The Stonewall Riots and Civil Rights History of LGBTQ Rights in

Document Sample
The Stonewall Riots and Civil Rights History of LGBTQ Rights in Powered By Docstoc
					FROM THE STONEWALL
RIOTS TO CIVIL
RIGHTS:
A HISTORY OF LGBTQ RIGHTS IN
AMERICA
COMMON CORE ALIGNMENT
 RH.9-10.2. Determine the central ideas or
  information of a primary or secondary source;
  provide an accurate summary of how key events or
  ideas develop over the course of the text.
 RH.9-10.9. Compare and contrast treatments of the
  same topic in several primary and secondary
  sources.
 RH.9-10.10. By the end of grade 10, read and
  comprehend history/social studies texts in the
  grades 9–10 text complexity band independently
  and proficiently.
 WHST.9-10.9. Draw evidence from informational
  texts to support analysis, reflection, and research.
OBJECTIVE
   Students will be able to:
     Identify key terms related to the events of the Stonewall
      Riots of 1969 and the struggle for lesbian, gay,
      bisexual, transgender, and queer/questioning rights
      in the United States.
     Describe the events that sparked the LGBTQ rights
      movement in the United States.
     Compare and contrast the movement for LGBTQ rights
      in the United States with other civil rights struggles in
      American History.
     Evaluate the likelihood that the LGBTQ rights
      movement will achieve its objectives based on primary
      source evidence and the student’s prior knowledge of
      civil rights struggles in United States history.
AGENDA
   Video Activity: The Stonewall Inn, Birth of the Gay
    Rights Movement (10)
   Defining Our Terms: LGBTQ Alphabet Soup (20)
   Introduction to New Material: Timeline Activity, LGBTQ
    Rights from 1940 to the Present (20)
   Test Your Knowledge: Quick Review Quiz (10)
   Video Activity: Combating Hate and Homophobia (15)
   Guided Practice: Compare and Contrast, Civil Rights
    Struggles in American history (30)
   Video Activity: LGBTQ Rights in A Modern Context (15)
   Independent Practice: Document Based Question (60)
   Closing (5)
INTRODUCTORY VIDEO
 Directions: You will now watch a short introductory
  video clip designed to familiarize you with the start
  of the gay rights movement.
 This video describes the events that took place on
  June 26, 1969 at the Stonewall Inn, a gay bar and
  lounge located in the Greenwich Village
  neighborhood of New York City.
 The riots that took place in the days that followed
  are known as the Stonewall Riots and are
  considered by many experts to be the start of the
  LGBTQ rights movement in the United States.
       VIDEO
Gay Rights Introduction
LBTQ ALPHABET SOUP:
DEFINING OUR TERMS
 Directions: The next few slides are designed to
  acquaint you with common terms related to the
  struggle for gay or LGBTQ rights. As you read each
  slide be sure to take note of the key definitions.
  There will be a brief quiz over these terms before
  you begin the next activity.
 LGBTQ: Refers to lesbian, gay, bisexual,
  transgendered, and queer/questioning individuals
  or groups.
LBTQ ALPHABET SOUP:
DEFINING OUR TERMS
   Ally: A person who identifies as heterosexual or
    straight but supports the rights of homosexuals.
LBTQ ALPHABET SOUP:
DEFINING OUR TERMS
   Bisexual: A term for men or women who identify
    themselves as being attracted to both other men
    and other women.
LBTQ ALPHABET SOUP:
DEFINING OUR TERMS
   Civil Union: A form of partnership granted by a
    local, state, or national government that recognizes
    the relationship between two individuals. This may
    or may not be similar to a marriage and the rights of
    individuals in a civil union may be the same or less
    than those in a state-sponsored marriage. In the
    United States there are several states where civil
    unions are available to same-sex couples but these
    unions do not provide the same benefits of
    marriage because of existing federal law.
LBTQ ALPHABET SOUP:
DEFINING OUR TERMS
   Closeted: Refers to individuals who are not open
    about their sexuality.
