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					                             Scientific Study
                                          ETAC
         European Truck Accident Causation




                                    Volume 2 - Questionnaire

European Commission                                     IRU
Directorat General For Energy and                       3, rue de Varembé / B.P. 44
Transport                                               CH-1211 Genève 20
28, rue de Mot                              Funded by   Switzerland
B-1049 BRUSSELS
Belgium
ETAC – Volume 2 – Questionnaire




                                          TABLE OF CONTENTS


     1 GENERAL INFORMATION FORM .............................................................................................................. 4

     2 INFRASTRUCTURE FORM.......................................................................................................................... 10

     3 VEHICLE INFORMATION........................................................................................................................... 32

     3.1 TRUCK INFORMATION ....................................................................................................................................... 32
     3.2 PASSENGER CAR OR LIGHT UTILITY INFORMATION ........................................................................................... 54
     3.3 BUS AND COACH INFORMATION........................................................................................................................ 68
     3.4 TWO WHEELERS INFORMATION ........................................................................................................................ 74
     3.5 TRAILER INFORMATION .................................................................................................................................... 79

     4 PARTICIPANT INFORMATION.................................................................................................................. 89

     4.1 PARTICIPANT INFORMATION ............................................................................................................................. 89
     4.2 DRIVER OR RIDER INFORMATION ...................................................................................................................... 96
     4.3 THE PEDESTRIAN INFORMATION ..................................................................................................................... 110

     5 RECONSTRUCTION INFORMATION ..................................................................................................... 121




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1 GENERAL INFORMATION FORM

                                       IDENTIFICATION

ACCNUM                            Accident Number                    5
                                  <Country><Team><Number>

GINPUT                            Input by :                         3

GACCLO                            Accident location (road number     Text
                                  or name / town / department)

GACCNA                            Accident narrative (detailed and   Text
                                  comprehensive description)

GROADF                            Number of Forms : Roads            1

GVEHIF                            Number of Forms : Vehicles         1

GPEDEF                            Number of Forms : Pedestrians      1

GPHOTN                            Number of photos available         3

GSKETN                            Number of sketches available       2

                                               VEHICLES

GPASCA                            Number of passenger cars           1
                                  involved in this accident

GLIGTR                            Number of light trucks involved    1
                                  in this accident

GTRUCK                            Number of trucks involved in       1
                                  this accident

GBICYC                            Number of bicycles involved in     1
                                  this accident

GMOPE                             Number of mopeds (50cc)            1
                                  involved in this accident

GMOTOR                            Number of motorcycles              1
                                  involved in this accident

GBUSES                            Number of buses, coaches           1
                                  involved in this accident




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GOTHVE                             Number of other vehicles            1
                                   involved in this accident

GPEDEN                             Number of pedestrians involved      1
                                   in this accident
                                   Included skaters, rollers…

GVEHIN                             Are there any other vehicles        1
                                   involved (but not damaged) in
                                   the accident ?
1. No
2. Yes, One
3. Yes, More than one

GPEDIN                             Are there any other pedestrians     1
                                   involved (but not injured) in the
                                   accident ?
1. No
2. Yes, One
3. Yes, More than one

                                                 DATE

GDATAC                             Date of the accident                8
                                   (yyyymmdd)

GTIMAC                             Time of the accident (hhmm)         4

GDAYAC                             Day of the accident                 1
1. Monday
2. Tuesday
3. Wednesday
4. Thursday
5. Friday
6. Saturday
7. Sunday

                                             LOCATION

GLOCAT                             Location type                       1
1. Outside urban area
2. Urban area

GARTY1                             Type of Area (choice #1)            1
1. City Centre
2. Heavily populated inner-city area
3. Suburban residential area (housing developments)
4. Suburban residential area (Apartment blocks, Council flats, ...)
5. Industrial or business park
6. Open countryside
7. Named locality / Hamlet

GARTY2                             Type of Area (choice #2)            1


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1. City Centre
2. Heavily populated inner-city area
3. Suburban residential area (housing developments)
4. Suburban residential area (Apartment blocks, Council flats, ...)
5. Industrial or business park
6. Open countryside
7. Named locality / Hamlet

                                     WEATHER CONDITIONS

GTEMAI                             Air Temperature (in ° Celsius,     3
                                   with a + or a - preceding the
                                   integer figure)

GPRECI                             Precipitation                      1
1. None
2. Rain
3. Drizzling rain
4. Hail
5. Snow
6. Sleet
7. Fog
8. other

GPRERA                             Level of precipitation             1
1. No precipitation
2. Low
3. Medium
4. High

GWINDT                             Wind                               1
1. No wind
2. Slight
3. Medium
4. Strong
5 Gusty

GLIGTH                             Lighting Conditions                1
1. Light (Day)
2. Twilight or dawn with public lighting on
3 Twilight or dawn with public lighting off
4 Twilight or dawn without public lighting
3. Darkness (night) with public lighting unlit on
4 Darkness (night) with public lighting unlit off
5 Darkness (night) without public lighting




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GLIGSP                              Special details concerning          1
                                    lighting
1. Presence of blinding light source
2. Blinding sunlight
3. Uneven public lighting
4. Tunnel without lighting
5. Tunnel with lighting

GWEAEF                              Did weather have a possible         1/1/1
                                    effect on the accident
                                    occurrence?
(Possible combination)
1. No
2. Yes, Precipitation
3. Yes, Wind
4. Yes, Lighting conditions

                                           ACCIDENT TYPE

GFIRIM                            Scene of first impact               1
1. On Road
2. On road side (emergency lane, shoulder, central divider, sidewalk, ..)
3. Completely off road

If the accident involves pedestrians and there is a pedestrian crossing within 50 m
4. On pedestrian crossing
5. Off pedestrian crossing

If the accident involves pedal-cyclists and there is a bike path or a bike lane
6. On the bike path (lane)
7. Off the bike path (lane)

If the accident involves a bus and there is a bus path
8. On the bus lane
9. Off the bus lane

GCONFT                            Accident configuration        3
(Laboratoire d'Accidentologie, de Biomécanique et Comportement Humain PSA Peugeot Citroën /
Renault (LAB) pictogram number)




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                         ACCIDENT SEVERITY OF THE ACCIDENT

GFATNU                            Number of fatalities within 30     3
                                  days

GINJNU                            Number of injured occupants or     3
                                  pedestrians within 30 days

GUNIJN                            Number of uninjured occupants      3
                                  and pedestrians

                                       MISCELLANEOUS

GRECTY                            Reconstruction                     1
1 - Possible but not done
2 - Done (rough calculation)
3 - Done (software)
4 - Not possible

GMISCE                            Textual Field (including Z-file)   text




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2 INFRASTRUCTURE FORM

                                        IDENTIFICATION

ACCNUM                            Accident number                     5
                                  <Country><Team><Number>

VEHNUM                            ETAC vehicle number                 2

                                            ROAD TYPE

IROATY                             Road Type (Country specific)       1
1. Motorway/highway
2. Trunk Road / Main arterial road
3. Expressway or inter-urban highway
4. Miner road,
5. Wide street
6. Narrow street
7. Service Road
8. Parking lot
9. Lane, track or (foot)path

IURBRO                            Specifics concerning urban road     1
1. None
2. Crossing urban area
3. For transit (bypass, ring)
4. Zone ≤ 40 km/h
5. Pedestrian area

IREGRO                             Road access regulation             1
1. Free
2. Toll
3. Private
4. Forbidden
5. Reserved lane (example : bus, taxi)

IINST1                            Specific installations (Choice      1
                                  #1)
1. No specific installations
2. Pedestrian crossing
3. Bike paths
4. Bike lanes
5. Bus lanes

ILOCA1                            Location of the crash with          1
                                  respect to specific installations
1. Entering
2. In/on
3. Exiting




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IINST2                             Specific installations (Choice      1
                                   #2)
1. Non specific installations
2. Pedestrian crossing
3. Bike paths
4. Bike lanes
5. Bus lanes

ILOCA2                             Location of the crash with          1
                                   respect to specific installations
1. Entering
2. In/on
3. Exiting

IENGIN                             Specific type of engineering        2
                                   work and location
0. None
1. Toll booth
2. Cloverleaf junction (exit / entrance)
3. Access road
4. Parking lot
5. Specific stopping area (rest area, service area, emergency stop area)
6. Railway crossing
7. Bridge
8. Tunnel (> 100 meters)
9 Underpass (<100 meters)
10. Flyover
11 Entry slip road
12 Exit slip road

ILOENG                             Location with respect to            1
                                   engineering work
1. Entering
2. In/on
3. Exiting
4. Within 1 km ahead (had influence on the traffic flow)

IENGEF                             Influence of the engineering        1
                                   work on the accident
1. No
2. Yes

ICOMME                             Comments                            text




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                                     ROAD RESTRICTIONS

IAUTHO                            Road-user authorised to use this   1
                                  road ?
1. No
2. Yes

IALLOW                             Road not allowed for              1
1. Vehicles
2. Trucks
3. Bicycles
4. Pedestrians
5. Motorised two-wheelers
6. Bicycles and pedestrians
7. Bicycles, pedestrians and motorised two-wheelers

IWERES                            Weight Restriction (in tons :      4
                                  ##.#)

IHERES                            Height Restriction (in meters :    3
                                  #.#)

IWIRES                            Width restriction (in meters :     3
                                  #.#)

ISPESC                            Legal speed limit at accident      3
                                  scene (km/h)

ISPEAP                            Legal speed limit for the          3
                                  approach route (km/h)

ISPESP                            Legal speed limit for trucks or    3
                                  buses (km/h) according to the
                                  type of road, type of load, type
                                  of truck




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                                       ROAD GEOMETRY

IAPPRO                             What is the approach route like? 1
1. Generally straight
2. Winding
3. Route neither straight nor winding : Urban areas for example

IGEOM1                            Type of geometry at accident      1/1
                                  scene
1. Junction
2. Curve (mean radius less than 1 000 meters on roads and less than 2 000 meters for highways and
motorways)
3. Wide curve (mean radius more than 1 000 meters on roads and more than 2 000 meters for
highways and motorways)
4. Straight line
5 Near a junction

IGEOM2                            Type of geometry during pre       1/1
                                  collision phases
1. Junction
2. Curve (mean radius less than 1 000 meters on roads and less than 2 000 meters for highways and
motorways)
3. Wide curve (mean radius more than 1 000 meters on roads and more than 2 000 meters for
highways and motorways)
4. Straight line
5 Near a junction




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                                        ROAD DESCRIPTION

For a junction :
If the vehicle is moving straight the junction code the lanes 1/2/3/4
If the vehicle is turning left or right code the lanes 1/2/3/4/5/6




The coded vehicle always moves on the road 1.

If the vehicle is moving on a straight road : code the approach road 1 and 2

If the vehicle is moving on a junction or approaching a junction code the approach road
1/2/3/4/5/6/7/8.

For instance : The vehicle coded is moving on the road 1 and is crossing a junction.

The number of direction for the coded vehicle (road 1+3) is 2, for the opposite direction (road 2+4) is
2.
The number of lanes are for the road 1 : 3 lanes including 1 turn left and 1 turn right
Turn left code yes
Turn right code yes
The number of lane for the road 2 is 1
The number of lane for the road 3 is 1
The number of lane for the road 4 is 1…




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IDIR    ILA     ITU     ITU     ILA     ILA      ILA       ILA     ILA       ILA   ILA
N1      DI1     RL1     RR1     DI3     DI2      DI4       DI5     DI6       DI7   DI8
1       1       1       1       1       1        1         1       1               1

ILADI1                             Total number of lanes on the          1
                                   direction 1 (straight, turn left,
                                   turn right)

ITURL1                             Turn left lane                        1
1 no
2 yes

ITURR1                             Turn right lane                       1
1 no
2 yes

ILADI3                             Number of lanes in the direction 1
                                   3

ILADI2                             Number of lanes in the direction 1
                                   2

ILADI4                             Number of lanes in the direction 1
                                   4

ILADI5                             Number of lanes in the crossing       1
                                   direction 5

ILADI6                             Number of lanes in the crossing       1
                                   direction 6

ILADI7                             Number of lanes in the crossing       1
                                   direction 7

ILADI8                             Number of lanes in the crossing       1
                                   direction 8

ISEPAR                              Directions separated by              1
1. No divider
2. Continuous painted lines
3. Discontinuous painted lines
4. Divider (including grass) / Central dividing island
5. Painted island
6. Pedestrian Refuge
7 Cats’eyes




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                                  COMMON INFRASTRUCTURE
                                        JUNCTION

IJUNTY                            Type of junction                  1
1. Cross roads (X junction)
2. Y-junction
3. T-Junction
4. More than 4 branches
5. Railway crossing
6. Roundabout
7. Roundabout with bisecting road

IJUNEF                             Did junction have an effect on   1
                                   the accident ?
1 no
2 yes

                                  SPECIFIC INFRASTRUCTURE
                                          JUNCTION

IJUNRI                             Right of way allocation at       1
                                   junction
1. Main or having right of way
2. Secondary or not having right of way
3. Right of way dependent on vehicle approach configuration

IJUNRE                             Type of traffic control at the   1
                                   junction for this vehicle
1. Right of way to the right
2. Give way
3. Roundabout (with right of way in the circle)
4. Stop sign
5. Traffic lights
6. Police officer directing traffic

ITRALI                             Function of traffic lights       1
1. No Traffic lights
2. Working traffic lights
3. Flashing traffic lights
4. Traffic lights out of order

IDIVCE                             Traffic island on user’s road    1
1. None
2. Painted traffic island
3. Hard traffic island

ITURLE                             Left turn only lane              1
1. No
2. Yes




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ITURRI                            Right turn only lane               1
1. No
2. Yes

                                              CURVES

ROAD ALIGNMENT FOR A NORMAL CURVE OUTSIDE URBAN AREAS

ICURLO                             Location of the curve             1
1. Isolated curve
2. First in a series of curves
3. Curve within a series of curves

ISTRLE                            Length of straight stretch or of   5
                                  easy stretch preceding the curve
                                  (The curve is considered to be a
                                  normal curve if R<1000 meters
                                  for roads and R<2000 meters
                                  for highways and motorways).
                                  The length has to be given in
                                  meters

CURVE DIMENSIONS

(Give both the measurement of the curve of the accident and the measurement of the preceding curve
if ICURLO is coded 3, and if R<1000 meters for roads and R<2000 meters for highways and
motorways)

                                          Accident Curve                         Preceding curve
Length                ICULEA             (4c, in meters)      ICULEP            (4c, in meters)
Mean Radius
(measured             ICURDA             (4c, in meters)      ICURDP            (4c, in meters)
between A and B)
 Curve Direction      ICUDIA             1. Left 2. Right     ICUDIP             1. Left 2. Right

IRDVAR                            Increase or decrease of radius of 1
                                  the accident curve
1 Decreasing radius
2 Constant radius
3 Increasing radius

IBANCE                            Banking at centre of curve (in     3
                                  % with a + or - before the
                                  figure)

IBANOU                            Banking coming out of curve        3
                                  (in % with a + or - before the
                                  figure)

ILOACC                            Location of the accident on        3
                                  curve (See pictograms in the
                                  manual)



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ICUSI1                            Road sign indicated for the        1
                                  accident curve (choice #1)
1.None
2.Post sign (left)
3.Post sign (right)
4.Post Sign (S)
5.Curve warning poles
6.Curve warning coloured arrows (blue)
7.Speed limit
8.Danger of loss of control

ICUSI2                            Road sign indicated for the        1
                                  accident curve (choice #2)

ICUSI3                            Road sign indicated for the        1
                                  accident curve (choice #3)

ICUSI4                            Road sign indicated for the        1
                                  accident curve (choice #4)

                                         STRAIGHT LINES

ROAD ALIGNMENT FOR STRAIGHT ROAD OUTSIDE URBAN AREAS

ILENPR                            Length of straight stretch         5
                                  preceding scene of accident (in
                                  meters)

ILENTO                            Total length of straight stretch   5
                                  before and after the scene of
                                  accident (in meters)




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                             ROAD GEOMETRIC MEASUREMENT

ROAD INCLINE

IPROFI                            Profile                           1
1. Flat
2. Uphill slope
3. Downhill slope
4. Top of hill
5. Bottom of hill
6. Hump
7. Small valley

(if in junction, width for preceding road section edge, roads ;
if highway, width for edges or road of the direction concerned)

Section Description
        Surface material
        Roadside
Obstacle
        Width (m)
        Elevation (%)
        Gradient (°)

DL            IDESL4         ISURL4         IOBSL4         IWIDL4       IELEL4   IGRAL4
CL            IDESL3         ISURL3         IOBSL3         IWIDL3       IELEL3   IGRAL3
BL            IDESL2         ISURL2         IOBSL2         IWIDL2       IELEL2   IGRAL2
AL            IDESL1         ISURL1         IOBSL1         IWIDL1       IELEL1   IGRAL1
Carriage                     ISURO2         IOBRO2         IWIRO2       IELRO2   IGRRO2
way
Central       IDESD1         ISURD1         IOBSD1         IWIDD1       IELED1   IGRAD1
divider
Carriage                     ISURO1         IOBRO1         IWIRO1       IELRO1   IGRRO1
way
AR            IDESR1         ISURR1         IOBSR1         IWIDR1       IELER1   IGRAR1
BR            IDESR2         ISURR2         IOBSR2         IWIDR2       IELER2   IGRAR2
CR            IDESR3         ISURR3         IOBSR3         IWIDR3       IELER3   IGRAR3
DR            IDESR4         ISURR4         IOBSR4         IWIDR4       IELER4   IGRAR4




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IDESL1 TO IDESL4                  Description of the left edge       2
                                  limits and divider boundaries
                                  (including separator or dividing
                                  island)
1. Ditch/Gutter
2. Guard Rail (metal, wood)
3. Concrete barrier
4. Wall / low wall
5. Trees, bushes
6. Pole, Lamp post, other supporting devices
7. Slope, Embankment
8. Cones
9. Grass (if central dividing island)
10. Field
11. No limits
12. Hedge, Fence

IDESR1 TO IDESR4                  Description of the right edge      2
                                  limits and divider boundaries
                                  (including separator or dividing
                                  island)
1. Ditch/Gutter
2. Guard Rail (metal, wood)
3. Concrete barrier
4. Wall / low wall >1.5 meters high
5. Trees, bushes
6. Pole, Lamp post, other supporting devices
7. Slope, Embankment
8. Cones
9. Grass (if central dividing island)
10. Field
11. No limits
12. Hedge, Fence




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ISURL1 TO ISURL4 ISURR1            Surface material roadside       2
TO ISURR4 ISURO1 ISURO2
ISURD1
1. Sidewalk
2. Surfaced
3. Gravel
4. Dirt
5. Grass
6. None
7. Parking lot (in urban area)
8. Parking lot + sidewalk (in urban area)

Surface material road
9. Bituminous pavement
10. Cold bituminous
11. Specific surfacing (example : water absorbent)
12. Concrete
13. Cobblestones
14. Loose Gravel
15. Miscellaneous (temporary surfacing)

IOBSL1 TO IOBSL4 IOBSR1           Roadside Obstacle                1
TO IOBSR4 IOBRO1 TO
IOBRO2 IOBSD1
1.None
2.Buildings, wall, structures
3.Trees
4.Posts, fencing
5.Parked vehicle
6.Guardrail or barrier
7.Concrete post

IWIDL1 TO IWIDL4 IWIDR1           Width (in meters : ##.#)         4
TO IWIDR4 IWIRO1 TO
IWIRO2 ISURD1

