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					The 7 Habits of Highly Effective Teenagers
  Teaching Strategies and Tools to Help Prepare Our Outdoor
         Education Students in this Uncertain World.
Why The 7 Habits
   In Today’s
Uncertain World?
Glengarry: Kangaroo Valley. NSW

       Kangaroo Valley
Reflections Of My School Years
    Resilience In Today’s Youth
• There is an ever increasing
    body of evidence from many
    disciplines that suggests that
    today’s young people are
    less resilient. (Noble, 2007)
•   As a result many of our
    youth are struggling:
    – Episodes of depression, suicide,
      self-harm, violence and
      problematic substance abuse
      are increasing.
The Outcome Of Less Resilience
 • 9% of students have had a
   depressive episode by the end
   of primary school.
 • 15-20% of students have had
   depression while at high
   school. (Relivich & Seligman 2003).
 • 250,000 depression
   prescriptions were written for
   students in 2003. When
   included with adult rates, this
   costs our economy 3.3 billion
   dollars annually
                                      (Beyond Blue, 2005).

 • Alarmingly mental illnesses are
   becoming more prevalent in
   your people at younger ages.
                      (Pryor, Carpenter & Townsend, 2005)

 • Accompanying this our suicide
   rates are some of the highest
   in the world.
               Depression and Teen Suicide.
• For young people under 24
    years, suicide is the leading
    cause of death by injury,
    ahead of car accidents and
•   In the past 30 years, the
    suicide rate for males aged
    between 15 and 24 years
    has tripled.
•   Over the last 10 years, youth
    suicide has increased by
•   As a community and a                              Stephanie Gestier and Jodie Gater, both 16,
    society, we must all act to                       entered into a suicide pact in 2007 in Melbourne.
    save our children from a
    health problem that is very
                      (, 2007)
        What Has Happened To The
      Resilience Of Our Young People?
 Research has identified 4 key reasons for this loss of youth resilience.

1. Lack of
     connectedness to
     positive institutions.
2.   An Increase in blame
3.   Back Firing Of Self-
4.   Not taking time to
     enjoy each day. (Noble, 2003)
                                      What role does Outdoor Education
                                      play in finding a solution?
    What The Latest Research Is Saying!
• Through our collective
    experience we have been
    witness to this shift in boys
    resilience, and have been
    searching for ways to help
    strengthen their ability to
    be prepared for the
    challenges that they have
    to face in the future.
•   We would like to highlight
    several pieces of literature
    that have helped shape our
    current thinking on outdoor
Environments and skills to help students cope and be more resilient.

  Environments That Promote Well-                 Personal & Emotional Skills &
  Being & Resilience                              Attitudes that promote Well-Being
                                                  & Resilience
  School Connectedness                            Positive thinking skills & attitudes
  Peer Connectedness                              Resourcefulness & adapting skills

  Teacher Connectedness                           Social Skills

  Positive Family-School Links                    Emotional Literacy Skills

  Family Connectedness                            Healthy Self Esteem: Sense of
                                                  Personal competence.
  A Caring adult outside the family

  Community Connectedness

  Spiritual Involvement

       McGrath & Noble (2003). Bounce Back: A classroom resiliency program.
Positive Psychology Education
Recent developments in the field of psychology, however, have begun to
suggest the adoption of a new paradigm referred to as positive
            Outdoor Education
psychology. Positivepsychology has as its goal the fostering of excellence
through the understanding and enhancement of factors leading to growth.
Some of these factors include positive emotions, positive individual traits,
                                                         Outdoor Education
and pro-social attitudes. Rather than focus on deficits, positivepsychology
examines these positive traits and attributes, with an eye toward
strengthening them or facilitating their development in clients. These traits
are critically important, as they can lead to the development of stable
personality and physical states like resiliency, optimism, and even better,
physical health over time. Instead of focusing on decreasing negative
                        Outdoor Education
symptoms in therapy, a positive psychology approach would focus more

on enhancing client strengths.
                   Positive Psychology
       A Potential Model To Incorporate Into
                 Outdoor Education
“Raising children I
realized, is vastly more
than fixing what is wrong
with them. It is about     
identifying and nurturing
their strongest qualities,
what they own and are
best at, and helping them
find niches in which they
can best live out these
                (Seligman, 2000)
                                   Dr Martin Seligman
 Promoting Buffers Against Mental Illness
• We have discovered that
  there is a set of human
  strengths that are the
  most likely buffers
  against mental illness:
  courage, optimism,
  interpersonal skill, work
  ethic, hope, honesty and

