Newsletter 19, September 2004
    CLEARINGHOUSE NEWS                                                  IN THIS ISSUE
                                                          Clearinghouse News
Jane Mulroney, Director, reports on some                  Email alert system!                                        1
                                                          Links to legislation                                       1
key activities aimed at improving workers’                Good Practice new look                                     2
access to Clearinghouse resources and                     Visit to Darwin services                                   2
services.                                                 Stakeholder survey results                                 4
                                                          16 days of activism                                        4
             Email alert system!                          Practice Notes
                                                          Women’s Safety After Separation Project                    4
The Clearinghouse has set up an email alert system        Dilemmas in working with women with
designed to provide regular updates about additions            complex needs                                         5
to the Clearinghouse website, and new                     From Darkness to Light exhibition                          6
Clearinghouse publications.                               Beijing + 10 follow-up report                              7
                                                          Seeds of Non-Violence project                              8
To join, send an email to with the exact              Legislation and Policies
                                                          Violence Excluded – speech                                 8
words ‘subscribe dv-clearinghouse’ in the body of
                                                          WA Family and Domestic Violence State
the message. A confirmation email with an authority            Strategic Plan                                        10
code will be sent to you automatically, to verify your    Domestic Violence Advocacy Support Central                 11
request. You must reply to this email with the            Communicare’s Breathing Space: Centre for
required code to authorise being added to the list.            Men’s Wellbeing                                       11
For further information, go to the Subscribe Now          Research Findings/Initiatives
page at our website.                                      The Health Costs of Violence report                        12
Useful tips to subscribe to email alert list:             Aust. Longitudinal Study on Women’s Health                 13
                                                          Masters and PhD theses                                     13
   If you have an automatic signature on your
                                                          New Publications/Reviews
    standard email, please remove it before               Making Waves: Attending to Lesbian
    emailing majordomo.                                       Relationship Violence – Book Review                    13
   If you are subscribing from another email             New Resources
    account, write ‘subscribe dv-clearinghouse’ and       Women’s Council for Domestic and Family
    preferred email address.                                  Violence Services (WA) Checklists                      15
                                                          NESB Domestic Violence Action Group Z-cards                15
             Links to legislation                         Helping Children Thrive: Supporting Women
                                                              Abuse Survivors as Mothers                             16
An additional database has been constructed and           Forthcoming Conferences                                    16
added to the State Resources page within the
Clearinghouse website. This allows users to have          Internet Sites and Documents                               16
direct access to the legislation concerning protection
orders and personal violence offences for each state
and territory within Australia. To find the legislation
                                                                         CONTACT US
                                                          Phone (02) 9385 2990 • TTY (02) 9385 2995
click on the State Resources button on the left-hand      Fax (02) 9385 2993
side of the home page.                                    Email
Once you are in the page you will notice two              ISSN: 1443-7236
                                                          Published by the Australian Domestic and Family Violence
                                                          Clearinghouse UNSW Sydney NSW 2052

hyperlinks for each state and territory. Clicking       What was wonderful, apart from the welcome,
on the ‘Legislation’ hyperlink will take you directly   was the willingness of the services I spoke with
to the legislation and an additional hyperlink          to respond creatively to the situations around
‘Publications about the Legislation’ provides           them. Often this meant that they were ‘writing the
access to all items contained within the Research       book’ on models of service provision which relate
and Resources database that analyses state-             to their circumstances. Some of this experience
based domestic violence legislation.                    will soon be available to others in the form of new
                                                        Good Practice entries on our database. Some of
       Good Practice new look                           these services are:
                                                        The YWCA of Darwin’s Palmerston Crisis
Maria Hole, Good Practice database                      Accommodation and Parenting Support Team
worker provides an update.                              with the wonderful duo of Fay Armstrong (Team
                                                        Leader) and Faye Parriman (Para-legal). The
Those of you who have been visiting the Good            Service takes a strong position on the provision
Practice page on our website will have noticed          of supported accommodation for women with
that the headings and layout have been updated          children and men with children who need safe
to make the entries much easier to scan and to          accommodation to leave domestic violence. A
read. One improvement is the addition of an             series of safe houses has been set up, linked
abstract for each entry so that you can more            with the shop-front service, to provide ongoing
quickly decide if a particular project is relevant to   work with residents and this also acts as a first
your search. I’d like to thank the Clearinghouse        contact point for people who are experiencing
Information Officer, Dale Gietzelt, for her work on     violence.
the new format, and Librarian, Karen Goes, for
                                                        Some important aspects of the service are:
abstracting and for updating the text.
                                                        Families needing refuge services are housed in
Also in the pipeline is the addition of an online
                                                        single-family accommodation, in normal
submission form within the website so that you
                                                        community housing. This helps to relieve the
can complete and send submissions for the
                                                        stress often associated with having to be
Good Practice database online if you choose. If
                                                        accommodated with other families in crisis. As in
you have joined our email alert system this will
                                                        other refuge situations, families can remain in the
let you know when this option becomes
                                                        housing for around three months and receive
                                                        intensive casework and support from the crisis
For those people who haven’t yet had time to            team. Attention has been given to the physical
look at the Good Practice site I’d like to              safety features of the houses and service offices,
encourage you to have a look. You may even              and to safety procedures for staff and residents.
decide that your project should be there!
                                                        The Team is committed to child safety as an
       Visit to Darwin services                         early intervention and preventative process. This
                                                        helps to stop the ‘return to violence/return to
Having recently begun work at the Clearinghouse         refuge’ cycle, which many children endure. The
as the worker developing the Good Practice              service works with the adult caregivers to raise
database, I was especially pleased on a recent          their awareness of the effects that violence has
trip to Darwin to be able to visit some projects        on the long-term physical, mental and social
and to talk with workers with whom I would              wellbeing of children.
otherwise only be able to ‘speak’ by email, or at
                                                        The team’s child specialist, Andrea Van der
best by phone.
                                                        Werf, sees all children from the beginning of the
I was very appreciative of the time given by these      family’s stay in the safe house and attends to
busy workers to introduce their work with all its       their individual needs for support and other
highs and lows. Clearly there are many                  interventions. The service has its own pamphlet
challenges for workers in the area of domestic          for residents, which explains the rationale for the
violence in the Territory, with some of the             children’s programme.
country’s highest reported rates of injury from
                                                        Procedures are in place for documenting
violence, issues of distance, the remoteness of
some communities, and a great mix of both               residents’ contracts and rights and which give
Indigenous and non-Indigenous cultures.

