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CRIMINAL JUSTICE ADMINISTRATION

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					CRIMINAL JUSTICE
ADMINISTRATION
Master of Criminal Justice Administration (M.C.J.A.)
Graduate Certificate in Criminal Justice Education

Offered through individualized study by the School of Graduate Studies




GRADUATE STUDY IN CRIMINAL                        APPLICATION AND ADMISSION
JUSTICE ADMINISTRATION                            Admission to the graduate program in crimi-
As professional standards in criminal justice     nal justice administration, including both
continue to rise, administrators are finding       the M.C.J.A. program and the graduate cer-
that they need not only professional skills       tificate in criminal justice education, is open
but also advanced proficiency in such areas        to those with a bachelor’s degree in criminal
as analysis, communication, and manage-           justice or a related field (with a comparable
ment. The M.C.J.A. program helps criminal         course distribution) from a regionally ac-
justice professionals develop those skills        credited college or university. There are no
across a broad array of settings and contexts.    standardized test requirements, although
Students can select from prescribed con-          upon admission a writing sample may be re-
centrations or design their own emphasis in       quired for advising and assessment purposes.
such specialized areas as security, prevention,
education, and training.                          To apply, submit a graduate application
                                                  and arrange for transcripts of all your un-
The program’s flexible approach makes it           dergraduate studies, as well as any graduate
ideal for those who wish to pursue their de-      work you have completed elsewhere, to be
gree part time or at a distance. It also allows   sent directly to the School of Graduate Stud-
students who are working in professional          ies. You can apply, enroll, and begin your
settings to tailor their graduate study to spe-   studies at any time during the academic year.
cific workplace challenges and goals, and to       Because of the individualized nature of the
use the working environment as a setting for      program, it is recommended that you discuss
action research.                                  your educational goals with the program
                                                  staff either before you apply or as soon as
A graduate certificate in criminal justice edu-    possible after you are accepted.
cation, focusing on theory and research, is
also available for those who wish to prepare
for teaching or for advanced graduate study.      THE GRADUATE EXPERIENCE
                                                  Your graduate experience can be of immense
                                                  value to you in the future, not only because
32   Programs / Criminal Justice Administration


     it advances specific career or educational          may include traditional classes, independent
     goals, but also because it cultivates habits of    learning classes, and directed independent
     mind and discipline that will be important         research; and present a culminating project
     throughout your life. It fosters independent       to your committee. You also work indepen-
     critical thinking; the ability to plan and per-    dently to form the committee that will guide
     form; and skills in communication, research,       you and to ask prospective members to serve
     and presentation.                                  on your committee.

     The Nature of Graduate Study
     Graduate work makes use of strong aca-             GRADUATE INDIVIDUALIZED
     demic skills. The program therefore offers a       STUDY COURSES
     number of courses that reinforce such key          The M.C.J.A. program provides a number of
     competencies in graduate study as research,        graduate individualized study (GIS) courses
     critical thinking, professional writing, and       in different subject areas. GIS courses are
     fluency in communication and evaluation.            available in an independent learning format
     Taking advantage of these courses will assist      through the School of Graduate Studies.
     you in furthering your abilities.
                                                        Registering for GIS Courses
     During graduate study, you should expect           Contact the School of Graduate Studies to
     to improve and apply learning characteris-         begin the process of registering for courses and
     tics from your past undergraduate work. At         sections of independent work toward your de-
     the same time, your studies will emphasize         gree in criminal justice administration.
     higher-order attributes common in graduate
     education. Psychologists of learning often         Withdrawing from GIS Courses
     use the framework known as Bloom’s hierar-         There is no drop period (that is, a time
     chy to describe the ascending complexity of        in which you can cancel your registration
     learning: assimilation, comprehension, ap-         and receive a refund) for GIS classes. You
     plication, analysis, synthesis, and evaluation.    can withdraw from a GIS class at any time
     One significant difference between under-           through the scheduled class completion date
     graduate and graduate work is that graduate        by completing a withdrawal form (available
     education assumes the first three elements as       from the School of Graduate Studies or the
     givens in your work and encourages analysis,       Registrar’s Office section of the MSU website)
     synthesis, and evaluation, particularly as a re-   or through Cougar Web. The course will
     sult of independent research. Graduate study       remain on your transcript with a grade of W,
     not only emphasizes independence but also          and you will remain responsible for all tuition
     cultivates higher order learning and presenta-     and fees associated with the course. With-
     tion bolstered by graduate characteristics.        drawal from a class may affect your financial
                                                        aid status; check with a financial aid represen-
     The Nature of Graduate Individualized              tative before withdrawing from any class.
     Work
     If a traditional graduate experience nor-          GIS Syllabi, Books, and Materials
     mally includes independent work, graduate          Shortly after you register for a GIS class,
     individualized study depends on it. This           you will receive a syllabus (or the address
     work is directed by advisors but is also the       of a website where the syllabus is located)
     product of self-direction and self-discipline,     and contact information for the professor.
     attributes expected in the culture of graduate     Syllabi are project-based and cumulative in
     education. In graduate individualized study        nature, and generally include a schedule of
     you present your degree plan for faculty and       deadlines for submitting work throughout
     program approval; execute the plan, which          the semester.
                                                           Programs / Criminal Justice Administration   33


It is your responsibility to acquire any           and new deadline. This process is the only
required textbooks and materials at the            way of obtaining an official extension.
beginning of each GIS class. Required
textbooks and materials are listed on each         Approved extensions should state the time
syllabus and are available through MSU’s           frame within which the professor agrees to
online bookstore. Books listed as refer-           receive any remaining work. A grade of WIP
ences may also be available from the online        (Work In Progress) will be assigned until the
bookstore or the library (either directly or       professor has received and graded the remain-
through interlibrary loan).                        ing work. If the coursework is not complete
                                                   by the specified date, the professor will de-
Contacting Faculty Members                         termine a grade for the course based on the
After registering for a graduate individual-       work received by the deadline. Students who
ized study course, you begin coursework by         have exhausted their extensions are not eli-
e-mailing the professor. You are responsible       gible for administrative withdrawal.
for initiating contact with the professor at
the beginning of the class; if you do not          GIS Completion
do so, you will be marked on attendance            Unless you have received an official exten-
rosters as not attending and will be subject       sion, you must complete each graduate
to administrative withdrawal. You are also         individualized study course by the comple-
responsible for contacting the professor in        tion date posted on your schedule. If you
a timely manner if you have any questions          do not finish the course by the assigned
about the syllabus or course material.             completion date and have not withdrawn
                                                   or received an extension, you will receive a
Submitting GIS Assignments                         grade of F that will become part of your of-
Unless instructed otherwise, you must sub-         ficial transcript.
mit all assignments directly to the e-mail
address provided for the professor. You            Re-enrollment
should make sure to keep a backup copy;            If you fail a GIS course but are in good
MSU and the School of Graduate Studies             standing in the School of Graduate Studies,
will not be responsible for any loss of materi-    you can request an opportunity to re-enroll
als due to transmission. If you have difficulty     in the course. Such requests must be made
reaching the professor or problems with            in writing to the dean of the School of Grad-
interaction, contact the School of Graduate        uate Studies, who will consider the request
Studies immediately.                               and may or may not grant approval.

GIS Time Limits
The starting date for a GIS course is the date     GENERAL PROGRAM POLICIES
you register for the course as printed on your     This section includes M.C.J.A. policies that
schedule. You have 20 weeks from the date          apply throughout the program. Additional
of registration to complete each GIS course        policies that are relevant to a single phase of
unless a different limit is stated in the course   the program appear with the description of
syllabus. The specific completion date for          that phase under “Program Structure and
each course is listed on your schedule.            Requirements” later in this chapter.

You may request an extension from the class        Graduate Advisors and Mentors
professor. If your request is approved, the        Your Methodology proposal must include
professor will notify the School of Graduate       the membership of a graduate committee
Studies, which will post the extension dates       that will guide and advise you throughout
34   Programs / Criminal Justice Administration


     the program. Committee membership is               Concurrent Program Enrollment
     voluntary, and it is your responsibility to ask    It is generally preferable for graduate students
     advisors to serve on your committee.               to pursue a single degree pathway, but there
                                                        are exceptions. The following processes apply
     Graduate committees typically include facul-       to concurrent enrollment in two individual-
     ty members from MSU or other colleges or           ized graduate programs.
     universities, as well as qualified individuals
     outside the academic sector. It is important       After consulting with the academic officers
     that committee members have a terminal             for both programs, you can register for a
     degree or equivalent credentials, although         second section of Methodology, in which
     in some fields of study a committee may in-         you construct a concurrent enrollment plan
     clude a member who lacks a terminal degree         for proposal to the dean of the School of
     but has unique and appropriate professional        Graduate Studies. This proposal should in-
     experience. Register for GCJA 580 Content          clude any concepts of structure and content
     to complete independent work under the             developed in discussion with the academic
     guidance of an advisor.                            officers.

     If your degree plan includes the design of         The dean will consider the proposal to en-
     a special topics course (i.e., with regular        sure that degree requirements are properly
     graded assignments, an instructional sylla-        fulfilled and that an appropriate amount of
     bus, and continual teaching), the instructor       content is shared between degree programs.
     for that course is designated a mentor.            To maintain the integrity of each degree
     Register for GCJA 590 Mentored Content             program, the sum of the credits for the two
     to complete a special topics course with a         degrees should not diminish by more than
     mentor. In some cases, a mentoring team            20 percent. Two 36-hour degree programs,
     can take the place of a graduate committee         for example, could share 14 hours of Con-
     with the approval of the dean of the School        tent credit. Of course, pursuit of a second
     of Graduate Studies.                               graduate individualized degree requires that
                                                        both a new Methodology and a new Perspec-
     The selection of committee members or              tive project be submitted.
     mentors is your responsibility and is con-
     tingent on graduate program approval.              Copyright
     Proposed members who are not MSU fac-              An understanding of copyright regulations
     ulty members must provide documentation            and the concept of fair use is critical in
     of appropriate credentials, and your student       considering how to incorporate the citations
     file must include a résumé or CV for each           of others in any graduate work intended
     committee member (as submitted with your           for publication, such as a thesis, article, or
     Methodology proposal).                             book. It is recommended that you read Ken-
                                                        neth D. Crews’s booklet Copyright Law and
     If an illness or calamity affects one of your      Graduate Research: New Media, New Rights,
     mentors or committee members in a way              and Your Dissertation, published by UMI
     that alters the outcome of any degree work or      (www.umi.com) or a similar guide to current
     deadlines, or if you are having difficulties with   copyright and permissions issues.
     a mentor or committee member, you should
     immediately notify the School of Graduate          Institutional Review Board
     Studies as well as the others involved.            Proposed projects involving human subjects,
                                                        restricted populations, the necessity for se-
                                                        cure storage of possibly identifying data, or
                                                          Programs / Criminal Justice Administration   35


similar issues must be approved by MSU’s          Removal from the Program
Institutional Review Board, or IRB. The           The following nonexclusive list of events
IRB may require a full review or an expe-         constitutes or causes immediate removal
dited review, or may determine that a project     from the program:
is exempt if it does not work with human
subjects. The School of Graduate Studies             Failure to complete the program within
can assist you in obtaining IRB forms.               five years without an extension granted
                                                     by an accepted petition to the dean of the
When planning your Methodology pro-                  School of Graduate Studies.
posal, you should consider the need for such
review in constructing timelines for your            A cumulative GPA that falls below 3.0
work. If your project involves working with          while you are in any aspect of Content or
other sites or agencies that have their own          Perspective.
IRB, you must also fulfill their requirements.
                                                     A grade below C on a Methodology
Degree Candidacy                                     proposal.
You must have a cumulative graduate GPA
of at least 3.0 to be granted degree candidacy       Failure to register within two regular se-
(usually at the end of Methodology), to main-        mesters of degree plan approval (in which
tain degree candidacy, and to progress in the        case you must retake Methodology).
program. See “Qualifying for Degree Candi-
dacy” in the Methodology description later in        Failure to register in the approved
this chapter for additional information.             sequence within two semesters in the ab-
                                                     sence of correspondence.
Program Standing
While enrolled in Content or Perspective,            A letter or e-mail to the School of Gradu-
you must maintain a cumulative GPA of at             ate Studies stating that you are no longer
least 3.0 on a 4-point scale. If you are car-        in the program.
rying 12 hours of graduate courses from
previous semesters, you will not be permit-          A change of major form signifying your
ted to register for new courses until the prior      exit from the program.
work is completed. This restriction does not
apply to GCJA 580 or GCJA 590 projects               Academic or behavioral violations,
that are designed to extend through more             in accordance with University policy.
than one semester as stated in your approved         See “Student Code of Conduct” and
degree plan.                                         “Academic Appeals” in the Graduate
                                                     Study at MSU chapter.
Program Withdrawal and Reinstatement
To withdraw from the program, you must            Program Time Limit
provide written notice to the School of           The time limit for completion of the
Graduate Studies. Your committee or               M.C.J.A. program is five years from the
mentoring team then disbands and you are          date of your first enrollment. If you transfer
no longer a degree candidate (if you have         credit hours from another program, you
reached that point in your studies).              have five years from the date of your earliest
                                                  enrollment in a course that you are trans-
To be reinstated in the degree program, you       ferring. Exceptions to this policy may be
will be required to retake Methodology, ob-       granted with the approval of the dean of the
tain approval of a new proposal, and form a       School of Graduate Studies.
new committee or mentoring team.
36   Programs / Criminal Justice Administration


     PROGRAM STRUCTURE AND                             Your rewritten proposal will receive an
     REQUIREMENTS                                      automatic failing grade if it contains
     The M.C.J.A. program has a three-part             plagiarism or serious errors in grammar,
     structure in which you first enroll in             organization, or coherence.
     Methodology as the point of entry, then
     take courses and guided independent work          You may submit only one draft for review
     according to your degree plan (developed in       and comment by the evaluator before
     Methodology), and validate your knowledge         submitting your final proposal. Review
     in a Perspective project as the final step.        of this draft will be concerned only with
                                                       the concepts presented in the proposal;
     Phase I: Methodology (3 credit hours)             the evaluator will not rewrite the draft
     Methodology is not a course in the con-           or annotate it for stylistic and grammati-
     ventional sense; it comprises the creation        cal correction. Proposals must include
     and approval of your degree plan. During          a cover sheet designating whether it is a
     the Methodology phase, you are expected           draft or final proposal.
     to discuss your plans with an assigned fac-
     ulty member and to conduct independent            You may submit only one final Method-
     research in your chosen field in support of        ology proposal for consideration. This
     your proposal. The process often includes a       proposal must be received in the School
     number of preliminary drafts as well as for-      of Graduate Studies office before the 20-
     mal submission of a single final Methodology       week course deadline. No extensions are
     proposal. Each document submitted must            granted, and a proposal received after the
     include a cover sheet designating whether it      deadline is graded F with no chance to
     is a draft for review or a final proposal.         resubmit.

     Once your proposed plan has been fully         Qualifying for Degree Candidacy
     approved, you are ready to begin carrying      You must receive a grade of B or higher in
     out your degree plan in Content. Any later     Methodology to become a degree candidate
     modifications to the approved degree plan,      and continue in good standing in the pro-
     including the timeline, will require the ap-   gram. A grade of C in Methodology is the
     proval of the program administrator.           lowest passing grade and indicates that the
                                                    degree proposal, although executable, has
     Retaking Methodology                           serious weaknesses that must be addressed. A
     If you do not pass Methodology, the dean of    proposal earning a grade of C for Methodol-
     the School of Graduate Studies may grant       ogy requires revision, although this revision
     approval to register and retake Methodology    will not affect the original grade.
     under the following stipulations:
                                                    If you receive a grade of C for Methodol-
        You must request permission to retake       ogy, you will also be required to obtain the
        Methodology formally and in writing,        permission of the dean of the School of
        providing written evidence of your com-     Graduate Studies or the program advisor
        mitment to graduate studies.                to enroll in any further work. This permis-
                                                    sion may be granted when the Methodology
        Your rewritten Methodology proposal         proposal is evaluated or before you are to
        will be read and assessed by a faculty      register for each subsequent component of
        member chosen by the dean of the            your degree work. You can qualify for degree
        School of Graduate Studies, and the deci-   candidacy once further work in the Content
        sion will be binding without appeal.        phase brings your graduate cumulative GPA
                                                          Programs / Criminal Justice Administration   37


up to 3.0 or better. You must then maintain          Portfolio. A vehicle for demonstrating
a cumulative GPA to maintain degree candi-           currently achieved mastery of a particular
dacy and remain in the program.                      area, presented as the product of a seg-
                                                     ment of Content. The portfolio, which is
Phase II: Content (25 credit hours)                  submitted to appropriate faculty members
In Content, the second phase of your degree          for review, should be a summative docu-
work, you carry out your learning goals as           ment such as a master teacher portfolio.
planned in Methodology. Although there are
other possibilities, the Content phase often         Directed study. Special study directed by
incorporates some of the following options:          an advisor as described in your learning
                                                     plan.
   Traditional level course. A conventional
   class at the graduate level.                      Field experience. On-site observation,
                                                     application, and analysis under the
   Graduate individualized course. A                 supervision of a mentor or committee
   graduate-level course offered individually;       member; may include action research.
   usually available in an independent learn-
   ing format. These courses are identified           Research. An advised independent
   in the Courses of Instruction section with        project involving investigation, analysis,
   the designation GIS at the end of the             comparison, or synthesis as described in
   course description.                               your Methodology plan.

