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					A Beginner's Guide
The Beginner‟s guide.



P.S taken from nik tricks
credit goes to nik :)



Okay, so you want to learn to hack, right? Well, good luck on that one –
you‟ve got a long road ahead of you. A road in which you are expected to
be your own teacher in almost everything. Don‟t get me wrong, I‟m not
implying that no one wants to help you, because this world is full of
intelligent and insightful mentors, what I mean is – if you actually want
to learn it, and learn it in such a way that you understand it, and can
make up your own rules, the only way to do it is by teaching yourself.

The road you have to walk down is not only long and filled with
misinformation and old, out-dated information – it‟s also fraught with
dangerous temptations – the largest of which is the temptation to use
power before you understand it. Never trust an easy explanation or
answer. The only truths you will find in this world are the truths that
you have earned by the sweat of your own brow.

Now, let‟s see, I set out with this guide   to give an easy jumping off
spot – that I myself could have benefited   from. I wanted to provide a
centralized place to find tools and maybe   a little bit more information
than is available in one place elsewhere,   and perhaps to give you a laugh
or two while I‟m at, so, here we go.

The idea is that I want to give you an idea of how to pack your bags
before you begin your journey. You always want to pack before a long
trip, right? All of the tools that you throw into the bag now, will at
one point or another become very useful to you. You may not need the
individual tools soon, but more than likely, if you continue down this
road, you will at some point. Here‟s the great thing about the bag – you
don‟t have to pack it yet, or you can leave out or add as many things as
the bag will hold, that‟s really up to you. But, as I said, I want to
provide a jumping off place for the beginner on this journey.




First things first
– Understanding your computer and browser.

What kind of operating system (OS) are you running? Is it Windows XP, or
98 or something that starts with the infamous initials “MS?” If so you
might want to consider changing that. Not that there‟s anything wrong
with windows, it‟s the comfort food of the computing age. It comes pre-
loaded on almost every retail computer and most toddlers can become adept
with it in a matter of minutes. It‟s easy and, therefore, sometimes
difficult to let go of. But, here‟s a little secret. Come here, close, I
have to whisper it in your ear. Closer. No, no, you‟re really going to
have to lean in close for this one. Are you ready? You don‟t have to use
windows… I know, I know, it seems inconceivable. It‟s unreal right? Well,
let me tell you, there are other OS‟s out there that are, for yours and
my purposes, better. And guess what? The better ones are invariably free.

“What?!!!!” You say.

Yes, that‟s right, FREE. FREE. Freedom. They‟re out there for the taking,
and you don‟t have to spend a single solitary dime on them. There‟s this
nifty online enterprise called Open Source software.

This is what you should do. If you‟re hooked on windows, but still are
open to at least considering alternatives, go to Google (this little guy
will very soon become your best friend, but we‟ll get to that later) and
type in “KDE,” or “Gnome” (with the quotes). They‟re both open source
(free) GUI‟s (Graphical User Interfaces – essentially what windows is)
and they have all of the same gadgets you‟ve come to love.

If you insist on using windows (we know who you are – you there, in the
back with the low unibrow and protruding front teeth) at least take some
time to learn to operate in DOS. You can run it from within windows. You
see that start button? Good, click on it. Now go to „run‟. Now type in
“command.” Now there‟s a big black square somewhere near the center of
your screen with a c prompt in it. That‟s it. Now, go to google again and
look up basic Dos commands..




Now, onto your web browser:


Okay, so far you have a fairly intimate knowledge of your browser. You
probably know the back and forward buttons by heart, something you may
not use very often but at least have a rudimentary knowledge of is the
stop button – in case you don‟t: it stops any process that‟s in progress
– you probably also know the refresh and home buttons by heart, and of
course you know that if you type in addresses (usually ending in .com,
net, org, gov, etc) into the url bar, your browser whisks you off to
foreign locations.

I‟d like to interrupt here for a moment – primarily because I want to
make sure that everyone is on the same page. I‟d hate to be talking about
features that your browser doesn‟t have, thereby confusing you before we
even get started.

So you‟re probably reading this through an Internet Explorer browser…
You‟re going to want to throw that browser out, it‟s no good to you if
you‟re planning on staying on this road. Mozilla has a WONDERFUL browser
that is adapted to this road. Using IE on this road is a bit like driving
a go cart on the interstate. The go cart is perfectly designed for its
own purpose, but it‟s lousy at driving on the interstate. So, you‟re
going to want to pick up a fast, stream-lined, race car. Go here:

http://www.mozilla.com/

And click on the Download Firefox button. You‟ll Love it. Well, since
you‟re there you might as well pick up a few handy-dandy extensions. Here
are some of my favorites:

Web Developer: https://addons.mozilla.org/firefox/60/
User agent: https://addons.mozilla.org/firefox/59/
Great tools: http://www.net-force.nl/files/download/nftools/nftools.xpi




Okay, now you‟ve got a lot of the stuff that you‟re going to need for a
little while. Take a little time and become acquainted with the new
browser. You see that google toolbar?
Brilliant isn‟t it?
Type in “firefox optimization” and take a look at how you can configure
it for speed. Click on everything. Do whatever comes naturally. Play with
it. Finesse it. Tickle it.

