Genesis 1:26 – „Let them have
Caring about other human beings
dominion over the fish of the sea…‟ To serve God and to have
Compassion for others DOMINION OVER THE WORLD
Genesis 1:28 – „Be fruitful and
Kind heartedness to others multiply and fill the earth.‟
Intelligence The ability to think and consider; To try and make the world a better place
use information and learn; reason He was a second-generation
rubber tapper, or seringueiro. To be stewards of the earth
Morality Know the difference between good
Chico Mendes To reproduce
and evil; have values.
Language The ability to write/read Why are we here?
Ahisma’ – not to be violent to
another human being or another
What makes us human? animal and treat everyone with
All religions teach that human beings are
respect. Be loyal and of service to
unique and different from all other animals. Brahman.
All humanity was created in God‟s image,
capable of religious behaviour, “Religion without science is lame, science Stewardship
without religion is blind.” Albert Einstein
have a conscience and a soul. To look after and care for the world
The part of human nature that is •NON-LIETRALISTS: A God given responsibility to manage or control the earth
not just physical , •It is not a literal To guard over something for the real owner
it allows a person to relate to
Creation account but contains
God important truths Carefully looking after something that isn’t your own
and will live on after the body Genesis story • God did create the
has died world JNF – Jewish National Fund [created over 100 years ago with
•God created everything for
• That he used the the aim of reclaiming the Land of Israel]. PROJECTS:
•LITERALISTS: natural processes he Forestry and Ecology; water resources; Community
•The beginning of the world
•The story actually happen the way and of life was not created Development; security; education; research and development;
it was described • There were clear tourism and recreation.
•God’s spirit moved across the •Human beings are different periods of creation OTHER
waters though not 24 hours as Jews follow a belief called TLC
from other creatures, in IMPORTANT
•There were six days of 24 hours in being in the ‘image of God’,such T- Thanksgiving
L – Litter free SECULAR [non-
which God created and sharing some • Some believe the religious] groups:
•Adam was formed out of the dust story is just poetic and C - Concern
responsibility for the world G8 and
of the earth •That the world was created mythical. Greenpeace
•Eve was formed out of Adam’s rib basically good • It describes what
writers of the time
RELIGION TEACHES US WHY THINGS HAVE HAPPENED
believed to be true
SCIENCE TEACHES US HOW THINGS HAPPEN
SCIENCE: BIG BANG THEORY AND EVOLUTION – Charles Darwin – Origins of Species – Natural Selection – Survival of the fittest.
“Love is patient, love is kind. It does The couple usually choose their partner and decide to marry
not envy, it does not boast, it is not when they are in love. It takes place in a church or chapel,
proud. It is not rude, it is not self- The service will include:
seeking, it is not easily angered, it Hymns. The purposes of marriage are explained by the vicar/minister,
Responsibility: duties you should keeps no record of wrongs. Love does to show that it is a solemn commitment . The vicar asks of there any
carry out; what is expected of you not delight in evil but rejoices with reasons why the couple should not be legally married. The couple take
Commitment: dedication; promise; the truth. It always protects, always their vows. Rings are exchanged. The vicar pronounces them married.
choice; obligation; want to do. trusts, always hopes, always More hymns are sung,, bible reading, the vicar gives a short talk (sermon).
perseveres.” I Corinthians 13; 4-7 More prayers are said. The couple and witnesses sign the register.
LOVE: SYMBOLS: white dress, rings, confetti, cake, honeymoon.
Agape – unconditional, New Testament love Prepare the bride [bath, paint mhendi on hands and feet;, red and gold
Philia – love for friends and family sari, jewels, talik spot.
Storge – love for something; sentimental love They marry under a mandap, an arti fire is lit, thro rice into fire,
Eros – sexual love cord around the couple, they circle the fire 7 times: Food Good health
Marriage ceremonies Wealth Good luck Children Happiness Friendship
•True Love Waits is a potential
Christian Sex Education campaign. Catholics [no to them all apart from rhythm method as still chance
October 23, 1992 to promote no sex on conception]. Others think it is responsible to control the number
until marriage. of births. All say no to morning after pill – seen as a form of abortion.
•True Love Waits presented to Life
Way Christian Resources management
Contraception Hinduism – as a last resort; Hindus of the
for consideration as part of the CONDOM, PILL,
Hindus: AHISMA RHYTHYMN METHOD; lower caste have always allowed divorce
Christian Sex Education plan.
SEX [non-killing]. IUD etc. and remarriage; however, it is uncommon
Different views on it. DIVORCE due to the nature of arranged marriages.
Sex should take place within marriage.
It is gift from God and is holy and sacred – a Christianity – Church of England
sacrament ADULTERY Accept divorce as UK law allows it. Marriage is supposed
Casual sex and promiscuity is seen as devaluing to be for life. Discourage re-marriage – some will re-
Against the 10 Commandments marry if the divorced person was the „innocent party‟ to
both people and sex. Damages Lives
Marriage consists of one man to one woman at the divorce. Other vicars will allow a blessing service –
any time but not a full wedding.