Australian Domestic and Family Violence Clearinghouse                       Newsletter No. 19             2

                                                                         victims of domestic violence
                                                                         and who have witnessed
                                                                         The Palmerston and Rural
                                                                         Parenting Support Service
                                                                         helps parents involved with the
                                                                         crisis service to increase
                                                                         parenting skills and to lower
                                                                         stress. Help is offered to
                                                                         individuals and through
                                                                         SHEIRA (Support, Health.
                                                                         Entertainment, Information,
                                                                         Recreation, Art) peer support
                                                                         The Palmerston Crisis
                                                                         Accommodation and Parenting
                                                                         Support Team can be contacted
                                                                         on: 08 8932 9155.
                                                                          Darwin Aboriginal and
 Palmerston Family Crisis Accommodation and Support team.                 Islander Women’s Shelter:
 From Left: Fay Parriman, Andrea van der Werf and Faye                    DAIWS is unique in that it is
 Armstrong.                                                               managed solely by Indigenous
                                                                          women. Regina Bennett and
                                                        her staff work to meet the support and
                                                        accommodation needs of residents who come
                                                        from Darwin from a number of remote
                                                        communities and from interstate. It provides a
                                                        safe setting in housing planned around the
                                                        needs of its residents. Provision is made for
                                                        some separate accommodation within the
                                                        complex for women with older boys in the family.
                                                        Predominantly Indigenous women and children
                                                        are accommodated, but DAIWS is available to all
                                                        women in crisis. The Shelter has a hotline on: 08
                                                        8945 2284.
                                                        Catherine House: Janet Seden is the
                                                        Coordinator of this service providing safe
                                                        accommodation for women without children. A
                                                        recent innovation is the addition of a separate
permission for children to receive support and          four-bed shelter within the grounds for women
counselling. Details relating to the perpetrator are    who may need very short-term accommodation
kept for safety purposes.                               in an emergency situation. This is a response to
The comfort and appearance of the houses and            local circumstances for women who live in ‘long
the crisis service is given close attention in order    grass’ communities close to Darwin. Women may
to promote a welcoming atmosphere for                   become skilled at identifying situations where
residents, including children. The age of children      violence poses a risk to them and safe
coming in to a house is taken into account and          accommodation is needed for the time that that
toys and personal articles are provided for each.       risk is highest. The shelter offers them flexible
                                                        access to this place of safety. Catherine House
At times men or couples fleeing family violence         can be contacted on 08 8981 5928.
may be accommodated. Procedures are in place
which recognise the complexity of initial               Dawn House Women’s Shelter accommodates
assessment in these situations.                         women and children needing refuge from
                                                        violence. Houses are co-located for support and
Rural Child Specialist, Christine Lovett, facilitates
                                                        safety and in most cases two families share a
an outreach group work programme for children
in rural schools – Me, myself and I – addressing        house with some private and some shared living
self-esteem and safety. The Cool Kids Club is a         space.
peer support group for children who have been

Australian Domestic and Family Violence Clearinghouse                      Newsletter No. 19            3

Some innovative aspects of the Service are:              87.1% rated the Issues Papers as extremely
The mix of privacy and shared space for families          helpful or very helpful.
to provide flexibility around needs for support and      The Publications page and Research and
separateness.                                             Resources database were seen as the
The Service has developed a strong emphasis               most useful pages within the Clearinghouse
on art and music with children and has produced           website.
a CD ‘Under the Shelter’ as a result of one such
                                                         82% found the State Resources page
programme. A Children’s Garden has been built
                                                          extremely helpful or very helpful and 86.4%
with the participation of resident children who can
                                                          recorded the same ratings for the Topic
now enjoy their own (and their predecessors’
The Service has published a research report              A significant proportion of respondents
Service Access and Pathways of Accompanied                commented that they did not have access to
Children at Dawn House Women’s Shelter (July              the Internet. As a consequence the
2003) which arose from research emphasising               Clearinghouse will continue to produce
the importance of allowing children to give their         printed publications such as the newsletter
views on their needs. Coordinator Sue Brownlee            and Issues Paper series.
and artist Shellie Morris presented the research
report and accompanying CD at the Home Truths
Conference in Melbourne this September. The                     16 days of activism
report is available on the Clearinghouse research
and resources database.                               (25 November – 10 December 2004)
These are just a few of the strong and innovative
services currently working to support women and       2004 marks the first year in which many states
children experiencing family violence. I would like   and territories are moving activities to raise
to thank all the workers who offered their help       community awareness about the impact of
and information about the local scene.                domestic violence and family violence to the
I would welcome any contributions, enquiries or       period of 16 days of activism. Many have chosen
suggestions for the Good Practice database. At        to move their campaigns and events to this time
the Clearinghouse we are very aware of our            of year to coincide with events occurring around
nationwide focus and are keen to represent all        the world. The dates chosen for the days of
States and regional areas. So please email,           activism highlight opportunities to address
phone or fax me information about your project.       violence against women within a Human Rights
Phone (02) 9385 3843, Fax (02) 9385 2993 and          framework. For example, 25 November marks
email: (Thursdays and              the International Day for the Elimination of
Fridays).                                             Violence Against Women and 10 December is
                                                      International Human Rights Day.
                                                      The Clearinghouse would like to hear about
    Stakeholder survey results                        activities currently planned for this year and
                                                      these will be added to the News page. Email
Thank you to all of you who responded to our          details about events occurring in your state to
Stakeholder Survey. The Clearinghouse       
maintains a strong commitment to providing
services that are relevant to those working to
prevent and respond to domestic and family
violence. In this endeavour we have distributed             PRACTICE NOTES
three surveys since our inception, and results
from the latest survey are very pleasing. These
results indicate that we are on track with the                Women’s Safety After
services we deliver.                                           Separation Project
Here is a brief summary of what you had to tell
                                                      Marie Hume, Coordinator of the Women’s
                                                      Safety After Separation Project reports
   Nearly 90% of respondents found the               on the launch of a national website
    newsletters to be either extremely helpful or     developed by The National Council of
    very helpful.
                                                      Single Mothers and Their Children
                                                      (NCSMC) and The Australian Coalition of
                                                      Women Against Violence.

