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									  Excercise & Sport
Psychology Newsletter

                Volume 19
                                         ESPNews    Celebrating our 19th Year!
                                                             Issue 1
                                                                                                                Spring 2005
                                                                                                                                                                  APA Convention Highlights
                                                                                                                                                                              Interview: Kate Hays
                                                                                                                                                              Respectful Sport Psychology
                                                                                                                                                                                              THIS ISSUE:

                                                                                                                                                                             Candidate Statements

I Run Marathons Because I Can                                                                                                                                                Dissertation Summary
                                   Frank M. Webbe, Ph.D., President
                                    I was flying home not too long ago and was wearing a t-shirt commemorating a marathon that I had just run. Another
                                    passenger sitting across from me as we waited for boarding asked if I had run the marathon. I admitted that I had, and he
                                    then asked me why. Depending upon the context of such questions I have a variety of stock responses. I gave him my default
                                    answer. “I run marathons because I can.” It sounds like a smart-aleck answer (and often is), but it serves to defend me from
                                    revealing more private motives that I don’t care to mention to strangers. Of course, there is also truth in the answer, but it is a
                                    truth that is usually understandable only to other runners. An article in the New York Times last November, forwarded
to me by Ray Fowler, gives an unexpected validation to my response. Reporting on an article in Nature authored by Dennis Bramble and Daniel
Lieberman (Endurance running and the evolution of Homo, 2004, 432(7015), 396-401), Times writer John Noble Wilford examined
their conclusions that man (and presumably woman) evolved a physique that predisposes for long distance running. Moreover, the
assumption is offered that such a physique, and the ability that it engendered, resulted in pivotal evolutionary adaptation that
fostered the survival and further development of homo erectus. If you have not read their Nature article I encourage you
to do so. Now I can say I run because my entire species and I are alive right now as a result of being capable of running
long distances when other species could not. Indeed, among all other species, only dogs are credited with similar running
abilities. Could this then be the true explanation for the long and close relationship between humans and dogs? I’ll
                                                           leave that for another discussion, along with the less than cogent
The purpose of this Division shall be to bring together    arguments in Bramble’s and Lieberman’s thesis.
persons who are interested in exercise and sport
psychology in order to foster research, teaching, service
                                                                              Was Aristotle somehow aware of this argument, perhaps
and interest in this area. (Division 47 Bylaws, revision      gleaned through his observations, when he founded his Lyceum in Athens and made
3, August 2001).                                              physical exercise (especially running) one of the core disciplines to co-exist with the three
                                                              Rs, philosophy, the humanities, and ethics? Aristotle’s premise was that men were basically
The term sport can be used as a noun, a verb, or an           not very nice (women were ignored as unimportant) and only through acquisition of
adjective. For this Division, it is used as a noun. This      knowledge could good eventuate. Unlike Plato, who discounted empirically-gained knowledge,
decision follows the European lead where sport can be         Aristotle posited that empirical approaches were the only sure ways to knowledge, and this included
viewed as: competitive athletics, a source of diversion,      the development of the physical body.
recreation, or physical activity engaged in play. In other                    So, I run. Others walk. Some swim. Many bike. Some of us perform; some observe. If we
words, sport involves much more than competitive              combine Bramble and Lieberman’s hypothesis that endurance running facilitated our evolution, with
athletics, and this is the reason why the terms               Aristotle’s belief that physical activity is one of the important routes to both knowledge and self
“exercise” and “sport” are both included in the               improvement, then we must remain aghast at the sorry physical state of most modern populations. If
Division’s title. The terms exercise and sport are
                                                              the lack of physical fitness correlated with an increase in knowledge, suggesting that less time was spent
intended to broaden the Division’s scope. (Division 47
                                                              in physical activity in order to fuel an engaged intellect we might be a bit mollified. Unfortunately, the
Policies and Procedures, revision, January 2005).
                                                              cognitive health at least in the USA also appears to be on the ebb. College entrance exam statistics continue
                                                              their decline, as does employer satisfaction with employee knowledge. As a nation, we appear to be getting
fatter, slower, duller, and less motivated. Slacker’s paradise, here we come!
                 In her presidential column in the ESPNews of Fall, 2002, Kate Hays developed former APA president George Miller’s idea of giving psychology away into
the more specific giving sport psychology away. Judy Van Raalte, in her presidential columns in Fall, 2003 and Spring, 2004, created a framework to give sport psychology
away in a “giveaway-athon at the annual APA convention. This marvelous effort will continue at the convention in Washington, DC. What I am encouraging here further
extends the division’s mission to give sport psychology away. I am suggesting that we renew our efforts to educate in the critical importance of exercise and sport in daily
life. This perhaps is more of the Aristotelian approach than the evolutionary. No longer is there any doubt of the value of exercise in the maintenance of mental health. Depression
and anxiety flee as exercise increases, sometimes on a level equal to medical and psychotherapeutic interventions. Although our data on the cognitive effects of exercise are
considerably less well developed, it is clear that in a general way Aristotle was correct. Exercise that develops the body also improves the environment within which the brain
functions, which facilitates cognitive capacity and ability. We can all do little things to give away this knowledge: that talk at the senior center; the program at the community library;
influencing youth sports groups – parents as well as children; setting a personal example for your family and friends. We can do bigger things. At this summer’s convention in
Washington, DC, our Running Psychologists section is sponsoring morning walk/run workouts from the major hotels. Influencing one psychologist may result in significant effects in
their home communities. And, of course, the Giveaway-athon at the Washington convention will be the biggest yet. Particularly for those of you who live in that vicinity, give Judy Van
Raalte a call or email (information on the back cover) and volunteer your services and your ideas. We can echo two clarion calls from the ‘60s: “take it to the streets,” and “power
to the people.”
Ch-Ch-Changes and                                                                                       Join the Division 47 Listserv Today

