Docstoc

The Voice

Document Sample
The Voice Powered By Docstoc
					                                                                                  VOICE
                                                                   The                                                                                                                                            1
                                  Monday, October 17 - 23, 2011
                                                                                                                                                                                                           VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                         The




                                  Vol.7 / No.44                                                      Weekly                                                                  Monday, October 17 - 23 , 2011
http://www.thevoicemyanmar.com




                                   aiGvJXmerSvufcH                                    ,mOfwifoGif;cGifU                                       oDwif;uRwf
                                   ajypm&SdvQif                                       twGuf w&m;0if                                           vjynfUaeh
                                   EdkifiHjcm;aiG                                     avQmufxm;aom                                            a&Twd*kHokdh
                                   w&m;0ifudkifaqmif                                  tusKd;aqmif                                             bk&m;zl;
                                   Edkifonf[kqdk                                      vkyfief;r&Sd                                            odef;csDwuf
                                    pm 10                 "mwfykH-rkd;ausmfvGif        pm 8               "mwfykH-rkd;ausmfvGif                pm 9            "mwfykH-rkd;ausmfvGif

                                  NEWS MAKER




                                                                                     f
                                 AkdvfcsKyfaqxif? vl&TifawmfZm*em tygt0if ,kMH unfcsuaMumifU
                                             H                       G f
                                 tusO;f uscae&ol 280 cefh jyefvnfvwajrmuf
                                 &efukef? atmufwkdbm 13
                                    pkd;&opfu 'kwd,tBudrfvGwfNidrf;csrf;omcGifhtjzpf tusOf;om; 6359 OD;ukd atmufwkdbmv 12 &ufaeYwGif jyefvnfvTwfay;vkduf&m                       ,if;wkdYxJü &Srf;jynfwyfrawmf
                                  t                                                                                                             tusOf
                                    ajrmufykdif;\em,u AkdvfcsKyfaqxif? vl&TifawmfZm*em (ac:) 'g½kdufwmarmifol&wkdY tygt0if ,kHMunfcsufaMumifh tusOf;uscHae&aom                   tusOf;om; 280 OD;cefY jyefvnf
                                                                                                                                                                                 tusOf
                             vGwfajrmufvmaMumif; tusOf;OD;pD;XmeESifh eD;pyfaom owif;&yfuGufxHrS od&Sd&onf/
                                  ]]tusOf ; axmif x J u vG w f (c) OD;ol&tygt0if av;OD;? rEÅav; xufOD;a0tygt0if okH;OD;? uom ajcmufOD;? bl;oD;awmif tusOf;                        tusOf;axmifu ukdEkdifpkd; tygt0if
                                                                                                             d
                             ajrmufvmwJh tusOf;om;awGu axmifu xufatmif tygt0if &Spf axmifrS OD;apmvIif tygt0if ig;OD;? axmifrS ukdatmifpkd; tygt0if                               av;OD;? usKdif;wkH tusOf;axmifu
                                                                                                                    k
                             awmh jrpfBuD;em;axmifu OD;Zm*em OD;? ylwmtkdtusOf;axmifu rxuf cEÅ;D tusO;f axmifrS rpkpaEG; tygt0if okH;OD;? awmifBuD;tusOf;axmifu                   OD ; pd e f 0 if ; armif tygt0if av;OD;?
                                                                                                                                 awmif B uD ; jynf o l Y vT w f a wmf                                            d d
                                                                                                                                                                                  uav;tusO;f axmif u ukoe;f vGiO;D      f
                                                                                                                                 ukd,fpm;vS,f OD;ausmfcif? Aef;armf               tygt0ifajcmufO;?        D          pm 9


                                                                                                                                          at;&Sm;a0gvfwGifzrf;rdonfU w&m;r0if
                                                                                                                                          w½kwfum; 50cefh 'PfaMu;½dkufxkwfcGifUjyK
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   pm 6

                                                                                                                                            CRIME



                                                                                                                                           pm;tkef;qDudk qyfjymrIefha&mNyD;
                                        k                  k
                                  ]pm;zdrLS ;aumif;aumif;vdaewmyg}                                                                         yJqDtjzpf vdrfa&mif;
                                                   Y
                                     Zm*emESifU awGqHkjcif;                               pm 5             "mwfykH-rkd;ausmfvGif
                                                                                                                                           &efukef? atmufwdkbm 9
                                                                                                                                                  at;vQifcJwwfaom tmedoif&Sdonfh pm;tkef;qDudk rcJap&ef
                                                                                                                                                                                         G f      D
                                                                                                                                           teHYaysmh qyfjymrIefYrsm; a&musKdum yJqDteHYoi;NyD; yJqtjzpfa&mif;csrI
                                                                                                                                                d                      k    I k f  k D D
                                                                                                                                           rsm;&SaeaMumif; awmif'*HpufrZerS qHqo;oefYa&mif;csolwpfO;u        D
                                                             kd    f          f
                                 ]tusO;f om;tm;vH;k ukd tazUvyJ vGwajrmufapcsiygw,f}                                                       ajymMum;onf/
                                                                                                                                                  aps;oufomaom pm;tkef;qDudk rD;tylay;usKdNyD; teHYodyfrjyif;
                                                                                                                                           onfh qyfjymrIefYrsm;ESifha&mvQif pm;tkef;qDonf a&cJaowåm pm 10
                                 AdkvfcsKyfaqxif\ orD;tBuD;jzpfol a':eef;crf;azmif;ESifU awGYqHkjcif;                             pm 23


                                         owfrSwfarmf',fvfxuf abmifausmfwifoGif;ygu jypf'PfcsrSwfta&;,lrnf                                                                                         pm 6
      2
  VOICE
The
          Monday, October 17 - 23, 2011
 Vol.7 / No.44 - October 17 - 23 , 2011                                                                                                                                 THE VOICE WEEKLY 3
                                                                                                                                                                                         3




                                                                 NEWS
  Monday, October 17 - 23, 2011
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   The




BANK




EdkifiHjcm;aiGvJXmexyfrHzGifUvSpfcGifU yk*¾vdubPfrsm;avQmufxm;
&efukef? atmufwdkbm 5
                                                   i
              rmEd k i f i H a wmf A [d k b Pf \ cGifhfjyKcsufjzifh tpd k ; &wpf y d k i f ; ES i f h y*vubPfajcmufbPf u Ed k i f i H j cm;
                                                                                                       k¾ d
  jref        aiGvJaumifwmrsm; zGifhvSpfxm;aom odrfjzLEdkifiHjcm;aiGvJvS,fa&;XmeuJhodkY aiGvJXmersm; xyfrH
          c
zGifhvSpfcGGifhay;&ef vkyfydkifcGifh r&ao;onfh yk*¾vdubPfrsm;u A[dkbPfxHcGifhjyKcsufavQmufxm;NyD;jzpfaMumif;
tqdkygbPf rsm;xHrSod&onf/
        ,ckzGifhvSpfxm;aom aiGvJ aeYu tar&duefa':vm 2000 ausmf a&mufa&mif;csaeNyD; 0,f,lonfh
aumifwmrsm;rSm ,cifu vkyyicihf udk tif;0aiGvJaumifwmwGif a&mif; yrmPrSm EdkifiHjcm;aiG wpfodef;yif
                                          f kd f G
&zl;aombPfrsm;udk t&ifq;vkycihf cs&ef apmifhqdkif;aeonfh {nfhvrf; rjynfhaMumif; ,if;bPfwm0ef&Sdol
                                        kH f G
ay;jcif;jzpfNyD; tjcm;pdwf0ifpm;aom ñTetrsK;d om;wpfO;D u ajymMum;onf/ u ajymMum;onf/
                                                         f
bPfwdkif;vkyfydkifcGifhavQmufxm;Edkif                      aiG v J v S , f o nf h y rmPrS m                     a':vmwpf a omif ; txuf
um pnf;urf;ESiuunonfh bPf aumif w mtcsKd U u wpf O D ; vQif vma&mufa&mif;csorsm;\ pm&if;udk
                       hf kd f D                                                                                                 l
rsm;tm;vH; vkyyicirsm;&&Svmrnf a':vm 2000 txdom vufcHNyD; A[dkbPfodkY wifay;&rnf[k owf
             k       f kd f G hf      d
jzpfaMumif; tm&Spdrf;vef;rIzGHUNzdK;a&; or0g,rbPfaiGvJaumifwmu rSwfxm;ojzifh a&mif;csolrsm;u
bPf\ pDrcefYcr'g½duwm OD;&Jrif;OD; wpfOD;vQif a':vm 5000 txd ,if;aumifwmrsm; vufcHEdkifonfh
               H JG I k f
u pufwifbmv 30 &uf aeYwGif vufcaeonfukd awGUcJ&ojzifh ,if; yrmPtxd vlcuma&mif;csaeaMumif;
                                                             H                h                                           JG                     "mwfykH-rkd;ausmfvGif
The Voice Weekly ESifhawGUqHkpOf                   bPf o d k Y ar;jref ; &m ]]5000 u ,if ; aumif w mrsm;wG i f a':vm
ajymMum;onf/                                       aumfrwDucGifhjyKygw,f/ bPfay: a&mif;csaeolrsm;xHrS od&onf/                                   onf h a ps;rS m jyif y ayguf a ps;ES i f h   rsm;rSm jrefrmEdkifiHawmf pD;yGm;a&;
        ]]uReawmfwYkdbPfu raeYuyJ rSmyJrlwnfygw,f}} [k ,if;bPf
                f                                                                                               vwfwavm ,if;bPfajcmuf           tenf;i,fuGmjcm;ojzifh ,if;uGm                     k f D d      kd
                                                                                                                                                                                             OD;ydivrwufyif jr0wDbPf? jrefrmh
avQmufxm;w,f? olwdkYpnf;urf; pDrcefYcr'g½duwmu jyefvnfajz ckrSm EdkifiHjcm;aiGvJvS,fay;jcif;om
                                                        H JG I k f                                                                              jcm;csufudkMunfhNyD; pD;yGm;a&;vkyfae                       kd    f Ü D Dd
                                                                                                                                                                                             pD;yGm;a&;aumfya&;&Si;ukrPvrwuf
awGeJY pdppfvdkYudkufnD&if&rSmyg}} [k Mum;onf/                                                              f kd f G hf
                                                                                                         vkyyici&NdS yD; EdiijH cm;bPfvyief;
                                                                                                                             k f       k f      Muolrsm;vnf;&SdaMumif; aiGvJvS,f             ydkif tif;0bPf? jrefrmhpufrIvufrI
¤if;uqdkonf/                                               ,if;XmepwifzGifhvSpfcsdefrS rsm; vkyfudkifcGifhr&Sdao;onfhtwGuf                      olrsm;xHrS od&onf/                           zGHUNzdK;a&;bPf? jrefrmta&SUwdkif;
        odrfjzLEdkifiHjcm;aiGvJvS,fXme atmuf w d k b mv 5 &uf a eY t xd ¤if;wdkY&&Sdxm;aom EdkifiHjcm;aiGrsm;rS                                                 k f          J S f
                                                                                                                                                      odrjf zL EdiijH cm;aiGvv,Xme           bPf? uarÇmZbPfESifh or0g,r
wGif bPfajcmufck\ aumifwmrsm; aumif w mrsm;wG i f Ed k i f i H j cm;aiG ig;od e f ; om vuf u sef x m;NyD ;                                                          hf S f
                                                                                                                                                wGif aumifwmzGivpxm;aombPf                   bPfwdkYjzpfMuonf/
u eD;uyfaeNyD; vlrsm;jynfhusyfae vma&mufa&mif;csolrsm;omrsm;NyD; usefaiGudk A[dkbPf&Sd ¤if;wdkYbPf                                               AID
ojzifh rormrIrsm;twGufvnf; 0,f,orsm;rSm tawmfenf;aeojzifh ajcmuf c k \ pm&if ; od k Y xnf h a y;&
                                                            l l
pdk;&drf&aMumif;ESifh wef;pDonfhpepf tjrwfr&Sdao;aMumif; or0g,r aMumif; ,if;bPfrsm;\ wm0ef&ol
r&SdbJ pkNyHKwdk;aejcif;rsm;rSm pepf bPfaiGvJaumifwmwGif wpf&uf rsm;xHrS od&onf/
                                 kd
rusaMumif; atmufwbmv 5 &uf vQif EdkifiHjcm;aiGig;odef;cefY vm                                                   aiGvJXme\ a':vm0,f,l
                                                                                                                                           dS
                                                                                                                                                jrefrmobm0ab;tEÅ&m,f
      NEWS MAKER
                                                                                                                                                     U          D
                                                                                                                                                avQmcsa&; ukvulnrnf
        f Hk                 f
     pG,p&tEkynm&Sif Zm*emvGwajrmuf                                                                                                             &efukef? atmufwdkbm 13
                                                                                                                                                       tm&Swif obm0ab;tEÅ&m,f
                                                                                                                                                               G
                                                                                                                                                tMuHKawGU&qk;Ekiirsm;teufwpfcjk zpf
                                                                                                                                                              H dfH
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       JG     h
                                                                                                                                                                                             tcsKd Ujzpfaom qif;&JrawrIavQmcsa&;?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   d
                                                                                                                                                                                             pD;yGm;a&;zHGUNzdK;wk;wufa&;wkYdtwGuf
     &efukef? atmufwkdbm 12                                                                                                                                   kfH
                                                                                                                                                aom jrefrmEdiiudk ukvor*¾obm0                tajccHusaom obm0ab;'kuavQmcs    © h
           ajcmufvoufwrf;ausmfom&Sdao;onfh t&yfom;tpkd;&vufxufwGif 'kwd,tBudrfajrmufxkwfjyefcJh
                                                                                          l
    aom vGwfNidrf;csrf;omcGifht& em*pfrkefwkdif;tvGefumvuwnf;u zrf;qD;jcif;cH&ol armifo& ac: tEkynm&Sif                                                  h        kfH
                                                                                                                                                ab;avQmcsa&; Ediiwumr[mAsL[m                 a&;wGif rnfonfhenf;vrf;ESifhrqkd
    Zm*emrSm ,aeYeHeufykdif;wGif jrpfBuD;em;tusOf;axmifrS jyefvnfvGwfajrmufNyDjzpfMumif; jrpfBuD;em;tusOf;                                      (UNISR) t& obm0ab;avQmcsa&;     h            tultnDay;oGm;rnfjzpfaMumif;
    axmifwm0ef&Sdyk*d¾Kvfrsm;ESifh rdom;pk0ifrsm;u ajymMum;onf/                                                                                    f                   D
                                                                                                                                                vkyief;pOfrsm;wGif ulnrnfjzpfaMumif;         ¤if;uqkdonf/
           ukd,f,kHMunf&mukd qufvufvkyfaqmifoGm;rnfqkdaom pG,fpkH&[motEkynm&Sif (OD;) Zm*em (ac:)                                               ukvor*¾taxGaxGtwGif;a&;rSL;                           ¤if;onf ,if;vkyfief;pOfrsm;
    armifol&onf ,aeYatmufwkdbmv 12 &ufaeY rGef;vJG 1 em&DwGif &efukeftjynfjynfqkdif&mavqdyfokdY                                                 befuDrGef;\ obm0ab;avQmhcs                   twGuf atmufwkdbm 12 &ufaeYu
    jrefrmhavaMumif;jzifh jyefvnfa&muf&SdrnfjzpfaMumif; um,uH&Sif\ tqkdt&od&onf/                                                                     df            d f      f
                                                                                                                                                a&;qki&m txl;uk,pm;vS,trsKd ;orD;            jrefrmEdkifiHodkYa&muf&SdaeNyD; em*pf
                f                                Gf                                         k
           ]]uReawmf tck jrpfBuD;em;av,mOfui;em;a&mufaeNyD/ aeYv,f 1 em&Davmufawmh &efuef jyefa&mufr,f}}                                        Margareta uajymMum;onf/                      rkefwkdif;'Pfoifh a'orsm;ukdvnf;
                  dk                                                                                    f
    [k atmufwbmv 12 &ufaeY eHeuf 10 em&D rdepf 30 wGif (OD;) Zm*emu The Voice Weekly \ ar;jref;rIudk zke;jzifh                                         jrefrmtpkd;&\ jyK kjyifajymif;                           dS
                                                                                                                                                                                             oGm;a&muf&ef&aMumif; ukvor*¾\
    ajzMum;onf/                                                                                                                                 vJrIqkdif&m vkyfief;pOfrsm;teuf                                      f
                                                                                                                                                                                             owif;xkwjf yefcsut&od&onf/
  The
        4
    VOICE            LOCAL                EDITORIAL
                                                                                                   INSTITUTIONAL
                                                                                                                                                                                   Monday, October 17 - 23, 2011




        Nidrf;csrf;a&; aqmifusOf;olrsm;                                                           yxrajcmufvywftwGif; aumUaomif;okdh
               jrefrmouú&mZf 1372-73 ckESpf oDwif;uGswfvjynfhaeY? c&pfESpf
    2011ckESpf atmufwdkbmv12&ufaeYwGif EdkifiHawmfor®wBuD;\
                                                                                                  qefwefcsdefajcmufaxmifausmf wifykdhcGifUjyK
    trdefYaMunmcsufjzifh EdkifiHwpf0ef;&Sd tusOf;axmif42 ckESifh &Jbuf                            &efukef? atmufwdkbm 11
                              f       k
    pcef;rsm;rS tusO;om;pkpaygif; ajcmufaxmifausmukd vGwNf idr;csr;om         f          f f                               wdkif;a'oBuD; ul;oef;a&mif;0,fa&; e,fpyfxGufaygufwpfckjzpfaom aumhaomif;NrdKUe,f
    cGifhjyKvdkufygonf/                                                                           weoFm&D                                                                                                       k f
                                                                                                                           okdY yxrajcmufvywftwGif; qefwefcsdef 6800 ausmfwifoGif;cGifhjyKNyD;jzpfaMumif; wdi;a'oBuD;
               or®wBuD;\ trdeYf aMunmcsufukd vufawGYtaumiftxnfazmf                                tpdk;&\ b@ma&;ESifhtcGef0efBuD;Xme jynfaxmifpk0efBuD; OD;jrwfudku The Voice Weekly odkY ajymMum;onf/
                        J                     f
    onfh jynfxa&;0efBuD;Xme tusO;OD;pD;Xmeu vTway;vduaom tqkyg             f      k f         d
                                                                                                            xdkif;EdkifiHe,fpyfESifh xdpyf
                f                                 f
    tusO;om;rsm;teuf ,kMH unfcsuaMumifh tusO;uscae&ol OD;a& 280         f H                                  dS
                                                                                                  vsuf&onfh weoFm&Dwi;a'oBuD;        kd f
    OD;cefY&Sdonf[k tusOf;OD;pD;XmeESifh vGwfajrmufvmolrsm;ESifh eD;pyfol                         aumhaomif;a'owGif wpfEptwGuf            S f
    rsm;xHrSod&ygonf/ xdkvGwfajrmufvmolrsm;wGif emrnfausmf [mo                                    qefvdktyfcsufrSm wefcsdef 9000
    tEkynm&Sif? ‘'g½dkufwm armifol& ac: Zm*emESifh &Srf;jynfe,f                                   ausmf j zpf N yD ; yxrajcmuf v ywf
    vGwfajrmufa&;wyfrawmfrS AdkvfcsKyfaqxifuJhodkY emrnfausmf yk*dK¾ vf                           twGif;wGif 6800 ausmfwifoGif;cGifh
    tcsKUd yg0ifaeygonf/ odYkaomf trsm;arQmvifxm;aom xif&m;ausmMf um;
                                                             f h                       S          jyKNy;D jzpf&m yxrajcmufvywf twGi;f
           d                    f               h
    vlorsm;oltcsKUd vGwajrmufonfpm&if;wGif yg0ifonfurl rawGY&ay/                    kd                    f            S f     H H S f
                                                                                                  wGiyif wpfEp\ ok;ykEpyHk wifoi;                  G f
               þae&mwGif ,kMH unfcsuaMumifh tusO;f uscae&oltcsKUd vGwajrmuf
                                            f                          H                    f     Ny;D onfh oabmjzpfaeaMumif;OD;jrwfudk
                                                                                                  u qufvufajymMum;onf/
    rIESifhywfoufí Nidrf;csrf;a&;Edkb,fvfqk&Sif a':atmifqef;pkMunf\                                         ]]ppfMunfhawmhvnf; qefu                     "mwfykH-rkd;ausmfvGif
                           T f
    ]]wpfa,mufvway;&ifvnf; 0rf;omw,f/ bmajymajym0rf;omw,f/                                        r&Sdbl;? rouFmwmawGUvdkY qef
    tm;vHk;vGwfapcsifw,f/ 'DvdkyJarQmfvifhxm;w,f}} qdkonfh rSwfcsuf                               o,fcGifhudk pdppfwmyg/ tcko,fcsif                                    dk
                                                                                                                                                           weoFm&Dwi;f a'oBu;D rnfonfh 22 OD;onf atmufwdkbmvtwGif;
    pum;rSm rsm;pGmav;eufNyD; rsm;pGmt"dym,fjynf0ygonf/ vGwajrmuf
                                                           Ü         h                    f       oavmuf ay;aeygNy}D }[k aumhaomif; NrdKUukdrqkd pufwifbmvukefykdif;rS qefwefcsdef 300 cefYudk &efukefqef
    &ef usef&Sdaeolrsm;twGuf pdk;&drfylyefumwGefYwdk&efaum[k tm;rvdk                                                                                                          G
                                                                                                  a'ocH qefueonfrsm; qefwifoi; pwifum qefjyefvnfcijhf yKay;xm; aps;uGufrSwpfqifh o,f,la&mif;cs
                                                                                                                        kf                          Gf
                          S f                                    h
    tm;r& a0zefrwcsujf yKonfh toHrsm;Mum;&vifupm; a':atmifqef;pkMunf                              cGiacwåqi;iHxm;cJjh cif;ESihf ywfouf NyD; qefo,f,lcGifhudkrl oufqdkif&m oGm;&ef pDpOfvsuf&SdNyD; {&m0wDwdkif;
                                                                                                       hf         kd f h
                            f f
    \txufygrSwcsupum;onf vGwajrmuf&ef use&aeao;olrsm; twGuf
                                                    f                    f dS                     í 0efBuD;OD;jrwfuu ajymMum;onf/ NrdKUe,f? c½dkiftkyfcsKyfa&; ½Hk;rsm;wGif a'oBuD ; xG u f a y:qef ; qef E S i f h
                                                                                                                           kd
    wpfenf;wpfzkH arQmfvifhp&mwpfckjzpfygonf/                                                               aumh a omif ; a'otwG i f ; &S d avQmufxm;&,l&rnf jzpfaMumif; ay:uRJ? ZD,mqefrsm;udk wifoGif;
                                                                                                  aiGaMu;vdtyfaeaom qefqirsm;ukd 0efBuD;uqdkonf/
                                                                                                                k                             dk f                                              G
                                                                                                                                                                                       a&mif;csom;rnfjzpfaMumif; aumhaomif;
               rnfokdYyifjzpfap ‘'Drdkua&pD\ a&cHajrcHaumif;rsm; wpfpwpfp                         acs;aiGxkwfacs;&ef pDpOfaeaMumif;                        weoFm&Dwdkif;a'oBuD; aumh Nrd K Ue,f qef p yg;vk y f i ef ; toif;
                                  f                   k f H G k
    jrifawGYvm&aom rsuarSmufjrefrmEdiiwif xdtajctaeaumif;rsm;udk                                  OD;jrwfukduajymMum;onf/                                                                         Gf
                                                                                                                                                       aomif;NrdKUe,f a'ocHqefukefonf Ouú| OD;&Jreu ajymMum;onf/
    wpfenf;tm;jzifh Nidrf;csrf;a&;udk t"duaqmifusOf;ay;ol EdkifiHawmf
    or®wBuD; OD;odef;pdefESifh jynfolvlxkwpf&yfvkH;u MunfndK av;pm;                                    REAL ESTATE

    cspfcifol a':atmifqef;pkMunfwdkYonf trsm;jynfol Nidrf;csrf;a&;
               S k f d
    tvkYdim ud,usK;riJh &Gy&ycsG csG H BudK;yrf;aqmif&uorsm;udk todtrSwjf yK
                  k f H
                                    fGf H
    onfh EdiiwumtodtrSwjf yK qkwpfcEihf xduweforsm; jzpfaMumif;
                                                          k S k f
                                                                   G f l
                                                                                l
                                                                                                          d
                                                                                                       vyki;f twGi;f omauw tdrf? NcH? ajrok;H ykwpfycefaps;wuf
                                                                                                                                               H Hk h
             D                            f f
    þrD',mu oabmxm;rSwcsuay;&if; rSwwrf;wif *kPjf yKtyfygonf/  f                                      &efukef? atmufwkdbm 5
                                                              t,f'Dwm (13-10-2011)                            &efukefNrdKYawmf omauwNrdKUe,ftwGif;&Sd tdrf? NcH? ajrrsm; vykdif;twGif; okH;ykHwpfykHcefYaps;jrifhwufcJh
                                                                                                      aMumif; a'ocHrsm;xHrS pkHprf;od&Sd&onf/
 LETTER TO THE EDITOR                                                                                                                 f            G f             dk f          d h       hJ
                                                                                                              omauwNrdKUe,ftwGi;&Sd tcsKUd &yfuursm; t0,fvuvmí aps;ykrjdk rifwufcaMumif;? aps;jrifwufvm        h
                                                                                                                   S d dk f                            d f                                     H f f dk
                                                                                                      í t0,frm ykvuvmjyefaMumif;? okYd aomf wkucef;aps;rSm cyfyg;yg;usaeaMumif;? vk;csi;tdruyif 10 ay
uRefawmfwdkhtwGufuawmU c&D;onfwkdif;u ta&;BuD;yk*¾dKvfygyJ                                                                                    f dS
                                                                                                      &&? 13 ay&& tvkt,uf0,fvsu&aMumif; omauwNrdKUe,f (10) &yfuGuf&Sd tdrf? NcH? ajr tusKd;aqmif
t,f'DwmcifAsm ...                                                                                     wpfOD;u The Voice Weekly okdY ajymMum;onf/
        pufwifbmv 19 &ufaeYxwf pmrsuEm (8)wGif azmfjyxm;onfh &efuef
                                     k            fS                               k                          ,if;NrdKUe,f&Sd tdrf? NcH? ajrtusKd;aqmifvkyfief;ukd ig;ESpfMumvkyfukdifvmol a'ocHyJGpm;wpfOD;u
                               H          f
r.x.o ta0;ajy;aumufcaom tcGetcrsm;vnf; Oya'ESirnD[qaom           hf     k kd                                           f                                                     f G
                                                                                                      vnf; 0gwGi;rSmyif ta&mif;t0,fjzpfaeaMumif;? a':vmaps;uscsdewif tdr?f NcH? ajrbufvní 0,fjcif;jzpfS hf
owif;udk zwf½NI y;D jznfpuwifjyvdygonf/
                          hG f         k                                                              EkdifaMumif; ¤if;\tjrifukd ajymMum; onf/
        r.x.o ta0;ajy;taejzifh tcGeftcrsm;udk Oya'ESifhausmfvGefNyD;                                                f h l          f                          f                      dk
                                                                                                              ]]uReawmfoi,fcsi;u olwYdkab;em;u tdrf ode; 100 eJY a&mif;r,fqvYk d oGm;0,fwm ode; 150 eJYrS    f
aumuf c H a eouJ h o d k Y um;*d w f r sm;ud k v nf ; tjcm;pnf ; urf ; csuf r sm;                                             f          d f H Hk                        D                          S
                                                                                                      a&mif;r,fw}hJ } [k tdr0,f&ef vkuvpprf;aeol t0,form;wpfO;uvnf; ¤if;aps;twufEihf BuHKawGUcJ&ykudk            h H
csrwxm;ygonf/ um;*dwrsm;onf c&D;pOfEihf xGucmrnf,mOfwi;f \ vufrwf
    S f                      f                  S     fG h          dk           S                    &Sif;jyonf/
ESpfapmifudk r.x.otwGuf csefxm;&NyD; ,mOfrxGufcGmrD ESpfem&DcefYtxd                                           ,cifu 10_60 ayukd usyf odef; 40 qkdygu ,ck odef; 60 cefY&SdaMumif;? tu,fí jyifqif&efrvkdbJ
r.x.o u r0,fawmhrSoma&mif;cscGifh&Sdygonf/                                                            toifhwufae½kHqkdygu usyfodef; 80 ausmfxd&SdaMumif;? ,cifu 20_60 ayukd odef; 100 qkdvQifvnf;
        c&D;onfrsm;udk 0efaqmifray;&mwGif c&D;onfwi;onf um;*dwrsm;
                                   I                        dk f             f                                   f
                                                                                                      ,ck ode; 150 cefY&SdaMumif;ESifh toifhwufae½kHqkdygu odef; 180 xd&SdaMumif; trSwf (7) &yfuGuftwGif;&Sd
twGuf wpfajy;nDta&;Bu;D aom yk*Kdvrsm;jzpfygonf/ rnforS Oya'xuf ausmvef
                                  ¾ f                     l                    f G                    tdrf? NcH? ajr yJGpm;vkyfief;ukd av;ESpfausmfMumvkyfukdifvmolu tao;pdwf&Sif;jyonf/
ta&;BuD; c&D;onfrjzpfEkdifyg/ ,if;uJhodkY EkdifxufpD;eif; pnf;urf;csufrsm;                                           f                                           dk f      f
                                                                                                              0gwGi;u ta&mif;t0,fjzpfaeaomfvnf; ,ck&ufyi;twGi; ta&mif;t0,ftenf;i,fat;aeaMumif;?
udkvnf; jyifoifhygNyD/                                                                                tdrfiSm;&rf;rIrsm;vmaMumif;ESifh tdrfiSm;&rf;crsm;vnf; aps;ykdjrifhvmaMumif; ¤if;u xyfrHajymMum;onf/
             aejynfawmf - &efukef,mOfvkdif;wpfckrS wm0ef&SdolwpfOD;

                                                       Chief Editor - Kyaw Min Swe, Editor in-charge-Zeya Thu, Managing Editor-Kyaw Naing,
                                                       Senior Executive Editors - Khine Cho Zaw Win Tin, Zin Zin Thaw, Thiri Zaw, Nwet Kay Khine,
  The
            VOICEWeekly
                                                       Executive Editors - Kyaw San Min, Hline Thit Zin Wai, Editors-Mya Hnin Aye, Thu Rein Hlaing @ Khunn Thu,
                                                       Graphic Editors -Myo Htoo Htet, Ngu War Khine, Soe Han, Chief Reporter -Naing Min Wai, Photo Editor-Moe Kyaw Lwin,
                                                       Editorial Secretary- Aung Soe, Foreign Affairs - Aung Kyaw Soe (Desk Editor), Tin Aye Kyaw, Thant Zin Soe, Aung Nyein Chan,
                                                       Editorial Assistants- Swe Nyein Aye, Su Hnin Wai, MandalayCorrespondent- Tin Linn,
                                                       Senior Reporters-Min Myo, Moe Khine, Aye Kyawt Khaing, Kyu Kyu Thin (Moe Myay),
               The Product of                          Junior Reporters -Min Htet San, Phyo Wai Soe, Kyi Kyi Lwin, Zin Mar Lar Htay @ Green, Kyaw Swar Soe, Aung Bo Bo Shein, Thazin Oo,
                 Myanmar                               Pyae Phyo Lin, Aung Myint Htun, Nyein Thu Aung, Min Thu Khaing(Nay Pyi Daw ),Ye Win Naing(Mandalay),
                 Partners                              Freelance Reporters -Associated News, Aung Aung Tun, Min Thura, Zay Nway Tun,Tint Lwin(Dawei), Designer - Thein Aung Htut,
                Think Tank                             DTP - Ma Khine (Manager), Aye Moh Moh Aung, Cho Cho Zin, Khin Mar Myint, Production - Aung Kyaw Sann (Manager) , Soe Win Zaw
                   Group                               Finance - Pe Aung Zin(Genernal Manager), San Thida (Manager), Htet Htet Nyein (Deputy Manager), Nu War Win (Assistant Manager),
                 (A Sister                             Marketing - Kyaw Than (Manager), Phyu Phyu Thi (Deputy Manager), Min Aung, Pyae Phyo Aung, Lai Yee Oo, Nu Nu Nge, Shwe Sin Tun,
               Publication of                          Distribution - Htet Khaung (Manager), Khin Myo Chit (Deputy Manager), Jack Too Too, Htet Aung, Receptionist - Su Eindray Oo,
               Living Color                            Web Administrator - Hein Aung Zaw (Yangonese!) Website - www.thevoicemyanmar.com, Publisher - Daw Khin Kywe Oo (4099),
                                                       Office -Thamada Hotel (Business Suite), No. 5, Alanpya Pagoda Road, Dagon Township, Yangon. 242424, 393192,
                 Magazine)
                                                       Marketing - 01 242424,01 393192, 09 5176835, Hot Line - 09 73030047,01 393316, Distribution - 09 5176831
                                                       E-mail-Admin; Chief Editor - c-editor@myanmar.com.mm, News room;News Room - myanfo@myanmar.com.mm,
                                                       Press- Hnit Thit Oo Printing House Nawaday Cinema Compound , MayangoneTsp,Yangon.
  Monday, October 17 - 23, 2011
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         LOCAL                                                                                                    The
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    5



   emrnfausmf uAsmq&m? pma&;q&mBuD; eef;nGefYaqG\om;jzpfNyD;? EdkifiHa&;ESifhqdkifaom ysufvkH;rsm;ESifh
   tjcm;vIyf&Sm;rIrsm;aMumifh 1986ckESpfwGifwpfBudrf? 1988ckESpfwGifwpfBudrf? 1990ckESpfwGifwpfBudrf?
   2007ckESpfwGif wpfBudrf? 2008ckESpfwGifwpfBudrf pkpkaygif; ig;Budrfwdwd zrf;qD;xdef;odrf;cHcJh&ol EdkifiHausmf
   [movl&Tifawmf? o&kyfaqmif? ‘'g&dkufwmESifh pma&;q&m armifol& ac: Zm*emonf 200*ckESpf em*pf
   qdkifuvkef;rkefwdkif;tNyD; yOörtBudrfajrmuf zrf;qD;xdef;odrf;cH&tNyD; 2011ckESpf? atmufwdkbmv 12&uf
   oDwif;uGswfvjynfhaeYwGif vGwfajrmufvm&m The Voice Weekly u &efukefNrdKUawmf? prf;acsmif; NrdKUe,f?
   ajreD u k e f ; &S d ¤if ; \aetd r f o d k Y oG m ;a&muf a wG Y qk H a r;jref ; xm;onf r sm;teuf o if h a wmf o nf r sm;ud k
   aumufEIwfazmfjytyfygonf/



      k                  k
]pm;zdrLS ;aumif;aumif;vdaewmyg}                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        "mwfykH-rkd;ausmfvGif


              Y
Zm*emESifU awGqHkjcif;
    f
ausmrif;aqG
Voice                     : vuf&Su 'Drkdua&pD    d                    ajymjywm/ okYd aomf axmifxu vl                       J          eJYvnf;ajymr,f/ jynfxa&;0efBuD;eJY                      J                               jrefrmjynf vdyfcJwnf;vnf;jzpf                                                   rueJYvYdk rajymygbl;/ at;at;aq;
ukd oGm;awmhoGm;aew,f/ tul;                                           awGusefaecJhwJhtwGuf pdwfrauif;                                 vnf;ajymr,f/ NyD;awmh tefwDhukd                                                         vmcJhwJh twkduftcHeJY tpkd;&Mum;                                                aq;uvkdY&ygw,f/ uRefawmfxGuf
tajymif;umvrSm Hard-liner awG                                                               dS
                                                                      jzpfwmawmh&w,f/ 'gayrJh wpfzuf                                  vnf; olwkdYeJYawGYzkdY arwåm&yfcHcsif                                                   aygh/ twkduftcHvdkY okH;&wmawmh                                                 vmr,fqwm olwYdk BudKvnf;rodyg    dk
u a&SUoGm;r,fholawGukd aemuf                                          uvnf; axmifxJ q,fav;ig;ESpf                     h               w,f/ olwYdk ajymwmvnf; em;axmif                                                         uRefawmfhpdwfxJ b0ifrusygbl;/                                                   bl;/ olwkdYESpfa,mufu awmifyH
jyefqkwfatmifvkyfaeovdkjzpfae                                              h
                                                                      aecJ&wm/ 'Davmufawmh rrIygbl;vdYk                                   f
                                                                                                                                      csiw,f/ tJ'gukawmh uReawmfO;qk;    d                             f               D H    trsm;ok H ; wJ h pum;jzpf v d k Y ok H ; &                                      wkuppfawGq&if usewEpa,muf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 d f                                       dk             f hJ S f
w,f/ aemufwpfcku wpfavQmuf                                            ajymvdYk &w,f/                                                  vkyrmyg/   f S                                                                          wmyg/ tcktcsdefu ESpfzufpvkH;u                                                  u bvifemeJY px½kufumyg/ olwYdk                        d
vk H ; t½k d ; pG J v mwmjzpf w J htwGuf                    twG                      f h l
                                                                                 uReawmfoi,fcsi;f awGuvnf;                   kd       Voice                     : tef w D e J Y pum;ajym                                      aoaocsmcsm pOf ; pOf ; pm;pm;                                                   ESpaumifwnf;eJYvnf; bmrS vkyvYdk
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   f                                                                            f
'DvkdrsdK; jzpfoGm;wmvm;/ ukdol&                                      vlrIa&;t& uRefawmf tm;ay;vdkY&                                  NyD;wJhtcgrSm tcsdKUodoifhwmawG                                                         qkH;jzwf&r,fh t"du tcsdefumv                                                    r&ygbl;/ [kEpa,mufwnf;eJYvnf;        d S f
ck e uajymwJ h tajctaeay:                                             r,f/ bmyJjzpfjzpfvyvYkd&w,f/ okYd     k f                       odvmr,f/ bmarQmfvifhxm;wm                                                               ukda&mufNyDvdkY ukdol& ,lqvm;/                                                         f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              vkyvYdk r&ygbl;/ trSetwki;ajym&                              f d f
rlwnfNyD; okH;oyf&if b,fvkdae                                         aomf 'Dtaetxm;rsKd ;awmh odyawmh                           f    &SdvJ/                                                                                  ZGN                             : uRef a wmf x if w ,f /                        &if wpfpkwpfpnf;wnf; uapcsif
rvJ/ vGwfvGwfcsif;qkdawmh ukd,feJY                                    raumif;bl;/ uRefawmfwkdY 'D[mu                                  ZGN                       : arQmf v if h x m;wmawG                                      Oyrm-[if;yGJBuD;wpfyGJvdkaygh/ csuf                                             w,f/ rwnfb;vkYd ajymwmukd vnf;            h l
wlwl uscHcJholawG rvGwfwJhtwGuf                                                                  f
                                                                      aemufwpfaeY vkyp&m tvkyay:vm                       f            uawmh 'Dv?l 'DvawGeYJ awmh awGUcsif     l                                               p&mtr,fawGawmh tpkHa&mufNyD/                                                               f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              uReawmf vufrcHygbl;/ wnfuwnfh                                            h dk
ukdol& pdwfxJrSm cHpm;rIeJY ajym                                      w,fvdkY ,lqw,f/ uRefawmfwkdY                                    w,f/ tESpom&u uReawmfbmudk f                                f                           csufwwfwJhvlawG csufrS 'D[if;yGJ                                                &yghr,f/ uReawmfeYJ ]ukarwåm}qk&if         f                   d                d
w,fvdkY uRefawmfxifw,f/ acgif;                                        ÓPfupm;&awmhr,fvdkYxifw,f/                                                        f J dk
                                                                                                                                      odapcsivqawmh 'Dvi,fawG udpö                         l                                  BuD;pm;aumif;rSm/ ypön;awGuawmh                          f                      rwnfhbl;vkdY b,folrS ajymvkdYr&
at;at;eJY xm;NyD;ajymr,fqkdb,f                                        wpfckckawmh tjyeftvSefa&GU&awmh                                                       Dh dk
                                                                                                                                      ukd tefwuar;r,f/ tefwbmvkyf                                          D                                         f hJ l
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              pkNH yD csuwotay:rlwnfNyD; 'D[if;                                               ygbl;/ tckcsdefxdvnf; uRefawmf
vdk jrifrvJ/                                                          r,f/ olwYdkbufuawmh pa&GUNyD/                                   rvJ a ygh / ausmif ; awG zG i f h v d k u f ?                                           yGBJ uD; pm;aumif; raumif;qk;jzwfrm/                         H            S     wkYd rm rwnfp&mtaMumif;r&Sygbl;/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       S                              h                                 d
ZGN                       : tJ ' D t ay:rS m vnf ;                               tJ'Dawmh uRefawmfpOf;pm;                             oifwef;awGzGifhvdkufeJY 'DxufykdNyD;                                                    csufwwfwouvnf; rsm;rsm;rvdk        hJ l                                         olwYdk aygif;wmvnf; b,favmufrS
ESpfck&Sdw,f/ wpfcku tcsdKUar;wm                                                        k
                                                                      w,f/ ppfw&ifupm;ovdy/ olYbuf                    kJ              t&Sdefjr§ifhzkdYvdkw,f/ ta&;BuD;wJh                                                     bl; ok;a,mufyvw,f/ csuwwf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 H                        J kd                    f           rMumao;ygbl;/ uReawmfwYdk aygif;                         f
oGm;wmawGrSm cHpm;rIeJY jrefjrefajz                                   uzGifhvdkufwJhtay: rlwnfNyD;awmh                                oifwef;wpfck zGizYvw,f/ vTwawmf      hf dk kd                                  f        wJholawG b,folawGjzpfrvJqkdwm                                                   vmwm ESpfaygif; 30 ausmfygNyD/
vdkufwm&Sdw,f/ wu,fh wu,f                                                d hf
                                                                      uk,bufuvnf; vduupm;& r,f/              k f                      wnfcJhwm ysif;vdkYawmhr[kwfbl;/                                                         uRefawmfcefYrSef;vdkYyJ&ao;w,f/                                                 &efvnf; wpfBudrfrS rjzpfzl;bl;/
pOf ; pm;Munf h & if b,f u d p ö r qk d                               olYbufu Opening wpfc k a wmh                                             ö                   d
                                                                                                                                      udpwpfck &S&awmhr,fvYkd uReawmf                                           f             ,wdjywfajymvdYkr&ao;bl;/ uReawmf                                      f                      d f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              ]t½ki;} eJYvnf; 'Dtwki;ygyJ/                               d f
Precaution Test (rjzpfcif MudKqef;                                    zGifhvdkufNyD/ udk,fhbufu ydwfrrdzkdY                           e*kd axmifxJuwnf;u pOf;pm;                                                                         S
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              wkYd rm tJ'csuwwfwoawGvaeNyD/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        D f                         hJ l       kd                                       dk f H S
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                'DEiirm rwnfb;qkwvawG                 h l d hJ l
ppf) tay:rlwnfNyD;awmhrS aemuf                                        vdkw,f/ uRefawmfu 'Dae&mrSm                                     w,f/ pOf;pm;wJhtwkdif;yJ 'Dvkd[m                                                        [if;yGJBuD;uawmh csufzkdYtqifoifh                                               agree to disagree acwfumvrSm rif;wkYd
wpfqifh pOf;pm;&r,fvdkYuRefawmf                                       tjywfjiif;zkYd wpfc&w,f/     k dS                               wpfck jzpfvmw,f/ 'Dv[m wpfck                                  kd                        jzpfaeygNyDvdkY/ csufwwfwJholvdkae                                              rwnfhMubl;qkd&if rif;wkdY tok H ;
,kHMunfw,f/ okdYaomf 'Dumv?                                                      tJ'gu bmvJqawmh vrf;r           dk                   jzpfvmwJaemufrm ygwDrwywifzYdk
                                                                                                                                                         h                     S                         S f Hk               w,f/ ykpGefrSef;? ig;rSef;odayr,fh                                              rusvkYd aygh/ a':atmifqef;pkMunfeYJ
'D t csd e f oD w if ; uRwf t csd e f r S m rS                        ay:xGufNyD; tusOf;om;tm;vkH;                                    pNyD; aqG;aEG;Mu&awmhr,f/ zJpum;                                                        csufwwfwocsufrS pm;aumif;rSm/    hJ l                                                            f f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              OD;ode;pdewYdkawmif vufqEwquf                                       GJ I f
,lNyD;awmh 'gukd Precaution Test                                              f       d
                                                                      vTway;qkwhJ pmwrf;BuD;awGaxmif                                  eJY ajym&if First Step eD;NyDy/ b,f                                    J                aocsmwmuawmh or® w BuD ;                                                        aeMuNyD/ rif;wkdYbmvkdY rwnfhMu
vkyfvkdufw,fvdkYjrifw,f/ 'g[m                                         NyD; vkyfwJhvkyf&yfudkawmh vkH;vkH;                             zJypfypf ra'gif;awmhb;/ 'guawmh                    l                                                   f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              OD;ode;pde?f a':atmifqef;pkMunfu                                                wmvJ/ jzwfvkdYr&vkdY ur,fqkd&if
  k f H
Ediia&;yJ/                                                            vsm;vsm; axmufcHrSmr[kwfbl;/                                    a&SUavQmuf&r,fc&D;yJ/                h                                                  awmh rygvdYk rjzpfb;/ wki;jynfjyify                  l d f                      uMuyg/ rpkbeYJ ur,fq&if uReawmf     H J                          dk           f
                  k f H             d
                Ediia&;qkwmrSmawmh tenf;                              uRefawmhukd tJ'gvkyfygqkd&ifvnf;                                                uReawmf tefwudk ar;&rSmu
                                                                                                                                                              f                       hD                                      a&mufaewJholawGvnf; [if;csuf                                                    oabmrwlygbl;/ oD;av;oD;tzJGU
                      d k
eJY trsm;qkovdawmh upm;MurSm yg/                                      vkyfrSmr[kwfbl;/ 'DtcsdefrSm ÓPf                                tefwD rSwfykHwifrvm;? rwifbl;                                                           wJ h o l a wG x J r S m ygzk d Y vd k y gw,f /                                  pNyD ; uawmh ol&,f (acsmpkrsKd;)?
'gudk upm;uGuwpfcvYkd uReawmf          f           k          f       upm;&r,f h t csd e f / uRef a wmf u                             vm;/ zJuawmh wpfcsyf0,f&awmh                                                            wavmu vmoGm;wJh ukdaZmfOD;wkdYyJ                                                                       Hk
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              jrpy,fi&,f? oD;av;oD;eJY ucJMh u
,lqMunfhr,fqkd&if tjcm; aom                                                     k JG           k
                                                                      ppfw&ifywpfcvYkdyjJ rifw,f/ 'g[m                                r,f/ r0,fcsi&if tefwO;aqmifwhJ f                            D D                                                       k
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              jzpfjzpf? udZmenfwYdkyjJ zpfjzpf b,fol                                          wmyg/ arQmfpifuRef;xJu vSvSyy
                        f
upm;uGuwpfck vdtyfvrO; r,fvYkd           k           d hf D           abmvkH;yGJr[kwfbl;/ pm;yGJay:rSm                                tjcm;ygwDwpfck ta&;wBuD;vdvm                                                      k                                dk
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              jzpfr,fqwm uReawmfrodao;bl;/                       f                            xGufcJhNyD;rS arQmfpifuRef;ukd jyef0if
xifw,f/ tJ'gEdkifiHa&;pum; As/                                        upm;&r,f h u d p ö / tJ ' guawmh                                r,f/ uRefawmf 'Dpum;awGajym&                                                                             D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              tefweYJ OD;ode;pdeEpa,mufwnf;eJY        f f S f                                 wJhtcsdefrSm ajcusKd;em;&GufjywfeJY
awmf½kHvleJYawGY&if uRefawmfajym                                      enf;enf;awmh odrarGUw,f/          f                             awmhr,f/ uRefawmfjrifwJhEdkifiHa&;                                                      awmh rvkHavmufao;bl;/ pum;vk;                                               H   jyef0ifrvmapcsiygbl;/ arQmpifuRe;               f                      f             f
          S
jzpfrmr[kwb;/ 'g[m y&d,m,fygf l                                       Voice           : tck ukdol&ajymoGm;wJh                         ta&GUu tJ'gvdYk uReawmfxifw,f/                f                                         aumif;aumif ; ok H ; &&if pm;zk d r S L ;                                       yJGukd uRefawmfvkyfcJhwm pdefac:
wJh upm;uGuwpfc/ 'gu ppfw&if      f          k                    k   oabmu vuf&Sd Scenario u 'D                                      ESpfrsdK;yJ uRefawmfjrifw,f/ wpfu                                                       aumif;aumif;vdaewmyg/                        k                                  NyD;awmh uRefawmfvkyfcJh&wmyg/
upm;uGufwpfckjzpfoGm;NyD/ tJ'gukd                                     vdkyJjzpfaew,f/ txJrSmzwfcJh&wJh                                                     f Hk
                                                                                                                                      NLD rSwywifrmvm;/ 'Dwpf zJ ][}       S                                                  Voice : {nfonfawGrsm;wJh twGuf           h                                      tNidrfhqkdwm 'Dvkdu&w,fqkdwm
oyfoyf upm;uGuwpfcvYkd ,lqrd                   f      k               pmawGeJY Mum;od&wmawG&Sdr,f/                                    xm;w,f/ 'DtwGuf ][}xm;wm/                                                               ar;cG e f ;ES p f c kavmuf xyfar;yg&  avmuf                                     odapcsivYdkyg/ bke;BuD;udpjö zpfwmukd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   f                            f
w,f/ [kd[m (tjcm; tifwmAsL;                                           aemuf upm;yGJrSm t"du yav,m                                             f Hk
                                                                                                                                      rSwywifbmqufjzpfrvJ/ okYdr[kwf                                                          ap/ oD;av;oD;eJY ywfoufwJhudpö                                                  tjrwf x k w f vkdufwmvnf; ygçyg
              S
awGrm ajzqkcwmawG) u uReawmf d hJ                             f       awG&Sdw,f/ tJ'Dawmh Scenario uk d                               NLD ukd 'Dtwkdif;qufxm;vdkuf/                                                           awG ESpfoD;yJ jyefvmwJhtwGuf                                                    w,f/ acwfumv&JUtajctaeukd
ay:wifajym&&if Emotional Type eJY                                     aocsmoabmayguf
                                                                      aocsm oabmayguf z k d Y b,f v d k                                             f
                                                                                                                                      &ufpawmh jzpfom;NyDwpfc/ Variation G                          k                         arQmpifuRe;f udpöukd oabmrwlb;l vkYd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       f                                                                      em;vnfNyD;vkyfzkdY vkdygvdrfhr,f/
        f                 k f hJ
uReawmfvyw[m/ 'gawmh uReawmf                                    f     yav,mawG
                                                                      yav,mawGeJY pum;ajymzkdY vdkr,f                                 (EkdifiHa&;upm;yGJ) wpfc/ vufc&if                      k                            H                        G f ewmaw
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              toHxuaewmawG Mum;&yg w,f/            wmawG                                                                  dS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              *rfbm&D&aevkYd oleYJ qkiwhJ jyufv;                            d f                   Hk
      dk J
'DvyajymrSmyJ/ Ediia&;pum;taeeJY      k f H                           xifvJ /                                                         Variation wpfc/ vufrcH&if aemuf  k                                                      olwkdYtaMumif;uk d pd w f c H p m;rI e J Y                                                    f hJ
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              xGucwmyg/ tckcsef rif;wkYd bmjyuf                   d
ar;&if Politician Outlook eJYajzrSmyJ/                                ZGN                   : uRef a wmf u vnf ;                      wpfrsdK; uRefawmf ajymjyOD;r,f/                                                         ajymrdwmvm;/ bm aMumifajymrdwm                             h                       H
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              vk;oGm;xkwrvJ (ZD;oD;? a*:ZDvm?       f
tJ'DrSmvnf; uRefawmf pOf;pm;rd                                        ajymcsifw,f/ xkdenf;wl ajymwm                                         D
                                                                                                                                      tJ'[mu b,fvjkd zpfvmrvJqawmh                                                dk          vJqkdwm odyg&ap/                                                                pdefoD;)/ wkdif;jynf jyifyuvlawG
w,f / Politician Outlook eJ Y                                         vnf; em;axmifcsiw,f/ tJ'vu          f                     D l   uReawmf ckeuajymovdyJ yk*Kd¾ vfBuD;
                                                                                                                                                  f                                             k                             ZGN : uRefawmf ckeu ajymcJh                                                     &JUtaMumif;ukd jyufvkH;xkwfr,f
Occupational Outlook aygh/ 'gudk                                      awmh t&ifuvnf; Key Player                                       awGeYJ awGUzkYd ajym&OD;r,f/                                                                         d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              ovkygyJ/ olwYdko;av;oD;qk&ifawmh               D               H                qkd&if olwkdYtaMumif;ukd odzkdYvkdyg
           dk
tJvawmh ok;oyfrw,f/           H            d                                              D
                                                                      jzpfwhJ tefw(a':atmifqef;pkMunf)                                                'gEdkifiHa&;aMumifh uRefawmf                                            bmrS ajymp&mr&Sygbl;/ olwYdkqudk                 d                      D                                      f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              r,f/ uReawmfajymyg&ap/ olwYdkawG
                okdYaomf 'DOpömu uRefawmf                             aygh/ tefwhDukd arwåm&yfcHcsifwm                                ajymwm/ ckeu ajymwmu vljyuf                                                             uRefawmf a&;xm;wJhpm &Sdygw,f/                                                  &JU emrnfawGukd uRefawmf ay;cJh
aps;qpfae&r,fh t&mr[kwb;/ a&GU                            f l                    d
                                                                      vnf;&Sw,f/ aemuf OD;a&Tref;eJYvnf;                              ajymajymwm/                                                                                    D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              tJ'pmu uHtm;avsmfpm uRefawmf                             G                      wmyg/ a*:ZDvmukdvnf;uRefawmf
awmha&GU&rSmyJ/ ra&GUvdYk awmh r&bl;/                                 ajymr,f/ NyD;&if OD;cifatmifjrifheJY                              Voice : tJ ' D a wmh E k d i f i H a &;eJ Y                                                                   f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              tck xGuvmwJtcsexd a&mufrvm                 h d f
EdkifiHa&;qkdwmukd tJvkdvkyfr,fvdkY                                   vnf;ajymr,f/ umuG,a&;OD;pD;csKyf              f                 ywf oufNyD;awmh wpfavQmufvkH;                                                           bl;/ 'DaeYreufrS a&mufvmygw,f/                                                                                          pmrsufESm 25 odkY
  The
        6
    VOICE          MOTORING                                                                                                                                                                         Monday, October 17 - 23, 2011




um;opfrsm;taumufcGef rlvum;0,f,laps;EIef;ESifU                                                                                 CIF            aps;EIef;ay:wGifom rlwnfaumufrnf
&efukef? atmufwdkbm 10
                                                        a':vm                                  rsm;ES
                         a[mif;rsm;udk tar&duefa':vm 3500 xufrydkaomum;opfrsm;ESifh tpm;xkd;vJvS,fcGifhjyKxm;&m um;opfrsm;\taumufcGefEIef;xm;udk rlv0,f,lxm;onfhaps;EIef; tygt0if
  um;                    qdyfurf;ta&muf CIF (Cost Insurance and Freight ) aps;EIef;wefzdk;ay:wGifom rlwnfaumufcHrnfjzpfaMumif; um;a[mif;tpm;xkd; um;opfwifoGif;cGifhqkdif&m OSS (One
Stop Service) tzG J U rS wm0ef & S d o l w pf O D ; u ajymMum;onf /
                  ]]um;&JU rlvaps;EIef;wefzkd;u                                                                                    oHMum;awGrSm tqifhvkduf csjyay; jzm;jcif;wkdYudk jyKvkyfaeaMumif;? xdkY
a':vm 3500 xufrydkbl;/ odkYaomf                                                                                                    r,fqdk&if jynfolawGtaeeJY odoifh aMumifh jynfolrsm;taejzifh tao;
vnf ; vl B ud K uf r sm;vd k Y a':vm                                                                                               odxdkufwmudkodwJhtwGuf vmbf pdwftcsuftvufrsm;od&Sdvdkygu
aomif;csDaps;xkd;wufoGm;Ekdifw,f/                                                                                                  ay;vmbf,lvkyf&wmawG? aiGay;& pD;yGm;a&;ESifh ul;oef;a&mif;0,fa&;
          f               l
uReawmfwYkdr0g'u ukeo,a&;vkyf              f G f                                                                                                                  G            k
                                                                                                                                   wmawG yaysmufom;r,fvYdxifw,f}} 0efBuD;Xme? ½Hk;tzGJUrSL; zkef; 067-
aewmr[kwfbl;/ um;a[mif;ydkif&Sif                                                                                                   [k oHk;oyfajymqkdonf/                                       408002? zufpf -067-408004?
awGudk um;opfvJpD;apcsifwmu                                                                                                                                                                         d k
                                                                                                                                           um;a[mif ; rsm;tyf E S H j cif ; ? 'kw,½H;tzGUJ rSL; zke; - 067-408216?       f
EkdifiHawmftBuD;tuJawG&JU apwem                                                                                                                   G f hf
                                                                                                                                   um;wifoi;cGitwGuf txl;ygrpf ñTefMum;a&;rSL; (rl0g') zkef; 067-
yg/ tpuwnf;u a':vm 3500                                                                                                            xkwfay;jcif;twGuf jyifypD;yGm;a&; 408232? ñTefMum;a&;rSL; OSS tzGJU
xufrykdwJhum;awGudk oGif;cGihfjyK                                                                                                  avmuwGif owif;trsKd;rsKd;xkwf zke; - 067-408316? 09-8300320    f
r,fvdkYqHk;jzwfuwnf;u b,farmf                                                                                                      vTifhNyD; um;aps;uGufudk xdef;csKyf vdk odYk qufo,ar;jref;pHprf;EkiaMumif;   G f           k d f
                f
',fvuae b,farmf',fvtxd tusK;H                f                                                                                                                                               D
                                                                                                                                   jcif;? owif;trSm;rsm;vkyBf uH zefw; atmufwdkbmv 11 &ufaeYxkwf
                      dk
0ifw,fqwm wGucsuNf yD;rS aoao     f                                                                        "mwfykH-rkd;ausmfvGif                      f f                            f
                                                                                                                                   jcif;? r[kwrrSeaom pm&Gupmwrf; Ekiiyiowif;pmrsm;wGif azmfjycsuf
                                                                                                                                                                                                d f H dk f
csmcsmcGifhjyKwm/ 0efBuD;Xmeaygif;pHk                                                                                                                               l        f
                                                                                                                                   twkrsm;jzifh jynfoukd vdrvnfvnhf t&od&Sd&onf/           S
    d Id f                            dk f
ñSEi;NyD;awmhrS cGijhf yKEiwhJ armf',fvf
oufwrf;awGudk cGifhjyKay;xm;wm/
0,folrsm;vdkY aps;EIef;rsm;oGm;&if aMumif; tqkygtzGUJ xHrS od&&onf/
rsm;oGm;Ekdifw,f/ 'gayrJh owfrSwf
csueYJ vnf;nDw,f/ rlv0,fxm;wJh awGvkyfaeygw,f/ rl0g'ydkif;qkdif&m
            f
                                                                             d        dS
                                                                  ]]tywfpOf yHkrSeftpnf;ta0;              f Gf
                                                                                               at;&Sm;a0gvwizrf;rdonfU w&m;r0ifw½kwum; 50 cefh
                                                                                                                                   f
wefzdk;u a':vm 3500 xufrydkbl; rSm tajymif;tvJr&Sdygbl;}} [k ¤if;
qdk&if tJ'Daps;EIef;udktajccHxm;wJh u qufvuf&Sif;jyonf/
qdyurf;ta&muf CIF aps;EIe;wefz;
        f                                        f   kd           ESpf 40 ausmf av;bD;um;
                                                                                               'PfaMu;½dkufxkwfcGifUjyK
twki;f yJ tcGeaumufrmyg/ um;a&muf a[mif;tyfExm;ol r&rf;uke;NrdKUe,f &efukef? atmufwdkbm 10
              d             f       S                                     HS             f
vmwJh tcsdefrSm a':vmaomif;csDjzpf rS touf 40 ausmum;a[mif;ydi&if                f         k f S           ¾ d
                                                                                                        yk*vu qdyurf;wpfcjk zpfaom ud,pm;vS,rsm;xHrS pHprf;od&&onf/ jzpfvsuf&Sdonf[k aps;uGufowif;
                                                                                                                    f                k f               f                 k        dS
aevdkYqdkNyD; aomif;csDwJhaps;EIef;ukd wpfOD;u ]]vkyfxHk;vkyfenf;awGtm; at;&Sm;a0gvfqdyfurf;wGif pufwif                                                  f                             f kf
                                                                                                                                          ]]w½kwum;awGu tpdwtydi; tcsutvufrsm;t& od&&onf/                f                        dS
tajccHtcGefaumufrSmr[kwfygbl;}} vHk;udk avQmufxm;yHk? ygrpfxkwfay; bmv aESmif;yki;u w&m;r0if o,f vkujf zKwoi;f w,fvYko&w,f/ 'Pf
                                                                                                                d f                  d        f G                      d d                              ]]ZkefxkwfqdkNyD; um;awGtpdwf
[k tqkygwm0ef&ou ajymqdonf/ yH?k b,fvaps;EIe;awGay:rSm tajccH aqmifwifoGif;vmaom w½kwfum; aMu;oH;k q½duNf y;D xkwciay;vduw,f/ tydi;tvkuf vkipifroi;jyefwyfNyD;
                    d          dS l                k                   kd      f                                                                k                     f G hf k f                     kf       d      d f hJ G f
                  0efBuD;Xmeaygif;pHkyg0ifaom NyD; taumufcGefaumufrvJqdkwJh tpD; 50 cefYyg0ifonfh uGefwdefem Oya't& 'PfaMu;oH;k q½kuoYr[kwf a&mif;wmrsK;d u Super Custom um;awG
                                                                                                                                                                            d f kd
OSS tzG J U onf tywf p Of t pnf ;                         yHkpH? u.n.erSm b,fvdkvkdifpif0if& 10 vHk;udk zrf;qD;cJhNyD; ,if;w½kwf ypönf;odrf;cGifh&Sd w,f}} [k&efukef tjyif w½kwum;awGrmvnf; wGiwif                 f       S           f G
ta0;rsm; usif;yvsuf&SdNyD; vkdktyf r,fhyHkpH tm;vHk;udk wdwdusus&Sif; um;rsm;udk 'PfaMu;oH;q½duíxkwf taumufceat;*siwpfO;D u &Si;f jyonf/ us,fus,f&Sdw,f/ 'gayrJh tckum;
                                                                                                                        k k f                  Gf              hf
                                                                                                      G
aom ñTefMum;csufrsm;udk tcsdef &Sif;vif;vif; jynfolawGu odcsif ,lcijhf yKvkuNf yDjzpfaMumif; &efueNf rdKU    d                   k        jynfwGif;aps;uGuftwGif;wGif a[mif;tyfum;opfoi;wJh tpDtpOf                          G f
                                                                                                               k f          G f                     l
ESifhwpfajy;nDxkwfjyefay;vsuf&Sd Muw,f/ owif;pm? a&'D,kd? ½kyfjrif awmf tajcpdutaumufceat;*sihf w½kwjfynfoYor®wEkiirS xkwvyaom awGaMumifh w½kwfum;aps;uGufa&m?      dfH          f kf
                                                                                                                                   Refine wHqdyfjzifh w½kwfum;rsm; ?                           Super Custom um;aps;uG u f a &m
                                                                                                                                   MPV um;tao;pm;tygt0if ukewif                          f           f                 G
                                                                                                                                                                                               ysuoavmufjzpfom;w,f} [k [Hom0wD
                                                                                                                                   um;i,frsm;yHptrsK;rsK;jzifh aps;uGuf ,mOfa&mif;0,fa&;pcef;rS um;0,f
                                                                                                                                                           k H d d
        owfrSwfarmf',fvfxuf abmifausmfwifoGif;ygu                                                                                  twGif;0ifa&mufNyD; ta&mif;t0,f a&mif;tusK;aqmifwpfO;uqkonf/                   d              D    d


        jypf'PfcsrSwfta&;,lrnf                                                                                                                 ,mOfta&mif;jycef;zGifUcGifU
        &efukef? atmufwdkbm 10
                 txl;ygrpfjzifhwifoGif;vmaom,mOfrsm;wGif ,mOftrsK;tpm;tvduf pD;yGm;a&;ESiu;l oef;a&mif;0,fa&;
                                                                           d        k          hf
        0efBu;D Xmeu owfrSwfxm;aomarmf',fvf (Model Year) xuf abmifausmfwifoGif;vmygu jypf'PfcsrSwf
                                                                                                                                               cGifUjyKxm;jcif;r&Sdao;
        ta&;,loGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; tqdkyg0efBuD;Xme nTefMum;a&;rSL; OD;oef;atmifu ajymMum;onf/                                                   &efukef? atmufwdkbm 6
                 ]]owfrSwfxm;wJh armf',fvf (Model Year) xuf abmifausmfwifoGif;vmwJh ,mOfawGudkawmh 'Pf                                                           f
                                                                                                                                                         vkyief; 10 ckukd ,mOfta&mif;                          tpd k ; &opf \ ,mOf a [mif ;
        aMu;eJYrvkyfygbl;/ jypf'PfcsrSwfta&;,loGm;rSmyg}} [k ¤if;u qdkonf/                                                                     jycef; zGifhvSpfcGifhcsxm;ay;NyD[kqdk                 tpm;xdk; ,mOfopfvJvS,fcGifh tpD
                 txl;ygrpfjzifh ,mOfwifoGif;&mwGif t"dutcsufav;csufjzpfaom armf',fvf (Model Year)? ,mOf                                        aom owif;rsm;xGufay:aeaomf                            tpOft& jynfwi;ü ,mOfta&mif;G f
                                        f H d
        trsKd ;tpm; (Type)? ,mOftrSwwqyf (Brand)ESifh ,mOfydkif&Siftrnfrsm; uGJvGJ&mwGif r½dk;rom;uGJvGJonfrsKd;                               vnf; ,mOfta&mif;jycef;zGifhvSpfcGifh                  jycef;rsm; zGifhvSpfcGifhay;&ef vkyfief;
        qdkygu ,mOfodrf;qnf;onftxd jypf'PfcsrSwf ta&;,loGm;rnfjzpfNyD; ½dk;½dk;om;om;vGJrSm;ygu                                                                l       D
                                                                                                                                               ukd rnfowpfO;wpfa,mufurQ cGijhf yK       kd           pOfrsm;a&;qGJNyD;jzpfaMumif;? wpfpD;
        vkyfxHk;vkyfenf;ESifhtnD jyifqifay;oGm;rnfjzpfaMumif;? owfrSwfxm;onfh armf',fvf (Model Year)xuf                                                              d
                                                                                                                                               xm;ay;jcif;r&Sao;aMumif; pD;yGm;a&;                   vQif a':vm 3500 xufrykaomEIe;          d            f
        abmifausmf wifoi;f vmjcif; rSm r½d;k rom;vkyaqmifjcif;omjzpfaMumif; tao;tzGJuGJvGJrIrsm;udkrl taumufcGef
                              G                     f                                                                                          ESihful;oef;a&mif;0,fa&;0efBuD;Xme                    jzifh wifoGif;a&mif;cs&rnfh ta&mif;
        \vkyfxHk;vkyf enf;rsm;t& rrsm;aom 'PfaMu;ay;aqmif&rnfjzpfaMumif;? ygrpfoufwrf;vGe,mOfrsm;udk   f                                       ñTefMum;a&;rSL; OD;oef;atmifu                                          hf S f G hf S
                                                                                                                                                                                                     jycef;rsm;zGivpciEihf vkyx;Hk vkyenf;f     f
                                                                                                                                               The Voice Weekly \ ar;jref;csuukd                f    rsm;ukd oufqkdif&mxHwifjyxm;NyD;
             f                       G                                 f                 k f kH
        qdyurf;ra&mufcif jyifqifcihf avQmufxm;ygu oufwrf;vGe&onfh taMumif;t&if;cdivvQif jyifqifay;oGm;
                                                                                                                                               jyefvnfajzMum;onf/                                                                S
                                                                                                                                                                                                     cGijhf yKcsuf&onfEihf xkwjf yefay;oGm;
                          f                         Gf         S f
        rnfjzpfNyD; qdyurf;a&mufNyD;ygu taumufce\owfrw'PfaMu;ay;aqmif&rnfjzpfaMumif; ¤if;u&Si;jyonf/         f                                           atmufwdkbmv 8 &ufaeYu                       rnfjzpfaMumif; ta&mif;jycef;zGivpf           hf S
                 wifoGif;vmaom,mOfESifh ygrpfwGif azmfjyxm;aom armf',fvf (Model Year) uGJvGJrIrsm;udk ,mOf                                             k
                                                                                                                                               &efueNf rKUd &Sd pD;yGm;a&;ESihf ul;oef;a&mif;           hf                          f
                                                                                                                                                                                                     cGiay;a&;yxrtqihO;D pm;ay;vkyaqmif       f
        trsKd;tpm;tvdkuf pD;yGm;a&;ESifhul;oef;a&mif;0,fa&;0efBuD;Xmeu owfrSwfxm;aom armf',fvf (Model                                          0,fa&; 0efBuD;XmeESifh aejynfawmf                     aeaMumif; ¤if;\tqkt&od&onf/        d
                        f                 f                              hf l
        Year) twGi; abmif0ifygu qdyurf;ra&mufcif pD;yGm;a&;ESiu;oef;a&mif;0,fa&;0efBuD;XmewGif jyifqifcihf     G                               &Sd pD;yGm;a&;ESihf ul;oef;a&mif;0,fa&;                            Ü D
                                                                                                                                                                                                               ukrPq,fcukd ,mOfta&mif;k
        avQmufxm;EdkifaMumif;? qdyfurf;a&mufNyD;rSqdkvQif taumufcGef\owfrSwf'PfaMu; ay;aqmif&rnfjzpf                                           0efBuD;XmewdkY\ tpnf;ta0;cef;r                        jycef; zGifhvSpfcGifhjyKvdkufNyDqdkaom
        aMumif; ¤if;u qdkonf/                                                                                                                  rsm;wGif Video Conference pepfjzifh                   owif;rsm; rD'D,mrsm;ESifh jynfol
                      f                           f                 kd        f       f
                 ]]qdyurf;ra&mufcifjyif&ygr,f/ qdyurf;a&mufNyD;rSq&if vkyx;Hk vkyenf;t& tusK;r0ifygbl;}}[k ¤if;u
                                                                                             H                                                             f             kf
                                                                                                                                               wpfNydKieuf jyKvyaom rD',mawGUqHk      D              vlxktMum;wGif xGufay:vsuf&Sd
        &Sif;jyonf/                                                                                                                              J
                                                                                                                                               yGü The Voice Weekly \ ar;jref;rIukd                  aomfvnf; ,if;owif;rsm;rSm ouf
                 ,mOfa[mif;tpm;xdk;,mOfopfwifoGif;cGifht&xkwfay;aeaom txl;ygrpfavQmufxm;&mwGif ta&mif;                                         ¤if;u txufygtwki; jyefvnf ajz d f                     qkdif&m 0efBuD;Xme\ w&m;0ifxkwf
        ajypmwifjy&NyD; ,if;ta&mif;ajypm ygtcsuftvuftwdkif;ygrpfxkwfay;jcif;jzpf&m tyfukefpepfjzifhum;                                         Mum;jcif;jzpfonf/                                     jyefcsufrsm; r[kwfbJ ukrÜPDrsm;\
                                                       ö
        oGif;olrsm;rSm rdrdtyfonfhvkyfief;udk ,if;udptay:wm0ef,lay;&efBudKwifajymqdkxm;oifhaMumif;? &efukef                                                        dS d f
                                                                                                                                                         ]]vuf&tcsetxd ,mOfta&mif;                   ajymqdkcsufrsm;om jzpfaMumif; tyf
               f            df G                           kd f S f             k f
        qdyurf;a&mufcsewif jyóemwufygu rlv,mOfyi&iomepfemEdiaMumif; armfawmf,mOf wifoi;aeonfh            G f                                                 hf G
                                                                                                                                               jycef; zGicihf b,foYl urray;&ao;  kd S                ukefpepfjzifh armfawmf,mOfwifoGif;
        vkyfief;&SifBuD;wpfOD;u owday;ajymMum;onf/                                                                                                                         T
                                                                                                                                               ygbl;/ avQmufvm 30 ausmfuawmh                 kd      ay;onfh 0efaqmifrIvkyfief;vkyuif               f kd
                                                                                                                                                         H
                                                                                                                                               vufcxm;Ny;D ygNy}D } [k ¤if;u qkonf/        d         aeolrsm;\ tqdt&od&onf/   k
 Monday, October 17 - 23, 2011
                                                                                                            MOTORING                                                                                        VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                          The
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   7




ukrÜPDrsm;ESifU jynfya&mufjrefrmvkyfom;rsm; um;oGif;cGifUjyKa&; aqmif&Gufae[kqdk
&efukef? atmufwdkbm 8
                                        tpOf
             pdk;&opf\ um;oGif;cGifhtpDtpOfopfwGif wpfcktygt0ifjzpfaom bPftyfaiG a':vmwpfodef;&Sdonfh
  t          ukrÜPDrsm;ESifh bPftyfaiG a':vmoHk;aomif;&Sdonfh jynfya&muf jrefrmtvkyform;rsm;udk um;oGif;cGif h
                                      fv
ay;rnfqdkaomtpDtpOfrSm tqihvkkdufvkyfaqmifaeqJjzpfaMumif; pD;yGm;a&;ESifhul;oef;a&mif;0,fa&;0efBuD;
Xme ñTefMum;a&;rSL; OD;oef;atmifu ajymMum;onf/
          atmufwdkbmv 8 &ufaeYu onf/                                                  ukefoG,frIbPf? jrefrmEkdifiH &if;ESD;
        k f
&efue&dS pD;yGm;a&;ESihf ul;oef;a&mif;           vwfwavmumvwGif um; jr§KyfESHrIESifh ukefoG,fa&;bPfwkdYwGif
0,fa&;0efBuD;XmeESihf aejynfawmf &Sd a[mif;tyforsm;udk um;wifoi;cGihf a':vm wpf o d e f ; oG i f ; xm;onf h
                                                          l                     G f
pD;yGm;a&;ESifh ul;oef;a&mif;0,fa&; txl;ygrpfxkwfay;jcif;tm; yxr ukrÜPDrsm;ESifh a':vmoHk;aomif;
0efBuD;XmewdkY\ tpnf;ta0;cef;r tqifhtaejzifh OD;pm;ay;vkyfaqmif oGif;xm;onfh jynfya&muf jrefrm
rsm;wGif Viedo Conference pepfjzifh ay;aeaMumif;? 'kwd,tqifhtjzpf tvkyform;rsm;udk um;wifoGif;
wpfNydKifeufjyKvkyfaom rD'D,mawGU armfawmf,mOfta&mif;jycef;rsm; zGifh cGiay;rnfjzpfaMumif; Ekiiyir',m
                                                                                          hf                        d f H kd f D D
   k JG G
qHywif The Voice Weekly \ ar;jref; vSpciay;rnfh udpuppOfaqmif&uf rsm;ESihf jynfwi;rD',mrsm;rSwpfqifh
                                             f G hf             ö kd D              G                     G f D
                              kf
rIukd ¤if;u txufygtwdi;jyefvnf aeaMumif;? ,if;aemufjynfya&muf tpd;&tzGUJ wm0ef&orsm;u w&m;0ifk                dS l                    Photo -topgearrules.org
ajzMum;jcif;jzpfonf/                           f                                 f
                                         tcGeaqmifxm;aom jrefrmvkyom; xkwfjyefxm;NyD;jzpfonf/
              k f              f k f
          ]]EdiijH cm;oGm; tvkyvyaeol rsm;um;oGi;cGiEihf ydYk uevyief;rsm;
                                                         f hf S        k f k f                  df                      f
                                                                                               EkiijH cm;aiGjzifh tcGexrf;aqmif
awG? ydkYukefvkyfief;&SifawG[m wkdif; um;oGi;cGitwGuf tqifvuf vkyf xm;aom jrefrmrsm;teuf bPf
                                                    f hf                   h dk                                                      vmNyD; tar&duefa':vm oH;bDv,H   k       D   jrefrmoH½Hk;rsm;ESifheD;pyfolwpfOD;u
jynftwGuf EkdifiHjcm;aiG&SmazGay;ae aqmifaeqJjzpfaMumif; ¤if;uxyf pm&if;wGif tar&duefa':vm 30ç000                                    cefYbPfodkY pD;0ifvmEkdifaom tqHk;          ajymMum;onf/
wJholawG vkyfief;awGjzpfvdkY olwdkY avmif;ajymMum;onf/                                  d
                                                                                      &Saeoltm;vH; 2003 ckEpEihf txuf
                                                                                                        k            S f S           tjzwfjzpfonf[k ynm&SifwpfOD;u                       xkdif0rf? pifumyl? xkdif;wkdY&Sd
twGuf tpDtpOfvnf;qufvuf                          tpkd;&opf\ um;wifoGif;cGifh b,farmif;,mOfrsm; wifoGif;cGifh&Sd                                          d dk     S
                                                                                                                                     wGujf yonf/ qkvonfrm jynfywGif              jrefrmaumfvHjzLrsm;ESifh oabFmom;
aqmif&GufoGm;rSmyg}} [k ¤if;uqkd tpDtpOfopfwGif jrefrmhEkdifiHjcm; &m um;tpD;a&odef;ESifhcsDí wdk;yGm;                                       f k f
                                                                                                                                     tvkyvyaeaomolrsm;u vTyYkd rnfh     J        pkpkaygif;okH;odef;eD;yg;&Sd&m ¤if;wkdY\
                                                                                                                                     tar&duefa':vm oHk;bDvD,H&Sd&m               oHk;yHkwpfyHkum;oGif;&ef pdwf0ifpm;
                                                                                                                                     tcsKdUrSm jrefrmEkdifiHodkY a&muf&SdNyD;    vQif vlwpfodef;&Sdonf[kcefYrSef;Ekdif
                                                                                                                                     a':vmaiGudk jynfyodkY[Gef'DjzifhvTJydkY                   k l       d f
                                                                                                                                                                                 ygonf/ xdvwpfoe;u jrefrmEkiiH          d f
                                                                                                                                     í w&m;0ifvrf;aMumif;rS jyefyYkd&rnfh        odk ydkYxm;NyD;aom aiGudk [Gef'DvTJí
     owfrSwf,mOfukefonftxd txl;ygrpf                                                                                                 oabmjzpf&m a':vmaps;EIef;rsm;
                                                                                                                                     jyefjrifhwufoGm;awmhrnfqdkaom
                                                                                                                                                                                                          dfH
                                                                                                                                                                                 a':vm0,fNyD; jrefrmEkii&dS bPfwpfck
                                                                                                                                                                                 ckoYkd w&m;0if0ifaiGtjzpf wpfO;vQifD
                                                                                                                                     oabmjzpfonf/                                oHk;aomif;pD vTJydkYvQif jrefrmEkdifiH&Sd
     qufwdkufxkwfay;rnf                                                                                                                              dfH
                                                                                                                                             jrefrmEkiiom;rsm;onf xki0rf?
                                                                                                                                     pifumyl? xkdif;? *syefESifhrav;&Sm;
                                                                                                                                                                          df     bPfrsm;odYk tar&duefa':vmoH;bD
                                                                                                                                                                                 vD,Ha&muf&Sdvmrnfjzpfonf/ xdk
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      k

     &efukef? atmufwdkbm 10                                                                                                            d f H                   f k f dk f
                                                                                                                                     Ekiirsm;ü ysUH ESYHí tvkyvyuiaeMu                     df       f f dk f
                                                                                                                                                                                 vlwpfoe;udk oGi;ukevipifapmifa&
             ,mOfa[mif;tpm;xdk; ,mOfopfwifoGif;cGifhpepfwGif tusKH;0ifaomESpf 20rS ESpf 40ausmfoufwrf;                                        f    f
                                                                                                                                     &mwGitcGeaqmifxm;aom aumfvH                 100ç000 xkwfay;a&;rSm vufawGU
     txdpm&if;xkwjf yefxm;aom ,mOfrsm;tm;vH;udk ,mOfwifoi;cGitxl;ygrpfrsm; qufwuxway;rnfjzpf
                                                        k          G f hf                     kd f k f                               jzLrsm;udk xkdif0rf? pifumyl? xkdif;wdkY                 f l S
                                                                                                                                                                                 wGif rvG,uvay/ rnfoYkdyifjzpfap
     aMumif;pD;yGm;a&;ESifhul;oef;a&mif;0,fa&;0efBuD;Xme nTefMum;a&;rSL;OD;oef;atmifu ajymMum;onf/                                         f    df            df G
                                                                                                                                     wGiawGUEkiaMumif;? xki0rfwif jrefrm         jrefrmEkdifiHwGif;okdY um;pD;a&oef;ESifh
             atmufwdkbmv 8&ufaeYu &efukef&Sd pD;yGm;a&;ESifh ul;oef;a&mif;0,fa&;0efBuD;XmeESifh aejynfawmf&Sd                        wpfodef;cefY&SdaeNyD; pifumylwGif           csD0ifvmcJhvQif jynfolvlxkxHwGif
     pD;yGm;a&;ESifh ul;oef;a&mif;0,fa&;0efBuD;XmewdkY\ tpnf;ta0;cef;rrsm;wGif Video Conference pepfjzifh                                                 d dfH G
                                                                                                                                     ajcmufaomif;? xki;f Ekiiwif oH;k aomif;     0efxkyf0efydk;BuD;pGm jzpfay:aeaom
     wpfNydKifeufwnf;jyKvkyfaom rD'D,mawGUqHkyGJwGif The Voice Weekly \ ar;jref;rIukd ¤if;u txufygtwdkif;                            cefY&SdaeaMumif;? oabFmom;OD;a&rSm          um;aps;EIef;rsm; usqif;oGm;awmh
     jyefvnfajzMum;jcif;jzpfonf/                                                                                                     ckepfaomif;cefY&SdaeaMumif;? *syef?         rnfjzpf (owif;azmfjyNyD; - The
             ]]jyifyrSmxGufay:aewJhowif;rSm;awGaMumifh jynfolawGxdcdkufEdkif ygw,f/ rD'D,mawGu jynfolawG                             rav;&Sm;? udk&D;,m;wkdYwGif tcGef           Voice Weekly Vol.7/No.40) onf/
     &Sif;&Sif;vif;vif;od&atmif vkyfaqmifay;Muyg}}[k¤if;uqdkonf/                                                                     aqmifxm;ol tvGefenf;onf[k
             ESpf 40 ausmfoufwrf;&Sd um;rsm;ygrpfxkwfNyD;ygu 'kwd,tokwfjzpfaom ESpf 20 ESifh 30Mum;
     ,mOfrsm;udk ygrpfxkwfay;jcif;rjyKao;bJ acwå&yfem;xm;rnfqdkaomowif;rsm; jynfolvlxktMum;wGif                                                                         UG f I
                                                                                                                                                                    jznfpuzwf½yg&ef
     xGufay:aeNyD; The Voice Weekly odkUvnf; qufoG,far;jref;Muojzifh The Voice Weekly u pD;yGm;a&;ESifh                                       The Voice Weekly                            f      h
                                                                                                                                                               *sme,f Vol-7/No.-43 wGiazmfjycJonfh ]]pif umyl
                                                      h
     ul;oef;a&mif;0,fa&;0efBuD;XmeodYk ar;jref;cJ&m nTeMf um;a&;rSL;OD;oef;atmifu ,if;odkY jyefvnfajzMum;jcif;
     jzpfonf/                                                                                                                                        k f H     D                  d f f
                                                                                                                                       wGif jrefrmEdiiom;wpfO; a': vmwpfoe;vdrvnf}}acgif;pD;owif;yg
                                                                                                                                       ASK AMYA Travel and Tour ukrÜPDESifh a':at;rmwkdYonf owif;yg
                          hf
             pD;yGm;a&;ESiu;l oef;a&mif;0,fa&;0efBuD;XmetaeESifhaomfvnf;aumif;? One-Stop Service taeESifhaomf
     vnf;aumif; um;wifoi;cGihf txl;ygrpfxway;jcif;udk &yfqi;&ef wpfpwpf&mxkwjf yefxm;jcif;r&SaMumif;
                                  G f                k f             kd f       kH                     d                               OD;pHOD;qkdolESifh rnfonfhtcgrQ vkyfief;ESifhywfoufíqufqHcJhzl;jcif;
     pD;yGm;a&;ESifhul;oef;a&mif;0,fa&;0efBuD;XmeESifh One-Stop Service rS wm0ef&Sdolrsm;\ tqdkt&od&onf/                                  d                                 D d l H            h kd f H l
                                                                                                                                       r&SaMumif;? a':at;rmrSmvnf; OD;pHO;qkoxrS rnfonfEiiu;vufrwf            S
             ESpaygif; 20 rS 40 oufwrf;&Sd ,mOft,mOfa[mif;rsm;ukd tpm;xk;vJv,wifoi;cGijhf yKaompepfwif
                 f                                        dk                  d      S f     Gf             G                          ukdrS vufcHodrf;qnf;cJhzl;jcif;r&SdaMumif;? Travel and Tour ukrÜPDonf
     ,mOfaygif; 50ç000 cefY tusK;0ifrnfjzpfNyD; yxrtqiftjzpf oufwrf;ESpaygif; 40 ausm,mOfrsm;ukd pwif
                                        H                    h                     f            f                                      rdrdwdkY\ Travel and Tour vkyfief;rsm;udkomrSefrSefuefuef aqmif&Guf
     vJvS,fay;rnfjzpfaMumif; &xm;ydkYaqmifa&;0efBuD;Xmeu xkwfjyefxm;onf/                                                               aeonfh ukrÜPDjzpfaMumif;jznfhpGufzwf½Iay;yg&ef/                  t,f'Dwm
 The
       8
   VOICE
INSTITUTIONAL
                   LOCAL                                                                                                                                            Monday, October 17 - 23, 2011




                                                                                                                                 VOICE OF THE WEEK
um;wifoGif;olrsm; a':vmESifU FEC udk MICB ESifU                                                                                                  k f f                             kf
                                                                                                                                    jrefrmawGu AdvcsKyawGeYJ wyfrawmfom;awGukd b,fwe;urS rrke; f
                                                                                                                              h                f
                                                                                                                            cJygbl;/ tmPm&Sipepfukd rESpNf rdKUwmomjzpfw,f/ wyfrawmfom;awGu
MFTB bPfpm&if;odkh wkduf½dkufxnfUoGif;cGifUjyK                                                                                  kd                           D kd
                                                                                                                            'Drua&pDvrf;aMumif;xJ 0ifvmNyq&if 0rf;omtm;&BuKd qkd vufwMJG urSmyg/
                                                                                                                                                  atmufwdkbmv 4 &ufaeYxkwf TRUE News
&efukef? atmufwdkbm 9                                                                                                              owif;*sme,fyg ]aqmif;yg;&Sif vlxkpdef0if;}\ jrefrmawGu
               a[mif;tyfESHxm;NyD; um;opfwifoGif;olrsm;taejzifh odrfjzL EkdifiHjcm;aiGvJaumifwmrsm;rS a':vm                  vludkrMunfh? rludkom Munfhw,f} aqmif;yg;rS aumufEkwfcsuf
  um;          ESifh FEC udk w&m;0if0,f,lNyD; jrefrmh&if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrIESifhul;oef;a&mif;0,fa&;bPf (MICB) ES i f h
                                                                                                                                  vTwfawmfxJrSm taMumif;t&mwpfckckudk qHk;jzwf&ef rJcGJ&onfh
jref r mhEkkdifijcm;ukefoG,frIbPf (MFTB)wkdY&Sd rdrwdkdY\bPfpm&if;rsm;twGif;odkYxnfhoGif;NyD; jynfyEkdifiHrsm;rS
             E Hjcm;uk                             dw                                  xnf
                                                                                                                                                     f J                  J
                                                                                                                            tcgrsKd;rSm vQKdU0Suray;wm[m aemufray;wmxufyNkd yD; oifawmfw,fh
um;rsm;rS
um;rsm;rSm ,lwifoGif;EkdifaMumif; odrfjzLaiGvJpifwmESifh tqdkygbPfrsm;xHrS pHkprf;od&Sd&onf/                                vdkY xifygw,f/ rJay;jcif;? rJray;jcif; Mum;aejcif;udk ajAmifvkyfoifh
           odrfjzLaiGvJpifwmwGif um;                                                                                                                      k f
                                                                                                                            ayr,fh b,fvkd rJay;vduw,f (axmufcjH cif;^ raxmufcjH cif;) qdwmudk k
a[mif;tyfESHxm;aom pvpf&Sdolrsm;                                                                                            awmh vQKdU0SufpGm qHk;jzwfNyD;awmhom rJay;oifhygw,f/ bmaMumifhvJ
tm;vHk;udk EkdifiHjcm;aiGrsm; w&m;0if                                                                                       qdkawmh vQKdU0SufpGm qHk;jzwf&jcif;[m vlwpfOD;twGuf tvGwfvyfqHk;
a&mif;csay;vsuf&SdNyD; um;wifoGif;                                                                                          qHk;jzwfEdkifcGifh&SdvdkY jzpfygw,f/
olrsm;u 0,f,loGm;onfh a':vm
ESifh FEC aiGaMu;rsm;ESifhtwl ,if;                                                                                                                       atmufwdkbmv 6 &ufaeYxkwf jynfolYacwf
pifwmü EkdifiHjcm;aiGrsm;0,f,lxm;                                                                                            owif;*sme,fyg ]jynfolYtoHu@rS pHxuf\ uRefawmfvnf;
aom oufaocHajypmudkyg wpfyg                                                                                                                                   ajymcsifvdkYyg} ay;pmrS aumufEkwfcsuff
                f     d f
wnf;xkway;vkuaMumif;? ,if;ajy
pmESifhtwl 0,f,lxm;aom aiGaMu;                                                                                                      xdYktjyif tonf;a&miftom;0ga&m*gjzpfvQif tcsKUd aomq&m0efrsm;
rsm;udk um;wifoGif;Ekdif&eftwGuf                                                                                                                         k
                                                                                                                            u wpfaeYvQif a&ajcmufyvif;aomufo;Hk &ef *vl;udYk(pf)rsm;rsm; aomuf&ef?
MICB ESifh MFTB wGif zGifhvSpfxm;                                                                                           wwfEdkiforQ oHyk&moD;rsm;rsm;pm;ay;&rnfqdkjcif;rSm vGJrSm;aom
aom rdrdwdkYEkdifiHjcm;bPfpm&if;rsm;                                                             "mwfykH-rif;xufpH          t,ltqrsm;yifjzpfaMumif; ¤if;uqdkonf/
odkY xnfhoGif;NyD; EkdifiHjcm;rS um;rsm;                                                                                            ]]wpfaeY a&ajcmufykvif;aomuf&rSmr[kwfygbl;/ tonf;a&mif
rSm,lwifoGif;EkdifaMumif; ,if;aiGvJ yJ}} [k ,if;aiGvJpifwmrS bPf aMu;yrmPudk odrfjzLaiGvJpifwmrS                                                   kd              fD
                                                                                                                            tom;0gjzpfw,fqwm tonf;uysup;vdYk tonf;uae t0g"mwfawG
pifwmxHrS od&Sd&onf/                     0efxrf;wpfOD;uajymMum;onf/                0,fNyD; xnhfvkdY&w,f/ tpdk;&buf                        T f kd f               k          d
                                                                                                                            udk rpGeYfvwEivYkd 0gaewmav/ 'guda&aomufvYkb,f&rvJ/ r&wJtjyif    h
           ]]um;a[mif;tyfxm;wJh pvpf                 dk f           f G f I
                                             jrefrmhEiijH cm;ukeo,rbPf u tm;vHk;tqifajyatmif vkyfay;                                  k d             dS
                                                                                                                            a&&JUqd;usK;awGawmif&ao;w,f/ tonf;u 'Da&awGukd rpGeYfxwEiwhJ   k f kd f
ygvdY&&if EkiijH cm;uaeuk,0,f,r,fh t&m&SdwpfOD;uvnf; um;wifoGif; xm;ygw,f/ udk,fydkifEdkifiHjcm;aiG
       k dS d f             d f     l                                                                                                                       k fS       f J      hJ
                                                                                                                            twGuf ajcaxmufa&mifw,f? Adurma&zsO;pGr,f? tefc&if aoG;aMumayguf
                                                                       J
um;wefzdk;eJY oabFmwifctwGuf olrsm;taeESihf odrjf zLaiGvpifwmrSm pm&if;&SrS um;ygrpfavQmufvYdk&r,f/
                                                                                           d                                           kf
                                                                                                                            NyD;aoEdiw,f}} [k a'gufwmcifarmif0if; (tonf;)u ajymMum;onf/
                                                                                             f
usoifhEkdifwJh EkdifiHjcm;aiGyrmPudk w&m;0if0,f,lxm;aom EkdifiHjcm; um;oGi;vkYd &r,f}} [k tqkygt&m&Sd        d                       atmufwdkbmv 6 &ufaeYxkwf ay:jyLvmowif;*sme,fyg
EkiijH cm;aiGvaumifwmawGu a&mif; aiGaMu;rsm;udk rdrdwdkY\ bPfpm&if; u &Sif;jyonf/
  d f             J
                                                                                                                                                            ]jynfwGif;&Sd tonf;tm;aq;trsm;pk
                                              f           h G f
ay;r,f/ EkdifiHjcm;aiGeJYtwl aumif twGi;odYk xnfoi;cGijhf yKjcif;rSm rSef                um;a[mif;tyfESHNyD; um;opf
wmu ajypmabmufcsmudkay;vkduf uefaMumif; twnfjyKajymMum;onf/ wifoGif;vmolrsm;onf u.n.e                                            EdkifiHwumtonf;a&m*gyg&*l rsm; vufcHonfhaq;r[kwf[k
r,f/ tJ'DaiGawGudk MICB eJY MFTB             ]]um;a[mif;tyfExm;wJh pvpf tcGef 100 &mckdifEIef;? taumufcGef
                                                                 HS                                                                             a'gufwmcifarmif0if;qdk} owif;rS aumufEkwfcsuf    suf
xJu ukd,fhbPfpm&if;xJxnfhNyD; eJY MICB eJY MFTB rSm EkdifiHjcm; aiG 40 &mckdifEIef;? ukefoG,fvkyfief;cGef
um;oGif;vdkY&w,f/ 'gu txl;cGifh pm&if;zGifhvdkY&w,f/ zGifhxm;wJh aiG 25 &mcdiEe; pkpaygif; 165 &mckiEe;
                                                                                          k f I f k            d f I f           88rsKd;quf ausmif;om;vli,frsm; (jynfaxmifpkjrefrmEdkifiH)
jyKcsuyg/ um;oGi;r,foawG twGuf pm&if;xJudkum;oGif;zdkY vdktyfwJhaiG tcGefay;aqmif&rnfjzpfonf/
           f           f h l                                                                                                ygwD\ A[dktvkyftrIaqmifwpfOD; pD;eif;vmonfh ,mOfrSm vSnfhuif;
                                                                                                                            aqmif&Gufaeonfh ,mOfxdef;xyfzJGUydkif,mOf\ eHygfwfESifh wlnDaeí
       MARKET                                                                                                                                kd        f      G h              k f kd f
                                                                                                                            ppfaq;&m ,mOfuxm;í xGuajy;rIjzpfym;cJonf[k &efuewi;a'oBuD;
                                                                                                                            &JwyfzJGUxHrS od&onf/
       ,mOfwifoGif;cGifU w&m;0ifavQmufxm;aom                                                                                                    atmufwdkbmv 11 &ufaeYxkwf TRUE News
                                                                                                                                owif;*sme,fyg ]ygwDA[kdtvkyftrIaqmif pD;vmonfhum;
                                                                                                                                ,mOfxdef;wyfzJGUydkif um;eHygwfESifh wlnDrIjzpfyGm;} owif;rS
       tusKd;aqmifvkyfief;r&Sd                                                                                                                                               aumufEkwfcsuf

