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					     DE-1175                                                 13/101

                               DISTANCE EDUCATION


      B.A.(English)/ B.A.(English) (Addl) DEGREE EXAMINATION, MAY 2011.

                                   LITERARY FORMS

Time : Three hours                          Maximum : 100 marks

                              PART A — (5  8 = 40 marks)

                              Answer any FIVE questions.

                            All questions carry equal marks.


1.     Distinguish between subjective poetry and objective poetry.


2.     What is an elegy?


3.     Comment on the plot of a tragi-comedy.


4.     Explain the dramatic conventions of the Absurd drama.


5.     Account for the popularity of science fiction.


6.     Write a note on the character essay.


7.     Why is the novel described as a ‗‗pocket theatre‘‘?


8.     Autobiography is a successful presentation of a personality- Discuss.

                             PART B — (4  15 = 60 marks)

                              Answer any FOUR questions.

                            All questions carry equal marks.

9.     Discuss the characteristic features of an epic.

10.    Trace the origin and development of drama.

11.    Elucidate the aspects of fiction.


                                              1          DE–121
12.    Account for the popularity of shakespearean plays.

13.    Attempt an essay on Charles Dicken's contribution to Victorian novel.

14.    Exemplify the different kinds of essay.

15.    Discuss the difference between the short story and the fiction.

                                     ——————
DE–1176                                                   14/102


                               DISTANCE EDUCATION

      B.A. (English)/B.A. (English) (Addl.) DEGREE EXAMINATION, MAY 2011.

                            ELIZABETHAN LITERATURE

Time : Three hours                          Maximum : 100 marks

                           SECTION A — (5 × 8 = 40 marks)

                             Answer any FIVE questions.

1. Write a note on the Black Death and its effects.

2.     Describe the defeat of the Armada.


3.     Attempt an appreciation on Philip Sidney‘s ‗‗The Nightingale‘‘.


4.     Comment on Spensers diction and versification.


5.     Consider Herbert as a religious poet.


6.     Explain how Thomas More has portrayed an ideal commonwealth in his
       Utopia.


7.     Write a note on the characteristic touches of pathos in The Shoemaker‘s
       Holiday.


8.     Describe the meeting between King Edward and Lightborn at Berkley Castle.

                          SECTION B — (4 × 15 = 60 marks)

                             Answer any FOUR questions.


                                            2          DE–121
9.     ‗‗The Elizabethan Age was an era of progress in every field of activity‘‘–
       Discuss.

10.    Attempt a critical appreciation of William Shakespeare‘s sonnet ‗‗When to the
       sessions of sweet silent thought‘‘.

11.    Critically examine Donne‘s division of the body and the soul in ‗‗The Funeral‘‘.

12.    Bring out the metaphysical traits revealed in Marvell's ‗‗To His Coy Mistress‘‘.

13.    Account the influence of Bacon on the development of learning and the
       development of English prose.

14.    Consider Edward - II as a historical tragedy.

15.    ‗‗The Alchemist is a neo-classical comedy‘‘ – Discuss.




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     DE-1177                                               15/103

                               DISTANCE EDUCATION

      B.A.(English)/B.A.(English) (Addl.) DEGREE EXAMINATION, MAY 2011.

                            RESTORATION LITERATURE

Time : Three hours                          Maximum : 100 marks

                           SECTION A — (5  8 = 40 marks)

         Answer any FIVE of the following questions in about 300 words each.

1. Discuss how the restoration period differs from its previous period.

2.     Examine how milton pictures the two conrastive moods of human mind in
       ‗‗L'Allegro‘‘ and ‗‗Ilpenseroso‘‘.

3.     Explain ‗‗The paths of glory lead but to the grave‘‘.

4.     Elucidate cowper as a transitional poet with special reference to ‗‗The cost
       away‘‘.

5.     Consider Henry fielding a pioneer of the English novel with special reference
       to Joseph Andrews.


                                             3           DE–121
6.     Discuss Addison as a moralist.

7.     Comment on the significance of the title The School For Scandal.

8.     Contrast Miss.Hardcastle with Miss.Neville in          She Stoops to Conquer.



                          SECTION B — (4  15 = 60 marks)

                Answer any FOUR of the following questions in about
                               500 words each.

