AP_Euro_Syllabus by nuhman10


									                                                            AP European History
                                                            Spartanburg High School
                                                            Henry McAninch

Texts: Modern European History, Birdsall Viault, 1990.
       Western Civilization, 6th Edition, Jackson Speilvogel, 2006.
       Preparation for the AP European Examination, 5th Edition, Ellis Wasson, 2005.

Secondary Sources:
      AP European History, 9th Edition, Jere Link, 2007.
      DBQ Practice: AP Style DBQs Designed to Help Students Prepare for the AP
      European History Exam, Williams, 2004.
      Documents of Western Civilization, Volumes I & II, Kendrick, O’Hanlon, Archer,

Course Description:
      The AP European History course consists of an intense and thorough yearlong
      study of European civilization from 1450 to the present. It is a college-level
      course that uses lectures, class discussions, maps, art, political cartoons, tables,
      graphs, and readings from primary and secondary sources. A special emphasis
      will be given to historical writing through free response essays and document
      based questions (DBQ). This course is designed for those who are interested in
      an in-depth study of major movements, problems, and crises of European
      history. Students will take the AP test in May for college credit.

Course Goals:
      The goals of the AP European History course are for students to gain knowledge
      of basic chronology and of major events and trends from approximately 1450 to
      the present and to develop an understanding of some of the principal themes in
      modern European history, an ability to analyze historical evidence, and an ability
      to analyze and express historical understanding in writing. The major themes for
      the course will fall into three major categories: Intellectual and Cultural History,
      Political and Diplomatic History, and Social and Economic History. These areas
      are studied from a multitude of prospectives, providing a balanced concept of
      history. Another important goal is to prepare you to successfully take the AP
      European History exam in May by earning a 3 or higher.

Course Themes:
       1. The impact of interaction and continuity among major societies (trade,
      systems of international exchange, war, and diplomacy).
      2. The relationship of change and continuity across the world history periods
      covered in this course.
      3. The impact of technology and demography on people and the environment
      (population growth and decline, disease, manufacturing, migration, agriculture,
      4. Systems of social structure and gender (comparing major features within and
      among societies, and assessing change).
       5. Cultural and intellectual developments and interactions among and within
       6. Changes in functions and structures of states in attitudes toward states and
       political identities (political culture), including the emergence of the nation state
       (types of political organization).

Tips for Success:
       1. Keep up with your readings as quizzes will follow.
       2. Check Power Teacher announcements nightly
       3. Learn the DBQ (its different from AP US History)
       4. Learn free response questions from each unit (they will reappear)
       5. Listen in class
       6. Form study groups
       7. Turn in all assignments on time
       8. Think about what you are reading and ask yourself questions
       9. Follow curriculum outline (via AP central)
       10. Shoot for a 3 or higher on the AP exam

Grading Breakdown: (Cumulative)               Grades:
      Final       20%                         A=100-93
      Unit Tests  50%                         B=92-85
      Quizzes     20%                         C=84-77
      Writings    10%                         D=76-70

First Semester Topic Syllabus
Spielvogel. Western Civilization 6th Edition
Time Period Topics Chapters
2 week        The Renaissance ch. 12
2 weeks       The Reformation ch. 13
2 weeks       Exploration / Commercial Revolution, 16th – 17th centuries ch. 14
2 weeks       Politics and Religion, 16th – 17th centuries ch. 13 / 15
2 weeks       Western Europe: 17th century (France / Britain / Dutch) ch. 13 / 15
1 week        Eastern Europe, etc. 17th – 18th centuries ch. 15
2 week        Scientific Revolution / Enlightenment 17th – 18th centuries, ch. 16 / 17
3 weeks       French Revolution / Napoleonic Era, 18th – 19th centuries ch. 18 / 19
2 weeks       Exam Review