IELEL1 TO IELEL4 IELER1           Elevation (%)                    2+2
TO IELER4 IELRO1 TO
IELRO2 IELED1

IGRAL1 TO IGRAL4 IGRAR1           Gradient (°)                     2+2
TO IGRAR4 IGRRO1 TO
IGRRO2 IGRAD1

IDANGL                            Possible danger when using the   1
                                  escape area on the left side
1 No obstruction
2 Mobile obstruction same direction
3 Mobile obstruction other direction
4 Mobile obstruction multiple direction
5 Stationary obstruction

IDANGR                            Possible danger when using the   1



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                                   escape area on the right side
1 No obstruction
2 Mobile obstruction same direction
3 Mobile obstruction other direction
4 Mobile obstruction multiple direction
5 Stationary obstruction

                                      ROAD SURFACE STATE

IROAST                             Road state                      1
1. Flat
2. Lane grooves
3. Milled grooves
4. Like washboard
5. Pot-hole
6. Cross grooves

IROACO                              Road Condition                 1
1. Good condition
2. Bad condition, with possible influence on handling
3. Bad, without influence on handling

ISURCO                             Condition of surface            2
1. Dry, summer state of road (temperature > 0°)
2. Dry, winter state of road (temperature < 0°)

3. Moist (not splashing)
4. Wet (splashing)
5. Submerged
6. Flooded

7. Whirling or drifting snow
8. Regularly loose snow
9. Regularly packed snow
10. Slush
11. Salt-slush

12. Thick ice
13. Whirling or loose drifting snow over ice, ice barely visible
14. Regular loose snow over ice
15. Wet ice, sheet of ice
16. Mirror ice, thin ice membrane, black ice
17. Black ice
17. Driving tracks bare, otherwise snowy, icy or slushy




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IMAINT                            Latest maintenance activity      1
0. No need
1. Snow ploughing
2. Snow planing
3. Sanding
4. Salting
5. Salt-sanding
6. Removal of slush
7. Nothing done, although there was a need

IPOLLU                             Surface pollution               1
1. Gravel
2. Mud
3. Oily substance, oil
4. Wet after a long period without rain

IWATER                            Drainage or water accumulation   1
                                  problems
1. Localised
2. Linear
3. Localised and linear

IRSTCO                            Comments/state of the road       text

                                       ROAD EQUIPMENT

HORIZONTAL ROAD MARKINGS

IMARKC                            Central markings                 1
1. Continuous central line
2. Broken line
3. None
4. Temporary
5. Painted island
6 Cats’ eyes

IMARKS                            Were the shoulders marked?       1
1. Continuous central line
2. Broken line
3. None
4. Temporary
5. Painted island
6 Cats’ eyes
7 Rumble strip
8 Studs 1




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IMARKV                            Visibility of the road markings      1
1. No carriageway marking
2. Partially worn
3. Partially covered with mud
4. Fully covered with mud
5. Partially covered with snow and ice
6. Fully covered with snow and ice
7. The carriage markings are inadequate
8. The markings are in good shape and visible

OTHER EQUIPMENT

IEQUI1                               Was there any specific            1
                                     equipment on the road (Choice
                                     #1)
1. No
2. Yes, speed limiters
3. Yes, chicanes
4. Yes, rugged strips
5. Yes, painted strips
6. Yes, raised pedestrian crossing
7. Yes, grooved surface
8. Yes, plantations
9. Yes, vertical sign (road signs)

IVERT1                               List of the vertical road signs   2

IEQUI2                               Was there any specific            1
                                     equipment on the road (Choice
                                     #2)
1. No
2. Yes, speed limiters
3. Yes, chicanes
4. Yes, rugged strips
5. Yes, painted strips
6. Yes, raised pedestrian crossing
7. Yes, grooved surface
8. Yes, plantations
9. vertical sign (road signs)

IVERT2                               List of the vertical road signs   2




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IEQUI3                            Was there any specific             1
                                  equipment on the road (Choice
                                  #3)
1. No
2. speed limiters
3. chicanes
4. rugged strips
5. painted strips
6. raised pedestrian crossing
7. grooved surface
8. plantations
9. vertical sign (road signs)

IVERT3                            List of the vertical road signs    2

IWORKS                            Were there road works or a road    1
                                  construction site?
1. No
2. Yes

IWORSI                           Road signs before road works        2
1 Work
2 Speed limit
3 Bollards
4 Red arrow
5 Flashing lights
6 Flashing arrow
7 Temporary traffic lights
8 Lane closer left
9 Lane closer right
10 Other temporary vertical sign

IWOSIT                            List of other temporary vertical   text
                                  signs




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                                                TRAFFIC

ITRATO                              Average daily traffic volume        5

ITRATR                              % of Truck traffic                  2

ITRAPE                                Specific reasons for pedestrian   1
                                      or vehicle traffic
1. There is a school in the neighbourhood
2. There is a business district in the neighbourhood
3. There is a market in the neighbourhood
4. There is a transport transfer point (station, bus stop, ...)
5. Unusual cause (show, fair, ...)

ITRADE                              Was there a traffic detour?         1
1. No
2. Yes due to road works
3. Yes, due to an accident
4. Yes, due to other reasons

ITRAHI                              Was there a hindrance to traffic    1
                                    flow? (Road work, detour, road
                                    narrowed)
1. No
2. Yes

ITRAVA                             Most significant variation in the 1
                                   traffic density (at the time of the
                                   accident)
1. Normal traffic volume outside rush hours
2. Rush hour traffic
3. Leaving traffic crowd (for commuting, week-end, holidays)
4. Returning traffic crowd (for commuting, week-end, holidays)
5. High volume traffic associated with a holiday
6. Local high volume traffic associated with an event or special occasion
7. Exceptionally low traffic volume

ISUACC                              Did the accident follow another     1
                                    accident?
1. No
2. Yes, on the same carriageway
3. Yes, on the opposite carriage way

ILEACC                              Did the accident lead to another    1
                                    accident?
1. No
2. Yes, on the same carriageway
3. Yes, on the opposite carriage way

ITRACO                              Comments/traffic                    text




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                              CHANGE IN THE INFRASTRUCTURE

IINFCH                             Was there an abrupt change in      1
                                   infrastructure or environmental
                                   conditions between the
                                   approaching zone and the
                                   accident zone ?
1. No
2. Yes

CHANGE WITHIN THE ACCIDENT ZONE

IPROBK                             Change in the road incline         1
                                   profile (see pictograms)
1. No change
2. Flat then downhill slope
3. Flat then uphill slope
4. Uphill slope then flat
5. Downhill slope then flat
6. Downhill slope then flat then uphill slope
7. Uphill slope then flat then downhill slope

IWIDBK                             Change in the carriage way         1
                                   width
1. No change
2. The carriageway is narrowing
3. The carriage way is widening

IDIRBK                             Change in the number of            1
                                   directions
1. No change
2. One-way to Two ways
3. Two ways to one way

ILANBK                             Change in the number of lanes      2
                                   in the direction of the vehicle
                                   (see pictograms)

ILADBK                             Change in the lanes directions     1
                                   (see pictograms)

IHORBK                             Change in the road central         2
                                   markings (see pictograms)

IEDRBK                             Change in the type of right road   1
                                   shoulder
1. No change
2. Change (whatever the type of change)




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IEDLBK                            Change in the type of left road    1
                                  shoulder
1. No change
2. Change (whatever the type of change)

IWIRBK                            Change in the width of the right   1
                                  road shoulder
1. No change
2. Change (whatever the type of change)

IWILBK                            Change in the width of the left    1
                                  road shoulder
1. No change
2. Yes

ILERBK                            Change in the level between        1
                                  road and right shoulder
1. No
2. Yes

ILELBK                            Change in the level between        1
                                  road and left shoulder
1. No change
2. Yes

ISHRBK                            Change in the road edges of the    1
                                  right shoulder
1. No change
2. Change (whatever the type of change)

ISHLBK                            Change in the road edges of the    1
                                  left shoulder
1. No change
2. Change (whatever the type of change)

ISURBK                            Change in the road surfacing       1
                                  quality
1. No change
2. Change (whatever the type of change)

ISUTBK                            Change in the type of surfacing    1
1. No change
2. Change (whatever the type of change)

IDIVBK                            Change in the directions           1
                                  separator
1. No change
2. Change (whatever the type of change)

ISTABK                            Change in the road state           1
1. No change
2. Change (whatever the type of change)



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ILIGBK                            Change in road lighting              1
1. No change
2. Change (whatever the type of change)

IBANBK                              Change in the banking of the       1
                                    curve
1. No
2. Yes

IBANCO                              Comments/changes                   text

                                            GEOMETRICAL
                                           FIELD OF VISION

PERMANENT LATERAL VISIBILITY AT JUNCTION

ILAVID                              Length on side where the           3
                                    opposing vehicle was (in
                                    meters) (if >300 code SSS)

ILAVVIO                             Length on other side (in meters)   3
                                    (if >300 code SSS)

ILAVVCO                             Comments / lateral visibility      text

PERMANENT LONGITUDINAL VISIBILITY

ILOVIS                              Minimum length of longitudinal     3
                                    visibility (in meters) (if >300,
                                    code SSS)

ILIMVI                             Limited visibility                  1
1. Object blocking visibility
2. Due to alignment and road edge
3. Due to incline profile
4. Due to alignment and incline profile

IOBJVI                              Type of object (possible           3
                                    combination)
1. Vegetation
2. Road signs
3. Advertising signs
4. Urban furniture (i.e. telephone booths, bus stop, ...)
5. Walls, buildings
6. Temporary cause

ILIMCO                              Comments / longitudinal            text
                                    visibility




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TEMPORARY CAUSE / LIMITATION TO VISIBILITY

ITEMVI                               Temporary limitation to            1
                                     visibility
1. Road Works
2. Temporary road signs
3. Parked vehicles
4. Moving vehicle(s)
5. Weather conditions

IWEAVI                                Weather conditions /              1
                                      atmospheric conditions
Visibility limitations in the line of sight (aerial conditions)
1 None
2 Dust
3 Smoke
4 Fog
5 Precipitation
6 Glare from other vehicle
7 Glare (in mirror)
8 Direct sun light
9 Blinding sky

ITEMCO                               Comments / temporary               text
                                     visibility

                                           MISCELLANEOUS

IMISCE                               Textual Field (including Z-file)   text




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                                  31 / 140
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3 VEHICLE INFORMATION
3.1 Truck information

                                       IDENTIFICATION


ACCNUM                            Accident Number                  5

VEHNUM                            ETAC vehicle Number              2

                    SEVERITY OF THE ACCIDENT FOR THIS VEHICLE

TFATNU                            Number of fatalities within 30   2
                                  days

TINJNU                            Number of injured occupants      2
                                  (non fatalities)

TUNINU                            Number of uninjured occupants    2

                          GENERAL TECHNICAL INFORMATION

TMANUF                            Manufacturer                     Text
1. Avia
2. BedFort
3. Berliet
4. British Leyland
5. Citroën
6. Daf
7. Dodge
8. Fiat
9. Ford
10. Iveco
11. Mack
12. Magirus
13. Man
14. Mercedes Benz
15. Pegaso
16. Peugeot
17. Renault
18. Renault V.I.
19. Saviem
20. Scania
21. Unic
22. Volvo
23. All Japanese makes
98. Others
99. Unknown




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TMODEL                            Model                           Text

T1REGM                            First registration : Month      2

T1REGY                            First registration : Year       4

TVINNU                            Vehicle Identification Number   12
                                  (V.I.N)

TEURNU                            European Vehicle Codification   12
                                  Number

TBODYT                            Body type (straight truck)      2
1. Van
2. Open top van
3. Flatbed with sides
4. Refrigerated
5. Flatbed
6. Dump
7. Low boy
8. Tank (liquid, gas, dry bulk)
9. Auto carrier
10: Container carrier
11: Refuse collector
12: Livestock
13: Taut-liner
14: Cement mixer
15: Pole/logging
16: Tractor

TCOLOR                            Main colour of the truck        2
1. White
2. Black
3. Light grey
4. Dark grey
5. Light blue
6. Dark blue
7. Light green
8. Dark Green
9. Orange
10. Yellow
11. Bright red
12. Burgundy
13. Light brown
14. Dark brown

TSEADR                            Driver's seat side              1
1. Left
2. Centre
3. Right1




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TTRAIL                             Number of trailers or semi        1
                                   trailers coupled to the vehicle

                                    DESIGN SPECIFICATION

BRAKES

TBRASY                             Braking system type               1
1. Pneumatic
2. Hydraulic
3. Mechanical
4. Pneumatic + Electronic
5 Pneumatic + hydraulic

MANDATORY TECHNICAL CONTROL

 TMANIN                            Was the mandatory inspection      1
                                   done ?
1. No
2. Yes
3. Not inspected yet (e.g. new vehicle)
4. Exempt (motorcycle, tractor, etc...)

TMANMO                              Number of month since the last   2
                                    inspection
Inspection carried out by the crash investigator

               INSPECTION CARRIED OUT BY THE CRASH INVESTIGATOR

TINSTY                           Type of inspection                  1
1. Not inspected
2. Brief visual inspection
3. Complete but without removing parts
4. Complete with parts removed

APPARENT CONDITION BEFORE THE ACCIDENT

TDEFOR                             Were there any important          1
                                   deformations from previous
                                   impacts?
1. No
2. Yes




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TMODI1                            Most important modification to    1
                                  the vehicle (not standard
                                  equipment or manufacturers’
                                  option)
1. No modification
2. Exterior (airfoil, spoiler,...)
3. Tyres or wheels changed
4. Suspension modifications (shock absorbers, ...)
5. Structure (roll bars, ...)
6. Engine (cylinder head, exhaust,...)
7. Interior (seat, steering wheel, ...)
8. Other non standard equipment
9. Items hampering correct use, hampering vision (cluttered windows, hanging objects, stickers on
windows, ...)

TMODI2                            2nd most important                1
                                  modifications to the vehicle

TMODCO                            Comments TMODI1 and 2             Text

                                    VEHICLE PARAMETERS

GENERAL INFORMATION

TLENTO                            Vehicle length (mm)               5


TWIDTH                            Vehicle width (mm)                4

THEIGH                            Vehicle height (mm)               4

TTLONG                            Vehicle combined length (truck    5
                                  and trailer) (mm)

TKERTO                            Empty weight of the vehicle       5
                                  (kg)

TLEGWV                            Gross Vehicle Weight Rating       5
                                  (GVWR) (kg)

TLEGWT                            Gross Combined Weight Rating      5
                                  (GCWR) (kg)

THEICG                            Centre of gravity height for      4
                                  empty vehicle (from the
                                  ground) (mm)

TPOSCG                            Distance from centre of gravity   4
                                  to 1st axle (mm)




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                                      AXLE DESCRIPTION

VNAXLE                            Number of axles                  1

VOVHAN                            Front overhang (mm)              4

VAXLEN       VTRACK      TTWINT       TAXLTY        VLEAXLE VKWEIG        TSUSPE   VCOMMS
1            4           1            1             5       5             1        text

VAXLEN                            Axle number                      1
1to n

VTRACK                            Track (mm)                       4

TTWINT                            Twin tyres                       1
1. No
2. Yes

TAXLTY                            Type of axle                     1
1 Non lift
2 Lift (not raised)
3 Lift (raised)

VLEAXLE                           Wheelbase to next axle (mm)      5

VKWEIG                            Empty weight on this axle (kg)   5

TSUSPE                            Type of suspension               1
1 Leaf spring
2 Pneumatic suspension
3 Hydraulic suspension
4 Hydro pneumatic suspension

VCOMMS                            Comments                         text

                 TYRES AND WHEELS : CHARACTERISTICS AND DEFECTS

VAXLEN        VWHEES     VWDIMC VWDEFE              VWDEFI      VWDEF1    VWDEF2   VWDEFC
1             1          Text   1                   1           1         1        Text

VAXLEN                            Axle number                      1
1 to n

VWHEES                            Wheel side                       1
1. Left (no twin)
2. Right (no twin)
3. Left / Interior
4. Left / Exterior
5. Right / Interior
6. Right / Exterior

VWDIMC                            Comments                         Text

VWDEFE                            Were there any defects or        1


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                                   problems on the wheel/tyre
                                   before impact?
1. Pressure
2. Uneven wear
3. Blow out
4. Bearing
5. Tracking, camber
6. Damage to the wheel
7. Different to manufacturer’s specifications
8. Retreaded tyre

VWDEFI                             Influence of the defect or        1
                                   problem on the accident
1. No
2. Yes

VWDEF1                             Influence of the defects or       1
                                   problem on stability?
1. No
2. Yes

VWDEF2                             Influence of the defect or        1
                                   problem on braking (friction) ?
1. No
2. Yes

VWDEFC                             Comments on variables             text
                                   VWDEFE/I/1/2

                             BRAKES AND SUSPENSION: DEFECTS

VAXLEN         VWHEES         VSUSDE            VSUSDT      VBRADE          VBRADT   VCOMMS
1              1              1                 1           1               1        Text

VAXLEN                             Axle number                       1
1 to n 1

VWHEES                             Wheel side                        1
1 – Left
2 – Right

VSUSDE                            Suspension defects                 1
1. No defect
2. Mountings
3. Shock absorption (leaks, broken leaf springs...)




