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					                                           United States Department of Agriculture
                                           Forest Service




                     2008                       Aquatics
                                                Program


                     Annual
                     Report


photo by Alan Dyck
                      M t. H o o d N a t i o N a l F o r e s t   aquatics PrograM
                                                                                                                                                               from the Forest
                                                                                                                                                        I am proud to present our Mt. Hood National Forest Aquatics Program
                                                                                                                                                        annual report for 2008. This year marks yet another remarkable year
                                                                                                                                                        of program accomplishments achieved by collaboration with a large
                                                                                                                                                        number of partners. Working together with other federal, tribal, state, and
                                                                                                                                                        local agencies, citizen groups, and private landowners, we are making a
                                                                                                                                                        significant basin-wide difference in restoration of riparian and aquatic
                                                                                                                                                        ecosystems. I also want to comment on how well all of our Forest staff has
                                                                                                                                                        worked together in a more holistic approach—both in restoration activities
                                                                                                                                                        and in preparation of the attached report.




                                                                                                                              US Forest Service photo
                                                                                                                                                        As you read about implementing the “Legacy Roads Program” and other
                                                                                                                                                        aquatics and watershed restoration projects, it will become clear how
                                                                                                                                                        important it is our different staff work together internally to achieve
                                                                                                                                                        multiple resource objectives. Moreover, you will gain a keen sense of the
                                                                                             Gary L. Larsen
                                                                                                                                                        critical importance of our external partnerships involving local, state,
                                                                                             Forest Supervisor
                                                                                                                                                        federal, and tribal governments; non-governmental organizations; and
                                                                                             Mt. Hood National Forest
                                                                                                                                                        private landowners. We could not accomplish the breadth and magnitude
                                                                                                                                                        of what we do without your partnership support.

                                                                                                                                                        Aquatic conservation education is of personal importance to me.
                                                                                Washington
                                                                                                                                                        Improving our connections with local communities and schools is a
                                                                                                                                                        priority, and the Aquatic Education framework described here is an
                                                                                                                                                        important step in consistently delivering a message to our diverse publics.
                                                                                                                                                        The community of interests that works in collaboration represents a wide
                                                                                                                                                        range of amazingly dedicated people and highly talented professionals.
                                                                                                                                                        I am also particularly proud of our own staff of highly motivated and
                                                                                                                                                        well-trained professionals. Working together with partners, we collectively
                                                                                                                                                        achieve a deep understanding of how our ecosystem works, and what
                                                                !                                                                                       we can do to be better stewards of our aquatic and riparian resources in
                                                          Portland                                                                                      concert with local communities.

                                                                     Mt. Hood                                                                           Finally, all the projects described in this year’s report continue to be enacted
                                                                     National
                                                                     Forest                                                                             under the guidance of the Forest’s 2006 Strategic Stewardship Plan. If you
                                                                                                                                                        haven’t had a chance to review our Strategic Stewardship Plan, you may
                                                                                                                                                        find a copy on our website at:

                                                                                                                                                        http://www.fs.fed.us/r6/mthood/publications/

                                                                                                                                                        I look forward to working together in rising to the aquatics program
                                                                                                                                                        challenges of the future.
                                                                                  Oregon
                                                                                                                                                        With Best Regards to All,



                                                                                                                                                        Gary L. Larsen
                                                                                                                                                        Forest Supervisor


                                                                                                                    µ
                                                                                                                                                        Mt. Hood National Forest


photo by Alan Dyck
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                     M t. H o o d       NatioNal Forest                                                      a q u a Milesc s P r o g r a M
                                                                                                                     ti                                                      2008 aNNual rePort
                                                               Legacy Roads Program
                                                               Improving Watershed Conditions
                                                               Strategy for Restoration
                                                               Over 3,000 miles of roads exist on the Mt. Hood National Forest. Many roads were built
                                                               during peak timber harvest activities from the 1940s through the 1970s. Changes in how
                                                               the Mt. Hood Forest is managed, coupled with declining budgets, have prompted a hard
                                                               look at the transportation system. A new strategy was developed in 2008 to plan road-
                                                               related, aquatic restoration projects at the watershed-scale.


                                                               Legacy Roads Projects
                                                               To address the problem of roads posing a potential danger to aquatic resources, the U.S.
                                                               Congress passed the Legacy Road and Trail Restoration Act of 2008 and appropriated
                                                               federal funding. With broad partner support, the Mt. Hood National Forest received
                                                               substantial funding under the act to implement several projects, and a few are described
                                                               on the next two pages.



                                                                                                           Legacy Road Strategy on the
                                                                                                             Mt. Hood National Forest
                                                                                                           •	 Inventory the transportation system.
                                                                                                              Evaluate the potential for negative
                                                                                                              impacts on aquatic ecosystem function.
                                                                                                              Identify treatments for roads that have
                                                                                                              potential for adverse impacts to aquatic
                                                                                                              resources.

                                                                                                           •	 Involve citizens and land-owners, tribal
                                                                                                              governments, and other stakeholders in a
                                                                                                              collaborative dialogue.

                                                                                                           •	 Develop site-specific, road-related
                                                                                                              aquatic restoration project proposals by
                                                                                                              watershed.

                                                                                                           •	 Prioritize and implement treatments to
                                                                                                              maximize benefits based on available
                                                                                                              project funding.

                                                                                                           •	 Monitor and evaluate effectiveness of
                                                                                                              restoration activities. Are we improving
                                                                                                              watershed condition and health?