LBTQ ALPHABET SOUP:
DEFINING OUR TERMS
   ―Coming Out‖ (of the Closet): the time when a
    person chooses to reveal their sexual orientation to
    other people. This is often done in stages; for
    example people may tell their family and friends of
    their orientation but not their employers or may
    choose to withhold information from people whom
    they do not view as accepting.
LBTQ ALPHABET SOUP:
DEFINING OUR TERMS
   Defense of Marriage Act: A law signed by President
    Bill Clinton in 1996 that says that the federal
    government will not recognize any marriage other
    than those between one man and one woman for
    the purposes of federal benefits. This means that
    LGBTQ people do not have access to 1049 federal
    programs and supports that heterosexual married
    people automatically enjoy including such benefits
    as: social security survivor benefits, visa benefits
    and access to veterans’ pensions.
LBTQ ALPHABET SOUP:
DEFINING OUR TERMS
   Domestic Partnership: A registered form of
    cohabitation that may be similar to or different from
    a civil union. Individuals, both straight and gay, who
    enter into domestic partnerships are not married but
    have indicated that they have a partner. In some
    states this allows straight and gay couples who are
    not married to enjoy some of the benefits of
    marriage such as sharing health insurance or
    transferring property from one person to another
    without tax penalties.
LBTQ ALPHABET SOUP:
DEFINING OUR TERMS
   Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell: A law signed by President Bill Clinton in
    1993 and repealed by President Barack Obama in 2010 that
    barred LGBTQ from openly serving in the United States
    military. When the law was in effect, a commanding officer or
    fellow officer was not allowed to ask a person in the military if
    he or she was gay, lesbian, or bisexual (don’t ask). LGBTQ
    people were not allowed to openly discuss their sexuality or
    reveal to anyone that they were gay (don’t tell). In practice
    thousands of people were discharged from the military under
    the policy if it was found that they had communicated their
    sexuality in any way to anyone such as emailing, calling, or
    social networking with a partner or attending events or places
    frequented by LGBTQ individuals. Under the new policy
    lesbian, gay, and bisexual men and women will be allowed to
    serve openly. Transgendered individuals are still not legally
    allowed to serve in the military.
LBTQ ALPHABET SOUP:
DEFINING OUR TERMS
   Drag Queen: A person who dresses in the clothing
    style of the opposite sex for the purposes of
    entertainment. This is different than a
    transgendered person who dresses permanently
    and attempts to live as the opposite gender. Drag
    queens typically perform in ―drag‖ but live their lives
    as their identified gender.
LBTQ ALPHABET SOUP:
DEFINING OUR TERMS
   Employment Non-Discrimination Act: A proposed
    law that would prevent discrimination based on
    one’s sexual orientation or gender identity. Some
    states already offer this protection but many do not.
    In states where the protection does not currently
    exist and employee can be fired simply for being
    gay, lesbian, bisexual, or transgendered.
LBTQ ALPHABET SOUP:
DEFINING OUR TERMS
   Ex-Gay Movement: A movement among certain
    individuals and organizations, largely based on
    religious ideas, that suggests that being gay is
    simply a ―phase‖ or a ―sickness‖ that can be cured
    through therapy. This movement is highly
    controversial and the American Psychiatric
    Association has said, along with numerous other
    medical organizations that being gay is not a
    ―disease‖, that homosexuality occurs among
    humans and many animal species, and that there is
    no ―cure‖ for being gay.
LBTQ ALPHABET SOUP:
DEFINING OUR TERMS
   Gay: A term for men who identify themselves as
    being attracted to other men. This term may
    sometimes be applied more broadly to refer to
    anything related to the LGBTQ community.
LBTQ ALPHABET SOUP:
DEFINING OUR TERMS
   Gay Rights Organization: An organization that
    works to promote the rights of LGBTQ individuals
    and combat hate and homophobia through
    programming aimed at many communities in the
    United States and around the world. Some
    prominent past and present LGBTQ organizations
    include: The Human Rights Campaign, GLAAD
    (The Gay and Lesbian Alliance Against
    Defamation), GLSEN (The Gay, Lesbian, and
    Straight Education Network), PFLAG (Parents
    Friends, and Families of Lesbians and Gays), and
    ACT UP.
