Salient Features of Project Management - Excel by jer98847

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									                                                                   1
Salient Features of the Northern Region - Gross Generation (GWh)
                             2001-2002           2002-03         2003-04              2004-05            2005-06
Hydro                              29117.68         30139.99        38592.42             36222.25            41904.77
Thermal (Coal Fired)               96100.84         99307.95       103141.75            105758.04           111566.85
Thermal (Gas Fired)                17716.60         16447.73        18897.69             20156.62            19952.21
Nuclear                             7999.59          8571.92         7324.27              7069.66             6411.99
Non-Conventional                           0                0              0               383.41              501.65
Total                             150934.71        154467.59       167956.13            169589.98           180337.47

Low Cost/Must Run                       25%               25%               27%               26%                  27%
5 Year Average                          26%

Low Cost and Must-run plants constitute less than 50% of Generation therefore the Simple OM method has been selected.
1. Information taken from Northern Regional Load Dispatch Centre (NRLDC) Annual Report; 2002-2003; 2003-2004; 2004-2005; 2005-2006 [http://www.nrldc.org/nrldc/reports.asp]
1. Sector and Station wise Generating Capacity in Northern Regional Grid
2003-2004
Thermal (Coal Fired)

State/Sector1             Plants2                                Fuel Type2              Installed Capacity2    Effective Capacity2    Generated Units2 SFC3                   Qty of Fuel Used
                                                                                                                                       (Ex-bus) GWh      103 tonnes
                                                                                         MW                     MW                     p.a.              /GWh                  103 tonnes p.a
CENTRAL SECTOR -NTPC      a. Badarpur TPS                        Coal                                 720.00                 705.00              4940.36                0.66               3260.64
                          b. Singrali STPS                       Coal                                2000.00                2000.00             14557.85                0.62               9025.87
                          c. Rihand STPS                         Coal                                1000.00                1000.00              7320.19                0.60               4392.11
                          d. Dadri NCTPS                         Coal                                 840.00                 840.00              5683.23                0.67               3807.76
                                                                      7
                          e. Unchahar -I TPS                     Coal                                 420.00                 420.00              2918.30                0.68               1984.44
                                                                      7
                          f. Unchahar - II TPS                   Coal                                 420.00                 420.00              2956.71                0.68               2010.56
                          g. Tanda TPS                           Coal                                 440.00                 440.00              2542.94                0.80               2034.35
DELHI                     a. Indra Prashta                       Coal                                 247.50                 247.50               668.09                0.83                554.51
                          b. Raighat                             Coal                                 150.00                 135.00               688.34                0.81                557.56
HARYANA                   b. Faridabad                           Coal                                 180.00                 165.00               688.80                0.93                640.58
                          c. Panipat                             Coal                                 860.00                 860.00              5349.46                0.75               4012.10
PUNJAB                    g. Guru Nanak Dev TPS (Bhatinda)       Coal                                 440.00                 440.00              2307.88                0.72               1661.67
                          h. Guru Gobind Singh TPS (Ropar)       Coal                                1260.00                1260.00              7611.52                0.67               5099.72
                          i. Lehra Mohabbat TPS (Bhatinda ext)   Coal                                 420.00                 420.00              3079.32                0.60               1847.59
                          j. Jhalkeri rice Straw Fired           Coal                                  10.00                  10.00                 0.00                                      0.00
RAJASTHAN                 f. Kota TPS                            Coal                                1045.00                1045.00              6283.81                0.66               4147.31
                          g. Suratgarh TPS                       Coal                                1250.00                1250.00              7524.32                0.60               4514.59
UTTAR PRADESH             g. Obra Thermal6                       Coal                                 250.00                 160.00                                     0.86                  0.00
                          h. Obra Extn I6                        Coal                                 300.00                 282.00                                     0.86                  0.00
                                         6
                          i. Obra Ext II                         Coal                                1000.00                1000.00             5550.44                 0.86               4773.38
                          j. Panki6                              Coal                                  32.00                  32.00                                     0.89                  0.00
                                          6
                          k. Panki Extn                          Coal                                 220.00                 210.00              931.94                 0.89                829.43
                                              6
                          l. Harduaganj - A                      Coal                                  90.00                   0.00                                     1.07                  0.00
                          m. Harduaganj - B6                     Coal                                 220.00                 150.00                                     1.07                  0.00
                          n. Harduaganj - C6                     Coal                                 230.00                 225.00              639.30                 1.07                684.05
                                      6
                          o. Paricha                             Coal                                 220.00                 220.00              572.02                 0.90                514.82
                                          6
                          p. Anpara - A                          Coal                                 630.00                 630.00                                     0.70                  0.00
                          q. Anpara - B6                         Coal                                1000.00                1000.00            10482.10                 0.70               7337.47
                                                                                 Total              15894.50               15566.50            93296.92                                   63690.53
Thermal (Gas Fired)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Qty of Fuel