a Whole Lotta Goings On                                                                                 Division 47 has its own listserv for members and those interested
                                                                                                        in the field of exercise and sport psychology. The list is specifically
                           Penny McCullagh, Ph.D., President-Elect                                      for postings on issues, questions, information, and findings
                                                                                                        concerning research and professional practice issues in exercise
                            A lot has occurred since the last Newsletter. I attended a Division         and sport psychology.
                            Leadership Conference in DC in early January, I attended my first
                            full Executive Committee Meeting in Florida, later in January, and          To join the list and receive email posting from list members, send
                            my university changed names from California State University,               an email message to: Leave the subject line
                            Hayward to CSU East Bay. Let me tell you a little about each.               blank. In the body of the message type: “subscribe div47” and
                                    Part of the benefits of being in an organization as large as        send the message. If you use a signature file with your message,
APA, is the breadth of experiences and resources it can offer. One of those is a Leadership             please remember to remove it for this message. You will receive
Conference that is held each January to initiate President-Elects into their leadership roles           acknowledgement from Majordomo when your subscription has
within their division. The conference leadership is provided by the Committee on Division/APA           been approved. Subsequently, to send a message to the list,
Relations (CODAPAR) that has six individuals who represent the Divisions. Our own Kate Hays             simply address your message to: Please use
was just elected to this committee and is able to keep us connected. I learned a lot about APA          care and consideration in your messages.
and what it can offer Divisions at this conference. As a sat through the two days of meetings,
I thought about what I could bring back to the Division. There are endless possibilities but I          Currently, the Division 47 list administrator is Doug Hirschhorn,
decided that we should have Division 47 align more closely with the four directorates in APA            M.S. To reach Doug, send an email to:
(Science, Education, Practice, Public Interest). As I move into my role as President and work
more closely with the committees, I will move their initiatives in line with these directorates.
             No sooner had I returned to California when I headed off to Florida for our
Executive Committee Meeting. What a delight it was to get to know the members of this group
a little better and see what a dedicated group of hard working individuals they are. Under
Frank’s leadership we had a packed agenda that he skillfully maneuvered us through. I had
previously suggested at the meeting in Hawaii that I would like our Division to set up a site on
                                                                                                      Division 47 2004-2005 Advertising and Insertion Schedule
Blackboard. As a department chair, I had set up a site for my own department and it has saved
                                                                                                      ESPNews is the official newsletter Division 47 (Exercise and Sport Psychology)
many a tree as well as made a wide array of documents readily available (minutes, proposals,
                                                                                                      of the American Psychological Association. ESPNews is published three times
etc). In addition, it allows an open forum for discussion of various items of interest. Much to
                                                                                                      a year – Spring Fall, and Summer – and has a circulation of over 1000
my delight Diane Finley, our Secretary/Treasurer teaches many an online course and quickly
                                                                                                      professional and student-affiliate members. The membership of Division 47 is
took on the task of setting up our site. While this might be new for some users, I am sure that       diverse, representing academics and practitioners from both psychology and
in the end it will make all our dealings more efficient. A big thanks to Diane.                       exercise science.
             At the Executive Committee meetings we also discussed the initiative I had proposed
about organizing some online classes, primarily geared to psychologists, covering the                 For each issue of the newsletter, Division 47 will accept advertising from
kinesiology knowledge base recommended for sport psychology practice (motor learning,                 individuals, professional organizations, and businesses. For further inquiries
biomechanics, exercise physiology, etc.). The idea would be to align these courses with AAASP         about advertising or to place an advertisement with the division, please
certification standards. One fact that I discovered as I started to learn about Continuing            contact:
Education units is that psychologists who take units to renew their licenses, typically receive
one unit of credit for each hour of class. This is unlike a university course (that AAASP requires)   Robert J. Harmison, Ph.D.
that typically meets 10 hours for one unit of university credit. The committee discussed a            Editor, ESPNews
                                                                                                      Program Chair, Sport-Exercise Psychology
number of ideas and Judy came up with one that may make sense. She suggested a three
                                                                                                      Argosy University/Phoenix
tiered class. The first tier would introduce the topic and meet a minimal number of hours
                                                                                                      2233 W. Dunlap Ave., Ste. 150
whereas the second and third tier would simulate a university course. We are cooperating with         Phoenix, AZ 85021
the AAASP Certification Committee to see if some of these ideas can come to fruition.                 (602) 216-2600
             And finally the name change. The university decided that it wanted to reach a
broader audience, and not limit itself to one city but rather have a name more representative         Rates for placement of an advertisement in one issue of the newsletter are:
of a regional university – thus East Bay. Many Divisions have modified their names over the
years and there have been whispers of a name change for Division 47. Think about it and let           Full Page (8 X 11 inches)                             $600
us know your thought.                                                                                 Half-Page (8 X 5 inches)                              $350
             You can reach me anytime at (I know – the e-mail                  Quarter-Page (4 X 5 inches)                           $200
hasn’t been modified yet).
                                                                                                      Payment for an advertisement is due at the time of ad submissions. Deadlines
                                                                                                      for advertisements are the same date as other newsletter submissions. That
                                                                                                      date can be found at the end of each previous newsletter.
                                                                                                                                                                                                    EDITOR’S CORNER

                                   A-Roundin' Third, and Headed for Home
                                   Robert J. Harmison, Ph.D.
                                 “Greetings and salutations, greeting and salutations. What a                                     summer, we will have the opportunity to celebrate the induction of one of our favorite sons,
                                 great day for baseball…let’s play two!” So said one                                              Ryne Sandberg, into the Baseball Hall of Fame. (Just so you know how pathetic I am, my
                                 American T.V. icon, George Costanza, of the mega hit Seinfeld,                                   wife allowed me to name our son, Schuyler Ryne, after my baseball hero. I’m certain that
following his being hired as the assistant to the traveling secretary of the New York Yankees.                                    God has reserved a special place in heaven for her.)
You remember the episode – the one in which George came to the conclusion that every                                                            With this issue, I have decided to change some things up a little bit, especially
instinct he ever had about life was wrong. He then committed himself to doing the opposite                                        as it relates to the appearance of the newsletter. Hopefully, the new format is a bit more
of his instincts. Instead of tuna on toast, he ordered chicken salad on rye for lunch. Instead                                    appealing to eyes and looks better on top of the stack of things to do on your desk. Also
of ignoring the inviting glances of an attractive female, he tells her that he is unemployed,                                     of note are the candidate statements for those who have been nominated for President-Elect
fat, bald, and living with his parents. Turns out she ordered the exact same lunch as he and                                      and Member-at-Large. Make sure to take the time to vote for these worthy folks and their
clearly expresses her interest in getting to know him better. Eventually, he gets the job                                         ideas on how best to lead our Division. Be sure to note the highlights for the APA Convention
interview with the New York Yankees, voices his extreme displeasure with the enigmatic                                            in Washington, DC in August. Michael D’Andrea and Judy Daniels offer a sneak peak of
owner of the team, George Steinbrenner, and gets the job as a result.                                                             their symposium with their article of RESPECTFUL Sport Psychology is this issue as well. And
              All of this to say that it is a great time of year to be in Arizona. The weather is                                 a new feature we hope to continue in future newsletter is the “Meet the Professional”
fabulous, and another successful spring training season has just been completed. Being                                            feature. This is an excellent opportunity for students to interview their mentors or other
from Chicago and a die hard Cubs’ fan, there is no better time than the day before the first                                      professionals they look up and stuff those vitas as well. Interested students are encouraged
day of the season. ‘Tis the season of eternal hope for all of us Cubbie fans everywhere.                                          to contact Adam Wright, student co-representative for more information on how to get
And this year, this feeling of hope was extended another day, for on Opening Day I got to                                         involved.
witness the Cubs trounce the hometown Diamondback 16-6. It was the most the Cubs have                                                           Finally, returning to the baseball theme, I recently attended one of my
scored on Opening Day since somewhere near the turn of the 20th century. But alas, if form                                        nephew’s Little League baseball games. Brought back found memories of my Little League
holds true, by the time this issue has reached your hands, we Cub fans will be echoing our                                        days and summers of old when my family literally lived at the ballpark. As John Fogerty
favorite battle cry – “Wait until next year.” Fortunately, when all is lost in the dog days of                                    once crooned, “Oh, put me in Coach - I’m ready to play today!”

                                                                    PROFESSIONAL NEWS
 Workshops and Conferences
 "Developing Your Knowledge, Skills, and Practice in Sport Psychology," an intensive workshop by Jack J. Lesyk, Ph.D., author of Developing Sport Psychology Within Your
 Clinical Practice, will be conducted by the Ohio Center for Sport Psychology, June 24-25, Middleburg Hts., OH. For information, check the Center’s website at or contact Dr. Lesyk at (216) 575-6175 or

 The International Society of Sport Psychology (ISSP) invites you to attend the 11th World Congress of Sport Psychology, August 15–19, 2005, Sydney, Australia. Registration
 information is available online at Early registration deadline is May 16.

 Call for Proposals
 “Identification and Treatment of the Female Athlete Triad: Disordered Eating, Amenorrhea, Osteoporosis, and Related Issues,” a mini-conference sponsored by the Athlete
 Special Interest Group (SIG) of the Academy for Eating Disorders, will be held Friday, October 7, in Indianapolis, IN. Deadline for abstract submissions is May 15. For
 information contact Roberta Sherman, PhD at or Ron Thompson, PhD at

 Joan S. Ingalls, Ed. D., AAASP CC announces the opening of her practice, Focused Training, in the West Village in New York City.

                                          Call for Division 47 Student Representative Nominations
            Each year, a student co-representative who is a student-affiliate of Division 47, is selected to serve the division and be a liaison to the Executive Committee. For this position, the student-affiliate shall:
               1) Attend the executive and business meetings of the division during the annual APA Convention, and if           at the annual convention.
               feasible, attend the mid-year meeting. He/she will provide a student-affiliate report regardless of whether      5) Act as a liaison between student members and the Executive Committee on ideas, problems, concerns
               he/she can attend the meetings.                                                                                  and suggestions.
               2) Write a column in the spring and fall issues of the division's newsletter.                                    6) Sit on committees of the division and/or assist the committee chairperson in the selection of a student
               3) Assist the President in the selection of the new student-affiliate.                                           for the committee.
               4) Work with the program chair to plan a student meeting and/or student-affiliate sponsored presentation         7) Perform any other job agreed upon by the division President and/or Executive Committee.