   Enveloped course. A course not usu-               Major project. A project fulfilling part
   ally applied at the graduate level that           of your plan in Content (for example, a
   is incorporated into the foundation of            grant proposal or the execution of an ac-
   a graduate-level project. For example,            cepted grant, an article, or an extended
   a section of Content might include a              multimedia presentation).
   senior-level undergraduate course as a
   refresher, although the actual focus of        Your approved Methodology proposal
   the Content section is a large graduate        should account for every aspect of Con-
   research project. You do not register for      tent. Changes to any element of Content
   the undergraduate course but for the seg-      require an approved amendment to your
   ment of Content describing the project.        Methodology proposal. Forms for proposing
   You are responsible for arranging to work      amendments are available from the School
   with the instructor of the undergraduate       of Graduate Studies.
   course, and for proposing and obtaining
   approval for the arrangement in your           Since advisors and mentors are rarely able
   Methodology proposal.                          to immediately evaluate the work submitted
                                                  to them, be careful to budget an appropri-
   Transfer course. A graduate course from        ate amount of time for review of your work
   another college or university transferred      when planning your program.
   into the program under your learning
   plan. For such credit to be considered for
   transfer, you must petition the program        Phase III: Perspective (8 credit hours)
   to accept it as transfer credit (generally 6   The culminating element in the degree is
   to 9 hours) as part of your Methodology        the Perspective project. This project may
   proposal. Prospective transfer credit is       be an extended written document, several
   subject to an evaluation fee.                  documents, a robustly designed website
38   Programs / Criminal Justice Administration


     resting on extensive research, an oral presen-      Details of learning to be done in Con-
     tation or portfolio, or a traditional thesis.       tent. The proposal outlines specific
                                                         competencies to be learned and groups
     As with the Content phase, be careful to            them into sections: legal perspectives
     budget an adequate amount of time for your          in law enforcement administration,
     advisors or mentors to review your work.            communication in law enforcement
     This consideration is especially important if       administration, analysis of system and
     you are working toward a specific graduation         policy, and ethical and theoretical is-
     date or another requirement.                        sues. It explains how each section will
                                                         be carried out through a combination of
     Once your graduate committee or mentor-             traditional coursework and independent
     ing team has accepted and evaluated your            study.
     Perspective project, it forwards a recom-
     mendation to the program. After a successful        Designation of advisors. The proposed
     review, you are awarded the final 8 hours of         graduate advisors include two of the
     credit (for a total of 36 hours) and receive        student’s current supervisors as well as a
     your degree.                                        member of the University’s criminal jus-
                                                         tice faculty.

     SAMPLE PROGRESSION                                  Timeline. The proposed timeline speci-
     This example shows how the M.C.J.A. pro-            fies a year for completion of Content
     gram might be structured by a student who           and eight months for completion of the
     has a bachelor’s degree in criminal justice         Perspective project.
     and wishes to increase opportunities for
     advancement with a graduate degree empha-           Description of the Perspective project.
     sizing law enforcement.                             The proposal includes an outline for a
                                                         project designed to demonstrate learning
     Phase I: Methodology                                across the designated content areas—in
     The student registers through the School            this case, the design and administration
     of Graduate Studies and consults with the           of a grant-funded community policing
     program for permission to proceed with              program that includes innovative crime-
     initial research. The student then conducts         deterrence incentives.
     independent research as a foundation for
     the Methodology proposal and identifies           The methodology professor reviews the
     members who agree to serve on an advisory        proposal and the program awards 3 hours
     committee.                                       of credit upon its approval.

     After submitting a draft proposal to the pro-    Phase II: Content
     gram for review, the student then develops       The learning plan designed in the proposal
     and submits a final proposal that includes        is carried out, with credit awarded as each
     the following details:                           segment is completed for a total of 25 hours.

        Focus and rationale. The proposal gives       Phase III: Perspective
        the focus of the degree as Master of          When the Perspective project is complete
        Criminal Justice Administration with an       and has been presented to the graduate com-
        emphasis on law enforcement adminis-          mittee, the committee reviews the project. It
        tration. It also offers a rationale for the   forwards its written recommendations to the
        degree that explains the importance of        program, which awards the final 8 hours of
        credentialing in the field.                    credit upon approval.
                                                         Programs / Criminal Justice Administration   39


CONCENTRATIONS                                   Sample Progression
While students have the freedom to struc-        GCJA 501    Methodology                       3
ture their studies around different areas of     GCJA 560    Critical Inquiry or
specific interest, standardized concentrations    GCJA 563    Research Methods                  3
                                                 GIDS 510    Influencing Effectiveness
are provided for those who wish to pursue
                                                             of Systems                        3
graduate study in selected fields. These          GCJA 504    Transforming
programs incorporate coursework in both                      Organizational Cultures           3
criminal justice and administration to fulfill    GIDS 610    Holistic Strategy                 3
the Content phase.                               GIDS 506    The Person in
                                                             the Organization                  3
                                                 GCJA 580    Projects/coursework in
Correctional Counseling                                      corrections administration       10
                                                 GCJA 680    Perspective project in
Students complete directed work and proj-
                                                             corrections administration        8
ects in applied settings focusing on early                   Total                            36
intervention, pretrial counseling, and super-
vision and parole.
                                                 Education and Training
Sample Progression                               Students complete directed work and proj-
GCJA 501    Methodology                  3       ects in organizing training and training
GCJA 560    Critical Inquiry or                  itself, as well as GCJA 570, and, as appropri-
GCJA 563    Research Methods             3
                                                 ate, GCJA 550, 555, and 575. The 18-hour
GIDS 510    Influencing Effectiveness
            of Systems                   3       graduate certificate in criminal justice educa-
GCJA 504    Transforming Organizational          tion my be entirely incorporated into this
            Cultures                     3       concentration with an approved Methodol-
GIDS 506    The Person in                        ogy proposal.
            the Organization             3
GCJA 580    Projects/fieldwork/coursework         Sample Progression
            in correctional counseling 13        GCJA 501    Methodology                       3
GCJA 680    Perspective project in               GCJA 560    Critical Inquiry or
            correctional counseling      8       GCJA 563    Research Methods                  3
            Total                       36       GIDS 510    Influencing Effectiveness
                                                             of Systems                        3
                                                 GCJA 504    Transforming
Corrections Administration                                   Organizational Cultures           3
Students complete directed work and proj-        GIDS 506    The Person in
ects in applied settings within correctional                 the Organization                  3
administration. Areas of focus may include       GCJA 570    Educational Strategies            3
social and behavioral aspects of the offender,   GCJA 580    Projects/coursework in CJ
                                                             education and training           10
counseling, communication, accounting and
                                                 GCJA 680    Perspective project in
finance, and comparative studies in the field.                 education and training            8
                                                             Total                            36
40   Programs / Criminal Justice Administration


     Enforcement and Investigation                     GRADUATE CERTIFICATE IN
     Students complete directed work and               CRIMINAL JUSTICE EDUCATION
     projects in applied settings focusing on          The 18-hour graduate certificate in
     supervision of enforcement, interdiction,         criminal justice education is designed for
     investigation, and managing crime scenes          scholars of criminal justice and its adminis-
     during initial response and subsequent in-        trative and educational issues, and is not a
     vestigation.                                      practitioner’s certificate. It is especially well
                                                       suited for those who aspire to teach in un-
     Sample Progression                                dergraduate criminal justice programs and
     GCJA 501      Methodology                  3      prepares them for further advanced studies
     GCJA 560      Critical Inquiry or                 in criminal justice.
     GCJA 563      Research Methods             3
     GIDS 510      Influencing Effectiveness
                                                       The six courses that comprise the certificate
                   of Systems                   3
     GCJA 504      Transforming                        are deeply rooted in theory and research and
                   Organizational Cultures      3      involve intensive research and writing. Stu-
     GIDS 610      Holistic Strategy            3      dents completing the certificate may apply
     GCJA 580      Projects/coursework in CJ           to the M.C.J.A. program and can incorpo-
                   enforcement & investigation 13      rate the certificate into their degree studies
     GCJA 680      Perspective project in              with an approved Methodology proposal.
                   enforcement & investigation 8
                   Total                       36
                                                       Certificate Requirements
                                                       GCJA 531      History of Criminal Justice         3
                                                       GCJA 532      Contemp Issues in Criminology       3
     Security and Prevention                           GCJA 533      Contemp Issues in Policing          3
     Students complete directed work and proj-         GCJA 534      Contemp Issues in Ajudication       3
     ects in applied settings focusing on aspects      GCJA 535      Contemp Issues in Corrections       3
     of security and prevention administration,        GCJA 563      Research Methods                    3
     including industrial security and anti-
                                                       Note: Completion of or concurrent enrollment in
     terrorism.
                                                       GCJA 563 is a prerequisite for GCJA 531-535.

     Sample Progression
     GCJA 501      Methodology                     3
     GCJA 560      Critical Inquiry or
     GCJA 563      Research Methods                3
     GIDS 510      Influencing Effectiveness
                   of Systems                      3
     GCJA 504      Transforming
                   Organizational Cultures         3
     GIDS 610      Holistic Strategy               3
     GCJA 580      Projects/field experience/
                   coursework in security
                   and prevention                 13
     GCJA 680      Perspective project in
                   security and prevention         8
                   Total                          36
HEALTH SCIENCE
Master of Health Science (M.H.S.)

Offered through individualized study by the School of Graduate Studies




GRADUATE STUDY IN HEALTH                         although a writing sample may be required
SCIENCE                                          after application for assessment purposes.
The graduate program in health science can       You can apply, enroll, and begin your studies
prepare those in traditional health care fields   at any time during the academic year.
for advanced work, particularly in education
or administration. It also provides options      To apply, submit a graduate application and
for those within related specialties, such as    arrange for transcripts of all your undergrad-
safety officers and advisors, occupational        uate work, as well as any graduate work you
health nurses, safety and training coordina-     have completed elsewhere, to be sent directly
tors, risk managers, occupational hygienists,    to the School of Graduate Studies.
ventilation engineers, and people in other
health science–related fields.                    Because of the individualized nature of the
                                                 program, you should discuss your educa-
The program’s flexible structure allows           tional goals with the program administrator
students to integrate a variety of disci-        or advisor either before you apply or as soon
plines and to incorporate such elements as       as possible after you are accepted.
mentored learning, field experiences, and
other nontraditional forms of study. It also
provides convenience for those who need to       THE GRADUATE EXPERIENCE
schedule graduate study around work and          Your graduate experience can be of immense
family responsibilities.                         value to you in the future, not only because
                                                 it advances specific career or educational
                                                 goals, but also because it cultivates habits of
APPLICATION AND ADMISSION                        mind and discipline that will be important
Admission to the graduate program in health      throughout your life. It fosters independent
science is open to those with a bachelor’s       critical thinking; the ability to plan and per-
degree in a health science–related field from     form; and skills in communication, research,
a regionally accredited college or university.   and presentation.
There are no standardized test requirements,
42   Programs / Health Science


     The Nature of Graduate Study                     GRADUATE INDIVIDUALIZED
     Graduate work makes use of strong aca-           STUDY COURSES
     demic skills. The program therefore offers a     The M.H.S. program provides a number of
     number of courses that reinforce such key        graduate individualized study (GIS) courses
     competencies in graduate study as research,      in different subject areas. GIS courses are
     critical thinking, professional writing, and     available in an independent learning format
     fluency in communication and evaluation.          through the School of Graduate Studies.
     Taking advantage of these courses will assist
     you in furthering your abilities.                Registering for GIS Courses
                                                      Contact the School of Graduate Studies to
     During graduate study, you should expect         begin the process of registering for courses
     to improve and apply learning characteris-       and sections of independent work toward
     tics from your past undergraduate work. At       your degree in health science.
     the same time, your studies will emphasize
     higher-order attributes common in gradu-         Withdrawing from GIS Courses
     ate education.                                   There is no drop period (that is, a time
                                                      in which you can cancel your registration
     Psychologists of learning often use the frame-   and receive a refund) for GIS classes. You
     work known as Bloom’s hierarchy to describe      can withdraw from a GIS class at any time
     the ascending complexity of learning: assimi-    through the scheduled class completion
     lation, comprehension, application, analysis,    date by completing a withdrawal form
     synthesis, and evaluation. One significant        (available from the School of Graduate
     difference between undergraduate and gradu-      Studies or the Registrar’s Office section of
     ate work is that graduate education assumes      the MSU website) or through Cougar Web.
     the first three elements as givens in your        The course will remain on your transcript
     work and encourages analysis, synthesis, and     with a grade of WP (withdrew passing) or
     evaluation, particularly as a result of inde-    WF (withdrew failing), and you will remain
     pendent research. Graduate study not only        responsible for all tuition and fees associ-
     emphasizes independence but also cultivates      ated with the course. Withdrawal from a
     higher order learning and presentation bol-      class may affect your financial aid status;
     stered by graduate characteristics.              check with a financial aid representative
                                                      before withdrawing from any class.
     The Nature of Graduate Individualized Work
     If a traditional graduate experience nor-        GIS Syllabi, Books, and Materials
     mally includes independent work, graduate        Shortly after you register for a GIS class,
     individualized study depends on it. This         you will receive a syllabus (or the address
     work is directed by advisors but is also the     of a website where the syllabus is located)
     product of self-direction and self-discipline,   and contact information for the professor.
     attributes expected in the culture of graduate   Syllabi are project-based and cumulative in
     education. In graduate individualized study      nature, and generally include a schedule of
     you present your degree plan for faculty and     deadlines for submitting work throughout
     program approval; execute the plan, which        the semester.
     may include traditional classes, independent
     learning classes, and directed independent       It is your responsibility to acquire any
     research; and present a culminating project      required textbooks and materials at the
     to your committee. You also work indepen-        beginning of each GIS class. Required
     dently to form the committee that will guide     textbooks and materials are listed on each
     you and to ask prospective members to serve      syllabus and are available through MSU’s
     on your committee.                               online bookstore. Books listed as references
                                                                          Programs / Health Science   43


may also be available from the online book-        professor has received and graded the remain-
store or the library (either directly or through   ing work. If the coursework is not complete
interlibrary loan).                                by the specified date, the professor will de-
                                                   termine a grade for the course based on the
Contacting Faculty Members                         work received by the deadline. Students who
After registering for a graduate individual-       have exhausted their extensions are not eli-
ized study course, you begin coursework by         gible for administrative withdrawal.
e-mailing the professor. You are responsible
for initiating contact with the professor at       GIS Completion
the beginning of the class; if you do not          Unless you have received an official exten-
do so, you will be marked on attendance            sion, you must complete each graduate
rosters as not attending and will be subject       individualized study course by the comple-
to administrative withdrawal. You are also         tion date posted on your schedule. If you
responsible for contacting the professor in        do not finish the course by the assigned
a timely manner if you have any questions          completion date and have not withdrawn
about the syllabus or course material.             or received an extension, you will receive a
                                                   grade of F that will become part of your of-
Submitting GIS Assignments                         ficial transcript.
Unless instructed otherwise, you must sub-
mit all assignments directly to the e-mail         Re-enrollment
address provided for the professor. You            If you fail a GIS course but are in good
should make sure to keep a backup copy;            standing in the School of Graduate Studies,
MSU and the School of Graduate Studies             you can request an opportunity to re-enroll
will not be responsible for any loss of materi-    in the course. Such requests must be made
als due to transmission. If you have difficulty     in writing to the dean of the School of Grad-
reaching the professor or problems with            uate Studies, who will consider the request
interaction, contact the School of Graduate        and may or may not grant approval.
Studies immediately.

GIS Time Limits                                    GENERAL PROGRAM POLICIES
The starting date for a GIS course is the date     This section includes M.H.S. policies that
you register for the course as printed on your     apply throughout the program. Additional
schedule. You have 20 weeks from the date          policies that are relevant to a single phase of
of registration to complete each GIS course        the program appear with the description of
unless a different limit is stated in the course   that phase under “Program Structure and
syllabus. The specific completion date for          Requirements” later in this chapter.
each course is listed on your schedule.
                                                   Graduate Advisors and Mentors
You may request an extension from the class        Your Methodology proposal must include
professor. If your request is approved, the        the membership of a graduate committee
professor will notify the School of Graduate       that will guide and advise you throughout
Studies, which will post the extension dates       the program. Committee membership is
and new deadline. This process is the only         voluntary, and it is your responsibility to ask
way of obtaining an official extension.             advisors to serve on your committee.