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VSUSDT                              Effect of suspension and shock      1
                                    absorption defects
0. No defects
1. Defect without effect
2. Difficulty in maintaining trajectory - stability
3. Decrease in braking efficiency
4. Difficulty in maintaining trajectory - stability and decrease in braking efficiency

VBRADE                             Brake defects                      1
1. No defect
2. Wear (discs, brake drums, brake linings)
3. Leaks (brake lines, brake booster, unions, wheel cylinder, master cylinder)
4. Wear and leaks

VBRADT                              Influence of the brake defect on    1
                                    the accident
0. No defects
1. Defect without effect
2. Difficulty in maintaining trajectory - stability
3. Decrease in braking efficiency
4. Difficulty in maintaining trajectory - stability and decrease in braking efficiency

VCOMMS                              Comments                            text




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                         BUMPERS AND UNDERRUN PROTECTION

TBUMIN                            Is it believed that bumper had      1
                                  (or could have) an influence on
                                  the accident issue
1 No
2 Yes

TFUNIN                            Is it believed that front underrun 1
                                  protection had (or could have)
                                  an influence on the accident
                                  issue
1 No
2 Yes

TRUNIN                            Is it believed that rear underrun   1
                                  protection had (or could have)
                                  an influence on the accident
                                  issue
1 No
2 Yes

TSUNIN                            Is it believed that side underrun   1
                                  protection had (or could have)
                                  an influence on the accident
                                  issue
1 No
2 Yes

                           FRONT BUMPER (only if TBUMIN is yes)

TBUFRS                            Front bumper : shape                1
1. square
2. tubular
3. other (comments)

TBUFRW                            Front bumper : width (mm)           3

TBUFHE                            Front bumper : height (mm)          3

TBUFRL                            Front bumper : length (mm)          5

TBUFRH                            Front bumper : Height from the      3
                                  ground (mm)

TBUFCO                            Comments /Front bumper              text




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                FRONT UNDERRUN PROTECTION FUP (only if TFUNIN is yes)

TUNDIN                              Is it believed that underrun     1
                                    protection had (or could have)
                                    an influence on the accident
                                    issue
1 No
2 Yes

TFUPIN                                Front Underrun Protection :    1
                                      presence and influence
1. Not fitted and not needed in this crash type
2. Not fitted but presence would reduce injuries
3. Fitted but not used in this crash type
4. Fitted and used

TFUPDI                              Front Underrun Protection :      5
                                    Distance to the 1st axle (mm)

TFUPMA                              Front Underrun Protection :      Text
                                    material

TFUPSH                              Front Underrun Protection :      1
                                    shape
1 beam
2 tubular
8 other (comments)

TFUPWI                              Front Underrun Protection :      4
                                    width (mm)

TFUPHE                              Front Underrun Protection :      4
                                    height (mm)

TFUPLE                              Front Underrun Protection :      5
                                    length (mm)

TFUPHE                              Front Underrun Protection :      3
                                    height from the ground (mm)

TFUPCO                              Comments /FUP                    text




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                        REAR END PROTECTION (only if TRUNIN is yes)

TREABU                                Rear end protection : presence   1
                                      and influence
1. Not fitted and not needed in this crash type
2. Not fitted but presence would reduce injuries
3. Fitted but not used in this crash type
4. Fitted and used

TBURET                             Rear end protection: Type           1
1. Integrated bumper
2. Built on bumper
3. Energy absorbing bumper
4. Advanced guard (intelligent guard/movable…)
5. Hydraulic tailgate under platform

TBURED                              Rear end protection: Distance to   5
                                    the last axle (mm)

TBURES                              Rear end protection: shape         1
1. square
2. tubular
8.other shape

TBUREW                              Rear end protection: width         3
                                    (mm)

TBURHE                              Rear end protection: height        3
                                    (mm)

TBUREL                              Rear end protection: length        4
                                    (mm)

TBUREH                              Rear end protection: Height        4
                                    from the ground (mm)

TBURCO                              Comments / rear end protection     text

                    SIDE UNDERRUN PROTECTION (only if TSUNIN is yes)

TSUPIN                                Side Underrun Protection :       1
                                      presence and influence
1. Not fitted and not needed in this crash type
2. Not fitted but presence would reduce injuries
3. Fitted but not used in this crash type
4. Fitted and used

TSUNTY                              Side underrun protection type      1
1. Tube
2. Beam
3. Other




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TSUPHE                            Side protection: Height from    4
                                  the ground (mm)

TSUNCO                            Comments                        text

                                            CAB DESIGN

TCABTY                            Type of Cab                     1
1. Conventional Cab
2. Cab-Over-Engine
3. Semi-conventional cab

TCABSY                           Cab size                         1
1. Regular cab ( L < 1.5 m )
2. Medium cab ( 1.5 m ≤ L < 1.9 m )
3. Long cab    ( L ≥ 1.9 m )


TCABMA                            Cab Material                    1
1. Steel
2. Plastic
3. Composite

                                                 SEAT

TSEATF                            Type of front seat driver and   1/1
                                  passenger
1 Air suspended seat
2 Mechanically suspended seat
3 Fixed seat
4 Bench
5 Sport seat
6 Rotating seat

TSEATR                            Type of rear seat               1
0 None
1 Air suspended seat
2 Mechanically suspended seat
3 Fixed seat
4 Bench
5 Sport seat
6 Rotational seat




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                                               STEERING

TSTEPO                               Power steering                 1
1. No
2. Yes
3. Yes, with variable assistance

TSTEDE                               Steering equipment defect      1
1. No defect
2. Fault in the steering column
3. Fault in the power steering
4. Wear in one ball joint
5. Wear in several ball joints
6. Fault in the steering rack or links
7. Combination of the above

TSTEEF                               Effect on steering             1
1. No effect
2. Precision of vehicle's steering
3. Vehicle pulling to one side

                                       INTERNAL EQUIPMENT

TINECD                               Radio / cassette / CD player   1
1. No radio
2. There is a player but it was not used
3. There is a player and it was in use
4. There is a player but the use is unknown

TINETE                              Telephone                       1
1. No vehicle telephone
2. There is a telephone but it was not in use
3. There is a telephone and it was in use (not hands free)
4. There is a telephone and it was in use (hands free)
5. There is a telephone but the use is unknown

TINECB                              CB                              1
1. None
2. There is a CB but it was not in use
3. There is a CB and it was in use
4. There is a CB but the use is unknown

TINETV                              Television                      1
1. None
2. There is a TV but it was not in use
3. There is a TV and it was in use
4. There is a TV but the use is unknown




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TINEAC                             Air conditioning                1
1. No air conditioning
2. Air conditioning in use
3. Air conditioning not in use
4. Presence of air conditioning unknown
5. Air conditioning present but use unknown
6. Air conditioning defect

TINEOT                            Other equipment : comments       text

TWHECO_1                          Specific controls at the wheel   3
                                  (possible combination)
1. Radio/Cassette/CD player
2. Telephone
3. Cruise Control
4. Air Conditioning

TWHECO_2                          Specific controls at the wheel   3
                                  (possible combination)
1. Radio/Cassette/CD player
2. Telephone
3. Cruise Control
4. Air Conditioning

TWHECO_3                          Specific controls at the wheel   3
                                  (possible combination)
1. Radio/Cassette/CD player
2. Telephone
3. Cruise Control
4. Air Conditioning



                                  ENGINE & TRANSMISSION

TGEARB                            Kind of gearbox                  1
1. Manual
2. Automatic
3. Semi-automatic

TTANKM                            Fuel Tank material               1
1. Metal
2. Plastic

TPOWER                            Power source in use at time of   1
                                  the accident
1. Petrol
2. Diesel
3. LPG




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TOILLE                            Fuel leak                        1
1. No
2. Yes

TLEAKS                            Precrash leaks on vehicle        1
0. No leaks, not applicable
1. Fuel tank
2. Gas tank
3. Oil (engine/transmission)
4. Cooling system
5. Battery

TLEAEF                            Effect of the precrash leak on   Text
                                  the accident : Comments

                                    WINDOWS AND VISION

TWINDS                            Type of windscreen               1
1. Laminated with seal
2. Laminated, glued
3. Toughened, with seal
4. Toughened, glued

TWINPO                            Position of windscreen after     1
                                  crash
1. In place
2. Partially ejected
3. Completely ejected
4. Partially unglued
5: Completely unglued

TWINCL                            Cleanliness of windscreen        1
                                  before the crash
1. Clean
2. Slightly dirty
3. Dirty
4. Dangerously dirty
5. Frosty
6. Snowy, icy
7. Damaged
8. Misty (interior)

TWINEF                            Effect of the cleanliness of     1
                                  windscreen on vision
1. No effect
2. Vision slightly reduced
3. Vision seriously reduced

TSUNLE                            Position of left sun visor       1
1. Closed
2. Open (along the windshield)
3. Half open
4. Put on lateral position



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5. Broken

TSUNRI                            Position of right sun visor        1
1. Closed
2. Open (along the windshield)
3. Half open
4. Put on lateral position
5. Broken

                                  MIRRORS AND DETECTION

TMIRES                           Driver side mirrors                 1
01. Main mirror left
02. Wide-angle mirror left                                           Truck
03. Close-proximity mirror left              SIDE LEFT                         SIDE RIGHT
04. Front mirror left
05. Inside mirror left
08. Other left                                                       Semi-
09. Unknown left                                                     trailer
11. Main mirror right                                                 (for
12. Wide-angle mirror right                                         example)
13. Close-proximity mirror right
14. Front mirror right
15. Inside mirror right
18. Other right
19. Unknown right

TMIREC                            Passenger side mirrors             1
1. Head mirror
2. Wide angle mirror
3. Blind spot mirror
4. Close proximity mirror
5. Street mirror

TMIEQU                            Mirror system driver and           1
                                  passenger side
1. Manual adjustment
2. Electrical adjustment
3. Combination

TMIRST                            State of the mirrors before the    1
                                  crash driver and passenger side
1. Good condition (clean)
2. Damaged
3. Dirty
4. Wet
5. Fogged
6. Iced, snowed

TOTHER                            Other Equipment                    1
1. Camera on rear
2. Detector on rear
3. Rear mounted mirror




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                                                LIGHTS

THEADL                             Type of headlights                  1
1. Standard
2. Halogen
3. Xenon

THEAAD                             Height adjustable headlights         1
1. No
2. Yes

In order to describe the lights used during the crash, you must fill the next table. Each line corresponds
to a type of lights.

 VLIGUS       VLIGCO      VLICLL       VLIGEF       VVISEF
                                                    1
                                                    1
                                                    1

VLIGUS                             Use of lights at the beginning of   1
                                   the danger situation
1. Side / Clearance lamps
2. Dipped head lights
3. Full beam (and additional driving lamps)
4. Front Fog lights
5. Rear Fog lights
6. Right turn signal
7. Left turn signal
8. Hazard warning lights
9. Brakes lights
10. Parking lights
11. Reverse lights
12. Other

VLIGCO                             Condition of lights before the      1
                                   crash
1. Good state
2. Defect in one
3. Defect in two


VLICLL                             Cleanliness of the lamps            1
1. Clean
2. A little dirty
3. Dirty
4. Almost not visible

VLIGEF                             Effect of lamps cleanliness or      1
                                   state for the driver
1. No effect
2. Reduced forward vision
3. Combination

VVISEF                             Effect of lamps cleanliness or      1


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                                     state for the opposite driver
1. Change in direction not visible or less visible
2. Braking not visible or less visible
3. Decrease in the visibility of the vehicle or vehicle not visible
4. Combination


TVISCO                              Visibility of the vehicle. Was    1
                                    there a noticeable contrast
                                    between the vehicle and the
                                    environment? (for the other
                                    driver)
1. No
2. Yes due to colour
3. Yes due to lights

TLICOM                              Comments lights                   text

                                                  LOAD

TOCNUM                              Number of occupants               1

TLOAOC                              Total weight of occupants (kg)    3

TLOATO                              Gross Vehicle Weight (GVW)        5
                                    (kg)

TLOAVE                              Total cargo weight (for this      5
                                    vehicle) (kg)

TLOAHE                              Load height (from the platform    4
                                    to the top of the load) (cm)

TLOACG                              Height of the centre of gravity   4
                                    of the load from the platform
                                    (cm)

TLOADA                           Hazardous load                       1
1. No danger
2. Explosive
3. Radioactive
4. Inflammable
5. Poisonous
6. Corrosive
7. Dangerously reactive chemical

TLOADI                              Load distribution                 1
Mainly :
1. Even
2. Front
3. Rear
4. Centre
5. Left
6. Right


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TLOATY                             Cargo type                      2
1. General freight
2. Liquids in bulk
3. Gas in bulk
4. Solids in bulk
5. Wood, timber
6. Live animals
7. Building materials
8. Heavy machinery
9. Motor vehicles
10. Metal
11. Explosives (incl. bottled gas)

TLPACK                            Cargo packaging                  1
1. Wrapped on pallet
2. Non wrapped on pallet
3. Bulk (cargo 02 to 04)
4. Hanging
5. Roll (paper, metal etc.)
6. Container
7. Box
8. Barrels
9. Free standing

TLOAFI                             Cargo securing                  1
1. Not secured (incl. bulk)
2. Not secured, between pillars
3. Webbing strap/rope
4. Mechanical fixing (incl. containers)
5. Hanging

TLOALO                            Cargo spillage                   1
1: Complete spillage
2: Partial spillage

TLHAZS                            Cargo spillage hazards (safety   1
                                  and environment)
1: No hazard
2: Safety hazard
3: Environmental hazard
4: Safety and environmental hazards




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                                  TACHOGRAPH INFORMATION

TTACTY                             Type of tachograph                  1
1 Needle
2 Digital

TTACMI                             Kilometrage written on the disc     6
                                   at the start of the trip (km)

TTACAM                             Kilometrage of the truck            6
                                   (odometer) at time of accident
                                   (km)

TTACLS                             Duration of last stop (last stop>   3
                                   10 min) before the accident
                                   (minutes)

TTACET                             Time elapsed between last stop      3
                                   (last stop> 10 min) and the
                                   accident (minutes)

TTACDD                             Total driving time (minutes)        3

TTACAS                             Average speed since the last        3
                                   stop (km/h)

TTACMS                             Maximum speed since the last        3
                                   stop (km/h)

TTACTC                             Exceeding of driving time:          1
                                   Continuous (by default < 270
                                   min ( min)
1 no
2 yes since the last stop
3 yes before the last stop




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                                       ITS SAFETY SYSTEMS

TSSABS                               Anti lock braking system         1
1. Not fitted (not needed in this crash type)
2. Not fitted (ITS use would help prevent the accident)
3. Not fitted (ITS use would reduce injuries)
4. Fitted but not used (not needed in this crash type)
5. Fitted but not used by driver
6. Fitted and used

TSSBRA                               Brake Assistance                 1
1. Not fitted (not needed in this crash type)
2. Not fitted (ITS use would help prevent the accident)
3. Not fitted (ITS use would reduce injuries)
4. Fitted but not used (not needed in this crash type)
5. Fitted but not used by driver
6. Fitted and used

TCSESP                               Stability control system         1
                                     (ESP…)
1 Not fitted (not needed in this crash type)
2. Not fitted (ITS use would help prevent the accident)
3. Not fitted (ITS use would reduce injuries)
4. Fitted but not used (not needed in this crash type)
5. Fitted but not used by driver
6. Fitted and used

TSSASS                               Traction and stability control   1
                                     system
1. Not fitted (not needed in this crash type)
2. Not fitted (ITS use would help prevent the accident)
3. Not fitted (ITS use would reduce injuries)
4. Fitted but not used (not needed in this crash type)
5. Fitted but not used by driver
6. Fitted and used

TSSCRC                               Cruise control                   1
1. Not fitted (not needed in this crash type)
2. Not fitted (ITS use would help prevent the accident)
3. Not fitted (ITS use would reduce injuries)
4. Fitted but not used (not needed in this crash type)
5. Fitted but not used by driver
6. Fitted and used




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TSSSPL                               Speed Limiter                       1
1. Not fitted (not needed in this crash type)
2. Not fitted (ITS use would help prevent the accident)
3. Not fitted (ITS use would reduce injuries)
4. Fitted but not used (not needed in this crash type)
5. Fitted but not used by driver
6. Fitted and used

TSSANC                               Headway detection                   1
1. Not fitted (not needed in this crash type)
2. Not fitted (ITS use would help prevent the accident)
3. Not fitted (ITS use would reduce injuries)
4. Fitted but not used (not needed in this crash type)
5. Fitted but not used by driver
6. Fitted and used

TSSACC                               Inter-vehicle distance regulation   1
1. Not fitted (not needed in this crash type)
2. Not fitted (ITS use would help prevent the accident)
3. Not fitted (ITS use would reduce injuries)
4. Fitted but not used (not needed in this crash type)
5. Fitted but not used by driver
6. Fitted and used

TSSNAV                               Navigation (GPS)                    1
1. Not fitted (not needed in this crash type)
2. Not fitted (ITS use would help prevent the accident)
3. Not fitted (ITS use would reduce injuries)
4. Fitted but not used (not needed in this crash type)
5. Fitted but not used by driver
6. Fitted and used

TSSROL                               Rollover warning                    1
1. Not fitted (not needed in this crash type)
2. Not fitted (ITS use would help prevent the accident)
3. Not fitted (ITS use would reduce injuries)
4. Fitted but not used (not needed in this crash type)
5. Fitted but not used by driver
6. Fitted and used

TSSROL                               Hypovigilance system                1
1. Not fitted (not needed in this crash type)
2. Not fitted (ITS use would help prevent the accident)
3. Not fitted (ITS use would reduce injuries)
4. Fitted but not used (not needed in this crash type)
5. Fitted but not used by driver
6. Fitted and used




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TSSACR                               Data recorder                    1
1. Not fitted (not needed in this crash type)
2. Not fitted (ITS use would help prevent the accident)
3. Not fitted (ITS use would reduce injuries)
4. Fitted but not used (not needed in this crash type)
5. Fitted but not used by driver
6. Fitted and used

TPREME                             Pressure measurement               1
1.Not fitted
2.Fitted but not used by driver
3.Fitted and used

                                        MISCELLANEOUS

TMISCE                             Textual Field (including Z-file)   text




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3.2 Passenger car or light utility information
                                       IDENTIFICATION

ACCNUM                            Accident Number                  5

VEHNUM                            ETAC vehicle Number              1

                    SEVERITY OF THE ACCIDENT FOR THIS VEHICLE

CFATNU                            Number of fatalities within 30   2
                                  days

CINJNU                            Number of injured occupants      2
                                  (non fatalities)

CUNINU                            Number of uninjured occupants    2




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                          GENERAL TECHNICAL INFORMATION

CMANUF                            Manufacturer                     2

1. Alfa Roméo
2. Audi
3. Austin
4. BMW
5. Chrysler
6. Citroën
7. Daewoo
8. Fiat
9. Ford
10. Honda
11. Hyundai
12. Jaguar
13. Kia
14. Lada
15. Lancia
16. Land Rover
17. Lexus
18. Mazda
19. Mitsubishi
20. Mercedes Benz
21. Nissan
22. Opel
23. Peugeot
24. Porche
25. Renault
26. Rover
27. Saab
28. Seat
29. Skoda
30. Smart
31. Subaru
32. Suzuki
33. Toyota
34. Volvo
35. VW
98. Others
99. Unknown
CMODEL                            Car model type                   Text

CVINNU                            Vehicle Identification Number    12
                                  (V.I.N)

CEURNU                            European Vehicle Codification    12
                                  Number

C1REGM                            Car first registration : Month   2

C1REGY                            Car first registration : Year    4




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CBODYT                               Body type (for cars and light     2
                                     trucks only)
1. 2/3 door sedan
2. 4/5 door sedan
3. Station wagon and/or company vehicle (two seats only)
4. Small van or Pick-up
5. Utility van < 3,5 t
6. Monospace (passenger van)
7. 4-wheel drive, off-road
8. Convertible
9. Sports Coupé or Spider (2 seats or 2+2 seats)

CCOLOR                               Predominating Colour of the car   2
1. White
2. Black
3. Light grey
4. Dark grey
5. Light blue
6. Dark blue
7. Light green
8. Dark Green
9. Orange
10. Yellow
11. Bright red
12. Burgundy
13. Light brown
14. Dark brown

CSEADR                               Driver's seat side                1
1. Left
2. Centre
3. Right

CTRAIL                               Trailer or semi trailer coupled   1
                                     to the vehicle
1. No trailer coupled to the vehicle
2. Yes, a trailer is coupled to the vehicle

                                      DESIGN SPECIFICATIONS

MANDATORY TECHNICAL CONTROL

CMANIN                               Was the mandatory inspection      1
                                     done?
1. No
2. Yes
3. Not inspected yet (e.g. new vehicle)
4. Exempt (motorcycle, tractor, etc...)

CMANMO                               Number of month since last        2
                                     inspection (km)

INSPECTION CARRIED OUT BY THE CRASH INVESTIGATOR



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CINSTY                           Type of inspection                 1
1. Not inspected
2. Brief visual inspection
3. Complete but without removing parts
4. Complete with parts removed

APPARENT CONDITION BEFORE THE ACCIDENT

CDEFOR                            Were there any important          1
                                  deformations from previous
                                  impact?
1. No
2. Yes

CMODI1                            1st most important                1
                                  modifications added to the
                                  vehicle (whatever the quality
                                  and independently from the
                                  manufacturers' options)
1. No modification
2. Exterior (airfoil, spoiler,...)
3. Tyres or wheels changed
4. Suspension modifications (shock absorbers, ...)
5. Structure (roll bars, ...)
6. Engine (cylinder head, exhaust,...)
7. Interior (seat, steering wheel, ...)
8. Other non-production line equipment
9. Other items hampering correct use, hampering vision (cluttered windows, hanging objects, stickers
on windows, ...)