                                                                                           For those student-affiliates who are interested in applying, please send
               (a) 1-2 page statement of interest in the position and (b) a current vita to Dr. Penny McCullagh, Division 47 President-Elect (see back of newsletter for mailing address). Dr. McCullagh, in consultation with the current co-
                                              student representatives, will select the new student co-representative. Announcement of the new student representative will be made at the APA Convention.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Page 3
 Div. 47 Highlights for the Upcoming APA
 Convention, Washington, DC
 July 28 – August 1, 2004
 David Conroy, Ph.D., Division 47 Program Chair

         It’s hard to believe but the 2005 APA Convention is just around the corner. This year, we will meet in our nation’s capital, Washington
         DC. As in years past, we have a fantastic program ready to stimulate the minds and imaginations of scientists and practitioners
         interested in exercise and sport psychology. The format of this year’s Convention has changed a little from recent years with the most
         noticeable change being that we are back to a four-day schedule (Thursday – Sunday) which means that the days are full! To help
         you find sessions that may interest you, we’ll be distributing copies of the Division 47 program at division-sponsored sessions on
         Thursday and Friday. Here are a few highlights that you can look forward to:

              • Dr. James Blumenthal (Duke University) will be giving an invited address entitled “Depression, Heart Disease, and
              Exercise.” We will also feature an “Exercise Psychology” paper session on the program.

              • Dr. Diane Gill (University of North Carolina at Greensboro) will present the Steven Heyman Lecture on “Affirmation of
              diversity revisited: A 10-year retrospective on diversity issues in exercise and sport psychology.” Dr. Gill’s selection for this
              address is particularly appropriate because she has been a long-time advocate for many of the issues that Dr. Heyman
              held near and dear in his career. Dr. Michael D’Andrea (University of Hawaii) also will chair a symposium on “Culturally-
              competent sport psychologists.”

              • Dr. Michael Sachs (Temple University) will receive this year’s award for Distinguished Contributions to Education and
              Training in Exercise & Sport Psychology. His address, titled “Carpe Diem et Carpe Viam: Personal Perspectives on Education
              and Training in Exercise and Sport Psychology.”

              • Our outstanding student representatives have organized a Meet the Professionals session for student members.

         These are only a few of the many fantastic Division 47 sessions that are lined up for the 2005 APA Convention. Once the convention
         office finalizes the program, a full copy of the Division 47 convention program can be found online at The Program Committee (Greg Dale, Danielle Symons Downs, Thad Leffingwell, Marc
         Lochbaum, Artur Poczwardowski) and I invite you to join us for all of the Division’s exciting sessions. If you have any questions leading
         up to the convention, please feel free to contact me (

         See you in DC! (And start planning your submissions for New Orleans in 2006 – it promises to be a meeting to remember!)

Page 4
                                                                 Division 47: Exercise and Sport Psychology
                                                         The 27th Annual Running Psychologists’
                                                             APA 5K “Ray’s Race and Walk”
                                                                       Saturday, August 20, 2005

The annual race and walk at the 2005 Washington, D.C. Convention of APA will be held at 7 a.m., Saturday morning, August 20, in Anacostia Park along the southern
edge of the Anacostia River. Buses will take participants to and from the race from the major hotels. Maps and additional information will be available at Division Services
at the convention. Awards will be given to the overall male and female winners and to the top three finishers in each 5-year age group from under 25 to over 75. Awards
will also go to the top three male and female finishers who hold membership in Division 47, and the top three finishers who are Psi Chi. To honor our convention exhibitors
(who provide our fine raffle prizes), awards will be given to the highest finishing male and female exhibitors.

Pre-registration will run until August 12 which means that the entry form and fee must be received by that date. Please give us all the requested information including
age and gender so that the race numbers can be labeled accurately thereby saving us time in determining your category for the results. THE ENTRY FEE FOR PRE-
REGISTERED RUNNERS IS $20.00, which includes a commemorative t-shirt, raffle chances, and post-race refreshments. PAST August 12, REGISTRATION AT THE CONVENTION
AND ON THE DAY-OF-RACE IS $25. Pre-registration for students is $10.00 and convention/day-of–race student registration is $14.00. PLEASE pre-register to facilitate the
registration process. Make your check payable to: Running Psychologists.

 Division 47 members receive a discounted race entry of $10 as a value-added benefit of division membership. If you are an APA member and wish to apply for division
 47 membership with this entry form, check the block on the form below and remit the discounted entry fee ($10) plus the Division dues ($22 for members, $8 for
 student affiliates). We will forward your application to APA for processing.

Pick up your race number, shirt, and other information at the APA Division Services booth in the main Convention Area beginning Thursday morning, Aug. 18th, or at the
business meeting of Running Psychologists, Friday, Aug.19, 8 a.m. The Annual Pre-Race Pasta Dinner will be held on Friday evening, August 19 at 6:30 p.m. – details
available at the convention. Please mark your entry form to reserve a place at the dinner or sign up at the convention.

                               Sponsored by: APA Insurance Trust - Psi Chi - American Psychological Association - Division 47
                                                   2005: The 27th Annual APA Ray’s Race and Walk
                                 CIRCLE ONE: Member_____ Sponsor_____Exhibitor_____ Student_____Friend/Dependent
                 NAME: ______________________________________________________________________________
                 ADDRESS: ____________________________________________________________________________
                 CITY: ______________________________STATE: ____________________ZIP: ____________________
                 EMAIL:__________________________________TELEPHONE: ____________________________________
                                     PASTA PARTY? Yes ___ No ___ HOW MANY? ____ SHIRT SIZE: S M L XL XXL
                                  AGE ON Aug. 20 : _______ BIRTHDATE: ___/___/____ GENDER: M _____ F _____
                      CURRENT DIVISION 47 MEMBER? Yes __ No __SPONSOR OR EXHIBITOR? Organization’s . Name:_______________
                              PSI CHI MEMBER? Yes _____ No ____ PSI CHI NATIONAL COUNCIL MEMBER? Yes ____ No _____
                  JOIN DIVISION 47? Yes _____APA Status: Member___ Fellow___ Assoc___ Stud.___ APA Member # _____

I assume all risks associated with running in this event including, but not limited to: falls, contact with other participants, the effects
of the weather, including high heat and/or humidity, traffic and the conditions of the road, all such risks being known and appreciated
by me. Having read this waiver and knowing these facts and in consideration of you accepting my entr y, I, for myself and anyone
entitled to act on my behalf, waive and release the Running Psychologists, Division 47 and the American Psychological Association, the
City of Washington, DC, their representatives and successors from all claims or liabilities of any kind arising out of my participation
in this event even though that liability may arise out of negligence or carelessness on the part of the persons named in this waiver. I
grant permission to all of the foregoing to use any photographs, motion pictures, and recording, or any other record of this event for


                                                         Make Check payable to: Running Psychologists
                            Receipt before August 12, 2005: $20 Students: $10 Div. 47 members: $10 (On-site: $25/$14 student)

            Return to: Suanne Shocket, 9625 Surveyor CT., Suite 210, Manassas, VA 20110-4408; Email:                                              Page 5
Kirsten Peterson, Ph.D.

