Created by: Maureen Burke, Allison
Hildebrandt & Sarah Herkins
Clothing and Face Painting
create their own headdress
create their own Native American jewelry
learn the meanings of Native American face
prepare a Native American dish
design their own clay pottery
Native American Textiles
Native American Tribes
Native American Headdresses
Location of Indian Tribes
1. Shawnee 6. Ottawa
2. Miami 7. Iroquois
3. Wyandot 8. Algonquian
4. Huron 9. Seneca
5. Mingo 10. Delaware
The Shawnee Indians were
living in the Ohio Valley as early
as A.D. 1660.
But the Iroquois were not willing
to share these rich hunting
grounds and drove the Shawnees
As the power of the Iroquois
weakened, the Shawnee Indians
moved back into Ohio from the
south and the east.
They settled in the lower Scioto
The Miami Indians originally lived
in Indiana and southern Michigan.
They moved into the Maumee
Valley around A.D.1700.
They soon became the most
powerful Indian tribe in Ohio.
The Miamis speak a form of the
Little Turtle Algonquian Indian language
• The Ottawa Indians originally lived
along the Ottawa River in eastern
Ontario and western Quebec.
• They moved into northern Ohio around
• They speak a form of the Algonquian
• They were enemies of the Iroquois and
never really trusted the Wyandot
because they were related to the
Native American Necklaces
• Prehistoric Native American
necklaces were made of shell,
bone, teeth, claws, pottery and
other natural materials.
• A traditional Penobscot necklace
consists of deer antler prongs and
deer hoofs bored and strung on
• Another necklace of fawns teeth
helped teething children.
1. After discussing Native
American jewelry, the students
will create their own necklaces.
2. There will be different materials
available at workstations.
3. After the necklaces are made,
the students will present and
discuss their jewelry.
This real headdress has a double
trail that flows down the back.
The feathers are white with black
ends with red fluffs. It has white
fluffs and red felt standards at
the base. It has a beaded
headband with side rosettes that
are trimmed with fluff feathers. It
has a felt head covering also
covered with feathers. There are
approximately 130 full size legal
eagle feathers in this beautiful
Making a Headdress
1. After learning about Native
American headdresses, the
students will create their own!
2. Each group will be given supplies
to work with.
3. The students may wear their
headdresses for the rest of the
Guide to Face Painting
The use of colors might be as follows:
RED was the color of war.
WHITE was the color of peace..
BLACK was a "living" color, worn on the face to
prepare for war.
GREEN worn under the eyes was supposed to
empower the wearer with night vision.
YELLOW represented death, as it is the color of "old
bones." Care should be taken not to wear a lot of
1. After learning about face
painting and the significant
colors, the students will pair up
and begin the activity.
2. Students will move to each color
station to complete the face
3. We will meet for a group picture
at the end!
Making Native American Food
* 1 can blueberries
* 3 cans water
* 1 cup sugar
* 3/4 cup flour
* Water to mix with flour to make a gravy or sauce mixture.
* Put the blueberries into a medium sauce pan.
* Add 3 cans water to blueberries.
* Add the sugar and mash the blueberries.
* Heat until boiling.
* Slowly add the flour paste to make a gravy like mixture.
Making clay pots
PINCHING THE BASE
AND USING A SUPPORT
1. To start, pinch your thumbs into the center of a ball of clay.
Squeeze your thumb on the Inside with your fingers on the outside
of the pot..
2. Place the base in a hollow in the ground, or in a bowl shaped vessel
which can be rotated easily by the potter as the pot is built up.
ROLLING, BRUSHING, ADDING AND JOINING THE COILS
3. To be joined properly, the coils should be roughened using a
moistened stiff brush..
5. Add a coil. one foot or longer, around the inside rim of the pot being
held in its support.
6. The coils must be firmly joined to the pot or cracks will appear
when the pot dries.
Pottery making continued
PADDLING, SMOOTHING AND SCRAPING THE POT
7. Join coils in A spiral direction until a rough form of the pat
is made, or until the addition of more moist coils will cause
the pot to slump under the weight.
Paddle the pot to its final form using a smoothed
cobble on the inside of the pottery wall for support. Paddling
helps compress and strengthen the clay and decorates the
outside of the pot with cord marks.
8. A smooth, flat scraping tool may be used on the pot to
compress cracks or smooth the pot for more decoration
Timeline Of Native American Pottery
Native American games