CMODI2                            2nd most important                1
                                  modifications added to the
                                  vehicle(Idem CMODI1)

CMODI3                            Comments to CMODI1/2/3            Text

                                    VEHICLE PARAMETERS

GENERAL INFORMATION

CLENTO                            Vehicle length (mm)               4

CWIDTH                            Vehicle width (mm)                4

CHEIGH                            Vehicle height (mm)               4

CTLONG                            Vehicle combined length           5
                                  (vehicle and trailer) (mm)

CKERTO                            Empty weight of the vehicle       5
                                  (kg)

CLEGWV                            Gross Vehicle Weight Rating       5


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                                  (GVWR) (kg)

CLEGWT                            Gross Combined Weight Rating     5
                                  (GCWR) (kg)

CHEIGHT                           Centre of gravity height for     4
                                  empty vehicle (from the
                                  ground) (mm)

CPOSCG                            Distance form the Centre of      4
                                  gravity to the 1st axle (mm)

                                      AXLE DESCRIPTION

CNAXLE                            Number of axles                  1

COVHAN                            Front overhang (mm)              4


VAXLEN          VTRACK            VLEAXLE           VKWEIG         VCOMMS
1               3                 5                 5              Text

VAXLEN                            Axle number                      1
1 to n

VTRACK                            Track (mm)                       4

VLEAXLE                           Wheelbase to next axle (mm)      5

VKWEIG                            Empty weight on this axle (kg)   5

VCOMMS                            Comments                         text




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                  TYRES AND WHEELS : CHARACTERISTICS AND DEFECTS
                               ONE LINE PER WHEEL

  Only defect are coded. If there is no defect, don’t use the table. If there are defects, use one line for a
  wheel. Identify the wheel with the axle number and the side of the wheel, interior or exterior.
  One line is required for one wheel.

VAXL    VWHE       VWMA       VWTY       VWDI        VWDI       VWDE       VWDE       VWDE       VWDE           VWDE
EN      EN         NU         PE         ME          MC         FE         FI         F1         F2             FC
1       1          Text       Text       11          Text       1          1          1          1              Text

  VAXLEN                              Axle number                         1

  VWHEES                              Wheel side                          1
  1. Left
  2. Right

  VWDIMC                              Comments                            Text

  VWDEFE                              Were there any defects or           1
                                      problems on the wheel/tyre
                                      before impact?
  1. Pressure
  2. Uneven wear
  3. Blow out
  4. Bearing, suspension
  5. Toe setting (parallelism)
  6. Damage to the wheel
  7. Different to manufacturer’s specifications
  8. Retreaded tyre

  VWDEFI                              Influence of the defect or          1
                                      problem on the accident
  1. No
  2. Yes

  VWDEF1                              Influence of the defects or         1
                                      problem on stability ?
  1. No
  2. Yes

  VWDEF2                              Influence of the defect or          1
                                      problem on the braking
                                      (friction) ?
  1. No
  2. Yes

  VWDEFC                              comments                            text




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                             BRAKES AND SUSPENSION : DEFECTS
                                      2 LINES/AXLE

VAXLEN          VWHEES        VSUSDE          VSUSDT         VBRADE            VBRADT    VCOMMS
1               1             1               1              1                 1         Text

VAXLEN                              Axle number                         1

VWHEES                              Wheel side                          1
1. Left
2. Right

VSUSDE                              Suspension defects                  1
1. No defect
2. Mountings
3. Shock absorption

VSUSDT                              Effect of suspension and shock      1
                                    absorption defects
0. No defects
1. No effect
2. Difficulty in maintaining trajectory - stability
3. Decrease in braking efficiency
4. Difficulty in maintaining trajectory - stability and Decrease in braking efficiency

VBRADE                             Brake defects                      1
1. No defect
2. Worn (discs, brake drums, brake linings)
3. Leaks (brake lines, brake booster, unions, wheel cylinder, master cylinder)
4. Worn and Leaks

VBRADT                              Influence of the brake defect on    1
                                    the accident
0. No defects
1. No
2. Yes

VCOMMS                              Comments                            text

                                     INTERNAL EQUIPMENTS

CINECD                               Radio / cassette / CD player       1
1. No radio
2. There is a player but it was not used
3. There is a player and it was in use
4. There is a player but the use is unknown

CINETE                              Telephone                           1
1. No vehicle telephone
2. There is a telephone but it was not in use
3. There is a telephone and it was in use (no hands free)
4. There is a telephone and it was in use (hands free)
5. There is a telephone but the use is unknown




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CINECB                              CB                                  1
1. None
2. There is a CB but it was not in use
3. There is a CB and it was in use
4. There is a CB but the use is unknown

CINEAC                             Air conditioning                     1
1. No air conditioning
2. Air conditioning in use
3. Air conditioning not in use
4. Presence of air conditioning unknown
5. Air conditioning present but use unknown
6. Air conditioning defect

CINEOT                                Other equipment : comments        texte

CWHECO                                Specific controls at the wheel    3
                                      (possible combination)
1. Radio/Cassette/CD player
2. Telephone
3. Cruise Control
4. Air Conditioning

                                            MOTORISATION

CMOLOC                                Engine location                   1
1 Front longitudinal
2 Front transversal
3. Centre
4. Rear

CMOTRA                                Type of transmission (in use at   1
                                      time of the accident)
1. Front wheel drive
2. Rear wheel drive
3. 4-wheel drive
4. 4*4 in front wheel drive
5. 4*4 in rear wheel drive
6. 4*4 in front or rear wheel drive




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                                    WINDOWS AND LIGHTS
                                     VISION / VISIBILITY

WINDOWS AND VISION

CWINDS                            Type of windscreen             1
1. Laminated with seal
2. Laminated, glued
3. Toughened, with seal
4. Toughened, glued


CWINPO                            Position of windscreen after   1
                                  crash
1. In place
2. Partially ejected
3. Completely ejected
4. Partially unglued
5. Completely unglued

CWINCL                            Cleanliness of windscreen      1
                                  before the crash
1. Clean
2. Slightly dirty
3. Dirty
4. Dangerously dirty
5. Frost
6. Snowy, icy
7. Deterioration
8. Misty (interior)

CWINEF                            Effect of the cleanliness of   1
                                  windscreen on vision
0. Windscreen clean
1. No effect
2. Vision slightly reduced
3. Vision seriously reduced

CSUNLE                            Position of left sun visor     1
1. Close
2. Open (along the windshield)
3. Half open
4. Put on lateral position
5. Broken

CSUNRI                            Position of right sun visor    1
1. Close
2. Open (along the windshield)
3. Half open
4. Put on lateral position
5. Broken




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                                                LIGHTS

CHEADL                              Type of headlights                   1
1. Standard
2. Halogen
3. Xenon

CHEAAD                              Headlight in height adjustable       1
1 no / 2 yes

VLIGUS                  VLIGCO               VLICLL                   VLIGEF   VVISEF
2                       1                    1                        1        1
2                       1                    1                        1        1

VLIGUS                              Use of lights at the beginning of    2
                                    the danger situation
1. Side / Clearance lamps
2. Dipped head lights
3. Full beam (and additional driving lamps)
4. Front Fog lights
5. Rear Fog lights
6. Right turn signal
7. Left turn signal
8. Hazard warning lights
9. Brakes lights
10. Parking lights
11. Reverse lights
12. Other

VLIGCO                              Condition of lights before the       1
                                    crash
1. Good state
2. Defect in one
3. Defect in two

VLICLL                              Cleanliness of the lamps             1
1. Clean
2. A little dirty
3. Dirty
4. Almost not visible

VLIGEF                              Effect of lamps cleanliness or       1
                                    state for the driver
1. No effect
2. Reduced forward vision
3. Combination

VVISEF                               Effect of lamps cleanliness or      1
                                     state for the opposite driver
1. Change in direction not visible or less visible
2. Braking not visible or less visible
3. Decrease in the visibility of the vehicle or vehicle not visible
4. Combination




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CVISCO                             Visibility of the vehicle. Was   1
                                   there a noticeable contrast
                                   between the vehicle and the
                                   environment? (for the other
                                   driver)
1 No
2. Yes due to colour
3. Yes due to lights

CLICOM                             Comments / lights                text

                                               SEATS

CCAPAC                             Authorized capacity              1

CSEARO                             Total number of row              1

CSEAFR                             Type of front seats              1
1. Individual
2. Monospace seat
3. Bench
4. Combination

CSEAR1                             Type of 1st row of rear seat     1
0. None
1. Bench monobloc fixed
2. Removable bench
3. Fractionated bench (type ½ - ½)
4. Fractionated bench (type 2/3 – 1/3 ou 2/5 – 3/5)
5. Slide bench (type Citroën ZX)
6. Individual seat
7. Monospace seat (rear position)
8. Fold down seat

CSEAR2                             Type of 2nd row of rear seat     1
0. None
1. Bench monobloc fixed
2. Removable bench
3. Fractionated bench (type ½ - ½)
4. Fractionated bench (type 2/3 – 1/3 ou 2/5 – 3/5)
5. Slide bench (type Citroën ZX)
6. Individual seat
7. Monospace seat (rear position)
8. Fold down seat




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                                                  LOAD

CLOAPA                              Number of occupants                1

CLOAFR                              Total weight in front (cargo and   3
                                    occupant) (Kg)

CLOARE                              Total weight in rear (cargo and    3
                                    occupant) (Kg)

CLOARO                              Roof cargo(Kg)                     3

CLOABA                              Trunk cargo (Kg)                   4

                                       ITS SAFETY SYSTEMS

CSSABS                               Anti lock braking system          1
1 Not fitted (not needed in this crash type)
2. Not fitted (ITS use would help prevent the accident)
3. Not fitted (ITS use would reduce injuries)
4. Fitted but not used (not needed in this crash type)
5. Fitted but not used by driver
6. Fitted and used

CSSBRA                               Brake Assistance                  1
1 Not fitted (not needed in this crash type)
2. Not fitted (ITS use would help prevent the accident)
3. Not fitted (ITS use would reduce injuries)
4. Fitted but not used (not needed in this crash type)
5. Fitted but not used by driver
6. Fitted and used

CCSESP                               Stability control system          1
                                     (ESP…)
1 Not fitted (not needed in this crash type)
2. Not fitted (ITS use would help prevent the accident)
3. Not fitted (ITS use would reduce injuries)
4. Fitted but not used (not needed in this crash type)
5. Fitted but not used by driver
6. Fitted and used

CSSTST                               Traction and stability control    1
                                     system
1 Not fitted (not needed in this crash type)
2. Not fitted (ITS use would help prevent the accident)
3. Not fitted (ITS use would reduce injuries)
4. Fitted but not used (not needed in this crash type)
5. Fitted but not used by driver
6. Fitted and used

CSSCRC                               Cruise control                    1
1. Not fitted (not needed in this crash type)
2. Not fitted (ITS use would help prevent the accident)
3. Not fitted (ITS use would reduce injuries)


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4. Fitted but not used (not needed in this crash type)
5. Fitted but not used by driver
6. Fitted and used

CSSSPL                               Speed Limiter                       1
1. Not fitted (not needed in this crash type)
2. Not fitted (ITS use would help prevent the accident)
3. Not fitted (ITS use would reduce injuries)
4. Fitted but not used (not needed in this crash type)
5. Fitted but not used by driver
6. Fitted and used

CSSANC                               Headway detection                   1
1. Not fitted (not needed in this crash type)
2. Not fitted (ITS use would help prevent the accident)
3. Not fitted (ITS use would reduce injuries)
4. Fitted but not used (not needed in this crash type)
5. Fitted but not used by driver
6. Fitted and used

CSSACC                               Inter-vehicle distance regulation   1
1 Not fitted (not needed in this crash type)
2. Not fitted (ITS use would help prevent the accident)
3. Not fitted (ITS use would reduce injuries)
4. Fitted but not used (not needed in this crash type)
5. Fitted but not used by driver
6. Fitted and used

CSSROL                               Hypovigilance system                1
1. Not fitted (not needed in this crash type)
2. Not fitted (ITS use would help prevent the accident)
3. Not fitted (ITS use would reduce injuries)
4. Fitted but not used (not needed in this crash type)
5. Fitted but not used by driver
6. Fitted and used

CSSASS                               Anti slide system                   1
. Not fitted (not needed in this crash type)
2. Not fitted (ITS use would help prevent the accident)
3. Not fitted (ITS use would reduce injuries)
4. Fitted but not used (not needed in this crash type)
5. Fitted but not used by driver
6. Fitted and used

CSSACR                               Data recorder                       1
1. Not fitted (not needed in this crash type)
2. Not fitted (ITS use would help prevent the accident)
3. Not fitted (ITS use would reduce injuries)
4. Fitted but not used (not needed in this crash type)
5. Fitted but not used by driver
6. Fitted and used

CPREME                              Pressure measurement                 1
1 Not fitted



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2 Fitted but not used by driver
3 Fitted and used

CSSNAV                               Navigation (GPS)                 1
1. Not fitted (not needed in this crash type)
2. Not fitted (ITS use would help prevent the accident)
3. Not fitted (ITS use would reduce injuries)
4. Fitted but not used (not needed in this crash type)
5. Fitted but not used by driver
6. Fitted and used

                                        MISCELLANEOUS

CMISCE                             Textual Field (including Z-file)   text




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3.3 Bus and coach information


                                       IDENTIFICATION

ACCNUM                            Accident Number                   5

VEHNUM                            ETAC vehicle number               1

                    SEVERITY OF THE ACCIDENT FOR THIS VEHICLE

BFATNU                            Number of fatalities within 30    2
                                  days

BINJNU                            Number of injured occupants       2
                                  (non fatalities)

BUNINU                            Number of uninjured occupants     2

                GENERAL ADMINISTRATIVE & TECHNICAL INFORMATION

BMANUF                            Manufacturer                      2
1. Ikarus
2. Irisbus
3. Iveco
4. Karosa
5. Kassbohrer
6. Man
7. Mercedes
8. Neoplan
9. Obradors
10. Renault
11. Setra
12. Skoda
13. Van Hool
14. Volvo
15. VW
98. Other
99. Unknown

BMODEL                            Model type (commercial name)      Text

BVEIDN                            Vehicle Identification Number     12
                                  (V.I.N)

BEUVIN                            European Vehicle Codification     12
                                  Number

BREGMO                            Month of first registration of the 2
                                  vehicle




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BREGYE                            Year of first registration of    4
                                  vehicle

BNBLEV                            Type of coach                    1
1 : Single floor
2 : Double floor
3: Articulated

BDRISE                            Driver's seat side               1
1. Left
2. Centre
3. Right

BCOLOR                            Predominating Colour of the      2
                                  motor vehicle
1. White
2. Black
3. Light grey
4. Dark grey
5. Light blue
6. Dark blue
7. Light green
8. Dark green
9. Orange
10. Yellow
11. Bright red
12. Burgundy
13. Light brown
14. Dark brown

BPOWSO                            Power source in use at time of   1
                                  the accident
1. Petrol
2. Diesel
3. Natural gas
4. Electric




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                                           GEOMETRY

GENERAL INFORMATION

BLENTO                            Vehicle length (mm)                5

BWIDTH                            Vehicle width (mm)                 5

BHEIGH                            Vehicle height (mm)                4

BTLONG                            Vehicle combined length (bus       5
                                  and trailer) (mm)

BKERTO                            Empty weight of the vehicle        5
                                  (kg)

BLEGWV                            Gross Vehicle Weight Rating        5
                                  (GVWR) (kg)

BLEGWT                            Gross Combined Weight Rating       5
                                  (GCWR) (kg)

BHEICG                            Centre of gravity height for       4
                                  empty vehicle (from the
                                  ground) (mm)

BPOSCG                            Distance from centre of gravity    4
                                  to 1st axle (mm)

                                   VEHICLE PARAMETERS

AXLE DESCRIPTION

BNAXLE                            Total number of axles              1

BOVHAN                            Front Overhang (mm)                4

VAXLEN              VTRACK               VLEAXLE                 VKWEIG     VCOMMS
1                   3                    5                       5          Text

VAXLEN                            Axle number                        1
1 to n

VTRACK                            Track (mm)                         4

VLEAXLE                           Wheelbase to next axle (mm)        5

VKWEIG                            Empty weight on this axle (kg)     5

VCOMMS                            Comments                           text




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                                           VEHICLE GENERAL
                                           TECHNICAL STATE

MANDATORY TECHNICAL INSPECTION

BTECIN                              Was the mandatory inspection     1
                                    done ?
1. No
2. Yes
3. Not inspected yet (e.g. new vehicle)
4. Exempt (motor cycle, tractor, etc...)

BMANMO                              Number of month since last       6
                                    inspection (km)

INSPECTION CARRIED OUT BY THE CRASH INVESTIGATOR

BTINTY                           Type of inspection                  1
1. Not inspected
2. Brief visual inspection
3. Complete but without removing parts
4. Complete with parts removed

APPARENT CONDITION BEFORE THE ACCIDENT

BDEFPI                              Were there any important         1
                                    deformations from previous
                                    impact?
1. No
2. Yes

BDEFP1                              1st most important               1
                                    modifications added to the
                                    vehicle (whatever the quality
                                    and independently from the
                                    manufacturers' options)
1. No modification
2. Exterior (airfoil, spoiler,...)
3. Tyres or wheels changed
4. Suspension modifications (shock absorbers, ...)
5. Structure (roll bars, ...)
6. Engine (cylinder head, exhaust,...)
7. Interior (seat, steering wheel, ...)
8. Other non-production line equipment
9. Other items hampering correct use, hampering visibility (cluttered windows, hanging objects, self
adhesives on windows, ...)