Okay, you‟ve gone too far – firefox is not a sex toy!!

–that‟s what google is for. Just kidding!!!...No, seriously… Haha.


On to Google.
Google is your first, best, and, essentially, only completely honest
mentor. Google is never wrong. If google gives you an incorrect answer
it‟s because you asked it the wrong question. Do not question Google‟s
omniscience.

First things first, use google to look up google hacking. This is an
artform in and of itself and you want to learn as much about it as
possible. Google contains all of the information in the world,
essentially. They say information is power don‟t they? Well, if you can
manipulate Google to give you what you want, when you want it, that makes
you the most powerful person in the world doesn‟t it?... Didn‟t know it
was that easy, did you?

Okay, come down from your throne, and listen. All joking aside, learn how
to use google. It‟ll save your life some day, I swear to god.

A couple of more things about Firefox. Learn how to view the source on a
web page! Go click on View in the browser. You see down there? It says
“view source,” doesn‟t it? Good, now click on it – or you can skip this
step all together by holding down the control key and pressing u. Now
that you‟ve got the source of whatever web page you happened to be
looking at, look closely. You see all of that gobble-dee-gook? Most of it
doesn‟t even look like English does it? That‟s what the internet is made
of. That stuff, called HTML, tells your browser (hopefully firefox by
now) what it‟s supposed to do when you want to see the page.

Off for some more learning!!! Yay, learning! Go to www.w3schools.com (in
fact go ahead and bookmark it while you‟re at it) and click on HTML
tutorials. Go through the whole thing. It‟s important trust me. After a
little while you will start to recognize the symbols in the source code,
and before long, you will be saving the source code to your computer
(right click on the page, click on save page, name it whatever you like –
but be sure to add “.htm” or “.html” to the end of the name as you save
it – without the quotes of course) and editing it.



 Not long after that you will be writing your own web site from scratch.
Just take the time now, you won‟t regret it. While you‟re at it learn
javascript, and at least get an idea of what cross site scripting (css)
is.

Okay, so you‟re running a fast, stream-lined OS and web browser right?
Good. Now, onto a few other tools. Let‟s say that you have a friend. This
friend of yours has written a really great program (not copyrighted of
course) – the only thing is, is that he has written it so that you can
only use it for 30 days. At the end of the allotted time, the program
will collapse in on itself, and stop working… Not a very good friend is
he? Now, let‟s say that you want to use your friend‟s program for longer
than 30 days what can you do? Well, you can disassemble it, that‟s what.
Take it apart, see what makes it tick, and change it. That‟s what you can
do. This handy little practice is what‟s known as reverse engineering,
reversing, or cracking. Think of it as cracking open the program,
rearranging it, and closing it up again. To do this you‟re going to need
a debugger. What, you can‟t afford to buy one? No problem, go here:

OllyDBG: http://www.ollydbg.de/

Ollydbg is an extremely handy debugger. To learn to use it go to google
again. I told you that you would become close to google. You also might
want to begin learning ASM. Google it.

Another helpful cracking tool is a Hex editor. You‟ll find the one I use
at:

XVI32: http://www.chmaas.handshake.de/delphi/freeware/xvi32/xvi32.htm

Okay, you‟ve hopefully learned some cracking, and a little bit about
HTML, javascript, css, and assembly language (ASM) now. Good job, you‟re
well on your way, hopefully you‟ve completed challenges on a few
websites, without asking for too much help, and you‟re probably getting
more and more confident with your abilities.

Last, but not least, is a good password cracker:
JTR: http://www.openwall.com/john/




This one has a learning curve, so be prepared to spend a little bit of
time just learning the commands. But, all in all, it is a great resource.

Well, there you have it, the beginning hacker‟s toolbox. I‟m sure that
you‟ll find many other tools that will be more appropriate for your
purposes than some of the ones

Lastly, don‟t be afraid to ask for help. You‟ll see it everywhere:
everyone here has been right where you are now, and doesn‟t mind lending
a hand from time to time.

That‟s it for now. I think I‟ll work on a tutorial for some of the
applications I‟ve mentioned in this article. Please take a few moments
and let me know what you think of this one.

				
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posted:10/15/2011
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