LBTQ ALPHABET SOUP:
DEFINING OUR TERMS
   Gender Reassignment Surgery: The process
    whereby a transgendered person surgically
    changes his or her sex to fit his or her gender
    identity.
LBTQ ALPHABET SOUP:
DEFINING OUR TERMS
   GSA: A Gay-Straight Alliance is an organization
    based in a school, typically in a college or university
    setting or in a high school, to support tolerance and
    acceptance of LGBTQ individuals and to combat
    homophobia and bullying.
LBTQ ALPHABET SOUP:
DEFINING OUR TERMS
   HIV/AIDS: Human Immunodeficiency Virus or
    Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome, a disease
    that has impacted over 40 million people globally.
    First called ―gay cancer‖ or ―gay disease‖ it was
    originally thought to only affect gay people. This
    was later disproven, HIV/AIDS can be transmitted
    to people of any sexual orientation. HIV/AIDS
    destroys a body’s immune system often leaving a
    person susceptible to other diseases and, without
    medical treatment, can lead to severe medical
    problems and, in some cases, death.
LBTQ ALPHABET SOUP:
DEFINING OUR TERMS
   Homophobia: An irrational fear by individuals,
    organizations, or governments of people who are or
    are suspected to be gay, lesbian, bisexual,
    transgendered, or questioning that is sometimes
    typified by intolerance or negative views of LGBTQ
    people and the desire to limit the rights of these
    individuals.
LBTQ ALPHABET SOUP:
DEFINING OUR TERMS
   Homosexuality: A term that broadly applies to
    individuals who are attracted either in whole or in
    part to people of the same sex or gender and
    choose to identify themselves this way.
LBTQ ALPHABET SOUP:
DEFINING OUR TERMS
   Lesbian: A term for women who identify themselves
    as being attracted to other women.
LBTQ ALPHABET SOUP:
DEFINING OUR TERMS
   Mattachine Society: An early LGBTQ rights
    organization based in New York City that sought to
    provide a meeting place for LGBTQ people in order
    to organize for basic rights and protect against
    police brutality.
LBTQ ALPHABET SOUP:
DEFINING OUR TERMS
   Pride: Refers to the movement that developed after
    the Stonewall Riots to encourage gay, lesbian,
    bisexual, and transgendered people to live openly.
LBTQ ALPHABET SOUP:
DEFINING OUR TERMS
   Queer: A term used by individuals who see
    themselves as not exclusively heterosexual but do
    not wish to label themselves as either gay, lesbian,
    bisexual, or transgendered.
LBTQ ALPHABET SOUP:
DEFINING OUR TERMS
   Questioning: A term used by individuals who feel
    that they may possibly be homosexual but are not
    certain that this is the case, thus they are in the
    process of questioning their sexuality.
LBTQ ALPHABET SOUP:
DEFINING OUR TERMS
   Same-Sex Attraction: A derogatory term often used
    by organizations such as the ―ex-gay movement‖
    and individuals who believe that homosexuality is
    either a phase or can be cured to suggest that this
    ―attraction‖ can be overcome either through therapy
    or prayer.
LBTQ ALPHABET SOUP:
DEFINING OUR TERMS
   Stonewall: Refers to riots that took place near the
    Stonewall Inn in Greenwich Village, New York City,
    a bar for LGBTQ people, on June 28, 1969 after
    local police raided the bar and repeatedly harassed
    its patrons leaving many wounded and arrested and
    one person dead.
LBTQ ALPHABET SOUP:
DEFINING OUR TERMS
   Transgendered: A person who identifies themselves
    as the opposite gender from their physical body.
    These individuals may live as transgendered
    people or may choose to use gender reassignment
    surgery to become a transsexual and match their
    outward body to their gender identities.
LBTQ ALPHABET SOUP:
DEFINING OUR TERMS
   Transsexual: A person who seeks to actively
    change their physical sex to match their gender
    identity.
TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE
LGBTQ ALPHABET SOUP QUIZ
1.   What year did the events at the Stonewall Inn take
     place?
     A: 1969
2.   What is an ally?
     A: A person who supports LGBTQ rights / someone who is
         against homophobia
3.   What is one LGBTQ organization in schools?
     A:GSA / Gay-Straight Alliance
4.   What is the Defense of Marriage Act?
     A: A law that prevents the federal government from
         recognizing gay marriage.
5.   What does the ―Q‖ in LGBTQ stand for?
     A: queer or questioning
INTRODUCTION TO NEW MATERIAL:
TIMELINE NOTES DIRECTIONS
   Directions: The timeline of LGBTQ rights is divided
    into 3 eras:
     Pre-Stonewall (1600-1969)
     The Stonewall Riots (1969-70)
     Post-Stonewall (1971-Present)

 As you read the timeline of events in the LGBTQ
  rights movement pay close attention to how the
  events of the Stonewall Riots led to the creation of
  new organizations and new ways of thinking about
  lesbians, gays, bisexuals, and transgendered
  people.
 There will be a short quiz following this activity.
PRE-STONEWALL (1600-1969)
   1920 - ―Gay‖ first used to refer to homosexuals in the
    publication Underground
   1933 - Hitler bans gay and lesbian groups, burns the
    Institute of Sexual Science library
   1935 - ―Successful‖ electric shock therapy treatment of
    homosexuality reported at American Psychological
    Association meeting
   1941 - ―Transsexuality‖ first used in reference to
    homosexuality and bisexuality
   1942 - Switzerland decriminalizes adult homosexuality
   1943 - U.S. military bars gays and lesbians from serving
    in the Armed Forces
   1945 - Revealed that Holocaust victims include LGBTs
   1945 - The Quaker Emergency Committee of New York
    City opens the first social welfare agency for gay people
PRE-STONEWALL (1600-1969)
 1945 - First known female-to-male sex
  reassignment surgery, on Michael Dillon in Britain
 1948 - The Kinsey Report says homosexual
  behavior among men is widespread
 1948 - Hollywood begins blacklisting suspected
  homosexuals
 1951 - The Mattachine Society is founded to give
  a voice to LGBTQ people in New York politics
 1952 - Immigrants banned from U.S. if they have
  ―psychopathic personality,‖ including homosexuality
 1953 - President Dwight D. Eisenhower orders
  dismissal of all federal employees guilty of ―sexual
  perversion‖
PRE-STONEWALL (1600-1969)
   1954 - Dr. Evelyn Hooker presents a study showing gay
    men are as well adjusted as straight men, at an
    American Psychological Association meeting
   1961 - First openly gay person runs for U.S. public office
    (drag queen Jose Sarria, running for San Francisco city
    supervisor)
   1962 - Illinois becomes first state to make consensual
    same-sex acts legal
   1963 - American Civil Liberties Union opposes
    government interference in the private sex lives of
    consenting adults
   1966 - First U.S. gay community center opens, in San
    Francisco, led by The Society for Individual Rights
   1969 - National Institute of Mental Health study chaired
    by Dr. Evelyn Hooker urges decriminalization of private
    sex acts between consenting adults
THE STONEWALL RIOTS (JUNE 28,
1969)
   1:20am - In the morning on Saturday, June 28, 1969,
    four plainclothes policemen in dark suits, two patrol
    officers in uniform, and Detective Charles Smythe and
    Deputy Inspector Seymour Pine raid the Stonewall Inn,
    a gay bar in Greenwich Village, New York City
   1:45am - Police begin sending bar patrons outside and
    within minutes there are hundreds of people on the
    street waiting for arrest
   2:00am - An officer shoved a transsexual who reacted
    by hitting him in the head
   2:05am - Bar patrons began throwing bottles and rocks
    at the police shouting ―Gay Power‖ and singing ―We
    Shall Overcome‖
   4:00am - Rioters disperse after pushing the police out of
    the neighborhood
THE STONEWALL RIOTS (1969 - 1970)
   Thousands of people crowded into the Stonewall Inn and onto
    Christopher Street in front of the bar the night after the riot
   People began mass chanting with gay power slogans and
    wrote graffiti such as ―Support Gay Power‖ and ―Legalize Gay
    Bars‖
   The riots continued for several more days with differing
    crowds each evening
   Protesters began to organize in local homes to campaign for
    recognition of gay rights
