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					Slavery, Civil War, and Reconstruction Quiz

    1.  “King Cotton” plantations in the Antebellum South
            a. involved in low concentrations of slave labor
            b. were relatively profitable compared to northern industry
            c. were more profitable than sugar or tobacco plantations
            d. seldom used female slave labor
            e. experienced widespread shifting of slaves to breakup families and gangs
    2. Gabriel Prosser (1800), Denmark Vesey (1800), and Nat Turner (1831)
            a. wrote slave autobiographies
            b. became abolitionists after running away along the Underground railroad
            c. planned violent slave revolts
            d. helped return runaways to their masters
            e. came from the border states along the Ohio River
    3. The American Colonization Society advocated
            a. migration of African-American to northern cities
            b. an immediate and uncompensated end to slavery
            c. racial equality
            d. settlement of Irish immigrants to America
            e. the return of ex-slaves to Africa
    4. The famous gag rule prevented
            a. the House of Representatives from discussing slavery
            b. western states from abolishing slavery
            c. discussion of “Manifest Destiny” in the west
            d. southerners from sending pro-slavery literature through the US mail
            e. abolitionists speaking publicly against slavery
    5. The doctrine of popular sovereignty was closely associated with
            a. Brigham Young
            b. Jedediah Smith
            c. Daniel Webster
            d. David Wilmot
            e. Stephen A. Douglas
    6. The aging nationalist Henry Clay proposed the Compromise of 1850 which provided for all EXCEPT:
            a. admission of California as a free state
            b. admission of Texas as a slave state
            c. abolition of slave trade in District of Columbia
            d. provide popular sovereignty to prevail in Utah and New Mexico
            e. provide for an effective fugitive slave law
    7. The first American novel to include blacks as central characters was
            a. Walden
            b. The Scarlet Letter
            c. The Last of the Mohicans
            d. Moby Dick
            e. Uncle Tom’s Cabin
    8. The specific provision of the Compromise of 1850 that led to the sectional controversy was:
            a. the national Fugitive Slave law
            b. the admission of California as a free state
            c. the settlement of the Texas boundary controversy
            d. the abolition of the Washington D.C. slave trade
            e. the establishment of Mormonism in Utah
    9. The Kansas-Nebraska Act
            a. repealed the Missouri Compromise
            b. forced the passage of the Crittenden Compromise
            c. prohibited slavery in Kansas and Nebraska
            d. allowed slavery in Kansas but not Nebraska
            e. passed only because of strong northern support
    10. The Dred Scott decision of 1857
            a. struck down the Kansas-Nebraska Act
            b. endorsed the Wilmot Proviso
            c. upheld the Missouri Compromise
            d. aided the political clout of the Know-Nothing Party
            e. declared Congress could not prohibit slavery from a territory
    11. Before Lincoln could issue the Emancipation Proclamation he needed to
            a. overwhelmingly vote through Congress
            b. a southern victory to show how desperate the situation was
           c. a northern victory to show that he was not acting desperately
           d. the support of Fred Douglass
           e. needed support from northern generals
12.   Lincoln’s suspension of the “Writ of Habeus Corpus” demonstrated he
           a. would use almost any reason to save the Union
           b. viewed the Civil War as an opportunity to vastly increase his powers as President
           c. cared little about the rights of secessionists
           d. knew nothing about constitutional law
           e. he would act as dictator with decree power to maintain his control
13.   The term Black Reconstruction refers and applies to the reconstruction process
           a. leading to the impeachment of Andrew Johnson
           b. at the state level where African-Americans played a prominent role in politics
           c. as seen by white southerners who resented radical interference
           d. goals of the radicals in Congress
           e. education of Blacks in schools and colleges
14.   In Reconstruction jargon, a Scalawag was
           a. a white southerner who aligned themselves with the Republican Party
           b. former slave who voted Democratic
           c. northern Democrat who voted Republican
           d. northern Republican who joined the Democratic Party during Reconstruction
           e. Mexicans who supported Blacks
15.   The term Copperhead
           a. was applied to a Northern opponent of the War by Republicans
           b. was a nickname for southern soldiers because of their sun tans
           c. was a new coin issued by the federal government to finance the war
           d. referred to government income tax collectors
           e. northerners who supported Blacks
16.   In his famous “Freeport Doctrine” set forth in his debate with Abraham Lincoln at Freeport, Illinois, Stephen A. Douglas stated that
           a. any territory desiring to exclude slavery could do so simply by declining to pass laws protecting it
           b. any state wishing to secede from the Union could do so simply by the vote of a special state constitutional convention
           c. no state had the right to obstruct the operation of the Fugitive Slave Act by the passage of “personal liberty laws”
           d. the Dred Scott decision prohibited any territorial legislature from excluding slavery until a state constitution was drawn up for
                 approval by Congress
           e. any slaveholder was free to take his slaves anywhere within the United States, without hindrance by state, federal, or territorial
                 governments.