9.     Discuss how Dryden establishes that music is the supreme of all arts in ‗‗A
       song for St. Cecilia‘s Day‘‘.

10.    Comment on Pope's character – study of Addison in                  An Epistle to
       Dr. Arbuthnot.

11.    Illustrate how Gray contrasts the rustic innocence from the urban arrogance in
       his elegy.

12.    Examine the heraldry of the Romantic Revival in Collins ‗‗Ode to Evening‘‘.

13.    Consider Addison and Steele as commentators of the contemporary social life
       with reference to their essays prescribed for your study.

14.    Elucidate Joseph Andrews as a burlesque novel.

15.    Analyse The School For Scandal as an anti-sentimental comedy.

                                     ——————
     DE-1178                                             23/104

                              DISTANCE EDUCATION

      B.A. (English)/B.A. (English Addl.) DEGREE EXAMINATION, MAY 2011.

                             ROMANTIC LITERATURE

Time : Three hours                        Maximum : 100 marks

                          SECTION A — (5  8 = 40 marks)

        Answer any FIVE questions given below each not exceeding 150 words.

1. Write a note on Wordsworth's theory of poetic diction.



                                           4           DE–121
2.    How does Gray depict the gracious English countryside in his ‗‗An Elegy
      Written in a Country Churchyard‘‘?

3.    Write a note on Blake's description of the tiger?

4.    Write a note on Wordsworth's glorification of childhood in ‗‗Intimations Ode‘‘.

5.    Discuss how the Skylark is a symbol of the poet.

6.    How does Keats compare art and life in his ‗‗Ode on a Grecian Urn‘‘?

7.    Examine the spirit of chivalry in The Talisman.

8.    What problems of women are brought into focus by Jane Austen in Emma?

                          SECTION B — (4  15 = 60 marks)

               Answer any FOUR essay type questions given below in
                               400 words each.

9.    Bring out the characteristics of the romantic age.

10.   Comment on the romantic elements in Gray's ‗‗An Elegy Written in a Country
      Churchyard‘‘.

11.   Attempt a critical appreciation of Burns's ‗‗Highland Mary‘‘.

12.   Summarize Wordsworth's views on the prenatal existence of our soul.

13.   Consider Coleridge's ‗‗The Ancient Mariner‘‘ as a folk ballad.

14.   How does Shelley's ‗‗Ode to the West Wind‘‘ convey Shelley's idea of liberty and
      regeneration?

15.   Examine The Vicar of Wakefield as a sentimental comedy.

                                    ———————
DE–1179                                                    24/105


                              DISTANCE EDUCATION

      B.A.(English)/ B.A.(English Addl.) DEGREE EXAMINATION, MAY 2011.

                             VICTORIAN LITERATURE

Time : Three hours                        Maximum : 100 marks



                                           5              DE–121
                           SECTION A — (5  8 = 40 marks)

       Answer any FIVE questions given below each not exceeding 150 words.

1. Discuss Ulysess‘s attitude towards his wife, son and his subjects.

2.    Write    a    note    on    the    dominant    atmosphere     of    the   poem
      ‗‗The Wreck of Deutschland.‖

3.    Discuss how Eliot‘s concept of tradition is a dynamic one.

4.    Write a note on Arnold‘s review of English poetry.

5.    How does Hardy show that Angel idealizes Tess?

6.    What does Emma symbolize in A Portrait of the Artist as Young Man?

7.    Comment on the role of chorus in Eliot‘s Murder in the Cathedral.

8.    How does Synge show that Barley is doomed in Riders to the Sea?

                           SECTION B — (4  15 = 60 marks)

               Answer any FOUR essay type questions given below in
                               400 words each.

9.    Comment on the social, political, and economic conditions of the Victorian Age.

10.   Consider Browning‘s ―Andrea Del Sarto‘‘ as a dramatic monologue.

11.   Discuss The Waste Land as a sign of the vanished glory of the past.

12.   ―Honest criticism and sensitive appreciation is directed not upon the poet but
      upon the poetry.‖ Elucidate.