   Within a year the Gay Liberation Front and the Gay
    Activists Alliance were formed to demonstrate for the rights
    of LGBTQ people
   On June 28, 1970 on the one year anniversary of the riots the
    first Gay Pride Parade was held on Christopher Street in front
    of the Stonewall Inn sparking the birth of the modern LGBTQ
    rights movement
POST-STONEWALL (1970-PRESENT)
   1970 - First Gay Liberation Day March held in New York
    City, First Gay Freedom Day March held in Los Angeles,
    first Gay-in held in San Francisco
   1972 - Sweden becomes first country in the world to
    allow transgendered people to legally change their sex,
    and provides free hormone therapy. Norway
    decriminalizes homosexuality
   1972 - Ann Arbor, Michigan becomes first city in United
    States to pass gay rights ordinance
   1973 - The American Psychiatric Association removes
    homosexuality from its DSM-II Diagnostic and Statistical
    Manual of Mental Disorders, based largely on the
    research and advocacy of Evelyn Hooker
POST-STONEWALL (1971-PRESENT)
   1977 - Harvey Milk is elected city-county supervisor in
    San Francisco, becoming the third out American elected
    to public office
   1977 - Dade County, Florida enacts a Human Rights
    Ordinance; it is repealed the same year after a militant
    anti-gay-rights campaign led by Anita Bryant
   1978 - The first Gay Pride Flag is flown in San Francisco
   1978 - San Francisco Supervisor Harvey Milk and
    Mayor George Moscone are assassinated by former
    San Francisco Supervisor Dan White.
   1979 - First national gay rights march on Washington,
    DC
   1980 - The Democratic National Convention becomes
    the first major political party in America to endorse a gay
    rights platform plank.
POST-STONEWALL (1971-PRESENT)
   1980 - Ronald Reagan is elected President
   1980 - Moral Majority starts anti-gay crusade nationwide
   1981 - The first cases of AIDS (then called GRID) are
    confirmed in the United States
   1983 - Massachusetts Representative Gerry Studds reveals
    he is a homosexual on the floor of the House, becoming the
    first openly gay member of Congress
   1985 - President Reagan mentions AIDS publicly for the first
    time, by then 25,000 Americans have died from the disease
   1987 - ACT UP stages its first major demonstration against
    the government for failing to stop the spread of HIV/AIDS
   1987 - U.S. Congressman Barney Frank comes out as gay
   1989 - Denmark is first country in the world to enact registered
    partnership laws (like a civil union) for same-sex couples,
    with most of the same rights as marriage
POST-STONEWALL (1971-PRESENT)
 1992 - The World Health Organization removes
  homosexuality from its list of disorders
 1994 - American Medical Association denounces
  the ex-gay movement and supposed cures for
  homosexuality saying it is not a disease
 1998 - Matthew Shepard is beaten and left for dead
  on a fence in Laramie, Wyoming for being gay
 2000 - Vermont becomes the first US state to allow
  civil unions
 2001 - Maryland passes an employment non-
  discrimination act and outlaws discrimination
  against LGBTQ people in employment
POST-STONEWALL (1971-PRESENT)
  2003 - In Lawrence v. Texas (2003) the US
  Supreme Court outlaws anti-sodomy laws and says
  relations between two consenting adults are legal
 2003 - Massachusetts becomes the first state to
  legalize same-sex marriage while 11 other states
  pass bans on such marriages later in the year
  (today 39 states have bans)
 2005 - Iran begins widespread execution of gays
 2008 - Gay marriage legalized in California and
  Connecticut
 2008 - Proposition 8 makes gay marriage illegal in
  California again on the same day Barack Obama is
  elected
POST-STONEWALL (1971-PRESENT)
 2009 - Gay marriage legalized in Iowa and
  Vermont
 2010 - Gay marriage in New Hampshire and
  Washington DC
 2010 - Illinois legalizes civil unions
 2010 - A judge rules that Arkansas’ ban on adoption
  by same-sex couples is unconstitutional
 2010 – President Barack Obama signs a repeal of
  Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell which will allow LGB people
  to serve openly in the military, transgendered
  people are still not allowed to serve in the military
 2011 - Hawaii and Delaware legalize civil unions
 2011 - New York legalizes same-sex marriage
TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE:
