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Global Hunger and Food Security Initiative

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					Global Hunger and Food Security
           Initiative

        Feed the Future

            Dawn Thomas
           Deputy Director
          Office of Agriculture
                           International Context


• 2003 Rome Declaration on Harmonization
 -Donor agencies commit to work with developing
 countries to better coordinate and streamline their
 activities at country level


              • 2005 Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness
               -International community agrees to help developing-country
               governments formulate and implement their own national
               development plans, according to their own national priorities,
               using, wherever possible, their own planning and implementation
               systems


                                      • 2008 Accra Agenda for Action
                                        -Donors meet to continue the work of the previous
                                        declarations, assess progress, and accelerate the
                                        momentum of change given the changing international
                                        development landscape
                Current FTF Focus Countries



     Region                              Countries

     Africa
                        Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Liberia, Mali, Malawi,
                        Mozambique, Rwanda, Senegal, Tanzania,
                        Uganda, Zambia



      Asia
                        Bangladesh, Cambodia, Nepal, Tajikistan

Latin America and the
      Caribbean
                        Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Nicaragua
Selection Criteria:

    Level of Need
    Opportunity for Partnership
    Potential for Agricultural – Led Growth
    Opportunity for Regional Synergies
    Resource Availability
                                Traditional vs. New Approach


             Problems with the Traditional                      Principles of a Comprehensive
                     Approach                                              Approach
• Overreliance on emergency humanitarian response.
• Insufficient investment in agriculture and rural          Address the Underlying Causes of Hunger
  development to catalyze agriculture-led growth.           through a Comprehensive Effort to Advance
• Exclusion of underserved groups such as women and         Sustainable Agriculture-led Growth, Reduce
  the very poor (below $0.50/day).                          Under-Nutrition and Increase the Impact of
• Failure to prioritize nutrition and the environment.      Food Assistance

• Donor-driven short-term investments; disparate                Invest in Country-led Plans to Ensure
  strategies and uneven country ownership of plans.             Impact and Sustainability


• Failure to comprehensively address food security due to   Improve Strategic Coordination at Community,
  limited coordination among global stakeholders.           National, Regional and Global Level to Increase
                                                            Efficiency and Leverage Greater Resources
• Failure to mobilize and leverage additional global
  resources and align them behind a common agenda,             Leverage the Strengths of Multilateral
  including public awareness.                                  Institutions to Expand Our Collective Reach


• Poor or limited measurement of results, inadequate         Ensure a Sustained and Accountable
  governance, transparency, and accountability.              Commitment with Demonstrable Results
    Overarching Goal of FTF

“Sustainably reduce global hunger and
poverty by tackling their root causes and
employing proven strategies for
achieving large scale and lasting impact”
                Objectives


Two key objectives that address the
principal determinants of food insecurity
   First, accelerating inclusive agriculture sector
     growth by:
 Improving agricultural productivity
 Expanding markets and trade
 Increasing the economic resilience of vulnerable rural
  communities.
   Second, improving nutritional status,
   especially for women and children
Framework
                     Elements: Inclusive Agriculture Sector Growth



Investment Areas for Improving Agricultural Productivity

 Increase access to affordable
    agricultural inputs and improved
    techniques and technologies
   Expand access to knowledge
    through agricultural extension
   Strengthen property rights to land
    and other productive assets
   Increase access to sound and
    affordable financial and risk
    management services
   Strengthen agriculture producer
    organizations
   Strengthen regional harmonization
    and coordination
           Elements: Inclusive Agriculture Sector Growth



Investment Areas for Expanding Markets and Trade


                            Expand market information
                            Improve post-harvest market
                               infrastructure
                              Improve access to business
                               development and financial
                               services
                              Enhance animal plant and food
                               safety
                              Reduce the time and cost of
                               moving goods across borders
                              Create an enabling policy
                               environment for agribusiness
                               growth
                  Elements: Nutritional Status


              Illustrative Investment Areas
   Prevent under
    nutrition through
    community-based
    programs
   Improve diet quality
    and diversity
   Improve delivery of
    nutrition services by
    health systems
    linked to community-
    based programs
                              Milestones

                                                                                             Lead
                                                                                                 Host
                             Milestones                                            USAID
                                                                                                Country
                                                                                   Mission
                                                                                                 Gov
Country Investment Plan (CIP)
• The multi-year investment plan for food security developed by a country
government in consultation with development partners and stakeholders
                                                                                                    X

Multi-year Food Security Development Plan (MYFSDP)
• Comprehensive outline of the whole-of-government Feed the Future Strategy
• In line with the Paris Declaration of Aid effectiveness, the Accra Agenda for     X
          Action and the
  Rome declaration

Country Development Cooperation Strategy (CDCS)
• Multi-year strategic report that outlines the USAID-implemented development
programs
• crucial means for missions to communicate with Washington about the
                                                                                    X
opportunities and constraints they experience and the types of support they need
to fulfill in-country commitments


New FTF Projects                                                                    X
           Resources



                            www.feedthefuture.gov




www.usaid.gov          www.microlinks.org

				
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posted:10/16/2011
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