Asthma Allergy Museum Walk

Document Sample
Asthma Allergy Museum Walk Powered By Docstoc
					                                           HOPE Partnership
                    Supported by a Science Education Partnership Award (SEPA) from the
        National Center for Research Resources, National Institutes of Health (Grant No. R25 RR018490)


                  Asthma & Allergy Museum Walk
                  By the Community Outreach and Education Program
                               University of Arizona


                                Table of contents
   1. Background information
            Introduction
            Activities, Objectives & National Education Standards
            Materials needed for the Stations/ Activities
            Suggested Procedure for Guided Tours
            Program Flexibility
                    Event Sites
                    Participants
                    Planning & Evaluations
                    Materials
                    Benefits
                        School Groups
                        General Public
            Correlations to Learning Styles and National Education Standards

   2. Training Procedure for Docents/ Guides
            Goals
            Objectives
            Activities
            Assessment

   3. Materials Preparation and Station Setup
      Event Format
      Planning and Implementation Schedule
      Station Setup

   4. Stations #1-5
      Station #1
      Station #2
      Station #3
      Station #4
      Station #5

   5. Game Area – Asthma Bingo

   6. Evaluations/Assessments
      Teacher Evaluation for the Asthma and Allergy Museum Walk
      Asthma & Allergy Quiz
      Asthma & Allergy Quiz w/answers


Asthma & Allergy Museum Walk                                                                             1
                                            HOPE Partnership
                     Supported by a Science Education Partnership Award (SEPA) from the
         National Center for Research Resources, National Institutes of Health (Grant No. R25 RR018490)


Background Information
Introduction

This proposed activity educates students and the general public about asthma and
allergies, which can be very harmful to human health. This will be held in a museum or a
science center, using one of their vacant exhibition rooms. This could also be used as an
informal educational activity conducted in a boys’ and girls’ club or in a community
center. The information presented in this activity will be appropriate for a range of ages
from younger students to the adults. The preferred use of this Asthma and Allergy
Museum Walk would be to educate middle school students, as it was created and written
targeting their level of education and knowledge. There are however, a science center or
a museum attracts a diverse group of audiences. Thus, the Asthma & Allergy Museum
Walk will be accessible to anyone who will be present at the event location. The docents
will be trained to answer more advanced questions and to handle students from primary
school level to knowledgeable adults. Appropriate training and reading material will be
assigned to the docents/ guides, in order to convey the information clearly and accurately.

There will be six stations set up in a room, which will include five information stations
and one game area. Some stations will exclusively provide information about asthma and
allergies, while others will give the students a chance to do hands-on activities. The
game area can be used to either initiate or wrap up the whole experience.

This all-day activity will be held at the chosen location, and the schools will be notified
ahead of time about the event. Apart from student groups the general public could also
participate in this activity. The public has to sign up for the group tour, which will start
every other hour or half hour, depending on how busy the event gets. Each group will be
given a guided tour of the six stations within an hour.

There will be a short answer quiz give to the students that they will be asked to complete
and hand over before they leave the event. The teachers will also be asked to fill out an
event evaluation form. The general public will be given the same quiz as the students.
Both the school groups and the general public may choose to look at other on-going
exhibits at the museum, before or after touring the Asthma & Allergy Museum Walk.

The number of resource personnel needed for this activity may differ by location.
Preferably, 3-6 docents and an event coordinator will be needed for each day of the event.
The docents will be assigned to 1-2 stations each, and will be responsible for knowing the
specialized information pertaining to those stations. The event coordinator would handle
all the tasks needed and can also act as the timekeeper.

A small budget is needed for this activity, as some of the items for the stations need to be
purchased. Most of the other materials can be made by the using available resources.
Purchased items can be easily used in other events that your institution might organize.
For potentially expensive items, there are some suggestions for alternatives.



Asthma & Allergy Museum Walk                                                                              2
                                           HOPE Partnership
                    Supported by a Science Education Partnership Award (SEPA) from the
        National Center for Research Resources, National Institutes of Health (Grant No. R25 RR018490)


The overall health concept of this event is that by educating about asthma and allergies
(their causes, symptoms, and method of prevention), and how individuals can reduce the
incidence of these diseases. The expected project outcome is for students and families to
identify, avoid, and minimize exposure to asthma and allergy causing environmental
factors. A further goal is to help those who might have asthma, identify their condition
and to seek appropriate help.




