very few review articles. Through the MISQ the gap is to be filled to publish review articles on the field of IS. The paper also highlights the reasons for very few review articles of IS. Reasons are: the field is new, complexity of the assembling a review in an interdisciplinary field and another challenge is the method of structuring and representing these reviews are difficult. The paper also discusses that who should write reviews and types of the review articles for MISQ. The main theme of the paper is to indicate the structure of review paper and suggestions for review writing. The few suggestions of the Auther’s: The introduction of the paper should motivate the targeted audience which means the topic should emerge in the introduction phrase. The next section should provide more comprehensive and elaborated definitions of the key variables and define the boundaries of your research. A review should cover the relevant literature on the topic which should be not confined to one methodology, one journal and one geographical area. The authors also recommend the source materials for review Some authors take author-centric approach which fails to synthesize the literature, so they suggest the concept-centric approach.
Respect the work of other researchers keeping in mind researchs is flawed. Avoid personalize tone and use the present tense when past and present tense both communicate the prior research. Review is not only the examination of past work but means a future direction so the review should identify the knowledge gap and motivate the researchers to close this breach. Finally evaluate the theory by having colleges read and comment on your work. The paper comprehensively and vividly depicts the importance of review articles in the research field. This paper reflects some realistic and ambiguous issues and provides examples from past articles. In general, this paper suggests some state of the art tips for writing a coherent review articles.
ASSIGNMENT # 01
Review of the paper “Analyzing the past to prepare for the future: Writing a literature review”
SUBJECT: RESEARCH METHODS
SUMITTED TO: Mr. ABDUR RAUF SAHB
SUMITTED BY: SHAH MUHAMMAD BUTT MSCS-IV