Australian Domestic and Family Violence Clearinghouse                    Newsletter No. 19              4

The Women’s Safety After Separation project          to negotiate their own and their children’s safety
launched its national website                        in an environment that does not place safety as on 7 June 2004 in                the paramount priority (Kaye et al 2003, Rathus
Adelaide. This new website provides information      et al 2001). The Women’s Safety After
for women and workers assisting women                Separation project has worked in partnership
escaping abuse and violence. It is a virtual web-    with the National Abuse Free Contact Campaign
based resource with downloadable materials,          to constructively address the issues that women
references and links in relation to domestic         and their children face when escaping violence
violence, child protection, family law, protection   and abuse.
orders, and relevant research. The website was
funded by the Australian Government through
the Office of the Status of Women and auspiced       For further information contact:
by the National Council of Single Mothers and        NCSMC Torrens Building 220 Victoria Square
their Children and the Australian Coalition of       Adelaide 5000 Ph: 08 82262505
Women Against Violence.
                                                     Coordinator: Marie Hume
This website aims to provide information to
women facing separation, particularly where          Email:
there is violence and abuse. It is intended that
                                                     Project worker: Heather Joy
information contained within the website will help
women to negotiate safety for themselves and         Email:
their children. The website is one amongst a
range of other strategies which are required to
improve systemic responses to child protection            Dilemmas in working with
and family law issues. Currently, women face
many problems when escaping domestic                     women with complex needs
violence and child abuse. Recovery can only
begin when women who are experiencing                Professor Lesley Cooper, School of
domestic violence are not exposed to elevated        Social Administration and Social Work,
levels of violence and abuse and when women          Faculty of Social Sciences, Flinders
are able to re-establish safety. Women and their     University.
children’s safety may be compromised by
criminal justice, child protection and family law    The Western Domestic Violence Service (WDVS)
systems that leave women exposed to this             initiated this research project in collaboration with
violence and abuse. Women are put at further         Flinders University in South Australia, to explore
risk when trying                                     practice issues related to working with women
                                                     with connections to outlaw motorcycle gangs or
                                                     cults, and women engaged in sex work or who
                                                     use sex for favours. Funding was provided by the
                                                     Supported Accommodation and Assistance
                                                                         Program (SAAP) Co-ordination
                                                                         and Development Committee.
                                                                        WDVS identified that a
                                                                        significant number of clients
                                                                        had associations with bikie
                                                                        gangs through ex- or current
                                                                        partners, or through a need to
                                                                        obtain drugs. Data collected
                                                                        indicated in a twelve-month
                                                                        period that 16% of women
                                                                        provided with services by
                                                                        WDVS were associated with
                                                                        bikie gangs and/or cults, and
                                                                        14.5% of clients admitted to
                                                                        some form of sex work.
                                                                        Women began to speak of
                                                                        engaging in sex work or
                                                                        described sex for favours,
                                                                        often performed as payment
                                                                        for drugs
Women’s Safety After Separation: back row: Jen, Dallas, Heather;
Front row: Marie, Elspeth, Beth.

Australian Domestic and Family Violence Clearinghouse                    Newsletter No. 19              5

bought from gang members or related to their               whether to contact the police or encourage
associations with gangs through their partners.             women to speak to police about their
Women described experiencing situations similar             knowledge of criminal offences;
to those identified for cult members. In particular,       whether to encourage women to seek
women describe experiencing not just a violent              restraining orders;
individual or family relationship, but often abuses
that are ritualistic, violent in the extreme and that      whether to breach confidentiality;
involve a known or sometimes amorphous chain
                                                           how far to explore sensitive information –
of persons who can track, stalk and report on the
                                                            issues of invasion of privacy and
women’s movements. This cluster of issues
                                                            exacerbating the likelihood of more violence
impacted on client partnership and safety plans.
                                                            against the woman;
In particular, problems were created by
consistent breaches of the agency’s client                 ensuring all women provided with
guidelines regarding confidentiality and safety             accommodation are treated the same in light
requirements related to providing secure and                of agency rules;
safe accommodation.                                        how to prevent women’s social isolation by
The research had a deliberate practice focus, of            allowing visitors, but at the same time
naming and identifying the ethical dilemmas in              safeguard all residents. (Cooper 2004, p.44)
working with these women. A dilemma is defined
                                                        A reference group of experienced workers in the
as a choice in which any alternative results in an
                                                        law, sex work and sexual violence challenged
undesirable action (Rhodes 1986: xii). Workers
                                                        practices, attitudes, nomenclature, connotations
perceived that whatever action or interventions
                                                        and policy. As a result of such discussions, the
workers are likely to take will result in a negative
                                                        research report identifies a number of
outcome for the client, believing that it is a
situation where workers are ‘damned if they do
and damned if they don’t’. For example, a worker        These include the need for access to specialist
might encourage a woman to make informed                services for clients, necessity of using skilled
decisions about her life, only to find that such        workers with access to training, need for greater
decisions endanger the woman’s children or              emphasis on inter-agency interventions and
agency staff. The research project used the             better data collection to capture the number of
dilemmas that workers had experienced to                clients with complex needs.
explore some very controversial issues that             WDVS and Professor Cooper will commence a
confront workers on a daily basis.                      second and larger research project in October
These dilemmas included:                                2004, which extends the exploration of practice
                                                        issues with this client group.
   having to make decisions based on
    fragmented information;
   making the decision to contact Family and           For further information go to:
    Youth Services (FAYS) regarding children’s          http:/
    welfare when they believe departmental              outfacs/programs/housenewsaap_research.htm
    intervention may do more harm than good;            [10/09/04].

   making the decision to contact FAYS when
    often their concerns are overridden by FAYS
    or court judgements that the children are not
                                                               From Darkness to Light
    in danger;                                                       exhibition
   establishing whether the client has the             Lorraine Johnston, Crisis
    mental competence to understand her                 Accommodation Coordinator, Michele
    behaviour and its consequences;                     Sharpe, Art therapist; Donna Littlefair,
   respecting the client’s autonomy, even              Women’s Refuge Support Worker; and
    though this may not lead to the best                Tammy Lee inform us about an upcoming
    outcome, ie respecting autonomy may                 exhibition using the artwork of women
    continue to place the client (and her children,     experiencing intimate partner violence.
    in some cases) in danger;
                                                        Domestic violence has a private face and a
                                                        public voice. Creative expression – and
                                                        exhibiting the works in a gallery – together link
                                                        the private and