Asthma & Allergy Museum Walk                                                                             3
                                           HOPE Partnership
                    Supported by a Science Education Partnership Award (SEPA) from the
        National Center for Research Resources, National Institutes of Health (Grant No. R25 RR018490)


Activities, Objectives & National Education Standards


Station 1:                          Objectives: Learn the anatomy of the lungs.
“Know your Lungs”                               Learn the importance of the lung function.
                                                Learn how and why would lungs be affected by respiratory
                                                infections?

                                    Standards:
                                    National Health Education Standards
                                    Standard1: Students will comprehend concepts related to health promotion and
                                    disease prevention.

                                    National Science Education Standards*
                                    Life Science: grades 5-8: Content Standard C

                                    National English Education Standards
                                    Standard 1: Students read a wide range of print and non-print text to build an
                                    understanding of texts, of themselves, and of the cultures of the United States
                                    and the world, to acquire new information, to respond to the needs and
                                    demands of society and the workplace, and for personal fulfillment. Among
                                    these texts are fiction and nonfiction, classic and contemporary works.

Station 2:                          Objectives: Learn the basics about asthma.
“What is Asthma?”                                  What are asthma symptoms?
                                                   How would you feel if you were having an asthma
                                                   attack?
                                                Learn statistics on asthma prevalence.

                                    Standards:
                                    National Health Education Standards
                                    Standard1: Students will comprehend concepts related to health promotion and
                                    disease prevention.

                                    National Science Education Standards*
                                    Life Science: grades 5-8: Content Standard C
                                    Science in Personal and Social Perspectives: grades 5-8: Content
                                    Standard F

                                    National English Education Standards
                                    Standard 8: Students use a variety of technological and informational
                                    resources (e.g., libraries, databases, computer networks, video) to gather and
                                    synthesize information and to create and communicate knowledge.
                                    Standard 4: Students adjust their use of spoken, written, and visual language
                                    (e.g., conventions, style, vocabulary) to communicate effectively with a variety
                                    of audiences for a variety of purposes.

Station 3:                          Objectives: Understand the most common indoor allergens which
“Indoor Allergens”                              cause/trigger asthma and allergies.
                                                Learn ways to avoid or destroy these allergens.

                                    Standards:
                                    National Health Education Standards
                                    Standard 3: Students will demonstrate the ability to practice health enhancing behaviors
                                    and reduce health risks.
                                    Standard1: Students will comprehend concepts related to health promotion and disease
                                    prevention.




Asthma & Allergy Museum Walk                                                                                     4
                                           HOPE Partnership
                    Supported by a Science Education Partnership Award (SEPA) from the
        National Center for Research Resources, National Institutes of Health (Grant No. R25 RR018490)



                                    National Science Education Standards*
                                    Life Science: grades 5-8: Content Standard C
                                    Science in Personal and Social Perspectives: grades 5-8: Content
                                    Standard F

                                    National English Education Standards
                                    Standard 3: Students apply a wide range of strategies to comprehend,
                                    interpret, evaluate, and appreciate texts. They draw on their prior experience,
                                    their interactions with other readers and writers, their knowledge of word
                                    meaning and other texts, their identification strategies, and their understanding
                                    of textual features (e.g., sound-letter correspondence, sentence structure,
                                    context, graphics).

Station 4:                          Objectives: Understand the role that air pollution plays in causing or
“Outdoor Pollutants”                            exacerbating asthma.
                                                Learn about outdoor air pollution and environmental
                                                tobacco smoke.
                                                Learn about pollutants and irritants in your town, city and
                                                state.

                                    Standards:
                                    National Health Education Standards
                                    Standard 3: Students will demonstrate the ability to practice health enhancing
                                    behaviors and reduce health risks.
                                    Standard1: Students will comprehend concepts related to health promotion and
                                    disease prevention.

                                    National Science Education Standards*
                                    Life Science: grades 5-8: Content Standard C
                                    Science in Personal and Social Perspectives: grades 5-8: Content
                                    Standard F

                                    National English Education Standards
                                    Standard 8: Students use a variety of technological and informational
                                    resources (e.g., libraries, databases, computer networks, video) to gather and
                                    synthesize information and to create and communicate knowledge.

