Name cession limit by benbenzhou

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									                                  Multiple Choice Practice Test #3
                          Slavery, Antebellum Culture, and Reform & The Impending Crisis

1. The linking of slavery and cotton:
      a. decreased the southern dependence on the North
      b. hindered the industrialization of the South
      c. facilitated economic self-sufficiency in the South
      d. led to unions and labor reforms in the South
      e. encouraged more whites to work as plantation laborers

2. The most common way for most slaves to express discontent was:
      a. political protest              d. participation in conspiracies
      b. armed rebellion                e. organizing boycotts
      c. passive resistance

3. Supporters of the Free Soil movement typically supported the exclusion of slavery from the territories
   because:
       a. they believed in racial justice
       b. they desired to dominate the political process
       c. they regarded slavery as immoral
       d. of racial prejudice and fear of labor competition from slaves
       e. the land was unsuited for plantation agriculture

4. The participation of Frederick Douglass at the Seneca Falls Convention in 1848 illustrated that:
      a. there were shared beliefs among abolitionists and women’s rights supporters
      b. African-American intellectuals had gained the right to speak in public in the South
      c. most men of the day strongly favored women’s rights
      d. the convention would only affect those few people who were present at the time
      e. most African-American men strongly supported women’s rights

5. Prior to the Civil War, a transformation occurred in the workforce of the New England textile mills as New
   England farm girls were replaced by
       a. French-Canadian immigrants                                d. German immigrants
       b. freed African Americans from the South                    e. Italian immigrants
       c. Irish immigrants

6.    “Let Southern oppressors tremble… I shall strenuously contend for immediate enfranchisement… I will be
     as harsh as truth and as uncompromising as justice.” The author of this statement was
         a. John C. Calhoun                                         d. Abraham Lincoln
         b. Stephen A. Douglas                                      e. William Lloyd Garrison
         c. Henry Clay

7.   The Compromise of 1850 did which of the following?
         a. Admitted Texas to the Union as a slave state
         b. Admitted California to the Union under the principle of popular sovereignty
         c. Prohibited slavery in the District of Columbia
         d. Enacted a stringent fugitive slave law
         e. Adjusted the Texas-Mexico boundary

8.   The Republican Party originated in the mid-1850s as a sectional party committed to which of the following?
         a. Opposition to the further extension of slavery
         b. Immediate emancipation of the slaves
         c. Repeal of the Whig economic policies
         d. Restriction of immigration
         e. Acknowledgement of popular sovereignty as the basis for organizing federal territories
Multiple Choice Practice Test #3, p. 2

    9. The majority of white families in the antebellum South owned:
          a. more than 100 slaves                 d. 5-10 slaves
          b. 50-100 slaves                        e. no slaves
          c. 10-50 slaves

    10. The Missouri Compromise did which of the following?
           a. Prohibited slavery in all the territory of the Louisiana Purchase
           b. Provided for admission to the Union of all future states in pairs of one free, one slave
           c. Allowed Maine to enter the Union as a free state
           d. Finally settled the question of congressional power over slavery in the territories
           e. Provided for the annexation of Texas

    11. Which of the following principles was established by the Dred Scott decision?
           a. Congress could abolish slavery at will.
           b. National legislation could not limit the spread of slavery in the territories.
           c. The rights of all people are protected in the Constitution.
           d. Slaves residing in a free state automatically became free.
           e. A territory had the sole right to determine the status of slavery within its boundaries.

    12. What did the Compromise of 1850 say about the new territories of New Mexico and Utah?
          a. the legality of slavery would be decided by a vote of the existing states
          b. Mexico would be compensated by the return of territory in southern Arizona (the Gadsden
               Purchase)
          c. slavery would be permitted for 20 years only
          d. existing slaves could stay, but further importation of slaves was outlawed
          e. the Compromise said nothing about slavery in those territories, leaving the decision up to the
               people who settled there

    13. Thanks largely to the efforts of Dorothea Dix, first Massachusetts and then other states began to improve
        their methods for:
            a. treating the mentally ill
            b. assimilating immigrants into American culture
            c. educating children of slaves and free blacks
            d. treating cholera and other infectious diseases
            e. protecting Native Americans from displacement from their ancestral lands

    14. The Wilmot Proviso:
           a. excluded slavery in all states south of the line of 36o30’ north latitude
           b. was passed by Congress but vetoed by President Polk
           c. would have outlawed slavery in all territory gained from Mexico in the Mexican War
           d. proposed to organize New Mexico and Utah Territories under the principle of popular sovereignty
           e. was repealed by the Kansas-Nebraska Act

    15. Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott organized a convention in Seneca Falls, NY in 1848 to discuss
        the issue of:
             a. secession                        d. asylums
             b. abolition                        e. black suffrage
             c. women’s rights
Multiple Choice Practice Test #3, p. 3

    16. The use of popular sovereignty in the Kansas-Nebraska Act:
           a. was viewed by southerners as an outrageous betrayal of the Missouri Compromise
           b. temporarily quieted sectional tensions, until they were re-ignited by the Dred Scott decision
           c. drew support from most Republicans, but was condemned by the Democrats
           d. provoked violence between pro- and anti-slavery settlers
           e. led to the collapse of the Republican Party