               1                2                                            2                             2                      2                   2           4,9                                    5
State/Sector              Plants                                 Fuel Type               Installed Capacity     Effective Capacity     Generated Units Heat Rate         Heat Rate                   NCV             Used
                                                                                                                                       (Ex-bus) GWh                                                                  103 tonnes
                                                                                                                                                                                                             3
                                                                                         MW                     MW                     p.a.              Kcal/kWh        TJ/GWh                      TJ/10 tonnes    p.a
CENTRAL SECTOR -NTPC      h. Anta GPS                            Gas                                   419.33                419.33              2691.31         1771.47                      7.41           52.30          381.41
                          i. Auraiya GPS                         Gas                                   663.36                663.36              4198.80         2096.63                      8.77           52.30          704.27
                          j. Dadri GPS                           Gas                                   829.78                829.78              5075.77         1997.67                      8.36           52.30          811.18
                          k Faridabad GPS                        Gas                                   431.57                431.57              2634.40         1922.60                      8.04           52.30          405.19
DELHI                     c. I.P. Gas Turbine                    Gas                                   282.00                282.00              1181.96         2669.92                     11.17           52.30          252.46
                          d. Pragati Gas Turbine                 Gas                                   330.40                330.40               809.87         1801.68                      7.54           52.30          116.73
JAMMU KASHMIR             i. Pampore GT St -I                    Gas                                    75.00                 75.00                 0.00         2061.00                      8.62           52.30            0.00
                          j. Pampore GT St-II                    Gas                                   100.00                100.00                19.64         2061.00                      8.62           52.30            3.24
RAJASTHAN                 h. Ramgarh GT                          Gas                                     3.00                  3.00                 0.00         2061.00                      8.62           52.30            0.00
                          i. Ramgarh GT Ext                      Gas                                    35.50                 35.50               215.00         2061.00                      8.62           52.30           35.45
                                                                                 Total                3169.94               3169.94             16826.75                                                                   2709.92
Diesel
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Qty of Fuel
State/Sector1             Plants2                                Fuel Type2              Installed Capacity2    Effective Capacity2    Generated Units2 Heat Rate7       Heat Rate                   NCV5            Used
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       3
                                                                                                                                       (Ex-bus) GWh                                                                  10 tonnes
                                                                                                                                                                                                             3
                                                                                         MW                     MW                     p.a.              Kcal/kWh        TJ/GWh                      TJ/10 tonnes    p.a
                   8
CHANDIGARH                a. Diesel Gen Set                      Diesel                                  2.00                   1.40                0.00         2119.04                      8.87           43.33            0.00
HARYANA                   d. Magnum Diesel IPP                   Diesel                                 25.20                  25.20              80.99          2119.04                      8.87           43.33           16.57
JAMMU KASHMIR8            k. Diesel gen. Set                     Diesel                                  8.94                   7.18                0.00         2119.04                      8.87           43.33            0.00
                                                                                 Total                  36.14                  33.78              80.99                                                                      16.57
1. States/Sectors with only hydro or nuclear power are excluded from list
2. Source: Northern Regional Load Dispatch Centre (NRLDC) Annual Report 2003-2004 [http://www.nrldc.org/docs/An03-04.pdf]
3. Specific Fuel consumption at coal fired plants obtained from Central Electricity Authority India, Annual Performance Review of Thermal Power Stations 2003-2004
4. Heat rates obtained from "Data on Petroleum Fuels used by various Gas Turbine & Diesel Engine Power Plants in the Country during 2003-04". Net Heat Rates used
5. Net Calorific Values obtained from Indian National Communication to the UNFCCC (Natcom), 2004,GHG inventory information
6. Fuel Consumption is reported as a total value for combined plants (e.g. Unchar I + II TPS Coal Consumption = 4 152 000 tonnes)
7. Heat Rate value for Diesel is the average of diesel heat rate values for 2003-04 given in "Data on Petroleum Fuels used by various Gas Turbine & Diesel Engine Power Plants in the Country during 2003-04", CEA, December 2005.
8. Generation at small diesel plants has been neglected - pg. 48 Northern Regional Load Dispatch Centre (NRLDC) Annual Report 2003-2004 [[http://www.nrldc.org/docs/An03-04.pdf];
9. Heat rates for Pampore GT I&II and Ramgarh GT & Ext were unavailable. Heat rate used is the CEA norm for combined cycle plant, which is a conservative assumption: [http://mnes.nic.in/baselinepdfs/chapter2.pdf]
Conversion Factors
Kcal to TJ                                                     0.000000004184
KWh to GWh                                                             0.000001


2. Inter regional Exchange (GWh)
Inter-Regional Exchange has been taken as zero.

3. CO2 Emission Coefficient of Fuel (COEFi)
                                  NCVi1                                           EFCO2,i2             OXIDi2                 COEFi
                                  TJ/103 tonnes                                   t C02/TJ                                    t C02/ 103 tonnes
Coal                                                                      19.63                94.60                     0.98               1819.86
Gas                                                                        52.3                56.10                    0.995               2919.36
Diesel                                                                    43.33                74.07                     0.99               3177.22

1. Net Calorific Values obtained from Indian National Communication to the UNFCCC (Natcom), 2004,GHG inventory information (coal) and IPCC (1996) Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories (Revised), IPCC
(gas and diesel)
2. Values for Emission Factors and Oxidation Factors obtained from IPCC (1996) Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories (Revised), IPCC