   Biography: Kirsten began her career in sport psychology first as an overly anxious softball pitcher in college who lamented          division that have given much to me, and I feel privileged to have been nominated.
   the lack at the time of anyone who could help her to compete to her abilities. This unfortunate situation combined with                       I have been on the Division 47 Executive Board for the past two years as member-at-large and have found the
   Kirsten’s interest in psychology, led her to explore the then well-hidden field of sport psychology—first at the University of       experience to be enlightening, professionally stimulating, and fun at the same time. I have found my fellow Board members
   Illinois where she obtained her master’s in physical education, and eventually her doctorate in counseling psychology. Along         to be hard-working folks who care about our field and take action to move it forward in positive ways--think development
   the way, she wormed her way into the U.S. Olympic Committee as a research assistant, and also spent some time working                and advancement of the sport psychology proficiency, guidelines on supervision, educating psychologists about sport
   for the physical education publisher, Human Kinetics. Though she was fascinated by the academic side of sport psychology,            psychology, among other initiatives. As a sport psychologist who does most of my work with directly with athletes, it has been
   Kirsten’s true interest was to help athletes perform better psychologically, both on and off the field of play. A period of time     an important change of pace to view the field from the broader perspective of APA and Division 47, and to realize the potential
   spent honing her counseling skills as director of counseling at Elmhurst College just outside Chicago, IL, helped to prepare         our division has to shape the course of the field of sport psychology.
   Kirsten for an eventual move back to the USOC, this time as a staff sport psychologist.                                                       While I am less of an academician than several of luminaries who have previously held the position of president, I
             Kirsten’s primary duties at the USOC include providing both short- and long-term services to athletes and coaches          expect that my orientation as practitioner/consumer of science will stand me in good stead as the Division continues its work.
   encompass individual performance and personal consulting, as well as group educational presentations. She works more                 APA has always struggled to straddle the gap between science and practice, and so I see our division’s leadership strengths
   intensively with a few sports, traveling for training and competition, and has served as part of the USOC sport psychology           needing to reflect both sides of that spectrum. My proposed agenda will most likely be to continue to move on previous
   staff for the 2000, 2002, and 2004 Olympic Teams. Recently, Kirsten has discovered an interest in writing, after finally having      practice-oriented initiatives.
   recovered—8 years after the fact—from having written up a qualitative dissertation. This interest has been sparked by the                     Having been a member of the USOC Sport Psychology staff for almost a decade now (yikes), I have had the honor
   realization that information dissemination is made much more efficient by writing than by one-on-one sessions! In addition           of meeting, working with, and observing some of most talented sport psychologists in the world. I truly feel that our field is
   to applied articles, Kirsten has written several book chapters and functions as the in-house editor for the USOC Sport               blessed with incredible folks, but unfortunately this remains a well-kept secret from the world at large. What is incredible
   Psychology staff’s collective writing efforts: a mental training manual and a soon-to-be-released companion manual for               about this is that the secret-keeping is in large part our own doing. The field of sport psychology has been muffled by our
   coaches. Her current interests include enhancing athlete recovery, innovations in teaching psychological skills, and elements        own internal struggles that have sent confusing messages to the public, and co-opted by an opportunistic few whose message
   of psychological peak performance.                                                                                                   does not represent the mainstream of our field. Should I be fortunate enough to be elected president, one of my interests
             Kirsten has been a member of APA since 1987, is a member of Divisions 17 and 47 and has presented at several               would be to continue the important work begun by my predecessors to improve the image of sport psychology as viewed by
   APA annual conferences. She has previously served on Division 47’s practice and education committees, and most recently              psychologists and the general public alike. This would include maintaining communication and collaboration with like-minded
   served a term as Member-at-Large. She is a licensed psychologist in the state of Colorado and a certified consultant through         divisions, and continuing along the theme of Judy Van Raalte’s sport psychology giveaways.
   the Association for the Advancement of Applied Sport Psychology.                                                                              Like others before me, I feel that one of Division 47’s primary responsibilities is to welcome psychologists of good
                                                                                                                                        will who are interested and/or who are currently employing themselves in sport-related practice. I believe, too, that the
   Position Statement: In contemplating a run for the Division 47 presidency, I was reminded of what it was like when my                current trend toward positive psychology, and even life coaching has important links to the work of sport psychologists
   husband and I first thought about becoming parents. “But we’re not ready! We’re not old enough for this, not responsible             interested in taking their athlete and coach clients to the highest levels of performance. We need to continue to collaborate
   enough, what do we know about being parents?” Despite these misgivings, we eventually both looked at each other and just             with those doing this kind of performance-oriented work, as it forces us to become more informed about how others in similar
   knew that somehow we would figure it all out. Which, more or less, we did. I found myself thinking similar thoughts about            fields conduct their work, and ultimately helps us to clarify our own vision of what great sport psychology practice looks like
   the prospect of running for president of Division 47. “Am I ready to do this?” And I came to the conclusion that this position       before advancing that vision. In the spirit of collaboration, I will also work to keep the lines of communication open to other
   is not only something I can aspire to, it’s the right thing to do. I feel that now is the time to give back to an organization and   sport psychology organizations, as I believe we are stronger when we work together than when we are fractured.

Leonard Zaichkowsky, Ph.D.
   Biography: Leonard . received his Ph.D. from the University of Toledo (1973), Ed.M. from the University of                           public’s awareness of psychology’s value” and that “Psychology is a helpful resource that is much broader than treating mental
   Oklahoma (1970), and BPE from the University of Alberta (1966). He came to Boston University in 1973 and began                       illness”. The specialty of Division 47 has the same overall “perception” problem as the parent field. What is unique to our
   to develop a program in exercise and sport psychology. He became a licensed psychologist in Massachusetts in 1978                    specialty field is that much of the membership of APA is also poorly informed about the field of sport and exercise psychology.
   and a member of APA and Division 47 in 1988. His early research focused on biofeedback and psychophysiology                          Like president-elect Penny McCullagh, I believe there are ways to better inform both the public and fellow psychologists about
   relating to human performance. During the past decade his professional efforts focused on developing an                              the research and practice we engage in. We need to use the various media outlets to inform professionals and the general
   outstanding graduate training program in exercise and sport psychology at Boston University. The program evolved                     public about the excellent research, clinical intervention, and educational efforts coming from the field of exercise and sport
   from several courses in the Human Movement Program in the School of Education to a specialization in the APA                         psychology. This past February, a number of psychologists who deliver behavioral health services to NCAA student athletes,
   approved program in Counseling Psychology. Today exercise and sport psychology as a specialization is jointly offered                met informally in Indianapolis to share information about their work and educate college athletic administrators about the field
   by the counseling program (School of Education), and the program in Mental Health & Behavioral Medicine (School                      of sport and exercise psychology. My perception is that this small group made an enormous impact on the NCAA and its
   of Medicine). Leonard has a joint appointment-(Professor of Education as well as Professor of Psychiatry and                         member institutions via the NCAA News, and it will only continue to grow because there is a strong interest and need for sport
   Graduate Medical Sciences) and directs the sport psychology clinic in the Department of Athletics.                                   psychology services-beyond performance enhancement. As a veteran of exercise and sport psychology, I have had extensive
                                                                                                                                        dealings with the print and electronic media. I intend to use these connections wisely for purposes of educating the public about
           Over the years, Leonard has mentored numerous graduate students who now occupy significant academic,                         exercise and sport psychology. At the annual APA conference we need to integrate our research efforts with other divisions so
   research, clinical, and consulting positions throughout the world (including two college presidents). Prior to entering              that we are better known internally. Some divisions, such as counseling psychology, are natural ones to collaborate with as we
   the world of academia, Leonard played, coached, and officiated hockey and baseball as well as other sports. He is                    have research that fits very well with their research, but we need to expand our interests to other divisions such as those who
   an AAASP certified consultant who has worked with numerous high schools, college, Olympic, and professional                          are doing research in the neurosciences.
   organizations. For example, he has consulted with the Australian Institute of Sport, the National Basketball                                   The issue of training the next generation of exercise and sport psychology continues to be important to me. During
   Association, National Football League, National Hockey League Players Association, Major League Baseball Players                     my tenure at Boston University, I collaborated with colleagues across this vast campus to develop an interdisciplinary program
   Association, U.S. Olympic Committee, USA Hockey, the Boston Celtics (NBA) and Calgary Flames (NHL). He has                           that provided students with expertise in sport & exercise, the performing arts, counseling, behavioral medicine, and mental
   conducted seminars in sport psychology and sports medicine for coaches, athletes, and officials in most major sports.                health. I recognize that at other universities interdisciplinary cooperation may not be easy. Academic departments, schools
                                                                                                                                        and colleges have a history of being territorial and protective of their turf. At Boston University, I was able to overcome this
           Leonard has been active professionally. He was chair of certification for AAASP (1988-91), and Past-President                and believe I can help others pave the way at their institutions. The next generation of Division 47 psychologists should be in
   of AAASP (1997-99). He has been on the editorial board of the Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, and has                           position to receive training that will enable them to provide the general public and sport organizations with outstanding
   reviewed manuscripts for numerous other psychology and sport science journals. Leonard has authored or edited six                    psychological services. They need to be knowledgeable about sport and the psychological sciences and ideally be licensed as a
   books with the most recent being, “Medical and Psychological Aspects of Sport & Exercise”, FIT Publishing (2002).                    “mental health provider” in their state or province. I look forward to the challenge of improving training opportunities for
   He has published over 60 papers on sport psychology, research design, and related topics in scholarly journals or                    those interested in this fascinating field.
   books. He also has numerous magazine and newspaper columns on sport & exercise, as well as over 200 professional                               Finally, I would like to comment on the research in exercise and sport psychology. Early in my career I believed
   presentations.                                                                                                                       psychophysiology would provide us with answers to questions about human performance and to some extent it did. Today the
                                                                                                                                        field of neuroscience has exploded and a few of my colleagues have taken advantage of advances in the field so that we can
   Position Statement: It is an honor to be nominated for the position of President of Division 47. The Division, although              better understand mechanisms governing performance. I will make every effort to bring this research (neuroscience exercise
   relatively young, has a history of distinguished leaders. I followed many of them when I became President of AAASP and I             and sport psychology) to the forefront. Like colleagues David Barlow and APA president Ron Levant I am a big supporter of
   would be pleased to continue this work if elected President of Division 47. For sure, Kate Hayes efforts with “proficiency” will     “evidence-based practice” (EBP). I would like to be in the position of lobbying for research that informs practitioners about the
   continue, Van Raalte’s and Webbe’s “outreach and membership” continues to be important as is Penny’s emphasis on                     efficacy of various forms of intervention. But there should be multiple sources of research evidence within the broad field of
   “education”                                                                                                                          science that informs practice. Science based exercise and sport psychology will establish credibility with our colleagues in other
            My focus will be on education and training in exercise and sport psychology. Current APA president, Ron Levant, a           Divisions of APA.
   former colleague of mine at Boston University, stated in the January 2005 issue of the Monitor, that we need to “heighten the