       &efukef? atmufwdkbm 10                                                                                                    þu@wGif aumufEkwfazmfjyxm;aom taMumif;t&mrsm;onf
                         k f               f          f                                           hf l
                 tyfuepepfjzifh um;oGi;ay;aomvkyief;rsm; ay:aygufaeaomfvnf; pD;yGm;a&;ESiu;oef;a&mif;0,fa&;                 oufqdkif&mrD'D,m odkYr[kwf pma&;olrsm;\ tmabmfomjzpfNyD;
       0efBuD;XmewGif pD;yGm;a&;tusKd;aqmifvkyfudkifcGifh avQmufxm;aomvkyfief;r&Sdao;aMumif; tqdkyg0efBuD;Xme               The Voice Weekly t,f ' D w mtzG J U taeES i f h oabmwl j cif ; rwl j cif ;
       nTefMum;a&;rSL; OD;oef;atmifu ajymMum;onf/                                                                           udk udk,fpm;rjyKbJ taygif;vu©Pmjzpfap? tEkwfvu©Pmjzpfap
                 pD;yGm;a&;ESihf ul;oef;a&mif;0,fa&;0efBuD;XmewGif pD;yGm;a&;tusKd;aqmifrSwfyHkwifavQmufxm;cGifhrsm;                                                          y&d
                                                                                                                            xl;jcm;aom toGifwpfckaqmifaeygu pmzwfy&dowfrsm; owdjyKrd
                                               d        k f kd f G hf                D     HS I S      Ü D
       cGijhf yKay;aeaMumif;? pD;yGm;a&;tusK;aqmifvyuiciavQmufxm;&mwGif &if;ES;jr§KyfErEihf ukrPrsm;nTeMf um;rI             apvdkí jyefvnfudk;um;azmfjyjcif; jzpfygonf/
       OD;pD;XmewGif ukrÜPDtjzpfrSwfyHkwif&&SdNyD;aomukrÜPDrsm;avQmufxm;EdkifaMumif;? ,if;odkYavQmufxm;&mwGif
          J         k f kd f             Ü D      d         G          JT
       wGzufvyuirnfh jynfyukrP\tusK;aqmifcihf w&m;0ifvtyfaMumif; taxmuftxm;yg&S&rnfjzpfaMumif;          d
                                                                                                                          FIRE
       ¤if;u&Sif;jyonf/
                 tpdk;&\ ,mOfa[mif;tpm;xdk; ,mOfopfwifoGif;cGifhrl0g't& ,mOftdk,mOfa[mif;ydkif&Sifrsm; ,mOf
       wifoGif;cGifh&aomfvnf; vkyfxHk;vkyfenf;rsm;udkem;vnfjcif;r&Sdojzifh tyfukefpepfjzifh um;oGif;rnfhvkyfief;
       rsm;udktyf&aMumif;? ,if;0efaqmifrIvkyfief;rsm;rSm w&m;0iftusKd;aqmifcGifhvdkifpifr&Sdao;onfhtwGuf                 oDwif;uRwfvjynfUn
       pdwfcs&rItm;enf;onf[kxifaMumif;? ½IyfaxG;rIrsm; ay:aygufvmjcif;r&Sdapa&; ,if;vkyfief;rsm;udk txl;
       umvwpfck owfrSwfumw&m;0ifvdkifpifrsm;csxm;ay;oifhaMumif; vkyfief;oHk;,mOfrsm;udk,fwdkif wifoGif;
       aeaom pD;yGm;a&;vkyfief;&SifwpfOD;u oHk;oyfajymMum;onf/                                                           ausmufajrmif;ü rD;avmifrIjzpf
                                                                                                                         &efukef? atmufwdkbm13
                                                                                                                                    &efukefwdkif;a'oMuD; wmarG              hf     h
                                                                                                                                                                     rD;zGixm;cJ&mrS rD;avmif;uRrf;cJjh cif;
                     rEåav;tajcpdkuf owif;axmufrsm;ac:,ljcif;                                                                                           G
                                                                                                                         jrKd Ue,f ausmufajrmif; &ufuuf ok"r®m
                                                                                                                         vrf; ajrnDxyf&Sd opfcGtvSjyif
                                                                                                                                                                                      k f kd f
                                                                                                                                                                     jzpfaMumif;&efuewi;rD;owfO;pD;XmrS
                                                                                                                                                                     wm0ef&SdolwpfOD;utwnfjyKajym
                                                                                                                                                                                                        D
         The Voice Weekly tywfpOfxkwfowif;pmwGif cefYxm;&eftwGuf jrefrmEkdifiHtv,fydkif;ESifh rEÅav;                           kf             f
                                                                                                                         qdiüoDwif;uRwvjynfh n 8em&Drepf    d        Mum;onf/
  tajcpdkufowif;axmufrsm; avQmufxm;Ekdifygonf/                                                                                       S
                                                                                                                         50cefYrpwifjyD; rD;avmifuRrf;cJh&m                    &yfuGuftwGif;wGif aexdkifol
         avQmufxm;aom owif;axmufrsm;udk a&G;cs,fí atmufwdkbmv 17 &ufaeYrSpwifí rEÅav;                                    9em&Drdepf30cefYwGif rD;jidrf;owf                                           kI
                                                                                                                                                                     wpfcsKd Y\ xifaMu;ay; ajymqdrrsm;t&
  NrdKUawmfwGif &ufwdkoifwef;ay;oGm;rnfjzpfonf/ (tawGUtBuHKr&Sdolrsm;udk OD;pm;ay;rnf/)                                        f hJ                 G f G f
                                                                                                                         edicaMumif; ,if;&yfuuwiaexdif        k         k f                        f
                                                                                                                                                                     wducef;txyfjrifh rsm;wGiaexdiol      k f
         avQmufxm;vdkolrsm;onf atmufwdkbmv 16 &uf(we*FaEGaeY) rGef;vJG 1 em&D aemufqHk;xm;í                              ol touf 23ESpft&G,f trsdK;orD;              wpfcsdKY aAsmuftdk;ESifhrD;&I;rD;yef;rsm;
  rdrwYkd\ud,a&;tusO;? qufo,&ef zke;eHygwfwYkdjzifh tD;ar;vfvypm thureinhlaing@gmail.com (odYkr[kw)
       d     k f       f        G f     f                    d f                                   f                     wpfOD;u ajymMum;onf/                        ypfcs&mrS avmifuRrf;jcif;jzpfonf
  w,fvDzkef; trSwf 09-43121058 odkYqufoG,fEdkifygonf/                                    t,f'Dwm                                    tqdkygrD;avmifrIonf opfcG        [kvnf; Mum;od&onf/
                                                                                                                                        kd f     f
                                                                                                                         tvSjyifqitwGi;&Sd vQyfppf ypön;        f
  Monday, October 17 - 23, 2011


  RELIGION
                                                                                                                                                                                                           LOCAL                                                               The
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         9




oDwif;uRwfvjynfUaeh a&Twd*kHokdh bk&m;zl;odef;csDwuf
&efukef? atmufwkdbm 12
              rmEkdifiH\ txif&Sm;qHk;apwDjzpfaom &efukefNrdKU&Sd av;ql"mwfykHa&Twd*kHapwDawmfjrwfBuD;qDokdY                                      jrwf
   jref       ,ckoDwif;uRwfvjynfhaeYü bk&m;zl;y&dowfodef;csDwufa&mufvmaMumif; tqkdygapwDawmf vkHNcKH
a&;0efxrf;rsm;ESifh ,if;apwDokdY ajy;qJGaeaom ,mOfvkdif;tcsKdUxHrS od&onf/
                                                              l
        ]]'DaeY reufykdif;xJukdu Budwf awmhb;}} [k tiSm;,mOfarmif;wpfO; wpfOD;u The Voice Weekly okdYD
       f dk
Budww;wufvmwm}} [k apwDawmf u ,if;aeY vrf;aMumydwfqkdYrItajc ,ckv 12 &ufaeYwGif ajymqkdonf/
vkHNcKHa&;0efxrf;trsKd;orD;wpfOD;u taeukd ajymqkdonf/                                                                    ,if;aeYu bk&m;zl;rsm;onf
qkdonf/                                                     ,if;okdY vrf;aMumydwfqkdYae& ajreDukef;rS ajrmufbufrkcfokdYvnf;
        ,if;apwDoYdk ta&SU? taemuf? jcif;onf bk&m;zl;rsm; vrf;jzwful; aumif;? a&Twd*kHbk&m;vrf;&Sd bk&m;
awmif? ajrmufrkcfwkdYrStjyif vihf Ekdifap&ef ,mOfxdef;wyfzJGU0ifrsm;u vrf;blwmrS a&Twd*kHbk&m; awmif
vrf;rSwfwkdif&Sd tmZmenfukef;teD; apmifMh uyfay;aejcif;aMumifjh zpfaMumif; bufrcoYdkvnf;aumif; vrf;avQmuf                kf
                            f
awmifwufvrf;usO;rSvnf;aumif;? awmif b uf r k c f t eD ; vrf ; ab;aps; um wufa&mufz;ajrmfcaMumif; rsuf                                       l             hJ
a&wm&Snfvrf;a[mif;rSwfwkdifteD; onfwpfOD;u &Sif;jyonf/                                                 jrifrsm;u ajymMum;onf/                                                        "mwfykH-rkd;ausmfvGif
ig;xyfBuD;bk&m;okdY wuf&mvrf;                                             S f
                                                            ]]t&ifEpuxuf 'DEpb&m;zl;           S f k
                               d
rSvnf;aumif;t zJUG vkuf wufa&muf ykdrsm;w,f/ tajctaeykdNyD;vGwfvyf rsufESmzHk; - AdkvfcsKyfaqxif? vl&TifawmfZm*em tygt0ifrS tquf
MuaMumif; A[ef;NrdKUe,faeolrsm;u vmwmvnf;ygw,f/ t&if 10 ESpf
ajymMum;onf/                                         eD;yg;rvkycwhJ a&ausmowif;uRwf a&TbtusO;f axmifu rav;av;rGef &efuewi;f a'oBu;D &Sd axmifEihf tvkyf
                                                                     f hJ                 f D                    dk                                                                             k f dk                                    S                             Hk dk
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  tkNH yD;awmh "mwfy½uMf u? ar;Mujref;
        ]]jrifwJhtwkdif;yJ/ ywfvrf;jzpf aps;uvnf; nbufqkd odrfjzLvrf; tygt0if 10 OD;? rk&m tusO;axmif pcef;rsm;rS tusOf;om; 642 OD;           HG                         f                                                                        MuvkyfMuw,f/ txl;ojzifhawmh
wJh a&Twd*kHajrmufbufuae awmif eJY AkdvfcsKyfvrf;awG ydwfxm;&w,f/ u OD;yvmabmrm;? oDaygtusO;f axmif vGwfNidrf;csrf;omcGifh &&Sdrnfjzpf                                                                                                            owif;orm;awGu olYxufigtNydKif
bufawmifavQmufyww,f/ bk&m; 'DESpfawmfawmfpnfw,f}} [k &efukef u ukdokdufrif;? vm;½I;tusO;axmif aMumif; atmufwkdbmv 12 &uf
                              d f                                                                                                                  d                     f                                                                        tqkdifwkd;a0SYMuawmh wm0ef&SdolawG
zl;awGu bk&m;ajc&if;txdoGm;csif NrdKUwGif; ajy;qJGvsuf&Sdaom touf u ukatmifaZmfO; tygt0if av;OD;? aeYwGif jynfwGif;owif;rD'D,mrsm;
                                                                                                                      d                  D                                                                                                            d f dk      f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  uk,wif xde;r&odr;r&jzpfuew,f}  f        kf
wm/ uRefawmfvnf; 'Dtxd rwk;Ekif 50 ausmft&G,f tiSm;,mOfarmif; jrif;NctusO;f axmifu uko[0if;wif? okdY xkwfazmfajymqkdonf/
                                         d d                                                                        H                                  d D                                                                                                          k f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  [k tywfpOfxwowif;*sme,f wpfcrS               k
                                                                                                       rdw¬Dvm tusO;axmifu ukneYf0if;  f                              d G                         jrpfBuD;em;tusOf;axmifu                         touf 26 ESpf0ef;usif&Sd tBuD;wef;
     CRIME
                                                                                                       tygt0if ok;OD;? bm;tHtusO;axmif jyefvnfvwajrmufvmaom ,HkMunf
                                                                                                                                H                                      f                                   G f                                    owif;axmufwpfOD;u qkdonf/
                                                                                                       u ukaeausm?f armfvNrKd itusO;f axmif csuaMumifh tusO;f uscc&ol vl&iawmf
                                                                                                                       d                             f                                        f                         H hJ                Tf             Zm*em\ rdom;pk0ifrsm;ukd,f
    tif;pdefaxmifa&SYwGif                                                                              u rkd;xufvQHtygt0if okH;OD;? Nrdwf Zm*em (ac:) 'g½kuwm uko& onf
                                                                                                       tusOf;axmifu ukdxGef;xGef;0if;? avaMumif;c&D ; jzif h jrpfBuD;em;rS
                                                                                                       rtlyiftusO;axmifu rEJUG ESi;&D (c) &efukefNrdKUokdY atmufwkdbmv 12
                                                                                                                                  f                                         f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    d f              d l          wkdif owif;orm;ukd pnf;urf;&Sd&ef
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  awmif;yefcJhonfhtjyif tEkynm&Sif
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  rsm;uvnf; ukdZm*emtjyifxGufEkdif

    owif;axmufESpfOD; cg;ydkufEIdufcH&
    &efukef? atmufwdkbm 12
                                                                                                       Ekd;Ekd;? ajrmif;jr tusOf;axmifu &ufaeY rGe;vGJ 1 em&D wGif qkua&muf
                                                                                                       ukaZmfw;l (c) armifw;l tygt0if ig;OD;? vmcJh&m tEkynm&Sifrsm;ESifh jynfol
                                                                                                             d
                                                                                                       [oFmwtusO;axmifu ukoefYaZmf rsm;u aomif;aomif; jzjzBudKqkcMhJ u
                                                                                                                                     f                              d
                                                                                                                                                                                                         f                              d f

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  &ef owif;orm;rsm;ukd wGef;xkwf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  z,f&Sm;cJh&onfukd awGU&onf/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           ,ck v G w f a jrmuf v maom
             ,kHMunfcsufaMumifh tusOf;cscHxm;&aom tusOf;om;tcsKdUyg                                    tygt0ifEpO;? ppfawG tusO;axmif NyD ; jynf w G i f ; jynf y rD'D,mrsm;rS
                                                                                                                             SfD                                          f                                                                       tusO;f om; 6359 OD;wGif ,HMk unfcsuf
    0ifonfh 'kwd,tBudrfajrmuf taxGaxGvGwfjidrf;csrf;omcGifhay;vkduf                                    u ukdaZmfrif; (c) awZ tygt0if owif;axmuf 100 ausmf c ef Y u                                                                                                        H hJ
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  aMumifh tusO;f uscc&ol 100ausmfcefY
    onfhtwGuf tif;pdeftusOf;axmifa&SUwGif owif;,l&efom;a&mufchJ                            G           okH;OD;? ausmufjzLtusOf;axmifu 0kdif;0ef;owif;,lcJhMuonf/                                                                                  yg0ifaeNyD[k owif;&&S d x m;aMumif;
                                                                                                       uktmumbktygt0if ok;OD;? awmifil
                                                                                                               d              d                              H                                              kf
                                                                                                                                                                                                  &efuetjynfjynfqi&m avqdyf     dk f              a':atmifqef;pkMunf u awmf 0 if
                                           f
    aom owif;orm;tcsKUd tusO;axmifa&SUwGiyif cg;yduEuc&aMumif;     f             k f dI f H            tusOf ; axmif u uk d n D n D O D ; tyg jynfwi;f qkua&mufae&mwGif tu,f'rD                   G d f                                                f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  ESi;qDcef;rwGif atmufwbm v 12        dk
    udk,fwdkifBuHKawGUcJh&olwdkYu ajymMum;onf/                                                         t0if ajcmufO;? yJc;tusO;axmifu Zif0i;f ? iSuaysmaMumf? t½ki;f ? oD;av;oD;
                                                                                                                                    D l                           f                        dk          f                     d                    &uf aeYu usif ; yjyKvk y f a om
             tEdIufcH&aom owif;axmufwpfOD;rSm aiGom;wpfaomif;cGJ                                       uk0PÖatmif tygt0if ESpO;D ? om,m0wD tzJUG rS jynfawmfjyef vl&iawmftcsKdU?
                                                                                                           d                                            f                                                                      T f                uefawmhyJGü ajymqkdonf/
                  f
    0ef;usitjyif tvkyfvkyfaeaom *sme,f0efxrf;uwf? rSwfyHkwifrsm;                                       tusO;f axmifu ukMd unfvitygt0if rZÑrvIi;f rS uk&vitygt0if tEkynm
                                                                                                                                                               Gf                        d d                   dJ Gf                                          k
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           tpd;&tzJUG 0iftcsKUd u vGwjf idr;      f
    yg0ifaMumif; ¤if;\ajymqdkcsufudk udk;um;um tif;pdeftusOf;axmif                                     26 OD;? o&uftusO;f axmifu reDrvif &S i f r sm;? rS w f y H k r wif & ao;aom
                                                                                                                                                                              dk dI                                                               csrf;omcGifht&vGwfajrmufvmol
    a&SUwGif owif;oGm;a&muf,lolwpfOD;u ajymMum;onf/                                                    tygt0if 16 OD;? vGdKifaumftusOf; trsKd;om;'Drkdua&pDtzJGUcsKyf0ifrsm;?                                                                     rsm;wGif ,HMk unfcsufaMumifh tusOf;
             ]]vlawGu jynfusyaewm/ yduqtEduc&wJo&ovkd um,da`E´
                                     h f          k f H I f H h l dS                                   axmifu rwå&mjynfolYvTwfawmf ,HkMunfcsuaMumifh tusO;uscc&                                                 f                        f H hJ   uscHcJh&ol 280cefY yg0ifae onf[k
    ysufatmiftvkyfcH&wJholawGvnf;&Sdw,f}}[k tif;pdeftusOf;axmif                                        ukd,fpm;vS,fOD;oef;vGif? yckuúL olrsm; pkpkaygif; jynfo&m *Pef;                                                            l               qdkaomfvnf; tpdk;&r[kwfonfh
              f                    kH G      kd f hJ
    a&SUwGiowif;"mwfyom;a&muf½ucol owif;axmufwpfO;u qkonf/                             D        d      tusO;f axmifu ukcspuvif;? &rnf;oif; cefYu &efueavqdywif vma&muf
                                                                                                                                           d f dk                                                           k f          f G                      tzJGUtpnf;wpfcku jyKpkxm;aom
                       f         f                       df f
             tif;pdetusO;axmifa&SUwGif vGwNf ir;csr;omcGiaMumifh vlpnfum;     hf                       tusOf;axmifu uk d a eZmrsKd ; 0if ; BuKqcMhJuonftjyif jynfwi;f owif;               d dk                    h                   G           pm&if;t&rl,MkHunfcsuaMumifh tusO;f             f
    aeonftwGuf owif;axmufig;OD;cefY cg;yduEuc&aMumif; owif;
                h                                               k f dI f H                             tygt0if ajcmufOD;? tif;pdefA[kd rD'D,mrsm;vnf; vma&mufowif;                                                                                uscHcJh&ol 206OD;om yg0if aMumif;
    oGm;a&muf,lolwYkd\ ajymqdcsut& od&onf/k f                                                          tusOf;axmifu ukxe;xGe;OD;tyg ,lcJhMuonfukd awGU&onf/
                                                                                                                                              d G f f                                                                                             atmuf w d k b mv 13&uf a eY u
                                                                                                       t0if 30 OD;wkYd yg/ pkpaygif; 184 OD;      k                                               ]]vlawmh awmfawmfrsm;w,f/                       tqd k y gtzJ G U tpnf ; \ ajymMum;
                    k f dI f H
             cg;yduEuc&onfh owif;axmuftrsK;orD;wpfO;u ]]ykuqu    d                  D        d f H     ukd uRefawmfwdkY pm&if;&&Sdxm;yg tm;vk;uvnf; ukZm*emukd jrifwm                              H                  d                                  f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  csut&od&onf/ (rSwcsuf -tqdyg       f       k
    ig;axmifyJygoGm;wmyg/ 0efxrf;uwfawGygoGm;w,f/ vlujynfh                                             w,f}} [k OD;tkef;BudKifuqkdonf/                                              eJY Mobmay;Muw,f/ olYukd vlawG                                206OD; pm&if;udk www.the voice
    usyfaeawmhrodvkdufbl;}}[k The Voice Weekly odYkajymMum;onf/                                                          &efuewi;f a'oBu;D tusO;f OD;pD; awmfawmfcspfMuw,f/ vufqJGEIwf
                                                                                                                             k f dk                                                                                                               myanmar.com wGiazmfjyxm;onf/ f
                                                                                                       XmerS wm0ef&Sdol OD;ausmfcifu qufMuovkd owif;orm;awG 0kdif;
    10
    VOICE
  The


                     LOCAL                                                                                                                                                                            Monday, October 17 - 23, 2011




                                                                 JGY
rEåav; r .x .oukd ,mOfvkdif;rsm;BuD;MuyfrIaumfrwDtjzpf ajymif;vJzpnf;rnf
rEÅav;? atmufwkdbm 10
          wk f;a'oBuD                ukd     w H;0ef uD XmetrS
   rEåav; NyD;di,mOfykdif&;Sir.x.o qE´or®y;rI½kjzifh Ba&G;;aumufywf (2)yfoGm;rnf[k r.x.oefMtwGif;a&;rS&L;(NrdKUwGikdif;f;)rsm;BuDeMuyfdiaf &;aumfrwDtjzpfmESpfvtwGif; jyefvnfzJGUpnf;rnfjzpf
                              frsm;\     rJa                     JGjyKvk
                                                                         \ 17^c^6 yg nT um;csuft ,mOfv                           ;
                                                                                                                           OD;od f;vI u ajymMum;oG ;onf/
        ]]'gu or®w½kH; (2) &JU nTef               ol OD;wif0if; ('kwd,AkdvfrSL;BuD;^                                 H    G
                                                                                                taet&awmh tm;vk;ukd qJac:oGm;                          awmh tm;vk;eD;yg;jyefyg ygvdrr,f/
                                                                                                                                                                    H                       hf                 dk
                                                                                                                                                                                                       MumNyDqawmhav? r.x.o&JU zJUG pnf;
               f d f            J
Mum;csutwki; ajymif;vJzUGJ pnf;wm                 av^Nidrf;) qE´tavsmuf tem;,l                  Ekivrr,fvYdk xifygw,f/ uReawmf
                                                                                                  d f d hf                     f                                              dk f
                                                                                                                                                       tqifrajywJh ,mOfvi;u wpfvi;             dk f    ykHukdvnf; jyefvnfa&;qJGoGm;rSmjzpf
jzpfw,f/ ,mOfykdif&SifawGtm;vkH;&JU               oGm;jcif;jzpfaMumif;? ,mOfvkdif;rsm;          wkdYukd,fwkdifu armfawmf,mOf0,f,l                         f dk f dS                dk f S f
                                                                                                                                                       ESpvi;yJ&wmyg/ ,mOfyi&iawGuyJ                   ygw,f/ 'gqkd&if tukeftqifajy
qE´twkdif; a&G;aumufyJGjyKvkyfNyD;                ukd aiGrsm;jyefvnfay;tyfjcif;onf              ajy;qJG&awmhrSmyg/ ,mOfykdif&SifawG                    pnf;½kH;NyD; odrf;oGif;Ekdifygvdrfhr,f/         vdrfhr,fxifygw,f}} [k ajzMum;cJh
                I
BuD;MuyfraumfrwDqNdk yD; zJUG pnf;rSmyg/                      H
                                                  r.x.oxk;pHt& vkytm;qkaMu;ay;
                                                                             f                  vnf; aumfrwDrSm ygcGifh&r,fqkd&if                      tm;vkH;uvnf; vufwJGvkyfvmwm                     onf/             Chit Oo Ko Ko
          h
vmr,fwpfv? 'grSr[kwf tvGeq;               f Hk    jcif;jzpfaMumif; tqkdygyk*dK¾ vfu &Sif;        INSTITUTIONAL
ESpfvtwGif; jyefvnfzJGUpnf;rSmyg/                 jyonf/
tJh'Dtcsdefrwkdifciftxdawmh r.x.                         ]]Ouú|u &efukefrSm rdom;pk
oukd vuf&SdykHpHtwkdif;yJ vnfywf
aerSmjzpfygw,f/ 'DaumfrwDrm ,mOf
ykdif&Sif&SpfOD;vnf; yg0ifrSmjzpfyg
                                   S
                                                  vnf;&Sdaeawmh wm0efcsdefjynfhvkdY
                                                                           G
                                                  qE´ tavsmufjyefom;wm/ BuD;Muyf
                                                  rIaumfrwDrzJUG cif ,m,DOuú|taeeJY
                                                                                                   aiGvJXmerS vufcHajypm&SdvQif EdkifiHjcm;aiG
w,f/ aumfrwDvnfywfzkdY aiGaMu;
aumuf c H r ,f h t yk d i f ; awG u k d v nf ;
trsm;qE´eJYtnD jyefvnfnd§EIdif;rSm
                                                  uRefawmfhukd wm0efay;xm;wmyg/
                                                  aiGawGjyeftrf;ay;w,fqkdwmvnf;
                                                  r.x.ozsufodrf;wmr[kwfygbl;/
                                                                                                   w&m;0ifudkifaqmifEdkifonf[kqdk
yg/ 'DvkdtzJGUtpnf;awG[m wu,f                     ESpfpOfvkyftm;qkaMu; 2011-2012                &efukef? atmufwdkbm 13
wrf;vnf; vkdtyfaeygao;w,f/                        yxrajcmufvpmtwGuf r.x.o                                &efukefNrdKUawmf&Sd odrfjzLaiGvJ                kf
                                                                                                                                                       EdiijH cm;om;rsm; oGm;a&mufvnfywfrI                                   f kd f G hf
                                                                                                                                                                                                       vwfwavm ,if;vkyyiciavQmuf
            dk f            f f
,mOfvi;awGudk xde;odr;zkYd omru                   0ifaiGtm;vkH;&JU 20 &mcdkifEIef;ukd           Xmeü zGifhvSpfxm;aom EdkifiHjcm;                       rsm;jym;onfhpifwmrsm;? NrdKUxJae&m              xm;onfh {&m0wDbPfrS taxGaxG
bJ wkdif;a'oBuD;&JU wjcm;u@awG                    qkaMu;jyefay;wmyg/ tm;vkH; 61                 aiGvJaumifwmrsm;rS 0,f,lxm;                            rsm;wGif zGifhvSpfoGm;rnfjzpfaMumif;            refae*smOD;udkudkOD;u &Sif;jyonf/
rSmvnf; yg0ifae&wJhtwGufyg}} [k                   odef;ausmf jyefay;cJhwmjzpfygw,f}}            onfh vufcHajypm&Sdolrsm;taejzifh
OD;odef;vIdifu ajymMum;onf/                       [k OD;odef;vIdifuqkdonf/
        vGeconfh ig;&ufcefYu r.x.o
                  f hJ
Ouú|tajymif;tvJjzpfay:jcif;ESifh
                                                         ,mOfvkdif;rsm; BuD;MuyfrIaumf
                                                  rwDokdY 0ifa&mufjcif;rjyKonfharmf
                                                                                                EdkifiHjcm;aiGrsm; w&m;0ifudkifaqmif
                                                                                                EdkifaMumif; ,if;XmewGif aumifwm
                                                                                                zGifhxm;onfh or0g,rbPfrS pDrH
                                                                                                                                                                           ynma&;owif;wkdrsm;
                       dk f
armfawmf,mOfvi;rsm;ukd aiGaMu;rsm;                              dk f
                                                  awmf,mOfvi;rsm;ukd ¤if;wkYdtpDtpOf            cefYcGJrI'g½dkufwmOD;azjrifhu ajym                                                   kd            G
                                                                                                                                                       - RV.Centre Yangon u atmufwbmv 25 &ufaeYwif PARK ROYAL HOTEL
jyefvnftrf;xkwfaejcif;qkdonfh                     jzifh ajy;qJGcGifhjyK? rjyKqkdonfh The        Mum;onf/                                                                                 kd f        kd f
                                                                                                                                                       ü nae 5 em&D rS 6 em&Dtxd pifumylEiiH SMU wuúovtaMumif; odaumif;
owif;rsm;tay:wGif Ouú|ouf                         Voice Weekly \ ar;jref;csufukd                         ]]Received (vufcHjzwfydkif;)                                                             f
                                                                                                                                                       p&mrsm;ukd aqG;aEG;a[majymrnfjzpfonf/ zke;-242410? 541886? 250388/
wrf;rSm 2 ESpfjzpfí wm0efxrf;                               ö
                                                  ]]tJ'DudpawGuawmh zGJUpnf;wJhtcsdef           av;eJYqkd &J&00uivYkd &NyDaygh/ 'gu
                                                                                                                  J hH hH kd f                         - Study Abroad Centre u atmufwdkbmv 16 &ufaeY eHeuf 9 em&DrS 1
aqmifcsdefjynfhaomaMumifh Ouú|jzpf                us&if jyefpOf;pm;&rSmyg/ tcktajc              tpd;&todtrSwjf yKXmeuay;wmqdk
                                                                                                      k                                                em&Dtxd Traders Hotel ü MDIS ausmif;\zuf&Sifbmom&yfqdkif&m tcsuf
HEALTH                                                                                          awmh vHkNcHKoGm;wmaygh}} [k ¤if;u                      tvufrsm;taMumif;aqG;aEG;rnfjzpfonf/ Study Abroad zkef; -524126
                                                                                                qdkonf/                                                - AT & S Co., Ltd. u atmufwdkbmv 16 &ufaeY eHeuf 10 em&DwGif

"mwfa&mifjcnfpufopf                                                                                      jrefrmEdiiwi;&Sd Ediiom;rsm;
                                                                                                              k f
                                                                                                                     k f H G f k f H
                                                                                                taejzifh EdiijH cm;aiGuiaqmifcir&Sd
                                                                                                                                kd f           G hf
                                                                                                                                                       ajreDukef;trSwf 16? ajrnDxyf? ajrEkvrf;ü pifumylEdkifiH SAA-GE ausmif;rS
                                                                                                                                                       pm&if;udkifbmom&yfqdkif&m ynmoifqkrsm;taMumif; aqG; aEG;rnf/ zkef;-
                                                                                                bJ udkifaqmifolrsm;udk zrf;Edkifonfh                   521125? 652208
&ufydkif;twGif; zGifUrnf                                                                        Oya'rSmvnf; y,fzsufxm;jcif;r&Sd
                                                                                                ao;csdefwGif ,ckuJhodkY vufcHajypm
                                                                                                jzifh toHk;jyKEdkifonfhtwGuf tqif
                                                                                                                                                       - Future Way Education u atmufwdkbmv 15 &ufESifh 16 &ufaeY
                                                                                                                                                       eHeuf 10 em&DwGif or®wuGef'dk? (6) vTm? tcef; 6(C) ü NAdwdefynma&;
                                                                                                                                                       qdkif&mtcsuftvufrsm;udk aqG;aEG;rnfjzpfonf/ zkef;-241099? 254185
&efukef? atmufwdkbm 11
                                                                                                ajyaMumif; tif;0aiGvXmewGif tarJ                       - MSI Education u atmufwdkbmv 19 &ufaeYwGif MSI ½Hk;cef;ü Tay-
        uifqma&m*guk"mwfa&mifjcnf                 onf/                                          &duefa':vma&mif;aeolwpfOD;u                                                  G hf      f
                                                                                                                                                       lor University \ 0ifcitcsutvufrsm;taMumif;udk Ms. Theresa ud,wifk f kd
ukopufopfwpfvHk; &efukefjynfolY                            jrefrmEdkifiHwGif uifqma&m*g         ajymqkdonf/                                            vma&mufaqG;aEG;a[majymrnfjzpfonf/ MSI a&TbHkomvrf; (tv,f)
                              dS
aq;½HBk uD;wGif a&muf&wyfqifae NyD;               uk"mwfa&mifjcnfpufudk &efukef                          oufqi&mbPftoD;oD;onf
                                                                                                                    kd f                               'kwd,xyf? zkef;-250929? 389915
&uf y d k i f ; twG i f ; tcrf ; tem;jzif h       jynfolYaq;½HkBuD; "mwfa&mifjcnf               aiGvJaumifwmrsm; xyfrHzGifhvSpfEdkif                   - Wise Education u atmufwkdbmv 16 &ufaeY rGef;vGJ 1 em&DwGif
   hf S f
zGivprnfjzpfaMumif; ,if;aq;½H\            k       aq;ukXme? rEÅav;jynfoYlaq;½HBk uD;            &ef A[dkbPfodkY avQmufxm;MuNyD;                                                   H k f I dk f   d f hf
                                                                                                                                                       Administrative Ethics (pDrtycsKyfrqi&m uk,usiw&m;)taMumif; aqG;aEG;
"mwfa&mifjcnfaq;ukXmerS wm0ef&dS                            f
                                                  ESihf &Sr;jynfe,fawmifBuD; p0fpxe;    H G f   aumif w mrsm;zG i f h v S p f c G i f h & &S d v Qif                                     Hk dk f            f
                                                                                                                                                       a[majymrnfjzpfonf/ Wise a&T*wiwm0g 10 xyf? zke;-556183
           D
olwpfO;u atmufwbmv 11 &uf  kd                                         Gf d
                                                  aq;½HBk uD;wdYkwiom&Sonf[k use;rm        f
aeYu ajymMum;onf/                                 a&;0ef B uD ; XmexH r S od & S d & onf /             CRIME
        ,ck & ef u k e f a q;½H k B uD ; wG i f   &efukefjynfolYaq;½HkBuD;wGif Radio-
uifqma&m*g a0'em&Sifvlemrsm;
jym;NyD; "mwfa&mifjcnfjzifhuko&ef
pufrvHavmufojzifh uifqm a&m*g
            k
                                                  therapy jzif h uk o onf h uif q m
                                                  a&m*g"mwfa&mifjcnfpufoHk;vHk;&Sd
                                                  aMumif;? vGefcJhonfh 2 ESpfausmfu
                                                                                                                              hf         D
                                                                                                      pm;tke;f qDukd qyfjymrIea&mNy;D yJqtjzpfvra&mif;
                                                                                                                                               df
uk "mwfa&mifjcnfpufopfxyfrH                       pufwpfvHk;ysufpD;oGm;NyD; vHk;0jyif                 &efukef? atmufwdkbm 9
wyfqif&jcif;jzpfaMumif; txufyg                    qifír&awmhaMumif;? pHEIef;rD puf                        at;vQifcJwwfaom tmedoif&Sdonfh pm;tkef;qDudk rcJ&ef teHYaysmhqyfjymrIefYrsm; a&musKdum yJqDteHY
yk*d¾Kvfu ajymMum;onf/                            wpfvHk;ESifh t&nftaoG;usaeaom                         f           D
                                                                                                    oGi;NyD; yJqtjzpfa&mif;csrrsm;&SaeaMumif; awmif'*HpufrZerS qHqo;oefYa&mif;csowpfO;uajymMum;onf/
                                                                                                                                  I d                        k            Ik f k D D                   l     D
        ]]vlemawGrsm;NyD; pufu rvHk                               kH h
                                                  pufwpfv;jzifom ukoay;aeEdi&m           k f              aps;oufomaom pm;tkef;qDudk rD;tylay;usKdNyD; teHYodyfrjyif;onfh qyfjymrIefYrsm;ESifh a&mvQif
avmufwJhtwGuf wyfqif&wmyg/                        ,ckpufopfwpfv;k H wd;k vmjcif;jzpfonf/            pm;tkef;qDonf a&cJaowåmxJxnfh vQifyif rcJbJta&mifrSmvnf; MunfvmaMumif;? qyfjymrIefYa&mxm;onfh
              ö
tJ'Dudpudkvnf; vTwfawmfrSmvnf;                                               k
                                                           "mwfa&mifjcnfuojcif;qdonf  k             pm;tkef;qD wpfyDygudk ajryJ&eHYwpfatmifpa&mvQif yJqDESifh qifwl,dk;rSm;jzpfoGm;NyD; yJqDtjzpf aps;jr§ifha&mif;
aqG;aEG;oGm;cJhygw,f/ aemufxyf                    rSm "mwfa&mifjcnfjzifh uifqmqJvf                  MuaMumif; ¤if;uqufvuf&Sif;jyonf/
vnf; acwfrDpufawGtrsm;BuD; wyf                    rsm;udk wdkuf½dkufzsufqD;jcif;jzpf                              fSf                      f            D kd                  k JG S     f l
                                                                                                          tdr&irtrsm;pkonf pm;tke;qDomcJNyD; yJqqvQif rcJ[vrm;pGm rSw,xm;Muojzifh rcJatmif qyfjymrIeYf
qifOD;rSmyg}} [k &efukefjynfolY                   aMumif;? "mwfa&mifjcnfjzifh uko                                                    G                                       f k f
                                                                                                    a&musKdjcif;jzpfNyD; ,ckacwfwif "mwkaA'enf;ynmjzifh xkwvyxm;aom &eHYrsKd;pHv,upm 0,f,&aeojzifh k G f l G     l
aq;½HkBuD;rS wm0ef&SdolwpfOD;u                    jcif;onf rD;uifjcif;vHk;0r[kwfbJ                                 k f
                                                                                                    rcJatmifvyxm;onfh pm;tke;qDuteHYoi;NyD; ajryJqtjzpf vdrnma&mif;csjcif;jzpfaMumif; txufyg yk*Kd¾ vfu
                                                                                                                                       f     kd   G f               D              f
qufvuf&Sif;jyonf/ 2009 ckESpf                     aemufqHk;tqifhukxHk;vnf;r[kwf                     qdkonf/
Mo*k w f v rS p í jynf o l v l x k                aMumif;? cE¨mudk,fay:odkY "mwfa&mif                                                                     fSf                          k
                                                                                                          ajryJqDrSefvQif rcJ[kom rSwf,lxm;aom tdr&irrsm;\ A[kowonfvGJrSm;aeaMumif;? ajryJqDBudwfvQif
xnfh0ifaom tvSLaiGudkvufcHNyD;                    jcnfxda&mufaomtcsdefrSm omref
aiGusyfodef;aygif; 11ç500 wefzdk;&Sd              tm;jzifh puúefYtenf;i,frS rdepf                               f         f                                    kd f                  D
                                                                                                    a&aEG;zse;NyD;rS Budw&NyD; qDppfrsm;ESihf aumif;pGmrppfEivQif ajryJqtppfonfvnf; a&cJaowåm xJuxnfxm;             kd h
Theratron Phoenix Eternal Therapy                 tenf;i,fomMumNyD; emusifrIr&Sd                    vQifcJaMumif;? ,ckjzpfpOfonf tdrf&Sifrrsm; todtrSwfvGJrItay: tcGifhta&;,ltoHk;csjcif;jzpfaMumif;
System pufudk uae'gEdkifiHrS rSm,l                aMumif;? uifqma&m*gonfrsm;\                       yckuúLNrdKUrS qDpufvkyfief;&SifwpfOD;u ajymqdkonf/
wifoGif;cJh&m Zlvdkifv 26 &ufaeYu                 oH;yHEpyrm "mwfa&mifjcnfjzifh uko
                                                     k k S f kH S                                                                  S            D
                                                                                                          ,cifu pm;tke;f qDEihf ajryJqa&mNyD; teHYaumif;ap&ef ajryJ&eHYxnfhaMumif;? ,ckpm;tkef;qDudk rcJ
&efukefNrdKUjynfolYaq;½HkMuD; "mwf                &efvdktyfaMumif;? "mwfa&mifjcnf                   atmifvkyfNyD; ajryJ&eHYjzifh ajryJqD[ka&mif;aeonfudk Mum;ae&aMumif; ¤if;u&Sif;jyonf/
a&mifjcnfaq;ukXmeodkY a&muf&Sd                    ukojcif;udk EdkifiHawmfu tcrJhuko                       ]]ajryJqDtppfqdk&if vQmay:rSm qdrfhNyD; usefcJhwJht&om&Sdwmudk owdjyKoifhw,f}} [k ¤if;u&Sif;jy onf/
cJhaMumif; usef;rma&;0efBuD;Xme                   jcif;jzpfaMumif; usef;rma&;0efBuD;                       dS                            d                            f                      d
                                                                                                    vuf&ajryJqD vufum;aps; wpfyóm 3700? 4000 usycefY&NdS yD; ajryJqefwpfyóm 1200? 1000 usycefY&um                     f dS
jynf a xmif p k 0 ef B uD ; a'gufwm               Xmeu tcrJxwa0aom ]"mwfa&mif
                                                                    h k f                           pm;tke;qD vufum;wpfyóm 1650? 1700 usyfcefYom&Sojzifh qDa&ma&mif;vdorsm;yif wGuajcuduaMumif;
                                                                                                              f                 d                                       d                      k l             f   k f
azoufcifu jynfoYl vTwfawmf u d k                  jcnfukojcif;qdkwmbmvJ} pmtkyf                     &efukef bk&ifhaemifpm;tkef;qDaps;uGuftwGif; pHkprf;od&Sd&onf/
Mo*kwfv 29 &ufaeYu ajzMum;                        wGif a&;om;azmfjyxm;onf/
  Monday, October 17 - 23, 2011


 TRANSPORT
                                                                                                                                                                     LOCAL                                                                 The
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    11




txl;,mOfvdkif;rsm;\tjyKtrl c&D;onfrsm; pdwftaESmifUt,Sufjzpf
&efukef? atmufwdkbm 10
                wwf&yfpD;c&D;onfwifaqmifjcif;rjyK&[k armfawmf,mOfvkyfief;aygif;pHkxdef;odrf;a&;aumfrwDu wm;jrpfxm;aomfvnf; ajymifajymifwif;wif;csKd;azmufaeMuonfh txl;
  rwf           ,mOfvdkif;rsm;? c&D;onfwif,mOfrsm;aMumifh c&D;onftrsm;pkonf pdwftaESmifht,Sufjzpfae&aMumif; tqdkyg,mOfvdkif;rsm;jzifh aeYpOf½Hk;wufaeonfh 0efxrf;wpfOD; u
The Voice Weekly od k Y ajymMum;onf /
         txl;ojzifh vl 65 OD;txd onf t xd ta&;,l c J h a omf v nf ;                                                                               kf
                                                                                                                                             vdi;rsm; rwfwwf&yfp;c&D;onf wif    D
                kd f          G f k f kH
wifaqmifEi&ef &nf&,í xdicw;kd csUJ jrefrmEdkifiH\ xHk;pHtwdkif; tcsdefum                                                                                      S hf
                                                                                                                                             aqmifaerIEiywfoufí ta&;,ljcif;
xm;aom ,if;um;rsm;onf vlwpfa,muf vMumjrifhvmaomtcg ta&;,lrI                                                                                  &Sd? r&Sd ar;jref;cJh&m XmecGJrsm; tvduf    k
         d           k f kH
&yfpm&Sonfh xdicrsm;Mum;wGif rwfwwf tm;enf;vmjcif;aMumifh c&D;onf                                                                                                   k
                                                                                                                                             ta&;,laeonf[om ajzMum;cJonf/            h
     D                               f
&yfp;c&D;onfrsm;udk ausmcsi;uyf&yf rsm;rS a&G;cs,fp&mr&Sdonfh twGuf                                                                                    &ef u k e f w d k i f ; a'oBuD ; wG i f
                                                   h
&onftxd vl 100 0ef;usifcefY atmiftnf;onf;cHí pD;ae&aMumif;?                                                                                  yHkao,mOfay:wufvQif 200 usyf
tqrwefwifaqmifaeonfrm tqd;k            S      txl;,mOfvdkif;rsm;wGif rwfwwf                                                                  aumufcHaom txl;,mOfvdkif;rsm;
   k                        k
qH;jzpfaMumif; &efueNfrKdUwGi;f odYk ajrmuf &yfpD;olrsm;aMumifh c&D;onfrsm;                                                                  udk &efukefNrdKUawmfwGif 2008 ckESpfrS
OuúvmyrS aeYpOf½Hk;wufaeol bPf onf rSwfwdkiftwuf tqif;jyKvkyf                                                                                               J                     kd
                                                                                                                                             pwifajy;qGcNhJ y;D ,mOfvi;f Mu;D 17 vdi;f     k
0efxrf;wpfOD;u ajymMum;onf/                   &mwGif um£a`E´ysuf ,Gi;onftxdf                                                                 rS txl;,mOfvdkif; 45 vdkif; ajy;qGJ
         rwfwwf&yfc&D;onfwif&jcif; jzpf&NyD; tqifajy vG,urr&SaMumif; f lI d                                                                  vsuf&Sd&mwGif r.x.o vufatmuf
       k d f           f k f                                          kd
rSm ½H;csetwGi; vduygpD;eif;ol c&D; trSwf (48) txl;,mOfvi;f jzifh BuKdUuke;f                                                                 wGif ,cktcg txl;,mOfvdkif;aygif;
onf r sm;jym;aeí wif & jcif ; jzpf rS a&T*HkwdkifodkY aeYpOf ½Hk;wuf aeol                                                                    10 vdkif;cefY ajy;qGJvsuf&Sdonf/
                                                Ü D
aMumif;? '*Hkwuúodkvf-ajrmufOuú ukrP0efxrf;wpfO;D uajymMum;onf/                 "mwfykH-rkd;ausmfvGif                                                                 Associated News
vm-tif;pdef-uGefysLwmwuúodkvf                                k f H       D    k
                                                     jrefrmEdii\ vlO;a&trsm;qH;
vdkif;wGifvnf; wuúodkvfausmif; aexdkifonfh &efukefNrdKUü c&D;onf olwdkY\ ,HkMunfrIudk wdkuf½dkuf &&Sd
om;? ausmif;olrsm; tcsdefrDa&muf rsm; pdwfcsrf;ajrhpGmoGm;vmEdkifa&;ESifh vmapEd k i f o nf h jynf o l Y a&;&m INSTITUTIONAL
&Sd&ef pD;eif;vdkolrsm;jym;jcif;jzpf tqifajyvG,fula&;wdkYonf NrdKU 0efaqmifrIvkyfief;rsm;udk ypfrxm;
aMumif;? trSwf (43) txl;ESihf trSwf wGif;c&D;onfydkYaqmifa&;vkyfief;udk oifhaMumif; (Public Policy) bmom
(202) txl;,mOfvdkif;wdkYrS ,mOf pD r H c ef Y cG J a eonf h armf a wmf , mOf &yfukd avhvmaeolwpfO;u oH;oyf
aemufvdkuftcsKdUu ajymMum;onf/ vkyfief;aygif;pHk xdef;odrf;a&;aumf ajymMum;onf/
                                                                                                      D   k                                                    f
                                                                                                                                                    ta0;ajy;ukewif,mOf u n e     . .
         txl;,mOfvdkif;rsm; pwifajy; rwD (r.x.o) ESihf wdi;f a'oBu;D tpd;k &
                                                                   k                vGecaomvydi;twGi;u The
                                                                                        f hJ     kf
qGJNyD;aemuf 2010 jynfhESpftwGif; wdkY\ wm0efomjzpfaMumif;? tpdk;& Voice Weekly u &ef u k e f N rd K U
rwfwwf&yfpD;c&D;onfwifol ,mOf u jyKjyifajymif;vJa&;vkyfief;trsm; armfawmf,mOfvkyfief;aygif;pHkxdef;
                                                                                                        f
                                                                                                                                                    owfrSwfwefcsdeftwdkif; cGifUjyKrnf
aemufvursm;udk ,mOfvuciywf tjym;vkyfaeaomfvnf; trsm;jynf odr;a&;aumfrwD A[doYkd txl;,mOf &efukef? atmufwdkbm 10
             kd f                 kd f G hf d                                     f                 k
 INSTITUTIONAL                                                                                                                                               ta0;ajy;ukefwif,mOfrsm;                          twdkif;om wifaqmifaprnf[kqdk
                                                                                                                                                 wif a qmif E d k i f r nf h w ef c sd e f u d k              vQif 0SD;wufwGif cGifhjyKxm;onfh

EkdifiHjcm;&if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrIpDrHudef;rsm; tqifUoHk;qifUyg                                                                                              f
                                                                                                                                                 uke;vrf;ydYk aqmifa&;ñTeMf um;rIO;pD;
                                                                                                                                                 Xme (u.n.e) u wGucsuowfrwf
                                                                                                                                                 onfhtwdkif; cGifhjyKoGm;rnfjzpfNyD;
                                                                                                                                                                                      f f
                                                                                                                                                                                                      D
                                                                                                                                                                                                        S
                                                                                                                                                                                                              tav;csdefESifh,mOf\ tav;csdef
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            D
                                                                                                                                                                                                              aygif;í um;wpfp;tav;csdef (,mOf
                                                                                                                                                                                                              tav;csdef+ukeftav;csdef) owf

pmcsKyftwkdif;cGifUjyK                                                                                                                           u.n.e\ owf r S w f c suf o nf
                                                                                                                                                 tmqD,\ owfrwcsuftwdi;jzpf
                                                                                                                                                                H
                                                                                                                                                 aMumif; aqmufvkyfa&;0efBuD;Xme
                                                                                                                                                                                S f             k f
                                                                                                                                                                                                              rSwfvQif wefydkppfaq;a&;*dwfrsm;
                                                                                                                                                                                                              wGif vuf&SdjzpfyGm;aeonfh bD;ta&
                                                                                                                                                                                                              twGuftjiif;yGm;jcif;? 0if½dk;ta&
aejynfawmf? atmufwdkbm 11
       jrefrmEkdifiHtwGif; EkdifiHjcm;          rJacgifa&tm;vQyfppf"mwftm;vkdif;              rItwGuf em;vnfrIpmcRefvTmudk                       jynf o l Y aqmuf v k y f a &;vk y f i ef ;                   twGuftjiif;yGm;jcif;rsm; &Sif;vif;
wkduf½dkuf&if;ESD; jr§KyfESHrIjzifh vkyfudkif   wnfaqmufrI tajctaewkYEihf obm0 dS             vufrSwfa&;xkd;&onf/ em;vnfrI                                         T
                                                                                                                                                 OD;aqmifñeMf um;a&;rSL; OD;ausmvif;              f           oGm;rnf[k tqdkygtpnf;ta0;odkY
               H d f
aeonfh pDrue;rsm;udk tqifo;qifh      h kH       ywf0ef;usifESifh ywf0ef;usifaus;&Gm                                                              u ajymMum;onf/                                                                     hJ
                                                                                                                                                                                                              wufa&mufcol ukewif,mOfyi&if     f        kd f S
                                                                                                       f T               S
                                                                                              pmcRevmt& owfrwNf y;D umv 2 ESpf
ygpmcsKyfjzifh vkyfudkifcGifhjyKaMumif;         vlxktay:qdk;usKd;rsm;&Sd? r&Sdodvkd                                                                          ]]u.n.e cGifhjyKxm;wJhtwdkif;                    wpfOD;u qdkonf/
                                                                                              ajcmufvtwGif; jzpfajrmufEdkifpGrf;
            dk
atmufwbmv 7 &ufaeYwif jynfoYl      G            aMumif; ar;cGef;tay: 0efBuD;u jyef                                                               cGifhjyKoGm;r,f/ uRefawmf&J&JtmrcH                                    ]]NyD ; cJ h w J h puf w if b m 10
                                                                                              tpD&ifcHpmudk wifjy&NyD; ,if;pl;prf;               ygw,f}} [k OD;ausmfvif;uqdonf/               k               &ufu vTwfawmfrSmaqmufvkyfa&;
vT w f a wmf ü trS w f ( 1) vQyf p pf           vnfajzMum;jcif;jzpfonf/ jrefrmEkiiH   df      avhvmonfh umvtwGif; pDrHudef;
pGrf;tm;0efBuD;Xme jynfaxmifpk                  wGif EkdifiHjcm;wkduf½dkuf&if;ESD;jr§KyfESH                                                                                kd
                                                                                                                                                             atmufwbmv 8 &ufaeYwif                        G   0efBuD;u 0if½dk;ay:rSmwGufNyD; wefydk
                                                                                              aMumifh obm0ywf0ef;usifESifhvlrI                   &efukefwdkif;a'oBuD; bk&ifhaemif                             aumufr,fvdkY ajymwm&Sdw,f}}[k
0efBuD;OD;aZmfrif;u ajymMum;onf/                pepfjzifh vkyfudkifaeonfh pDrHudef;           0ef;usiftay:oufa&mufEkdifjcif;ukd
       rkdif;yefrJqE´e,frS OD;xGef;jrifh                                 H d f
                                                rsm;onf a&S;OD;pGm pDrue;jzpfajrmuf                                                              uk e f p nf ' d k i f c ef ; rü usif ; yonf h                txufygyk*d¾Kvfuqdkonf/
                                                                                              qef ; ppf a vh v mMuonf h tjyif                    tpdk;&ydkifvrf; wHwm;rsm; a&&Snf                                      ,ck,m,Dowfrwxm;aomrl     S f
OD;\ wmqef;a&umwmESihf xki;EkiiH      d f d f     d f G f
                                                Ekipr;&Sd r&S?d jzpf rjzpf pl;prf;avhvm       pDrHudef;jzpfajrmufa&; tpD&ifcHpmudk                   h kd                     f
                                                                                                                                                 BuHcif aumif;rGea&;twGuf ukewif                    f         t& 0if½dk;oHk;acsmif; &SpfbD;cGifhjyK
                                                                                              wifjyNyD;aemuf twnfjyKNyD;vQif pDrH                ,mOfBuD;rsm; tmqD,HpHcsdef pHñTef;                           wefcsdef 20 wef? 0if½dk;av;acsmif;
                             jyifqifjznfUpGufzwf½Iyg&ef                                       udef;rS pD;yGm;a&;twGuf wGufajc                              k f k f
                                                                                                                                                 twdi;vduemNyD; ukersm; wifaqmif    f                         12 bD;? cGifhjyKwefcsdef 25 wef? 0if½dk;
                                                                                                 k f                         df
                                                                                              udurI &Sd r&Sd pD;yGm;a&;qki&m qef;ppf             a&;ESifh jynfaxmifpktpdk;& 0efBuD;                           ig;acsmif; 14 bD;? cGifhjyKwefcsdef 25
                                               f S             d f G
           The Voice Weekly (Vol.7/No.42) pmrsuEm 29 yg xm;0,ftrcef
                                                                                              rIrsm;jyKvkyf&aMumif;ESifh pD;yGm;a&;              tzGUJ u twnfjyKowfrwvuonfh            S f kd f               wef q d k a om owf r S w f c suf o nf
   owif;ESifhywfoufí tdrfcGefrsm;ukd wpfESpfpmwpfaygif;wnf; ay;oGif;                          wGufajcudkufrI&SdvQif oabmwlnD                     vrf;wHwm; toHk;jyKcEIe;xm;opf             f                  0if½dk;wef;rsm;NyD; um;BuD;vQif ukef
                                               k              d
   &ef NrdKUe,fpnfyifom,ma&;tzJUG u trdeYf xwjf yefxm;jcif;r&SbJ yxr                          csufpmcRefvTmudk vufrSwfa&;xkd;NyD;                rsm;ESihf pyfvsO;onfh &Sif;vif;yGJü
                                                                                                                                                                         f                                    enf;enf;om wifaqmifEium 0if½;       kd f        kd
                            f      d
   ajcmufvywfumvukeí 'kw,ajcmufvywfumv pwif&ef &ufyi;              dk f                       vufrSwfa&;xkd;NyD;vQif jrefrmEkdifiH               OD;ausmfvif;u txufygtwdkif;                                  enf;NyD; um;i,fvQif ukefrsm;rsm;
   omvkdojzifh tcGefxrf;jynfolrsm; ESpfBudrfrvma&mufvkdu wpfaygif;                            &if;ESD;jr§KyfESHrIaumfr&SifwGif vkyfief;          ajymMum;jcif;jzpfonf/                                        wifaqmifEdkifonfh oabmjzpfae
   wnf;ay;oGi;cGijhf yKay;jcif;omjzpfaMumif; wm0ef&owpfO;u &Si;jyonf/
                f                                  dS l D       f                             vkyuicitwGuf tusKd;wly;aygif;
                                                                                                   f dk f G hf                    l                          jrefrmEdkifiHtaejzifh tmqD,H                     aMumif ; touf 50 t&G , f
                                                                                              aqmif&GufrI pmcsKyfrsm;udk vufrSwf                 tdrfeD;csif;EdkifiHrsm;wGif usifhoHk;ae                      ta0;ajy;ukefum;ydkif&SifwpfOD;u
           atmufwbmv 10-16 &ufxwf The Voice Weekly Vol.7/ No.
                 dk            k                                                              a&;xdk;rIonf tcsdefumvtm;jzifh                     onfh aqmufvkyfa&;qdkif&m pHEIef;                             ,ck pH E I e f ; opf E S i f h ywf o ufí
   43 pmrsufESm (7) o½kyfaqmifxufxufrdk;OD;udk w&m;½Hk;u yxrOD;qHk;                           ckepfESpfausmfMumaMumif; ¤if;uxyf                  rsm; wlnDa&;twGuf txl;ojzifh                                      f
                                                                                                                                                                                                              rSwcsujf yKajymMum;onf/
   tBudrf pwifppfaq;owif; pwkw¬aumfvHyg arv 19 &ufaeYwGif                                     avmif;ajymMum;onf/                                 EdkifiHydkifvrf;rsm; a&&SnfwnfwHhEdkif                                tmqD,HpHcsdefpHñTef;twdkif;
                                                                                                           H d f       k
                                                                                                        pDrue;wpfctwGuf owfrwf           S       a&;twGuf ukefwifoGm;vmarmif;                                        f
                                                                                                                                                                                                              ukewif&rnfqaomfvnf; tmqD,H kd
   tpm; arv 20 &ufaeYwGif [kvnf;aumif;? pmrsufEm (29) &efue-
                                                  S          k f                                                                                 ESifaeMuaom ukefwif,mOfBuD;rsm;                              EdkifiHrsm;\ vrf;cHEdkif&nf pHñTef;ukd
   aejynfawmfvrf; ukefwif,mOfrsm; vrf;toHk;jyKc aumufcrtjiif;yGm;
                                                      H I                                     xm;onfh em;vnfrIpmcRefawmfvTm
                                                                                              oabmwl n D r I p mcsKyf E S i f h ES p f z uf      owfrSwfonfh wefcsdefrsm;twdkif;                              wef 90 ESifh 80 uGJuGJjym;jym;od
                      H G
   owif;yxraumfvwif *dwfrsm;u ukefwif,mOf \ 0if½dk;ta&                                                                                           wifaqmifarmif;ESifjcif;jzifh aqmuf                           atmif vkyfoifhaMumif; pifumylEdkifiH
                                                                                                               D f
                                                                                              oabmwlncsupmcsKyrsm;udvufrwf f    k          S
   twGufudkMunhfum vrf;toHk;jyK caumufcHouJhodkY ukefwif,mOf                                                                                           f
                                                                                                                                                 vkya&;0efBuD;XmeESihf tpd;&udk ulnD     k                    wGif ig;ESpfcefYMumoGm;a&mufaexdkif
                                                                                              a&;xkd;&mwGif tpdk;&tzGJUoabm
   \ bD;ta&twGufudkMunhfum aumufcHaeMuonf [lívnf;aumif;                                                                                          Mu&efvnf; ¤if;uwdkufwGef;ajym                                cJhol tif*sifeD,mbGJU& ukefpnfydkY
                                                                                                     D               J
                                                                                              wlncsu?f wnfqOya'ESihf pnf;rsO;                f
   jznfhpGufzwf½Iay;yg&ef/                                                                                                                       Mum;onf/                                                     aqmifa&;vkyfief;&SifwpfOD;uajym
                                                                                              pnf;urf;rsm;twkdif;aqmif&Guf&
                                                       t,f'Dwm                                                                                                         f
                                                                                                                                                             OD;ausmvif;\tmrcHajymMum;                        Mum;onf/
                                                                                              onf[k ¤if;uqkdonf/                                 csuft& u.n.e owfrSwfcsuf
    12
    VOICE
  The


                   BUSINESS                                                                                                                                                          Monday, October 17 - 23, 2011




odrfjzLaiGvJpifwmwGif taxmuftxm;rcdkifvHkaom                                                                                                            k
                                                                                                                                               pm;aomufuef
                                                                                                                                             pOf       trnf                                     13.
                                                                                                                                                                                  8 . 10 . 2011 13. 10 .2011           +^-
FEC? a':vmESifU EdkifiHjcm;aiGrsm; vufrcH                                                                                                    1/
                                                                                                                                             2/
                                                                                                                                                       yJqD
                                                                                                                                                       pm;tkef;qD
                                                                                                                                                                                     3700
                                                                                                                                                                                      1615
                                                                                                                                                                                                    3700
                                                                                                                                                                                                1610^1620^1630         +
                                                                                                                                             3/        tmvl;                      280 - 440     330 - 560              +
                      f
owif;aqmif;yg; - omvGeaZmif;xuf (12-10-2011)                                                                                                 4/        &Srf;MuufoGefNzL           900 - 1450    950 - 1700             +
             rmEdkifiHawmfA[dkbPf\ cGifhjyKcsufjzifh yk*¾vdubPfajcmufcku zGifhvSpfxm;aom odrfjzLaiGvJpifwm&Sd                                5/        MuLukwfMuufoGefjzL          1250-1600    1300 - 1350            -
 jref        EdkifiHjcm;aiGvJaumifwmrsm;wGif owfrSwfpnf;urf;ESifhrnDñGwfaom EdkifiHjcm;aiGaMu;ta&mif;t0,f                             t0,f   6/        MuufoGefeD                  630 - 910      675 - 950            +
rsm;tm;vHk;udk cGifhrjyKawmhbJ owfrSwfcsufESifhnDrSom a&mif;0,fEdkifaompepfudk jyefvnfpdppfusifhoH;vsuf                             k        7/        qifjzLuRef;i½kwf&Snf       4000- 5000         5000
&SdaMumif; tqdkygpifwmxHrSod&Sd&onf/                                                                                                          8/       oMum;                      1200 - 1270 1200 - 1660              +
           atmufwdkbmv 1 &ufaeYu                                                    aMumif; aps;uGuftwGif;rS pHkprf;od&Sd                    9/        anmifOD;aq;xef;                 950          980                +
pwifcGifhjyKcJhaom tqdkygaiGvJaps;                                                  &onf/                                                    10/       refusnf;                   2500 - 3100 2500 - 3200              +
        f G
uGuwif rlvu pnf;urf;owfrwf                   S                                                ]] FEC u wpf , l e pf 825?                     11/       *ZD,mqef                   15500-16500 15500-16000              -
csuftcsKdUudk ajzavQmhay;cJhaMumif;?                                                tar&duefa':vmu wpfa':vmudk                                12/      *ZD,mqefopf                    ---       13500-15500
,if;odkY ajzavQmhcsdefu a':vmESifh                                                  815 usyf? tjyifaps;u edrfhw,f/                           13/       *awmifysHqef               28000-31000 26500-32500              +
FEC axmif a omif ; csD v ma&muf                                                     odrfjzLaps;u jrifhw,f/ 'gayrJh                           14/       *ay:qef;qef                30000-35000 32000-36000              +
a&mif;csrIrsm;&SdcJhNyD; aiGaMu;c0gcsrI                                             uef Y owf c suf a wG r sm;vG e f ; awmh                  15/       a&Tbkday:qef;              38500-39500 38500-39500
rsm;jzpf a y:rnf u d k pd k ; &d r f o jzif h                                       tjyifaps;uGufrSmyJvmNyD; 0,fa&mif;
taxmuftxm;cdkifvHkpGm jyEdkifaom                                                    vkyfwmawG jyefrsm;vmw,f}} [k                             wpfydóm^ wpftdwf* tcsdefESifhvdkufí aps;EIef;ajymif;vJEdkifygonf/
EdkifiHjcm;aiGaMu;rsm;udk ta&mif;t0,f                                               ausmufwHwm;NrdKUe,ftwGif;rS EdkifiH
        kf
jyKvyapjcif;jzpfaMumif; aiGvpifwm         J                                         jcm;aiGvJ'dkifwpfOD;u qdkonf/
aps;uGuftwGif;rS od&Sd&onf/
           ]]EdkifiHjcm;aiG0,fwmyJjzpfjzpf?
                                                                                              um;a[mif;tyfESHNyD; um;opf
                                                                                    wifoi;f vdorsm; odrjf zLaiGvaumifwm
                                                                                             G k l                              J
                                                                                                                                              wpfywftwGi;f a&Taps;
a&mif;wmyJjzpfjzpf owfrSwfxm;wJh                                                    rS EdkifiHjcm;aiGrsm;0,f,lNyD; um;wif                                  tu,f'rDtacgufa&T
pnf;urf;csufeJYnDrSyJ 0,fa&mif;                                                           f k f                  k f
                                                                                    oGi;Ediaom ydYkue&aiG tjzpf toGif                         &ufpJG                                                         15yJ&nf
vkyfw,f/ a':vm vma&mif;r,fqdk                                                       ajymif;EdkifaomaMumifh ydkYukef&aiG                                    zGifhaps; ydwfaps;
&if FED (Foreign Exchange Decla-                                                    tar&duefa':vmaps;uGuwif wefz;dk            f G              10.10.2011 718ç500      718ç500                              673ç600
ration) aMunmvTmyg&r,f/ EdiijH cm;       k f                                        tenf;i,f usqif;oGm;cJhaMumif;                               11.10.2011 718ç000      718ç500                              673ç600
om;a&m? jynfwGif;EdkifiHom;awGa&m                                                   aps;uGuftwGif;rS pHkprf;od &Sd&onf/
ESpfrsKd;pvHk; EdkifiHjcm;aiGaMu;jyef0,f tusKd;aqmifwpfOD;u qdkonf/                           ]]ydkYukef&aiGaps;uGufu um;                       12.10.2011 719ç000      719ç000                              674ç000
r,fqdk&if EdkifiHul;vufrSwfjy&r,f/                    FEC aiGaMu;udkvnf; ,if;       oGif;r,fholawGudk t"duxm;NyD;                               13.10.2011 719ç000       719ç200                             674ç000
pD;yGm;a&;vkyfief;&SifawGqdk&if EdkifiH odrfjzLpifwm&Sd aiGvJaumifwmrsm; a&mif;&if;eJY aps;ujrifhaewm/ tck                                   Source / / &efukefwdkif;a'oBuD;a&Tvkyfief;&Sifrsm;toif;?
jcm;aiGudkifaqmifcGifhvdkifpifjy&r,f}} u pd p pf 0 ,f , l a eNyD ; taxmuf odrfjzLaiGvJaps;uGuf EdkifiHjcm;aiGudk                                           kd f
                                                                                                                                             atmiform"da&Tqi/ (aeYpOftcseEitrQ aps;EIe;tajymif;tvJ &SEiygonf/)
                                                                                                                                                                        d f S hf      f              d dk f
[k tqdygpifwm&Sd yk*vubPfwpf txm;rjyEdkifaom FEC aiGaMu;rsm; um;a[mif;tyfxm;wJh pvpfjyNyD;
             k                    ¾ d
ck\ EdiijH cm;aiGvaumifwmrS wm0ef udk vufrcHawmhaMumif; tqkdyg 0,f? bPfpm&if;xJrSm ydkYukef&aiG
         kf                J
&SowpfO;u &Si;vif;ajymMum;onf/ pifwmxHrS od&Sd&onf/
   d l          D       f
           ,if;aiGvJpifwmwGif t0,f
                                                                                    tjzpf tyfEcijhf yKvduawmh aps;uGuf
                                                                                                       HS G          k f
                                                      ]]b,f u &vmwmvJ q d k w m at;oGm;w,f/ aps;usoGm;wm tJ'g
                                                                                                                                             wpfywftwGif;armfawmf,mOfaps;EIef;
ta&mif ; vk y f o l w d k i f ; owf r S w f rjyEdi&ifawmh a&mif;vdYk r&bl;/ FEC aMumifh}} [k wmarGNrdKUe,ftwGif;&Sd
                                                    k f                                                                                      (13-10-2011) ac:aps;
                                                          k           f
taxmuftxm;cdkifcdkifvHkvHkjy&rnfh vcpm;qd&if bPfpmtkyawG bmawG um;wifoGif;rIqdkif&m 0efaqmifrI
tjyif rSwfyHkwifrl&if;? vdyfpmESifh jyrS a&mif;vdkY&w,f/ t&ifuxifcJh ukrÜPDwpfckrS wm0ef&SdolwpfOD;u                                                                                                   f
                                                                                                                                                                                                aps;EIe;
zkef;eHygwfrsm;udk ay;tyf&rnf[k wmu FEC qd&if vGwvwvyfvyf ajymMum;onf/
                                                              k      f G f                                                                          ,mOftrsKd;tpm;                     tu©&m                   rSwfcsuf
                                                                                                                                                                                               (usyfodef;)
                                                                d l
pdppfrIrsm;&SdNyD; aiGvma&mufa&mif;cs tuefYtowfr&Sb;vdYk xifcwm}} [k       hJ                       kf
                                                                                              ydYkue&aiGonf atmufwbmv                 kd
ol trsm;pkrSm owfrSwfcsufESifh atmufwdkbmv 9 &ufaeYu ,if; 10 &ufaeYu tar&duefwpfa':vmvQif                                                     Suzuki Wagon R+                            3*       185
rnDonfhtwGuf EdiijH cm;aiG0,fa&mif; aiGvJpifwmwGif FEC 200 a&mif;cs 825 usyom aygufaps;&Sawmhonf/
                               kf                                                                 f                      d                    Suzuki R-                                  2*       135
vkyfcGifhr&MuaMumif; ,if;aiGvJpif &efBudK;pm;cJhol &efukefNrdKUcHwpfOD;u                                    G f
                                                                                              jynfwi;a&Taps;EIe;onf jyify  f                  Surf KZN - 130 (95)                        4*       500
wmoGm;a&mufNyD; EdkifiHjcm;aiG0,f &Sif;jyonf/                                       tar&d u ef a ':vmaps;uG u f w G i f                       Surf KZN - 185 (99)                        4*       650
a&mif;vky&ef BudK;pm;cJMh uolrsm;xHrS
                  f                                   ,if;aiGvJpifwmwGif FEC a':vmwefzdk;tenf;i,fusqif;
                                                 wpf,lepf 0,faps; 830? a&mif;aps; oGm;aomaMumifh a&Taps;vnf; usqif;                           Saloon Mark II 94        ("mwfqD)          4*       350
od&Sd&onf/
           ]]a':vm 2000 atmuf 834 usyf? tar&duefwpfa':vm oGm;NyD; tacgufa&T wpfusyom;vQif                                         f           Mark II LX90 - 651                         5*       415
vGwfvGwfvyfvyfa&mif;vdkY&w,f 0,faps; 830 usyf? a&mif;aps; 834? usyf 710ç000 ESihf 725ç000 tMum;                                               Limited AE - 100 (94)                      4*       310
qdkvdkY rSwfyHkwifav;udkifNyD; a':vm wpf,l½dk 0,faps; 1100 usyf&Sd wGif twuftusjzpfay:aeonf[k                                                 Sunny Super Saloon 87                      1u       135
300 oGm;a&mif;w,f/ aiG&EdkifwJh aMumif; atmufwdkbmv 9 &ufaeY aps;uGuftwGif;rS od&Sd&onf/                                                      CE -96 (91) Model                          9u       200
taxmuftxm; odkYr[kwf FED aps;EIef;rsm;t& od&Sd&onf/                                           ]]a&Tta&mif;t0,fraumif;bl;/                l    pufrIZkefxkwfyg*sJ½dk;                     7c       275
aMunmvTm ay;&r,fajymw,f/ ud,f                  k      jyifyaps;uGufwGifrl FEC ESifh cyfyg;yg;yJ/ at;w,f}} [k &efukef                          Mark II LX90 - 650                         2*       350
vnf; bmrSrjyEdiawmh tJ'rm ra&mif; tar&d u ef a ':vmaps;EI e f ; rsm; oD;oefYa&Taps;uGutwGi;rS touf
                        kf            DS                                                                              f      f
awmhbJ tjyifaps;uGurmyJ a&mif;vduf qufvufusqif;vsuf&SdNyD; jyify 50 ausmft&G,f 0g&ifha&Tukefonf
                                  fS           k                                                                                              Pajero (MSW     tvkH;csdef;)               4*       420
w,f}} [k r&rf;uke;NrdKU e,frS touf aps;EIef;ESifh odrfjzLaiGvJaps;EIef;rsm; wpfOD;u &Sif;vif;ajymMum;onf/
                             f                                                                                                                Regalia 2004 (a&Tig;)                      4*       650
40 ausmf t &G , f um;0,f a &mif ; uG m [csuf t enf ; i,f j rif h r m;vm                                         omvGefaZmif;xuf               jrefrmrDeDqvGef;                           6*       125
                                                                                                                                             ,mOf\tajctaetay:rlwnfí aps;EIef;ajymif;vJEdkifygonf/

                             dfH             f
                           EkiiwumaiGaMu;ayguaps; (13-10-2011)                                                                                                 EkdifiHwumukefpnfaps;EIef;
   tar&duef 1 a':vm = ,l½dk 0.73? NAdwdoQaygif 0.64? MopaMw;vsa':vm 0.98? w½kwf,Grf 6.38?
                                           73?
                                         0.73               64?
                                                          0.64 MopaM                  98?                    38?                             a&eHpdrf;        -        1 bbl       tar&duefa':vm           110.250
                77.05?                     48.97?                         75.65?
   *syef , ef ; 77.05? td E d ´ , ½l y D ; 48.97? b*F v m;a'h & S f w mum 75.65? awmif u d k & D ; ,m;0rf 1156?                              "mwfaiGU         -        1 MMBtu     tar&duefa':vm             3.481
   pifumyla':vm 1.3? rav;&Sm;&if;*pf 3.18? tif'dkeD;&Sm;½lyD; 8895 ? xdkif;bwf 31.81? zdvpfydkifyDqdk                                        "mwfaiGU&nf      -        1 MT        tar&duefa':vm           916.250
   43.34? AD,uferfa'gif 20870? a[mifaumifa':vm 7.79? xkdif0rfa':vm 30.3? umwm&Dt,f 3.64?
   43.34?                 20870?                               79?
                                                            7.79                  30.3?                      64?
                                                                                                           3.64                              oMum;            -        1 lb            qifh                 26.460
                     3.61
   ,lattD;'Dtm[rf 3.61? aqmf'D&D,,f 3.75       3.75                                                                                          yJykyf           -        1 Ton       tar&duefa':vm           322.500
                                                                                                                                             ajymif;          -        1 bu            qifh                635.250
                         a&T 1 usyfom;                    =          tar&duefa':vm 892.59                                                    *sKH (CBT)       -        1 bu            qifh                624.250
                         aiG 1 usyfom;                    =           tar&duefa':vm 17.176                                                   *sKH(KCB)        -        1 bu            qifh                709.500
                         yvufwDerf 1usyfom;               =          tar&duefa':vm 823.70                                                    aMu;eD           -        1 lb            qifh                333.900
                                                                                                                                                                                                   Source : Bloomberg
 Monday, October 17 - 23, 2011
                                                                                                       EMPLOYMENT                                                                                                                    The
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              13




,lattD;&Sd                      International Chain                                                         "mwfykHukrÜPD jrefrm"mwfyHkq&mrsm;ac:
&efukef? atmufwdkbm 4
                                                                     rsm;jynf
                                                                    ;rsm;
             a&SUtv,fydkif;a'o tm&yfapmfbGm;rsm;jynfaxmifpk ,l a ttD ;EdkifiH 'lbdkif;NrdKU&Sd International Chain ukrÜPDü "mwfyHk0efaqmifrIvkyfief;rsm;wGif vkyfudkif&ef 0efaqmifrI
 t           aumif;rGefpGmay;Edkifonfh "mwfyHkq&mrsm;ac:,lrnfjzpfaMumif; r&rf;ukef;NrdKUe,f&Sd TRC jynfytvkyftudkif&SmazGa&;at*sifpDrS tkyfcsKyfrI'g½dkufwmOD;ausmfausmfqifhu ajymMum;onf/
          tqdkyg 'lbdkif;NrdKU&Sd "mwfyHk0ef                                                                                                  em;cGifh&&SdEdkifrnfjzpfaMumif; tqdkyg tud k i f & S m azG a &;at*sif p D w pf c k r S
aqmifrIvkyfief;wGif oGm;a&mufvkyf                                                                                                             at*sifpDxHrS od&Sd&onf/                                      f I k f
                                                                                                                                                                                                        tkycsKyfr'g½duwmwpfO;u oH;oyf     D     k
udkifvdkolrsm;onf "mwfyHkynmESifh                                                                                                                                                            kd k f
                                                                                                                                                          ,lattD;&Sd ta&SUtv,fyi;f EdiiH ajymMum;onf/
ywf o uf í uRrf ; uRrf ; usif u sif                                                                                                           rsm;u "mwfyHk0efaqmifrIvkyfief;ESifh                             ]]'D"mwfyHk Position eJY ac:wm
        k
toH;rjyKwwfvQivnf; oGm;a&muf   f                                                                                                              ywf o uf í ac:,l r I e nf ; yg;NyD ; u r&SdoavmufygyJ/ olwdkYu urÇm
      f kd f kd f
vkyuiEirnfjzpfaMumif;? 0efaqmif                                                                                                               uifr&mtydkypönf; ta&mif;qdkifrsm; vSnc&D;oGm;awGukd 0efaqmifray;&
                                                                                                                                                                                                            hf                                I
      kf
rIvyief;rsm;jzpfonftwGuf t*Fvyf  h                      d                                                                                     wGif ta&mif;0efxrf;tjzpf vkyfudkif rSmqdkawmh t*Fvdyfpum;aumif;
bmompum;ud k uRrf ; uRrf ; usif                                                                                                               &ef ac:,lrIrsm;om&SdaMumif;? ,ck aumif;ajymwwfzdkYvdkw,f/ "mwfyHk
usifajymqdkwwf&efvdktyfaMumif;?                                                                                                               uJhodkY "mwfyHk0efaqmifrIvkyfief; ynmvnf; em;vnfzdkYvdkao;awmh
                 I k f
0efaqmifrvyief;jzpfí "mwfyynm                  kH                                                                                             twGuf "mwfyHkq&mrsm;ac:,laomf wu,fwrf;oGm;Edkifr,fholenf;Edkif
uRrf;usif½Hkxuf rdrdazmufonfudk                                                                                                               vnf; trSefwu,foGm;a&mufvkyf w,f / wu,f o G m ;Ed k i f w J h o l a wG
tqifajymacsmarGUap&ef qufqH                                                                                                                   udkifEdkifrnfholenf;yg;EdkifaMumif; twGuawmh tcGiaumif;ygyJ}} [k ¤if;\
                                                                                                                                                                                                                f               hf
wwf&efvdktyfaMumif; txufyg                                                                                                                                     H
                                                                                                                                              ausmufwwm;NrdKUe,f&dS jynfytvkyf tjrifukd oHk;oyfajymqdkonf/
yk*d¾Kvfuqdkonf/                                          aq;ar;jref;rIjyKvkyfoGm;rnfjzpfNyD;
          ]]"mwfyHkynmudk tajccHtqifh vl a wG U ppf a q;rI a tmif j rif y gu
avmufem;vnf&if oGm;vkyfvdkY&yg wpfvcGJ? ESpfvcefYMum apmifhqdkif;&
w,f/ 'Dutvkyfu t"du Cus- rnfjzpfaMumif;? 2 ESpftvkyfvkyfudkif
tomer ud k 0ef a qmif r I a y;wmyg/                       cGifh oufwrf;umvjzifh oGm;a&muf
                                                                                                       pifumyl Ren Ci Community aq;½Hk
tJ'gaMumifh {nfvrf;ñTewpfa,muf vkyfudkif&rnfjzpfNyD; touft&G,f
                         h
                             H
                                     f
avmufukd qufqwwfzYkdvygw,f}} tm;jzifh 20 ESpfrS 35 ESpfatmuf&Sd
                                         kd
[k OD;ausmfausmfqifhu vkdtyfonfh ol r sm;ud k ac:,l r nf j zpf a Mumif ;
                                                                                                       uRrf;usifjrefrmtrsKd;orD; olemjyKrsm;ac:
t&nftcsif;ESifhywfoufí &Sif;jy ,if;jynfytvkyftudkif&SmazGa&; &efukef? atmufwdkbm 7
onf/                                                      at*sifpDxHrS pHkprf;od&Sd&onf/                       pifumylEdkifiH&Sd Ren Ci Com- vkyfief;tawGUtBuHK&Sdxm;olrsm;
          tqdkyg'lbdkif;NrdKU&Sd "mwfyHk0ef                         tqdkyg"mwfyHk0efaqmifrIvkyf munity aq;½Hwivyui&ef uRr;f usif udom ac:,lrnfjzpfaMumif;? 0efaqmifrI
                                                                                                                    k G f k f kd f               k
aqmifrvyief;rsm;wGif "mwfyq&m ief;wGif oGm;a&mufvyuivorsm; jref r mtrsKd ; orD ; ol e mjyKrsm;ud k vkyfief;rsm;jzpfí t*Fvdyfbmom
            I k f                           kH                                    k f kd f kd l
tjzpf oGm;a&mufvkyfudkif&rnfqdk udk 0efaqmifrIay;aeonfh at*sifpD atmuf w d k b mvtwG i f ; ac:,l pum;uduRr;f uRr;f usiusiajymqdwwf                           k                      f f         k
aomfvnf; tNrJwrf;"mwfyHk½dkufay; udk 0efaqmifctaejzifh av,mOf rnfjzpfaMumif; &efuif;NrdKUe,f&Sd &efvtyf aMumif;? tqdygaq;½Hwif                         kd                              k           k G
ae&rnfh tvkyr[kwaMumif;? vdtyf vufrSwftygt0if tNyD;tpD; tjrifh Myanmar Express Link jynfytvkyf olemjyK tjzpfoGm;a&muf vkyfudkif
                       f           f                  k
vQifvdktyfovdk uifr&moHk;ypönf; qHk;usyfaiG ig;odef;txdomay;& tudkif&SmazGa&;at*sifpDrS tkyfcsKyfrI olrsm;onf vkyfief;uRrf;usifvm
rsm;? "mwfyHkoHk;ypönf;rsm;udkyg Cus- rnfjzpfaMumif;? ,if;vkyfief;wGif 'g½dkufwm a':0if;0if;rif;u ajym onfESifhtrQ &mxl;tqifhwdk;vm
tomer rsm;udk a&mif;ay;&rnfjzpf                           oGm;a&mufvkyfudkifvdkolrsm;onf Mum;onf/                                             rnfjzpfNyD; tusKd;cHpm;cGifh ydkaumif;
aMumif;? "mwfyHkul;? "mwfyHkxkwf tajccHvpmtaejzifh aexdkifp&dwf?                                               pifumylEdkifiH&Sd tqdkygaq;½Hk vmrnfjzpfaMumif; a':0if;0if;rif;
                                                                     f
ponfh"mwfyHkESifhqdkifaom 0efaqmif pm;p&dwtygt0if tNy;D tpD; ,lattD; wGif olemjyKtjzpf vkyfudkifvdkolrsm; u qdkonf/
rIvkyfief;rsm;udkyg vkyfudkifay;&rnf \ 'Dtmtrf 1200 0ef;usifrS 1400 onf B.N.Sc (Bachelor of Nursing                                                       ]]olemjyKtvkyfu wpfae&m
jzpfaMumif; ¤if;uqufvufajym 0ef;usiftxd (tar&duefa':vm Science) bGJU odkYr[kwf Nursing Di- wnf;rSm yHaovkyae&rSmr[kwb;/                                          k              f                 f l
Mum;onf/                                                  400 0ef;usifrS 470 0ef;usiftxd) ploma &&SdNyD; yl;wGJtjcm; bGJUwpfckck uRrf ; usif v m&if uRrf ; usif v m
                                                             d kd f                        f f
          'lbdkif;NrdKU&Sd "mwfyHk0efaqmifrI &&SEirnfjzpfaMumif;? tvkycsdetm; &&Sdxm;&efvdktyfaMumif;? ckwif 50 oavmuf &mxl;wd;oGm;r,f/ 'Drmvdk                                   k                   S
vkyfief;rsm;wGif oGm;a&mufvkyfudkif jzifh wpf&ufvQif &Spfem&Dvkyfudkif& txuf & S d aq;½k H B uD ; wpf c k w G i f teD0wf? tjym0wfvdkrsKd;aygh}} [k
vdkolrsm;udk tvkyf&Sifu vlawGUppf rnfjzpfNyD; wpfywfvQif wpf&uf tenf;qH; ajcmufvvkyuiz;onfh txufygyk*d¾Kvfu &Sif;jyonf/
                                                                                                                  k                  f kd f l
                                                                                                                                                                        kd f H
                                                                                                                                                          pifumylEii&dS RenCiCommunity
                                                                                                                                              Hospital wGif oGm;a&mufvkyfudkif                          tvkyfwpfckwnf;twGuf r&nf&G,f
                                                                                                                                              vdkonfh olemjyKrsm;udk tGefvdkif;rS bJ ynmoifMum;&efyg &nf&G,fí
          U
     rdbrJuav;rsm;ukd toufarG;0rf;ausmif;oifwef;rsm;                                                                                          wpfqifh vlawGUppfaq;ar;jref;rI oG m ;a&muf v k y f u d k i f o if h a Mumif ; ?
                                                                                                                                              jyKvkyom;rnfjzpfNyD; vlawGUppfaq; olemjyKtvkytudionf taxGaxG
                                                                                                                                                          f G
                                                                                                                                              ar;jref ; rI a tmif j rif y gu tcsd e f tajccHtvkyuoYkd tvkyae&mwpfae&m
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          f k f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       f hJ             f

     tcrJUzGifUvSpfoifMum;ay;rnf                                                                                                                                                               k f kd
                                                                                                                                              wpfywfcefYMumvQif oGm;a&mufvyuif wnf;wGif vkyui&onftvkyr[kwbJ
                                                                                                                                              EdkifrnfjzpfaMumif;? tqdkygvkyfief; uRrf;usifrIt& &mxl;tqifhqifhwdk;
                                                                                                                                              wGifoGm;a&mufvkyfudkif&ef av,mOf aomtvkyfjzpfNyD; tusKd;cHpm;cGifh
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         f kd f       h     f          f

       &efukef? pufwifbm 29                                                                                                                   vuf r S w f t ygt0if at*sif p D aumif;aMumif;? tvkyEioufqi&m                           f S hf       kd f
                jrefrmEkdifiHtESHYtjym;&Sd csKdUwJhEGrf;yg;aom rdbrJhuav;rsm;twGuf av;ESpfwmumvtxd aexkdif                                    0efaqmifctaejzifh pifumyla':vm bmom&yfESifh tm;vyfonfhtcsdef
       pm;aomufruyg wm0ef,í tcrJh toufarG;0rf;ausmif;oifwef;rsm; zGivprnfjzpfaMumif; odyEifh enf;ynm
                           I dk                   l                                              hf S f                      HÜ S             2000 ausmf0ef;usif (jrefrmusyfaiG wGif ynmoifMum;vQif oGm;a&muf
       0efBuD;XmerS uxdu (tNidr;pm;) OD;tkef;jrihf ('DZ,f)u The Voice Weekly okdY ajymMum;onf/
                                                    f                                                                                         13 odef;0ef;usif) ay;&rnfjzpf vkyfudkifolrsm;twGuf rsm;pGmtusKd;
                toufarG;0rf;ausmif;oifwef;ukd tajccH ruúif;epfoifwef;ESihf uRrf;usifynm&Sifoifwef;[líESpfck&Sd                                aMumif; Myanmar Express Link &SdEdkifaMumif; AdkvfwaxmifNrdKUe,f&Sd
       NyD; oifMum;ay;rnfhbmom&yfrsm;rSm vQyfppfuRrf;usifrIoifwef;? armfawmf,mOfjyKjyifenf;oifwef;rsm;ukd                                                           f k f S
                                                                                                                                              jynfytvkytudi&mazGa&;at*sifpD jynfytvkyftudkif&SmazGa&;at*sifpD
       acwfrDenf;ynmjzihf oifMum;ay;rnfjzpfaMumif; ¤if;u &Sif;jyonf/                                                                          xHrS pHkprf;od&Sd&onf/                                    wpfckrS tkyfcsKyfrI'g½dkufwmwpfOD;u
                ]]touf 20 atmufeYJ ynmt&nftcsi; &Spwef;atmif&r,f/ pm&dwyi;eJY jyifyA[kowawG ppfr,f}}[k
                                                                       f f                         å dk f             k                                   pifumylEdkifiHodkY olemjyKtjzpf tBuHjyKajymMum;onf/
       ¤if;uqkdonf/                                                                                                                                                k f kd f kd l
                                                                                                                                              oGm;a&mufvyuivorsm;onf tajccH                                    ]]'D o l e mjyKtvk y f u tvk y f
                tajccH ruúif;epfoifwef;umvrSm 2 ESpfMumjrihfrnfjzpfNyD; aexkdifrI? pm;aomufp&dwf? 0wfpm;                                      vpmtjzpf wpfvvQif pifumyl vnf;vkyf? ynmvnf; &SmvdkY&yg
       qif,ifrIESihf twef;ynmukdygoifMum;ay;rnfjzpfaMumif;? tajccH ruúif;epfoifwef;NyD;qkH;ygu uRrf;usif                                      a':vm 600 0ef;usif (pifumyl w,f/ tJ'gaMumifh toHk;cswwf&if
       ynm&Sif 2 ESpfoifwef;ukd qufvufwufa&mufEkdifaMumif; OD;tkef;jrifh ('DZ,f) oifwef;ausmif;xHrS pkHprf;                                   wpfa':vmvQif jrefrmaiG 630 usyf tcGifhtvrf;aumif;awG trsm;BuD;&Sd
       od&Sd&onf/                                                                                                                             &Sdonf) aexdkif? pm;aomufp&dwf ygw,f}} [k ¤if;uqdkonf/
                                                                           G f
                ]]uRrf;usif 'DyvkdrmvufrSwf&atmif aqmif&uay;r,f/ ukrPeYJ oufqi&mXmeawGrm tvky&atmif
                                                                                             Ü D          dk f          S          f          twGuf pifumyla':vm 250 0ef;usif                                  pifumylEdkifiH&Sd Ren Ci Hospi-
       ulnDay;r,f}}[k ,if;oifwef;ausmif;rS touf 40 cefY&Sd wm0ef&SdolwpfOD;u qkdonf/                                                               d                                                f
                                                                                                                                              &&SrnfjzpfaMumif;? wpf&ufvQif &Spem&D tal wGif vkyfudkifvdkonfholemjyKrsm;
                ,if;oifwef;odkY rdbrJhausmif;rsm;? a*[mrsm;? NGO tzGJUtpnf;rsm;rS rdbrJhuav;i,frsm;vnf;                                       vkyfudkif&rnfjzpfNyD; wpfywfvQif onf ,if;aq;½H\ Website wpfck                        k
                                       d
       wufa&mufEkdifNyD; vIiNf rKUd e,ftwGi;f &Sd arwåm0g'D([oFmw) y&[dwausmif;wkdufwGif oifwef;ausmif; zGivpf                           hf S                         hf d kd f
                                                                                                                                              wpf&ufem;cGi&&SEirnfjzpfum 2 ESpf jzpfaom www.Ren Ci. Com wGif
       oifMum;rnfjzpfaMumif; ,if;oifwef;ausmif;xHrS pkHprf;od&onf/                                                                            oufwrf;vkyfudkif&rnfjzpfaMumif; BudKwif 0ifa&mufavhvmEdkifaMumif;
                2012 ckESpf rwfvwGif zGifhvSpfrnfh rdbrJhuav;rsm; toufarG;0rf;ausmif;oifwef;rsm;ukd wuf                                              k
                                                                                                                                              tqdygat*sipxrS od&onf/  fD H                              Myanmar Express Link at*sifpDxH
       a&mufvdkygu 09-5082884 okdY qufoG,fpkHprf;EkdifaMumif; ,if;ausmif;xHrS od&onf/                                                                     pifumylEdkifiHwGif olemjyKrsm; rS owif;&&Sdonf/
                                                                                                                                                            G
                                                                                                                                              tjzpfom;a&mufvyuivorsm;onf       k f kd f kd l
   14
   VOICE
 The