4. Operating Margin Emission Factor (EFom,y)
                                  Fi,j,y                                       COEFi,j            Fi,j,y * COEFi,j      GENj,y              EFom,y
                                  103 tonnes                                   t C02/ 103 tonnes t C02                  MWh
Coal                                                                  63690.53            1819.86          115907714.36         93296920.00
Gas                                                                    2709.92            2919.36            7911224.85         16826750.00
Diesel                                                                   16.57            3177.22              52652.54            80990.00
                                                                                                           123871591.75        110204660.00                             1.124 tC02/Mwh
1. Sector and Station wise Generating Capacity in Northern Regional Grid
2004-2005
Thermal (Coal Fired)

State/Sector1             Plants2                                Fuel Type2              Installed Capacity2    Effective Capacity2    Generated Units2 SFC3                   Qty of Fuel Used
                                                                                                                                       (Ex-bus) GWh      103 tonnes
                                                                                         MW                     MW                     p.a.              /GWh                  103 tonnes p.a
CENTRAL SECTOR -NTPC      a. Badarpur TPS                        Coal                                 720.00                 705.00              4971.87                0.68               3380.87
                          b. Singrali STPS                       Coal                                2000.00                2000.00             14633.12                0.65               9511.53
                          c. Rihand STPS                         Coal                                1500.00                1500.00              7308.58                0.60               4385.15
                          d. Dadri NCTPS                         Coal                                 840.00                 840.00              6235.54                0.65               4053.10
                                                                      7
                          e. Unchahar -I TPS                     Coal                                 420.00                 420.00              3052.36                0.68               2075.60
                                                                      7
                          f. Unchahar - II TPS                   Coal                                 420.00                 420.00              3119.50                0.68               2121.26
                          g. Tanda TPS                           Coal                                 440.00                 440.00              2926.14                0.78               2282.39
DELHI                     a. Indra Prashta                       Coal                                 247.50                 247.50               805.41                0.86                692.65
                          b. Raighat                             Coal                                 150.00                 135.00               607.20                0.78                473.62
HARYANA                   b. Faridabad                           Coal                                 180.00                 165.00               755.28                0.95                717.52
                          c. Panipat                             Coal                                1360.00                1360.00              5198.14                0.74               3846.62
PUNJAB                    g. Guru Nanak Dev TPS (Bhatinda)       Coal                                 440.00                 440.00              1751.12                0.74               1295.83
                          h. Guru Gobind Singh TPS (Ropar)       Coal                                1260.00                1260.00              8320.32                0.67               5574.61
                          i. Lehra Mohabbat TPS (Bhatinda ext)   Coal                                 420.00                 420.00              2906.46                0.60               1743.88
                          j. Jhalkeri rice Straw Fired           Coal                                  10.00                  10.00                30.69                                      0.00
RAJASTHAN                 f. Kota TPS                            Coal                                1045.00                1045.00              6980.01                0.67               4676.61
                          g. Suratgarh TPS                       Coal                                1250.00                1250.00              8491.85                0.63               5349.87
                                             6
UTTAR PRADESH             g. Obra Thermal                        Coal                                 250.00                 160.00                                     0.86                  0.00
                                           6
                          h. Obra Extn I                         Coal                                 300.00                 282.00                                     0.86                  0.00
                          i. Obra Ext II6                        Coal                                1000.00                1000.00             4824.25                 0.86               4148.86
                          j. Panki6                              Coal                                  32.00                  32.00                                     0.88                  0.00
                                         6
                          k. Panki Extn                          Coal                                 220.00                 210.00              914.98                 0.88                805.18
                                              6
                          l. Harduaganj - A                      Coal                                  90.00                   0.00                                     1.06                  0.00
                          m. Harduaganj - B6                     Coal                                 220.00                 150.00                                     1.06                  0.00
                          n. Harduaganj - C6                     Coal                                 230.00                 225.00              558.11                 1.06                591.60
                                      6
                          o. Paricha                             Coal                                 220.00                 220.00              833.18                 0.91                758.19
                                          6
                          p. Anpara - A                          Coal                                 630.00                 630.00                                     0.72                  0.00
                          q. Anpara - B6                         Coal                                1000.00                1000.00            10114.75                 0.72               7282.62
                                                                                 Total               16894.5                16566.5            95338.86                                   65767.55
Thermal (Gas Fired)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Qty of Fuel
               1                2                                            2                             2                      2                   2           4,9                                    5
State/Sector              Plants                                 Fuel Type               Installed Capacity     Effective Capacity     Generated Units Heat Rate         Heat Rate                   NCV             Used
                                                                                                                                       (Ex-bus) GWh                                                                  103 tonnes
                                                                                                                                                                                                             3
                                                                                         MW                     MW                     p.a.              Kcal/kWh        TJ/GWh                      TJ/10 tonnes    p.a
CENTRAL SECTOR -NTPC      h. Anta GPS                            Gas                                   419.33                419.33              2702.31         1771.47                      7.41           52.30          382.96
                          i. Auraiya GPS                         Gas                                   663.36                663.36              4008.30         2096.63                      8.77           52.30          672.31
                          j. Dadri GPS                           Gas                                   829.78                829.78              5359.92         1997.67                      8.36           52.30          856.59
                          k Faridabad GPS                        Gas                                   431.57                431.57              3088.69         1922.60                      8.04           52.30          475.07
DELHI                     c. I.P. Gas Turbine                    Gas                                   282.00                282.00              1502.29         2669.92                     11.17           52.30          320.88
                          d. Pragati Gas Turbine                 Gas                                   330.40                330.40              2493.01         1801.68                      7.54           52.30          359.33
JAMMU KASHMIR             i. Pampore GT St -I                    Gas                                    75.00                 75.00                 7.48         2061.00                      8.62           52.30            1.23
                          j. Pampore GT St-II                    Gas                                   100.00                100.00                15.88         2061.00                      8.62           52.30            2.62
                                          10
RAJASTHAN                 h. Ramgarh GT                          Gas                                     3.00                  0.00                 0.00         2061.00                      8.62           52.30            0.00
                          i. Ramgarh GT Ext                      Gas                                   110.50                110.50               336.49         2061.00                      8.62           52.30           55.48
                                                                                 Total                3244.94               3241.94             19514.37                                                                   3126.47
Diesel
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Qty of Fuel
State/Sector1             Plants2                                Fuel Type2              Installed Capacity2    Effective Capacity2    Generated Units2 Heat Rate7       Heat Rate                   NCV5            Used
                                                                                                                                       (Ex-bus) GWh                                                                  103 tonnes
                                                                                                                                                                                                             3
                                                                                         MW                     MW                     p.a.              Kcal/kWh        TJ/GWh                      TJ/10 tonnes    p.a
CHANDIGARH8               a. Diesel Gen Set                      Diesel                                  2.00                   1.40                0.00         2119.04                      8.87           43.33            0.00
HARYANA                   d. Magnum Diesel IPP                   Diesel                                 25.20                  25.20              92.55          2119.04                      8.87           43.33           18.94
JAMMU KASHMIR8            k. Diesel gen. Set                     Diesel                                  8.94                   7.18                0.00         2119.04                      8.87           43.33            0.00
                                                                                 Total                  36.14                  33.78              92.55                                                                      18.94
1. States/Sectors with only hydro or nuclear power are excluded from list
2. Source: Northern Regional Load Dispatch Centre (NRLDC) Annual Report 2003-2004 [http://www.nrldc.org/docs/An03-04.pdf]
3. Specific Fuel consumption at coal fired plants obtained from Central Electricity Authority India, Annual Performance Review of Thermal Power Stations 2003-2004
4. Heat rates obtained from "Data on Petroleum Fuels used by various Gas Turbine & Diesel Engine Power Plants in the Country during 2003-04". Net Heat Rates used
5. Net Calorific Values obtained from Indian National Communication to the UNFCCC (Natcom), 2004,GHG inventory information
6. Fuel Consumption is reported as a total value for combined plants (e.g. Unchar I + II TPS Coal Consumption = 4 152 000 tonnes)
7. Heat Rate value for Diesel is the average of diesel heat rate values for 2003-04 given in "Data on Petroleum Fuels used by various Gas Turbine & Diesel Engine Power Plants in the Country during 2003-04", CEA, December 2005.
8. Generation at small diesel plants has been neglected - pg. 48 Northern Regional Load Dispatch Centre (NRLDC) Annual Report 2003-2004 [[http://www.nrldc.org/docs/An03-04.pdf];
9. Heat rates for Pampore GT I&II and Ramgarh GT & Ext were unavailable. Heat rate used is the CEA norm for combined cycle plant, which is a conservative assumption: [http://mnes.nic.in/baselinepdfs/chapter2.pdf]
10. Ramgargh 3MW was dismantled 2004-05
Conversion Factors
Kcal to TJ                                                     0.000000004184
KWh to GWh                                                            0.000001