17.   The main issue of the 1850s Free-Soil Party was that
           a. the federal government should permit no further spread of slavery in the territories
           b. a homestead act should be passed, granting 160 acres of government land in the West to anyone who would settle on it and
                 improve it for five years
           c. the federal government should oversee immediate and uncompensated abolition of slavery
           d. freed slaves should be provided with forty acres and two mules to provide them the economic means of independent self-support
           e. the United States should annex Cuba.
18.   John Brown’s raid on the federal arsenal at Harper’s Ferry and his subsequent trial and execution had the effect of
           a. making a martyr of John Brown and convincing many Southerners that secession from the Union was the only way they could
                 prevent the increasingly abolitionist North from interfering with slavery in the South
           b. discrediting the abolitionist movement in the eyes of most people and convincing most Southerners that the North would not
                 support forceful efforts to end slavery, despite verbal attacks on slavery by Northern abolitionists
           c. inciting a series of slave revolts that resulted in the deaths of thousands of Southern slaves, further enraging both Northern
                 abolitionists and Southern slaveholders
           d. sparking a virtual civil war in the state of Nebraska over the issue of slavery
           e. exposing a pro-slavery plot to assassinate the leaders of several abolitionist groups and discrediting the prosecution despite
                 Brown being found guilty.
19.   All of the following statements are true about the Crittenden Compromise except:
           a. It was opposed by most southern congressmen.
           b. It revived the policy of the Missouri Compromise line.
           c. It was a last attempt by Congress to preserve the Union.
           d. It was opposed by Lincoln.
           e. If adopted it would have permitted further annexations of slave territory.
                “If I could save the Union without freeing any slave, I would do it; and if I could save it by freeing all the slaves, I would do it;
                and if I could save it by freeing some and leaving others alone, I would also do that.”
20.   The Emancipation Proclamation was consistent with this statement by Abraham Lincoln because it abolished slavery
           a. only in the North
           b. only in Confederate held counties
           c. everywhere in the South
           d. only in areas controlled by the Union Army
           e. only in the border states
21.   In his 1863 plan for reconstruction, Lincoln announced that the people of a Confederate state could form a new government that he would
      recognize if
           a. one tenth of the citizens took an oath of allegiance to the United States and accepted the wartime laws emancipating slaves
           b. one tenth of the citizens took an oath of allegiance to the United States and yielded all of their property to the state government
           c. a majority of the citizens ratified the Thirteenth Amendment and repudiated the Confederate debt
           d. a majority of the citizens ratified the Thirteenth and Fourteenth Amendments and repudiated the Confederate debt
           e. one tenth of the citizens took an oath of allegiance to the United States and granted emancipated slaves the right to vote.
22.   The Fifteenth Amendment
           a. guaranteed the right to vote to all adult citizens
           b. guaranteed the right to vote to all black citizens
           c. guaranteed equal protection of the laws to all citizens
           d. abolished slavery
           e. was designed to strengthen the Republican party in the South.
23.   When President Andrew Johnson removed Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton without the approval of the Senate, contrary to the terms of
      the recently passed Tenure of Office Act, he
           a. was impeached and removed from office
           b. came within one vote of being impeached
           c. was impeached and came within one vote of being removed from office
           d. resigned to avoid impeachment and was subsequently pardoned by his successor
           e. was impeached, refused to resign, and his term ended before a vote could be taken on his removal from office.
24.   In speaking of “scalawag,” white Southerners of the Reconstruction era had reference to
           a. former slaves who had risen to high positions within the Reconstruction governments of the southern states
           b. Northerners who had come south to take up high positions within the Reconstruction governments of the southern states
           c. the U.S. Army generals who served as military governors in the South
           d. the Radical Republicans in Congress who imposed the Reconstruction regimes on the South
           e. Southerners who supported or participated in the Reconstruction regimes.