                     ENVIRONMENT                                                                                                                                                                 Monday, October 17 - 23, 2011




a&atmufo,HZmw tvGeftuRHxkwf,lí jrpfacsmif;rsm;ysufpD;
&efukef? atmufwkdbm 6
        bm0a&atmufo,HZmwrsm; tvGeftuRHxkwf,lrIaMumifh jrpf                                           aMumif;? xkwf,l&mwGif Ekef;oJukd                              H
                                                                                                                                                      &mwGif tok;jyKaMumif; ,if;vkyief; f         twGif; a&Twl;azmfjcif;? ausmufp&pf
 o      acsmif;rsm;\ a&pD;a&vmajymif;vJvmum jrpfacsmif;rsm;ysufpD;                                   tdrfaqmuf&mwGif vkdtyfaom ajr                    ukd q,fESpfausmfcefY vkyfukdifcJhol              l            f     f
                                                                                                                                                                                                  cJw;jcif;? oJ? Eke;xkw,jl cif;ponfh
                                                                                                     ae&mrsm;zkdY&mü tokH;jyKum oJMurf;               wmarGNrKUd e,f 6 vrf;&Sd ABC oJui;f 'kif
                                                                                                                                                                                       G d           f
                                                                                                                                                                                                  vkyief;rsm;aMumifh jrpfaMumif; ajymif;
vmaMumif; a&t&if;tjrpfESihf jrpfacsmif;rsm;zGHUNzKd;wkd;wufa&;OD;pD;XmerS                            ukdrl yifv,f0wGif oGm;a&mufxwf k                 vkyfief;&SifwpfOD;u ajymMum;onf/            vJum a&avsmhenf;rIrsm; jzpfay:
OD;pD;t&m&Sd OD;aomif;vGifu pufwifbmv 28 &ufaeYwGif ajymMum;onf/                                                       d      f
                                                                                                     ,l&aMumif;? ,if;ukrl tdrtacsmukifd                     jrefrmEkdifiH&Sd jrpfacsmif;rsm;      vsuf&Sdonf/
 jynfyokdY oJwifykdYEkdif&eftwGuf ,ckuJhokdY
 oJrsm;ukd xkwf,l&jcif;jzpfonf
                                                                                                     tif;av;ueftwGif; tpkzGJY ykdifopfawmxlaxmifolrsm;
                                                                                                     usyfodef; 500 ausmf 'kwd,tBudrfxkwfacs;rnf
                                                                                                     &efukef? atmufwkdbm 6
                                                                                                             jrefrmEkdifiH\ 'kwd,tBuD;qkH;            &Gmukd odef; 50 avmufyJ ay;r,f/              aMumif; ¤if;u qufvufajymMum;
                                                                                                           d
                                                                                                     a&csKuefBu;D jzpfaom tif;av;uef\                 &GmBuD;awGuawmh odef; 80 avmuf               onf/
                                                                                                     teD;0ef;usifa'orsm;wGif tpktzGJU                 ay;r,f}}[k OD;0if;armifu qkdonf/                    &Srf;jynfe,f awmifBuD;c½kdif
                                                                                                     ykdifopfawmxlaxmifolrsm;ukd opf                            ,ckvsmxm;aom &Gm 10 &Gm&Sd                               f
                                                                                                                                                                                                   anmifa&TNrKUd e,f twGi;wGif tif;av;
                                                                                                     awmOD;pD;XmeESifh or0g,rOD;pD;Xme                                   D
                                                                                                                                                      a'ocHrsm;ukd wpfO;vQif acs;aiG usyf                       d f
                                                                                                                                                                                                   ta&SUBuKd;0ki;awm 55ç274 'or 13
                                                                                                     wkdY yl;aygif;um 'kwd,tBudrftjzpf                80ç000rS 100ç000twGif; xkwf                  {u? tif;av;taemufBuKd;jyif um
                                                                                                                  d
                                                                                                     vmrnfh Ek0ifbmvtwGi; usyfoe;       f       d f                        d
                                                                                                                                                      acs;rnfjzpfNyD; twk;rSm ESpfusyfcGJEIef;     uG,fawm 35ç663 'or 64 {u?
 Photo-Voice                                                                                         500 ausmfcefY xkwfacs;oGm;rnfjzpf                jzpf&m wpfusyfcGJukd or0g,rOD;pD;                          f f
                                                                                                                                                                                                   obm0xde;odr;a&;e,fajr 119ç881
                                                                                                     aMumif; &Srf;jynfe,fawmifykdif; opf              XmeokdY jyefvnfay;acs&rnfjzpf                     S
                                                                                                                                                                                                   {u&daMumif; anmifa&TNrKdUe,f opf
        jrpfacsmif;rsm;twGif;&Sd oJ?                                    dk dk
                                                   ae&mokYd a&onfyrí zdtm;ESifh pD;qif;              awmOD ; pD ; XmerS nT e f M um;a&;rS L ;         aMumif;? twkd;aiGwpfusyfukdrl tpk            awmOD;pD;Xme\ w&m;0ifpm&if;rsm;
ausmuf? obm0o,HZmwwkYudk tvGef  d                               d
                                                   aMumif;? ykeufaomae&mwGif pD;qif;rI               OD;0if;armifu The Voice Weekly okYd                      d                    l
                                                                                                                                                      tzGUJ ykif opfawmxlaxmiforsm; tzGUJ          t& od&Sd&onf/
       H l
tuRw;azmfygu jrpfacsmif;rsm; a&pD;                 tm;aumif;jcif;aMumifh urf;yg;NyKjd cif;           ajymMum;onf/                                     \ &efykHaiGtjzpf ay;acs&rnfjzpf
a&vmajymif;oGm;um urf;NyKdjcif;?                   rsm;? a&aMumif;ysufjcif;rsm; jzpfay:                      tif;av;uefa&a0a&vJ a'o
urf;yg;wkdufpm;jcif;wdkY jzpfvmEkdif               vmNyD; ae&mtESHYtjym;wGif urf;yg;                 rsm;wGif pkdufysKd;xm;aom tpktzGJU
aMumif;? jrpfacsmif;rsm;twG i f ; &S d
obm0o,HZmrsm; wl;azmfrnfqkdyg
u a&t&if;tjrpfXme\ oabmxm;
                                                   rsm;NyKdvmEdkifaMumif;? ,if;aMumifh
                                                   jrpfacsmif;xdef;odrf;jcif;vkyfief;rsm;
                                                   qufvufvkyfaqmifae&aMumif;}}
                                                                                                       d f
                                                                                                     ykiopfawm xlaxmiforsm;ukd xkwf
                                                                                                     acs;jcif;jzpfaMumif;? yxrtBudrf
                                                                                                                                     l
                                                                                                     wGif vG,fNidrf;aus;&GmtkyfpktwGif;
                                                                                                                                                          uefa':vm&Spf&mtxdcsD;jr§ifUrnfU
     f
rSwcsuf &,l&rnfjzpfaomfvnf; oJ?                    ¤if;u qufvufajymMum;onf/                          xk w f a cs;cJ h N yD ; 'k w d , tBud r f ü rl
ausmufp&pfvyief;tcsKdUrSm vkuem
                 k f
rIr&SdaMumif; ¤if;u &Sif;jyonf/
                                   d f                      jrpfacsmif;rsm;rS oJrsm;xkwf,l
                                                   &mwGif a&uscsdefü &&Sdrnfhae&mukd
                                                                                                     aiGxyfrH xkwfacs;&ef aus;&Gm 10
                                                                                                     &Gm vsmxm;aMumif;? ,if;aus;&Gmrsm;
                                                                                                                                                          obm0yef;csDNydKifyGJ usif;yrnf
             f                D
        ]]xkwwmursm;aeNy; jyefjznfh                rSef;qum a&pD;&Sdaom ae&mrsm;wGif                 &Sd a'ocHrsm;\ wifjytqkdjyKaom                   &efukef? atmufwdkbm 8
wmu enf;ae&ifawmh a&aMumif;                            f                             f
                                                   Eke;ESifh a&maeaomoJrsm;ukd &Spvufr               tcsuf t vuf r sm;uk d xnf h o G i f ;                   PARKROYAL Hotel u OD;aqmif           aom owif;t& od&onf/
ysufrSmyJ}}[k ¤if;u qkdonf/                          d f            f l JG
                                                   ykursm;ESifh pky,qwifaMumif;? ,if;                pOf;pm;um &Gmwpf&GmvQif usyfodef;                usif;yNyD; Youth Art Award csD;jr§ihf               ]],cif E S p f u wjcm;Nyd K if y G J
               h
        ,if;uJoYdk jrpfacsmif;rsm;twGi;f           uJhokdY pkyf,lrIukd aeYpOf orÁef&SpfpD;           70 ausmfcefY xkwfacs;oGm;rnfjzpf                                     f JG
                                                                                                                                                      rnfh yef;csND ydKiyukd ]jrefrmobm0tvS       acgif;pOfeJYvkyfw,f/ 'DESpfrSmawmh
Ekef;? oJrsm;xkwf,lrIrsm;aMumifh a&                cefYjzihf rjynhfrcsif; xkwf,l&NyD;                aMumif; ¤if;u&Sif;jyonf/                         ty xdef;odrf;apmifha&SmufMuygpkdY}          vlawGudk obm0ywf0ef;usifeJYywf
aMumif;eufoGm;EkdifNyD; xkdeufaom                  a&wufcsdefwGif oJ'kdifrsm;okdY jyefvm                                             dk
                                                                                                             ]]&Gmuao;w,fq&ifawmh tJ'D                acgif;pOfjzifh Ek0ifbmv 25 &ufaeYwif
                                                                                                                                                                        d                  G                              dk
                                                                                                                                                                                                  oufwhJ todawGw;yGm;zkYd 'Dacgif;pOf
                                                                                                                                                      usi;fyrnfjzpfaMumif; PARKROYAL              udk ay;cJhwmyg}} [k ,if;acgif;pOf
                                                                                                                                                      rS qufqHa&;t&m&Sd a':oD&dMumndK             ay;&jcif;ESifhywfoufí a':oD&dMum
                                                                                                                                                      u ajymMum;onf/                              ndK uqkdonf/
       okawoetm;enf;rIaMumifU ajrqDvTmqHk;½IH;                                                                                                               ,if;yef;csDNydKifyGJwGif yxrqk
                                                                                                                                                      tar&duefa':vm 800 ESifh uef
                                                                                                                                                                                                          tqdkyg NydKifyGJudk 2008 ckESpf
                                                                                                                                                                                                  u pwifí ESpfpOf usif;ycJhNyD; jrefrm
       &efukef? atmufwdkbm 8                                                                                                                                                   kd
                                                                                                                                                      a':vm 200 wefz;&Sd aq;ypön;rsm;?   f        EkdifiHrS ti,fwef;tEkynmyef;csD
                  pdkufysKd;a&;vkyfief;jzifh toufarG;0rf;ausmif;jyKaeaom awmifolv,form;rsm;? O,smOfNcHpdkufysKd;ol                                    'kwd,qk a':vm 500 ESifh uef                 q&mrsm;\ tEkynmt&nftaoG;
                      k f d
       rsm;rSm pduysK;enf;pepfrrSerEihf "mwfajrMoZmrsm;udk tvGetrif;oH;pGaeMuaomfvnf; ajrqDvmrsm; jyKjyifjcif;
                                           fIS                                       f          k J                            T                      a':vm 80 wefzdk;&Sd Acrylic yef;csD         ud k wk d ; wuf & ef & nf & G , f a Mumif ; ?
       vkyfief;ü okawoejyKvkyfrIenf;yg;jcif;aMumifh ajrqDvTmrsm;ysufpD;qHk;½IH;vsuf&SdaMumif; jrefrmEkdifiHwGif                                       aq;? wwd,qk a':vm 300 ESihf                           f JG
                                                                                                                                                                                                  ,if;NydKiyoYkd touf 14 ESprS touff
       obm0ajrMoZm toHk;jyKenf;oifwef;rsm;ay;aeonfh cspaomjrefrmtoif;rS pDrue;refae*sm a':EkEk&Du
                                                                                         f                      H d f                                 uefa':vm 8 a':vm wef Acrylic                        f                          dk f
                                                                                                                                                                                                  20 ESp&dS vli,frsm;,SONf ydKifEiaMumif;
       ajymMum;onf/                                                                                                                                                                    d
                                                                                                                                                      za,mif; yef;csDaq;wkdYukd &&Srnfjzpf        ¤if;u qufvufajymMum;onf/
                  &efueNf rKd U OD;0dpm&vrf;&Sd jrefrm NGO uGe&ufvYpr;f tm;t&if;tjrpfXme (LRC) wGif pufwifbmv 25 &uf
                           k                                          f         lG                                                                    aMumif; PARKROYAL \ xkwjf yef
                         f                                 f d f f                         J
       aeYu usi;yaomobm0ywf0ef;usixe;odr;a&;aqG;aEG;yGü ¤if;utxufygtwdi; ajymMum;jcif;jzpfonf/                   k f
                                                                            f                       f
                  aumif;rGefaom ajrqDvTm&&Sd&eftwGuf ESpaygif; 30ç00rS ESpaygif; 12ç000 cefYtxdMumjrihfaMumif;?
       vl? wd&pämef? a&? ajr? av? opfyif? awmawmifrsm;rSm wpfcEiwpfck trSo[J jyKaeMuonfjzpf&m ,if;wdYkxrS
                                                                                       k S hf
       wpfckck csKdU,Gif;cJhygu ajrqDvTmysufpD;qHk;½IH;EkdifaMumif; ¤if;\ajymMum;csuft&od&onf/
                                                                                                          D                                 J                          News in Brief
                  pkuysK;a&;EkiijH zpfonfh jrefrmEkiiwif pufrv,f,moH;ypön;rsm; t&nftaoG;usqif;vmNyD; pufcRwf
                    d f d           d f                   d f H G             I               k   f                                                   ywf0ef;usifxdef;odrf;a&;twGuf FREDA odhk ajcmufv
                f
       ,Gi;csufaMumifh v,f,majrrsm;ay:odYk pufq?D acsmqDrsm;usqif;jcif;? "mwfajrMoZm trsm;tjym;oH;pGjJ cif;                               k
       wdkYaMumifh ajrqDvTmysufpD;qHk;½IH;rIrsm;&Sdaeaomfvnf; v,f,mpdkufysKd;ol awmifolv,form;rsm;\ tod                                               wpfBudrf usyfodef; 100 eD;yg; City Mart vSLrnf
                                                  T         D k I kd
       ynmenf;yg;rIaMumifh ajrqDvm ysufp;qH;½H;rIyrsm;vmaMumif; obm0ywf0ef;usif xde;odr;a&;vkyief;rsm;                   f f            f
                                                                                                                                                      &efukef? pufwifbm 30
               f kd f                                 l I          f               D
       vkyuiaeonfh atmifyifv,fvr0ef;usir*¾Zif; t,f'wmcsKyfa':a'0DoefYpifu oH;oyfajymMum;onf/                           k                                      &efukefNrdKUawmfwGif qkdifcGJtrsm;tjym;zGifhvSpfxm;onfh City Mart
                  ]]urÇmhEkdifiHwcsKdUrSmqdk&if pdkufysKd;a&;vkyfief;awGrSm v,fxGefpufvdk pufrIypönf;awGtoHk;rjyKawmh                                 Holding Co.,Ltd.     u &efukefwkdif;a'oBuD;twGif; opfyifpdkufysKd;Ekdif&ef
       bl;/ bmjzpfvdkYvJqdkawmh pufqDu usvmwJhqDawGaMumifh ajrqDvTmcef;ajcmufrIawGBuHKawGUae&w,f/                                                     opfawmo,HZmw ywf0ef;usifzGHUNzdK;wdk;wufa&;ESifh xdef;odrf; a&;toif;
             kd d f S                  dfH          I
       'Dvtcserm jrefrmEkiiu vufrv,f,mu pufrv,f,mqdNk yD; jrpdr;a&mifawmfvea&;u rxGuEiao;bl;}}
                                                                          I                           f        S f               f dk f               (FREDA) odkY ajcmufvwpfBudrf usyfodef; 100 eD;yg;vSL'gef; axmufyHh
       [k ¤if;uqkdonf/                                                                                                                                oGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; City Mart rS wm0ef&SdolwpfOD;u ajymMum;onf/
                  awmifolv,form;rsm;taejzifh a&&SnfwnfwHhonfh pkdufysKd;ajrjzpf&eftwGuf uRJ? EGm; wd&pämefrsm;                                                     d                       k f dk f            f         f
                                                                                                                                                              tqkyg vSL'gef;&mwGif &efuewi;a'oBuD;twGi;&Sd bke;BuD;ausmif;?
                       f             h
       jzifh xGe,ufonfae&mwGif x,feufatmifx;kd jcif;onfvnf; ajrqDvmysup;aponftcsuwpfcwif yg0if          T   fD       h       f     k G                          f                 f                     f             k f d
                                                                                                                                                      oDv&Siausmif;rsm;ESihf rsurjrifausmif;rsm;twGi; opfyifrsm;pduysK;oGm;rnf
       onf[ kcspfaomjrefrmtoif;rS pDrHudef;refae*sm a':EkEk&D\ajymMum;csuft&od&onf/                                                                   jzpfaMumif;? arSmfbD? avSmfum;? a&TjynfomNrdKUe,fwkdYwGif pkdufysKd;oGm;&efpDpOf
                    k f d          d f H                          d f H G               T f f
                  pduysK;a&;Ekiiwpfcjk zpfonfh jrefrmEkiiwif ajrqDvmxde;odr;a&;vkyief;tm;enf;rIaMumifh v,f,m f                                        xm;aMumif; ¤if;xHrS od&onf/
       ajrrsm;ysufpD;qHk;½IH;ygu pm;eyf&du©mzlvHka&;wGifvnf; xdckdufrIrsm;&SdvmEkdifaMumif; ¤if;uoHk;oyf                                                                 S         f          kH
                                                                                                                                                              ]]olwYdk vLwmu ode; 90 eJYo;aomif;aygh/ ajcmufay? ckepfayavmuf
       ajymqdkonf/                                                                                                                                      d                            dk f
                                                                                                                                                      &SwhJ tyifawG 1500 avmufpuzYkday;wm/ wdYktzGUJ u tyif 2000 avmufpuf          kd
                                                                                                                                                          d f          k G                          d            f
                                                                                                                                                      vkuw,f/ ydom;wmaygh}} [k FREDA 'kw,Ouú| OD;tke;uajymMum;onf/
 Monday, October 17 - 23, 2011


,cifwpfywfrStquf
                                                                                                                   ENVIRONMENT                                                     wmudk taxmuftuljyKygw,fvdkY                                                 kH
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             (1) jrpfqqnfu ywf0ef;usif
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        The
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   15




jrpfqHkqef;ppfcsuf                                                                                                                                                                 enf;ynmt&oufaojyEdiwhJ twGuf
                                                                                                                                                                                   urÇmhumAGefaps;uGufrSm ta&mif;
                                                                                                                                                                                                    kH
                                                                                                                                                                                   t0,fjzpfy&ygw,f/ 'Dawmhar;&rSm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  kf               vlra&;qd;k usK;d awG&ae&if oefYpifpr;f tif
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         I
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               H        k f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  dS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   trnfceYJ ruduygbl;/ urÇmh umAGef
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   aps;uGuxrm a&mif;cszYkdrjyEdiygbl;/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  f JS                               kf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         G


0if;rsKd;ol                                                                                                                                                                                        kfH
                                                                                                                                                                                   u jrefrmEdiiua&m 'DumAGeaps;uGuf      f                   (2) qdk;usKd;awGenf;atmif
                                                                                                                                                                                   uae tusKd;tjrwf&vm;vdYk ar;&rSm                               G f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   aqmif&uvYkd oefYpifpr;tif taeeJY          G f
          ar;cG e f ; (7)/ / oef Y pif                     f d
                                                   pGr;r&Sygbl;/ t"duuawmh Ediia&;                                        k f H                                                                        dfH           k
                                                                                                                                                                                   ygyJ/ b,fvkd Ekiiawmftpd;&eJY pmcsKyf           a&mif;cscsifw,fqdk&ifvnf; vuf&Sd
aompGrf;tif vdkYxifaevm;/                          t& taemufEdkifiHawGu jrefrmEdkifiH                                                                                              csKyfxm;ovJrodawmhrajzEdifygbl;?        k         kfH
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Ediia&; tajctae aumif;atmif vkyzYkd                          f
          jyefvnfjynfYNzdK;NrJpGrf;tif?            udk ydwfqdkYta&;,laeawmh umAGef                                                                                                 w½kwfEdkifiHuawmh tvSLUvufzuf                   trsm;MuD;vdkygao;w,f/
oefYpifaompGrf;tifqdkNyD; a&tm;                    pkaqmif;todtrSwjf yKvufrwf (Car-                                S                                                                          f S f k kd k
                                                                                                                                                                                   eJY rsuEmvkyovdqovdygyJ/ aqmuf                                     k f H
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             (3) Ediia&;tajctaeaumif;
vQyf p pf [ m emrnf a umif ; &yg                   bon Credit) 0,f,whJ 'DtaemufEiiH        l                                    kd f                                               zdkYt&if;tESD;udk tdwfxJurpdkuf&bJ                               k       kd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   vdYk a&mif;Edijf yDq&ifvnf;? rlv yif&if;
w,f/ 'gayrJh odyfBuD;wJh qnfawG                    awGudk a&mif;cszdkYrSm tawmfcufcJyg                                                                                             urÇmhaiGaMu; aps;uGufuae&oGm;                     kfH
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   EdiitaeeJYo;D jcm; tusK;d cHpm;cGi&atmif           hf
rSm qnfaqmufpOfumv &Sif;vif;                       w,f/ enf;ynmt& umAGeb,favmuf                             f                                                                      ovdk vQyfppf"mwftm;vnf;&OD;                     aqG;aEG; nd§EdIif;pDrHcefYcJGoifhygw,f
vd k u f & wJ h opf a wmyrmPawG ?                  pk a qmif ; xm;vd k Y urÇ m Y & moD O wk                                                                                        rSmyg/ jzpfoifhwmuawmh e,fpyf                   qdkwJhtcsufawGygyJ/ Oyrmay;&&if
toHk;jyK&wJh ,EÅ&m;eJYpufoHk;qD?                   ajymif;vJjcif;udk taxmuftuljyK                                                                                                                f
                                                                                                                                                                                   jzwfausma&mif;cswhJ umAGeaps;uGuf   f           a&mfbmpdkufcif;pdkufzdkY ajrcsay;vdkY
qnfa&avSmifvdkY wdk;yGm;vmwJh a&                   ygw,f qdkwmoufaojy&rSm jzpf                                                                                                              S          k f H
                                                                                                                                                                                   awGrm yif&if;EdiiawGu rlvtusKd;                 a&mfbmpdkufysdK;a&;vkyfEkdifwm yg/
arSmfa&rTm;awGaMumifh? xkwfvTwf                                      k
                                                   ovdk vdtyfovdk wu,fawmh umAGef                                                                                                  aus;Zl;udk t"ducHpm;oifhygw,f/                  'gayrJh a&mfbmpdkufcif;atmufu
vdkufwJY rSefvHktmedoif"mwfaiGU                    pk a qmif ; xm;rI &S d & J U vm; qd k w m                                                                                             dö                  f kd f H
                                                                                                                                                                                   'Dup&yfawG[m w½kwEiieYJ aqG;aEG;                a&TaMumBu;D awGYvYk d a&mfbmpducif; vkywh J   k f          f
awGaMumifh oefYpifpGrf;tiftjzpf                    tjyeftvSefppfaq;rIudk cHEdkif&nf                                                                    f
                                                                                                                                       ay;ygw,f/ umAGewpfwef[m vuf&dS              n§dEdIif;zdkYvdkovdk? urÇmh&moDOwk              vl u yJ tusKd ; cH p m;cG i f h & r,f v d k Y
                        h l
rrSwf ,loifb;qdNk yD; vuf&rmvnf;            dS S   &dS&ygr,f/ 'g[mtawmfudk rvG,f                                                       rSm urÇmhaygufaps; 5 a':vmuae                                    k f       f
                                                                                                                                                                                   ajymif;vJjcif;qdi&m uGeAif;&Si;awG        f     rqdkvdkwJh oD;jcm;cGifYjyKcsufawmif;cH
tjiif;yGm;aeMuygw,f/ okawoe                        wJhudpyg/ aemufwpfcku CDM rSm
                                                                   ö                                                                   30 a':vmavmuftxd ta&mif;                    rSm jrefrmEdkifiHtpdk;& udk,fpm;vS,f                                              d§ Id f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   NyD; tusKd;tjrwfnEi;zdUk vdk ovdrsKd;                    k
awGvkyfNyD; tjyeftvSefjiif;ckHaeMu                 2012 rSm oufwrf;ukeq;Hk ygNyD? CDM               f                                  t0,fjzpfygw,f/ urÇmBuD;ylaEG;rIukd          awG taeeJYtpnf;ta0;wuf? aps;0,f                 aygh/ qnfBuD;awGuxGufwJY rSefvHk
wmygyJ/ vleYJobm0 o,HZmwawG                        'grSr[kwf tvm;wlurÇmYumAGeaps;uGuf                                  f                    h
                                                                                                                                       avQmcswmudk ulnwtwGuf *kPjf yK
                                                                                                                                                         D hJ                      jyefvm½Hk wifrubJ 'Dvta&;udpawG
                                                                                                                                                                                                               kd              ö           f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   tdrtmedoif"mwfaiGYawGeYJ ywfouf
qnf a qmuf v d k Y ysuf p D ; wmawG                jzpfwnfa&;udk urÇm&moDOwkajymif;             h                                      qkcswJhoabmyg/ w½kwfEdkifiHu                udk wifjyaqG;aEG; awmif;qdkoifh                 NyD;awmhvnf; oD;jcm;ude;f *Pef; tcsuf
aMumifhvnf; oefYpifpGrf;tifvdkY                                        kf          f
                                                   vJjcif;qdi&muGeAif;&Si;f awGrm aqG;aEG;                       S                            f
                                                                                                                                       wmydeqnfwnfaqmufjcif;tm;jzifh               ygw,f/ t"du oefYpifpGrf;tifeJY                  tvufawGeJY wifjyygOD;r,f/
rowfrSwfcsifMuwmyg/ &moDOwk                        aeayr,fh tar&duefq;edw&UJ wif;rm                D f                                 b,favmufurÇmBuD; ylaEG;rIavQmhcs            ywfoufjyD; axmufjycsifwmu -                                                                     0if;rsKd;ol
                            k f
ajymif;vJjcif;qdi&m rSevkH tmedoif   f                         k f
                                                   wJh ud,usK;d pD;yGm;a&S;½IwhJ uefYuucsuf                              G f
"mwfaiGUawGavQmhcszdkY EdkifiHwumu                 awGaMumifh a&SUrwd;Edib&aeygw,f/      k k f J dS
tultnDay;wJhae&mrSm 10 MW
txuf&whJ qnfawGukd taxmuftyHh
            dS
ray;zdkY uefYowfxm;ygw,f/
                                                                'Dae&mrSm pdwf0ifpm;zdkYaumif;
                                                                              f kd f H k f H
                                                   wmu w½kwEii&UJ Ediia&;yg;eyfreYJ
                                                   pD;yGm;a&;tjrwfxwrygwJh 'Davmuf      k f I
                                                                                                                                   I      jrefrm&Sm;yifrsm; rsKd;wkH;rItEå&m,fESifUBuKH
                    döS
          'DuprmurÇmYbPfuywf0ef;usif               jrefrmEkdifiHtaeeJY CDM aps;uGufxJ                                                     &efukef? atmufwkdbm 8
eJY vlrIpD;yGm;a&;qdk;usKd;awGrjzpfyGm;            rSm yg0iftusKd;&SdzdkY cufcJaeayr,fh                                                             jrefrm&Sm;yifrsm;ukd pufrIukefMurf;tjzpf w&m;0ifxkwf,lcGifhjyKcJhonfhtwGuf tvGeftuRHxkwf,l
             f k f dk f hJ G f
bJ xkwvyEiwpr;tifurS oefYpif             kd                       f kd f H
                                                   w½kwEii[m jrefrmEdiiHxrm qnf                        k f JS                             ok;pGcMhJ u&m vuf&taexm;wGif rsK;wk;rnftEÅ&m,fEifh &ifqiae&aMumif; opfyifpujf cif;jzihf obm0ywf0ef;
                                                                                                                                              H J                   dS                d H h                 S dk f                    dk
pGr;f tif (Clean Energy) vdYk todtrSwf                                            fk
                                                   aqmufNy;D umAGepaqmif; todtrSwjf yK                                                          f d f f                    f
                                                                                                                                          usixe;odr;a&;vkyaqmifaeolrsm;xHrS pkprf;od&Sd&onf/       H
jyK&r,fqdkNyD; olwdkY&JUoabmxm;                    vTm&atmif BudK;pm;aeygw,f/ vuf&dS                                                                obm0tavsmufaygufa&mufcJhaom &Sm;yifonfvnf; pufrIukefMurf;? a&eHcsufvkyfief;rsm;?
&yfwnfcsufudk wifjyxm;ygw,f/                       ucsif vufeufuiawGeUJ wduyjGJ zpfae kd f                      k f                       pm;aomufukefESihf qkd;aq;xkwfvkyfjcif;wkdYwGif tokH;jyK&eftwGuf tvGeftuRHxkwf,lcJhMuNyD; &Sm;ap;csuf
Carbon Credit vdkYac:wJh urÇmMuD;                        h
                                                   wJae&mrSm wnfaqmufaewJh wmydef                                                         cGifhukdvnf; w&m;0ifvkyfaqmifcGifhay;cJh&m jyefvnfpkduf,lrIyrmPrSm enf;yg;jcif;aMumifh &Sm;vmjcif;jzpf
ylaEG;NyD; &moDOwkajymif;vJapwJh                   qnfu&r,fh oefYpifpr;tifukd Car-                    G f                                                              f                         l                 l
                                                                                                                                          aMumif;? ,if;twGuaMumifh &Sm;ap;csuforsm;? jynfywifyYdk orsm;ESifh &Sm;yifaygufa&muf&m a'ocHjynforsm;                    l
rSefvHktdrf"mwfaiGUrsm; avQmhcsa&;                 bon Credit &zdYk t*FvefEiiu umAGef                    kd f H                           vufwGJyl;aygif;aqmif&Guf&ef vdktyfaeNyDjzpfaMumif; opfawmynm&SifwpfOD;\pmwrf;wGif azmfjyxm;onf/
eJYywfoufNyD; aqmif&GufwJhvkyfief;                           D                       Ü D d
                                                   &if;ES;jr§KyfwhJ ukrPeYJpppf a&mif;csNyD;                                                        ]]&Sm;csuwvyief;awG wjznf;jznf;enf;vmNyD; &Sm;yifukefMurf; &Sm;vmwJtwGuf wGuajcrukuawmh
                                                                                                                                                               f hJ k f                                                             h                f       d f
                         f
&yfawGukd xkway;wJh umAGetodtrSwf      f           jzpfwmudk awGY&ygw,f/ 'g[mtifrwef                                                      bl;}} [k a,me,ftajcpkuf &Sm;csufvyief;vkyuiol touf 48 ESpt&G,f trsKd;om;wpfO;u &efueNf rKdUawmf
                                                                                                                                                                                d         kf         f dk f            f                        D          k
                  S f k f H
jyKvufrwukd Ediiwum taxmuf                             h
                                                   tHtm;oifhzdkYaumif;wJhtcsufygyJ/                                                       okdY a&muf&SdpOf The Voice Weekly okdYajymMum;onf/
      h
tyHtultnD,jl y;D aqmufwhJ 10 r*¾g0yf                            'Dae&mrSm Carbon Creditudk                                                                                              H dk f                               f l I S d f d
                                                                                                                                                    &Sm;yifrsm;onf &moDOwk'PfcEionfh obm0aygufyifjzpfNyD; xkw,rEifh pkuysK;rIrrQwonftwGuf                     h
               dS
txuf&whJ a&tm;vQyppf vkyief;awG    f           f   pdrf;aewJholawGodatmif tenf;i,f                                                        &Sm;yifrsm;ukd xdef;odrf;&ef &Sm;csufjcif;ESifh tjcm;pufrIukefMurf;tjzpf tokH;jyKrIrsm;ukd &yfqkdif;oihfaMumifh
eJYywfoufNyD; uefYowfxm;ygw,f/                     &Sif;jycsifygw,f/ pD;yGm;a&;zGYHNzdK;a&;                                                                       G f
                                                                                                                                          jrefrmjyefjynfNh rJpr;tiftoif; (REAM) rS Ouú| OD;atmifjrifhu okH;oyfonf/
          bPfacs;aiGeYJ aqmufwhJ qnf               twGuf vdktyfwJhpGrf;tifuxwvyf                                     kd k f k                                                dk f G
                                                                                                                                                    rif;bl;e,fwpf0uwif opfyifpkuysK;d a&;vkyief;rsm; vkyaqmifaeol touf 32t&G,f trsK;om;wpfO;u
                                                                                                                                                                                         d f             f       f                                       d           D
BuD ; awG u awmh ,aeYurÇ m ay:                     &wJhtwGuf avxJudkumAGef'dkif                                                           ]]&Sm;qkdwJht"dyÜm,ftwkdif; &Sm;yg;aeNyD}} [k qkdonf/
        G                       fk
jzpfxe;f aewJh umAGepaqmif;a&mif;cs                                     kd
                                                   atmufq'fawGa&mufjyD; urÇmMuD;                                                                    &Sm;okH;pGJrIrsm;ukd cGifhjyKxm;rIrsm;&Sdaeao;aomfvnf; &Sm;pkdufcif;wnfaxmifrIrSm rajymyavmufbJ
                      f d f
a&;aps;uGueYJ cswqufaewJh Clean                    ylaEG;jyD; &moDOwkajymif;vJ&ygw,f/                                                             f l I S
                                                                                                                                          xkw,rrmvnf; ESpaygif;rsm;pGm MumjrifaeNyjD zpfaomaMumifh opfawmpkucif;rsm; pm&if;wGif uRe;ESifh ysO;uwk;
                                                                                                                                                                         f                     h                         d f                           f        f      d
Development Mechanism – CDM                                                  G f
                                                   'Dae&mrSm 'Dpr;tifxwvywhJ ae&m                 k f k f                                 opfawmpkdufcif;rsm;rSvGJí &Sm;opfawmpkdufcif;{&d,monf wwd,tqifhwGif&SdaMumif; ,cif opfawma&;
rSm 0ifa&mufa&mif;cs aiGaMu;tusKd;                                         hJ G f
                                                   rSm oefYpifwpr;tif wpfenf;tm;jzifh                                                                                               f
                                                                                                                                          &m0efBuD;Xme\ xkwjf yefcsursm;wGif azmfjyxm;onf/
           dk
tjrwf&,lEiMf uygw,f/ 'Dae&mrSm                                   f kd f
                                                   umAGe'iatmufq'xuwm ydenf;                 kd f G f                        k                                                                                                           dk f d f
                                                                                                                                                    &Sm;yifrsm;ukd w&m;0ifxkwf,lcJhMuonfha'orsm;rSm txufcsif;wGif;(armfvuc½ki)? atmufcsi;wGi;                     f f
CDM pdwful;,OfaewJholrsm;udk                       wJhpGrf;tif tpm;xdk;toHk;jyKEkdif&if                                                      H G d                                                                   d
                                                                                                                                          (rk&mc½kif)? a,mopfawmc½kdif (yckuúL)? rif;bl;opfawmc½ki?f o&ufopfawmc½ki?f rdwvmopfawmc½kdif?   d      D¬
ajymcsifwmuawmh jrefrmEdkifiH[m                    avsmhoGm;wJh umAGef'dkifatmufqdk'f                                                     atmifvH opfawmc½kdif ponfwkdYjzpfaMumif; ,if;xkwfjyefcsufwGif azmfjyxm;onf/
CDM aps;uGufxJudk 0ifa&mufEdkif                    yrmPtwG u f u d k Carbon Credit


                                                                                                                     CARTOON OF THE WEEK
   16
   VOICE
 The

                     EDUCATION                                                                                                                                       Monday, October 17 - 23, 2011




tar&duefjynfaxmifpk u,fvDzkd;eD;,m;&Sd                                                                                                         News in Brief
                                                                                                                                Osaka ynmoifqk                   f k
                                                                                                                                                              ESpqac:rnf
CLU ynmoifqk                                                                                                                    &efukef? atmufwdkbm 4
                                                                                                                                      *syefEdkifiH&Sd Osaka Sangyo University odkY 'kwd,ESpf0ufpm ausmif;vc
jrwfaomqk                                                                                                                               d f I f               k S f k
                                                                                                                                (50 &mckiEe;) ynmoifqEpqukd oif;jrefrm *syefbmomtqifjh rifausmif;    h
                                                                                                                                u ay;tyfrnfjzpfaMumif; tqkdygoifwef;ausmif;xHrS od&onf/
      ar&duefjynfaxmifpk u,fvDzkd;eD;,m;jynfe,f&Sd California Lutheran University u EkdifiHwum                                        tqdkygynmoifqk avQmufxm;vdkygu atmufwdkbmv 14 &ufaeY
 t    ausmif;om;rsm;tm; axmufyHhrI (ynmoifqk) rsm;ay;jcif;ESifhpyfvsOf;í ,if;ausmif;\ Admission                                          kH                                   H JG
                                                                                                                                aemufq;xm;avQmufxm;&rnfjzpfaMumif;? pDrcefYca&; okYdr[kwf pD;yGm;a&;ynm
Counselor jzpf o l Ms. Tracy Howtamfact ud k ar;jref ; azmf j yvk d u f y gonf /                                                wufa&mufvdkoljzpf&rnfjzpfaMumif;? EJU odkYr[kwf *syefpmt&nftcsif;ppf
                                                                                                                                tqifh (2) atmifjrifoljzpf&rnfjzpfaMumif;? EdkifiHjcm;om;jzpfNyD; EdkifiHjcm;
CLU        ed'ge;f                                                                                                                          kd f H
                                                                                                                                wGif *syefEii\ txufwef;atmifjrifNyD; ynma&;tqifh 12 udk NyD;qH;xm;&    k
       California Lutheran Univer-                                                                                              rnfjzpfaMumif;? jrefrmwuúodkvfwGif yxrESpf atmifjrifxm;oljzpf&rnfjzpf
sity (CLU) [m ESpf 500 oufwrf;                                                                                                  aMumif;? rnfolrqdk avQmufxm;Edkifaomfvnf; jrefrmynmawmfoifESpfOD;udk
&SdwJh a&S;a[mif;ausmif;wpfrsKd;yg/                                                                                             om a&G;cs,fay;tyfrnfjzpfaMumif;? tao;pdwfodvdkygu www.nyushi.
urf;ajceJYeD;NyD; odyfvSwJh u,fvDzkd;                                                                                           osaka-sandai.ac.jp ESifh zkef;-504834? 535499 odkY pHkprf;EdkifaMumif; ,if;
eD;,m; (Thousand Oaks) NrdKUrSm                                                                                                 ausmif;wm0ef&Sdolu qkdonf/
1959 ckESpfuwnf;u wnfaxmif
             f
xm;wJh uRerwdYk CLU &JU ausmif;om;                                                                                              pifumyl     MDIS        zuf&Sifbmom&yf rdwfquf&Sif;vif;rnf
awG[m EkdifiHwumuygyJ/ uRefrwdkY                                                                                                &efukef? atmufwkdbm 4
ausmif;u ESppOfvvkd ynmoifqk
                 f    kd                                                                                                            pifumylEkdifiH&Sd Management Development Institute in Singapore
awGtm; xl;cRef a usmif ; om;awG                                                                                                 (MDIS) ausmif;rSwpfqifh NAdwdef&Sd Nottingham Trent University wGif wuf
udkay;avh&Sdygw,f/ 'g[m CLU &JU                                                                                                 a&mufqnf;yl;Ekdifrnfh Fashion Design bmom&yfESifhywfoufonfh rdwfquf
Policy awGxJu wpfckygyJ/ Grant                                                                                                  &Sif;vif;yJGwpfckukd atmufwkdbmv 16 &ufaeY eHeuf 9 em&DrS 11 em&Dtxd
awG? Financial Aid awG uRefrwdkY                                                                                                &efukefNrdKU ukefonfBuD;rsm;[kdw,fü usif;yrnfjzpfaMumif; ,if;yJGpDpOfonfh
ay;avh&Sdygw,f/ CLU u Califor-                                                                                                  Study Aborad Information Centre xHrS od&onf/
nia Institutions awGjzpfwhJ Univer-                                                                                                               G                    f I
                                                                                                                                       ,if;aeYwif MDIS ausmif; tkycsKyfrwm0efcH Ms.Sherna u ausmif;ESihf
sity of California, Los Angeles                                                                                                 ywfoufonfh tao;pdwfrsm;ukd ajymMum;rnfjzpfaMumif;? jrefrmEkdifiHrS
(UCLA)? University of California ,         ausmif;om;awG&JU pdwf"mwfawG[m          ynma&;udk ausmif;om;awGtm;vHk;               emrnfausmf 'DZkdifemESpfOD;uvnf; zuf&Sifoabmw&m;rsm;ukd &Sif;vif;rnf
Santa Barbara (UCSB) ? University          xif[yfwwfygw,f/ NyD;&ifawmh             qDay;EdkifzdkY cdkifcdkifNrJNrJ,HkMunfaeyg   jzpfaMumif;? ,if;tjyif yJGokdYvma&mufaom touf 16 ESpfrS 25 ESpftwGif;&Sd
of California , Berkeley (UC               tifwmAsL;uae olY&UJ Language Skill      w,f/ CLU Garentee Scholarship                vli,frsm;xJwGif zuf&SiftusqkH;0wfxm;EkdifolwpfOD;? Mr. wpfOD;? Miss
Berkely)? University of California ,       udk qef;ppfrSmyg/ b,fausmif;udkyJ       &JU &nf&G,fcsufuawmh ausmif;om;                    D k           H                     f
                                                                                                                                wpfO; pkpaygif;ok;OD;ukd a&G;cs,fNyD; trSww&vufaqmifay;rnfjzpfaMumif;?
Davis (UC Davis)? University of            avQmuf a vQmuf Essay uawmh              awGtrsm;BuD;udk ppfrSefwJh Private           ,if;bmom&yfudk MDIS \ Diploma 10 vwGif tajccHoifMum;ay;oGm;rnfjzpf
California, San Diego (UCSD)               t"duvdktyfygw,f/                        School Education wpfckay;zdkYygyJ/                                                                        dk
                                                                                                                                aMumif;? MDIS rSwpfqifh Nottingham Trent ukd qufvufwufvu wufEif       dk
wdkYu ae ausmif; 0if c G i f h & xm;wJ h   ynmoifqkay;jcif;taMumif;&if;            qktrsK;d tpm;rsm;                            aMumif;? oifwef;aMu;rSm MDIS ü Fashion Design bmom&yftwGuf pifum
ausmif;om;awGuvnf; ysr;rQp&dwf
               kd               f                                                                                               yla':vm 35ç310 jzpfaMumif;? Fashion Marketing & Brand ukdrl pifumyla':
wpfckowfrSwfNyD; ausmif;wufvdkY                  CLU u bmaMumifh 'Dvdkynm                CLU rSm Merit Base Scholar-            vm 34ç000 rS 36ç000 Mum; usoifhaMumif;ESifh tao;pdwfodvkdygu zkef;-
&atmif axmufyHhygw,f/                      oifqkay;wmvJqdk&if taMumif;             ship, Presidential Scholarship eJ Y          524126? 701331? 09-5151008 okdY pkHprf;EkdifaMumif; ,if;pifwmu xyfrH
                                           tcsif;t&mawGtrsm;BuD;&Sdygw,f/          Guarantee Scholarship qdkNyD;awmh            ajymMum;onf/
       k       d
ynmoifqtwGuf vktyfcsuf                     yxrwpfcu High Quality ynma&;
                                                       k                           oHk;rsKd;&Sdygw,f/ xl;cRefolawGudk
          CLU udavQmufwhJ ausmif;om;
                  k                        wpfckudk&zdkYtwGuf ausmif;om;awG        Merit Base Scholarship ay;ygw,f/             vufawGYvkyfief;cGif wpfESpfyg0ifaom
awG[m Graduate udkom avQmuf&               trsm;BuD ; &J U tcuf t cJ u d k o m     ausmif;om;&JU Talent ay:rSm rlwnf
rSmrdYk SAT wdYk? Grade Point Academic     ajz&Sif;ay;Edkif&if tpdk;&ausmif;a&m?   NyD; a':vm 400 uae tjynfh (Full)             WSQ Diploma in Tourism avQmufEif    dk
(GPA) wdYk uawmh taotcsmvdtyf      k           ¾
                                           yk*vduausmif;rSmyg t&nftcsif;&Sd        txdudk av;ESpfvHk;vHk;ay;ygw,f/              &efukef? atmufwdkbm 5
ygw,f / NyD ; awmh Online uae              ausmif;om;ta&twGuf wdk;vmwm             Presidential Scholarsip uawmh Uni-                 pifumyltvkyform;0efBuD;Xme vufatmuf&Sd Singapore Workforce
avQmufxm;&rSmyg/ SAT trSwfu                udk todtrSwfjyK ulnD&ma&mufyg           versity Education udk pwifr,fh High          Development Agency (WDA)         u csD;jr§ifhaom WSQ Diploma in Tourism
tenf;qHk; 1100 uae 1300 txd                w,f/ 'ghtjyif uRefrwdkY CLU u           School NyD;wJh ausmif;om;awGxJu                                      dk                          d f
                                                                                                                                bmom&yftm; atmufwbmvrS pwifavQmufxm;EkirnfjzpfaMumif; Crown
         S f        h
owfrwxm;wJtjyif GPA uawmh 3.0              tqifhjrifhynma&;aumif;wpfckudk          Top Ten 0ifolawGudk ay;ygw,f/                Education wm0ef&SdolwpfOD;u The Voice Weekly okdY ajymMum;onf/
&Sd&rSmjzpfNyD; IELTS 6.5 tenf;qHk;&Sd                         S      hJ
                                           ausmif;om;awG&mazGwae&muae yHy;kd  h    a':vm 1700 uae tjynfhtxd                           ,if; WSQ (Workforce Skill Qualification) Diploma in Tourism
&ygr,f/ Scholarship avQmufcsifwhJ          NyD; taxmuftulay;wmyg/ 'gh              ay;ygw,f/ GPA 3.0 &Sdxm;zdkYvdkyg            bmom&yf0ifcGifhavQmufvTmukd ESpfpOf Zefe0g&D? ZGefESifh pufwifbmvrsm;wGif
ausmif;om;wpfOD;[m udk,fh&JU Re-           tjyif uRefrwdkYu t&nftaoG;&SdwJh        w,f/ CLU &JU Guarantee Scholar-              ac:,ljcif;jzpfNyD; 12 vMum wufa&muf&rnfjzpfaMumif;? ,if; Diploma ukd
sume udk b,favmufaumif;atmif               ynma&;ud k UCLA, UCSB, UC               ship uawmh txuf r S m ajymcJ h w J h         pifumylEkdifiH trsKd;om;c&D;oGm;vma&;at*sifpD (NATAS) ykdif Tourism
    f dk f      kd      k hf
vkyEirvJqwm&,f? ud,ukd b,f                 Berkely, UC Davis eJY UCSD wdkYrSm      ausmif;ig;ausmif;uae yxrESpfNyD;             Management Institute wGif wufa&muf&rnfjzpfaMumif;? pifumyl&Sd Travel
vdkyk*¾dKvfrsKd;u Recommandation           &Edkifw,fqdkwmudk axmufcHay;wJh         vdkY Transfer vkyfvmwJh ausmif;om;           Tourism ukrÜPDrsm;onf NATAS tzGJU0ifjzpfí ausmif;om;? ausmif;olrsm;
aumif;aumif;ay;EkdifrvJqdkwm&,f            taeeJY 'Dausmif;awGuae wpfqifh          awGudkawmh ausmif;om;&JU GPA ay:             ukd vufawGU wpfESpfvkyfukdifcGifh pDpOfaqmif&Gufay;rnfjzpfaMumif; ¤if;u
vkdygw,f/ ydkNyD;t"du jyifqifoifh                         hJ l
                                           ajymif;wufwoyjJ zpfjzpf? 'Dausmif;awG   rl w nf N yD ; ay;rS m yg/ Academic                                      G hf           dk l
                                                                                                                                qufvufajymMum;onf/ 0ifciavQmufvorsm;onf Crown Education zke;-         f
                             f
wmuawmh Essay ygyJ/ uRerwdYk [m                      G hf          kd
                                           rSm wufci&olawGuyjJ zpfjzpf Grant       Scholarship taeeJYuawmh ausmif;              211888? 09-73273277 okdY qufoG,fpkHprf;Ekdifrnfjzpfonf/
ausmif;om;&JU bmaMumifh ynmoif             aomfvnf;aumif;? Scholarship aomf        om;&JU GPA ay:rlwnfNyD; wpfESpfudk
qkvcsiv?J b,fvt&nftcsif;rsKd;
       kd f         kd
&SdwJh ausmif;om;vJqdkwm olY&JU Es-
                                           vnf ; aumif ; ay;NyD ; awmh t&nf
                                           taoG;jrifhynma&;udk jzefYjzL;ay;
                                                                                   a':vm 10ç000 ay;ygw,f/ CLU &JU
                                                                                   ausmif;om;wdi;u Financial Aid udk
                                                                                                       k f
                                                                                                                                uGefysLwmoifwef; 30 &mckdifEIef;avQmUay;[kqkdf
say udkzwfMunfhrSmyg/ Essay awGrSm         ygw,f/ CLU u Private School             ESpfpOf&Muygw,f/ ESpfpOf CLU &JU             &efukef? atmufwkdbm 4
                                                                                   ausmif;om;awG[m 80 &mcdkifEIef;                         uGefysLwmtrSefwu,fwwfvkdol? vkyfief;cGif0ifrnfholrsm;? e,frSvm
                                                                                   xufydkNyD;awmh &Muygw,f/ Finan-              a&mufoifwef;wufolrsm;? taqmifaexkdifolrsm;? qifajczkH;NrdKUe,frsm;wGif
                                                                                   cial Aid rvdkwJh ausmif;om;awG
                                                                                                                                aexkdifí &efukefNrdKUwGif;okdY aeYpOfvma&mufoifwef;wufaeolrsm;udk txl;
       Scholarship Info                                                            twGufvnf; ausmif;u Student
                                                                                   Loan udk xm;ay;xm;ygw,f/ twd;        k
                                                                                                                                tpDtpOfwpf&yftjzpf atmufwkdbmvtwGif; oifwef;tyfESHolrsm;tm;
                                                                                                                                oifwef;aMu; 30 &mckdifEIef;uif;vGwfcGifhjzifh oifMum;ay;rnfjzpfaMumif;
            tar&duefjynfaxmifprmwuf&r,fh Nursing, respiratory care
                                k S                                                EIe;vH;0ray;&wJh acs;aiGudk ausmif;
                                                                                       f k                                      &efukefNrdKU Quick uGefysLwmoifwef;xHrS od&Sd&onf/
       or emergency medical service bmom&yfukd Associate, Bachelor,                NyD;vdkY ajcmufveJY udk;vtwGif;rSm                      ,if;oifwef;ukd wpfywfvQif okH;&uf wpf&ufvQif ESpfem&DEIef;jzifh
       Master Level awGay;r,fh ynmoifqkyg/ Frank Lanza ynm&Sif                     jyefqyf&rSmyg/                                         f S           f                                   h
                                                                                                                                tcsderef rysufruGuwufa&muf&rnfjzpfNyD; oifMum;ay;rnfbmom&yfrsm;
       tpktzGJUuaeay;wJh ynmoifqkyg/ usef;rma&;eJY ywfoufwJhbGJU                                                                rSm D.T.P, iOffice, Design, Excel, Auto CAD bmom&yfrsm;jzpfaMumif;?
       'grSr[kwf 'DyvkdrmvufrSwfwpfckckukd ykdifqkdif&rSmyg/ EkdifiHwum            CLU odhk qufo,vu        G f kd                                                                       D
                                                                                                                                &[ef;oHCmrsm;twGuf nae 3 em&DrS 5 em&Dtxd oD;oefYppOfxm;ay;aMumif;?
                       dk              k         f dk f
       ausmif;om;awGuay;wJh 'Dynmoifq[m tGevi;uae avQmufxm;                                ausmif;udkqufoG,fcsif&if                           h       f
                                                                                                                                rnfonfoifwef;wGirqkd wufa&mufxm;onfh ausmif;ol? ausmif;om;a[mif;rsm;
       &rSmyg/ avQmufvTmaemufqkH;&ufu 2012 ckESpf {NyDv 1 &ufaeY                   admission@callutheran.edu 'grS                                         H                 hf kd
                                                                                                                                oifcef;pmrsm;ukd tptqk;jyefvnfavhusivygu oifwef;aMu; 50 &mckiEe;     dfIf
       aemufqkH;xm;avQmufxm;&rSmyg/ tao;pdwfodvkd&ifawmh http://                   r[kwf zkef;-805-493-3135 udk                 uif;vGwfcGifhjzifh oifMum;ay;vsuf&SdaMumif; ,if;oifwef;ausmif;xHrS
       www.ptk.org/?q=become-a- member/scholarships/lanza&                                    G f kd f
                                                                                   qufo,Eiygw,f/ www.CLU.edu                    od & S d & onf / tao;pd w f o d v k d y gu Quick Computer ? tm&S y vmZm?
       destination=node/28729 rSm0ifNyD;avhvmEkdifygw,f/                                                          kf
                                                                                   rSm0ifNy;D awmhvnf; avhvmEdiygw,f/           ausmufwHwm; NrdKUe,f? &efukefNrdKU? zkef;-256686? 09-73007393? 09-
                                                                                                              jrwf a omqk       5159415 wkdYokdY pkHprf;ar;jref;Ekdifrnfjzpfonf/
 Monday, October 17 - 23, 2011
                                                                                                                      MANDALAY                                                                                                    The
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           17




&mjynfUylaZmfyGJtxdrf;trSwf rif;uGef;q&mawmfBuD; aMu;oGef;½kyfwkylaZmfrnf
rEÅav;? atmufwdkbm 8
             S           ;q&mawmf k m;BuD;\
                         f
aus; Zl;awmf&if rif;NuG;eÓPfawmf &Sb&ytjrifh&Sd&mjynfef;al q&mawmfbk&ckm;BuDf Ed;yH0kk wbMu;oG12ef;&uffwS 18wmftaygt0if
     usif;yrnfjzpf yD              pfa         rif;uG
                                                      y Zmfyukd 2011 Ep if mv
                                                      h      JG           S
                                                                                        la
                                                                                                       r &uf eYtxd
                                                                                                    ½ky ka
                                                                                                                                                                                                       tjrifh&Sd "r®em'wdkuf wwd,ajrmuf
                                                                                                                                                                                                       y"meem,uq&mawmfbk&m;BuD;
OyZÑm,fq&mawmfrsm;\yHwrsm;xkvyyaZmfrnfjzpfaMumif; rif;uGe;wdy#uedum,ausmif;wduxrS pHprf;od&&onf/
                           k l      k f l                f d                 k f H k       dS                                                                                                          t&Sifokpdwå\ ukvm;xdkifay:xdkif
     ,if;aMu;oGe;yHwrsm;twGuf awmfBuD;\ OyZÑm,fq&m ("r®em' \ ukvm;xdkifay:xdkifvsufyHkawmf
                     f k l                                                                                                                                                                             vsufyHkawmfrSm usyf 14 odef;ESifh
tvSLaiGrsm;vSL'gef;EdiaMumif;? ckepf ausmif;wdkuf) yxry"meem,u rSm usyf 14 odef;? udk;aytjrifh&Sd
                       k f                                                                                                                                                                             rif ; uG e f ; q&mawmf b k & m;BuD ; \
aytjrifh&Sd rif;uGef;wdyd#u"&q&m q&mawmfbk&m;BuD; t&Sifynmpuú "r®em'wdkuf 'kwd,ajrmuf y"me                                                                                                             ordkif;0if"mwfyHkrsm;udk a&;qGJxm;
                                                                                                                                                                                                       onfh tvsm; 5 ay _ teH 4 ay
                                                                                                                                                                                                       t&G,f&Sd qDaq;yef;csDum;aygif; 22
                           U       kfI U k
   rEåav;blwmwGif tajctaerJrsm;aexdiravsmus[qkd                                                                                                                                                                                      f
                                                                                                                                                                                                       um;wGif wpfum;rSm usyig;odef;jzpf
                                                                                                                                                                                                       aMumif; ,if;tvSLcHXmexHrS od&Sd&
                                                                                                                                                                                                       onf/
rEÅav;? atmufwdkbm 8                                                                                                                                                                                          vS L 'gef ; vd k y gu "r® e m'
         tajctaerJhrsm; vma&mufae            acwåem;cdk ntdyf&yfem;onfh c&D;                      ajymMum;onf/                                                                                         ausmif;wdkuf zkef;-09-6463163?
   k f I       f         kd
xdirtvGersm;onfqaom rEÅav;                   onfrSm wpf&ufvQif vlaygif; 400                             bl w mBuD ; twG i f ; oH C m                                                                   wdyd#u edum,ausmif;wdkuf zkef;-
bl w mwG i f jref r mh r D ; &xm;\                         dS            k f
                                             ausmfcefY&onf[k wdi; (3) rD;&xm;                     ta,mifaqmiftvSLcHaeMuaom                                                                             02-60495? 09-8021950? wdyd
MuyfrwfrIaMumifh tajctaerJhrsm;              0efxrf;a[mif;wpfOD;ESifh c&D;oGm;                                       k
                                                                                                  twkta,mifrsm;udvnf; Mo*kwv       f                                                                   #uausmif;wdkuf zkef;-01-222277?
aexdkifrIavsmhenf;usqif;oGm;NyDjzpf          jynfolrsm;u ajymqkdonf/                              twGif;u &Sif;vif;z,f&Sm;NyD;jzpf                                                                                                G f kd f
                                                                                                                                                                                                       222278 wdYk xH qufo,EiaMumif;?
onf[k rEÅav;blwmBuD;rS wm0ef                        tqd k y gta&twG u f x J w G i f               aMumif ; csrf ; at;ompH N rd K Ue,f              em,u rif;uGef;q&mawmfbk&m;                          ,if;XmexHrS od&onf/
&SdolwpfOD;\ tqdkt&od&onf/                   c&D;onfrsm;ESifh a&maESm[efaqmif                               df f       h
                                                                                                  omoemhxe;odr;apmifa&Smufa&;tzGUJ                 BuD ; \ uk v m;xd k i f a y:xd k i f v suf
                      d f f
         ]]&xm;awGtcserrSeawmh c&D;          um aexdkifoltajctaerJhrsm;vnf;                       xHrS od&onf/           MT News                   yHkawmfrSm usyf 19 odef;? ckepfay
onfawGeJYa&mNyD;aeMuwm/ jrpfBuD;             yg0ifaMumif;? ,cifu blwmBuD;
em; ukef&xm;aemufusrSa&mufwm                 pBuørsm;wGif tajctaerJhrsm; vm
&,f? ysOf;rem;eJY &GmawmfMum;&xm;            a&mufaexdkifrIr&Sdap&ef rD;&xm;rS
vrf;abmifNydKvdkY &xm;csdef;NyD;oGm;&
wm&,f? &xm;t0ifawGu yHkrSef
                                             Xmeaygif;pHk udk,fpm;vS,frsm;u
                                             wpf&ufvQif oHk;Budrfppfaq;onfh                                   dY
                                                                                                     tr&yl&NrKwGif vlaygif;&mcsD tpmtqdyfoifU
          f                 f
r[kwawmh c&D;pOftcsderrSef aemuf                      kd f
                                             aemufyi; tawGU&enf;oGm;Ny; ,ckEpf D   S                 rEÅav;? atmufwkdbm 8
uswwfwmawGaMumifh c&D;onfawG                 aemuf y d k i f ; wG i f tawG U &rsm;vm                                                                                                 S f               l
                                                                                                                 rEÅav;wkdif;a'oBuD;&Sd tr&yl&NrKdUwGif oefY&i;rIr&Sd[k,q&onfh t0Dpwi;f rS a&ESicsujf yKwxm;aom      d G       fh        f
eJY a&maeMuwm/ tJ'gudk0dkif;NyD;             aMumif; tqdkygwdkif; (3) rD;&xm;                        tpm;tpmukd pm;rdonfhtwGuf &[ef;omraPtcsKdU tygt0if vlaygif;&mcsDí tpmtqdyfoihfrIwpfck
             kd f
MuyfrwfvuvYkd tckawmh enf;oGm;               0efxrf;a[mif;u &Sif;jyonf/                              atmufwkdbmv 7 &ufaeY aeYv,fwGif pwifjzpfyGm;cJhNyD; taotaysmufr&SdcJhaMumif; tr&yl&NrKdUcHrsm;ESihf
ygNyD}} [k atmufwdkbmv 6 &ufaeY                     ]]pBuøtrSwf 2 uae 7 xd                           ulnDrIay;aeaom vlrIa&;toif;tzGUJ rsm;xHrS pkprf;od&&onf/                 H              dS
wGif rEÅav;blwmBuD;rS wm0ef&Sdol             olwdkYawG&Sdw,f/ ppfaq;wJhtzGJUu                                    ]]pm&if;aumufwmawGvnf; &Sdayr,fh jzpfyGm;wJhvlemu 600? 700 avmuf&Sdr,fxifw,f}} [k apwemh
wpfOD;u ajymMum;onf/                         pBuø t rS w f 3 a&muf w ,f q d k & if                   0efxrf;wpfOD;u qkdonf/
         rEÅav;blwmBuD;pBuørsm;wGif          trSwf 4 udk ajymif;oGm;Muw,f/                                       tpmtqdyfoihfrIjzpfyGm;&onfhtaMumif;t&if;rSm tr&yl&NrKdUe,f BuHwef;&yfuGuf yGJawmfbkef;BuD;
tajctaerJhrsm; vma&mufaexdkifrI              ae&majymif;NyD;aeMuw,f/ ppfvdkY                         ausmif;twGif;jyKvkyfaom &SifjyKtvSLwGif auR;arG;{nfhcHonfh ewfok'¨gxrif;pm;jcif;aMumifhjzpfaMumif;
rsm; ,ckESpfqef;ydkif;rS pwifrsm;jym;        awGUw,fqdk&if jrpfBuD;em; reuf                                               G f            l
                                                                                                     BuHwef;&yfuuaejynforsm;u ajymqkdMuonf/
                              l
vmojzifh c&D;oGm;jynforsm;twGuf              &xm;apmifhwmrsKd;? vm;½dI;&xm;pD;zdkY                               ]]'Dvkdjzpf&wJhtaMumif;uawmh roefYwJha&eJY csufjyKwfwJhtwGufaMumifhvkdY ,lqygw,f}} [k a'ocH
tcuftcJrsm;jzpfay:vsuf&aMumif;? dS                   S f               h     d
                                             vufrwr&vdYk apmifwmrsK;qdNk yD;ajym                     q&m0efwpfOD;uqkdonf/
jrpfBuD;em;? aejynfawmf? &efukefNrdKU        w,f/ olwdkYu rdk;vif;uwnf;u                                         ]]b,ftcsdefavmufjzpfwmvJqkdawmh reuf 10 em&DavmufvkdY ajym&r,f/ tJ'DtcsdefrSm pvmMuwm/
rsm;odkY oGm;vma&;twGuf t"du                 ae&m,lxm;awmh wu,fhc&D;onf                                                       d J                                        f S               f
                                                                                                     uRefraq;cef;ukyvmMuwm/ vlemawGudk tdrrmyJ vkyay;&w,f/ ukorIay;&w,f/ wjznf;jznf;eJY rsm;vm
rD;&xm;pwifxGufcGm&m blwmjzpf                awG em;aezdkYae&m tcuftcJjzpf                           awmh uRefr rEkdifawmhbl;/ tr&okcaq;cef;uawmh aeYv,f 2em&DavmufrzGifhwm}}[k tr&okcukokdvfjzpf                  S
onfESifhtnD rEÅav;blwmBuD;wGif               w,f}} [k rEÅav;a'ocHwpfOD;u                             aq;cef;wm0efcH q&m0efa'gufwm,k,karu The Voice Weekly okdY ajymMum;onf/
                                                                                                                 ]]Akdufemwm? acgif;rl;wm? acR;xGufrsm;wm? 0rf;awGukdufwm? 0rf;ysufwm? 0rf;avQmwm? tefwmrsKd;awG

oD;av;oD;tNidrfU udk,ft*F groefpGrf;                                                                 jzpfMuw,f/ 'DrSmvnf; &mcsDw,f/ tdrfrSmwkef;uvnf; &mcsDw,f}} [k ¤if;uqkdonf/
                                                                                                                 ]]tvSLu ewfok'¨gauR;wm? Muufom;eJY tcsOfokyf? NyD;awmh a&cJrkefYauR;w,f/ a&cJrkefYrpm;bJ
                                                                                                     ewfok'¨gESpfZGef;? okH;ZGef;pm;wJholvnf; jzpfwmyJ}}[k BuHwef;&yfuGufaeolwpfOD;u ajymMum;onf/
                                                                                                                 ]]taru enf;enf;tpm;rsm;w,fvkdY ajymw,f/ 0rf;oGm;wmawG &Sdw,f/ tckvnf; tm;aq;ykvif;
&efyHkaiG rEåav;wGif azsmfajzrnf                                                                         f Hk
                                                                                                     ESpv;csdwNf yD;NyD/ roufomao;bl;}}[k yGawmfbe;BuD;ausmif;0if;twGi; zGivpxm;aomaq;cef;ü aq;uko
                                                                                                        H l                                 f
                                                                                                     rIc,aeol touf 70 ESpcefYt&G,f trsKd;orD;\ vlemapmifhtrsKd;orD;wpfOD;u qkdonf/
                                                                                                                                                            J                k f                             f hf S f
&efukef? atmufwdkbm 7                                                                                            ]]uRefruav;u 0rf;ESpfcgavmufoGm;w,f/ uRefruawmh vlBuD;qkdawmh aeomao;w,f/ tckvnf;
            rMumao;rDu jynfawmfjyef          arwå m jzif h ul n D a y;xm;aMumif ;                                                                         G
                                                                                                     ykvif;csdwfxm;&w,f}}[k yGJawmf&yfwif aeolwpfO;D u ajymqdonf/                               k
              h
0ifvmcJaom emrnfausmf oD;av;oD;              txufygyk*d¾Kvfuqkdonf/                                                                                                                                        G J
                                                                                                                 tpmtqdyfoihfvlemrsm;rSm &mcsND yD; tr&yl&NrKUd e,f BuHwef;&yfuuf yGawmfbe;BuD;ausmif;ü zGifhxm;aom     k f
       hf               I        Hk
tNidrtzGUJ \ vlra&;&efyaiGazsmajzrI   f                       k
                                                         tqdyg oD;av;oD;tNidrhf azsmf                tr&okcukokdvfjzpfaq;cef; trSwf (2)üvnf;aumif;? tr&yl&NrKdU jynfolYaq;½kHüvnf;aumif;? rEÅav;NrKUd
                      df k f
tjzpf jrefrmEkiiH ud,t*Fg roefpr;       Gf   ajzyGJudk jrefrmEkdifiH udk,ft*Fgroef                                                                                 HS
                                                                                                     ul;pufa&m*gukaq;½k?H rEÅav;uav;aq;½kEifh rEÅav;jynfolYaq;½kHBuD;üvnf;aumif; wufa&mufukorI
                          kH
olrsm;toif; &efyaiGtwGuf azsmfajz            pGrf;olrsm;toif; &efukef(½Hk;csKyf) u                   cH,laeMuaMumif; tpmtqdyfoihfvlemrsm;tm; ulnDay;aeonhf vlrIulnDa&;toif;rsm;xHrS od&onf/
rIukd rEÅav;NrKd Uawmf trsK;d om;uZmwf½kH                                     d f
                                             pDpOfjcif;jzpfNyD; rEÅav;wki;a'oBuD;                                                          f f          G
                                                                                                                 ,if;okYd tpmtqdyoihrjI zpfym;onfh vlemrsm;teuf oufBuD;&G,trsm;? uav;i,frsm;wGif trsm;qk;     f dk                             H
          d
wGif Ek0ifbmv 5 &ufaeY n 7 em&DrS            udk,ft*FgroefpGrf;olrsm;toif;                                 G                    dk f
                                                                                                     jzpfym;NyD; vlvwfyi;rsm;ü jzpfym;rIenf;onfuawGU&aMumif; vlruna&;aqmif&uaeolwpfO;u ok;oyfonf/
                                                                                                                                               G                      dk                          I l D               G f         D    H
9 em&Dtxdusif;yjyKvkyfoGm;rnf                       kH                f
                                             &efyaiGtwGuf usi;yjcif;jzpfaMumif;?                                 ,if;tpmtqdyfoihfjzpfyGm;&mESihf ¤if;wkdYtm; aq;ukorIay;aeaom tr&okcukokdvfjzpfaq;cef;?
jzpfaMumif; jrefrmEkdifiHudk,ft*Fg           ,if;yGJrS &&Sdvmaom &efyHkaiGrsm;udk                              dk f k dk                         f            dk
                                                                                                     jA[®p&uovjf zpfaq;cef;? csr;jrokcukovjf zpfaq;cef;? Ak'¨bmomomoemjyefYyGm;a&;toif;wkdYrS q&m0ef?
            G
roefpr;f olrsm;toif;rS twGi;a&;rSL; f                       d             k f
                                             rEÅav;wki;f a'oBu;D ud,t*Fgroefpr;f              G      olemjyKrsm;? tr&yl&NrKdUe,f usef;rma&;OD;pD;XmerS q&m0ef? olemjyKrsm;u vma&mufukoay;aeaMumif;
OD;at;udkudku ajymMum;onf/                   olrsm;\ ynma&;? use;f rma&;? vlra&;            I        tr&okcukokdvfjzpfaq;cef; tusKd;awmfaqmifwpfOD;u ajymMum;onf/
            rEÅav;NrdKUawmfwGif yxrOD;       vkyfief;rsm;wGif toHk;jyKoGm;rnf                                    ]]y&[dwvlrItzGJUtpnf;awGeJU apwem&SifawGuvnf; a&eJY "mwfqm;awG? tm;aq;&nfykvif;awG?
qHk; azsmfajzrnfh oD;av;oD;tNidrfhyGJ        jzpfaMumif; OD;at;udkudku ,if;yGJjyK                    aq;ypönf;awG vSLwmawG&Sdw,f}} [k ¤if;uqkdonf/
trnfudk ]tvSpHkpGm jrykPÖrm\ &if                  f              G f f
                                             vky&jcif;\ &nf&,csuukd &Si;f jyonf/                                                                                                                     k
                                                                                                                 rEÅav;jynfoYl aq;½kBH uD; zsm;emaqmif (3)ü wufa&mufuovlemrsm;twGuf vkdtyfaom"mwfqm;ESihf
aoG; oD;av;oD;aq;a&mifpHk tNidrfh}                       oD;av;oD; aq;a&mifpHktzGJU                  aomufa&oefYwkdYukd tr&okcbufuykdYay;aeaMumif; wm0efuswyfzGJU0ifwpfOD;u ajymqkdonf/
[k trnfay;xm;aMumif;? tqdkyg                 onf jynfawmfjyefa&mufNy;D yxrqH;k                                   tqkdygtvSLtwGuf csufjyKwf&mwGif tokH;jyKaom ausmif;0if;twGif;&Sd t0DpdwGif;ae&mtygt0if
tNidrfhwGif a*:ZDvm? pdefoD;? ZD;oD;?                  df f             I
                                             tBurazsmajzwifqufruk d atmufwbm             kd                                                                        d
                                                                                                     ae&mrsm;ü rdk;a&rsm;ESihf trIdufo½kdufrsm;&Saeonfrm wpfvcefY&NdS yDjzpfonf/       S
                l            T f
ausmfx;ponfh vl&iawmfrsm; yg0if              v 29 &ufaeYwGif &efukefNrdKUawmf                                    tqkdygjzpfyGm;&mae&modkY csrf;jrokc? pdwåokc? jrifhjrwfol? tr&okc? oD&dokc? Adokum? edAÁmefokc?
rnfjzpfNyD; acgif;aqmifrif;orD;              uefawmfBuD; arQmfpifuRef;ü jyKvkyf                               dk f
                                                                                                     jA[®p&tygt0if vlruna&;toif;rsm;? oufqi&mrS wm0ef&orsm;? b0tvif;y&[dw? ykvazmifa';&Si;?
                                                                                                                                     I l D                                      dk f               dS l                             J        f
acsmpkrsKd;? a&SUxGufrif;orD;tjzpf                                  d
                                             oGm;rnfjzpfNyD; 'kw,tBudrf azsmajz             f        pdrf;a&mifpkd Activities? Ak'¨bmomomoemjyefYyGm;a&;toif;? jrifjh rwf{&m0wDvrue&uf? a&TqE,fukokdvf                   lI Gf        HG
                  G f
opfopfviwYdk yg0ifrnfjzpfaMumif;?                                           G
                                             rIudk rEÅav;NrdKUawmfwif ud,t*Fg        k f             jzpfaq;cef;ESifh apwemtvSL&Sirsm;u vkytm;yg0ifunMD uouJoYdk aomufa&oefYb;rsm;? "mwfqm;xkyrsm;?
                                                                                                                                                   f             f                       l               h                  l              f
,if;tNidrfhudk oD;av;oD;tzGJUESifh                       Gf
                                             roefpr;olrsm;toif; &efyaiGtwGuf      kH                 aq;0g;rsm; yHhykd;vSL'gef;MuaMumif; ulnDolrsm;u qkdonf/
tEk y nm&S i f r sm;u wpf p H k w pf & m                    G
                                             jyKvkyfom;rnfjzpfaMumif; ,if;tNidrfh                                                                    hI                                                      dfHJ
                                                                                                                 ]]tpmerlem,lNyD; "mwfcMJG unf½ppfaq;aeygw,f}} [k wm0efusjrefrmEkii&wyfzUJ G0ifwpfO;D u ajymMum;onf/
tcaMu;aiGr,lbJ &efyHkaiGtwGuf                tzGJUxHrSod&Sd&onf/
     18
   The




ENERGY
      VOICE                       LOCAL                                                                                                                                                                    Monday, October 17 - 23, 2011




           Y
&efukefNrdKawmf vQyfppf"mwftm;aysmufqHk;rI 19&mckdifEIef;&Sd[kqdk
&efukef? atmufwdkbm 5
                                                                            2011 S f G      f
            rmEkdifiHü vlOD;a&trsm;qHk; aexdkif&m &efukefNrdKUawmftwGif; 2011 ckEpwif vQyppf"mwftm;aysmufqHk;rI 19 &mckdifEIef;&SdaMumif; trSwf (2)vQyfppfpGrf;tm;0efBuD;Xme jynfaxmifpk0efBuD;
  jref      OD;cifarmifpdk;u pufwifbmv 16 &ufaeYwGif aejynfawmfü usif;yaom yxrtBudrf jynfolYvTwfawmf'kwd,yHkrSeftpnf;ta0; 19 &ufajrmufaeYtcrf;tem;wGif ajymMum;onf/
                                                                       awmf
          &efukefwkdif;a'oBuD; rJqE´                                                                                11ç344 rIzrf;qD;EdkifcJhNyD; epfemrI,l &efukefwkdif;a'oBuD;twGif;vnf;
e,f (6)rS a'gufwmwifa&T\ &efuef             k                                                                       epfoef;aygif; 57 'or 64 twGuf &efukefNrdKUawmf vQyfppf"mwftm;ay;
   d f                      f
wki;a'oBuD;twGi; "mwftm;,lepf                                                                                       'PfaMu;aiGusyf 2989 'or 98 a&;tzGUJ odYk "mwftm;,lepfaygif; 4921
aysmufqHk;rI (Unit Losses ) tajc                                                                                    oef;ESifh tar&duefa':vm 26ç843 'or 282 oef;cGJa0cJhNyD; aiGusyf
                 dS dk
taetm; od&vygaMumif;ar;jref;rIukd                                                                                   'or 87 a':vmwdYkukd ppfaq;awmif; 118 'or 16 bDvD,HcefYt½IH;cH
jynfaxmifpk0efBuD;u txufyg                                                                                          cHcJhaMumif; 0efBuD;uqkdonf/                aqmif & G u f a y;vsuf & S d a Mumif ;
       df
twki;jyefvnfajzMum;jcif;jzpfonf/                                                                                                                                          k
                                                                                                                            xdkYtwl vQyfppf"mwftm;jzefY jynfaxmifp0efBuD;u xyfavmif;ajym
          &efukefNrdKUawmftwGif;vQyfppf                                                                                                           f kH
                                                                                                                    jzL;a&mif;csay;&mü tdro;wpf,epf Mum;onf/ l
"mwftm; aysmufqHk;rIrSm 2007 ckESpf                                                                                                   f I f
                                                                                                                    vQif 25 usyEe;? pufro;wpf,epf  I kH      l     vQyfppf"mwftm;aysmufqHk;rI
wGif 24 'or 26 &mckdifEIef;? 2008                                                                                                         I f
                                                                                                                    vQif 50 usyfEe;a&mif;csay;aeaomf usqif;a&;twGuf EkdifiHwpf0ef;vHk;
ckESpfwGif 22 'or 98 &mcdkifEIef;?                                                                                                              l       k f k f        Sf
                                                                                                                    vnf; "mwftm;wpf,epfxwvyrI 2006 ckEprS 2011 ckEptwGi; x&ef       Sf          f
            Sf G
2009 ckEpwif 22 'or 18 &mckiEe;?      dfIf                                                                          t&if;rSm 60 usyfEIef;ausmfaeonfh pazmfrm 5182 vHk;? wyfqiftiftm;
2010 jynfhESpfwGif 20 'or 41                                                                                                    d f H                      H
                                                                                                                    twGuf Ekiiawmfu vpOft½I;cHay; 2593 'or 2 MVA "mwftm; vkdif;
&mckdifEIef;ESihf 2011 ckESpfwGif ZGefv                                                                             ae&aMumif;? EkdifiHwpf0ef;vHk; b@m rkdif 3949 'or 73 rkdif? "mwftm;
                   k f I f dS
txd 19 &mcdiEe;wkYd&aMumif;? "mwf                                                                                                   S f       f
                                                                                                                    a&;ESpf wpfEptwGi; "mwftm;,lepf cGJ½Hk 364 ½HkwdkYudk wkd;csJUwyfqif
tm;aysmufqHk;rIrSm t"dutm;jzifh                                                                                     aygif; 10ç884 'or 095 oef;jzefY aqmif & G u f c J h a Mumif ; trS w f (2)
"mwftm;ydkYvTwfjzefYjzL;ay;vsuf&Sd                                                                                  jzL;ay;cJhNyD; aiGusyf 261 'or 324 vQyfppfpGrf;tm;0efBuD;Xme\ w&m;
onfh "mwftm;vkdif;rsm;\ t&G,f                                                                                              D H          H                h
                                                                                                                    bDv,cefYt½I;cHjzefYjzL;ay;cJaMumif;? 0ifxkwfjyefcsuft&od&onf/
                                          kd f
tpm;? tuGmta0;? opfyifopfui; tywfpOf"mwftm;ydwNf yD; opfyifcwf                k
                                       df
rsm;ESihf xdpyfaeonfh enf;ynmqki&m jcif;? NrdKUe,ftoD;oD;wGif "mwftm;
aysmufqHk;rI (Technical Losses) ESifh vki;ESihf x&efpazmfrmrsm;wd;csUJ wnf
                                                  d f                     k            HEALTH

                              k J I
w&m;r0if"mwftm;oH;pGrrsm;? vpOf aqmufjcif;rsm; aqmif&uvsuf&NdS yD;    G f
oH;pG,epfzwf½&mwGif rSm;,Gi;rIrsm; 2006 ckESpfrS 2011 ckESpfMo*kwfv
   k J l               I            f
ponfh vlaMumifhjzpfay:onfh "mwf txd rDwm 212ç276 vHk;udk tpm;
                                                                                                                           tltwufcJGpdwf&mrS vlemaoqkH;rI
tm;aysmufqHk;rI (Non Technical xkd;vJvS,fcJhaMumif;? xdkYtwl 2006
Losses) [lí ESpfydkif;&SdaMumif;? ,if;
                          h
                                               ckESpfrS 2011 ckESpf Zlvkdifvtxd
aysmufq;Hk rIrsm;avsmenf;ap&eftwGuf w&m;r0if"mwftm;oHk;pGJrI pkpkaygif;
                                                                                                                           cJGpdwftxl;ukq&m0efaMumifU[k vlem&Sifrsm;,lq
                                                                                                                           &efukef? atmufwkdbm 6
ACCIDENT
                                                                                                                                  &efukefNrdKUawmf&Sd okcurÇmtxl;ukaq;½kHBuD;wGif pufwifbmvtwGif; cJGpdwftxl;ukq&m0efBuD;
atmifaZ,swHwm;tqif;,mOfwkdufrI                                                                                             a'gufwmrsKd;jrwfolu tltwuf jzwfawmufcJGpdwf&mrS 'kwd,tBudrf xyfrHcJGpdwf&um &efukefaq;½kHBuD;okdY
                                                                                                                                                    T f                                   H                 d
                                                                                                                           ta&;ay:ykYd vw&NyD; wpf&uftMumwGif aoqk;oGm;ojzifh rdrwYdk vlemraooifbJ aoqk;cJ&onf[k vlem&Sif    h H h
                                                                                                                                                                          f d         S                         H
                                                                                                                           rdom;pku ,lqaeaMumif; vlem&Sirom;pkEihf ,if;txl;ukaq;½kwm0ef&orsm;xH ar;jref;csursm;t& od&dS l                  f
ESpfOD;ao? 12 OD; 'Pf&m&                                                                                                   onf/
                                                                                                                                              f                         G k f
                                                                                                                                  ]]uRerwkYd udk yxrtBudrf cJwe;u tltwufyg? aumif;oGm;rSmyg? aumif;oGm;rSmygeJY aemufq; 'Dvdk                 Hk
&efukef? atmufwdkbm 8                                                                                                      qkH;oGm;awmhwmygyJ}} [k aoqkH;ol OD;oef;axG;touf (36 ESpf)\ tpfrjzpfol trSwf (54) jr0wDrif;
          ,mOfrawmfwqrIrsm; rMum                                     opfpuf0efxrf; trsKd;om;wpfOD;u                        BuD;vrf; 10 rkdifukef;ü aexkdifaom a':&D&Doef;uqkdonf/
              G                 dS
cPjzpfym;avh&onfh &efueNf rdKUawmf                k                  vdIifom,maq;½Hkckwifay:wGif xkdif                            aq;½kHpwufpOfuyif vkdtyfaom prf;oyfrIrsm; jyKvkyfygrnf? cJGpdwf&efvkdtyfyguvnf; cJGpdwfyg
                        H
atmifaZ,swwm;tqif; vdiom,m                             If            vsuf atmufwdkbmv 7 &ufaeY n                           rnf? rnfonfha&m*gjzpfjzpf ukoygrnf[k ajymqkdcJhaMumif;? okdYaomf aemufqkH;wGif tltwufa&mifjcif;
bufjcrf;wGif tif;pdebufrS armif;ESif   f                             8 em&DcefYu qkdonf/                                   omjzpfaMumif;ESifh pkd;&drfp&mr&SdaMumif; cJGpdwfq&m0efBuD;u ajymqkdcJhonf[k aoqkH;ol\ tpfrwpfOD;jzpfol
vmaom (202) r.x.o,mOfBuD;u                                                   ,if ; ,mOf w d k u f r I j zpf y G m ;NyD ;   a':vSvSckdifu ajymqkdonf/
a&SUwGifarmif;ESifaeaom trSwf (8)                                    vrf;ydwfqdkYrIaMumifh vdIifom,mNrdKU                                   f
                                                                                                                                  ]]ukecsifueygap? aysmufatmifur,fvYdk ajymcJygw,f/ bma&m*grSr&Sb;? tltwufyqNdk yD; armifav;
                                                                                                                                                         k f                      k              h                        d l            J
opfpuf0efxrf;BudK^ydYk wDt;,mOfukd                   D               e,fodkY 0ifxGuf&m t"duvrf;rBuD;                       qkH;oGm;wm/ a&m*gBuD;BuD;rm;rm; jzpf&ifawmh ajzomygw,f/ tckawmh ...}} [k ¤if;u ikd&if;qkdonf/
t&Sdefjyif;pGmjzifh 0ifa&mufwkdufrdrI                                                          h
                                                                     rsm;jzpfaom bk&ifaemifwwm; trSwf     H
                                                                                                                                  cJGpdwftxl;ukq&m0efBuD; a'gufwmrsKd;jrwfolu rdrdwkdYtaejzifh twwfEkdifqkH; BudK;pm;ukoay;cJh
                fD
aMumifh ESpO; aoqH;NyD; 12 OD; 'Pf&m k                               (5) vrf;rBu;D wpfavQmuf? atmifaZ,s
&&SdrI atmufwdkbmv 7 &ufaeYu                                         wHwm;ESifh trSwf (6) vrf;rBuD;wdkY                    aMumif;? yxrtBudrf cJGpdwfpOfu tltwufrSm tlrBuD;aemufwGif uyfaeojzifh tenf;i,fcGmcJh&aMumif;?
jzpfyGm;cJhaMumif; &efukefwkdif;a'o                                  wGif ESpfem&DausmfrQ ,mOfaMumrsm;                     tqkdyg tlrBuD;\ tajr§;yg;tenf;i,fxdckdufrdNyD; onf;ajc&nftcsKdUxGufum ykd;0ifoGm;jcif;jzpfí xyfrH
BuD; rD;owfO;pD;XmeESihf 'Pf&m&&Sol
                      D                                      d       ydwfqdkYcJhNyD; vrf;c&D;rsm;MuefYMumcJh               cJGpdwf&jcif;jzpfaMumif; ¤if;u &Sif;jyonf/
um,uH&itcsKUd xHrS od&onf/
                S f                                                  aMumif; vrf;toHk;jyKol ,mOfarmif;                            ,if;okdY cJGpdwfrI'kwd,tBudrfwGif vlemrSm touf&SLykHrSefr[kwfawmhojzifh rdrdwkdYcJGpdwfcef; q&m0ef
          ,if;aeYnae 5 em&Dausmf                                     rsm;ESifh c&D;onfrsm;u qdkonf/                        rsm;wkdifyifí touf&SLpuf&Sd&m &efukefaq;½kHBuD;okdY ykdYvTwfcJhjcif;jzpfaMumif; arhaq;q&m0efrBuD;u
tcsecefYu jzpfym;cJjh cif;jzpfNyD; wDt;
      d f                          G                           D             tqkyg,mOfwuruk d vdiom,m
                                                                                    d             dk f I I f               qkdonf/
           S
,mOfrm vuf,mbufoYkdwr;arSmuf                        d f              NrdKUe,f&JwyfzGJUpcef;u (y) 1564^                            vlem&Sirsm;u &efueaq;½kBH uD;okYd ta&;ay:ykYd vwc&mwGif vlem\jzpfpOfudk rodaom q&m0efEitwl
                                                                                                                                                     f           k f                               T f hJ                                    S hf
oGm;NyD;aemuf (202) ,mOfrmrl vrf;\              S                                 f
                                                                     2011 yk'r 304 u^338^337^179                           aq;vTpmrsm;rygbJ ykYd vwconf[k pGypajymqkcjhJ cif;ESiywfoufí aq;vJpmrsm; yg0ifygaMumif; okcurÇm
                                                                                                                                    J                          T f hJ            f GJ       d         hf                T
0Jbuf&dS "mwfwiukd qufvufwurd dk f                        dk f       jzifh trIzGifhta&;,lxm;onf/                           aq;½kH\ aq;½kHtkyfBuD; OD;armifarmifBuD;u vlemrsm;ukd jyefvnf&Sif;jyonf/
                 dk f
&m "mwfwiygvJNyKd om;aMumif;? wDt;       G                       D                           dk f       G
                                                                             ,ck,mOfwurjI zpfym;&mae&mESihf                       &efueaq;½kBH uD;ta&mufwif vlemrSm ESv;&yfaeí rdrwYdku EI;xm;&aMumif; &efueaq;½kBH uD; wm0efcH
                                                                                                                                                k f                   G                       Hk          d       d             k f
,mOfaemufcef;wGif vduygvmonfh               k f                      a&T*HkwdkifrD;yGdKifh? AE¨KvwHwm;tqif;                q&m0efu ajymqkdcJhonfukd vlem&Sifrsm;u ajymjyonf/
       d                  D
trsK;om;wpfO;ESifh trsKd;orD;wpfOD;                                  (omauwbufjcrf;) ponfae&mrsm;rSm          h                   ,if;okYd pGypajymqkjd cif;tm; cJpwq&m0efBuD;tygt0if cJcef;q&m0efrsm;u toufq;aeaom vlemukd
                                                                                                                                                          f GJ             G d f                              G                       Hk
  J f                       k
yGcsi;NyD; aoqH;um (202) ,mOfarmif;                                  ,mOfrawmfwqrItjzpfrsm;qH; ae&m               k
ESihf trSwf (8) opfpufrS 0efxrf;rdom;pk                              oH;ae&mjzpfaMumif; &efueNf rdKUawmf&dS
                                                                         k                                  k              rnfonfhaq;½kHrS tvTJrcHaMumif; jyefvnfjiif;qkdonf/
11 OD; 'Pf&m&&SdNyD; vdiom,maq;½Hk         If                        tiSm;,mOfarmif;rsm;u ajymqdMk uonf/                                d S                        f                    k f                         S f dk f
                                                                                                                                  ][krmuwnf;u vGevmygNyD/ bmrSvyvYdkr&awmhygbl;/ touf&iEizYdk 50 &mckiEe;pDy}J [k ajymqkd        d f I f
odYk ydYkaqmifxm;aMumif; rsujf rifrsm;u                                      ,refEpuvnf; tqkygae&m
                                                                                       S f                      d          aMumif; a':vSvSckdifu &efukefaq;½kH MuD;rSq&m0efrsm;\ ajymMum;csufukd wpfqifhjyefvnfajymjyonf/
ajymqdkMuonf/                                                        wGif a&T{nhfonf,mOfvkdif;ESifhvlpD;                          ]]ykdNyD; pufud&d,mpkHwJhae&mukd ykdYcJhwmyg}} [k okcurÇmaq;½kHq&m0efrsm;u ajymMum;onf/
          ]]'DaeY jyefwJholenf;vdkY t&if                             'dkifem,mOfwpfpD; rsufESmcsif;qkdif                          jrefrmEkdifiH&Sd q&m0efrsm;onf vlem&Sifrsm;ukd tcsdef,l&Sif;jyEkdifrIrsm; tm;enf;aMumif;? xkdYaMumifh
aeYawGvdkqdk rvG,fbl;}} [k OD;acgif;                                 wkurcraMumifh vltaotaysmuf&dS
                                                                         d f d hJ I                                                                    ö
                                                                                                                           ,ckuJhokdY udp&yfrsm;jzpfay:vmjcif;jzpfaMumif; aoqkH;ol OD;oef;axG;\ jzpfpOfESifhywfoufí tonf;
ESifh ajcaxmufESpfacsmif;wGif 'Pf&m                                  onfh ,mOfrawmfwqrIwpfcjk zpfym;                G      txl;ukq&m0efBuD; ygarmu©a'gufwmcifarmif0if;u The Voice Weekly okdY okH;oyfajymMum;onf/
&&SdcJhonfh touf 40 t&G,fcefY&Sd                                     cJhonf/
  Monday, October 17 - 23, 2011
                                                                                                                                                                                           LOCAL                                                            VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          The
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   19