2. Inter regional Exchange (GWh)
Inter-Regional Exchange has been taken as zero.

3. CO2 Emission Coefficient of Fuel (COEFi)
                                        1                                               2                      2
                                  NCVi                                           EFCO2,i               OXIDi                    COEFi
                                  TJ/103 tonnes                                  t C02/TJ
                                                                                                                                         3
                                                                                                                                t C02/ 10 tonnes
Coal                                                                     19.63                 94.60                     0.98                1819.86
Gas                                                                       52.3                 56.10                    0.995                2919.36
Diesel                                                                   43.33                 74.07                     0.99                3177.22

1. Net Calorific Values obtained from Indian National Communication to the UNFCCC (Natcom), 2004,GHG inventory information (coal) and IPCC (1996) Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories (Revised), IPCC
(gas and diesel)
2. Values for Emission Factors and Oxidation Factors obtained from IPCC (1996) Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories (Revised), IPCC



4. Operating Margin Emission Factor (EFom,y)
                                  Fi,j,y                                         COEFi,j            Fi,j,y * COEFi,j      GENj,y              EFom,y
                                  103 tonnes                                              3
                                                                                 t C02/ 10 tonnes t C02                   MWh
Coal                                                                 65767.55               1819.86          119687604.64         95338860.00
Gas                                                                   3126.47               2919.36            9127294.76         19514370.00
Diesel                                                                  18.94               3177.22              60167.83            92550.00
                                                                                                             128875067.24        114945780.00                          1.121 tC02/Mwh
1. Sector and Station wise Generating Capacity in Northern Regional Grid
2005-2006
Thermal (Coal Fired)