Approved extensions should state the time          Graduate committees typically include facul-
frame within which the professor agrees to         ty members from MSU or other colleges or
receive any remaining work. A grade of WIP         universities, as well as qualified individuals
(Work In Progress) will be assigned until the      outside the academic sector. It is important
44   Programs / Health Science


     that committee members have a terminal             construct a concurrent enrollment plan for
     degree or equivalent credentials, although         proposal to the dean of the School of Gradu-
     in some fields of study a committee may in-         ate Studies. This proposal should include any
     clude a member who lacks a terminal degree         concepts of structure and content developed
     but has unique and appropriate professional        in discussion with the academic officers.
     experience. Register for GHSC 580 Content
     to complete independent work under the             The dean will consider the proposal to en-
     guidance of an advisor.                            sure that degree requirements are properly
                                                        fulfilled and that an appropriate amount of
     If your degree plan includes the design of a       content is shared between degree programs.
     special topics course (i.e., with regular grad-    To maintain the integrity of each degree
     ed assignments, an instructional syllabus,         program, the sum of the credits for the two
     and continual teaching), the instructor for        degrees should not diminish by more than
     that course is designated a mentor. Register       20 percent. Two 36-hour degree programs,
     for GHSC 590 Mentored Content to com-              for example, could share 14 hours of Con-
     plete a special topics course with a mentor.       tent credit. Of course, pursuit of a second
     In some cases, a mentoring team can take           graduate individualized degree requires that
     the place of a graduate committee with the         both a new Methodology and a new Perspec-
     approval of the dean of the School of Gradu-       tive project be submitted.
     ate Studies.
                                                        Copyright
     The selection of committee members or              An understanding of copyright regulations
     mentors is your responsibility and is con-         and the concept of fair use is critical in
     tingent on graduate program approval.              considering how to incorporate the citations
     Proposed members who are not MSU fac-              of others in any graduate work intended
     ulty members must provide documentation            for publication, such as a thesis, article, or
     of appropriate credentials, and your student       book. It is recommended that you read Ken-
     file must include a résumé or CV for each           neth D. Crews’s booklet Copyright Law and
     committee member (as submitted with your           Graduate Research: New Media, New Rights,
     Methodology proposal).                             and Your Dissertation, published by UMI
                                                        (www.umi.com) or a similar guide to current
     If an illness or calamity affects one of your      copyright and permissions issues.
     mentors or committee members in a way
     that alters the outcome of any degree work or      Institutional Review Board
     deadlines, or if you are having difficulties with   Proposed projects involving human subjects,
     a mentor or committee member, you should           restricted populations, the necessity for se-
     immediately notify the School of Graduate          cure storage of possibly identifying data, or
     Studies as well as the others involved.            similar issues must be approved by MSU’s
                                                        Institutional Review Board, or IRB. The
     Concurrent Program Enrollment                      IRB may require a full review or an expe-
     It is generally preferable for graduate stu-       dited review, or may determine that a project
     dents to pursue a single degree pathway, but       is exempt if it does not work with human
     there are exceptions. The following processes      subjects. The School of Graduate Studies
     apply to concurrent enrollment in two indi-        can assist you in obtaining IRB forms.
     vidualized graduate programs.
                                                        When planning your Methodology pro-
     After consulting with the academic officers         posal, you should consider the need for such
     for both programs, you can register for a          review in constructing timelines for your
     second section of Methodology, in which you        work. If your project involves working with
                                                                         Programs / Health Science   45


other sites or agencies that have their own          A cumulative GPA that falls below 3.0
IRB, you must also fulfill their requirements.        while you are in any aspect of Content
                                                     or Perspective.
Degree Candidacy
You must have a cumulative graduate GPA              A grade below C on a Methodology
of at least 3.0 to be granted degree candidacy       proposal.
(usually at the end of Methodology), to
maintain degree candidacy, and to progress           Failure to register within two regular se-
in the program. See “Qualifying for Degree           mesters of degree plan approval (in which
Candidacy” in the Methodology description            case you must retake Methodology).
later in this chapter for additional informa-
tion.                                                Failure to register in the approved
                                                     sequence within two semesters in the
Program Standing                                     absence of correspondence.
While enrolled in Content or Perspective,
you must maintain a cumulative GPA of at             A letter or e-mail to the School of Gradu-
least 3.0 on a 4-point scale. If you are car-        ate Studies stating that you are no longer
rying 12 hours of graduate courses from              in the program.
previous semesters, you will not be permit-
ted to register for new courses until the prior      A change of major form signifying your
work is completed. This restriction does not         exit from the program.
apply to GHSC 580 or GHSC 590 projects
that are designed to extend through more             Academic or behavioral violations,
than one semester as stated in your approved         in accordance with University policy.
degree plan.                                         See “Student Code of Conduct” and
                                                     “Academic Appeals” in the Graduate
Program Withdrawal and Reinstatement                 Study at MSU chapter.
To withdraw from the program, you must
provide written notice to the School of
Graduate Studies. Your committee or               Program Time Limit
mentoring team then disbands and you are          The time limit for completion of the M.H.S.
no longer a degree candidate (if you have         program is five years from the date of your
reached that point in your studies).              first enrollment. If you transfer credit hours
                                                  from another program, you have five years
To be reinstated in the degree program, you       from the date of your earliest enrollment in a
will be required to retake Methodology, ob-       course that you are transferring. Exceptions to
tain approval of a new proposal, and form a       this policy may be granted with the approval
new committee or mentoring team.                  of the dean of the School of Graduate Studies.

Removal from the Program
The following nonexclusive list of events         PROGRAM STRUCTURE AND
constitutes or causes immediate removal           REQUIREMENTS
from the program:                                 The M.H.S. program has a three-part struc-
                                                  ture in which you first enroll in Methodol-
   Failure to complete the program within         ogy as the point of entry, then take courses
   five years without an extension granted         and guided independent work according to
   by an accepted petition to the dean of the     your degree plan (developed in Methodol-
   School of Graduate Studies.                    ogy), and validate your knowledge in a
                                                  Perspective project as the final step.
46   Programs / Health Science


     Phase I: Methodology (3 credit hours)             the evaluator will not rewrite the draft
     Methodology is not a course in the con-           or annotate it for stylistic and grammati-
     ventional sense; it comprises the creation        cal correction. Proposals must include
     and approval of your degree plan. During          a cover sheet designating whether it is a
     the Methodology phase, you are expected           draft or final proposal.
     to discuss your plans with an assigned fac-
     ulty member and to conduct independent            You may submit only one final Method-
     research in your chosen field in support of        ology proposal for consideration. This
     your proposal. The process often includes a       proposal must be received in the School
     number of preliminary drafts as well as for-      of Graduate Studies office before the
     mal submission of a single final Methodology       20-week course deadline. No extensions
     proposal. Each document submitted must            are granted, and a proposal received after
     include a cover sheet designating whether it      the deadline is graded F with no chance
     is a draft for review or a final proposal.         to resubmit.

     Once your proposed plan has been fully         Qualifying for Degree Candidacy
     approved, you are ready to begin carrying      You must receive a grade of B or higher in
     out your degree plan in Content. Any later     Methodology to become a degree candidate
     modifications to the approved degree plan,      and continue in good standing in the pro-
     including the timeline, will require the ap-   gram. A grade of C in Methodology is the
     proval of the program administrator.           lowest passing grade and indicates that the
                                                    degree proposal, although executable, has
     Retaking Methodology                           serious weaknesses that must be addressed. A
     If you do not pass Methodology, the dean of    proposal earning a grade of C for Methodol-
     the School of Graduate Studies may grant       ogy requires revision, although this revision
     approval to register and retake Methodology    will not affect the original grade.
     under the following stipulations:
                                                    If you receive a grade of C for Methodol-
        You must request permission to retake       ogy, you will also be required to obtain the
        Methodology formally and in writing,        permission of the dean of the School of
        providing written evidence of your com-     Graduate Studies or the program advisor
        mitment to graduate studies.                to enroll in any further work. This permis-
                                                    sion may be granted when the Methodology
        Your rewritten Methodology proposal         proposal is evaluated or before you are to
        will be read and assessed by a faculty      register for each subsequent component of
        member chosen by the dean of the            your degree work. You can qualify for degree
        School of Graduate Studies, and the deci-   candidacy once further work in the Content
        sion will be binding without appeal.        phase brings your graduate cumulative GPA
                                                    up to 3.0 or better. You must then maintain
        Your rewritten proposal will receive an     a cumulative GPA to maintain degree candi-
        automatic failing grade if it contains      dacy and remain in the program.
        plagiarism or serious errors in grammar,
        organization, or coherence.                 Phase II: Content (25 credit hours)
                                                    In Content, the second phase of your degree
        You may submit only one draft for review    work, you carry out your learning goals as
        and comment by the evaluator before         planned in Methodology. Although there are
        submitting your final proposal. Review       other possibilities, the Content phase often
        of this draft will be concerned only with   incorporates some of the following options:
        the concepts presented in the proposal;
                                                                      Programs / Health Science   47


Traditional level course. A conventional          Field experience. On-site observation,
class at the graduate level.                      application, and analysis under the
                                                  supervision of a mentor or committee
Graduate individualized course. A                 member; may include action research.
graduate-level course offered individually;
usually available in an independent learn-        Research. An advised independent
ing format. These courses are identified           project involving investigation, analysis,
in the Courses of Instruction section with        comparison, or synthesis as described in
the designation GIS at the end of the             your Methodology plan.
course description.
                                                  Major project. A project fulfilling part
Enveloped course. A course not usu-               of your plan in Content (for example, a
ally applied at the graduate level that           grant proposal or the execution of an ac-
is incorporated into the foundation of            cepted grant, an article, or an extended
a graduate-level project. For example,            multimedia presentation).
a section of Content might include a
senior-level undergraduate course as a         Your approved Methodology proposal
refresher, although the actual focus of        should account for every aspect of Con-
the Content section is a large graduate        tent. Changes to any element of Content
research project. You do not register for      require an approved amendment to your
the undergraduate course but for the seg-      Methodology proposal. Forms for proposing
ment of Content describing the project.        amendments are available from the School
You are responsible for arranging to work      of Graduate Studies.
with the instructor of the undergraduate
course, and for proposing and obtaining        Since advisors and mentors are rarely able
approval for the arrangement in your           to immediately evaluate the work submitted
Methodology proposal.                          to them, be careful to budget an appropri-
                                               ate amount of time for review of your work
Transfer course. A graduate course from        when planning your program.
another college or university transferred
into the program under your learning           Phase III: Perspective (8 credit hours)
plan. For such credit to be considered for     The culminating element in the degree is the
transfer, you must petition the program        Perspective project. This project may be an
to accept it as transfer credit (generally 6   extended written document, several docu-
to 9 hours) as part of your Methodology        ments, a robustly designed website resting
proposal. Prospective transfer credit is       on extensive research, an oral presentation or
subject to an evaluation fee.                  portfolio, or a traditional thesis.

Portfolio. A vehicle for demonstrating         As with the Content phase, be careful to
currently achieved mastery of a particular     budget an adequate amount of time for
area, presented as the product of a seg-       your advisors or mentors to review your
ment of Content. The portfolio, which is       work. This consideration is especially im-
submitted to appropriate faculty members       portant if you are working toward a specific
for review, should be a summative docu-        graduation date or another requirement.
ment such as a master teacher portfolio.
                                               Once your graduate committee or mentor-
Directed study. Special study directed         ing team has accepted and evaluated your
by an advisor as described in your learn-      Perspective project, it forwards a recom-
ing plan.                                      mendation to the program. After a successful
48   Programs / Health Science


     review, you are awarded the final 8 hours of     Phase III: Perspective
     credit (for a total of 36 hours) and receive    The Perspective project includes two
     your degree.                                    components: a detailed, comprehensive,
                                                     research-based proposal for developing the
                                                     agency’s long-term goals and legislative
     SAMPLE PROGRESSION                              agenda; and a presentation on long-range
     This example shows how the M.H.S. pro-          environmental health policy planning for a
     gram might be structured by a student with      national conference. Upon completion of
     a bachelor’s degree and work experience in      the Perspective components, the advisors
     environmental health who wishes to concen-      reviewing them forward their assessment to
     trate on public policy.                         the program, which awards the final 8 hours
                                                     of credit toward the degree.
     Phase I: Methodology
     The graduate proposal establishes a degree
     plan with a concentration in environmental      CONCENTRATIONS
     health policy and identifies the members         While students have the freedom to struc-
     of the graduate committee. The proposal is      ture their studies around different areas of
     submitted to the program, and 3 hours of        interest, two suggested designs are provided
     credit are awarded upon its approval.           to indicate degree pathways that may be par-
                                                     ticularly useful.
     Phase II: Content
     The Content phase includes work in two          Aging Studies
     component areas: specialty knowledge and        Provides perspectives on aging for health
     field experience.                                and social service personnel. Design can be
                                                     adjusted to include any needed research and
     Specialty Knowledge                             statistics components.
     This component includes graduate courses
     in health science and interdisciplinary         Sample Progression
     studies from Mountain State University,         GHSC 501 Methodology                  3
     an on-line course from another accredited       GHSC/GIDS Communication or
     university, and a tutorial in the politics of             presentation course*        3
                                                     GHSC 511 Multidisciplinary Aspects
     environmental health conducted with a re-
                                                               of Aging                    3
     gional public-health agency director. Credit    GHSC 515 Psychological Aspects
     is awarded at the completion of each ele-                 of Aging                    3
     ment for a total of 19 hours.                   GHSC 516 Sociological Aspects
                                                               of Aging                    3
     Field Experience                                GHSC 575 Public Policy                3
     This component comprises an internship          GHSC 572 Working Across Disabilities 3
     under the regional agency’s legislative liai-   GHSC 580 Directed Field Experience    7
                                                     GHSC 680 Perspective                  8
     son. Another 6 hours of credit is awarded at
                                                               Total                      36
     the conclusion of the internship when the
     committee evaluates the assessment work         *Can be fulfilled with GHSC/GIDS 549 Format and
     submitted by the student.                       Focus in Graduate Writing, GHSC/GIDS 550 Pro-
                                                     fessional Writing, or GHSC/GIDS 555 Electronic
                                                     Presentation.
                                                 Programs / Health Science   49


Health Care Executive
Useful for administrators or those moving
into administrative roles. Content blends ex-
ecutive material with coursework in effective
communication and a directed field experi-
ence. Design can be adjusted to include any
needed research and statistics components.

Sample Progression
GHSC 501  Methodology                       3
GHSC 616  Health Care Systems               3
GHSC 621  Health Care Financial Mgt         3
GHSC 622  The Health Care Executive         3
GHSC 503  Behavior in Organizations         3
GHSC 504  Transforming
          Organizational Cultures           3
GHSC/GIDS Communication or
          presentation course*              3
GHSC 580 Directed Field Experience          7
GHSC 680 Perspective                        8

             Total                         36

*Can be fulfilled with GHSC/GIDS 549 Format and
Focus in Graduate Writing, GHSC/GIDS 550 Pro-
fessional Writing, or GHSC/GIDS 555 Electronic
Presentation.
INTERDISCIPLINARY STUDIES
Master of Arts (M.A.)
Master of Science (M.S.)
Graduate Certificates in Cultures and Social Concepts, Planning for Success,
Professional Communication, and Psychology Studies