 MARKET



ql;avbk&m;ywfvnf qkdifcef;iSm;coHk;qwdk;
&efukef? atmufwdkbm 4
                ukefNrdKUawmf\ tcsuftcsmae&mwpfckjzpfonfh ql;avapwD                                                                                                                                                          ESpf 60 0ef;usifuwnf;u rdb
  &ef           awmf y wf v nf & S d qk d i f c ef ; iS m ;&rf ; crsm;ud k bk & m;a*gyuu                                                                                                                                     bdk;bGm;tarGqufcHzGifhvSpfaeolrsm;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             vnf;&SdaMumif; tqkdygqkdifcef;rsm;
   k       d             H                      df          hf S f
oH;qwk;aumufcrnfjzpfaMumif; qkicef;zGivpxm;olrsm;u ajymMum;onf/                                                                                                                                                              xH pHkprf;od&Sd&onf/
                  h                h S
        NyD;cJonfh 2010 jynfEpf arv twnfjyKajymMum;onf/ qkdifcef;                                                                                                                                                                    1989 ck E S p f ql ; avapwD
1 &ufaeYwGif qkdifcef;iSm;&rf;cudk rsm;onf NrdKUv,ftcsuftcsmae&m                                                                                                                                                             rGrf;rHjyifqifcsdefu qdkifcef;rsm;
                                                                 d
usyfwpfaomif;cGJrS usyfESpfaomif;cGJ wGif &Saomfvnf; 2008 ckESpf tpkd;&                                                                                                                                                      wpf E S p f a usmf yd w f x m;&aMumif ; ?
                           f
odYk yxr wpfBudrajymif;vJcNhJ yD; ,ck ½kH;rsm; aejynfawmfokdY ajymif;oGm;NyD;                                                                                                                                                qdkifcef;rsm; ae&mjyefcsay;csdefü
                S            kd
2011 ckEpf atmufwbmvwGif usyf aemuf tvkytukiraumif;awmhbJ                  f d f                                                                                                                                             qdkifcef;wpfcef;twGuf a&Twpfusyf
ESpfaomif;cGJrS usyfajcmufaomif;odkY 0ifaiGooomom avsmusom;aMumif;    d d           h G                                                                                                                                      om; ajcmufaxmifwefaMu;&Scsdewif   d f G
      H                                                        kH dk f k f
xyfrajymif;vJjcif;jzpfaMumif; a*gyu "mwfyqivyief;&SiwpfO;uqkonf/               f     D   d                                                                                                                                   usyf c k e pf a omif ; cG J ay;oG i f ; &NyD ;
                     d f
tzGUJ u aps;qkicef;rsm;odYk taMumif;                               ]]pufwifbmv 29 &ufaeYu                                                                                                                                    qdkifcef;iSm;crSm 50 usyfomay;&
                                         kH dk
Mum;pmay;ydYk xm;onf[k "mwfyqif or®wBuD; OD;odef;pdefqDudk toem;                                                                                                                                                             aMumif; tawGUtBuHK ESpf 60 &Sd "mwfykH
             hf S f
iSm;&rf;zGivpxm;olwpfO;D u twnfjyK cHpmwifxm;w,f}} [k ¤if;uajym                                                                                                               "mwfykH-rkd;ausmfvGif                          qdkifzGifhxm;olwpfOD;u ajymMum;
ajymMum;onf/                                          Mum;onf/                                                                                                                                                               onf/
        qkdifcef;udk,fpm;vS,f ajcmuf                               qdkif;bkwfaMumfjimcGefuJhodkY                    TRADE
OD;\ wifjyñSdEdIif;csuft& oHk;v tcGefrsm;vnf;&SdNyD; rDwmaMu;onf
aemufqway;Ny;D 2012 ckEpf Zefe0g&Dv yifvQif wpfvud;axmif? wpfaomif;
          df
               k f              S
rSomqkicef;iSm;crsm;jyifqifawmhrnf ay;&ojzifh 0ifaiGtcsKd;csvQif wGuf
jzpfaMumif; qkdifcef;rsm;udk avvH ajcruduaMumif;? vkyvufpvkyief;     k f
                                                                             k
                                                                                  f        f
                                                                                                                       tdE´d,-jrefrme,fpyfukefoG,fa&;pcef;opf zGifUrnf
ypfxm;jcif;r&SdbJ bk&m;a*gyutzGJU r&yf&efom qufvkyfae&aMumif;                                                     &efukef? pufwifbm 30
         f dk f
u vkyuiaeojzifh tjcm;ae&mrsm; em&Dqkdif&SifwpfOD;uqkdonf/ ql;                                                            ESpfEkdifiHukefoG,frIukd ykdrkdvG,f                opf Zow Khatar-Rhi (&d'f)ukd 2011                                            dk f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             taxmuftuljyKEiygw,f}}[k aejynf
xufaps;oufomaMumif; The Voice avapwDywfvnfwif qkicef;aygif;                      G d f                                                    G f
                                                                                                                  ultqifajy&ef &nf&,xm;onf[k                                ESpuewif xyfrzivpom;rnfjzpf
                                                                                                                                                                               f k f G           H G hf S f G                                         hf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             awmf&dS pD;yGm;a&;ESiu;l oef;a&mif;0,fa&;
Weekly \ ar;jref;rIudk ql;avapwD                      52 cef;&SdNyD; trsm;pkrSm em&Dqkdif?                        ESpfzuftpkd;&rsm;u qkdxm;aom                              aMumif; tdE´d,EkdifiHwGif pufwifbm               0efBuD;XmerS touf 52ESpft&G,f
a*gyutzGJU wm0ef& S d o l w pf O D ; u "mwfyHkqkdifrsm; jzpfMuumvGefcJhonhf                                           d´                   kf G f
                                                                                                                  tdE,-jrefrme,fpyfueo,a&;pcef;                                                   kf
                                                                                                                                                                            27 &ufaeYu jyKvyaom tpnf;ta0;                    nTefMum;a&;rSL;wpfOD;u The Voice
 TRANSPORT
                                                                                                                                                                            \ owif;xkwjf yefcsut& od&onf/ f                  Weekly \ zkef;jzihf qufoG,far;
                                                                                                                                                                                      tqkdyg e,fpyfukefoG,fa&;               jref;rIukd ajzMum;onf/
  d           H                         U
vIijf rpfjzwfwwm;aMu;rsm; ok;H qwk;d rnftpDtpOf,m,D&yf                                                                                                                      pcef;opfukd tdE´d,EkdifiH rDZkd&rfjynf
                                                                                                                                                                            e,f Zow Khatar NrKdUESihf jrefrmEkdifiH
                                                                                                                                                                            csi;jynfe,f &d'(Rhi)NrKdUwGif zGivpf
                                                                                                                                                                                 f             f                    hf S
                                                                                                                                                                                                                               D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     tqkyge,fpyfpcef;opfzivpf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   dk d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Ny;oGm;ygu rDZ&rf? rka&;? ukvf uwåm;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             ESihf tjcm;jynfe,frsm;ukd wkduf½kduf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        G hf S

&efukef? atmufwkdbm 5                                                                                                                                                       rnfjzpfaMumif;? ,cifu tdE,ta&SU      d´                                  G f dk f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             um;jzihf qufo,EirnfjzpfaMumif;
               d               H
           vIijf rpfjzwfwwm;rsm;jzpfaom                     ykodrf-&efukefvrf;wGif ,mOfarmif;                     ay;cJhNyD; wHwm;aMu;wkd;jr§ifh&mwGif                      jcrf; rkda&; (Moreh)ESihf jrefrmbuf&Sd           ,if;pDrHudef;wGif wm0ef xrf;aqmif
atmif a Z,swH w m;? bk & if h a emif                        ESifrI vkyfouf ESpf 20 &Sd ta0;ajy;                   EIef;xm;omru wefowfrSwfcsuf                               wrl;NrKdUwkdYwGifom e,fpyfukefoG,f               aeol touf 47 ESpt&G,f vufaxmuf f
wHwm;ESihf a&TjynfomwHwm;jzwfoef;c                               f                     D
                                                            ukewif,mOfarmif;wpfO;u qkonf/  d                      rsm;uk d v nf ; jyif q if x m;um                          a&; (Border Trade) pcef;&SdcJhNyD; ,ck           tif*sifeD,mcsKyfwpfOD;u qkdonf/
rsm; ,cifaps;EIef;xuf okH;qwkd;                                    atmifaZ,swHwm;\ ,cif                           'PfaMu; q,fqay;aqmif&rnfjzpf                              zGifhvSpfrnfh pcef;opfrSm vlokH;ukef                     2009-2010 b@ma&;ESpwif               f G
aumuf c H r nf h t pD t pOf u k d ,m,D                      jzwfoef;aMu;rSm ESpfwefrS ig;wef                      aMumif; trSwf-202 c&D;onfwif                                       f d H S
                                                                                                                                                                            ypön;rsK;pkEifh aq;0g;rsm;twGuf ykrkd        d   jrefrmEkdifiHu tdE´d,EkdifiHokdY opf?
       dk
&yfqi;f xm;aMumif; tqkygwHwm;aMu;   d                       atmuftwGuf tedrq;aiGusyf 250
                                                                                 hf Hk                            ,mOfvkdif; ,mOfarmif;wpfOD;u ¤if;                         tqifajyul;oef;ykYd aqmifEi&ef &nf dk f           trJom;? csnfxnfESihf "mwfaiGUrsm;
aumufcHcGifh avvHatmifxm;onfh                               rS 10 wefrS 20 weftxd ukefwif                         \ tawGUtBuKHukd ajymMum;onf/                              &G,xm;aMumif; tdE,pD;yGm;a&;0efBuD;
                                                                                                                                                                                   f                 d´                                         d´
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             wifyYdkcNhJ yD; tdE,u aq;0g;ESifh tkiwD        df
                         kÜ D
at;&Sm;a0gvfurP\ atmifaZ,s                                  ,mOfBuD; tjrifhqkH; aiGusyf 1000                              wHwm;aMu;rsm; aumufcH&m                           H.E Anand Sharma u Asia Tri-                     ypönf;trsm;pk wifoi;cJaMumif;ESifh Gf h
wHwm; wHwm;aMu;aumufcH*dwf                                                               f
                                                            yg rlvvufa[mif; aps;EIe;Z,m;ukd                       wGif ay 2000 txuf pDrHudef;0if                            bune owif;pmukd ajymMum;onf/                           f G f I k k
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             ukeo,rppaygif;wefz; tar&duef          dk
            dS l
wm0ef&owpfO;u atmufwbmv  D                      dk          ,if;*dwfwGif a&;om;xm;aMumif;                                                     H d f
                                                                                                                  wHwm;? ay 2000 atmuf pDrue;0if                                      ]]'De,fpyfpcef;opfu rDZkd&rf           a':vm oef; 600 ausmf&SdaMumif;
5 &ufaeYwGif The Voice Weekly okdY                          awGUjrifcJh&olwpfOD;u ajymMum;                        wHwm;ESifh omrefwHwm;[lí okH;rsKd;                                                    d
                                                                                                                                                                            jynfe,fbufjcrf;ukyJ tm;jyKNyD; ykYdae            pD;yGm;a&;ESifhul;oef;a&mif;0,fa&;
ajymMum;onf/                                                onf/                                                  cJGjcm;aumufcHavh&SdaMumif; aqmuf                         p&mrvkdawmhbJ aemufxyfjynfe,f                    0efBu;D Xmeu 2011 ckEpf pufwifbmvS
                             S f I f
           ,cifowfrwEe;xuf ok;q                    H               xkdYjyif pufwifbmv 29 &uf                      vkyfa&;0efBuD;Xmejynfaxmifpk0ef                           awGukd &d'f (Rhi) uae rkda&;? tJ'D               yxrywftwGif; xkwfjyefxm;aom
   d                   h
wk;aumufrnftpDtpOfudk atmufwdk                              aeYwGif aps;EIef;ajymif;xm;aom pm                     BuD;\ vTwawmfwif wifjy&Si;vif;
                                                                                                                              f     G            f                          urS wpfqifhNyD;wpfqifh ul;oef;ykdY               owif;xkwfjyefcsufrsm;t& od&
bmv 1 &ufaeYwGif pwif&efjzpf                                &Gufrsm;ukd ,if;wkd;*dwfrsm;rS a0iS                   csuft& od&Sd&onf/                                         aqmifrI vG,fuloGm;zkdY trsm;BuD;                 onf/
aomfvnf; &efukefwkdif;a'oBuD;
tpkd;&\ nTefMum;csuft& acwå                                     LIVESTOCK
                   d
,m,Da&TUqki;f xm;jcif;jzpfNy;D rnfonfh
tcsdewif jyefvnfaumufcrnfurl
          f G
twdtus rajymEkdifao;aMumif;
                                              H      dk        a&xGufydkhukefvkyfief; jynfyEdkifiHrsm;ESifU tusKd;wlyl;aygif;&efpDpOf
                         kÜ D
at;&Sm;a0gvfurPwm0ef&owpfO;                 dS l        D      &efukef? atmufwdkbm 5
u &Sif;jyonf/                                                                   S f kd f           d                 I                         f k f k f
                                                                        ,ckEpyi;wGif odoomom t½H;ay:aeaom a&xGuyYkduevyief;rsm; jyefvnfO;armhvmap&ef                                       D
           txufygwHwm;ok;H pif;wGif acwå                              G                                        kfH                                                    f HS I
                                                               &nf&,Nf y;D t"du0,fvufjynfyEdiirsm;rS azmufonfrsm;ESihf tusK;d wl&if;ES;D jrK§ yErrsm; aqmif&u&ef zdwac:                       G f           f     "mwfykH-rkd;ausmfvGif
&yfqkdif;xm;aomfvnf; {&m0wD                                                                                  k                  kd f d f              f
                                                               oGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; jynfaxmifp0efBuD;OD;wifEioe;\ ajymMum;csuukd ud;um;NyD; jrefrmEdiiH ig;vkyief;k                            kf             f
wkdif;a'oBuD;&Sd vrf;wHwm;rsm;wGif                             tzGJUcsKyf taxGaxGtwGif;a&;rSL; OD;0if;BudKifu atmufwdkbmv 4 &ufaeYwGif ajymMum;onf/
pufwifbmv 1 &ufaeYrpNyD; ,cif           S                                                        f                                           H d f
                                                                        arG;jrLa&;ESihf a&vkyief;0efBuD;XmeESihf trsKd;om;pDrue;ESihf pD;yGm;a&;zGUH NzdK;wd;wufrI 0efBuD;Xme      k
aps;EIef;xuf okH;qwkd;jr§ifhum pwif                                              k                   kd f d f           H
                                                               jynfaxmifp0efBuD; OD;wifEioe;u wGaw;NrdKUe,f&dS ig;arG;jrLa&; uefvyief;&Sirsm;ESihf atmufwbm       k f           f                        kd
aumufcHaeouJhokdY vIdifom,mNrdKU                               v 2 &ufaeYwGif awGUqHk&mwGif txufygtwdkif; ajymMum;jcif;jzpfaMumif; OD;0if;BudKifu twnfjyK
e,f&Sd wkd;acsmif;vrf;jzwfcaumuf                               ajymMum;onf/ a&xGufydkYukef\tajccHusqHk;aom ig;uefydkif&Sifrsm; vkyfief;taumiftxnfazmf
cHa&;wkd;*dwfwGifvnf; okH;qwkd;jr§ifh                                         I                            f              f                G
                                                               &mwGif t½H;oufomNyD; aps;EIe;wnfNidrapum a&&Snfwif tusK;tjrwf&&Srcirmap&ef &nf&,vsuf d                  d I kd f                      G f
aumufcaeNyD; &efuewi;a'oBuD;
                 H               k f dk f                      jynfyazmufonfEdkifiHrsm;ESifh tusKd;wlyl;aygif;aqmif&GufNyD; enf;ynmrsm;? t&if;tESD;rsm; zdwfac:
aqmufvkyfa&;½kH;u csrSwfxm;aom                                 oGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; ¤if;uqufvuf&Sif;jyonf/
pnf;rsOf;twki; aumufcaeaMumif;
                     df                   H                             tusKd;wlyl;aygif;vkyfudkifrnfh Contract Farming udk jynfwGif;wdkif;&if;om; arG;jrLa&;
vIiom,m wkd;acsmif;wkd;*dwf wm0ef
   df                                                          vkyfief;&Sifrsm;u pdwf0ifpm;rI&SdMuaomfvnf; vufawGUvkyfaqmif&mwGif tawGUtBuHK rsm; vdktyfae
&SdolwpfOD;u &Sif;jyonf/                                       ao;aMumif; wGHaw;NrdKUe,f ig;vkyfief;tzGJUcsKyf Ouú| OD;0if;ausmfu ajymMum;onf/
                                                                                                                   k        k f
                                                                        ]]olrsm; Contract Farming qdvYkd vduajymae&wm/ bmawG BuHK&rvJqwm wu,fvyMf unfrS                      kd                    k          h
                                  f G df
           wk;d acsmif;wk;d *dwwif ]vIiom,m                    odrSm}} [k ¤if;urSwfcsufjyKajymMum;onf/
B.O.T pepf vrf;tokH;jyKcaumufcH
                                                                                     k f H               d                             k f              kd kd f
                                                                        jynfyEdiirsm;ESihf tusK;wl yl;aygif;uefx½dupmcsKyfrsm; csKyfqEivQif ,if;Ediirsm;rS enf;ynm                   k f H
EIef;} acgif;pOfjzifh csdwfqJGxm;onfh                                              D                                   f k f hf
                                                               ESihf t&if;tES;rsm;0ifa&mufvmNyD; tvkytuditcGitvrf;opfrsm;yg ay:aygufvmEdium xkwvyrrsm;                            kf              f k f I
ADEkdif;aMumfjimtopfwGif ESpfwef                               wdk;wufvmEdkifouJhodkY EdkifiHwum aps;uGufa0pkopfrsm; &SmazGvmEdkifrnfjzpfaMumif; jrefrmEdkifiH
atmuf,mOfukd tedrfhqkH; aiGusyf                                a&xG u f y pö n f ; xk w f v k y f o l r sm;ES i f h wif y k d Y a &mif ; csol r sm;toif ; wm0ef & S d o l w pf O D ; jzpf o nf h
140 rS 55 wef,mOfukd tjrifhqkH;                                a':wdk;eE´mwifu oHk;oyfajymqdkonf/
11ç200 usyf[k aMunmxm;aMumif;
    20
  The
     VOICE
 PROMOTION
                          LOCAL                                                                                                                                                                  Monday, October 17 - 23, 2011




awmifudk&D;,m;½kyf&SifyGJawmf jrefrmukrÜPDESpfck                                                                                                                        News in Brief
                                                                                                                                                       tajymif;tvJacgif;pOfjzifU q&mausmf0if;a[majymrnf
yxrqHk;tBudrfyHUydk;rnf                                                                                                                                &efukef? atmufwkdbm 9
                                                                                                                                                                      df       f                   d                           f
                                                                                                                                                            jrefrmEkiiH ig;vkyief;tzJUG csKyf oD&tPÖ0gcef;rwGif pma&;q&mausm0if;
&efukef? pufwifbm 28                                                                                                                                   u ]tajymif;tvJ} (Change of Democratization) acgif;pOfjzifh atmufwkd
                                                                                                                                                       bmv 15 &ufaeY rGef;vJG 2 em&Dü a[majymrnfjzpfaMumif; jrefrmEkdifiH
      rmEkdifi f& ud D;
 jref 21 &ufHqS kdi24m&ufk&eY,m;or®w;EkyrnfHojzpfHk;upDjrefromdifi2011krckÜPSpDEf SpudkuD;,m;½kyf&Sik;tBudrudk atmufwbmv
              r           a txdusif
                                        difi H½ pOfa
                                                    &m      mEk HrSu
                                                                           E           k&
                                                                                    fc yxrqH
                                                                                                      fyGJawmf
                                                                                                               f
                                                                                                                     dkbmv
                                                                                                                       tjzpf  Co-Sponsor               ig;vkyfief;tzJGUcsKyf taxGaxGtwGif;a&;rSL; OD;0if;BudKifu ajymMum;onf/
yHhydk;rnfjzpfaMumif; ,if;yHhykd;olukrÜPDwpfckjzpfonfh City Mart Supermarket \ wm0ef&SdolwpfOD;u ajymMum;onf/                                                       d            G           d f H   f            S       d f G
                                                                                                                                                            tqkyga[majymyJudk jrefrmEkiiig;vkyief;tzJUG csKyfEihf jrefrmEkiiH ykpef
                                                                                                                                                          f       f                                             l
                                                                                                                                                       vkyief;&Sirsm;toif;wkYd yl;aygif;usif;yjcif;jzpfNyD; rnforqkd wufa&mufEif dk
        ,if;odkY yl;aygif;yg0ifcGifh& udk&D;,m; trsKd;om;o½kyfaqmif rsm;udk atmufwdkbmv 10 &ufaeYrS                                                    aMumif; ¤if;u xyfrHajymMum;onf/
aom ukrÜPDESpfckrSm City Mart Su- Choi Soo Jong (orki;f wGir,farmfue; pwifNyD; OD;&mvlpepfjzifh jrefrmEkdifiH
                                                              d      f h     G f
permarket ESifh Junction Centre wdkY      wGiyg0ifo)ESihf trsK;orD;o½kyaqmif qki&m ud&;,m;or®wEkiio½;wGif
                                               f         l      d        f           d f
jzpfaMumif;? jrefrmESifh udk&D;,m; So Yi Hyun (tem;rnDtcspfwGif ay;a0ay;oGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; ,if;
                                                                                               k D            d f H H kH                               pifumyl      SAA       ynmoifqavQmufEif
                                                                                                                                                                                     k      dk
                                                                                                                                                       &efukef? atmufwdkbm 7
                                                  l
cspfMunfa&;twGufvnf; &nf&G,f yg0ifo) wdYk vma&mufrnfjzpfaMumif; XmexHrS od&Sd&onf/
aMumif;? ud&;,m;½ky&iyawmfaeYwif awmifu&;,m;½ky&iyawmf vufrwf
             kD       f S f JG        G             kd D    f S f JG       S               txufyg tEkynm&Sifrsm;u                                               Singapore Accountancy Academy (SAA) u ACCA ESihf CAT pmar;yGajzqdk  J
                                                                                            kd
                                                                                 atmufwbmv 22 &uf rGe;vGJ 2 em&D   f                                                                         f l S f D
                                                                                                                                                       rnfh ausmif;om;^olrsm;xJrS xl;cReoEpO;tm; ynmoifqtjynfay;rnfjzpf k     h
                                                                                 30rdepfcefYwGif "r®apwDvrf;&Sd City                                   aMumif; SAA ESifhcsdwfqufynma&;0efaqmifay;aeaom RV ! Centre xHrS
                                                                                 Mart uzGifhvSpfxm;aom Market                                          od&onf/
                                                                                 Place wG i f Discover Korea Food                                                   d                 k                 d
                                                                                                                                                                tqkyg ynmoifqukd avQmufxm;vkygu ynma&;wGix;cReojl zpf&ef? f l f
                                                                                 Show udk rdwfqufzGifhvSpfrnfjzpfNyD;                                  OD;pD; OD;aqmifEkdifpGrf;&Sd&ef ponfhtcsufrsm;ESifh jynfhpHk&rnfjzpfaMumif;? SAA
                                                                                         f
                                                                                 o½kyaqmif So Yi Hyun u uk&;,m;      dD                                      d f H                                     G f
                                                                                                                                                       u Ekiiwumausmif;om;rsm;twGuf &nf&,í ,ckuoYkdynmoifqay;jcif;  hJ          k
                                                                                                f       dk
                                                                                 xrif;okyukd yifwijf yKvkyjf yrnfjzpf                                  jzpfaMumif; ? a&G;cs,fcH&aom ausmif;om;? ausmif;olonf SAA Global
                                                                                                               kd f f
                                                                                 aMumif;? tpDtpOfaemufyi;wGivnf;                                       Education \tcsdefjynfhwufa&mufynmoif,lcGifh Full time Student Pass
                                                                                                   f             f
                                                                                 tEkynm&Sirsm;ESihf trSww& "mwfykH                                     udk avQmufxm;&rnf jzpfaMumif;ESifh tao;pdwfodvkdygu &efukefzkef; -
                                                                                   k f l               kD
                                                                                 ½duu;jcif;rsm;? ud&;,m; tpm;tpm                                       253538? 541886? 09-8612246? rEÅav; zkef; - 09-2011406 wdkYodkY
                                                                                 rsKd;pHka&mif;csjcif;rsm;udk jyKvkyfrnf
                                                                                 jzpfaMumif; ¤if;uajymMum;onf/                                         qufoG,fpHkprf;Edkifrnfjzpfonf/
                                                                                           tqkdyg½kyf&SifyGJawmfukd ESpfpOf                                                       S
                                                                                                                                                       Diploma in Banking pifumylEiUf                           d d              Uf
                                                                                                                                                                                                              NAwef yl;aygi;f zGirnf
                                                                                 usif;yjyKvkyfcJh&m ,cktcg ig;Budrf
                                                                                 ajrmuf usif;yjcif;jzpfaMumif; ,if;                                    &efukef? atmufwdkbm 6
                                                                                 oH½kH;xHrS od&Sdonf/                                                        pifumylEkdifiHwGif zGifhvSpfxm;aom Kaplan ESifh NAdwdefEkdifiH Securities
 SOCIETY
                                                                                                                                                       & Investment Institute (SII)     ausmif;wkdYyl;aygif;í Diploma in Banking
                                                                                                                                                                       hf S f                      dk
                                                                                                                                                       bmom&yfudk zGivprnfjzpfNyD; atmufwbmvrSpwifum 0ifciavQmufvm      G hf               T
qvkHuRef;rSykH&dyfrsm; "mwfykHjyyJGjyKvkyfrnf                                                                                                          rsm; avQmufxm;EkdifaMumif; Tip Top oifwef;ausmif; wm0ef&SdolwpfOD;u
                                                                                                                                                       ajymMum;onf/
&efukef? atmufwkdbm 8                                                                                                                                        tqkdygbmom&yfukd pifumylEkdifiH&Sd Kaplan ausmif;wGif wufa&muf&
                                                                                                                                                       rnfjzpfaMumif;? Zefe0g&DvwGifzGifhvSpfrnfjzpfNyD; oifwef;umvrSm 10 v
           jrefrmEkdifiH awmifbufpGef;&Sd                       df           f
                                                          aexkiusupm;vsu&aMumif; ¤if;\f dS                                                   d
                                                                                                          a'ovlrsKd;rsm;ajymif;a&TU aexkijf cif;       MumjrifhrnfjzpfaMumif;? Elements of Economics ? Business Law ? Rules &
uRef;rsm;ay:ü aexkdifMuaom ESpf                           ajymMum;csuft& od&onf/                          qkdif&m okawoeXmewkdYrS ynm&Sif              Regulations for Financial Advisory Services ponfh bmom&yfrsm;ukd
aygif; 100 ausmf&SdNyDjzpfonfh yif                                 ]]qvkHuRef;rS ykH&dyfrsm;"mwfykH       rsm;u atmufwkdbmv 20 &ufESifh                                                               ¾ d
                                                                                                                                                       oifMum; &rnfjzpfNy;D oifwef;Ny;D qk;H ygu yk*vubPfrsm;wGif tvkyvyuiEiff k f dk f dk
v,faysmfqvkHwdkif;&if;om;rsm;\                            jyyJGukd a[majymyJGawGeJYyg wifquf              21 &ufaeY nae 6 em&DwGif &Sm;yg;
b0yk H & d y f r sm;uk d xif [ yf a prnf h                oGm;rSmyg}} [k a':0g0gwifu qkd                  wkdif;&if;om;rsKd;EG,fpkrsm;\ vlrI           aMumif;? tao;pdwfodvkdygu Tip Top International Education Services
                                                                                                                                                                   f                              G f dk f
                                                                                                                                                       Provider zke;-09-91001818okYd qufo,EiaMumif; ¤if;xHro&&onf/  S d dS
"mwf y k H j yyJ G u k d &ef u k e f N rd K Uawmf & S d   onf/                                                              f
                                                                                                          tzJUG tpnf;twGi; 0ifa&mufaexkiMf u   d
jyifopf,Ofaus;rIXmewGif ,ckv
15 &ufaeYü jyornfjzpfaMumif;
                                                                           G G
                                                                   jyyJwif 1984 ckEprpí ,aeY
                                                                                           S f S
                                                          xd w k d i f aexk d i f a eMuaom qvk H
                                                                                                          jcif; taMumif;t&mrsm;ukd aqG;aEG;
                                                                                                          a[majymrnfjzpfaMumif; jyifopf
                                                                                                                                                       ausmufpdrf; ausmufrsufynmoifwef; zGifUrnf
,if;Xme\ vlrIqufqa&;t&m&Sd             H                  wdkif;&if;om; rsm;\ orkdif;aMumif;              ,Ofaus;rIXme\ owif;xkwfjyef                  &efukef? atmufwdkbm 6
                                                                                                                                                           Myanmar Gemological Institute u BuD;rSL;í Certificate in Applied
a':0g0gwifu ajym Mum;onf/                                 "mwf y k H r sm;? qvk H w d k i f ; &if ; om;   csufrsm;t& od&onf/
           tqk d y g yif v ,f a ysmf q vk H               rsm;ESiywfoufonfh uav;i,frsm;
                                                                    hf                                           tqkdygjyifopf,Ofaus;rIXme                                                                dk
                                                                                                                                                       Gemology (Specialized in Jade) oifwef;ukd atmufwbmv 17 &ufaeYwif     G
wd k i f ; &if ; om;rsm;uk d xd e f ; od r f ;            \ yef;csvuf&mrsm;? qvkwi;f &if;om;
                                                                         D                   H kd         onf jrefrmEkdifiHwGif ,Ofaus;rItEk           pwifzGifhvSpfrnfjzpfaMumif; Tip Top oifwef;ausmif; wm0ef&SdolwpfOD;xHrS
apmif h a &S m uf & rnf h vl r sKd ; pk t jzpf            rsm;tokH;jyKaom tokH;taqmif                     ynmjyyGrsm;ESihf "mwfyjHk yyJrsm;? ½ky&if
                                                                                                                   J                   G         f S   od&Sd&onf/
owfrwxm;NyD; ,if; vlO;a& 3000
            S f                          D                      f                  D
                                                          ypön;rsm;ukd jyoNy; csLvm avmifuef          G   yJGawmfrsm;ukd trsm;qkH;usif;yonfh                  oifwef;wGif ausmufvkyfuGuf a&G;cs,fenf;? ausmufrsuf&wemjyyGJ
ausmonf uRe;aygif; 800 ay:wGif
         f              f                                 wuúovvroawoeXmeESihf tm&S
                                                                       dk f l I k                         Xmewpfckjzpfonf/                             wGif 0,fa&mif;enf;? ausmufpdrf;t½kdif;wkH;(cJ)rsm; cJGjcm;0,f,la&mif;csenf;?
                                                                                                                                                       zm;uefY? rEÅav;? a&TvDausmuf0kdif;rsm;wGif 0,f,la&mif;csenf;ESifh ausmuf
                                                                                                                                                       pdrf;tppf? twk cGJjcm;enf; ponfh bmom&yfrsm;ukd oifMum;ykdYcsoGm;rnf
                                                             NEWS PHOTO                                                                                jzpfaMumif;? oifwef;ukd atmufwkdbmv 17 &ufrS 31 &ufaeYtxd wef;cGJ
                                                                                                                                                       wpfckvQif vlOD;a& 30 OD;jzifh vufcHoifMum;rnfjzpfaMumif;? pm&if;ay;oGif;
                                                                                                                                                          d l           f
                                                                                                                                                       vkorsm;onf zke;-09-91001818? 09-47117788? 02-69321 okYd qufo,f           G
                                                                                                                                                       pm&if;ay;oGif;EkdifaMumif; ,if;oifwef;xHrS pkHprf;od&Sd&onf/
                                                                                                                                                              kfI          U
                                                                                                                                                       30 &mcdiEe;f txdavQmay;rnfU                 Samsung                          k
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     ta&mif;yGjJ yKvyf
                                                                                                                                                       &efukef? atmufwdkbm 1
                                                                                                                                                             jrefrmEdkifiH\ tDvufx&Gefepf aps;uGufwGif a0pktrsm;pk&,lxm;onfh
                                                                                                                                                       Samsung ukrÜPD\ aps;a&mif;yGJawmfudk atmufwdkbmv 6 &ufrS 16 &ufaeY
                                                                                                                                                       txd Samsung ta&mif;cef;rrsm;wGif jyKvkyfoGm;rnfjzpf&m tDvufx&Gefepf
                                                                                                                                                           f               k f I f       k f I f     h G               Ü
                                                                                                                                                       ypön;rsm;udk 10 &mcdiEe;rS 30 &mcdiEe;txd avQmcsom;rnf[k ,if;ukrPD
                                                                                                                                                       \ ta&mif;refae*sm OD;ausmfpGmvif;u ajymMum;onf/
                                                                                                                                                       NrKdY jyAdokum ykHqGJoifwef; zGifUvSpfrnf
                                                                                                                                                       &efukef? atmufwdkbm 6
        "mwfyHk - rdk;ausmfvGif                                                                                                                                jynfwGif;jynfy Construction ESifh Engineering e,fy,frsm;wGif tvkyf
                                                                                                                                                             f dk f dk l             fD                  k H JG
                                                                                                                                                       vkyuivorsm;twGuf tif*sie,mESihf NrKUd jyAdoumykqoifwef;tyfErI pwif HS
                                    HrS                            eonfh
         a&Smhyif;pifwm taqmufttkrSm jynfvrf;rBuD;ESifh uyfvsuf&Sdaeonftjyif rlvajrjyiftxuf av;ay                                                                                                                     dS
                                                                                                                                                       vufcHaeaMumif; Promotion Computer Training Centre wm0ef&ol wpfO;u       D
    ausmfig;ayeD;yg;cefY tjrifh,lxm;aomaMumifh vdtyfonfxuf axmifrwfaeaom ,mOftwuftqif;vrf;
          g;ayeD                  m;a            k                   aeaom                                                                             ajymMum;onf/
    qifajcavsmonf trsm;jynfolokH; vloGm;yvufazmif;ay:odkYyg apmif;vsuae&m,lxm;onf/ a&Smhyif;pifwm
                                                                       f e&m,l              pif                                                                       d                   kd
                                                                                                                                                               tqkygoifwef;ukd atmufwbmv 22 &ufaeYtxd avQmufxm;EkiNf yD;     d
    t0iftxGuf,mOfrsm;ESifh yvufazmif;ay:oGm;vmaeaom trsm;jynfolwdkYtMum; rawmfwqxdcdkufrI                                                                                   H        h
                                                                                                                                                       oifwef;umvrSm ok;vMumjrifrnfjzpfaMumif;? oifwef;aMu;rSm usyf 90ç000
    tEÅ&m,frsm; &Sdaeonf/                                                                                                                                        h                f d dk
                                                                                                                                                       usoifrnfjzpfNyD; tao;pdwovygu Promotion Computer Training Centre
                                                                                                                                                                                                  G f Hk d f
                                                                                                                                                       zke;f -389038? 09-73184525 okYd qufo,pprf;EkiaMumif; ¤if;uqdkonf/
BOOK
      BUYING GUIDE
   Monday, October 17 - 23, 2011




Vol.7 / No.44                                                                                                                                                               VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                          The
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             The




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         October 17 - 23 , 2011
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       21




tif'dkeD;&Sm; oufwHa&mifpOf aumif;uifopfESifU EdkifiHwum EdkifiHa&;?
vlrIa&;ESifU pD;yGm;a&;&m aqmif;yg;rsm;
              The Waves r*¾Zif;wGif 2009                                                                                                                                                                  H        f
                                                                                                                                                                                                      ,kapcsiw,f/ 'DXmetay: ,kMH unfrI                               k f kf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            wpduvyaqmifcygw,f/ uReawmf    hJ                     f
ckESpftwGif; ykHESdyfazmfjycJhNyD;aom                                                                                                                                                                 &Sdapcsifw,f/ EdkifiHom;awGu olwdkY                                  HSf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            wdYk&UJ ykrea&G;aumufyawG[m Ediia&;   JG          kfH
aqmif;yg;rsm;udk pmtkytjzpf pkpnf;           f                                                                                                                                                        tpdk;&udk r,kHawmhbl;qdk&if tJ'D                      wm0efcHEdkifrIeJY Nidrf;csrf;pGm tmPm
            f
xkwa0xm;jcif;jzpfonf/ taMumif;                                                                                                                                                                        wdkif;jynf b,fudkrSa&mufrSm r[kwf                     vTJajymif;a&;udk cdkifrmapcJhygw,f/
t&m 13 ckyg0ifNyD; pma&;q&m?                                                                                                                                                                          awmhbl;}} (pm-54)                                                     H
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            or®w½k;[m wpfcgwke;uvdk tmPm             f
bmomjyefq&mckepfO;u bmomjyef              D                                                                                                                                                                   EdkifiHawmfor®wBuD;tygt0if                    tm;vkH;udk xdef;csKyfxm;wJhae&m
xm;aom aqmif;yg;rsm;vnf;jzpf                                                                                                                                                                          Oya'jyKa&;? w&m;pD&ifa&;? tkyfcsKyf                   r[k w f a wmh y gbl ; / wyf r awmf e J Y
onf/                                                                                                                                                                                                  a&;r@dKifokH;ckwGif&Sdaeonfh yk*K¾ dvf                vuf e uf u d k i f & J [ m Ed k i f i H a &;rS m
              'Drdkua&pDEdkifiHxlaxmif&ef                                                                                                                                                             rsm; txl;tav;xm; zwf½qifjcif&I                        0ifrpGufawmhygbl;/ tjyeftvSef
tpjyKjyifqifaeaom wpfenf;tm;                                                                                                                                                                          rnfrSm tif'dkeD;&Sm;EdkifiH\ vlBudKuf                 ppfaq;xdef;nd§wJhpepfwpfck jzpfyg
jzif h 'D r d k u a&pD t vif ; a&mif r sm;                                                                                                                                                            trsm;qk;? jynfovxk axmufcrt&
                                                                                                                                                                                                                 H       l l          HI                    w,f/ ygvDref[m tm;rmeftjynfh eJY
xGef;vif;pjyKvmaom rsufarSmuf                                                                                                                                                                         qkH; or®wBuD;jzpfol AdkvfcsKyfBuD;                    vk H ; 0rS D c k d u if ; vG w f v yf y gw,f /
jrefrmEdkifiHtajctaeudk aumif;pGm                                                                                                                                                                     a[mif; qlqDvdkbefbef; ,l'dk,dkEdk\                    w&m;a&; pepfvnf; 'Dtwdkif;ygyJ/
&d y f p m;rd a om pma&;q&mwd k Y E S i f h                                                                                                                                                           World movement for democracy                          olwdkYtMum; zGJYpnf;tkyfcsKyfykHqdkif&m
pDpOfxwa0aom yvwfpwpf&e;bd;
               k f                                                 df k                                                                                                                               tzGYJ csKyf\ ajcmufBudrajrmuf *smum
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       f                    qufoG,frIawGudk &Sif;&Sif;vif;vif;
              f kd f
pmtkywuwYkdu vuf&jdS refrmEdii\                                  kfH                                                                                                                                                          Gf
                                                                                                                                                                                                      wmnDvmcHwiajymMum;cJonfh rdeYfce;       h        Gf       hf kd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            zGiqxm;ygw,f/ uReawmfwYkdajrrSm            f
tajctaeESihf tem*wfEii\ tvm;                   kd f H                                                                                                                                                 jzpfonf/ olYrdefYcGef;&Sd atmufyg                     w&m;Oya'[m txGwftxdyf pdk;rdk;
tvmwdkYudk zefwD;ykHazmfay;Murnfh                                                                                                                                                                     qdpum;rsm;u olYc,csu?f olYt&nf
                                                                                                                                                                                                         k                       H l                        ygw,f/ (pm-61)
pDrHcefYcGJtkyfcsKyfolrsm;? tDvpfrsm;                                                                                                                                                                         f
                                                                                                                                                                                                      tcsi;ESihf olYtajrmftjrifukd xif;vif;                                tcsKyf q d k & &if þpmtk y f y g
          k
tud;tum;jyK avhvmok;oyfEi&ef                           H            kd f                                                                                                                              pGm azmfne;aeonftjyif xGe;opfp
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    T f           h                  f      tjcm;taMumif;t&mrsm;onfvnf;
&nf&G,fykH&onf/                                                                                                                                                                                            kd          kd f H
                                                                                                                                                                                                      'Drua&pDEiirsm;twGuvnf; pHerlem    f                  urÇ m BuD ; rsuf a rS m uf j yKaeaom
              ta&SUawmiftm&SEiirsm;teuf          kd f H                                                                                                                                               ,lp&mrsm;jzpfonf/                                     tajctaersm;udk rlwnfum tm&SEihf                        S
Edii{&d,mtm;jzifh tBuD;qk;? vlO;a&
  kfH                                                     H              D                                                                                                                                               f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                uReawmfwYkd&,lxm;wJh t"du                   tdrfeD;csif;ESifh a'owGif;EdkifiHrsm;\
trsm;qkH;? pD;yGm;a&;zGYHNzdK;rIEIef; avm                                         &Saeaom Ediiwpfctjzpf Ediiwum
                                                                                    d                      k f H              k             k f H              tjrwfxkwfolrsm; yaysmufvkeD;           oifcef;pmawGxJu wpfckuawmh                            jzpfay:ajymif;vJrIrsm;udk NcKHikHokH;oyf
avmq,ftjrefqkH; paom 0daoo                                                        avhvmapmifhMunfholrsm;u xifjrif                                              avsmhyg;oGm;ap&ef pGrf;aqmifay;cJh     'Drdkua&pD[m aumif;rGefwJhtkyfcsKyf                   xm;aomaqmif;yg;rsm;jzpfonftwGuf                h
wdYktjyif urÇmay:wGif rGwqvifO;a&                    f                     D           f
                                                                                  csuay;xm;cJMh uonf/ odYkaomf 1994?                                           olrm cdirmjywfom;NyD; xufjrufo?l
                                                                                                                                                                    S k f                             a&;eJY qufpyfae&r,fqwmjzpfw,f/       kd               zwfoif?h qifjcifo;oyfoifonfrsm;  Hk          h
trsm;qk;aexdi&mEdii?H urÇmwwd,
                 H         kf kf                            h                     2004 ESihf 2009 ckEpwYkd wif oefY&i;       S f          G              S f   ½dk;ajzmifholtjzpfemrnfausmfonfh       'Dtcsuf[m uRefawmfwdkY 'Drdkua&pD                     csn;jzpfonf/ txl;ojzifh qdA,uf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      f                                      k D
tBu;D qk;H 'Drua&pDEiiBH u;D wpfcvnf;
                     kd            kd f                        k                  aom 'Drua&pDenf;us a&G;aumufyJG
                                                                                                    kd                                                         trsKd;orD;b@ma&;0efBuD; rl,meD         tul;tajymif;&JU tapmydkif;ESpfawG                     jynfaxmifpordi;wGif tarSmifacwf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 k k f
jzpfonfh tif'dkeD;&Sm;onf 'Drdkua&pD                                              rsm; Nidrf;csrf;pGm usif;yay;EdkifcJhjcif;?                                  aMumifh[kvnf;qdkMuonf/ olYcH,l         twGi; tcuftcJq; vkyp&mawGxJ
                                                                                                                                                                                                                f                   Hk          f           [kqrnfh tmPm&Sipwmvif\ 'Pf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        kd                      f
EdkifiHxlaxmif&ef tm;,ljyifqifae                                                  tmacs;a'oudk 'Drdkua&pDenf;jzifh                                             csufudkMunfh½kHjzifh olYapwemESifh     u wpfckjzpfygw,f/ wpfcgwpf&H                          udkcHpm;cJh&aom jynfolrsm;udk,fpm;
aom jrefrmEdkifiHtzdkY teD;uyfqkH;                                                at;at;anmif;anmif;ajz&Si;EdicjhJ cif;?                     f kf              tajrmftjrifudk ay:vGifaponf/           tkyfcsKyfa&;nHhzsif;rIawGay:ayr,fh                           f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            rSwwrf;wifay;ol? 20 &mpk\ xl;jcm;
erlem,l? twk,l? oifcef;pm,lp&m                                                    'Drdkua&pDpepf\ tajccHa&aomuf                                                              k k l
                                                                                                                                                               xdYktwl tpd;&qdorsm;vnf; twk,l         topfay:xGufvmwJh vGwfvyfrI                            aom pma&;q&mtjzpf owfrSwfcH
EdkifiHwpfckvnf;jzpfonf/                                                          jrpf aumif;rGefaomtkyfcsKyfa&;pepf                                           avhvmMuapvdonf/ tpd;k &ESihf jynfol
                                                                                                                                                                               k                                               f
                                                                                                                                                                                                      twGuf tvGe0rf;omjzpfc&w,f/ ...              hJ        &ol qdkZifepfZiftaMumif;uvnf;
              ql[mwdvufxuf tif'e;&Sm;
                           k                                     kd D             udk a'oEÅ& tkycsKyfa&;e,fy,ftoD;  f                                          tMum; b,ft&mjzifh csnfaESmif&                    ...uRefawmfwdkY 'Drdkua&pDzGHUNzdK;         pdw0ifpm;p&maumif;vSonf/ pmtkyf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   f
\ tajctaeonf 1962 ckEpaemuf                                 Sf                    oD;wGifyif vufawGYusus usifhokH;                                             rnfqdkaomtcsufudk owdjyKrdzdkYvdk      rI t wG u f wm&S n f w nf w H h r ,f h                xkwfa0aomwdkufESifh pma&;q&m
ydkif; jrefrmEdkifiHtajctaeESifh bmrQ                                             taumiftxnfazmfEdkifjcif;wdkYu                                                onf/ olY&nfrSef;csufudkMunfhyg/        tifpwDusL;&Sif;awG wnfaqmufzdkY?                      rsm;\apwemu a&mif;aps; usyf 2000
odyruGm/ odYkaomf aqGrsK;om;csi;ESihf
       f                                           d                   f          tif'dkeD;&Sm;EdkifiHudk yifhwifaxmufr                                               ]]uRerrSm &nfre;csuwpfcy&dS
                                                                                                                                                                           f        Sf f       kJ     aoa&;&Sia&;wrQ ta&;BuD;ygw,f/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     f                                      wefzdk;udk rSdefazsmhoGm;aponf/
rdwaqGtaygif;toif;aumif;pm;a&;
        f                                                                         ay;vduaom tajccHtaMumif;w&m;
                                                                                            k f                                                                w,f/ tif'dkeD;&Sm;vlxk uRefrwdkYudk    vGefcJhwJhq,fESpftwGif; 'gudk *½k
vufudkifjyKxm;onfh tmPm&Sif                                                       rsm;pGmteuf tenf;i,fjzpfonf/
AkdvfcsKyfBuD;a[mif; ql[mwdkonf                                                                        d ´d k f H
                                                                                             ]tE,Ediiopf toGiaqmifonfh                  f
                                                                                                                                                                   SELF- HELP
tif ' d k e D ; &S m ;Ed k i f i H \ pD ; yG m ;a&;ud k                                  kd D
                                                                                  tif'e;&Sm;} acgif;pOfatmufrS atmuf
txdkuftavsmuf jrifhrm;atmif pGrf;                                                 yg aumufEkwfcsufrsm;u 'Drdkua&pD
aqmifEdkifcJhonfhtjyif EdkifiHa&;t&
vnf; wnfNidrfatmif pGrf;aqmifay;
                                                                                  a&cHajrcHtjynf&aeaom tif'e;&Sm;
                                                                                  tjzpf txl;owdjyKp&maumif;vSonf/
                                                                                                                 h dS                             kd D            pnf;rsOf;vkdufem oifhb0rSm
EdkifcJhonf/ ql[mwdkacwfvGefumv
tif'dkeD;&Sm;onfum; ql[mwdkacwf
                                                                                  xdkYtjyif erlem,lp&mvnf;aumif;
                                                                                  onf/
                                                                                                                                                                  The Rules of Life
ESifh vkH;vkH;rwljcm;em;onfh pdwfvIyf                                                        owif;vGwvyfci&whJ owif;        f G hf dS                             Have a plan
&Sm;p&m? &ifckefp&m? tHhtm;oifhp&m?                                               pmeJY owif;XmeawG? rsufESmrvdkuf                                                           k
                                                                                                                                                                  tpDtpOfwpfcxm;yg
tm;usp&mtajctaersm; qufwuf                                                   kd   bJ ormorwfusus w&m;pD&ifwJh
                                                                                                                                                                  Richard Templar
qdkovdk jrifawGUMu&onf/                                                                         k
                                                                                  w&m;½H;awGeYJ rJqE´&irsm;u a&G;cs,f           Sf
              txl;ojzifh ql[mwdkrsKd;EG,fpk                                       wJh Oya'jyKtzGJUrsKd;awG tygt0if                                                                                 dk
                                                                                                                                                                  jrESi;f qD (Mra Hninzi) bmomjyefqonf
u tppt&m&m vuf0g;BuD;tkyf                                                                               f
                                                                                  aomhcsuuswhJ 'Drua&pDtzGUJ tpnf;       kd                                             So what happens if you don't have a plan? Well, you reinforce, to yourself , your sense of being not
                         k
xm;cJNh yD; AsL½dua&pD,EÅ&m;wpfcv;                                         k Hk   awG[m tckdiftcefY xifxif&Sm;&Sm;                                                in control. Once you have a plan, everything else falls into place. Once you have a plan, the logical steps to
eD;yg; tusifhysufjcpm;rIaygif;rsm;pGm                                             &Sdygw,f (pm-45)                                                                achieve that plan also become available, accessible. A plan isn't a dream - it's something you intend doing
ESihf vk;H vnfcsmvnfvuaeonftjyif        kd f                     h                           tif'dkeD;&Sm;EdkifiHudk b@ma&;                                       rather than something you want to do. And having a plan means you've thought through how you're going
                                                                                                                                                                  to do it.
                        J G f
ta&SUwDarmcGxua&;vIy&m;rItay:                            fS                       tusyftwnf;rS ½kef;xGufEdkifap&ef?
                                                                                                                                                                            h S          d hJ                J       h              f    dk f                   h
                                                                                                                                                                         oifrm tpDtpOfr&ScvQif bmjzpfrnfv/ oifb0udk oifrxde;csKyfEi[k cHpm;rdjcif;udk tm;jznfwif;&m
                   G Gf
&ufpufpmNzdKci;rI? 1997 tm&S pD;yGm;                                                              f
                                                                                  twdwu tcGea&Smifcorsm;udk vdvkd f                hJ l                k          a&mufonf/ oifhrSm tpDtpOfwpfck&dSonfESifh t&m&m aeom;wusjzpfoGm;vdrfhrnf/ tpDtpOfwpfckonf
a&;tusyftwnf;? tmacs;a'ocGJ                                                       vm;vm;tcGeaqmifvmap&ef? tpd;&f                                          k       tdyfrufwpfckr[kwfyg/ oifvkyf&ef &nf&G,fcsuf&Sdonfh t&monf tpDtpOfjzpfonf/ oifvkyf&efqE´&Sdonfh
xGufa&;rwnfNidrfrI? bmvDuRef;                                                                 H
                                                                                  u t½I;cHaxmufyay;aeaom avmif        hH                                          t&monf tdyfrufjzpfonf/ oifhrSm tpDtpOf&SdonfESifh xdktpDtpOf\ OD;wnfcsufodkYta&mufvSrf;Ekdif&ef
AkH;aygufuGJrI ponfhtcsufrsm;u                                                    pmqDrl0g'udk jyifvdkufjcif;tm;jzifh                                             usKd;aMumif; qDavsmfaom ajcvSrf;rsm;udk csrSwfzdkYtcGifhtvrf;&&Sdvmrnf/ tpDtpOf &Sdjcif;onf oifvkyfvkd
vnf; ql[mwdkacwftvGef tif'dkeD;                                                   tpkd;&tokH;p&dwfrsm;ESifh xdktajc                                               onhf tvkyfudk rnfodkY vkyfrnf[k BudKwifpOf;pm;xm;jcif;jzpfonf/
&Sm;udk NydKuGJoGm;Edkifonfhtajctae                                               taeudktcGifhaumif;,lum jcpm;
    22
    VOICE
  The




  SERVICE
                    BUYING GUIDE                                                                                                                                                       Monday, October 17 - 23, 2011




xkdif;EkdifiHrSm usef;rma&;ppfaq;csifolawGtwGuf txl;tpDtpOf
                                                                                               wmrkdY xkdif;EkdifiH&Sd y&m&rfEkdif;aq;½kH   u qkdygw,f/                                      f
                                                                                                                                                                                        pdw0ifpm;olawG oufomwJEe;xm;     h I f
                                                                                               &JU ESvkH;Xmeu jyKvkyfwJhtxl;tpD                      txl;tpDtpOfqkdwJhtwkdif;                  k    f          k
                                                                                                                                                                                        wpfceYJ vkyaqmifvYd&atmif vrf;nTef
                                                                                               tpOfukd ajymjycsifygw,f/ usef;rm             t&if ppfaq;ay;wJh ykHrSefaps;EIef;                              dk
                                                                                                                                                                                        ay;&jcif;yg/ y&m&rfEi;f aq;½kH jrefrmjynf
                                                                                                             dk f
                                                                                               a&;[m vlwi;twGuf ta&;BuD;qk;             H   bwf 9070? bwf 10070 EIef;                   uk,pm;vS,½;kH ? trSw-2^4? &Siapmyk
                                                                                                                                                                                           d f        f          f             f
                                                                                               ae&mrSm &SdaewmrkdYyg/ 'DtpDtpOfu            awG u k d tck t pD t pOf t & bwf            bk&m;vrf;axmifh? tcef; (2-at)?
                                                                                               ESvkH;ukd t"duppfaq;ay;rSmjzpfNyD;           5900? bwf 6900 eJY ppfaq;Ekdifyg                      D
                                                                                                                                                                                        okcOD;rDerwftay:? 'kxyf? prf;acsmif;
                                                                                               wjcm;vkdtyfwJh Medical Checkup                     hf
                                                                                                                                            vdrr,f/ 'DZifbmv 31 &ufaeYtxd               NrKdUe,f? zkef;-01-527930? 09-
                                                                                               awGyg ppfaq;ay;rSmygvkYd y&m&rfEi;    dk f   'DEIef;xm;eJY ppfaq;EkdifrSmrkdY EkdifiH    73191864 eJY 09-5154047 ukd
                                                                                                     H
                                                                                               aq;½k&UJ jrefrmjynf ukd,fpm;vS,f½kH;         &yf j cm;rS m usef ; rma&;ppf a q;zk d Y    qufoG,fEkdifygw,f/
                                                                                                SERVICE




                                                                                               THE BODY SHOP 0,fxm;olawGtwGuf
                                                                                                                     f H d
                                                                                                   emrnfausmf UK trSwwqyf
       tck aiGaMu;t"durusolawG                     NyD; usef;rma&;ppfaq;rI (Medical            THE BODY SHOP ukd 0,f,lxm;
eJ Y usef ; rma&;uk d *½k p k d u f o l            Checkup) ukd jrefrmEkdifiHtwGif;rSm         olawGtwGuf txl;tpDtpOfwpfck
awmfawmfrsm;rsm;u aeraumif;jzpfr?S                 wifrubJ EkdifiH&yfjcm;ukdyg oGm;            yg/ (8) rkdifvrf;qkHu Hotel Yangon
ruse;rmrS aq;ukowmxuf BuKwif
     f                           d                 a&mufppfaq;rIjyKvmMuwm awGU&                rSm zGifhxm;wJh THE BODY SHOP
PRODUCT




0ufNcHawGudk tvG,fwuln§pfvdkh&wJU 0ufNcHn§pfpuf
       udk,fhrsufESmrSm&SdwJh 0ufNcHawG                                                        ESmacgif;teD;wpf0dkufrSm&SdwJh tnpf
               § f       kd
udk vufeYJ npr,fq&if a&m*gyd;0if      k                                                        taMu;awGukd tvG,wulz,fxwff            k
   k f
Ediygw,f/ 'gaMumifh 0ufNcHnpr,f   § f                                                          ay;Edkifvdrfhr,f/
qdk&if wpf½SL;eJYcHNyD; n§pf&rSmyg/                                                                      tm;oGif;NyD;oHk;EdkifwJh 'Dpuf
         f
'Dypön;av;uawmh 0ufNcHxuve;     G f G f                                                        av;&JU aps;EIef;u usyf 32450 yg/                df                dk f
                                                                                                                                            qkiwifru b,fEiiH ae&m a'ou                  jzpfw,fvkdY 'Dqkdifwm0ef&SdolawGu
                    § f k S k
olawGeYJ ? vufeYJ np&if yd;0ifrmpd;wJh                                                         wpfESpftwGif; ysufpD;&if ypönf;              rqdk0,fcJhwJh THE BODY SHOP                 qdkxm;ygw,f/ b,fvkdyJjzpfjzpf
olawGtwGuf ñTefay;vdkufygw,f/                                                                  vufctcrJhjyKjyifay;r,fvdkY a&mif;            bl ; ta[mif ; yk v if ; ta[mif ;            trIdufxJuae udk,fhtwGuf toHk;
       'D Pore Cleanser av;u                                                                   csay;wJh ukrÜPDuqdkw,f/                      (tBuD;) awGudk vufaqmifypön;       f        wnfhEkdifwJh vufaqmifav;&rSmrdkY
Panasonic trS w f w H q d y f j zpf N yD ;                                                                 k f
                                                                                                         AdvwaxmifNrdKUe,f? A[mAE¨K         txkyfi,fav;awGeJY vJvS,fay;                 Hotel Yangon u The Body Shop
           f H
armf',fveygwf EH-2331 yg/ xdi;          k f                                                    vvrf;eJY odrfjzLvrf;axmifh? trSwf            rSmyg/                                      rS m oG m ;a&muf v J v S , f E k d i f a tmif
 k f H k               f S d
Ediixwjf zpfNyD; rsuEmrSm&SwhJ 0ufNcH?                                                         263? YMCA Building zkef;-01-                        'I Love to recycle' vkdY trnf        ñTefay;wmyg/ tao;pdwocsi&if        f d f
qm;0ufNcHudk tvG,fwuln§pfxkwf                                                                                             f
                                                                                               296578? 292664 eJY pdea*[m (yg&rD)?          ay;xm;wJ h 'D t pD t pOf a v;u              awmh zke;f - 667708 vkdif;cGJ - 409
  k f                       § f
Ediygw,f/ 'D0ufNcHnppufu a&pdcH           k                                                    pd e f a *[m (jynf v rf ; )? pl y g0rf ;                        S f      k f
                                                                                                                                            urÇmBuD;udk oefY&i;atmifvyaqmif             eJYE-mail:theshop4thebody@gmail.
wJhtwGuf a&csKd;wJhtcgwdkif;rSm                                                                       d ú H     S
                                                                                               (usKuq) awGrm 0,fvYk&ygw,f/  d               csifwJh &nf&G,fcsufeJY jyKvkyf&jcif;                        G f
                                                                                                                                                                                        com udk qufo,vYkd &ygvdrr,f/         fh


  New Books                                                                            New Books                                                      New Books
  ]pm BtkyfyKdumayvlufwhafJ pmcs} pqkfowwGt;dd½wGuf ESpNfcKdu&pmrsmumif;zwfav uk,tg0ifu,ftawGUytBuKu[kocsw&avrkYvY&atmiftavhtx[m aumif;wJtavhrtrDxwpfcvwcs&Kdk Ud ukmdyg/ tJ'gaMumifjhypmtkyzwf&wm
       u Epo w
              f
              p
                fSf
                    Yrd qG d hJ qk k pum;twki;
                                       al
                                                            df      ;rsm        d hf wG f
                                                              f mtaM ;t&mav;awGy r h pmtk awG dk a&G; ,0,f,l dk
                                                                                               f
                                                                                                   A k
                                                                                                   H
                                                                                                          f
                                                                                                                d pmzwfwhJ
                                                                                                                           topfxu&orQxu vufvS ;f &m pmtkyf
                                                                                                                                G f dS J
                                                                                                                                         h             k Ydq rS
                                                                                                                                                           k
                                                                                                                                                                               k f
                                                                                                                                                                      aumufEwazmf ay;xm;wmyg/
                                                                                                                                                                                            f

                                                                                               pwJh tcef;aygif; &Spfcef;atmufrS             Websites ? Glossary ? ATM ES i f h          Smart Card   enf;ynmukd 'Dpmtkyf
SMART CARD                                enf;ynmc&D;onf                                       acgif;pOfcGJaygif; 38 ckeJY azmfjya&;                         d f H S
                                                                                                                                            Mobile ? jrefrmEkiiEihf Online Bank-        av;rSm azmfjyEkdifwm tpdwftykdif;
oef;xku(a&T&y) ? xkwfa0wkduf- rsufyGifh? wefzdk; - 2500
      d f df                                                                                   om;xm;ygw,f/ 'ghtjyif Smart                  ing c&D;pOf? Online Banking [m              wpfckom &Sdygao;w,fvkdYvnf;
                                                                                               Card eJY oufqkdifwJh twkdaumuf                       H   f         h
                                                                                                                                            prf;oyfcr[kwawmhyg pwJtaMumif;              'Dpmtkyfa&;om;jyKpkolu tESpfcsKyf
                                                   Smart Cards enf;ynm[m          ,SOfNydKif        H
                                                                                               pmvk;rsm; tbd"mef? Information for           t&mawGvnf; yg0ifygao;w,f/                   ed*kH;pum;rSmqkdxm;ygw,f/
                                                   buf u if ; uif ; eJ Y tem*wf e nf ;
                                                                         d f    h
                                                   ynmc&D;rSm vkNH cKHpwcs&wJuwfwpf
                                                   cktjzpf ,kHMunfrIcHaew,fqkdwJh
                                                   taMumif;ukd Smard Card jzpfvmzkdY
                                                                                               bvl;tkd;&Sif;r[mAsL[m wkduf½kdufNydKifqkdif&efrvkdaom aps;uGufzefwD;jcif;
                                                   yxrajcvSrf;qkdwJh acgif;pOfatmuf               D dk
                                                                                               nDnEif ? xkwfa0wkduf- arwåma&Tpif? wefzdk; - 3000
                                                   rSm a&;om;xm;ygw,f/ taemuf                           ]bvl ; tk d ; &S i f ; r[mAsL[m}    csif;NydKifqkdifwkdufckdufrIukd qefYusif
                                                   EkdifiHawGeJY wkd;wufaewJhEkdifiHawGrSm     qkdwJh pmtkyf[m 'DaeYpD;yGm;a&;eJY                       G f f
                                                                                                                                            azmufxuzYdk pdeac:wmyJjzpfygw,f/
                                                   Smart Card enf ; ynmuk d ok H ; NyD ;       ynma&;e,fy,frSm acwfpm;aewJh                                     f
                                                                                                                                            wpfenf;aps;uGue,fy,frm NydKifqifS     dk
                                                   usef;rma&;qkdif&m tmrcHuwftjzpf             ]pD;yGm;pDrH} qkdwJh e,fy,fxufausmf          wkdufckdufrIr&SdwJh tajctaeeJY NydKif
                                                   ok H ; wJ h Health Smart Card &J U          vGefNyD; Nidrf;csrf;wJh pD;yGm;a&;e,fajr        d f dk f dk f I
                                                                                                                                            qkiwucurrygbJ atmifjrifapwJh
                                                   taMumif;ukdvnf; zwf½I&ygvdrfh               opfwpfckukd zefwD;zkdY pepfwus               r[mAsL[mawGqkdygawmh/ 'Dpmtkyf
                                                   r,f/ 'ghtjyif Health Smart Card ukd         vrf;nTefxm;wJh ]pD;yGm;Nidrf;csrf;}          u ukrÜPDawGukd pdefac:½kHomru
                                                   okH;jcif;jzifh &Ekdifr,fh tusKd;aus;Zl;              f
                                                                                               pmtkyvYdk awmif emrnfay;csifp&myg            b,fvkdatmifjrifrI&atmif vkyf&
                                                           dk
                                                   awGuvnf; azmfjyxm;w,f/ Online               vkdY 'Dpmtkyfukd jrefrmbmomjyefqkd           r,fqkdwmyg jyqkdygw,f . . .} qkdwJh
      jrefrmEkiirm odyrMumcifwif
              d f H S      f  G                    Banking System jzpfzkdYqkdwm Smart          xm;olu trSmrSm a&;xm;ygw,f/                  pmom;awGu pmtkyfyg taMumif;
us,facwfpm;vmr,fh Magic qef                        Card ryg&if rjzpfEiovkd jzpfvmae
                                                                          dk f                 W.Chan Kim eJY Renee Mauborgne               t&mawGukd azmfnTef;Ekdifygvdrfhr,f/
qef Smart Card taMumif;ukd tajc                    wJhtaMumif;ukdvnf; Online ESifh             wkdY&JU rl&if;pmtkyf Blue OCEAN                         d f
                                                                                                                                            bvl;tk;&Si;r[mAsL[mtzGi?hf bvl;
cHupvkdY wnfaqmufykHawGeJYwuG                      Smart Card qkdwJh acgif;pOfatmuf            STRATEGY ukd bmomjyefqkdxm;                  tkd;&Sif;r[mAsL[mukd pDrHazmfaqmif
odoifh? avhvmoifhwmawGukd c&D;                     rSm zwf&ygvdrfhr,f/ Smart Card              wmyg/ pmrsufESm 2 rSmawmh tckvkd             jcif;? bvl;tkd;&Sif;r[mAsL[mukd
BuKdwifjyxm;wJpmtkyvYqxm;ygw,f/
                h     f dk dk                      &mZ0iftaMumif;ukd avhvmjcif;?               azmfjyxm;w,f/ ]. . . bvl;tkd;&Sif;           vufawGUtaumiftxnfazmfjcif;qkd
Magnetic Strip Cards, Optical Stor-                Data Control and Process Technol-           r[mAsL[m (tjyma&mifork'&m) u        ´                 df H df            S
                                                                                                                                            wJh tyki;ok;yki;atmufrmrS aps;uGuf          okdY a&mufjcif;? r[mAsL[mESifh tH0if
age (Holegraphic) Cards eJY Smart                  ogy ? Card Contact Technology?                               ´
                                                                                               teDa&mifork'&m Red Ocean &JU aoG;            e,fy,fukd jyefvnfwnfaqmufyg?                          k f          d
                                                                                                                                                                                        atmifvyaqmifjcif;qkwJh tcef;BuD;
Cards awG u k d EI d i f ; ,S O f w J h t cgrS m   Banking Smart Card Technology               pGef;NyD; aoG;a&mifvTrf;aewJh ukrÜPD         vuf&Sdawmif;qkdrIxuf ausmfvGef&m                    d
                                                                                                                                                                                        aygif;uk;ckyg0ifygw,f/
   Monday, October 17 - 23, 2011
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        POLITICS                                                                                                                                            The
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          23



 ]tusOf;om;tm;vkH;udk tazUvkdyJ vGwfajrmufapcsifygw,f}
   d f f                                                  Y
 AkvcsKyaqxif\ orD;tBu;D jzpfol a':eef;crf;azmif;ESiUf awGqjkH cif;
     f
omvGeaZmif;xuf
          rmtpkd;&opfu &Srf;wkdif;&if;om;acgif;aqmifwpfOD;vnf;jzpf? &Srf;jynfe,fwyfrawmfajrmufykdif; rf                                                                                                                                                              vTwfay;vkdufwmukd &Srf;jynfwyf                                                          DNKP :             f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       106 ESpusw,f/ 2005
   jref                   zpf d f
          em,uvnf;jjzpfol AkvcsKyfaqxifudk atmufwbmv 12 &ufaeYwif &ckijf ynfe,f ppfawGtusOf;axmifrS
                                                                      dk                         G d                                                                                                                                                                 rawmfajrmufykdif;u Nidrf;csrf;a&;                                                          S f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             ckEpavmufuwnf;u uswm/
jyefvnfvTwfay;vkduf&m &Srf;jynfwyfrawmfajrmufykdif;ESifh tpkd;&opftMum; Nidrf;csrf;a&;vrf;pay:xGef;NyD[k
                                                                                  &opf                                                                                                                                                                               vrf;pvkdY ajymw,f/ AkdvfcsKyfaq                                                         Voice : AkdvfcsKyfaqxifukd vTwf
tqk d y gwyf r awmf r S w m0ef & S d o l w pf O D ; u jynf y rD ' D , mrsm;ok d Y x k w f a zmf a jymqk d c J h o nf / Ak d v f c sKyf a qxif u k d                                                                                                                  xif u EkdifiH a&;qufvkyfr,fajym                                                         ay;vkdufayr,fh            wjcm;
               ywf
vTwfay;rIESifhywfoufNyD; vm;½Id;NrdKUae AkdvfcsKyfaqxif\orD;tBuD;jzpfol a':eef;crf;azmif;ESifh atmufwkdbmv                                                                                                                                                           vm;/ bmqufvkyfr,fvkdYajymvJ/                                                            tusOf;om;awGawmh axmifxJrSm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     DNKP : bmrSrajymbl;/ olusef;                                                            &Sdaewkef;yJ/ tJ'Dtay:rSm
13 &ufaeYu w,fvDzkef;jzifh qufoG,far;jref;xm;onfrsm;ukd jyefvnfazmfjytyfygonf/                                                                                                                                                                                       rma&;aumif;w,fqkdwmawmh ajym                                                                                 ygovJ
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  yg
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             b,fvkdrSwfcsufay;csifygovJ/
                           vT
Voice : AkdvfcsKyfaqxifukd vTwf                                                         jyefa&mufaeNyDMum;w,f/ b,f[kd                                                                     d       d
                                                                                                                                                                              av,mOfr&SvYdk vm;½I;rjyefjzpf bl;/                                                     w,f/ EkdifiHa&;vkyfr,f? rvkyfbl;                                                        DNKP : tusOf ; om;tm;vk H ; ud k
ay;vkdufNyDvkdY Mum;ygw,f/ tck                                                                S             dk
                                                                                        w,frm wnf;w,fqwmvnf; rod                                                              reuf j zef a v,mOf & S d & if vm;½I d ;                                                rajymbl;/                                                                                      dk   f           f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             tazhvyJ vGwajrmufapcsiygw,f/
tdrfjyefa&mufaeNyDvm;/                                                                          f                   l
                                                                                        bl;/ zke;eHygwfvnf; rodb;/ taz                                                        jyefa&mufr,fajymw,f/ tazhudk vTwf                                                      Voice : AkdvfcsKyfaqxif axmif
DNKP : ra&mufao;bl;/ raeY                                                                  f           f
                                                                                        zke;qufrS uRerwkYd u zke;ajymvkYd &
                                                                                                                  f                                                                 d f
                                                                                                                                                                              ay;vkuwm 0rf;omygw,f/                                                                  b,f E S E S p f u swmvJ / b,f t csd e f                                                                                  omvGefaZmif;xuf
          dk          d       k
(atmufwbm 12) naeyki;f u &efuef                                                                                dk
                                                                                        wm/ 'DaeY (atmufwbm 13)awmh                                                           Voice : AdkvfcsKyfaqxifukd jyef                                                        wkef;uuswmvJ/


oDwif;uRwfumvqDrS r,kHEkdifavmufatmifxl;jcm;onfU tajymif;tvJrsm;ESifU
zefcGufxJrS a&wpf0ufukdjrifMunfUjcif;
         f
atmifausmp;kd
                     ck azmfjyygaqmif;yg;rSm 'Drkdua&pDtoGiful;ajymif;rIZmwf&Sdefjrifhvmaom jrefrmEkdifiHESifhywfoufí emrnfausmf The Economist pmapmifrS A Change to believe in? aqmif;yg;ESifh
   ,                 vwfwavm &ufykdif;twGif; jzpfay:vsuf&Sdaom jynfwGif;owif;tcsKdUukd The Voice Weekly \ wkd;yGm;vmaom pmzwfy&dowfrsm; wpfpkHwpf&mq0g;MunhfEkdif&eftvkdYiSm
 oifhavsmfovkd aygif;pyfazmfjyxm;jcif;jzpfygonf/
                        f                                                          f                                    h dk f
                 rsuarSmufacwfumvwGif csr;om<u,f0onfEiiH jzpfap? xk d a eYwG i f y if Ek d i f i H y k d i f o wif ; pmrsm;ü tvk y f o rm;rsm; wGif atmufwbmv 10 &ufaeYu ajymMum;onf/ jrefrmEkiiH                                                                                                                    dk                                                                                                                 d f
yg0gBuD;rm;onfhEkdifiHjzpfap w½kwfjynfolYor®wEkdifiH tay: tcGita&;ukumuG,apmifa&Smufay;Ekirnfh tvkyorm;tzGUJ wGif ,cktcg xl;jcm;tHMh ozG,aumif;onfh zGUH NzdK;wk;wufrrsm;
                                                                                                                                                     hf                        d            f                h                         d f                          f                                                                                    f                                                    d                    I
pd w f u od u atmuf j zpf a tmif v k y f 0 H h o nf h E k d i f i H r S m vG e f p G m tpnf;Oya'wpf&yf xGuay:vmjyefonf/ or®wBuD;OD;ode;pdef ododomomjzpfay:vsuf&SdaMumif;? wyfrawmfausmaxmuf         f                                                                        f
&Sm;yg;vSygonf/ okdYaomf urÇmay:wGifzGHUNzdK;wkd;wufrIedrfhyg; uk,wivufrwa&;xk;twnfjyKvkuaom ,if;Oya'aMumifh aemufcjH yKrI&&Sxm;aom t&yfom;tpk;&opfu Ekiia&;jyKjyif
                                                                                                                                                  d f dk f                         S f          d                                 d f                                                                              d                                                       d                                d f H
               h dk f H                              f d                                         d f H                                h
onfEiirsm;pm&if;wGiyg&Sonfh jrefrmEkiiuawmh NyD;cJonfh jrefrmEkiiwif q,fpEprsm;pGm uG,aysmufc&aom vGwvyf ajymif;vJrjI yKvkyvsu&onf[aomtcsuudk ykray:vGif atmif  d f H G                    k S f                                   f                   hJ                 f                                                f           f dS            l                              f d dk
                                                        Hk                       G
pufwifbmv aemufq;aeY&ufwif tm&Stiftm;BuD; w½kwf onfh tvkyform;tzGJUtpnf;rsm; jyefvnfay:aygufvmawmh jyovsuf&SdaMumif; ¤if;uqkdonf/ ukvor*¾? jrefrm EkdifiH
EkdifiHESifhywfoufí &J0Hhjywfom;onfh qkH;jzwfcsuf okdYr[kwf rnfjzpfovkd rMumcPqkovkjd zpfay:avh&onfh tvky&iEihf vlYtcGita&;qki&m txl;oHwref aomrwfpuifwm;em; url                                           d                                    dS                    f S f S                          hf                 d f                                                                    f
             f                       k        f dk               d f dk f
vky&yfwpfcudk vkyuijf yvkuEionf/ ,if;vky&yfrm w½kwf tvkyorm;jyóemrsm;ukvnf; ,cifuxufyí xda&mufpm tusOf;om;rsm; vGwfajrmufcGifhjyKvkdufjcif;onf EkdifiHwum
                                                                                                                   f S                                   f                                               d                                                   dk                   G
  d f H                                                                D                       f                 H                       d f
Ekiiu a':vm 3 'or 6 bDv,H tuketuscum jrefrmEkiiH ajz&Si;Ekiawmhrnfjzpfonf/ ,if;Oya'aMumifh Ekiiwumtvkyf tokdif;t0kdif;wGif jrefrmEkdifiH\ vlUtcGifhta&;qkdif&m *kPf
                                                                                                                                                        f d f                                                                                               d f H
ajrmufzsm;ydkif; ucsifjynfe,fwGif wnfaqmufvsuf&Sdonfh orm;tzGUJ (ILO) ESihf vlYtcGita&;orm;rsm;u ESpvMum&Snf odumukjd rifwufapNyD; ydwqYdkta&;,lcxm;&rIrsm; z,f&m;a&;                                             hf                                              f                            ©              h                                f                               H                                             S
jrpfqkHa&tm;vQyfppfpDrHudef;BuD;udk &yfwefYrnf[k aMunm a0zefcaom t"r®tvkyapcki;cH&jcif;? wpfenf;tm;jzifh tvkyf twGuf BuD;rm;aomtaxmuftyHwpfcjk zpfaMumif; ok;oyfajym
                                                                                                                                                             hJ                                   f d f                                                                                                                                                          h                                                  H
    d                                                                S                                              f
vkujf cif;yifjzpfonf/ þonfrm or®wBuD;OD;ode;pdef OD;aqmif orm;tcGifhta&;csKd;azmufonfhta&;udpörsm; avsmhusoGm; qkonf/                                                                                                                                                                   d
aom jref r mt&yf o m;tpk d ; &opf \ tH h r cef ; xl ; jcm;aom awmhrnfjzpfonf/ xkrQruao;yg/ þ&ufowå ywftwGi;ü                                                                             d                                                                                      f                    ,aeYumvrsm;twGif; jzpfay:BuHKawGUae&onfh ta&;
             f                    I        k k dk dk f                                   k S               f k
vkyaqmifrwpfc[qEiovkd q,fpEpf ESppwmMumrQ EkiiH yif topfzGJUpnf;xm;NyD;jzpfaom trsKd;om;vlYtcGifhta&; udpt00onf ESpaygif; 50 wmumvtwGi; tvGeyifx;jcm;
                                                                                                                                        d f                                                                                                                                                  ö                                 f                                                            f                   f                l
                          d              d                                  f
wumtoki;f t0ki;f wGif txD;useqefcNhJ y;D oHwrefa&;? pD;yGm;a&; aumfr&SifrSm pwifouf0ifvIyf&Sm;NyDjzpfonf/ EkdifiHom;rsm; vSaomjzpf&yfrsm;yifjzpfygonf/ wpfenf;tm;jzifhqkdygu
t& tdrfeD;csif;w½kwfEkdifiHtay: rDSckdtm;xm;cJh&aom jrefrm taejzifh vlYtcGifhta&;csKd;azmufcH&ygu ,if;aumfr&SifokdY twkduftcHrsm;ESifh EkdifiHwumtokdif;t0dkif;\ jyif;xefaom
EkdifiHtwGuf r,kHMunfEkdifavmufonfh ajymif;vJrIwpf&yf[k wkdifwef;EkdifNyDjzpfonf/ þrQruao;ay/ NyD;cJhonfh pufwif a0zefx;ESurrsm;ESiBhf uHKawGUcJ&aom jrefrmtpk;&opfu rdrwYdk                                                                                                                              dk f I                                    h                                                 d                                   d
qkdvQifvnf; rSm;rnfr[kwfay/ rdrdEkdifiH\ t"dur[mrdwf bmvukefykdif;wGifvnf; tpdk;&opfu ukefoG,fa&;or*¾rsm; EkdifiHonf tcif;tusif;opfwpfck? EkdifiHa&;vrf;aMumif;opf
jzpfovkd tBuD;qkH;&if;ESD; jr§KyfESHrIjyKvkyfonfh tdrfeD;csif;udk xlaxmifEirnfh Oya'wpf&yfucijhf yKcJao;onf/ ,if;Oya'ukd wpfcukd pwiftaumiftxnfazmfaeNyD[aomtcsuudk t&Si;
                                                                                                                                                                       dk f                                            dk G h                                                                    k                                                                                l                               f                         f
acwå v spf v sL½I u m jynf o l r sm;\ oabmqE´ t wk d i f ; EkdifiHwumpHcsdefpHEIef;ESifh ukdufnDEkdifa&;twGuf tvkyform; vif;qkH;ESifhtjywfom;qkH;tcsufjyaeNyDjzpfonf/ EkdifiHwum
jrpfqkHpDrHudef;ukd &yfqkdif;vkdufjcif;onf 'Drkdua&pDqefaom 0efBuD;Xmeu ILO \tBuHÓPfrsm;&,lcjhJ cif;jzpfonf/ jrefrm tusytwnf;rsm;ukd avhvmaeonfh International Crisis Group                                                                                                                          f
tavhtusifhwpfckudk vufawGUusus vkyfaqmifvkdufjcif; Ekiitajcpkuf ILO t&m&Sd pwdArm&S,vu ]“ vGepmav;euf aom url þokYd aomtcseumvwGif taemufurÇmtaejzifh jrefrm
                                                                                                                                                dfH                      d                                      f                f f                  fG                                                                         d f
yifjzpfonf/                                                                                                                                                                      H            f
                                                                                                                                               rl0g'a&;&mqk;jzwfcsuwpf&yf} [k rSwcsuay;ajymqkd onf/                                     f f                                           d f H S d f H
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    EkiiEihf Ekiia&;? pD;yGm;a&;qki&m aphpyfnEi;rIrsm;u pwif          d f                                 §d dI f
                            k                  Hk D H d f
                 tqdyg jrpfqprue;&yfwefYrnf[k aMunmNyD;aemuf 10                                                                                          azmfjyygjzpf&yfrsm;rSm jynfwGif;? jynfy&Sd jrefrmhta&; urf;vSr;oihaMumif;? okYdrom tpk;&opftzGUJ wGi;&Sd jyKjyifajymif;                            f f                              S                     d                                      f
                                                           f               h                           d f
&ufrQtMum? oDwif;uRwvjynfaeY&uf rwkirD (atmufwdk bm apmifhMunfhavhvmolrsm;? twkduftcHtiftm;pkrsm;ESifh EkdifiH vJa&;orm;rsm;ukd tm;ay;tm;ajr§mufjyKEirnfjzpfaMumif; tpD&if                                                                                                                                                                                                   dk f
                                                             f                                          f f
11 &uf) wGif ,HMk unfcsuaMumifh zrf;qD;xde;odr;cHxm; &onfh wumtoki;t0di;u rsm;pGmvkvm;vsu&onfh ta&;udprsm; cHcsuwpf&yfxwjf yefum wkuwe;onf/                                d f k f                                   d                     f dS                              ö                     f                    k                        d f G f
tusOf;om; 6359 OD;tm; vGwfNidrf;csrf;omcGihfay;rnf [k yifjzpfonf/ txl;ojzifh jrefrmEkiitxD;usejf zpfatmif ESprsm;                                                                                                          d f H                                            f                        txufazmfjyygjzpf&yfrsm;ESifh ICG tzGJU\ tjyKoabm
           d                                                                                                          f
tpk;&u xkwjf yefaMunmonf/ okYd aomf vGwNf idr;csrf;omcGihf pGmydwqYdkta&;,lrrsm;jyKvkyvmcJonfh tar&duefjynfaxmifpk aqmifaom tpD&ifccsuuMdk unfvQif jrefrmtpd;&ESihf taemuf
                                                                                                                                                           f                           I                       f h                                                                                                                  H f                      h                                          k
         d                             f                       G              d f
&&Srnfh tusO;om;rsm;xJwif twkutcHtiftm;pkrsm;ESihf vlYtcGihf ESihf tD;,lwYdk u ,if;ydwqYdk ta&;,lrrsm;z,f&m;ay;apvkygu tpd;&wkYd\tay;t,lrm &Si;&Si;vif;vif;ESiyifNyD;ajrmufEiaom                       f                             I                    S             d                 k                                               S f f                                        hf                                 dk f
ta&;tkyfpkrsm;u vGwfajrmufcGifhay;&ef awmif;qkdxm;onfh jrefrmtpkd;&bufrS rjzpfraevkyfaqmifay;&rnf[k t"du taetxm;okYd a&mufaeonftcsurmay:vGiygonf/ okYdaomf                                                                                                                                                                                        h                    f S                        f
                   f                                  h                                                                                   f S
tusO;om;rsm; tjynft0yg0ifjcif; &S?d r&Sd [laom tcsurm awmif;qkdxm;onfhtcsufrsm;vnf;jzpfonf/ vwfwavm a':atmifqef;pkMunfEihf taemufEiirsm;vkvm;aom ppfref onfh                                                                                                                                                                            S                      dk f H               d                                 S
&Sif;&Sif;vif;vif; rod&Sd&ao;ay/ owif;uRwf vjynfhaeY taetxm;wG i f yd w f q k d Y t a&;,l r I r sm;z,f & S m ;a&;twG u f 'Drdkua&pDpepfopfukd ajymif;vJusifhokH;Ekdifrnfh tqifhrsKd;?
eHeuftapmykdif;wGif twnfjyK&&Sdvkdufaom owif;ay;ykdYcsuf taemuftpdk;&rsm;n§dEIdif;aqG;aEG;rIrsm; rjyKvkyfao;onfhwkdif tpk;&uk,wif xkwazmfajymqkxm;onfh vlrsK;pk?H bmompktwl                                                                                                                 d d f dk                                 f                     d                                   d                               H
rsm;t& vGwfNidrf;csrf;omcGifh&&Sdolrsm;xJü jrefrmy&dowfrsm; jrefrmhta&;udpöESihfywfoufí pdwftm;&auseyfrIrsm;jzpfay: Nidrf;csrf;pGm,SOfwaexkionfvYtzGUJ tpnf;tqifrsK;d okYd a&muf&a&;                                                                                                                                         JG d f h l                                                             h                                dS
                              f
txl;yifcspcifMuaom [moo½kyaqmifEihf tEkynm&Sif Zm*em aeonfu,ckvawGU&onf/       f                  S                                                                  dk             dk                                                                                                                                                     f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    twGuf c&D;&SnBf uD;ESi&OD;rnfomjzpfonf/ okYd twGuaMumifh                                                                            f
(OD;ol&) yg0ifonf/ tu,fí twkutcHrsm;ESihf vlYtcGita&;                                d f                                           hf                    ]]tusOf;om;vGwfNidrf;csrf;omcGifhudpöuJhokdY ta&;BuD; jrefrmhEkdifiHa&;tcif;tusif;opf? ‘]cGif} topfwGifyg0ifrnfh?
orm;rsm;qkxm;aom tusO;om;rsm;tm;vk; vGwNf idr;csr;om wJta&;udprsm;eJY ywfoufNyD; wk;wufjzpfxe;rIawG qufvuf c&D;&SnfBuD;ESifMu&OD;rnfh Stakeholder rsm;u zefcGufxJwGif
                                   d                               f                                 H                         f f                h                          ö                                            d                         G f
cGi&onfqygu Ekb,fvNf idr;csr;a&;qk&ia':atmifqef;pkMunf jrifawGUvkdwJhqE´ uRefawmfwdkYrSm&Sdw,fqkdwJhtcsufukd&Sif;&Sif; a&wpf0uf&vmNyD[aom tjrifrsK;&Svmatmif BudK;pm;Munf&ef
      hf                       dk           d                     f f                         Sf                                                                                                                                                                                                                dS                l                                  d d                                                                h
\ rSwfyHkrwif&ao;aom trsK;om;'Drua&pDtzGJUcsKyf (NLD) vif;vif;jzpfatmifajymqkdxm;NyD;jzpfygw,f}}[k tar&duef om ta&;BuD;ygonf/
                                                                         d                 dk               tzG
taejzifh w&m;0ifygwDtjzpf jyefvnfrwywifvmEkionfrm jynfaxmifp?k ta&SUtm&SEihf ypdzwa'oqki&m vufaxmuf
                                                                                              S f Hk                        d f              S                                                             S                 d f                   d f
aocsmoavmufyif&aMumif; avhvmtuJcwforsm;u qkonf/ EkiijH cm;a&;0efBuD; umhwurf;bJvu xki;Ekii?H befaumufNrdKU
                                                 dS                                                            l                 d              d f                                                f                          f          d f d f                                                                                                                                                        atmifausmfpkd;
     24
   The
      VOICE                  POLITICS                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Monday, October 17 - 23, 2011




                              D
rNy;D ao;aom jrefrmUta&;yef;csum;
wifatmifausmf
                apmif            ifpm;jcif ae&aom
 Ekdif iHwd;umuvufxhMunfhp'kdwf0d,tBudrfa;cHjrmuf vGwjrefrrf;csrf;omcGifhtjzpf tajymif;om; 6359uODf ;ajcvSrwopfrwcsrfc;omcGifhjyKvkwkdbcif;jzpfo&uf/ aeYu xyfrHvSrf;vkdufjyefygonf/
       tpk &opf       ufü w                           fNid
                                                             mtpkd;&opfonf
                                                                               tusOf
                                                                                       ;tvJtwG             f;
                                                                                                     ukd vG fNid f;
                                                                                                                    pf kukd atmuf
                                                                                                                                   dufj
                                                                                                                                        mv 11
                                                                                                                                                nf
                            h
              ,if;uJoYdk vTway;vkuorsm; f           d f l            'Drkdua&pDa&;azmfaqmifa&;twGuf                                                        tar&duefjynfaxmifpk&JU wm;qD;                               eD;&Sm;EkdifiHjcm;a&;0efBuD;\ atmuf                               onfhtajctaersKd;vm;qkdonfukd
                           d f H
pm&if;wGif Ekiiwumu ajymqkMd u                                       a&S;½Iaeonfh enf;vrf;[kw?f r[kwudk                                              f     ydwfqkdYrIawGukd ½kyfodrf;ay;yg}} [k                        wkdbmvc&D;pOfrwkdifrD tusOf;om;                                                f S
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         tcsdeEihf wpfajy;nD qk;jzwf&awmh     H
onfh ,kMH unfcsuaMumifh tusO;us      f                      f        tar&dutygt0if EkdifiHwumu                                                             arwåm&yfcconf/      H hJ                                    rsm;vTwfay;jcif;u jrefrmtpkd;&                                    rnfjzpfonf/ jrefrmtpkd;&opf\
cHae&olrsm; 200 ausmfyg0ifNyD;                                       tuJjzwf&efom&Sawmhonf/                d                                                         tar&duefjynfaxmifptaejzifh             k          tay: tuJjzwfrnfh tmqD,u,f                             H dk        vkyfaqmifcsufrsm;ukd tjrifrMunf
    f
ESpaygif; 106 ESpf tusO;uscae&ol               f H                              jrefrmtpkd;&topfonf 'Drkd                                                  ,ckjrefrmEkiitpk;&opf\ vuf&jdS yK
                                                                                                                                                                                 d f H d                                                  f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       pm;vS,twGuf tjyKoabmaqmif                                         vifolrsm;uwpfzuf? tjrifMunf
AkdvfcsKyfaqxifESifh 2007 ckESpfwGif                                 ua&pDbef;jyxm;aom tpk;&? t&yf                                      d                  jyifajymif;vJa&;tay: rnfoYdk wYHk jyef                      &G u f c suf r sm;xG u f a y:vm? rvm                                             l
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         viforsm;uwpfzuf 0d0g'uJjG ym;ae
                              hJ
tusOf;uscHc&ol rpkpkaEG;wkYdvnf;                                     om; ta&NcHKxm;aom tpkd;&[k                                                                       dk              S
                                                                                                                                                           rnfqonfrmrl txl;pdw0ifpm;zG,f                  f                            dk
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       bmvDE0ifbm tmqD,xyo;aqG;                  H d f D                                           h
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         rIrsm;ukd avQmcsoifonftcsevnf;   h h d f
yg0ifMuonf/ tusO;f om;rsm;tm;vk;                                H    tmPmvTJajymif;NyD; vtawmfMum                                                          jzpfaom ar;cGe;f yifjzpfonf/ tar&du                                  G Gf G f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       aEG;yJwixuay:vmawmhrnfjzpfonf/                                    jzpfonf/
                   f h
ukd vTway;cJvQif trSewu,fw;                     f               dk   txd pGypcc&Ny;D ,cktcg ,if;tok;H
                                                                                      f GJ H hJ                                                                                     d f H
                                                                                                                                                           tygt0if Ekiiwumtpk;&rsm;? tzJUG              d                           jrefrmEkdifiH\ vuf&Sdtajc                                          q,f p k E S p f w pf p k a usmf M um
wufrIjzpfonf/ okdY&mwGif rnfa&GU                                              f
                                                                     tEIe;rsm;ukd qufvufo;pJ&efoif?h                                  Hk G                 tpnf;rsm;u jrefrmtpkd;&opfukd                               taersm;onf 'Drua&pDudk OD;wnf  dk                                 'Pfcwfta&;,lconfh tar&duESihf hJ
rnfrQvTwfay;onfuawmh ar;cGef;                                        roifh trSefwu,f[w?f r[kwudk                          k                        f       tuJjzwf&ef ukd,fpm;vS,ftzJGUrsm;                            onf h t ajctaersm;jzpf a Mumif ; ?                                tD;,l(Oa&myor*¾)wkdYonf ,ck
         f
xkwp&mjzpfygonf/                                                                                h
                                                                     qk;H jzwf&rnftcsdevnf;jzpfonf/            f                                           olYxufigapvTwtuJjzwfaeMuonf       f                                              d df
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       aemfa0'kw,EkiijH cm;a&;0efBuD; tuf                                                 d f H d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         jrefrmEkiitpk;&opf\ wk;wufjzpf           d
                       f
              ]]vTwawmfOuú| ol&OD;a&Tref;                                       ]]jrefrmtpkd;&taeeJY 'Dxufykd                                                               hf D
                                                                                                                                                           rSm vESicsí MumjrifaeNyDjzpfonf/      h                                f          f dk f J
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       pyifebmhoti'u ol\atmufwdk                                         xGef;aeaom tajctaersm;udk tod
tygt0if wjcm;jrefrmt&m&SdawG                                         NyD; tjyKoabmaqmif a&&Snwnf                                            f                        ukvor*¾vlYtcGifhta&;ukd,f                         bmvc&D;pOfwGif ajymMum;cJhonf/                                    trSwjf yKaMumif; vufqyvufuif           k f       dk
ajymMuwmuawmh olwYdku tusO;                                     f        h                        f
                                                                     wHwhJ ajcvSr;awG vSr;Ekicr,fq&if                    f d f hJ             dk           pm;vS,f? tD;,lvlYtcGifhta&;ukd,f                            aemfa0onf ,ckESpftwGif; jrefrm                                    jyEkdifonfht&mrSm ydwfqkdYrIrsm; ½kyf
om;awGudk &ufyi;twGi;rSm vTwf      dk f           f                  tar&d u ef j ynf a xmif p k u vnf ;                                                   pm;vS,?f tar&duefjynfaxmifpqif                       k dk   EkdifiHtay: ydwfqkdYxm;aom pD;yGm;                                         f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         odr;jcif; okYd r[kwf jrefrmEkiiwnf         d f H
ay;rSmygwJh/ olwkdYeJY pum;ajymNyD;                                  tvm;wl wkYHjyefom;rSm jzpfw,f}} [k          G                                                                 d f
                                                                                                                                                           &m txl;uk,pm;vS,?f aemfa0 'kwd                              a&;ydwqYdk rudk ½kyor;cJonfh EkiiH
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      f I                f d f h               d f                               d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         aqmufa&;ukenf;ynmtultnDrsm;
uRefawmfem;vnfvkdufwmuawmh                                                        d f H dk f
                                                                     jrefrmEkiiqi&m rl0g' ESiywfoufí                               hf                            d f
                                                                                                                                                           ,EkiijH cm;a&;0efBuD;wkYd onf jrefrm                        vnf;jzpfonf/ aejynfawmftpkd;&                                     ay;jcif;tjyif tjcm;tultnDrsm;ukd
tm;vk H ; uk d wpf N yd K if w nf ; vT w f                                                 S hf d f
                                                                     ta&SUtm&SEiypdzwa&;&mvufaxmuf                                                           d f H
                                                                                                                                                           EkiioYdk NyD;cJonfvyki;rsm;twGi;u
                                                                                                                                                                                  h h d f                        f     opftay: obm0ywf0ef;usifxe;                                 d f    tjcm; tmqD , H E k d i f i H r sm;enf ; wl
r,fhykHawmh r[kwfygbl;/ ESpfBudrfcJG                                   d f
                                                                     EkiijH cm;a&;0efBu; umhwurf;bJvu    D                     f                 f         vma&mufcJhMuonf/ aemfa0'kwd,                                odrf;a&;ESifh qkdifonfh pDrHudef;rsm;                             ay;tyfoifhygonf/
            f
vTwwmrsKd; jzpfygvdrrnf/ 'gayrJh            hf                       tusO;f om;rsm; vGwNf idr;csrf;omcGifh                       f                         EkiijH cm;a&;0efBuD;c&D;pOftNyD; ESp&uf
                                                                                                                                                             df                                               f                               D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       twGuf ulnay;oGm;&ef&onftjyif                dS h                                ¤if;wkYdtuJjzwf pOf;pm;Muonfh
      D S f k f
tJ'Epowuvnf; wpfoweYJ wpf                            k f             raMunmrDwpf&uftvkwif xki;EkiiH                         d G df df                      tMumwGif tusO;om;rsm;vTwrnfh        f              f                                   df f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       tif;av;uefxe;odr;apmifa&Smufa&;                h                  Ek d i f i H a &;tuJ j zwf c suf r sm;teuf
                         d f G h Hk
okwf &ufoyumr,fyr[kwygbl;}}                             f            befaumufNrdKUü ajymqkconf/                              d hJ                          owif;u xGuay:vmjcif;jzpfonf/    f                               hf dk f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       ESiqiaom pD;yGm;a&;qki&m tultnD       df                          wpfctygt0ifjzpfonfh NLD ygwD
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    k
[k atmufwkdbmv 8 &ufaeYu                                                        EkdifiHjcm;a&;0efBuD;Xme jynf                                                        jrefrmhta&;tuJcwfolrsm;u                          rsm;ay;rnfjzpfaMumif;vnf;ol\                                      rSwfykHwifa&;onf rMumrDajyvnf
aejynf a wmf o k d Y oG m ;a&muf c J h o l                                          k
                                                                     axmifp0efBuD; OD;0PÖarmifvionf                                        Gf              tusO;f om;rsm;ukd vmrnfh wefaqmifre;f                   k   c&D;pOftwGi;f w&m;0ifaMunmcJonf/                    h             rnfh t&dyfta,mifrsm; ,cktcg
        d df
'kw,EkiijH cm;a&;0efBuD; tufpyifef                                          h
                                                                     NyD;cJaomvtwGi;u usif;ycJonfh           f                              h              vjynfhaeYtxd ESpfBudrfcefY xyfrHí                                                    d f H
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    jrefrmEkiitay: wm;qD;ydwf                            pwifjrifawGUvm&vsuf & S d & m ,ck
              f dk f J
bmhoti'u ajymMum;onf/                                                ukvor*¾taxGaxG nDvmcHwuf                                                                      f
                                                                                                                                                           vTway;OD;rnf[k ok;oyfMuonf/             H                          I
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       qkYdrrsm; rMumao;cifu wk;jricaom              d § hf hJ           tusOf ; om;rsm; vT w f a y;rI o nf
                                 f
              xkYd twGuaMumifh jrefrmtpk;&                    d      a&mufpOf tar&duefxywef;oHwref                        df                                         a':atmifqef;pkMunf\ rMumcif                       tar&duwkdY ,ckuJhokdY tajctae                                     vmrnfhEkd0ifbmvü jrefrmhEkdifiHa&;
opfonf rMumrDtusO;om;rsm;xyfrH            f                                                         H hJ
                                                                     rsm;ESihf awGUqkconf/ xktckutwefY                        d d f                                      d
                                                                                                                                                           u tpk;&opftay:ajymif;vJvmonfh                               rsKd;wGif rSefrSefuefuefqkH;jzwf&ef                               orkdif;wGif xl;jcm;aom tajymif;
          f               f d
vTway;zG,&m &Saeonf/ NyD;cJonfh                           h          wGif OD;0PÖarmifviu ]]jrefrmtpk;&             G f                                 d   tjrifopfrsm;uvnf;tajctaeopf                                 txl;ta&;BuD;onf/ wkd;wufrI                                        tvJBuD;xyfrHí jzpfay:Ekdifonfh
Mo*kwfvrSpwifí jrefrmEkdifiHwGif                                     [m jyKjyifajymif;vJrawGudk taumif                 I                                                   dk
                                                                                                                                                           wpf&yfuazmfxwcsursm;jzpfaeonf/ k f f                        wpfpkHwpf&m&SdaeNyDvm; okdYr[kwf                                                        k
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         ed'gef;wpfc[k qkcsiygonf/   d f
      d
vyki;f twGi;f jzpfay:ajymif;vJrrsm;onf                I              txnf a zmf a eNyD j zpf w maMumif h                                                             tmqD,tvSnusOuú| tif'dk
                                                                                                                                                                                        H            hf                tajctaeonf ,cifuoYdk rxl;jcm;            hJ                                                        wifatmifausmf



  d                      G f             dfH                                            k
wki;f &if;om;pnf;vk;H nDnwa&;ygwD tjcm;Ekiia&;tiftm;pkrsm;ESiUfy;l aygi;f rnf[k w&m;0ifxwjf yef
&efukef? atmufwkdbm 5

  vTwf awmftwGfyigf; yl'k;aygiftiftm;tBuD;GqkH;jzpfjzpfomMumifdi;f;&if;om;pnf;vk24 &ufafaeY&;ygwDu oabmqE´wMunmcJhEhokdinfHa/&tiftm;pkrsm;ESifh vTwfawmftwGif;omru vTwfawmf
       jyifywGi
                          wd,
                               ;aqmif&Gufo m;rnf a
                                                    a      wk
                                                                   pufwifbmv
                                                                                H;nDnGw
                                                                                           wGif w&m;0ifxkwfjyefa
                                                                                                                 lnDonf fi