13.   Justify the title, Great Expectations.

14.   Trace the growth and development of Eliza‘s character in Pygmalion.

15.   Write an essay on Wilde‘s views on marriage as reflected in Importance of
      Being Ernest.




                                   ————————
DE–1180                                                    25/106


                                           6          DE–121
                              DISTANCE EDUCATION

      B.A(English)/B.A(English)(Addl) DEGREE EXAMINATION, MAY 2011.

                          INDIAN ENGLISH LITERATURE

Time : Three hours                        Maximum : 100 marks

                          SECTION A — (5  8 = 40 marks)

                Answer any FIVE of the following questions in about
                                300 words each.

1. Write about the significance of the title "Discovery of India".

2.    Bring out the element of nostalgia in "Our Casuarina Tree".

3.    Highlight the greatness of motherhood as portrayed in "Night of the Scorpion".

4.    Narrate Bakha's varied experiences on a single day.

5.    Describe    the      evils    of    industrialization     as   portrayed    in
      A Handful of Rice

6.    Comment on the role of the mother in Fire on the Mountain.

7.    Explain the technique by which the plot of silence! The Court is in Session is
      revealed.

8.    Is Tughlaq impartial ? – Discuss.

                          SECTION B — (4  15 = 60 marks)

                     Answer any FOUR of the following questions:

9.    Consider Discovery of India as a cultural history of India.

10.   Bring out the essentials of Hinduism as portrayed by Swami Vivekanda in his
      Address at the parliament of world Religions.

11.   Examine Tagore's concept of "heaven" as discussed in "Heaven of Freedom".

12.   Discuss "An Introduction" as a confessional poem.

13.   Appreciate the elements of humour in The English Teacher.

14.   Comment on the use of psychology in Fire on the Mountain.

15.   Discuss Tughlaq as a political allegory.


                                           7           DE–121
                                   ————————
DE–1181                                                  31/107


                               DISTANCE EDUCATION

      B.A. (English)/B.A. (English) (Addl.)) DEGREE EXAMINATION, MAY 2011.

                                      SHAKESPEARE

Time : Three hours                        Maximum : 100 marks

                             PART A — (5  8 = 40 marks)

                             Answer any FIVE questions.

                            All questions carry equal marks.

1. Comment on one of the themes ‗‗Love ultimately triumphs in the end‘‘ in A
Midsummer Night‘s Dream.

2.     Write a note on Shakespeare‘s comedy.

3.     Describe the changes that occur in the friendship between cassius and Brutus.

4.     Comment         on       the       Transgenerational       redemption      in
       The Winter‘s Tale.

5.     Write a note on Shakespeare‘s songs and music.

6.     Write a short note on the Elizabethan theatre.

7.     Why was Hermione put on trial? How does Leontes interact with the courtiers?

8.     Discuss the fate of Henry Bolingbroke.

                            PART B — (4 × 15 = 60 marks)

                             Answer any FOUR questions.

9.     On what ways does the comedy surrounding puck differ from that surrounding
       Bottom?

10.    Discuss the role of women in Winter‘s Tale.

11.    How does Shakespeare present supernatural elements in his plays?

12.    Analyse the opening scenes of the prescribed Shakespearean plays.



                                           8            DE–121
13.    Discuss friendship in the play Julius Caesar.

14.    Discuss Richard II‘s struggle to find his own identity.

15.    Analyse Shakespeare‘s stage and audience.



                                    ————————
DE–1182                                                    32/108


                                 DISTANCE EDUCATION

      B.A. (English)/B.A. (English) (Addl.) DEGREE EXAMINATION, MAY 2011.

                   MODERN AND POST MODERN LITERATURE

Time : Three hours                         Maximum : 100 marks

                             PART A — (5 × 8 = 40 marks)

                     Answer any FIVE of the following questions.

1. Why was the birth of Christ hard and bitter agony for the Magi?

2.     Show how the idea of ‗prayer‘ and the varied emotions behind it unify the poem
       ‗‗A Prayer for My Daughter‘‘.