Station 5:                          Objectives: Identify and list asthma susceptibility factors.
“Susceptibility Factors and                     Learn what type of medical help is available for managing
Managing Asthma and                            asthma?
Allergy”                                        How to identify and help your family members and/or
                                               friends who have asthma.
                                    Standards:
                                    National Health Education Standards
                                    Standard1: Students will comprehend concepts related to health promotion and
                                    disease prevention.
                                    Standard 3: Students will demonstrate the ability to practice health enhancing
                                    behaviors and reduce health risks.
                                    Standard 2: Students will demonstrate the ability to access valid health
                                    information and health promoting products and services.
                                    Standard 5: Students will demonstrate the ability to use interpersonal
                                    communication skills to enhance health.

                                    National Science Education Standards*
                                    Life Science: grades 5-8: Content Standard C
                                    Science in Personal and Social Perspectives: grades 5-8: Content
                                    Standard F



Asthma & Allergy Museum Walk                                                                               5
                                           HOPE Partnership
                    Supported by a Science Education Partnership Award (SEPA) from the
        National Center for Research Resources, National Institutes of Health (Grant No. R25 RR018490)



                                    National English Education Standards
                                    Standard 3: Students apply a wide range of strategies to comprehend,
                                    interpret, evaluate, and appreciate texts. They draw on their prior experience,
                                    their interactions with other readers and writers, their knowledge of word
                                    meaning and other texts, their identification strategies, and their understanding
                                    of textual features (e.g., sound-letter correspondence, sentence structure,
                                    context, graphics).

Game Area 6:                        Objectives: Review asthma and allergy information learned at each
“Asthma Bingo”                                  station of the event.
                                                OR
                                                Introduce asthma and allergy information, which will be
                                                learned at each station.

                                    Standards:
                                    National Health Education Standards
                                    Standard1: Students will comprehend concepts related to health promotion and
                                    disease prevention.
                                    Standard 2: Students will demonstrate the ability to access valid health
                                    information and health promoting products and services.
                                    Standard 3: Students will demonstrate the ability to practice health enhancing
                                    behaviors and reduce health risks.
                                    Standard 5: Students will demonstrate the ability to use interpersonal
                                    communication skills to enhance health.

                                    National Science Education Standards*
                                    Life Science: grades 5-8: Content Standard C
                                    Science in Personal and Social Perspectives: grades 5-8: Content
                                    Standard F

                                    National English Education Standards
                                    Standard 12: Students use spoken, written, and visual language to accomplish
                                    their own purposes (e.g., for learning, enjoyment, persuasion, and the
                                    exchange of information).




* National Science Education Standards
For a more detailed description of how each station addresses the National Science
Education Standards see Section Five “Correlations to Learning Styles and National
Education Standards”




Asthma & Allergy Museum Walk                                                                               6
                                            HOPE Partnership
                     Supported by a Science Education Partnership Award (SEPA) from the
         National Center for Research Resources, National Institutes of Health (Grant No. R25 RR018490)


Materials needed for the Stations/ Activities


Station 1: “Know your
Lungs”                               Wall putty, Velcro strips, push pins, clip boards, or easels (to mount
                                     the poster depending on the location)
                                     1) Human Miniature Torso - Lung model
                                          o Table
                                     2) “Smoking is cool” poster depicting a smoker's and a non-smoker's
                                     lungs
                                     3) Large graphic posters of the respiratory system
                                          o Wall putty, Velcro strips, push pins, clip boards, or easels (to
                                              mount the poster depending on the location)
Station 2: “What is Asthma
and Allergy?”                        1) Poster with maps and charts on asthma prevalence.
                                           o Wall putty, Velcro strips, push pins, clip boards, or easels (to
                                               mount the poster depending on the location)
                                     2) A laptop with the video: “What’s Asthma All About” (which shows
                                     what happens during an asthma attack) http://www.whatsasthma.org/
                                           o Table
                                     3) Drinking straws, coffee stirrers for the breathing through straws
                                     activity.
                                           o Containers for the straws
                                           o Trash can to dispose of used straws