25.   By the Compromise of 1877, the Democrats agreed to allow the Republican candidate to become president in exchange for
           a. a promise that they would be allowed to win the next two presidential elections
           b. an end to Reconstruction
           c. large personal bribes to leading Democrats
           d. a substantial lowering of protective tariffs
           e. retroactive compensation for freed slaves.
26.   Which of the following statements is true of the Wade-Davis bill?
           a. It allowed restoration of a loyal government when as few as ten percent of a state’s pre-war registered voters swore future loyalty
                to the Union and acceptance of emancipation
           b. It explicitly required that the vote be accorded to the recently freed slaves
           c. It allowed high-ranking rebel officials to regain the right to vote and hold office by simply promising future good behavior
           d. It was pocket-vetoed by Lincoln
           e. It provided substantially more lenient terms of Reconstruction than those favored by Lincoln.
27.   “Jim Crow” laws were laws that
           a. effectively prohibited blacks from voting in state and local elections
           b. restricted American Indians to U.S. government reservations
           c. restricted open-range ranching in the Great Plains
           d. established separate segregated facilities for blacks and whites
           e. restricted the consumption and distribution of alcohol within the limits of pro-temperance communities.
28.   The 14th Amendment to the Constitution was important because it
           a. prohibited slavery within the United States
           b. guaranteed equal protection under the law for every American citizen
           c. prohibited any state from denying an American citizen the right to vote based on race/ethnic background, color, or having
                previously been a slave
           d. prohibited any state from denying women the right to vote
           e. provided Congress with the power to establish and collect income taxes.
29. The overall strategic policy of the Union to destroy the Confederacy through a combination of constant pressure and slowly wearing down
    the South’s ability to wage war was called
         a. the nutcracker plan
         b. the anaconda plan
         c. the squeeze plan
         d. the attrition plan
         e. the Albany plan.
30. Which of the following is the correct chronological order to illustrate a cause and effect relationship between the following events
    leading to the Civil War?
         a. South Carolina secedes, Lincoln is elected, Lincoln-Douglas debates
         b. Kansas-Nebraska Act, Dred Scott decision, election of Lincoln
         c. Dred Scott decision, Lincoln-Douglas debates, Kansas-Nebraska Act
         d. Kansas-Nebraska Act, South Carolina secedes, Lincoln-Douglas debates
         e. None of these.
31. Hinton R. Helper’s book The Impending Crisis of the South was intended as
         a. a refutation of Harriet Beecher Stowe’s Uncle Tom’s Cabin
         b. an argument against slavery as an economic institution
         c. a rallying cry against abolition
         d. a condemnation of the violent acts of Preston Brooks
         e. a rational defense of the practice of slavery.
32. The doctrine of popular sovereignty called for the question of permitting slaves in a new territory to be decided by the
         a. House of Representatives
         b. Supreme Court
         c. people living in the territory
         d. Compromise of 1850
         e. Wimot proviso.
33. The purpose of the Freedmen’s Bureau was to
         a. gain the vote for the freed state
         b. Provide a mule and 40 acres for each slave
         c. get radical Republicans in positions of power in the South
         d. Feed, adjust and educate the former slaves thus aiding their adjustment to freedom
         e. Work against Black codes.
34. The “grandfather clause” is most similar in purpose to
         a. “Jim Crow” laws
         b. liberty laws
         c. 14th Amendment
         d. poll tax
         e. gag rule.
35. The U.S. Supreme Court case of ex parte Milligan (1866) establish or reaffirmed which of the following principles?
         a. the Contract Labor Law passed by Congress during the Civil War did not violate any constitutional rights of domestic workers or
              labor union groups
         b. federally imposed Radical Republican control of the captured southern states was a legitimate use of constitutional authority to
              suppress the recent rebellion
         c. the Emancipation Proclamation issued by Lincoln in 1863 was a legitimate wartime policy to hamper the rebellion states of the
              Confederacy
         d. military conscription, used by the Union during the Civil War, was not a constitutional violation of citizens' civil rights
         e. the federal government may not use military tribunals to supersede civilian authority when civilian courts are open and
              functioning

				
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