State/Sector1               Plants2                                Fuel Type2



CENTRAL SECTOR -NTPC        a. Badarpur TPS                        Coal
                            b. Singrali STPS                       Coal
                            c. Rihand STPS                         Coal
                            d. Dadri NCTPS                         Coal
                            e. Unchahar -I TPS                     Coal7
                            f. Unchahar - II TPS                   Coal7
                            g. Tanda TPS                           Coal
DELHI                       a. Indra Prashta                       Coal
                            b. Raighat                             Coal
HARYANA                     b. Faridabad                           Coal
                            c. Panipat                             Coal
PUNJAB                      g. Guru Nanak Dev TPS (Bhatinda)       Coal
                            h. Guru Gobind Singh TPS (Ropar)       Coal
                            i. Lehra Mohabbat TPS (Bhatinda ext)   Coal
                            j. Jhalkeri rice Straw Fired           Coal
                            MMH+PEDA+Oths                          Coal
RAJASTHAN                   f. Kota TPS                            Coal
                            g. Suratgarh TPS                       Coal
UTTAR PRADESH               g. Obra Thermal4                       Coal
                            h. Obra Extn I4                        Coal
                            i. Obra Ext II4                        Coal
                            j. Panki4                              Coal
                            k. Panki Extn4                         Coal
                            l. Harduaganj - A4                     Coal
                            m. Harduaganj - B4                     Coal
                            n. Harduaganj - C4                     Coal
                            o. Paricha4                            Coal
                            p. Anpara - A4                         Coal
                            q. Anpara - B4                         Coal
                                                                                Total
Thermal (Gas Fired)

State/Sector1               Plants2                                Fuel Type2

CENTRAL SECTOR -NTPC        h. Anta GPS                            Gas
                            i. Auraiya GPS                         Gas
                            j. Dadri GPS                           Gas
                            k Faridabad GPS                        Gas
DELHI                       c. I.P. Gas Turbine                    Gas
                            d. Pragati Gas Turbine                 Gas
JAMMU KASHMIR               i. Pampore GT St -I                    Gas
                            j. Pampore GT St-II                    Gas
RAJASTHAN                   h. Ramgarh GT9                         Gas
                            i. Ramgarh GT Ext                      Gas
                                                                                Total
Diesel
State/Sector1                        Plants2                                         Fuel Type2


CHANDIGARH8                          a. Diesel Gen Set                               Diesel
HARYANA                              d. Magnum Diesel IPP                            Diesel
JAMMU KASHMIR8                       k. Diesel gen. Set                              Diesel
                                                                                                          Total

1. States/Sectors with only hydro or nuclear power are excluded from list
2. Source: Northern Regional Load Dispatch Centre (NRLDC) Annual Report 2005-2006 [http://www.nrldc.org/docs/AN05-06.pdf]
3. Specific Fuel consumption at coal fired plants obtained from Central Electricity Authority India, Annual Performance Review of Thermal P
[http://www.cea.nic.in/god/opm/Thermal_Performance_Review/0506/SECTION-9.pdf]
4. Fuel Consumption is reported as a total value for combined plants (e.g. Unchar I + II TPS Coal Consumption = 4 152 000 tonnes)
5. The SFC for Jhalkeri and MMH + PEDA were not available. The average value for the NR (NRLDC Annual Report) was used, which is a c
6. Fuel Consumption at gas fired plants obtained from Central Electricity Authority India, Annual Performance Review of Thermal Power Sta
[http://www.cea.nic.in/god/opm/Thermal_Performance_Review/0506/SECTION-9.pdf]. Note MMSCMD = million standard cubic metres per d
7. Fuel Consumption figures were not available for Pamore GT (ST-I&II). To be conservative the minimum SFC of the other plants was used
8. Generation at small diesel plants has been neglected as per the Northern Regional Load Dispatch Centre (NRLDC) Annual Report 2005-
9. Ramgargh 3MW was dismantled 2004-05
Conversion Factors
Kcal to TJ                                                         0.000000004184
KWh to GWh                                                                  0.000001
kg to SCM
[http://petroleum.nic.in/petstat.pdf]                                   0.772200772
106 SCM to 103 tonnes                                                   0.772200772


2. Inter regional Exchange (GWh)
Inter-Regional Exchange has been taken as zero.


3. CO2 Emission Coefficient of Fuel (COEFi)
                                     NCVi1                                           EFCO2,i2
                                     TJ/103 tonnes                                   t C02/TJ
Coal                                                                         19.63                       94.60
Gas                                                                           52.3                       56.10
Diesel                                                                       43.33                       74.07

1. Net Calorific Values obtained from Indian National Communication to the UNFCCC (Natcom), 2004,GHG inventory information (coal) and
(gas and diesel)
2. Values for Emission Factors and Oxidation Factors obtained from IPCC (1996) Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories (Rev