BDEFP2                              2nd most important               1
                                    modifications added to the
                                    vehicle

BMODCO                              Comments BMODI1 and 2            Text

                                           LOAD DURING TRIP



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AUTHORIZED CAPACITY

BCAPAC                            Authorized capacity              2

BCAPST                            Authorized stand up occupant     2
                                  capacity

REAL CAPACITY

BCAPL1L                           Number of seats 1st floor        2

BCAPL2L                           Number of seats 2nd floor        2

BNBOC1                            Number of occupants 1st floor    2

BNBOC2                            Number of occupants 2nd          2
                                  floor

BOCNUM                            Number of occupants              2

LOAD

BOCWEI                            Total weight of occupants (kg)   4

BLOAVE                            Total cargo weight (for this     5
                                  vehicle) (kg)

BLOATO                            Gross Vehicle Weight (GVW)       5
                                  (kg)




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                                  TACHOGRAPH INFORMATION

BTACTY                             Type of tachograph                  1
1 Needle
2 Digital

BTACMI                             Kilometrage written on the disc     6
                                   at the start of the trip (km)

BTACAM                             Kilometrage of the truck            6
                                   (odometer) at time of accident
                                   (km)

BTACLS                             Duration of last stop (last stop>   3
                                   10 min) before the accident
                                   (minutes)

BTACET                             Time elapsed between last stop      3
                                   (last stop> 10 min) and the
                                   accident (minutes)

BTACDD                             Total driving time (minutes)        3

BTACAS                             Average speed since the last        3
                                   stop (km/h)

BTACMS                             Maximum speed since the last        3
                                   stop (km/h)

BTACTC                             Exceeding of driving time:          1
                                   Continuous (by default < 270
                                   min ( min)
1 no
2 yes since the last stop
3 yes before the last stop

                                        MISCELLANEOUS

BMISCE                             Textual Field (including Z-file)    text




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3.4 Two wheelers information
                                        IDENTIFICATION

ACCNUM                             Accident Number                  5

VEHNUM                             ETAC vehicle number              1

                     SEVERITY OF THE ACCIDENT FOR THIS VEHICLE

WFATNU                             Number of fatalities within 30   1
                                   days

WINJNU                             Number of injured occupants      1
                                   (non fatalities)

WUNINU                             Number of uninjured occupants    1

                                   GENERAL INFORMATION

WGITYP                             Type of two-wheeler              1
1. Bicycle
2. Bicycle with auxiliary engine
3. Mofa, speed limit 25 km/h
4. Mokick, speed limit 50 km/h
5. Motorcycle
6. Scooter
7. Motorcycle with side-car
8. Trike

WGICOL                            Predominating color               2
0. No dominating color, multi-colored
1. White
2. Yellow
3. Black
4. Red
5. Blue
6. Green
7. Silver, grey
8. Orange
9. Brown, tan
10. Purple
11. Gold
12. Chrome, metallic

WGILIG                             Lighting                         1
1. Off
2. On
3. Inadequate or inefficient




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WGINBA                              Total Number of adults on the   1
                                    two-wheeler
1 to n

WGINBC                              Total Number of children on the 1
                                    two-wheeler
1 to n
                                           BICYCLES ONLY

WBYTYP                              Type of Bicycle                 1
1. Men's bicycle (touring)
2. Women's bicycle (touring)
3. Men's all terrain bike
4. Women's all terrain bike
5. Racing bike
6. Small frame bicycles (>22")
7. Children's bicycle

WBYBRA                              Condition of the brakes         1
1. No brakes
2. Brakes OK
3. Inadequate or inefficient brakes

WBYLIG                              Lights                          1
1. No lights
2. Lights OK
3. Inadequate or inefficient lights

WBYPED                              Pedal reflectors                1
1. No pedal reflector
2. Pedal reflectors OK
3. Inadequate or inefficient pedal reflector(s)

WBYFRE                               Front reflector                1
1. No front reflector
2. Front reflectors OK
3. Inadequate or inefficient front reflector(s)

WBYRRE                               Rear reflector                 1
1. No rear reflector
2. Rear reflectors OK
3. Inadequate or inefficient rear reflector(s)

WBYSAP                              Safety pennant                  1
1. No
2. Yes




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                                      MOTORCYCLES ONLY

WMCMAN                             Manufacturer                        text

WMCMOD                             Model type (commercial name)        text

WMCSTY                            Motorcycle Style                     2
00. Conventionnal street L1 or L3 (no modif)
01. Conventionnal L1 or L3 (with modifs)
02. Dual purpose, on/off road Mc
03. Sport, race replica
04. Cruiser
05. Chopper, modified chopper
06. Touring      07. Scooter
08. Step-through
09. Sport touring
11. Mc + side car, left
12. Mc + side car, right
13. Off-road Mc, motocross, enduro, trials

WMCCAP                             Capacity (cc)                       4

WMCKIL                             Kilometrage recorded or             6
                                   estimated from odometer (km)

WMC1RM                             Date of first registration :        2
                                   Month

WMC1RY                             Date of first registration : Year   4

WMCBRA                             Kind of braking system              1
1. Normal
2. ABS
3. Combined

WMCTYD                             Influence of tyres defects          1
1. No tyres defects
2. Tyres defects but no influence
3. Tyres defects and influence on the accident
4. Do not know whether there were tyres defects
5. Tyres defects but do not know whether it had an influence




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WMPSYM                             Mechanical problems :        2
                                   Symptom of problem
00. None
01. Stopped in traffic
02. Front wheel lockup
03. Rear wheel lockup
04. Power loss
05. Speed control problem
06. Loss of control
07. Uncontrolled acceleration or deceleration
08. Motor stalled
09. Front axle loose
10. Rear axle loose
11. Front axle fixing loose
12. Rear axle fixing loose
13. Loss of lighting
14. Loss of electrical, other than lighting

WMPSOU                             Source of problem            2
00. Not applicable
01. Fuel starvation
02. Electrical or ignition failure
03. Mechanical failure of motor components
04. Lubrication
05. Cooling system
06. Stuck or binding throttle
07. Siezed motor
08. Transmission
09. Clutch
10. Lighting system
11. Fuse, circuit breaker
12. Missing axle security
13. Axle bearing
14. Front fork pinch bolts
15. Axle adjust screws and set nuts

                                  GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS

WGCOCW                             Occupant total weight (kg)   3

WGCCRW                             Total crash weight (kg)      3

WGCWHB                             Wheelbase (mm)               4

WGCLEN                             Length (mm)                  4

WGCHEI                             Height (distance between     4
                                   ground and saddle) (mm)




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                            DEFORMATIONS CLASSIFICATION

WDEFCL                            Motorcycle main collision          2
                                  contact code
LF. Left Front
CF. Centre Front
RF. Right Front
LC. Left centre
RC. Right centre
LR. Left rear
CR. Centre rear
RR. Right rear
TF. Top front
TC. Top centre
TR. Top rear
UF. Undercarriage front
UC. Undercarriage centre
UR. Undercarriage rear
NC. No direct contact to motorcycle

                                       MISCELLANEOUS

WCOMME                            Textual Field (including Z-file)   text




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3.5 Trailer information

                                          IDENTIFICATION

ACCNUM                             Accident Number                      5

VEHNUM                             Trailer Number                       1

ATTNUM                             Attached to ETAC vehicle             1
                                   Number

                            GENERAL TECHNICAL INFORMATION

TRMANU                             Trailer manufacturer                 Text

TRMODE                             Trailer model type                   20

TRREMO                             Trailer first registration : Month   2

TRREYE                             Trailer first registration : Year    4

TRCOLO                             Main Colour of the trailer           2
1. White
2. Black
3. Light grey
4. Dark grey
5. Light blue
6. Dark blue
7. Light green
8. Dark Green
9. Orange
10. Yellow
11. Bright red
12. Burgundy
13. Light brown
14. Dark brown

TRTYPE                              Trailer type                        1
1. Trailer with front axle
2. Semi trailer
3. Trailer with axle(s) in the middle




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TRBODY                               Body of the trailer              2
1. Van
2. Open top van
3. Flatbed with sides
4. Refrigerated
5. Flatbed
6. Dump
7. Low boy
8. Tank (liquid, gas, dry bulk)
9. Auto carrier
10. Container carrier
11. Refuse collector
12. Livestock
13. Taut-liner
14. Cement mixer
15. Pole/logging

                                     DESIGN SPECIFICATIONS

TRBRAK                               Trailer brake                    1
1. Brake not further specified
2. Overrun brake
3. Pneumatic
4. Hydraulic

TRBRRE                               Trailer brake pressure           1
                                     regulation
1. Control
2. Automatic
3. Full load position
4. Partial load position
5. No load position
6. ABS
7. Automatic + ABS

                             MANDATORY TECHNICAL CONTROL

TRMANI                               Was the mandatory inspection     1
                                     done?
1. No
2. Yes
3. Not inspected yet (new vehicle)

TRMANM                               Number of month since last       2
                                     inspection

TRMANY                               Date of last inspection : Year   4




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             INSPECTION CARRIED OUT BY THE CRASH INVESTIGATOR

TRINST                           Type of inspection                1
1. Not inspected
2. Brief visual inspection
3. Complete but without removing parts
4. Complete with parts removed

                                   TRAILER PARAMETERS

VEHICLE PARAMETERS

TRLENT                            Trailer length (mm)              5

TRWIDT                            Trailer Width (mm)               4

TRHEIG                            Trailer height (mm)              4

TRKERT                            Empty Weight of the trailer      4
                                  (Kg)

TRPLFR                            Height under platform at front   4
                                  (on the site of the accident)
                                  (mm)

TRPLRE                            Height under platform at rear    4
                                  (on the site of the accident)
                                  (mm)

                                      AXLE DESCRIPTION

VNNAXL                            Total number of axles            1

VOVHAN                            Front Overhang (mm)              4

VAXLEN        VTRACK        TTWINT         VLEAXLE        VKWEIG       TSUSPE   VCOMMS
1             3             1              5              5            1        Text

VAXLEN                            Axle number                      1
1 to n

VTRACK                            Track (mm)                       4

TTWINT                            Twin tyres                       1
1. No
2. Yes

VLEAXL                            Wheelbase to next axle (mm)      5

VKWEIG                            Empty weight on this axle (kg)   5




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TSUSPE                            Type of suspension                 1
1. Leaf spring
2. Pneumatic suspension
3. Hydraulic suspension
4. Hydro pneumatic suspension

VCOMMS                            Comments                           text

                                            COUPLING

TRHIDE                            Coupling device                    1
1. Fifth wheel coupler
2. Telescopic drawbar
3. Rigid drawbar

TRDRAL                            Draw bar length (mm)               4

TRDRAO                            Hitch overhang (mm) /Distance      5
                                  from hitch to 1st axle (A)

TRHIRT                            Distance from hitch to rear of     4
                                  the truck (B) (mm)

TRHIHE                            Hitch height from the ground       4
                                  (mm)

TRHIFR                            Separation of hitch coupling       1
                                  system
1. No
2. Yes

                                TYRES AND WHEELS: DEFECTS

VAXLEN       VWHEEN VWDIMC VWDEFE                   VWDEFI         VWDEF1   VWDEF2   VWDEFC
1            1      Text   1                        1              1        1        Text

VAXLEN                            Axle number                        1
1 to n

VWHEES                            Wheel side                         1
1. Left (no twin)
2. Right (no twin)
3. Left / Interior
4. Left / Exterior
5. Right / interior
6. Right / Exterior

VWDIMC                            Comments                           Text




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VWDEFE                              Were there any defects or           1
                                    problems on the wheel before
                                    impact?
1. Pressure
2. Uneven wear
3. Blow out
4. Bearing
5. Tracking, camber
6. Damage to the wheel
7. Different to manufacturer’s specifications

VWDEFI                              Influence of the defect or          1
                                    problem on the accident
1. No
2. Yes

VWDEF1                              Influence of the defects or         1
                                    problem on stability?
1. No
2. Yes

VWDEF2                              Influence of the defect or          1
                                    problem on the braking
                                    (friction)?
1. No
2. Yes

                             BRAKES AND SUSPENSION: DEFECTS

VAXLEN         VWHEEN          VSUSDE           VSUSDT        VBRADE         VBRADT      VCOMMS
1              1               1                1             1              1           Text

VAXLEN                              Axle number                         1
1 to n

VWHEES                              Wheel side                          1
1. Left
2. Right

VSUSDE                              Suspension defects                  1
1. No defect
2. Mountings
3. Shock absorption

VSUSDT                              Effect of suspension and shock      1
                                    absorption defects
0. No defects
1. Defect without effect
2. Difficulty in maintaining trajectory - stability
3. Decrease in braking efficiency
4. Difficulty in maintaining trajectory - stability and decrease in braking efficiency

VBRADE                              Brake defects                       1


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1. No defect
2. Wear (discs, brake drums, brake linings)
3. Leaks (brake lines, brake booster, unions, wheel cylinder, master cylinder)
4. Wear and Leaks

VBRADT                              Influence of the brake defect on    1
                                    the accident
0. No defect
1. Defect without effect
2. Difficulty in maintaining trajectory - stability
3. Decrease in braking efficiency
4. Difficulty in maintaining trajectory - stability and decrease in braking efficiency


UNDERRUN PROTECTION

TRRUNI                              Is it believed that rear underrun   1
                                    protection had (or could have)
                                    an influence on the accident
                                    issue
1 No
2 Yes

TRSUNI                              Is it believed that side underrun   1
                                    protection had (or could have)
                                    an influence on the accident
                                    issue
1 No
2 Yes


REAR END PROTECTION (only if TRRUNI is yes)

TREABU                                Rear end protection : presence    1
                                      and influence
1. Not fitted and not needed in this crash type
2. Not fitted but presence would reduce injuries
3. Fitted but not used in this crash type
4. Fitted and used

TRBURE                              Rear end protection: Distance to    5
                                    the last axle (mm)


TRBURE                             Rear end protection: Type            1
1. Integrated bumper
2. Built on bumper
3. Energy absorbing bumper
4. Advanced guard (intelligent guard/movable…)
5. Hydraulic tailgate under platform

TRBURE                              Rear end protection: shape          1
1. Square
2. Tubular



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8. Other shape



TRBURE                              Rear end protection: width        3
                                    (mm)

TRBURH                              Rear end protection: height       3
                                    (mm)

TRBULE                              Rear end protection: length       4
                                    (mm)

TRBUHG                              Rear end protection: Height       4
                                    from the ground

TRBURC                              Comments / rear end protection    text

SIDE UNDERRUN PROTECTION (only if TRSUNI is yes)

TRSUPI                                Side Underrun Protection :      1
                                      presence and influence
1. Not fitted and not needed in this crash type
2. Not fitted but presence would reduce injuries
3. Fitted but not used in this crash type
4. Fitted and used

TRSUNT                              Side underrun protection type     1
1 tube
2 beam
3 other

TRSUPH                              Side protection: Height from      4
                                    the ground (mm)


TRSUNCs                             Comments                          text

                                            LOAD CARGO

TRLOAV                              Total cargo weight for this       5
                                    vehicle (kg)

TRLOAH                              Load height (from the platform    5
                                    to the top of the load) (cm)

TRLOAC                              Height of the center of gravity   5
                                    of the load from the platform
                                    (cm)

TRLOAD                              Hazardous load                    1
1. No danger
2. Explosive
3. Radioactive


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4. Inflammable
5. Poisonous
6. Corrosive
7. Dangerously reactive chemical

TRLOAD                             Load distribution                1
Mainly :
1. Even
2. Front
3. Rear
4. Centre
5. Left
6. Right

TRLOAT                             Cargo type                       2
1. General freight
2. Liquids in bulk
3. Gas in bulk
4. Solids in bulk
5. Wood, timber
6. Live animals
7. Building materials
8. Heavy machinery
9. Motor vehicles
10. Metal
11. Explosives (incl. bottled gas)

TRPACK                             Cargo packaging                  1
1. Wrapped on pallet
2. Non wrapped on pallet
3. Bulk (cargo 02 to 04)
4. Hanging
5. Roll (paper, metal etc.)
6. Container
7. Box
8. Barrels
9. Free standing

TRLOAF                             Cargo securing                   1
1. Not secured (incl. bulk)
2. Not secured, between pillars
3. Webbing strap/rope
4. Mechanical fixing (incl. containers)
5. Hanging

TRLOAL                             Cargo spillage                   1
1: Complete spillage
2: Partial spillage

TRLHAZ                             Cargo spillage hazards (safety   1
                                   and environment)
1: No hazard
2: Safety hazard
3: Environmental hazard



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4: Safety and environmental hazards

MISCELLANEOUS

VCOMMS                            Textual Field (including Z-file)   text




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4 Participant information

4.1 Participant information (including the driver or the rider or
the pedestrian)
                                        IDENTIFICATION

ACCNUM                            Accident number                    5

VEHNUM                            ETAC vehicle number                1

OCCNUM                            Participant number                 2

                                            LOCATION

OLOOCP                            Type of road user                  1
1. Driver or rider
2. Passenger
3. Pedestrian

OLOOCP                            Participant position in the row    2
                                  (for motorcycle, rider = 0 ; for
                                  pedestrian OLOOCP=0)

OLOOCS                          Side seated                     1
0. Pedestrian
1. Left
2. Centre
3. Right
(by convention for motorcycle OLOOCS=2 for all occupants on motorcycle)

OLODIR                            Facing direction of the seat       1
1. Forward
2. Side
3. Rear

                                      PERSONAL STATUS

OPSSEX                            Sex / Pregnancy                    1
1. Male
2. Female
3. Pregnant Female

OPSAGY                            Age : Number of years              2

OPSAGM                            Age : Number of months             2

OPSTAL                            Height of participant [cm]         3

OPSWEI                            Weight of participant [kg]         3




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                     FOUR-WHEELER + VEHICLE OCCUPANT REPORT
                              (SECONDARY SAFETY)

OREEJE                             Ejected / Trapped                 1
0. Not applicable, pedestrian, two wheelers users
1. Not trapped, not ejected
2. Trapped
3. Partially ejected
4. Fully ejected

OREEJT                             Ejection zone                     1
0. Not applicable, pedestrian, two wheelers users
1. No ejection
2. Left Hand side window
3. Right Hand side window
4. Left Hand side door
5. Right Hand side door
6. Windscreen
7. Back windows
8. Tailgate
9. Sunroof

OREFAD                             Frontal Airbag deployment         1
0. Not applicable, pedestrian, two wheelers users
1. Not available at this place
2. Available but not deployed
3. Available, but switched off
4. Available and deployed


OREWAD                             Inflatable curtain deployment     1
0. Not applicable, pedestrian, two wheelers users
1. Not available at this place
2. Available but not deployed
3. Available, but switched off
4. Available and deployed

ORESBT                               Seat belt type                  1
0. Not applicable, pedestrian, two wheelers users
1. No seat belt at this place
2. Seat belt (2 points)
3. Seat belt 3 points fixed in the seat
4. Seat belt 3 points 2 points fixed on the vehicle
5. Seat belt 4 points
6. Unknown if the vehicle is equipped with seat belt

ORESBF                             Special features regarding seat   1
                                   belt
0. Not applicable, pedestrian, two wheelers users
1. No load limiter and no pretensioner
2. Load limiter
3. Pretensioner
4. Load limiter and pretensioner




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ORESUO                             Use of seat belt as stated by the   1
                                   vehicle occupant
0. Not applicable, pedestrian, two wheelers users
1. Vehicle not equipped
2. Stated wearing
3. Stated not wearing
4. Refused to answer
5. Dead person or seriously injured : can not answer

ORESUE                             Use of seat belt in the expert's    1
                                   opinion
0. Not applicable, pedestrian, two wheelers users
1. Vehicle not equipped
2. Not attached or not restrained
3. Attached and correctly used
4. Attached but not correctly used

ORETRU                             Additional load constituted by a    1
                                   rear occupant or load
0. Not applicable, pedestrian, two wheelers users
1. No
2. Yes, by rear occupant
3. Yes, by load

                           CHILD RESTRAINT DATA COMPLEMENT
                                  (SECONDARY SAFETY)

To be completed only if the occupant is a child.
See the guidelines and especially the illustrations for a comprehensive understanding of child restraint
systems.

OCRMOD                               Child restraint model             1
1. Carrycot
2. Infant carrier
3. Child seat
4. Booster cushion
5. Booster cushion + backrest
6. Child harness
7. Shield
8. Shield + seat
9. Integrated child restraint system

OCRORI                               Restraint orientation             1
1. Facing forward
2. Facing rearward
3. Lateral position (especially for carrycot)

OCRATT                              Child restraint system             1
                                    attachment to the vehicle
1. Not attached
2. Own straps (2 points)
3. Own straps (3 or 4 points)
4. Vehicle belt
5. Vehicle belt + own straps (2, 3 or 4 points)



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6. Attached directly to the car

OCRCHI                                Restraint of the child          1
1. Not restrained
2. 3-points belts of the child restraint system (direct attachment)
3. 4-points belts of the child restraint system (direct attachment)
4. 5-points belts of the child restraint system (direct attachment)
5. Vehicle belt (direct attachment)
6. Impact shield (indirect attachment)
7. Safety net
8. Torso restraint

                                   TWO-WHEELER OCCUPANT

OTWCOL                              Colour of the clothes             1
1. Light
2. Dark
3. Reflective / Fluorescent

OTWSP_1 OTWSP_2                     Special clothes                   1/1/1/1
OTWSP_3 OTWSP_4
1. No special clothes
2. Special clothes but without further details
3. Kidney protection
4. Leather suit
5. Specific Pans
6. Specific Jacket
7. Gloves
8. Special boots
9. Raining gear
10. Special eye coverage

OTWHEO                             Use of helmet as stated by the     1
                                   person concerned
0. Not applicable, not a two-wheelers occupant
1. Stated wearing a helmet, fastened
2. Stated wearing a helmet, not fastened
3. Stated not wearing a helmet
4. Refused to answer
5. Dead or seriously injured: can not answer

OTWHET                            Type of Helmet                      1
0. Not applicable, not a two-wheelers occupant
0. No helmet
1. Not motorcycle helmet
2. half/police motorcycle helmet
3. Open face motorcycle helmet
4. Full face motorcycle helmet

OTWHEE                            Use of helmet in the expert's       1
                                  opinion
0. Not applicable, not a two-wheelers occupant
0. No helmet (faulty equipment)
1. Correct wearing helmet



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2. Not correct wearing helmet
3. Not wearing a helmet

OTWWNC                            Not correct wearing :                1
                                  explanation
0. Not applicable, not a two-wheelers occupant
1. Didn’t fit
2. Didn’t fasten
3. Didn’t correctly fasten
4. Didn’t properly adjust on head
5. Opened (for type of helmet 3)

                                            PEDESTRIAN

PCOLOR                             Visibility of clothes in darkness   1
0. Not applicable, not pedestrian
1. Light colour
2. Dark colour
3. Signal colour / Specific equipment

PDIREC                              Direction pedestrian to vehicle    2

The direction is stated according to the clock hand system. The pedestrian is centre of the clock. If the
pedestrian travels in the same direction as vehicle, he/she is struck by the rear, code 06; if the
pedestrian is hit by the left, code 08 or 09 or 10.

