MVPD

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					TV, Standards, and Review




          TC 310
        June 9, 2008
                      Forms of TV
   Broadcast
       Uses spectrum
       “Free”
       15% of population
   Cable and Satellite
       Subscription based/augments ads
       Direct to customer signals
       Differing content
                Types of Regulation
   Non-efficiency orientation
       Localism
       Free-over-the-air
       Diversity
   Competition (efficiency) oriented
       Regulation among (retransmission,etc)‫‏‬
       Vertical integration
       Geographic ownership
                 Relationships Among
   Retransmission
       Retransmission consent (pro-broadcast)‫‏‬
            Leverage to carry other channels
       Network non-duplication
   Must Carry
   Satellite Home Viewer Improvement Act
       Local Channels
       Carry one, carry all
   Program Access
       Make content, and share it
                Vertical Integration
   MVPD market is competitive
       Don't worry about vertical integration
       Regulators too sensitive to monopoly
   Broadcast
       Finsyn rules
   Cable
       40% of first 75 can be yours, unlimited after
       30% of total market, monopsony fears
       Both invalidated by Circuit Court
                       Ownership
   1996 Act relaxes ownership restrictions
       25 to 35% of TV stations
       Mandates FCC to investigate further opening
   Starts out slow, District Court invalidates
   Media Ownership Decision (R&O)‫‏‬
       35 to 45% national audience (Congress 39%)‫‏‬
       Cross-platform opened, only restricted in small
       Ownership opened
       Criticism of diversity index (Internet & Equality)‫‏‬
                     Future of MVPD
   1996 Act allows more players
       LECs can get involved
       Must lay Fiber to do so
            Pure transmission
            Produce content
   Role of Internet
       Broadband makes viable
       Amateur content desired?
       Copyright concerns, Writer Strike
                        Standards
   Balancing act between
       Consumers
       Producers
       Manufacturers
   Too much regulation
       Like wireless, inferior standards, limitations
   Too little regulation
       Confusion, consumers lose, high risks for
        independents/innovators
                     Exam Review
   Similar format
        30 multiple choice, 4 essays (6 questions0
   VoIP need to incur additional fees?
   What spectrum policy is being used?
   Title I v. Title II
   Regulations effect VoIP
   Tragedy of the Commons impact on FCC
   Spectrum Politics
                More Questions
   Subsidization v Cross Subsidization
   IP-to-PSTN, who can call
   Strengths, weaknesses of Comparative
    Hearing
   Cell phones as VoIP?
   Translation as violation of Net Neutrality

				
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posted:10/18/2011
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