Monica Valle EFHPresentMRAG by liuqingyan

VIEWS: 12 PAGES: 54

									              Bob Trumble, Ph.D
              Mónica Valle, Ph.D.
               monica.valle@mragamericas.com



           CFMC Meeting
Fajardo, Puerto Rico Dec.14-15, 2010
Guidelines for 5-Year EFH Information Review

 • Magnuson Act – EFH Regulation-Councils and NMFS
 should periodically review the EFH provisions of FMPs and
 revise or amend EFH provisions as warranted based on
 available information.

 • Review EFH information at least once every 5 years.

 • Best available scientific information is used to justify
 management actions (National Standard 2)

 • NMFS is following NEPA guidance regarding periodic
   review and update of NEPA documents.
Scope of 5-year EFH Information Review:

• Identification and description of EFH
• Other measures to conserve EFH, and HAPC
• Minimization of adverse effects of fishing
• Consider climate change, lionfish invasions,
  and use of habitat models.
• Consider effectiveness of EFH regulations and
  descriptions
Documentation
   1. Report summarizing changes in EFH information
       - Identify considerations that influenced review
              - Species added/eliminated from FMU
              - Changes in overfishing/overfished status
              - Changes in restoration techniques
              - Errors in existing identifications/
                descriptions
              - New scientific information
              - New analytical techniques/models
              - Changes in gear or new gear information
  - Include description of process used to review
  - Identify obsolete or new information
  2. Letter from NMFS (RO) to Council
   Approach: Documents/Websites Reviewed
• Annotated bibliography- Peer reviewed articles and technical reports.
• Websites:
   – CFMC – FEIS-EFH, FMPs, FMP Amendments, Comprehensive SFA
     Amendment, Bajo de Sico Amendment, ACLs and Accountability
     Measures, Reports
   – DPNR, USVI
   – DNER-PR
   – NOAA/SEFSC- SEDAR Workshops
   – NOAA/SEAMAP surveys
   – NOAA/NOS/NCCOS/Biogeography Branch- Caribbean Coral Reef
     Ecosystem Monitoring Project
   – Other Councils (New England, Gulf of Mexico, New England, Pacific,
     North Pacific)
   – Universities: UPR, UVI, NOVA (NCRI)
   – UPR/ CCRI (Mesophotic reefs, Habitat Mapping, Coral Monitoring &
     Research, Spawning Aggregations)
   – PR- GAP project
1.0 Introduction
                                  Outline
        1.1 Current EFH Designations/ 1.2 Current HAPC Designations
        1.3 Current Measures to Minimize Fishing Impacts to EFH
        1.4 Five-Year Review Approach
2.0 Review EFH Descriptions and Designations
*3.0 Review Changes in the Biological Environment
4.0 Review Changes in the Human Environment
*5.0. Review Changes in the Administrative Environment (data, rules,
   regulations, ACLs)
6.0 Review Changes and New Information on Fishing Impacts that May
   Adversely Affect EFH
7.0 Review Changes and New Information on Non-fishing Impacts
*8.0 Review of New Mapping Efforts and Alternative Methodologies for use
   in Essential Fish Habitat Designation in the U.S. Caribbean
*9.0 Review Habitat Areas of Particular Concern (HAPC) Designations
10.0 Recommendations on Updating EFH Information, research and
   information needs
11.0 References / 12.0 Tables/13.0 Figures
3.0    Review Changes in the Biological Environment
       3.1 Species Added or Eliminated from the FMU
Documents:
• Comprehensive Amendment to the FMPs of the US
  Caribbean (2005)
   – Moved some species in FMPs to data collection category
   – Redefined the FMUs for the FMPs
   – Designated EFH and HAPC areas and minimized adverse
     impacts on such habitat
• Amendment 2 to the Queen Conch FMP and
  Amendment 5 to the Reef Fish FMP (2010)
• NOAA-SEFC- SEDAR 4 (2004) (Deep water reef fish),
  SEDAR 8 (2005) (Spiny lobster), SEDAR 14 (2007)
  (yellowfin grouper, mutton snapper, queen conch)
               FMP Amendments for FMUs
1. Spiny Lobster FMP - No changes
2. Queen Conch FMP - 8 spp moved to data collection, 4 species
   removed:Cassis flammea, C. tuberosa, Cittarium pica, Vasum
   muricatum)
3. Reef Fish FMP
• 88 species or groups
• 57 aquarium trade species for data collection purposes only.
• 2 species removed: cardinal soldierfish (Plectrypops retrospinis) and
   trumpetfish (Aulostomus maculates)
4. Corals and Reef Associated Invertebrates FMP
• 99 species or species groups
• 62 aquarium trade for data collection purposes
• 1 spp added to FMP: Carijoa riisei
• 6 spp or spp groups removed: Charonia tritonis, Halimeda spp.,
   Penicillus spp., Caulerpa spp., Ventricaria ventricosa, Udotea spp.
      FMP Amendments Stock Complexes