0. Not applicable, not pedestrian
1. 1 o'clock
2. 2 o'clock
3. 3 o'clock
4. 4 o'clock
5. 5 o'clock
6. 6 o'clock
7. 7 o'clock
8. 8 o'clock
9. 9 o'clock
10. 10 o'clock
11. 11 o'clock
12. 12 o'clock
13. Lying

PTHRDI                              Pedestrian projection distance     3
                                    (in meters)


                             INJURY REPORT FOR PARTICIPANTS

OIRSTA                               Trauma status                     1
1. No injury, no trauma
2. First aid at scene only
3. Treated at hospital, clinic and released
4. Hospitalised for less than 24 hours
5. Hospitalised more than 24 hours
6. Disabled, institutionalised



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7. Fatal, dead on scene
8. Fatal, dead upon arrival at hospital
9. Fatal

OIRHOS                                Number of days in hospital         3

OIRIN_1 OIRIN_2 OIRIN_3            Injury information source          1/1/1
1. Treating physician or other hospital personnel and medical records
2. Rescue ambulance, paramedics
3. Coroner, autopsy record
4. Victim by interview and examination

AIS 98 ENCODING

The AIS methodology envisages the use of a "dictionary", that reports injuries one by one.

In the AIS dictionary, each injury description is assigned a unique 6-digit numerical code.
The first digit identifies the "body region", the second one identifies the anatomic region; the third and
fourth digits identify the specific anatomical structure or, in case of injuries to the external region, the
specific nature of injury; the fifth and sixth digits identify the level of injury within a specific body
region and a specific anatomical structure. The digit to the right is the AIS scale for the severity of the
injury.
Code full AIS, plus side and aspect for each contact and inertial injury per body region, in descending
order of severity. Indicate all that apply. Input ”0” in all remaining spaces.

AIS 98 codification        Collision contact code

N°        R         T          S          N          AIS       CONT_1 CONT_2 Comments
(-)       (-)       (--)       (--)       (-)        (-)       (--)   (--)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
…         …         …          …          …          …         …         …           …


R                                     Body Region                        1

T                                     Type of Anatomic structure         1

S                                     Specific Anatomic Structure        2

N                                     Level of injuries                  2
                                      Specific injuries are assigned
                                      consecutive two-digit numbers
                                      beginning with 02.
                                      To the extend possible, within
                                      the organizational framework of
                                      the AIS, 00 is assigned to an
                                      injury NFS as to severity or


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                                  where only one injury is given
                                  in the dictionary for that
                                  anatomic structure.99 is
                                  assigned to an injury NFS as to
                                  lesion or severity.

AIS                               AIS code                           1

CONT_1                            Contact zone                       2

CONT_2                            Contact zone                       2

OCOMME                            Comments                           text

OMIIMS                            Which impact number (in the        1
                                  chronological order) produced
                                  the most severe injuries?

                                       MISCELLANEOUS

OMICOM                            Textual Field (including Z file)   text




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4.2 Driver or rider information

                                        IDENTIFICATION

ACCNUM                            Accident number                   5

VEHNUM                            ETAC vehicle number               1

OCCNUM                            Occupant number                   1

                                      PERSONAL STATUS

DPSNAT                            Nationality (See codification     3
                                  reference for international
                                  vehicles)


DPSFAM                           Current family status              1
1. Unmarried
2. Unmarried (widowed, divorced, separated)
3. Married or cohabiting

DRESPO                            Responsibility in the accident    1
1. No responsible
2. Fully responsible
3. Partially responsible
4. Shared responsibility
5. Partially no responsible

DPSPRO                                 Profession                   2
10. Farmer
21. Craftsman
22. Shop owner or equivalent
23. Entrepreneur, Firm manager
31. Non commercial self-employed, member of the professions (i.e. lawyers, doctors...)
32. Civil servant, artists, writers, creative professions
36. Company executive, management position
40. Low to mid-management position
50. Clerk
61. Skilled worker
62. Unskilled worker
69. Farm worker
83. Conscript in the armed forces
84. Student
85. Non worker under 60 years old
86. Military service
91. Temporary worker
92. Combined activity (student + employee)




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DPSPRF                              Is the driver or the rider a          1
                                    professional driver?
1. Not a professional driver
2. Yes, professional driver and he (she) was involved in the accident with his (her) professional
vehicle (taxi, delivery, truck, public transport)
3. Yes, professional driver but he (she) was involved in the accident with another vehicle than his (her)
professional vehicle

DPSCPS                             Current Professional status            1
1. Working
2. On vacation (vacation, paid holidays, sick leave, on leave, ...)
3. Unemployed (except students and pupils)
4. Retired (including those with no profession over 60 years old
5. Student or pupil

                           LONG TERM AND SHORT TERM ILLNESS

DLTIL_1 DLTIL_2 DLTIL_3             Long term illnesses, injuries or      2/2/2
                                    inadequacies
0. Inapplicable
1. Sight defect, eye problem (e.g. night, blindness, restricted vision)
2. Hearing defect, ear problem
3. Attack of dizziness
4. Onset of unconsciousness
5. Cramps, epilepsy
6. Insomnia, headache
7. Mental illness, psychological problem
8. Heart disorder
9. Blood pressure problems
10. Diabetes
11. Kidney disease
12. Physical handicap
13. A tendency to fall asleep easily
98. Other

DLTEFF                              Did the long term illness play        1
                                    any role in the accident
                                    occurrence ?
1. No
2. Probably No
3. Yes
4. Probably Yes




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                  SHORT TERM ILLNESSES, INJURIES OR INADEQUACIES

DSTILL                              Short Term illness                  1
1. No
2. Influenza, cold, fever
3. Headache
4. Sudden illness attack
5. Combination of previous
6. Fatigue

DSTEFF                              Did the short term illness play     1
                                    any role in the accident
                                    occurrence?
1. No
2. Probably No
3. Yes
4. Probably Yes

DSTMED                              Had the driver or the rider been    1
                                    taking medication within the
                                    last three days?
1. No
2. Yes

DSTME_1 DSTME_2                     What was the effect of this         1/1
                                    medication on the driver or
                                    rider?
1. Excitement
2. Falling asleep
3. Drowsiness
4. Restlessness
5. Loss of reflex
6. Lengthening of reaction time

DSTOPH                              Did the driver or the rider have    1
                                    special sight problems related to
                                    driving?
0. None
1. In twilight
2. In darkness
3. In rain
4. At night
5. In bright sunshine
6. Difficulties in several of the above situations
7. No difficulties

DSTSPN                             Spectacles need                      1
1. No glasses
2. Short sighted glasses
3. Long sighted glasses
4. General glasses (including bifocals)
5. Contact lenses

DSTSPU                              Use of spectacles during the        1



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                                    accident
1. Not used
2. Used glasses to correct long sightedness
3. Used glasses to correct short sightedness
4. Used general glasses (bifocals)
5. Used contact lenses
6. Sun glasses
7. Presence of spectacles in the vehicle but use unknown

DSTOPP                             Is it believed that a sight        1
                                   problem played a role in the
                                   accident?
1. No
2.Yes

DSTHEP                             Is it believed that a hearing      1
                                   problem played a role in the
                                   accident?
1. No
2.Yes

                                 STATE OF THE DRIVER OR RIDER

DSTACT                             Activity of the driver or the      1
                                   rider on the day of accident
1. Usual activities
2. Unusual intellectual effort
3. Unusual physical effort
4. Combination of the above

DSTSTA                             State of the driver or the rider   1
                                   just before the impact
1. Irritated
2. Depressed
3. Agitated
4. Upset
5. Angry
6. Happy, cheerful
7. Nothing in particular (normal state)
8. In another emotional state
9. Dead or seriously injured : can not answer




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                                         DRIVING LICENCE

E42-37                              Driver's licence status          1
1. Valid
2. Licence not shown
3. Expired
4. Disqualified
5. Not valid for category of vehicle
6. No licence
7. Learner (accompanied learner's permit)
8. Learner (with driving school)
9. New driver temporary licence

DDLLI_1 DDLLI_2 DDLLI_3             Driver’s licence qualification   1/1/1/1
DDLLI_4
0. None
A. Motorcycle
B. Car < 3,5 tons
C. Truck > 3,5 tons
D. Passenger carriage
E. Trailer
F. Tank
G. Dangerous goods

DDLLD_1 DDLLD_2                     Driver’s licence date of issue   4/2/2
DDLLD_3 DDLLD_4                     (yyyy/mm/dd)

DDLCOD                              Complementary driver training    1
                                    during the last two years
1. No
2. Yes

DDLCOC                              If yes, describe                 text

DDLINJ                              Special conditions for driving   1
                                    licence
1. None
2. Spectacles
3. Hearing aids
4. Weight
5. Speed
6. Technical alterations




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                                       DRIVING EXPERIENCE

DDEKIL                            Number of kilometres driven        3
                                  for the last year with this
                                  category of vehicle (in thousand
                                  kms)

DDECAT                            How often is this category of      1
                                  vehicle used?
1. Daily (usually)
2. Several times a week (frequently)
3. Several times a month
4. Less than once a month (rarely)

DDECON                            Ownership of the involved          1
                                  vehicle
1. Vehicle owner
2. Family vehicle
3. Borrowed vehicle (from family)
4. Borrowed
5. Company car, pool or company vehicle
6. Rented vehicle
7. Stolen vehicle

DDEPUY                            Number of years since purchase     2

DDEPUM                            Complementary number of            2
                                  months since purchase




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NUMBER OF PREVIOUS ACCIDENTS (ALL VEHICLE CATEGORIES) WITHIN THE
LAST FIVE YEARS

DDENGI                            Not at fault, personal injury    1
                                  accidents

DDEGUI                            At fault, personal injury        1
                                  accidents

DDENGD                            Not at fault, property-damage    1
                                  accidents

DDEGUD                            At fault, property-damage        1
                                  accidents

DDELAY                            Years since last accident        2

DDELAM                            Complementary months since       2
                                  last accident

DDEDAM                             Was the driver or the rider     1
                                   aware of any known
                                   defect/damage to the vehicle?
1. No + confirmed by the evaluation
2. No + defect detected during the evaluation
3. Yes + confirmed by the evaluation
4. Yes + defect not confirmed by the evaluation




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                                  TRUCK OR BUS DRIVER ONLY

DTDNYA                             Number of years since               2
                                   beginning of truck driving
                                   activity

DTDNYS                             Number of years since               2
                                   beginning of truck driving
                                   activity in this company

DTDPST                             Professional status of the driver   1
1. No professional
2. Employed
3. Associated
4. Manager
5. Owner

DTDTAD                             Vehicle driving experience          1/1
1 Truck
2 Truck and semi trailer
3 Truck and trailer
4 Coach or bus

DTDHAB                             Is it the usual truck?              1
1. No
2. Yes

DTDACT                             Activity the day before the         1
                                   accident (truck drivers only)
1. Day-off
2. Driving a vehicle
3. Loading or Unloading a vehicle
4. Driving and (un)loading a vehicle

DTDACC                             Convoy trip                         1
1. No
2. Yes

DTDACD                             Description                         text




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                                         DRIVER OR RIDER
                                       INTOXICATION LEVEL

DALCOH                              Intoxication (alcohol) all test     1
                                    types
1 no test
2 negative test
3 positive test
4 tested result unknown

DALCRE                              Blood alcohol concentration         4
                                    (mg/l of blood) (#.##) (see
                                    manual)

DADRUG                              Intoxication (drugs or              1
                                    medication) all test types
1 no test
2 negative test
3 positive test
4 tested result unknown

DILDRE                              If use of drug or medication :      text
                                    describe (products and results if
                                    available)

                                          TRIP IN PROGRESS

DTPPUR                                Purpose of trip in progress       1
1. Home-work place
2. Professional trip
3. Utility (shopping, school, ...)
4. Combination home-work place + utility
5. Leisure
6. Disco, dance, local fair, festival
7. Family visit

DTPORI                           Origin of trip                         1
1. Home
2. Work, Business
3. Recreation
4. School, University 5. Errand, Shopping
6. Friends, Relatives
7. Bar, Pub, Restaurant, Café

DTPDES                           Destination of trip                    1
1. Home
2. Work, Business
3. Recreation
4. School, University 5. Errand, Shopping
6. Friends, Relatives
7. Bar, Pub, Restaurant, Café




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DTPOFT                               How often is the site of the       1
                                     accident passed in the same
                                     direction?
1. Daily
2. At least once a week
3. At least, once a month
4. Several times a year (trip felt to be familiar)
5. Extremely rarely (trip felt to be unfamiliar)
6. First time

DTPDIP                               Trip planned by the driver or      4
                                     the rider : Distance (km)

DTPTIP                               Trip planned by the driver or      5
                                     the rider : Time (--.-- : hours
                                     and minutes)

DTPREA                               Main reason for choosing this      1
                                     route
1. No special reason
2. Only route available
3. Shortest in terms of distance (km)
4. Detour but shortens time
5. Detour but better traffic flow
6. Detour but less dangerous

DTPATM                               Atmosphere in the vehicle          1
1. Neutral (driver or rider alone; no interaction with passengers if any)
2. Calm conversation in progress
3. Playful
4. Conflict in progress
5. Children on board crying or making noise

DTPTIR                               Did the driver or the rider feel   1
                                     tired at the accident time?
1. No
2. Yes

DTPTCO                               Comments                           text




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DTPITC                              Was there an imposed time            1
                                    constraint on the driver or the
                                    rider?
1. No, not in a hurry
2. No, but self-expressed desire to shorten the trip
3. Yes, had lost his way
4. Yes, but not late
5. Yes, late due to late departure
6. Yes, unforeseen lateness due to traffic
7. Yes, unforeseen lateness due to bad weather
8. Yes, unforeseen lateness due to breakdown or incident
9. Yes, late due to another reason
10. Shipper’s demands inconsistent with speed and social regulation
11. Stopped for police check


                            ACCIDENT & EMERGENCY SITUATIONS

DESAC_1 DESAC_2                       What was the driver or the rider   1
                                      doing immediately before the
                                      precipitating event?
1. Stopped at traffic lights or parked
2. Using the telephone
3. Adjusting the seat, radio etc.
4. Eating or drinking
5. Smoking or preparing for it
6. In discussion or listening to the radio or cassette player
7. Thinking about something in a very concentrated way
8. Just driving or moving

DESATT                              Where was the driver or the          1
                                    rider attention focused just
                                    before the precipitating event?
1. On the other participant
2. On others moving on the road
3. On the traffic environment e.g. traffic lights or signs
4. On orientation or choosing the route 5. On the road signs or street names
6. On his (her) own moving or activity
7. On other people in the vehicle (passengers)
8. On nothing particular




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DESMAN                               Individual manoeuvre after           2
                                     precipitating event
1. Going straight through a junction
2. Going through a junction to turn right
3. Going through a junction to turn left
4. Going round a roundabout
5. Merging into a lane from an access road (clover leaf junction, rest area... not at a junction)
6. Leaving his/her lane for an exit road (clover leaf junction, rest area... not at a junction)
7. Driving along a straight section
8. Driving around a curve
9. Stopped on the road (not in a parking place and not in the process of turning at a junction)
10. Changing lanes towards the right
11. Changing lanes towards the left
12. Passing on the right
13. Passing on the left
14. Backing up on the road
15. Turning around on the road
16. Turning right, not at a junction
17. Turning left, not at a junction
18. Turning right onto the road, not at a junction
19. Turning left onto the road, not at a junction
20. Manoeuvre for parking
21. Parked in a parking place
22. Uncommon "illegal" manoeuvre (taking a one way in the wrong direction, backing up on an on/off
ramp, U-turn on a central dividing island...)

DES1CO                              Driver or rider involved in first 2
                                    collision with :
1. A vehicle with right of way coming from the right
2. A vehicle with right of way coming from the left
3. A vehicle not having right of way coming from the right
4. A vehicle not having right of way coming from the left
5. A vehicle driving in front, going in the same direction
6. A vehicle driving behind or coming up from behind, going in the same direction
7. A vehicle coming towards, in the opposite direction
8. A problem in controlling his/her vehicle
9. A stationary vehicle
10. An obstruction in the road or on the edge of the road
11. A pedestrian
12. An animal
13. Single vehicle accident without any problem (the driver fell asleep for example)
14. A reversing vehicle

DESSPE                             Stated speed in situation prior to 3
                                   accident (in the driver's or
                                   rider's opinion) (km/h)
997. Reversing
998. Engine stopped on road
999. Parked
996. Dead or seriously injured driver or rider : can not answer




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DESDAN                             Was the danger perceived            1
                                   before the first impact as stated
                                   by the driver or the rider?
1. No
2. Yes
3. Dead or seriously injured driver or rider : can not answer

DESWA_1 DESWA_2                    Use of vehicle warning signal       1
                                   before the first impact as stated
                                   by the driver or the rider
                                   (Possible combination)
1. Warning signals not used
2. Horn used
3. Headlamp flash used
4. Warning lights used
5. Dead or seriously injured driver or rider : can not answer

DES1EV                             Most important evasive action       2
                                   as stated by the driver or the
                                   rider
1. Braked
2. Turned to the right
3. Turned to the left
4. Braking followed by turn to the right
5. Braking followed by turn to the left
6. Turned to the right then braked
7. Turned to the left then braked
8. Confused combination of turning right and left with or without braking
9. Pulled off (from stopped position)
10. Accelerated
11. Combination of acceleration + turning to the right
12. Combination of acceleration + turning to the left
13. No reaction. not enough time, not enough room...
14. No reaction. Astonished
15. No reaction. No perception of danger
16. Got out of vehicle (jumped...)
17. Evasive action taken by passenger
18. Unable to describe his/her reaction
19. Gave a sound signal
20. Flashed lights
21. Braked
22. Swerved
23. Tried to control the vehicle

DES2EV                             Second most important evasive       2
                                   action as stated by the driver or
                                   the rider same values as
                                   DES1EV




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DES1CA                              First cause of accident as stated   1
                                    by the driver or the rider
1. Himself/herself (condition, perception, interpretation)
2. Another person (manoeuvres, intentions)
3. His/her vehicle
4. Defect in his/her vehicle (confirmed by the evaluation)
5. Defect in his/her vehicle (not proven by the evaluation)
6. Road infrastructure: road condition, road equipment
7. Trafic
8. Weather conditions
9. Dead or seriously injured: can not answer

DES2CA                              Second cause of accident as         1
                                    stated by the driver or the rider
                                    same values as DES1CA

DES3CA                              Third cause of accident as          1
                                    stated by the driver or the rider
                                    same values as DES1CA

                                          MISCELLANEOUS

DMICOM                              Textual Field (including Z-file)    text




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4.3 The pedestrian information