Offered through individualized study by the School of Graduate Studies




GRADUATE INTERDISCIPLINARY                        undergraduate studies, as well as any gradu-
STUDIES                                           ate work you have completed elsewhere, to
A graduate degree in interdisciplinary stud-      be sent directly to the School of Graduate
ies allows students to create programs of         Studies. You can apply, enroll, and begin
study in many fields, particularly those           your studies at any time during the aca-
incorporating the work of different domains       demic year.
of knowledge. It provides a useful approach
for those whose interests combine traditional     Because of the individualized nature of the
areas or who wish to avoid the rigid perspec-     program, it is recommended that you discuss
tive of a conventional graduate program.          your educational goals with a program rep-
Students can integrate a variety of disciplines   resentative either before you apply or as soon
and incorporate fieldwork, directed research,      as possible after you are accepted.
mentored learning, and other nontraditional
forms of study.
                                                  THE GRADUATE EXPERIENCE
                                                  Your graduate experience can be of immense
APPLICATION AND ADMISSION                         value to you in the future, not only because
General admission to the graduate program         it advances specific career or educational
in interdisciplinary studies is open to those     goals, but also because it cultivates habits of
with a bachelor’s degree from a regionally        mind and discipline that will be important
accredited college or university. There are       throughout your life. It fosters independent
no standardized test requirements, although       critical thinking; the ability to plan and per-
upon admission a writing sample may be re-        form; and skills in communication, research,
quired for advising and assessment purposes.      and presentation.
Individual concentrations and certificates
may have further prerequisites for admis-
sion; see each listing for details.               The Nature of Graduate Study
                                                  Graduate work makes use of strong aca-
To apply, submit a graduate application and       demic skills. The program therefore offers a
arrange for official transcripts of all your       number of courses that reinforce such key
52   Programs / Interdisciplinary Studies


     competencies in graduate study as research,      GRADUATE INDIVIDUALIZED
     critical thinking, professional writing, and     STUDY COURSES
     fluency in communication and evaluation.          The interdisciplinary studies program pro-
     Taking advantage of these courses will assist    vides a number of graduate individualized
     you in furthering your abilities.                study (GIS) courses in different subject
                                                      areas. GIS courses are available in an inde-
     During graduate study, you should expect         pendent learning format through the School
     to improve and apply learning characteris-       of Graduate Studies.
     tics from your past undergraduate work. At
     the same time, your studies will emphasize       Registering for GIS Courses
     higher-order attributes common in gradu-         Contact the School of Graduate Studies to
     ate education.                                   begin the process of registering for courses
                                                      and sections of independent work toward
     Psychologists of learning often use the frame-   your degree in interdisciplinary studies.
     work known as Bloom’s hierarchy to describe
     the ascending complexity of learning: assimi-    Withdrawing from GIS Courses
     lation, comprehension, application, analysis,    There is no drop period (that is, a time
     synthesis, and evaluation. One significant        in which you can cancel your registration
     difference between undergraduate and gradu-      and receive a refund) for GIS classes. You
     ate work is that graduate education assumes      can withdraw from a GIS class at any time
     the first three elements as givens in your        through the scheduled class completion date
     work and encourages analysis, synthesis, and     by completing a withdrawal form (available
     evaluation, particularly as a result of inde-    from the School of Graduate Studies or the
     pendent research. Graduate study not only        Registrar’s Office section of the MSU website)
     emphasizes independence but also cultivates      or through Cougar Web. The course will
     higher order learning and presentation bol-      remain on your transcript with a grade of WP
     stered by graduate characteristics.              (withdrew passing) or WF (withdrew failing),
                                                      and you will remain responsible for all tuition
     The Nature of Graduate Individualized            and fees associated with the course. With-
     Work                                             drawal from a class may affect your financial
     If a traditional graduate experience nor-        aid status; check with a financial aid represen-
     mally includes independent work, graduate        tative before withdrawing from any class.
     individualized study depends on it. This
     work is directed by advisors but is also the     GIS Syllabi, Books, and Materials
     product of self-direction and self-discipline,   Shortly after you register for a GIS class,
     attributes expected in the culture of graduate   you will receive a syllabus (or the address
     education. In graduate individualized study      of a website where the syllabus is located)
     you present your degree plan for faculty and     and contact information for the professor.
     program approval; execute the plan, which        Syllabi are project-based and cumulative in
     may include traditional classes, independent     nature, and generally include a schedule of
     learning classes, and directed independent       deadlines for submitting work throughout
     research; and present a culminating project      the semester.
     to your committee. You also work indepen-
     dently to form the committee that will guide     It is your responsibility to acquire any
     you and to ask prospective members to serve      required textbooks and materials at the
     on your committee.                               beginning of each GIS class. Required
                                                      textbooks and materials are listed on each
                                                      syllabus and are available through MSU’s
                                                      online bookstore. Books listed as refer-
                                                                  Programs / Interdisciplinary Studies   53


ences may also be available from the online        professor has received and graded the remain-
bookstore or the library (either directly or       ing work. If the coursework is not complete
through interlibrary loan).                        by the specified date, the professor will de-
                                                   termine a grade for the course based on the
Contacting Faculty Members                         work received by the deadline. Students who
After registering for a graduate individual-       have exhausted their extensions are not eli-
ized study course, you begin coursework by         gible for administrative withdrawal.
e-mailing the professor. You are responsible
for initiating contact with the professor at       GIS Completion
the beginning of the class; if you do not          Unless you have received an official exten-
do so, you will be marked on attendance            sion, you must complete each graduate
rosters as not attending and will be subject       individualized study course by the comple-
to administrative withdrawal. You are also         tion date posted on your schedule. If you
responsible for contacting the professor in        do not finish the course by the assigned
a timely manner if you have any questions          completion date and have not withdrawn
about the syllabus or course material.             or received an extension, you will receive a
                                                   grade of F that will become part of your of-
Submitting GIS Assignments                         ficial transcript.
Unless instructed otherwise, you must sub-
mit all assignments directly to the e-mail         Re-enrollment
address provided for the professor. You            If you fail a GIS course but are in good
should make sure to keep a backup copy;            standing in the School of Graduate Studies,
MSU and the School of Graduate Studies             you can request an opportunity to re-enroll
will not be responsible for any loss of materi-    in the course. Such requests must be made
als due to transmission. If you have difficulty     in writing to the dean of the School of Grad-
reaching the professor or problems with            uate Studies, who will consider the request
interaction, contact the School of Graduate        and may or may not grant approval.
Studies immediately.

GIS Time Limits                                    GENERAL PROGRAM POLICIES
The starting date for a GIS course is the date     This section includes policies that apply
you register for the course as printed on your     throughout the graduate interdisciplinary
schedule. You have 20 weeks from the date          studies program. Additional policies that
of registration to complete each GIS course        are relevant to a single phase of the program
unless a different limit is stated in the course   appear with the description of that phase
syllabus. The specific completion date for          under “Program Structure and Require-
each course is listed on your schedule.            ments” later in this chapter.

You may request an extension from the class        Graduate Advisors and Mentors
professor. If your request is approved, the        Your Methodology proposal must include
professor will notify the School of Graduate       the membership of a graduate committee
Studies, which will post the extension dates       that will guide and advise you throughout
and new deadline. This process is the only         the program. Committee membership is
way of obtaining an official extension.             voluntary, and it is your responsibility to ask
                                                   advisors to serve on your committee.
Approved extensions should state the time
frame within which the professor agrees to         Graduate committees typically include facul-
receive any remaining work. A grade of WIP         ty members from MSU or other colleges or
(Work In Progress) will be assigned until the      universities, as well as qualified individuals
54   Programs / Interdisciplinary Studies


     outside the academic sector. It is important       second section of Methodology, in which you
     that committee members have a terminal             construct a concurrent enrollment plan for
     degree or equivalent credentials, although         proposal to the dean of the School of Gradu-
     in some fields of study a committee may in-         ate Studies. This proposal should include any
     clude a member who lacks a terminal degree         concepts of structure and content developed
     but has unique and appropriate professional        in discussion with the academic officers.
     experience. Register for GIDS 580 Content
     to complete independent work under the             The dean will consider the proposal to en-
     guidance of an advisor.                            sure that degree requirements are properly
                                                        fulfilled and that an appropriate amount of
     If your degree plan includes the design of a       content is shared between degree programs.
     special topics course (i.e., with regular grad-    To maintain the integrity of each degree
     ed assignments, an instructional syllabus,         program, the sum of the credits for the two
     and continual teaching), the instructor for        degrees should not diminish by more than
     that course is designated a mentor. Register       20 percent. Two 36-hour degree programs,
     for GIDS 590 Mentored Content to com-              for example, could share 14 hours of Con-
     plete a special topics course with a mentor.       tent credit. Of course, pursuit of a second
     In some cases, a mentoring team can take           graduate individualized degree requires that
     the place of a graduate committee with the         both a new Methodology and a new Perspec-
     approval of the dean of the School of Gradu-       tive project be submitted.
     ate Studies.
                                                        Copyright
     The selection of committee members or              An understanding of copyright regulations
     mentors is your responsibility and is con-         and the concept of fair use is critical in con-
     tingent on graduate program approval.              sidering how to incorporate the citations
     Proposed members who are not MSU fac-              of others in any graduate work intended
     ulty members must provide documentation            for publication, such as a thesis, article,
     of appropriate credentials, and your student       or book. It is recommended that you read
     file must include a résumé or CV for each           Kenneth D. Crews’s booklet Copyright Law
     committee member (as submitted with your           and Graduate Research: New Media, New
     Methodology proposal).                             Rights, and Your Dissertation, published by
                                                        UMI (www.umi.com) or a similar guide to
     If an illness or calamity affects one of your      current copyright and permissions issues.
     mentors or committee members in a way
     that alters the outcome of any degree work or      Institutional Review Board
     deadlines, or if you are having difficulties with   Proposed projects involving human subjects,
     a mentor or committee member, you should           restricted populations, the necessity for se-
     immediately notify the School of Graduate          cure storage of possibly identifying data, or
     Studies as well as the others involved.            similar issues must be approved by MSU’s
                                                        Institutional Review Board, or IRB. The
     Concurrent Program Enrollment                      IRB may require a full review or an expe-
     It is generally preferable for graduate stu-       dited review, or may determine that a project
     dents to pursue a single degree pathway, but       is exempt if it does not work with human
     there are exceptions. The following processes      subjects. The School of Graduate Studies
     apply to concurrent enrollment in two indi-        can assist you in obtaining IRB forms.
     vidualized graduate programs.
                                                        When planning your Methodology pro-
     After consulting with the academic officers         posal, you should consider the need for such
     for both programs, you can register for a          review in constructing timelines for your
                                                                 Programs / Interdisciplinary Studies   55


work. If your project involves working with          A cumulative GPA that falls below 3.0
other sites or agencies that have their own          while you are in any aspect of Content or
IRB, you must also fulfill their requirements.        Perspective.

Degree Candidacy                                     A grade below C on a Methodology pro-
You must have a cumulative graduate GPA              posal.
of at least 3.0 to be granted degree candidacy
(usually at the end of Methodology), to main-        Failure to register within two regular se-
tain degree candidacy, and to progress in the        mesters of degree plan approval (in which
program. See “Qualifying for Degree Candi-           case you must retake Methodology).
dacy” in the Methodology description later in
this chapter for additional information.             Failure to register in the approved
                                                     sequence within two semesters in the ab-
Program Standing                                     sence of correspondence.
While enrolled in Content or Perspective,
you must maintain a cumulative GPA of at             A letter or e-mail to the School of Gradu-
least 3.0 on a 4-point scale. If you are car-        ate Studies stating that you are no longer
rying 12 hours of graduate courses from              in the program.
previous semesters, you will not be permit-
ted to register for new courses until the prior      A change of major form signifying your
work is completed. This restriction does not         exit from the program.
apply to GIDS 580 or GIDS 590 projects
that are designed to extend through more             Academic or behavioral violations,
than one semester as stated in your approved         in accordance with University policy.
degree plan.                                         See “Student Code of Conduct” and
                                                     “Academic Appeals” in the Graduate
Program Withdrawal and Reinstatement                 Study at MSU chapter.
To withdraw from the program, you must
provide written notice to the School of
Graduate Studies. Your committee or               Program Time Limit
mentoring team then disbands and you are          The time limit for completion of the gradu-
no longer a degree candidate (if you have         ate interdisciplinary studies program is five
reached that point in your studies).              years from the date of your first enrollment.
                                                  If you transfer credit hours from another
To be reinstated in the degree program, you       program, you have five years from the date
will be required to retake Methodology, ob-       of your earliest enrollment in a course that
tain approval of a new proposal, and form a       you are transferring. Exceptions to this pol-
new committee or mentoring team.                  icy may be granted with the approval of the
                                                  dean of the School of Graduate Studies.
Removal from the Program
The following nonexclusive list of events
constitutes or causes immediate removal           PROGRAM STRUCTURE AND
from the program:                                 REQUIREMENTS
                                                  The graduate interdisciplinary studies
   Failure to complete the program within         program has a three-part structure in which
   five years without an extension granted         you first enroll in Methodology as the point
   by an accepted petition to the dean of the     of entry, then take courses and guided inde-
   School of Graduate Studies.                    pendent work according to your degree plan
                                                  (developed in Methodology), and validate
56   Programs / Interdisciplinary Studies


     your knowledge in a Perspective project as        submitting your final proposal. Review
     the final step.                                    of this draft will be concerned only with
                                                       the concepts presented in the proposal;
     Phase I: Methodology (3 credit hours)             the evaluator will not rewrite the draft
     Methodology is not a course in the con-           or annotate it for stylistic and grammati-
     ventional sense; it comprises the creation        cal correction. Proposals must include
     and approval of your degree plan. During          a cover sheet designating whether it is a
     the Methodology phase, you are expected           draft or final proposal.
     to discuss your plans with an assigned fac-
     ulty member and to conduct independent            You may submit only one final Method-
     research in your chosen field in support of        ology proposal for consideration. This
     your proposal. The process often includes a       proposal must be received in the School
     number of preliminary drafts as well as for-      of Graduate Studies office before the 20-
     mal submission of a single final Methodology       week course deadline. No extensions are
     proposal. Each document submitted must            granted, and a proposal received after the
     include a cover sheet designating whether it      deadline is graded F with no chance to
     is a draft for review or a final proposal.         resubmit.

     Once your proposed plan has been fully         Qualifying for Degree Candidacy
     approved, you are ready to begin carrying      You must receive a grade of B or higher in
     out your degree plan in Content. Any later     Methodology to become a degree candidate
     modifications to the approved degree plan,      and continue in good standing in the pro-
     including the timeline, will require the ap-   gram. A grade of C in Methodology is the
     proval of the program administrator.           lowest passing grade and indicates that the
                                                    degree proposal, although executable, has
     Retaking Methodology                           serious weaknesses that must be addressed. A
     If you do not pass Methodology, the dean of    proposal earning a grade of C for Methodol-
     the School of Graduate Studies may grant       ogy requires revision, although this revision
     approval to register and retake Methodology    will not affect the original grade.
     under the following stipulations:
                                                    If you receive a grade of C for Methodol-
        You must request permission to retake       ogy, you will also be required to obtain the
        Methodology formally and in writing,        permission of the dean of the School of
        providing written evidence of your com-     Graduate Studies or the program advisor
        mitment to graduate studies.                to enroll in any further work. This permis-
                                                    sion may be granted when the Methodology
        Your rewritten Methodology proposal         proposal is evaluated or before you are to
        will be read and assessed by a faculty      register for each subsequent component of
        member chosen by the dean of the            your degree work. You can qualify for degree
        School of Graduate Studies, and the deci-   candidacy once further work in the Content
        sion will be binding without appeal.        phase brings your graduate cumulative GPA
                                                    up to 3.0 or better. You must then maintain
        Your rewritten proposal will receive an     a cumulative GPA to maintain degree candi-
        automatic failing grade if it contains      dacy and remain in the program.
        plagiarism or serious errors in grammar,
        organization, or coherence.                 Phase II: Content (25 credit hours)
                                                    In Content, the second phase of your degree
        You may submit only one draft for review    work, you carry out your learning goals as
        and comment by the evaluator before         planned in Methodology. Although there are
                                                                 Programs / Interdisciplinary Studies   57


other possibilities, the Content phase often         Directed study. Special study directed by
incorporates some of the following options:          an advisor as described in your learning
                                                     plan.
   Traditional level course. A conventional
   class at the graduate level.                      Field experience. On-site observation,
                                                     application, and analysis under the
   Graduate individualized course. A                 supervision of a mentor or committee
   graduate-level course offered individually;       member; may include action research.
   usually available in an independent learn-
   ing format. These courses are identified           Research. An advised independent
   in the Courses of Instruction section with        project involving investigation, analysis,
   the designation GIS at the end of the             comparison, or synthesis as described in
   course description.                               your Methodology plan.

   Enveloped course. A course not usu-               Major project. A project fulfilling part
   ally applied at the graduate level that           of your plan in Content (for example, a
   is incorporated into the foundation of            grant proposal or the execution of an ac-
   a graduate-level project. For example,            cepted grant, an article, or an extended
   a section of Content might include a              multimedia presentation).
   senior-level undergraduate course as a
   refresher, although the actual focus of        Your approved Methodology proposal
   the Content section is a large graduate        should account for every aspect of Con-
   research project. You do not register for      tent. Changes to any element of Content
   the undergraduate course but for the seg-      require an approved amendment to your
   ment of Content describing the project.        Methodology proposal. Forms for proposing
   You are responsible for arranging to work      amendments are available from the School
   with the instructor of the undergraduate       of Graduate Studies.
   course, and for proposing and obtaining
   approval for the arrangement in your           Since advisors and mentors are rarely able
   Methodology proposal.                          to immediately evaluate the work submitted
                                                  to them, be careful to budget an appropri-
   Transfer course. A graduate course from        ate amount of time for review of your work
   another college or university transferred      when planning your program.
   into the program under your learning
   plan. For such credit to be considered for     Phase III: Perspective (8 credit hours)
   transfer, you must petition the program        The culminating element in the degree is the
   to accept it as transfer credit (generally 6   Perspective project. This project may be an
   to 9 hours) as part of your Methodology        extended written document, several docu-
   proposal. Prospective transfer credit is       ments, a robustly designed website resting
   subject to an evaluation fee.                  on extensive research, an oral presentation or
                                                  portfolio, or a traditional thesis.
   Portfolio. A vehicle for demonstrating
   mastery of a particular area, presented        As with the Content phase, be careful to
   as the product of a segment of Content.        budget an adequate amount of time for your
   The portfolio, which is submitted to           advisors or mentors to review your work.
   appropriate faculty members for review,        This consideration is especially important if
   should be a summative document such as         you are working toward a specific graduation
   a master teacher portfolio.                    date or another requirement.
58   Programs / Interdisciplinary Studies


     Once your graduate committee or men-               coursework, tutorials, projects, and pract-
     toring team has accepted and evaluated             icum learning.
     your Perspective project, it forwards a
     recommendation to the program. After a             Designation of advisors. The proposed
     successful review, you are awarded the final        graduate advisors include a curator and
     8 hours of credit (for a total of 36 hours)        preparator at the student’s workplace
     and receive your degree.                           as well as a member of MSU’s graduate
                                                        faculty.