A QUICK REVIEW QUIZ
1.    What was the major cause of the Stonewall Riots?
2.    What LGBTQ organization existed before the Riots?
3.    Name 3 states that currently allow same-sex marriage.
4.    What is the significance of the Supreme Court case
      Lawrence v. Texas (2003)?
5.    When was HIV/AIDS first confirmed in the US?
6.    What was the focus of Dr. Evelyn Hooker’s research?
7.    What San Francisco politician was assassinated
      because of his homosexuality in 1978?
8.    Which country first decriminalized homosexuality in
      1942?
9.    Who opened the first social welfare agency for gay
      people?
10.   What did activists do to commemorate the first
      anniversary of the Stonewall Riots?
―IT GETS BETTER‖ COMBATING HATE
AND HOMOPHOBIA
 Directions: You will watch a short video clip that
  addresses the issue of homophobia and bullying in
  our nation’s schools. This is a serious issue and the
  Baltimore City Public Schools is working to combat
  bullying and create a safe space for all of our
  students.
 After you watch the video answer the 6 guiding
  questions that accompany this clip in order to frame
  your thinking about respect in our schools.
     Video
―It Gets Better‖
POST VIDEO QUESTIONS
1.   What is the overall message of the ―It Gets Better‖
     video?
2.   Without identifying names, what incidents of bullying,
     harassment, racism, sexism, or homophobia have
     you seen at your school?
3.   What can students do to prevent this kind of behavior?
4.   What can schools do to prevent this kind of behavior?
5.   What can our communities and our nation do to
     prevent this kind of behavior?
6.   Why is it important to treat people with respect even if
     you disagree with something about who they are or
     what they do?
GUIDED PRACTICE:
COMPARE AND CONTRAST DISCUSSION
 How are the Stonewall Riots similar to or different
  from other struggles for civil rights?
 Directions:
     Create a compare/contrast Venn Diagram about several
      ways that the LGBTQ Rights Movement is similar to and
      different from the Civil Rights movement led by African
      Americans, Latinos, and Asians that you have already
      studied.
     Next, use the answers from your Venn diagram to help
      you answer the 6 discussion questions about civil rights
      struggles in American history.
VENN DIAGRAM – SIMILARITIES AND
DIFFERENCES


   LGBTQ Rights Movement   Other Civil Rights Movements
DISCUSSION QUESTIONS
1.   What rights are the people that we have seen on film
     and in pictures looking to get?
2.   What is stopping them from achieving their goals; why
     do they need to fight for their rights?
3.   What groups in history do you already know about who
     have struggled to gain freedom or equality?
4.   In what ways are the struggles that LGBTQ people
     have gone through in America similar to these
     experiences?
5.   In what ways are the struggles that LGBTQ people
     have gone through in America different from these
     experiences?
6.   What do you think the struggles that these groups
     have gone through in our history says about America
     and the experience of different groups in our country?
VIDEO ACTIVITY:
LGBTQ RIGHTS IN A MODERN CONTEXT
   Directions: After you watch the 2 video clips answer
    the questions that accompany the videos to guide
    your understanding of how gay rights issues have
    changed in modern America.
    Videos
NY Gay Marriage
 Proposition 8
VIDEO QUESTIONS
1.   What events have occurred most recently in the
     LGBTQ rights movement?