Page 6
                                                                                                                                                                                             Ed Acevedo, Ph.D.

Biography: Ed is an Associate Professor in the Department of Health, Exercise Science, and Recreation               Position Statement: It is an honor to be nominated for an opportunity to serve in the position of Member-at-
Management and Director of the Applied Physiology Laboratory at The University of Mississippi. He earned his        Large for Division 47. I have been an active member of APA and Division 47 for 8 years and have been active
B.S. in Physical Education with a minor in psychology from Springfield College (1983), his M.A. from the            in numerous other professional organizations including AAASP, NASPSPA, ACSM, and AAHPERD. My interest in
University of Maryland in Exercise Physiology (1985), and his Ph.D. in Sport and Exercise Psychology from the       serving as Member-at-Large for Division 47 is fostered by my commitment to enhancing the public visibility of
University of North Carolina at Greensboro (1989). Ed has served as a reviewer for 9 different journals in          the professional practice of applied sport and exercise psychology. Requirements for meeting the goal of
exercise and sport psychology, psychobiology, and exercise physiology. In addition, he has authored or co-          enhancing public visibility include the preparation of professionals who appreciate and value the researcher-
authored more than 25 book chapters and articles in refereed journals. He is coauthor with Panteleimon              practitioner model and a clear presence of qualified professionals in the public arena. My commitment to
Ekkekakis of an edited text entitled, “The Psychobiology of Physical Activity” scheduled for release in             enhancing professional practice is represented by my service as the Chair of the AAASP Certification Review
December (2005), and he has presented over 60 papers at national and international conferences. His                 Committee.
research interests are focused on the psychobiology of stress during physical activity. He is a Certified                    The importance of exercise and sport to our society is clearly evident, and yet our potential as sport and
Consultant, Association for the Advancement of Applied Sport Psychology and has consulted with athletes and         exercise psychologists to enhance exercise motivation and enhance the sport experience has not been fully
coaches at the professional, collegiate, and youth sport levels.                                                    appreciated by society. As members of Division 47 we have a significant challenge in educating and providing
                                                                                                                    services to populations in need of physical activity and those pursuing a fulfilling athletic experience. In
                                                                                                                    addition, it is obvious to me that the general population deserves a clear profile of a competent practitioner. It
                                                                                                                    is our responsibility to clarify guidelines for training and education that demonstrate competence. Finally, we
                                                                                                                    must work to address the need to create a critical mass of competent practitioners by developing options for
                                                                                                                    practitioners to demonstrate competence (i.e., coursework, supervised work experience, written exam,
                                                                                                                    practical exam, etc.). Division 47 and AAASP have very similar objectives. Finding ways to complement and
                                                                                                                    serve the general population together will likely lead to a greater understanding of the services that we have
                                                                                                                    to offer.
                                                                                                                             As Member-at-Large for APA Division 47, I will serve on behalf of the president, the executive
                                                                                                                    committee, and the division. I will work to meet the demands and requirements of this position with high
                                                                                                                    energy, focused organization, and commitment to excellence. I would greatly value the opportunity to work
                                                                                                                    with you and the executive committee in making decisions that will continue our pursuit of helping others to
                                                                                                                    help themselves to enhance their health and happiness through exercise and sport participation.

                                                                                                                                                                                       Luis G. Manzo, Ph.D.

Biography: Luis is the Assistant Director of Counseling and Psychological Services at Montclair State University.   Position Statement: I am particularly honored to be nominated for the Member-at-Large position, especially
Prior to joining the staff at Montclair, Luis worked at the University of Notre Dame’s University Counseling        when I consider all the talented people I have met in division 47 over the years. I believe I possess a unique
Center where he provided clinical services for student-athletes on performance enhancement and personal             blend of enthusiasm and professional experiences that make me well suited for this position. As a hybrid of
issues while coordinating the counseling center’s alcohol and other drug treatment program.                         sorts straddling the fields of sport psychology, counseling psychology, and addictive behaviors I have
Luis’ passion for sport psychology began as an undergraduate student at Bates College where he received his         collaborated with others in a variety of disciples and have learned ways in which these sometimes divergent
Bachelors of Arts degree in psychology. He went on to earn his Masters degree in sport psychology at the            fields can inform and enhance the delivery of services to peak performers.
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and eventually his Doctorate in counseling psychology at Loyola                  I am always fascinated by the way in which consulting with peak performers has assisted me in my
University Chicago. Of particular interest to Luis is that of the development of confidence in athletes and he      work with individuals who misuse substances. Conversely, what has been more surprising is how helping
has published on the topic in refereed journals and edited books.                                                   someone overcome an addiction, has also taught me ways to more effectively intervene with athletes
        Throughout his career Luis has successfully found ways to merge his specialties in performance              struggling with performance difficulties. It is my belief that identifying the way in which sport psychology and
enhancement and the prevention, assessment, and treatment of addictive disorders. In addition to the                other specialties can have a synergistic impact and can complement one another’s work, is the key to Division
numerous professional and community presentations on peak performance and alcohol use, Luis co-authored             47 expanding its influence and role within APA.
a brochure entitled “Alcohol and Athletic Performance” which is being adopted by the NCAA. He is also                        Continuing education workshops, and developing formal liaisons with other divisions and organizations,
currently serving as a grant reviewer for the 2005 NCAA Choices grant competition.                                  are some of the ways of sharing with others our expertise. Additionally, by promoting cross fertilization of ideas
        At Notre Dame Luis helped to expand the sport psychology services offered by the counseling center          through integrative presentations with other divisions, members of division 47 will have the opportunity to
by developing a six week performance enhancement workshop. In 2001 he received a USA Swimming Sport                 demonstrate how their expertise in peak performance and diversity of perspectives can enhance one’s work
Science Grant which resulted in the creation and evaluation of a workbook for youth swimmers entitled “The          as a psychologist. Furthermore, as we collaborate with other divisions and exchange our knowledge and ideas
Optimistic Swimmer.” In 2003, Luis was also awarded a “Developing Leadership in Reducing Substance Abuse            more APA members will become interested in division 47 and sport psychology.
Fellowship” from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation.                                                                         As more and more individuals become interested in sport psychology, I believe as a division we should
        Luis has been an active member of Division 47, serving on the education committee which has focused         continue to promote the proficiency within sport psychology as a means of promoting the field and establishing
on the proficiency in sport psychology. Additionally, he has presented on numerous occasions at the APA and         guidelines for the practice of sport psychology. Besides I think the overall membership of APA could benefit
the Association for the Advancement of Applied Sport Psychology annual conventions.                                 from the collegiality of division 47 and how much fun we have at our social hours! I am excited about the
                                                                                                                    opportunity to serve Division 47 in this capacity and look forward to many years of involvement with you all.
                                                                                                                    Thank you for your consideration.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Page 7
The Mediating Effects of Peripheral Vision in the Life Stress-Athletic Injury Relationship
                                  Tracie Rogers, Ph.D. – 2003 APA Division 47 Dissertation Award Recipient