      ,if ; tjyif trsKd ; om;a&;                                     vnf; ¤if;wkdYuqkdonf/                                                                 yl;aygif;aqmif&Guf&ef ygwDacgif;                                  ]]olwYd[m t&ifu jrefrmhq&,f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    k                  dk S                                      d f H      f S
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Ekiia&;vIy&m;rIrsm;wGif ygwD
tusKd;pD;yGm;ukd a&S;½IonfhqE´tjrif                                        ,ckuJhokdY xkwfjyefaMunmcJh                                                     aqmifykdif;tcsif;csif;nd§EIdif;rIjyKcJh                     vpfvrf;pOfygwDu vmwmqkdawmh                                       tcsKdU\ yl;aygif;aqmif&Gufjcif;rsm;
wlnDonfh EkdifiHa&;ygwDrsm;ESifh yl;                                 jcif;r&SdrD av;vausmfcefYuyif tif                                                     aMumif; EkdifiHa&;tokdif;t0kdif;wGif                            D dk
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       tck'rua&pDwnfaqmufa&;rSmrl0g'                                     awGUjrifae&&m ,if;uJhokdY yl;aygif;
aygif;aqmif&GufoGm;rnfjzpfaMumif;                                    tm;BuD;wkdif;&if;om;ygwDwpfckESifh                                                    owif;rsm; xGufay:cJhonf/                                    awG b,favmufajymif;vJNyD;b,fvdk                                   vkyfaqmifjcif;rsm;aMumifh tiftm;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       &v'fawG aqmif&GufEkdifrvJqkdwm                                    BuD;ygwDwpfck\ qE´csdefcGifvQmukd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       apmifhMunfh&OD;r,f}} [k yl;aygif;                                 xdef;nd§ay;EkdifaomajcvSrf;rsm;jzpf

         wGHaw;urf;xdef;&ef odef; 2500 cefh ukefusrnf                                                                                                                                                                           G
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       aqmif&uf&efqE´&Sdjcif;? r&Sdjcif;ESifh
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       ywfoufí EkdifiHa&;ygwDwpfckrS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       ygwDOuú|wpfOD;u qkdonf/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         aMumif; jrefrmEkdifiHa&;jzpfpOfrsm;ukd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         tpOfwpdkufoHk;oyfolrsm;u rSwf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         csufjyKajymMum;onf/
         &efukef? atmufwdkbm 1
                 &efukefwdkif;a'oBuD; 'vNrdKUe,f wGHaw;wl;ajrmif;eHab;&Sd ausmif;pk&yfuGufwGif urf;yg;NydKjcif;udk
         umuG,f&ef topfjyefvnfwnfaqmufrnfh ausmufpDurf;xdef; eH&Hwnfaqmuf&ef ukeusrnfh usyoef; 2500
                           k f kd f         k                             k f kd f
                                                                                                   f
                                                                                                           S
         cefYukd &efuewi;a'oBuD;tpd;&tzGUJ odYk wifjyxm;aMumif; &efuewi;a'oBuD; a&t&if;tjrpfEihf jrpfacsmif;
                                                                                                              f d                                                                                                      rEåav;axmifrS EdiijH cm;om; 21OD;vGwf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       kf
         rsm; zGHUNzdK;wkd;wufa&;OD;pD;XmerS wm0ef&SdolwpfOD;u The Voice Weekly odkY ajymMum;onf/                                                                                                                      rEÅav;? atmufwdkbm 13
                 ,if;ausmufpDeH&Hwnfaqmufrnfh tvsm;ay 400 cefYESifh tjrifhay 10 aycefY&SdNyD; vwfwavmwGif                                                                                                                                           k f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             jynfaxmifpjk refrmEdiiH tpd;&  k                               d f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         cseü ajymonf/
         yrmPwdkif;wmjcif;? 'DZdkif;a&;qGJjcif;ESifh ukefusp&dwfwGufcsufjcif;rsm; aqmif&GufNyD;pD;NyD; ,if;vkyfief;rsm;                                                                                                                  G h
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       opfvufxufcijhf yKcJonfh vGwNf idr;       f                                    d f H              f f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Ekiiawmf\ vGwNf idr;csr;om
         udk a&t&if;tjrpfESifh jrpfacsmif;rsm;zGHUNzdK;wdk;wufa&;OD;pD;XmexHESifh &efukefwdkif;a'oBuD;tpdk;&tzGJUxHodkY                                                                                                csrf;omcGifhjzifh tusOf;axmifrsm;rS                               cGifhjzifh rEÅav;tusOf;axmifrS jyef
         wifjyxm;NyD;jzpfaMumif; ,if;XmexHrS od&onf/                                                                                                                                                                             f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       tusO;om; 6359 OD; jyefvnfvwf       G                                         G f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         vnfvwajrmufvmol oD;oefY 40
                         f                    k f            f                                   l
                 ]]uReawmfwYkduawmh tjrefvyay;apcsiw,f/ 'Dae&mrSm aeawmifrae&Jawmhb;}} [k tqdyg ausmif;pk   k                                                                                                                                   f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       ajrmuf&mü rEÅav;tusO;axmifwif          G                          OD;? omrefo;oefY ig;OD;? axmufvr;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           D                Sf
         &yfuGufwGif ESpf 40 cefY Mumaexdkifol OD;cifarmif0if;u ajymqdkonf/                                                                                                                                            jypf'PfuscHae&ol EdkifiHjcm;om;                                   a&; wpfOD;? EdkifiHjcm;om; 21 OD;?
                 vwfwavm ajrNydKrIavsmh enf;ap&eftwGuf ,m,DumuG,frIrsm;udk atmufwdkbm 1 &ufaeYwGif                                                                                                                               f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       tusO;om; 21 OD;yg0ifaMumif; ¤if;                                                             D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         oufBuD;ajcmufO;? usef;rma&;csKdUwJh
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 f           d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       tusO;axmifrS t&m&SwpfO;u ajym    D                                                       k f   h
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         ol 11 OD;? ud,t*FgcsKUd wJol wpfO;? D
         pwifaqmif&Gufvsuf&SdaMumif; &efukefwdkif;a'oBuD; a&t&if;tjrpfESifh jrpfacsmif;rsm; zGHUNzdK;wdk;wufa&;                                                                                                        Mum;onf/                                                          ½dk;½dk; 210 OD;? trsKd;orD; 97 OD;
         OD;pD;XmerS wm0ef&SdolwpfOD;u ajymMum;onf/                                                                                                                                                                          ]]'Daxmifuae vGwfNidrf;csrf;                                                                kd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         wdYkjzpfaMumif; rEÅav;axmifyiBf uD;xH
                       k                G f                S         f     k f
                 tqdygausmif;pk&yfuuurf;yg;ajrNydKrIrm 2011 ESpqef;ydi;rSpí tenf;i,fajrNydK&mrS Mo*kwv 31         f                                                                                                           hf      f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       omcGieYJ vTwwm tusO;om; 400f                                      rSvmaom owif;tcsuftvuf
         &ufaeYtxd tvsm;ay 130 ausm?f teHay 70 xd NydKusvmcJh (owif;azmfjyNyD; The Voice Vol-7, No.5)onf/                                                                                                              ausmfygw,f}} [k ¤if;urD'D,modkY                                   rsm;t& od&&onf/     dS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       tusOf;om;rsm;vTwfjcif; NyD;ajrmuf                                                                   Mdy News
   Monday, October 17 - 23, 2011
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                POLITICS                                                                                                                                       The
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            25




pD;yGm;a&;ydwfqkdhrI xkwfjyef&ef tcsdefapmao;[k tar&duefEdkifiHjcm;a&;0efBuD;ajymMum;
&efukef? atmufwdkbm 11

                             iHa&;? pD;yGm;a&;qkdif&mjyKjyifajymif;vJrIrsm; qufwkdufjyKvkyfaeaomjrefrmEdk ifiHukd tm;ay;wkdufwGef;rIjyK&ef csrSwfxm;aompD;yGm;a&;qkdif&m ta&;,lydwfqkdYrIrsm;ukd
     Edkif                   ½kyfodrf;jcif;jyK? rjyKudpö&yfrsm;ESifhywfoufí tar&duefjynfaxmifpktaeESihf xkwfjyefajymqkd&ef tcsdefapmao;aMumif; ,if;EdkifiH EdkifiHjcm;a&;0efBuD; [Dvm&Duvifwefu
 atmufwkdbmv 11 &ufaeYwGifajymMum;vkdufonf/
                     tar&duefjynfaxmifpk tae tcsdefapmaeao;aMumif; ¤if;uqkd [D v m&D u vif w ef u ½k d u f w m xkwfjyefcJhNyD; emrnfausmf [movl qkdawmh rqkH;jzwf&ao;bl;/ oli,f
 ESifh jrefrmEdkifiH EdkifiHa&;jyKjyifajymif; onf/                                                                                                                                                                            owif;XmeESifh tifwmAsL;wGif ajym &Gifawmf Zm*emtygt0if ,kHMunf csif;awGeJY awGYNyD; wkdifyifNyD;awmh
 vJrIjyKvkyf&ef ]tvm;tvm&Sd t&dyf                                                                                         ]]vkyfaqmifcsufawGjrifvdkyg qkdonf/                                                                                                                                     csufaMumifh tusOf;uscHae&olrsm; &ufyi;twGi;qk;jzwfr,f}}[k Zm*em                      dk f         f H
 ta&mif} rsm;tay: tm;ay;aomf w,f/ tusOf;om;awGvGwfawmh                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        dk
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        jrefrmtpkd;&onf tusOf;om; ukd atmufwbm 12 &uf aeYrS pwif u vG w f a jrmuf v mNyD ; em&D y d k i f ;
 vnf; ¤if;wkdYwYkHjyefvkyfaqmifrnfh r,fq&if t&rf;uktaygif;vu©Pm ajcmufaxmifausmfukd vTwfay;&ef vTwfay;vsuf&Sdonf/          dk                                          d                                                                                                                                                                                                       twGif; The Voice Weekly ESifh
 tcsufrsm;udk xkwfjyef&ef vGefpGm aqmifwhJ t&dyta,mifjzpfrmyg}} [k atmufwkdbm 11 &ufaeYu owif;                                                          f                                            S                                                                                                      ]]avmavmq,f ½kwfw&uf awGUqkHpOfajymMum;onf/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       kf                  I
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             jrefrmEdiijH yKjyifajymif;vJrrsm;

                                                         JY
vkyfief;wlvkyfudkifol 30 OD;jzifU tajccHtvkyform;tzGJY zGpnf;Edkif                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             ukd tm;ay;ulnD&eftwGuf EdkifiHw
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               um b@ma&;qkdif&mtzGJYtpnf;rsm;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            k f H
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               taeESihf jrefrmEdiiudk enf;ynmqkif            d
&efukef? atmufwdkbm 12                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         &m ulnDay;rIrsm; yHhykd;rIrjyKvkyfEdkif
                  oufqi&mvkyief; odYk r[kwf jynfe,frsm;wGif zGJUpnf;rnfqdkvQif Nidr;csrf;pGm aqmif&uci&dS aMumif; OD;at;jrifuqdonf/
                                        kd f                     f                                                                                                                                                             f                                G f G hf                                                h k                                                    rDowfrSwfjy|mef;xm;aom ta&;,l
vk y f a qmif r I t rsKd ; tpm;tvd k u f wdi;a'oBuD; odYk r[kwf jynfe,frsm;&Sd tvkyform;tzGJUtpnf; Oya'wGif      k f                                                                                                                                                                                      ]]tvkyform;tzGJUtpnf;udk ydwqYdkrrsm;uktar&duefjynfaxmifpk                f I              d
tvkyvyuiaeonfh tvkyorm; NrKd Ue,ftvkyorm;tzGUJ tpnf;pkpaygif; jy|mef;xm;onf/
                  f k f kd f                                                             f                                                       f                                                        k                                                                                                      kd hf                                f kd f G
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  b,fvzUJG cGiay;r,f/ vkyyicihf bm uz,f & S m ;ay;&rnf j zpf a Mumif ;
tenf;qH; 30 OD;jzifh tajccHtvkyf \ 10 &mcdiEe; tvkyorm;tzGUJ csKyf
                          k                                                                                                                 kfIf                                f                                                    tvkyf&Sifonfvnf; rdrdvkyf awG&w,f/ tvkyorm;awG epfem orkdif;ynm&Sif a'gufwmoefYjrifhOD;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      dS                                       f
                                                                                                                                            kd                 k
orm;tzG J U tpnf ; ud k zG J U pnf ; Ed k i f udk zGUJ rnfqvQif wdi;f a'oBu;D odYr[kwf ief;\ tvkyorm;tzGUJ tpnf;rsm;udk &if? tcGita&;awGq;Hk ½H;&if b,fXme u The New York Times owif;                   k                                         f                                                                  hf                             I
aMumif; atmufwbmv 11 &ufaeY jynf e ,f t vk y f o rm;tzG J U tpnf ; tvkyorm;rsm;tm; ud,pm;jyKaom udkwdkif&r,fqdkwJhOya'? enf;Oya' tifwmeufpmrsufESmwGif a&;om;
                                                   kd                                                                                                                                                                                f                               k f
u xkwjf yefonfh tvkyorm;tzGUJ pkpaygif;\ 10 &mcdiEe; axmufcH tzGJUtpnf;rsm;tjzpf todtrSwfjyK awGukd yxrqH;jy|mef;ay;oifw,f/ xm;onf/
                                                                          f                                         k                                                        k f I f                                                                                                                                                 k                       h
tpnf;Oya'wGif azmfjyyg&Sonf/                                                  d                                                    kd
                                                                                                               ay;&efvtyfaMumif;? jrefrmEdiiv; ay;&rnfjzpfaMumif; yg&Sonf/                             k f H kH                                                           d                               f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  tvkyorm;tzGUJ tpnf;udvnf; ppf                        k                                    jrefrmEdkifiHwGif vlYtcGifhta&;
                  ,if;odYk zGUJ pnf;&mwGif oufqi&m qdkif&m tvkyform;a&;&mtzGJUudk                   kd f                                                                                                                             tvkyform;tzGJUtpnf;rsm; rSewtzGUJ tpnf;jzpfapcsiw,f}} [k qki&mcsKd ;azmufrrsm; &Saeonfqum
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    f hJ                                                 f                       df                          I    d       dk
                                                                                                                                                   kd
vkyfief; odkYr[kwf vkyfaqmifrI&Sd zGUJ pnf;rnfqvQif tvkyorm;tzGUJ zGJUpnf;cGifhjyKvdkufojzifh 0rf;ajrmuf txufygyk*Kd¾ vo;Hk oyfajymMum;onf/ wyfrawmftpkd;&vufxufrSpwifí                       f                                                                                                                                    f
pkpaygif;tvkyorm;rsm;\ 10 &mcdif csKyfrsm;\ 20 &mcdiEe;axmufcvQif 0rf;omBudKqdaMumif;? odYk aomfvnf;
    k                                       f                                                              k                                                     k f I f                                    H                                       k                                                     tqdkygtvkyform;zGJUpnf;cGifh EdkifiHa&;? pD;yGma&;qkdif&m ta&;,l
EIe;atmufrenf;olrsm;u axmufc& zGUJ pnf;EdiaMumif; azmfjyyg&Sonf/
      f                                                                                                      H                  k f                                                             d                             tvkyform;tzGJUtpnf;rsm;onf Oya'udk tcef; 14 cef;jzifatmufwkd ydwfqkdYrIrsm; tar&duefjynfaxmifpk                              h
rnfjzpfaMumif;? tvkyorm; OD;a& 30                           f                                                         tvkyform;tzGJUtpnf;rsm; tvkyform;vlwef;pm;udk udk,fpm; bmv 11&ufaeYu jynfaxmifpvwf u qufwdkufcsrSwfcJhonf/                                                                                                                               k T
OD;r&Saomvkyief; odYr[kwf vkyaqmif onf tvkyorm;qdi&mOya'rsm;yg jyKaom? tvkyorm;rsm;\ tusK;udk awmfwif xkwjf yefconf/
                d                    f                    k                            f                                                        f                           k f                                                                       f                                   d                    G                                 hJ
rIqygu wlnaomvkyief; odYkr[kwf tcGifhta&;rsm;udk tvkyform;rsm; o,fydk;Edkifonfh tzGJUjzpf&efvdktyf
          kd                              D                          f
vkyaqmifrwpfccEihf ylaygif;zGUJ pnf; cHpm;cGifhr&&Sdygu Oya'ESifhtnD aMumif;? [efaqmiftzGUJ tpnf; rjzpf
             f                   I               k k S
EdiaMumif; ,if;Oya'tcef; (2) wGif tvky&ixrS awmif;qdci&aMumif;? ap&ef vdktyfaMumif;? ,if;Oya'
  k f
azmfjyyg&Sonf/          d
                                                                                                                      f S f H
                                                                                                               tvkyf&Sifu tvkyform;wpfOD;OD; ray:aygufruwnf;u EdiitwGi;
                                                                                                                                                                                  k G hf dS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      &efukefpnfyif tokH;p&dwf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              k f H             f
                                   f                                                           k
                  tvkyorm;tzGUJ tpnf;qdonf tm; tvkyrxwy,f&mwGif tvkyf tvkyorm;ESihf awmifov,form;                                              f S k f                                                                               f                                      l
rSm ,if;Oya't& zGUJ pnf;aom tajc orm;Oya'rsm;ESihf nDñwrr&SvQif rsm;\ ta&;udprsm;udk aqmif&uae
cHtvkyform;tzGJUtpnf;? NrdKUe,f xdktvkyform;tm; jyefvnftvkyf aom OD;at;jrifh (vrf;jyMu,f) ESihf a':
                                                                                                                                                                                             G f I d                                                       ö            d                       dk f G
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      wki;f a'oBu;D tpk;d &pwifuiw,f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      G f

                   f                                                               k f
tvkyorm;tzGUJ tpnf;? wdi;a'o cefYtyfay;&ef awmif;qdci&aMumif; abmuf*smwdYku oH;oyfajymqdonf/                                                                                              k G hf dS                                                           k                     k                &efukef? pufwifbm 30
BuD; odYk r[kwf jynfe,f tvkyorm; ,if;Oya'tcef; (5) tvkyform;                              f                                                                                                                                          Oya' jy|mef;vdu½jkH zifh rjynfh
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   k f                                                   &efuewi;a'oBuD;twGi; tBuD;rm;qk; tpk;&XmeBuD;jzpfNyD;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       k f dk f                         f                        H        d
                                                        f
tzGUJ tpnf;? tvkyorm;tzGUJ csKyfEihf tzGUJ tpnf;\ tcGita&;ESihf wm0ef pHkao;bJ taumiftxnfay:onf          S                                                               hf                                                                                                                                                Hk             f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     rdrd&efyaiGjzihom awmufavQmuf&yfwnfvmcJhaom &efukefNrKdUawmf
jrefrmEdiiv;kH qdi&m tvkyorm;a&;&m rsm;tcef;wGif azmfjyxm;onf/
                     kfH kf                                             f                                                                                                                                                     txd qufvufvkyfaqmifay;&ef                                              pnfyifom,ma&;aumfrwD\ tok;p&dwEifh b@maiGrsm;ukd 2011                  H            f S
tzGJUwdkYjzpfaMumif; ,if;Oya'wGif                                                                                     tvkyform;tzGJUtpnf;onf vdktyfaMumif;? tvkyform;tzGJU                                                                                                                                   S                              dk
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     ckEpf atmufwbmv 1 &ufaeYrpwifí &efuewi;a'oBuD;tpk;&uom          S                    k f dk f                  d
        f
&Si;vif;azmfjyxm;onf/                                                                                          tpnf ; ta0;jyKvk y f j cif ; ? oyd w f tpnf;udk zGUJ pnf;&mwGivnf; tpd;&                                                                               f                       k                                  l D H JG
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     wm0ef,prcefYcawmhrnfjzpfaMumif; &efuewi;a'oBuD;0efBuD;csKyf                           k f dk f
                  tqdygOya't& NrdKUe,ftvkyf arSmufjcif;ESifh pkaygif;ta&;qdkjcif; u a&G;cs,fzGJUpnf;ay;jcif;r[kwfbJ
                               k                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     OD;jrihfaqGu pufwifbmv 28 &ufaeYwGif ajymMum;onf/
orm;tzGUJ tpnf;udzUJG pnf;rnfqvQif wdYk ukd aqmif&u&mwGif oufqi&m tvkyorm;rsm;ud,wif tqifoifh
                                                      k                                          kd                                                   G f                                                     kd f                    f                      k f kd                                                      &efukefNrKdUawmfpnfyifom,ma&;aumfrwDtjyif &efukefwkdif;
oufqdkif&mNrdKUe,f&Sd tajccHtvkyf tvkyform;tzGJUcsKyfu csrSwfxm; a&G;cs,fwifajr§mufonfh tBuD;tuJ                                                                                                                                                                                                     a'oBuD;twGif;&Sd &efukefNrKdUawmfvQyfppf"mwftm;ay;a&;tzGJUESihf
orm;tzGUJ tpnf; pkpaygif;\ 10 &m aom vkyx;vkyenf;rsm;? pnf;rsO; rsm;ESifh zGJUpnf;onfhtzGJUtpnf;jzpf
                                                             k                                                                           f kH f                                                                           f                                                                          NrKdUe,fpnfyifom,ma&;tzGUJ rsm;onfvnf; ,if;wkdY\0ifaiGrsm;ukd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     wkdif;a'oBuD; tpkd;&b@m&efykHaiGokdY ay;oGif;NyD; okH;aiGrsm;ukdvnf;
cdkifEIef;? wdkif;a'oBuD; odkYr[kwf pnf;urf;? ñTeMf um;csursm;ESihf tnD oifaMumif; a&SUaewpfO;vnf;jzpfol                                                                              f                                           h                                     D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     &okH;rSef;ajcaiGpm&if; vsmxm;csufabmiftwGif;wnfqJb@ma&;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     pnf;rsOf;? pnf;urf;? vkyfxkH;vkyfenf;rsm;ESihftnD xkwf,lokH;pGJ&rnf
 pmrsufESm 5 Zm*emESifhawGUqHkjcif;rS tquf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     jzpfaMumif; ¤if;uqkdonf/
yJ ay;cJhwmyg/ tckuRefawmftjyif awGq&if vlawG&UJ txifao;cHc& pmvnf; n 8 em&Dxkd;wJhtcsdefxd                            dk                                                                                            hJ                                                                                                  jrefrmEkdifiHüvlOD;a& txlxyfqkH;ESihfpD;yGm;a&;NrKdUawmfjzpfaom
a&mufvmNyD jzpfwJhtwGuf wkdifyif wmawG? xrif;rpm;cJ&wmawG trsm; atmifrpm;&ao;wJhtwGuf jrefrmh                                                                                 h                                                                                                                      &efukefNrKdUawmfae jynfolrsm;\arG;zGm;&mrSonf aoqkH;onftxd
yg&apOD ; / uRef a wmf r a&muf c if BuD;BuHKcJ&ygw,f/                                                                            h                                                                                                            d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              toHa&SUrSm&SwhJ opfawm0efxrf;tdrf                                                    ö
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     udpt00ukd 0efaqmifay;vsu&onfh &efueNf rKdUawmfpnfyifom,ma&;   f dS              k
wkef;u BudKufovdkvkyfMuyg/ uNyD                                                                                        jyefajymjy&r,fq&if BuHawm &mu ukarwåm&JU tpfrtdru xrif;     dk                                                     d                                     f                    aumfrwDudk 1874 ckESpfwGif &efueNf rKdU jrLeDpy,ftzGUJ trnfjzifh pwifk
qdk&ifawmh aumif;atmifvkyfMu&yg ocsKØif;&SdpOfwkef;u *lawGay:rSm ukd oGm;awmif;NyD;awmh pm;cJ&ygw,f/                                                                                                                                                                           h                                                                                 l            S d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     zGUJ pnf;cJNh yD; NrKUd awmfaejynforsm;xHr&&Sonfh tcGef0ifaiGrsm;jzihf &yf
w,f/ wpfEpwnf;rSm wpfywnf; tuRwtvGwytwGuf za,mif;wkif tJ'Davmufxd olwkdYawG b0remcJh
                                       S f                                                  GJ                                f                        f GJ                                                             d                                                                            wnfaqmif&Gufvsuf&Sdonf/
uu ordi;wGif use&pfzYkdvygw,f/ awG xGe;xm;ygw,f/ uRefawmfeJY ygbl;/ 2007 wkef;u tkwfatmf
                            kf                                 f                kd                                                     f
csey,o&zlqwm&zdYkv,oavmuf ukarwåm n 8 em&Davmuf rD;oN*ØK[f aomif;wif;jzpfatmif vkyfEkdifcJhwJh
          fD H                                kd                       G f                                        d
xde;odr;zdYk cufygw,f/ udarwåmqdk puftaqmufttka&SUrSm oGm;xkiae t&Seudk 2011 rSm t&Seyaumif;vm
               f f                                                          k                                                                                     H                                           d f                d f                                d f dk
'Dtcsdefxd bmaMumifh &yfwnfaewm &ygw,f / bmaMumif h v J q k d a wmh atmif 'DxufwifzYdk vkygw,f/ tJ'vdk                                                                                                                                                           d                          D
vJqkd olwYawG oifcef;pm,lzdkY oifhyg reufjzefrm jrefrmhtoHrm tprf;ujy jzpfvmzkdYtwGuf uRefawmfvnf;
                            kd                                                                                                            S                                             S
w,f/ cPcPtydwc&wmeJY txJ zkYd twGuf wD;p&mqki;r&SvYdkyg/ rlv tjyif jyefa&mufvmygNyD/ vlpwuf
                                                                   f H                                                                                                     d f d                                                                                                       Hk
rSmae&wmeJY usoavmufudk jyef wke;f uawmhwuúovtEkynmtoif; pkHvnf; 'DrSm&Sdygw,f/ 0kdif;NyD;awmh                                                                      dk f
wufEdkifwJholyg/ &efjzpfwm? wpf uvlawG wD;zkYd ppOfxm;ayr,fh teD; vkyzYdk vkygvdrr,f/ ruyJae&ifawmh                                                         D                                                                     f d                   hf
a,mufeJYwpfa,muf rwnfhwmrif; uyfawmhrS olwYdku uyfzsuvuyg bmrSrjzpfygbl;/ u&ifawmh aumif;                                                                                                           f dk f
wkdY tifwmAsL;awGrSm zwf&w,f/ w,f/ qki;vkupprf;awmh b,fqi; atmifvkyfay;zdkYvdkygw,f/                                                  d f d f Hk                                                                   dk f
acgufqJGajcmufpm;&wmavmufukd rS iSm;vkYd r&awmhb;/ BuHawmocsKØi;                                                                                                     l                     h                                f
pmzJGUNyD;ajzxm;wmyg/ uRefawmfwkdY xJu romwD;wJqi;yJ&w,f/ reuf                                                                                                h dk f dS                                                                                            ausmf r if ; aqG
   d   df G d                Uf       kd
'kw,tBurvwNf ir;f csr;f omcGit& atmufwbm 12 &ufaehwif vGwajrmufvmonfU ,HMk unfcsuaMumifU tusO;f uscae&olrsm;pm&if;
                                                   G     f                       f                 H                                                                       VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                         The




 pOf
    26
   VOICE
  The




    om;BuD;
             trnf

 1 tmumbdk (c)
                      POLITICS               tzGJUtpnf;

                                         Generation Wave
                                                            tusOf;axmif

                                                             ausmufjzL
                                                                          jypf'Pf
                                                                            (ESp)
                                                                             5
                                                                                f
                                                                                     tzrf;cH
                                                                                    &onfhaeY
                                                                                    12-3-08
                                                                                               pOf

                                                                                               51
                                                                                               52
                                                                                                     ausmfol&
                                                                                                              trnf


                                                                                                     ausmf0if;acs
                                                                                                                                    tzGJUtpnf;

                                                                                                                                         -
                                                                                                                                      ENYG
                                                                                                                                                      tusOf;axmif

                                                                                                                                                      om,m0wD
                                                                                                                                                       o&uf
                                                                                                                                                            Monday,
                                                                                                                                                                       jypf'Pf
                                                                                                                                                                      October 17 - 23, 2011
                                                                                                                                                                             f
                                                                                                                                                                         (ESp)
                                                                                                                                                                          10
                                                                                                                                                                          6
                                                                                                                                                                                    tzrf;cH
                                                                                                                                                                                   &onfhaeY
                                                                                                                                                                                     7-8-07
                                                                                                                                                                                    20-1-08
  2 atmifatmif (c)                                  -         uav;          7          -       53    MunfvGif(c)&SzD;                  NLD            om,m0wD             17        21-6-05
    ZGJoef                                                                                     54    MunfomxGef;                 Student(ABFSU)        a&Tbdk             24       22-11-98
 3 atmifBuD; (c)                               Activist        jrif;NcH     9       13-10-07   55    av;av;rGef                    88 Generation,      a&Tbdk             11        23-9-07
    atmifodkufpdk;                                                                                                                Writer, Student
 4 atmifckdif                                       -        om,m0wD         -         -       56 vif;xufEdkif (c)               Student(ABFSU)         awmifil           4        14-1-08
 5 atmifudkudkvGif                             Civilian      ausmufjzL       5      11-9-08
                                                                                                  atmifoefYZifOD;
 6 atmifausmf                              NLD Member          jynf          5      30-3-08
                                                                                               57 ri,f                                 NLD            om,m0wD            13        28-8-07
 7 atmifausmfpdk; (c)                          ABSDF          tif;pdef      25      12-12-90
                                                                                               58 rmwl;                                  -             rEÅav;            -            -
    atmifausmfrdk; (c)
                                                                                               59 armifausmf                             -             rEÅav;            15        11-10-03
    zdk;cGm;
                                                                                               60 armifarmif                             -            armfvNrdKif        -            -
 8 atmifrif; (c)                                  CPB        om,m0wD        19      13-12-96
    aomif;a&T                                                                                  61 armifarmif(c)                          -             rEÅav;            22        27-9-99

 9 atmifrdk;vGif (c)                             NLD          tif;pdef      5        1-9-08
                                                                                                  atmifcif
    rdk;BuD;                                                                                   62 armifarmifat;                          -            om,m0wD            13         6-2-03

 10 atmifEdkifjrifh                                 -         rEÅav;        15      11-10-03   63 armifarmifvwf                   Student Former      om,m0wD            12         7-5-04

 11 atmifEdkifOD;                                   -          uom          8          -                                                PP
 12 atmifoef;xGef;                         NLD Member         ajrmif;jr     5       30-3-08    64    armifarmifpdef                      -               cEÅD;        5 ESpf 6 v      -
 13 atmifaZmfOD;                          HRDP, NLD            vm;½dI;      12       3-1-08    65    armifjrwf                           -              rEÅav;             -          -
                                        (Youth), ABNGF                                         66    armifjrifh                       BDGF              rEÅav;            30       19-11-03
 14 atmifaZmfNzdK;                                  -         awmifil       -          -       67    rif;atmif                       NLD (Tsp           uav;              15       13-10-07
 15 atmifaZ,smNzdK; (c)                 Generation Wave,      awmifil       5       12-3-08                                      Chairman), HRDP
    aZmfBuD;(c)zdk;axmif                Musician Student                                       68    rif;[ef(c)rif;opf           Front Line Group       o&uf             -         16-1-91
 16 at;csrf;                                     Labor        tif;pdef      8        5-7-05    69    rdk;xufvQH                       Civilian         armfvNrdKif       5          9-9-08
 17 at;csKd                                NLD Member         uav;          6       30-9-07
                                                                                               70    jrifatmif                     NLD (Youth)           uom             8          1-9-05
 18 at;aqG                                          -         awmifil       24      23-7-99
                                                                                               71    jrifhvdIif (c) jrifhEdkif        HRDP              uav;             8          2-5-07
 19 at;oDcdkif                               Eco-Bank         tif;pdef      8        4-7-05
                                           Service, Labor
                                                                                               72    jrihfvGif                           -              rEÅav;           12        25-11-04

 20      at;oDwm                              Student         [oFmw         18      14-10-07   73    jrifhvGifOD; (c)              88 Gneration          jynf            9         10-10-07

 21      bwifh                                   NLD          tif;pdef    wpfouf    19-12-04         om;BuD;
 22      Avmrmapmr(c)qG e f o J                     -          rH&m
                                                                 k G        -          -       74    jrifhEdkif                          -              o&uf             -            -
 23      cspfudkvif;(c)udkcspf                      -         yckuúL        7       8-10-07    75    jrifhOD;(c)ul;rm;                Activist        om,m0wD            24          7-99
 24      cspfarmif(c)pdefjrifh                      -         rEÅav;        15      11-10-03   76    jrifhpdk;                           -              rEÅav;           15        11-10-03
 25      AdkvfcsKyfaqxif (c)            Chairman of SSPC      ppfawG       106       9-2-05    77    jrifhaqG                            -            armfvNrdKif        7          2004
         pdkif;ausmfpdef                                                                       78    rsKd;atmifoefY                FTUB (Labor)       jrpfBuD;em;        19        20-6-97
 26      vSjrifh                                 NLD          rEÅav;        14      21-6-05    79    rsKd;[ef                        Marchant,         usKdif;wHk        51        15-9-09
 27      vSñGefY                                    -         rEÅav;        15      11-10-03                                     Thitagu Supporter,
 28      vSOD;                                Individual      tif;pdef      8        -4-07                                             NLD
 29      vSpdk;                         NLD, Former PP,       rEÅav;        17      21-12-03   80 rsKd;cdkif (c)                         -            om,m0wD         6 ESpf 6 v   27-9-07
                                            Writer
                                                                                                  ukvm;av;
 30 vS0if;                                Student HS        om,m0wD         24       7-8-99
                                                                                               81 rsKd;rif;a0                      NLD, HRDP             cEÅD;           15        16-9-08
 31 vdIifrsKd;                                 Civilian        uav;         5        9-9-08
                                                                                               82 rsKd;0if;                              -               uom             10           -
 32 aX;atmif                                   Activist       tif;pdef      4        3-7-09
                                                                                               83 Edkifpdk;                           AASYC             Aef;armf         3         18-9-09
 33 aX;0if;(c)bdkvl;                       NLD (Youth)         o&uf         35      11-1-89
 34 xdefvif;                                        -         rEÅav;        15      11-10-03
                                                                                               84 Edkif0if;(c)                     Best Manure          tif;pdef         5          2-9-08

 35 xufxufOD;a0                                  NLD          ylwmtdk       5       30-12-08
                                                                                                  abmav;
 36 xifatmif                                   Student          cEÅD;       5        8-8-08
                                                                                               85 aeausmf                              NLD             bm;tH             17        28-8-99

 37 cifarmifjrifh                                   -         rEÅav;        15      11-10-03   86 aerif;(c)0if;a&T               Reporter, Former     om,m0wD            15         8-2-04

 38 cifarmifOD;                                     -         rEÅav;        15      11-10-03                                        PP, Lawyer
 39 ukdudkBuD; (c)                        88 Generation,    bl;oD;awmif     11      19-10-07   87 aeZmrsKd;0if;                    NLD (Youth),       &rnf;oif;           5         5-1-08
    odef;oef;xGef;                           Former PP                                                                               ABNGF
 40 udkudkjrifh                                  NLD          Aef;armf      7       20-11-05   88    eDrdkvdIif                        NLD               o&uf            5         14-6-08
                                          (Tsp Secretary)                                      89    EGJUESif;&D(c)Edk;Edk;      Student(ABFSU)         rtlyif           7         19-10-07
 41 Muuf½dk;                                        -         rEÅav;        -          -       90    Nidrf;atmif                         -              rEÅav;          15         11-10-03
 42 ausmfcif                                 NLD (MP)        awmifBuD;      14      25-2-05    91    Nidrf;csrf;                      Activist           o&uf            7          7-9-07
 43 ausmfausmf (c)                         NLD (Youth)       aygif;wnf      13       3-1-08    92    Nidrf;armif                       NLD                cEÅD;          7         31-7-06
    ausmfausmfvGif                                                                             93    nDnDOD;                           NLD              awmifil        wpfouf      12-7-89
 44 ausmfausmfvGif (c)                              -          o&uf         20      26-6-01    94    ñGefY0if;                           -                  D¬
                                                                                                                                                        rdwvm            5         10-2-08
    ausmfvGif                                                                                  95    tkef;ausmf                     NLD (Tsp,           vm;½dI;          5          5-3-08
 45 ausmfarmif (c)                             Student       om,m0wD        24      19-11-99                                        Organizor)
    ausmfrif;                                                                                  96 ay:vGif                         ABFSU (Former       om,m0wD            14         1-1-99
 46 ausmfrif;oef;                          Student (Uni;)      a&Tbdk       21       7-9-98                                             PP)
 47 ausmfrsKd;rif;                         NLD, Student      om,m0wD        15      5-5-00      97   yDwm                             Civilian        vdGKifaumf         6         19-11-07
 48 ausmfñGefY                                      -         rEÅav;        22      21-6-05     98   zdk;eD                           Activist         o&uf              7         7 -9-07
 49 ausmfqef;                                       -        om,m0wD        20      7-5-99
                                                                                                99   zdk;aZmf (c)aZmfjrifhOD;         Student         om,m0wD            14        15-1-99
 50 ausmfpGmvif;                               ABSDF         om,m0wD        68        2008
                                                                                               100   NzdK;udkudkvGif                     -             rEÅav;            -         11-10-03
ud k w d k ; ausmf v d I i f arwå m jzif h u l n D o nf /                                      (atmufwdkbm 13&ufaeU&&Sdaompm&if;t& 206 OD;&Sdonf/)                       qufvufazmfjyygrnf/
 Monday, October 17 - 23, 2011


 PROMOTION
                                                                        BUYING GUIDE                                                                                                                                            VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              The
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      27




pifumylxkwf ynm&yfqdkif&m pmtkyfawGudk txl;EIef;eJh0,frvm;
                                          Mart awGrSm POPULAR Bookstore             a&mif;ay;rSmyg/ Professional orm;                                                  S f D kd f
                                                                                                                                                 "mwfy?kH zuf&i'Zi;? yef;csDtEkynm                   qdkif&m pmtkyfawGudk pdwf0ifwpm;
                                          qdkifcGJawG&Sdayr,fh tck PAGE One         awGvufudkifxm;oifhwJh Adokum                                                          kd f
                                                                                                                                                 pwJh ynm&yfqi&m pmtkyawGukd 35   f                                     h h      f
                                                                                                                                                                                                     avhvmaeolawG oifwifwhJ EIe;xm;
                                          Book Fair vdYk trnfay;xm;wJh txl;         ynm&yfqdkif&m pmtkyfawG? tdrfwGif;                           &mcd k i f E I e f ; txd avQmh a &mif ; ay;         wpfckeJY 0,fEdkifatmif ñTefay;&
                                          aps;a&mif;yGJudkawmh ajreDukef; City      tvSqifynm&yfqdkif&mpmtkyfawG?                                rSmjzpfw,fvdkYqdkwmaMumifh ynm&yf                   jcif;yg/
                                          Mart &JU Promotion Area rSmyJ jyKvkyf
                                          rSmyg/                                     PROMOTION

                                                       kd
                                              atmufwbmv 14 &ufuae
                                          18 &ufaeYtxd jyKvkyfrSmjzpfNyD;
                                          txl;tpDtpOftaeeJY atmufwbmv  kd
                                                                                    uGef'kd? wkdufcef;? tdrf&mavQmhaps;
                                          15 &ufaeY paeaeY rGef;vGJ 2 em&DrSm                vuf&Sd oDwif;uRwfumv
                                          Living Design Architects and Plan-        atmufwkdbmv 10 &ufaeYuae
                                          ners Adokum Firm &JU Professional         30&ufaeYtxdusif;yr,fh Naing
                                          Architect OD ; armf v if ; u Ad o k u m   Group Construction Co., Ltd. &JU
                                          'DZdkif;ynmeJYywfoufwJh avhvm             Super Save Sale uGef'kdrDeD,H tdrf&m
                                          qnf;yl;&r,fh pmtkyawG&UJ taMumif;
                                                               f                                J S      f       f   d f
                                                                                    ta&mif;yGrm tdr&m? uGe'?dk wkucef;
                                          udk 'Retail Design' qdkwJh acgif;pOfeJY                    dfIf
                                                                                    awGudk 10&mckiEe;uae 20&mckiEe;    dfIf
                                          0goem&SifawG? pdwfyg0ifpm;olawG           txd avQmha&mif;r,fhtpDtpOfav;
      pifumylEkdifiHu POPULAR             twGuf aqG;aEG;ay;r,fhtpDtpOfudk           &SdwmrkdY nTefay;vkdufw,f/
Book Co.,(Pte) Ltd.  &JU z&efcsKdufpf     xnfhoGif;xm;w,fvdkY 'DyGJ pDpOfol                  ta&mif;jyyGJtwGif; ya&m*suf
vkyfief;cGJwpfckjzpfwJh POPULAR           awGuqdkw,f/                                     S d
                                                                                    22ckrm&SwhJ tcef;aygif; 200ausmfudk                          rsm;u qkdygw,f/ &efukefNrdKUawmf&JU                 wJhtxd 0efaqmifrIay;r,fvYdk od&
Bookstore &J U tpD t pOf w pf c k u d k                             J
                                                  'Dtxl;aps;a&mif;yGtpDtpOfrm   S   txl;aps;avQmha&mif;r,fvkdY qkdyg                             tcsuftcsmuswJh ausmufwHwm;?                         ygw,f/ udk,fykdifuGef'kd? wkdufcef;?
pmcspfolawGtwGuf ñTefay;r,f/              awmh pifumyl Page One Publishing          w,f/ vltoifaexkivYdk &wJh tcef;
                                                                                                       h     d f                                                           d f
                                                                                                                                                 yef;yJwef;? '*k?H Akvwaxmif ? tvk?H                 tdrf&mawGeJY aecsifolawGtaeeJY
ajreDukef; City Mart, Golden Val-         u xkwa0jzefYjzL;wJh ynm&yfqi&m
                                                    f                      kd f            dk              dfIf
                                                                                    awGuawmh 15 &mckiEe;? aqmufvyf       k                       prf;acsmif;? A[ef;? wmarG pwJh                      pdwf0ifpm;vkdYyJjzpfjzpf oGm;a&muf
ley City Mart eJY Chinatown City          pmtkyfawGudk wpfpkwpfa0;wnf;              qJ tcef;awGukd 10 &mckdifEIef;?                              Nrd K Ue,f &S p f c k r S m &S d w J h tcef ; awG   avhvm0,f,lMunfh½Icsifw,fqkd&if
                                                                                    vkH;csif; taqmufttkHawGukd 20                                yg0ifr,fvkdY qkdygw,f/ rkd;aumif;                   trSwf 76? Akdvf&mnGefYvrf;? '*kHNrdKU
PRODUCT                                                                             &mckdifEIef;eJY aps;EIe; avQma&mif;ay;
                                                                                                           f       h                             bk&m;vrf;rSm&SdwJh vkH;csif;tdrf&m                  e,frSm eHeuf 9 em&D uae nae 5
                                                                                    r,fvkdY ta&mif;jycef;wm0ef&Sdol                              awGukdawmh ukd,fykdifajr,mykdifqkdif                                   d f
                                                                                                                                                                                                     em&Dtxd avhvmEkiygvdrr,f/ hf
tqDus'defcsOf                                                                       PRODUCT



       cE¨mudk,ftqDusvdkNyD; oG,f
oG,fvsvsjzpfvdkoleJY Adkufcsyfvdkol
                                                                                      Touch Screen                                                       eJh uifr&mopf
                  f
awGtwGuf 'decsOfaomuf&if; 0dwcs    f                                                                  kd f      f
                                                                                            tckaemufyi; IT ypön;topf                                                                                               f l
                                                                                                                                                                                                     BuD;BuD;BudKuoawGtwGuf tqifajy
vdkY&ygNyD/                                                                         tqef;awGuvnf; wpfaeYxuf                                                                                          aprSmyg/ HD Movie ½dkufvdkY&ayr,fh
           df f
       'D'ecsOu VITA VIGOR Slim                                                     wpfaeY ay:vmovdk ypönf;opfudkrS                                                                                                     h
                                                                                                                                                                                                     t&nftaoG;tjynfryg0ifwmaMumifh
Beauty trSwfwHqdyfjzpfNyD; xdkif0rf                                                 oHk;vdkolawG? Touch Screen System                                                                                ½kyf&Sif½dkufvdkolxuf "mwfyHk½dkufol
rdwf 'decsOtrIeYfyg/ 'D'ecsOukd aygif
         f f            d f f                                                       udkrS oHk;csifolawGtwGuf Touch                                                                                   awGtwGuf ydkoifhawmfrSmyg/
180 eJ Y txuf 0ol a wG t wG u f                                                     Screen trsKd;tpm; Nikon Camera                                                                                           'Duifr&mu tif'dkeD;&Sm;EdkifiH
'defcsOftrIefY wpfxkyf? aygif 180                                                   opfeJY rdwfqufay;r,f/                                                                                            xkwfjzpfNyD; aps;EIef;taeeJY usyf
atmufqdk&if wpf0ufudk a&oefYeJY                                                             'Duifr&mav;u armf',fvf                                                                                   180ç000 0ef;usifeJY ausmufwHwm;
a&mpyfaomufoHk;&rSmjzpfygw,f/                                                       eHygwf S-4150 COOLPIX trsKd;                                                        k k
                                                                                                                                                        SD uwftoH;jyKEdif NyD; 32GB                  NrdKUe,f 39 vrf;ESifh vrf; 40 xdyf
       t&rf;0wJholawGtaeeJY tqD                                                                                      k
                                                                                    tpm;jzpfNyD; 14.0 Mega Pixels toH;                           txd uwfpdkuftoHk;jyKEdkifygw,f/                     Central Tower ajrnDxyfrSm zGifhvSpf
us'defcsOf 10 xkyfaomuf&if odod           udk usyf 26000 yg/ pdwf0ifpm;ol           jyKEdkifovdk uifr&m Zoom taeeJY                              'Duifr&mudk Lithum Battery eJY toH;k                xm;wJh jrefrmhtvS ta&mif;pifwm
omomtqDusNyD; wjcm;ab;xGuf                awGtwGuf ausmufwHwm;NrdKUe,f?             ig;qcsJUNyD; oHk;Edkifygw,f/ LCD                             jyK&rSmjzpfNyD; Pixel jrifhjrifheJY Screen          rSm 0,fEdkifrSmyg/
qdk;usKd;r&Sdbl;vdkY a&mif;cswJholu       Adkvfatmifausmfvrf; (txufb                Screen BuD;wmudk BudKufwJholawG
qdkygw,f/ csOfcsKdt&om&SdwJh 'D           avmuf) trSwf 333? ajrnDxyfrSm             twGuf 3 vufryg&SdwmaMumifh                                    SHOP

                                          zGifhvSpfxm;wJh a[mifaumifaq;             tqifajyaprSmyg/ 'Duifr&mudk HD
'decsOf 10 xkywpfyguifukd omru
    f
       k f
                f
wpfxycsif;vnf; 0,fvYkd & ygw,f/
       'defcsOf 10 xkyfygwpfyguif
                                          wdkuf zkef;-01-245540 rSm 0,fvdkY
                                          &ygvdrfhr,f/
                                                                                    Movie ½dkuful;EdkifNyD; vufwkef&if
                                                                                             kdf
                                                                                    vnf; yH&yra00g;apr,fh pepfygw,f/
                                                                                                                                                 aejynfawmfu Muufuif
PRODUCT
                                                                                                                                                              d                     H d f
                                                                                                                                                          tpk;&0efBuD;XmeawG ½k;pku&m                wpfv y½kdrkd;&Sif;umvrSm Muufuif
                                                                                                                                                 aejynfawmfjzpfwnfvmNyD; aemufyi;         dk f       wpfaumif0,f,lpm;okH;r,fqkd&if
wDADygMunfUvdkh&wJU wefzdk;oifU                                    Projector                                                                     aejynfawmfaps;uGuftajcpkduf ysOf;
                                                                                                                                                 rem;NrKdUeJY aejynfawmfrSm vrf;yef;
                                                                                                                                                 qufo,om;vma&; zGUH NzKd;ajymif;vJ
                                                                                                                                                           G f G
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             f
                                                                                                                                                                                                     Muufom;[if;csu[if;tESpwpfxyf
                                                                                                                                                                                                     (&,f'Drdwfxk y f)vufaqmifay;rS m
                                                                                                                                                                                                     jzpfw,fvYdk Myanmar C.P Livestock
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          f    k

                                                                                    ae&mrSmrqdk tao;pm;&kyf&Sif½kHav;                            rsm;jym;vmawGeYJ pD;yGm;a&; aps;uGuf                Co.,Ltd. &J U aps;uG u f w m0ef c H
                                                                                              d kd f kd f
                                                                                    udk rdru,wizefw;D ,lEiwhJ Projector dk f                        d H k f dk f
                                                                                                                                                 rsK;pkvyuivmwmawG awGUjrifvm&                       OD;ausmfatmifxkdufu qkdygw,f/
                                                                                          f S
                                                                                    ½ky&ijf ypufav;vdYk ajymvdYk &ygw,f/                         ygw,f/ tckvnf; pm;aomufukef                         ysO;f rem;NrKUd ? &GmaumufauGUeJY jrif;&wem
                                                                                    ckepfaytuGmta0;rSm pufukd wpfay                                         f
                                                                                                                                                 aps;uGuxJ topfxyfw; zGivmwm dk hf                   teD; (CP Muufuif qkdif) v,fa0;
                                                                                    jrifhwJhcHkay:uae oHk;aytus,f&SdwJh                                                 dk f
                                                                                                                                                 u Muufuifqiyg/ oefY&i;oyf&yf   S f                  NrKUd eJU aejynfawmf Junction a&SU ae&m
                                                                                    rsufESmjyif&Sd½HkeJY rdrdMunfhvdk&mudk                       aumif;rGeNf y;D use;f rma&;twGuf pdwcs     f        awGrSm zGifhvSpfa&mif;csay;aewmyg/
                                                                                    pd w f B ud K uf M unf h ½ I E k d i f y gvd r f h r ,f /           H         DH
                                                                                                                                                 vkNH cKatmifpraqmif&Gufxm;w,fvYdk
                                                                                    Zmwfum;awGomru um&mtdauqdk                     k                 d
                                                                                                                                                 qkygw,f/ 'DqkdifrSm MuufOacsmif;?
                                                                                    zdkY? *drf;aqmhzdkYawGyg wpfygwnf;yg                         Muufuif? MuufaMumf? Muufom;csuf
                                                                                    0ifwmrdkY Function pHkyg0ifwJhpufvdkY                        [if;? Muufovk;H aMumf?
                                                                          l
                                          r0,fEkdifol? 0,fzdkY rvdktyfb;vdYk        qdk&rSmyg/ USB, SD Card awGudk                               Muufom;vdwf?
      [dk;t&ifwkef;uqdk&if Projec-                            f
                                          xifaeolawGtwGuyg tqifajyr,fh              vnf;oHk;Ekdifygw,f/ TV Tunner yg                             Muuf p wl ; ?
tor wpfckudk tenf;qHk; 10odef;?           wDADudkyg wGJzufMunfh½IEkdifwm&,f         wmrdkY MRTV 4 udkvnf; MunfhEkdifyg                           pm;aomufz,f    G
odef;20 0ef;usifay;0,fjyD; toHk;jyK       aMumifh vrf;nTefvdkufwmyg/rdom;pk         w,f/ oDcsif;qdkzdkY? Zmwfum;MunfhzdkY                        &,f'Drdwfxyf     k
cJh&wmyg/ wefzdk;jrifhypönf;xJrSmxdyf                      f                h
                                          tyef;ajzypön;jzpfwmrdYk wDAMD unfzYk?d    povdwpfccvyzYkd twGuf wDAzi&
                                                                                               k       k k k f                          D G hf   awGeYJ vufiif;
qHk;u yg0ifcJhw,fvkdYajymvdkY&yg          oDcsif;em;axmifzdkY? a&yef;pm;qJ                                hf
                                                                                    Sound Box zGi&eJY tvky½yrm aMumuf    fIfS                    pm;aomuf E k d i f
w,f/ tcknTefay;r,fh Projector             udk&D;,m;um;awG MunfhzdkYtwGuf            olawGtwGuf tqifajyapEkiygvdrhf             d f               r,fh [if;vsmawG
                  h
uawmh wefz;dk oifw,fvYkdajymvdYk&wJh      wDADrvdkbJ Crown HDEVD Player             r,f/ 'Dpufuav;udk emrnfausmf                                 ukd a&mif;ay;wm
usyf 68000eJY a&mif;csay;wm&,f?                      h dk f
                                          av;eYMJ unfEiygw,f/ jyefYjyL;aewJh        ajreDukef; '*HkpifwmrSm&SdwJhStar Mart                       yg/ txl;tpDtpOf
tckacwfpm;aewJh Flat wDADMuD;MuD;awG                      f S     k dS Hk
                                          tjzLa&mifrsuEmjyifwpfc&&eYJ b,f                          l dk f
                                                                                    rSm 0,f,Eiygw,f/                                             tjzpf atmufwbmv     dk
                                                                                                                   '
    28
    VOICE
  The




Vol.7 / No.44

 SOFTWARE
                        NET N TECH                                                                         VOICE
                                                                                                         The
                                                                                                                                                                                                Monday, October 17 - 23, 2011




                                                                                                                                                                                                           October 17 - 23 , 2011




EPUB                   pmtkyfawG tvG,fwulzwf½IEdkifapr,fU                                                             FBReader
EPUB rdwfquf                                                                                                                            jyKEdkifygw,f/ 'ghtjyif FBReader                         p&mjzpfygw,f/ Zip, Tar, Gzip,
                                                                                                                                        qdNk yD; Android App taeeJYyg &,lEif      kd             Bzip2 pwJh Archive zdkifawGxJu
       uGefysLwmtoHk;jyKoltrsm;pk
                                                                                                                                        wmrd k Y jynf w G i f ; rS m toH k ; rsm;wJ h            ebook awGudkvnf; oufqdkif&m zdkif
[m ebook (Electronic Book) vdkY
                                                                                                                                        Adroid Phone awGtwGuf wefzdk;&Sd                         xkyfudk jznfp&mrvdkbJ wdkuf½dkuf
qdkvdkuf&if PDF trsKd;tpm; zdkifwpf
                                                                                                                                        wJh App av;wpfckygyJ/                                    qGJ,lzwf½IEdkifwm awGU&ygw,f/
zdkifvdkYyJ odMuwJhtxd Adobe &JU
                                                                                                                                                  FB Reader [m wjcm;emrnf                               'gh t jyif FBReader rS m
1993 ckESpfuwnf;u pwifcJhwJh
                                                                                                                                        ausmf ebook Management Software                          tGefvdkif;ay:u rlydkifcGifhvGwfpmtkyf
PDF zdkiftrsKd;tpm;u ebook File
                                                                                                                                        awGjzpfwJh Calibre, Koobits wdkYvdk                      awG tcrJh&,lEdkifwJh pmMunfhwdkuf
Format avmurSm atmifjrifcJhyg
                                                                                                                                                k
                                                                                                                                        toH;jyKzdYk wul;wu avhvmaep&m                            qdkuf wcsKdUeJY wdkuf½dkufcsdwfqufay;
w,f/ 'gayrJh ebook vdkYqdk&mrSm
                                                                                                                                        rvdktyfbJ EPUB pmtkyfawGzwfzdkY                                            f
                                                                                                                                                                                                 xm;NyD; tvG,wul Download &,l
PDF zdkiftrsKd;tpm;wpfckwnf;udk
                                                                                                                                        vG,fvG,fulul ayghayghyg;yg;toHk;                         Edkifatmif pDpOfay;xm;wm awGU&yg
toHk;jyKMuwmawmh r[kwfygbl;/
                                                                                                                                        jyKEdkifovdk PDF uvGJvdkY usef fb2,                      w,f/
                dS
'gaMumifh vuf&enf;ynmavmurSm
                                                                                                                                        Plucker, Mobipocket, oeb, Open-                                 pd w f y g0if p m;ol a wG t wG u f
PDF eJYtNydKif a&SUwef;a&mufvmwJh
                                                                                                                                        Reader, ztxt, rtf, pdf, djvu, odt, iSilo                 EPUB taMumif ; tao;pd w f u d k
ebook zdkiftrsKd;tpm;opfwpfckudk
                                                                                                                                        pwJh zdkiftrsKd;tpm;awGudk zwf½I                         http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/EPUB
rdwfqufay;&if; wGJzuftoHk;jyKEdkif
                                                                                                                                        zdkYvnf; toHk;jyKEdkifygw,f/ FB                          rSm zwf½IEdkifNyD; FBReader udkawmh
r,fh Software av;wpfckudk ñTefay;
                                                                                                                                        Reader rSm tvdktavsmuf pmMunfh                           http://www.fbreader.org rSm Down-
csifygw,f/                                 vdkufavsmnDaxG&Sdapr,fh pmvHk;                        h G f         f
                                                                                            xnfoi;xkwa0jzefYcsdvmMuwmudk
                                                                                                                                        wdkufzGJUNyD; pmtkyfawG pkpnf;xdef;                      load &,lEdkifygw,f/
         EPUB (Electronic Publication      t&G,ftpm;? taetxm;pwmawG                         awGU&ygw,f/ 'gaMumifhrdkY uaeY
                                                                                                                                                h
                                                                                                                                        odr;f wJpepf yg0ifwmuvnf; oabmus
twdkaumuf) vdkY trSwfonmjyKMu                        f           I kd f
                                           udk csdenNd§ yD; zwf½EiwmygyJ/ 'g[m              acwfuGefysLwmtoHk;jyKolawG&JU r&Sd
wJh .epub zdkiftrsKd;tpm;[m Inter-         umwGef;pmtkyfawGeJY wcsKdUaom                    rjzpf Software pm&if;xJrSm vG,f              FREEWARE

                                           pmrsufESmtjyiftqifudk tav;*½k                    vG,fululayghayghyg;yg; toHk;jyKEdkif
national Digital Publishing Forum
(IDPF) uae 2007 ckESpfrSm pwif
aMunmowfrSwfvdkufwJh vGwfvyf
                                           xm;&r,fh pmtkyawGuvGvYkd pmom;
                                                               f        J
                                           rsm;rsm;yg0ifNyD; wu,fzwf&r,fh
                                                                                            r,fh EPUB Reader av;wpfckawmh
                                                                                            xyfwdk;xm;zdkY vdktyfygvdrfhr,f/
                                                                                                                                        aowÅmav;awGnDnDpDMur,f
aom tcrJh ebook pHEIef;wpfckjzpfyg         ebook awGtwGufawmh tawmfav;                      FBReader                                                              d
                                                                                                                                                Android trsK;tpm;zke;awGrm     f            S
w,f/ vufwpf0g;pm enf;ynm                   wmoGm;wJhvkyfaqmifcsufwpf&yfyJ                         FBReader [m EPUB trsKd;               aqmhupm;EdkifwJh Move the Box qdk
ypön;ud&,mav;awG toH;rsm;vm
      f d                k                 jzpfygw,f/                                       tpm; ebook awGudk vG,fvG,fulul              wJh*drf;av;udk 'Dwpfywfazmfjycsifyg
MuwJh rsufarSmufacwfrSm EPUB zdkif                   EdkifiHwum pmtkyfxkwfa0a&;             ayghayghyg;yg; zwf½IEdkifapr,fh Soft-       w,f/ 'D*drf;av;u ukd;vydkif;ukef
trsKd;tpm; ebook wpftkyf&JU tm;            wdkufawGuvnf; olwdkY&JUaemufqHk;                 ware wpfcjk zpfygw,f/ Open Source           avmufurS Update vkyfay;xm;NyD;
omcsufu pmzwfolawGtoHk;jyKwJh              xkwpmtkyawGukd ebook taeeJY jzefY
                                                  f         f                               jzpfwmeJYtnD tcrJh&,lEdkifNyD; Ma-          Version 1.0 &SdwJh Free ware *drf;opf
ypönf;ud&d,mav; (iPad, Kindle,             csd w J h t cg PDF Version omru                  jor OS oH;ckpvH; (Linux, Mac, Win-
                                                                                                       k         k                      av;yg/ *d r f ; &J U yH k p H u ½d k ; &S i f ; NyD ;
Android ponf) &JU t&G,ftpm;eJY             EPUB Version ud k y g wck w f w &                dows) eJY rdkbdkif;vfzkef;wcsKdUrSm toHk;   ay;xm;wJ h a owå m av;awG x J u
                                                                                                                                        ta&mifwlyHkpHwludk oHk;vHk;wef;uae
 TECH
                                                                                                                                        pNyD; av;vHk;? ig;vHk;wef; trsKd;wl
                                                                                                                                        &atmif a&TUay;NyD; upm;&rSm jzpfyg
  File            awGukd tjrefykdhr,f                                                                                                   w,f/ a&TUwJhtcgrSm yHkpHwlaowåm
                                                                                                                                        av;awGu twef;vdkufjzpfoGm;&if
                                                                                                                                                   G f G
                                                                                                                                        aysmufu,om;NyD; aowåmwpfv;rS                     kH
                                                                                            0efaqmifrIrSm xnfhoGif;ay;xm;                                               f S f
                                                                                                                                        rusefatmif jrefjrefeYJ rSereuefuef
                                                                                            ygw,f / vk d i f ; awG r aumif ; vk d Y     a&TU&rSmyg/ a&TUwmaES;ae&ifjzpfjzpf?
                                                                                                                   dfS
                                                                                            tcuftcJjzpfaewJh tcserm taxmuf              yHkpHrrSef&ifjzpfjzpf Level wpfckrSm                                  f              k
                                                                                                                                                                                                 jzpfjzpf? *dr;opfav;wpfcukd prf;oH;   k
                                                                                                     d f
                                                                                            tuljyKEkir,fh File Sharing Site av;         Retry qdkNyD; jyefaqmh&rSmjzpfwm                         vdk&ifjzpfjzpf http://www. brothersoft.
                                                                                            jzpfvkdY prf;Munfhoifhw,fvkdY xifrd         aMumifh rSefrSefeJYjrefjrefjzpfatmif                     com 1 Mobile Market Download
                                                                                            ygw,f/ atmufygvifhcfrSm oGm;                pOf;pm;&ao;wmrdYk OD;aESmufuvnf;         kd                 Games Categories xJuae Free
                                                                                            a&muf avhvmEkdifygw,f/                      tvkyfay;&rSmyg/ 'gaMumifh bm*drf;                        Download &,lupm;Edkifygvdrfhr,f/
                                                                                                   http://www.fileflyer.com/            jzpfjzpf aqmh&wmBudKufw,fqdk&ifyJ

                                                                                             FREEWARE




                                                                                              k                    f G kf
                                                                                            yHav;awGukd pdwBf uKd uuejhf rL;Edir,fU Pixlr-O-matic
                                                                                                   "mwfyHkjyifwJh Software awG                                                                                               h kH
                                                                                                                                                                                                 av;awG ta&mifvufaewJyp?H a&mifpkH
                                                                                            trsm;BuD;&SdwJhtxJ Pixlr-O-Matic                                                                     rD;awGMum;u yHkpHpovdk pdwfBudKuf
                                                      h         d f        d
                                           2GB txd tcrJyYdkay;Ekir,fvYdk qkyg               qdkwJh Freeware av;wpfckudk ajymjy                                                                            f              f kd f hJ kH H
                                                                                                                                                                                                 a&G;cs,p&m txl;jyKvkyEiwyptck
                                           w,f/ ay;ykdYol&JU tD;ar;vfvdyfpm                    f
                                                                                            csiygw,f/ Pixlr-O-Matic Freeware                                                                     30 yg0ifwmawGU&wmrdkY "mwfyjkH yif
         Gmail &JU File Sharing u tvGef    eJY vufcHr,fhol&JU tD;ar;vfvdyfpm                                 kH             f
                                                                                            av;rSm "mwfyawGukd pdwBf uKd uta&mif                                                                            f
                                                                                                                                                                                                 &wm pdw0ifpm;wJoawGBuKd uEpouf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  h l             fSf
qk; H   20 MB avmufyJ&ygw,f/ 'g            &,fukd ay;&rSmjzpfygw,f/ ykdufqH                 ajymif;EdiNf yD; t&dyEpxyfy?kH yHa[mif;
                                                                                                     k            f S f      k                                                                   MurSm aocsmwmrdkY ñTefay;vdkufwm
awmif uGeeuf&iu tawmfaumif;
                   f   S f                                       H
                                           ay;NyD; tok;jyKr,fq&ifawmh 2GB dk                pwdkif? cyf0g;0g;yHk povdk jyKjyifp&m                                                                yg/ 'D Pixlr-O-matic qdkwJh Freeware
wJh EkdifiHawGrSyg/ vuf&Sdtcsdefvkd        eJY txuf ykYdEirmjzpfygw,f/ ukd,f
                                                                   dk f S                   pwdkiftrsKd;rsKd;&Sd wmawGU&ygw,f/                                                                   av;&JU zdkift&G,ftpm;u 9.88 MB
      f        S f
uGeeuf&iawG aES;aewJtcsderm qkd
                            h    f S       yk d Y vk d u f w J h File uk d a'gif ; vk w f   "mwfyHkav;awGudk abmifqef;qef;                                                                       &SdNyD; Android trsKd;tpm;zkef;awGrSm
                     dk f
&ifawmh omrefziao;ao;av; wpf               refae*smvkd[mrsKd;eJY qGJcGifh&wm?               av;awGrS uGyfcsifw,fqdkolawG                                                                         toHk;jyKEdkifygw,f/ http://www.
zkdifykdYzkdYawmif cufcJavh&Sdygw,f/ 'D    wpfaeYukd tBudrftuefYtowfr&Sd                    twGufvnf; a&G;cs,fp&mabmif                                                                           brothersoft.com 1 Mobile Mar-
tcuftcJawGudk File Flyer u ajz&Si;    f    Upload ay;wm? a'gif ; vk w f u k d               vSvSav;awG tawmf rsm;rsm;&SdwJh                                                                      ket Download       Games Catego-
ay;Ekdifygvdrhfr,f/ File ok H ; ck u k d   &yfxm;NyD; qGJcsifwJhtcsdefusrS jyefqGJ                     k         f hJ kH H
                                                                                            tjyif ud,Bf udKuwypukd tvd&ovkd    k dS                                                              ries xJrSm Free Download &,lEdkifyg
wpfNyKdifwnf; ykdYay;EkdifrSmjzpfNyD;      vkdY&wmawGukd tcaMu;aiGay;wJh                    uGefjrL;Edkifr,fh rdk;a&xJuyHkpH? Mu,f                                                               vdrfhr,f/
 Monday, October 17 - 23, 2011
                                                                                                                                REGIONAL                                                                                        VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              The
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     29



                  News in Brief
pmppfXmeig;ckrS ausmif;om;rsm;om uefbvltpd;k &
                                    h
                                                                                                            HI
                                                                                            aumvif;wGif a&vQraMumifU v,f,m? wHwm;ESiUf vrf;ysuf
                                                                                            aumvif;? atmufwdkbm 8
     I I d
pufrvufroyHÜ wufa&mufEif    dk                                                                          odkNrdKUe,fwGif pufwifbmv 15 &ufaeYu rkd;a&csdef 6 'or 2 vufr a&mufonftxd rdk;&GmoGef;
               kd
uefYbvl? atmufwbm 1                                                                            0ef;     cJhí erfhvkdif;acsmif;ESifh a'gif;jrL;acsmif;a&jynfhpD;qif;rIaMumifh aumvif;NrdKUtay: tedrfhydkif;
         ppfudkif;wkdif;a'oBuD; uefYbvlNrdKUe,fwGif ,ckESpfrS pwifzGifhvSpfrnfh             &yfuGufjzpfaom ausmfaZ,sm? atmifoD&d? 0g;½Hk;wHk;wdkYwGif a&ig;aycefY epfjrKyfcJhNyD; vrf;? wHwm;ESifh
tpkd;& pufrIvufrIodyÜHodkY uefYbvl? ZD;ukef;? csyfoif;? uRef;vS? aumvif;                    v,f,majrrsm;xdckdufysufpD;cJhaMumif; oufqkdif&mrsm;xHrS od&onf/
pmppfXmewkdYrS wuúodkvf0ifwef;atmifjrifxm;olrsm;om avQmufxm;Ekdif                                                                                                                        h
                                                                                                  ysufpD;qHk;½HI;rItjzpf a&Trif;0H wHwm;trSwf 1^3 tvsm; ukd;ay? wnfaqmufay;cJaMumif;? ,if;tjyif
aMumif; ,if;ausmif;xHrS pHkprf;od&Sd&onf/                                                   uwå&mvrf; 1650 ay ESihf aumvif; tus,f 15 ay? tjrihf &SpfaywHwm; aumvif;NrdKUe,faus;&Gmtkyfpk 46
         tqkdygausmif;udk 2011-2012 ynmoifESpfrS pwifí zGifhvSpfcJhjcif;jzpf                                l                H
                                                                                            - yifvnfb; um;vrf;xdy?f Ouúvrf; wpfpif;ESifh OuúHaus;&Gmt0ifwHwm; tkyfpk teufa&vTrf;{&d,m 21ç873
NyD; pufrItif*sifeD,m? NrdKUjytif*sifeD,m? okwenf;ynm? vQyfppfpGrf;tm;?                                           f
                                                                                            rS wJBu;D uke;f &Gmxdytxd ausmufacsm trSwf 1^20 tvsm; 54 ay? tus,f {uwGif xdcdkuf{&d,m 6ç252 {u&Sd
     f            G f                  f        I D           f
vQyppfqufo,a&;? tDvufx&Geepf ESihf pufrtvufx&Geepf? ZD0enf;ynm?                                                 f h
                                                                                            vrf;ay 800 ysup;D cJaMumif;? aumvif; 15 ay? tjrihf 12 ay uwufacsmif; NyD; ysufpD;{&d,m 1ç788 {ujzpf
tif*sifeD,m bmom&yfrsm;udk oifMum;ay;rnfjzpfaMumif;? ,cktcg 0ifcGifh                                                                              fD h f
                                                                                            taemufjcrf;OuúH aus;&Gmum;vrf;rBu;D wHwm;wdYk ysup;cJonhtwGuf NrdKUe,f aMumif; oufqkdif&mrsm;xHrS od&
avQmufxm;ol 320 OD;ausmf&SdNyD; 0ifcGifht*FvdyfpmESifh ocsFmESpfbmom                               f dS              f f
                                                                                            ay:wGi&onfh ouú,usi;aus;&Gm? pnfyifom,ma&;tzGJUu jyefvnf onf/                                     pdkif;vlrif;
       k                            kd                 G
ajzqd&rnfjzpfaMumif;? atmufwbm 15 &ufaeYwif atmifpm&if;xkwjf yefí
                                 G                G hf S f
atmufwkd bmv 31 &ufaeYwif ausmif; pwifzivprnfjzpfaMumif; tqkyg              d
ausmif;xHrSod&onf/                                               pkdif;vlrif;
c&rf;csOo;D aps;aumif;
        f                                                                                   aejynfawmf qkdifu,fwuúpDrsm; 0wfpkHowfrSwf
EGm;xdk;BuD;? atmufwdkbm 6                                                                  aejynfawmf? atmufwkdbm 6
        EGm;xk;BuD;pnfyifaps;BuD;wGif c&rf;csOfo;wpfyóm 1200 xd ,ck&uf
               d                                   D     d                                                                                                                                                        d f         D
                                                                                                                                                                                                             ]]qkiu,fwuúpajy;qJr,fqdk   G
ydkif;aps;jrifhoGm;NyD; c&rf;csOfoD;aps;EIef;rSm trsKd;tpm;tvkduf xki0rf 400?
                                                                   df                                                                                                                               &if oufqkdif&m&yfuGuftkyfcsKyfa&;
500? ArmoD; 500? 600? &Sr;oD; 400? 600? 800 jzifh aps;aumif;aeaMumif;
                                 f                                                                                                                                                                  rSL;½kH;rSm ykHpH 6^66 rdwåL? rSwfykHwif
,if;aps;uGuftwGif;rSod&onf/                                                                                                                                                                         rdwåL? armif;vkdifpif? 0SD;wufrdwåLeJY
        c&rf;csOfo;rSm tnmaps;uGuwif r&SrjzpfjzpfNyD; a'oxGuf Armc&rf;
                     D                  f G d                                                                                                                                                       ykdufqH 8000 ay;NyD; pm&if;ay;&
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   D        h l
                                                                                                                                                                                                    w,f/ tJ'pm&if;ay;wJoawGudk NrKd Ue,f
     fS f                  h                          f    df D
csOrm &Sr;oD;xufaps;jrifaeaMumif;? tnmwGif &Sr;oD;? xki0rfo;wdYkukd vlBudKuf                                                                                                                        tkyfcsKyfa&;rSL;½kH;rSm "mwfykHoGm;½kduf
                                                 f Gf
rsm;um aps;oufomaeaMumif; ,if;aps;uGuwi;rS od&onf/ oef;aX;armif                                                                                                                                     &w,f / qk d i f u ,f w uú p D q J G z k d Y
                                    JY
a&TbkdwGifig;&SOfUpkaqmif;oltzGJY zGpnf;                                                                                                                                                            w&m;0if pm&if;usvm&if ukd,fa&;
a&Tbkd? atmufwkdbm 8
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         df
                                                                                                                                                                                                    &mZ0ifjznf?h vkipif"mwfyay;&w,f/ Hk
          aus;vufa'ozGUH NzK;a&;ESihf aus;vufa'oa&xGuuersm; tpktzGUJ tjzpf
                             d                             f kf                                                                                                                                                       df          D
                                                                                                                                                                                                    tJ'gNyD;&if qkiu,fwuúp0wfpH k (eHygwf
ig;&SOpaqmif;ol 11ç000 OD; yg0ifaom ig;&SOvyief;pkaygif;tzGUJ ukd ppfui;wki;
       hf k                                    hf k f                            dk f d f                                                                                                                      f k f Ð          Hk H
                                                                                                                                                                                                    yg 0pfpuwtus)eJY 0wfpeygwftwki;       d f
                           G
a'oBuD; a&TbNdk rKdUe,fwif zGUJ pnf;oGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; ig;vkyief;OD;pD;XmexHrS
                                                                f                                       jrefrmEkdifiHwGif tpkd;&½kH;Xme                      h                     G
                                                                                                                                                        onfae&mwGif ajy;qJ&rnf? touf                qkiu,fa&SUuwfjym;eHygwfy?Hk eHygwf
                                                                                                                                                                                                       d f
od&onf/                                                                                     rsm;wnf&Sd&m NrdKUawmf aejynfawmf                                                d f         d f
                                                                                                                                                        18 ESpjf ynfNh yD; qkiu,farmif;vkipif       jym;? qkdifu,fwuúpDuwfjym; xkwf
          aus;vufa'ojynfolrsm; vlrIpD;yGm;a&;zGHUNzKd;wkd;wufvmap&ef                        wGif yg0ifonfh aejynfawmfc½kdif                             &Sd&rnf ponfhpnf;urf;owfrSwf                ay;w,f/ tck avmavmq,f *dwf
ukefxkwftpktzGJUrsm;ukd zGJUpnf;oGm;rnfjzpfaMumif;? tqkdygig;&SOfhtpktzGJUukd               &SpfNrdKUe,fü qkdifu,fwuúpDrsm;                             csufrsm;xm;&SdaMumif; aejynfawmf            wpf*dwfrSm 10 OD; OD;pm;ay;csxm;
pkaygif;ukefxkwfjcif;? pkaygif;o,faqmifjcif;wkdYjzihf xkwfvkyfrIp&dwf avQmhcs               c&D;onfykdYaqmifajy;qJGvQif owf                                                      f f
                                                                                                                                                        ,mOfpnf;urf;xde;odr;a&;BuD;Muyf             ay;NyD; *dwfrSL;wpfa,mufpD xm;ay;
                               d f        f
&mwGif taxmuftuljyKEki&ef? ig;vkyief;OD;pD;XmetaeESifh a&vkyief; qki&m      f        df     rSwta&mifyg0wfpHk (0pfpuwtus)
                                                                                                    f                                 f k f Ð           rIaumfrwD\owif;xkwfjyefcsuf                 w,f}} [k qkdifu,fwuúpDarmif;ESif
               f
ynmay;vkyief;rsm; jyKvy&mwGif tqifajyvG,uap&ef? vkyief; tqifajy
                               kf                     f l            f                      0wfqifNyD; armif;ESifajy;qJG&rnf[k                          t& od&onf/                                  olwpfOD;uqkdonf/
acsmarGUap&ef? Oya't& Muyfrwfay;jcif;? 0,f,paqmif;cGivipif? o,f,l
                                                       lk         fh d k f                  aejynfawmf,mOfpnf;urf;xde;odr;                  f f
ykYd aqmif&ef arQmxkway;jcif;wkdYü yHhykd;ulnDEkdif&efwkdYtwGuf zGUJ pnf;&jcif;jzpf
                        f                                                                                         I
                                                                                            a&;Bu;D MuyfraumfrwDu owif;xkwf
                 d
aMumif; tqkygtzGJUxHrSod&onf/
          ,if;tjyif aus;vuf ig;arG;jrLa&;tpktzGUJ ? aus;vufig;yd ig;ajcmuf
                                                                                            jyefxm;onf/
                                                                                                        tqkygaejynfawmfc½kitwGi;
                                                                                                               d
                                                                                            NrdKUe,ftvkduf qkdifu,farmif;ESifol
                                                                                                                                         df         f                      rauG;owif;wdkrsm;
tpktzGJU? aus;vufuPef;xkwfukeftpktzGJUrsm; zGJUpnf;í tusKd;wlvkyfief;                                                                                     -     aqmufvkyfa&;0efBuD;Xme jynfolYaqmufvkyfa&;vkyfief;rS wm0ef
aqmif&Gufrnfqygu vlrp;yGm;a&; wk;wufap&efESifh qif;&JEGrf;yg;rI
                     dk             I D      d                                              rsm; owfrSwf0wfpkHjzifh c&D;onf
                                                                                            ykdYaqmifajy;qJGrIukd 2011 ckESpf                                   ,lwnfaqmufNyD;pD;cJhaom rauG;-ewfarmuf-aysmfbG,fvrf;r
                                   G f
avsmhyg;ap&efwYdkvnf; &nf&,aMumif; ,if;tzGJUxHrSod&onf/                                                                                                              d      f
                                                                                                                                                                ay:&St&Snay 480 usm;xl;acsmif;wHwm;udk ,ckvmrnfh atmufwbm          kd
                                                                                            atmufwkdbmv 1 &ufaeYrS pwif
                                                                           pkdif;vlrif;     aqmif&Gufvsuf&SdNyD; owfrSwf0wfpkH                                                              df        G hf S f
                                                                                                                                                                v 22 &ufaeY eHeuf 8em&DcsecefYwif zGivprnfjzpfaMumif; oufqif          dk
rauG;&efy,faps;ywfvnf tqifjU rifqicef;rsm;aqmuf
                                U dk f                                                      tjzpf ysO;rem;NrdKUe,fü c&rf;a&mif?
                                                                                                             f                                                  &mxHrS pHkprf;od&onf/
                                                                                            wyfuke;NrdKUe,fü tpdr;Eka&mif? v,f
                                                                                                          f                      f                        -     atmifvHNrdKUe,f usm;aoaus;&GmteD; atmufwdkbmv 5 &ufaeY
rauG;? atmufwdkbm 8                                                                                                                                                                 df         H
                                                                                                                                                                eHeuf 11 em&Dcseu atmifv-orÇLv oGm;um;vrf;ü rd;k onf;xefpm               G
        rauG;wdi;a'oBuD; rauG;NrdKUe,f &efy,f&yf &efy,faps;teD; vuf&dS
                 k f                                                                        a0;NrdKUe,fü umuDa&mifESifh aejynf
                                                                                            awmf (aZ,smoD&d? ykAÁoD&d? ZrÁLoD&d?                                       f
                                                                                                                                                                &GmoGe;rIaMumifh t&Snf 25 ay? teuf ajcmufaycefY ajrom;um;vrf;
   hf S f                kd                 kd f
zGivpxm;onfh pnfyifyif trnfaygufqicef; 108 cef;rSm ay 100 cefY vrf;ay:                                                                                          a&wkdufpm;um ysufpD;oGm;NyD; ,mOfrsm;oGm;vmrI&yfqkdif;cJhaMumif;
                                  hf
a&mufaeonfh twGuf rD;ab;ESioefY&i;om,mvSya&;ukd taESmift,Sujf zpf
                                        S f                     h                                 d
                                                                                            'u©PoD&NdrKdUe,f)ü tjyma&mifowfrwf                    S
                                                                                                                          d f
                                                                                            xm;&SdaMumif;? qkiu,farmif;ESiol                  f                 wm0ef&Sdolrsm;xHHrS od&onf/
aeojzifh NrdKUay:tcsuftcsmusonfh uefom&yf? uefomaps;ywfvnfodkY                                                   S f Ð
                                                                                            onf owfrwtusta&mifaemufausm
                     kf
rMumrDa&TUajymif;Edi&ef pufwifbmv 7 &ufaeYrS pwifumtqifhjrifh qdkifcef;                                                                                   -     rauG;NrdKUe,f ausmufypfukef;aus;&GmESifh awmifwGif;BuD;NrdKUe,f
                                                                                            wGif NrdKUe,ftrnfESifh tusÐeHygwf                                   ysm;wkaus;&GmMum;&Sd trSwf 52? &efy,fwHwm;ü rdk;onf;xefpGm
rsm; wnfaqmufaeaMumif; aps;qdkifzGifhvSpfxm;olrsm;xHrS od&onf/                                        d df              G
                                                                                            twki;f qkiu,fwif wyfqifarmif;ESif
        qdkifcef;wpfcef;vQif usyf 14 odef;0ef;usifay;oGif;&rnfjzpf aMumif;?                                                                                     &GmoGef;rIaMumifh atmufwkdbmv 5 &ufaeY eHeuf 6 em&DcsdefcefYu
                                                                                            ajy;qJG&rnfjzpfaMumif; ,if;owif;                                    wHwm;taemufbuftajc? &xm;oHvrf;atmuf? ta&SU taemuf
      k              f               dS          k f hf
tqdygaiGay;oGi;&ef tcuftcJ&ygu qdicef;zGixm;ol rsm;udk oufqi&m        kd f                  xkwfjyefcsufü azmfjyyg&Sdonf/
pnfyifom,m a&;tzGJUu aiG 100 vQif wpfusyfcGJ EIef;xm;jzifh w&m;0if                                                                                              tvsm; 20 aycefY? awmifajrmufteH 40 aycefY? teuf &SpfaycefY&Sd
                                                                                                        NrdKUe,ftvkduf qkdifu,f*dwf                             oHvrf; atmufajrom;rsm;rSm a&wkdufpm;ojzifh tqkdyg ompnf
pdkufxkwf ay;oGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; NrdKUe,f pnfyifom,ma&;tzGJU trIaqmif                        wpf*dwfukd qkdifu,f u,f&D 10
t&m&Sd OD;aersKd;Edkifu ajymMum;onf/ xdkqdkifcef;rsm;\ tus,ft0ef;rSm                                                                                                                f
                                                                                                                                                                blwmwGif ntdy&yfem;aeonfh trSwf 192? tpkef rauG;-awmifwi;             Gf
                                                                                            OD;om *dwfxkd;armif;ESifajy;qJG&ef                                                                       G f               G fG d
                                                                                                                                                                BuD; avmfu,f&xm;rSm awmifwi;odYk qufvufxucmEkijf cif;r&Sd
10 ayywfvnf&SdNyD; tqdkygqdkifcef; rsm;udk ,ckESpf 'DZifbmvtwGif; tNyD;                     owfrSwfxm;NyD; qkdifu,fu,f&D
wnfaqmufom;rnfjzpfaMumif; OD;aersK;Edixro&onf/ oDwmaX; (rauG;)
                  G                      d kf HS d                                          ajy;qJGcGifhjyKrnfhqkdifu,ftpD;a&                                   ojzifh tqdkyg&xm;ay:&Sd c&D;onfrsm;rSm rdrdwdkY\tpDtpOfjzifh
                                                                                            rrQwrIjzpfvQif aejynfawmf u.n.e                                                   G f G      h               k H
                                                                                                                                                                qufvufxucmoGm;cJ&aMumif; xdovrf;atmufa&wkupm;onfh         d f
         Y
rauG;NrdKwGif tvkyform;tvkyf½HkaqG;aEG;yGJusif;y                                            vkdifpifukd OD;pm;ay;tqifh (1)?                                     ae&mukd oufqkdif&mu tjrefqkH; aqmif&GufoGm;rnfjzpfaMumif;
rauG;? atmufwdkbm 8                                                                         &rnf;oif; u.n.evkipifudk OD;pm;ay;df                                a'ocHrsm;ESifh wm0ef&Sdolrsm;xHrS od&onf/
                     kf
         rauG;wdi;a'oBuD; rauG;NrdKU &GmopfyNJG rdKU&yf AdvcsKyvrf;&Sd wdi;&if;om;
                                                          k f f          kf                 tqifh (2)? awmifi?l rdwvm u.n.e        D¬                     -     rauG;NrdKU ausmif;xkdifbkef;BuD; oifwef;ausmif;wkdufwGif vmrnfh
pnf;vHk;nDñGwfa&;ygwD½Hk;tpnf;ta0;cef;rü atmufwdkbmv 7 &ufaeY                               vk d i f p if u k d OD ; pm;ay;tqif h (3)                             d                                       fS
                                                                                                                                                                Ek0ifbmv 13 &ufaeYü ausmf (4)ausmEihf 0de,0'l ig;bGUJ &? omraP
eHeuf 8 em&Du ygwD tvkyform;a&;&mXmecsKyf A[dkaumfrwD0if OD;jratmif                         owfrwíajy;qJcijhf yKrnfjzpfaMumif;?
                                                                                                        S f           GG                                        ausmf &Sift*¾0HomvuFm&\ *kPylZm r*Fvmtcrf;tem;usif;y
ESifh a':jrifhjrifhaqGwdkYu tvkyform;tvkyf½HkaqG;aEG;wpfck usif;yjyKvkyfcJh                 qkdifu,f wuúpDarmif;ESifajy;qJGol                                   jyKvkyfrnfjzpfaMumif; yGJpDpOfolrsm;u ajymMum;onf/
onf/ ,if;aqG;aEG;yGJwGif A[dk aumfrwD0ifESpfOD;u ¤if;wdkY w.p.n ygwD                        onf qkdifu,foufaocHvufrSwf                                    -     rauG;NrdKUwGif ntcsdefrawmf a&TqGJBudK;jzwfajy;onfhtrItm;
taejzifh vmrnfhMum;jzwfa&G;aumufyGJumvtwGif; atmifEdkifa&; pDrHcsufyg                       &Sd&rnf? ukd,fykdif okdYr[kwf rdom;pk                               oufqkdif&me,fxdef;tzGJUrS av;em&DtwGif; oufaocHypönf;ESifh
twdkif; tjynfht0axmufcH&&Sda&;wkdYudk &Sif;vif;NyD; ygwD0ifrsm;uvnf;                                                  l
                                                                                            0iftrnfaygufoom qkiu,fwuúpD            df                           twl w&m;cHo;OD;ukyg azmfxwzrf;qD;EkicaMumif; oufqi&mxH
                                                                                                                                                                                 kH    d         k f         d f hJ           dk f
rdrdwdkY c½dkif? NrdKUe,frsm;twGif; BudKwifpnf;½Hk; aqmif&Gufxm;&Sd&ef aqG;aEG;cJh          ajy;qJG&rnf? rdrdaus;&Gm&yfuGufwGif                                 rS od&onf/                                          oDwmaX; (rauG;)
aMumif; ,if;tzGJUcsKyfxHrSod&Sd&onf/                          oDwmaX; (rauG;)                          df l
                                                                                            aexkioomvQif *dwx;kd í owfrwf     f                 S
    The
        30
          VOICE                                          SOCIETY                                                                                                                                                                                                     k f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             &Gm&Sd vlrsm;uyif tcsif;csif; 0di;0ef;ulnMD u                           k kH
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Monday, October 17 - 23, 2011


