The Politics of Urban Design in Rome by LondonGlobal

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									“The Politics of Urban Design in Rome”

                       UCL, Bartlett School , 26 July 2005
                                        Marco Cremaschi
                            Department of Urban Studies
                                  Universita‟ di Roma Tre
The hitch-hiker guide to the social
        structure of Rome
 • the largest municipality in Italy (both for size & population)
 • Large as the GLC (but only 2,6 m. inhab.)
 • only 1/3 urbanized
 • strong social geography: affluent N, blue collar E, petit
   bourgeois W, nouveaux riches S
 • the core city almost depopulated (government, business, and
   tourism); the first ring is made of dense „900 neighborhoods;
   1/3 live in the outer space
 • Same administrative power than any other municipality
Three waves of urban projects
• I wave: urban rehabilitation, since early
  ‟70s
• II wave: flagship projects, early ‟90s
• III wave: “nuove centralità” (new
  municipal cores), early ‟00s
       I wave: neighborhood
           rehabilitation
• Main narrative: the divided city
• Social issues at stake: the cost of early
  modernity
• Conflictual politics, conflicting
  representation
• Clear-cut redistributive policies
• The spatial image of the periphery=
  outskirts, the waiting-city
Around the main station: Esquilino
           I wave: neighborhood programmes in the
           former „borgate‟
• 11 main programmes (PRU)
  on 7,000 ha
• 440.000 people involved
• 1,8 billion euro (1.2 billion
  pounds), 1/3 public
  infrastructure, 2/3 privates
• 5 more PRiU (rehabilitation),
  and 5 CdQ (neighborhood
  contracts) on main social
  housing Estates
• 1 Pic Urban Programme
  addressing a large social
  estate in the Eastern
  outskirts
 II wave: flagship projects, early
               ‟90s
• Main narrative: filling the „gap‟
• Main focus: economic development (‟93: „annus
  terribilis‟)
• A „progressive‟ urban coalition, acquiring consensus
  around a strategy of controlled growth
• Early attempts of a (long time needed) agenda for
  innovation
• The spatial image: recycling the left-over, either
  brownfields or dilapidated neighborhood
                North: Art and Music in Flaminio




Contemporary Art Museum    Auditorium (music hall)
SW: Urban Education & Entertainment in
Ostiense
                SW: the airport & the Eur corridor




Fiera di Roma              Centro Congressi
   III wave: “nuove centralità”
  (new municipal centres), ‟00s
• Main narrative: the „last plan‟ for Rome
• Main problem: re-allocating
  developments rights
• The progressive coalition deals with the
  restructuring of regional governance
• The spatial image: addressing the
  infinite city
Termini
Esquilino
                     Main figures

• 9,5 million sqm. involved, 16,5 more planned
• 2,2 million sqm. built, 2,8 more planned
  –   33%   offices;
  –   16%   trade fair, techno-pole…;
  –   27%   university, culture and tourism;
  –   14%   housing;
  –   10%   other;
• 2,3 billions euro of investment (about 1,5
  billion pounds)
• 25.000 employees
The Plan‟s 4 criteria

               TRANSPORT       DEVELOPMENT   SOCIAL & FUNCTIONAL
               ACCESSIBILITY    POTENTIAL    CULTURAL INTEGRATION
                                             IDENTITY


 BUFALOTTA          --             +          --          =
    EUR-
CASTELLACCIO         -             +            -         =
 FIUMICINO-
 MAGLIANA            =             +          --          -
  OSTIENSE-
                     +
  MARCONI                          =          +           +
                                   +
    POLO
TECNOLOGICO          -                        --          =
 PONTE DI
  NONA-
LUNGHEZZA
                     -             +          --          =
Centralità di Bufalotta
Centralità di Eur-Castellaccio
Centralità di Magliana-Alitalia
Il Polo Tecnologico
Centralità di Ponte di Nona-Lunghezza
Centralità di Acilia

								
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