3.     Explain the symbolic significance of hereditary disease in A Doll‘s House.

4.     Comment on the role of Snowball as a leader.

5.     Why do Vladimir and Estragon stay together, despite their frequent
       suggestions of parting?

6.     What facets of the English social system does Virginia Woolf criticize?

7.     How do students inform Minott‘s deductions?

8.     What is the role of fate in Midnight‘s Children?

                            PART B — (4 × 15 = 60 marks)

                     Answer any FOUR of the following questions.




                                            9             DE–121
9.     How does the knowledge of Yeats‘ system help us to understand ‗‗The Second
       Coming‘‘?

10.    Compare Torvald‘s and Nora‘s attitudes toward money.

11.    Why do you think Orwell chose to use animals as the characters for his story?
       What does he accomplish?

12.    Discuss the relationship between Pozzo and Lucky by paying particular
       attention to dependency and control.

13.    Discuss Clarissa Dalloway‘s values in detail.

14.    Examine the predictions of Mathematician James Minott.

15.    Discuss the role of religious imagery in Midnight‘s Children.



                                   ————————
     DE-1183                                              33/109

                              DISTANCE EDUCATION


      B.A.(English)/B.A.(English) (Addl) DEGREE EXAMINATION, MAY 2011.

                AMERICAN AND COMMON WEALTH LITERATURE

Time : Three hours                        Maximum : 100 marks

                           SECTION A — (5  8 = 40 marks)

                          Answer any FIVE of the following.

                           All questions carry equal marks.

1. Trace the three modes of Transcendence as celebrated in ‗‗Crossing Brooklyn
Ferry‘‘.

2.     How does Walcott depict divided loyalties in ‗‗A Far Cry From Africa‘‘?

3.     How does Babbitt portray American Life?

4.     Comment on the evolution of thought in ‗‗Refugee Mother and Child‘‘.

5.     How does Frost view the place of individuals in ‗‗Mending Wall‘‘?

6.     Critically analyse the poem ‗‗The Harp and the King‘‘.


                                          10           DE–121
7.     Show how ‗‗The Emperor of Ice cream‘‘ represents stevens's views on religion.

8.     Bring out the shallowness and superficial concerns of women in plath's
       ‗‗mirror‘‘.

                          SECTION B — (4  15 = 60 marks)

                          Answer any FOUR of the following.

                           All questions carry equal marks.

9.     Consider Emerson's ‗‗The American Scholar‘‘ as an Intellectual Declaration of
       Independence.

10.    Examine Voss as an expedition from the physical to the spiritual.

11.    How does Soyinka use the African folk art in                  The Lion and the
       Jewel?

12.    Discuss the religious symbolism in The old man and the sea.

13.    Examine the symbolic significance of the forest scenes in The Emperor Jones.

14.    Show how The Blind Assasin centres on Laura, her relationships and her
       eccentricities.

15.    Comment on the development of theme and technique used by Sharon Pollock
       in Blood Relations.

                                     ——————
     DE-1184                                             34/110

                              DISTANCE EDUCATION

      B.A.(English)/B.A.(English) (Addl.)DEGREE EXAMINATION, MAY 2011.

                  ENGLISH FOR COMPETITIVE EXAMINATIONS

Time : Three hours                        Maximum : 100 marks

                            PART A — (5  8 = 40 marks)

                             Answer any FIVE questions.

                           All questions carry equal marks.

1. (a)      Answer the following accordingly:         (4  1 = 4)



                                          11          DE–121
           (i)    She wrote a poem

                  The pattern of the sentence is

                  SV/SVO/SVIODO/SVC

           (ii)   What a splendid sight!

                  This is a ––––––––––––– sentence.

                  (declarative, interrogative, exclamatory, imperative)

           (iii) She has finished her work.