                                          IDENTIFICATION


ACCNUM                              Accident Number                   5

PEDNUM                              Pedestrian Number                 1

PCOLNU                              Collided with ETAC vehicle        1
                                    Number

                                         PERSONAL STATUS

PPSNAT                              Nationality (See codification     3
                                    reference for international
                                    vehicles)

PPSFAM                           Current family status                1
1. Unmarried
2. Unmarried (widowed, divorced, separated)
3. Married or cohabiting

PPSPRO                                 Profession                   2
10. Farmer
21. Craftsman
22. Shop owner or equivalent
23. Entrepreneur, Firm manager
31. Non commercial self-employed, member of the professions (i.e. lawyers, doctors...)
32. Civil servant, artists, writers, creative professions
36. Company executive, management position
40. Low to mid-management position
50. Clerk
61. Skilled worker
62. Unskilled worker
69. Farm worker
83. Conscript in the armed forces
84. Student
85. Non worker under 60 years old
86. Military service
91. Temporary worker
92. Combined activity (student + employee)


PPSCPS                             Current Professional status        1
1. Working
2. On vacation (vacation, paid holidays, sick leave, on leave, ...)
3. Unemployed (except students and pupils)
4. Retired (including those with no profession over 60 years old
5. Student or pupil

PRESPO                              Responsibility in the accident    1



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1. No responsible
2. Fully responsible
3. Partially responsible
4. Shared responsibility
5. Partially no responsible

PRESCO                            Trust in responsibility level   1
1. Yes
2. Partially
3. None




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                                   HEALTH, LONG TERM AND
                                    SHORT TERM ILLNESS

LONG TERM ILLNESSES, INJURIES OR INADEQUACIES

PSENIM                             Sensory impairment stated to be     1
                                   disabling by the involved
                                   person
1. No sensory impairment
2. Visual impairment
3. Hearing impairment
4. Both visual and hearing impairment
5. Dead or seriously injured : can not answer

PPHYDI                             Physical disability or infirmity    1
                                   stated to be disabling by the
                                   concerned person
1. No disability
2. Disability due to an accident
3. Disability following an illness
4. Disability caused by age
5. Other source of disability
6. Dead or seriously injured : can not answer

PHANDI                             Handicap requiring the              1
                                   concerned person to be
                                   accompanied
1. No
2. Yes

PLTIL_1 PLTIL_2 PLTIL_3             Long term illnesses, injuries or    2/2/2
                                    inadequacies
1. Sight defect, eye problem (e.g. night, blindness, restricted vision)
2. Hearing defect, ear problem
3. Attack of dizziness
4. Onset of unconsciousness
5. Cramps, epilepsy
6. Insomnia, headache
7. Mental illness, psychological problem
8. Heart disorder
9. Blood pressure problems
10. Diabetes
11. Kidney disease
12. Physical handicap
13. A tendency to fall asleep easily


PSIGHT                             Sight defect, eye illness (e.g.     1
                                   night, blindness, restricted
                                   vision)
1. No
2. Yes




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PHEARI                            Hearing defect, ear illness        1
1. No
2. Yes

PDIZZI                            Attack of dizziness                1
1. No
2. Yes

PUNCON                            Onset of unconsciousness           1
1. No
2. Yes

PEPILE                            Cramps, epilepsy                   1
1. No
2. Yes

PHEADH                            Insomnia, headache                 1
1. No
2. Yes

PMENTA                            Mental illness, psychological      1
                                  illness
1. No
2. Yes

PHEART                            Heart trouble                      1
1. No
2. Yes

PBLOOD                            Blood pressure problems            1
1. No
2. Yes

PDIABE                            Diabetes                           1
1. No
2. Yes

PKIDNE                            Kidney disease                     1
1. No
2. Yes

PPHYHA                            Physical handicap                  1
1. No
2. Yes

PASLEE                            A tendency to fall asleep easily   1
1. No
2. Yes




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PLONRO                             Did the long term illness play     1
                                   any role in the accident
                                   occurrence?
1. No
2. Probably no
3. Yes
4. Probably yes

SHORT TERM ILLNESSES, INJURIES OR INADEQUACIES

PSTILL                             Short Term illness                 1
1. No
2. Influenza, cold, fever
3. Headache
4. Sudden illness attack
5. Combination of previous
6. Fatigue

PSTEFF                             Did the short term illness play    1
                                   any role in the accident
                                   occurrence?
1. No
2. Probably No
3. Yes
4. Probably Yes

PSTMED                             Had the pedestrian been taking     1
                                   medication within the last three
                                   days?
1. No
2. Yes

PSTME_1 DSTME_2                    What was the effect of this        1/1
                                   medication the pedestrian?
1. Excitement
2. Falling asleep
3. Drowsiness
4. Restlessness
5. Loss of reflex
6. Lengthening of reaction time

PSTSPN                             Spectacles need                    1
1. No glasses
2. Short sighted glasses
3. Long sighted glasses
4. General glasses (including bifocals)
5. Contact lenses

PSTSPU                             Use of spectacles during the       1
                                   accident
1. Not used
2. Used glasses to correct long sightedness
3. Used glasses to correct short sightedness



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4. Used general glasses (bifocals)
5. Used contact lenses
6. Sun glasses
7. Presence of spectacles in the vehicle but use unknown

PSTOPP                              Is it believed that a sight        1
                                    problem played a role in the
                                    accident?
1. No
2. Yes

PSTHEP                              Is it believed that a hearing      1
                                    problem played a role in the
                                    accident?
1. No
2. Yes

PACCPR                              Had the pedestrian previously      1
                                    been involved in a pedestrian
                                    accident ?
1. No
2. Yes, as a pedestrian
3. Yes, as a driver or a rider

PACCMO                              Date of the last accident :        2
                                    Month

PACCYE                              Date of the last accident : Year   4

                                 PEDESTRIAN INTOXICATION LEVEL

PALCOH                              Intoxication (alcohol) all test    1
                                    types
1. No test
2. Negative test
3. Positive test
4. Tested result unknown

PALCRE                              Blood alcohol concentration        4
                                    (mg/l of blood) (#.##) (see
                                    manual)

PADRUG                              Intoxication (drugs or             1
                                    medication) all test types
1. No test
2. Negative test
3. Positive test
4. Tested result unknown

PILDRE                              If use of drug or medication :     text
                                    describe (products and results
                                    if available)




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                                          TRIP IN PROGRESS

PACCOM                              Accompanied                       1
1. Alone
2. Not alone
3. Accompanying a third party under his/her responsibility (child, elderly, ...)
4. Under the responsibility of an accompanying person

PTRIPP                                Purpose of trip in progress      1
1. Home-work place (including children going to school)
2. Professional trip
3. Useful nature (shopping, accompanying children to school, ...)
4. Combination home-work place + useful nature
5. Leisure (including children playing)
6. Disco, dance, local fair, festival
7. Was a pedestrian only for the time necessary to make a short trip to and from his/her vehicle
8. Visit family
9. Just got off from a vehicle

PTRIOR                               Origin of trip                     1
1. Home
2. Work, Business
3. Recreation
4. School, University
5. Errand, Shopping
6. Friends, Relatives
7. Bar, Pub, Restaurant, Café

PTRIDE                               Destination of trip                1
1. Home
2. Work, Business
3. Recreation
4. School, University
5. Errand, Shopping
6. Friends, Relatives
7. Bar, Pub, Restaurant, Café

PTRIUS                               How often is the site of the       1
                                     accident passed in the same
                                     way?
1. Daily
2. At least once a week
3. At least, once a month
4. Several times a year (trip felt to be familiar)
5. Extremely rarely (trip felt to be unfamiliar)
6. First time




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PCONST                              Was there an imposed time          1
                                    constraint on the person
                                    involved?
1. No, not in a hurry
2. No, but self-expressed desire to shorten the trip
3. Yes, but not late
4. Yes, late due to late departure
5. Yes, unforeseen lateness while trip in progress

PMUSIC                              Walkman / Radio / ...              1
1. No
2. Yes

PPHONE                              Use of a mobile phone as stated    1
                                    by the investigator
1. Was not using a mobile phone
2. Was handling a mobile phone
3. Was having a conversation with a mobile phone

                            ACCIDENT & EMERGENCY SITUATIONS

PMANOE                              General manoeuvre in progress      2
1. Going along an unequipped shoulder
2. Going along on the pavement
3. Going along the roadway
4. Crossing a pedestrian crossing with traffic lights
5. Crossing a pedestrian crossing without traffic lights
6. Crossing less than 50 m from a pedestrian crossing
7. Crossing more than 50 m from a pedestrian crossing
8. Crossing a highway or express way
9. Getting into or out of a vehicle
10. Working (stationary)
11. Playing

PSTATE                              Pace at the time of the accident   1
1. Stationary
2. Walking (set course)
3. Walking (erratic course)
4. Running (set course)
5. Running (erratic course)
6. Falling
7. Lying

PDANGE                              Was the danger perceived           1
                                    before the crash?
1. No
2. Yes




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PDANPE                              How the danger has been        1
                                    perceived?
1. The pedestrian saw something
2. The pedestrian heard something
3. The pedestrian saw and heard something

PHINDR                              Was there any environmental    1
                                    hindrance to movement?
1. None
2. Yes, obstruction on the sidewalk / shoulder
3. Yes, busy sidewalk / shoulder
4. Yes, narrow sidewalk / shoulder
5. Yes, vehicle(s) parked on road
6. Yes, obstruction on the road (road work...)

PHINPE                            Personal hindrance to              1
                                  movement
1. No personal hindrance to movement
2. Carrying a heavy or bulky object
3. Hindrance due to the person accompanied
4. Combination: carrying an object and hindrance due to the person accompanied
5. Pedestrian pushing a 2-wheeler

PPOSIT                              Position at critical point     1
1. On shoulder / sidewalk
2. Leaving the shoulder / sidewalk
3. On the pavement beside shoulder / sidewalk
4. Beginning to cross
5. In the middle of crossing, not on Pedestrian Island
6. In the middle of crossing, on Pedestrian Island
7. At the end of crossing
8. Bicycle path

PCONFR                           Concerned Person confronted       1
                                 with
1. Vehicle coming from behind, same direction
2. Vehicle coming head on, opposite direction
3. Vehicle coming from the pedestrian's right
4. Vehicle coming from the pedestrian's left

PEVASI                              Evasive manoeuvre in the       1
                                    emergency situation
1. No manoeuvre
2. Backed up
3. Turned around
4. Sped up
5. tried to move aside
6. Stopped
7. Fell




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PLOCUP                              Location upon impact                 1
1. On the shoulder/sidewalk
2. On the road at the edge of the shoulder/sidewalk
3. Beginning to cross
4. In the middle of crossing, not on pedestrian island
5. In the middle of crossing, on pedestrian island
6. At the end of crossing
7. On bicycle path or bicycle lane

PCROSS                             Type of pedestrian crossing or        1
                                   nearest crossing
1. No pedestrian crossing within 50 meters
2. Road level crossing without Pedestrian Island
3. Road level crossing with Pedestrian Island
4. Raised crossing without Pedestrian Island
5. Raised crossing with Pedestrian Island
6. Overhead (overhead pedestrian walkway)
7. Underground (underground walkway)

PCROLO                            Location of pedestrian crossing        1
                                  used
1. No pedestrian crossing within 50 meters
2. Part of a junction
3. Outside of a junction

PTRRUL                                Traffic rules governing crossing   1
1. Ground pedestrian crosswalk only
2. Ground pedestrian crosswalk with signs
3. Ground pedestrian crosswalk with illuminated pedestrian sign
4. Standard traffic lights
5. Traffic lights with right turn arrow
6. Traffic lights with specific turn left phase
7. Traffic lights with right turn arrow and specific left turn phase
8. Traffic lights with button for manual pedestrian control
9. Flashing traffic lights

                             INJURY REPORT SECONDARY SAFETY
                                  (see participant questionnaire)


                                          MISCELLANEOUS

PMISCE                              Textual Field (including Z-file)     text




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5 Reconstruction information
                                        IDENTIFICATION

ACCNUM                             Accident Number             5

VEHNUM                             ETAC vehicle Number         1

                                     PRE-COLLISION PHASE

RDPPEV                             Precipitating event         3
The precipitating event must be the origin of the accident.

DRIVER BASED PRECIPITATING EVENTS

D01. Secondary task
D02. Incorrect decision
D03. Insufficient safety distance between vehicles
D04. Faulty drive line
D05. Concentration on driving activity other than monitoring
D06. Incorrect positioning on road
D07. Incorrect understanding
D08. Mood
D09. Drowsiness
D10. Distraction
D11. Sudden illness
D12. Incorrect manoeuvre
D13. Incorrect evaluation
D14. Medicine
D15. Navigation
D16. Incorrect reaction
D17. Suicide
D18. Foot-pedal interface problem
D19. Vehicle theft-steering lock blocked
D20. Other driver based key event

DRIVER ENVIRONMENT BASED PRECIPITATING EVENTS

D21. Animal in passenger compartment
D22. Distraction by passengers
D23. Other driver environment based key event
D24. Vehicle based key event
D25. Mechanical problem
D26. Inopportune airbag inflation
D27. Steering rupture
D28. Puncture
D29. Tire blow out
D30. Other vehicle based key event




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VEHICLE ENVIRONMENT OR TRAFFIC BASED PRECIPITATING EVENTS

V01. Animal outside vehicle
V03. Two-wheeler
V04. Disturbance by another road user
V05. Obstacle
V06. Pedestrian
V08. Traffic slowing down
V09. Other vehicle environment or traffic based key event

ROAD INFRASTRUCTURE BASED PRECIPITATING EVENTS

R01. Traffic light phasing problem
R02. Misleading road infrastructure
R03. Visibility mask
R04. Bad road surface friction
R05. Traffic light problem
R06. Other road infrastructure based precipitating events

ROAD ENVIRONMENT BASED PRECIPITATING EVENTS
R07. Slippery deposit on road surface
R08. Lighting conditions
R09. Other road environment based precipitating events

ZZZ. Other




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PRE-CRASH MOTION, JUST PRIOR TO PRECIPITATING EVENT

RDPPRE                                Description                   2
0. Stopped in traffic, speed is zero
1. Stopped at roadside, or parked
2. Moving in straight line, constant speed
3. Moving in straight line, throttle off
4. Moving in straight line, braking
5. Moving in straight line, accelerating
6. Turning right, constant speed
7. Turning right, throttle off
8. Turning right, braking
9. Turning right, accelerating
10. Turning left, constant speed
11. Turning left, throttle off
12. Turning left, braking
13. Turning left, accelerating
14. Backing up, in a straight line
15. Backing up, steering left
16. Backing up, steering right
17. Making U-turn right
18. Making U-Turn left
19. Making Y-turn right
20. Making Y-Turn left
21. Changing lanes to left
22. Changing lanes to right
23. Merging to left
24. Merging to right
25. Entering traffic from right shoulder or parked
26. Entering traffic from left shoulder or parked
27. Leaving traffic, turn out to right
28. Leaving traffic, turn out to left
29. Passing manoeuvre, passing on right
30. Passing manoeuvre, passing on left
31. Crossing opposite lanes of traffic
32. Travelling wrong way, against opposite traffic
33. Stripe-riding, filtering forward lanes, longitudinal motion
34. Stripe-riding, filtering forward lanes, lateral motion
35. Stripe-riding, filtering forward lanes, lat. and long. motion
36. Collision avoidance manoeuvre to avoid a different collision
37. Negotiating a bend, constant speed
38. Negotiating a bend, throttle off
39. Negotiating a bend, braking
40. Negotiating a bend, accelerating

RDPTSP                             Travelling speed (km/h)          3

RDPTSC                             Travelling speed confidence      2
                                   interval
                                   for example +/- 10 km/h is
                                   coded 10




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RDPLSI                              Line-sight to other vehicle        2
This variable defines for the vehicle coded the direction from which the opposite vehicle came from. If
the opposite vehicle came in the same road but in the opposite direction code 12. If the opposite
vehicle came from the back (same road and same direction code 06…) (see the manual).

PRE-CRASH MOTION, AFTER PRECIPITATING EVENT

RDPPRE                                Description                    2
0. Stopped in traffic, speed is zero
1. Stopped at roadside, or parked
2. Moving in straight line, constant speed
3. Moving in straight line, throttle off
4. Moving in straight line, braking
5. Moving in straight line, accelerating
6. Turning right, constant speed
7. Turning right, throttle off
8. Turning right, braking
9. Turning right, accelerating
10. Turning left, constant speed
11. Turning left, throttle off
12. Turning left, braking
13. Turning left, accelerating
14. Backing up, in a straight line
15. Backing up, steering left
16. Backing up, steering right
17. Making U-turn right
18. Making U-Turn left
19. Making Y-turn right
20. Making Y-Turn left
21. Changing lanes to left
22. Changing lanes to right
23. Merging to left
24. Merging to right
25. Entering traffic from right shoulder or parked
26. Entering traffic from left shoulder or parked
27. Leaving traffic, turn out to right
28. Leaving traffic, turn out to left
29. Passing manoeuvre, passing on right
30. Passing manoeuvre, passing on left
31. Crossing opposite lanes of traffic
32. Travelling wrong way, against opposite traffic
33. Stripe-riding, filtering forward lanes, longitudinal motion
34. Stripe-riding, filtering forward lanes, lateral motion
35. Stripe-riding, filtering forward lanes, lat. and long. motion
36. Collision avoidance manoeuvre to avoid a different collision
37. Negotiating a bend, constant speed
38. Negotiating a bend, throttle off
39. Negotiating a bend, braking
40. Negotiating a bend, accelerating




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                                  PRECRASH DESCRIPTION

RDPACN           RDPCAV           RDPMAR           RDPBRO           RDPBRD   RDPBRS

RDPCAN                              Collision avoidance number      1
1 to n from the precipitating event to the 1st impact

RDPCAV                            Collision avoidance action (see   1
                                  manual)
0. None
1. Braking
2. Swerve
3. Accelerating
4. Counter steering
5. Cornering

RDPMAR                            Presence of pre-collision marks   1
                                  made by the current vehicle
1. No marks
2. Braking
3. Scraping
4. Rolling
5. Sliding
6. Braking and Sliding



RDPBRO                            Did the vehicle slide broadside   1
                                  before the first impact?
1. No
2. Yes

RDPBRD                            Direction of slide broadside      1
                                  before the first impact?
1. Trigonometric direction
2. Clockwise

RDPBRS                            Slide broadside location before   1
                                  the first impact?
1. On the road
2. On the left edge
3. On the right edge

RDPDIS                            Real developed distance from      4
                                  the first mark to first impact
                                  chronologically ( ##.#. Meters)




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                                           COLLISION PHASE

    RCOTIM                            Calculated time from                4
                                      precipitating event to 1st impact
                                      (##.# s)

    RCOTIP                            Calculated time confidence          4
                                      interval (##.# s)

    RCONBI                            Total number of impacts             1

    RCOMIN                            Main impact number                  1

    CRASH TABLE FOR EACH IMPACT + COLLISION DEFORMATION CLASSIFICATION
                                CDC OR TDC

RCONUM      RCOSPE    RCOTIV    RCOTIO    RCOOPN     RCOOVE     RCOTOB    RCOEES   RCOEEC   RCOANG   RCOFIR
1           3         1         1         1          3          2         3        2        3        1

    RCODIF           RCODEL           RCOLLO             RCOVLO           RCODDI        RCODEX
    2                1                1                  1                1             2

    RCONUM                            Impact number                       1

    RCOSPE                            Running-in impact speed             3
                                      (km/h)

    RCOTIV                            Type of impact for the vehicle      1
                                      under study
    1. Frontal
    2. Side
    3. Rear
    4. Roll-over
    5. Tip-over
    6. Multiple