4. Operating Margin Emission Factor (EFom,y)
                                     Fi,j,y                                       COEFi,j
                                     103 tonnes                                   t C02/ 103 tonnes
Coal                                                                     69564.05                 1819.86
Gas                                                                       2916.73                 2919.36
Diesel                                                                       0.82                 3177.22
Installed Capacity2    Effective Capacity2   Generated Units2    SFC3,5       Qty of Fuel Used
                                                                   3
                                                                 10 tonnes
MW                     MW                    (Ex-bus) GWh p.a.   /GWh        103 tonnes p.a
              720.00                705.00               4840.05        0.70          3388.04
             2000.00               2000.00              14313.76        0.67          9590.22
             2000.00               2000.00               9662.84        0.63          6116.58
              840.00                840.00               6216.48        0.63          3941.25
              420.00                420.00               3243.54        0.67          2182.90
              420.00                420.00               3183.45        0.67          2142.46
              440.00                440.00               2974.72        0.77          2293.51
              247.50                247.50                865.43        0.95           818.70
              150.00                135.00                495.00        0.88           433.62
              180.00                165.00                687.78        1.01           694.66
             1360.00               1360.00               7263.18        0.71          5178.65
              440.00                440.00               2070.82        0.75          1559.33
             1260.00               1260.00               8535.07        0.66          5658.75
              420.00                420.00               2859.88        0.58          1653.01
               10.00                 10.00                 30.78        0.69            21.24
               45.90                 45.90                101.42        0.69            69.98
             1045.00               1045.00               7520.51        0.64          4843.21
             1250.00               1250.00               9041.16        0.61          5533.19
              250.00                160.00                              0.87              0.00
              300.00                282.00                              0.87              0.00
             1000.00               1000.00               4875.71        0.87          4217.49
               32.00                 32.00                              0.89              0.00
              220.00                210.00                834.96        0.89           740.61
               90.00                  0.00                              1.02              0.00
              220.00                150.00                              1.02              0.00
              230.00                225.00                426.83        1.02           434.09
              430.00                430.00                679.00        0.92           623.32
              630.00                630.00                              0.74              0.00
             1000.00               1000.00              10094.11        0.74          7429.26
            17650.40              17322.40             100816.48                     69564.05


Installed Capacity2 Effective Capacity2 Generated Units2     FC6,7      FC
MW                    MW                 (Ex-bus) GWh p.a.   MMSCMD     103 tonnes p.a
              419.33              419.33             2735.87       1.44           405.87
              663.36              663.36             4091.01       2.08           586.25
              829.78              829.78             5267.28       2.45           690.54
              431.57              431.57             2861.89       1.51           425.60
              282.00              282.00             1711.88       1.29           363.59
              330.40              330.40             2239.86       1.37           386.14
               75.00               75.00                5.52       0.00              0.00
              100.00              100.00               22.67       0.00              0.00
                 3.00               0.00                0.00       0.00              0.00
              110.50              110.50              401.95       0.53           149.38
             3244.94             3241.94            19337.93
              Installed Capacity2       Effective Capacity2      Generated Units2       Heat Rate6      Heat Rate

              MW                        MW                       (Ex-bus) GWh p.a.   Kcal/kWh     TJ/GWh
                                 2.00                     1.40                  0.00      2119.04                   8.87
                                25.20                    25.20                  4.00      2119.04                   8.87
                                 8.94                     7.18                  0.00      2119.04                   8.87
                                36.14                    33.78                  4.00


w.nrldc.org/docs/AN05-06.pdf]
nnual Performance Review of Thermal Power Stations 2005-2006

onsumption = 4 152 000 tonnes)
C Annual Report) was used, which is a conservative value.
 formance Review of Thermal Power Stations 2005-2006 . Consumption is for total plant i.e. gross generation
MD = million standard cubic metres per day.
nimum SFC of the other plants was used, as this gives the lowest fuel consumption.
h Centre (NRLDC) Annual Report 2005-2006 [http://www.nrldc.org/docs/AN05-06.pdf];




              OXIDi2                  COEFi
                                      t C02/ 103 tonnes
                                 0.98               1819.86
                                0.995               2919.36
                                 0.99               3177.22

04,GHG inventory information (coal) and IPCC (1996) Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories (Revised), IPCC

tional Greenhouse Gas Inventories (Revised), IPCC




              Fi,j,y * COEFi,j      GENj,y              EFom,y
              t C02                 MWh
                       126596701.44        100816480.00
                         8514994.71         19337930.00
                            2600.45             4000.00
                        135114296.6    120158410.0000                            1.124 tC02/Mwh
Generated Units     SFC                 Qty of Fuel Used
(Gross) GWh p.a.    103 tonnes/GWhpa    103 tonnes p.a
           2809.30                 0.14              395.26
           4285.05                 0.14              559.71
           5400.99                 0.13              673.45
           2946.41                 0.14              413.39
           1747.93                 0.21              356.09
           2297.65                 0.17              376.43
               5.55                0.13                0.71
              22.76                0.13                2.90
               0.00                0.00                0.00
            432.57                 0.35              138.81
                                                   2916.73
NCV5                    Qty of Fuel Used

TJ/103 tonnes           103 tonnes p.a
                43.33                    0.00
                43.33                    0.82
                43.33                    0.00
                                         0.82
1. Selection of Sample Group

A: Power plant additions comprising 20% system generation
Thermal (Coal Fired)
                                                                                                            Effective Capacity                            Specific Fuel          Qty of Fuel
                                                                           1                            1          2                                  2                 3
Station                   Fuel Type                    Date Comissioned            Capacity Addition        (Plant) 2005-2006       Generated Units       Consumption            Required