Second Semester Topic Syllabus
Time Period Topics Chapters
1 week              1815 to the Industrial Revolution ch. 20
2 weeks             Revolutionary Era: 1830 – 1848 ch. 21
1 week              The Nation States, 1848 – 70 ch. 22
1 week              La Belle Epoch, 1870 – 1914 ch. 23
1 week              The New Imperialism ch. 24
2 weeks             The Great War, 1914 – 1918 ch. 25
1 week              The Russian Revolution / USSR, 1917 – 1939 ch. 26
1 week              The Years Between the World Wars, 1918 – 1939 ch. 26
2 weeks             World War II, 1939 – 1945 ch. 27
1 week              The Cold War Era, 1945 – 1990 ch. 28
1 week              The Modern Era, 1973 – the Present ch. 29
2 weeks             Exam Review
AP European History The Renaissance (c. 1350 – 1600) Outline
I. Disasters of the 14th / 15th centuries
         A. The Black Death
         B. The Hundred Years’ War
         C. Peasant Revolts and inflation
         D. Corruption in the Church
II. The Renaissance in Italy
         A. Reasons for the Renaissance
         B. Trade = money = wealth = prosperity = higher standard of living
         C. Arab-Graeco-Roman knowledge
         D. Secular humanism
                 1. literary creations
                 2. visual arts
III. The Renaissance in the North
         A. Significance of the Gutenberg printing press
         B. Christian humanism
                 1. literature
                 2. visual arts
IV. New Monarchs and Machiavellian Diplomacy
         A. Machiavellian ideals
         B. England’s Henry VII (Tudor) – the Miser
                 1. War of the Roses
         C. France’s Louis XI (Valois) – the Spider
         D. Spain’s Ferdinand – the Fox
         E. Hapsburgs and the Holy Roman Empire: Charles I (V)
         F. The Classes and the rise of the Middle Class
                 a. Courtly society
                 b. Development of manners
                 c. Role of Women
                 d. Role of the Middle Class
                 e. Importance of money in Renaissance society
                 f. Problems facing the Peasants

Reading assignments:
Spielvogel, Western Civilization read pages 283 – 310 chapter 11
read pages 313-343 chapter 12
Viault, Modern European History read pages 1 – 15 chapter 1
read pages 16 – 42 chapters 2 / 3

AP European History The Reformation and Religious Wars of the Sixteenth Century
I. Prelude to the Reformation
         A. Italian Renaissance Humanism
         B. Invention of the Printing Press
         C. The Church has problems
         D. Causes of the Reformation
II. Martin Luther and the Reformation in the Germanic States
         A. The Bible as the guide to religious truth
         B. Indulgences
         C. Ninety-Five Theses
         D. Trial of Martin Luther
                 1. Challenges to the Church
                 2. Holy Roman Emperor – Charles V
                 3. Pope Leo X – excommunication
         E. Luther’s Beliefs
         F. Peasant’s War
         G. Problems of the Holy Roman Empire (HRE)
                 1. Challenges from the French
                 2. Challenges from the Papacy
                 3. Challenges from the Turks
                 4. Challenges from the Lutherans
III. The Spread of the Protestant Reformation
         A. Lutheranism in Scandinavia
         B. Zwingli
         C. John Calvin
         D. Anabaptists
         E. England – Henry VIII
IV. The Social Impact of the Protestant Reformation
         A. The Family
         B. Education
         C. Religious Practices and Popular Culture
V. The Catholic Reformation
         A. Revival of the Old Order
         B. The Society of Jesus
         C. A Revived Papacy
         D. The Council of Trent
VI. Politics and the Wars of Religion in the 16th Century
         A. The French Wars of Religion (1562 – 1598)
         B. Philip II and the Cause of Militant Catholicism
         C. Revolt of the Netherlands
         D. The Battle of Lepanto
         E. England of Elizabeth I
                 1. Religious Policy
                 2. Foreign Policy
         F. The Spanish Armada

Reading assignments:
Spielvogel: Western Civilization read pages 346 – 377
Viault: Modern European History read pages 44 – 72