    RCOTIO                            Type of impact for the opposite     1
                                      vehicle
    1. Frontal
    2. Side
    3. Rear
    4. Obstacle or object on ground
    5. Pedestrian
    6. Animal

    RCOOPN                            ETAC opposite vehicle Number        1

    RCOOVE                            Grade of overlapping (%)            3
    997. Truck overturning
    998. Rollover
    999. Fallen two-wheelers




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RCOEES                            Equivalent Energy Speed (EES)   3
                                  (km/h)

RCOEEC                            EES confidence interval         2

RCOANG                            Angle of impact between the     3
                                  vehicles (trigonometric
                                  direction) [°]

RCOTOB                             Corresponding Obstacle         2
1. Car NFS
2. Car same weight
3. Heavier car
4. Lighter car
5. Small bus ≤2,8 t
6. Transporter ≤2,8 t
10. Commercial vehicule ≤7,5 t
11. Small truck ≤3,5 t
12. Bus ≤3,5 t
13. Small truck ≤7,5 t
14. Bus ≤7,5 t
15. Tank truck
18. Others ≤7,5 t
20. Commerc.veh. >7,5t
21. Truck >7,5 t
22. Truck >7,5 t + Trailer
23. Bus >7,5 t
24. Tram
25. Train
26. Construction machine
27. Tank vehicle
28. Others >7,5 t
30. Two-wheeler NFS
31. Bicycle
32. Child’s bicycle
33. Mofa
34. Moped
35. Small motorcycle
36. Motorcycle to 250ccm
37. Motorcycle > 250ccm
38. Other two-wheeler
39. Light motorcycle
40. Agricult veh./no mot
41. Trailer ≤7,5 t
42. Trailer >7,5 t
43. Mobile machines
44. Hand-cart
50. Pedestrian
51. Adult
52. Child up to 14 years
53. Pedestrian group
54. Pedestrian with cycling clothes
55. Pedestrian pushing two-wheeler


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56. Two-wheel rider
58. Other pedestrian
60. Object NFS
61. Object ≤20 kg
62. Object ≤50 kg
63. Object ≤200 kg
64. Object >200 kg
65. Small animal
66. Medium size animal
67. Bigger animal
68. Big animal
70. After actuated obstacles
71. Post, small tree
72. Pylon, traffic light
73. Gate, bushes
74. Trench driven through
75. Crash barrier simple
76. Crash barrier 2-fold
77. Crash barrier T-mount
79. Loading post
80. Rigid obstacle
81. Wall
82. Post, tree
83. Kerbstone
84. Trench
85. Water
86. Earth wall
90. Overturning
91. Fall two-wheeler

RCOFIR                           Fire ?                         1
1. No fire
2. Complete
3. Partial front
4. Partial rear
5. Partial passenger compartment

COLLISION DEFORMATION CODE CDC OR TRUCK DEFORMATION CODE TDC

RCODIF                            Direction of Force            2

RCODEL                            Deformation Location          1

RCOLLO                            Lateral Location              1

RCOVLO                            Vertical Location             1

RCODDI                            Type of damage distribution   1

RCODEX                            Deformation extent            2




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FOR TRUCKS ONLY

                                      CAB DEFORMATION

INSIDE DEFORMATION CAB

TINTRU                            Intrusion of external object into   1
                                  cab
1: No
2: Other goods vehicle
3: Other vehicle
4: Obstacle
5: Load

TCABSU                            Status of Cab suspension after      1
                                  the crash
1. Intact
2. Partly separated
3. Fully separated

TCABFI                            Status of Cab fixation after        1
                                  crash
1. Intact
2. Partly separated
3. Fully separated

TPEACA                            Amount of penetration of cab        4
                                  from the rear panel into interior
                                  (mm)

TRECCA                            Amount of Recoil of cab during      4
                                  head-on impact: (mm)

UNDERRUN PENETRATION OF ADVERSE VEHICLE

TUNDER                            Under towing vehicle                1
1. No, no penetration
2. At front
3. At rear
4. On LH side
5. On RH side
6. Impact against a roadwheel
5. On RH side

TUNDER                            Under towed vehicle                 1
1. No, no penetration
2. At front
3. At rear
4. On LH side
5. On RH side
6. Impact against a roadwheel
5. On RH side

TUNDEM                            Max. amount of penetration          4



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                                  under commercial vehicle (mm)

                                   POST-COLLISION PHASE

RPOMA_1 RPOMA_2                   Presence of post-collision       1/1
                                  marks
1. No marks
2. Braking
3. Scraping
4. Rolling
5. Sliding
6. Braking and Sliding

RPODIS                            Real developed distance from     4
                                  the first impact point to the
                                  vehicle at rest ( ##.# Meters)

RPOFPV                            Final position for the vehicle   1
1. On the roof
2. On the RH side
3. On the LH side
4. On the road wheels

RPOFPT                            Final position of the towed      1
                                  vehicle
1. On the roof
2. On the RH side
3. On the LH side
4. On the road wheels




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                                             ANALYSE

RANPCF                                              RANCFA


RANPCF                            Primary accident contributing       5
                                  factor(see next list)

RANCF2                            Accident contributing               5
                                  factors(see next list)

RANCF3                            Accident contributing               5
                                  factors(see next list)

RANCF4                            Accident contributing               5
                                  factors(see next list)


RCANCAN          RANCAV           RANNAD            RANEAG            RANEAP   RANEAF

RANCAN                             Collision avoidance number         1
1 to n chronologically from the precipitating event to the 1st impact

RANCAV                            Collision avoidance, evasive        2
                                  manoeuvre taken or attempted
                                  by the driver
1. No evasive action
2. Braking
3. Steering
4. Braking and steering
5. Accelerating
6. Steering and accelerating
7. Release braking
8. Lane change
9. Swerve around temporary traffic obstruction
10. Lay-dow, low side and slide (motorcycle)
11. Jump or bail out (motorcycle)
12. Honk horn
13. Flash high beams

RANNAD                           Reason for no evasive action         1
0. Evasive action was taken
1. Perception failure
2. Comprehension failure (diagnostic)
3. Decision failure (pronostic)
4. Action failure

RANEAG                            Was the evasive action the          1
                                  proper choice for the situation ?
0. No evasive action
1. No
2. Yes

RANEAP                            Was the action properly             1


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                                  executed ?
0. No evasive action
1. No
2. Yes

RANEAF                            Failed avoidance collision due   1
                                  to
0. No evasive action
1. Decision failure, wrong choice of evasive action
2. Reaction failure, poor execution of evasive action
3. Inadequate time available to complete avoidance action
4. Loss of control in attempting collision avoidance




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ACCIDENT CONTRIBUTING FACTORS:

The 5th letter are dedicated to the confidence level of the contributing factor :
A : Definite contributing factor
B : Probable contributing factor
C : Possible contributing factor 5

DRIVER or RIDER

DRIVING FITNESS
D00A. Influence of alcohol
D00B. Influence of other intoxicating substances (e.g. drugs, narcotics)
D00C. Overfatigue, Falling asleep
D00D. Falling ill
D00E. Loss of consciousness
D00F. Other physical or mental faults
D00G. Suicide
D00H. Age
D00Z. Others driving fitness

IMPROPER DRIVING
Failures linked to the knowledge of the driver
D10A. Failure in knowledge of the site
D10B. Failure in driving experience
D10C. Habits and good knowledge of the site
D10D. Failure in knowledge of the vehicle performances
D10Z. Other failures linked to the knowledge of the driver

USE OF THE ROAD (USE OF WRONG CARRIAGEWAY (OR LANE) OR UNLAWFUL USE OF
OTHER PARTS OF THE ROAD / VIOLATION OF THE RULE OF DRIVING ON THE RIGHT
SIDE)
D11A. Failure to observe the rule « right of the way »
D11B. Failure to observe the rule “stop”
D11C. Failure to observe the traffic signs regulating the priority
D11D. Failure to observe the priority of the passing traffic on motorways or motor vehicle roads
D11E. Failure to observe the priority by vehicles coming from dirt roads
D11F. Failure to observe the traffic control by policeman or traffic light
D11G. Failure to observe the priority of oncoming vehicles (traffic sign n°208 of Road Traffic
Regulations)
D11H. Failure to observe the priority of rail vehicles at railway crossings
D11I. Wrong place on the road, unnecessarily on the road
D11J. Rushing (aggressive driving behaviour)
D11K. Falling
D11Z. Other human factors

IMPROPER DRIVING STRATEGY
D20A. Faulty drive line (approaching the bend, cutting too tightly, holding lane etc.)
D20B. Faulty steering movement (sudden, strong, delayed, slow, water sliding, lock-braking etc.)
D20C. Braking mistakes (unnecessary or too long lock-braking, too strong, weak, delayed, long or
other braking etc.),Abrupt braking without compelling reason by the vehicle in front
D20D. Mistake in use of accelerator (too strong, end of pull etc.)
D20E. Mistake in use of the pedals
D20F. Combination of the previous mistakes (confused)
D20G. Moving, turning, towing mistakes
D20H. Mistakes made when turning


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D20I. Mistakes made when making U-turn or reversing
D20J. Mistakes made when entering the flow of traffic (e.g. from premises, from another part of the
road or when D20K. starting off the edge of the road)
D20L. Stopping or standing mistakes
D20M. An activity of the travelling companion
D20N. Missing, delayed or faulty signal giving
D20O. Other action connected to driving or riding
D20P. Non-adapted speed and exceeding at the same time the speed limit
D20Q. Non-adapted speed in other cases
D20R. Insufficient safety distance (Other causes leading to a traffic accident should be allocated to the
respective positions, such as speed, over fatigue, etc.)
D20S. Driving or riding despite possible danger (luck, risk)
D20T. Driving or riding deliberately into the situation
D20U. Rush due to a time restrained
D20V. No reaction
D20Z. Other improper driving strategy

OVERTAKING
D30A. Unlawful right-hand overtaking
D30B. Overtaking in spite of oncoming traffic
D30C. Overtaking in spite of unclear traffic situation
D30D. Overtaking in spite of insufficient visibility
D30E. Overtaking without observing the rear traffic and/or without timely and clearly indicating the
intention to swerve out
D30F. Mistake made when returning to right lane
D30G. Mistakes made when being overtaken
D30Z. Other mistakes made when overtaking (e.g. without sufficient lateral distance ; at pedestrian
crossing) (cf. pos. 38,39)

IMPROPER BEHAVIOUR TOWARDS PEDESTRIANS
D40A. At pedestrian crossing
D40B. At central islands
D04C. When turning
D04D. At stops (also at school busses stopping with the warning flasher device flashing)
D04Z. At other places

MISTAKES OF THE DRIVER OR RIDER
Observation
D51A. Not conscious of the traffic (steering without consciousness, lost in thought, difficulties in
concentration, etc.)
D51B. Interest in activities other than driving
D51C. Inattention (thinks of something else than driving)
D51D. Did not notice other participant or situation
D51E. Faulty observation of the other participant or situation
D51F. An inadequate or faulty observation of the environment
D51G. Failure to observe the priority of oncoming cars when driving past stationary vehicles, barriers
or obstacles (§6) (except pos. 32)
D51H. Failure to observe the rear traffic when driving past stationary vehicles, barriers or obstacles
and/or without timely and clearly indicating the intention to swerve out
D51I. Navigation
D51Z. Other key events connected to observation

ANTICIPATION AND ESTIMATION MISTAKES
D52A. Left or drove into the situation (overtaking, junctions etc.) without predicting or making sure of
the situation (hidden danger)


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D52B. Did not identify the danger of the traffic situation (drove despite obvious danger)
D52C. Faulty estimate of ones own opportunities for manoeuvring (use of speed, evading and braking
opportunities etc.)
D52D. Faulty interpretation of the intent of others or the situation
D52E. Faulty interpretation of the traffic environment
D52F. Other event connected with anticipation (e.g. continuation of the road geometry)
D52G. Incorrectly changing the lane when driving side by side or failure to observe the « zip method
»(merging of two queues with alternation priority of the respective cars)
D52Z. Other anticipation and estimation mistakes

OTHER (list and briefly describe)
DZZZ. Other driver or rider cause

VEHICLE

TECHNICAL OR MAINTENANCE FAULTS
V00A. Lowering of efficiency of Lighting
V00B. Towing equipment
V00C. Technical fault in the steering mechanism
V00D. Technical fault in the brakes
V00E. Loss of wheel
V00F. Lowering of the tire pressure
V00G. Blow out of the tire
V00H. Sudden obstacle to observation
V00I. Loading of the vehicle or loss of load
V00J. Other sudden event connected with the vehicle
V00Z. Other technical or maintenance faults

LOAD, PASSENGERS
V10A. Overload, maximum number of passengers exceeded
V10B. Overload of the cargo, boot…
V10C. Unbalance of the load
V10D. Insufficient safety measures with regard to load or vehicle accessories
V10Z. Other mistakes made by driver regarding load and/or passenger

STATIONARY VEHICLES, SAFETY MEASURES
V20A. Unlawful stopping or parking
V20B. Insufficient safety measures in the case of vehicles stopping or broken down and accident sites
or with regard to school
V20C. Busses with children getting on or off the bus
V20D. Behaviour contrary to traffic regulations when getting on or off a vehicle, loading or unloading
V20Z. Others fault in safety measures

ENVIRONMENT IN THE VEHICLE

V30A. Animal in the vehicle
V30B. Passenger distraction
V30Z. Other faults regarding environment in the vehicle

OTHER (list and briefly describe)
VZZZ. Other vehicle cause

ROAD

ROAD SURFACE CONDITIONS


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Slippery carriageway
R00A. Impurity through oil leakage
R00B. Other impurities caused by road users
R00C. Snow, ice
R00D.Rain
R00E. Road surface gave away
R00F. A sudden change in road surface
R00G. Aquaplaning
R00Z. Other influences (among others, leaves, loam washed up)
Road. condition
R01A. Grooves in connection with rain, snow or ice
R01B. Irregular condition of traffic signs or installations
R01C. Insufficient or in appropriated road lighting
R01D. Insufficient secured railway crossings
R01E. Narrow road
R01F. Readability of the road
R01Z. Others road conditions

INFLUENCE OF THE WEATHER
Obstruction of visibility by
R10A. Fog
R10B. Located fog
R10C. Heavy rain, hail, flurry of snow and the like
R10D. Dazzling sunshine
R10E. Wind
R10F. Storm or other weather influences
R10G. Proper visibility of the vehicle
R10Z. Other obstruction of visibility due to the weather

OTHER (list and briefly describe)
RZZZ. Other road cause

ENVIRONMENT

IMPROPER BEHAVIOUR OF PEDESTRIANS / IMPROPER BEHAVIOUR WHEN CROSSING
THE CARRIAGEWAY
E00A. At places where the pedestrian traffic was controlled by policemen or traffic lights
E00B. On pedestrian crossings without control by policemen or traffic lights
E00C. Near junctions, traffic lights or pedestrian crossings with heavy traffic at other places
E00D. By suddenly emerging from behind obstacles obstructing the visibility
E00E. Without paying attention to the traffic
E00F. By other improper behaviour
E00G. Failure to use footway
E00H. Failure to use proper side of the road
E00I. Playing on or near carriageway
E00Z. Other improper behaviour of pedestrians

OBSTACLES
E01A. Road construction site on carriageway not or not sufficiently secured
E01B. Wild animals on the carriageway
E01C. Other animal on the carriageway
E01D. Behaviour of an other vehicle
E01E. Mask of visibility
E01F. Temporary mask of visibility
E01Z. Other obstacle on the carriageway


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OTHER (list and briefly describe)
EZZZ. Other environnemental cause




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                                          RECONSTRUCTION PHASES

       Sub phases have to be described in the back in time order from the rest position of the vehicle to the
       position of the vehicle at the precipitating event or at the later estimated position that you can
       calculated for the total reconstruction (for both vehicles).

RRTN      RRTPH    RANC    RRTDE    RRTRE     RRTA     RRTEE    RRTDE     RRTTI    RRTDI   RRTSP   RRTSP   RRTTI   RRTDI
UP        A        AN      S        L         CC       S        V         D        D       I       F       T       T
1         1        1       Text     1         4        3        3         3        4       4       4       5       6
                                              +/-                         X.X      XX.X    XX.X    XX.X    +/-     +/-
                                              X.X                                                          XX.X    XXX.
                                                                                                                   X

       RRTNUP                               Sub-phase number                      1
       1 to n

       RRTPHA                              Phase of the accident             1
       1. Pre-crash (all motions before the main collision)
       2. Crash (main collision)
       3. Post-crash (all motions following the main collision, secondary impact too)

       RANCAN                             Collision avoidance number         1
       1 to n chronologically from the precipitating event to the 1st impact

       RRTDES                               Description of the phase              text
                                            comments

       RRTREL                               Physics equations used to             1
                                            estimate the speed at the
                                            beginning of this sub-phase
       1. Constant speed
       2. Uniform deceleration
       3. Uniform acceleration
       4. Energy conservation
       5. Momentum conservation
       6. Momentum & Energy conservation

       RRTACC                               Average acceleration (+) or           4
                                            deceleration (-) value available
                                            on this sub phase [m/s²] ( only
                                            if RRTREL = 2 or 3) (example
                                            - 4,5 : the vehicle braked with a
                                            average deceleration –4.5 m/s²)

       RRTEES                               Energy Equivalent Speed               3
                                            [km/h] (only if RRTREL=4, 5
                                            or 6)

       RRTDEV                               Delta-V [km/h] (only if               3
                                            RRTREL=4, 5 or 6)




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RRTTID                            Time duration of the sub phase      3
                                  ( #.# ) [s] (by convention the
                                  duration time of the crash is
                                  given to zero)

RRTDID                            Distance covered during the sub     4
                                  phase ( ##.# ) [m] (by
                                  convention the duration
                                  distance of the crash is given to
                                  zero)

RRTSPI                            Calculated speed at the             4
                                  beginning of the sub phase (
                                  ##.# ) [m/s] (speed calculated
                                  regarding the physics equations
                                  and associated parameters)

RRTSPF                            Calculated speed at the end of      4
                                  the sub phase ( ##.# ) [m/s]
                                  (must be the same that the
                                  calculated speed at the
                                  beginning of the previous sub
                                  phase (no deceleration) or equal
                                  to zero if the vehicle is located
                                  on the point of rest)

RRTTTI                            Time of the sub phase ( +/- ##.#    5
                                  ) [s] (the starting point time is
                                  the main impact t=0, all pre-
                                  crash subphases have negative
                                  time, all post-crash sub phases
                                  have a positive time) For post-
                                  crash sub phases n°k
                                  RRTTTI(k)= RRTTI(k-1) –
                                  RRTTID For the crash phase
                                  RRTTTI = 0 For pre-crash sub
                                  phases n°i          RRTTTI(i) =
                                  RRTTI(i+1)+RRTTID




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RRTDI                             Distance to the point of the       5
                                  main impact ( +/- ###.# ) [m]
                                  (the starting point is the main
                                  impact d=0, all pre-crash
                                  subphases have negative
                                  distance, all post-crash
                                  subphases have a positive
                                  distance) For post-crash
                                  subphases n°k
                                  RRTTDI(k)= RRTDI(k-1) –
                                  RRTDID For the crash phase
                                  RRTTDI = 0 For pre-crash
                                  subphases n°i          RRTTDI(i)
                                  = RRTDI(i+1)+RRTDID

                                       MISCELLANEOUS

RMIFRC                            Friction coefficient on the road   4
                                  used or estimated for the
                                  reconstruction (--.-)

RMICOM                            Textual Field (including Z-file)   Text




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posted:10/16/2011
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