                  (Add a question tag)

           (iv)   They finished their work yesterday

                  (Frame a question to this answer)

     (b)   Insert suitable articles. If no article is needed,         put X.
                              1
                       (8      = 4)
                              2

           George Bernard shaw (1856-1951), like ––––––––– william shakespeare,
           is ––––––––––––– household name wherever ––––––––––––– English
           language is spoken or English literature read. Along with Samuel
           Johnson and again Shakespeare, his name is often identified with ––––––
           ––––––– British national character itself. Besides being ––––––––––
           prolific play. Wright, he was also ––––––––––––– accomplished writer of
           prose and ––––––––––––– gifted orator. He evolved for himself ––––––––
           ––––– style marked by directness, forcefulness, wit and lively
           commonsense.

2.   (a)   Make notes on the following passage:                 (4)
           The Voice had to be listened to not only on account of its form but for the
           matter which it delivered. It gave a message to the country that it needed
           greatly. It brought to the common people a realization of their duty to
           concern themselves with their affairs. The common people were made to
           take an interest in the manner in which they were governed, in the taxes
           they paid, in the return they got from those taxes. This interest in public
           affairs–politics as you may call it—was to be the concern no longer of the
           highly educated few but of the many—the poor the propertyless, the

                                           12           DE–121
      workingmen in town and country. Politics was not to be the concern of a
      small aristocracy of intellect or property. Politics was to be no longer the
      monopoly of the classes but the property of the masses. And with the
      change in the subjects of politics that Voice brought about also a change
      in the objects of politics. Till then politics had busied itself mainly with
      the machinery of Governments towards making its personnel more and
      more native, with proposals for a better distribution of political power,
      with protest, against the sins of omission and of commission of the
      administration. This Voice switched politics on to concern for the needs of
      the common people. The improvement of the lot of the poor was to be the
      main concern of politics and the politician. The improvement, especially
      of the lives of the people of the neglected villages, was to be placed before
      Governments and political organizations as the goal of all political
      endeavour. The raising of the standard of living of the people of the
      villages, the finding of subsidiary occupations which would give the
      agricultural poor work for        their enforced leisure
      during the off season and an addition to their exiguous income, the
      improvement of the housing of the poor, the sanitation of the villages—
      these were to be the objectives to be kept in view. In the towns, the slums
      and cheries were to receive especial attention. There was especially a
      class of the poor for which that compassionate Voice pleaded and
      protested. This was for the so-called depressed class, the outcastes of
      Hindu society. The denial of elementary human rights to this class of
      people it considered the greatest blot on Hindu society and history. It
      raised itself in passionate protest against the age-old wrongs of this class
      and forced those that listened to it to endeavour to remove the most out-
      rageous of them like untouchability. It caused a revolution in Hindu
      religious practice by having Hindu temples thrown open to these people.
      It made the care of them a religious duty of the Hindus by re-naming
      them Harijans.
(b)   Fill in the blanks in the following sentences with the correct tense forms
      of the verbs given in brackets:
                   1
            (8      = 4)
                   2
      (i)   If you ––––––––––––– (be) less lazy, you would make more progress.


                                        13         DE–121
           (ii)   You will know more about life as you –––––– (grow) older.
           (iii) I ––––––––––––– (lose) my pen, please help me to find it.
           (iv)   During this century, scientists ––––––––––––– (invent) many
                  things.
           (v)    What you ––––––––––––– (do) if you had plenty of money?

           (vi)   Why do you always ––––––––––––– (make) such idiotic mistakes?

           (vii) ‗‗I –––––––––––––(love) you forever‘‘ , he declared emphatically.

           (viii) I ––––––––––––– (fall) asleep in the middle of his boring story.

3.   Write a paragraph of 250 words on any ONE of the following topics.
           (8)

     (a)   Advertisements

     (b)   India in 2020

4.   Answer any ONE of the following:                          (8)

     (a)   You are going to visit America. Write to one of your friends asking him to
           make suitable arrangements for your stay there.

     (b)   Write a private letter to an English book seller ordering some books and
           seeking information about subscription to some journals/magazines.

5.   Answer any ONE of the following:                          (8)

     (a)   Make a report to the police on the circumstances which led you to detain
           a man who broke into your house at night.