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   pHpvifvifrygawmh wcsKUd Case awG udiw,&                                                                                                                     k f G f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             ojzifh tqifajyvmaMumif;? aoG;wdk;a&m*g                                wm t&rf;cufygw,f/ &Swmav;eJYyJ jzpfatmif                                                       d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             udkvnf; tweftoifh xdef;csKyfvmEdkifNyD                                        f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   vkyae&wmyg/ olwUkd twGuf wdue,faq;½Hk                                                                                                  k f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             jzpf a Mumif ; ud k a usmf j ynf h N zd K ;atmif u                                                 f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   av; vkyay;zdYk vr,fxifygw,f}} [kqonf/                            kd                                                                                             kd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             qdonf/k                                                                               oGm;a&;vma&;cufcaoma'o jzpfonfh                                                          J
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        &Gmol&Gmom;rsm;rSm tpm;a&SmifMuNyD;                        twGuf touftEÅ&m,fEihf BuHKvmonfh tcg                                                                   S
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             tm[m&rjzpfonfrsm;udk tpm;rsm;aomaMumifh                                       dfD
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   tcserap&eftwGuvnf; wdue,faq;½Hk wpfck                                      f                                        k f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             tm[m&csKdUwJhjcif;ESihf ywfoufonfh a&m*g                                   k
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   vdtyfaMumif;udk udkausmfjynfhNzdK;atmif u
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             rsm;tjzpfrsm;aMumif;? oH"mwfcsKdUwJhNyD; ESvHk;                       ]]odyfNyD; a0;vHacgifzsm;awmh wu,fwrf;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             a&m*grsm;tjzpfrsm;aMumif; tawGU&rsm;onfh                                             k G
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   aq;½Hom;r,fq&if pufavS&rom;vdUk &r,f/                       kd                                                                 dS S G
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             a&m*grsm;taMumif; udkausmfjynfhNzdK;atmif u                           ta&;ay:tajctaeqdk b,fvdkrSrjzpfbl;/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             ajymjyonf/                                                            touftEÅ&m,fjzpfavmufw[mqd&if aozdUk                                                                                      hJ                  k
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        aus;&GmtwGi;&Sd trsKd;orD;i,fav;rsm;                       yJrsm;w,f/ tJ'gaMumifh tJ'em;u &Gmav;awG                                                                             D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             onf tvkyfMurf;rsm;vkyfudkif&NyD; trsKd;orD;                           udk tukefaygif;NyD; wdkufe,faq;½Hkav; vkyf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             obm0vnf;&SaomaMumifh oH"mwfcsKUd wJaom          h                     ay;apcsiygw,f}}[k qdonf/   f                                                               k
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             a&m*grsm;vnf; trsm;pkawGU&aMumif;? toD;t&Guf                                          aq;tzGJUwGif apwemjzifh ulnDay;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             &Sm;yg;jcif;uvnf; taMumif;&if;wpf&yfyif                               aeonfh tcsKdUaom olemjyKq&mrav;rsm;rSm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         f dk f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             jzpfaMumif; aq;tzGUJ wGivuyg ukoay;aeol                               rdrdwdkU\ *sLwDcsdefrsm;udkzsufí aq;ukorI
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             roOÆ m atmif u ol BuHK awGU&onfrsm;udk                                    d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   vktyfaeaom aus;&GmvlxtwGuf tcseay;                                                                              k                                                    d f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      k
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             ajymqdonf/                                                                                k f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   um vduygaeMujcif;jzpfonf/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        ]]vnfyif;BuD;a&m*grsKd;usawmh wu,f                                                                f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   ]]uRer ausmif;wufaewJh aemufq;Hk ESprm                                                                                                                        fS
      eH                euf 10 em&D/ a';'&JNrdKU&Sd oabFmESihf
                        pufavSrsm;qkuuyfonfqyurf;wGif    d f                                      h df
                                                                                                                                          pdwf jzpfvmw,f/ ckqkd raMumufawmhygbl;}}
                                                                                                                                          [k olemjyK q&mrwpfOD;jzpfol touf 22
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             udk Specialist eJY jy&rSm/ uRerwdUk u xde;½HyJ
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             xdef;Edkifwm}} [k vdktyfaeonfh aq;ukorI
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               f k                 rS 'DtzGUJ eJU pvdujf zpfwmyg/ tacgufa&awmh
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   rrSwrawmhb;/ oGm;wmu paeaeYreufxuf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             f d                                     l
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           k
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                G
urf;uyfxm;onfh yJhaxmifwpfpif;ay:odkU                                                                                                        f
                                                                                                                                          ESpt&G,f rarrsKd;olu qdonf/ k                                                                                            D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             rsm;ESihf ywfoufí q&m0efwpfO;jzpfol touf                              we*FaEGaeYn jyefa&mufqawmh paeudk tvkyf                                                                  kd
touf 20 ausmft&G,f vli,fwpfpk olwdkU                                                                                                            aq;ukoay;&mwGif BuHKawGUMu&onfrm   S                                                     f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             25 ESpt&G,f roOÆmatmif u ajymjyonf/                                   cGifh,l&w,f/ tJ'Dudk oGm;r,fqdk&if wjcm;
ygvmonfh ypön;f rsm;wifaeMuonf/ a&bl;rsm;?                                                                                                     f d
                                                                                                                                          ypön;ud&,mrsm; rpHvifryif jzpfNyD; ukoay;&
                                                                                                                                                              k     I                                                                   ,cif oGm;a&mufaq;ukoumpwGif                                                       hJ
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   pmoifwtvkyawGuyg zsuNf yD;awmhukd vdu&              f                           kd                                                                                     k f
aq;yH;rsm;? cJwrsm;? Avmpmtkyrsm;? rkeYf xyf
                k                       H                                                            f                              k     rnf h vl e mt&rf ; rsm;jym;aeonf u vnf ;                                                         S f             h
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             q&m0efEpa,mufjzifh pcJ&aomfvnf; ckaemuf                               wm}}[k olemjyKwpfOD;jzpfol touf 22 ESpf
rsm;udk wpfa,muf wpfvnpD xrf;wifaejcif;                              S hf                                                                                                        D
                                                                                                                                          tcuftcJwpfcjk zpfaMumif; q&m0efwpfO;jzpf                                             kf f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             ydi;wGirl q&m0eftiftm;rsm;jym;vmNyD; a';'&J                           t&G,f rarrsKd;olu qdonf/                                                                   k
jzpfonf/ olwdkU\ rsufESmrsm;u aysmf&Tif                                                                                                                         f
                                                                                                                                          onfh touf26 ESpt&G,f udkausmfjynfhNzdK;                                            NrKd UwifrubJ tjcm;aom NrKd Ursm;odUk yg oGm;a&muf                                    a&rsm;&mwGif rd;k &GmaeMuonfxuf wu,f
wuf<urItjynfjh zif/ a,musm;av;rsm; omru            h                               f                                                      atmif uajymjyonf/                                                                  í ukoay;aeMuNyDjzpfonf/                                                    k
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   vdtyfaeonfh ae&mrsm;wGif ulnaqmif&uf                                                                                                      D                                 G
rde;uav;rsm;uvnf; yJaxmifay:odUk uRr;f usif
     f                                                           h                                                                              udkausmfjynfNzdK;atmif onf aq;uko                                                              f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        ]]uReawmf tckqkd pae? we*FaEGawGrm         S               ay;&onfrm ydí pdwaysmf&ir&apNyD; tusKd;  S k                                         f                                 T f I
                              kd
pGmyif wufvuf qif;vduf o,frvkuf vkyae                          k                                            d               f             a&;tzGJYESihf tcrJhvdkufygukoay;aeonfrSm                                           vHk;0 tm;atmif vkyfxm;w,f/ aq;oGm;uk                                  &Sdonf[kxifaMumif;udk olemjyKq&mrwpfOD;
Muonf/                                                                                                                                    acgufa& 30ausm&NdS yDjzpfonf/
                                                                                                                                                           f                                                                 zdYk yg}}[k udkausmfjynfhNzdK;atmif u qdonf/  k                       jzpfonfh touf 22 ESpt&G,f r&nfrGefolu                                                    f
                  xdvi,frsm;rSmwuúovrsm;ajcvsifEihf
                         k l                                                          kd f                                         S            ]]uRefawmfwdkU oGm;&wJh &GmawGrSmu                                                      ]ukojcif;xuf umuG,jf cif;u aumif;                          ]]uRefru wjcm;tvSLawGxuf udk,fwwf
awmifwuftoif;rStzGUJ 0if vli,fq&m0efrsm;?                                                                                                 usef;rma&;0efaqmifrIawGr&Sdbl;/ aq;ukay;                                                                           k f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             onf} [lonfh pum;twdi; aq;uko&if;jzifh                                 xm;wJh ynmeJU vlawGudkulnD&wm aysmfyg
olemjyKrsm;jzpfNyD; a';'&JNrKUd e,f aus;&GmtcsKUd odUk                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             w,f/ wu,fvnf; vdtyfaewJh ae&mawGrm                                                           k                                                                                 S
vpOfoGm;a&mufum usef;rma&;? ynma&;?                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                udk,fuRrf;usifwJh ynmeJY ulnDay;&wmrdkU
vlra&;axmufyrrsm;ESifh tcrJh aq;ukojcif;rsm;
          I
                  f
jyKvky&ef oGm;a&mufMujcif; jzpfonf/
                            f
pum;twdi; aiGaMu;rnfrQyif csr;omaeygap
                           kf
                                      hH I

                  ]use;rmjcif;onf vmbfwpfyg;} qdonfh
                                                                                                       f
                                                                                                                     k                                                                    kf
                                                                                                                                                                                        Ediwifa*;wd\  hk                                                                                                   f f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   pdwcsr;omygw,f}} [k qdonf/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   aemifwpfcsef Posting usonftcgwGif
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   vnf; e,fuom oGm;csiaMumif;? &efuewif
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   vkyfudkifolrsm;aygrsm;aomfvnf; e,fNrdKUrsm;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  kd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 k
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        h
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       k f G

usef;rmjcif;rcsr;omvQif vlUb0wGif aexdif  f                                                                                         k                                                                                                                                                              wGifrl wu,fvdktyfaeojzifh e,fNrdKUudkom

        f
                      S            fT
&onfrm aysm&ijf cif;uif;rJayvdrrnf/ aiGaMu;
csr;omNyD; pD;yGm;a&;awmifwif;olrsm;? NrdKUaevl
wef;pm;rsm;twGuf aq;uko&efrm tyef;rBu;
                                                                      h
                                                                         h                   hf

                                                                                                S                                     D
                                                                                                                                                                                             reufjzef                                                                                              oGm;csifaMumif; r&nfrGefoluqdonf/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   awmifwuftoif;0ifwpfO;D jzpfol rarcsKZif
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   u ol Posting uscsewif &efuewif usygu                                          df G
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      k

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      kf G
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             d

vSaomfvnf; omrefvwef;pm;? aus;vufae                          l                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     aq;tzGUJ ESihf qufvufvuygaq;ukoay;rnf                                                            kd f
vlwef;pm;tcsdKUtwGurl aq;½H?k aq;ay;cef;                   f                                                                                                                                     csrf;Nidrf;jzL? aqGNidrf;at;                                                                      jzpfNyD; e,fbufusyguvnf; wwfEdkiforQ
tcuftcJ? aq;ypön;rvHavmufonfh tcuf                      f k                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        usef;rma&;todrsm;udk jzefYa0ay;oGm;rnfjzpf
tcJrsm; &ifqiae&avonf/           kd f                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              aMumif;? awmifay:a'orsm;okYd Posting us ygu
                  ]]ppcsif;wkef;u aq;ukwmr[kwfbJeJU                                                                                       wJol r&Sb;/ 'Dawmh uReawmfwUkd pBuHK&wmu
                                                                                                                                             h              d l                       f                                      use;rma&;todynmrsm;vnf; ay;&aMumif;udk
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     f                                                             taysmfqHk;jzpfrnfxifaMumif; awmifay:a'o
            kd
'DvyJ vSL'gef;wmuae tJ'rm xdcu'Pf&m                                                  D S                       kd f                       vlemawGrsm;wJhjyóemyg/ Owdkaus;&GmrSm                                              roOÆmatmifu ]]aq;uk&if;eJU usef;rma&;eJY                              rsm;odYk vGr;qGwpm ajymqdonf/        f                     fG                                               k
&wJoawG? aeraumif;wJoawG &Sw,fqvUkd
             h l                                                        h l                               d              kd               wpf&ufwnf;eJU ta,muf 70 ausmMfunh&w,f/                          f                                                  kd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             ywfoufNyD; b,fvae? b,fvkd xdif qdwmawG             k k                                n 9 em&DccefY&NdS yDjzpfaomfvnf; oH'wf                JG                                                                                                     d
vkyjf zpfwmyg}} [k aq;tzGUJ wGif vduygulnD                                                                    k f                         aemuf a&wGi;uke;aus;&Gmqdvnf; ta,muf
                                                                                                                                                                f f                           k                              ajym&w,f/ uRerqd&if 'Daq;tzGUJ eJUvduwm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           f k                             k f     aus;&Gm&Sd tdrfwpfcktwGif;wGif q&m0efrsm;?
ay;aeonf h ol e mjyKq&mr rarcsKd Z if u                                                                                                   100 avmuf&w,f/ poGm;Muwke;u aeUcsi;
                                                                                                                                                                 dS                               f                      f   oHk;acgufyJ&Sdygao;w,f/ vlemawGeJUawmh                                olemjyKq&mrrsm;rSm npmyifrpm; Ediao;bJ                                                                                                               k f
   k
qdonf/ touf 23 ESp&NdS yjD zpfaom rarcsKdZif                       f                                                                               kd
                                                                                                                                          jyefqawmh wjcm;&Gm awGukd roGm;Ediawmhb;/                 k f            l         &if;ES;aeNyD/ jyefawGU&if pum;ajym jyefar;wmawG
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       D                                                           vlemrsm;tm; aoG;aygifcsdejf cif;? ESv;ckewi;                                                                                                           kH f kd f
u em*pfrewi;jzpfNyD;aemuf xda'orsm;wGif
                           k f kd f                                                                k                                           D k f
                                                                                                                                          tJ'we;u q&m0efqvkYd ESpa,mufyygw,f/
                                                                                                                                                                            kd              f           J                    vkyfjzpfw,f/ olwdkUjzpfwmawGu aexdkif                                 jcif;? aq;xd;ay;jcif;? temaq;xnfay;jcif;?    k                                                                                                            h
            kd f
xdcu'Pf&m&olrsm;udk Munh½ay;&if; r&nf                                                    f I                                              wpfa,mufpD aus;&GmawGudk cGJoGm;&wm/                                               pm;aomufrypawGeYJ rlwnfaeygw,f}}[kqonf/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  I kH H                                   kd      aomufaq;rsm;ay;jcif;wdUk jzifh tvkyrsm;aeMu                                                                                                      f
&G,bJ aq;ukorItpDtpOf jyKvkyay;jzpfyukd
             f                                                                                            f                   kH          &GmoH;&Gmavmuf oGm;&&if vlem ta,muf 250
                                                                                                                                                 k                                                                                         aus;&Gm"avhxHk;pHt& tdrfarG;wd&pämef                    onf/ armyef;EGr;e,fae[ef&aom rsuEmrsm;                         f                                                            dS                                     f S
ajymjyonf/                                                                                                                                avmufudkMunhf &wm/ tm;vHk;udk wpf&uf                                               (Oyrm-Muuf? 0uf? uR?J EGm;? qdwrsm;) rsm;jzifh   f                                              f S f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   wGif pdw&nonf;cHrrsm;tjynfjh zif/ xdtcsef                                          I                                                        h k d
                  &TUH xl? AGuxNl yD; oGm;a&;vma&;twGuf
                                            f                                                                                             wnf;eJU tNyD;Munf&wmyg}}[k udkausmfjynfhNzdK;
                                                                                                                                                                    h                                                        aexd k i f M uNyD ; usef ; rma&;tod y nmvnf ;                         wGif touf 70 ausmf t&G,f tbGm;tdk
a&vrf;aMumif;udom tm;ud;ae&onfh aus;&Gm         k                                  k                                                      atmif u olwYkdBuHKawGUcJ&onfh tcuftcJrsm; h                                        enf;yg;vSojzifh rjzpfoifhonfh a&m*grsm;                                          D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   wpfO;u ab;rS trsKd;orD;wpfO;\ vufukd                                                                                                 D
rsm;odUk rnnf;rnL tNyHK;rysuf yHreom;a&muf                                                      kSf G                                     udk ajymjyonf/ udkausmfjynfhNzdK;atmifonf                                          jzpfMu&jcif;yif jzpfonf/ xdUk aMumifh use;rma&;           f               J
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   wGum tdrxrS cyfjznf;jznf;xGuvmonf/  f J                                                                                                 f
aq;ukoay;aeonfh q&m0efrsm;? olemjyKrsm;                                                                                                   awmifwuf toif;0ifwpfO;jzpfNyD; aq;tzGUJ ESihf   D                                              h
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             apmifa&Smufjcif;ESihf ywfoufí todynmay;NyD;                                           ]]q&m0efrav;uawmh aoG;wd;aew,f                                                                                                     k
rSm touf 20 0ef;usif vli,frsm; jzpfMuonf/                                                                                                 twl vduygaqmif&uconfrm 2009 ckEpf
                                                                                                                                                           k f          G f hJ                  S                    S       aus;&GmvlxtwGuf wdue,faq;½Hrsm; trSef
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     k          k f              k                 ajymw,f/ tbGm;tdw&UJ tdwxrmuta<u                                                       f                                          f J S
                  ]]a&vrf;c&D;jzpfNyD; oGm;&vm& cufawmh                                                                                   arvavmufu jzpfonf/                                                                 wu,f vdtyfvmNyDjzpfonf/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                k                                                  oH;q,fyygw,f/ aq;zd;vnf; ukep&mrvdk
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         k                        J                                                                   k                                                     f
oGm;umpwke;u pd;&drrawG &Sw,f/ rd;wGi;
                               f                     k f I                                 d                        k f                               ig;yd? ig;ajcmufuom t"du tm;xm;
                                                                                                                                                                                 kd                                                        roOÆmatmif u ]]e,fawGrmtcrJaq;uk S        h             bl;wJ/ q&m0efrav;awGuvnf; i,fi,fav;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                h
BuD;vnf;jzpfw,f/ tqifrS ajyyghrvm;aygh/                                                                                                   ae&aoma'ojzpfonftwGuf vlemtrsm;pkrm  h                                       S     ay;wmawmh 'g yxrqH;k yg/ t&ifuawmhe,frm                           S                        k kd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   awGeUJ ½d½aoao &SMd uawmh pdwcsr;omygw,f}}                                                                                       f f
yxrwpfacgufwe;f u ½TUH AGuawGxrm awmfawmf     k                                  f                     JS                                 aoG;wd;a&m*gESihf ESv;a&m*grsm; tjzpfrsm;Mu
                                                                                                                                                       k                 kH                                                                  hf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             aq;cef;zGiz;l w,f/ tcuftcJuawmh ud,uEiwhJ             k f k kd f      [k ajymum aetdroYkd jyefom;avonf/                                        f                                        G
½ke;vdu&awmh pdwnpfom;w,f/ wpf&mu
       f k f                                          f                      G                                         G                  aMumif; oGm;a&mufuoay;aeonfh q&m0efrsm;
                                                                                                                                                                      k                                                                    d             k f       kd f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             a&m*g&Sovd?k ud,rwwfEiwhJ a&m*gawGusawmh                                              tarSmifz;aom ae&mrsm;wGif rD;tdr&if  kH                                                                                                                  f S
               G k l
wpf&mudu;&if wpfcgwav pufavSeJY oGm;&                                                                                                     u qdkonf/ xdkuJhodkU aoG;wdk;a&m*grsm;                                                   f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             pdwraumif;jzpfwmaygh/ wdue,faq;½Htqifh     k f                 k      olemjyKq&mrav;Ekiwifa*;\ u½kPmrsm;ESihf                                      df
w,f/ 'gayrJh aemufawmhvemawGukd awGUawmh                                       l                                                          twGuvnf; oGm;a&mufuoay;onfh wpfcP
                                                                                                                                                         f                              k                                    avmuf&Sd&if aumif;r,fvdkUxifw,f/ olwdkU                                                                hJ
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   vif;vufc&onfenf;wl use;f rma&; apmifa&SmufrI              h                                                                                                   h
t&rf;aysmfNyD; rvdu&&if raeEkiukd jzpfom;         k f                                         d f                                G        wmtwGufom Munhfay;EdkifNyD; aoG;aygifjyef                                          oGm;&vm&wmcufw,f/ om;zGm;q&mr&Sdw,f                                   tm;enf;aeao;aom jrefrmEdii\ aus;vufa'o                                                                   kfH
w,f/ oGm;pwkef;u aMumufayr,fhvnf;                                                                                                         csdef&ef vdktyfonfhtcsdefwGif jyefMunfhí r&                                        qdayr,fh uav;arG;wJtcg wcsKdUudpawGqkd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                k                                h                       ö                           f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   rsm;wGivnf; Ekiwifa*;vufopftqdyg vli,f              df                                                                                         k
udk,fhudk wu,fvdktyfaewJh vlemawGudk                                                                                                      ojzifh tcufawGUaeMu&ayonf/ aemufyi;wGif                             kd f           cufcJwmawG &Sdygw,f/ uRefrwdkYoGm;w,f                                 av;rsm;\ tvif;a&mifrsm;jzifh 0dkif;0ef;xGef;
                    k f
awGUvdu&if aemufb,fEacgufrqdk oGm;csif                                     S                                                              &Gm&Sd om;zGm;q&mrrsm;uom jyefMunhay;NyD;                         f                qd k a yr,f h ypö n f ; ud & d , mu trsm;BuD ;                        ndM§ urnfqvQif .../                       kd
  Monday, October 17 - 23, 2011
                                                                                                                                SOCIETY                                                                          VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                               The
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       31




EkdifiH&yfjcm;wGif 0goemyg&m BuKd;pm;aeol
         oemukd t&if;cHNyD;BuKd;pm;aeol vli,f                                 hJ
                                                               ausmif;wufwtcgrSm oli,fcsif;awGeYJ pum;
  0g     rsm;xJrS 0goemyg&m aq;ynm? olemjyK
         vk y f i ef ; ES i h f ouf q k d i f o nf r sm;uk d
                                                               ajym&wm vlrsKd;a&m? ,Ofaus;rIyg rwlawmh
                                                                                 dS
                                                               tcuftcJawmh&w,f/ 'gayrJh tqifajyatmif
          dk f
pifumylEiiH Nanyang Polytechnic wGif School                    aew,f/ rdom;pkeJYa0;wmrkYd wpfa,mufwnf;
of Health Science atmuf & S d Nursing                                f                 f            f
                                                               ajz&Si;&wmrsm;vmNyD; pdw"mwfuswm? pdwtm;
bmom&yfoifMum;aeaom touf 17 ESpt&G,f                 f         i,f&ifawmh pmtkyfzwfNyD; pdwf"mwfjyefwuf
roufxufaZmf \ BuKHawGU&onfh tcuftcJ
                Zmf                                                                 f     f
                                                               <uvmatmif vky&w,f/ oDcsi;vnf; em;axmif
rsm;ESihf BuKd;pm;rIrsm;ukd vli,frsm;od&Sd&ef                  jzpfw,f/ t&rf;BuD; pdwftm;i,fvm&ifawmh
               d f
azmfjyay;vkuygonf/                                             oefY&Sif;a&;vkyfjzpfw,f/
vlemawGukd ulnD&wmaMumifUvnf;                                  avUvm&rI
a&G;cs,fjzpfwmyg                                                    'Doifwef;ukd jrefrmEkdifiHu aq;ausmif;
                                                                                     h l        H
                                                               First Year wufNyD;vmwJoawG trsm;qk;awGU&
       pifumylrSm ausmif;wufaewm ukd;v&Sd                      w,f/ olwkdYqDu pmawGUrSm em;rvnfvnf;
NyD/ ukd,fwkdifvnf; i,fi,fuwnf;u aq;                           vufawGUrSm em;vnfw,f/ tcsif;csif;vuf
ynm&yfukd 0goemygw,f/ pdwf0ifpm;w,f/                           awGUvkyf? csufcsif;jyefavhvmawGeJY vkyf&wm/
vlemawGukd ulnD&wmaMumifh a&G;cs,fjzpfwm                                  d f
                                                               ESmacgif;ykuawGeYJ tpmwu,fauR;NyD; wu,fh
yg/ 10 wef;rSm ig;bmom*kPfxl;xGufayr,fh                        vl½kyfeJY vkyf&wm/
                                                                                                              yrm} pum; ykHu atmifjrifcsifolawG? avhvm                olYtem*wf
aq;wuúokdvfwufzkdY trSwfuvkdcJhw,f/                                                                           csifolawGtwGuf pum;ykHaumif;wpfckyg/                         toufarG;0rf;ausmif;vkyfief;taeeJY
                                                                           f         h l
                                                                      pdw0ifpm;wJvi,fawGtwGuf 'Dynm&yf                    d f dk f     D
                                                                                                                     uk,wivnf; pDe,mvlawG aemufvuf     dk
'gayrJh rDcJh&ifvnf; wufjzpfrSmr[kwfbl;/                       eJY ausmif;wufr,f? pdwf0ifpm;w,fqkd&if                                                                                                        f
                                                                                                                                                                      olemjyKq&mrvkyfoGm;rSmyg/ vlrIa&;vkyief;?
ajcmufESpf? ckepfESpfwufNyD; rdbqDu vufjzefY                                                                  &wJhtcg rsufESmNyKH;&Tifae&wm? olwkdYvkdtyf             y&[dwvkyfief;awGukd EkdifiHwumvSnhfNyD;
                                                               English aumif;zkdY ta&;BuD;w,f/ Speaking
awmif;&rSmrkdYvkd rdbukd 0efxkyf0efykd; rjzpfap                                                                              f             h d f S
                                                                                                              wmawG vkyay;NyD; ynm,l&wJtcserm 'Dpum;                  tvkyfvkyfcsifygw,f/
                                                               wifr[kwfbJ Listening yg aumif;zkdYvkdw,f/      ykudk ykdNyD;vufcHoGm;ygw,f/
                                                                                                                H                                                                                  qk t d a `E´ O D ;
csifbl;/ tck pifumyl Nanyang Polytechnic                       NyD;awmh aq;ynmeJY ywfoufwmawGukd trSef
rSm wufzkdY trSwfrDwmeJY csrf;omatmifjrifrm   S                                f                 l
                                                               wu,f pdw0ifpm;NyD; wu,fvemawGudk Munfh
                          hJ
Form wifNyD; wufcwm/ tckwuf wJynm&yf      h
twGuf oifwef;rsK;pkeYJ English pmeJYqiwmawG
                      d H
avhvmjzpfw,f/ oifwef;awG tjyif IELTS,
                                       dk f
                                                               ½Iay;csifwJh olawG wufoifhw,f/
                                                               avUvmoifwUJ Website awG avUvmw,f
                                                                             U                                    I                k
                                                                                                               vlry&[dwvli,frsm; qHqnf;&mjyyGjJ yKvyrnf
                                                                                                                                                   kf
TOEFL eJY w½kwfpm tajccH? Medical tokH;                               vli,fawGuawmh Chatting xkdifwmukd       &efukef? atmufwdkbm 8
     f      dk f dk f
tEIe;awGyiEiatmif vkyjf zpfw,f/ 'Dausmif;                                             f f l
                                                               t"duxm;NyD; rvkyoihb;vkYd xifw,f/ Chat-                tpdrf;a&mifcspfol (a*[[dw) vli,f                vkyfaqmifjcif;jzpfaMumif;? vli,frsm;Mum;
wufzkdY taru t"du Guide Line ay;yg                                               d f        d hf
                                                               ting tay: tcserjzKef;bJ uk,twGuf wu,f          uGef&ufESifh Activista vli,f uGef&ufwdkY                ,HkMunfrIESifh &if;ESD;rIydkrdkcdkifrmvmNyD; yl;aygif;
w,f/ ukd,fwkdifuvnf; 0goemygwmaMumihf                                                                 f
                                                               tusKd;&Sdr,fh Website awGudk avhvmoihw,f/      yl;aygif;í vlrIy&[dwvli,frsm; qHkqnf;&m                 aqmif&Gufaeaom vli,fuGef&ufrsm; ay:
oGm;wufjzpfwmyg/                                                     d d                 dk
                                                               tusK;&Sapr,fh pmawGursm;rsm; zwfapcsiw,f/f     jyyGJ (Youth Show Fete) udk jynfaxmifpkor®w                                          G f f
                                                                                                                                                                      aygufvmap&ef &nf&,usi;yjcif;jzpf aMumif;
pdwf"mwfusvm&if pmzwfNyD;ajz&Sif;w,f                                            fdd         f hd
                                                               atmifjrifzhdk rsupyw?f em;ydwaevkr&bl;         jrefrmEdkifiH ukefonfrsm;ESifh pufrIvufrI               a*[[dwvli,ftzGJU\ owif;xkwfjyefcsuf
          [kdrSm ausmif;wufawmh t"dubmom                              vli,fwpfa,muftaeeJYbmyJvkyfvkyf         vkyfief;&Sifrsm;toif;csKyf½Hk;ü atmufwdkbmv             wGif azmfjyxm;onf/ y&[dw vli,f awGUqkH
pum;u awmfawmfta&;BuD;w,f/ pifumyl                             atmifjrifcsifw,fqkd&if BuKd;pm;&r,f/ rsufpd    16 &ufESifh 17 &ufaeYrsm;wGif jyKvkyfrnf                yGJwGif ynmay;vkyfief;rsm;jzpf onfhjyyGJrsm;?
  d f H S          d f       f
Ekiirmu t*FvypmeJY w½kwbmomu t"du                              ydwf? em;ydwfaevkdYr&bl;/ xufxufjrufjruf       jzpfaMumif; a*[[dwvli,ftzGUJ rS a':cifyyrsK;   d        vli,frsm;odoifhonfhtaMumif; t&mrsm;ukd
okH;wm/ w½kwfpum;ajymawmh olwkdY&JUa'o                         eJY wjcm;olawG avhvmaewmukd pl;prf;&r,f/       u ajymMum;onf/                                          ynm&Sifrsm;u a[majymrnfhtpD tpOfrsm;?
toHxGufukd renf;vkdufrDatmif vkyf&w,f/                         rsufjcnfjywfvkdYr&bl;/ ]ynm&Sm? olzkef;pm;             a*[[dwvli,ftzGJUonf vuf&SdwGif                  vl i ,f t zG J U uk d , f p m;vS , f p k p nf ; NyD ; vk y f
                                                                                                                                           f f
                                                                                                              obm0ywf0ef;usif xde;odr;a&;qdi&mrsm;udk k f             aqmifEkdifrnfh obm0ywf0ef;usifvkyfief;rsKd;
                                                                                                              EdkifiHawmf tpdk;&Xmersm;\ wm0ef&Sdolrsm;ESifh          rsm;ukd pkpnf;wkdifyifMurnf[k Activista
                          Quote for Youth                                                                     yl;aygif;íaomfvnf;aumif;? y&[dwvkyfief;
                                                                                                              rsm;ud k vk y f a qmif a eaom vl i ,f r sm;ES i f h
                                                                                                                                                                      vli,ftzGUJ \tzGUJ 0if OD;omZifO;u ajymMum;onf/
                                                                                                                                                                                                           D
                                                                                                                                                                              a*[[dwvli,ftzGJUudk 2007 ckESpfwGif
                                                                                                              csdwfqufíaomfvnf;aumif; yl;aygif;vkyf                   zGJUpnf;cJhNyD; Activista vli,f uGef&uftzGJUudk
             l             G
    ,aeYvi,fonf aemifwif vlBu;D jzpfvmrnf/                                                                                   f dS
                                                                                                              aqmifvsu&onf[k ¤if;\ ajymMum;csuft&
                                                                                                              od&onf/
                                                                                                                                                                      2010 jynfhESpfwGif zGJUpnf;cJhonf/
                                                                                                                                                                                                       J
                                                                                                                                                                              Activista vli,ftzGUonf Ediiaygif; 29k f H
                                                                                                                      vlrIy&[dw vli,frsm; qHkqnf;&mjyyGJ              EdkifiHwGif zGJUpnf;xm;NyD; obm0ywf0ef;usif
    ½d;k om;BuKd ;pm;Muyg/                                                                                            f           I              f        f
                                                                                                              jyKvky&jcif;rSm vlrzUHG NzdK;a&;vkyief; vkyaqmif        qdkif&m w&m;rQwrI? a&&SnfwnfwHhcdkifNrJaom
                                                                                                              aeaom vli,frsm; xda&mufpGmcsdwfqufvkyf                  pdkufysKd;a&;? pm;eyf&du©mzlvHka&; ponfh udp&yf        ö
                                                 kfSf                      U d
                                         jrefrmU½y&itpnf;t½H;k Ouú| OD;jrifoe;f az                                      kd f S
                                                                                                              aqmifEi&efEihf tjcm;vli,frsm; pdw0ifpm;pGmf             rsm;udk tzGJU0ifEdkifiHrsm;ESifh twlyl;aygif;
                                                                                                              yl;aygif;yg0ifvkyfaqmifEdkifap&ef yl;aygif;             aqmif&Gufvsuf&Sdonf/

                                                                                                                                                                       pmrlcGifhjyKcsuftrSwf - 4000780109

                                  u@wGif
                              Learning English                                                                                                         k
                                                                                                                                                    ordi;f tauGY ESifU ,HkMunfrIta&TY
            qufwuazmfjycJaom tD',rfrsm; pkpnf;rI
                dk f     U      D                                                                                                                                   atmif n G e f Y o m
                                                                                                                                                                                                            xGufNyD
                                                                                                                                                                     pmrlcGifhjyKcsuftrSwf - 4006080511

                                     acwfopftD'D,rfrsm;                                                                                            uRefrcspfaomjrpfwpfpif;ESifU
                                                                                                                                                       obm0ywf0ef;usifqdkif&maqmif;yg;rsm;
                                                                                                                                                        a'guf w mpd e f p d e f o d e f ;
                                                               aZ,sol                                        xGufNyD                                                                                     xG u f N yD
     'D y g{jrpmay                                                                                                                     jzefYcsda&;- 'dkYvrf;pmay (zkef; 09 73030036)
  32 THE VOICE WEEKLY
  32
                                                                                                                                                                                          Vol.7 / No.44 - October 17 - 23 , 2011


    VOICE
  The




    PERSPECTIVE
                                                                                                                                                                                                  Monday, October 17 - 23, 2011




tpdk;&opfwuftNyD; jrefrmUEkdifiHjcm;qufqHa&;
aZ,sol
             oG,fa&;enf;ynm? ydkYaqmifa&;enf;ynmwdkY t&Sdef                                          tpk;d &opfwm0ef,jl y;D pumvtwGi;f tar&duefjynfaxmifp?k
 quf                            k
             t[kejf zifh wd;wufvmojzifh e,fjcm;rsOf;rsm;usKd;jywf                                                                   S           H d
                                                                                            Oa&myor*¾? *syef? w½kw?f MopaMw;vsEihf tmqD,wYkrS tqifjh rifh
NyD; wHcg;ydwfaer&awmhonfh urÇmh&GmtajctaewGif EkdifiHjcm;                                  yk*Kd¾ vfrsm; a&SYqifhaemufqifha&muf&SdvmcJh&m jrefrmEkdifiHtwGuf
qufqHa&;onf EkdifiHwpfEkdifiH atmifjrifa&;wGif ta&;yg                                       ta&;MuD;aom odkYr[kwf jrefrmEdkifiHudk pdwf0ifpm;aom t"du
                        h                      l
onfxuf ygvmcJonf/ tajccHr0g't& rajymif;vJaomfvnf;                                           a'oMuD;rsm;? EkdifiHrsm;rS jzpfonfudk awGY&onf/
      k                                    dk f
tpd;&opfwuf tjyD;wGif jrefrmhEiijH cm;qufqa&;onf Edii\             H           k f H            fS      ´d
                                                                                            w½kwEiUf tdE,
                            I         hf
taxGaxG ajymif;vJrrsm;ESitwl wufMuGouvufvmcJonf/               G f           h                                 k                         S             H
                                                                                                    jrefrmtpd;&opf wm0ef,jl yD;onfEihf yxrOD;qk; a&muf&dS
        tpdk;&opf\ EkdifiHjcm;qufqHa&; rl0g'rSm ,cif acwf                                   vmcJhonfrSm w½kwftqifhjrifhudk,fpm;vS,ftzGJYjzpfjcif;u
                              kf
tqufquf rl0g'twdi; qufvuf&aernfjzpfaMumif;udk w½kwf    dS                                   jrefrm-w&kwf qufqHa&;udk xif[yfjyoaejyD; ,ciftpdk;&
         l         df                            k
jynfoYor®wEkiiH uGejf rLepfygwD A[daumfrwD0if rpöwmusmcsivif                      hf        vufxufuuJoYdkyif jrefrm-w½kwqufqa&; qufvufcirm
                                                                                                             h                     f           H             kd f
ESifh or®wOD;odef;pdef awGYqkHcJhonfh tcrf;tem;wGif ajymMum;cJh                             aernf[k okH;oyf&onf/ xdkc&D;pOfwGif jrefrm-w½kwf oabm
onfhpum;rsm;wGif tuJcwfEkdifonf/                                                            wlpmcsKyf trsm;tjym; vufrSwfa&;xdk;EdkifcJhonf/
                  d f H                  f f
        ]jrefrmEkiitaeESihf Nidr;csr;pGm twl,Owaexdia&;rlMuD; S f JG k f                            yxrqk;a&muf&vmonfrm w½kwu,pm;vS,tzGYJ jzpf
                                                                                                           H         dS        S            f kd f       f
           S hf             h dk f H
ig;csufEitnD urÇmEiirsm;tm;vk;ESihf cspfMunfpm qufvufH                  G                   ovdk jrefrmtpdk;&udk,fpm;vS,ftzGJU yxrOD;qkH; oGm;a&mufcJh
qufqHoGm;rnf? ukvor*¾tzGJY0ifEkdifiHrsm;? tmqD,H? bif;efrf                                  onfrSm tdEd´,EkdifiHjzpfjcif;u ESpfEkdifiHaygif; ESpfbDvD,HcGJ? urÇmh
                                                   dk f H
pwuf? tuf(uf)ruf? rJacgiftzGYJ0ifEiirsm;tygt0if a'oqdi&m                          kf              D                                        f D     d f
                                                                                            vlO;a&\ xuf0ufcefY&dS tiftm;MuD; tdre;csif;EkiiMH uD;ESpEiiH    f kd f
tzGJYtpnf;rsm;ESifh qufvufwufMuGpGm yg0ifaqmif&GufoGm;                                                   H              d f H
                                                                                            ESihf qufqa&;udk jrefrmEkiionf txl;tav;xm;aMumif; jyo
rnf}/                                                                                       aeonf/
        jidrf;csrf;pGm twl,SOfwGJ aexdkifa&;rlMuD; ig;csufESihftnD
]vGwfvyfíwufMuGaom EkdifiHjcm;a&;0g'} udk jrefrmEkdifiHonf                                  tar&duefjynfaxmifpk
acwftqufquf aMunmusifhokH;cJhonf/                                                                                d f H S     f
                                                                                                     jrefrmEkiiEihf tvSr;a0;aomfvnf; ta&;ygonfEiirm   h kd f H S
        tmqD,xyo;D tpnf;ta0;udk 2014 wGif jrefrmEkiiH usi;f y
                   H df                                                   df                wpfckwnf;aom r[mtiftm;MuD;EdkifiH tar&duefjynfaxmifpk
a&;udk tqdkwifoGif;cJhjyD; rlvuusif;y&ef&Sdonfh vmtdkEkdifiH                                jzpfonf/ ta&;,lydwfqdkYrIrsm;½kyfodrf;a&;? EkdifiHwum aiGaMu;
uvnf; axmufcHcJhonf/ jrefrmEkdifiHonf 2013 wGif ta&SU                                       tzGJYtpnf;rsm;jzpfonfh IMF? World Bank wdkYxHrS aiGaMu;tul
awmiftm&Stm;upm;jydKifyGJudkvnf; usif;y&ef &Sdaeonf/                                        tnD&&Sda&;wdkYonf ,if;tzGJUtpnf;rsm;wGif MoZmMuD;onfh
        jrefrmEkiio½;rsm; ydrwufMuGpmvkyaqmifvmcJjh yD; xdi;
                 d f H H Hk          k kd                 G f                        k f    tar&duefESifh jrefrmqufqHa&;tay:wGif tuJcwfEkdifaom
EkdifiHwGif;aexdkifaom jrefrmEkdifiHom;vkyfom;rsm;tm; 'kwd,                                                                    T f
                                                                                            aMumifh tar&dueftxufvwawmftrwf *Rerufue;vma&muf    f   df
  d f                                        G
EkiijH cm;a&;0efMuD;u w&m;0ifom;a&mufawGYqum jrefrmoH½;              Hk                kH                                k
                                                                                            aom c&D;pOfonf tpd;&opfwufpumvtwGi; ta&;MuD;aom      f
rsm;u vdktyfcsufrSeforQ ulnDoGm;rnf[k ajymMum;cJhjcif;rSm                                   rSwfwdkifjzpfcJhonf/
jzpfawmifhjzpfcJ jzpf&yfjzpfonf/                                                                     vuf&Sdtar&duefor®wtdkbm;rm;ESifh a&G;aumufyGJ                    awGYqkHcGifh&cJhonf/ vlYtcGifhta&;udk,fpm;vS,fonf aejynf
                                                                                                              hJ                           T f
                                                                                            jydKifbufjzpfcaom emrnfausmf txufvwawmftrwfjzpfjcif;?                     awmfwGif zGifhvSpfaeaom vlYtcGifhta&;qdkif&moifwef;odkYyg
                                                                                            txufvTwfawmf EkdifiHjcm;a&;aumfrwDOuú|jzpfjcif;? jrefrm                   oGm;a&mufjyD; EIwfcGef;qufpum;ajymMum;cJhonf/
    jrefrmEdkifiHESifUywfoufvQif                                                              dfH          hf
                                                                                            Ekiita&;ESiywfoufvQif oabmxm;wif;rmonf[k owfrwf                   S                 jrefrmvlYtcGifhta&;aumfr&Sifudk tjidrf;pm;oHtrwfMuD;
    EkdifiHwumwGif                                                                          cH&aom txifu&trwfjzpfjcif;wdkYaMumifh *Refrufudef;vm                      rsm;? tjidrf;pm;ygarmu©rsm; tygt0if ynm&Sifrsm;ESifh rMum
    vlodtrsm;qkH;yk*d¾Kvfjzpfaom                                                            a&mufaom c&D;pOfukd pdwf0ifpm;rIrsm;jym;cJhonf/                           ao;rDuyif zGJUpnf;cJhjcif;aMumifh ,cifu vlYtcGifhta&;[laom
    a':atmifqef;pkMunftm;                                                                               f            d f   d
                                                                                                     *Rerufue;udk 'kw,or®w oD[ol& OD;wifatmifjrifO;             h D   a0g[m&onf rsm;pGmtuJqwfcJhonfh jrefrmEkdifiHudk tjcm;EkdifiH
                                                                                            u tjyKH;yef;a0a0qmqmjzifh MudKqdkcJhonfudk EdkifiHydkifowif;pm            rsm;ESifh ydkrdkavay;ajzmifh taMumif;taygif;oifhapEkdifonf/
                                 kd
    vGwfvyfpGmoGm;vmcGiUfjyKvujf cif;?
                                                                                            rsm;\ rsufESmzkH;wGif awGY&onfrSm xdkc&D;pOfukd jrefrmbufrS                                kd f           kd
                                                                                                                                                                      tjynfjynfqi&m 'Drua&pDaeYukd vTwawmfwif tcrf;tem;jzifh  f    G
    or®wOD;ode;f pdeEiUf f S                                                                vnf; tav;xm;cJhaMumif; azmfjyaeonf/                                       qifETJjcif;onfvnf; xkdodkYaom &v'fudk &&Sdaprnfjzpfonf/
                               Y
    a':atmifqef;pkMunfawGqkHcJhjcif;?                                                                                              kd f
                                                                                                     rMumao;rDu cefYtyfvuaom tar&dueftpd;&\ jrefrm  k                                    k f H S hf                     d f H
                                                                                                                                                                                jrefrmEdiiEiywfoufvQif EkiiwumwGif vlotrsm;qk;          d      H
    aejynfawmfwGifusif;ycJUonfU                                                             EkdifiHqdkif&m txl;udk,fpm;vS,fESifh rl0g'a&;&m ndEdIif;a&;rSL;           yk*dK¾ vfjzpfaom a':atmifqef;pkMunftm; vGwfvyfpGmoGm;vm
    trsdK;om;tqifh                                                                          Derek Mitchell onf jrefrmEkdifiHokdY rqdkif;rwGyif a&muf&SdvmcJh
                                                                                                                                                                                  kd                          f fS
                                                                                                                                                                      cGijhf yKvujf cif;? or®wOD;ode;pdeEihf a':atmifqef;pkMunf awGYqHk
    pD;yGm;a&;wdk;wufrIqdkif&m                                                              onf/ xdawGUqufqHa&;? zdtm;ay;a&;[laom ESpfvrf;oGm;                                                           G f         h
                                                                                                                                                                      cJjh cif;? aejynfawmfwiusif;ycJonfh trsdK;om;tqifh pD;yGm;a&;
                                                                                                                                        hf Hk
                                                                                            dual-track rl0g' tar&duefbufu usio;aeqJjzpfovdk ta&;
    tvkyf½kHaqG;aEG;yGJodkh                                                                                                                                           wdk;wufrIqdkif&m tvkyf½kHaqG;aEG;yGJodkY a':atmifqef;pkMunf
                                                                                            ,lydwfqdkYrIudk pufwifbmvtwGif;wGif oufwrf;qufwdk;cJh                                                            dfH
                                                                                                                                                                      wufa&mufcjhJ cif;wdYkonf Ekiiwumtodi;t0di;\ txiftjrif     kf kf
    a':atmifqef;pkMunf                                                                      jcif;u xdkrl0g'\ oufaoyifjzpfonf/                                         udk ajymif;vJapEkdifonfhtwGuf jrefrmEkdifiH\ EkdifiHjcm;qufqH
    wufa&mufcJUjcif;wdkhonf                                                                          ukvor*¾vlYtcGifhta&;aumifpD wufa&muf&ef a&muf&Sd                 a&;wGif taygif;vu©Pmaqmifaprnfh tjzpftysufrsm;jzpf
      d f H            k
    Ekiiwumtodi;f t0di;f \   k                                                              aeaom EkdifiHjcm;a&;0efMuD; OD;0PÖarmifvGifESifh tar&duef                 onf/
    txiftjrifudk                                                                            EdkifiHjcm;a&;0efMuD; [Dvm&DuvifwefwdkY awGYqkH&ef &Sdaejcif;                       jrefrmEkdifiH\ EkdifiHjcm;qufqHa&;onf vufawGYEkdifiHjcm;
    ajymif;vJapEkdifonfUtwGuf                                                               onfvnf; tar&duefjynfaxmifpkESifh jrefrmEkdifiHwdkYtMum;                   qufqHa&;rQomrubJ jrefrmEkdifiH\ taxGaxGajymif;vJrIrsm;
                                                                                            qufqHa&;udk xif[yfaeonf/                                                                 f                                   df
                                                                                                                                                                      tay:wGiyg rlwnfaeaomaMumifh EkiiH taumif;bufoYkd OD;wnf
    jrefrmEkdifiH\
    EkdifiHjcm;qufqHa&;wGif                                                                 taxGaxGajymif;vJrIrsm;ESifU                                                                          S hf          d dk f H d f H
                                                                                                                                                                      ajymif;vJvmonfEitrQ rdrEii\ Ekii&yfjcm;csO;uyfyHk ajymif;       f
                                                                                                ,cifu jrefrmEdkifiHwGif;odkY 0ifa&mufcGifhr&cJhaom ukv                vJvmovkd EkdifiHwumtjrifrsm; ydkrdkaumif;rGefvmum EkdifiHjcm;
    taygif;vu©PmaqmifaprnfU
                                                                                            or*¾vlYtcGifhta&;udk,fpm;vS,f uifwm;em; jynf0ifcGifh&cJhjyD;              qufqHa&;wGif ydkrdkxda&mufrnfjzpfonf/
    tjzpftysufrsm;jzpfonf/                                                                  a':atmifqef;pkMunftygt0if olawGYqkHvdkaomolrsm;ESifh                                                                                          aZ,sol
  Monday, October 17 - 23, 2011
                                                                                                                          PERSPECTIVE                                                                                                                 The
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              33



r[mAsL[m (18)
STRATEGY
     f
ausm0if;
pnf;abmif taetxm;
(Framework Conditions)
1/ Oya'rsm;
              jyify ywf0ef;usifqkdif&m tcsuftvufrsm;udk pkaqmif;
azmfxkwfawmhrnfqdkvQif wnfqJOya'rsm;\ tcef;u@udk
xnfhoGif;pOf;pm;zdkY txl;vdkonf/ EkdifiHtrsm;pk\ tawGUtBuHK
t& ? vufawGUususqdk&vQif r[mAsL[m ESifh ywfoufaom
qHk;jzwfcsuftm;vHk;tay:wGif w&m;Oya'\ MoZmoufa&muf
rIrsm;udkawGU&rnfomjzpfygonf/ þwGifajymvdkonfrSm Oya'                                                     Oyrm - tar&duefjynfaxmifpkrSmyif tjiif;yGm;zG,f&m                                  þodkY *syefjynfwHcg;zGifhcJh&jcif;onfyif acwfopf\ yxrqHk;
u uefYowfxm;aom? pnf;abmiftaetxm;wGif Ekiia&;vkyf                           d f H                twdjzpfaom ]udk,f0efzsufcscGifhqkdif&m} Oya'rsKd;ESifh ywfouf                               ajAmifusus Mum;0ifpGufzufrI[k owfrSwfMuygonf/
wwfudkifwwfzdkYyifjzpfonf/                                                                                               dk f                    I       d
                                                                                                 vQi?f ,ckxufwiNf cdr;ajcmufrrsm; &SaeqJjzpfonf/ þodYk Ncdr;                             f            wpfcgwpf&HwGifrl Mum;0ifpGufzufrIrSm ykef;vQKd;uG,fvQKd;
              Oyrm ? yk*vdu ydkifajymif;a&;qdkif&m r[mAsL[mwpf&yf
                                ¾                                                                             H                d f H
                                                                                                 ajcmufc&olrsm;rSm Ekiia&;orm;rsm;omru ud,0efzsucsay;            k f              f          omjzpfNyD; Ncdrf;ajcmufrIrSm jrifomxifomr&Sdygacs/ odkYwap
csrSwtaumiftxnfazmfawmhrnfqvQif yk*vuydiypön;ydif
            f                                            kd           ¾ d k f              f k   aom aq;cef;rsm;rS 0efxrf;rsm;ESifh tqkdygOya'udk axmufcH                                                                                    I       k
                                                                                                                                                                                             zdtm;rsm;u jzpf&yfrsm;tay:MoZmoufa&mufr&NdS yD; vdcsifaom
qkdifrIqkdif&m Oya'rsm;? ypönf;vTJajymif;rIqkdif&m Oya'rsm;?                                     olrsm;ygjzpfonf/ odYk twGuf tar&duwGif þudpEiywfouf                     ö S hf              tusKd;&v'fudk &Muonfomjzpfonf/ a&G;aumufyGJumvrsm;
vlra&;Oya'rsm;ESihf tjcm;aom Oya'qdi&m jy|mef;csufrsm;udk
        I                                                       k f                              aom r[mAsL[mwpf&yfcsrSwfawmhrnfqdkvQif tcsuftvuf                                            wGiomru tckitrmay:vpDwpf&yfcsrwaqmif&uzYdk BuKd ;yrf;&m
                                                                                                                                                                                                  f           df                    S f        G f
ydkiyiEiEio&dS em;vnfxm;zdYvygonf/ tvm;wl? a&G;aumufyJG
      f kd f dk f dk f d                  k kd                                                   pkaqmif;pOftqifhuwnf;u qdkcJhygNcdrf;ajcmufrIrsm;udk xnfh                                          f                         G f  I d
                                                                                                                                                                                             wGivnf; þodYkaom Mum;0ifpuzufrrsK;udk awGU&wwfygonf/
r[mAsL[mwpf&yfcsrSwftaumiftxnfazmfawmhrnfqdkvQif                                                 oGif;wGufcsuf? BudKwifjyifqifxm;Mu&onf/                                                                                                 kH
                                                                                                                                                                                                      Oyrm - ppfat;acwfwpfavQmufv; *GmwDrmvm Ekiiwif   dfH G
vnf; a&G;aumufyGJqkdif&m Oya'rsm;? EkdifiHa&;ygwDrsm;ESifh ygwD                                           urÇmhEkdifiHtrsm;pk\ tawGUtBuHKt&? Ncdrf;ajcmufrItrsm;                             usif;ycJhaom or®wa&G;aumufyGJwkdif; tar&duefoH½Hk;ESifh *Gm
b@ma&;qkdif&m Oya'rsm;? rD'D,mESifh rD'D,mtoHk;jyKrIqkdif&m                                         k                 dS     S                     JG
                                                                                                 qH;BuHK&avh&onfrm a&G;aumufyumvrsm; jzpfygonf/ tcsKdU                                                                       H h
                                                                                                                                                                                             wDrmvm ppfbufrS axmufconfor®wavmif;rsm;om tEki&                 d f
Oya'rsm;udk od&em;vnfxm;zdYk vygonf/ ajym&vQi?f xda&muf
                          dS                   kd                                                aom Ekiirsm;rSmqdvQi?f twkutcHtiftm;pkrsm;? trwfavmif;
                                                                                                           d f H           k                  d f                                            cJhMuonf/ odkYwdkifatmif þa&G;aumufyGJtm;vHk; ]vGwfvyfí
tvkyfjzpfaom r[mAsL[mwpf&yfjzpfay:vmapa&;twGuf                                                   rsm;\ touftEÅ&m,fukd Ncdr;ajcmufc&onfrsm;&Sonf/ um,
                                                                                                                                               f             H     d                         w&m;rQwrI&Sdygonf} [k tar&duefjynfaxmifpku aMunmcJh
yxrqHk; avhvmpdppfMu&rnfrSm Oya'qkdif&m pnf;abmifrsm;                                            uHajrmuf towfjzwfcH&onfrsm;yif&Sdonf/ tedrfhqHk;tm;jzifh                                    onfomjzpfonf/
yifjzpfygonf/                                                                                    tzrf;qD;tcsKyftaESmifc&onfrsm;&Swwfonf/ tcsKUd aom EkiiH
                                                                                                                                     H                d                              d f              Oyrm 2/ 1995 ckESpfu usif;ycJhaom w½kwf (wkdifay)
              teD;pyfqHk;Oyrmay;&vQif ppfyGJwpfyGJrwkdufrD vufawGU                               rsm;wGif qdkvQifvnf; NydKifbuftkyfpktcsif;csif; tjyeftvSef                                                      JG G     kd           k
                                                                                                                                                                                             or®wa&G;aumufywif ]'Dru&ufwpfy½d*&ufqpfygwD} (DPP)
ppfajrjyif\ ajrtaetxm;udk BudKwifod&Sd em;vnfxm;zdkYvdk                                          Ncdrf;ajcmuf&efpMuonfrsm;? ½dkufyGJrsm; jzpfyGm;avh&SdMuonf/                                u tmPm& udkrifwefygwDESifh ,SOfNydKifta&G;cHcJhonf/ DPP
ovdkrsKd;jzpfonf/ ajrjyiftaetxm;udk bmrS rodbJ ppfwkduf                                          txl;ojzihf 'kwd,urÇmppftNyD; yxrq,fpktwGif;usif;ycJh                                        \ &nfrSef;csufrSm w½kwfjynfrBuD;ESifh jyefvnfaygif;pnf;
vQif ½IH;zdkYrsm;ovdk? jyifyywf0ef;usif\ Oya'taMumif;jcif;&m                                     Muaom zGHUNzdK;qJEkdifiHrsm;\ a&G;aumufyGJ umvrsm;rSmqkdvQif                                a&;udk qefYusifNyD; vGwfvyfaom EdkifiHwnfaxmifzdkYjzpfonf/
rsm;udk xnfhoGif;pOf;pm;jcif;r&SdbJ EkdifiHa&;vkyfvQif rvkdvm;                                   þodkYaom EkdifiHa&;owfjzwfrIrsm;ukd rawGUcsiftqHk;yifjzpf                                                  f                  kf
                                                                                                                                                                                             þwGif w½kwppfoabFmrsm; xdi0rfa&vufMum;odYk a&muf&vm          dS
tyfaom qH;½I;rIrsm;ESihf &ifqi&Ekip&m&Sonf/ odYktwGuf Ekiia&;
                      k H           dk f d f                d                          dfH       onf/ (jrefrmEkdifiHrSmyif 1956 ckESpfu usif;ycJhaom 'kwd,                                   MuNyD; (jyify pGufzufrI) jynfrBuD;wGif tBuD;tus,f&if;ESD;jr§Kyf
vIyf&Sm;rI wpfckckvkyfawmhrnfqdkvQif atmufygOya'rsm;udk                                          tBudrfygvDrefa&G;aumufyGJ twGif; rif;vSav;avmif;NydKifowf                                   ESHxm;Muaom wdkifayukefonfBuD;rsm;uvnf; a&G;aumufyGJudk
(tenf;qHk;) od&Sdem;vnfxm;zdkYvdkygvdrfhrnf/                                                     jzwfrI jzpfcz;onf/) ,cktcsetxdvnf; þodYkaom Ncdr;ajcmuf
                                                                                                                 hJ l                         df                                f            aiGtm;jzifh pGufzufvmMuonf/ (jynfwGif;pGufzufrI) tusKd;
              1/ zGJUpnf;yHktajccHOya'                                                           owfjzwfrIrsm;udk awGUoavmufawGUae&qJjzpfygonf/                                              qufum; jynfrBuD;ESifh aygif;pnf;a&;udkvdkvm;aom vuf&Sd
              2/ EkdifiHa&;ygwDrsm;qkdif&m Oya'                                                           Oyrm 1 - 1997 ckESpfu usif;ycJhaom oD&dvuFmEkdifiH                                 tmPm&udkrifwefygwDtEdkif&vdkufjcif;jzpfygonf/
              3/ yHkEdSyfxkwfa0jcif;ESifh rD'D,mqkdif&mOya'                                                        df                      JG
                                                                                                 \ a'oqki&m a&G;aumufyumvtwGi; vlowfrI - ajcmufr?I             f                                  k     S f        JG
                                                                                                                                                                                             4/ yHaoowfrwxm;aomaehprsm;
              4/ a&G;aumufyGJqkdif&m Oya'                                                        vlowf&efBudK;yrf;rI ESpfrI? xdckduf'Pf&m&aprI 40? tMurf;zuf
              5/ EkdifiHa&;ESifh qufpyfaeaom tjcm;Oya'rsm;                                       wkdufckdufrI 519 rI? tBuD;pm;Ncdrf;ajcmufrI 242 rI? tao;pm;                                           yHkaoowfrSwfxm;aom aeYpGJrsm;rSm EdkifiHa&;r[mAsL[m
                                                  f kd f G hf
              Oya'u cGijhf yKxm;aom vkyyicirsm;udk toH;jyKawmhrnf         k                           f
                                                                                                 Ncdr;ajcmufrI 733 rI? "m;jyrI 53 rI? rD;½IYd rI 50? ypön;Opömysup;rI  f            f D                    k f kd             f k k f
                                                                                                                                                                                             tay: wdu½uMf oZmvTr;rd;Edionfawmh r[kwyg/ odYk Eiwif      f         S hf kd
qdvQif aemufq;twnfjyKjy|mef;xm;aom ]rl} jzpfzYkd vygonf/
    k                        kH                                                kd                249 rIjzpfyGm;cJhonf/                                                                       tcsKdUaomtcdkiftrmtcsdefumvrsm; (txl;ojzifh a&G;aumufyGJ
vuf&Sd tajctaewGif w&m;r0ifawmhaom ]rl} a[mif;rsm;ESifh                                                                                   Sf
                                                                                                          Oyrm 2 - 1999 ckEpu usi;ycJaom oD&vuFmEkii\   f h          d            dfH        rJqG,fumv) rsm;wGif EdkifiHa&;ygwDwpfck (rsm;aomtm;jzifh
tvkyfrjzpfEkdifonfudk *½kpkdufzdkYvdkonf/ þodkYOya'aMumif;udk                                                                          JG
                                                                                                             d f
                                                                                                 a'oqki&m a&G;aumufyumvtwGi; taemufajrmufjynfe,f           f                                         k f                              h
                                                                                                                                                                                             twdutcHygwD) twGuf taESmift,Sujf zpfEiovdk tjcm;EdiiHkd f               k f
tudk;tum;jyKawmhrnfqdkvQifvnf; ]&Sif;vif;zGifhqdkcsufrsm;}                                              k
                                                                                                 wpfcwnf;rSmyif vlowfrI oH;k rI? vlowf&efBuKd ;yrf;rI 11 rI? xdcuf                    dk     a&;ygwDwpfck (a,bk,stm;jzifh vuf&SdtmPm&ygwD) twGuf
                                        H
(Secondary Version) ESihf rvkavmufyg/ ]rl&if; Oya'ygzGiqcsu}f                        hf kd       'Pf&m&aprI 45 rI? tMurf;zufwkdufckdufrI 215 rI? tBuD;pm;                                    oG,f0dkuftusKd;&SdEdkifygonf/ þae&mwGif ]yHkaoowfrSwfxm;
                                  k
(Primary Version) udom ud;um;Mu&rnfjzpfygonf/
                                      k                                                          Ncdrf;ajcmufrI 119 rI? tao;pm;Ncdrf;ajcmufrI 194 rI? "m;jyrI                                               JG        k     S           kH f
                                                                                                                                                                                             aom aeYprsm;qdonfrm w&m;0if½;ydw&uf? tm;vyf&ufrsm;udk
              tu,fí Oya'wpf&yfrSm acwfESifhrnDawmh[k ,lqvQif                                                                                                                                 qdkvdkonf/
                                                                                                 52 rI? rD;½IdYrI 22 rI? ypönf;OpömysufpD;rI 110 jzpfyGm;cJhonf/
vnf; ]bmaMumifh acwfESifh rnDonf}? ]b,fyHkjyKjyif rGrf;rH                                                                                                                                              Oyrm - qufwdkufusa&mufavh&Sdaom tm;vyf&ufrsm;
y,fzsufoifhonf} wdkYudk vTwfawmfwGif pepfwus wifjyEkdif&
                                                                                                            G f I
                                                                                                 3/ Mum;0ifpuzufrrsm;                                                                        (Oyrm - c&pörwfESifh ESpfopful;yGJawmf) rSm a&G;aumufyGJrJqG,f
rnfjzpfygonf/ tvm;wl Oya'opfwpf&yf jy|mef;zdYk vonf[k                             kd                       dfH                              f
                                                                                                         Ekiia&;r[mAsL[m oabmt& ]Ncdr;ajcmufr}I udk jynfwi;      Gf                          umvtwGif;&SdaevQif twdkuftcHygwDrsm;twGuf pnf;½Hk;vHIY
,lqvQivnf;? ]bmaMumifh þodYkvtyfonf} udk bufp?kH axmifh
                  f                                   kd                                         rSvmonf[k,lqNyD; ]Mum;0ifpGufzufrI} udk jynfyrSvmonf                                        aqmfa&;vkyfief;rsm;t&Sdefysufwwfygonf/ þ&ufydkif;twGif;
pHkrS &Sif;jyEdkif&rnfjzpfygonf/ a&G;aumufyGJtNyD; vTwfawmf                                                    S f                               G
                                                                                                 [k owfrwygonf/ (wpfcgwpf&H - jynfwi;f rSvmaom Mum;0if                                                               k S J
                                                                                                                                                                                             vltrsm;\tm½Hrm yGawmfrsm;qD a&mufaewwf&m Ediia&;ygwD        k f H
EkdifiHa&;wGif tqdkygOya'jyKa&;qkdif&m udprsm;udk yDyDjyifjyif      ö                            pGufzufrIrsm;vnf;&Sdwwfonf/) rsm;aomtm;jzifh Mum;0ifpGuf                                    rsm;twGuf pnf;½Hk;zdkYcufcJEdkifonf/ þoabmudk q0g;rdaom?
                G f dk f                    f
aqmif&uEi&eftwGuf tcsutvufpaqmif;&SmazGonfh tqifh             k                                  zufrIrsm;rSm tdrfeD;csif;EkdifiHrsm;rS vmavh&SdMuonf/ odkYESifhwkdif                                          k f H
                                                                                                                                                                                             tmPm&Ediia&;ygwDtcsKdUu þvd&ufrsKd;uda&G;NyD; a&G;aumuf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          k     k
uwnf;u &nfrSef;csuf&Sd&Sd BudKwifjyifqifxm;Mu&rnfjzpf                                            'kwd,urÇmppfaemufydkif;rSpí (txl;ojzifh ppfat;acwf)                                         yGJusif;yMuonfrsKd;&Sdonf/ Oyrm - *smreDwGif Zefe0g&Dv
                                                                                                 MoZme,fy,fcsJUxGifvdkaom *&dwfyg0grsm;\ Mum;0ifpGufzuf                                                f                 JG        S          d
                                                                                                                                                                                             twGi; a&G;aumufy&ufowfrwMf uonfrsK;jzpfonf/ tpövmrf
onf/
                                                                                                 rIrsm;udkvnf; awGUvm&onf/                                                                     k f H              f                         f
                                                                                                                                                                                             Ediirsm;wGivnf; &rm'efumvtwGi; a&G;aumufyvyzYkd BudK;        JG k f
     d          I
2/ Ncr;f ajcmufrrsm;                                                                                     trSefpifppfMum;0ifpGufzufrIrsm;rSm a&S;twDawuwnf;                                   pm;Muonfrsm;&Sdonf/ aemufydkif; twdkuftcHygwDrsm;bufrS
          a&G;aumufyGJ r[mAsL[mwpf&yfjzpfap? EkdifiHa&;r[mAsL                                    u &SdcJhonfomjzpfygonf/ þodkYpGufzufonfhtcgwkdif;vnf;                                       þoabmudk &dyfpm;rdvmawmhrS a&G;aumufyGJ&ufudk jyifqif
[mwpf&yfjzpfap taumiftxnfazmfaqmif&uawmhrnfqvQif       G f           kd                          vufeufudkify#dyu©rsm;odkY rMumcPqkdovdk OD;wnfoGm;wwf                                       owfrSwfay;vmMuonf/
Ncdrf;ajcmufrIrsKd;pHkESifh &ifqkdif&zG,f&Sdwwfygonf/ r[mAsL[m                                   onf/ wpfcgwpf&HwGif ]Mum;0ifpGufzufrIrSm ajAmifMuNyD; Ncdrf;                                          ajym&vQif w&m;0iftm;vyf&ufrsm;omru tcgtm;avsmpm                fG
        S f f
&nfre;csursm;udk tEÅ&m,fuif;uif;aqmif&uEi&ef BuHK&orQ   G f dk f                                 ajcmufrIrSmvnf; wkduf½dkufoabmaqmifonf/                                                     usif;yaom tm;upm;yG J r sm;? yG J v rf ; obif r sm;rS m vnf ;
Ncdr;ajcmufrrsKd;pHukd rwkervIy&ifqiEi&ef axmufcorsm;udk
    f           I k            f        f    kd f dk f           H l                                     Oyrm - tar&duefukefpnfrsm;twGuf *syefaps;uGufudk                                    þoabmyif j zpf y gonf / tcsKd U aomEd k i f i H a &;ygwD r sm;
taMumufw&m;rS z,f&Sm;ay;Ekdif&ef? qdkcJhygNcdrf;ajcmufrIrsm;udk                                  zGifhay;zkdY tar&duefjynfaxmifpku qufwkdufzdtm;ay;ae&m                                      taeESifhrl tqdkygyGJawmfrsm;udkyif rdrdwdkYygwDatmifEdkifa&;
                   I dS dS S
BudKwifjyifqifr&&Eihf pepfwusudiw,EizYkd ta&;BuD;onf/
                                          k f G f dk f                                                                 d
                                                                                                 *syefwdkYbufrS ]'kw,tBudrf oabFmeufBuD;rsm; a&mufvmjcif;}                                   twGuf wDxGifrI &Sd&Sd toHk;jyKMuonfrsm;vnf;&Sdonf/
,aeYurÇmay:&Sd &ifusuNf yD; 'Drua&pDpepfrsm;rSmyif Ncdr;ajcmuf
                          h          kd                            f                             [k a0zefMuonf/ 1853 ckESpfu uGefrdk'dkrufo½l;y,f&D\                                                                                                        ausmf0if;
rIrsKd;pHkudk wpfenf;r[kwfwpfenf; awGUoavmufawGUae&aom                                           oabFmeufBuD;rsm;a&mufvmNyD; ½dI*Gef;tpdk;&udk *syefaps;uGuf
aMumifhjzpfygonf/                                                                                zGifhay;zdkY zdtm;ay;cJhonfudk &nfñTef;ajymqdkMujcif;jzpfygonf/                                           pmñTef; - Political Strategies (Peter Schroder)
   34
   VOICE
 The

                 PERSPECTIVE                                                                                                                                                         Monday, October 17 - 23, 2011




   I f      S
trduawG b,frmypf&ygU
rD;armif;
                               h G f J S     I
               armif;aewJ&yfuuxrm trdujf yóem awmfawmfMuD;
   rD;                   k           G f G
               onf/ xdYaMumifh &yfuuwi;f rS vlrsm;onf vrf;wpfvrf;
\vrf;ab;wGif trdIufueftjzpf oabmxm;um trdursm;              I f
                     k I f             I f
pGeYfypf&onf/ xdtrdursm;udk trduum;u naewdi; vma&muf    kf
odrf;qnf;oGm;onf/ xdkuJhodkYtrdIufodrf;pepfudk csrSwfxm;cJh
Muonf/
         þpepfonf pnf;urf;rJh trdIufpGefYypfjcif;xuf omvGef
             f        S            f
aumif;rGeonfrmvnf; trSeyifjzpfonf/ xdYk twGuf NrdKUawmf0ef
topfudk aus;Zl;wif&ayrnf/ odkYaomf trdIufuefrsm;xm;NyD;
trdIufrsm;udk oGm;oGefae&onfhpepfxuf ydkaumif;aompepf
&dSao;onfudk rD;armif;xdk;jyvdkonf/
         &yfuGufol? &yfuGufom;rsm; vrf;ab;wGif trdIufoGm;
ypfMuojzifh t"du'ku©a&muf&olrsm;rSm trdIufpGefYypfonfh
vrf;wGif oGm;vmaeMuonfh &yfuGufol&yfuGufom;rsm;ESifh
teD;tyg;&dS tdrfrsm;jzpfonf/ trdIufyHkrS teHYqdk;rsm;onf
trdIufum;vm a&mufrodrf;rDtcsdeftxd &yfuGufESifh jzwfoef;
                                                                           I f kH                             G            k hJ
                                                                     trduy;rsm;xJoYkd vma&mufpeYf ypfMuonf/ xduoYkd vrf;rBuD;                  ydkvmvdrfhrnf/ xdktrdIufyHk;rsm;udk aeYpOfvma&muf odrf;qnf;&
oGm;vmolrsm;udk 'ku©ay;vsuf&dSonf/ wmarGjrdKUe,f? rif;vrf;
                                                                                    I f kH       S h
                                                                     rsm;wGif trduy;rsm;&douJoYkd vrf;BudKvrf;Mum;awGrmyg trduf  S        I    ojzifh pnfyifom,mtzGJUtwGuf tvkyfydkcsifvnf; ydkvmvdrfh
rSwfwdkifteD;&dS trdIufyHkqdkvQif bwfpfum;ESifh c&D;oGm;onhf
                                                                       k               S            k I f kH
                                                                     yH;rsm; xm;&donf/ xdtrduy;rsm;odYk naerSpí nvH;ayguf          k           rnf/ odkYaomf jrdKU\ pnfyifom,ma&;udk wm0ef,lxm;aom
jynfolrsm;udkyg 'ku©ay;vsuf&dSonf/ xdkodkYteHYqdk;rsm;jzifh
                                                                     trdIufum;rsm;u vma&mufodrf;qnf;Muonf/ reufrdk;vif;                        XmewpfcktaeESifh xdkwm0eftm; ,ludk,l&rnfjzpfonf/
       k f                   l             f
aexdi&onfh jynforsm;twGuf use;rma&;½IaxmifrMS unfvQif    h     h
                                                                     onfhtcg trdIufykH;rsm;xJwGif trdIuf wpdk;waphrQr&dSawmhbJ                             tmqD,HEdkifiHrsm;twGif;&dS tjcm;jrdKUMuD;rsm;wGif xdkuJhokdY
rnfodkYrQ aumif;Edkifp&mr&dSay/
                                                                     ajymifwvif;cgaeawmhonf/ aemufaeYtwGuf trdIufoGef&ef                       trdIufyHk;pepfudk atmifjrifpGmxm;&dSaeEdkifNyDqdkvQif tmqD,H
         rD;armif; aexdkifcJhzl;onfh xdkif;EdkifiHwGifawmh vrf;ab;
                                                                     tqifoifhjzpfaeawmhonf/                                                                    k f H                              k f H
                                                                                                                                               tzGUJ 0if Ediiwpfcjk zpfonfh jrefrmEdiiu &efuejf rdKUwGif tqdyg          k                      k
trdIufyHkjcif;xuf ydkrdkaumif;vGefaom trdIufyHk;pepfudk toHk;jyK
                                                                              xdkuJhodkYaom trdIufyHk;pepfonf befaumuf? csif;rdkifwdkY         pepfudk pwiftoHk;jyK&ef oifhavsmfaeNyDjzpfonf/ xdkYxufydkí
onf/ befaumufjrdKUvrf;rBuD;wdkif;wGif "mwfwdkifwpfwdkif;jcm;
                                                                     uJhodkU jrdKUBuD;rsm;wGifomru rD;armif;aecJhzl;aom xdkif;EdkifiH          pdwfylyefp&maumif;onfhtcsufrSm jrefrmEdkifiHonf 2014 ckESpf
wdkif;ü tpdrf;a&miftrdIufyHk;BuD;rsm; axmifxm;onfudk awGU&
                                                                     awmifydkif;u yifv,furf;pyf aus;&Gmav;wGif yg&dSonf/                                             H
                                                                                                                                               wGif tmqD,Ouú|ae&mudk ,l&awmhrnfjzpfonf/ xdoYkd tmqD,H                           k
                        k I f Hk
rnfjzpfonf/ xdtrduy;rsm;udk vrf;oGm;? vrf;vmrsm;wifru
                                                                                          k f     f                    I f kH f k
                                                                     rD;armif;aexdi&m tdra&SUvrf;ray:wGif trduy; ESpcxm;&dNS yD;               Ouú|tjzpf EdkifiHwumtcrf;tem;rsm;? tpnf;ta0;rsm; pkpk
                           d f           f        I f
teD;tyg;&dS vlaewkucef;rsm;? tdrrsm;rS trdursm;vnf; tqdyg        k
                                                                     trdIufum;u npOfvma&mufodrf;qnf;aeonfudk aeYpOfawGU                        aygif; 600 ausmf usif;y&rnfhtcsdefwGif &efukefjrdKUü vrf;ab;
                                                                                         k I f                          fD f
                                                                     ae&onf/ xdtrduy;Hk rsm;xJoUkd teD;tem; tdre;csi;rsm;uvnf;                 wGiftrdIufyHkaeonfudkawGU&dScJhaomf jrefrmtpdk;&ESifh jynfolwdkY
           I f           S
   trduy;kH pepfxm;&d&eftwGuf trduy;kH rsm; I f                      vma&muf pGefYypfMuonf/ xdkYaMumifh trdIufpGefYypfa&;udponf      ö         twGuf rwifhw,fjzpf&ayvdrfhrnf/
   axmifESifUcsDí vdktyfrnfUtjyif                                                                                    ö
                                                                     xdkif;jynfolwdkYtwGuf a&;MuD;cGifus,fudpwpf&yf r[kwfawmh                              trdIufyHk;pepfxm;&dS&eftwGuf trdIufyHk;rsm; axmifESifhcsDí
   trdIufodrf;&eftwGufvnf;                                                      k I f                    k      S           G fS
                                                                     ay/ xdtrduy;Hk rsm;wGif tzH;vnf;yg&dojzifh &yfuuEihf vrf;oGm;             vdktyfrnfhtjyif trdIufodrf;&eftwGufvnf; trdIufodrf;um;
                                                                     vrf;vmrsm;twGuf teHYqdk;rsm;jzifh 'ku©ay;jcif;r&dSawmhyg/                               k                       I f df
                                                                                                                                               rsm; vdtyfrnfjzpfonf/ trduor;um;rsm;wGivnf; Ediiwum                    f            kfH
                                     k
   trdIufodrf;um;rsm; vdtyfrnfjzpfonf/                               jynfolvlxku rdrdtdrfutrdIufrsm;udk trdIufyHk;xJtxd a&muf                                     Sd k
                                                                                                                                               wGif vuf&toH;jyKaeonfh um;xJwiyif trdursm;tm; MudwacsGf             I f                     f
         I f d
   trduor;f um;rsm;wGivnf;      f                                    atmifpGefYypfxm;NyD; oufqdkif&mjrdKUe,f\ pnfyifom,ma&;                    onfhpuf wyfqifxm;onfh um;rsdK;jzpf&efvdktyfonf/ vuf&dS
    k f H
   EdiiwumwGif vuf&toH;k jyKaeonfhSd                                 aumfrwDu trdIufyHk;xJrS trdIufrsm;udk npOfvma&mufodrf;                    &efuewif toH;jyKaeaom trd;zGihf trduum;rsm;aMumifh trduf
                                                                                                                                                         k f G             k                  k           I f                                I
                                                                     qnf;onf/ xdkuJhodkY tavhtusifhonf yHkrSefjzpfaeNyD; jynfol                                                             G
                                                                                                                                               um;oGm;&mvrf;wpfavQmufwif teHYq;rsm;ESihf avxknpfnrf;       kd
                Gf
   um;xJwiyif trdursm;tm;  I f                                       vlxktm;vHk; pdwfcsrf;ajrhaysmf&Tifapaomvkyf&yfvnf;jzpfonf/                oGm;cJhonf/ &efukefjrdKU\ tcsKdUjrdKUe,frsm;qdkvQif w½kwfjynf
   BudwfacsonfUpufwyfqifxm;onfU                                               rD;armif; &efukefjyefa&mufonfhtcg vrf;oGm;&if; trdIuf            xkwf *Grfa'gif;tif*sifwyfxm;onfh,mOfi,fwGif aemufwGJwyf
   um;rsdK;jzpf&efvdktyfonf/ vuf&dS&efuewif     kf G                                 ö
                                                                     ypf&rnfhudponf BuD;rm;aom'ku©wpf&yfjzpfcJhonf/ vufxJ                                  I f df
                                                                                                                                               í trduor;aeonfukd awGU&rnfjzpfonf/ xduoUkd trduor;                    k hJ              I f df
   toH;k jyKaeaomtrd;k zGiUf trduum;rsm;aMumifU
                                       I f                                  f kd f                   S
                                                                     wGiuixm;aom wpf&L;puúLpuav;jzpfjzpf? yvwfpwpftwf                    d       k d f                                          h
                                                                                                                                               yHor;enf;onfvnf; rnfonfacwfrjD rdKUBuD;rsm;wGirS r&dawmh                           f S
                                                                     tvGwfuav;jzpfjzpf pGefYypf&eftwGuf trdIufyHk; &SmrawGU/                   onfhenf;pepfjzpfonf/
        I f
   trduum;oGm;&m vrf;wpfavQmufwGif                                   xdkYaMumifh rwwfEdkifonfhtqHk; vrf;ab;wpfae&mwGif pGefYypf                                                h h                  k
                                                                                                                                                           rD;armif;wifjycJouJoYkd &efuejf rdKU\ trduor;pepfwif           I f d f                G
   teHhqdk;rsm;ESifU avxknpfnrf;oGm;cJUonf/                          vdkuf&awmhonf/ xdkuJhodkY pnf;urf;rJhrIrsdK;udk rvkyfcsifaomf                                     I f
                                                                                                                                               vrf;ab;trduuefrsm;aqmufí trduor;onfpepfukd quf           I f d f               h
   &efukefjrdKY \ tcsKdY jrdKY e,frsm;qdkvQif                        vnf; vkyfvdkuf&onf/                                                                         S h             I f
                                                                                                                                               vufxm;&drnftpm; trduy;Hk rsm;udk vrf;ab;? 0J,mwGicsxm;í                              f
                                                                              &efukefjrdKUuJhodkY vlaexlxyfaom jrdKUMuD;rsKd;wGif trdIufyHk;                D I f                      k
                                                                                                                                               acwfrtrduum;rsm;u nvH;ayguf trduor;EdivQif rD;armif;           I f df kf
   w½kwfjynfxkwf *Grfa'gif;tif*sifwyfxm;onfU                                              f                             k f H
                                                                     pepfukd csrSwtaumiftxnfazmfjcif;onf Ediiom;wdYk twGuf                     wdYkuoYdk jynfovxbufuvnf; trdursm;udk trduy;Hk rsm;xJoYkd
                                                                                                                                                      hJ                 l l k                         I f                   I f
   ,mOfi,fwGif aemufwGJwyfí                                          tqifajyouJhodkY EdkifiHjcm;om;wkdY ta&muftaygufrsm;onfh                                                 d           Sd
                                                                                                                                               ta&muf wm0efoo?d wm0ef&&jSd zifh trdupeYf ypfrnfjzpfaMumif;   I f G
          I f d
   trduor;f aeonfukd awGY &rnfjzpfonf/                               jrdKUMuD;jzpfojzifh wdkif;jynf*kPfudk apmifha&Smuf&vmMuonf[k              &J&JBuD; tmrcHEdkifonf/
                                                                                   k f                 I f kH     S           f
                                                                     rD;armif;qdcsionf/ trduy;rsm;xm;&dojzifh ukeusp&dwf ydcsif        k                                                                                           rD ; armif ;



              The Voice Weekly wGif                     U
                                      tcef;qufazmfjycJonfU
         owif;orm;wpfO;D \ pifumylc&D;oGm;aqmif;yg;rsm; pkpnf;rI

                                          d
                           yxrurÇmodhk 'kw,wpfacguf
                                    ausmfA[def;                                                    xGufNyD
  Monday, October 17 - 23, 2011
                                                                                                                               PERSPECTIVE                                                                                                                                                              The
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      35