Australian Domestic and Family Violence Clearinghouse                       Newsletter No. 19               6

the public in                                                Beijing +10: ‘Women Taking
powerful and
empowering ways.                                             Action Locally and Globally’
Wyn Carr House                                                     follow-up report
Women’s Refuge
in Fremantle,                                            Carole Shaw, Centre for Refugee
Western Australia                                        Research provides an update on the
(WA), provides                                           Beijing + 10 activities reported in the last
crisis                                                   Clearinghouse newsletter.
accommodation for
women on their own escaping domestic violence.           From March to July 2004 the Centre for Refugee
For most of this year residents have been                Research (CRR), the Australian National
working with art therapist Michele Sharpe to             Committee on Refugee Women (ANCORW) and
produce works that communicate their most                the Human Rights and Equal Opportunity
personal stories for an exhibition, called From          Commission (HREOC) coordinated a series of
Darkness to Light, at the Fremantle Museum’s             women’s human rights events on a local, state
Public Access Gallery.                                   and national level. These included fifty-one local
Through artistic processes the women expressed           and state caravans and at the national level over
what they could not articulate in words. Through         300 women attended the Women’s Human
art, the struggle to understand grew alongside           Rights Court and Women ‘Taking Action Locally
the need to share their new-found insights with          and Globally’ Workshop. The outcomes
the community in which they live, the people they        document from this process can be found on
pass every day in the streets of Fremantle.     The critical issues and
Once externalised onto canvas or paper; named,           recommendations identified by women from
demystified and the whole experience shared              across Australia and parts of the Pacific Islands
with others, domestic violence became                    were collated and endorsed at the ‘Women
transformed from a private burden to a uniting           Taking Action Locally and Globally’ Workshop.
voice for respect in relationships.                      One of the critical areas addressed at the
Through art, and through exhibiting, the women           workshop was violence against women. These
have found a public voice for their private              workshops identified three key issues:
experience. These are some of their thoughts on             The lack of access to information about
the process:                                                 domestic violence to all groups in society;
‘It was bad remembering everything that                     The inappropriate, often discriminating,
happened. It was good expressing my feelings                 responses from police and the judicial
about it all. I felt happy and sad at the same time          system that are hindrances to victims of
when I did these paintings. I felt sad when I saw            domestic violence; and,
the black door and the black smoke I had
painted. It was like there was a barrier there still.’      The strong link between poverty and
                                                             domestic violence that needs to be
‘It takes a lot of the anger out – like riding the           addressed within all minority groups.
horse that I painted – it relaxes you.’ (Tammy
Lee).                                                    In addition, achievements, obstacles, gaps,
                                                         challenges and emerging issues were identified
‘Domestic violence kills women and children.             and recommendations put forward for each of the
These women, and those who come to the                   above issues.
refuge and paint their understandings, are our
mothers, sisters, daughters, friends.’
                                                         The outcomes and reports of the NGO Beijing
                                                         +10 events in Australia will be:
‘These women are the ones we try to keep safe.              Shared with the Human Rights and Equal
It is their strengths I see in their art, and it is          Opportunity Commission to feed into their
those strengths that have kept them alive.’                  discussion of the Sex Discrimination Act
(Donna Littlefair)                                           1984.
                                                            Shared with the Women’s Report Card
The exhibition is on from September 11 to                    Project, organised by the Women’s Rights
January 31, 2005.                                            Action Network Australia, to contribute to the

Australian Domestic and Family Violence Clearinghouse                       Newsletter No. 19              7

     Shadow report for the CEDAW Committee’s          the group has continued to plan further activities.
     review of Australia in 2005.                     Some possible future topics are sport and
    Shared at the Asia-Pacific Regional NGO          violence, and parenting and non-violence. The
     Forum 1-3 July, Bangkok, Thailand. At this       group is currently organising a walk ‘Towards
     meeting women from all over the Asia Pacific     Non-Violence’ on October 24 to coincide with the
     will share their issues. Women will also         Week Without Violence activities in South
     identify their common recommendations for        Australia.
     regional and international meetings for the      Members of the working group note that ideas
     ten-year review of the Beijing Platform for      about non-violence are not widespread in many
     Action. The recommendations from this            communities in Australia. The dominant cultural
     forum will be collated as a lobbying booklet     ideals are very confused about violence, both
     called ‘The Purple Book’. The forum and          glorifying it on the sports field and vilifying it
     lobbying book are being organised by Asia        when sportsmen go ‘too far’.
     Pacific Women’s Watch.
                                                      A number of agencies have begun to collaborate
    Shared at the Asia Pacific NGO Parallel          on the project. Some of these include Southern
     Forum and the Asia Pacific inter-                Junction (an emergency accommodation
     governmental meeting in Bangkok, Thailand,       service), Hackham West Community Centre, the
     6-9 September 2004. Women’s                      City of Onkaparinga Neighbourhood
     organisations will join together to lobby        Development Program, and Relationships
     governments of the Asia Pacific on the           Australia. Other developments include the
     issues and recommendations identified at         employment of a counsellor to work with men
     the Asia Pacific Regional NGO Forum.             who have been violent towards their women
                                                      partners. In collaboration with other workers, this
    Used to lobby governments at the UN              worker has begun to explore how men can make
     Commission on Status of Women (CSW)              a commitment to non-violence. Some of the most
     Session, March 2005 in New York. At the          committed men want to create more change in
     CSW Session governments will meet to             their lives and those of their families, and they
     review the progress on the implementation of     see that this might be a way to continue to
     commitments made under the Beijing               reinforce their resolve. Project workers hope that
     Platform for Action.                             in time the seeds of non-violence will become a

    Seeds of Non-Violence project
Elizabeth Becker offers her impressions
                                                            LEGISLATION AND
about the Seeds of Non-violence project.                       POLICIES
Health workers at Noarlunga Health Village, the
major regional community health service in the                   Violence Excluded
outer southern suburbs of Adelaide, have begun
the Seeds of Non-Violence project to create           The following is a speech given by Don
changes at the local neighbourhood level in           Weatherburn, Director of the NSW
attitudes towards violence. The project has           Bureau of Crime Statistics and Research,
chosen to explore those community beliefs that        at the launch of ‘Violence Excluded’ a
generate ‘mixed messages’ around violence, and        research report examining the use of
to invite community men to make an explicit           exclusion order conditions within
commitment to non-violence.
                                                      Apprehended Violence Orders.
To date there have been consultations with
professionals working in domestic violence with       ‘The last fifteen years have seen a
women and with men. In May 2004, a community          transformation in public policy on domestic
meeting was attended by around 15 workers and         violence. In fact there’s been so much change in
community members. This provided an                   the way of services, legislation and policy, you
opportunity to canvass ideas and to explore initial   could be forgiven for thinking everyone now
enthusiasm for the project. Since that first          acknowledges the seriousness of the problem.
meeting                                               I’m not so sure this is true.
                                                      Not long ago I was talking to a public servant I
                                                      know about the rise in assault in New South
                                                      Wales and he asked me whether I wasn’t