                                                                                   MW                       MW                      (Ex-bus) GWh p.a. kg/kWh                     103 tonnes p.a
Rihand -II Unit IV        Coal                         1-Apr-06                                   500.00                 2000.00              2415.71                     0.63          1529.14
Paricha Ext. Unit I
MMH+PEDA+OTHER            Coal                         29-Mar-06                                  210.00                  430.00               331.60                     0.92           304.41
S                         Coal                         1-Mar-06                                    45.90                   45.90               101.42                     0.69            69.98
Rihand TPS II Unit I      Coal                         31-Jan-05                                  500.00                 2000.00              2415.71                     0.63          1529.14
Panipat TPP (#7&#8)       Coal                         28-09-2004/28-1-2005                       500.00                 1360.00              2670.29                     0.71          1903.91
Suratgarh TPS III 5       Coal                         19-Aug-03                                  250.00                 1250.00              1808.23                     0.61          1106.64
Kota TPS _IV (Unit6)      Coal                         30-Jul-03                                  195.00                 1045.00              1403.35                     0.64           903.76
Suratgarh TPS II 4        Coal                         15-Jan-02                                  250.00                 1250.00              1808.23                     0.61          1106.64
Suratgarh TPS II 3        Coal                         31-Jul-02                                  250.00                 1250.00              1808.23                     0.61          1106.64
Panipat TPP (#6)          Coal                         2000-2001                                  210.00                 1360.00              1121.52                     0.71           799.64
Suratgarh TPS II 2        Coal                         28-Mar-00                                  250.00                 1250.00              1808.23                     0.61          1106.64
                                                                                                                           Total             17692.53                                  11466.55
Thermal (Gas Fired)
                                                                                                      Effective Capacity                                                  Qty of Fuel
Station                   Fuel Type                    Date Comissioned1           Capacity Addition1 (Plant)2 2005-2006            Generated Units2      SFC             Used
                                                                                                                                                          103
                                                                                                                                                                            3
                                                                                   MW                       MW                      (Ex-bus) GWh p.a.     tonnes/GWhpa    10 tonnes p.a
Ramgarh GT                Gas                          2004-2005                                   75.00                  110.50               272.82                0.35          94.21
Pragati GT                Gas                          04-02-2003                                 121.20                  330.40               821.64                0.17         138.08
Pragati GT                Gas                          14-11-2002                                 104.60                  330.40               709.11                0.13          90.66
Pragati GT                Gas                          25-05-2002                                 104.60                  330.40               709.11                0.13          90.66
Faridabad                 Gas                          31-07-2000                                 144.00                  431.57               954.91                0.14         137.93
                                                                                                                           Total              3467.59                             551.56
Hydro
                                                                                                            Effective Capacity                                                   Qty of Fuel
                                                                           1                            1          2                                  2
Station                   Fuel Type                    Date Comissioned            Capacity Addition        (Plant) 2005-2006       Generated Units                              Required

                                                                                                                                                                                   3
                                                                                   MW                       MW                      (Ex-bus) GWh p.a.                            10 tonnes p.a
MMH                       Hydro                        1/3/2006                                   17.60                    63.50                28.11                                        0
Dauliganga                Hydro                        1-Nov-05                                  280.00                   280.00               312.86                                        0
Chamera HPS II8           Hydro                        3x100MW in 2003-2004                      300.00                   300.00              2705.80                                        0
SJVNL                     Hydro                        03-01-2004                               1000.00                  1500.00              2703.19                                        0
SJVNL                     Hydro                        18-5-2004                                 500.00                  1500.00              1351.59                                        0
Baspa U-1,2,3             Hydro                        27-5-2003                                 300.00                   300.00              1158.80                                        0
Ganhvi 2                  Hydro                        01-10-2001                                 22.50                    22.50                69.36                                        0
Malana HEP                Hydro                        07-08-2001                                 86.00                    86.00               335.25                                        0
Upper Sindh II            Hydro                        15-1-2000                                  70.00                   127.60               136.58                                        0
Ranjit Sagar HPS          Hydro                        02-01-2001                                600.00                   600.00              1989.00                                        0
Chenani Stage III         Hydro                        2000-2001                                   7.50                    32.80                 3.83                                        0
Gumma HPS                 Hydro                        2000-2001                                   3.00                     3.00                 6.56                                        0
                                                                                                                           Total             10800.93                                     0.00
Nuclear
                                                                                                      Effective Capacity                                                         Qty of Fuel
Station                   Fuel Type                    Date Comissioned1           Capacity Addition1 (Plant)2 2005-2006            Generated Units2                             Required4

                                                                                   MW                       MW                      (Ex-bus) GWh p.a.                            103 tonnes p.a
RAPS B                    Nuclear                      03-11-2000                                    220                     440              1277.00                                         0
RAPS B                    Nuclear                      17-11-2000                                    220                     440              1277.00                                         0
                                                                                                                            Total             2553.99                                      0.00
Other Renewable
                                                                                                      Effective Capacity                                                         Qty of Fuel
Station                   Fuel Type                    Date Comissioned1           Capacity Addition1 (Plant)2 2005-2006            Generated Units2                             Required4

                                                                                   MW                       MW                      (Ex-bus) GWh p.a.                            103 tonnes p.a
Wind Farm            Renewable                         2005-2006                                   49.22                  352.22                58.33
                   5
Rajasthan Wind Farm Renewable                          2004-2005                                  289.00                  352.22               342.47                                          0
KPTL-Biomass         Renewable                         2004-2005                                    7.80                    7.80                84.27                                          0
                                                                                                                           Total               485.07                                       0.00
Total
                                                       Total (listed plants) Ex-Bus GWh                        GWh                            35000.11
                                                       Northern Region Total Generation Ex-Bus (2005-2006) GWh                               168000.82
                                                       20% Total Generation Ex-Bus GWh                                                        33600.16