US Forest Service photo
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                          M t. H o o d       NatioNal Forest    aquatics PrograM                     2008 aNNual rePort
Work Performed in 2008
                                                                                  Bull Run Road Decommissioning                                                           Little Zigzag River Culvert                                                     Work Performed in 2008
  •	 37 miles of road decommissioned.                                             The Bull Run River Watershed provides a pristine                                        Replacement                                                                     In 2008, the culvert at the main entrance
  •	 Work included culvert removal,                                               unfiltered municipal water supply to over one million                                                                                                                   to the Kiwanis Camp was removed and
     installation of cross-drain features,                                        people in the Portland-Metro area who turn on their taps                                Continuing to remove anadromous fish                                            replaced with a bridge. A contract will
     surface de-compaction, erosion                                               every day and get cool, clean drinking water. In 2008,                                  barriers
     control, and re-vegetation.                                                                                                                                                                                                                          be implemented in 2009 to remove
                                                                                  the Mt. Hood National Forest and City of Portland Water                                                                                                                 the upstream culvert while staff at the
  •	 By 2009, all remaining roads identified                                      Bureau began removing roads under the Legacy Roads                                      The Legacy Roads Program also targets existing roads
     for decommissioning within the water                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Kiwanis Camp fund construction of their
                                                                                  Program to improve protection of the drinking water                                     to make them more environmentally friendly. A                                   own modular bridge crossing to allow a
     supply boundary of the Bull Run                                              supply.                                                                                 major project completed in 2008 included replacing
     Watershed Management Area will be                                                                                                                                                                                                                    secondary evacuation route for disabled
                                                                                                                                                                          a culvert which blocked fish passage on the Little                              children in the event of an emergency.
     completed.                                                                   •	 Many miles of legacy roads remained from logging                                     Zigzag River and removing another culvert barrier
                                                                                     operations conducted during the 1960s – 1980s.                                       located just a short distance upstream.                                         Expected Benefits:
Expected Benefits:                                                                   Approximately 45 percent of the roads within the Bull
  •	 Restore hydrologic function.                                                    Run Watershed Management Unit are no longer needed.                                  These culverts are located on the Little Zigzag River,                            •	 Restore aquatic organism passage
  •	 Reduce potential for sediment to be                                             The Forest lacks funding to adequately maintain the                                                                                                                       along the entire length of the Little
                                                                                                                                                                          within the Special Use Permit area of the Mt. Hood
     delivered to streams and the Bull Run                                           unneeded roads.                                                                                                                                                           Zigzag River.
                                                                                                                                                                          Kiwanis Camp – a 501(C) 3 non-profit corporation
     reservoirs.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            •	 Provide unobstructed fish passage for
                                                                                                                                                                          offering people with disabilities an opportunity to visit
  •	 Reestablish riparian vegetation and                                          •	 If these roads are not maintained or decommissioned                                                                                                                       winter steelhead, coho salmon, and
                                                                                                                                                                          the Forest. The Forest worked work with the Kiwanis
     function where roads parallel or cross                                          (i.e., returning a road to a condition that restores                                                                                                                      cutthroat trout upstream about one
                                                                                                                                                                          Camp throughout design and construction on several
     streams.                                                                        infiltration and hydrologic connectivity), then the risk                                                                                                                  mile to a natural waterfall barrier.
                                                                                                                                                                          issues, including how to minimize impacts to camp
  •	 Improve watershed conditions,                                                   increases for surface erosion, culvert failure, gullying, and                        operation and access.
     benefiting drinking water supply                                                landslides, all which threaten the quality of Portland’s
     and aquatic conditions for ESA-listed                                           water supply and aquatic resources such as fish.                                     This project marks the completion of many years of
     salmon, trout, and other species.
                                                                                                                                                                          work to remove all of the culvert-fish passage barriers affecting anadromous fish (i.e., salmon
                                                                                                                                                                          and steelhead) on Forest Service roads in the entire Sandy River Basin – a truly monumental
                                                                                                                                                                          achievement!
  photo by Todd Parker




                         Old culvert ready for removal in Bull Run Watershed during road decommissioning.




                                                                                                                                                     photo by Tom Iraci
                                                                                                                                                                          LIttle Zigzag River pre-project: Culvert blocks fish
                                                                                                                                                                          migration upstream.
  photo by Todd Parker




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 photo by Tom Iraci
                         Restoration of stream crossing from above road.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Post-project: Newly installed bridge provides unimpeded
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          upstream fish passage..

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                                                              M t. H o o d             NatioNal Forest                                                                                                     aquatics PrograM                               2008 aNNual rePort
                                                                      Kids Connections
                                                          In My Backyard -

                                                                      Watershed Education in
                                                                      Rural Schools
                                                                      In 2008, Forest staff (fish biologists, hydrologists, and soil scientists) together with
                                                                      interns from the Northwest Service Academy developed a Forest-wide strategy
                                                                      to deliver aquatics-related conservation education programs to school children in
                                                                      rural communities around the Mt. Hood National Forest. Capitalizing on existing
                                                                      conservation education efforts, staff and interns conducted a series of meetings
                                                                      in 2008 and developed the Forest’s new Watershed Education Program. This
                                                                      program is aimed at giving students an understanding of the importance of their
                                                                      own local watershed and providing them further knowledge and information in
                                                                      the areas of fisheries, hydrology and soils.

                                                                      The program offers three curricula to local school teachers (grades K through 12)
                                                                      at no cost. They are: 1) The Salmon’s Amazing Journey, 2) Watershed Wonders,
                                                                      and 3) The Story that Soil Tells. Each curriculum contains hands-on learning
                                                                      exercises and is tailored to meet state educational benchmarks for science
                                                                      literacy.