     SAMPLE PROGRESSION                                 Timeline. The proposed timeline speci-
     This example shows how the program                 fies a year for completion of Content
     might be structured by a student who has a         and eight months for completion of the
     bachelor’s degree in humanities and fine arts,      Perspective project.
     works in a museum, and is interested in de-
     veloping a career in museum administration.        Description of the Perspective project.
                                                        The proposal includes an outline for a
     Phase I: Methodology                               project designed to demonstrate learning
     The student registers through the School           across the designated content areas—in
     of Graduate Studies and consults with              this case, the design and administration
     the program for permission to proceed              of a grant-funded exhibition.
     with initial research. The student then
     conducts independent research as a foun-        The program reviews the Methodology
     dation for the Methodology proposal and         proposal and awards 3 hours of credit upon
     identifies members who agree to serve on an      its approval.
     advisory committee.
                                                     Phase II: Content
     After submitting a draft proposal to the pro-   The learning plan designed in the Meth-
     gram for review, the student then develops      odology proposal is carried out, with credit
     and submits a final proposal that includes       awarded as each segment is completed for a
     the following details:                          total of 25 credit hours.

        Focus and rationale. The proposal gives      Phase III: Perspective
        the focus of the degree as a Master of       When the Perspective project is complete
        Arts in Interdisciplinary Studies with an    and has been presented to the graduate com-
        emphasis in museum administration. It        mittee, the committee reviews the project. It
        explains the importance of graduate study    forwards its written recommendations to the
        to advancement in the field.                  program, which award the final 8 hours of
                                                     credit upon approval.
        Details of learning to be done in Con-
        tent. The proposal outlines specific
        competencies to be learned and groups        CONCENTRATIONS
        them into sections: management of per-       While students have the freedom to struc-
        sonnel and finances; grant writing and        ture their studies around different areas of
        nonprofit agency operations; design,          specific interest, the standardized concentra-
        preparation, and context of exhibits;        tions included here provide for those who
        presentation strategies; and a field com-     wish to pursue graduate study in selected
        parison of selected museums. It explains     fields. These programs incorporate Univer-
        how each section will be carried out         sity coursework to fulfill the Content phase
        through a combination of traditional         of the program.
                                                                    Programs / Interdisciplinary Studies   59


Areas of recent strong student-designed con-        or presentation in an alternative medium.
centrations have included literature, public        Admission requires a bachelor’s degree in a
administration, cultural studies, geology,          social sciences, health, or social services field.
history, psychology studies, adult education,
and management of agencies or firms.                 Sample Progression
                                                    GIDS 501     Methodology                     3
                                                    GIDS 560     Critical Inquiry or
Adult Learning Facilitation (M.A.)                  GIDS 563     Research Methods                3
                                                    GIDS 549     Format and Focus in
Designed for those seeking to increase their
                                                                 Graduate Writing or
subject knowledge and educational skills in         GIDS 550     Professional Writing or
the teaching or training of adults. The Con-        GIDS 551     Grant Writing for Professionals 3
tent phase incorporates advanced work in            GIDS 565     Interpreting Statistics
a specific discipline and field experience in                      in Research                     3
directed applied educational settings. Con-         GIDS 575     Public Policy                   3
tent hours include GIDS 570; GIDS 549,              GIDS 572     Working Across Disabilities 3
550, or 555; and administration courses             GIDS 580     Directed work or courses
                                                                 in history, social attitudes,
as appropriate. The Perspective project is a
                                                                 legislation, and education
detailed master teacher portfolio. Admission                     related to disability issues 10
requires a bachelor’s degree or professional        GIDS 680     Perspective                     8
background in training or education.                             Total                         36

Sample Progression
GIDS 501     Methodology                   3        Liberal Studies (M.A.)
GIDS 560     Critical Inquiry or
                                                    Includes directed study of important works
GIDS 563     Research Methods              3
GIDS 549     Format and Focus in                    in four areas of human thought: literature,
             Graduate Writing or                    history, theories of society, and philosophy.
GIDS 550     Professional Writing or                GIDS 549 or 550 is a required element
GIDS 555     Electronic Presentation       3        of Content. The perspective project may
GIDS 570     Educational Strategies        3        be a creative work, set of articles, con-
GIDS 580     Directed Subj/Field Study 12           ventional thesis, or presentation in an
GIDS 580     Directed Subj/ Field Study or          alternative medium. Admission requires a
             Study in Educational Delivery 4
                                                    bachelor’s degree in a humanities or social
GIDS 680     Perspective                   8
                                                    sciences discipline.
             Total                        36

                                                    Sample Progression
                                                    GIDS 501     Methodology                  3
Disability Studies (M.S.)                           GIDS 560     Critical Inquiry             3
Designed for teachers, administrators, advo-        GIDS 549     Format and Focus in
cates, mediators, social services personnel,                     Graduate Writing or
and human resources professionals dealing           GIDS 550     Professional Writing         3
with compliance issues. Content may in-             GIDS 545     Cultures and Social Concepts 3
clude directed work involving the history of        GIDS 580     Readings in History          4
disability issues; evolution of social attitudes;   GIDS 580     Readings in Literature       4
                                                    GIDS 580     Readings in Social Theory    4
social responses through IDEA, ADA, and
                                                    GIDS 580     Readings in Philosophy       4
other regulations; and educational issues.          GIDS 680     Perspective                  8
Perspective projects may include a problem                       Total                      36
paper, extended major proposal, thesis,
60   Programs / Interdisciplinary Studies


     Psychology Studies (M.A.)                       GIDS 550    Professional Writing or
     Provides an orientation in psychology and       GIDS 555    Electronic Presentation      3
     linkage with other interdisciplinary areas      GIDS 565    Interpreting Statistics
     of interest; academic concentration that                    in Research                  3
                                                     GIDS 545    Cultures and Social Concepts 3
     does not, and is not intended to, lead to
                                                     GIDS 575    Public Policy                3
     licensure. Admission requires two letters       GIDS 580    Studies in Social and
     of recommendation and approved un-                          Behavioral Sciences        10
     dergraduate coursework in the following         GIDS 680    Perspective                  8
     prerequisite areas: introductory psychology                 Total                      36
     (3 credit hours), experimental psychology
     and/or research methods (3 credit hours);
     psychology electives at the 300 level or        GRADUATE INTERDISCIPLINARY
     higher (6 credit hours).                        STUDIES CERTIFICATES
                                                     In addition to master’s degree options, the
     Sample Progression                              graduate interdisciplinary studies program
     GIDS 501      Methodology                  3    offers graduate-level certificates in selected
     GIDS 563      Research Methods             3    areas of study. Certificates are designed for
     GIDS 517      Adv Developmental Psych      3    those who wish to strengthen their work-
     GIDS 518      Psych of Psychopathology          place credentials or to pursue knowledge
                   and Diagnosis                3    outside the structure of a degree program.
     GIDS 519      Psych of Psychotherapy
                                                     Each certificate requires 15 to 18 hours of
                   and Counseling               3
     GIDS 520      Research in Physiological         study and can either serve as a standalone
                   Psychology                   3    certificate or be imported into the master’s
                   Electives in psychology,          degree program in criminal justice or inter-
                   statistics, and other             disciplinary studies.
                   interdisciplinary areas     10
     GIDS 680      Perspective                  8    To pursue a graduate certificate, you must
                   Total                       36    have a bachelor’s degree from a regionally
                                                     accredited college or university and be ad-
                                                     mitted to the School of Graduate Studies.
     Social and Behavioral Studies (M.S.)
     Provides teachers, counselors, and human re-
     sources or human services professionals with    Cultures and Social Concepts
     an interdisciplinary understanding of social    Interdisciplinary understanding of the re-
     and behavioral studies. Content includes        lationship between cultural concepts and
     GIDS 550 or 555 (or both), 565, and 575,        social movements.
     as well as directed studies and projects. GIS
     courses in psychology may be substituted        GIDS 545    Cultures and Social Concepts 3
     in Content as appropriate. The Perspective      GIDS 547    Early Modern Images
     project may be a problem paper or similar                   of Rulers                    3
     product in an alternative medium. Admis-        GIDS 560    Critical Inquiry             3
     sion requires a bachelor’s degree in a human    GIDS 572    Working Across Disabilities 3
                                                     GIDS 575    Public Policy                3
     services, human resources, or education area.
                                                                 Total                       15

     Sample Progression                              Planning for Success
     GIDS 501      Methodology                  3
                                                     Context and strategies of management.
     GIDS 560      Critical Inquiry or
     GIDS 563      Research Methods             3
                                                     GIDS 504    Transforming Org Cultures        3
     GIDS 549      Format and Focus in
                                                     GIDS 510    Influencing Effectiveness
                   Graduate Writing or
                                                                 of Systems                       3
                                                 Programs / Interdisciplinary Studies   61


GIDS 547    Early Modern Images
            of Rulers                     3
GIDS 601    Theories of Organizations     3
GIDS 610    Holistic Strategy             3
            Total                        15


Professional Communication
A blend of written and Web presentation,
grant writing, teaching, and training, all un-
derpinned by a study of great presenters.

GIDS 545    Cultures and Social Concepts 3
GIDS 550    Professional Writing            3
GIDS 551    Grant Writing for Professionals 3
GIDS 555    Electronic Presentation         3
GIDS 570    Educational Strategies          3
            Total                         15


Psychology Studies
Provides foundational knowledge in psychol-
ogy that can serve as a basis for advanced
graduate study or other professional goals;
academic certificate that does not, and is
not intended to, lead to licensure. Students
completing the certificate may apply to the
interdisciplinary studies degree program and
can incorporate the certificate program into
an emphasis in psychology studies with an
approved Methodology proposal. Admission
requirements are the same as for the psychol-
ogy studies degree program.


GIDS 517    Adv Developmental Psych        3
GIDS 518    Psych of Psychopathology
            and Diagnosis                  3
GIDS 519    Psych of Psychotherapy
            and Counseling                 3
GIDS 520    Research in Physiological
            Psychology                    3
GIDS 563    Research Methods              3
            Elective*                     3
            Total                        18

* Choose from GIDS 521 Advanced Educa-
tional Psychology, GIDS 522 Psychology of
Spirituality and Religion, GIDS 523 Psychol-
ogy Professional Ethics and Legal Issues, and
GIDS 524 Teaching Intro to Psychology. Other
electives in psychology may be used when
available from MSU.
LEADERSHIP AND PROFESSIONAL
DEVELOPMENT
Master of Science in Strategic Leadership (M.S.S.L.)
Offered on all campuses, at MSU Hickory Center, at locations throughout West
Virginia, and online through the School of Leadership and Professional Development

Graduate Certificate in Leadership
Offered through distance learning




GRADUATE STUDY IN STRATEGIC                       The educational concept is simple: Break
LEADERSHIP                                        the challenge of leadership into blocks that
A truly useful advanced degree in leadership      have real organizational meaning; discuss
should go beyond spreadsheets and day-            the latest in conceptual solutions to those
to-day management. It should concentrate          challenges; use experienced mentors to help
on building the skills and knowledge that         the participants apply these conceptual
executives require to work with the people,       frameworks to real-world, real-time organi-
organizational systems, and complex in-           zational problem sets; and give participants
formation on which personal success and           constant feedback on their use of these prob-
organizational effectiveness depend.              lem-solving skills. As a result, participants
                                                  develop the individualized and practical
Mountain State University’s Master of Sci-        problem-solving strategies they and their
ence in Strategic Leadership (M.S.S.L.) will      organizations need to succeed.
help you attain those skills. An outstanding
faculty and an emphasis on real-world lead-       Whether they are preparing an analysis and
ership make it one of the soundest career         making solution-based recommendations
investments you can make, and a format            or preparing a position paper to address
that accommodates the needs of adult learn-       a business problem, participants are con-
ers puts it within reach even if you’re already   stantly working to expand and effectively
juggling job, family, and personal respon-        use their skills. They acquire such tools
sibilities. Designed to build practical and       as advanced proficiency in analytical and
useful leadership skills, the M.S.S.L. pro-       inductive reasoning, expertise in strategic
gram encourages you to build a “leadership        thinking and organizational development,
skill set” that will serve you throughout your    and proficiency in the effective utilization
career, no matter where you go or what type       of human resources. They bring back to
of organization you support. Exposure to a        their organizations dexterity in creative
wide variety of real-world, real-time leader-     problem solving, quality management,
ship issues helps you learn how to develop        contingency thinking, and the effective
not only strategies for problem solving but       use of teams, as well as the development, use,
also solutions.                                   and integration of performance assessments
64   Programs / Leadership and Professional Development


     that help organizations maintain a competi-          program application fee. Students whose
     tive advantage.                                      native language is not English must also sub-
                                                          mit TOEFL scores.

     PROGRAM EXPECTATIONS                                 Applicants to the M.S.S.L. program are not
     The program is structured for study in an            required to have a minimum undergraduate
     accelerated cohort format. Over a 60-week            grade-point average and do not have to sub-
     period, participants:                                mit GRE or GMAT scores.

        Gain a strategic perspective on the role of
        leadership in the effective management of         PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS
        essential organizational resources.               The M.S.S.L. is offered through an acceler-
                                                          ated cohort program, which means that you
        Develop their skills in organizational            begin and complete the entire program with
        analysis, organizational psychology and           the same group. As a result, the sequence
        development, human resource develop-              and timing of courses are set in advance for
        ment, and quality management within an            the entire program. Because many partici-
        organizational context.                           pants must schedule their studies around
                                                          demanding jobs and other responsibili-
        Apply concepts of open systems theory to          ties, program policies are designed to be as
        diagnose organizational problems in the           flexible as possible while maintaining the
        workplace.                                        required sequence of courses.

        Use skills derived from their study of            To complete the program, you must:
        strategic human resource management
        and organizational development to solve              Obtain candidacy in the School of
        problems and resolve situations that com-            Graduate Studies.
        monly develop within the internal or
        external spheres of the organization.                Complete all required coursework.

        Understand and apply principles of                   Submit an approved master’s project
        adult learning and development to the                report to the School of Leadership and
        management and development of human                  Professional Development.
        resources in such areas as career devel-
        opment, teamwork, and self-directed                  Meet the University’s performance
        learning.                                            requirements for graduate students.

        Produce an organizational analysis that           You must complete all degree requirements
        integrates the skills they have acquired          within five years of your initial admission
        over the course of the program.                   into the School of Graduate Studies.


     APPLICATION AND ADMISSION                            ORGANIZATIONAL ANALYSIS
     To be eligible for admission to the M.S.S.L.         RESEARCH PROJECT
     program, you must have a bachelor’s degree           During the course of your studies, you will
     in any field from a regionally accredited             be required to complete an organizational
     college or university. Application to the            analysis and submit a project report based
     program requires that you submit a graduate          on that analysis. You will present your
     application along with transcripts and a $25         project report to program directors, course
                                                  Programs / Leadership and Professional Development   65


facilitators, and other students. Whenever         LEADERSHIP CERTIFICATE
possible, you will also present it to the lead-    A graduate certificate in leadership is avail-
ership of the organization you have studied.       able for those who wish to expand their
A professional presentation and approved           credentials through graduate study without
report are required for completion of the          entering a degree program.
research project.
                                                   Available through distance learning, the cer-
                                                   tificate program comprises 15 credit hours,
SEQUENCE OF STUDY                                  including 3 hours of elective credit approved
The program is structured in three 20-week         by the associate dean of the School of Lead-
semesters. Each semester consists of a series      ership and Professional Development.
of four five-week courses taken one
at a time.                                         GSL 504      Organization, Group, & Team
                                                                Leadership                      3
First Semester (20 weeks)                          GSL 510      Art & Science of Leadership     3
GSL 510    Art & Science of Leadership 3           GSL 512      The Leadership Challenge        3
GSL 512    The Leadership Challenge    3           GSL 520      Global Leadership               3
GSL 504    Organization, Group, & Team                          Approved elective               3
           Leadership                  3
GSL 507    Reframing Leadership        3
           Total                      12


Second Semester (20 weeks)
GSL 506  Human Side of Organizations 3
GSL 601  Organizational Theory         3
GSL 603  Organizational Effectiveness:
         Understanding Performance 3
GSL 606  Quality Systems and
         Organizational Performance 3
         Total                        12


Third Semester (20 weeks)
GSL 610   Strategic Thinking         3
GSL 620   Business Research Methods 3
GSL 625   Project Research
          Application and Methods    3
GSL 630   Program Research Project
          and Presentation           3
          Total                    12
          Program total       36 hours
NURSING
Master of Science in Nursing (M.S.N.); concentrations in nursing administration and
education, family nurse practitioner, and nurse anesthesia

Graduate certificates in family nurse practitioner and nurse anesthesia

Offered on the Beckley and Martinsburg campuses through the School of Health
Sciences (nurse anesthesia concentration available only in Beckley)




GRADUATE STUDY IN NURSING                       concentration is accredited by the Council
The program leading to the Master of Sci-       on Accreditation of Nurse Anesthesia Edu-
ence in Nursing (M.S.N.) prepares nurses        cational Programs, 222 S Prospect Ave.,
for advanced practice roles in a variety of     Park Ridge IL 60668, 847.692.7050. The
settings. The program benefits nurses who        program’s next accreditation review by the
want to advance in their careers, seek a ca-    COA is scheduled for October 2008.
reer change, or keep pace with the changing
health care environment. The program offers     The nursing administration and educa-
excellent preparation to students who intend    tion (admin/ed) concentration prepares
to continue their graduate-level studies as     nurse managers and nurse administrators
those who plan to apply their knowledge         for first- or middle-level leadership positions
and skills in health care settings.             in a variety of health care organizations,
                                                and nurse educators for teaching in any
Most students within the program continue       educational area. The program of study in-
to work full or part time during their gradu-   corporates an interdisciplinary perspective by
ate studies, classes are offered in a variety   combining the two areas. Both coursework
of formats—weekly, every other week, and        and clinical practice emphasize the develop-
monthly—and such services as registration,      ment of leadership skills and the application
advising, and library research assistance are   of theories of leadership, education, con-
available evenings as well as during the day.   cepts, informatics, and research.
(Students in the nurse anesthesia concentra-
tion are unable to work during the program      The family nurse practitioner (FNP) con-
of study.)                                      centration prepares nurses to become primary
                                                care practitioners who provide comprehensive
The nursing program is accredited by the        care that includes health promotion, mainte-
West Virginia State Board of Examiners for      nance, and restoration for persons across the
Registered Professional Nurses and by the       life span. Practitioners are able to provide a
National League for Nursing Accrediting         broad range of clinical preventive services to
Commission (61 Broadway, New York NY            those who are well or at risk, as well as man-
10006, 212.363.5555). The nurse anesthesia      age common episodic illnesses, injuries, and
68   Programs / Nursing


     chronic illnesses. This practice is grounded      submit a goals statement. Three letters of
     within informatics and research as well as the    reference are required for nurse anesthesia
     ability to provide leadership. This concentra-    concentration applicants; two are required
     tion is available as a certificate for those who   for applicants to either the administration/
     already hold an M.S.N.                            education or the FNP concentration.