• Management stock complexes defined in the
  Comprehensive Amendment (FR 2005)
• Modified in the Draft Amendment 2 to the
  FMP for Queen Conch and Amendment 5 of
  the Reef Fish FMP (CFMC and NOAA, 2010).
  – Changes to Snapper Units 1-4
  – Grouper Units 1-5
  – Parrotfish Units 1-2
• Review if proposed changes to FMUs affect
  designations of EFH.
3.0    Review Changes in the Biological Environment
       3.2. Changes to the Status of Managed Species
 SPECIES                 STATUS                       REFERENCE
 Nassau grouper          Undergoing overfishing       CFMC and NOAA 2009
 Caribbean spiny lobster Data insufficient            SEFSC 2005
 Caribbean yellowtail    Data insufficient            SEFSC 2005
 snapper
 Yellowfin grouper       Undergoing                    SEFSC 2007a
                         overfishing/Stock not rebuilt
                         but stock assessment results
                         were inconclusive
 Mutton snapper          Not overfished and not        SEFSC 2007b
                         undergoing overfishing
                         Insufficient information for
                         stock assessment analysis


 Queen conch             Overfished and undergoing    SEFSC 2007c
                         overfishing
3.3 New Information about Species or Life Stage Distribution,
Abundance, Density, Productivity, or Habitat Associations
• SEAMAP surveys- spatial and temporal variations in abundance of
  lobster pueruli, queen conch, whelk, reef fishes, limited info on
  habitat use.
• Characterization of shallow water , moderate depth, and deep reefs
  and associated marine communities from PR and the USVI
• Include assessment of geographic distribution, bathymetric
  features, benthic habitat assessments, taxonomic inventory of
  species, species-habitat utilization, distribution and abundance by
  habitat and life-history stage
• Geo-physical, hydrographic and biological information was geo-
  referenced and included on a GIS maps.
• Studies : SEAMAP (DPNR-USVI, DNER-PR), Garcia-Sais et al.,
  Nemeth et al., Appeldoorn et al., CCRI, NOAA/NOS/Biogeography
• Locations: La Parguera, PR, Hind Bank MCD (St Thomas), Bajo de
  Sico, PR; Isla Desecheo, PR; St John MPAs
Source: Garcia-Sais (2005)
Isla Desecheo (Garcia-Sais, 2010)
Source: Nemeth et al. 2008.
Characterization of Deep Water
Reef Communities of the St.
Thomas Marine Conservation
District
       Acanthuridae
       Abundance




       Scaridae
       Abundance



       Haemulidae
       Abundance
Source: Nemeth et al (2008)
Maps of % coverage of corals,
gorgonians, macroalgae, dead
coral, non-living substrata
(sediment, sand, stone, rubble,
etc).
       Acanthuridae
       Abundance




       Scaridae
       Abundance



       Haemulidae
       Abundance
Source: Nemeth et al (2008)
Maps of % coverage of corals,
gorgonians, macroalgae, dead
coral, non-living substrata
(sediment, sand, stone, rubble,
etc).
Source: Friedlander and Monaco
(2007) Acoustic Tracking of Reef
Fishes to Elucidate Habitat Utilization
Patterns and Residence Times Inside
and Outside Marine Protected Areas
Around the Island of St. John, USVI
Source: Pittman et al (2007). Predictive mapping of fish species richness across
shallow-water seascapes in the Caribbean
4.0. Review Changes in the Human Environment- ?
5.0 Changes in the Administrative Environment
5.1. Comprehensive SFA Amendment
5.2. ACL Revised Alternatives July 15th, 2009)
5.3. Draft Amendment to Queen Conch FMP and
    Amendment 5 to the Reef Fish FMP
5.4. Final Rule and Final Regulatory Amendment to
    Modify the Seasonal Closure of Bajo de Sico in the
    U.S. Caribbean (November 2, 2010)
5.5. New Fishing Regulations for PR
5.6. New seasonal area restrictions (red hind) and
prohibitions (black, blackfin, vermilion, and silk snapper)
5.7. Data (new sources, data improvement project)
6.0 Review Changes and New Information on Fishing
   Impacts that May Adversely Affect EFH
- 1 study on anchor damage, ?