• Much of the task of
  prevention will be to
  create a science of
  human strength whose
  mission will be to foster
  these virtues in young
             (Seligman, 1998).
    suggest that school and community
    outdoor education programs can work
    towards the enhancement of the health
    and wellbeing of individuals, families,
    communities; thereby working to prevent
    the onset or establishment of ill health or
    ineffective life practices.

Outdoor Education &
            Sport Psychology

 NSW Netball Team Undergoing Outdoor Training In Preparation For Their National Championships
Positive Prevention Strategies Requires A New Direction
             In Programming & Facilitation


 TO CHANGE              ANTICIPATED OUTCOMES                              PROGRAM TYPE
    Feelings          New skills, energy, enjoyment, fun                      Recreational
   Thinking          New knowledge, attitude, awareness                       Educational
   Behaviour         New ways to act & increase function                    Developmental
                         New ways to cope & decrease
  Misbehaviour                                                                Therapeutic
                Matching program type with change requirements. (Priest, 1996, p.23)
Profoundly Life Changing Read!
The 7 Habits
  Habit 1 Be Proactive Overview
  Is all about taking control of your life! It means that you
  choose to act deliberately and take responsibility for your
  actions and your life’s direction.
• A proactive person:
   – Can choose their attitude to
   – Is responsible for their own
   – Controls the things in their life
     that they can control, and
     forgets about the
   – Overcomes setbacks through
     proactive thinking & action.
   – Strives to be a change agent
     through proactive actions.
   – Makes life happen to them
     rather than being a
   – Makes smarter decisions.
     Pushes pause before acting!
Am I a Positive or Negative Thinker?
• Monitoring self-talk on a tough
   expedition. Every hour or
   during stops, or at places
   dictated by the terrain that
   could provide “a teachable
   moment” have students
   complete a self-check for a few
   minutes evaluating the
   following:                            What do I see when I look inside myself? Do I like
    –   Self-talk                        what I see? All Change has to begin from within!
    –   Talk with others
    –   Body language
    –   Enthusiasm levels at different
        spots during the trip.
• At a scheduled stop have
  students document their
  thoughts in a rite-in-the-rain
• Evaluate this around the fire at
  night. This leads to a tutorial
  on positive – negative self-talk.
    Positive or Negative Tracker
• What Kind Of Tracker are
•   This activity links to the
    monitoring of self-talk
    during an expedition.
•   Around the fire students
    complete the tracker
    questionnaire and
    calculate the kind of
    “Tracker” they are.
•   Facilitation can involve
    partner sharing of results.
    Then a discussion on how
    we can be more positive
    in our daily lives.
Make Your Own Weather!
We have the ability to see sunshine even when we
 are surrounded by storms! Its all about attitude!
Press Pause: Between stimulus and response we have a split second where
we can pause and learn to be proactive with our decisions!