2.   What federal law makes it difficult for same sex
     couples who get married in one state to remain
     married if they move to other states?
3.   Why do you think the outcome of these events
     might have been so different in New York and
     California?
4.   Based on what you know about government
     already, who do you think should decide if LGBTQ
     people should be allowed to get married, the
     courts, the legislatures, the president, or the
     people? Why?
     INDEPENDENT PRACTICE:
     DOCUMENT BASED QUESTION
   Directions: The following question requires you to construct a
    coherent essay that integrates your interpretation of Documents A
    – I and your knowledge of the period referred to in the question.
    High scores will be earned only by essays that both cite key
    pieces of evidence from the documents and draw on outside
    knowledge of the period. Some of the documents have been
    edited, and wording and punctuation have been modernized.
    (Rampolla 57)
   Suggested Writing Time: 60 Minutes
   Describe how the main goals of the LGBTQ rights movement have
    changed from its inception in 1969 to the present?
     Explain what changes in public policy individuals who participated in
      the Stonewall Riots were hoping to achieve in 1969.
     Explain how LGBTQ organizations’ priorities shifted in the wake of the
      1980’s conservative movement and the advent of HIV/AIDS.
     Describe the modern (post 2000) LGBTQ rights movement and
      characterize the movement’s goals and ambitions.
     Evaluate whether this movement is likely to achieve its goals based
      on its current strategy and your prior knowledge of civil rights
      struggles in the United States.
RUBRIC
DOCUMENT
A
DOCUMENT B
      DOCUMENT B VIDEO CLIP
            ―ACT UP‖
DOCUMENT C
The Stonewall Inn in New York City's West Village June 28, 1969
"Standing Up for Gay Rights"
It was 1:20 a.m. when eight cops stomped into the Stonewall Inn, a dive in
    Manhattan's Greenwich Village district that had no liquor license but served
    watery drinks to a mix of drag queens, street kids, gay professionals and
    closeted and straight mafiosi (who ran the place). Within two hours, the
    Village was bleeding and burning as hundreds rioted. How did the nightly
    saturnalia at Stonewall produce protests that would kick start the modern gay-
    rights movement?


The uprising was inspirited by a potent cocktail of pent-up rage (raids of gay bars
  were brutal and routine) and overwrought emotions (hours earlier, thousands
  had wept at the funeral of Judy Garland). As a 17-year-old cross-dresser was
  being led into the paddy wagon and got a shove from a cop, she fought back.
  "[She] hit the cop" one of her friends later told Martin Duberman, author of the
  history of Stonewall. Later, the deputy police inspector in charge would
  explain that day's impact: "For those of us in [the] public morals [division],
  things were completely changed ... Suddenly they were not submissive
  anymore." Today gays and lesbians memorialize that night each year with a
  weekend of rallies, parades and parties—a spectacle as inspiring as the
  Stonewall itself. - John Cloud, Time Magazine
DOCUMENT D
DOCUMENT E
                  Document E
―Gay Marriage: Why Judge Walker Got Proposition 8
                  Ruling Wrong‖
DOCUMENT F
DOCUMENT G
                  Document G
  ―California Should Get Back in Gear on Gay
                    Marriage‖
DOCUMENT H
               VIDEO
            Document H
       Stonewall Uprising Trailer
ANSWER SPACE
   Type your answer to your Document Based
    Question essay in this space:
 CONCLUSION VIDEO
Gay Rights Closing Video
CONCLUSION
 Please be sure to clean up your materials, turn in
  any appropriate work (if applicable) to your teacher,
  and to leave your space in a tidy fashion.
 Questions to think about as we conclude the lesson
  and in the future:
     What does the term equality mean in an American
      context? (Have we achieved equality in America?)
     What can we learn about the ability of people to change
      their society by looking at events like the Stonewall
      Riots and other civil rights struggles?
     What direction will our country take in the future in terms
      of treating all people fairly; should this be a national
      priority for our citizens and our leaders?
   Thank you!

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:15
posted:10/16/2011
language:English
pages:70