    17. The primary effect of John Brown’s 1859 raid on Harper’s Ferry, Virginia was:
           a. to establish a stronghold in the mountains of western Virginia that escaping slaves used as a
               destination.
           b. to spark a chain reaction of slave revolts that led to the freeing of dozens of slaves.
           c. to cause all leading northern abolitionists, including William Lloyd Garrison and Ralph Waldo
               Emerson, to denounce his violent tactics
           d. to cause southerners to view the Republican Party as hostile conspirators to destroy the South
           e. to force President Lincoln to speed up his timetable for the Emancipation Proclamation

18. The Wilmot Proviso stipulated that:
    a. slavery should be prohibited in the lands acquired as a result of the Mexican War.
    b. no lands should be annexed to the United States as a result of the Mexican War.
    c. California should be a free state, while the rest of the Mexican Cession should be reserved for the formation
       of slave states.
    d. The status of slavery in the Mexican Cession should be decided on the basis of “popular sovereignty.”
    e. The Missouri Compromise line should be extended through the Mexican Cession to the Pacific, lands north
       of it closed to slavery.

19. In coining the phrase “Manifest Destiny,” journalist John L. Sullivan meant that
    a. the struggle for racial equality was the ultimate goal of America’s existence.
    b. America was certain to become an independent country sooner or later.
    c. It was the destiny of the United States to expand across the North American continent.
    d. American must eventually become either all slave or all free.
    e. America should seek to acquire an overseas empire.

20. All of the following were causes of the Mexican War except:
    a. American desire for California
    b. Mexican failure to pay debts and damages owed to the U.S.
    c. U.S. annexation of the formerly Mexican-held Republic of Texas
    d. Mexican desire to annex Louisiana
    e. The disputed southern boundary of Texas

21. The American Colonization Society:
    a. was opposed by leading members of the free black community
    b. was supported by leading evangelists but no prominent political figures
    c. was formed by radical abolitionist Theodore Dwight Weld
    d. proposed to establish a settlement in the New Mexico territory for freed slaves
    e. was opposed as unconstitutional by Henry Clay and James Madison

22. A warning to the South to diversify its economy and develop industry would most likely be found in:
    a. the Declaration of Sentiments (1848)
    b. De Bow’s Review
    c. the Liberator
    d. Uncle Tom’s Cabin
    e. the writings of the Transcendentalists (ex. Emerson)
Multiple Choice Practice Test #3, p. 4


23. The first led to the second in all of the following EXCEPT:
    a. “bleeding Kansas” led to the Sumner-Brooks affair (caning of Senator Sumner)
    b. debate over the Wilmot Proviso led to the Compromise of 1850
    c. the Kansas-Nebraska Act led to the birth of the Republican Party
    d. the Harper’s Ferry raid led to the Dred Scott decision
    e. the failure of Slidell’s mission led to the start of the Mexican War

24. The Compromise of 1850 provided for the:
    a. establishment of the 36o30’ line to divide slave and free territories
    b. admission of Missouri as a slave state and Maine as a free state
    c. ending the importation of slaves into the United States as provided by the Constitution
    d. assumption of the Confederate debt after the Civil War
    e. addition of a free state without adding a new slave state

25. The revival movement led by Charles Grandison Finney:
    a. led to an interest in other reforms
    b. helped further weaken traditional Calvinist beliefs like predestination
    c. originated in the “burned-over” district of western New York
    d. especially appealed to young women
    e. was characterized by all of the above

26. The anti-slavery reformer William Lloyd Garrison:
    a. was a promoter of the program of the American Colonization Society.
    b. advocated the immediate end of slavery.
    c. excluded women from his organization.
    d. opposed as impractical the ideas of some Northerners that the North and South should separate.
    e. adopted an approach designed to minimize confrontation and hostility among Northerners.

27. The women’s movement in the antebellum period was characterized by all of the following except:
    a. close links with the antislavery and temperance movements.
    b. conventions in the Northeast and the Midwest, but not the South.
    c. involvement of middle-class women.
    d. a broad-based platform of legal and educational rights.
    e. demands for equal compensation for equal work.

28. The slogan “Fifty-Four Forty or Fight!” had to do with
    a. the demand for annexation of all of the Oregon country.
    b. the demand for the readjustment of the boundary with Mexico.
    c. the demand by free-soil Northerners that some limit be placed on the spread of slavery in the territories.
    d. tension in New Mexico over the northern limit of settlement by slaveholders.
    e. the demand by Southerners that the Missouri Compromise line be extended through the Mexican Cession.
Multiple Choice Practice Test #3, p. 5

KEY – MULTIPLE-CHOICE PRACTICE TEST #3


             1.     b
             2.     c
             3.     d
             4.     a
             5.     c
             6.     e
             7.     d
             8.     a
             9.     e
             10.    c
             11.    b
             12.    e
             13.    a
             14.    c
             15.    c
             16.    d
             17.    d
             18.    a
             19.    c
             20.    d
             21.    a
             22.    b
             23.    d
             24.    e
             25.    e
             26.    b
             27.    e
             28.    a

								
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