                                   The National Council of Athletic Training (1999)                               Following a manipulation check of the real-life stress condition and an
                                   approximates that 30% of interscholastic athletes incur          assessment of the incidence of athletic injury in the sample, differences between the
         some form of injury that requires missing at least one day of practice or competition      injured and non-injured athletes on LES, perceived stress, social support,
         each year. Many of the causes of athletic injury are undoubtedly of a physical             psychological coping skills, state anxiety, and peripheral vision were examined.
         nature, but psychosocial variables have also been found to be important risk factors.      Each hypothesis was then tested using logistic regression analysis. In this study,
         Since the 1970’s, researchers have been examining psychosocial factors potentially         logistic regression predicted the likelihood that an athlete was injured. The success
         related to physical injury, and early research focused on life-event stress and            of each model was based on how accurate the model was at predicting the category
         consistently showed that individuals with high life-event stress suffered significantly    (injured or non-injured) for each participant.
         more athletic injuries compared to individuals with low life-event stress (LES; e.g.,                    The results of the analyses demonstrated that narrowing of the
         Bramwell, Masuda, Wagner, & Holmes, 1975; Coddington & Troxell, 1980; Cryan &              peripheral visual field from the no-stress to the stress condition mediated 8.1% of
         Alles, 1983). Despite the important information derived from these early studies,          the effect of negative LES on athletic injury occurrence. Peripheral narrowing also
         the LES-athletic injury relationship was over-simplified as it did not provide a           contributed significantly to the prediction of athletic injury occurrence, above and
         theoretical framework or an explanation about potential mechanisms in the LES-             beyond the contribution from negative LES and coping resources. These findings
         injury relationship.                                                                       suggest that attentional disruptions during stress have an important role in the
                       Due to the need for a theoretical framework to examine the                   negative LES-injury relationship. These results, along with previous findings
         psychosocial risk factors for sport injury, researchers developed a multi-component        (Andersen & Williams, 1999), provide support for the predictions in the model of
         theoretical model of stress and injury. This model suggests that the impact of LES         stress and athletic injury that suggest peripheral narrowing during stress is one of
         and other psychosocial variables on injury occurs through the stress response that         the mechanisms by which high levels of LES increase the likelihood of athletic injury
         results from encounters with potentially stressful athletic situations (Andersen &         occurrence (Williams & Andersen, 1998).
         Williams, 1988; Williams & Andersen, 1998). This model identifies variables that                         As predicted, significant direct relationships between LES and the
         potentially predict athletic injury, proposes possible mechanisms underlying the           occurrence of athletic injury were found, replicating numerous findings from
         stress-injury relationship, and provides guidance for the development of                   previous research. Additionally, high levels of psychological coping skills decreased
         interventions that may exist to reduce the risk of athletic injury occurrence.             the influence of negative LES on athletic injury occurrence. This relationship
                       In attempts to examine the mechanisms of the stress-injury relationship,     supports the notion that when an individual is able to effectively deal with stress,
         several studies have shown that individuals with high LES experience greater               his/her LES levels are going to be less influential in increasing the likelihood of
         peripheral narrowing during stress than individuals with low LES (Andersen, 1988;          athletic injury occurrence.
         Rogers, Alderman, & Landers, in press; Williams & Andersen, 1997; Williams,                              The primary focus of this study was to examine the mediating role of
         Tonymon, & Andersen, 1990, 1991). However, these studies did not assess the                changes in peripheral vision in the LES-injury relationship. Prior to this investigation,
         outcome of athletic injury, providing no information about the mediating role of           researchers could only speculate about the exact mechanisms underlying the LES-
         peripheral narrowing.                                                                      injury relationship, and a study with the methodological or statistical ability to
                       One study has attempted to examine the potential mediating role of the       answer such questions had not been conducted. To our knowledge, the current
         stress response between LES and athletic injury by collecting stress, peripheral vision,   findings represent the first statistical evidence for a mediating effect of the LES-
         and injury information (Andersen & Williams, 1999). However, the mediating                 injury relationship, and based on the results, it can be concluded that a narrowing
         effects of peripheral narrowing were not statistically examined. The purpose of the        of the peripheral visual field between no-stress situations and stress situations
         present investigation was to examine one of the proposed mechanisms by which               significantly mediates a portion of the LES-injury relationship.
         stressful life events might increase the likelihood of athletic injury occurrence as                     On a wide spread scale, the current findings do not provide information
         proposed by the model of stress and athletic injury (Williams & Andersen, 1998).           to predict or prevent the occurrence of athletic injury in an applied setting. However,
         This study tested the mediation effects of change in peripheral vision from a no-          the current findings do suggest that evaluating and intervening with psychosocial
         stress condition to a stress condition in the negative LES-injury relationship.            variables is potentially important in identifying athletes who are at risk of becoming
                       Male and female high school varsity soccer athletes (n = 171) were           injured and ultimately decreasing the chance that an injury occurs. Future studies
         participants in the study. All athletes were uninjured at the start of the study. Each     need to address the applied questions and evaluate exactly if and how coping skills
         participant completed LES (LESA), perceived stress (PSS), social support (PSS-Fa,          interventions decrease the occurrence of athletic injury. The most important
         PSS-Fr), and psychological coping skills (ACSI) measures within the first two weeks        implications of the current study are that the relationships predicted in the model of
         of the athletic season. Each athlete was then tested in each of two testing sessions.      stress and athletic injury appear to exist in a real world athletic setting. Although the
         In both testing sessions, athletes completed the STAI followed by a peripheral vision      current study does not provide information for immediate use by the practitioner, as
         exam. The first session took place immediately before a practice session within the        we better understand the statistical nature of such relationships, we will be more
         first 3 weeks of the season. The second session took place within 1 hour prior to an       prepared to design and implement intervention studies that address the true
         important competition during the season. Injury data for each athlete was recorded         practical application of such findings.
         throughout the duration of the season.

                Tracie is a faculty associate at Arizona State University in the department of Kinesiology where she teaches courses in sport, exercise, and health psychology
                along with courses in statistics and research methods. Additionally, she is the owner of TJR Life Strategies, through which she speaks, consults, and writes on
                the psychological skills for optimal performance. Tracie can be contacted my email at
Page 8
                                            RESPECTFUL Sport Psychology: A Multidimensional-Multicultural Competency Model
                                                                                     by Michael D’Andrea and Judy Daniels
There are many signs that point to the fact that the multicultural movement has taken center stage in the field of psychology.            ways in which their own sexual identity influences the values, biases, and preferences that are manifested in their own
One of the more noticeable indicators of the rising influence of this paradigmic changing movement is the increasing attention            professional activities.
that psychologists are directing to the need to acquire new professional competencies that will enable them to work more
effectively and ethically with persons from diverse groups and backgrounds in our society. Recognizing the increasing frequency           P- Psychological Maturity: While the multicultural psychology movement has greatly increased our understanding of the
with which sport psychologists are called upon to work with persons from different cultural-ethnic-racial groups, this article is         important between-group differences that are commonly manifested among persons from diverse cultural-ethnic-racial groups,
designed to expand your thinking about what it means to be culturally-competent. In taking the time to present an overview                many psychologists are less familiar with the within-group differences that characterize individuals who come from the same
of the RESPECTFUL Sport Psychology model, we hope to build on some of the initial efforts that Dr. William Parham and others              cultural-ethnic-racial group. We have found the work of various cognitive developmentalists (Kohlberg, 1984; Sprinthall,
persons in APA’s Division 47 Exercise and Sport Psychology have made in fostering a greater understanding of what it means                DeAngelis Peace, & Davis Kennington, 2001) to be particularly useful in extending our own thinking about the tremendous
to be a culturally-competent sport psychologist in the 21st century.                                                                      individual psychological variation that is manifested among persons in all cultural-ethnic-racial groups.