Australian Domestic and Family Violence Clearinghouse                     Newsletter No. 19                8

exaggerating the problem, given that many of the        In a civil society people have a right to expect a
assaults recorded by police were ‘domestic’. He         life free from intimidation and abuse, whether at
realised in an instant what he’d said and               the hands of a stranger, or at the hands of
corrected himself, albeit not without some              someone they’ve had the misfortune of ending
embarrassment. His Freudian slip, though,               up with as a father, boyfriend or husband.
reflects the underlying attitude of many. That is,      If we tolerate this sort of violence now, we’re
domestic violence is a problem. But real                planting the seeds of violence in the generation
violence, violence worthy of a headline, is always      that follows. In nearly half of all domestic
violence inflicted by predatory strangers.              assaults, the victim’s children witness the
We ought not to be surprised by this attitude.          violence. You don’t need me to tell you that the
After all, if half the assaults recorded by police      children of coercive, violent parents are more
involve domestic violence, those of us who are          likely to grow up violent themselves. What you
lucky enough not to be in a violent relationship        may not have known is that girls who experience
can go to sleep at night feeling a little safer.        physical abuse as children are about five times
When you think about it, though, this is an odd         more likely to end up victims of domestic assault
attitude to take to a major social problem.             in later life.
People all too easily forget the scale and              So reducing the prevalence of domestic violence
seriousness of the domestic violence problem in         is important not just for this generation, but for
NSW. Last year, the police received more than           the next one as well.
19,000 reports of domestic assaults on women.           The study we’re launching today looks into one
But this, of course, was just the tip of a very large   aspect of an ongoing effort to make the legal
iceberg. Only about 1 in 5 assaults against             system more effective in preventing domestic
women are reported to police. So the true               violence.
number of domestic assault victims in NSW last
year was probably closer to 95,000.                     There is now no doubt that the criminal justice
                                                        system can be an effective tool in controlling
Domestic violence, of course, is hardly confined        crime, particularly when it comes to violence
to NSW. The 1996 ABS national survey on                 against women.
violence against women found that about 7 in
every 100 Australian women, over the age of 18,         A recent review of research on arrest and
experienced some form of physical or sexual             domestic violence by the US National Institute of
violence over the preceding 12-month period.            Justice, for example, concluded that arrest is an
Not all of this violence resulted in injury to the      effective specific deterrent to re-offending.
victim, but much of it did. According to the ABS        Our own research has also shown that
survey, an estimated 57,000 Australian women            apprehended violence orders are an effective
had been kicked, bit or punched by a man in the         and durable way of reducing violence,
preceding 12 months.                                    intimidation and harassment.
If this doesn’t impress you as evidence that            The real question now is whether the criminal
domestic violence is serious, consider this: if we      justice system can be made more effective in
could somehow stop men in NSW killing their             preventing domestic violence, without
partners and former partners our annual                 compromising basic legal safeguards and
homicide rate would fall by 16 per cent.                procedures. One way in which AVOs might be
If ever there was an argument for zero tolerance        made more effective is through wider use of what
this must be it.                                        are called exclusion orders.
To think of assault as serious, though, only if it      Technically, an exclusion order is a condition of
results in injury to the victim, is in many ways to     an apprehended violence order (AVO), which
miss the main point. The community would be in          prohibits the defendant from living in the
uproar if you couldn’t walk down the street             premises occupied by the protected person, such
without being screamed at, threatened, harassed         premises being the place of residence of both
or verbally abused. Why should it be any                parties. Put simply, if you get one of these
different when you’re in your own home and the          orders, it’s the suspected offender who has to
abuser is someone you know?                             leave the home rather than you.
                                                        The equity argument in favour of a power to
                                                        make exclusion orders is compelling. If a court

Australian Domestic and Family Violence Clearinghouse                       Newsletter No. 19                9

reaches the conclusion that the safety of            deserve all our thanks for trying to bring a little
someone is at serious risk from the person with      more evidence based thinking into public policy
whom they live, it is much fairer to force the       on law and order.’
offender to leave the home than the victim.          To read the full report go to:
As the report itself points out, though, there are
also compelling practical arguments in favour of     eExcluded.pdf/$FILE/ViolenceExcluded.pdf
exclusion orders as well.
Domestic violence can exert very damaging
emotional and psychological effects on                Western Australian Family and
children. Forcing them to flee their home and live      Domestic Violence State
somewhere else that could be far more chaotic
can threaten their wellbeing and development.
                                                             Strategic Plan
Of course, there are countervailing interests to     Vanessa Harvey, A/Manager Community
consider here as well, not the least of which is
                                                     Engagement – Family and Domestic
the need to ensure that suspected offenders are
not rendered homeless as a consequence of
                                                     Violence Unit (WA).
unwarranted exclusion from the family home.
                                                     The Western Australian Family and Domestic
How well these issues are balanced by the            Violence State Strategic Plan was developed as
courts is impossible to say and, perhaps             an across government initiative by the Family
impossible to determine by any objective means.      and Domestic Violence Unit (FDVU) in
But the detailed case analysis contained in this     consultation with the non-government sector and
report does raise some very important questions,     the community. It recognises that eliminating
such as:                                             family and domestic violence requires
   whether enough has been done to publicise        coordinated responses and partnerships across
    the possibility of exclusion orders among        government and community.
    women seeking AVOs                               The Plan aims to reduce the level and fear of
   whether the courts are giving undue weight       family and domestic violence in Western
    to the accommodation needs of the alleged        Australia and is significant because it means that
    offender as against the alleged victim;          all relevant ministers and government
                                                     departments are working together under a single
   whether police prosecutors are pursuing          policy framework.
    exclusion orders as often as they should;        The Plan will guide all government departments
    and                                              in future planning and implementation of policies
   whether more could be done to provide            and programs aimed at the safety of women and
    alternative accommodation for defendants         children. The three priority areas which form the
    against whom exclusion orders are being          basis of the Plan are ‘Prevention, Protection and
    sought                                           Provision’. Strategies are then arranged under
                                                     ten key focus areas to enable a more effective
I’m not going to take a position on all of these     and targeted response. All government and
issues, especially while there is a chance we        community responses will be identified within
may end up addressing them in future research,       these three priority areas and the associated
as the report recommends.                            focus areas. They will then provide the
There’s no doubt, though, that more could be         framework for the development of yearly Action
done to publicise the existence of exclusion         Plans.
orders. There’s also no doubt that the other         Duplication, overlaps and shortfalls in service
issues highlighted in the report are worthy of       provision will be identified from the Action Plans
further investigation.                               to enable a coordinated approach and for
I’d like to ask you all, then, to join with me in    innovative initiatives to be developed.
congratulating the Violence Against Women            The Action Plan for 2004/2005 will be released in
Specialist Unit and those who funded the study       the last week of September 2004. Further
for bringing these important issues to public        information and a copy of the Plan will be
attention.                                           available from the FDVU website at:
Crime prevention is not an area often informed
by careful research. The authors of this report

Australian Domestic and Family Violence Clearinghouse                    Newsletter No. 19             10
                                  Client focused services through being central                                     and accessible
                                                         A service that through location, staffing and
For further information contact:                          operational practices is friendly and
Vanessa Harvey                                            accessible to Aboriginal and CALD people

