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Heart Attack

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									Heart Attack

Taylor Palamara
 Randy Dodd
 Phillip Hedger
   How Heart Attacks Form
• They occur when blood flows to the
  heart and becomes so restricted that
  some of the heart’s muscles tissue dies
  for lack of oxygen
• When plaque builds up on the walls of
  the vessels, clot stops flow of blood.
               Definition
• Angina- pain in the heart region caused by
  lacks of oxygen.
• Medical term- myocardial infarction aka
  heart attack
   The deaths caused by heart
            attacks
• Each year about 1.5 million Americans
  have heart attacks.
• Heart disease remains the leading cause
  of death in the United States for both men
  and women.
   How is heart attacks treated
• Anti-platelet medications to prevent formation of
  blood clots in the arteries
• Anti-coagulant medications to prevent growth of
  blood clots in the arteries
• Clot-dissolving medications to open blocked
  arteries
• Supplemental oxygen to increase the supply of
  oxygen to the heart's muscle
• Medications to decrease the need for oxygen by
  the heart's muscle
• Medications to prevent abnormal heart rhythms
      Heart Attack At A Glance
• The most common symptom of heart attack is chest
  pain.
• The most common complications of a heart attack are
  heart failure, and ventricular fibrillation.
• The risk factors for atherosclerosis and heart attack
  include elevated cholesterol levels, increased blood
  pressure, tobacco use, diabetes, male gender and a
  family history of heart attacks at an early age.
• Heart attacks are diagnosed with electrocardiograms
  and measurement of cardiac enzymes in blood

								
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