                                                                      In 2009, fish biologists, hydrologists, soil scientists, district rangers, and interns will
                                                                      visit local classrooms to teach lessons in one or more of three topic areas selected
                                                                      by the teacher. Teachers are encouraged to visit the Forest’s website (http://www.
                                                                      fs.fed.us/r6/mthood/WatershedEd.shtml) to learn more about the program and
                                                                      make a request for a classroom visit.




                                                                      Classrooms in the Stream
                                                                      Salmon Watch and Cascade Streamwatch
                                                                      Salmon Watch, offered by Oregon Trout in partnership with the U.S. Forest Service
                                                                      and other contributing partners, annually provides several thousand middle and
                                                                      high school students with opportunities to study aquatic and riparian ecology
                                                                      (riparian refers to the vegetated areas along waterways that are influenced
                                                                      by the water). Students also study about the relationship of humans in their
                                                                      environments through learning about the life cycle of Pacific salmon. Salmon
                                                                      Watch fulfills an important conservation education component of the Forest
                                                                      Service mission. Staff from the Mt. Hood National Forest coordinate a regional
                                                                      agreement enabling the partnership with Oregon Trout, and also serve on the
                                                                      program steering committee.




photo by Alan Dyck
                                    8                                                           9
                     M t. H o o d       NatioNal Forest           aquatics PrograM                     2008 aNNual rePort
                                                                Cascade Streamwatch Watch (CSW) immerses students in
          Salmonwatch on Oregon                                 rigorous inquiry-driven studies of aquatic ecosystems and                                                                                                                                                                                               START
          National Forests in 2008                              provides opportunities for advanced students to pursue                                      almon Life Cy
                                                                                                                                                         eS              c                                                                                                                                                                                                               THE END
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Only 750 out of
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      7,000 eggs live to become


                                                                authentic research and management projects in local                                     h                                                                                                                                                              ALEVINS. You are lucky.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Roll to begin.




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              le
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    SC                      ON




                                                                                                                                               T
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               You are caught
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       EN      T S TAT I
                                                                watersheds. Yearly, 4th to 12th grade students from Portland-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            in a Squamish Indian                   You enter a fish            You found a place to


          Portland-Metro Area
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           net. After a celebration             hatchery. Your eggs are       spawn.The salmon life
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            feast, your bones are                 harvested to raise           cycle will continue.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           returned to the river so                salmon. Roll 3-4              Hurray! Roll 5-6

                                                                Metro area schools are transported to BLM’s Wildwood Park
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   You are living off
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                your yolk sac of energy                                       salmon will come


                 54 field trips                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  A beautiful rainbow
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               until a hiker steps on your
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   REDD. Lose 2 ETs.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                back. Roll 1-2



                                                                and the Bear Springs Work Center to gain hands-on field                                                                                                                                         trout shoots out from


                 1620 students
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               under a log and swallows
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Yuk! You swim around
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    SCENT
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    you. You die.

                                                                experience in science education. Students from Madras,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              the hooves of many cows.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Watch out for those cow


                 32 schools                                     Bend, Sisters and the Warm Spring Indian Reservation visit
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 patties! Lose 2 ETs.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  What is
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Your Destiny?
                                                                facilities and participate in the program on the Deschutes                                                                                         FACT




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          L
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    OL
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      QU
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   CARD
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     You are cut and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           ES
          Statewide                                             National Forest. Approximately 7,500 students enrolled in the                                                                                                                                                                                 Students plant trees
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               near your stream.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  bruised after leaping
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    up a mighty falls.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Lose 2 ETs.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  TI O N & R

                 163 field trips                                formal program and another 8,000 to 10,000 students are                                                                                        Large trees fall
                                                                                                                                                                                                            into your stream.You
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              The water is cool and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               clean. Rest here.



                 4934 students                                  estimated to have visited the Cascade Streamwatch site at                                                    A thoughtless angler
                                                                                                                                                                                                            find tasty insects to
                                                                                                                                                                                                              eat. Gain 2 ETs.                                                      Someone fishes
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                illegally, and you are


                 79 schools                                     BLM’s Wildwood Park in unscheduled program visits. Many
                                                                                                                                                                           hooks you and tears out                                                                                poached. You die.
                                                                                                                                                                            the hook. Your wound
                                                                                                                                                                           gets infected. You die.


                                                                participating students are from the inner city of Portland and                                                                                                                            FACT
                                                                many are from under served rural communities.                                               Hatchery fish are
                                                                                                                                                        released into your stream.
                                                                                                                                                        There’s not enough food.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          CARD
                                                                                                                                                               Lose 2 ETs.


                                                                                                                                                                                                    Hydroelectric Dam.
                                                                                                                                                                                               All must STOP and roll again!

                                                                Riparian Rangers
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Hang in there baby!
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Life as a salmon is no
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    No more ETs! From                                                                                              piece of crab cake!
                                                                                                                                                                         You’re a SMOLT                                                                           now on you use stored
                                                                                                                                                                     ready to see the ocean.                                                                    energy. You must conserve           Using less electricity
                                                                                                                                                                        Advance 1 space.                                                                          ETs and avoid danger.             saves water at dams.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Gain up to 3 ETs listing
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   ways to save electricity.

                                                                In 2008, the Mt. Hood National Forest continued an 18-year                                                               FACT
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Concerned farmers
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         use fewer pesticides.