A/Manager Community Engagement –                         Reduction of long-term harm by ensuring
                                                          women and children are appropriately linked
Family and Domestic Violence Unit (WA)                    to services and ongoing support is provided.
Ph: 9264 1910; Fax: 9264 1924
                                                      Key Elements of Effectiveness
                                                      Co-location of agencies at DVAS Central
                                                      provides a unique opportunity to work within a
                                                      72-hour ‘window of opportunity’ articulated in
THE FDVU has chosen to highlight the following        domestic violence research.
two services funded through the Department of
Community Development (WA) as examples of             Co-location is an effective example of
services implementing the principles promoted         collaborative ways of working. Agencies work
by the Western Australian Family and Domestic         together as a team allowing the provision of
Violence State Strategic Plan.                        comprehensive and effective interventions.
                                                      Clients can quickly and easily access a range of
                                                      services, reducing the number of women who
    Domestic Violence Advocacy                        ‘drop out’ of the system due to the difficulty of
                                                      attempting to negotiate with various agencies.
         Support Central
                                                      Increased safety outcomes are achieved for
DVAS Central is a multi-agency partnership            clients.
which provides a comprehensive response to
family and domestic violence from a single            Efficiencies are gained by coordination of
location, where people in crisis are provided with    agencies working collaboratively, reducing
a range of relevant and accessible legal, support     overlap in service delivery and allowing a focus
and advocacy services. DVAS Central is an             on key roles.
innovative approach to collaborative and
integrated responses to domestic violence. The
centre builds on an existing community based
police service and officially opened in its current   Central DVAS, PERTH WA 6000
form in September 2003. Since then the service        Ph: 09 2262 2370; Fax: 09 226 2377
has assisted over 1000 women in metropolitan
Services are provided within the two streams of
support and advocacy, and legal. Agencies that
provide on-site services include police, legal aid,
                                                           Communicare’s Breathing
Orana women’s refuge (advocacy and support),                Space: Centre for Men’s
Department for Community Development,                             Wellbeing
Aboriginal family counselling and children’s
counselling. The service is supported by a range      Communicare’s Breathing Space is a residential
of other agencies including justice, the domestic     and therapeutic crisis service for men who have
violence peak body for Western Australia, and         been violent and/or abusive within the family.
regional domestic violence committees.                The service has twelve places within its
                                                      residential program and men are encouraged to
Model Rationale                                       leave the family home in order to address the
                                                      issues that are leading to their use of violence
   A ’one-stop-shop’ concept where people can        and abuse.
    access a range of services and supports
                                                      The central aim of the program is to assist in the
    from one location, making seeking
                                                      provision of safety to women and children. This is
    assistance easier
                                                      the fundamental objective of the program. Being
   Service co-location and collaboration for         a crisis service men can stay for one night;
    comprehensive and holistic service delivery       however once men are in the program they are
   Maximisation of limited resources through

Australian Domestic and Family Violence Clearinghouse                    Newsletter No. 19             11

to stay for the full three months and to use this      important study builds upon the ever-growing
time to best direct them towards a non-violent or      body of literature concerning the impact of
non-abusive understanding of themselves.               violence on women. In particular this study
One of the unique components of the program is         sought to use a ‘burden of disease’ methodology
the utilisation of a multi-systemic model. This        to estimate the impact of health problems as a
should not be confused with a systemic                 consequence of intimate partner violence. Such
understanding of violence. A multi–systemic            methodology takes into account illness, disability
model means that, while the clear focus is on          and premature death as measures of this
encouraging men to cease their use of violence         problem. The study was undertaken by VicHealth
or abuse, the program also provides supports           in partnership with the Department of Human
and interventions in a range of areas of the           Services, Victoria and it is the first of its kind in
men’s lives. The fathering program, drug and           the world.
alcohol counselling, education and employment          This study assessed the health impact of this
assistance, health issues, housing, life skills etc.   type of violence for Victorian women, in
are all provided within the program. This results      particular:
in multiple concurrent processes occurring while          Its prevalence;
the men are engaged in the program.
Another innovative component of the program               The health problems it causes; and,
is the adoption of a therapeutic community                Its contribution to the total disease burden in
model.                                                     Victorian women. (Webster 2004, p.10)
The therapeutic community model also aims to
‘flatten’ power and allow men the opportunity to       The most startling finding to arise from the study
integrate their learning through the lived             is that intimate partner violence is the leading
experience within the community. Breathing             contributor to death, disability and illness in
Space is an evolving program and staff are             Victorian women aged 15-44, in comparison with
committed to reflecting on ways to continually         other more commonly reported risk factors such
improve its responses to family and domestic           as smoking, obesity and substance use.
Communicare’s Breathing Space
35-41 Kenton Way, CALISTA WA 6167                          The Australian Longitudinal
Ph: 9439 5707; Fax: 9439 4437                              Study on Women’s Health:
                                                       Health and Experiences of Violence
                                                       among Young Australian Women
       RESEARCH                                        Angela Taft, Lyn Watson and Christina
  FINDINGS/INITIATIVES                                 Lee
                                                       This fact sheet produced by Women’s Health
The following Australian studies emphasise the         Australia reports on the health impact of young
enormous impact on women’s health and                  women subjected to violence who participated in
wellbeing when they have experienced violence          the Australian Longitudinal Study of Women’s
by an intimate partner, and highlight that             Health (ALSWH). Over 14 000 young women
prevalence and severity of abuse on women              aged 18 to 23 participated in the study in 1996.
should not be minimised.                               They were surveyed again in 2000 and
                                                       significantly approximately 10 000 young women
                                                       then aged 22 to 27 responded to the survey.
   The Health Costs of Violence                        Some findings include:
                                                          Partner violence is strongly associated with
Measuring the burden of disease caused                     early pregnancy;
by intimate partner violence
                                                          Women with a partner and recent violence
This summary report presents the findings of
research that assessed the health impact of
intimate partner violence on women. This