     (b)   As a newspaper correspondent send a report to the editor on the traffic
           conditions of the town where you are based.
6.   Fill in the blanks with suitable words given in the brackets.
                  (8)
     (a) The people ––––––––––––– the arrival of the governor (Awaited/wait)
     (b) Fifty ––––––––––––– of cottons were burnt (bales/bail)
     (c) The ––––––––––––– of an egg contains the embryo. (yolk/yoke)
     (d) Her eyes ––––––––––––– with delight (twinkled/tinkle)
     (e) Everyone must learn to ––––––––––––– his tongue (Bridal/bridle)

                                          14          DE–121
     (f) His deafness is ––––––––––––– (Congenial/congenital)
     (g) A rowing boat moves forward using ––––––––––––– (oar/ore)
     (h) Her handwriting is ––––––––––––– (legible/eligible)
7.   Answer the following                                       (8)
     (a)   (i)    One who attends to the disease of the eye.
                  (optician, oculist, physician, surgeon)
           (ii)   One who carves on stone
                  (architect, collier, sculptor, draughtsman)
     (b)   Choose the word which is correctly spelt.
           (i)    archeologist
           (ii)   archologist
           (iii) archaelogist
           (iv)   archaelogist

     (c)   Write opposites of the following words by adding suitable prefixes:

           (i)    Visible

           (ii)   Pure

           (iii) Sense

           (iv)   Aircraft

     (d)   Form negatives of the following words by adding suitable suffixes:

           (i)    Care

           (ii)   tact

     (e)   Rewrite the following in proper word order to form a meaningful
           sentence:

           books have been ordered a large number of

     (f)   Form negative of the following sentence

           They like POP music.

8.   Fill in the blanks with suitable prepositions:             (8)

     (a) Who prevented you ––––––––––––– playing here?

     (b) You should apologize ––––––––––––– your teacher.


                                           15           DE–121
     (c) I'll finish the work ––––––––––––– half an hour.

     (d) He is always made fun –––––––––––––.

     (e) She went there ––––––––––––– foot.

     (f) we're going to chennai ––––––––––––– the weekend.

     (g) Do you have a grudge ––––––––––––– your brother?

                             PART B — (4  15 = 60 marks)

                          Answer any FOUR of the following.

                            All questions carry equal marks.

9.   (a)   Rewrite the following sentences into passive voice.
                                                               (4)

           (i)    A boy carried the luggage.

           (ii)   The president inaugurated the function

           (iii) Fire destroyed the entire building

           (iv)   The boy has posted all the letters.

     (b)   Rewrite the following into active voice:            (4)

           (i)    Let this letter be posted

           (ii)   The light was switched off by me

           (iii) When was this bought by you?

           (iv)   My car is being washed by a boy.

     (c)   Change the following accordingly:                   (4)

           (i)    Alex is as old as Alice

                  (into comparative and superlative degrees)

           (ii)   Chennai is one of the busiest cities in South India.

                  (into comparative and positive degrees)
     (d)   Change the following as directed.                   (3)


                                              16        DE–121
           (i)    I will follow you wherever you go (change into simple)

           (ii)   She opened the door wide.

                  (rewrite as negative without changing the meaning

           (iii) Except you all have failed

                  (replace ‗‗except‘‘ by only")

10.   Make a precis of the following passage and give a suitable title.
                        (15)

      The Next ingredient is a very remarkable one : Good Temper. ‗‗Love is not
      easily provoked.‖ Nothing could be more striking than to find this here. We are
      inclined to look upon bad temper as a very harmless weakness. We speak of it
      as a mere infirmity of nature, a family failing, a matter of temperament, not a
      thing to take into very serious account in estimating a man's character. And
      yet here, right in the heart of this analysis of love, it finds a place and the
      Bible again and again returns to condemn it as one of the most destructive
      elements in human nature. The Peculiarity of ill temper is that it is the vice of
      the virtuous. It is often the one blot on an otherwise noble character. You know
      men who are all but perfect, and women who Would be entirely perfect, but for
      an easily ruffled, quick-tempered, or ‗‗touchy‘‘ disposition. This compatibility of
      ill temper with high moral character is one of the strangest and saddest
      problems of ethics. The truth is there are two great classes of sins—sins of the
      Body and sins of the disposition. The Prodigal Son may be taken as a type of
      the first, the Elder Brother of the second. Now society has no doubt whatever
      as to which of these is the worse. Its brand falls, without a challenge upon the
      Prodigal. But are we right? We have no balance to weigh one another‘s sins,
      and coarser and finer are but human Words; but faults in the higher nature
      may be less venial than those in the lower, and to the eye of Him who is Love,
      a sin against Love may seem a hundred times more base. No form of vice,