AP European History The Age of Exploration and the Commercial Revolution Outline
I. Discovery of the New World
        A. Motives
                1. Fantastic Lands
                2. Economic
                3. Religious Zeal
                4. Renaissance Values
        B. The Means
                1. Maps
                2. Navigational Instruments
                3. Sailing Ships and Technology
        C. Voyages of Discovery
                1. Columbus
                  2. Future Expeditions
II. New World Empires
         A. Development of Portuguese Maritime Empire
                  1. Prince Henry the Navigator
                  2. Portuguese in India
                  3. Search for Spices
         B. The Spanish Empire
                  1. Early American Civilizations
                  2. Spanish Conquest of the Aztecs
                  3. Spanish Conquest of the Incas
III. Effects of European Expansion
         A. Conquests of the Conquistadores
         B. Administration of Colonies
         C. Importance of the Galleon
         D. African Slave Trade
         E. Columbian Exchange
         F. European Empires
IV. World Economy
         A. Economic Conditions in the Sixteenth Century
         B. Growth of Capitalism
         C. Mercantilism
         D. Results of the Commercial Revolution
         E. Dutch attempts at an Empire
         F. British Expansion

Reading assignments:
Spielvogel, W estern Civilization Chapter 14 read pages 379 – 407
Viault, Modern European History Chapter 6 read pages 78 – 89

AP European History Politics and Religion of the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries
I. Rise and Fall of Spain
          A. Reason and Development of Spanish Power
          B. Revolt of Low Countries
          C. Spain vs. Ottoman Empire
          D. Spain vs. England
          E. Decline of Spain
II. Politics, Religion and War in France
          A. Origins of Difficulties
          B. Catholics vs. Huguenots
          C. The War of the Three Henrys
          D. Henry IV converts to Catholicism
III. Thirty Years’ War
          A. Causes
          B. Phases
                  1. Bohemian
                  2. Danish
                  3. Swedish
                  4. Franco-Swedish
          C. Effects
          D. Peace of Westphalia
          E. Military Revolution
IV. Limited Monarchy and Republics
        A. Weakness of Poland
        B. Golden Age of the Dutch Republic
        C. England’s Civil War
IV. Changing Attitudes
        A. Elizabeth I Queen of England
        B. Status of women
        C. Witchcraft
        D. European slavery and racism
        E. Art: Mannerism and Baroque
        F. Golden Age of Literature

Reading assignments:
 Spielvogel: Western Civilization Chapter 15 read pages 410 – 446
Viault: Modern European History Chapter 5 read pages 67 – 77, Chapter 9 read pages

AP European History 17th Century Europe and the Era of Absolutism
Outline 1 of 4
I. Foundations of French Absolutism
         A. Theory by Jean Bodin
         B. Theory by Jacques Bossuet
         C. French royal and ministerial governments
                 1. Cardinal Richelieu (1624 – 1642)
                 2. Cardinal Mazarin (1642 – 1661)
II. Louis XIV (1643 – 1715) – “The Sun King”
         A. Restructuring the central policy making machinery of government
         B. Religion – “One king, one law, one faith”
         C. The economy and financing wars.
III. The Wars’ of Louis XIV
         A. War of the League of Augsburg
         B. War of Spanish Succession

Reading Assignment:
Spielvogel, Western Civilization , read pages 417 425
Viault Modern European History – read pages 106 – 118

AP European History 17th Century Europe and the Era of Absolutism Outline 2 of 4
I. Background Problems for Absolutism in England
        A. Magna Carta
        B. Rise of Parliament
        C. House of Commons
II. Unrest under the Stuart Monarchs
        A. English dislike of Stuart rulers
        B. Spiritual concerns under Charles I
        C. Political concerns under Charles I
III. English Civil War
        A. Causes
        B. Opponents
        C. Consequences
IV. Restoration of Stuart monarch
        A. Agreements between King and Parliament
        B. Disagreements between King and Parliament
V. Glorious Revolution
        A. Removal of Stuart monarch
        B. Accession of William and Mary
        C. Irish problem
        D. Prospects for agriculture, industry, and commerce