Lets others down
Bringing up children is an important part of Trust is broken Christianity – Methodists
marriage Ends family security Divorce is best avoided. Re-marriage is permitted if all
Young people must study first and practise Relationships harmed concerned agree. No minister will be forced to remarry a
chastity You’d best avoid it couple against their will.
marriage consists of one man and one woman Christianity – Roman Catholics
it’s wrong: marriage is sexually Divorce is not God‟s will – It is the breaking of the solemn
begins the relationship between two extended
Exclusive; forbidden by the 10 promises made before God. They do not recognise
families Commandments; not secure for
considered a sacrament [samskara] divorce – the couple stay married until death even if
Children; betrayal; God is
only happen within marriage legally they are divorced. Some marriages can be annulled
Involved in the sacrament of
kama [sensual pleasure] Marriage. – when the marriage was never consummated (The couple
bringing up children is very important It’s wrong: causes bad karma; never had sex to seal the marriage vows)
A vow of faithfulness is made in Remarriage is seen as adultery.
The 7 th step of circling the fire.
Justice - Where everyone has equal provisions and opportunity Roman Catholic: Peter –first Pope on Injustice - Unfair action or treatment
Women should remain silent in the churches. They are not allowed to Earth?; disciples were male; Paul‟s word –
speak, but must be in submission. 1 Corinthians 14:34-35 NO to female Priests. 1980‟s all vicars were male
Church of England – Jesus treated 1994 – Church of England ordains
Now I want you to realise that the head of every man is Christ, and the women with respect; women were first female minister
head of the woman is man, and the head of Christ is God. 1 Corinthians involved in Jesus‟ life; created equal.
11:3-7 YES to female ministers
only men can act as priests at All religions try to achieve justice in the
”There is neither Jew nor Greek, slave nor free, male nor female, for you
religious festivals ,only boys can world and try to campaign against
are all one in Christ Jesus.”
receive a sacred thread in the different types of injustice.
Galatians 3:28 Deal with people
To judge a person upanaya ceremony , only sons can
Gender equality without evidence or
differently because of perform funeral rites
race, gender, religion,
All religions have understandings
about why there is an imbalance in
knowldege about social class e.t.c. the world, and teachings as to what
Prejudice and discrimination could and should be done to improve
the situation. Believers will decide
In Hinduism people are born into how to act by interpreting the
different groups called varnas. Religion and Justice teachings of their holy books.
Each varna has duties called
dharma. The Purusha Sukta.
Brahmins are priests and teachers Racism Charities that help people who
Kshatriyas are warriors, rulers, and suffer from injustice
leaders of society Racism – is Attitudes to wealth
Christians believe that showing
Vaishyas are traders and merchants prejudice concern for others, especially if
Shudras work in manual jobs against those All religions say that
CHRISTIAN AID they are in need, is a basic duty.
Some people are believed to be so of another race material wealth – money, Jesus taught that and
unclean that they are outside of the or ethnic group. possessions, status – cannot demonstrated it in his own life,
varna system. These people call be of lasting value; they are
all „things‟ that can be lost, and expected his followers to do
themselves Dalits (oppressed).
stolen, taken away, or can likewise.
Hindus believe everyone had a role
to play and are against prejudice. lose their value.
One of the four aims in life
Multi-ethnic – means including lots of different Jesus said: “Lay up for yourselves treasures in for Hindus is artha – to make
ethnic groups. heaven.” Matthew 6:19 HARE KRISHNA wealth to support others. Like
Segregation - the practice of separating people of FOOD FOR LIFE all other possessions Hindus
different races, classes, or ethnic groups . believe wealth is temporary and
“What’s called worldly that attachment to worldly
GOD IS THE CREATOR OF ALL HUMAN BEINGS SO ALL ARE possessions is impermanent for by goods (materialism) can hinder
EQUAL IN HIS EYES things unstable, the stable people attaining moksha
cannot be obtained.” Upanishad (liberation from the cycle of
“From one man he made every nation of men, that they should inhabit the 2: 6 birth and death).
whole earth Acts 17:26 Duties - What a person is expected to do
Rights -What a person can expect to
John 13:34 have
“A new commandment I give to you, that you love one another; even as I have loved you, to you also love another.”
Atheist – does not believe in God Agnostic – not sure if God exists Theist –believes in God The Cross which is a
“The one who tries to reminder of Jesus‟ death and
An immanent God A transcendent God A personal God An impersonal God Many Christians escape from the resurrectionChristians believe
Most Christians are opposed to euthanasia. Roman will feel trials of life by that Jesus‟ death on the cross
Some Christians accept that passive euthanasia is acceptable Catholics are compassion for committing suicide was the greatest act of love,
will suffer even more
under certain conditions. opposed to all the terminally in the next life. “ as he sacrificed his life for
forms of ill, and support As life is given others
Passive Euthanasia. When a life is not artificially prolonged their efforts in by the Supreme
using any drugs or technology
They believe trying to Being, it‟s up to
Voluntary Euthanasia. This is where a person chooses to achieve a
very strongly in him when a life Hindus believe that
end their own life in a dignified way
the sanctity of „happier death‟. end. Suicide is Brahman is everywhere, the
Compulsory Euthanasia. This is where a decision is made
life. wrong unless an real self in all beings, the
that a person should die without the consent of that person
act of sacrifice. Supreme Being. Murti are
Active Euthanasia. This is more commonly called suicide. images of the deities on
The Hospice Movement. The aim of a whom the devotion is
EUTHANASIA focused.. Examples of
Hospice is to provide a peaceful and
comfortable environment for people popular murtis are Ganesh
“Euthanasia” literally means “a gentle, easy death.” SYMBOLS
to die in. (elephant God) and Hanuman
It is often referred to as „mercy killing‟.
