Ed 417 Dr. Helms

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					Created by: Maureen Burke, Allison
   Hildebrandt & Sarah Herkins

                                Ed 417
                               Dr. Helms
  Native Americans
      Second Grade

Clothing and Face Painting

Students will:
 create their own headdress
 create their own Native American jewelry
 learn the meanings of Native American face
 prepare a Native American dish
 design their own clay pottery
Materials Needed
    Paint
    Paint brushes
    String
    Beads/ Noodles
    Feathers
    Construction Paper
    Glue
    Cloth
    Markers
Face Paint
Making Jewelry
Native American Textiles
Native American Tribes
Native American Headdresses
Location of Indian Tribes
         in Ohio
   Major Tribes
     in Ohio

1. Shawnee   6. Ottawa
2. Miami     7. Iroquois
3. Wyandot   8. Algonquian
4. Huron     9. Seneca
5. Mingo     10. Delaware
 The Shawnee Indians were
living in the Ohio Valley as early
as A.D. 1660.
 But the Iroquois were not willing
to share these rich hunting
grounds and drove the Shawnees
 As the power of the Iroquois
weakened, the Shawnee Indians
moved back into Ohio from the
south and the east.
 They settled in the lower Scioto
River valley.
                  The Miami Indians originally lived
                  in Indiana and southern Michigan.

                  They moved into the Maumee
                  Valley around A.D.1700.

                  They soon became the most
                  powerful Indian tribe in Ohio.

                  The Miamis speak a form of the
Little Turtle     Algonquian Indian language
• The Ottawa Indians originally lived
along the Ottawa River in eastern
Ontario and western Quebec.

• They moved into northern Ohio around
A.D. 1740.

• They speak a form of the Algonquian
Indian language

• They were enemies of the Iroquois and
never really trusted the Wyandot
because they were related to the
Iroquois.                                 Pontiac
Native American Necklaces

        • Prehistoric Native American
        necklaces were made of shell,
        bone, teeth, claws, pottery and
        other natural materials.
        • A traditional Penobscot necklace
        consists of deer antler prongs and
        deer hoofs bored and strung on
        • Another necklace of fawns teeth
        helped teething children.
   Activity #1
Making Necklaces
1. After discussing Native
   American jewelry, the students
   will create their own necklaces.
2. There will be different materials
   available at workstations.
3. After the necklaces are made,
   the students will present and
   discuss their jewelry.
Ceremonial Headdress
       This real headdress has a double
       trail that flows down the back.
       The feathers are white with black
       ends with red fluffs. It has white
       fluffs and red felt standards at
       the base. It has a beaded
       headband with side rosettes that
       are trimmed with fluff feathers. It
       has a felt head covering also
       covered with feathers. There are
       approximately 130 full size legal
       eagle feathers in this beautiful
            Activity #3
        Making a Headdress
1. After learning about Native
   American headdresses, the
   students will create their own!
2. Each group will be given supplies
   to work with.
3. The students may wear their
   headdresses for the rest of the
             Guide to Face Painting
The use of colors might be as follows:

RED was the color of war.

WHITE was the color of peace..

BLACK was a "living" color, worn on the face to
prepare for war.

GREEN worn under the eyes was supposed to
empower the wearer with night vision.

YELLOW represented death, as it is the color of "old
bones." Care should be taken not to wear a lot of
                    Activity #2
                   Face Painting
1. After learning about face
   painting and the significant
   colors, the students will pair up
   and begin the activity.
2. Students will move to each color
   station to complete the face
3. We will meet for a group picture
   at the end!
    Making Native American Food
            Activity #4
                      Blueberry Wojapi

*       1 can blueberries
*       3 cans water
*       1 cup sugar
*       3/4 cup flour
*       Water to mix with flour to make a gravy or sauce mixture.


*       Put the blueberries into a medium sauce pan.
*       Add 3 cans water to blueberries.
*       Add the sugar and mash the blueberries.
*       Heat until boiling.
*       Slowly add the flour paste to make a gravy like mixture.
                           Activity #5
                         Making clay pots
1. To start, pinch your thumbs into the center of a ball of clay.
    Squeeze your thumb on the Inside with your fingers on the outside
    of the pot..

2. Place the base in a hollow in the ground, or in a bowl shaped vessel
     which can be rotated easily by the potter as the pot is built up.

3. To be joined properly, the coils should be roughened using a
     moistened stiff brush..

5. Add a coil. one foot or longer, around the inside rim of the pot being
     held in its support.

6. The coils must be firmly joined to the pot or cracks will appear
    when the pot dries.
          Pottery making continued

7. Join coils in A spiral direction until a rough form of the pat
is made, or until the addition of more moist coils will cause
the pot to slump under the weight.
        Paddle the pot to its final form using a smoothed
cobble on the inside of the pottery wall for support. Paddling
helps compress and strengthen the clay and decorates the
outside of the pot with cord marks.

8. A smooth, flat scraping tool may be used on the pot to
compress cracks or smooth the pot for more decoration
Timeline Of Native American Pottery
Native American games

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