                                                                partnership with the Catlin Gabel School under the Regional
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Move ahead 2 spaces.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Your only purpose
                                                                                                                                                                                         CARD                  You enter an ESTUARY,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          now is to return to
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          your home stream.


                                                                Challenge Cost Share program. Field work offered students
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Advance 3 space.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                where the river meets
                                                                                                                                                                                                               the ocean. You eat tasty
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   ZOOPLANKTON.



                                     photo by Ethan Jewett,
                                                                experience in both four strand barbed wire and buck-n-pole                                                                                           Gain 3 ETs.




                                   courtesy of Oregon Trout     wooden fence construction along Camas Creek in the Clear                                                                               The city sewer
                                                                                                                                                                                                   overflows when it rains.
                                                                                                                                                                                                    Peeuuw! It’s hard to                                                                                                                                                               After 3 years in the

                                                                Creek Watershed. Students cleared brush, drove steel fence                                                                           breath. Lose 3 ETs.                                                                                                                                                              ocean, you rest here
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        before your long
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         journey home.


                                                                posts, and strung wire for the proposed barbed wire fence                                                     Yummy! You eat your
                                                                                                                                                                             way through a school of
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           FA
                                                                line. While working in the field, Forest Service employees                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                CARCT
                                                                                                                                                                             shrimp. It’s why you are
                                                                                                                                                                                 pink. Gain 3 ETs.


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              D
                                                                educated the Catlin students not just on fence building, but
                                                                                                                                                Wow! That orca whale
                                                                                                                                                is really big. So is his
                                                                                                                                                  appetite. You die.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Yikes! You didn’t

                                                                on the complex interactions of livestock grazing, streamside
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           You win the jackpot!
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   see that tuna until it                  You barely escape
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         In a bay near Alaska, you
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Anchovies are more                                                         nabs your tail. Sorry                  the net of a fishing
                                                                                                                                                                                 Phew! You got away                                                         feed on a school of
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       than a pizza topping.                                                         Charlie. You die.                    boat. You are tired.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            herring. Gain 3 ETs.

                                                                vegetation, and recreational use in the same area. This
                                                                                                                                                                               from that sea lion. Lose               Chow down on a school                                                                                                   Lose 3 ETs.
                                                                                                                                                                                part of a tail fin and 2                of them. Gain 2 ETs
  photo by Ethan Jewett,                                                                                                                                                           ETs but escape.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Artwork & Design by:

courtesy of Oregon Trout
                                                                livestock exclosure protects about five acres of complex
                                                                forested wetland along Camas Creek.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Fishing Clinics
                                                                                                                                           The Salmon Life Cycle Game is an interactive board                                                                                                                                                 •	 Annual	youth	fishing	clinics	were	sponsored	
                                                                                                                                           game developed by the Mt. Hood National Forest for                                                                                                                                                    by	all	four	ranger	districts	in	2008.	There	
                                                                                                                                           conservation education. During the game, students                                                                                                                                                     was	a	record	turnout	of	over	450	eager	kids	
                                                                Festivals and Fishing Clinics                                              become a Pacific salmon and try to complete its life cycle                                                                                                                                            ages	13	and	under	accompanied	by	over	
                                                                                                                  photo by Ethan Jewett,
                                                                                                                courtesy of Oregon Trout
                                                                                                                                           while navigating around a hydroelectric dam, traveling                                                                                                                                                500	adults.	This	year’s	event	drew	a	diverse	
                                                                The Annual Children’s                                                      in the Pacific Ocean, and then returning to its home                                                                                                                                                  crowd,	perhaps	the	result	of	bilingual	media	
                                                                Clean Water Festival held at                                               stream to spawn. Students learn about the salmon’s life                                                                                                                                               advertising	and	flyer	posting	effort.	Apart	
                                                                Portland Community College                                                                         journey, they answer questions                                                                                                                                                from	fishing,	the	clinics	focus	on	watershed	
                                                                has various venues for over                                                                        and learn facts related to the                                                                                                                                                education	and	family	fun	with	crafts	and	
                                                                1,200 fourth and fifth grade                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     other	fishy	activities.	
                                                                                                                                                                   journey while playing the game.
                                                                students representing more                                                                         The Salmon Life Cycle Game                                                                                                                                                 •	 The	clinics	are	possible	with	the	
                                                                than 25 schools and over                                                                           classroom activity was played                                                                                                                                                 partnership	and	cooperation	of	the	Oregon	
                                                                500 teachers. The Mt. Hood                                                                         by approximately 125 students                                                                                                                                                 Department	of	Fish	and	Wildlife,	who	stock	
                                                                National Forest brought four                                                                       with additional exposure to                                                                                                                                                   the	ponds	and	lakes,	and	the	Middle	Fork	
                                                                aquatic mentors to conduct                                                                         12 teachers/adults who joined                                                                                                                                                 Irrigation	District,	Portland	General	Electric	
                                                                a classroom activity using the                                                                     them. About 40 games were                                                                                                                                                     and	Camp	Baldwin	Boy	Scouts	of	America	
                                                                Salmon Life Cycle Game.                                                                            given to teachers in the festival’s                                                                                                                                           Columbia	Pacific	Council	who	allow	the	use	
                                                                                                                                                                   education resource center to                                                                                                                                                  of	their	ponds.	In	addition	to	our	partners,	
                                                                                                                                                                   take back to their classrooms for                                                                                                                                             numerous	community	businesses	provide	
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 donations	for	prizes	and	food	that	help	
                                     photo by Ethan Jewett,                                                                                                        future use.
                                     courtesy of Oregon Trout                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    make	the	fishing	clinics	a	great	success.
                                                                                                                                                                                                           photo by Ethan Jewett,
                                                                                                                                                                                                           courtesy of Oregon Trout