       JY
vlxktzGtpnf;rsm;ESifU EdkifiHawmfta&;
Ekdifatmif0if;
         1948 ckESpf vGwfvyfa&;&um tcsKyftjcmtmPm                                                                                    l              f
                                                                                                       vkyMf uolrsm;jzpfí jynfowpf&yfv;Hk tvkyorm;vlwef;pm;csn;    f
ydkifEdkifiH wpfckjzpfvmcJhcsdefrSpí jrefrmEdkifiHwGif tajccH                                                                                         f k f kd
                                                                                                       jzpfMu&onf/ odYk aomf ÓPtm;jzifh tvkyvyuiMf uolrsm;rSm
Oya'okH;&yf&SdcJh onf/ &SdcJhonfh tajccHOya'rsm;rSm pepf                                               todÓPfynmtwdkif;twm rwlnDrI? toufarG;0rf;ausmif;
tajccHcsif;wlnDrI r&SdMuacs/ tajccHpepf rwlnDonfhtay:                                                          D     k f kd f     f k f kd f
                                                                                                       rwlnr?I ud,yiypön;ydiqirI yrmP uGjJ ym;rItay:rlwnfí
zGJUpnf;tkyfcsKyfonfh or®wEdkifiHrsm;tjzpf ay:aygufvmcJhonf/                                           "e&Sifaygufprsm; ynmwwfvlwef;pm;rsm; ponfjzifh xyfrH
                                                                                                       pdwfjzmxm;onf/ vlwef;pm;vu©Pmtay: tajcjyKum ygwD
                    kfH
jynfaxmifpk jrefrmEdiiawmf                                                                                         I               H kd f        hf
                                                                                                       OD;aqmifrtay: vufcvuema&;ESiywfoufí ,HMk unfpwcs        d f
             1947 ckESpf tajccHOya't& jynfaxmifpkjrefrmEdkifiH\                                                  k f                           S f
                                                                                                       &rI twdi;twmudk tuJjzwfowfrwonf/ txl;ojzifh ynm
                  k S          f
zGYJ pnf;yHrm toGioP²meftm;jzifh jynfaxmifpjk zpfNyD; tESpom&                                f         wwfrsm;rSm obm0t& txufrS apcdkif;orQtay: rsufpdrSdwf
tm;jzifh wpfjynfaxmiftkyfcsKyfa&;pepfjzpfonf/                                                          ,HkMunfvufcHwwfolrsm; r[kwfMuojzifh ygwDtzGJYtpnf;
             EdkifiHa&;pepft& ygvDref'Drdkua&pDpepfjzpfonf/ vTwf                                              h h G            D          I          d f H
                                                                                                       tqifqifwif ygwDO;aqmifr\ ,HMk unfpwcsc&olrsm; jzpfavh
awmfESpf&yf&Sdaomfvnf; vlOD;a&udk tajcjyKa&G;aumufwif                                                                                                   d f
                                                                                                       r&SMd uacs/ þodYkjzifh OD;aqmifygwD\ ,HMk unfpwcs&onfh trmcH
                                     T f
ajr§mufonfh atmufvwawmf (jynfoYl vwawmf)u ydívkyyif                T f                 k        f kd   tiftm;pkrSm a,bk,stm;jzifh ynmtiftm;enf;ol? usKd;EGHol?
cGifh&Sdonf/ vTwfawmftwGif;ü udk,fpm;vS,frsm;tjzpf ygwD                                                txuftzGJYtpnf;tvdkus wpfoa0rwdrf; vkyfaqmifwwfol
wpfckxufydkí ta&G;cHydkifcGifh&Sdaomfvnf; trwfOD;a&trsm;pk&                                            rsm;om EdkifiHa&;b0wGifus,frI &&SdMuonf/ þvu©Pm
                        k G hf
ygwDu tpd;&zGYJci&onf/ ud,pm;vS,trsm;pk&ygwDrm tpd;&
                                                 k f             f                       S       k                                                                                             vlwef;pm;rsm; jzpfvmMuonf/ awmifov,form;rsm;rSmvnf;                                         l
                                                                                                       aMumif; oabmw&m;t& pkaygif;acgif;aqmifrI[k qdkapumrl                                                               ¾ d k f kd f I d k f H
                                                                                                                                                                                               ajr,mudk yk*vuydiqirr½SbJ Ediiawmfuydiqionfh ajr,m                                                        k f kd f
      G hf               f                          d h
zGYJ ci&í tkycsKyfa&;tmPm&&Sonftjyif rl&if;vTwawmftrwf                               f                                                       f
                                                                                                       vufawGYb0ü wpfygwDtmPm&Sipepf Bu;D xGm;vmcJjh cif; jzpfonf/                             rsm;tay: vkyfydkifcGifh&&Sdolrsm;om jzpfMuonf/ ukefxkwfvkyfrI
rsm;tjzpf qufvuf&yfwnfcGifhyg&&Sdojzifh Oya'jyKa&;tmPm                                                                                                                                         tvkyfoabmt& oD;jcm;jzpfaeonfh awmifolv,form;rsm;
yg wpfcsdefwnf;usifhoHk;cGifh&onf/                                                                     jynfaxmifpkor®wjrefrmEdkifiHawmf                                                        udkom awmifolv,form;tzGJUtpnf;tjzpf pnf;½Hk;zGJUpnf;í
             trwfOD;a& tenf;pk&ygwDu vTwfawmfwGif twdkuftcH                                                         2008 ckESpfwGif jy|mef;cJhaomtajccHOya't& EdkifiHawmf                            f k f                                  l
                                                                                                                                                                                               usevyom;jynfowpf&yfv;tm; tvkyorm;rsm;tjzpf pnf;½H;                 kH                         f                                          k
tkyfpktjzpf tpdk;&tzGJY\ vkyfaqmifrIrsm;tm; tuJcwf? a0zef?                                             udk pnf;urf;jynfh0onfh 'Drdkua&pDpepf usifhoHk;onfh or®w                                zGJUpnf;onf/ tvkyfrvkyfudkifMuao;onfh ausmif;om;vli,f
uefYuGuf pojzifh jyKvkyfum xdef;ausmif;&onf/                                                           EdkifiHawmfjzpfvmNyD; or®wtkyfcsKyfonfh jynfaxmifpkpepfjzifh                            rsm;ukd vli,ftzGUJ tpnf;ESihf rdru,yif tEkynmvkyief; vkyuif             d kd f kd                                       f         f kd
                                         k f H
             tmPm&ygwD\ Ediia&;rSm vTwawmftwGi; rdrwYkd ygwD   f                   f d                 zGJYpnf;onf/ pD;yGm;a&;rl0g'rSm aps;uGufpD;yGm;a&;jzpfonf/                              Muol pmay? *Dw? obif? yef;csD? yef;yk ponfwkdYukd vkyfief;
                                                                                                                    EdkifiHawmf\ tmPmoHk;&yfjzpfonfh tkyfcsKyfa&;tmPm                                 d f                  k
                                                                                                                                                                                               tvkupnf;½H;zGUJ pnf;onf/ rnfoUkd yifppnf;onfjzpfap zGUJ pnf;                            k
              d                                f
\ &&Sxm;aomtmPm (tkycsKyfa&;ESihf Oya'jyKa&;) qufvuf                                                                kfH
                                                                                                       tm; Ediiawmfor®w? Oya'jyKtmPmtm; jynfaxmifpvwawmf                          k T f
wnfwcijf rJa&; BudK;yrf;tm;xkwjf cif;jzpfNyD; twdutcHEiia&;
                hH kd                                                           k f kd f H                                                                                                     orQ tpktpnf; toif;tzGJUtm;vHk; ygwDOD;aqmifrIudk cH,l&
                                                                                                       ESifh w&m;pD&ifa&;tmPmtm; jynfaxmifpk w&m;vTwfawmfcsKyf                                 onfcsnf;jzpfonf/ rdrdqE´tavsmuf tzGJU0ifjzpfEdkifcGifh&Sdonf
             S d                             d
ygwDrm rdrwYkdvuf0,fr&&Sao;aom vTwawmfwi; tmPm&&Sd                   f           G f                                           J        Sf
                                                                                                       [lí oD;jcm;pD cGa0tyfEi;xm;onf/ tmPmoH;&yfrm w&m;Oya'               k S
a&; BudK;yrf;tm;xkwjf cif;jzpfonf/ odYkjzifh xdacwftcgumv\                k                                                                                                                    qdkaomfjim;vnf; OD;aqmifygwD\ pnf;½Hk;odrf;oGif;rIudk
                                                                                                       ESifhtnD tjyeftvSefxdef;ausmif;rIom&Sdí vTrf;rdk;rI rjyKEdkifacs/                                                     kd                 S
                                                                                                                                                                                               jiif;qef &efqonfrm rjzpfEionfh b0ay;tajctaejzpfonf/              kd f
EdkifiHa&;ygwDrsm;\ vkyfief;pOfrsm;rSm vTwfawmfwGif; trsm;pk                                                        tkyfcsKyfa&;tmPmESifhywfoufí or®wtm; vkyfydkifcGifh                                      odkUjzpfí jrefrmhqdk½S,fvpfpepfatmufü toGifoP²mef
udk,fpm;vS,f&&Sda&;twGuf a&G;aumufyGJrsm;ü jynfolvlxk\                                                                   S f                            d
                                                                                                       rsm; tyfEi;xm;NyD;jzpfonf/ rdrtm; tyfEi;xm;onfh Ediia&;?   S f                k f H                         k f H
                                                                                                                                                                                               tm;jzifh Ediiawmfta&;ü jynfowpf&yfv; yg0ifywfoufr&yg                          l                  kH                                I dS
axmufcrJ trsm;pk&&Sa&; r[mAsL[mcsrwvyaqmifjcif;jzpfonf/
                   H             d                           S f kf                                                                   ö
                                                                                                       pD;yGm;a&;qdkif&m udp&yfrsm;tm; tkyfcsKyfpDrHcefYcGJ&mü u@rsm;                                                k
                                                                                                                                                                                               onf[k qdaomfvnf; jynfovx\ oabmxm;trSeukd xif[yf                 l l k                                                     f
             rdrdygwDaxmufcHrI trsm;pk&&Sda&;twGuf ygwDtrmcH                                           tvdkuf wm0efcGJa0ay;xm;onfh vufaxmufrsm;(0efBuD;rsm;)                                   jcif;udk udk,fpm;jyKjcif;xuf OD;aqmifygwD\ vrf;nTefrIudk
tiftm;pkrsm; pkpnf;jcif;rSm ygwD\ yifrEdkifiHa&;pnf;½Hk;rIjzpf                                         jzifh tkyfcsKyfa&;tzGJU zGJUpnf;aqmif&Gufonf/                                           wpfoa0rwdrf; vdkufemvkyfaqmif&jcif;om jzpfaecJhonf/
onf/ odkYjzifh ygwDpnf;½Hk;a&;wGif ygwDtajccHtzGJUtpnf;rsm;                                                                                           f f                k
                                                                                                                    or®wOD;aqmifonfh tkycsKya&;tzGUJ (tpd;&tzGUJ ) rSm Ediia&;          kfH                                                             f
                                                                                                                                                                                                             ,aeYumvwGif tkycsKyfa&;? Oya'jyKa&;ESihf w&m;pD&ifa&;
tm;aumif;ap&ef pnf;½Hk;jcif;? jrefrmEdkifiH\ vlOD;a&trsm;pkjzpf                                        ygwDwpfpHkwpfck\ oabmw&m;tay: wdrf;nGwfrI &Sdaumif;                                     tmPmoHk;&yfrSm vkyfydkifcGifhrsm;cGJa0xm;um tjyeftvSefxdef;
                                                                                                       &SdEdkifaomfvnf; tqdkygEdkifiHa&;ygwD\ rl0g'vkyfief;pOftwdkif;                          ausmif;rIjyKonfh or®wtkycsKyfa&;pepfjzpfonf/ or®wtkycsKyf  f                                                                        f
onfh awmifolv,form;? aus;vufaejynfolrsm;ESifh NrdKUae                                                  vdkufemvkyfaqmif&ef r[kwfacs/ EdkifiHwnfaqmufa&;twGuf
tvkyform;rsm;twGif; trmcHygwDtiftm;pktjzpf vlxktzGJU                                                                                                                                                     h                               k k
                                                                                                                                                                                               onfpepfjzpfí tpd;&qdonfrm jynfoYl a&;&m 0efaqmifrvyief;               S                                                        I kf
                                                                                                       ta&;ygonfh rl0g'vrf;pOfESifh rdrdwkYd oufqdkif&mu@tvdkuf                                rsm;udkom t"du a&S;½Ivkyfaqmif&jcif;jzpfNyD; aemufwpfBudrf
                                                  S
tpnf;rsm; zGUJ pnf;jcif;rSm xif&m;aom pnf;½H;a&;vrf;pOfjzpfonf/        k                               vkyfief;rsm; csrSwftaumiftxnfazmfvkyfaqmif&mü em;vnf
             odYkjzpfí ygwD\ 0g'a&;pnf;½H;rIukd cH,onfh tvkyorm;
                                                           k                l              f                                                                                                   rJtrsm;pk&&Sda&;udk &nf½G,fum jynfolvlxktMum; EdkifiHa&;
                                                                                                       uRrf;usifonfhyk*d¾Kvfrsm;jzifh zGJUpnf;xm;onfhtzGJU jzpf&onf/                           pnf;½Hk;a&; vkyfaqmif&ef rvdktyfacs/
tzGJ U tpnf;? awmifolv,form;tzGJ U tpnf;? vli,fESifh                                                   wpfenf;tm;jzifh ygwDtzGJYtpnf;\ OD;aqmifvrf;nTefrIudk                                                                                  f
                                                                                                                                                                                                             odUk jzpfí vTwawmfu tpd;&tzGUJ ukd ar;jref;onfh ar;cGe;           k                                                       f
trsdK;orD;rsm;tzGJUtpnf;? pD;yGm;a&;ukefoG,frItzGJUtpnf;                                                        l                d      D f
                                                                                                       cH,onfxuf rdrwpfO;csi;pD\ pGr;aqmifrI t&nftcsi;tay: f                          f                                G f              h k
                                                                                                                                                                                               rsm;? wifoi;onftqdrsm;ESihf Oya'Murf;rsm;onfvnf;aumif;?
ponfh vlxvwef;pm;tajcjyKtzGUJ tpnf;rsm; zGUJ pnf;vIyf&Sm;cJhMu
                           k l                                                                         ydkí tav;xm;*½kjyK&onf[k qdkvdk&if;jzpfonf/                                             tpdk;&\ vkyfaqmifcsufrsm;onfvnf;aumif; jynfolvlxk
onf/ þodkYaom EdkifiHa&;pnf;½Hk;rI vu©PmrSm xdkacwftcg                                                              Oya'jyKa&;tmPmESifhywfoufí tpdk;&tzGJUuom rlv                                                                 k f
                                                                                                                                                                                               \tusKd ;pD;yGm; ud,pm;jyKa&;wdYkrm tcsutcsmusonfh ta&;udpö                  S             f
umv\ EdkifiHa&;pnf;½Hk;rI yHkoP²mefjzpf&m tmPm&EdkifiHa&;                                                            G f hf dS       H df                 kfH
                                                                                                       wifoi;cGi&onfh pDrue;a&;&m? Ediiawmf &oH;rSe;ajc aiGpm&if;           k f                rsm; jzpfvmonf/ tqdkygtcsuftcsmudprsm; jzpfay:wdk;wuf                                                 ö
ygwDjzpfap? tmPmvufrhJ twdutcHEiia&;ygwD toD;oD;wdYku  k f kd f H                                      ESifh tcGefaumuf,ljcif;udpörSvGJí usefa&;&mudpörsm;twGuf                                                                       l
                                                                                                                                                                                               a&;twGuf jynfowpf&yfv;u apmifMh unftuJcwf&efjzpfonf/         kH                                     h
jzpfap vkyaqmifaecJMh uonfh Ediia&;pnf;½H;rI yHoP²mefjzpfonf/
                      f                              kfH            k k                                                                    G f
                                                                                                       Oya'Murf;wpf&yfwifoi;&mwGif vTwawmfa&;&maumfrwDrsm;      f                              þodYk apmifMh unftuJcwf&efrm Ediiawmf\ ta&;udprsm;wGif
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   h                                    S k f H                                            ö
                                                                                                       rSwpfqifh vTwfawmfudk,fpm;vS,frsm;u pwifta&;,laqmif                                     jynfolvlxkpdwftm;wuf<upGm yg0ifvm&ef vdktyfvmonf/
             yHkoP²meft& EdkifiHawmf\ EdkifiHa&;jzpfpOfwGif jynfol                                            f                                  D kd
                                                                                                       &Gu&jcif;jzpfay&m ygvDref'rua&pDpepf usio;Hk onfh vTwawmf      hf                   f
vlx\ yg0ifywfoufrrsm; &Saeonf[k qdEiaomfvnf; EdiiH
           k                           I             d                   k kd f                k f                                                                                             tqdkygvdktyfcsuft& jynfolrsm;\ tusdK;pD;yGm;udk,fpm;jyK
                                                                                                       rsm;uJhodkY trsm;pkygwD\ tjrJwap vTrf;rdk;rItajctaersdK; r&Sd                                   k
                                                                                                                                                                                               vlxtzGUJ tpnf;rsm; toD;oD;zGUJ pnf;wnfaxmifvyui&ef vdtyf                                                         k f kd f            k
                                   ö
wnfaqmufa&;udprsm;wGif jynfolvlxk\ EdkifiHa&;qifjcifwkH                                                Edkifawmhacs/ vTwfawmftwGif; EdkifiHa&;ygwDwpf&yf\ rl0g'
w&m;jzifh yg0ifvkyfaqmifonfh tqifhjrifhEdkifiHa&;"avhtjzpf                                                                                                                                                                           k f
                                                                                                                                                                                               vmonf/ jrefrmEdiiH vlO;a&\ &mcdiEe;trsm;pkrm aus;vuf D                              k f I f                           S
                                                                                                                  f k kH H         f           kd f
                                                                                                       vTr;rd;rIyprS vTwawmfu,pm;vS,wpfO;csif;pDEihf vTwawmf  f     D           S        f                                                l
                                                                                                                                                                                               aejynfol awmifov,form;jzpfMu&m Ediiawmf\ tkycsKya&;?                                            kfH                           f f
,lq&ef roifhavsmfvSacs/ pifppftm;jzifh jynfolwdkY\ EdkifiHa&;                                          a&;&m aumfrwDtoD;oD;wdkY\ pGrf;aqmifEdkifpGrf; &SdrIwdkYtay:                                                             ö
                                                                                                                                                                                               Oya'jyKa&;udprsm; ½GufaqmifMu&mwGif aus;vufjynfolrsm;
ygwDrsm;tay: tjrifESifh wdrf;nGwfrIrSm yk*d¾Kvfa&;MunfndKrI                                            a&GUvmaeNyDjzpfonf/                                                                     \ tusKd;pD;yGm;udk t"du a&S;½IpOf;pm;Mu&ef jzpfonf/ odkYjzpfí
odkYr[kwf rESpfNcdKufrIESifh wpfyGJwdk; tajymta[maumif;rGefrI                                             k YJ                kfH
                                                                                                       vlxtzGtpnf;rsm;ESiUf Ediiawmfta&;                                                       awmifov,form;rsm;ESihf vkyom;jynforsm;ud,pm;jyK vlxk
                                                                                                                                                                                                                 l                                                       f                             l         k f
tay: bufvdkufrIuJjcif;aMumifh jzpfonf/                                                                                                                                                         tzGUJ tpnf;rsm; wnfaxmifzUJG pnf;um tmPmyditzGUJ tpnf;rsm;?                                                   kf
                                                                                                                     k f             k f H           k      S
                                                                                                                  wdi;jynfta&; Ediita&;qdonfrm omrefjynforsm;\                      l          Oya'jyK tzGJUtpnf;rsm;ESifhqufoG,fí tjyeftvSef taxmuf
jynfaxmifpkqdk&S,fvpfor®wjrefrmEdkifiHawmf                                                                     ö
                                                                                                       udpr[kwf? tpdk;&rif;rsm;ESifh EdkifiHa&;tzGJYtpnf;rsm;\ udp[l                  ö        tuljyKvkyfief;rsm; vkyfudkifaqmif½Guf&ef vkdtyfonf/
        1974 tajccHOya't& jrefrmEdkifiHukd qdk&S,fvpfEdkifiH                                           aom t,ltqrsdK; ,ckacwfumvwGif EdkifiHtoD;oD;&Sd jynfol                                                                                     k
                                                                                                                                                                                                             odUk &mwGif vlxtzGUJ tpnf;qdonfrm vGwvyfaom tzGUJ                   k                 S              f
tjzpf xlaxmif&efjzpfonf/ qdk&S,fvpfrl0g' tajccHrsm;t&                                                                                            d f
                                                                                                       wdYku vufrcHMuawmhacs/ wpfcseu ygwDO;aqmifrukd a&SUwef;   D              I              tpnf;? rdrdqE´tavsmuf pkpnf;wnfaxmifaom tzGJUtpnf;?
  k f H
Ediiawmfukd OD;aqmifygwDwpf&yfjzifh zGYJ pnf;OD;aqmifNyD; pDrue;    H d f                                                              k     h kd f H
                                                                                                       wifcMhJ uonfh ygwDBuD;pd;onfEiirsm;üyif Ediita&;ü jynfol      k f H                     rdrdvlxkvlwef;pm;tvTmESifh ywf0ef;usiftusdK;pD;yGm;udk a&S;½I
                                                                                                       vlxkyg0ifywfoufrI tpDtpOfrsm; jyKvkyfvmcJhMuonf/                                                    h                                          k
                                                                                                                                                                                               onftzGUJ tpnf;jzpf&ef vdtyfonf/ wpfenf;tm;jzifh a&S;,cif
pD;yGm;a&;pepfudk usifhoHk;onf/                                                                                   jrefrmEdkifiHwGif vGwfvyfa&;&NyD; ygvDref'Drdkua&pDacwf
        EdkifiHa&;t& ygwDOD;aqmifrIudk cH,l&NyD; pD;yGm;a&;wGif                                        wGif Ediia&;ygwDtoD;oD;wdYk \ pnf;½H;rIjzifh zGUJ pnf;wnfaxmif
                                                                                                                 k f H                                    k                                    umvrsm;u &SdcJhzl;aom ygwDEdkifiHa&;tzGJUtpnf;wpfpHkwpfck\
aps;uGutiftm;pkrsm;\ tcef;u@tm; vufrcHjiif;y,fonf/
            f                                                                                          cJhMuonf/ xdkvlxktzGJUtpnf;rsm;rSm qdkcJhyg EdkifiHa&;jzpfpOfü                                         f I                   l kd f
                                                                                                                                                                                               vrf;nTerukd cH,vuem&aom tzGUJ tpnf;rsKd ;rjzpf&ef tmPm
        tajccHOya't& OD;aqmifzGJUpnf;onfh wpfckwnf;aom                                                 jynfolvlxk yg0ifywfoufa&;tjzpf omreftm;jzifh ,lqEdkif                                   vuf&Sdtpdk;&\ tvdkusvdkufem&onfh tzGJUtpnf;rsdK; rjzpfap
ygwD\ OD;aqmifrukd jynfowpf&yfv;kH u vduem&onf/ wpfenf;
                        I          l              k f                                                  aomfvnf; vufawGUb0wGif ygwDaxmufcorsm;\ toif;tzGUJ     H l                              &ef owdjyK&rnf jzpfygonf/
                                                                                                       toGifvu©PmomaqmifNyD; oufqdkif&m vlxkvlwef;pm;\                                                       tajccHOya'opf\ or®wtkyfcsKyfa&;pepft& tpdk;&rSm
                      l     k               k f H
tm;jzifh jynfotm;vH;\b0rSm ediia&;b0tjzpf cH,&onf/              l                                                                                                                              jynfolUa&;&m0efaqmifrIvkyfief;rsm; vkyfudkifaqmif&Guf&onfh
ygwDOD;aqmifrI\ jyifywGif aexdkifcGifh&Sdonf[k qdk&aomfvnf;                                            tusdK;pD;yGm;ESifh oabmxm;tjrifrsm;tm; ukd,fpm;jyKvIyf&Sm;                              tzGJUtpnf;jzpfí EdkifiHa&;? pnf;½kH;a&;vkyfief;rsm; a'G;a&m,Suf
rdrwYkd\ yk*vub0tmrcHcsur&Sonfh ty,fcvwef;pm;wpf&yf
    d             ¾ d                   f d           H l                                              onfh tzGJUtpnf;rsdK;r[kwfcJhMuacs/ vlxktzGJUtpnf;rsm;                                   wifjyKvkyf&rnfh tzGJUtpnf;r[kwfqdkonfudkvnf;aumif;?
toGijf zifom &yfwnfEijf cif;jzpfonf/
              h               kd                                                                       wnfaxmifzUJG pnf;&mwGif trsm;tm;jzifh rdrqE´tavsmufyg0if    d                           awmifolv,form;? tvkyform;ESifh tjcm;aom oufarG;qdkif
        þenf;tm;jzifh jynfolwpf&yfvHk;rSm EdkifiHa&;t& yg0if                                           pkpnf;jcif;jzpfaomfvnf; tmPm&ygwD\ pnf;½H;rIjzifh zGUJ pnf;rI       k                   &m? ynm&yfqdkif&m? vlrIa&;qdkif&m ponfhtrsdK;rsdK;aom vlxk
                I         d           k
ywfoufrrsm;pGm &Sonf[k qd&aomfvnf; ygwDwi; 'Drua&pD        G f kd                                                              k
                                                                                                       rsKd ;jzpfí &SNd yD;tpd;&\ ta&;w,ltm;ay;axmufcr& tzGUJ tpnf;        HI                  tzGJUtpnf;rsm;rSm rdrdwdkYudk,fpm;jyKonfh vlxkvlwef;pm;tvTm
                                                                                                       rsm; jzpfMuonf/                                                                         \ tusdK;pD;yGm;twGuf EdkifiHawmf\ta&;udprsm;wGif wufMuG                                                     ö
        f                        h kH
toGioP²meftjzpf usifo;onfh pkaygif;acgif;aqmifrqonf            I kd                                                           S f S                    hJ
                                                                                                                  1974 ckEprpí wnfaxmifconfh jrefrmqd&,vpfpepf                k S f
rSm ygwDtxuftqifqifwYkd \ ñTeMf um;rIukd vduem&jcif;om
                            h h                         k f                                            acwfwGif ygwDOD;aqmifonfh EdkifiHa&;pepft& A[dkrS pDrHudef;cs                           pGm yg0ifjcif;jzifh tkyfcsKyfa&;? Oya'jyKa&;qdkif&m EdkifiHawmf
jzpfaecJhonf/                                                                                          pD;yGm;a&;pepf usifhoHk;jcif;jzpf&m tkyfcsKyfrI? pDrHcefYcGJrI? ukefxkwf                tzGJUtpnf;rsm;ESifh vGwfvyfpGm qufoG,faqmif&GufMuonfh
        jynfowpf&yfv;Hk rSmvnf; Ediia&;b0wGif rdrwYkdu,pm;jyK
                    l                     kfH             d kd f                                       vkyfrIESifh 0efaqmifrIvkyfief;rsm;tm;vHk;rSm EdkifiHawmfydkifvkyfief;                   tzGJUtpnf;rsm; jzpfMuonfqdkonfudkvnf;aumif; &Sif;vif;pGm
vlxkvlwef;pm; tzGJYtpnf;0if jzpf&onf/ qdk&S,fvpfoabm                                                   rsm;tjzpf vkyui&ay&m xdvyief;rsm; ½Guaqmif&onfh jynfol
                                                                                                                            f kd f         k kf                f                               oabmaygufMu&ef ta&;BuD;ayonf/
w&m;t& vlom;tm;vHk;rSm um,tm;? ÓPtm;t& tvkyf                                                           vlxkwpf&yfvHk;rSm ygwDOD;aqmifrIcH,l&onfh tvkyform;                                                                                                                                                          Ekdifatmif0if;
     36
   The
      VOICE                 PERSPECTIVE                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Monday, October 17 - 23, 2011




'DacwfBuD;ESifU 'DvlawG
jrifUatmif&Sdef
                          ESifht0ef;rSm 'Drdkua&pDpepfodkY ul;ajymif;vsuf&Sd&m jrefrmEdkifiHüvnf; acwfESifhtnDwdk;wufajymif;vJaeonfudk
  urÇm                    awGU&í jynfoltrsm;pku 0rf;ajrmuf0rf;omjzpfaeMuonfudk avhvmoHk;oyfrdygonf/ tpkd;&opfwufvmcsdefrSpí
trsdK;om; jyefvnfoifhjrwfa&;? qif;&Jom;yaysmufa&;? aiGaMu;pepf jyKjyifajymif;vJa&;? ywf0ef;usifxdef;odrf;a&;
ponfhudpörsm;udk jynfolrsm;tay: em;vnfrI? pmemaxmufxm;rI? u½kPmoufrI ponfwdkYudktajccHNyD; EdkifiHawmf
or®wBuD;u OD;aqmifí jynfaxmifpk0efBuD;rsm;ESifhwuG tpkd;&? jynfe,fESifhwdkif;a'o BuD;qdkif&mtpkd;&tzGJUrsm;? pD;yGm;a&;
ESifhvlrIa&;toif;tzGJUrsm;u tm;wufoa&mBudK;yrf;aqmif&GufaeMuonfhtwGuf wpfEdkifiHvHk;uarQmfrSef;xm;onfh acwfrD
wdk;wufaom 'Drdkua&pDEdkifiHBuD;odkY rvTJraoG a&muf&Sdrnf[kvnf;,HkMunfMuygonf/ xdkYjyif trsKd;om;vTwfawmfESifh
jynfolYvTwfawmfESpf&yfpvHk;ü jynfolYudk,fpm;vS,frsm;ESifh jynfaxmifpk0efBuD;rsm; EdkifiHhESifh jynfolvlxktusdK;udka&S;½Ií
tjyKoabmjzifh yGifhyGifhvif;vif; aqG;aEG;wifjyMuonfrSmvnf; tm;&zG,faumif;vSygonf/
             or®wBuD;OD;odef;pdef wdkif;jynfodkY vTwfawmfrStoHvTifh apwemudwYkHjyefí trsKd ;om;jyefvnfoifjh rwfa&;udk wnfaqmuf     k
                                hd Gf
ajymMum;onfreYfce;wGif Good Governance ESihf Clean Govern- vdonfqE´Eihf vkyaqmifcsursm;rSmvnf; ay:vGixif&m;aeyg        k h                  S        f                             f                         f         S
                                               k f H kd k f
ment xlaxmifí EdiiutycsKyfom;rnf[k apwemoefYoefYjzifh                      G                                     onf/
     hf G hf
yGiyivif;vif; uwday;oGm;onfrm txl;tm;wufz,f jzpfyg                             S                      G                         pufwifbmvtwGif;uusif;yonfh {&m0wDjrpf0Srf;
                       d d G f                            d                                         d
onf/ xkreYf ce;t& tpk;&opfonf xifomjrifom&SrI (Trans- a&tm;vQyppfprue;qdi&m tvky½aqG;aEG;yG\ xkwjf yefcsuf                             f D H d f k f                                    f kH            J
parency) udk tav;xm;usio;vdrrnf[k tm;vH;u arQmvifh              hf Hk hf                      k              f                                              I
                                                                                                                 wGif trSwf (1) pufr0efBuD;XmeESihf trSwf (2) pufr0efBuD;Xme                                        I
Muygonf/ 'Drdkua&pDESifh vlYtcGifhta&;wdkYudkvnf; zGJUpnf;yHk jynfaxmifp0efBuD;u &mxl;tmPmrsm;onf a&yGufwpfckrQ                           k                                                                           wpf
                     S hf                 k hf                                S k S                     G f d
tajccHEitnD wd;jr§iay;oGm;rnfrm ,Hrm;oHo,jzpfz,r&Syg/ omjzpfNyD; aojcif;w&m;? tdkjcif;w&m;rsm;udk ra&SmifvTJTEdkif                                                                                                       v
                                                      G f                 k f                                  J
xkYd aMumifh jynfyodYk xuajy;aexdicMhJ uaom oabmxm;uGvJG aMumif ; ? &mxl ; tmPmrsm;onf ud k , f y d k i f r [k w f o nfuddk                                                                                                 u
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 wufcJhonfh tpOftvmqdk;BuD;ESifh tpOftNrJBuHKawGUcJh&onf/
olrsm; rdrdEdkifiHodkY wpdrfhpdrfh jyefvnf0ifa&mufNyD; wdkif;usKd; em;vnfaMumif;? EdkifiHawmfBuD;ESifh jynfoljynfom;tm;vHk;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    k f H                                       f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Ediiawmfat;csr;om,ma&;ESihf zGUH NzdK;a&;aumifpvufxufwif                                                                        D                              G
jynfusdK;udk jyefvnfxrf;aqmifMuawmhrnfjzpfí tvGetrif; uom om;pOfajr;qufxm0&wnf&Sd&rnfjzpfaMumif; (The      f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 EdkifiHawmftajccHOya'udk a&;qGJí jynfolwifajr§mufaom
0rf;ajrmufzG,fr*Fvmowif;aumif;rsm; Mum;odae&ygonf/ Voice Weekly? pm-4? September 26-October 2-2011) yGifhyGifh
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 'Drdkua&pDtpdk;&tm; Nidrf;csrf;aomenf;jzifh tmPmvTJajymif;
                   G f                                      J                       k             k f H
jynfwi;rS oabmxm;uGvMJG uonfh vly*Kd¾ vfrsm;? Ediia&;ygwD vif;vif;zGifh[azmfjycJhonfrSm txl;yif auseyftm;&zG,f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 ay;onfh aumif;jrwfaomtpOftvmopfwpf&yfukd rsK;aphcsay;Edif                                                                             d                          k
rsm;? awmwGif;vufeufudkiftzGJUtpnf;rsm;uvnf; tpdk;&\ aumif;vSygonf/ xkYdoYkdyivif;rIrsKd ;udk vGeconfEpf 50 twGi;                                                       G hf                      f hJ h S                   f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   h                                     kd f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 cJojzihf wpfwi;jynfv;omru urÇmEiitzGUJ tpnf;tm;vH;u               kH                                  h kd f H                                             k
                                                                                                                 rnfonfh0efBuD;urQ &J&J0Hh0Hh xkwfazmfajymMum;jcif; r&SdcJhyg/
       xdkhaMumifUvwawmftwGi;f üjzpfap?  T f                                                                                                                                                                                     om"kac:Mu&ayonf/
                                                                                                                                                           kf
                                                                                                                 pufwifbmvqef;ydi;uvnf; tjcm;jynfaxmifpk 0efBuD;tcsKUd wdYk
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      l
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  ],aeYacwfvwYkdonf ,cifacwfvrsm; r[kwMf uawmhyg}                                             l
       tpk;d &tzGYJtwGi;f üjzpfap?                                                                                                                            hf
                                                                                                                 owif;pmq&mrsm;ESiawGUqHí tpk;&\ aqmif&ucsursm;udk            k         d                 G f f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 (Today's men are not those of yesterday) [lonfh w½kwpum;                                                                                            f
                                             J
       tpd;k &jyifytzGYtpnf;ESijhfzpfap? Ediiwumtpd;k &                            kfH                                  hf G hf
                                                                                                                 yGiyivif;vif; aqG;aEG;cJjh cif;? aemifwif vnf; xdoYkdvwvwf                    G           k          G f G
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   k dS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 yH&ygonf/ acwftcsetcgESihf Ediiwumtcif;tusi; tm;vH;    d f                          k f H                                                  f                       k
             k f
       ud,pm;vS,rsm;ESiUfjzpfap?           f                                                                                                     k
                                                                                                                 vyfvyfawGUqHaqG;aEG;&ef vrf;zGiay; jcif; ponftjyKoabm               hf                        h
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 onf ajymif;vJom;onfEitnD ,ckacwfvwYkd\ tawG;tjrifG                      S hf                                          l
                                                                                                                                                       f
                                                                                                                 aqmifaom ajcvSr;rsm;vSr;cJí tm;& 0rf;omjzpfMu&ygonf/        f h
          k f H
       EdiiwumtzGYJtpnf;rsm;ESifUjzpfap?                                                                              d d Sf
                                                                                                                 xkoYkppfreaomapwemESihf wdi;jynf tusKd ;twGuf &J0jhH ywfom;pGm kf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 t,ltqwdYk onfvnf; vduavsmnDaxG ajymif;vJvmcJygav                             k f                                                                  h
       n§Ei;f aqG;aEG;onftcgwif rnfotwGurQ
              d dI                                      h             G                Ul       f                                                                                                                                               k
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 NyD/ bd;awmfb&m;acwf? *syefacwf? OD;Ekacwf? jrefrmhqdk&S,fvpf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       k
                                                                                                                 acwfESihftnDwdk;wufaom oabmxm;tjrifrsm;udk xm;&Sdí
       tusKd ;r&S½ru tusKd ;om,kwaponfU
                               d kH                                              f                                                                                                                                               vrf;pOfygwDacwfwdkYudk aemufaMumif;jyefí udk;um;&eftcsdef
                                                                                                                                                   f             f dS
                                                                                                                 BudK;yrf;tm;xkwvsu&aom tqkyg0efBuD;rsm;udk aeYpOfarwåm              d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 r[kwfawmhyg/ olYacwfESifh oltajctaersm; ajymif;vJjzpfay:
       ta&r& tzwfr&onfUpum;rsm;udk                                                                               ydYk ovsu&ygonf/ f dS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      kfH
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 aeygonf/ EdiitusK;o,fy;dk &mwGif acwfEiuun&ef vdtyf      d                                                       S hf kd f D                            k
               k f
       ud,&nfaoG;? [dw[efxwí tcseue?f                         f              k f          df k                                                hf                      k
                                                                                                                                urÇmESit0ef; wd;wufajymif;vJaeaom 'Drua&pDa&pD;                                  kd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 kd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 ygonf/ 'Drua&pDacwfwif 'Drua&pDusipOftwdi; jynfoUl                            G        kd                          hf              k f
       avukec?H vltrsm; uJ&YJ jypfwifjcif;udcNH y;D
                             f                                      h                       k                    aMumif;udk rnfolurQ ydwfyifwm;qD;í r&Edkifawmhyg/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               S hf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 qE´EitnD vkuemaqmif&u&ayrnf/                 d f                                G f
                                                                                                                 jrefrmEdkifiHESifh zdvpfydkifEdkifiHwdkYwGifvnf; jynfolwkdY\qE´
                           k h
       ajymqdrnftpm; acwfrw;kd wufaom                                   D                                                                                f
                                                                                                                 oabmxm;udk vspvsL&IconftwGuf tvGetrif;awmifwif;          hJ h                        f                   h
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  ]tpk;&[lonf wpfO;wpfa,muftwGuf r[kwyg} (Gov-             D                                                              f
       'Drua&pDEiiawmfBu;D
                kd                    kd f H                                                                                                                                                                                     ernment is not for one man) [kqonfh w½kwpum;yHuvnf;                                         kd                              f                k kd
                                                                                                                 cdkifrmygonfqdkonfh jrefrmhqdk&S,fvpfvrf;pOfygwDtpkd;&ESifh
       atmifjrifpGmwnfaqmufa&;?                                                                                                                                                                                                  Mum;zl;ygonf/ tar&duefor®wvifue;f \ rdeYce;f udk jynfaxmifpk                                        G                   fG
                                                                                                                 tmPm&Sifor®wrm;udkpfhwdkY jynfolYtiftm; (People's Power)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 0efBuD;OD;pkd;odef;u udk;um;í ajymMum;oGm;onfh twkdif;
       jynfow\ qE´oabmxm;   l Ykd                                                                                jzifhjyKwfusoGm;cJh&onf/ tmPm\ oabmobm0onf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    kfH Gf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 jrefrmEdiiwivnf; jynfoYltwGuf jynfouwifajr§muf onhf                                                            l
       tppftrSersm;udazmfxwa&;ESiUf f               k             k f                                                       k           d f G f d f
                                                                                                                 tqH;wpfcsewiarS;rSeí tiftm;csneYJ om;&pNrJjzpfonf (It is                    hf G
                                                                                                                  the natural course of things that power eventually fades and                                                                               k
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 jynfolYtpd;& (Government of the people, by the people, for the
              k ©
      qif;&J'utaygi;f rS u,fwifa&;twGuf                                                                           weakens ) [k ROBERT GREENE \ THE 48 LAWS OF                                                                                                  f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 people ) tkycsKyfaeonftcsetcgjzpfygonf/                              h d f
               d
      tusKd ;&Saompum;rsm;udomk                                                                                   POWER pmtkywif
                                                                                                                             f G          a&;om;azmfjyxm;onf/                                                                                                                                f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  xdYk aMumifh vTwawmftwGi;üjzpfap? tpk;&tzGUJ twGi;ü                      f                                   d                              f
        d dI
      n§Ei;f aqG;aEG;Mu&ef wduwe;f tyfygonf/
                             k f G                                                                                                   kfH    d             G
                                                                                                                             jrefrmEdii\ orki;f wpfavQmufwif wpfrif;owfNy;D wpfrif;                                              jzpfap? tpd;k &jyifytzGUJ tpnf;ESijhf zpfap? Ediiwumtpd;k & ud,pm;                                         kfH                                        k f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             f                                           k f H
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 vS,rsm;ESijhf zpfap? EdiiwumtzGUJ tpnf;rsm;ESijfh zpfap? n§Ei;                                                                                            d dI f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   h
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 aqG;aEG;onftcgwGif rnfoUl twGurQ tusKd ;r&S½ru tusKd ;om                                        f                          d kH
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 ,kwaponfh ta&r& tzwfr&onfpum;rsm;udk ud,&nfaoG;?                                                  h                               k f
                                                             CARTOON OF THE WEEK                                                                                                                                                 [dwf[efxkwfí tcsdefukef? avukefcH? vltrsm; uJh&JUjypf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           k
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 wifjcif;udcNH yD; ajymqdrnftpm; acwfrw;wufaom 'Drua&pD     k h                                            D kd                                 kd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     k f H
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 EdiiawmfBuD; atmifjrifpmwnfaqmufa&;? jynfowYkd \ qE´                  G                                                             l
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 oabmxm; tppftrSersm;udazmfxwa&;ESihf qif;&J'utaygif;            f                k             k f                                      k ©
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 rS u,fwifa&;twGuf tusdK;&Sdaompum;rsm;udkom n§dEIdif;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 aqG;aEG;Mu&ef wduwe;tyfygonf/ (qdwqwae&ef) vktyf   k f G f                                                        f d f                                 d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     d f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 vQif yg;pyfywxm;yg/ Keep your mouth shut when repuired
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       k
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 qdonhf w½kwpum;yHukd owdryg/               f                  k                      l
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 trsKd;om;vTwfawmf? jynfolYvTwfawmf? EdkifiHawmftpdk;&?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 EdkifiHa&;tzGJUtpnf;rsm;? vlrIa&;tzGJUtpnf;rsm; tm;vHk;wdkY
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 EdkifiHESifhjynfolUtusdK;udk jynfolESifhvufwGJí udk,fpdwfcsrf;ajrh
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 pGmjzifh aqmif&GufEdkifMuygap/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 jrihfatmif&Sdef
   Monday, October 17 - 23, 2011
                                                                                                                                                                                 INTERVIEW                                                                                                                                        The
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             37




]a':atmifqef;pkMunfu Positive taetxm;u oGm;aewm
          d
awmfawmfoomygw,f}
                                                      Y                                  Y
EdkifiHawmfor®wBuD;OD;odef;pdef\ EdkifiHa&;tBuHay;tzGJacgif;aqmif OD;udkudkvdIifESifU awGqHkjcif;
    f              f                             kd
ausmqef;rif;? omvGeaZmif;xuf? jrESi;f at; (atmufwbm-6)
                        rmEdkifiHü 'Drdkua&pDEdkifiHawmfwpf&yf jzpfxGef;ay:aygufvmEdkifapa&; vkyfaqmifae&mwGif vwfwavmumvrSm toGiful;ajymif;a&;umvukd jzwfoef;aeqJjzpfNyD; ,if;umv\
 jref                   ta&;BuD;aom tpdwftydkif;jzpfonfh tpdk;&ESifhjynfoltMum; ,HkMunfrIwnfaqmufjcif;udk yHkazmfaeonfhumvjzpfay&m tpdk;&\vkyfaqmifaerIrsm;udk jynfolrsm;od&SdEdkifap&ef
                                                                                                                                                              ES
 EdkifiHawmfor®wBuD;OD;odef;pdef\ EdkifiHa&;tBuHay;tzGJUacgif;aqmifOD;udkukdvdIifESifh The Voice Weekly wdkY awGUqHkar;jref;xm;onfrsm;udk jyefvnfazmfjytyfygonf/ OD;udkudkvdIifonf
 wyfrawmf(Munf;)wGif'kwd,AdkvfrSL;BuD;tqifhjzifh tNidrf;pm;,lcJhNyD; tywfpOfxkwf*sme,ftcsdKUwGif EdkifiHwuma&;&mrsm;oHk;oyfa&;om;um vdIifatmiftrnfjzifh EdkifiHydkifowif;pm
 rsm;wGifvnf; aqmif;yg;rsm; a&;om;aeoljzpfonf/
Voice : jrpf q H k p D r H u d e f ; &yf v d k u f                                               vkyfaqmifwmrsdK;yg/                                                                                      kd
                                                                                                                                                                            trSwjf yKay;zdYkvw,f/ awmh tcuftcJawG&ygw,f/ pOf;pm; awGvJ/ 'grsKd;awGu trsm;BuD;vkyf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               dS
wJh EdkifiHawmfor®wBuD;udk jynfol aemufw&m;rrI qdk                                                                                                                             ydwfqdkYrIawG z,f p&mawGvnf; trsm;BuD;&Sdw,f/ p&mawG&Sdao;w,f/ olwdkYxGufvm
awGu ,HkMunfauseyfaewm awGU& wmu w&m;rpGJ                                                                                                                                             &Sm;ay;oifw,f uRefawmfajymEdkifwmu vlBuD;awG vdkY&Sd&if bmawGrsm;vkyfrvJ? zGrvJ
                                                                                                                                                                                                             h
w,f / wpf c sd e f w nf ; rS m vnf ; cifajyvnfom;                                                                   G                                                                       qd k w J h t,l vnf; awmfawmfukd tav;teufxm; qdkNyD;awmh pdk;&drfwJholawGuvnf;
twnf wusr&S d w J h o wif ; awG wm rsdK;vnf;
                        w usr&S                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    k dS
                                                                                                                                                                                               t q a w G pOf;pm;aew,f/ wpfc&wmu uRef vlBuD;ydi;xJrm &Saumif;vnf; &Srm                                  k f S d                                          d S
                  y:vmMuwJh
xGufay:vmMuwJtay: jynfoawG jzpfom;EdiwmyJ/                                            l                 G kf                                                                                       tay:ud k awmfwdkYEdkifiHu tajymif;tvJrjzpf aygh/ 'gaMumifrYkd vYkd ajym&wm/ csuf                                h
                k f
u pd;&drrjI zpfay:aewmawGU&w,f/ Ediiwum e,f                                                       k f H                                                                                            q & m wm? wif;wif;usyusyxe;csKyfxm; csif;BuD; OHKzGvkyfzdkY rvG,fao;bl;/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            f f d f
'Dawmh 'DjrpfqHkpDrHudef;&yfvdkufwJh y,frSm 'grsdK;awG                                                                                                                                             b,fvdk wm MumNyDjzpfawmh tckajymif;tvJ tm;vH;ajyvnfatmifawmh wu,f                                 k
twGuf ESpEiiqufqa&; wif;rm u jzpfwwfwmyJ/
                                 f kd f H                  H                                                                                                                                       oHk;oyfyg vkyfwJhtcgrSm vlwdkif;vlwdkif;u vnf;yJ cdkifcdkifrmrmav;jzpfatmif
wJ htqif hrsdsdK ;txd jzpf v mEd k i f y g ESpzuftqifajyatmif
      t qif r                                                                                       f                                                                                          ovJ/                  trsm;BuD; tukefvdkcsifMuw,f/ vkyfr,fhvkyfrSawmh tm;vHk;vnf;
ovm;/                                                                                            nd§EIdif; tajz&Sm&rSm                                                                                               wu,fvufawGUrSmawmh ajymif;&rSm ,HMk unfatmif? vufcatmif 'gvkyf                                               H
UKKH : jrpf q H k u d p ö u ES p f E d k i f i H                                                 aygh/                                                                                                                                                   k f H
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     awGutrsm;BuD; Ediia&;? pD;yGm;a&;? zdYk u vdtyfw,f/                                k
qdkayr,fh 'Dbufu 0efBuD;XmeeJY Voice : w½k w f t pd k ; &                                                                                                                                                                   vl r I a &;? Oya'awG pojzif h Voice : tpkd;&tzGJUxJrSm jyKjyif
[dkbufu ukrÜPDcsKyfwJhpmcsKyfaygh/ bufua&m wpfpHk                                                             a&m                                                                                                                   ajymif;&rSmawGu trsm;BuD;&Sd ajymif ; vJ v d k o l a wG e J Y rjyKjyif
tpdk;&rSm wm0efawGtrsm;BuD;&Sdwm wpf&majym                                                                                                                                                                                                    w,f/ 'Dvdkajymif;vJ&m rajymif;vJbJ oabmxm;wif;rm
aygh/ 'DxJuwpfcku udk,fhjynfol wm                                                                                                                                                                                                                     rSmvnf; wnfNidrfzdkY? ol a wG & S d a ew,f v d k Y owif ; awG
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              ew,f
vlxk&JUwm0efaygh/ bmvJqdkawmh                                                                                                                                                                                                                             wdk;wufzdkY? vGwf xGufaeygw,f/ tpdk;&xJrSm xJxJ
                   l l k
jynfovx&UJ vdvm;awmif;qdvm                       k                                       k                                                                                                                                                                                                                       e&wJ
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  vyf z d k Y ? vl r I 0if0ifyg0ifae&wJholwpfOD;taeeJY
wJhqE´awGudk jyefqnf;ay;&wm/                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           w&m;rQwrI tJ v d k wu,f y J tpd k ; &xJ r S m
aemufwpfcuawmh tjyifbufeYJ csKyf  k                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              kd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       awGvw,f/ rajymif;csifwJholawG&Sdaeygovm;/
qdwpmcsKyawG&w,faygh/ tJ'pmcsKyf rsKd;? awmif;qdkwmrsdK;&Sdygovm;/ UKKH : ydwqYkdrawGqwmuawmh 'Dtcsuav;csueYJom;&rSm/ aoao UKKH : rajymif;vJvdkYvnf; r&
    k hJ                      f dS                                            D                                                                                             f I                kd                                    f                  f G
awGrmvnf; t&iftpd;&u csKyqcwhJ UKKH : zwfMunfh&oavmufu olwYkd&UJ Ediia&; vufeufwpfck aygh/ csmcsmjyifqifNyD;rS oGm;&r,f/ 'grS awmhbl;/ &xm;u xGufoGm;NyD/
              S                                        k                   f kd hJ                                                                               k f H
pmcsKyfawGyqNkd yD; rvduemvdYkr&bl;/ awmh w½kwtpd;&bufuawmh'upö 'DEdkifiHa&;vufeufudk oHk;NyD;awmh r[kw&if qd;usKd ;awGjzpfvmEdiw,f/ rajymif;csifbl;qdkNyD; &xm;ay:u
                               J                       k f                                                         f k                         D d                                                                                f             k                             kf
oluEdiiwumOya'awG&w,f/ tpd;k & udkajyvnfatmifaqG;aEG;MuzdkY ajym jrefrmEdiirm 'Drua&pDukd OD;wnfwhJ Nidrf;csrf;pGmqE´azmfxkwfcGifh? pDwef; ckefcsaezdkYyJ&Sdw,f/ zGJUpnf;yHktajccH
                  kfH                                          dS                                                                                              k f H S kd
tqufqufu qufcHajz&Sif;ay; wJhoabmavmufyJod&w,f/ jyif; ajymif;vJwdk;wufrIawG &vmatmif vSnvnfciawGu tckrvwawmf Oya'uvnf; oGm;aeNyD/ or®wBuD;                                                                                     hf             G hf                      S T f
                                           l
&w,f/ wm0ef,ay;&w,f/ 'Djyóem jyif;xefxefajymwm rawGY&ygbl;/                                                                                                                                                                                               k
                                                                                                                                                   vk y f w maygh / tck j ref r mEd k i f i H r S m rSmwif&wm/ wpfccjk zpfvm&if bmeJY ud,wiuvnf; olY&UJ rdeYf ce;xJrmyJ                   k f kd f                                               G f S
rSmawmh or®wBuD;&JU o0PfvmrSm Voice : 'DjrpfqHkjyóemudk EdkifiH jyKjyifajymif;vJrIawGvkyfaewmyJ/ xdef;rSmvJ/ wcsKdUawGqdk AHk;cGJrIvdk? ajymxm;NyD;om;? vTwawmfuvnf;
                                                                                        T                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           f
vnf;ygw,f/ 'Dupuw½kwEiieYJ wumuvnf ; pd w f 0 if p m;wm tm;vH;vnf; awGYwtwdi;yJ/ bmvdYk vlowfrvkd trIBuD;awGeYJywfoufae ay:aeNyD/ vH;0rajymif;csib;/ t&if
                                                    d ö kd                      f kd f H                                                                    k                       hJ k f                                             I                                                                       k                             f l
rdwaqGaumif;tjzpf ajyvnfatmif awG U &awmh Ed k i f i H a &;upm;uG u f vkyfvJqdk&ifawmh zGJYpnf;yHktajccH wmrsdK;&Sdawmh b,folawGudk vTwf wdi;yJ oGm;csiaewJoqwm rawGU
       f                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  k f                        f     h l kd
nd§EdIif;tajz&Sm aqmif&GufoGm;r,f wpfckvdkvnf; toGia&mufom;wm Oya't&udku 'Drdkua&pDudkoGm;ae rSmvJ/ aemufvwvuwmrSm EdiiH rdbl;/ wpfckawmh&Sdwmaygh? oGm;wJh
                                                                                                                           f              G                                                                                                            T f kd f                       k f
qdwoabmrsdK;ygygw,f/ wpfzuf awG U &ygw,f / 'grsKd ; ud p ö a wG u vdYkukd vkyae&wm rvkyvYkdur&bl;/ wumuaumvufcEiwtaetxm; tcgrSm owdxm;NyD; jznf;jznf;oGm;
     k hJ                                                                                                                                                            f                      f kd                                                             H kd f hJ
uvnf;yJ olwYvyvufp jzpfaeNyaygh/ Ed k i f i H a &;upm;uG uf w pf c k v d k j zpf jynfovxk vdvm;wmvnf; tJ'gyJ jzpfrmvm;aygh/ jynfyxkwjf yefxm;wJh csifwJhol&Sdr,f/ jrefjrefoGufoGuf
                                       kd k f                                       D                                                                         l l            k                                               S
            d                      f
olwYktwGuvnf; Ediiwumuwdu oGm;wwfygovm;/             kfH                                                                                           av/ wu,fvnf; wd;wufajymif;vJ pm&if;twdi; 'Drmr&Swmvnf;&Sw,f/ rvkyfvdkYr&bl;/ jrefjrefoGufoGuf
                                                                                                                                                                                          k                                                  kf S d                                 d
0wft& ajyvnfatmifvkyfay;&rSm UKKH : pOf;pm;Munf&if odEiwm rIawGawGUae&wmyJ/ tm;vHk;vnf; vlBuD;awGxrm tcsKd Uuvnf; 'Dvwf rvkyvYkd&&if tajctaeu ydq;ukef
                                                                                                                             h              kd f                                                                                                  J S                                  T            f dS                                           k kd
aygh/ w½kwEiieYJ uvnf; vGwvyf u tckw½kwuwufvmwJY Super todtrSwfjyKMuwmyJ/ 'gtaemuf vduwtxJu tcsdKUutMurf;zuf vdrfhr,fqdkwJh cyfjrefjrefoGm;csifwJh
                                  f kd f H                                          f                                  f                                                                                                   k f hJ
a&;&NyD;uwnf;u qufqHvmcJwm power tar&duefuawmh vuf&Sd EdiiawG&UJ ydwf qdYk raMumifvyaewm wmrsdK;awGjzpfrSmvm;qdNk yD; pd;&drwm olvnf;&Sw,f/ 'gu ae&mwdi;rSm&Sd
                                                                                             h                                                      k f H                         I               h k f                                                                       k f                         d                                         k f
tcktpdk;&vufxufrSm w½kwfEdkifiH Super power aygh/ odYkaomfvnf; ol awmh r[kwfbl;/ ajymif;&rSmrdkYvdkY rsd K ;vnf ; &S d a umif ; &S d E d k i f w maygh / w,f/ tajymif;tvJjzpfwae&mwdi;                                                                                                                                                        hJ         k f
oGm;NyD; r[mAsL[mrdwfzuftaeeJY u tusbufudk enf;enf;,diaewJh ajymif;aewmyg/ 'DaeY jyifopfotrwf 'gaMumifajymwm ajym&vG,ayr,fh rSm&Sdw,f/ tJ'grsKd;avmufuawmh
                                                                                                                                        k f                                                             H                                h                                     f
cspfMunfa&; pmcsKyfawGcsKyfcw,f/ Super power aygh/ Super power BuD;eJUawGUawmh oHtrwfBuD;uajym vufawGUvkyfaqmif&mrSm cufcJyg &SMd urSmyJ/ aemufwpfcu 0efBuD;Xme
                                                                            hJ                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  k
'Djrpfqprue;vkywhJ w½kwurPeYJ ESpfck&JU tm;NydKifrI&SdNyDqdkuwnf;u w,f / ol w d k Y t jyif u Munf h a wmh w,f/ vkyfr,fhvkyfuawmhtm;vHk; wpfckeJYwpfck ae&mwpfckeJYwpfcku
                    kH D H d f f                                        f kÜ D
pmcsKycsKyvyaewJprue;u tm;vH; Zero Some Game yJav/ 'Dawmh jrpf tao;tzGjJ yKjyif ajymif;vJa&;awGvYkd vnf; vufcatmif ,HMk unfatmif? olwYkd&UJ tjrifcsi;? &yfwnfcsufcsif;?
                 f f kf hDH df                                                                 k                                                                                                                                                    H                                                                  f
&Spfck&Sdw,f/ usefwJYpDrHudef;awGrSm qHkuvnf; 'DtxJua&TUuGufav; xifwYJ jyKjyifajymif;vJa&;awGu jynf jyóemvnf;enf;atmifvy&rSmaygh/ vkyief;csi;u rwlMubl;av/ rwl                                                                                                           kf                 f               f
jyóemr&Sdbl;/ 'DwpfckyJjzpfwm/ wpfcjk zpfaumif;jzpfaumifjzpfEiwmaygh/ wGi;rSmawmh tawmfukd cufcufccJ                               kd f                 f                             h                            J           Verification qd k w m wu,f MuwJtcgrSm tjrifcsi;vnf; rwlwm          h                         f
'gtpdwftydkif;av;wpfckyJ&Sdygao; Voice : q&m EdkifiHa&;a[majym vkyae&w,f/ pdeac:rIawGeYJ vyae vdw,f/ wu,fwrf; befaumufu &Sdaumif;vnf;&SdrSmaygh/ odkYaomf
                                                                                                                                                        f                       f                              k f       k
w,f/ 'ghtjyifvnf; w½kwfEdkifiHeJY yGJwpfckrSm ajymoGm;wm awGU&yg &w,fqwm oabmaygufvmw,f vlawGu pm&if;aumufwmu bm tJvrsK;BuD; rvkyawmhb;? aecJawmh                 kd                                                                                                                          kd d                       f               l            h
vkyaewJYprue;awGuvnf; trsm; w,f/ uRefawmfwdkUEdkifiHu yx0D vdYkajymw,f/
        f                     DH df                                                                                                                                                                                  eJYpm&if;aumufwmvJ/ tusOf;OD;pD; r,f? t&ifwi;yJ jyefom;awmhr,f                              kd f                      G
Bu;D &Saew,f/ 'Dawmh 'Dprue;wpfck taetxm;t& r[mAsL[musae Voice : tck t pd k ; &opf t ay:vl Xmeu olwYkupm&if;ydYkovm;/ r[kwf qdwmawmh wpfcgrS rMum;zl;bl;/
          d                                                          DH df                                                                                                                                                                     d kd                                       k
wnf;eJY w½kwf-jrefrm qufqHa&; wmqdawmh/ EdiiBH uD;awG&UJ a&TUuGuf xk&JUaxmufcHrIawmfawmf&vmwm bl;/ olwYkavoHMum;eJY tukev;kH xnfh Voice : tck t ajymif ; tvJ a wG
                                                                                                         k            k f                                                                                                                  d                                f
xdcdkufwmrsdK;txd rjzpfEdkifygbl;/ rSm yGef;(e,f½kyf) rjzpfzdkYvdkw,f vdkY awGU&ygw,f/ 'gayrJ h tusOf;om; xm;wmawG trsm;BuD;&Sw,f/ wcsKUd u awmif t mz&d u vd k Nid r f ; Nid r f ;
                                                                                                                                                          &ygw,f 'gayrJ                                      ;om;                                                    d
                            k
pD;yGm;a&qdwm jyóem&SwmyJ/ 'gawG ajymcJhwmMum;zl;ygw,f/      d                                                                                     vGwfNidrf;csrf;omcGifhudpörSm tpkd;& uvnf; yGifhyGifhvif;vif;ajym&vdkY&Sd csrf;csrf; nifnifomom ajymif;vJ
uawmh [dbuf'bufn&r,fupy/ UKKH : [k w f y gw,f / 'gayrJ h u aESmifhaES;MuefYMumaerI tay: &if pm&if;rsm;rsm;&av axmufyHh r,fhtajctaevm;/
                          k                  D                    d§      h d ö J
Voice : w ½kwfukrÜPDu Oya'                                                                       wpfcgwav vlawGu udk,fhudk,f tm;rvd k t m;r&jzpf M uwmvnf ; aMu;rsm;rsm;&av/ odYk aomf 'Dpm&if; UKKH : ajym&r,fq&if urÇmay:                                                                                                           kd
aMumif;t&vkyfaqmifoGm;r,fqdkwm udk,f yGef;(e,f½kyf) jzpfvdkYjzpfrSef; awGU&w,f/ 'Dtay: q&mhtaeeJY udkyJ udkifNyD;awmh EdkifiHwumu rSmawmh tajymif;tvJawGu trsm;
       mif
rsKd ; ajymwmawG U &w,f / w&m;pG J rodvuMf ubl;/                                                           kd                                      bmrsm;ajymqdkEdkifygovJ/                                          'Davmuf'DavmufeJY ajymaew,f BuD;&Swmayghaemf/ 'Drmu ajymif;vJ              d                             S
qdkwmrsdK;txdjzpfvmEdkifvm;/                                                                     Voice : jref r mEd k i f i H r S m w½k w f        UKKH : tusOf ; om; vG w f N id r f ;                              qdkawmh b,favmufu wu,f&Sd p&mawG u awmf a wmf r sm;w,f /
UKKH : Oya'aMumif;t&qdkwm                                                                        MoZmvTr;rd;rIenf;zdYk qd&if taemuf csr;f omcGiupvkd udpawGuajym&wm wmvJ/ tJ'DvlawGxJrSm Serious awmiftmz&duxufawmifrS ydkNyD;
                                                                                                               f k        qkd taemuf                                 hf d ö             ö
                       Sf                      f kd                                        f
uawmhEpzufcsKyqxm;wJh pmcsKyt& EdkifiHawGtaeeJY jrefrmEdkifiHudk tod vG,w,f/ vufawGUvkyaqmif&mrSm Crime awGeYJ qufpyfaewm b,fol                           f                                  f                                                                                                                           pmrsufESm 39 odkY
     38
     VOICE
   The

                        HEALTH                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Monday, October 17 - 23, 2011




    k kd k                k      k
c½drZe;f tpGe;f av;rsm; wdrvmapvdyg
                    S
odkhr[kwf touf&nf temrJa&;   U
tavUtx (15) &yf
qufydkifvif;cefh(aq;-2)
   vl                                                       t&G
                 tygt0if owå0gawG touft&G,fBuD;&ifhvmwmeJYtrQ cE¨mudk,fqJvfawG&JUtv,frSm&SdwJh 0wfqH
                 (Nucleus) xJu oufqdkif&mrsdK;½dk;ADZudk vufcHo,faqmifxm;wJh c&dkrdkZkef;ac: wkwfacsmif;yHkt&mav;
                                                                                                                                                                                            touf & S n f a pjcif ; ud k od o mpG m
                                                                                                                                                                                            taxmuftuljyKw,fvYkd od&ygw,f/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  wwfwmvnf; awGY&ygw,f/ 'D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  tavhtxawGudk aESmif;acwfvlrsm;
rsm;&JUtpGef;ydkif;av;rsm; (Telomeres) [m wjznf;jznf;tenf;i,fpDwdkvmygw,f/ 'gaMumifh cE¨mudk,f&JU                                                                                           'D&v'fudk rMumao;rDurS vlaygif;                       u ajymif;vJusifhoHk;vmwJhtcgrSm
yHkrSefjzpfpOfawGudk xdcdkufjyD; (i,fpOfb0awmufavQmufrSm a&m*gwpfckck &Sdrae&ifawmifrS) a&m*gawG                                                                                            24000 udk pOfqufrjywf avhvmMunhf                      ysrf;rQoufwrf;awGvnf; usqif;
ay:vmapygw,f                                                          (emjcif
ay:vmapygw,f/ Z&m(tdkrif;jcif;)eJY Asmwd(emjcif;) qdkwJh owå0gwdkif;MuHKawGY&jrJjzpfpOfrsm;&JU t&if;rlv[m                                                                                   ½I&muae twnfjyKEdkifcJhygw,f/                         vmwm awGU&ygw,f/
'D t csuf y J j zpf y gw,f / 'D o bm0w&m;ud k vG e f q ef v d k Y r &Ed k i f b l ; qd k w m rS e f y gw,f / 'gayrJ h a emuf q H k ; ay:                                                    aeYv,faeYcif; em&D0ufxufenf;                          (8) tdrfaxmifjyKyg
avhvmcsufrsm;t& 'DjzpfpOfudk aES;auG;apwJh? wpfenf;qdk&&if a&m*guif;a0;jyD; oufwrf;udkydk&SnfapwJh                                                                                          wJh tcsdefydkif;av; arS;pufay;½HkeJY                               tdrfaxmif&SifawG[m &G,fwl
tcsufudkawGU&Sdvm&ygw,f/                                                                                                                                                                    rarS;pufjzpfolrsm;atmuf ESvHk;eJY                                             G f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  wef;wl vlvwawGxuf touftwef
           tJ'tcsufuawmh usef;rma&; &Sirsm;u avhvmawGY&xm;&ygw,f/ jzpfaMumif; od&ygw,f/ uHaumif;
                    D                                          f                                    dS                                                                                      qufpyfa&m*grsm;aMumifh aoqHk;Edkif                    i,fydk&SnfaMumif; avhvmcsuf tcsdKU
ESifh nDnGwfaom aeYpOfaexdkifrIyHkpH acwfpum;eJY ajym&&if bmvkyfvkyf wmwpfcsufu aq;vdyjf zwfjcif;[m                                                                                              f            d f I f
                                                                                                                                                                                            pGr; 37 &mckiEe; avsmhenf;w,fvYkd                     u tqdjk yKMuygw,f/ vlrIa&;? pD;yGm;
(Healthy Lifestyle) &S d j cif ; ygyJ /                     rmefygw,fayghav/                                               vnf; ul;pufwwfwJhtusifh jzpfae                                   od&ygw,f/                                             a&;awGrSm taxmuftyHhtcsdKUudk
Healthy Lifestyle qdkwm xl;qef;                             (2) rdwfaqGoli,fcsif;rsm; &Sdygap wmygyJ/                                                                                       (6) ajrxJyifv,fa'o ½dk;&myHkpH                        vufxyfjcif;uae &&Sapw,fvYkd qdyg            d                         k
                           J
axG vm cufceufejJ cif;awG r[kwf                                        rdwfaqGoli,fcsif;awGeYJ aysmf (4) aq;vdyfeJYa0;a0;aeyg                                                               pm;aomufaexdkifyg                                     w,f/ aumif;rGefwJhrdom;pk jzpfvm
ygbl;/ jrwfAk'¨a[mMum;awmfrlcJhwJh p&mqufqHa&;&Sdjcif;[m touf                                                                        oif[m aq;vdypaeolwpfO;            f JG             D          ajrxJ y if v ,f a 'o tpm;                                   kd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  r,fq&if use;f rma&; *½kpurrmvnf;                   kd f I S
uH ? pd w f ? Owk ? tm[m&qd k w J h &SnzYkd taxmuftuljyKaMumif; odyHÜ jzpfae&if tjrefq; jzwfypfzYkd MudK;pm;
                                                                  f                                                                                      kH                                                      kd
                                                                                                                                                                                            taomufqvYkd odyc&mcufqpfawG   f J                     twdkif;twmwpfcktxd wdk;wufap
taMumif;av;yg; rQwatmif aexdif enf;us avhvmawGY&Sdxm;ygw,f/ yg/ aq;vdyaomufwwfor[kwb;
                                                          k                                                                                     f                               l    f l    r[kwygbl;/ toD;tES?H [if;oD;[if;
                                                                                                                                                                                                    f                                             rSm jzpfygw,f/ 'gayrJh tdraxmifa&;                     f
wwfjcif;udk qdkvdk ygw,f/ 'Dvdk touft&G,f&vmav yd k v d k tyf qd&if b,fawmhrS tpvkyzYkd rMudK;pm;                                k                                            f                       H               H       Gf D
                                                                                                                                                                                            &Gu?f ESpm;oD;ESrsm;? oHviqeYJ ig;wdYk                uHraumif;vdkY usef;rma&;xdcdkuf&rI
aexdirypawG[m c½drZe;tpGe;ydi; vmavjzpfygw,f/ rdwfaqG
        k f I kH H              k kd k f            f k f                                                                                                                                               rsm;jym;pGmyg0ifwhJ aeYpOftpm;            awG &Sdaew,fvdkY axmufjyp&mawG
av;rsm; wdkvmjcif; (tdkrif;jcif;)udk taygif;toif; aygrsm;ol                                                                                                                                             taomufudk ajrxJ yifv,f                    awmh &Sdaeayr,fh tdrfaxmifjyKjcif;
txl;aES;auG;apaMumif;? tpGef;ydkif; oufMuD;ydkif;yk*¾dKvfrsm;[m                                                                                                                                         tpm;tpm (Mediterranean                    [m tEkwfvu©Pmxuf taygif;
av;rsm;&JUtvsm;udk wdk;vmapaom &G,wwef;wl taygif;toif;           f l                                                                                                                                    Diet) vdYkac:wm jzpfygw,f/                vu©Pmydkrsm;wJhudpöwpfckqkdwm
tJefZdkif; (Enzyme) ac: obm0 enf;olawGxuf tcsdefapmpGm                                                                                                                                                  'Dtpm;taomufyHkpHudk pkpk                 uawmh aocsmw,fvYkd vlrpwaA'                              I d å
"mwfulypönf;wpfrsdK;udk wdk;yGm;ap aoqHk;jcif; enf;yg;aMumif;                                                                                                                                           aygif ; vl a ygif ; ig;od e f ;           okawoDrsm;u qdkygw,f/
aMumif; avhvmawGY&Sd twnfjyKEichJ MopaMw;vs okawoDrsm;u
                                                      kd f                                                                                                                                              avmufyg0ifwJh okawoe                      (9) udk,ftav;csdef avQmhyg
ygw,f/ 'gaMumifh urÇmvom;rsm;pGm pwifawGY&cMhJ uygw,f/ aemuf
                                    h l                                            dS                                                                                                                   tck 50 avmuf jyKvychJ &mrSm  kf                        oifh&Jh t&yftwdkif;twmrSm &Sd
tay: usef;rma&;ynm&Sifrsm;u xyf okawoeaygif; 148                                                                                                                                                        'Dtpm;taomufyHkpH&JU                              h
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  oifwmxuf ud,tav;csdef rsm;ae     k f
ESpfaygif;rsm;pGm tcsdef,ljyD; avhvm ckuvnf; txufygtqdkudk                                                                                                                                                h
                                                                                                                                                                                                        tHrcef;aumif;usKd ;udk odvuf      kd      w,fvdkYxif&if avQmhzdkYMudK;pm;yg/
&muae od&vmwJh touf&njf cif;udk wnDwnGwwnf; axmufcH
                      Sd                  S                                             f                                                                                                               &ygw,f/ t0vGefa&m*g?                      'gqdk qD;csKd ? ESv;Hk a&m*g pwmawG tyg
tm;ay;wJh trltusihf 15 ck udk pkpnf; Muygw,f/ 'Dae&mrSm owd                                                                                                                                             aoG;csKd ? qD;csdKa&m*g? aoG;wdk;         t0if toufwapr,fhtajctaeawG    kd
wifjyay;vduygw,f/ touf&nf jyKp&mESpfcku toufMuD;rS
                       k f                              S                                                                                                                                                               S
                                                                                                                                                                                                        a&m*geJYEv;Hk eJYaoG;aMuma&m*g            u uif;a0;rSm jzpfygw,f/ udk,f
temrJhpGm aevdkygw,fq&if atmuf rdwfaqGaumif; vdkuf&SmvdkY
                                       kd                                                                                                                                                               rsm; jzpfEdkifpGrf;udk odompGm            tav;csdef rsm;wmcsif; wl&ifawmif
yg use;f rma&;ESihf nDnwaom aeYpOf rvG,vYkd i,f&,pOfuwnf;uvlwpf ygeJY/ aq;vdy[m tqkwuifqm tyg
                                 G f                                   f                    G f                                                   f                      f                  usqif;apaMumif; od&Sd&ygw,f/                          0rf;AdutqDrsm;[m uifqmeJY tjcm;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            k f
aexdkifrIyHkpHrsm;udk vdkufemusifhoHk; a,muf&JU vlrIqufqHa&;yHkpH[m t0if uifqma&m*gtcsdKUudk jzpfap                                                                                         vlwdkif; toufMuD;vm&if 'Da&m*g                        a&m*gtrsdK;rsdK;jzpfapwJh a[mfre;awG                         k f
oifhygw,fvdkY qE´jyKvdkufygw,f/ touf&njf cif; r&Snjf cif;udk twdi; jcif;eJY wdkuf½dkuf toufwdkapovdk
                                                                                 S                                     k f                                                                  awG x J u wpf c k r [k w f w pf c k e J Y                        f k f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  xkwvYkd Adu&jJT yD;0&if ydtoufwap                k                 kd
(1) b0udk tm;xnfhjyD; pdwfyg twmwpfctxd tqH;tjzwfay;Edif tdrif;jcif;udk jrefqefapjcif;jzifh oG,f
                                                                                      k                k                k      k                                                            &ifqdkif&avh&SdvdkY cE¨mudk,f ajymif;                 ygw,f/ 0rf;AdkuftqDawG avQmhzdkYqdk
vufygaexdkifyg                                              aMumif;? rdwfaqGaumif;vdkcsif&if 0dutoufwapygw,f/ aomufvm       k f                     kd                                      vJrI\ a&m*grsm; (Metabolic Dis-                                 kSf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  &if yHrexuf trQi"mwf ([if;oD;[if;        f
           ESpaygif; 80 Mumatmif vkychJ ud k , f u d k , f w d k i f u vnf ; rd w f a qG wmMumjyD? tckrSjzwfvnf; bmxl;
                  f                                       f                                                                                                                                 eases) vd k Y awmif trnfwyfygw,f/                     &Guf? opfoD;0vHrsm;) ydkpm;ay;jyD;
wJh okawoewpfcuae awGU&Svm& aumif;jzpfae&r,fqdkwJh tcsufESpfck awmhrmvJvYkd rSm;,Gi;pGm rawG;ygeJY/
                             k                  d                                                                                    S                          f                           tpm;taomufu d k owd x m;½H k e J Y                        k f                  I f S
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  ud,vufvy&m;rI yHrevyay;jcif;                  k S f k f
wJhtcsufu b0tay: cHkrifrI&SdjyD; ygyJ/                                                                                     tqkwfuifqm&SdrSef;odjyD;rS jzwf&if                               'Da&m*gawG uif;a0;jyD; touf&Snf                       [m txda&mufqHk;enf;vrf;jzpfap
t&m&mudk pdwfygvufyg tm;xnfh (3) rdwaqGEihf ywf0ef;usiukd yg;eyf awmif aumif;usdK;awG &Edkifygao;
                                                                              f S                           f                                                                               aprSmjzpfygw,f/ usef; rma&;eJYrnD                     aMumif; vufwiftar&du? tmz&du
vkyfaqmifwwfwJh pdwfaepdwfxm; pGm a&G;cs,fyg                                                                               w,f/ jAdweEiirm ESpaygif; 50 Mum
                                                                                                                                             d f kd f H S f                                 nGwfwmawG a&SmifwwfwJh tusifh                         eJY tar&duEdkifiHrsm;rSm ig;ESpfMum
(Conscientious Personality) &Sdjcif;                                   oli,fcsi;rdwaqGawG&UJ tusihf atmifvycwhJ okawoet& touf
                                                                                              f f                                        k f hJ                                             vkyf,l&if touf&Snf temrJhzdkY                                f hJ
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  vkycwhJ okawoet& od&ygw,f/
[m touf&njf cif;&JU t"dutusq;Hk p½dkufawG? wpfaeYwm aexdkifyHkawG 30 rwdkifcif aq;vdyfjzwf&if ouf
                         S                                                                                                                                                                  aocsmygw,f/                                           (10) vIyf&Sm;wufMuGpGm aexdkifyg
taMumif;w&m;awGxJu wpfckjzpf (Oyrm-nOfht&rf;eufrS tdyfjcif;? wrf;aphe;yg; ae&EdiaMumif;? touf                                             D                 k f                             (7) *syeftdkuDem0g uRef;om;rsm;                                    urÇmwpf0ef; vlaoqHk;rIrsm;
w,f qdwmygyJ/ b0xJu &otrsdK; rl;,pfaq;oH;wwfjcif;? use;rma&; 40 rSjzwf&if 9 ESpf? touf 50 rS
               k                                                                          k                     f                                                                           uJhodkY pm;aomufyg                                                      kH
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  [m ESv;a&m*g? avjzwfjcif;? qD;csKd ?
rsdK;? wnf&SdrItrsdK;rsdK;udk tao;pdwf ESifh rqDavsmfaom tpm;taomuf jzwf&if 6 ESpf? touf 60 rSjzwf&if                                                                                              usef ; rma&;eJ Y nD n G w f w J h              uifqmtcsKd U? pdwusa&m*g pwmawG        f
rsufjcnfrjywf pdwfygvufyg cHpm; rsm;pm;jcif; pojzifh ajrmufjrm;vSwJh oHk;ESpfrjzwfbJ qufaomufolawG                                                                                          tpm; taomufvYkd ajym&if *syefEiiH           kd f      eJY trsm;qHk; qufpyfaeygw,f/ 'D
jcif;jzifh vlom;b0ppfppfudk yDyDjyif tusiawG) [m oifqukd ul;puf½uf xuf ydae&rSmjzpfaMumif; avhvmawGY
                                                                           hf                     h D               kd                 k                                                       k                    f
                                                                                                                                                                                            tduDem0guRe;[m pHjyKxduwhJ ae&m    k f                                f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  tcsuawGtm;vH;udk umuG,Eiwm        k                         f kd f
jyif&&SdEdkifjyD; tJ'Dtay: wwfEdkiforQ cwfvmrSm jzpfygw,f/ 'gaMumifh &Sc&ygw,f/ ud,tem;rSm aq;vdyf                           d hJ                      k hf                                 wpfcjk zpfygw,f/ tJ'a'o[mwpfcsefD                d                k f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  u ud,wwfEioavmuf tm;upm;    kd f
taumif;jrifjyD; tjyKoabm vduyg use;rma&;tod&whJ odYkr[kwf use;rm vmaomuf&if wwfEiorQa&Smifyg/
                                                   k f              f                          dS                 f                                               kd f                      u ysrf;rQurÇmhoufwrf;t&S n f q H k ;                  yHkrSefvkyfjcif;ygyJ/ yHkrSef udk,fvuf
aqmif&Gufjcif;jzifh aumif;rGefcdkifjrJ a&;eJYrnDnGwfwJh taetxdkif tpm; a&SmifvYkdr&&if tm;rembJ wm;jrpfyg/                                                                                                     d
                                                                                                                                                                                            vlom;rsm;&S&ma'o jzpfcz;ygw,f/      hJ l              vIyf&Sm;upm;Muolrsm;[m rvkyfol
aom 528? 1500 arwåma&;rsm;udk taomuftusifhawGr&SdwJholawGeJY oiftem;uvlaomuforQ aq;vdyf                                            h                                                        olwdkY&JU ½dk;&mtpm;taomuf[m                          rsm;xuf oufwrf;yd&npm ae&wwf               kS fG
&&SapEdijf cif;? tvkytudiaumif;rsm; eD;pyfpm aygif;oif;aexdiwm Mumvm taiGU&JU ysrf;rQoHk;yHkwpfyHkavmuf
      d k                      f kf                                      G                               kf                                                                                 tpdrf;a&mifeJY t0ga&mif [if;oD;                       jyD; a&m*gjzpfrIenf;wmvnf; pm&if;
&&SdapEdkifjcif;wdkYtjyif usef;rma&; &if udk,fh&JU touf&Snfa&;udkyg oif&SL&w,fqdkwm owdcsyfyg/                                                                                              [if;&GufawG rsm;rsm;ygjyD; u,fvdk&D                   Z,m;awGt& od&ygw,f/ trsm;MuD;
udyg wd;wufaumif;rGeapwm awGY& taxmuftuljyKygw,f/ odyÜHenf; (5) aeYv,fwpfa&;tdyfzdkYMudK;pm;yg
    k        k                       f                                                                                                                                            ;pm;yg    wGufMunfh&ifvnf; enf;wm awGU&                         r[kwfygbl;/ &ufowåywfwpfckrSm
ygw,f/ 'g[m b0wpfavQmufvHk; usavhvmrIrsm;t& t0vGefjcif;[m                                                                            aeYv,faeYcif; wpfarS;rQ tdyf                           ygw,f/ tcsdKU tdkuDem0grdom;pk                             k
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  pkpaygif; avhusicef;vkycsef ESpem&D hf               f d f
touf&Snf temenf;apjyD; a&m*g vlwpfOD;rS ¤if;\ rdwfaqGrsm;qDodkY puftem;,ljcif;[m ESv;udk taESmifh                                                                          kH               awG[m udk,fhyef;uefxJu tpm;                             J                  dS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  cGavmuf&&ifyJ 'Dtmedoif&jyDvYkd ynm
awGudk vufOD;rI&,lukojzpfapwJh 57 &mckdifEIef; ul;pufwwfaMumif;? t,SufjyKr,fh pdwfzdpD;rI a[mfrkef;                                                                                         taomufudk tukefrpm;bJ ig;yHk                          &Sifrsm;u ajymMum;ygw,f/
aexdirypjH zpfw,fvYkd vlroyynm aq;vdyaomufjcif;vnf; xdenf;wl (Stress Hormone) udk avsmhusapvdkY
         k f I kH                           I d HÜ                             f                              k                                                                             av;yHkom pm;wwfwJhtusifh &Sdae                                                            pmrsufESm 39 odkY
 Monday, October 17 - 23, 2011


  LETTER TO THE EDITOR
                                                                                                                                                         TIPS                                                       VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  The
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          39



t,f'DwmcifAsm;
      vlOD;a& ajcmufoef;ausmfvmNyD[kqdkaom uRefawmfwdkY\ r[m&efukefa&TNrdKUawmfBuD;wGif NrdKUawmfaejynfol vlxktrsm; oGm;vma&;vG,fulap&ef bwfpfum;rsm; pDpOfxm;&Sdygaomfvnf;
apwem a0'emjzpfqdkouJhodkY t&nftaoG;rrDaom w½kwfbwfpfum;rsm;aMumifh aemifwGif c&D;oGm;jynfolrsm;twGuf BuD;pGmaom tEÅ&m,fusa&mufEkdifyg aomaMumifh The Voice Weekly
rSwpfqifh wifjytyfygonf/
      w½kwfEdkifiHrS wifoGif;xm;aom bwfpfum;BuD;rsm;ukd qdkvdkjcif;jzpfygonf/
      uRefawmfonf aeYpOfESifhtrQ tESDbwfpfum;rsm;udk pD;NyD;½Hk;oGm;? tESDbwfpfum;rsm;udk pD;NyD; ½Hk;jyefol jzpfygonf/ yg&rDbwfpfum;taMumif;awmh aumif;aumif;aemausaeoljzpfygonf/
           D k f               k f                    d                                           k
um;abmf'u zdubmrsm;ESifhvyxm;í topfqkvQif awmufajymifaeayr,fh a[mif;vmvQifawmh [d[mu jyKwfxGuf 'D[mu jyKwfxGufaewwfonf/ tif*sifuvnf; AE¨KvwHwm;ay:udkawmif
zspfzspfjrnfatmif½kef;ae&wwfonf/ aemufo[Zmwrjzpfonfh wpfcku a&Smhbm;vdkYac:wJh armfawmfum;av; rsm; raumif;jcif;yifjzpfonf/ jrefrmha&ajrobm0 &Sif;&Sif;ajym&vQif
jrefrmhvrf;rsm;taetxm;udk rodMuavaom tif*sifeD,mrsm;\ vuf&maMumifh bwfpfum;pD;jynfolwdkYrSm csKdifhwpfckxJ wpfBudrfuswkdif; wpfBudrf&ifeifhatmif cHpm;oGm;Mu&onf/
jyKwfvkwnf;cgjzpfaeaom udk,fwGif;uvDpmrsm;&SdvQif jyKwfrsm;xGufoGm;rvm;yJ/ nydkif; a&mufjyefvQifvnf; olwdkYEkdifiHawGrSmvdk vrf;&Sd&if vrf;rD;wkdif&Sdw,fqdkaom yHkaoenf;? vrf;rD;wkdif&Sd&if
                 d    k                       d f H S       f                        d f                S f k f Sd f k f        D
rD;vif;w,f qkaom yHaoenf;rsm; jrefrmEkiirm rSm;,Gi;oGm;avawmh olwYkdwyfay;vkuwhJ a&SUrD;u rdwwwrwww/ tJ'taMumif; awGu um;qdk&if bD;ESifh udk,fxnfygvQifwufpD;Muaom
                                   f            f hJ     kd f            f
jrefrmrsm;tzdYk txl;tqef;r[kwayr,fh vGecaom&ufyi; avmufu uReawmfBuHKawGUcJ&aom tjzpftysursm;u vufcEip&mr&Svyg/ ajymcJonftwki; csKirsm;ESihf jynfaeaom vrf;rsm;ay:wGif
                                                                                      h                    f             H dk f   d S   h h d f d hf                h
w&rf;Murf;armif;ESifaepOf csKdifhxJudk *Grf; qdktusrSm um;jywif;aygufrSefu uGJoGm;ygava&m/ jywif;aygufrSefuGJwmu ta&;rBuD;? jywif;aygufem; uyfxkdifaeol\ vnfyif;ay:udk rSefuGJBuD;u
wifaeyHkrSm jrifvkduf&olwkdif; touf½SL&yfrwwfyif/ armifrif;BuD;om;uHBuD;aumif;ayvdkYom olYvnfyif;ay:udk wifxm;wJh rSefaZmif;u tuGJaZmif;r[kwfbJ e*dku vHk;xm;wJh aZmif;jzpfaevdkY/
okdYr[kwf&ifawmh rawG;&Jp&m/ um;rsm;\jywif;aygufrSefqdkonfrSm omreftm;jzifh uGJcJygonf/ wyfxm;aom rSef\t&nftaoG;raumif;jcif;ESifh enf;pepfrrSefjcif;wdkYaMumifhomvQif ,ckuJhodkY
                                                                                         h                 kf                                                                   hJ
tEÅ&m,frsm;aom jzpf&yfrsm;jzpfay: cJhjcif;jzpfEkdifonf/ þtaMumif; rsm;udk jzpfNyD;onfaeYu a&;rnfvyxm;aomfvnf; wpfcgwav jzpfwmudk yHBk uD;csUJ wm xifrnfp;kd í ra&;jzpfcyg/ odYkaomf
                                                 f JG         d                                        d
wjrefaeYuvnf; tvm;wl jywif;ayguf rSeuaom tjzpfrsK;ESihf xyfrBH uHKawGU&aomaMumifh a&;om;vkujf cif;jzpfygonf/
                                                                                                                                                                      c&D;oGm;jynfolwpfOD;
t,f'DwmcifAsm;
       csD;usL;csifpdwfukd rsKdodyfrxm;Ekdifawmhí pma&;vkduf&ygonf/ The Voice Weekly" Vol 7/No.39 wGif azmfjyxm;aom ]ypfwkdif;axmif} \ ]vlom;t&if;tjrpfzHGUNzdK;wkd;wufapzkdY ynma&;0efxrf;
rsm;} aqmif;yg;onf uRefawmfwkdY ynma&;0efxrf;rsm;\ &ifwGif;cHpm;ae&aom pdwfqif;&JrIrsm;ukd wdus&Sif;vif;pGm azmfjyvkdufjcif;jzpfygonf/
       uRefawmfonf ynma&;0efxrf;tjzpf ESpfaygif; 30 ausmf wm0efxrf;aqmifNyD;jzpfygonf/ uRefawmfausmif;q&mtjzpf p0ifpOfuvnf; ausmif;om; ausmif;olrsm;rSm rlvwef;atmifNyD;
                               h                                                               d f d f                      dk f       H
tv,fwef;okYd a&mufvmcJygu q&m^q&mrrsm;u Blackboard wGif a&;rjybJ ac:ay;aompmukd vkua&;EkicMhJ uonf/ ,ckaemufyi; ]tcef;qk;ppfaq;jcif;}? ]ukpm;oifMum;jcif;}? ]twef;ul;ajymif;jcif;}
[laom pepfBuD;ay:aygufvmuwnf;u pmrzwfwwfaomuav;rsm; ausmif;wkdif;wGif awGUvm&onfqkdvQif tHhMovdrfhrnfxifygonf/ ynm&Sifrsm;ESifh ynma&;tuJcwf yk*¾dKvftm;vkH;u
þpepfBuD;rSm;aeonfukd axmufjyMuí ynma&;ukd taumiftxnfazmfaeolrsm;vnf; rodr[kwf? odMuvdrfhrnfom/
       q&m ]ypfwkdif;axmif} \ aqmif;yg;xJrS Highlight vkyfjyxm;aom ]tcefqkH;ppfaq;jcif;? ukpm;oifMum;jcif;? twef;ul;ajymif;jcif;pepfrsm;onf uav;rsm;\ pmusufvkdrItm;ukd usqif;
apNyD; usL&Sifpepfukdtm;ay;&ma&mufonfhtwGuf q&m? q&mrtrsm;pku rvkdvm;aomfvnf; rl0g'jzpfaejcif;? rdrdwkdYonfvnf; 0efxrf;rsm;jzpfaejcif;wkdYu wuf<uaom q&m? q&mrrsm;twGuf
tcuftcJwpfckjzpfaeapygonf/ wuf<uaomq&m? q&mrrsm;taejzifh wuúokdvf0iftpkd;&ppfpmar;yJGrwkdifrD tv,fwef;tqifhtwef;wpfwef;ü tpkd;&ppfpmar;yJGwpfckom usif;yay;rnfqkdvQif
vlom;t&if;tjrpf\ ynma&;u@wkd;wufrIukd rdrdwkdYtmrcHrnf[laom cH,lcsufrsm;&SdMuygonf} [laom tykd'fonf uRefawmfwkdYynma&;0efxrf;tm;vkH;\ oabmxm;trSefyifjzpfygonf[k
ajymMum;&if; q&m ]ypfwkdif;axmif} ukd aus;Zl;txl;wifaMumif; ajymjyay;yg/
                                                                                                                                                                               av;pm;pGmjzifh
                                                                                                                                                                     ynma&;0efxrf;wpfOD;
                                                                                                                                                                                    &efukef
pm 37 c½dkrdkZkef;tpGef;av;rsm;rS tquf                                                                                      (14) ab;tEå&m,f uif;&Sif;a&;                              &Sdygap/
(11) ,rum tvGeftuRHRHraomuf &JUtqH;trudk vduemusifo; ouf
                             uRHraomuf             k       k f     h kH         tpnf;rsm;[m tcsif;csif;&JUusef;rm           *½kpdkufyg                                                (15) td y f p uf j cif ; ud k OD ; pm;ay;
ygeJY                                       0if,HkMunfolawG[m bmomw&m;          a&;udkapmifha&Smuf *½kpdkufay;Muwm                  tar&duefjynfaxmifpk tyg                           ae&müxm;yg
         enf;enf;aomufwwfoawG[m udkif;½Idif;rI enf;yg;olawGxuf ydkjyD;
                                 l                                              [mvnf; taMumif;&if;wpf&yfygyJ/              t0if zGHYjzdK;jyD;EdkifiHrsm;rSm rawmf                                aumif;rGefpGm tdyfcsdefjynfhpGm
vHk;0raomufolawGxuf ESvHk;aoG; touf&Snf&Snf ae&wwfaMumif;                       (13) cGifhvTwfvdkufyg                       wqrIrsm;[m vlaorI yOörtrsm;                               tdyfpuftem;,ljcif;[m t0vGef
aMumydwfa&m*gjzpfEdkifajc enf;yg; okawoersm;u tqdkjyKygw,f/                             &efjiKd ;tmCmwawGukd arhaysmuf          k
                                                                                                                            qH; taMumif;&if;tjzpf wnf&aejyD;  dS                      a&m*g? qD;csdKa&m*g? ESvHk;a&m*geJY
w,fvdkY awGY&Sdxm;&wJh okawoe txl;ojzifh touft&G,f MuD;&ifol              h     pGefYvTwfvdkufjcif;[m usef;rma&;            touf wpfESpfuae 24 ESpftwGif;                                    f kd f k f
                                                                                                                                                                                      pdwyi;qdi&mjyóemawGukd wm;qD;
tcsKd U &Sygw,f/ 'gayrJh vH;0raomuf awGrSm ydkodomaMumif; od&ygw,f/
          d                    k                                                tay: tHMh op&maumif;avmufatmif              vli,frsm; aoaysmufrI trsm;qHk;                            &ma&mufovdk aeraumif;jzpfjcif;
wwfowpfa,muftaeeJY use;rma&; touf 65 ESpftxuf vlMuD;rsm;
            l                        f                                          tusdK;jyKwJh tmedoif&Sdw,fqdkwm             taMumif;t&if;vnf;jzpfvYkd touf                            udkvnf; jrefjrefjyefaumif;apwJh
twGufqdkjyD; tprvkyfygeJY/ tpm; tMum; 12ES p f M umjyKvk y f c J h w J h        oif,Hkygovm;/ trSefwu,fyJ                   &SnfzdkY usef;rma&;awG vdkufpm;½HkeJY                              d dS
                                                                                                                                                                                      owå&wm awGY&ygw,f/ tdya&;r0          f
taomufeJY avhusifhcef;vdk ESvHk;udk ok a woewpf c k t & wpf y wf r S m          jzpfygw,f/ arhaysmufvYkdr&wJh tjidK;        vnf; rjyD;ao;bJ ab;uif;a&; yxr                            wm Mumvm&if txufyga&m*gawG
xdxa&mufa&muf apmifa&SmufEiwhJ wpfMudrfxufydkjyD; ,HkMunfouf0if
       d                     h         kd f                                     wpfck &ifxrm umvMum&Snf odr;f yduf
                                                                                                JS                  k       (Safety First) qdkwJhtcsufudkvnf;                         tjyif aoG;wkd;a&m*gyg 0ifvmwwf
enf;vrf;aumif;awG trsm;MuD;&Sdyg pGm bk&m;&Sdcdk;jcif;tavh&SdMuolrsm;           xm;ol&JUtqkwf[m yHkrSefpGrf;aqmif                           k f
                                                                                                                            tjrJowdeYJ vduem&rSm jzpfygw,f/                                          dS
                                                                                                                                                                                      wm awGY&&ygw,f/ aoG;wd;&Svm&if   k d
                                                     k f H
w,f/ aomufwm[m raumif;ygbl;/ [m ud,ctm;pepf&UJ t"duusaom                                                      kH
                                                                                &nfatmuf usqif;jcif;? ESv;a&m*g?                     kd f I           G
                                                                                                                            ,mOfwurwpfcjk zpfym;&if vHjk cHKa&;                       usefwJha&m*gawG0ifvmzdkY rcJ,Of;
'gayrJh aomufr,fq&ifawmh wpfaeY y½dkwdef;"mwfwpfck aoG;wGif;rSm
                          kd                                                             k
                                                                                aoG;wd;a&m*g? avjzwfavief;a&m*g             cg;ywf ywfxm;ygu toufq;½H;rI         kH I                 awmhygbl;/ t&G,frwdkifcif aoqHk;
udk trsKd ;orD;qd&if wpfyuf? trsKd ;om; rvkyorsm;xuf yd&aeavh&aMumif;
                  k                              f l          k dS   dS         eJY tjcm;a&m*grsm; jzpfapwwfwJh             eJY 'Pf&mtjyif;txef&rIukd 50 &mckif         d                                        f d
                                                                                                                                                                                      jcif;[m wpfntdycsef 5 em&Datmuf
qd&if ESpyufxufrrsm;rS use;rma&; cdkifrmpGm awGY&Sd&ygw,f/ 'ghtjyif
   k          f                    f                                            txd usef;rma&;udk 'kuay;ygw,f/
                                                                                                           ©                EIef;avmuf umuG,fay;Edkifwm avh                                             k f kd f
                                                                                                                                                                                      &Sjd cif;eJY wdu½uqufpyfw,fqkd wm
udk taxmuftuljyKrSm jzpfovdk pdwfjidrf;csrf;rI&&Sdjcif;aMumifh pdwfzd               hf T f
                                                                                cGivway;jyD;oGm;wJh vlwpfa,muf              vmawGY&Sd&ygw,f/ qdkifu,fpD;&if                           owdjyKp&mygyJ/ 'gaMumifh touf
t&ufae&mrSm 0dkifeDudk tpm;xdk;Edkif pD;rIenf;yg;jcif;? a&m*gawGrxMuG                      k f S     f
                                                                                &JUcE¨mud,rm pdwaomu enf;oGm;               qdkifu,fOD;xkyf aqmif;yg/ vQyfppf?                        &Snf&Snf temuif;uif; aecsif&if
r,fqdk&if ydktusdK;rsm;wmudk awGU&Sd jcif;udktm;ay;&ma&mufum touf                                      d f
                                                                                apjcif;? aoG;aygifcseusqif;apjcif;?         avmifpmaygufuGJapEdkifaomt&m                              tdyfpufjcif;udk rjzpfrae OD;pm;ay;
&ygw,f/                                     &SnfapEdkifwmawGY&ygw,f/ 'ghtjyif   touf&SLvdkY ydkaumif;vmjcif; pwJh                             kd f G f
                                                                                                                            rsm;udk owdeYJ uiw,yg/ bmyJvyf            k               &rSmjzpfw,fqdkwm azmfjyay;vdkuf
(12) bmoma&; udkif;½dIif;yg                 bmomw&m; twlwuGudkif;½Idif;Mu       ajymif;vJrIawG jzpfvmwm ppfaq;              vkyf ab;uif;a&; vrf;nTefcsufrsm;                          ygw,f/
         rdreYJoufqi&m bmomw&m; &mu ay:vmwJhtoif;tzGJU? vlYtzGJY
                d    kd f                                                       awGU&Sd&ygw,f/                              udk wpfoa0rwdr;vduemwJh tusihf
                                                                                                                                                  f k f                                             qufydkifvif;cefY (aq;-2)

pm 37 a':atmifqef;pkMunf Positive taetxm; rStquf                                &if rarQmfrSef;wJhOpömawGu jzpfvm           xkwfwJhaMunmcsufawG zwfMunfh                              EdkifiHa&;toGiful;ajymif;rIu 'DrSm
                                                          f kd
awmhrS vrf;aMumif;u Murf;ygw,f/ wnfwnfNidrNf idrqwmeJY ra&GUawmh                wwfw,f/ Stable, Dynamic, Sys-               vd k u f & if tjyKoabmaqmif w J h                         xufpm&if trsm;BuD;aumif;w,f/
                                                 kd
awmiftmz&duqdkvdkY&Sd&if wu,f bJeYJ q&ifvnf; rjzpfb;/ ra&GUawmh    l                              D kH
                                                                                tematic tJ'o;csufeYJ om;r,f/ tJ'D
                                                                                                             G                  k           I dS
                                                                                                                            wd;wufrawG&aewm odomygw,f/                                           'DrSmusawmh odwJhtwdkif;yJ/
wrf;ajymif;wJhtcsdefrSm vljzLawGu &ifvnf; jynfolvlxku tm;rvdk                   enf;vrf;eJYoGm;zdkY BudK;pm;aeMuwm          'gvnf;yJ aumif;w,fvYkd ajym& r,f/                         tiftm;pk awmfawmfrsm;rsm; Consti-
pD;yGm;a&;cdkifcdkifrmrm&SdNyD;om;av/ tm;r&jzpfr,f/ bmrvkyfao;bl;                          k f
                                                                                aygh/ ud,wYkd Advisor awGbufu               jref r mEd k i f i H & J U xl ; jcm;wJ h t ajc                                        S
                                                                                                                                                                                      tution tjyifbufrm aeaeMuao;wJh
Economic Institution u aumif;NyD;         vm;? nmrvkyfao;bl;vm;? Dy-            'grsKd;yJjzpfapcsifwmaygh/                  taeuvnf; tJ'gyJav/ tif'e;&Sm;               kd D          taetxm;jzpfaew,f/ w&m;Oya'
om;aygh/ wdYk qrmu tckrS pzGi&rSm namic vnf;jzpf&r,f? Stable vnf;
                   D S             hf                                           Voice : a':atmif q ef ; pk M unf            rSm EdkifiHa&;jyKjyifajymif;vJrIvkyfwJh                                           S d
                                                                                                                                                                                      &JU tjyifbufrm &SaeMuao;w,f/
pD;yGm;a&;uqdkawmh pD;yGm;a&;rSm jzpf&r,f/ odkYaomf Dynamic jzpf                &JU tcef;u@u b,fvdk&SdrvJ/                  tcg tmPm&ygwD? twdutcHygwD            k f                                  kd f kd f
                                                                                                                                                                                      vufeufuiwi;&if;om;tzGUJ awGrm                 S
    f
vkyp&mawGu trsm;BuD;? b@ma&; w,fqdkaomfjim;vnf; Systematic                      vuf & S d r S m qd k & if a':atmif q ef ;                    f kH
                                                                                                                            awG tukev;aom Ediia&;ygwDawG    k f H                         k
                                                                                                                                                                                      qd&ifvnf; wcsKUd Border Guard Force
rSm vkyp&mawGu trsm;BuD;? EdiiH jzpf&r,f? pepfwuseJY a&&Snfudk
           f                          k f                                       pk M unf u tjyKoabmaqmif w J h              u Constitutional Frame Work xJrm                      S   eJY 0ifvmMuaomfjim;vnf; wcsKUd u
                                                    f S f
a&;rSmvnf; vkyfp&mawGu trsm; vnf; arQmre;NyD;awmhrS 'gvkyvuf           f kd     vu©PmawG awGUae&ygw,f/                      &Sw,f/ vTwawmfBuD;u rysuom;
                                                                                                                              d                   f                        f G                   d             kd
                                                                                                                                                                                      tJ'grsK; vufrcHEiMf uao;wm&Sw,f/            d
BuD;/ oGm;wJhae&mrSm tajctaeudk vdYk &&if bmtusK;awGjzpfvmEdirvJ?
                                            dS             d         k f        UKKH : a':atmifqef;pkMunfu                  bl;/ ygwDawGtukev; tJ'txJrm    f kH       D           S           kd D
                                                                                                                                                                                      tif'e;&Sm;xuf ud,Eiiu Murf;   k hf kd f H
                                                               k f
MunfhNyD;awmh oGm;&rSmyg/ oGm;csif bmtjypfawGjzpfvmEdirvJ/ 'gawG                Positive taetxm;u oGm;aewm                  &Sdw,f/ ajymyavmufwJh aomif;                                              f kf
                                                                                                                                                                                      w,f/ vky&udi&wm ydcufcw,f/           k    J
                                 f
wmuawmh wnfwnfNidrNf idrav;eJY vnf; wGufMu&wmaygh/ 'Davmuf                                      d
                                                                                awmfawmfoomygw,f/ jynfaxmifpk               usef;rIqwm r&Sb;/ vufeufuif
                                                                                                                                         kd            d l                     kd           f
                                                                                                                                                                                      pdeac:rIawGyrsm;w,f/ kd
                                               f
t&S d e f t [k e f u vnf ; &S d & r,f / wGuaewmawmifrS wpfcgwavus               0efBuD;OD;atmifMunfeJY awGUqHkNyD;                l I kd              d l k
                                                                                                                            qlyrqwm r&Sb;qdawmh olwYkd &UJ                                            qufvufazmfjyygrnf/
    The
        40
         VOICE                          TIPS                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Monday, October 17 - 23, 2011




cGJa0,l&ef tarGypönf;r&SdawmUvQif
      dk      H
atmifEif (vufywef;)

    jref rmh";wdkYyxfyHk;pönf;;rsm;(tukerdfvHk;r[k,wfvf)udfvy;urf;cG&ipffh&aSdojziftarGyrsm;uGrsm;udGek fcsdefwGif ;usef&pfajr;rsm;u t&ifqpökH;nf;rsm;ud&Skom om;orDrd;rsm;? ajr;rsm;u cGJa0,lifMu&ygonf/ if;
         ¤if
              avh wrf Oya't& buG
                   dki
                                                        Ge Qif usef om
                                                           ka                      h rdb
                                                                                         pönf;
                                                                                               ,fv
                                                                                                         om;orD rsm;?
                                                                                                                            ao;aom tarGy
                                                                                                                                               qufcH& dMuygonf/ brsm;onf toufx &Sm;&SdpOf twG