Station 3: “Indoor Allergens”
                                     1) Mold on slides and/or images of household molds
                                     2) Dust mites on slides and/or an enlarged image of dust mites
                                     3) Microscopes
                                     4) Rubber cockroaches and/or images of real cockroaches
                                          o Display Stands
                                     5) Plush animals: cat, dog, rat
                                          o Table
Station 4: “Outdoor
Pollutants”                          1) A lap-top computer to run CO-City, or Smog City flash animations.
                                          o Table
                                     2) Pollen Calendar poster
                                     3) Images of pollen and ragweed
                                     4) Display Stands (depending on how many images you are going to
                                     display)
                                     5) Pack of cigarettes
                                     6) Maps showing levels of air pollution in your city, county, and state
                                     7) Images of polluted cities and tail pipe exhaust
                                     8) Bookmarks for kids with information about CO-City, A Recipe for
                                     Ozone, and Lung Attack flash animation activities.


                                     Cont…




Asthma & Allergy Museum Walk                                                                              7
                                            HOPE Partnership
                     Supported by a Science Education Partnership Award (SEPA) from the
         National Center for Research Resources, National Institutes of Health (Grant No. R25 RR018490)


Station 5: “Susceptibility
Factors and Managing                 1) Table-top poster on susceptibility factors: genetics, diet,
Asthma and Allergy”                  environment, access to medical care, exposure to indoor pollutants.
                                          o Table
                                     2) Table-top poster with illustrations on how to use a Peak flow meter.
                                     3) Peak Flow Meters (with individual disposable mouthpieces)
                                     4) Dust masks
                                     5) Asthma diaries/action cards



Game Area 6:
“Asthma Bingo”                       1) Six bingo marking cards (6 groups of 2-3 students in each)
                                     (Bingo marking cards could be printed on ordinary paper)
                                     2) Call sheets
                                     3) Checking table
                                     (Call sheets and the checking table need to be printed in color and
                                     should be laminated)
                                     4) Colored markers
                                     5) Mini CDs with “Asthma Bingo” material and “Air Quality” exercises
                                     for teachers.




Asthma & Allergy Museum Walk                                                                              8
                                            HOPE Partnership
                     Supported by a Science Education Partnership Award (SEPA) from the
         National Center for Research Resources, National Institutes of Health (Grant No. R25 RR018490)


Suggested Procedure for Guided Tours – Students & the General Public

 There will be five learning stations or exhibit areas and a play area for the “Asthma
  Bingo” game set up in one large room.

 There should be at least 3 guides/ docents available for each tour, pluse an event
  coordinator.

 The event coordinator needs to be a COEP staff member and could welcome tour
  groups, introduce the event, remind people on the general rules regarding how to
  behave when visiting a museum or a science center, have teachers and students
  complete their quizzes and evaluations, collect the forms, and, if necessary, be the
  timekeeper.

 The tour will last approximately 55 minutes to an hour, with different times-frames
  assigned to each station.

 When the students come in they will be divided into small groups (8-10 in each). The
  parents, teachers and chaperones may be included in the group as well. For the
  general public tours, people can sign up for tours, and once a group (8-10) is formed,
  a tour may commence. People may visit other exhibits until the tour starts. The
  public tours will start every other hour or half hour, depending how busy the event
  may get.

 The tours should preferably start at either station 1 or 3. In a larger group, the game
  area could be one of the starting points. If a group starts the tour from station 3 or the
  game area, they should be given an overview of what they will see in other stations
  and how these are related to the station from which they are starting the tour.

 There are time-frames assigned for each station. If individuals seem interested in one
  station in particular, the guide may decide to spend more time on that station and
  spend less time on other stations.

 The docents need to ask at least three questions from the students at each station. Ask
  a transition question at the end of one station and the beginning of another.

 There should be a 15 minute break after each tour, so that the docents can rearrange
  the exhibits and prepare activity materials.




Asthma & Allergy Museum Walk                                                                              9
                                            HOPE Partnership
                     Supported by a Science Education Partnership Award (SEPA) from the
         National Center for Research Resources, National Institutes of Health (Grant No. R25 RR018490)


Program Flexibility

Event Sites
This activity is designed to be held in a museum or a science center, using one of their
vacant exhibition rooms. It could also be used as an informal education action
mechanism and conducted in a boys’ and girls’ club or in a community center.