• Think Before Speaking or
    – Monitor your dialogue with
      others. Is it how you would
      want to be treated.
    – Am I about to do something
      that I will regret, or is
• Press pause in dangerous
  situations when a hazard is
  reached and you feel uneasy
  about a situation [Orange or
  Red Light Traffic Light
• Transfer: Press pause back in
  life after your expedition, when
  real life threatening decisions
  have to be made. [Here take
  this pill it will make you feel
3 Blessings! 3 Things I Am Thankful For Today!
 • Around the fire at the
     conclusion of each day,
     participants are given
     time to reflect on their
     day, focusing on the good
     things that happened to
     them! Things they are
     thankful for.
 •    EG: 3 things I am proud
     of … 3 things I did well
 •   This activity, on it’s own,
     has been show by Martin
     Seligman to significantly
     reduce depression in
     clinically depressed
     individuals if done on a
     daily basis.
Habit 2: Begin With The End In Mind Overview

 • Deals with developing a
     clear picture of who you
     want to be and what you
     want to accomplish in
     your life.
 •   What are your values?       Where do we want to go in

                                 life? We better draw a map
     What is your mission?       to get there”.
 •   What are your goals?
     – How to set them
     – Systems to support your
 • Identifying your talents
     and developing them
     through out your life.
 •   Making your life
Paint Your Own Masterpiece
Mission Statements: Single Sentence

 Setting Goals
     Steps That I Need To Take To Help Me Live My Life’s Mission

1.    Count The Cost
2.    Put It To Pen
3.    Just Do It
4.    Use Momentous Moments
5.    Rope Up
                    Step 5: Roping Up
• Climbers rely on each other for
    safety, motivation & support. The
    rope bonds them and keeps them
    together in their common quest!
•   They are also there to support you
    if & when you fall!
•   When you set goals, “rope up” with
    someone else with a similar vision
    or motivation for life.
•   In real life if you rope up with
    someone or a group; your energies
    and enthusiasm will drive each
    other to success.
•   You will also have people to
    support you through the hard times
    along your journey to success,
    which are naturally part of life!
    Climbing Wall Traverse: A Metaphor
    For Attitude & Persistence In Life
• Goal Setting: Use Bouldering
    or an activity like the Wild
    Woosey to introduce goal
    setting and the concept of
    persistence to reach your
•   Attempt a traverse across the
•   Identify your weakness and
    strengths. Improve your
    weaknesses and call on your
    strengths to better your-self.
•   Now they can transfer this new
    skill to setting goals for others
    areas of their lives.
•   Link this activity to a
    concluding session where they
    can set some tangible goals
    that they can pursue after the
•    During solo which takes place
     near the end of their time at
     Glengarry, students write a
     letter to themselves…                   Letter Writing
                                              To Yourself
     What were the 3 most
     significant events you had at
2.   What were the 3 most
     significant lessons you can take
     away with you after Glengarry?
3.   What way have you changed the
     most during your time at
4.   Which one of the 7 habits had
     the most impact on your life?
     How will you continue using this
     after GG?
5.   Imagine you could see into the
     future 12 months.
     •   What will you be like?
     •   What goals will you be chasing?
     •   What will your attitude be like?
     •   How will you have used the
         learning you had at GG?
                                            This letter is collected & sent 12
     •   What would your perfect world
         look like?                         months later!
Habit 3: Put First Things First Overview
 • Identifying the important
     things in your life. The
 •   Prioritising your life and
     managing your time.
 •   Recognising your time
     /organisational style.
 •   Don’t let fear control your
     life and make your
 •   Comfort zones – Courage
 •   Overcoming the hard
     moments in life.
 •   Standing up to negative
     peer pressure.
Teaching Teens To Prioritise Their Time
 • Many of you will know that
     teens are classic
     procrastinators, time
     wasters, and poor planners.
 •   Often they have never been
     shown how to organise
     themselves effectively!
      Teaching Teens To Prioritise Their Time: A Campsite Example!
Identify the key roles you have at camp
this morning. What “Big Rock” issues
do you need to achieve in order to leave
at the scheduled time? EG:
Role: Personal Organisation
       Big Rock: Dress in my hike gear
                  Dress in my hike gear
       Big Rock: Empty Out The Tent
       Big Rock: Pack my pack Tent
                 Empty Out The
       Big Rock: Finalise pack to leave
                 Pack My Pack

Role: Tent Mate

       Big Rock: Clean inside of tent.
       Big Rock: Help pack the tent up.
       Big Rock: Tidy area around tent