     The nurse anesthesia concentration pre-           Additional Requirements for FNP
     pares students to meet all requirements to        Concentration Applicants
     take the Council on Certification for Nurse        Applicants to the family nurse practitioner
     Anesthetists National Certification Exam.          concentration must also have one year of
     Successful completion of this exam qualifies       full- or part-time professional nursing
     graduates for state recognition or licensure      experience equaling 2,000 hours within the
     as a CRNA. The nurse anesthesia concen-           past two years before enrolling in the first
     tration is available only on the Beckley          clinical course (GNURS 501A Health and
     campus and is also offered as a certificate        Illness Appraisal Lab). Students who meet
     for those who already have an M.S.N. The          all other requirements may study part time
     nurse anesthesia concentration is offered         in nonclinical courses while continuing to
     only on the Beckley campus.                       work toward this requirement.

                                                       Additional Requirements for Nurse
     ADMISSION REQUIREMENTS                            Anesthesia Concentration Applicants
     In addition to the general requirements for       Applicants to the nurse anesthesia concen-
     admission to the School of Graduate Studies,      tration must meet the following require-
     you must meet the following minimum re-           ments in addition to those of the graduate
     quirements to apply to the nursing program:       nursing program:

       • Bachelor’s degree with major in nursing         • Undergraduate study must include
         (B.S.N.) from a nationally accredited             human anatomy and physiology
         program. Undergraduate study must                 (equivalent to BIOL 215 and 216
         include 3 semester hours of basic statis-         at MSU) within two years of the
         tics, 3 semester hours of pharmacology,           projected start date of your program,
         8 semester hours of anatomy and                   as well as 3 semester hours of physics,
         physiology, and 2 semester hours of               3 semester hours each of organic and
         basic research.                                   inorganic chemistry, 3 semester hours
                                                           of biochemistry, and 3 semester hours
        • Current unrestricted license as a regis-         of microbiology.
          tered nurse in a U.S. jurisdiction. You
          must have a West Virginia RN license           • At least one year of clinical experience
          to complete your clinical coursework in          as a registered nurse that includes the
          West Virginia.                                   opportunity to develop independent
                                                           decision making and the interpretation
        • Twelve clock hours of community ser-             and use of data from invasive monitor-
          vice over the past year.                         ing devices.

        • Eligibility for coverage by the Universi-      • An unencumbered West Virginia RN
          ty’s malpractice insurance carrier.              license, which must be valid by the first
                                                           day of classes.
     In addition to the standard graduate applica-
     tion materials, M.S.N. applicants must also
                                                                              Programs / Nursing   69


  • Current health care provider certifica-       Course Sequencing
    tion in BCLS, ACLS, and PALS.                Because specialty courses are sequenced,
                                                 you are encouraged to plan your registration
Nurse anesthesia concentration applicants        carefully. Most course assignments allow you
are required to submit an essay addressing       to focus on a population, topic, or problem
why the applicant wants to become a nurse        of interest. Previous coursework can also
anesthetist and why he or she would be a         serve as the basis for thesis or project work.
good candidate for the program. An inter-        This approach to assignments does not mean
view is also required for admission.             that you can submit the same work for mul-
                                                 tiple courses but is designed to give you the
Certificate Program Admission                     opportunity to develop knowledge of a given
Requirements                                     topic through exploration of several bodies
Application to either the FNP or nurse           of literature or empirical applications.
anesthesia certificate program requires that
you already hold an M.S.N. from a program        Examinations and Course Performance
accredited by either the National League for     Evaluation of your course performance
Nursing Accreditation Commission or the          is the responsibility of the individual fac-
Commission on Certification of Nursing Ed-        ulty member. All students are expected to
ucation. In addition, application to the FNP     take examinations on the day given unless
certificate program requires advanced course-     advance permission is obtained from the
work in physical assessment, pathophysiology,    faculty member. Arranging for make-up ex-
and pharmacology; application to the nurse       aminations is the shared responsibility of the
anesthesia certificate requires one year of       faculty member and student.
critical care experience. Degree concentration
admissions requirements and processes are the    Students in the administration/education
same for certificate applicants.                  and FNP concentrations are required to take
                                                 a comprehensive M.S.N. examination one
                                                 to two semesters before scheduled program
PROGRAM POLICIES                                 completion. Concentrations may require an
The structure of the M.S.N. program is flex-      additional comprehensive exam.
ible. Its design and delivery system are based
on the needs of nurses who wish to pursue        Clinical Courses and Placement
graduate study while continuing their work.      The following GNURS courses contain a
The exception is the nurse anesthesia con-       clinical component:
centration, which requires full-time study
and is sufficiently intensive that students       501L        Health & Illness Appraisal Lab
are unable to work during either classroom                   (1 clinical hour)
studies or clinicals.                            502L        Clinical Nursing Practice of
                                                             Children and Adolescents
                                                             (3 clinical hours)
Attendance                                       603L        Clinical Nursing Practice of
The University expects all students to main-                 Adults (3 clinical hours)
tain regular attendance at scheduled seminars    604L        Clinical Nursing Practice in All
and classes. Attendance at all on-campus ses-                Age Groups (6 clinical hours)
sions is mandatory for students in the nurse
anesthesia concentration. While class atten-     FNP and admin/ed clinical courses are on a
dance is not mandatory for students in other     three-to-one clock-hour ratio, which means
concentrations, it is strongly encouraged.       that each course hour equals three clock
Some courses can be completed through            hours. The clock-hour ratio varies for clinical
nontraditional study.                            courses in the nurse anesthesia concentration.
70   Programs / Nursing


     You are responsible for submitting clinical      You may register for no more than 6 semes-
     placement documentation before beginning         ter hours of special topics. The University
     clinical assignments and for keeping these       cannot guarantee that all students will be
     documents up to date in your student file.        able to undertake a special topics course.

     Faculty members and students are jointly         Program Completion
     responsible for arranging clinical placements.   The nurse anesthesia concentration is de-
     Every effort is made to meet each student’s      signed as a 30-month full-time program
     needs. After agreeing on a site, either you      of study. A full-time program of study in
     or the assigned faculty member contacts          the other concentrations can generally be
     the preceptor. The program provides clini-       completed within two years, while part-time
     cal objectives and forms to the preceptor        study often takes three to four years. All stu-
     and generates a contract. The University’s       dents must complete program requirements
     legal office must send and finalize all clinical   within five calendar years from the date of
     contracts, a process that may take up to two     their first graduate enrollment.
     months to complete.

     If you and the assigned faculty member can-      M.S.N. PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS
     not agree on a site, the program will make       M.S.N. program requirements include core
     an assignment to the most appropriate site       nursing studies, which are common to all
     available. Student evaluations of past sites     concentrations, and specialized concentra-
     are available in the program office.              tion requirements.

     Clinical experiences for students in the nurse   Administration/Education and FNP Core
     anesthesia concentration are established         Curriculum
     by the program. Clinical assignments are         The 14-hour core nursing curriculum,
     structured to ensure completion of all ac-       which is required of students in both con-
     creditation and licensure requirements.          centrations, comprises the following courses:

     Independent Study / Special Topics               GNURS 511 Research & Statistical
     Graduate courses in special topics provide                 Methods                     3
     the opportunity to undertake an individual       GNURS 512 Research & Statistical Appl 3
                                                      GNURS 615 Health Maintenance &
     independent study project in partial fulfill-
                                                                Promotion of Aggregates/
     ment of your coursework or as extra hours                  Health Policy               3
     to complete your thesis or project. You can      GNURS 606 Thesis or Project           3
     enroll in a special topics course by finding      GNURS 699 Seminar                     2
     a graduate faculty member who is willing                   Core total                 14
     to supervise the course, then submitting a
     completed enrollment form, signed by the         Concentration Requirements: Nursing
     faculty member and the program director,         Administration and Education
     together with a written proposal. You must       The administration and education con-
     complete registration during the regular reg-    centration requires 21 hours of study in
     istration period.                                addition to the core requirements:

     You and the faculty member must arrange          GNURS 520 Health Admin/Ed:
     a regular schedule for conferences and sub-                 Mgt & Education Theories 3
                                                      GNURS 521A Mgt of Health Care Systems or
     mission of work throughout the semester,
                                                      GNURS 521B Mgt of Education Systems 3
     including the date the final paper is due.        GNURS 621 Health Care Financial Mgt 3

                                                      Three of the following four:                9
                                                                              Programs / Nursing   71


GNURS 614A     Admin Theory & Practicum I        Research Courses
GNURS 616A     Educ Theory & Practicum I         GCRNA 511 Research Process                 3
GNURS 625A     Admin Theory & Practicum II       GCRNA 512 Nursing Research                 3
GNURS 624A     Educ Theory & Practicum II        GCRNA 608 Research Project                 4
                                                           Total                           10
Approved electives                           3
                                                 Didactic Courses
Concentration total                     21       GCRNA 515     Introduction to Anesthesia 2
                                                 GCRNA 518     Basic Sciences in NA         3
Concentration Requirements: Family Nurse         GCRNA 520     Adv Anatomy & Physiology 5
Practitioner                                     GCRNA 522     Adv Pathophysiology I        4
The FNP concentration comprises 30 hours         GCRNA 530     Adv Pathophysiology II       4
in addition to the core requirements, with       GCRNA 532     Adv Pathophysiology III      4
                                                 GCRNA 540     Advanced Pharmacology I 3
a three-to-one ratio of clinical to classroom
                                                 GCRNA 542     Advanced Pharmacology II 3
hours.                                           GCRNA 546     Advanced Pharmacology III 3
                                                 GCRNA 603     Principles of Anesthesia I   6
GNURS 500 Roles, Issues, Ethics                  GCRNA 605     Principles of Anesthesia II 6
           & Theories                        3                 Total                       43
GNURS 501 Health & Illness Appraisal         2
GNURS 501L H&I Appraisal Lab                 1   Clinical Courses
GNURS 502 Common Health Problems                 GCRNA 680     Clinical Correlation Conf    2
           of Children & Adolescents         3   GCRNA 681     Clinical Correlation Conf    2
GNURS 502L Clinical Nursing Practice             GCRNA 682     Clinical Correlation Conf    2
           of Children & Adolescents         3   GCRNA 683     Clinical Correlation Conf    2
GNURS 603 Common Health Problems                 GCRNA 690     Clinical Practicum           3
           of Adults                         3   GCRNA 691     Clinical Practicum           3
GNURS 603L Clinical Health Problems              GCRNA 692     Clinical Practicum           3
           of Adults                         3   GCRNA 693     Clinical Practicum           3
GNURS 604L Clinical Nursing Practice                           Total                       20
           in All Age Groups                 6                 Program total               79
GPHS 508   Pathophysiology                   3
GPMC 510 Pharmacology for
           Midlevel Providers            3       Thesis Option
           Concentration total          30       The thesis option requires independent
                                                 research followed by a scholarly paper that
Concentration Requirements: Nurse                conforms to the School of Graduate Studies
Anesthesia                                       thesis format. The thesis option is recom-
The modified distance learning format of          mended for students planning to pursue
the first half of this 30-month program is        additional graduate work.
extremely challenging, requiring skills in
independent learning and computer use.           If you choose the thesis option, it is recom-
To assist students in finding local employ-       mended that you begin your thesis early in
ment as a CRNA, clinical sites are developed     the program and select your courses to sup-
whenever feasible as closely as possible to      port your thesis work.
students’ homes.
                                                 Project Option
Nursing Core                                     If you are unable to submit a thesis, you
GCRNA 501 Health Assessment            2         must carry out a final project of scholarly
GCRNA 501L Health Assessment Practicum 1         work to complete your degree. The project
GCRNA 503 Issues, Theory, and Ethics 3           option must be approved by the senior aca-
           Total                       6         demic officer of graduate nursing; because
                                                 the M.S.N. program is driven by research
72   Programs / Nursing


     and the writing of a thesis, significant justi-    CERTIFICATE REQUIREMENTS
     fication is required of anyone requesting the      Graduate certificates in FNP and nurse
     project option.                                   anesthesia qualify nurses who already have
                                                       an M.S.N. to sit for qualifying exams in
     Projects should contribute to nursing prac-       those areas. Additional coursework may be
     tice by using nursing knowledge to benefit         required for post-master’s students receiving
     individuals, families, organizations, or com-     financial aid; contact the graduate nursing
     munities, or by helping a nurse researcher        program for details.
     who is conducting research, completing a
     scholarly work, or producing a publishable        FNP Certificate Requirements
     paper. Projects may include such activities       GNURS 500 Roles, Issues, Ethics,
     as research utilization, an integrative review               & Theories                            3
     of the research on a topic, a meta-analysis of    GNURS 501 Health & Illness Appraisal             2
                                                       GNURS 501L H&I Appraisal Lab                     1
     a research base on a topic, participation in a
                                                       GNURS 502 Common Health Problems
     phase of faculty research, evaluation of an ex-              of Children & Adolescents             3
     isting clinical or staff development program,     GNURS 502L Clinical Nursing Practice
     or development of an instructional program.                  of Children & Adolescents             3
                                                       GNURS 603 Common Health Problems
     Because the project option closes off many                   of Adults                             3
     opportunities for additional graduate study,      GNURS 603L Clinical Nursing Practice
     you should consult with your academic advi-                  of Adults                             3
                                                       GNURS 604L Clinical Nursing Practice
     sor before making a decision.
                                                                  in All Age Groups                     6
                                                       GPHS 508   Pathophysiology                       3
     Graduation Requirements                           GPMC 510 Pharmacology for Midlevel
     You are eligible to receive the M.S.N. when                  Providers                            3
     you have met the following conditions:                       Total                               30

        Regular admission to the School of             Nurse Anesthesia Certificate Requirements
        Graduate Studies and the graduate nurs-        Nursing Core
        ing program                                    GCRNA 503 Issues, Theory, and Ethics             3
                                                                 Total                                  3
        Completion of all core and concentration       GCRNA 501 and 501L Health Assessment and Lab
        requirements                                   are waived for certificate students whose transcripts
                                                       indicate comparable study. Students must demon-
                                                       strate competence in a laboratory setting or they
        A passing score of 80 percent or better on
                                                       will be required to take both courses.
        the comprehensive examination
                                                       Didactic Courses
        Submission of an approved thesis or            GCRNA 515       Introduction to Anesthesia 2
        project for binding                            GCRNA 518       Basic Sciences in NA         3
                                                       GCRNA 520       Adv Anatomy & Physiology I 5
        A poster presentation and defense of your      GCRNA 522       Adv Pathophys I              4
        project or thesis                              GCRNA 530       Adv Pathophys II             4
                                                       GCRNA 532       Adv Pathophys III            4
                                                       GCRNA 540       Advanced Pharmacology I 3
                                                       GCRNA 542       Advanced Pharmacology II 3
                                                       GCRNA 546       Advanced Pharmacology III 3
                                                       GCRNA 603       Principles of Anesthesia I   6
                                                       GCRNA 605       Principles of Anesthesia II 6
                                                                       Total                       43
                                                                         Programs / Nursing   73