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                                             M t. H o o d                NatioNal Forest                                                                                                                            aquatics PrograM                                                                                                         2008 aNNual rePort
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Aquatic Restoration
    S a n d y R i v e r B a s n R e s t o r a t o n : G e o g r a p h c F o cus
    S a n d y R i v e r B a s ii n R e s t o r a t ii o n : G e o g r a p h ii c F o c u s
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Map of Sandy River Basin
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    showing aquatic habitat
                                                                                                         Gordon Creek
                                                       i a                   Ri
                                                                                v e
                                                                                    r
                                                                                                              5                                                                                                                                       Lower Bull Run River                                                                          restoration priorities.
                                            Co l u m b                                                                                                                          r
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    Beaver Creek                                                                                        Reservoir #2                                                   Ce da




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         11                                                                                                                       South For k B ull Run River
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Bull Run


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        The lower Salmon River had its clock turned back 45 years in the summer of 2008. The
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Lake
                                                                                        Little Sandy                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Zigzag River
                                                                                             Dam
    Trout Creek
                                                                                                           Little Sa
                                                                                                                     n dy River                                                                                                                                                            r                                         9




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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       reek
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Salmon River, a major tributary to the upper Sandy River Watershed, saw water flowing




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         8                                                                                                      Marmot
                                                                                                                 Dam
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                                                    Sandy




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Cl
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Muddy

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        in side channels that had been dry since 1965, the result of a collaborative restoration
                                                                                                                                                                                Bo uld e r Cr e e k                                                                y       R iver                             Fork
                                                                                                                  S and y R                                                N.                                                                                nd
                                                                                                                            i ver                                                                                                                                               L os




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Sa
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Mount
      Sandy River                                                                               Ce
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           ek                                      Hood

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        project to improve important habitat for salmon and other aquatic species.
                                                                                                    r                                                                                       cke                                                       H or s
    Mainstem Corridor                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             e




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                                                                                                                                                                            Sixes Creek
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        The recovery of salmon and their habitat is a major focus of the Mt. Hood National
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Hen r                                                         Cre
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            y                                                 y
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    Alder&Wildcat Creeks                                                                Clear Creek
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             6                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Zig Zag                                                                  Government
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Forest. The restoration of key “anchor habitat” within large river basins maximizes
                                                                                                                                                              er C
                                                                                            12                                                                                                                                                                        R iver
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Cam p Cr e ek                         Camp
                                                                                                                                                           Bou l d




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                                                                                                                                                                                                  ree
                                                                                                                                                                                                  C
                                                                                                                                                                                    Ch e en ey
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        benefits to salmon. On the Sandy River, a group of 12 stakeholders created a



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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        collaborative strategy to describe and identify priority areas for salmon habitat
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Sa l                                                         eek
           Ranking of Watersheds




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Creek
                                                                                                                                                                                                            ver


                                                                                                                                                                                                                          mo
                                                                                                                                                                                                                               n


                                                                                                                                                                                                          Ri
                                                                                                                                                                                                          on                       Ri                                                                                Trillium
       Accessible to Anadromous Fish                                                                                                                                                           k S
                                                                                                                                                                                                   a lm                              ve                                                                                Lake


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        restoration (see http://www.oregontrout.com/pdf/SandyHabRpt.pdf ). The strategy
                                                                                                                                                                                            or




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      r
                                                                                                                                                                                     S. F




           Watersheds
                                Anchor Habitat Watershed                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                describes Tier 1 through Tier 4 actions and priorities for projects. In 2008, the Forest
                                Non-Anchor Habitat Watershed
                                                                                                                                                      Salmon River                                                                                                                                                              Still Creek
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        successfully completed important Tier 1 actions focusing on reconnecting isolated
        Restoration priority rank based on composite EMDS score of
        reaches currently accessible to anadromous fish.
                                                                                                                                                           2                                                                                                                                                                          3                                                                 habitat by reactivating historic side channels in floodplains throughout the lower
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            2            0          2      4
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Miles
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Salmon River.
courtesy of Oregon Trout
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Side channels along a river provide important fish habitat, and also buffer against
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        large-scale flood events by storing water and decreasing stream velocity. After
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        photo by Duane Bishop
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        the devastating 1964 flood, federal agencies closed off these side channels. They
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        assumed that making the river a single channel would hasten flows and reduce flood
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        damage. Today’s river managers and project partners have several decades of river
photo by Gary Asbridge                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  and fish habitat research to show that removing the side channels degraded the river
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        environment far greater than any flood event ever could. This past summer, river
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        managers and project partners set to work restoring the side channels in the Salmon
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        River, reconnecting them to the main river and improving habitat complexity by
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        addition of large wood.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        The purpose of the Salmon River Side Channel Restoration Project is to reconnect side
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        channel complexes, providing improved habitat for resident and anadromous fishes
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        and other riparian wildlife while improving the river’s ability to dissipate flood flow
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        energy. Specific goals include:
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Re-establish year round flow in each side-channel.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        photo by Gary Asbridge
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Large wood added while                Increase channel complexity and spawning and rearing habitat for various life
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       opening old side channel on
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             stages of fish including spring Chinook and coho salmon, winter steelhead and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Salmon River, Reconnecting
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       the main channel helps                Pacific lamprey.
Post restoration work in Robinhood Creek.
Addition of large wood and culvert removal                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             dissapate flood flows and             Re-establish riparian-dependant shrubs and conifers for shade, temperature
restores aquatic habitat.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              restores key anchor habitat
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       in Upper Sandy River.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             regulation and future large wood recruitment.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Eradicate noxious weeds.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        The project connected historic side channels to the main Salmon River and restored
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        over two miles of critically important fish habitat that had been severely degraded for
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        over 40 years.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        In addition to the Salmon River Side Channel Restoration Project, Forest staff and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        collaborative partners completed other high priority aquatic restoration activities in
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        the Clackamas and Hood River Basins.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          This culvert removal in Robinhood Creek
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          was high priority work in Hood River Basin.