(monkey God). In India you
Sanctity of life – purity/holiness would find these murtis or
“Thou shall not kill.” shrines on the side of the
Death and the burial or cremation. road.
God is close to people Afterlife Cremation only
Responses to God
when they pray and acts in Christians have different views about heaven: a)
history. God is beyond human God is Brahman – without form, the God loves us so all will go to there; b) only those
understanding, is eternal, all- source and sustainer of life, is outside who have repented will go there.
knowing. human experience and understanding. Catholic believe in Purgatory: a middle place
Deities and their avatars help Hindus to
relate to Brahman. between the two
Preaching and teaching Some believe in Hell where people will suffer;
Prayer GOD AS THREE: others can‟t believe that God will cause everlasting
Worship Trinity – Father, Son and the suffering. Annihilation is the belief that you are
Pilgrimage God is revealed through: Holy Spirit simply destroyed if you haven‟t turned to Christ.
Vocation Trimurti – Brahman is the
Changing lifestyle Religious leaders Supreme Being. The many other
Retreat or study Worship gods and goddesses make up Hindus believe in reincarnation: your are
Service and commitment Direct personal experience different parts of Brahman. reborn in the next life. This depends on your
Acts of kindness Religious writings Hindus worship statues of these karma. The cycle of life is called samsara. To
Nature other Gods, called murtis. break this cycle of rebirth is called moksha,
Conscience / an inner feeling TRIMURTI means 3 gods. The 3 when the soul [the atman] returns to
Reason main gods are BRAHMA – creator; BRAHMAN>
A miracle VISHNU – sustainer; SHIVA –
Act of benevolence destroyer.
Natural beauty and wonder „He who believes in me shall not die but have everlasting life.‟ (John 11:25)
At the Last Supper, Jesus told his disciples to do this Identity is who you really are, your personality.
to remember him. Christian festivals:
The bread represents his body, the wine represents his Christmas – birth of Jesus; gifts are given to remember that
blood. Taking Communion together emphasises their During Puja, you would have a Christ was given to the world as the Incarnation – ‘God in
identity as members of the Christian family. ceremony called arti. This flesh’ so that people could see what God is like.
when the worshipper waves Easter - Celebrates the death and RESURRECTION of Jesus
It is also known as – Eucharist, Mass, hands over the arti lamp to Christ. It is a way for everyone to express again their belief and
Thanksgiving, The Lord‟s supper, The feel closer to God. trust in Christ, and reaffirm their identity as Christians
Breaking of Bread
Holy Communion Puja is the act of showing reverence to a god
believe that God gives
The name given to Hindu worship is Puja people free will. They live
their lives as they choose
Worship Festivals and Celebrations
worshipping together regularly each Sunday
Divali: The Festival of Lights. It is the Hindu
hymns, organ music and set prayers New Year . It is a very exciting and colourful
SERMON given by the minister (priest, holiday.
vicar or pastor). How people get
A very important part of Christian worship is prayer their identity?
Believer‟s baptism: Family, friends,
Studying the Bible
Baptist & Pentecostal media, religion.
Christians ; make a choice
Becoming a member to follow the Christian life- Symbols of Belonging
style for yourself Why celebrate festivals?
Learn customs, remember
Namakaran – Hindu important events,
The Bishop strengthens identity of
Infant baptism: Font – naming ceremony; child
anoints (puts on) community.
holy water; god-parents; is at least 10 days old;
white dress; vows; horoscope; Aum traced
forehead with oil
candle; certificate. on tongue of baby; Christian symbols: Cross/crucifix – Jesus‟ death and
as a symbol of
a symbol of being father whispers baby‟s sacrifice. Fish: used during persecution by Roman
this. Now the
welcomed into God‟s name; talen outside to emperors, ICHTUS – Jesus Christ God Son Saviour.
person can take
family – the church. see the sun. Hindu symbols: Aum – most sacred word, first word ever
uttered; Swastika – good fortune; Tilak mark – worn on
CONFORMATION: This means to take The Sacred Thread ceremony or special occasions and by married women.
on (confirm) the promises made on Upanayana Samskara comes some
their behalf by parents and godparents time between the eighth and
at their christening. eleventh birthdays. On the day that is chosen the boy has a thread tied on him that has been blessed by
A Bishop leads the service and „lays a priest. To worship God who provides him with all his needs
hands on‟ the person‟s head – this is a To love and respect his parents Belonging is where someone feels they are a part of
blessing To listen to his religious teacher something or a member of a group