Clinical Courses                               Nursing Administration and Education
GCRNA 680    Clinical Correlation Conf I 2     Concentration
GCRNA 681    Clinical Correlation Conf II 2    Part-Time Study
GCRNA 682    Clinical Correlation Conf III 2
GCRNA 683    Clinical Correlation Conf IV 2    Semester 1
GCRNA 690    Clinical Practicum            3   GNURS 511 Research & Stat Methods       3
GCRNA 691    Clinical Practicum            3   GNURS 520 Health Admin/Education:
GCRNA 692    Clinical Practicum            3              Mgt/Education Theories       3
GCRNA 693    Clinical Practicum            3              Total                        6
             Total                        20
             Program total                66   Semester 2
                                               GNURS 512 Research & Stats Appl         3
                                               GNURS 521A Mgt of Health Care or
SUGGESTED SEQUENCES                            GNURS 521B Mgt of Education Systems     3
Nursing Administration and Education                      Total                        6
Concentration
                                               Semester 3
Full-Time Study                                GNURS 606 Thesis or Project             3
                                                          Elective                     3
First Year Fall                                           Total                        6
GNURS 511 Research & Stat Methods         3
GNURS 520 Health Admin/Ed:                     Semester 4
              Mgt/Education Theories      3    GNURS 615 Health Maintenance &
GNURS 621 Health Care Financial Mgt       3               Promotion of Aggregates/
              Total                       9               Health Policy               3
                                               GNURS 614A Admin Theory/Practicum I or
First Year Spring                              GNURS 616A Educ Theory & Practicum I 3
GNURS 512 Research & Stats Appl           3               Total                       6
GNURS 521A Mgt of Health Care or
GNURS 521B Mgt of Education Systems       3    Semester 5
GNURS 615 Health Maintenance &                 GNURS 621 Health Care Financial Mgt     3
              Promotion of Aggregates/                    Total                        3
              Health Policy               3
              Total                       9    Semester 6
                                               Select two of the following four:       6
Second Year Fall                               GNURS 614A Admin Theory/Practicum I
GNURS 606 Thesis or Project            3       GNURS 616A Educ Theory/Practicum I
GNURS 614A Admin Theory/Practicum I or         GNURS 624A Educ Theory/Practicum II
GNURS 616A Educ Theory/Practicum I     3       GNURS 625A Admin Theory/Practicum II
            Elective                   3                      Total                    6
            Total                      9
                                               Semester 7
Second Year Spring                             GNURS 699 Seminar                       2
Select two of the following four:      6                 Total                         2
GNURS 614A Admin Theory & Practicum I                    Concentration total          35
GNURS 616A Educ Theory & Practicum I
GNURS 624A Educ Theory & Practicum II
GNURS 625A Admin Theory & Practicum II
                                               Family Nurse Practitioner Concentration
GNURS 699 Seminar                         2    Full-Time Study
          Total                           8
          Degree total                   35    First Year Summer
                                               GNURS 500 Roles, Issues, Ethics,
                                                            & Theories                 3
74   Programs / Nursing


     First Year Fall                              Semester 3
     GNURS 501 Health & Illness Appraisal 2       GNURS 512 Research & Statistical Appl 3
     GNURS 501L H&I Appraisal Lab          1      GNURS 615 Health Maintenance &
     GNURS 511 Research &                                    Promotion of Aggregates/
                   Statistical Methods     3                 Health Policy              3
     GMPC 510 Pharmacology for                               Total                      6
                   Midlevel Providers      3
     GPHS 508      Pathophysiology         3      Semester 4
                   Total                  12      GPHS 508   Pathophysiology               3
                                                  GPMC 510 Pharmacology for Midlevel
     First Year Spring                                       Providers                     3
     GNURS 502 Common Health Problems                        Total                         6
                   of Children & Adolescents 3
     GNURS 502L Clinical Nursing Practice         Semester 5
                   of Children & Adolescents 3    GNURS 502 Common Health Problems
     GNURS 512 Research & Statistical Appl 3                 of Children & Adolescents 3
     GNURS 615 Health Maintenance &               GNURS 502L Clinical Nursing Practice
                   Promotion of Aggregates/                  of Children & Adolescents 3
                   Health Policy              3              Total                     6
                   Total                     12
                                                  Semester 6
     Second Year Fall                             GNURS 603 Common Health
     GNURS 603 Common Health Problems                        Problems of Adults            3
                 of Adults                   3    GNURS 606 Thesis or project              3
     GNURS 603L Clinical Nursing Practice                    Total                         6
                 of Adults                   3
     GNURS 606 Thesis or Project             3    Semester 7
                 Total                       9    GNURS 603L Clinical Nursing Practice
                                                             of Adults                     3
     Second Year Spring                                      Total                         3
     GNURS 604L Clinical Nursing Practice
                 in All Age Groups           6    Semester 8
     GNURS 699 Seminar                       2    GNURS 699 Seminar                        2
                 Total                       8    GNURS 604L Clinical Nursing Practice
                 Degree total               44               in All Age Groups             6
                                                             Total                         8
                                                             Concentration total          44
     Family Nurse Practitioner Concentration
     Part-Time Study
                                                  Nurse Anesthesia Concentration
     Semester 1                                   Note: Semester 4 includes seven to eight
     GNURS 500 Roles, Issues, Ethics,             days of clinical observation. On-campus ses-
                & Theories                   3    sions are scheduled for three days (Thursday
                                                  through Saturday) every three weeks through-
     Semester 2                                   out the program.
     GNURS 501 Health & Illness Appraisal    2
     GNURS 501L H&I Appraisal Lab            1    Semester 1   (Spring)
     GNURS 511 Research & Statistical             GCRNA 503     Issues, Theories, & Ethics 3
                Methods                      3    GCRNA 511     Research Process            3
                Total                        6    GCRNA 518     Basic Sciences in NA        3
                                                  GCRNA 520     Adv Anatomy & Physiology 5
                                                                Total                      14
                                                                                Programs / Nursing   75


Semester 2 (Summer)                                Nurse Anesthesia Certificate
GCRNA 501 Health Assessment                    2
GCRNA 501L Health Assessment Lab               1   Semester 1   (Spring)
GCRNA 515 Intro to Anesthesia                  2   GCRNA 503     Issues, Theories, & Ethics 3
GCRNA 522 Adv Pathophysiology I                4   GCRNA 518     Basic Sciences for NA       3
GCRNA 540 Adv Pharmacology I                   3   GCRNA 520     Adv Anatomy & Physiology 5
            Total                             12                 Total                      11

Semester 3   (Fall)                                Semester 2   (Summer)
GCRNA 512     Nursing Research                 3   GCRNA 515     Intro to Anesthesia          2
GCRNA 530     Adv Pathophysiology II           4   GCRNA 522     Adv Pathophysiology I        4
GCRNA 542     Adv Pharmacology II              3   GCRNA 540     Adv Pharmacology I           3
GCRNA 603     Prin of Anesthesia I             6                 Total                        9
              Total                           16
                                                   Semester 3   (Fall)
                                                   GCRNA 530     Adv Pathophysiology II       4
Semester 4   (Spring)                              GCRNA 542     Adv Pharmacology II          3
GCRNA 532     Adv Pathophysiology III          4   GCRNA 603     Prin of Anesthesia I         6
GCRNA 546     Adv Pharmacology III             3                 Total                       13
GCRNA 605     Prin of Anesthesia II            6
              Total                           13
                                                   Semester 4   (Spring)
                                                   GCRNA 532     Adv Pathophysiology III      4
Semester 5   (Summer)                              GCRNA 546     Adv Pharmacology III         3
GCRNA 608     Research Project                 1   GCRNA 605     Prin of Anesthesia II        6
GCRNA 680     Clinical Correlation Conf I      2                 Total                       13
GCRNA 690     Clinical Practicum               3
              Total                            6
                                                   Semester 5 (Summer)
                                                   GCRNA 680 Clinical Correlation Conf I      2
Semester 6   (Fall)                                GCRNA 690 Clinical Practicum               3
GCRNA 608     Research Project                 1               Total                          5
GCRNA 681     Clinical Correlation Conf II     2
GCRNA 691     Clinical Practicum               3
              Total                            6   Semester 6 (Fall)
                                                   GCRNA 681 Clinical Correlation Conf II     2
                                                   GCRNA 691 Clinical Practicum               3
Semester 7   (Spring)                                          Total                          5
GCRNA 608     Research Project                 1
GCRNA 682     Clinical Correlation Conf III    2
GCRNA 692     Clinical Practicum               3   Semester 7 (Spring)
              Total                            6   GCRNA 682 Clinical Correlation Conf III 2
                                                   GCRNA 692 Clinical Practicum            3
                                                               Total                       5
Semester 8   (Summer)
GCRNA 608     Research Project                 1
GCRNA 683     Clinical Correlation Conf IV     2   Semester 8 (Summer)
GCRNA 693     Clinical Practicum               3   GCRNA 683 Clinical Correlation Conf IV 2
              Total                            6   GCRNA 693 Clinical Practicum           3
                                                               Total                      5
              Program total                   79
                                                                 Program total               66
PHYSICIAN ASSISTANT
Master of Science in Physician Assistant (M.S.P.A.)

Offered on the Beckley campus through the School of Health Sciences




GRADUATE PHYSICIAN ASSISTANT                    “The role of the PA demands intelligence,
STUDY                                           sound judgment, intellectual honesty,
Mountain State University’s physician assis-    appropriate interpersonal skills, and the ca-
tant program, established in 1994, provides     pacity to react to emergencies in a calm and
quality medical education for primary care      reasoned manner. An attitude of respect for
physician assistants. The program maintains     self and others, adherence to the concepts of
continuing accreditation by the Accredita-      privilege and confidentiality in communicat-
tion Review Commission on Education for         ing with patients, and a commitment to the
the Physician Assistant Inc. (ARC-PA).          patient’s welfare are essential attributes of the
                                                graduate PA. The professional curriculum
The Accreditation Review Commission on          for PA education includes basic medical,
Education for the Physician Assistant Inc.      behavioral, and social sciences; introduction
provides this professional overview: “Physi-    to clinical medicine and patient assessment;
cian assistants, or PAs, are academically and   supervised clinical practice; and health poli-
clinically prepared to provide health care      cy and professional practice issues.”
services with the direction and responsible
supervision of a doctor of medicine or oste-    Unlike most master’s degree programs,
opathy. The physician-PA team relationship      which require a bachelor’s degree for ad-
is fundamental to the PA profession and         mission, the M.S.P.A. program requires
enhances the delivery of high quality health    successful completion of 66 hours of un-
care. Within the physician–PA relationship,     dergraduate-level prerequisite study with no
PAs make clinical decisions and provide         requirement of a bachelor’s degree.
a broad range of diagnostic, therapeutic,
preventive, and health maintenance services.    Admission to the professional program is
The clinical role of PAs includes primary       limited and competitive, with class capaci-
and specialty care in medical and surgical      ties mandated by accreditation guidelines.
practice settings. PA practice is centered on   Completion of the prerequisite curriculum,
patient care and may include educational,       acceptance to the University, and meeting
research, and administrative activities.        program application requirements do not
                                                guarantee admission. Applicants must meet
78   Programs / Physician Assistant


     the qualifications of the program’s technical     complete the didactic and clinical curricu-
     standards.                                       lum in its entirety.

                                                      If you are accepted for study in the PA pro-
     TECHNICAL STANDARDS                              gram, you will be required before your initial
     The M.S.P.A. degree signifies that the holder     enrollment to submit a signed declaration
     is prepared for entry into the practice of       stating that you have reviewed the program’s
     medicine. It follows that graduates must         technical requirements and affirming that
     have the skills and knowledge to function in     you possess the required ability, aptitude,
     a broad variety of clinical situations and to    and skill in five areas: observation, com-
     provide a wide spectrum of patient care. It      munication, motor, intellectual, behavioral,
     is essential for good patient care to require    and social.
     minimum standards for the education of
     the physician assistant. In the admission           Observation. The candidate must be
     process, the University must judge not only         able to observe demonstrations and
     the scholastic accomplishments and poten-           experiments in the basic sciences, visual
     tial of the applicant, but also consider the        presentations in lectures and laboratories,
     applicant’s current physical and emotional          laboratory evidence and microbiologic
     status, cumulative and progressive disability,      cultures, microscopic studies of micro-
     and drug-induced impairments that may               organisms, and tissues in normal and
     pose obstacles to the safe application of the       pathologic states. A candidate must
     student’s knowledge and skill or prevent            be able to observe a patient accurately
     effective interaction with patients and co-         and completely at a distance and close
     workers.                                            at hand. Observation necessitates the
                                                         functional use of the sense of vision and
     In accordance with University policy and            somatic sensation and is enhanced by a
     as delineated by federal and state law, the         sense of smell.
     University does not discriminate in admis-
     sion, educational programs, or employment           Communication. A candidate must be
     against any individual on the basis of that         able to speak, to hear, and to observe
     individual’s handicap or disability and will        patients in order to elicit information;
     make good-faith efforts at providing reason-        perceive nonverbal communication; and
     able accommodation as required.                     describe changes in mood, activity, and
                                                         posture. A candidate must be able to
     Candidates for the physician assistant pro-         communicate effectively and sensitively
     gram must possess the intellectual ability          with patients. Communication includes
     to learn, integrate, analyze, and synthesize        not only speech but reading and writing.
     data. They must have functional use of the          Communication in oral and written form
     senses of vision, hearing, equilibrium, and         with the health care team must be effec-
     taste. Their exteroceptor (touch, pain, and         tive and efficient.
     temperature) and proprioceptor (position,
     pressure, movement, stereognosis, and vibra-        Motor function. Candidates must have
     tory) senses must be sufficiently intact to          sufficient motor function to elicit in-
     enable them to carry out all the activities         formation from patients by palpation,
     required to complete the activities described       auscultation, percussion, and other di-
     below. Candidates must have sufficient               agnostic maneuvers. A candidate must
     motor function capabilities to meet the de-         be able to carry out basic laboratory tests
     mands of the PA program and the demands             (urinalysis, CBC, wet mount, gram stain,
     of total patient care. They must be able to         etc.), carry out diagnostic and therapeutic
                                                                   Programs / Physician Assistant   79


procedures (phlebotomy, venipuncture,             personal qualities that are assessed during
and placement of catheters and tubes),            the admission and education processes.
and read ECGs and X-rays. A candidate
must have motor function sufficient             With respect to any physical challenge, it
to execute motor movements reason-             must not be such as would, even with rea-
ably required to provide general care          sonable accommodations, in and of itself
and emergency treatment for patients.          preclude the student’s effective participa-
Examples of emergency treatment reason-        tion in the program. Except as necessary to
ably required of a physician assistant are     fulfill a bona fide occupational qualifica-
cardiopulmonary resuscitation, the ad-         tion, Mountain State University does not
ministration of intravenous medications,       discriminate in administering its employ-
the application of pressure to arrest bleed-   ment procedures, educational procedures,
ing, the opening of obstructed airways,        admissions procedures, scholarship and/or
the suturing of simple wounds, and the         loan programs, and/or athletic and/or other
performance of simple obstetrical maneu-       school-administered programs on the basis
vers. Such skills require coordination of      of race, religion, color, national origin, an-
both gross and fine muscular movements,         cestry, sex, age, blindness, disability, familial
equilibrium, and functional use of the         status, or veteran status, nor on the basis of
senses of touch and vision.                    any other characteristic that is prohibited by
                                               federal, state, and/or local law; nor on the
Intellectual—conceptual, integrative,          basis of any characteristic that is prohibited
and quantitative abilities. These abilities    by any accrediting body of Mountain State
include measurement, calculation, rea-         University that is not contrary to federal,
soning, analysis, and synthesis. Problem       state, and/or local law. It is the University’s
solving, the critical skill demanded of        intent to comply with applicable statutes
PAs, requires all these abilities. The can-    and regulations, including Title IX of the
didate must also be able to comprehend         1972 Education Amendments and Sec-
three-dimensional relationships and to         tion 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973,
understand the spatial relationships of        and the Americans with Disabilities Act
structures.                                    (ADA) of 1990 (as amended); both prohibit
                                               discrimination against individuals with
Behavioral and social attributes. A can-       disabilities by mandating a provision of rea-
didate must possess the emotional health       sonable accommodations to make programs
required for full utilization of his/her       and activities accessible to qualified disabled
intellectual abilities, the exercise of good   individuals. There are natural and legal limi-
judgment, the prompt completion of all         tations to what services can be provided. It
responsibilities attendant to the diagnosis    is the University’s goal to assist students in
and care of patients, and the develop-         developing their potential in light of what is
ment of mature, sensitive, and effective       feasible and reasonable under the law.
relationships with patients. Candidates
must be able to tolerate physically taxing
workloads, and to function effectively         ADMISSION REQUIREMENTS
under stress. They must be able to adapt       Students who have not completed the aca-
to changing environments, to display           demic prerequisites for M.S.P. A. program
flexibility, and to learn to function in the    admission can enroll at Mountain State
face of uncertainty inherent in the clinical   University as either a first-time freshman or
problems of many patients. Compassion,         a transfer student. The MSU Admissions
integrity, concern for others, interperson-    Office reviews all undergraduate applications
al skills, interest, and motivation are all    and transfer transcripts and grants University
80   Programs / Physician Assistant


     admission. See the undergraduate catalog for        Grade-point average (GPA) for prerequi-
     additional information.                             site courses of at least 2.75 on a 4.0 scale.