Australian Domestic and Family Violence Clearinghouse                        Newsletter No. 19           12

    were three times as likely to report a
    miscarriage than women free of violence;              NEW PUBLICATIONS/
   Women experiencing violence have higher
    rates of abnormal pap smears;
   Women previously or currently abused by
    partners are four to five times more likely to       Making Waves: Attending to
    report depression than women free of                Lesbian Relationship Violence
   Low levels of social support were more             Edited by Kassa Bird.
    common among women who experienced                 Reviewed by Zoe Craven, Clearinghouse
    violence.                                          Research Assistant.
View the fact sheet at:                                Since 1997, a range of organisations and              interested individuals in the Northern Rivers
/ViolenceGlossy.pdf                                    Region of NSW have been working to raise
                                                       awareness of, and develop strategies for,
                                                       addressing lesbian relationship violence,
Masters & PhD theses                                   specifically in rural and regional areas. The
                                                       cooperative efforts of these groups, who now
In the past the Clearinghouse has been asked to
document current masters and PhD research              identify themselves under the ‘umbrella’ name
being undertaken within Australia that examines        Lesbians Initiating Positive Strategies (LIPS),
issues concerning domestic and family violence.        have resulted in a series of workshops, focus
                                                       groups, forums and training sessions aimed at
Mythiley Iyer, Queensland University of                building a culture of zero tolerance for lesbian
Technology, reports on her PhD thesis ‘Feminist        relationship violence in local communities. Last
Interest Groups Advocating in the Market State:        year, LIPS developed a resource manual as a
Interest, Policy and Political Opportunity             way of documenting the ‘herstory’ of this ongoing
Structures’.                                           project and demonstrating the commitment of
The core concern of this research is to detail the     lesbian communities in the Northern Rivers
effect of political ideology on violence against       Region to making rural areas a ‘safer place to
women policy and feminist agency. The research         live and love’.
incorporates two separate but interlinked stages.      The manual itself is divided into nine sections,
The objectives are threefold: first, to describe       and commences with an acknowledgement of
and explain the way in which violence against          the important work done by women and
women policy has changed over time; second, to         organisations around Australia. A chronology of
describe and explain feminist policy agency            key events, resources, training programs and
overtime, and, third, to investigate the conditions,   services developed or established since the early
drivers and issues which underpin feminist             1990s is used to illustrate the continuity of
interest groups continuing to act politically in the   lesbian community efforts against relationship
Violence Against Women policy area.                    violence and provides the reader with a national
For further information:                               perspective on the movement to date. In section
Email:                              two, some of the central questions that arise in
                                                       the context of research and intervention into
                                                       lesbian relationship violence are asked and
                                                       answered, such as how is lesbian violence
       New Issues Paper                                defined, how is it different to other forms of

                                                       domestic violence, what effects can lesbian
       Look out for our next Issues Paper
                                                       violence have and what are some of the most
                                                       common beliefs and myths about lesbian
       – The Ultimate Betrayal: an                     domestic violence? Major issues identified by
       examination of domestic and family              lesbians in rural communities are also
       violence in refugee communities                 considered and it is recognised that lesbians
       written by Dr. Eileen Pittaway, Director,       living in smaller rural and remote communities
       Centre for Refugee Research,                    experience obstacles that are exacerbated by
       University of NSW. We welcome your              their isolation and their context.
       comments and feedback.

Australian Domestic and Family Violence Clearinghouse                     Newsletter No. 19          13

In section three, the focus is directed to the         domestic violence support group models are
specific issue of discrimination against lesbians      described and detail is provided about content
in society, their experiences of homophobia, the       and sessions that participants found useful in
role discrimination plays in perpetuating cycles of    ending violence in their lives.
lesbian violence and the detrimental impact it can     In section six, the unique experiences of
have on women’s health, development and self-          Indigenous women, women from non-English
esteem. Angela Pollard, of the Northern Rivers         speaking backgrounds and children of lesbians
Community Legal Centre, provides an overview           are considered in a series of articles. Susan
of the legal framework within which                    Pinckham writes of the disadvantage faced by
discrimination against same-sex couples occurs         Aboriginal lesbians both in mainstream society
and some general advice on ‘what’s legal and           and within their own communities, contrasting the
what’s not’ and where to go to lodge a complaint       dynamics of three abusive lesbian relationships.
or seek help in relation to unlawful discrimination.   The first case study tells the story of an
Section four compiles a series of feminist             Aboriginal woman abused by her Anglo partner,
perspectives on lesbian relationship violence and      the second of an Aboriginal woman who
the concepts of power and difference in lesbian-       perpetrated abuse against her Anglo lesbian
specific contexts. Kassa Bird reviews a range of       partner and the third of two Aboriginal lesbians,
feminist theories and analyses and considers           one of whom was assaulted by an unknown male
their application to the ‘specific anomalies raised    assailant. The cultural barriers faced by lesbian
by addressing lesbian domestic violence’,              women from non-English speaking backgrounds
emphasising the need for the inclusion of lesbian      are explored in an extract from ‘Out of Control’
voices in the development of a lesbian-oriented        and Kassa Bird provides an overview of research
understanding of intimate abuse. Helen Vidler          into the experiences of children of lesbians, the
explores the role of power in relationships            discrimination they face and the impact of
between women and the need to move beyond a            domestic violence on their development.
structural or gender based analysis of power           Responses to domestic violence by lesbian
imbalances. Elaine West adopts an alternative          advocate groups have varied across State and
feminist framework to consider the various             community boundaries. In section seven we are
differences and similarities between lesbian           presented with findings from a regional lesbian
relationship violence and violence between             domestic violence project conducted in the
heterosexual couples, highlighting the                 Northern Region of NSW. Information resources
intersection of homophobic and misogynist social       targeted at friends and relatives of victims and at
structures and attitudes, and the impact these         perpetrators of lesbian relationship violence are
have on women’s experiences. The                       contributed by the Domestic Violence and Incest
sameness/difference debate is further explored         Resource Centre (DVIRC), Victoria, and Health
by Dr Kierryn Davis and Professor Bev Taylor           Canada. Importantly, the role of support service
who present the methodology and findings of a          providers, health, legal and other professionals in
feminist narrative research project aimed at           responding to lesbian violence is considered in
establishing the justification for treating same sex   section eight. Chesley, Macaulay and Ristock
victims of violence as a separate cohort and           present a series of guidelines and special
identifying some of the key issues for lesbian         considerations for working with lesbians
women seeking informal support in both the             experiencing violence and a model for making
lesbian and mainstream community.                      services and workplaces ‘lesbian friendly’ is
A range of pamphlets, fact sheets, models for          excerpted from ‘Out of Sight’, the journal of the
support and other resources relating to lesbian        DVAR Inc. The NSW Women’s Refuge
relationship violence are drawn together in            Movement Access and Equity policy for women
section five and a series of case studies are used     escaping violent lesbian relationships is also
to demonstrate specific legal options open to          included. A list of Australian and international
victims in different situations. Information           references and resources on lesbian and same-
pertaining to other legal issues that might arise in   sex violence is provided in section nine.
the context of intimate abuse, such as parenting       Making Waves is a unique and important
arrangements, child support and adoption, is also      resource for organisations and advocacy groups
included. In concluding section five, two lesbian