1. Source: Northern Regional Load Dispatch Centre (NRLDC) Annual Report and Monthly Reports [http://www.nrldc.org/nrldc/grid-reports.asp]
2. Source: Northern Regional Load Dispatch Centre (NRLDC) Annual Report 2005-2006 [http://www.nrldc.org/docs/AN05-06.pdf]
3. Specific Fuel consumption at coal fired plants obtained from Central Electricity Authority India, Annual Performance Review of Thermal Power Stations 2005-2006
[http://www.cea.nic.in/god/opm/Thermal_Performance_Review/0506/SECTION-9.pdf]. The SFC for MMH + PEDA were not available. The average value for the NR (NRLDC Annual Report) was used,
which is a conservative value.
4. Fuel Consumption at gas fired plants obtained from Central Electricity Authority India, Annual Performance Review of Thermal Power Stations 2005-2006 . Figures taken from Operating Margin
Calculation.
5 Wind farms were added incrementally between 1998-2001 and exact commissiong dates are not available. However according to NRLDC Annual Reports of 289 MW was added during 2004-2005 and
49.22 in 2005-06.
Conversion Factors
Kcal to TJ                            0.000000004184
KWh to GWh                                  0.000001


B: Five Power Plants that have been built most recently.
                                                                                                      Effective Capacity
Station                   Fuel Type                    Date Comissioned1           Capacity Addition1 (Plant)1 2005-2006            Generated Units1

                                                                                   MW                       MW                      (Ex-bus) GWh p.a.
Rihand -II Unit IV        Coal                         4-Jan-06                                   500.00                 2000.00              2415.71
Paricha Ext. Unit I
MMH+PEDA+OTHER            Coal                         29-Mar-06                                  210.00                  430.00               331.60
S                         Coal                         1-Mar-06                                    45.90                   45.90               101.42
MMH                       Hydro                        1/3/2006                                    17.60                   63.50                28.11
Wind Farm                 Wind                         2005-2006                                   49.22                  352.22                58.33
                                                                                                            Total                             2935.17
1. Source: Northern Regional Load Dispatch Centre (NRLDC) Annual Report and Monthly Reports [http://www.nrldc.org/nrldc/grid-reports.asp]



Sample Group Selection
Sample group is the option (A or B) which comprises the larger annual generation

Annual Generation   Annual Generation
Option A            Option B
GWh                 GWh
           35000.11              2935.17

Option A, is greater and is therefore the sample set used to calculate the Build Margin.



2. CO2 Emission Coefficient of Fuel (COEFi)
                          NCVi1                        EFCO2,i2                       OXIDi2                 COEFi
                               3
                          TJ/10 tonnes                 t C02/TJ                                              t C02/ 103 tonnes
Coal                                           19.63                          94.60                   0.98                 1819.86
Gas                                             52.3                          56.10                  0.995                 2919.36
1. Net Calorific Values obtained from Indian National Communication to the UNFCCC (Natcom), 2004,GHG inventory information
2. Values for Emission Factors and Oxidation Factors obtained from IPCC (1996) Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories (Revised), IPCC


3. Build Margin Emission Factor EFBM,y
                                    Fi,j,y                        COEFi,j               Fi,j,y * COEFi,j            GENj,y                  EFbm,y
                                 3
                               10 tonnes p.a                                                  t C02                 MWh p.a
Coal                                       11466.55                         1819.86          20867491.03             17692528.61
Gas                                          551.56                         2919.36            1610192.59             3467590.57
Hydro                                          0.00                                                  0.00            10800929.23
Nuclear                                        0.00                                                  0.00             2553990.00
Renewable                                      0.00                                                  0.00              485069.63
                                                                                             22477683.62             35000108.04                    0.642 tC02/Mwh
1. Three year average of the Simple Operating Margin

Year                            EFom,y
2003-04                                             1.124
2004-05                                             1.121
2005-06                                             1.124
Average                                             1.123



2. Baseline Emission Factor EFy
            wom                          EFom,y                   wbm                EFbm,y                 EFy
                         0.5                        1.123                 0.5                 0.642               0.883

3. Baseline Emissions
                                                          Unit Generated       Auxiliary
Operating Year                  Plant Capacity (MW)       (Gross)              Consumption (0.5 %) EGy             EFy            BEy
                                                                MWh p.a               MWh p.a          MWh p.a                          tCO2 p.a
2007 onwards                                         4.80             26069.76              1303.49      24,766.27        0.883             21868.62



4. Project Emissions

    Reservoir Area (ha)                                 0
    Reservoir Area (m 2)                                0
   Plant Capacity (MW)                                4.8
     Plant Capacity (W)                           4800000
                      2
  Power Density (W/m )                                  0

                            1
                    EFRes=                            90 kg CO2e/MWh
                       PEy=                            0 tCO2e/year
1. Default factor given in ACM0002


5. Emission Reductions
Operating Year            BEy                               PEy                 Ly                    ERy (tCO2)
                   2008                      21868.618                      0                    0             21,868
Seven year crediting period                                                                                   153,076

								
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