What are Steroids?
Steroids - Any of a number of natural or
synthetic substances that regulate body
Anabolic Steroids - A group of synthetic
hormones that promote the storage of
protein and the growth of tissue
Types of Steroids
Most common anabolic steroids taken
today: Anadrol, Oxandrin, Dianabol,
Winstrol, Deca-durabolin, and Equipoise
Street names: Roids, juice, arnolds, gym
candy, pumpers, stackers, weight trainers
Professional athletes, including baseball
players, football players, etc.
Women who want to take on stronger
Why Is It Used?
YUMMY NOT SO YUMMY
Anabolic steroids produced by
pharmaceutical companies are only
available through a prescription. The
majority of steroids which are used by
athletes are smuggled, stolen or made in
secret, illegal laboratories. Veterinary
drugs are often used.
Steroids were first developed by the Germans
during WWII (1930s), in order to enhance their
dogs and, later, their soldiers. Steroids soon
became practical for human use, especially in
professional power-lifting. By the 1960s,
steroids were available on the market, but were
later outlawed in the 1990s.
Short-Term: Sexual and reproductive disorders,
fluid retention, severe acne
- Can be reversed in men, with discontinuation.
- Cannot be reversed in women.
Long-Term: Cardiovascular problems, such as
heart damage and stroke
Other: High blood cholesterol levels, high blood
pressure, thinning of hair and baldness, liver
disorders. Steroids can also affect fetal
development during pregnancy.
Psychological: Addiction, impaired judgment
Overdose: Steroid poisoning, enhancement of
other effects. Abusing anabolic steroids =
Overdose, generally, so there are few serious
overdose effects other than the short and long-
term ones mentioned.
After taking steroids for an extended period of
time, the body produces less testosterone and
similar substances. If a person is to suddenly
stop taking steroids, they can suffer from
extreme withdrawal symptoms.
Symptoms include mood swings,
weakness/fatigue, restlessness, depression,
decreased appetite, weight loss, nausea,
vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal and joint pain,
blood pressure/sugar level decrease, menstrual
changes in women, muscle aches, and fever.
How Steroids Are Taken
Steroids can either come in pills or
capsules (times needed to be taken
per day vary with specific steroid)
People usually mix them with
liquids or simply swallow them
Steroids can also be injected
(the way most users go)
Steroids and the Law
Anabolic steroids (building muscles) are drugs that are not
legal in all countries
They are considered as controlled substances under U.S.
federal law and the laws of many states
Anabolic Steroids Control Act of 1990 - Federal offense
punishable by up to one year in prison and/or a minimum
fine of $1,000
An individual who sells steroids, or possesses with intent
to sell, is punishable by up to five years in prison
Legal Medical Uses
Testicular cancer – after surgery men are prescribed oral
anabolic steroids to replace the testosterone that their
bodies are no longer able to make
Adolescent males with pituitary malfunction are treated
with injectable anabolic steroids
Anabolic steroids are used, with exercise and diet, to
build up muscle tissue after certain surgeries
The right doses for different conditions are determined in
drug company laboratories under controlled
Alternatives to Steroid Use
Alternatives to steroid
use include proper
nutrition, weight training
and sports injury care
To build muscle mass,
take advantage of the
natural processes in
which the body inter-
metabolizes its own
People who inject steroids with
shared needles are at risk of
contracting or transmitting hepatitis or
HIV, the virus that causes AIDS
Presenting both the risks and benefits of steroid
use is more effective in convincing adolescents
about the negative affects of steroids
Available Help Programs
Boys & Girls Clubs programs and services promote and
enhance the development of boys and girls
Centers for the Application of Prevention Technologies
Drug Abuse Resistance Education (D.A.R.E.)-D.A.R.E. is
a school based prevention program that uses trained,
uniformed police officers to teach youth and parents about
the dangers of substance abuse
CSAP Model Programs –prevent substance abuse and
create sustained positive change in our Nations
1.) What are steroids?
2.) How are they/in what form are they used?
3.) Who uses them?
4.) Why are they used? [Think Arnold!]
5.) Are they illegal/legal now?
6.) Where are they made?
7.) Who first made them?
8.) Name three negative side-effects (anything
9.) Name one legal, medical use.
10.) Name one steroid alternative.