Role: Part of Food Group
       Big Rock: Prepare & eat B’fast
       Big Rock: Wash up & clean
                                            Leave On Time & Learn Life Planning Skills at
       Big Rock: Filter Water for day
                                            the same time!
Role: Navigator
       Big Rock: Plan out hike route
       Big Rock: Discuss hazard potential

Role: Environment Carer
       Big Rock: Rubbish check of camp
Identify the key roles in your life. What “Big
Rock” issue do you need to achieve this week
under this role heading. EG:
Role: Student
                Big Rock: History Test Wed
                Big Rock: Maths: 13.2 –14.9 Fri
                Big Rock: Science assn due Wed

Role: Athlete
                Big Rock: Training Tues, Thur
                Big Rock: Weights Mon Wed Fri
                Big Rock: Game Saturday

Role: Son
                Big Rock: Family Dinner Sun PM
                Big Rock: Do chores help mum.
                Big Rock:

Role: Friend
                Big Rock: Movie Sat PM mates
                Big Rock: DofE planning for silver
                Big Rock:

Role: Boy Friend of Jess
                Big Rock: Phone her after h/work
                Big Rock: Beach day Sun PM
                Big Rock: Movie Sat night.
     Courage Zone
• As well as prioritising
    the Big Rocks in our
    lives, Habit 3 also
    teaches us about
    putting us first ahead
    of our fears!
•   Putting first things
    first will often cause
    you to stretch outside
    your comfort zone.
          The Fear Factor: Are your fears
             controlling your destiny?
• It could be argued that fear is
    one of the worst emotions that
    people can possess because of
    its ability to hold us back in life.
•   Fear can paralyse us, limiting our
    achievements and reducing
    enjoyment in our lives.
•   Outdoor Education has the
    ability to help students recognise
    that fear is normal and part of
•   We can then give participants
    opportunities to face these fears,
    learning skills to push on into
    their courage zone!
•   Many of the mental health issues
    we looked at earlier are a result      Click me to hear about the courage zone!
    of teens not knowing how to
    persist and persevere when
    times get tough and
Click Picture To Go To Story
    Comfort Zone Courage Zone
• Having a corroboree
    around the campfire
    where each person
    has to dance.
•   Group members may
    feel inhibited and
    fearful of what others
    will think of them.
•   Through facilitation
    provide tools to get
    into the courage zone
    – Centering, positive self
      talk, visualisation,
                          What could I              Performance Plan:
                          do to feel the            Come up with a
Imagery: See your        fear and enter             performance plan
fear & how you             my courage               (game plan) where
might react and see      zone anyway?               your performance has
yourself rehearsing a
                                                    been written down and
more positive
                                                    rehearsed many times
                                                    before you have to do
                                                    it right!

  Positive Self Talk:
  Monitor the dialogue
  in your mind.                                     Centering: Deep
  Monitor the volume                                breaths with an
  of your negative                                  accompanying
  voice. If you hear     Cue Words: Have a          release of tension.
  yourself saying you    phrase that cues you       Can be accompanied
  CAN’T DO IT. Turn      into the things you        by positive self-talk
  down the volume on     need to attentive to;      or cue words.
  this negative tone,    Relax, lift, you can do
  and turn up the        it! Believe in yourself!
  positive voice.
Habit 4: Think Win-Win
• Thinking a Win-Win
    philosophy for life is the
    foundation for getting
    along well with others.
•   It not only means you
    both get something out of
    what you’re doing, it
    means you try to plan
    ways for both of you to
•   Win-Win is not an
    accident it is a deliberate
    way of thinking!
                 Thumb Wrestling!
• Working with the person next
  to you, you have 1 minute to
  thumb wrestle with them. In
  that 1 minute you have to see
  how many times you can pin
  the other person’s thumb
  down for the count of 3.
• How many of you were
  engaged in a competitive
  mindset when you started the
• Did anyone simply
  communicate with each other
  and work together to get as
  many touches as possible?
• We all too often go into an
  activity with this win lose
  mindset, when Win Win can
  help achieve much more.
Relationship Bank Account
RBA Deposits              RBA Withdrawals
Keep promises.            Break promises.
Do small acts             Keep to yourself.
of kindness.
Be loyal.                 Gossip and break
Listen.                   Don’t listen.
Say you’re sorry.         Be arrogant.
Set clear expectations.   Set false expectations.
                Small Acts Of Kindness
  RBA Deposits                      RBA Withdrawals
  Do small acts                     Keep to yourself.
  of kindness.