      not worldliness, not greed of gold, not drunkenness itself does more to
      unchristianaise society than evil temper. For embittering life, for breaking up
      communities, for destroying the mosts acred relationships, for devastating
      home, for withering up men and women, for taking the bloom off childhood; in
      short, for sheer gratuitous misery-producing power, this influence stands
      alone. Jealousy, anger, pride, uncharity, cruelty self-righteousness, touchiness,


                                             17        DE–121
      doggedness, sullenness-in varying proportions these are the ingredients of all
      ill temper. Judge if such sins of the disposition are not worse to live In, and for
      others to live with, than sins of the body. There is really no place in Heaven for
      a disposition like this. A man with such a mood could only make Heaven
      miserable for all the People in it.

11.   Write an essay of 400 words on any ONE of the following:
                        (15)

      (a)   Use and abuse of cellphone

      (b)   Media Revolution

12.   Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below:
                 (15)

      Yes, there were giants before the Jam Sahib (the great Indian cricketer Kumar
      Shree Ranjitsinhji, better known to the world of cricket as Ranji). And yet I
      think it is undeniable that as a batsman the Indian will live as the supreme
      exponent of the Englishman‘s game. The claim does lot rest simply on his
      achievements, although, judged by them, the claim could be sustained. His
      season‘s average of 87 with a total of over 3,000 runs, is easily the high-water
      mark of English cricket. Thrice he has totalled over 3,000 runs and no one else
      has equalled that record. And is not his the astonishing achievement of scoring
      two double centuries in a single match on a single day—not against a feeble
      attack, but against Yorkshire, always the most resolute and resourceful of
      bowling teams?

            But we do not judge a cricketer so much by the runs be gets as by the
      way he gets them. ―In literature as in finance,‖ says Washington Irving, ‗‗much
      paper and much poverty may co-exist.‘‘ And in cricket, too, many runs and
      much dullness may be associated. If cricket is menaced with creeping
      paralysis, it is because it is losing the spirit of joyous adventure and becoming
      a mere Instrument for compiling tables of averages. There are dull, mechanic
      fellows who turn out runs with as little emotion as a machine turns out pins.
      There is no colour, no enthusiasm, no character in their play. Cricket is not an


                                            18         DE–121
      adventure to them; It is a business. It was so with Shrewsbury. His technical
      perfection was astonishing; but the soul of the game was wanting in him.
      There was no sunshine in his play, no swift surprise or splendid unselfishness.
      And without these things, without gaiety, daring, and the spirit of sacrifice
      cricket is a dead thing. Now, the Jam Sahib has the root of the matter in him.
      His play is as sunny as his face. He is not a miser hoarding up runs, but a
      millionaire spending them, with a splendid yet judicious prodigality, It is as
      though his pockets are bursting with runs that he wants to shower with his
      blessings upon the expectant multitide. It is not difficult to believe that in his
      little kingdom of Nawanagar, where he has the Power of life and death in his
      hands, he is extremely popular, for it is obvious that his pleasure is in giving
      pleasure.


                                                    —AG. Gardiner


      Questions :
      (a)   ‗‗Many runs and much dullness may be associated.‖ Prove this.
      (b)   Mention some reasons why cricket is losing its lustre.

      (c)   What gives cricket its ‗‗character‘‘?

      (d)   How should real cricket be played?

      (e)   Describe in your own words the secret of the         Jam Sahib‘s wizardry
            with the bat.

13.   (a)   Give one word substitution for the following.     (10)

            (i)    A book containing information on all branches of knowledge.