Reading Assignment:
Spielvogel ,Western Civilization, read pages 434 – 440
Viault, Modern European History read pages 93 – 104

AP European History 17th Century Europe and the Era of Absolutism Outline 3 of 4
I. Absolutism in Central and Eastern Europe
         A. Expansion of armies
         B. Expansion of civil government
         C. Consolidation of nobles
II. Brandenburg-Prussia
         A. House of Hohenzollern
         B. Growth of military power
         C. German society
III. The Emergence of Austria
         A. House of Habsburg
         B. Habsburg split
         C. Multi-culture Empire
IV. Muscovy Russia
         A. Reign of Ivan the Terrible
         B. “Times of troubles” for the peasants
         C. Westernization under Peter the Great
V. Poland
         A. Decline “failure to change”
         B. Limits on an elected Monarchy
VI. Balance of Power
         A. The War of Austrian Succession (1740 – 1748)
         B. The Seven Years’ War (1756 – 1763)

Reading Assignment:
Spielvogel ,Western Civilization, read pages 425 – 434
Viault, Modern European History, read pages 121 – 132

AP European History Seventeenth Century Western Europe: Era of the Dutch Outline 4
of 4
I. The Golden Age of the Dutch Economy
         A. Trade
         B. Manufacturing
         C. Finance
         D. Agriculture
II. Dutch Society
         A. Religion – Calvinists
         B. Values
III. Dutch Politics and Government
         A. Independence from Spain
         B. Republic
       C. Monarchy
IV. The Arts
       A. Peter Paul Rubens
       B. Rembrandt van Rijn
       C. Etc.

Reading Assignment:
Spielvogel, Western Civilization, read pages 551– 554 and 560 – 565

AP European History 18th Century Europe Outline
I. Western European States
        A. Enlightened Absolutism
                1. Concept of Natural Rights
                2. Call for Enlightened Rulers
        B. Rise of Western Powers
                1. France
                2. Great Britain
                3. Decline of the Dutch
        C. Central and Eastern Europe
                1. Prussia
                2. Austrian Empire
                3. Russia
II. Wars and Diplomacy
        A. The War of Austrian Succession (1740 – 1748)
        B. The Seven Years’ War (1756 – 1763)
        C. Armies and Warfare
III. Economic Expansion
        A. Growth of European Population
        B. The Family
        C. Agricultural Revolution
        D. Finance and Industry
        E. Global Economy
IV. Social Order
        A. The Peasants
        B. The Nobility
        C. Inhabitants of Towns and Cities

Reading assignments:
Spielvogel Western Civilization chapter 18 pages 502 530
Viault, Modern European History pages 135 – 143

AP European History The Era of Absolute Monarchs and a New World Order Outline
I. European Monarchs of the 17th and 18th centuries
         A. Decline of Spain
         B. France under Louis XIV
         C. Austria
         D. Prussia
         E. Russia
II. English Civil War
         A. Stuart’s Create Problems
         B. Civil War
         C. Dictatorship
         D. Restoration
         E. Glorious Revolution
III. The Enlightenment
         A. Paths to Enlightenment
         B. Philosophers and Their Ideas
         C. Culture of Europe
         D. European Society
         E. The Role of Women
IV. European and Global Confrontations
         A. Thirty Years’ War,1618-1648
         B. The War of Austrian Succession, 1740-1748
         C. The Seven Years’ War, 1756-1763
         D. The American Revolution, 1775-1783
V. The French Revolution
         A. Causes of the French Revolution
         B. Storming of the Bastille, July 14, 1789
         C. Reforms of the National Assembly
         D. Radical Revolution
         E. Results of the French Revolution
VI. The Napoleonic Era
         A. Rise to Power
         B. Napoleon Brings Order
         C. Napoleonic Warfare
         D. Effects of the Napoleonic Era
         E. Napoleon’s Downfall
         F. Waterloo – June 18, 1815
         G. Congress of Vienna