Taking a Broad and Inclusive Approach to Cultural Competence: New Challenges for Sport Psychologists                                      E- Ethnic/Racial identity: The more recent rise of numerous racial/ethnic identity development models has further added to our
                                                                                                                                          understanding of the complex within-group differences that are manifested among persons from diverse groups. These
The genesis of the multicultural competency movement can be traced to the late 1960s and early 1970s when Black persons                   developmental models are particularly useful in explaining some of the important ways that racial and ethnic factors influence
in the fields of counseling and psychology were calling for major changes in the way mental health professionals were trained             one’s worldview, interests, values, and motivation (Sue & Sue, 2003). Culturally-competent sport psychologists are not only
to think about human development and psychological distress. Although the original focus of this movement directed attention              aware of these theoretical models and their implications for the work they do, but that are also knowledgeable of their own
to the strengths, challenges, and concerns of persons in non-White racial groups in the United States; it has since been expanded         racial/ethnic identity development and the affect that this variable has on the persons they are called upon to serve.
to include people in other marginalized and devalued racial groups in our society. Consequently, women, gays, lesbians,
bisexual persons, and even blind persons are now considered to comprise unique cultural groups (Sue & Sue, 2003).                         C- Chronological challenges: Culturally-competent sport psychologists are aware of the different exercise and sport challenges
                   Adopting a broad and inclusive definition of multiculturalism in sport psychology is important in that it provides     that persons from different age groups encounter. They are also skillful in providing individual and group interventions that
psychologists with a more accurate and comprehensive understanding of the ways in which various cultural-contextual factors               are intentionally aimed at helping people from different age groups learn how to implement new and more effective exercise
impact people’s thinking about exercise and athletic activities in general. It also enables sport psychologists to become more            and sport psychology strategies to improve the overall quality of their lives. Culturally-competent sport psychologists are aware
knowledgeable of the manner in which these factors may affect an athlete’s reactions to various coaching techniques, one’s                of their own values and biases when it comes to thinking about the capability of persons from different age groups to engage
willingness to become a part of a team that is comprised of individuals from different cultural groups, and an individual’s interest      in exercise and sport psychology programs that are designed to foster a greater sense of physical health and psychological well-
and motivation in realizing the highest level of athletic performance as possible.                                                        being among persons in different age groups.
                   Becoming a culturally-competent sport psychologist requires individuals in the field to develop a new
awareness of the broad range of cultural factors that impact these and other aspects of a person’s athletic life. It also                 T- Trauma and threats to well-being: Increasing attention has been directed to the different types of trauma that people
necessitates the acquisition of new knowledge and skills that enable psychologists to work more effectively, ethically, and               experience and the impact that these experiences have on one’s psychological development and personal well-being. This
respectfully with individuals whose psychological development is clearly impacted by various cultural-contextual factors that             includes but is not limited to the trauma that is incurred from a serious athletic injury, an unexpected illness, the death of a
characterize their lives (APA, 2003).                                                                                                     loved one, a divorce, physical and sexual abuse as well as the different forms of historic trauma that continue to adversely
                   To assist sport psychologists in dealing with the first aspect of cultural competence that is mentioned above          impact the psychology of millions of persons-or-color in our contemporary society. Culturally-competent sport psychologists are:
(developing a new awareness of numerous cultural factors that may impact a person’s psychological development), we have                   [a] knowledgeable of these and other forms of trauma and [b] sensitive to the ways in which they may impact a person’s ability
briefly present a new model that we refer to as RESPECTFUL Sport Psychology in this article. This model is comprised of ten               and interest in exercising and athletic competition.
factors which sport psychologists are encouraged to think about when working with persons whose psychological development,
athletic performance, and team membership is impacted by different cultural-contextual variables that have been previously                F- Family history: Cultural influences are first experienced within one’s family context. Culturally-competent sport psychologists
underestimated or ignored in professional practice. In presenting a general overview of this new model, we hope you will be               are aware of the long-term impact of one’s family experiences on a person’s psychological development. They are also
stimulated to think in new and more expansive ways about the impact that all of these “cultural” factors have on your clients             knowledgeable of the tremendous variation that is reflected in the different strengths, values, and biases that characterize
and your own psychological development as well.                                                                                           families from diverse cultural, ethnic, and racial groups in our society. The culturally-competent sport psychologist is able to use
                                                                                                                                          this knowledge in their work with persons whose family connections play an important role in their interest and motivation to
The Ten Components of the RESPECTFUL Sport Psychology Model                                                                               participate in exercise and sport activities.

R - Religious/Spiritual identity: This important though often overlooked dimension of a person’s psychological development                U - Unique physical characteristics: Culturally-competent sport psychologists are knowledgeable of the ways in which an
relates to the manner in which one’s religious/spiritual beliefs affect an individual’s interests, values, preferences, motivation,       individual’s unique physical characteristics (such as a person’s height, weight, unique physical ability or disability, skin color, facial
and behaviors. Sport psychologists are only starting to become aware of the relevance that this cultural factor has for their             characteristics, etc.) may affect his or her psychological development and sense of self esteem. They are also able to effectively
work. Although it is useful to learn about the ways in which a client’s religious/spiritual identity may influence their interest         assist clients, who possess unique physical characteristics, to develop new insights regarding the ways in which exercise and sport
and motivation in exercise and sport-related endeavors, it is also important for sport psychologists to reflect on the ways in            psychology can help people realize untapped aspects of their human potential. Culturally-competent sport psychologists are
which their own religious/spiritual experiences and biases may impact the work they do with persons who identify with a                   also mindful of their own biases, and preference regarding the unique physical characteristics that characterize the people they
religious/spiritual orientation that is different from their own.                                                                         work with. They also consciously strive to prevent these personal biases and preferences from negatively influencing the work
                                                                                                                                          they do with physically-different persons in our society.
E - Economic class identity: Numerous researchers have reported on the ways in which an individual’s economic class background
and experiences influence one’s psychological development, sense of mental health, and the types of personal stressors and                L - Language and location of residence: Increasing social scientific evidence supports the notion that people’s psychological
challenges individuals typically encounter in life. Unfortunately, little attention has been directed to the affect that this factor      development and physical well-being are often influenced by their location of residence. In general terms, we know that
has on an individual’s interest, values, preferences, motivation, and behaviors as they relate to exercise and sport psychology.          persons who live in rural, suburban, and urban areas often experience different psychological challenges and stressors in their
In addition to thinking about the ways in which this variable may influence the psychological development of the persons with             lives. We also know that one’s location of residence has a direct impact on the type of language and linguistical style that people
whom they work, the culturally-competent psychologist takes time to consider how her or his own economic class background                 use to communicate with others. Culturally-competent sport psychologists are aware of the various ways that these differences
and identity influences the values, interests, and biases that are embedded in their professional practices.                              may affect an individual’s general psychological development. They are also knowledgeable of the potential positive and
                                                                                                                                          negative impact that language and linguistical differences may have in team-building endeavors that include athletes who come
S- Sexual Identity: Psychological constructions about what it means to be male and female have undergone substantial changes              from diverse geographic locations.
over the past 40 years. Increasing attention has also been directed the rights of gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgendered
persons in our society during this time. While many psychologists have contributed to the important progress that has been                                We hope that this overview of the RESPECTFUL framework stimulates you to think in new and more expansive
made in advancing new thinking about female and male development as well as advocating for the rights and well-being of                   ways about the complex challenges that sport psychologists face in becoming culturally-competent professionals. This new
gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgendered individuals in our society, sport psychologists have tended to avoid dealing with these         theoretical model and its implications for sport psychology training, research, and practice will be discussed in more detail in a
challenging and controversial issues. In addition to making a commitment to become more aware and knowledgeable of the                    presentation we will make on this topic at this year’s annual APA Convention in Washington D.C. terms.
impact that these factors have on the clients they serve, culturally-competent sport psychologists also take time to reflect on the

     Michael D’Andrea and Judy Daniels are faculty members in the Department of Counselor Education at the University of Hawaii. Over the past 8 years they have provided a broad range of psychological and performance enhancement services to individuals and teams
     affiliated with the University of Hawaii’s Athletic Department. They have also co-authored a book with the University of Hawaii’s head basketball coach Riley Wallace that is entitled, The Rainbow Circle of Excellence:Lessons from a Championship Season.