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     12                                                                                                                                                                                             13
                                                                                                                                            M t. H o o d                                                                                                                        NatioNal Forest                                                                                                       aquatics PrograM                     2008 aNNual rePort
                                                                                                                    Collaborative Water Quality Monitoring
                                                                                                                                            Healthy Water-Healthy Fish
                                                                                                                                            Different salmonid species require specific environmental conditions for proper
                                                                                                                                            growth, development, and reproduction. Tributaries in the Sandy River Basin,
                                                                                                                                            which vary in habitat quality for salmonids, were evaluated in cooperation with the
                                                                                                                                            University of Portland and other partners. The goal of this multi-year project is to
                                                                                                                                            correlate the differences between environmental and habitat variables and salmon
                                                                          The following variables                                           productivity in different tributaries.
                                                                          were sampled:
                                                                                                                                            Findings so far:
                                                                            •	 bacteria (Enterococcus)
                                                                            •	 water and air                                                 •	 Temperatures, measured as the 7-day average maximum, varied considerably
                                                                               temperature                                                      between streams.
                                                                            •	 dissolved oxygen                                              •	 Bacteria (Enterococcus) levels were low for the Clear Fork of the Sandy River and
                                                                            •	 pH                                                               Still Creek. Lost Creek and Camp Creek showed high levels of Enterococcus.
                                                                            •	 stream velocity                                               •	 Still Creek exhibits the best salmonid habitat based on the variables sampled
                                                                            •	 discharge                                                        followed by Lost Creek, Clear Fork Sandy and Camp Creek




                                                                                                                                                                      Clackamas
                                                                                                                                                                      Stewardship
                                      Clackamas Stewardship
                                                                                                                                                                      Partners




                                                                               US Forest Service photo
                                      Partners include:                                                                                                               Clean, clear water and healthy forests are foundations of
                                       •	 Bark                                                                                                                        healthy ecosystems. The Clackamas Stewardship Partners
                                       •	 Clackamas County Soil & Water                                                                                               (CSP) is a group of diverse stakeholders dedicated to restoring
                                          Conservation District                                                                                                       the ecological function of the Clackamas River Basin while
                                       •	 Clackamas County Board of                                      Pre-project - Culvert on Dutch Creek was an upstream         benefiting local economies. Using stewardship contracting
                                          County Commissioners                                           barrier to fish and othe aquatic organisms.                  authorities, CSP prioritizes, identifies and designs restoration
                                       •	 Clackamas River Ranger                                                                                                      projects to recommend to the Clackamas River District of
                                          District                                                                                                                    the Mt. Hood National Forest. In less than three years, CSP
                                       •	 Clackamas River Basin Council                                                                                               has taken a leadership role in transforming an atmosphere of
                                       •	 Gifford Pinchot Task Force                                                                                                  polarization and distrust to an environment where common-
                                       •	 Northwest Forest Conservancy                                                                                                ground solutions are not only developed, but implemented.
                                       •	 Northwest Oregon
                                          Resource Conservation and                                                                                                   As of the end of 2008, 13 stewardship contracts were
                                          Development Council                                                                                                         awarded including approximately 2,000 acres of commercial
                                       •	 Oregon Department of Fish &                                                                                                 thinning. This thinning has paid for over $1,700,000 of


                                                                               US Forest Service photo
                                          Wildlife                                                                                                                    restorative services. An additional $850,000 of receipts
                                       •	 Oregon Wild (formerly ONRC)                                                                                                 has been retained to fund a variety of restoration projects
                                       •	 Pacific Northwest Research                                                                                                  recommended by the CSP. Restoration projects include
                                          Station                                                                                                                     road closures and maintenance, road repair, side channel
                                       •	 Portland State University                                                                                                   restoration, snag and down wood creation, and repairing
                                       •	 Rocky Mountain Elk                                             Post-project - An open bottom arch mimics and restores the   damage done by off-highway vehicles.
                                          Foundation                                                     natural streambed.


               14                                                                                                                                                        15
M t. H o o d        NatioNal Forest                                                                                                    aquatics PrograM                         2008 aNNual rePort
                                                                                                                                                                             Stop the Spread
                                                                                                                                           Protecting Riparian Areas
                                                                                                                                           From Invasive Plants
                                                                                                                                           With completion of the Invasive Plant Environmental Impact Statement, 2008
                                                                                                                                           marked the first year of invasive plant chemical treatments in riparian areas on the
                                                                                                                                           Mt. Hood National Forest and Columbia River Gorge National Scenic Area. The
                                                                                                                                           project is integrated, combining invasive plant control projects with prevention
                                                                                                                                           and community-based outreach programs on a watershed scale. The project’s
                                                                                                                                           ultimate goal is to protect the function of the riparian corridor, and the fisheries
                                                                                                                                           and wildlife species it supports by maintaining native vegetation.