Participants
The Asthma and Allergy Museum Walk is designed primarily for middle school students
to have a guided tour of the asthma and allergy information exhibit. Parents, teachers and
chaperones may be included in these tours, but the information presented is targeted for
the education level of the middle school students. However, if this event is offered
primarily to the general public on a weekend, as an after school program, in a boys and
girls club, in a community center etc. the information presented in the tours could be
modified accordingly. The participants of the Asthma and Allergy Museum Walk may
therefore include: middle/ high school students, teachers, parents, chaperones, families,
community groups, etc.

Planning & Evaluations
Schools will be notified about this event and requested to bring their students to the
museum or the science center at which it will be held. A short answer quiz will be given
for the students to complete once they have finished the museum walk. The teachers will
be given a separate evaluation form to asses the event and rate the guides, resources, and
information presented. If the event is conducted for the general public, participants will
be asked to fill out the same student quiz before they exit the exhibit area. However,
different evaluation methods to assess different audience groups may also be developed
in the future.

Materials
Most of the materials are easy to acquire and assemble. Some of the items for the
stations need to be purchased, which may be expensive. However, these are onetime
purchases and may be used in other educational events hosted by your institution. For
potentially expensive items, there are suggestions for alternatives.


Benefits
       School groups
       The students who come to participate in this event will benefit from learning
       about asthma and allergy prevalence, symptoms, asthma attack triggers,
       sustainability, and prevention. Students gain important interdisciplinary content
       skills in science, health and English/language arts as the activities support the
       National Education Standards for the above-mentioned disciplines. (Please read
       tab 25 “Learning Styles and National Education Standards” for more
       information). The activities also encourage inquiry based learning, especially the
       asthma bingo game. Furthermore, the knowledgeable docents will be explaining
       content and they will encourage students to ask questions.


Asthma & Allergy Museum Walk                                                                              10
                                           HOPE Partnership
                    Supported by a Science Education Partnership Award (SEPA) from the
        National Center for Research Resources, National Institutes of Health (Grant No. R25 RR018490)




       General Public
       For the families who visit this event, both parents and children will learn together
       and will discuss the issues about asthma and allergies, and how they might impact
       the family. Parents become more involved in their children’s education and feel
       more informed about what they are learning. Families will become familiar with
       local resources and programs available for respiratory health issues.


Correlations to Learning Styles and National Education Standards

The Asthma and Allergy Museum Walk has been designed to reach students and families
on multiple levels.
 For visual learners there are written descriptions at each station with clear images of
    healthy lungs, and how they are a part of the entire respiratory system and also by
    looking through a microscope to see what mold and dust mites look like up close.
 Auditory learners will be drawn into the exhibition by the videos and the docents’
    explanations.
 Those who are kinesthetic learners will be stimulated by many aspects such as the
    “breathing through straws activity”, the manipulators of the allergy triggers, the
    online interactive lesson on air pollution, and the game which concludes the
    exhibition.
The Asthma and Allergy Museum Walk offers opportunities for students and families to
learn with peers and relatives, ponder ideas individually, and develop students’ inquiry.
Docents further encourage students’ inquiry with probing questions


Each station of the Asthma and Allergy Museum Walk fulfills national standards for the
English, science, and health curriculums. Appropriate standards are implemented in each
station and are listed for that station.
     For example, in Station #2 one of the activities is for students to view a video
        about the symptoms and triggers of an asthma attack.
            o This fulfills national English standard #8 of “students using a variety of
                technological and information resources to gather and synthesize
                information”.
            o In the area of health this same video helps students to “comprehend
                concepts related to health promotion and disease prevention” as stipulated
                in the first of the national health standards.
            o A key concept for the life sciences standards in grades 5-8 is to “develop
                the understanding that the body has organs that function together to
                maintain life” and to specifically study the respiratory system.
        These are covered in the video as well as the entire Asthma and Allergy Museum
        Walk. A detailed explanation of the specific content covered for the science
        standards is provided in the pages following this overview.




Asthma & Allergy Museum Walk                                                                             11

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:4
posted:10/15/2011
language:English
pages:11