Leaders should always be on
the lookout to facilitate small
acts of kindness! It fosters win-
win positive feelings within the
group and individuals.
    Saying Sorry: Can quickly restore
    an overdrawn relationship account
• A great activity for sitting
    around the fire near the end of
    a trip, or with groups that you
    know have had some conflict.
•   As a group, there have been
    times when we have made
    withdrawals from our
    relationship bank accounts,
    this has been at the expense
    of others feelings.
•   Look around this circle. Who
    have you done something to
    that requires an apology?
•   Take 2 minutes to look around
    the circle and reflect on your
    past actions.
•   Now we are going to take
    turns to go around and say
    sorry to the person that you
    have wronged.
    Habit 5: Seek First to Understand,
    then to be understood.
• Habit 5 is about being good
•   It teaches about listening first,
    then talking second.
•   It is about seeing things from
    another's point of view before
    sharing your own.
•   For young men giving them
    opportunities to talk about
    their lives, fears, challenges is
    a real positive!
•   Feeling secure socially is a
    buffer to depression and an
    area that we in outdoor
    education can foster!
Group Campout
• Students are grouped
    into camp groups of 4
•   Groups are made to
    separate friends and
•   They spend the
    weekend camping
    together on campus
    with roving staff
Walk a Mile In Someone Else’s Shoes
                  • After getting organised at
                      camp have students head
                      off in pairs for half an
                      hour of Duo Time.
                  •   Make groups up with
                      people they do not know
                      too well!
                  •   Their task is to conduct
                      an interview as if they
                      were a reporter for the
                      local newspaper.
                  •   The article they are
                      writing will be read
                      around the fire that night!
                      [Partner sharing around
                      the fire that evening].
Walk A Mile In Their Shoes
A Night Under The Stars
Allow students to sleep under the stars. Allocate a theme for them to discuss
as they are going off to sleep! Opportunities for boys to talk to each other, is a
resilience builder!
               Name Game
– Partner Retell. [Pair people up
  & complete the following:
– Tell us how you came to get
  your name or nick name.
– 1 goal you have in the future.
– 1 person you have in your life
  that is special and that you
  can talk to them about
  anything. What makes this
  person special and
– Name one skill you possess
  that helps you cope with the
  low points in your life. How do
  you use it?
            Noble, (2007)
The Responsibility Pie Chart
• When a pair of students
  are struggling in a
  disagreement and it can’t
  be decided who is at
• Pull out your pie chart!
• Student draw a circle on
  a piece of paper and they
  allocate responsibility for
  their current situation.
• Me, others, bad luck!
                    (Noble, 2007)
                                    Me   Others   Bad Luck
    Something In My Life I Need Help With…..
• Often we do not know how to
    ask for help, this is especially
    the case for young men.
•   This important life skill can be
    practiced around the campfire.
•   I need help with….
•   The facilitator gives an
    example from their life to the
    group to get started.
•   Break off into smaller groups
    of 2 or 4 and share the issues
    they are having problems with.
•   Come back to the circle. A
    partner shares the issue with
    the group.
•   The group listens and then
    tries to give solutions and
    support to the person.
        Habit 6: Synergise Overview
• Habit 6 is about
    valuing and
    differences. It’s about
    knowing that two or
    more people can work
    together to create
    better solutions than
    any one of them
    could alone.
•   Flow activities to
    promote synergy.
Synergy In   • Working individually, take
                 1 minute to try and write
  Action         down the names of as
                 many body parts as you
                 can think of that have only
                 3 letters in their name.
                 – There are 10 of them.
                 – No slang or rude words!
             • Now, pair up, share your
                 list with your partner, and
                 take another 1 minute to
                 see if you can come up
                 with any additional names.
             •   Did any pair get all 10
                 body parts?
             •   If not, join up with 2 more
                 people, can you get all 10.
             •   Lets check your list against
10 Body Parts With 3 Letters In Their Name