                                                                                                                                           The Invasive Plants – Stop the Spread! Eradicate Weeds! project addresses the
                                                                                                                                           threat of invasive plants to salmon, wildlife and other habitats. Invasive plants
                                                                                                                                           treated include Japanese knotweed, gypsy flower, white knapweed, orange
                                                                                                                                           hawkweed, meadow hawkweed and Himalayan blackberry. In 2008 , 59 acres
                                                                                                                                           in riparian areas and over 340 total acres were treated for invasive plants across
                                                                                                                                                                                           the Forest by our partners through
                                                                                                                                                                                           Regional Challenge Cost Share




                                                                                           courtesy of Clackamas River Basin Council
                                                                                                                                                                                           funding. All sites are monitored, and
                                                                                                                                                                                           will receive appropriate treatments
                                                                                                                                                                                           in the future as needed.




                                                                                                                                                                                            Knotweed roots are extensive. Treatment can
                                                                                                                                                                                            include digging to remove rhizomes.


                                                                                                                                                                                            Japanese Knotweed is a non-native noxious
                                                                                                                                                                                            perennial that spreads quickly.


                                                                        Lead Partners
                                                                          Clackamas River Basin Council
                                                                          Hood River County
                                                                          Oregon Department of
                                                                          Agriculture
                                                                          Oregon Department of
                                                                          Transportation
                                                                          The Nature Conservancy




                                                                                                                                                        photo by Alan Dyck
                                                                          Wasco County



Bureau of Land Management photo                  16                                                                                                                           17
                                  M t. H o o d        NatioNal Forest                                                                  aquatics PrograM                            2008 aNNual rePort
Statement of Activities
for federal fiscal year 2008 (October 1, 2007 to September 30, 2008)

                                                                                      Contributions via
                                                                                         Other Federal
                                                                                       and Non-Federal
                                                                       Forest Service         Partners        Total
                                                                            Funding (cash + in-kind)       FY 2008



                                                                                                                       Recognizing our Many Partners
Revenue (federal appropriations):
NFWF Wildlife and Fisheries Habitat Management                               635,000                       635,000
NFVW Vegetation and Watershed Management                                     285,800                       285,800
NFIM Conduct Strategic Resource Inventories
NFRG Grazing Management
                                                                             110,000
                                                                               2,000
                                                                                                           110,000
                                                                                                             2,000
                                                                                                                       in the Aquatics Program
CMRD Roads - Capital Improvement/Maintenance                                  59,100                         59,100
CMLG Legacy Roads and Trails                                                 544,200                        544,200
CWKV Cooperative Work - Manage Stream Habitat                                 13,875                         13,875
CWKV Cooperative Work - Maintain & Improve Wtshd. Conditions                   9,300                          9,300
PSRS Payments to Counties (Title II)                                          62,000                         62,000
                                                                                                                       Fish and Watershed Conservation                                        Tribal Governments
   Total                                                                   1,721,275                      1,721,275         Association of Northwest Steelheaders                                  Columbia River Inter-tribal Fish Commission
                                                                                                                            Bark                                                                   Confederated Tribes of the Grand Ronde
Expenses (with partner contributions):                                                                                      Ecotrust                                                               Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs Reservation of Oregon
                                                                                                                            Gifford Pinchot Task Force
                                                                                                                            Native Fish Society                                               City and Local Governments
Program Operations                                                           455,975                       455,975          Northwest Forest Conservancy                                            City of Dufur
                                                                                                                            Oregon Trout                                                            City of The Dalles
Planning (salmon & water quality recovery, hydroelectric, road                                                              Oregon Wild                                                             Clackamas County
restoration, etc.)                                                           116,000            63,000     179,000          Rocky Mountain Elk Foundation                                           Clackamas River Water Providers
Aquatic Restoration (watershed, road, stream, and lake                                                                      The Nature Conservancy                                                  Four-County Weed Cooperative
restoration activities)                                                      778,900           914,200    1,693,100         Trout Unlimited – Tualatin Valley and Clackamas River Chapters          Metro Regional Government
                                                                                                                            Western Rivers Conservancy                                              Multnomah County
Conservation Education (festivals, fishing clinics, education                                                                                                                                       Portland Water Bureau
programs)                                                                    169,400            678,100     847,500    Youth and Education
Aquatic and Fish Population Monitoring                                        91,000            146,900     237,900        Boy Scouts of America, Columbia Pacific Council – Camp Baldwin     Irrigation and Conservation Districts
                                                                                                                           Catlin Gabel School                                                      Clackamas County Soil and Water Conservation District
Stream Inventory                                                             110,000             35,310     145,310        Clackamas Community College                                              East Fork Irrigation District
   Total                                                                   1,721,275          1,837,510   3,558,785        Dufur High School                                                        East Multnomah County Soil and Water Conservation District
                                                                                                                           Dufur Middle school                                                      Farmers Irrigation District
                                                                                                                           Estacada High School                                                     Hood River County Soil and Water Conservation District
Overall Cost-Share (FS to Partner) Leverage (varies by activity, see above)                                 1 to 1.1       John Hopkins University                                                  Middle Fork Irrigation District
                                                                                                                           Mt. Hood Community College                                               Northwest Oregon Resource Conservation and Development Council
Note: Funds by budget line item (BLI)                                                                                      Mt. Hood Kiwanis                                                         Wasco County Soil and Water Conservation District
contributing towards Forest’s                                                                                              National Center for Earth-surface Dynamics                               Wolf Run Irrigation District
Aquatics Program.
                                                    FY2008 Total Expenditures                                              Northwest Service Academy
                                                                                                                           Oregon State University                                            Businesses
                                            (FS Appropriations + Partner Contributions)                                    Portland Community College                                              Eugene Water and Electric Board
                                                                                                                           Portland State University                                               Graham Matthews and Associates
                                                                                                                           Sandy High School                                                       Longview Fibre
                                                             Stream                                                        University of Portland                                                  Portland General Electric
                                                           Inventory                       Program
                                                                                                                           Wolftree, Inc.                                                          Resort at the Mountain
                                                                                                                           Several local and Portland Metro schools                                RLK and Associates
                                                              4%                          Operations
                                           Monitoring                                                                  Citizen Organizations                                                  State Agencies
                                                                                            13 %                             Arrah Wanna Home Owners Association                                   Oregon Department of Agriculture
                                             7%                                                                              National Forest Foundation                                            Oregon Department of Environmental Quality
                                                                                                                             Stop Oregon Litter and Vandalism                                      Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife
                                                                                                   Planning                  Wilderness Volunteers                                                 Oregon Department of Forestry
                                        Conservation                                                  5%                                                                                           Oregon Department of Transportation
                                                                                                                       Watershed Councils                                                          Oregon Watershed Enhancement Board
                                         Education                                                                         Clackamas River Basin Council
                                                                                                                           Fifteenmile Watershed Council                                      Federal Agencies
                                           24 %                                                                            Hood River Watershed Group                                             Bonneville Power Administration
                                                                                                                           Sandy River Basin Watershed Council                                    Bureau of Land Management
                                                                                              Aquatic                      White River Watershed Council                                          Forest Service Pacific Northwest Research Station
                                                                                                                                                                                                  Fish and Wildlife Service
                                                                                             Restoration                                                                                          National Marine Fisheries Service
                                                                                                                                                                                                  Natural Resources Conservation Service
                                                                                               48 %                                                                                               US Geological Survey