Reading Assignments:
Spielvogel, Western Civilization, read Ch. 18 pages 514-517 and Ch. 19 pages 532-561

AP European History The Industrial Revolution Outline
I. The Industrial Revolution
        A. Origins
                1. Renaissance spirit
                2. Commercial Revolution
                3. Domestic / Cottage System
                4. Factory System
        B. Industrialization begins in England
                1. Capital
                2. Entrepreneurs
                3. Resources
                4. Stable government
                5. Ready markets
                6. Available work force
                7. Transportation
        C. Technological Changes
                1. Three key inventions
                        a. spinning jenny
                        b. power loom
                        c. steam engine
                2. Effects of inventions
         D. Problems in Mines and Factories
II. Effects of the Industrial Revolution
         A. Economic results
         B. The rise of liberalism
         C. The rise of socialism
         D. Standards of living
         E. Growth of cities
                  1. Advantages of living in an industrial city
                  2. Disadvantages of living in an industrial city
         F. Exportation of Industrial Technology
         G. Social results
         H. Humanitarian concerns
         I. Reforms
         J. Weapons and Warfare
III. Effects of the Industrial Revolution on other countries
         A. Germany
         B. Japan
         C. United States
IV. The Agriculture Revolution
         A. Middle Ages Technology
         B. Three-field Rotation System
         C. Impact of Machines
         D. Effects of the Agricultural Revolution

Reading assignment:
Spielvogel, Western Civilization, pages 551 – 559 and pages 562 – 587
Viault, Modern European History, pages 231 – 242 and pages 254 – 280

AP European History The Revolutionary Era: 1830 – 1848 Outline
I. Setting the Stage
         A. French Revolution
         B. Napoleon’s Rise and Fall
         C. Industrial Revolution
         D. Congress of Vienna
II. Europe in Crisis: 1815-1833
         A. Post War Repression
                1. England
                2. France
                3. Austria and the Germanic states
                4. Russia
         B. Revolutions (1820 – 1829) Challenge the Metternich System
                1. Concert of Europe
                2. Spain
                3. Italian states of Piedmont and Naples
                4. Greece
                5. Reform movements in England
                6. Latin American Revolutions
         C. Revolutions (1830 – 1833) Metternich System begins to crumble
                1. France
                2. Belgium
                3. Poland
                4. Italy
                5. Germanic states
                6. Reform movements in England
III. Revolutions 1848: “when France sneezes, the rest of Europe catches cold.”
        A. Causes of 1848 Revolutions
        B. France – revolt failed
        C. Central Europe revolts failed
                1. Bohemia
                2. Hungary
                3. Austria
        D. Revolts that failed in 1848
                1. Italy
                2. Germany
IV. Responses of the Ruling Elite
        A. Law and Order
        B. Organized Religion / Morality
        C. Prison Reform

Reading assignments:
Spielvogel: Western Civilization read pages 736 to 773
Viault, Modern European History read pages 207 to 217, 218 to 229, 231 to 253

AP European History The Rise of Nation States and the Age of Realism, 1850 –
I. The France of Napoleon III
         A. Second Napoleonic Empire
                 1. Louis Napoleon
                 2. Domestic Policies
                 3. Liberalization
         B. Foreign Policy
                 1. Mexican Adventure
                 2. Crimean War
II. Unification of Italy
         A. Problems facing Italy
         B. Leadership
                 1. Cavour
                 2. Garibaldi
III. The Unification of Germany
         A. Benefits of the Napoleonic Era
         B. Movement for Unification
         C. Industrialization
         D. Strong Leadership
                 1. Bismarck
                 2. Junkers
                 3. Military
                 4. Kaiser Wilhelm I
         E. Wars for Unification
                 1. Danish War (1864)
                 2. Austro-Prussia War (1866)
                 3. Franco-Prussian War (1870-71)
IV. Nation Building and Reform
         A. Austro Hungarian Empire
         B. Imperial Russia
        C. Victorian Age of Great Britain
        D. United States
V. Industrialization and the Marxist Response
        A. Industrialization
        B. Marxism
VI. Science and Culture in the Age of Realism Reading Assignments:
        A. Science
        B. Charles Darwin
        C. Health Care
        D. Study of Society
        E. Realism in Art and Literature
        F. Music: Twilight of Romanticism