7.0 Review Changes and New Information on Non-
  fishing Impacts
  7.1. Review of other impacts (pollution, diseases,
  grazing, bleaching, hurricanes, etc)- ?
  7.2 Review of Likely Climate Change Impacts to Habitat
  7.3. Review of Likely Impacts of Lionfish Invasions
         7.2. Climate change impacts

•   Declines in fish production
•   Species/ecological shifts
•   Distribution changes
•   Reduced reproductive capacity
•   Local extinctions
•   Coral bleaching and mortality
•   Increased sea levels
            7.3. Lionfish Invasions

• Native to tropical coral reefs in waters of the
  South Pacific and Indian Oceans
• In the Atlantic Ocean beginning in 1992
• Bermuda and the Bahamas in early 2000s
• Expand southward through Mexican, Central,
  and South American waters
• Voracious predators w/o native predators
• Vegetation overgrowing coral
   8.0 New mapping efforts and alternative
      methodologies for EFH Designation
8.1. New mapping efforts-
• Studies by: Jose Rivera, Ron Hill, Martha
  Prada, NOAA/NOS/NCCOS/CCMA-
  Biogeography Branch, Garcia-Sais et al.
SSS Habitat Mapping of the Cabo Rojo Shelf




                              Source: Rivera (2006)
   8.2. New Habitat Association Models

• Habitat suitability model for PFMC/NWRO
  – Identified habitat distribution and usage
  – Model determined probability that any parcel is
    EFH
• Evaluate other potentially appropriate models
  used by other Councils
• Determine which, if any, model would work
  for US Caribbean
        HSP Contour Plots: Arrowtooth Flounder




Adult             Juvenile       Larvae
                                                 34
Figure 4. Fish habitat modeling in Florida estuaries (Source: FWC, Florida Fish and
Wildlife Conservation Commission, 2010).
Figure 1. (a) Fitted polynomial regressions to
mean CPUE across environmental gradients.
(b) Habitat layers and seasonal distribution map
by species life stage (Source: FWC, 2010)
       9.0 Review HAPC Designations

• New information from SPAGs and MPAs:
• Bajo de Sico, PR- Red Hind (Nemeth et al.)
• La Parguera, PR- Red Hind (Ojeda-Serrano)
• Mona, Desecheo, Culebra, Vieques, PR- Epinephelus
  spp, Micperoterca spp, Lutjanus spp (Ojeda-Serrano)
• Mona Island – Yellowfin grouper
• STT- Hind Bank MCD
• STX- Mutton snapper
MPAs in the US Caribbean
              MPAs for St Thomas and St John




Source: U.S. Virgin Islands Marine Resources and Fisheries Strategic and Comprehensive Conservation Plan – 2005
                                MPAs for St. Croix




Source: U.S. Virgin Islands Marine Resources and Fisheries Strategic and Comprehensive Conservation Plan – 2005
THANK YOU!
EXTRA Slides
                     Progress Report Outline
• 1.0 Introduction
        1.1 Current EFH Designations/ 1.2 Current HAPC Designations
        1.3 Current Measures to Minimize Fishing Impacts to EFH
        1.4 Five-Year Review Approach
  2.0 Review EFH Descriptions and Designations
  3.0 Review Changes in the Biological Environment
        3.1 Species Added or Eliminated from the Fishery Management Unit
        3.2 Changes to the Status of Managed Species (overfishing, overfished or
                 rebuilt)
        3.3 New Information about Species or Life Stage Distribution, Abundance,
        Density, Productivity, or Habitat Associations
                 3.3.1 Spiny Lobster
                 3.3.2 Queen Conch
                 3.3.3 Reef Fish
                 3.3.4 Corals
                 3.3.5. Community/Ecosystem
4.0. Review Changes in the Human Environment
5.0. Review Changes in the Administrative Environment (data,
   rules, regulations, catch limits)
   5.1. Comprehensive Amendment
   5.2. ACL Revised Alternatives
   5.3. Data (new sources, data improvement project)
   5.4. Draft Amendment to Queen Conch FMP and Amendment 5
   to the Reef Fish FMP
6.0 Review Changes and New Information on Fishing Impacts that
   May Adversely Affect EFH
7.0 Review Changes and New Information on Non-fishing Impacts
   7.1. Review of other impacts (pollution, etc)
   7.2 Review of Likely Climate Change Impacts to Habitat
   7.3. Review of Likely Impacts of Lionfish Invasions
8.0 Review of New Mapping Efforts and Alternative Methodologies
   for use in Essential Fish Habitat Designation in the U.S. Caribbean
   8.1. Review of new mapping efforts and new species/habitat
   association methodologies
   8.2. Review of Alternative Methodologies for use in EFH
   Designation in the U.S. Caribbean (including Habitat Suitability
   Models)
9.0 Review Habitat Areas of Particular Concern (HAPC) Designations
   9.1 Addition or Removal of HAPCs in the U.S. Caribbean
   9.2 HAPC Recommendations
10.0 Recommendations on Updating EFH Information, research and
   information needs
11.0 References
12.0 Tables
13.0 Figures
               FMP Amendments for FMUs
1. Spiny Lobster FMP - No changes- Caribbean spiny lobster (Panulirus
  argus ), Spotted spiny lobster (Panulirus guttatus ), Smoothtail spiny
  lobster (Panulirus laevicauda)
2. Queen Conch FMP - 8 spp moved to data collection
         Scientific name                Common name
         Strombus gigas                 Queen conch
         Included for data collection purposes only
         Charonia variegata             Atlantic triton's trumpet
         Cassis madagascarensis         Cameo helmet
         Astrea tuber                   Green star shell
         Strombus raninus               Hawkwing conch
         Strombus costatus              Milk conch
         Strombus gallus                Roostertail conch
         Strombus pugilis               West Indian fighting conch
         Fasciolaria tulipa             True tulip
• 4 species removed:       Cassis flammea, C. tuberosa, Cittarium pica, Vasum
  muricatum
       FMP Amendments Stock Complexes