                                              18                                                                                                                                             19                                                                photo by Alan Dyck
                            M t. H o o d             NatioNal Forest                                                                                    aquatics PrograM                            2008 aNNual rePort
                                                         Hood River
                                                            Ranger
                                                            District
                                                                            r
                                                                        Rive
                                                                 b ia
                                                      C ol u m
          Portland
                                                                                                        Parkdale




                                                                                                                                              Dufur
                                    Sandy
                                                                            Zigzag


                           Estacada                                                      Zigzag               Barlow
                                                                                         Ranger               Ranger
                                                                                         District             District




                                                                         Clackamas                      Mt.Hood
                                                                        River Ranger                    National
                                                                           District
                                                                                                        Forest


                                                                                                                           `
                                                                                                                           ^
                                                                                                                            0
                                                                                                                                 Mt. Hood Natonal Forest Offices

                                                                                                                                   5     10
                                                                                                                                                Miles
                                                                                                                                                        20
                                                                                                                                                                   µ
                                                                                                                                                                   30




Mt. Hood National Forest Headquarters                                                                     Clackamas River Ranger District
16400 Champion Way                                                                                        595 NW Industrial Way
Sandy, OR 97055                                                                                           Estacada, OR 97023
(503) 668-1700                                                                                            (503) 630- 6861
http://www.fs.fed.us/r6/mthood
                                                                                                          Tom Horning, District Fish Biologist
Dan Shively, Forest Fish Biologist                                                                        Bob Bergamini, Assistant District Fish Biologist
Tracii Hickman, Fish Biologist                                                                            Gwen Collier, Soil Scientist
Ivars Steinblums, Forest Hydrologist
Connie Athman, Hydrologist                                                                                Hood River Ranger District
                                                                                                          6780 Highway 35
Barlow Ranger District                                                                                    Mt. Hood-Parkdale, OR 97041
780 NE Court Street,                                                                                      (541) 352-6002
Dufur, OR 97201
(541) 467-2291                                                                                            Gary Asbridge, Zone District Fish Biologist
                                                                                                          Mark Kreiter, Hydrologist
Chris Rossel, Assistant District Fish Biologist                                                           Darcy Morgan, Assistant District Fish Biologist
John Dodd, Soil Scientist – Barlow and Hood River
                                                                                                          Zigzag Ranger District
                                                                                                          70220 E Highway 26
           The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) prohibits discrimination in all its                  Zigzag, OR 97049
           programs and activities on the basis of race, color, national origin, sex, religion,
           age, disability, political beliefs, sexual orientation, and marital or family status.
                                                                                                          (503) 622-3191
           (Not all prohibited bases apply to all programs.) Persons with disabilities who
           require alternative means for communication of program information (Braille,                   Duane Bishop, District Fish Biologist
           large print, audiotape, etc.) should contact USDA’s TARGET Center at (202)
           720-2600 (voice and TDD).                                                                      David Saiget, Assistant District Fish Biologist
                                                                                                          Todd Parker, Hydrologist
           To file a complaint of discrimination, write USDA, Director, Office of Civil
           Rights, Room 326-W, Whitten Building, 14th and Independence Avenue, SW,
           Washington, DC 20250-9410 or call (202) 720-5964 (voice or                                     Stream Survey Program
           TDD). USDA is an equal opportunity provider and employer.                                      Katie Serres, Program Coordinator

                                                                                                   20
                                                                           M t. H o o d                 NatioNal Forest

				
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