Reading Assignment:
Spielvogel: Western Civilization, ch.22 pages 620-649
Viault, Modern European History, chapter 23 pages 292-305
Chapter 24 read pages 306 – 320
Chapter 25 read pages 322 – 336
Chapter 26 read pages 338 – 351

AP European History La Belle Epoch: Mass Society in an “Age of Progress” Outline
I. The Growth of Industrial Prosperity
         A. New Products
         B. New Markets
         C. New Patterns in an Industrial Economy
         D. Women and Work
         E. Organizing the Working Classes
II. The Emergence of Mass Society
         A. Population Growth
         B. Emigration
         C. Transformation of the Urban Environment
         D. Social Structure of Mass Society.
         E. The Role of Women
         F. Education in Mass Society
         G. Mass Leisure
III. The National State
         A. Western Europe: The Growth of Political Democracy
         B. Central and Eastern Europe: Persistence of the Old Order

Reading Assignment:
Spielvogel: Western Civilization ,Chapter 23 read pages 651 678

AP European History Era of Imperialism Outline
I. Old Imperialism of the 17th century versus New Imperialism of the 19th century
        A. Old
        B. New
II. New Imperialism
        A. Causes
        B. Rise of global inequality
        C. World Market
        D. Countries involved
III. Western Imperialism
         A. Creation of Empires in Africa
         B. Creation of Empires in Asia
         C. Critics of Imperialism
IV. Responses to Western Imperialism
         A. Imperialism threatened tribal society
         B. Empire in India
         C. Meiji Modernization in Japan
         D. Boxer Rebellion in China
         E. British control I India
         F. War in Cape Colony
V. Intellectual and Cultural Developments
         A. Social Darwinism
         B. Attack on Christianity
         C. Culture of Modernity
         D. The Women’s Rights Movement
         E. Jews and Nationalism
         F. Liberalism in Britain

Reading assignments: Spielvogel Western Civilization pages 846 to 883
Viault, Modern European History pages 322 to 369

AP European History The Great War (1914 – 1918) Outline
I. World War I
        A. Causes
                1. Long range
                2. Immediate
        B. Impact of the Industrial Revolution
                1. Military weapons
                2. New inventions for warfare
        C. Trench Warfare – Western Front
                1. Defense has the advantage
                2. Offense suffers
                3. Horrors of trench warfare
                4. Weapons to break trench stalemate
        D. Manipulation of public opinion
                1. Nationalistic
                2. Militaristic
                3. Antiwar
        E. United States enters the war
                1. Neutral
                2. Provocations
                3. Tips the scales
        F. Russia exits the war
                1. Military setbacks
                2. Problems at home
                3. Bolsheviks stage a revolt
        G. Germany surrenders
                1. Success on the Eastern Front
                2. 1918 Offensive
                3. Reasons for surrender
II. Treaty of Versailles
        A. Peace Conference in Paris
              1. Difficult conditions in 1919
              2. German delegation
       B. Objectives of the “Big Four” at Versailles
              1. PM David Lloyd George – Great Britain
              2. Premier Georges Clemenceau – France
              3. Premier Vittorio Orlando – Italy
              4. President Woodrow Wilson – United States
                       a. Fourteen Points
                       b. Promises for a “just” peace
                       c. Idea for League of Nations
       C. Treaty of Versailles weakened Germany
                       1. Territorially
                       2. Militarily
                       3. Economically