     Prospective students who have fulfilled pro-         Cumulative GPA of at least 2.75 on a 4.0
     gram prerequisites (either at Mountain State        scale.
     University or another regionally accredited
     institution) can apply to the program re-           Science prerequisite courses that are no
     gardless of whether they have completed             more than 10 years old; science courses
     a bachelor’s degree. Admission is highly            older than 10 years will not be accepted.
     competitive, and completing academic pre-
     requisites and other eligibility requirements    If possible, you should complete all pre-
     does not guarantee acceptance into the PA        requisites by the end of the spring semester
     program.                                         before the fall in which you plan to enroll. If
                                                      you complete prerequisites over the summer,
     To be eligible for consideration, you must       you must provide documentation of sum-
     meet the following minimum criteria:             mer enrollment. You may complete no more
                                                      than two prerequisite courses over the sum-
     1 Completion of 66 semester hours of             mer, and you must complete all prerequisites
     prerequisite coursework (see Prerequisite        at least one month before the beginning of
     Curriculum) at a regionally accredited U.S.      Mountain State University’s fall semester.
     college or university:
                                                      Any prerequisite courses successfully com-
        Science Prerequisites                         pleted and graded Pass, Audit, Credit, or
        Science prerequisites must include both a     any other grade designation that yields no
        lecture and lab component.                    quality points as defined by Mountain State
        Biology                               8       University’s catalog or registrar will not be
        Human anatomy and physiology          8       factored into your GPA. You are encouraged
        Microbiology                          4       to meet with the PA administrative coor-
        Chemistry                             8       dinator to discuss how these grades might
        Organic chemistry                     8       affect your GPA.

        General Prerequisites                         2 Documented hands-on health care expe-
        Communication                           3     rience of 300 hours or greater. Experience
        Computer proficiency                     3     must be documented in a letter from your
        English composition                     6     supervisor that includes a detailed job de-
        Humanities or fine arts                  3     scription and the number of hours worked.
        Mathematics (algebra or higher)         3
        Medical ethics and law                  3     3 Signed documentation of at least 20 hours
        Psychology                              3     of shadow experience with physician assis-
        Social sciences                         3     tants in clinical practice. Shadow experience
        Sociology                               3     must be documented by letter.

     Prerequisite coursework is subject to the fol-   4 Three letters of recommendation, at least
     lowing requirements:                             one of which is from a physician assistant
                                                      and includes evaluation of the applicant’s
        Minimum grade of C (70–79) in each            understanding of the role of the physician
        prerequisite course.                          assistant. The remaining letters of recom-
                                                      mendation must be from other health
                                                                    Programs / Physician Assistant   81


care professionals who have a sufficient          Application Deadlines
perception of your commitment to medical         Applications are accepted on a rolling
education and practice, work performance,        admissions basis. The program selection
and maturity. Recommendations must be            committee reviews each application once all
provided on letterhead. If you are currently     required components have been received.
enrolled or have previously been enrolled in a   Review of completed applications and selec-
medical school or another physician assistant    tion of the next incoming class begin each
program, you must submit an additional let-      fall semester. Applicants who submit materi-
ter from your dean or program director.          als after all seats for the next incoming class
                                                 have been filled are contacted and encour-
Personal interviews are generally not            aged to re-apply for the next entering class.
required but may be requested at the discre-
tion of the program director or selection
committee. If you are currently enrolled         ADMISSIONS DECISIONS
or have previously been enrolled in a            PA program admissions decisions are made
medical school or another physician assistant    by the Physician Assistant Selection Com-
program, however, you must complete a per-       mittee. Applicants are responsible for staying
sonal interview with the program director,       informed of all changes and updates to the
medical director, and/or selection committee.    program and admissions process. Questions
                                                 regarding the admissions process should be
                                                 directed to the program specialist.
APPLICATION
The entry-level structure of the PA program      Completion of prerequisite courses at
means that different application processes       Mountain State University does not guar-
apply depending on the level at which you        antee admission into the program. All
qualify for admission. If you intend to ap-      applications are subject to the same admis-
ply for admission to the program, begin by       sions standards, and no preference is given
contacting the administrative coordinator to     to any group or individual.
determine the application category that ap-
plies to you.                                    Acceptance and Confirmation
                                                 Applicants are notified of their acceptance
Regardless of application category, you will     status as quickly as possible. A nonrefund-
need to arrange for official transcripts of all   able confirmation fee is due upon acceptance
undergraduate and graduate coursework            to confirm and hold a seat in the incoming
from all institutions of higher education you    class; details are included in the acceptance
attended. Transcripts must be sent directly      letter.
from the issuing institution. Transcripts
from institutions outside the United States      Course Exemptions and Substitutions
must be certified (see International Applicants   The program does not accept transfer credit
in the Graduate Study at Mountain State          in substitution for any professional program
University section for details). Regardless      course (i.e., those with a GMPA depart-
of your admission category, you will not be      mental prefix). No student will be given
permitted to begin coursework until all tran-    advanced standing in either didactic or clini-
scripts are received. You must also submit       cal courses in the program, regardless of any
with your application copies of any profes-      academic or health care experience. Prereq-
sional certifications, registrations, licenses,   uisite courses for admission, however, may
and relevant credentialing materials.            be accepted for transfer credit; see Admissions
                                                 Requirements for additional information.
82   Programs / Physician Assistant


     Access to Admissions Records                      the program orientation materials) must be
     Students who have been admitted to and            submitted no later than two weeks before the
     enrolled in a graduate program may examine        beginning of fall semester. Completion of
     the contents of their admissions folders, with    the hepatitis B vaccination series and titers is
     the exception of reference forms and other        required before beginning the second semes-
     specific documents for which they have             ter in the program. Failure to complete all
     waived their right of review, in the presence     requirements in a timely manner will result
     of a faculty or staff member. All requests to     in program suspension or dismissal.
     view admissions folders must be made in
     writing.                                          Interrupted Study and Leaves of Absence
                                                       Because of the cohort structure of the di-
                                                       dactic curriculum, you must successfully
     PROGRAM POLICIES                                  complete all courses during each semester
     The program abides by and operates from a         to progress to the next semester. Failure of,
     set of established policies and procedures. A     or withdrawal from, any course results in an
     copy of the policy and procedures manual is       administrative leave of absence until the next
     distributed to accepted students. You can dis-    semester the course is offered.
     cuss any question regarding program policies
     and procedures with the program director.         In exceptional circumstances such as the
                                                       sudden onset of a serious medical condi-
     Registration                                      tion, the program director may grant a leave
     You must be officially admitted and regis-         of absence from the program. Requests
     tered before attending any class. Although        must be made in writing and must cite the
     you will work closely with the program            specific circumstances that warrant a leave.
     faculty and staff in registering for each term,   All coursework offered during the leave of
     you are responsible for knowing and fol-          absence must be completed during the next
     lowing all University and program rules and       semester offered.
     requirements. You should read and become
     familiar with registration, orientation, and      Students who take a leave of absence,
     financial aid materials; the graduate catalog      whether administrative or student-requested,
     and graduate program handbook; the pro-           must still complete all program require-
     gram policies and procedures manual; and          ments within the program’s time limits (see
     course syllabi.                                   Program Requirements for details). Specific
                                                       policies regarding leaves of absence and rein-
     Immunizations and Health History                  statement to the program are included in the
     In accordance with Centers for Disease            program’s policies and procedures manual.
     Control recommendations, all students are
     required to complete immunizations for            Health, Disability, and Professional
     vaccine-preventable diseases before enroll-       Liability Insurance
     ing. Specific requirements are included with       PA program students must show proof of
     program orientation materials.                    medical insurance before enrolling. This
                                                       insurance must include both health and
     You must complete all immunizations, with         hospitalization and must be maintained
     the exception of the final two hepatitis B         throughout the program. Any lapse in cover-
     immunizations and the titer demonstrating         age will be grounds for dismissal.
     immunity, before beginning the program.
     Documentation of completed immunizations          Students are also are strongly encouraged to
     and the health clearance form (included in        carry disability insurance to cover possible
                                                                     Programs / Physician Assistant   83


consequences in the event of a needle-stick      Second-year PA students may be eligible
injury or other potential exposure to HIV        for graduate assistantships, and University-
infection. Since disability insurance carriers   sponsored work-study positions are also
for students are limited, you should explore     available. Additional information is available
this option with each insurance carrier.         from the School of Graduate Studies, the
                                                 program office, and the Financial Aid Office.
The University covers students in health sci-
ence programs, including the PA program,         Academic and Professional Conduct
under a group professional liability insurance   PA students are expected to comply with
plan. The cost of this coverage is charged to    University policies as well as those outlined
your student account. Contact the adminis-       in the program’s policy and procedures man-
trative coordinator or the Student Accounts      ual. The manual is distributed to students at
office for detailed information.                  the beginning of the program and is updated
                                                 as necessary.
Program Identification Badges
PA students are required to purchase student     Clinical Rotation Phase
identification badges to be worn during both      The program’s clinical coordinator is re-
the didactic and clinical phases. Additional     sponsible for scheduling, confirming, and
information is provided at the beginning of      managing all clinical rotations. You may
the program.                                     provide input regarding a desired rotation
                                                 to the clinical coordinator before rotations
Level of Courses                                 are scheduled. All rotation schedules are in-
PA students who have completed 90 or more        dividualized and subject to change based on
semester hours are considered graduate stu-      preceptor requests and changes in preceptor
dents; program course numbers range from         or site availability. Rotations are assigned at
the 400s to the 700s. Contact the Financial      different sites to provide a variety of clinical
Aid Office to determine your status before        experiences.
finalizing financial aid applications.
                                                 You are responsible for expenses associated
Attendance                                       with travel and housing during your clinical
Attendance is mandatory for all program          rotation phase. The program does not guar-
courses and activities and may be used in        antee that all rotations will be provided at a
student assessment and evaluation, includ-       local site (i.e., within 80 miles of the Beckley
ing final course grades. Specific program          campus); many sites assist students with
attendance policies are discussed during         housing arrangements. Specific policies re-
program orientation and are included in the      garding clinical rotations are included in the
program’s policies and procedures manual.        program’s policies and procedures manual.

Student Employment                               Program Retention
Because of the rigorous curriculum and the       The PA program holds high academic and
scheduling of clinical rotations, students       ethical standards. You must maintain a cu-
are strongly discouraged from employment         mulative grade-point average of at least 3.0
while enrolled in the PA program. Absences       to avoid program sanctions. No examination
due to employment obligations are deemed         or course with a grade below 70 may be ap-
unexcused. The program does, however, ex-        plied toward program completion. Specific
cuse absences due to military duty. Specific      policies are detailed in the program’s policies
policies are included in the program’s poli-     and procedures manual.
cies and procedures manual.
84   Programs / Physician Assistant


     PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS                               A cumulative PA program GPA of at least
     Comprehensive and Clinical Skills Exams            3.0 or remediation to the satisfaction of
     You must pass a comprehensive written              the program.
     examination (summative evaluation) and
     an objective clinical skills exam at the con-      Demonstration of acceptable levels of
     clusion of the clinical year to be eligible        maturity, integrity, and other attitudes
     for graduation. Additional information is          and behaviors normally expected of
     included in the program’s policies and proce-      health professionals. The following be-
     dures manual and clinical course syllabi.          haviors are examples of behaviors not
                                                        consistent with professionalism: cheating;
     Thesis or Project                                  lying; plagiarism; fabrication of clini-
     Because of the demanding schedule of both          cal data; repeated unexcused absences;
     the didactic and clinical phases of the pro-       engaging in criminal activity; falsifying
     gram, you are strongly encouraged to meet          preceptor or faculty grade evaluations;
     early with your program advisor to construct       collaborating on individual take-home
     a plan for completing a graduate capstone          assignments; copying or reproduc-
     project (traditional thesis or project). Specif-   ing examination questions; informing
     ic requirements for each track are presented       other students of examination questions;
     in GMPA 516.                                       misrepresentation of role or identity
                                                        in a clinical setting; breach of patient
     Time Limit for Program Completion                  confidentiality; use of substances (drugs
     From initial entry into the PA program,            or alcohol) during assigned program
     no student will be allowed more than 36            activities that may result in harm to
     months to complete the didactic phase              patients or others; sexual harassment of
     courses. The entire length of the program          patients, peers, or colleagues; engaging
     (didactic and clinical phases) may not be          in discrimination on the basis of sex,
     greater than 48 months.                            age, race, creed, or socioeconomic or
                                                        political status; performing any clinical
                                                        activities without adequate training and
     GRADUATION REQUIREMENTS                            supervision; breaking state or federal laws
     The following criteria are used by the pro-        governing physician assistant practice;
     gram faculty as the basis for awarding the         and exploiting the professional role for
     Master of Science in Physician Assistant           personal gain. This list is not meant to
     degree:                                            be wholly inclusive. Other behaviors
                                                        deemed unprofessional by the program
        Attainment of a grade of at least 70 (C)        faculty will be evaluated on a case-by-case
        on all program examinations and courses.        basis.

        Being free of, or having completed appro-       Freedom from any impediments to li-
        priate remediation for, any designation         censure or performance as a physician
        of academic probation, in accordance            assistant in accordance with the West
        with established program policies and           Virginia Board of Medicine and West
        procedures.                                     Virginia Board of Osteopathy guidelines
                                                        and/or the established American Acad-
        Passing scores on the written summative         emy of Physician Assistants (AAPA) Code
        evaluation and clinical skills exams at the     of Ethics.
        conclusion of the program.
                                                                    Programs / Physician Assistant   85


Students who fail to meet all promotion          GMPA 581 Obstetrics and Gynecology 2
criteria may be either dismissed from the                 Total                     12
program or required to remediate any defi-
                                                 Second Year Fall
ciencies, if appropriate, as prescribed by the
                                                 GMPA 524 Clinical Pharmacology II     2
program faculty.                                 GMPA 535 Clinical Medicine II         4
                                                 GMPA 540 Clinical Skills II           1
                                                 GMPA 542 Health Delivery Systems
BACHELOR’S DEGREE OPTION                                   and Risk Management         2
Students who complete the prerequisite and       GMPA 582 Emergency Medicine           2
professional phases may apply for and be         GMPA 584 Geriatric Medicine           2
granted a Bachelor of Medical Science de-        GMPA 616 Prof Writing & Presentation 3
                                                           Total                      16
gree simultaneously with the M.S.P. A. The
Bachelor of Medical Science degree alone
does not permit graduates to be certified as a    Second Year Spring
physician assistant.                             GMPA 432 Contemporary Medical Lit     3
                                                 GMPA 624 Clinical Pharmacology III    2
                                                 GMPA 625 Clinical Medicine III        4
SEQUENCE OF STUDY                                GMPA 630 Clinical Skills III          1
Students must complete all courses during        GMPA 642 Health Promotion & Policy    3
                                                 GMPA 653 Surgical Technique
each semester of the curriculum sequence
                                                           and Clinical Skills         2
to be eligible for advancement to the next       GMPA 660 Project Development / Thesis
semester. Failure of any course during the                 Implementation              2
semester automatically results in an admin-                Total                     17
istrative leave from the PA program; the
student must remediate or retake any courses
failed the next time offered.                    Second Year Summer through Third Year
                                                 Spring (no required sequencing)
First Year Fall                                  GMPA 699 Thesis or Project
GMPA 415 Gross Anatomy                      7                Presentation/Defense     1
GMPA 421 Medical Physiology                 6    GMPA 700 End of Rotation Seminar     6
GMPA 426 PA Profession, Legal, and               GMPA 701 Family Medicine Rotation    5
            Bioethical Issues              2     GMPA 702 Internal Medicine Rotation 5
            Total                         15     GMPA 703 Emergency Medicine Rotation 5
                                                 GMPA 704 Surgery Rotation            5
                                                 GMPA 705 Geriatrics Rotation         5
First Year Spring                                GMPA 706 Pediatrics Rotation         5
GMPA 401 History Taking and Physical             GMPA 707 Rural Medicine Rotation     5
            Exam Skills               4          GMPA 708 Psychiatry Rotation         5
GMPA 416 Medical Science Module       4          GMPA 709 Women’s Health Rotation     5
GMPA 424 Clinical Pharmacology I      4                      Total                   52
GMPA 440 Psychosocial Medicine        2
GMPA 516 Biomedical Research          5                      Prerequisites                 66
            Total                    19                      PA program total             131
                                                             M.S.P.A. total               197
First Year Summer
GMPA 525 Clinical Medicine I                4
GMPA 526 Biomedical Statistics              3    NATIONAL CERTIFYING EXAM
GMPA 530 Clinical Skills I                  1    Before they can be licensed, graduates must
GMPA 580 Pediatric and Adolescent                pass the Physician Assistant National Certify-
            Medicine                        2    ing Examination, or PANCE. MSU’s pass rates
86   Programs / Physician Assistant


     for the past five years, as well as the national
     average, are listed below.

              MSU pass        Nat’l avg   MSU pass
     Year     first-time       first-time    overall
     2007        92%            94%        100%
               24 of 26
     2006         94%            92%        97%
                33 of 35
     2005         83%           91%         93%
                24 of 29
     2004         79%           90%         97%
                26 of 33
     2003         42%           89%         88%
                5 of 12

				
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