• Management stock complexes defined in the
  Comprehensive Amendment (FR 2005)

• Modified in the Draft Amendment 2 to the FMP for
  Queen Conch and Amendment 5 of the Reef Fish
  FMP (CFMC and NOAA, 2010).

• Review if proposed changes to FMUs affect
  designations of EFH.
Complex          Current        Proposed
Snapper Unit 1   Silk           Silk
                 Black          Black
                 Blackfin       Blackfin
                 Vermilion      Vermilion
                                Wenchman
Snapper Unit 2   Queen          Queen
                 Wenchman       Cardinal
Snapper Unit 3   Gray           No changes
                 Lane
                 Mutton
                 Dog
                 Schoolmaster
                 Mahogany
Snapper Unit 4   Yellowtail     No change
Grouper Unit 1   Nassau         No change
Grouper Unit 2   Goliath        No change
Grouper Unit 3   Red hind       Remove creole-fish
                 Coney          and move it to a
                 Rock hind      monitoring only
                 Graysby        category.
                 Creole-fish
Grouper Unit 4      Yellowfin    Yellowfin
                    Red          Red
                    Tiger        Tiger
                    Yellowedge   Black
                    Misty
Grouper Unit 5                   Yellowedge
                                 Misty
Parrotfish          Blue         Princess
                    Midnight     Queen
                    Princess     Redfin
                    Queen        Redtail
                    Rainbow      Stoplight
                    Redfin       Redband
                    Redtail      Striped
                    Stoplight
                    Redband
                    Striped
Parrotfish Unit 2                Blue
                                 Midnight
                                 Rainbow
       FMP Amendments Stock Complexes


• Management stock complexes defined in the
  Comprehensive Amendment (FR 2005)

• Modified in the Draft Amendment 2 to the FMP for
  Queen Conch and Amendment 5 of the Reef Fish
  FMP (CFMC and NOAA, 2010).

• Review if proposed changes to FMUs affect
  designations of EFH.
Complex          Current        Proposed
Snapper Unit 1   Silk           Silk
                 Black          Black
                 Blackfin       Blackfin
                 Vermilion      Vermilion
                                Wenchman
Snapper Unit 2   Queen          Queen
                 Wenchman       Cardinal
Snapper Unit 3   Gray           No changes
                 Lane
                 Mutton
                 Dog
                 Schoolmaster
                 Mahogany
Snapper Unit 4   Yellowtail     No change
Grouper Unit 1   Nassau         No change
Grouper Unit 2   Goliath        No change
Grouper Unit 3   Red hind       Remove creole-fish
                 Coney          and move it to a
                 Rock hind      monitoring only
                 Graysby        category.
                 Creole-fish
Grouper Unit 4      Yellowfin    Yellowfin
                    Red          Red
                    Tiger        Tiger
                    Yellowedge   Black
                    Misty
Grouper Unit 5                   Yellowedge
                                 Misty
Parrotfish          Blue         Princess
                    Midnight     Queen
                    Princess     Redfin
                    Queen        Redtail
                    Rainbow      Stoplight
                    Redfin       Redband
                    Redtail      Striped
                    Stoplight
                    Redband
                    Striped
Parrotfish Unit 2                Blue
                                 Midnight
                                 Rainbow
3.0    Review Changes in the Biological Environment
       3.2. Changes to the Status of Managed Species
 SPECIES                 STATUS                       REFERENCE
 Nassau grouper          Undergoing overfishing       CFMC and NOAA 2009
 Caribbean spiny lobster Data insufficient            SEFSC 2005
 Caribbean yellowtail    Data insufficient            SEFSC 2005
 snapper
 Yellowfin grouper       Undergoing                    SEFSC 2007a
                         overfishing/Stock not rebuilt
                         but stock assessment results
                         were inconclusive
 Mutton snapper          Not overfished and not        SEFSC 2007b
                         undergoing overfishing
                         Insufficient information for
                         stock assessment analysis


 Queen conch             Overfished and undergoing    SEFSC 2007c
                         overfishing

								
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