Reading assignments:
Spielvogel, Western Civilization, pages 886 – 919
Viault, Modern European History pages 386 – 401

AP European History Era of the Dictators and the Interwar Years, 1919 – 1939 Outline
I. The Search for European Security
         A. Attempts at Collective Security
         B. Failure of the League of Nations
II. Democratic States (economic and political problems)
         A. Great Britain
         B. France
         C. United States
         D. The Great Depression
III. The Rise of Fascist Italy
         A. Postwar Problems
         B. Mussolini and the Fascist Party
         C. March on Rome
         D. Fascist Policies
IV. The Rise of Soviet Russia
         A. World War I and the Russian Revolution
         B. The Russian Civil War
         C. Lenin’s New Economic Policy
         D. Stalin’s Regime
V. The Rise of Nazi Germany
         A. Failure of the Weimar Republic
         B. The Rise of Adolf Hitler
         C. Nazi Control of Germany
         D. National Socialism
VI. Minor European States face Totalitarian regimes
         A. Spanish Civil War
         B. Polish Dictatorship
VII. Expansionist Mass Culture and Mass Leisure
         A. Radio and Film
         B. Travel and Recreation
VIII. Cultural and Intellectual Trends
         A. Spengler’s Pessimism
         B. Nightmares and New Visions in Music and Art
       C. Jungian Psychology
       D. Age of Physics

Reading assignments:
Spielvogel, Western Civilization Chapter 26 pages 750-780
Viault, Modern European History pages 403-464

AP European History Era of the Dictators and World War II Outline
I. Era Between the World Wars
         A. Attempts at Collective Security
                  1. Washington Naval Treaty
                  2. Locarno Treaty
                  3. Geneva Accord
                  4. Kellogg-Briand Pact
         B. Failure of the League of Nations
II. Rise of the Dictators
         A. Italy
                  1. Problems facing Italy
                  2. Rise of Mussolini
                  3. Results of Fascist rule
         B. Germany
                  1. Problems of the Weimar Republic
                  2. Rise of Adolf Hitler
                  3. Hitler and the Nazis control Germany
         C. Russia (U.S.S.R.)
                  1. The Russian Revolution
                  2. Lenin established Communism
                  3. Stalin controls the Soviet Union
III. World War II
         A. Axis Aggression is a prelude to World War II
                  1. Italian aggression
                  2. Japanese aggression
                  3. German aggression
         B. United States and Japan
                  1. Hostile relations create an impasse
                  2. Reasons for the attack on Pearl Harbor
                  3. Results of the attack on Pearl Harbor
         C. Germany unleashes Blitzkrieg
                  1. Poland – 1939
                  2. Low Countries and Norway – 1940
                  3. France – 1940
         D. Turning Point Battles in the European Theater
                  1. Battle of Britain
                  2. Battle of Stalingrad
                  3. Battle of El Alamein
                  4. Battle of Kursk
         E. Battle of the Atlantic
                  1. German strategy
                           a. U-boat warfare
                           b. Surface raiders
                           c. Commerce raiders
                  2. Allied strategy
                        a. Convoy system
                        b. Supply Russia
                        c. Destroy surface raiders
       F. Air War over Germany
       G. Defeat of Italy
       H. The Normandy Invasion
                1. Allied efforts to trick German military
                2. June 6, 1944 Invasion
                3. Results of the invasion of France
       I. Battle of the Bulge – 1944
                1. Reasons for German Winter offensive
                2. Results of the Battle
       J. Holocaust
       K. Collapse of Hitler’s Third Reich
       L. Allied War Conferences (Pre-Cold War)
                a. Atlantic Charter
                b. Tehran Conference
                c. Yalta Conference
                d. Potsdam Conference
IV. World War II in the Pacific
       A. Japanese aggression in Asia
       B. Relations between Japan and the United States
       C. The Attack on Pearl Harbor
       D. Japanese successes
       E. Turning Point Battles in the Pacific
                1. Coral Sea – 1942
                2. Midway – 1942
                3. Guadalcanal – 1942 / 1943
       F. American and British strategy
                1. Keep China supplied and India defended
                2. Island hopping
                3. Submarine warfare
                4. Capture key islands for B29 bases (Marianas)
       G. Invasion of the Philippines – 1944
                1. American landings on Leyte
                2. Battle of Leyte Gulf
       H. Capture of Iwo Jima and Okinawa Reading Assignments:
       I. Air campaign against Japan
                1. B29 fire bomb raids
                2. Kamikaze attacks pages
                3. Hiroshima and Nagasaki
       K. Japan surrenders