                                1. Toe
                                2. Lip
                                3. Gum
             Gum                4. Rib
                                5. Arm
                                6. Leg
                                7. Eye
                                8. Ear
                                9. Hip
Entrance to B 31 Argyle Cave
The Squeeze
Getting to Synergy Action Plan
    Define the Problem or Opportunity

    Their Way
    (Seek first to understand the ideas of others.)

    My Way
    (Seek to be understood by sharing your ideas.)

    (Create new opinions and ideas.)

    High Way
    (Find the best solution.)
                           Synergising With
 Synergy In The Cave           My Peers:
                             Focussing on
                           things within our

Lights Out & Work To Get Out Of The Cave
          Rogaining To
 • Students Navigate
          along 4 WD trails
          where they have hiked
 •        Each group has a
 •        The physical &
          psychological stresses
          are super challenging.
 •        The only way to
          succeed is to work
          together in SYNERGY!
Habit 7: Sharpen The Saw: Renewing
      Ourselves. It is “Me” Time
• I am sure all of us at one
    time or another have the
    feeling that our life is out
    of control. We feel:
    – Out of balance
    – Stressed out
    – Empty on the inside
• Habit 7 is designed to
    reacquaint us with the
    concept of renewing our
•   Why is it called “Sharpen
    The Saw”?
Four Dimensions of Sharpening The Saw

           Body                Brain

           Heart                Soul
     Why is Balance so Important?
• To perform at your peak you
    need to strive for a balance in
    all four dimensions.
•   Balance is important because
    what we do in one dimension
    will affect the other
•   When we look at the statistics
    from the beginning of this
    session many of our teens lives
    are out of balance.
•   The outdoors can be a real
    healing place, restoring
    balance and perspective to our
•   This however can be enhanced
    through planning and
    facilitation of activities that
    target “Balance” specifically.
Developing The Physical
            Taking Time To Stop
Inspirational Places For Inspirational Reflection
Meditation   Mental Preparation   Visualisatio
              For Sport or Life        n
Developing The Mind Through The Outdoors

                        Starting a fire without matches
                        requires planning, preparation,
                        persistence, & perseverance!
    What Possibilities Do The 7 Habits Open Up
      For The Outdoor Education Industry?
• Improved synergy with

   – Become a 7 habits course
     provider / or develop your
     own positive psychology,
     resilience curriculum and
     offer this course to your
     clients. [See resources references]

   – Introduce the 7 Habits to
     your client group. Then the
     full course is taken up by
     teaching staff back at the
     school once students
     return. Great follow up!
     Health Promotion Marketing
• How do we stand out in
    the crowd?
•   Value added programming.
•   Marketing our industry as a
    health and wellbeing ally of
    individuals, families,
    communities could open up
    a whole new world of
•   Another possibility:
    Creating partnerships with
    school counselors to
    develop programs and
    activities that promote
    resilience and positive
    psychology using the
    outdoors as the deliver
What Do We Have To Do As An Industry To Move More
 Into The Developmental Mode Of Program Delivery?
• We need to further develop
    positive solution focused
    Outdoor Education programs.
•   This requires our
    programming to be more
    – Teens need guidance and
      mentoring in building
      resilience. This learning cannot
      be left to chance.
        • Often the mountains do not
          speak for themselves.
• It takes much more effort in
    programming and the                   Outdoor Education can have a
    training of staff to facilitate      major role in health promotion &
    developmental programs;                the prevention of ill health.
    however the potential
    benefits are worth it!
Putting Names To Resilience Solutions
             The End

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