                trIwpfcwif rdbu om;orD;  k G                                                                          dk f
                                                                                                 xyfwuukd om;orD;rsm;jzpfMuaom                                                    tcsurm tarG&iu,veaomtcg
                                                                                                                                                                                           f S      S f G f G f                           f kH
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             jzifh rSwywifpmcsKyf jyKvkyay;urf;      f          twnfjyKvkdufaMumif; pD&ifcsufESifh
tcsKUd tm; tarGypön;tm;vH;ay;urf;                    f                    k                      rrmvmMunf? rrmvm&nf? armifcspf                                                   xdo\ tarGpm; tarGcrsm;twGuf
                                                                                                                                                                                     k l                         H           pOfu ypönf;tm;vHk;ay;urf;jcif;                                S f h
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                'Du&Dcsrway;cJygonf/
                        f
jcif;r[kwaomfvnf; rdbuG,vef                                                          f G              k
                                                                                                 udukd ESihf rrmvmarwkYd av;OD;tm;                                                a0jcrf;p&mtarGypön;f r&Sjd cif;jzpfonf/             f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             r[kwaomfvnf; tarG&iu,vef             S f G f G                               d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         tcsKyftm;jzifh qkaomf rdbu
onfhtcg om;orD;rsm;twGufcGJa0                                                                              f kH
                                                                                                 rSwywifpmcsKyfcsKyfqum tydiay;                     kd            k f                    wpfenf;tm;jzifqvQif jrefrm
                                                                                                                                                                                                            h kd                    h
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             onftcg tarGpm;tarGcwYkdtwGuf          H                             S d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                toufxif&m;&SpOf om;orD;wpfO;       D
,l&eftarGypön;r&SawmhvQif rlv u             f d                                                  urf;cJonf/         h                                                             Ak'¨bmomwpfOD;onf rdrd\ypönf;              cGJa0&ef tarGypönf;rusef&pfonfh                    OD;? tcsKdUodkY ypönf;tm;vHk;ay;urf;
ay;urf;xm;jcif;onf jrefrmh"avh                                                                                                                k f
                                                                                                                     ,if;odYk tydiay;urf;csdewif                    f G           tm;vHk;udk tjcm;olwpfOD;OD;tm;             tcg rl v uay;urf ; cJ h j cif ; onf                             f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                jcif;r[kwvQif w&m;0ifaomfvnf;
      k
xH;wrf;Oya't& ysujf y,fjcif;&Sd -                                                                ocifyef;NrdKiü ajruGutrSwf -87^p  f                   f                          ay;urf;jcif;onf jrefrmh"avhxHk;            jrefrmh"avhxHk;wrf;Oya't& ysuf                     rdbuG,fvGefcsdefü tarGpm;tarGcH
r&Sd Oya'jyóemay:aygufcygonf/                                               hJ                   rS 25' _100' ajruGufESifh 45' _                                                                             f h
                                                                                                                                                                                  wrf;Oya'ESihf qefYusiouJoYkd tarG          jy,f a Mumif ; ? xd k a y;urf ; cJ h o nf h        wdkYrScGJa0,l&ef tarGypönf;r&Sdygu
                ,if;Oya'jyómemudk EkdifiH                                                        100 ' ajruGufusef&pfonf/ xdkY                                                        f G f G f h
                                                                                                                                                                                  &Siu,veonftcg xdo\tarG           k l       ypönf;udk tarGyHkypönf;tjzpfowf                    rlvu ay;urf;cJjh cif;rSm jrefrmh"avh
                          k
awmfw&m;½H;csKyf (txl;t,lc½;) u                                                 H kH             aemuf 25' _ 100' ajruGuuocif                                f kd                 pm;tarGcwYkdtwGuf a0jcrf;p&mtarG
                                                                                                                                                                                               H                             rSwfcGJa0&rnfjzpfaMumif; qHk;jzwfí                    k
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                xH;wrf;Oya'& ysujf y,faomaMumifh
2002 ck E S p f w&m;rtxl ; t,l c H                                                               yef;NrdKifu OD;aX;0if;tm; 26-6-91                                                ypö n f ; r&S d o nf h t cgwG i f v nf ;   w&m;½H;csKyf\ pD&ifcsuEihf 'Du&Dukd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        k                     f S                                  h        f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                ,if;ay;urf;cJonfh ypön;udk tarGykH
rItrSwf - 5? a':EGUJ EGUJ &D (c) a':EG,f                                                         aeY w G i f r S w f y H k w if t a&mif ; pmcsKyf                                 ay;urf;jcif;onf jrefrmh"avhxHk;            y,fzsufum rlvwdkif;w&m;½Hk;\                                      h G f J
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                wGif xnfoi;ícGa0,lMu&rnfjzpf
EG,fESifha':rmvm&nfyg av;OD;trI                                                                  (oufaocH - 3) jzifh a&mif;cscJNh yD;                                             wrf ; Oya'ES i f h qef Y usif o nf [ k     w&m;vd k o nf tarG y H k y pö n f ; wG i f         ygaMumif; today;wifjytyfygonf/
wGif atmufygtwkdif;tqHk;tjzwf                                                                    45' _100' ajruGuuO;at;jrifh tm;               f kd D                                  f l
                                                                                                                                                                                  rSw,&rnfjzpfonf/                           ajcmufyHk wpfyHk&xkdufcGifh&SdaMumif;
ay;trdeYf csrSwcNhJ yD;jzpfygonf/      f                                                         ocifyef;NrdKifu 31-8-95 aeY wGif                                                        xdkYaMumifh tarG&Sifu arwåm         pD & if c suf E S i f h 'D u &D u d k jyef v nf               atmifEkdif(vufyHwef;)
                &efukefwkdif;w&m;½Hk;? w&m;r                                                              f kH
                                                                                                 rSwywifta&mif;pmcsKyf (oufao cH-
BuD;rItrSwf - 90^1997 wGia':EGUJ                                                 f               4) jzifh a&mif;cscJhonf/ xdkYaMumifh
EGUJ &D (c) a':EG,E,u a':rmvm&nf          fG f                                                   ocifyef;NrdKifu,vecsewif tarGcJG       G f G f d f G
yg ig;OD;wdYk tay:tarGyypön;pDrcefY
    J                  k I JG dk
cGay;apvdrpqonf/ wki;w&m;½H;
                                                                  kH
                                                                     d f
                                                                               f H
                                                                                             k
                                                                                                 a0&ef ypönf;rusef&pfawmhaMumif;
                                                                                                 awGU&onf/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                 JOKE OF THE WEEK
u w&m;vdkonftarGyHkypönf;wGif                                                                                                 k hJ
                                                                                                                     xduoYkd tarG&iu,vecsdef         S f G f G f
ajcmufyHk wpfyHk&xkdufcGifh&SdaMumif;                                                            wGif tarGpm;tarGcrsm;twGuf cGa0                H                      J                                                       tajym . . . tqdk (15)
yPmr 'Du&Dcsrwonf/ a':rmvm&nf           S f                                                      &ef tarGypönf;rusef&pfonfhtcg
                                                                                                                                                                                          ]]ynma&;pepfudk wu,fxdxda&mufa&muf jyKjyifajymif;vJMu&ygr,f/ xdkufoifhwJhtcsdefawmh,l&rSmyg/
yg ok H ; OD ; wk d Y u rauseyf o jzif h                                                         rlvu om;orD;rsm;tm; tarG&iu                                         S f             ynma&;bwf*suf[m qdk&ifvnf; ...}}
                   k
w&m;½H;csKyfoYkd t,lc0ifa&mufonfh                          H                                     ay;urf;cJjh cif;onf ysujf y,fjcif; &S?d                                                  ]]a,musfm;&,f? jyefajymygOD;}}
                            k
tcg w&m;½H;csKyfu wki;w&m;½H;\                                   d f                   k         r&Sd pdppf&efvayonf/                kd                                                                  J
                                                                                                                                                                                          ]]bmjzpfvYkd vu}G }
pD&ifcsufESifh 'Du&Dudky,fzsufNyD;                                                                                   uif;0efrif;BuD;OD;aumif;jyKpk                                        ]]&SifajymyHku edAÁmefa&mufaMumif; w&m;a[movdk jzpfaew,f/ wjcm;trwfawGu b,fvdkvkyfpdwf0if
a':EGUJ EGUJ &D (c) a':EG,E,f pGqaom                         f G J kd                            aom 36 apmifwJG "r®owf? tcef;-                                                      pm;rvJ/ jyefajymOD;/ aocsmavhusifhprf;}}
trIukd yvyfconf/                   hJ                                                                              f
                                                                                                 8? yk'r 75 wGif ]om;csi;wdYk teuf                         f
                xdYkaMumifh a':EGUJ EGUJ &D (c) a':EG,f                                          wpfpwpfa,mufaom om;orD;tm;
                                                                                                                kH                                                                   ajr;              / / tbGm;/ tbdk;i,fi,fwkef;u bmawGvkyfcJhvJ[if/
EG,f u w&m;½H;csKyf\ pD&ifcsuEihf            k                                           f S     rdbwdkYonf ay;urf;cJhí vufodkY                                                      tbG m ;                                                                         k f       f
                                                                                                                                                                                                       / / tr,fav;/ 'if;taMumif;awmhrajymcsifygbl;/ oli,fi,fwe;u vkycsif&mavQmufvyf           k
                                                                                                                                                                                                           cJhwm/ ajymr&? qdkr&eJY/ tckrS olawmfaumif;vdkvdk bmvdkvdkeJY/ rajymcsifygbl;ajr;&,f/
'Du&Dukd jyefvnfppfaq;pD&ifay;&ef                                                                a&mufaomfvnf; xdkrdbwdkYaoqHk;
2000 jynfhESpfw&m;pD&ifa&;Oya'                                                                   onfhaemuf om;csif;wdkYrSm a0jcrf;                                                    oHwref0efxrf; / / uRefawmfu EdkifiH&JUyg0gtaysmh a&SUwef;wdkufppfrSL;av odw,frvm;/ [if; ... [if;/
yk'r 7 t& xyfravQmufxm;&mrS
        f                                          H                                             p&mtarGOpömr&SdcJhrlum; rdbwdkYay;                                                   vHkNcHKa&;0efxrf; / / usKyfu jynfwGif;vHkNcHKwnfNidrfa&; wdkufppfrSL;yJAs/ [if; ... [if; ... [if;/
þw&m;rtxl;t,lcrI jzpfay:vm                                    H                                  urf;cJonfh vufa&mufOpömjzpfonf
                                                                                                                   h                                                                                                         k f S                k                        f k f l
                                                                                                                                                                                      abmvHk;orm; / / uRefawmfuawmh wduppfrL;tppfyg/ *d;awmhaumif;aumif;roGi;Edib;/ [J... [J...[J/
onf/                                                                                             [krqdkom/ xdkOpömudk tarGyHkwGif                                                                   (rSwfcsuf/ / wdkufppfrSL;qdkvQif owdxm;yg/)
                uG,fvGefolocifyef;NrdKifESifh                                                    oGif;í om;csif;wdkYESifhw&m;aMumif;                                                         ]]om;a&/ azazoifay;wJh ]rajym&ig;csuf} udk jyefajymjyprf;}}
a':tkef;MunfwdkYrS om;orD; &SpfOD;                                                               tavsmuf cGJa0jcif;udkjyKtyf\} [k                                                            ]][kwfuJh/ EdkifiHjcm;om;awGudk um;wefzdk;rajym&/ vQyfppfrD;r&oludk tifwmeuftaMumif;rajym&/
          f
xGe;um;onf/ ¤if;wdYk rm OD;aZmfrif;?                              S                                     d
                                                                                                 yg&Sonf/                                                                            pD;yGm;a&;cGizefw;aeolawGukd Oya'taMumif;rajym&/ csrf;omaeaom0efxrf;udk t*wdvupm;rIwuzsufa&;
                                                                                                                                                                                                  f     D                                                              kd f   kd f
a':rmvmMunf? OD;&J0if;? OD;&Jvif;?                                                                                   xdkYtwl OD;wif0if;yg 2 ESifh                                         ö
                                                                                                                                                                                     udprajym&/ azazhtaMumif; ararhudkyif tvHk;pHkrajym&/ rSef&JUvm; azaz}}
                              f
OD;atmifausmaZm? a':rmvm&nf ESifh                                                                                           G
                                                                                                 OD;wifñeYf yg 3 trI (1983 ckEp?f                                         S          *Ref              /   /   z&uf'f/ rif;u vlt"duvm;? rlt"duvm;/
              f kd
OD;cspuu?dk a':rmvmarwkYjd zpfMuonf/                                                                                       kfH
                                                                                                 jrefrmEdiiw&m;pD&ifx;Hk rsm; (w&m;r)                                                z&uf'f            /   /   vlt"duqdk&ifa&m/
OD ; aZmf r if ; uG , f v G e f o G m ;NyD ; ZeD ;                                               pmrsuf E S m -191) wG i f v nf ;                                                    *Ref              /   /   owdxm;/ rlorm;awGu rif;udkav;pm;rSm r[kwfbl;/
a':&ifarusef&pfonf/ a':rmvm                                                                      ]jrefrmAk'¨bmomwpfOD;onf rdrdydkif                                                  z&uf'f            /   /   rlt"duyJqdk&ifa&muGm/
                 S
Munfrm tysKBd uD;b0jzifh OD;&Jvif;rSm                                                            ypönf;udk ay;urf;cGifhr&Sd[kwm;jrpf                                                 *Ref              /   /   owdxm;oli,fcsif;/ vlt½dkufcH&wwfw,f/                                                        YMO
            d
vlysKb0jzifh uG,veMf uonf/ OD;&J                 f G                                             xm;csufr&Sday/ odkY&mwGif ypönf;
0if;uG,veonftcg ZeD; a':EGUJ EGUJ &D
                     f G f h                                                                                             k
                                                                                                 tm;vH;udk ay;urf;jcif;ESihf tarG&if                                        S                                             f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       ESpcsuf
(c) a':EG,E,f use&pfonf/  fG                           f                                         uG,fvGefaomtcg tarGpm;tarGcH
                                                                                                                                                                                                kD                                                 k G
                                                                                                                                                                                             qdA,ufacwfujzpfonf/ uGejf rLepfygwDtpnf;ta0;wpfcwif yg0ifaqG;aEG;olwpfO;D urwfwwf&yfítqdjk yK\/
                ocifyef;NrdKifonf &efukefNrdKU                                                   rsm;twGuf a0jcrf;p&mtarGypönf;
                                                                                                                                                                                             ]]uRefawmfwdkY&JU aemufqHk;bk&ifudk jynfaxmifpk*kPfxl;aqmifqkESpfckcsD;jr§ifhoifhygw,f}}
&efuif;NrdKUe,f uHbajrwki;&yfuuf                     J                d f                 G      r&Sdjcif;jzpfonfhtcg xdkodkYay;urf;                                                               fk f
                                                                                                                                                                                             usey*Kd¾ vrsm; tHtm;oifom;NyD; ]]bmaMumifv/ taMumif;jycsuay;yg}} [k 0di;ajymonf/ tqdwifoi;olu
                                                                                                                                                                                                               h          h G          h J              f              kf             k     Gf
trSwf - 5 ? ajruGutrSwf - 87^i                           f                                       jcif;onf jrefrmh"avhxHk;wrf;Oya'                                                          f
                                                                                                                                                                                     ajz&Si;onf/
ajruG u f E S i f h ,if ; ajray:&S d wpf                                                         ESihf qefYusionf[k rSw,&rnfjzpf   f                     f l                                 ]]taMumif;jycsufEpc&ygw,f/ wpfcuawmh ol&aecJvYkd om uRefawmfwYkd &UJ atmufwbmawmfvea&;BuD;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                 S f k dS          k          dS h                               kd     S f
xyfwkduftdrfESifh? ajruGuftrSwf-                                                                 NyD; ay;urf;jcif;aMumifh &&Sdxm;                                                    jzpfay:vmcJh&vdkYygyJ/ aemufwpfcsufu olYudkom rawmfvSefrd&if uRefawmfwdkY tckvdk taxGaxGjywfvyfrI
87^p ajruGuEihf ,if;ajruGuay:&Sd      f S                                          f                          h
                                                                                                 onfypön;udk tarGywif xnfoi;    f                 kH G             h G f             qdkwmudk &ifqdkifcHpm;&wJh tawGUtBuHK&rSmr[kwfvdkYyg/ aus;Zl;wifygw,f}}                                YMO
tusKd;cHpm;cGirsm;udk ydiqiconf/hf                              k f dk f hJ                                 J
                                                                                                 í cGa0,lMu&rnfjzpfonf} [k xH;                                                k
                ocifyef;NrdKifonf trSwf -                                                        zGUJ xm;onf/                                                                                                                              Point
87^p ajruGurS ay 30_ay 100                f                                                                                                kH
                                                                                                                     ,if;pD&ifx;t& ay;urf;jcif;
udk a':oef;0if;odYk 5-4-91 aeYu                                                                  onf jrefrmh"avhxHk;wrf;Oya'ESifh                                                                                                                        f     k IH h           k f
                                                                                                                                                                                          ppfat;acwfujzpfonf/ taemuf*smreDoYkd vli,fb0uyif xGuajy;cdvaecJol Amqdi; ESpf 20 ausmfMum
                                                                                                                                                                                    jynfywGif aexdkifcJhNyD;aemuf ½dkar;eD;,m;odkY jyefa&mufvmonf/ Amqdkif;avqdyf{nfhBudKae&modkY a&mufonfESifh
          f kH
rSwywifpmcsKyf (oufaocH -2) jzifh                                                                qefYusifonf[k rSwf,lEdkifaom
                                                                                                                                                                                                       D                                           k f k                    k f
                                                                                                                                                                                    trsKd;orD;BuD;wpfO;u ]]om;a& ... om;}} [k atmf[pfac:NyD; Amqdi;udajy;zufonf/ Amqdi;u trsKd;orD;BuD;udk
a&mif;cscJhonf/ ocifyef;NrdKifonf                                                                                       f S f dS
                                                                                                 tcsuEp&yf&onf/ yxrtcsurm                                                f S        jyefvnfaxG;zuf&if;ar;onf/
19-6-91 aeYwitrSwf 87^i [k                     G f                                               jrefrmAk'¨bmomwpfOD;onf rdrd\                                                            ]]arar/ om;udk csufcsif;rSwfrdw,faemf/ 0rf;omvdkufwm/ b,fvdkvkyfNyD; rSwfrdwmvJ[if}}
ac:wGifaom {&d,m 0'or 229                                                                        ypönf;tm;vHk;udk tjcm;olwpfOD;OD;                                                                                          k hf kd f kd                   k H            k
                                                                                                                                                                                          ]]aMomf ... om;&,f/ ighom;u ud,u,u,f t&rf;txifBuD;wJh yHpzrf;xm;wmud;/ i,fi,futwdi;yJ/         k f
{u&Sd *&efajrESihf ,if;ajray:&Swpf                                                   d           tm; ay;urf;jcif;jzpfNyD; 'kwd,                                                           NyD;awmh rif;taztwdkif;yJ/ tusifhrajymif;awmh csufcsif;rSwfrdwmayghuGJU}}                     YMO
 Vol.7 / No.44 - October 17 - 23 , 2011                                                                                                                                           THE VOICE WEEKLY 41
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          41




FOREIGN AFFAIRS
 Monday, October 17 - 23, 2011
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  The




jyKjyifajymif;vJjcif;ESifU EkwfxGufjcif;wpfckcka&G;&ef qD;&D;,m;or®wudk ½k&Sm;owday;
'rwfpuwf? atmufwdkbm 11
           wdjyKxm;aom jyKjyifajymif;vJrIrsm;udk trSefwu,fvkyfaqmifay;jcif;ESifh tBuD;tuJ&mxl;rS EkwfxGuf
   u       ay;jcif;wpfckckudk a&G;cs,f&awmhrnfjzpfaMumif; qD;&D;,m;or®w bm&Sm;t,fvftmqufudk &nf&G,fí
½k&Sm;or®w'DrDx&DrufAD'ufu ajymMum;vdkufaMumif; BBC owif;wpf&yfu azmfjyxm;onf/
                      k k             f                   d
          odYkaomf tqdygqH;jzwfcsuukd vtwefMum&ScNhJ yDjzpfaom qD;&D;,m;                  f
                                                                                  rwfvtwGi;u pwifcaomhJ
qD;&D;,m;jynfolESifh acgif;aqmif tpdk;&qefYusifa&;qE´jyyGJrsm;udk qE´jyyGJrsm;tNyD;wGif pkpkaygif;vl
tMum;om qHk;jzwf&rnfjzpfum or®wtmqufu wyftiftm;oHk; 2900 aoqHk;xm;NyD;jzpfaMumif;
NATO ESihf tjcm;rnfonfEiiurS h kd f H            G              kf
                                        um NzKd ci;f rIrsm; jyKvyxm;aomfvnf; ukvor*¾u xkwfjyefxm;onf/
                kH        d h                                                   k     k
0ifa&mufq;jzwfjcif;r&SoifaMumif; jyKjyifajymif;vJrnfh uwdu0wfrsm; tqdygaoqH;&rIrsm;twGuf rpöwm
½k & S m ;or® w uqd k x m;ao;onf / vnf; jyKxm;jyefonf/                                        kd f
                                                                             tmqufu vufeufuitMurf;zuf


      [m;rufpfuzrf;qD;xm;aom tpöa&;"m;pmcHppfom;
          G f
     jyefvwrnf
a*s½kqvif? atmufwdkbm 12                                                                                                                                     fS
                                                                                                                                                        vIy&m;olrsm;udk tjypfwifxm;onf/                jyKvkyfay;rnfjzpfum ygvDrefa&G;
             [m;rufpfppfaoG;<utzGJUu                          onf/                                        [k aewefnm[ku w,fvaA;&Si;rS    D      f                 ]]qD;&D;,m;u aoG;ajrusrawG   I       aumufyukd azazmf0g&DvwGif jyKvkyf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    JG
ig;ESpwm "m;pmcHtjzpf zrf;qD;xm;
           f                                                         ]]&uftenf;i,ftwGif; ol               wpfqifh jynfoludkajymMum;aom                                          k f
                                                                                                                                                        &yfwefYapzdYk wjcm;wdi;jynfawGvyJ        kd    ay;rnf[k qD;&D;,m;acgif;aqmif
aom tpöa&; wyfMuyf*svwf&vpf              D          S         jyef v mygvd r f h r ,f / cuf c J p G m     rdefYcGef;wGif xnfhoGif;vdkufonf/                S          k
                                                                                                                                                        ½k&m;uvdvm;wmrdYk jyKjyifajymif;vJrI           tmqufu,wiuwdjyKxm;jcif;jzpf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        kd f kd f
                 G f
jyefvnfvwajrmufvmEdiz,&onfh            k f G f dS             [m;rufpeYJ n§Ei;rIukd uRefawmfwYkd
                                                                         f         d Id f                            f d f
                                                                                                          [m;rufpxe;f csKy&ma'orsm;wGivnf;    f                           kf     k f Gf k f
                                                                                                                                                        awG tjrefvyygvdYk wduwe;vduyg                  onf/ twdkuftcHrsm;udk wyftif
tusO;om;vJv,rqi&m oabm
             f             S f I kd f                         tqH;owfEicygNyD}} [k 0efBuD;csKyf
                                                                   k       kd f hJ                        tqdkygowif;aMumifh vlaomif;ESifh              w,f}} [k ½k&Sm;or®w'DrDx&DrufAD                tm;jzifh ESreif;rIrsm;&Saecsdef wyfukd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       d f        d
wlncsuwpf&yfukd tpöa&;ESihf [m;rufpf
        D f                                                   aewefnm[ku ajymMum;vduonf/      k f         csí vrf;rrsm;ay:xGuum atmifyJG
                                                                                                             D                       f                  'ufuaxmufjyowday;vdkufonf/                     pGeYf cmNyD; vrf;ray:rS vltyEihf oGm;
                                                                                                                                                                                                              G                            k f S
                     d
wdYktMum; &&Sxm;NyD[k BBC owif;                                                         k
                                                              tpöa&;wGif tqdygppfom;tzrf;cH&              cHMuaMumif;? um;[Gef;rsm;wD;jcif;?            tu,fí jyKjyifajymif;vJrIrsm;udk                           l
                                                                                                                                                                                                       a&mufy;aygif;onfh wyfrawmft&m
wpf&yfu azmfjyxm;onf/                                         jcif;ESifhpyfvsOf;NyD; vlxktwGif;           aoewfrsm;rdk;ay:axmifazmufjcif;               uwdrwnfEdkifygu acgif;aqmif                      d                 d
                                                                                                                                                                                                       &Srsm;vnf; &SvmaMumif; owif;rsm;
                  JG
             cufcpmtm;xkwí n§Ei;cJNh yD;
                                     f       d Id f           pdwfcHpm;rIa&csdefjrifhwufvsuf&SdNyD;       rsm; jyKvkyMf uaMumif; rsujf rifouf           t&mrS qif;ay;oifhaMumif; ¤if;u                 xGufay:aejyefonf/ qD;&D;,m;
aemuf *svwf&vpfrMumcif rdom;pk
               D       S                                      &Svpf\ rdom;pk0ifrsm;u ¤if;vGwf             aorsm;u BBC okYd ajymMum;onf/                 qdkonf/ qD;&D;,m;tpdk;&uvnf;                   twdkuftcHrsm;udk NzdKcGif;rIrsm;tm;
xHoYkd jyefvnfa&muf&Sdvmawmhrnf                               ajrmuf a &;twG u f vI y f & S m ;rI r sm;               f kd f H
                                                                                                          [m;rufpEiia&;tusO;om; 1027   f                twdutcHrsm;ESihf awGUqHnEi;rnf
                                                                                                                                                              k f                    k d§ Id f         ukvor*¾vNkH cHKa&;aumifpu ½Iwcs      D      f
jzpf a Mumif ; tpö a &;0ef B uD ; csKyf                       jyKvkyfvsuf&Sdonf/ tpöa&;wGif               OD ; jyef v G w f r nf [ k tqd k y gtzG J U           k            d
                                                                                                                                                        [k qdxm;rIrsm;&Svmonf/ a'oqdif             k   rnfh tpDtpOfukd w½kwEihf ½k&m;u f S       S
aewefnm[k udk,fwdkifu twnf                                    ppfaoG;<ursm;\ owfjzwfraMumifh     I        tpnf;u xkwjf yefonf/                          &ma&G;aumufyGJrsm;udk 'DZifbmwGif              ADwkd tmPmjzifh y,fcsconf/   hJ
jyKajymMum;cJhjcif;jzpfonf/ ¤if;jyef                                 k
                                                              aoqH;aeolrsm;\ use&pforom;pkf     l d
vnf v G w f a jrmuf v ma&;twG u f
tpöa&;bufuvnf; ygvufpwdi;
Ediia&;tusOf;om; &maygif;rsm;pGm
  k f H
                                                        k f
                                                                              d
                                                              rsm;pGmvnf;&Saeonf/ tpöa&;buf
                                                              rS jyefvnfvTwfay;rnfh ygvuf
                                                              pwdkif; tusOf;om;rsm;wGif emrnf
                                                                                                              f S Uf           Y
                                                                                                          w½kwa&eHEiobm0"mwfaiGa&mif;0,frI tcGepwifaumuf
                                                                                                                                               f
                                                                                                          ab*sif;? atmufwkdbm 11
udk jyefvnfvTwfay;&rnf[k ,if;                                 ausmfygvufpwdkif;EdkifiHa&;tusOf;
owif;t&od&onf/ qm*si*svwf                     f D             om;rsm;yg0if z G , f r &S d [ k tpö a &;          w½kwfjynfolYor®wEkdifiH\
onf 2006 ckESpfu jyKvkyfcJhaom                                tMuD ; wef ; t&m&S d M uD ; wpf O D ; u     a&eHESifh obm0"mwfaiGUokH;pJGrIukd
                         f
e,fpyfjzwfausmppfqifa&;wpfcwif                        k G     ajymMum;onf/ ]]'g[m cufcJwJh                xdef;odrf;Ekdif&ef tqkdygukefypönf;
tzrf;cH&jcif;jzpfum tpöa&;u ¤if;                              qHk;jzwfcsufwpfckygyJ/ cufcJwJh             rsm; a&mif;0,frItay: Ekd0ifbmv
         f
vGwajrmuf&efjyKvkycaom n§Ei;rI  f hJ              d Id f      qHk;jzwfcsufawG cs&r,fhtcsdefrSm            1 &ufaeYrSpwifí tcGefaiGaumufcH
rsm; tBudrfBudrf ratmifjrifjzpfcJh&                                             I
                                                              acgif;aqmifru pum;ajymygw,f}}               oGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; BBC owif;wGif



      awmifw½kwfyifv,fykdifeuftjiif;yGm;rI w½kwf-
                      l                     S f
      AD,uferf tajccHrabmifrsm; oabmwlvufrwx;dk                                                                                                         azmfjyxm;onf/
                                                                                                                                                                w½kwfjynfolYor®wEkdifiH\
                                                                                                                                                                                                       pGrf;tifu@ukd tpkd;&ukrÜPDrsm;u
                                                                                                                                                                                                       vuf0g;BuD;tkyfvkyfukdifvsuf&SdNyD;
      ab*sif;? atmufwkdbm 12                                                                                                                            obm0o,HZmwrsm;tay: tvGef                       ,ck u J h o k d Y aom tcG e f a iG a umuf
               awmifw½kwyifv,fwi;&Sd uRe;pkrsm;ykiqirEiywfoufí tjiif;yGm;vsu&aom w½kwEihf AD,uferfEiiH
                             f         Gf      f        d f dk f I S hf               f dS           fS              dk f                               trif;rSDckdaerIukd avQmhcsEkdif&ef a&eH        cHrIrsm;aMumifh tpkd;&taejzifh tusKd;
      wkdYonf ykdifeuftjiif;yGm;rIajz&Sif;&mwGif vrf;nTeftjzpftokH;jyKEkdifrnfhtajccHrlabmifrsm;ukd oabmwl                                              ESifh obm0"mwfaiGUa&mif;0,frIrsm;              tjrwfrsm;pGm&&SdvmEkdifaMumif; &Sef
      vufrSwfa&;xkd;cJhaMumif; qif[Gmowif;ü azmfjyxm;onf/                                                                                               tay: tcGefaiG 5 &mckdifEIef;rS 10              [kdif;NrdKUom; Wang Aochao u rSwf
               tqkdygtajccHrlabmifrsm;ukd w½kwfvufaxmufEkdifiHjcm;a&;0efBuD; Zhang Zhijun ESifh AD,uferfvuf                                             &mckdifEIef;twGif; aumufcHoGm;rnf              csufjyKajymMum;oGm;onf/
      axmufEkdifiHjcm;a&;0efBuD; Ho Xuna Son wkdY vufrSwfa&;xkd;cJhMujcif;jzpfonf/                                                                      jzpfaMumif; w½kwfEkdifiHawmfaumifpD                               f dk f H
                                                                                                                                                                                                                w½kwEii\ obm0o,HZmw
                               f        G f                 d f           S hf             f S
               awmifw½kwyifv,fwi;&Sd uRef;pkrsm; ykieuftjiif;yGm;rIEiywfoufíw½kwEihf AD,uferfwYdk oabm                                                  u xkwfjyefaMunmoGm;onf/ ,if;                   rsm;tay: tcGefaumufcHrIukd a&mif;
      wlnDcJhMuaom tqkdygtajccHrlabmifajcmufcsufonf 1993 ckESpfu w½kwfESifhAD,uferfwkdY\ykdifeuf                                                        uJhokdYaom obm0o,HZmwrsm;                      0,frItay:tajccHí aumufcHoGm;
      tjiif;yGm;rIajz&Sif;a&;oabmwlnDcsufukdtajccHxm;jcif;vnf;jzpfaMumif; qif[Gmowif;uqkdonf/                                                                        f         d f I f
                                                                                                                                                        tay: tcGeaiG 5 &mckiEe;aumufcH                             f
                                                                                                                                                                                                       rnfr[kwbJ xkwvyf rIyrmPtay: f k
               w½kwfESifh AD,uferfEkdifiHwdkUtaejzifh ,ckykdifeuftjiif;yGm;rIukd enf;rSefvrf;rSefukdifwG,fajz&Sif;&ef
                                                                                                                                                                        dk f
                                                                                                                                                        rIudk 2010 ZlvivrS pwifí w½kwf                 tajccHí aumufcom;rnfjzpfonf/ H G
                                                                                                  f
      &if;ESD;yGifhvif;aom wkdifyifaqG;aEG;rIrsm;qufvufjyKvkyfoGm;oifhaMumif;? awmifw½kwyifv,fudk Nidrf;csrf;
      aom? &if;ESD;rI&Sdaom? yl;aygif;aqmif&GufrI&Sdaom yifv,fjzpfatmifjyKrlaqmif&GufoGm;Murnf[k tqkdyg                                                 EkdifiHtaemufykdif; Xinjiang jynfe,f           w½kwfEkdifiHwGif;&Sd t"duo,HZmw
      oabmwlnDcsufwGif azmfjyxm;onf/                                                                                                                    wGif prf;oyfusifhokH;cJhNyD; &&Sdvm                  f kf
                                                                                                                                                                                                       xkwvyaom jynfe,frsm;ukpr;tif          dGf
               xkdYjyif tqkdygykdifeuftjiif;yGm;rIESifhywfoufí w½kwfESifhAD,uferfwkdYonf nd§EIdif;ajz&Sif;rIrsm; jyKvkyf                                aom tusKd;tjrwfrsm;ukd a'oqkdif                ESihf obm0"mwfaiGUrS tusK;tjrwf     d
                         d f      S hf                                  d
      rnfjzpfNyD; ,if;ykieufEiywfoufaomtjiif;yGm;rIrsm;&Saeonfh tjcm;aomta&SUawmiftm&SEiirsm; ESivnf;dk f H       hf                                    &m tkyfcsKyfa&;tzJGUrsm;\ tokH;                       f
                                                                                                                                                                                                       tvGetrif;&&Sapjcif;rS umuG,Ei&ef
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              d               f dk f
      nd§EIdif;ajz&Sif;oGm;rnf[k tqkdygxkwfjyefcsufwGif wifjyxm;onf/                                                                                    p&dwfwGif xnfhoGif;tokH;jyKcJhonf/                      hJ k f k f
                                                                                                                                                                                                       ,ckuoYkdxwvyaom yrmPtay:
                                                                                                                                                        w½kwfjynfolYor®wEkdifiH\a&eHESifh              tajccHí aumufcjH cif;jzpfonf/
    42
    VOICE
  The

                   FOREIGN AFFAIRS                                                                                                                                                                                  Monday, October 17 - 23, 2011




                          Y                            kdY
a':vmwpfx&DvD,Hwef "mwfaiGa&mif;0,frItwGuf ylwif w½kwfooGm;a&muf[kqkd
ab*sif;? atmufwdkbm 11
     vü jyKvk              h or® a&G;
 rwf yxrqHk;EdykifrfinfjH cm;c&DwpOftaumuf&ySmGJü;0efBauD;csKyf,AvmwDnfmylww&m;0ifaw½kwfjynfkufNyDlUor®wEdk¤ifi;HodkY
                                 ;    jzpf ½k
                                                  0if &muf SOfNydKifr [k
                                                                     r     ifonf
                                                                                   Munmvd ;aemuf \
                                                                                             o             if
atmufwdkbmv 10 &ufaeYwGif a&muf&SdvmcJh&m a':vmwpfx&DvD,H(bDvD,Hwpfaxmif) wef "mwfaiGUpDrHudef;
twGufjzpfzG,f&Sdonf[k CNN owif;Xmeu a&;om;azmfjyxm;onf/
         ES p f & uf M umc&D ; pOf t wG i f ; ESifhvnf; awGUqHk&eftpDtpOf&Sdonf oabmwlnDcsufpmcsKyfudpöjzpfzG,f
w½kwf0efBuD;csKyf0rfusm;aygifESifh [k CNN owif;u a&;om;xm; &Sdum ,if;pDrHudef;NyD;qHk;ygu ½k&Sm;
awGUqHkcJhaom AvmwDrmylwifonf onf / ES p f E d k i f i H a cgif ; aqmif r sm; rS w½kwfodkY ESpfpOfobm0"mwfaiGU
w½kwfor®w[l*sifawmifESifh tjcm; awGUqHkMu&mwGif ½k&Sm;rS w½kwfodkY ukAay 68 bDvD,H ESpfpOfay;ydkYEdkif
uG e f j rLepf y gwD a cgif ; aqmif r sm; ay;ydkYrnfh a':vmwpfx&DvD,Hwef awmhrnf/

ylwifudk ½k&Sm;or®wavmif; trnfpm&if;oGif;rnf
armfpudk? atmufwdkbm 12
       ½k&Sm;or®wEkdifiHukd vuf&Sd               owif;XmewGif azmfjyxm;onf/                                   oGm;onf/ odYkaomfvnf; ½k&m;txufS
   f f f dS            G f
tkycsKyvsu&onfh nDnwaom ½k&m;   S                             d
                                                           tqkyg trnfpm&if;wifoi;
                                                                                G f                                  f                   JG f
                                                                                                              vTwawmf\ a&G;aumufyusi;yrnfh                               ]]tu,f í oabmwl n D                          tpysKd;vdkufjcif;jzpfrnf[k rpöwm
ygwDu ½k&Sm;0efBuD;csKyf ylwifudk                        d                 G
                                                 rIukd Ek0ifbmv 27 &ufaeYwif usi;f y                          &ufukd xkwjf yefaMunmNyD;onftxd                    csufudk azmfaqmifEdkifcJhNyDqdk&if ESpf              usKd;u oHk;oyfonf/
or®wavmif;tjzpf trnfpm&if;                                  G f     S
                                                 rnfh nDnwaom ½k&m;ygwDue*&ufGf                               nDnGwfaom ½k&Sm;ygwDu trnf                             fH kf G f
                                                                                                                                                                 Edkiiueo,a&;yrmP[m jrifwuf       h                                               S f D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             ]]0efBuD;csKyfEpO;awGUqHMk ujcif;
       Gf               d
wifoi;oGm;rnf[k tqkygygwDacgif;                  wGif jyKvkyom;rnf[k ygwDtwGi;
                                                                f G                 f                         pm&if;wifoGif;rIudkapmifhqkdif;oGm;                vmrSmjzpfNyD; EdkifiHa&;t& yl;aygif;                 [m pD;yGm;a&;eJY ul;oef;a&mif;0,f
aqmifu ajymMum;oGm;aMumif; Xinhua                a&;rSL; Sergei Neveror uajymMum;                             rnfjzpfaMumif; ¤if;uqufvufajym                     aqmif&GufrIxuf pD;yGm;a&;t& yl;                      a&;u t"duusygw,f}} [k w½kwf
                                                                                                              Mum;onf/                                                          G f I
                                                                                                                                                                 aygif;aqmif&uru ydNk yD;xifomvm                      vlrIodyÜHtifpwDusK\ ½k&m;a&;&m         S
                                                                                                                          S d f H
                                                                                                                       ½k&m;EkiitajccHOya't& a&G;                rSmjzpfygw,f}} [k zl'efwuúovrS     kd f              XmerS 'kwd,'g½dkufwm usef , D u
                                                                                                              aumufyGJusif;yrnfh &ufaMunmNyD;                        S                     kd f
                                                                                                                                                                 ½k&m;ESihf tm&Stv,fyi;a&;&mXmerS                     ajymMum;onf/ ½k&Sm; 'kwd,0efBuD;
                                                                                                              &ufaygif; 90 twGi;f or®wa&G;aumufyJ G                    k f               d
                                                                                                                                                                 'g½duwmrpöwmusK;[Gm&Se;u ajym  f                     csKyf tdkufa*gqufcsifESifh w½kwf
                                                                                                              usif;yjyKvkyfoGm;&rnfjzpfonf/                                k f
                                                                                                                                                                 Mum;vduonf/ ylwifonf rMumrD                               d                            DSf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      'kw,0efBuD;csKyf 0rfu&e;wdYk pGr;tif       f
                                                                                                              ½k&Sm;EkdifiH\or®wa&G;aumufyGJudk                                       JG
                                                                                                                                                                 or®wa&G;aumufy0ifawmhrnf jzpf&m                                     ö
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      a&;&mudp&yfrsm; aqG;aEG;Muonf[k
                                                                                                              2012 ckESpf rwfv 4 &ufaeYwGif                      ,ck w½kwfc&D;pOfonf ylwif \                          w½k w f E d k i f i H j cm;a&;0ef B uD ; Xme\
                                                                                                                   f          f D
                                                                                                              usi;yjyKvky&efppOfvsu&onf/f dS                     w½kwfESifh qufqHa&;umvopf udk                        xkwfjyefcsuft& od&onf/



                                                                                                                  &ufpGJrSwfwrf;
                                                                                                                  atmufwkdbm 10 ? wevFm - vkdufab;&D;,m;rSwfykHwifoabFm MV Rena onf e,l;ZDvefurf;vGef 12
                                                                                                                  rkdif tuGm&Sd Plenty yifv,fatmfü oEÅmausmufwef;ESifh wkdufrdjcif;aMumifh a&eHwefcseaygif; 20 ausmf                      d f
                                                                                                                  ,kdpdrfhvsuf&Sdonf/ e,l;ZDvefEkdifiH\ Plenty yifv,fatmfonf urÇmvSnfhc&D;oGm;rsm; pdwf0ifpm;&m
a&TBud*Ha'o&Sd rJacgifjrpfwGif; w½kwf                                                                                                                                                              H dk
                                                                                                                  a'owpfcjk zpfjcif;aMumifh vmrnfh &ufrsm;wGif &moDOwkxyfrq;&Gm;vmygu oabFmay:&Sd a&eHwefcsdeaygif;
                                                                                                                  1ç700 ausmf xyfrH,kdzdwfvmrnfukd e,l;ZDvefa&eH,kdzdwfrIwefjyefa&;at*sifpDrS pkd;&drfvsuf&Sdonf/
                                                                                                                  - tD&wfEkdifiH&Sd t,fvfau'gxdyfwef;acgif;aqmif Abu Dua ukd zrf;rdEkdifap&ef tar&duefEkdifiHjcm;a&;0efBuD;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          f


oabFmom;rsm;wdkufcdkufcH&                                                                                         Xmeu qkaiGa':vm 10 oef;xkwfcJhonf/ ¤if;onf t,fvfau'gppfqifa&;tm;vkH;ukd BuD;Muyf&oljzpfNyD;
                                                                                                                           f                              d                                    H
                                                                                                                  t,fvau'gacgif;aqmifa[mif; tkprmbifvm'iftowfc&rItwGuf vufpm;acswkYH jyefom;rnf[k aMunm
                                                                                                                  xm;oljzpfaMumif; tar&duefEkdifiHjcm;a&;0efBuD;Xme\ owif;xkwfjyefcsufwGif azmfjyxm;onf/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            G
abusif;? atmufwdkbm 10                                                                                                                                      d f H
                                                                                                                  atmufwkdbm 11 ? t*Fg - tpöa&;Ekii&dS q&m0ef 700 ausmfonf tvkycsde&nMf umjcif;ESihf vpmwk;jr§iay;       f f S                          d hf
                             k f
          jrefrm? xdi;ESihf vmtdk oH;EdiiH
                                         k k f                f dS kd f H
                                                 usi&Eiirsm;taeESihf ¤if;jrpftwGi;                        f                  ö
                                                                                                                  a&;udprsm;tay: auseyfrIr&Sdjcif;aMumifh aq;½kHrsm;wGif tvkyfqif;jcif;r&SdbJ qE´jyvsuf&SdaomaMumifh
qHk&m a&TBwd*Ha'o&Sd rJacgifjrpf                 oGm;vmvsuf&Sdaom w½kwfoabFm                                      tpöa&;aq;½kHrsm;wGif tcuftcJrsm;jzpfay:vsuf&SdaMumif; tpöa&;usef;rma&;0efBuD;Xmeu xkwfjyefaMunm
aMumif ; wG i f o G m ;vmvsuf & S d a om         rsm;ESifh w½kwfoabFmom;rsm;udk                                   oGm;onf/ ,ckuJhokdYaom tpöa&;q&m0efrsm;\ qE´jyrIrsm;onf NyD;cJhonfhaEG&moDtwGif; tpöa&;EkdifiHü
                                                                                                                  aexkdifrIp&dwfrsm;usqif;a&;ESifh pD;yGm;a&;jyKjyifajymif;vJrIrsm; jyKvkyfa&;qE´jyawmif;qkdrIrsm; jzpfay:NyD;
w½k w f u k e f o abF m ES p f p if ; ay:&S d    tumtuG,fay;&efwkdufwGef;xm;                                      onfhaemuf xyfrHay:aygufvmjcif;jzpfonf/
           f kd f H
w½kwEiiom; 11 OD;rSm wducuc&     k f kd f H      onf/                                                             - ,DrifEiiawmifyi;&Sd Taiz NrdKUü ,DriftrsKd;orD;axmifaygif;rsm;pGmpka0;í qE´jyonfudk tpk;&axmufca&;
                                                                                                                                  dk f H         dk f                                                                                            d              H
aomaMumifh aoqHk;cJh&NyD; ESpfOD;                                 tm&S tmz&duESifh tjcm;aom                                                d f dk f         d                           f               d hJ
                                                                                                                  orm;rsm;u wkucucMhJ uojzifh trsK;orD; 38 OD;ausm'Pf&m&&Sconf/ ¤if;wkYdonf tm&yftrsK;orD;rsm;xJrS                                   d
                 kH       f dS
ajymufq;vsu&aMumif; w½kwfEkdifiH                 a'otoD;oD;wGif w½kwfEkdifiHom;                                   yxrqkH;Ekdb,fvfNidrf;csrf;a&;qk&&Sdol ,DrifvlYtcGifhta&;BudK;yrf;aqmif&Gufvsuf&Sdaom Tawakkol Karman
jcm;a&;0efBuD;u xkwfjyefaMunm                    rsm; aexdkifoGm;vmrI ydkrkdwdk;wuf                               ukd axmufcHtm;ay;onfhtaejzifh pka0;qE´jyMupOf ,ckuJhokdY wkdufckdufcJh&jcif;jzpfonf/
oGm;onf[k qif[Gmowif;Xmeu                        rsm;jym;vmonfESifhtrQ w½kwfEdkifiH                                                                                       dk f H                 S
                                                                                                                  atmufwkdbm 12 ? Ak'¨[l; - tmz*efEii\ 2011 ckEpf bde;pkuysK;rIonf 2010 jynfEpuxuf 61        f d f d                            h S f
azmfjyoGm;onf/                                   om;rsm;udk jyefay;qGrrsm;? wducuf   J I          k f kd          &mckiEe; wk;wufvmaMumif; ukvor*¾tpD&ifcpmwGif azmfjyxm;onf/ tmz*efEiionf urÇmbe; pkuysK;rI\
                                                                                                                        dfIf d                                                   H                                             dk f H          h df d f d
          jrefrm? xkdif;ESifh vmtdkoHk;EdkifiH   rIrsm; jrihfrm;vmvsuf&Sd&m ayusif;                                        dfIf d k f k f                                S f          f   f          f
                                                                                                                  90 &mckiEe;ukxwvyvsuf&NdS yD; 2011ckEptwGi; bde;aps;EIe;rsm; wk;jr§ivmcJojzifh pkuysKd;xkwvyryrdk
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  d hf h                 d f           f k f I dk
qHk&m a&TBwd*Ha'otwGif;&Sd rJacgif               tpdk;&u ¤if;\EdkifiHom;rsm;tay:                                  wkd;wufvmjcif; jzpfonf/
jrpfaMumif;twGif; armif;ESifvsuf                 yd k r d k u muG , f a y;&ef Bud K ;yrf ; ae&                    - ,lu&def;EkdifiH 0efBuD;csKyfa[mif; Yulia Tymoshenko ukd ½k&Sm;EkdifiHESifh obm0"mwfaiGUpmcsKyfcsKyfqkd&mwGif
&Saom Hua Ping ESifh Yu Xing w½kwf
  d                                              onf/                                                             tm PmtvJo;pm;jyKrIjzifh ,lu&de;w&m;½k;u axmif'PfcepfEpf csrwconf/ ¤if;onf ½k&m;pGr;tifurPD
                                                                                                                                         G Hk           f                   H                 k S               S f hJ                        S f             k Ü
                                                                                                                  Gozprom ESifh obm0"mwfaiGUrsm;0,f,l&mwGif owfrSwfxm;aomaps;xuf ykdrkday;aqmifcJhjcif;ESifh
      f                 f
ukeoabFmESppif;ay:&Sd oabFmom;                                                  f G
                                                                  w½kwuejf rLepfygwDA[daumf         k
                                                                                                                  pmcsKyfcsKyfqkd&ef tcGifhr&SdbJ csKyfqkdcJhrIwkdYjzifh w&m;pJGqkdcH&jcif;jzpfonf/
            k f kd f H hJ
rsm; wducucc&jcif;aMumifh w½kwf                                 S k f H
                                                 rwDEihf Ediiawmfaumifpu ,ckuhJ            D                      atmufwdkbm 13 ? Mumoyaw; - tD&wfEiiH b*¾'ufNrKd Uawmfü Ak;H aygufurajcmufcqufwujf zpfay:cJjh cif;aMumifh
                                                                                                                                                                       kd f                                        JG I            k  kd
EkdifiHom; 11 OD;aoqHk;NyD; ESpfOD;rSm                                     f kd f H
                                                 odYk w½kwEiiom;rsm; wducuc&                 k f kd f H           ajcmufOD;aoqHk;NyD; 22 OD;'Pf&m&&SdoGm;aMumif; tD&wfjynfxJa&;0efBuD;uxkwfjyefaMunmonf/
aysmufqHk;vsuf&Sdonf/                            rIukd teD;uyf apmifMh unfavhvmvsuf      h                                     kd D
                                                                                                                  - tif'e;&Sm; trsK;om;&JwyfzUJG u tif'e;&Sm;EdiiH emwlemyifv,ftwGi; w&m;r0if ig;zrf;qD;vsu&aom
                                                                                                                                               d                  kd D             kf                                  f                                 f dS
                d f k f H kd f
          xki;Ediiqi&m w½kwo½;udk   f H kH         d
                                                 &SaMumif; EdkifiHjcm;a&;0efBuD;ujznfh                            AD,uferf ig;zrf;oabFm 10 pD;ay:&Sd AD,uferfEdkifiHom; 79 OD;udkzrf;qD;vdkufonf/ tif'dkeD;&Sm;EdkifiHwGif;
,if;wdkufcdkufrIudpö pHkprf;&efESifh                        f
                                                 pGuajymMum;onf/                                                  tjcm;aom EdkifiHrsm;rSvma&mufí w&m;r0ifig;zrf;qD;rIrsm;aMumifh ESpfpOf ½lyD; 30 x&DDvD,Hausmf
     f k f                 f
csi;rdi&dS w½kwaumifppf0efuvnf;       kd                          uDvdkrDwm 4900 &Snfvsm;                         qHk;½HI;vsuf&Sdonf/
w½kwfEdkifiHom;rsm;aoqHk;rIudk csuf              aom rJacgifjrpfonf w½kwEiiwif                f dk f H G                                                             k f H                  f
                                                                                                                  - tar&duefjynfaxmifpk e,l;atmfvif;Ediiwumavqdyukd usL;bm;Ediirav,mOfrsm;toH;jyKcGihf ay;tyf        k f H S                       k
csif;ta&;,laqmif&Gufay;&ef nTef                  jrpfzsm;cHí xdi;? jrefrm? vmtdkEkdifiH
                                                                                 k f                              vdkufaMumif; tar&dueftpdk;&t&m&Sdrsm;u ajymMum;oGm;onf/ tar&du\trdajrvHkNcHKa&;0efBuD;Xmeu
Mum;xm;aMumif; w½kwfEdkifiHjcm;a&;               wdkUudkjzwfoef;NyD; uarÇm'D;,m;ESifh                             tar&duESifh usL;bm;ESpfEdkifiHMum;c&D;oGm;rsm; oGm;vmEdkif&ef tar&dueffjynfaxmifpkwGif; avqdyf 12
0efBu;u ajymMum;onf/ ,if;owif;
        D                                        AD,uferfEiiwYkrwqifh yifv,fwi;
                                                                          kd f H d S                     Gf       ckudk ,ckESpftwGif; toHk;jyKcGifhay;tyfvdkufjcif;aMumifh usL;bm;-tar&duefc&D;oGm;rsm; toHk;jyKEdkifaom
xkwfjyefcsufwGif rJacgifjrpfywf0ef;              odkU pD;0ifvsuf&Sdonf/                                           tar&duef avqdyf 15 cktxd &SdaeNyDjzpfonf/
  Monday, October 17 - 23, 2011
                                                                          FOREIGN AFFAIRS                                                                                                                                                        The
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          43




twkduftcHqD;&D;,m; trsKd;om;aumifpDudk tD;,lBudKqkd
vlYZifbwf? atmufwkdbm 10
                                       xm;aom qD; ;
  qD; &D;,m;twkduftcHrsm;jzifhzJGUpnf;;,l)u BudKqkdv&Dkdu,m;trsKd; ;om;aumifp;Dukd tjyKoabmaqmifaom
      wkd;wufrItjzpf Oa&myor*¾(tD                         faMumif       owif Xmeua&;om;azmfjyonf/        BBC
                                                                                                                                                             umuG,&ef zJUG pnf;cJjh cif;jzpfaMumif;
                                                                                                                                                                       f
                                                                                                                                                             xkwjf yefaMunmoGm;onf/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   aMumuf&HGUpkd;&drfrIukd od&SdEkdifaMumif;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   aumifptzJUG 0ifwpfO;jzpfaom Abd-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              D                 D
        qD ; &D ; ,m;twk d u f t cH t zJ G U            u Ncdrf;ajcmufajymqkdvsuf&Sdaomf                         uDEiiH tpöwefbNl rdKUawmfwif zJUG pnf;
                                                                                                                         dk f                    G                                d
                                                                                                                                                                    qD;&D;,m;tpk;&\ twkutcH  d f                   ulbased Sieda u ajymMum;oGm;
ckepfzJGUjzifh pkaygif;zJGUpnf;xm;aom                   vnf; Oa&myor*¾tzJUG u ,ckuoYdkhJ                         cJNh yD; qD;&D;,m;EkiitwGi; 'Dru&uf
                                                                                                                                     d f H      f dk             d             D
                                                                                                                                                             trsK;om;aumifpudk todtrSwrjyK     f                   onf/ qD;&D;,m;tpk;&ukd qufvuf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              d
                   d
qD;&D;,m;trsK;om;aumifpudk tod D                        BudKqkdvsuf&Sdjcif;jzpfonf/ tqkdyg                                                 I         f S
                                                                                                                 wpf jyKjyifajymif;vJrrsm;jyKvky&efEihf      &ef Ncdrf;ajcmufajymqkdrIrsm;ukdMunfh                 wkdufckdufoGm;&ef trsKd;om;aumifpD
trSwrjyK&ef qD;&D;,m;vuf&tpk;&
        f                         dS d                  qD;&D;,m;trsKd;om;aumifpDukd wl&                         Ekiiwi;vl enf;pktcGita&;rsm;ukd
                                                                                                                    d f H G f                hf                          d       d f
                                                                                                                                                             ygu tpk;&\ twkutcHtzJUG tay:                          0iftm;vkH;u oabmwlnDvsuf&Sd
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   aomf v nf ; vuf a wG U taumif

     OD;aESmufESifUtjyeftvSefqufoG,fEkdifonfU uGefysLwmcspfyf tpöa&;wDxGif                                                                                                                                         txnfazmfrnfh enf;vrf;ukd qk;jzwf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   &mwGif oabmxm;uJGvJGrIrsm;jzpf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   ay:vsuf&aMumif; ¤if;uqufvuf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  dS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       H

wJvftApf? atmufwdkbm 11                                                                                                                                                                                            ajymMum;oGm;onf/
          tpö a &;Ek d i f i H wJ v f t Apf                                                                                                                                       f         G
                                                                                                                                                             tjyeftvSequfo,jf cif;udk jyKvkyf                               Oa&myor*¾u qD;&D;,m;trsK;       d
wuúodkvfrS ZD0ur®aA'ygarmu©                                                                                                                                    d f
                                                                                                                                                             EkicjhJ cif;jzpfaMumif;? þynm&yfe,f                                     D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   om;aumifpudk BudKqkaxmufcvuf   d    H dk
          D h
rufwrifZf OD;aqmifaom okawoD                                                                                                                                 y,fwGif wdk;wufrIrsm; qufvuf                          onfhtjyif tjcm;aom urÇmhrdom;
tzGUJ onf <uuf\OD;aESmufwpfpwf                      d                                                                                                                          dk f
                                                                                                                                                             azmfaqmifEirnfqygu avjzwfjcif;?
                                                                                                                                                                                         kd                               dk f H       d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   pk0ifEiirsm;ukvnf; tqkygaumif    d
wpfykdif;ESifhwlaom uGefysLwmcspfyf                                                                                                                          OD;acgif;ydkif;'Pf&m&jcif;rsm;uJhokdY                 pDukd todtrSwfjyK&ef wkdufwGef;
jym;udk pufwifbmvukefydkif;u                                                                                                                                                        fD
                                                                                                                                                             OD;aESmufysup;um pGr;aqmif&nf rsm;   f                ajymMum;vsuf&Sdjcif;aMumifh qD;&D;
wDxGifEkdifcJhNyD jzpfaMumif; tar&d                                                                                                                          qH k ; ½I H ; aeol r sm;twG u f O D ; aES m uf        ,m;tpkd;&tay:wGif zdtm;rsm;pGm
uef½lyaA'toif;\ Website wGif                                                                                                                                 wpfpdwfwpfykdif; tpm;xkd;ukorIjyK                     oufa&mufvsu&onf/      f dS
a&;om;azmfjyxm;onf/                                                                                                                                                f dk f
                                                                                                                                                             vkyEivmrnf[k arQmvifxm;aMumif;      f h                        okYd aomfvnf; Oa&myor*¾\
          ,ckatmifjrifrIonf usef;rm                                                                                                                          tpöa&; ZD0ur®aA' ynm&Sifrsm;u                         qD;&D;,m; twkduftcHtrsKd;om;
                   f
a&;csKUd ,Gi;rIaMumifh odYk r[kw'Pf&m      f                                                                                                                 ajymMum;cJonf/  h                                                  D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   aumifpudk todtrSwjf yKrl BudKqkdrI
&&SdrIaMumifh OD;aESmuftpdwftykdif;                                                                                                                                      urÇmhyxrqHk; OD;aESmufESifh               onf vpfAsm;EkdifiH\ trsKd;om;
wpf c k c k y suf p D ; oG m ;ol r sm;twG u f                                                                                                                tjyef t vS e f q uf o G , f E k d i f a om            toG i f u l ; ajymif ; a&;aumif p D u k d
OD;aESmuf\vkyfief;aqmifwmrsm;                                     okawoDrsm;onf <uuf\                               f I f S           k     f
                                                                                                                 pdwvy&m;rI tcsKUd udyg xde;csKyfEif    kd          f                  f
                                                                                                                                                             uGeysLwmcspyjf ym;wDxiatmifjrifrI      G f            axmuf c H t od t rS w f j yKjcif ; ES i f h
  kS            k f dk f
yHrejfyefvyEiap&ef yl;aygif;ulnay;rnhf       D          OD;aESmufi,ftwGif;&Sd qufoG,frI                                                 G
                                                                                                                 onftxd atmifjrifpm wDxiEichJ   G f dk f                            kd
                                                                                                                                                             udk atmufwbmvtwGi; NAdweEiiH             f d f dk f        D I d dk f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   wlnrr&SEiaMumif; Oa&myoHwref
            d d
pufu&,mrsm;wDxiEia&;twGuf       G f kd f                oauFwrsm; t0iftxGuyprsm;udk               f kH H         aMumif;? ,ckatmifjrifronf urÇmh
                                                                                                                                          I                  ü usi;f yrnfh ZD0odyenf;ynm nDvm HÜ                   wpf O D ; u rS w f c suf j yK ajymMum;
avSum;xpftopfwpfck wufvSrf;                                                              dk f
                                                        avhvmcJMh uNyD; oufqi&m vIYHaqmfrI                       yxrqH; ouf&owå0gOD;aESmufEihf
                                                                                                                         k     dS                      S     cHwGif tpD&ifcHwifjyoGm;rnfjzpf                       oGm;onf/
  d f
EkicjhJ cif;jzpfaMumif; tqdygowif; ü   k                oauFwtoD;oD;ukd OD;aESmufu                               vlvyaom pufu&,mwpfctMum;
                                                                                                                     k f          d d         k              onf/                           qufydkifvif;cefY
azmfjyxm;onf/                                           rnfuJhokdY wkHYjyefoenf;[k ,SOfwGJ
                     k        f
          tqdyg cspyjf ym;onf <uuf\                           f
                                                        rSwwrf;jyKcJMh uonf/ xdrwwrf;rS         k S f
OD;aESmufi,f (Cerebellum) \ vkyief;
aqmifwmrsm;xJrS wpfckudk xyfwl
                                                  f     wpfqifh <uuf\ OD;aESmufi,ftwki;
                                                        wlnDaom t0iftxGufvIHYaqmfrI
                                                                                                           df    tmPmtvGJokH;pm;rIaMumifh ,lu&def;0efBuD;csKyfa[mif;
wkypGr;aqmifEiaMumif; od&onf/
             f           kd f
OD;aESmufi,fqdkonfrSm OD;aESmuf\
atmufzufausm½dk;tm½Hk aMumrBuD;
                                                        oauFwrsm; zefw;Ekiaom csypjf ym;
                                                                                D df
                                                        udk wnfaqmufcJhjcif;jzpfavonf/
                                                        wnfaqmufNyD;aomtcg <uuf\ OD;
                                                                                                         f
                                                                                                                 axmif'Pf ckepfESpfcsrSwfcH&
xGu&mae&mwGif oD;jcm;wnf&aom
        f                                      dS       aESmufi,fukd z,f&m;í tqkygcspyf
                                                                                 S                    d    f     ud,ufAf? atmufwdkbm 11
OD;aESmuf\ tykdif;cGJwpfckjzpfum                        jym;udk acwåtpm;xk;d MunhNf y;D OD;aESmuf                                      J kH
                                                                                                                         tmPmtvGo;pm;rIjzifh w&m;
cE¨mudk,fvIyf&Sm;rI topftrsKd;rsKd;                     i,fEihf xyfwnaom pGr;aqmif&nf
                                                                S           l D               f                  pGJqkdjcif;cHae&aom ,lu&def;0efBuD;
(Oyrm vlom;rsm;wGif a&ul;jcif;?                                         f I
                                                        &S?d r&Sd Munh½prf;oyfum ratmifjrif                                  D    d f kd S f
                                                                                                                 csKyf ,lv,mwkir&eukd udk w&m;½H;    k
          D
pufb;pD;jcif;? BudK;wef;vrf;avQmuf                      rcsif; BudK;pm;wnfaqmufcJhMujcif;                        u axmif'PfckepfESpfcsrSwfvkduf
jcif; paomarG;&mygr[kwonfh vIyf          f              jzpfaMumif; od&onf/                                      aMumif; qif[Gmowif;wGifazmfjy
&Sm;rIrsm;)udk [efcsufnDnD vIyf&Sm;                               tqkyg OD;aESmufi,ftpm;xd;
                                                                      d                                      k   xm;onf/
wwfatmif obm0tavsmufoif,l                                                            d f
                                                        cspfyjf ym;udk jyifyrSxe;csKyfjcif; tm;                                    S f
                                                                                                                         2009 ckEpu w½kwxrS 10 f H
jcif ; ud k t"d u wm0ef t jzpf x rf ;                   jzifh tprf;oyfc<H uufi,ftm; rsuf                             f
                                                                                                                 ESppmcsKyfjzifh obm0"mwfaiGU0,f,l
aqmifonf/                                                                          h
                                                        awmifcwfapjcif; uJoYkdaom tao;                                                       h
                                                                                                                 &mwGif aps;BuD;BuD;ay;cJ&NyD; ,lu&de; f



                                     §           k
      tmz*eftusO;f pcef;rsm;üpepfwusnO;f yef;[k uvqdk
      ubl;? atmufwkdbm 11
                                                               f             d S     I dk f
            tmz*efepöwef&SdtusOf;pcef;ig;ckü owif;tcsutvufrsm;&&S&efEihf jypfrqi&m 0efcHrIrsm;&&SdEkdif&ef                                                   twGuf tar&duefa':vmoef; 190                                                 I
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   vufpm;acsryifjzpfaMumif;? ,cktrI
                                                         d             f      d f I
      tmz*efvNHk cKHa&;wyfzUGJ 0ifrsm;u tusOf;om;rsm;ukpepfwus n§O;yef;ESypufrrsm;jyKvkycaMumif; ukvor*¾
                                                                                            f hJ                                                             cefYqHk;½IH;cJhrItwGuf wm0ef&Sdjcif;                                     hf     df
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   udk vlYtcGita&;qki&m Oa&myw&m;
      tpD&ifcHpmwGif azmfjyxm;onf[k AL Jazeera owif;rsm;t& od&onf/                                                                                           aMumifh olrudk axmif'Pf ckepfEpf       S                               H
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   ½H;k odYk t,lc0ifrnfjzpfaMumif; axmif'Pf
            tmz*efNrdKUawmf ubl;vf? [D&wf? uef'g[m? ckdUESifh vrfyef;a'orsm;&Sd xdef;odrf;a&;pcef;rsm;twGif;                                                 csrSwfcJhjcif;jzpfonf[k ,lu&def;                      ckepfESpf csrSwfcHcJh&aom ,lu&def;
      n§Of;yef;ESdyfpufrIrsm;ukd pepfwusjyKvkyfcJhNyD; uav;oli,frsm;vnf; n§Of;yef;ESdyfpufcH&vsuf&SdaMumif;                                                  w&m;olBuD; Rodian Kireev u ajym                                                   d f kd dS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   0efBuD;csKyfa[mif;wkir&ifukd uajym
      ukvor*¾tpD&ifcHpmwGif azmfjyxm;onf/ tmz*efxdef;odrf;a&;pcef; 47 ck&Sd tusOf;om; 379 OD;ukd                                                             Mum;onf/                                              Mum;onf/
      2010 atmufwbmvrS 2011 Mo*kwvtwGi; awGUqkar;jref;xm;onfudk tajccHí ukvor*¾u ,ckuoYdk
                       dk                  f          f      H                                          hJ                                                             ½k&Sm;xHrS 10 ESpfpmcsKyfjzifh                          ,ck qH;jzwfcsufEiywfouf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           k             S hf
      tpD&ifcHpmxkwfjyefcJhjcif;jzpfonf/                                                                                                                     obm0"mwfaiGU0,f,l&mwGif ¤if;                                                    f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   í Oa&myaumfr&Sitaejzifh vGepm                  f G
                          f                                                              I
                                                                    dfH
                                                           d
            tqkygn§O;yef;ESypufrrsm;aMumifh tmz*eftpk;&tay: Ekiiom;rsm;u,kMH unfruif;rJvmNyD; wmvDbef
                  d                                                                              h
                                d f   I                                                                                                                           k f
                                                                                                                                                             'g½duwmtjzpfwm0ef,caom Uni-   l hJ                    pdwfysufrdaMumif; Oa&myor*¾EkdifiH
                                                                                                                                                             fied Eengy System ,lu&de;ukrPD     f Ü                jcm;a&;rl 0 g'qk d i f & m tBuD ; tuJ
      wkdY\ q,fpkESpfwpfckMum ckcHykefuefrIukd ykdrkdtm;aumif;vmapaMumif; tpD&ifcHpmuqkdonf/ okdYaomfvnf;
                                                                                                                                                             \ ta<u;rsm;aMuap&ef obm0                              uufo&if;tuf&Sfwefu ajymMum;
      ukvor*¾tpD&ifcHpmwGif azmfjyxm;ouJhokdY tusOf;om;rsm;ukd ESdyfpufn§Of;yef;rIr&SdaMumif;tmz*efaxmuf                                                     "mwfaiGUaps;EIef;rsm;udk aps;ydkay;í                  onf/
                                                                 H
      vSrf;a&;tzJGUu jiif;qkdoGm;onf/ ukvor*¾\tpD&ifcpmwGifrl tmz*eftpkd;&ESifh vkHNcKHa&;wyfzJGU0ifrsm;u                                                              l hJ               f k
                                                                                                                                                             0,f,caMumif; ,lu&de;tpd;&a&SUae                                   xdkYjyif ,ckqHk;jzwfcsufonf
      n§Of;yef;ESdyfpuffrIukd rl0g'wpfcktaejzifhtokH;jyKrIr&SdaMumif;ESifh ukvor*¾ukdvnf; xdef;odrf;xm;aom                                                          kH           J kd
                                                                                                                                                             csKyf½;rS w&m;pGqxm;onf/                              ½k&Sm;qefYusifa&;taMumif;tcsuf
      tusOf;om;rsm;ESifh vGwfvGwfvyfvyfqufoG,far;jref;cGifhay;tyfxm;aMumif; azmfjyxm;onf/                                                                                          J kd I
                                                                                                                                                                       ,ckw&m;pGqronf ,lu&de;         f                      d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   rsm;&Srnf[k ,lqaMumif; ½k&m;EkifiH         S d
                                                                                                                                                             or®w ,mEsLudkApf\ yk*¾dKvfa&;                         jcm;a&;0efBuD;XmeuajymMum;onf/
  The
     44
      VOICE                FOREIGN AFFAIRS                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Monday, October 17 - 23, 2011




       kd            dfIS       f           H
ajrmufu&;D ,m; rwnfNirrEiUf w½kw-tar&du qufqa&; (3)
                                        kd f    df     dfH    df
acgi;f aqmifae&mqufcjH cif;aMumifU *,uf½ucwfvmEkiaom EkiiwnfNirrI
wifat;ausmf
ajrmuf udk&D;,m;acgif;aqmif uifr*frsKHtD\jzpfapaomf ¤if;\om;jzpfoluwpfctefk ;qdkkEqufnfHa/p&ef &nfa&Mumifhqdkaomf/ vufkygacgif;hjaqmifm0efxrf;aqmifa;eMuaomf tpDtrHBuDsm;rSkimf;
       ajrmufudk&D;,m; rwnfNid Iudk
                                          ae&mwGi
                                                     taMumif;tcsuf
                                                                   if*sKH ud
                                                                         k[       kdifo
                                                                                        c
                                                                                           tb,f
                                                                                                     G,fxm;onf tqd
                                                                                                                       &Sdtqif rifhw
                                                                                                                                      ae&mqufcHjcif twGu            r
                                                                                                                                                              ouf ;yd
acgif;aqmifrsm;\ ae&mwGif om;jzpfol uif*sKHtef;tay:opöm&Sd apmifhodrnfh vli,frsKd;qufacgif;aqmifrsm;jzifh tpm;xkd;rIrsm;jyKvkyfae&aomaMumifhjzpfonf/ 2010 jynfhESpfumv
twGif;uqkdvQif vuf&Sdacgif;aqmifBuD; uif*sKHtD wdrf;yg;oGm;NyD;aemuf tqifajyacsmarGUaom acgif;aqmifae&mqufcHjcif;jzpfap&ef txl;tm½HkpkdufvkyfaqmifcJhaMumif; awGU&Sd&rnf
jzpfonf/
           Oyrmtm;jzifh ,refESpfaEGOD; A[dppfaumfr&Sif 'kw,Ouú|&mxl;         k                                         d
umvu qkdvQifajrmufudk&D;,m; ay;tyfvurEihf ygwDnvmcHrwdif                                     kd f I S                        D                   k
vHkNcHKa&;wyfzGJUrS wm0ef&Sdolrsm;udk rDuav;wGif uif*sKtef;udk AdvcsKyBf u;D                                     H             k f
ppf b uf w m0ef r sm;yg wG J z uf í tjzpf ½kww&uf&mxl;wd;oGm; cJrrsm;                          f                           k              hI
xrf;aqmifjcif;rsK;udk ajrmufu&;,m; rSm uif*sKHtef;udk ajrmufudk&D;,m;
                               d                    kd D
trsKd;om;umuG,fa&;aumfr&Sifu acgif;aqmifavmif;tjzpf vsmxm;
cGifhjyKay;cJhonf/ wpfNydKifeufwnf; cJonfrm xif&m;onf/                     h          S             S
rSmyif topfcefYtyfvuaom trsK;          kd f                         d              ¤if;\om;jzpfoukd txufyg               l
om;umuG,fa&;aumfr&Sif 'kwd, twdi; &mxl;wd;jcif;rsm; jyKvkyay;                  k f                             k                           f
Ouú| *sefaqmifwwf (Jang song - taek) aeouJoYkd tpd;&tzGUJ twGi;üvnf;
                                 d                                                      h             k                         f
tay:wGivnf; txl;tm½Hpuxm; yg0grQajcudk wnfaqmufvsuf&Sd
                   f                            k dk f
onfudkawGU&onf/ tjcm;wpfzuf onf/ acgif;aqmifBuD; uif*sKHt\                                                                                   D
wGivnf;2010jynfEppufwifbmv u twGi;pnf;wGiyg0ifonfh yk*Kd¾ vfrsm;
      f                          hSf                                               f                     f
usif ; ycJ h a om tvk y f o rm;ygwD udk &mxl;ESiwm0efrsm;ajymif;vJjcif;                          hf
nDvmcHwivnf; ajrmufu&;,m; ü ponfwYkdjzpfonf/ ,if;odYk ajymif;vJ
                     G f                      kd D
                                                                                                                   l
ygwD\ MoZmtmPmrSm jyefwuf jcif;jzifh om;jzpfotay: tmPmvTJ uif*sKt\rdom;pku ajrmufu&;,m; tpdk;&tzGJUtwGif;rS uif*sKHtef;ESifh                                H D                 kd D                                                                                                             xdkYjyif awmifESifhajrmufudk&D;
vmEkdifrnf[k cefYrSef;csufrsm;xGuf ajymif;ay;&mwGif tqifajyacsmarGU acgif;aqmifydkif;udk OD;aqmifEdkif&ef tmPmNydKifvmrnforsm;vnf; xGuf ,m;ESpEiiwYkd\ yHreawGUqHaqG;aEG;                                                                    h l                                                     f dk f H                  kSf                 k
                                                                                                                                    S f k
ay:oGm;aponf/ xkYd jyifajrmufu&; ap&ef tajccHaumif;rsm; csrwvyf tm;jznf h j cif ; jzpf o uJ h o d k Y acgif ; ay:vmEdiayonf/ txufygjzpfEif rIrsm;onf ajrmufu&;,m;\ wkuf
                                                                dk D                                                                                                                                                 k f                                                             kd                                           kd D                          d
,m;tkyfcsKyfa&; tpdk;&tzGJUukdvnf; aqmif j cif ; yif j zpf o nf / xd k Y jyif aqmifBuD;uif*sKHtDqHk;yg;oGm;cJhygu ajcrsm;rSm r[mAsL[mtqifhtxd cdurrsm;aMumifh &yfwefYom;cJ&aomf                                                                                                           k f I                                                 G h
acgif;aqmifae&mqufcrnfh uif*sKtef; aemufxyfodomaom taxmuf vnf; om;jzpfol uif*sKHtef;rSm ta&;rBuD ; bJ enf ; AsL[mtqif h vnf; 2011 ckEparvwGirl ESpzuf
                                     H                       H                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          S f                      f          f
uk d axmuf c H t m;ay;aom tzG J U txm;rsm;rSm ajrmufudk&D;,m;wGif acgif;aqmifae&mqufcHrnfhol[lí avmufom csdefn§d&rnfhjyóemrsm; wm0ef&orsm; vQKdU0SuawGUqHrrsm;                                                                                                                                           dS l                          f                k I
jzpfatmifjyKjyifcseñom;rnf[aom &mxl;BuD;BuD;&,lxm;olrsm;rSm ½kwf ,lqMuap&ef &nf&G,fvkyfaqmif [kqEiaomfvnf; ,if;jzpf&yfrsm;\ jyKvkyfcJhonf/ ,if;udkaxmuf½Ikjcif;
                             d f dS G                    l                                                                                                                                                kd kd f
                                                                                                           G
rSe;qrIrsm;vnf; jzpfay:vmcJonf/ w&ufaysmufom;jcif;? rawmfwqrI aejcif;jzpfonf/ odYaomf ajrmufu&;D ,m; aemufu,wif aumvm[vrsm;jzifh tm;jzifh awmifu&;,m;tay:xm;&Sd
   f                                                  h                                                                                                                k          kd                                G f G                                                                                                   kd D
ajrmufu&;,m;acgif;aqmif uif*sKtD wpfccaMumifh aoqH;jcif;rsm; jzpfym; wGif ,ckuJhodkY uif*sKHtDpDpOfxm; jynfvQr;aeonf[k qdEiaomf vnf; onf rl0g'ESiywfoufí ajrmufukd
                kd D                                             H              k k                                  k                         G                                                     h f                                              k kd f                                                       hf
onf ¤if;\om;jzpfol uif*sKHtef; vsuf & S d o nf / ajrmuf u d k & D ; ,m;ü ouJoYkd acgif;aqmif&mxl; tajymif; tem*wf r S m raocsmrI ra&&m &D;,m; jynfwGif;ü y#dyu©rsm;&Sdae
                                                                                                                                                          h
udkajrmufudk&D;,m; acgif;aqmif xif&Sm;aom acgif;aqmifrsm;wGif tvJjzpfvmjcif;&Sd? r&Sdudk rnfolrQ rIrsm;jzifh jynfEuaeaMumif; vSp[jy EkiaMumif; tcsKUd aom avhvmoH;oyf                                                        hS f                                            f           d f                                                              k
                                                                                           S                 f
avmif;tjzpf a&G;cs,f xm;NyD;jzpf trsm;pkrm tNidr;pm;ay;cH&jcif;xuf taotcsmod E d k i f r nf r [k w f a y/ aeaomfvnf; owif;tcsutvuf olrsm;u ,lqMuonf/ awmifESifh                                                                                                   f
onf/ ygwDnvmcHwif uif*sKtef; &mxl;vuf&SdtcsdefwGifyif aoqHk; acgif;aqmifBuD; uif*sKtD rsuu,f trSm;rsm;jzifh vSnpm;csursm;&Sonf ajrmufudk&D;,m;qufqHa&;ysufjym;
                         D               G                 H                                                                                                             H           f G                                                hf                     f d
                                                                                 h                                                h
wufa&mufonf"mwfyrsm; ay:xGuf oGm;cJ&jcif;jzpfonf/ ,if;uJoYkd jyKrl jyKoGm;NyD;aemuf tusKd;pD;yGm;rsm; [k qdEiaomfvnf; ajrmufu&;,m; oGm;ap&ef &nf&,aom txufyg&efvkd
                             h             kH                                                                                                                                                                k kd f                                                 kd D                                              G f
                                                                                         G
vmrI? xdYk jyif uif*sKH tef;udk ygwD\ aqmif&ujf cif;onf acgif;aqmifBuD; tNydKitqdi&aeaom ajrmufu&;D ,m; tpd;&tzGUJ twGi;ü pD;yGm;a&;qdi&m onfh vky&yfrsK;rSm ajrmufu&;,m;
                                                                                                                                                            f k f dS           kd                  k                                f                                          k f                              f d                                  dk D
                                                                                                                                                                                                 f                                    hH f
                                                                                                                                                                                         pGr;aqmif &nfnzsi;jcif;aMumifjh zpf \ oabmxm;wif;rmolrsm;wGif
                                                                                                                                                                                         ay:vmaom w&m;rQwrI tm;enf; wm0ef&onf[k avhvmoH;oyforsm;                                                      dS                                      k               l

        tD&efo½kyfaqmiftrsdK;orD; MopaMw;vs½kyf&SifwGif                                                                                                                                               hf G
                                                                                                                                                                                         csneYJom;apjcif;u ajrmufu&;,m; u ,lqonf/
                                                                                                                                                                                         jynfolrsm;\ rauseyfrIrsm;udk ydkrdk
                                                                                                                                                                                               k
                                                                                                                                                                                         qd;0g;oGm;aponf/
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      kd D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 ajrmufudk&D;,m;acgif;aqmif
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           D
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        uif*sKHttaejzifh acgif;aqmifae&m

        yg0ifrIaMumifU axmif'PfwpfESpfESifUBudrf'Pf 90 cH&                                                                                                                                                    tcsKdUaom awmifudk&D;,m; qufcrnfta&;udpEihf ywfoufí
                                                                                                                                                                                         avhvmoHk;oyfolrsm;\ tvdkt& rnfrQyif taumif;qHk;jyifqifxm;
                                                                                                                                                                                         ajrmufudk&D;,m;wGif ,refESpfu onfjzpfap? tcsKdUaom tajctae
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 H                               ö S


        wD[D&ef? atmufwdkbm 12                                                                                                                                                           jzpf y G m ;cJ h a om jzpf & yf r sm;onf rsm;? taMumif;tcsufrsm;u rao
                      tD&efudk a0zefxm;onfh MopaMw;vsZmwfum;wpfum;wGif 0ifa&mufo½kyfaqmifcJhaom tD&eftrsdK;                                                                              ajrmufudk&D;,m;acgif;aqmifae&m csmra&&maom ajrmufu&;,m;wnf                                                                                      kd D
        orD;½kyf&Sifo½kyfaqmifwpfOD;udk tD&efu axmif'PfwpfESpfESifh Budrf'Pftcsuf 90 csrSwfvdkufaMumif; BBC                                                                              qufcjH cif;ESihf ywfoufí tvGeq; Nidrrukd ysujf ym;apaomtaetxm;                          f kd        f I
        owif;wpf&yfwGif azmfjyxm;onf/                                                                                                                                                                                           I
                                                                                                                                                                                         0g;onfh a0zefrrsm;jzpfay:apaMumif; udk a&muf&SdoGm;Ekdifrnfjzpfonf/
                                                                                                                                                                                              k
                                                                                                                                                                                         oH;oyfcMhJ uonf/ xdYk jyif ajrmufukd ajrmufu&;,m;tajctaerSm tcsdef                                                  dk D
                      My Tehran for Sale Zmwfum;onf 2009 ckESpfu xGuf&SdcJhNyD; tqdkygZmwfum;wGif jypf'PfuscH&ol
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              kd D
                                                                                                                                                                                         &D;,m;u awmifu&;,m; ppfoabFm umvud k r l w nf í vnf ; aumif ; ?
        trsKd;orD;o½kyfaqmif rmZD;Amzmrm;u 0ifa&mufo½kyfaqmifcJhjcif;jzpf NyD; ¤if;,ckuJhodkY tzrf;cH&jcif;                                                                                            kd                    k f kd f hJ
                                                                                                                                                                                         csD,eefukd wducucr?I awmifu&; wnfNirat;aq;aomjzpfpOf okYdr[kwf                            kd D          df
                                                                   k f
        twGuf MopaMw;vsuvnf; pd;&drrdaMumif; xkwfjyefajymqdkcJhonf/ ¤if;\axmif'Pfowif;ukd twdkuftcH                                                                                                               f                             f
                                                                                                                                                                                         ,m;,Geajymif;uRe;udk tajrmufrsm; Murf;wrf;cufxefonfhjzpfpOfay:
        rD'D,mwGifawGU&jcif;jzpfNyD; tD&eftpdk;&u twnfjyKay;jcif; r&Sdao;ay/ tD&efEdkifiHtaejzifh tD&ef                                                                                                                    hJ I
                                                                                                                                                                                         jzifh ypfcwfcrrsm;onfh ajrmufu&; rlwnfí vnf;aumif;? xdYk jyif jyify                       kd D
        EdkifiHom;rsmESifh EdkifiHjcm;om;rsm;\ tcGifhta&;udk umuG,fay;&ef wm0ef&SdaMumif; MopaMw;vsEdkifiHjcm;a&;                                                                        ,m; acgif;aqmifavmif; uif*sKtef; uwkduf½dkufjzpfap oG,f0kdufíjzpf                 H
        0efBuD; u,fAif½k'fu ajymMum;vdkufonf/ ]MopaMw;vstpdk;&[m &ufpufvlom;rqefwJh tjypfay;rIawGudk                                                                                     \ ppfa&;tpGrf;udk azmfxkwfjyo aom yg0ifywfoufrrsm;onfvnf;                                                                                   I
        ½Iwcsygw,f/ MopaMw;vsuxkww½y&iaMumifh rmZD;Amzmrm;udk axmif'PfwpfEpeYJ Budr'Pfrsm;ay;jcif;
              f                                                        f hJ k f S f                                                                           S f    f                   jcif; yifjzpfonf[k awmifu&;,m; aumif; paom txufygtaMumif;                  kd D
        twGuf pdk;&drfrdygw,f}} [k MopaMw;vsEdkifiHjcm;a&;0efBuD;\ ajymcGifh&t&m&Sduvnf; qdkxm;onf/ tqdkyg                                                                                  k                           l                  d
                                                                                                                                                                                         oH;oyforsm;u qkonf/ xkYdjyif tcsKUd tcsursm;onfh ajrmufu&;,m;wGif                                         f                                        kd D
        owif;aMumifh 0rf;enf;aMuuGJpGmcHpm;&ygaMumif; My Tehran for Sale Zmwfum;tm; xkwfvkyfolrsm;jzpf                                                                                   aom tar&duefxdyfwef;wm0ef,l jzpfay:vmrnfh &v'frsm;udk jy|mef;
                                                                                                                                                                                         olrsm;u ,if;okYd ,lqEki&ef cdivkH oGm;rnfhtcsuftvufrsm;yifjzpfay      df               kf
        onfh udwfca&mhpmESifh*sLvD&GdKif,efwdkYu ajymMum;onf/ tD&efrD'D,mtcsKdU\tqdkt& tqdkygZmwfum;
                                                                                                                                                                                         aomtaxmuf txm;r&Saomfvnf; awmhonf/                                  d
                       k                                                 h           d hJ
        wGif vdtyfaomcGijhf yKcsufrsm; tjynft0r&Scí rif;orD;axmifuscJ&jcif;[k ajymxm;aomfvnf; tqdygZmwf                                 h                                  k             ajrmufu&;,m;\ tqkygwducuf    kd D                                 d k f kd                                               qufvufazmfjyygrnf/
                           k f                                 dk f H
        um;\ 'g½duwmMopaMw;vsEiiom; tD&ef*&meufprqmADu ]]'Dvajymqdk pGyprawG[m tajctjrpf r&Sygbl;}}     f l                          kd            f JG I                    d           rIrsm;onfuif*sKtef;\ acgif;aqmif         H                                                                                                 wifat;ausmf
        [k wHkYjyefajymMum;cJhonf/                                                                                                                                                                                                                f d
                                                                                                                                                                                         ae&m&,l&ef tpGr;&SaMumif; jyorI Ref : Instability in North Korea and Its
                                                                                                                                                                                         [k ,lqMuonf/                                                                                   Impact on US-China Relation
 Monday, October 17 - 23, 2011
                                                                          FOREIGN AFFAIRS                                                                                                                                                              VOICE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     The
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              45




ppfvufESifUwGJumrS 'Drkdua&pDa&;ajzmifUjzL;rnfU tD*spfawmfvSefa&;
cRefxl;[ef
        *spfEkdifiHwGifjzpfay:cJhaom awmfvSefa&;BuD;u tm&yfurÇmomru urÇmwpf0ef;vkH;ukd tHhtm;oihfwkefvIyfoGm;apcJhonfrSm tm;vkH;todyifjzpfonf/ 'Drkdua&pDjyif;jyif;
  tD    jyjyvkdvm;aom jynfolrsm;u awmfvSefa&;BuD;jzifh q,fpkESpfrsm;pGmtD*spfjynfukd rif;rlcJhaom tmPm&Sifrlbm&uftpdk;&ukd jzKwfcsonf? rlbm&uf vkdvm;oltiftm;pkrsm;ESifh vkHNcHKa&;
wyfzGJUrsm;u qE´jyjynfolrsm;tay: tiftm;okH;NzdKcGif;&mü ppfwyfujynfolrsm;bufrSaeí tumtuG,fjyKay;onf/ aemufqkH;wGif rlbm&uftpdk;&jyKwfusoGm;um tD*spfrSm
toGiful;ajymif;a&;vrf;aMumif;ay:okdYwufoGm;Ekdifonf/ wpfenf;qkd ygutD*spf'Drkdua&pDonf ppfwyf \tultnDESifh avmif;&dyfruif;ay/ okdYaomfawmfvSefa&;BuD;NyD;qkH;oGm;NyD;
aemuf vtwefMumvmonfESifhtrQ pkd;&drfylyefp&mtcsdKUjzpfvmjyefonf/ tjcm;r[kwfyg/ 'Drkdua&pDyef;wkdif okdYtwlcsDwuf&mwGif aus;Zl;jyKcJh onfh ppfwyfu bm;wkdufrjyefawmh
bJ tpdk;&opfwGifqufvuftmPmBuD;pkd;rnfukd pkd;&drfaejcif;omjzpfygonf/




                 f hJ
          vGecaom 1952 ckEputD*spf        S f             ajymif;ay;rnf[k tmrcHuwdpum;                     trsdK;rsdK;jzpfaeMuonf/ tcsdKUu                           tjynf h t 0jzif h ay:xG e f ; cJ h o nf /             onfh ppfwyfu vmrnfhEkd0ifbmrSp
             G
jynfwif ppfwyftmPmodr;f ykurBI uD;              d f       rsm;ajymonf/ tD*spfjynfolrsm;om                  tcsdewefvQif ¤if;wkYd jyefMuvdrrnf?
                                                                                                                    f                                           hf   okdYaomfvltrsm;\tDrdk&Sif;jzifh ay:                                   S hf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           í txufEiatmufvwawmftoD;          T f
wpf&yfjzpfay:cJhonf/ t&yfbuf                              ru EkdifiHwumrS 'Drkdua&pDvkdvm;                         S f              S
                                                                                                           pdwf&nvuf&njf zifapmifMh u&ef aqmf   h                    xGef;jcif;omjzpfNyD; vlwpfOD; okdY                            f                JG
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           oD;wGia&G;aumufyrsm;usi;yay;&ef        f
tkyfcsKyfa&;wpf&yfajymif;vJay;rnf                                                      G f S
                                                          olrsm;ESihf wufMuGpmvIy&m;olwYdk u               MoMuonf/ tcsdKUuvnf; ppfwyf                               r[kwf ygwDtzGJUtpnf;wpfckck\                          pDpOfxm;onf/ (aeY&uftwdtus
[laom uwdu0efjzifh tmPmodrf;                                       f                 D f
                                                          tD*spppfwyfudk cs;rGr;axmyemjyKMu                bm;wkdufjyef&ef zdtm;ay;&rnf[k                            jynfh0aomOD;aqmifrIr&Sdoavmuf                         xkwfjyefjcif;r&Sdao;ovkd? avhvm
ykdufvkdufjcif;vnf;jzpfonf/ okdY                          ovkd aus;Zl;vnf;txl;wifcMhJuonf/                 qkdMuNyD; 1952 ckESpfqDu orkdif;                          avsmhenf;cJhonf/ wpfenf;tm;jzifh                      apmifhMunfholrsm;u a&G;aumufyGJukd
aomf t&mtm;vk;arQmre;xm;onfh   H f S f                                                       f
                                                                     okYd aomf vaygif; &SpvcefYt           tawGUtBuHKBuD;ukd jyefzijhf yMuonf/    G                  vlxkacgif;aqmif[lí wdwdyyr&Sd/                        tcsdefqGJvdrfhrnf[k okH;oyfonf/)
twkdif;jzpfrvmay/ tD*spfjynfrSm                           MumwGif tD*spfacgif;aqmifopfrsm;                                               dS D
                                                                                                           okYd aomf vuf&t*spfjynfutycsKyf                  dk k f   xkdokdY vlxkacgif;aqmif tcef;u@                       xkdYaemuf zGJUpnf;ykHtajccHOya'opf
          k S
q,fpEpf ajcmufcwmMumrQ tmPm     k                         pdwapwemaumif;rsm; wjznf;jznf;
                                                               f                                           aeonfh xdyfwef;vufeufukdiftif                             r&SdaomaMumifh ppfwyfu 0ifa&muf                                                          H l
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           wpf&yftm; jynfoYl qE´c,yjJG zifh a&;
&SifpepfvufatmufokdYoma&muf&Sd                            uG,faysmufvmovkdjzpfvmonf/                       tm;pkrsm;aumifp(SCAF)ukd zGUJ pnf;
                                                                                                                                            D                        xdef;csKyfum vlxkacgif;aqmifae&m                      qGJrnf[k od&onf/ tqkdyg zGJUpnf;
                          dk
oGm;&onf/ 'Drua&pDa&G;aumufyGJ                            wkdif;jynfpD;yGm;a&;rSmvnf;usqif;                wnfaxmifcMhJ uaom tBuD;wef;ppf                            ukd,lxm;vkdufonf/ ppfwyfonf                           tkyfcsKyfykHtajccHOya'opfu tD*spf
rsm;awmh&SdcJhygonf/ ppfAkdvfcsKyfBuD;                    oxufusqif;vmovkd EkdifiHa&;rSm                   buft&m&SBd uD;rsm;u ¤if;wkYdtaejzifh                      ,ckawmfvSefa&;wGif t"dupyGefqm                        ppfbufyk*¾dKvfrsm;rnfonfhtcGifh
                      G f S D H G f J
rsm;aemufu,rpruyuonfh pepf                                              d        dk f
                                                          vnf; ykíarSmifruoxufarSmifruf               dk   Ekiia&;Zmwfcay:rSqif;ay;vkdonfh
                                                                                                             d f H                    Hk                             r[kwfcJhonfhwkdif pepfqkd;BuD;ysuf                                         f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           tmPmrsKd ;? cGirsKd ; zefw;D ay;rnf[aom  l
atmufwGifusif;yonfha&G;aumufyGJ                           onfh taetxm;xJokdYa&mufvm                        qE´tjynfht0&SdaMumif; xyfcgwvJ                                   f
                                                                                                                                                                     okO;a&;ESihf pepfopfay: xGe;a&;wkYd       f           tcsufrSm vG e f p G m pd w f 0 if p m;p&m
rsdK;omjzpfonf/ EkdifiHwumtodkif;                                              f
                                                          onf/ tD*sptawmfrsm;rsm;url ppfwyf                vJxkwfazmfajymqkdrIaMumifh oHo,                           wGif rsm;pGmtultnDay;aeoljzpf                         aumif;ygonf/ rnfokdYyifqkdapum
t0kdif;uawmh twkta,mif 'Drkdu                             u tcsdefqGJaeNyDavm[lí ,cktcg                    rsm;avsmhusvmcJh&onf/ tqkdyg                              onf/ okdYaomf twdwforkdif;tawGU                                  dS D