AP European History The Cold War and Modern Europe 1945-1973
I. Development of the Cold War
        A. Confrontation of the Superpowers
               1. Iron Curtain over Eastern Europe
               2. The Truman Doctrine
               3. The Marshal Plan
               4. The American Policy of Containment
               5. Contention over Germany
               6. New Military Alliances
        B. Cold War Conflicts
                1. Berlin Crisis
                2. The Korean War
                3. Cuban Missile Crisis
                4. The Vietnam War
                5. Middle East Wars
II. Europe and the World: Decolonization
        A. Africa
        B. Middle East
        C. Asia
III. Recovery and Renewal in Europe
        A. The Soviet Union: From Stalin to Khrushchev
        B. Eastern Europe: Behind the Iron Curtain
        C. Western Europe: Revival of Democracy and the Economy
IV. Postwar Society and Culture in the Western World
        A. Structure of European Society
        B. Creation of the Welfare State
        C. Women in the Postwar World
        D. The Permissive Society
        E. Education and Student Revolt
        F. Postwar Art and Literature
        G. The Philosophical Dilemma: Existentialism
        H. The Explosion of the Popular Culture

Reading assignment:
Spielvogel, Western Civilization, Chapter 28 Read pages 814 848
Viault, Modern European History Chapters 36-40 read pages 499-577

AP European History The Contemporary Western World Since 1973 Outline
I. Toward a New World Order
       A. The Decline of the Soviet Union
              1. The Brezhnev Era,
              2. The Gorbachev Era
              3. The End of the Soviet Union
       B. Eastern Europe: The Revolutions of 1989 and the Collapse of the Communist
               1. Poland
              2. Hungary
              3. Czechoslovakia
              4. Romania
              5. Bulgaria
       C. The Reunification of Germany
              1. The Wall in Berlin
              2. Germany Restored
              3. Effects
       D. The Disintegration of Yugoslavia
              1. The War in Bosnia
              2. The War in Kosovo
              3. U.N. / NATO involvement
              4. The Aftermath
       E. Western Europe: The Winds of Change
              1. Great Britain
                         a. Thatcherism
                         b. Falklands War
                2. Uncertainties in France
                3. Confusion in Italy
         F. The Movement for European Unification
                1. Goals
                2. Problems
                3. Towards a United Europe
II. After the Cold War: New World Order or Age of Terrorism
         A. The End of the Cold War
         B. The West and Islam
         C. Middle East Wars
         D. An Age of Terrorism
         E. Terrorists Attack on the United States
III. New Directions and New Problems in Western Society
         A. Transformation in Women’s Lives
         B. Guest Workers and Immigrants
         C. Green Movement and the Environment
IV. Western Culture Today
         A. Postmodern Thought
         B. Trends in Art, Literature, and Music
         C. Varieties of Religious Life
                1.The growth of Islam
                2. Pope John Paul II
         D. The World of Technology and Science
                1. The Computer
                2. Dangers of Science and Technology
                3. New Conception of the Universe
         E. Popular Culture: Image and Globalization
                1. Films
                2. Mass Sports
                3. Popular Culture
                4. Global Civilization
Reading Assignment:
Spielvogel: Western Civilization, chapter 29 pages 850-883

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