            (ii)   Fluent in two languages

            (iii) A line of people waiting for something

            (iv)   To move from one country to another

            (v)    Fit to be chosen or selected

            (vi)   One who has only one wife or husband at a time

            (vii) One who works with brass

                                             19         DE–121
            (viii) A collection of flowers
            (ix)   The act of killing oneself
            (x)    Fit for food.
      (b)   Match the words in column A with their meanings in column B and
                                    1
            rewrite:        (10      = 5)
                                    2
                   Column A                  Column B
            (i)    Polite                    (1)     Plain
            (ii)   famous                    (2)     alien
            (iii) mute                       (3)     triumph
            (iv)   predict                   (4)     hoax
            (v)    refugee                   (5)     foretell
            (vi)   trick                     (6)     dumb
            (vii) Stranger                   (7)     renowned
            (viii) victory                   (8)     Courteous
            (ix)   Propagate                 (9)     Multiply
            (x)    Smooth                    (10)    exile
14.   Read each sentence to find out whether there is error in any underlined part. If
      any, write the alphabet of your choice next to the question number. If there is
      no error, then put E.                                                           (10  1   1
                                                                                                2
                                                                                                    =

      15)
      (a)   I am opposed to the plan of action not because it is
                       A                                        B
            ill-conceived but that it seems impractical.No Error.
                             C                   D          E

      (b)   Along          the      northern        frontier        of   India   is    seen     the
             A                                                      B
            Himalayas, mighty in their splendour. No error.
                        C          D                  E
      (c)   During the final minutes of his speech, the speaker

              A

            requested to to hold its applause. No error.


                                                    20              DE–121
              B               C           D                       E
(d)   I am disappointed in not having saw any plays

                      A                               B

      while i was in delhi on vacation. No Error.

       C                                      D                E

(e)   A body of volunteers have been organised to help

          A                                   B

      the faculty in their attempt to raise funds. No error.

      C                       D                                           E

(f)   The green paint on the wall provides a suitable

                          A       B                                   C

      contrast with the yellow doors. No Error.

                          D                                   E

(g)   Whom did you mean to hurt by your unkind

          A                                   B

      remarks except sita and I? No Error

                          C                   D           E
(h)   The tallest among them expressed a keen desire to

                  A                   B                               C

      sit under the shade of a tree. No Error.

                  D                                        E
(i)   Her memory played her false and she could not
                  A                   B
      remember who had invented electricity. No error.
                              C               D                           E
(j)   One of the biggest industrial houses in maharashtra
      A                                                   B       C
      are declaring a lock out. No Error.
                  D                               E




                                                      21              DE–121
15.   Use any TEN of the following in sentences of your own:
                                                 (10  1   1
                                                           2
                                                               = 15)

      (a)   Break out
      (b)   Cut down
      (c)   Hold off
      (d)   get through
      (e)   Wind up
      (f)   Take after
      (g)   Turn out
      (h)   Set in
      (i)   give up
      (j)   break up
      (k)   Call at
      (l)   do with
      (m) get off
      (n)   go in for
      (o)   put up

                                        —————
DE–1185                                                35/111


                              DISTANCE EDUCATION

      B.A.(English)/ B.A.(English) (Addl) DEGREE EXAMINATION, MAY 2011.

                     INTRODUCTION TO MASS COMMUNICATION

Time : Three hours                         Maximum : 100 marks

                          SECTION A — (5  8 = 40 marks)

                             Answer any FIVE questions.

1. What is Mass Communication?

2.    What is the role of a reporter?

3.    Explain the role of news agencies.

4.    Analyse the various types of media.


                                            22       DE–121
5.    What are the chief features of news?

6.    What is news?

7.    What are the advantages of radio journalism?

8.    How are film reviews written?

                         SECTION B — (4  15 = 60 marks)

                           Answer any FOUR questions.

9.    Examine the different concepts of Mass Communication.

10.   Explain the function of Journalism in the modern society.

11.   Analyse the merits and demerits of mass media.

12.   Discuss the role and functions of the Editorial Department.

13.   What are the measures and controls taken by the government in regulating
      the mass media?

14.   Examine the impact of television programmes.

15.   Predict the future of mass communication.



                                 ————————




                                         23          DE–121

				
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