Australian Domestic and Family Violence Clearinghouse                      Newsletter No. 19            14

assisting lesbian women, particularly in rural and
regional areas. Debate surrounding how lesbian
                                                          Non-English Speaking
violence should be defined and addressed is           Background Domestic Violence
ongoing and the diversity of professional,                Action Group Z-cards
personal and practical knowledge contained in
this manual illustrates the complexity of the issue   The Non-English Speaking Background
and the need for further research and                 Domestic Violence Action Group (NESBDVAG)
understanding of its many causes, forms and           in South Australia recognised that there was a
effects. Documenting the ‘herstory’ of collective     need to promote awareness of domestic violence
awareness and commitment to the eradication of        issues in the NESB community and to promote
lesbian relationship violence in the Northern         the rights of NESB women experiencing
Rivers Region represents an important step            domestic violence. The Action Group also
towards naming and recognising the extent and         decided that there was a need to create
impact of this violence and identifying practices     resources which were linguistically and culturally
that meet the diverse needs of the lesbian            inclusive and which addressed the issues of
community as a whole.                                 domestic violence especially for new and
                                                      emerging communities. After consultation with
                                                      the community, ‘Z’ Cards were produced, which
Available from:                                       are fold-down cards providing women
Wayward Concepts                                      experiencing domestic violence with information
                                                      about domestic violence, how to recognise it and
PO Box 2163, BYRON BAY NSW 2163                       who to contact for help and support in their own
Ph: 02 6687 2106                                      language. It is intended that the cards will also
                                                      highlight that domestic violence includes
Email:                           emotional abuse, verbal abuse, psychological
                                                      abuse and financial abuse.
                                                      We have printed information in the following
      NEW RESOURCES                                   languages: English, Spanish, Greek, Arabic,
                                                      Italian, Khmer, Vietnamese, Bosnian, Serbian,
                                                      Turkish, Nuer, Polish, Russian, Tagalog, Kurdish,
Women’s Council for                                   Croatian, Farsi, Chinese, Thai, Dari and Dinka.
                                                      Zcards are available for purchase at a cost of 20
Domestic and Family                                   cents per card plus postage and handling. To
                                                      purchase contact any of the members listed or
Violence Services (WA)                                post your request to the address below:

Checklists                                            Desi: 0411 187 478;
The Women’s Council for Domestic and Family
Violence Service (WA) has recently released           Monica: 8444 0700
three ‘Checklists’.
                                                      Ornella: 8239 9600;
They are:
                                                      Isis/Kathy: 8365 5033
   Domestic Homicides in WA;
                                                      All Mail to be directed to:
   Caught in the Crossfire; and,                     PO Box 369, MARDEN SA 5070
   Increasing costs and 24-hour women’s
    refuge services in Western Australia.
These ‘checklists’ provide an overview and
recommendations for action relating to key
issues affecting women and children                                 Deadline for

experiencing domestic and family violence. They                     contributions to the next
are intended to promote best practice service                       newsletter is 5
development and social action activities amongst                    November 2004:
domestic and family violence services within
                                                                    Brief, newsworthy
Western Australia.
                                                                    contributions are invited.
These can be found as pdf documents on the
Clearinghouse website Research and Resources

Australian Domestic and Family Violence Clearinghouse                     Newsletter No. 19          15

                                                     For further information contact:
      Helping Children Thrive:
                                                     Australian Institute of Family Studies
     Supporting Women Abuse
                                                     300 Queen Street, Melbourne, Vic 3000
       Survivors as Mothers
                                                     Ph: 03 9214 7888; Fax: 03 9214 7839
A Guide to Support Parenting (2004)        

By Linda Baker and Alison Cunningham                 The deadline for early-bird registration is 30
                                                     November 2004.
The Centre for Children and Families in the
Justice System of the London Family Court
Clinic, Ontario, Canada has recently released a
new resource intended for workers who are                     INTERNET SITE &
supporting women who have survived woman
abuse. The resource can be viewed at:                           DOCUMENTS
This 76-page resource was developed with             As a follow-up to the Clearinghouse seminar
funding from the Ontario Women’s Directorate.        presentation by Associate Professor Jane Ursel,
Material within the guide addresses the needs of     about the Family Violence Court in Winnipeg, the
abused women as mothers, how abusive men             following is a list of Canadian websites that may
parent, how abusive men affect family dynamics,      be useful to your work:
effects of power and control tactics on mothers,
the potential impact of woman abuse on children
of different ages, and strategies used by young      RESOLVE
people to cope with violence in their homes.         RESOLVE, formerly known as the Manitoba
Guidance on parenting children exposed to            Research Centre on Family Violence and
violence is also offered. Forty-four pages are       Violence Against Women, is a regional research
designed as handouts for women, to be                network involving the three prairie provinces;
distributed as an adjunct to individual or group     Manitoba, Calgary and Saskatchewan.
interventions on woman abuse or on parenting.

                                                     National Clearinghouse on Family
         FORTHCOMING                                 Violence (Canada)
         CONFERENCES                                 The National Clearinghouse on Family Violence
                                                     (NCFV) is a national resource centre for all
                                                     Canadians seeking information about violence
Ninth Australian Institute of Family                 within the family and looking for new resources
Studies Conference: Families Matter                  being used to address it. Current features of the
                                                     website include the latest statistical profile of
Wednesday 9 February 2005 – Friday, 11               family violence in Canada 2004.
February 2005                              
Melbourne Exhibition and Convention Centre           ingual.htm

Presentations from keynote and invited speakers
aim to provide insights into the current issues
facing families and how we as family members,
researchers, policy makers and service providers     The views expressed in this Newsletter do not necessarily
can improve outcomes for families and                represent the views of the Commonwealth of Australia or the
individuals through greater awareness, research,     Partnerships Against Domestic Violence Taskforce.
                                                     Whilst all reasonable care has been taken in the preparation of
networking, leadership, and evidence based           this publication, no liability is assumed for any errors or
policy and practice. The Conference will feature     omissions.
the presentation and discussion of findings of the   The Clearinghouse is linked to the Centre for Gender-Related
                                                     Violence Studies, based in the University of New South Wales
Australian Institute of Family Studies (AIFS) own    School of Social Work.
studies, along with work from a wide range of        This work is copyright. Organisations have permission to
researchers, government bodies, service              reproduce parts or whole of this publication, as long as the
                                                     original meaning is retained and proper credit given.
providers and community organisations. Themes        Funded by Partnerships Against Domestic Violence, a
incorporate an examination of family violence.       Commonwealth Government initiative.

Australian Domestic and Family Violence Clearinghouse                         Newsletter No. 19                    16

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