     American Psychological Association (2003). Guidelines on multicultural education, training, research, practice, and organizational change for psychologists. Washington, DC: Author.
     Kohlberg, L. (1984). Essays on moral development (Vol. 2), New York: Harper & Row.
     Sprinthall, N. P., DeAngelis Peace, S., & Davis Kennington, P. A. (2001). Cognitive-structural development. In D. C. Locke, J. E. Myers, & E. L. Herr (Eds.). Handbook of counseling (pp. 109-129). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
     Sue, D. W., & Sue, D. (2003). Counseling the culturally diverse: Theory and practice (4th ed.). New York: John Wiley & Sons.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Page 9
                     BOOK REVIEW
                                                          The Sport Psych Handbook by Shane Murphy (2005)
                                                Published by Human Kinetics: Champaign, IL (ISBN 0-7360-4904-5, $19.95 USD, 368 pages)
                                                        Reviewed by Kate F. Hays, Ph.D., The Performing Edge, Toronto, ON, Canada

                The exciting and engaging field of applied sport psychology is increasingly appreciated by the general public. “But for too many coaches and athletes, sport psychology is a mystery, and the relationship
between the mind and athletic performance is not well understood” (Murphy, p. vii). In The sport psych handbook, Shane Murphy and colleagues intend to assist those with whom we work to understand the research and practice
that allow for optimal sport performance.
                The book is divided into five general parts. A section on inner drive contains chapters on motivation (John Eliot), goals (Chris Harwood), competition (Cal Botterill), and overtraining (Kirsten Peterson). PST, described
as “emotional and mental control,” focuses specifically on anxiety (Gloria Balague), anger (Mitch Abrams and Bruce Hale), concentration (Clark Perry), and imagery (Shane Murphy). Interactive issues and skills include leadership
(Jim Loehr), teamwork (Tracy Veach and Jerry May), and coaching (Charles Hardy, Kevin Burke, and Kelly Crace). The dark side of sports, or “potential pitfalls,” covers the topics of injury recovery and rehab (Charles Brown),
eating disorders (Karen Cogan), and substance use (Mark Anshel). A novel fifth section addresses “the educated consumer,” with information on the roles (Sean McCann), qualifications (Bradley Hack), and effectiveness of sport
psychologists (David Tod and Mark Andersen).
                How well does this handbook succeed in its intention? When it is good, it is very, very good, such as the chapter written by Murphy himself, focused on imagery, “the most important of the mental skills required
for winning the mind game in sports” (p. 127). Just as the book title is comfortably colloquial, so this chapter gives case examples of athletes using imagery in various ways; differentiates some of the central elements of imagery;
details the use of imagery for skill development and mental rehearsal, motivation, confidence, attentional set, injury recovery, and the use and impact of imagery in relation to emotion and meaning. Murphy describes the ways
in which different modalities can be used, helps the reader focus on his or her own experience, and makes recommendations for dealing with some of the problems athletes encounter in using imagery. He ends by anticipating
both increased comfort, among athletes and coaches, in systematic use of imagery training, as well as technological advances in measuring brain function. Although some of the material is descriptive, and reference is made to
research studies, frequently the author speaks to “you,” shares from his own perspective, and even engages in a mutual process during instruction: “Let’s begin….” It is clear that the reader is an athlete, probably (from the
pictures, examples, and case examples) a late adolescent or adult, with little knowledge of sport psychology but considerable interest in learning about it and how to do it.
                In another strong chapter, on overtraining, Kirsten Peterson begins with a description of the focus of the chapter, reviews risk factors, definition, and the complexity of symptoms, and then suggests assessment and
intervention methods that both coaches and athletes can use. She presents poignant case examples, explains figures, offers summary tables, and iterates the individualized nature of overtraining. Specific, detailed checklists offer,
separately, athletes and coaches the opportunity to review overtraining and recovery.
                Charlie Brown integrates various perspectives on the psychology of injury recovery and rehabilitation. He reviews risk factors and response elements—including one of the most elegant brief explanations of the
transtheoretical model of change that I have seen. He presents case examples and, in his specific explanations, essentially gives direct application to the methods elaborated in the earlier section on PST. Brown addresses athletes
and coaches, and appropriately includes teammates, trainers, and family members in his recommendations.
                All edited books run the risk of unevenness. This book seems to have particular elements presenting something of a challenge to the reader. Although, as noted above, the book is primarily designed for athletes
and coaches, it actually took quite a while for me to figure that out. The issue of audience is critically important. In some ways, an athlete audience is different from a coach audience—or for that matter from parents, who are
occasionally addressed here. (And in one instance, sport psychology consultants are informed about the types of roles they can take in drug-use prevention.)
                Some chapters in the book contain sweeping content, such that it is difficult either to understand (a readability check of some of the sentences suggested that some chapters, at least, are most appropriate for those
who have already completed undergraduate studies) or to understand how athletes or coaches would apply the information. At times, concepts are repeated—though some attempts are made to cross-reference different chapters
with regard to particular topics. The tone varies as well. Some in-depth explanations of research and theory intermingle with advice, example, exhortation, and directive. When well put together, this can work well; when heavy-
handed, it has the potential to disengage the reader from the information.
                Because this is designed as a popular book, Murphy has chosen to place all references at the end of the book, as chapter notes. On the one hand, this referencing placement frees up the chapters for content. On
the other, since the Notes do not refer to the chapter titles, the only way in which these references are useful is if one is reading, say, page 27 and is interested in knowing what the sources are. Some chapters have many notes.
One has only one. One author (Peterson) includes a segment with additional resources for the interested reader. The references themselves range from popular books to technical books and articles in professional journals. Although
this breadth can serve to validate the authority of the writer in the eyes of psychologist readers, it seems questionable whether the average high school student reader is really going to check out these journals.
                It appears to me that this book was written for two reasons. The manifest intention is to offer athletes and coaches both a general and specific sense of the territory that is sport psychology. The other, more subtle,
motive is one for which we should all be grateful: to normalize sport psychology and sport psychologists among the general public. One of the mixed effects of such a dual focus, however—one that we all face—is the dilemma
of when and how to give how much sport psychology away. While describing issues involved in teamwork, for example, Veach and May continually come back to the central role of the sport psychologist in team development.
Sean McCann takes on the task of describing sport psychologists’ roles, in the final sections of the book. Through classification and case example, he provides a variety of roles, issues, and settings for sport psychologists.
                Given the extraordinary knowledge and skill of the editor and the authors, I eagerly anticipated this book—and thereby held perhaps unrealistic hopes. If you consider it, instead, as a qualified success, and
encourage selective and focused reading by your clients and others, they will be well rewarded.

 Call for Division 47 Fellow Applications
                                                                                                                                                                APA Division 47 Fellows
 In addition to the guidelines of the American Psychological Association, consideration                                              Michael Asken                     Raymond Fowler                    John Heil
 for Fellow status in Division 47 is based on: 1) significant contributions to exercise                                              Jerry May                         John Raglin                       Charles Spielberger
 and sport psychology in scholarly activity and/or service, and 2) continuous                                                        Britton Brewer                    Diane Gill                        Daniel Kirschenbaum
 membership in Division 47 for a 3-year period prior to nomination.                                                                  Penny McCullagh                   Arthur Resnikoff                  Judy Van Raalte
                                                                                                                                     Steven Danish                     Ruth Hall                         Daniel Landers
 The Fellows Committee is chaired by the Division 47 immediate Past-President, who                                                   Andrew Meyers                     Robert Singer                     Robert Weinberg
 currently is Judy Van Raalte, Ph.D. If you are interested in becoming a Fellow, or                                                  Irene Deitch                      Lenore Harmon                     Frank Landy
 would like to nominate someone whom you believe has earned that honor, then                                                         Shane Murphy                      Ronald Smith                      Arno Wittig
                                                                                                                                     Deborah Feltz                     Kate Hays                         Michael Mahoney
 please contact Dr. Van Raalte for more information. Her contact information can be
                                                                                                                                     William Parham                    Frank Smoll
 found on the back of the newsletter.

Page 10
                                                                                                                                                                                        BOOK REVIEW
                               Conquering Depression & Anxiety Through Exercise by Keith Johnsgard (2004)
                                                Published by Prometheus Books: Amherst, NY (ISBN 1-59102-192-9, $20.00 USD, 305 pages)
                                                                 Reviewed by Lucinda Woodward, Ph.D., Assistant Professor
                                                            Department of Psychological Science, Ball State University, Muncie, IN

 As Americans become increasingly aware of the health hazards of their current fast-food based, sedentary lifestyles, texts such as Conquering Depression and Anxiety Through Exercise will provide a tangible guide to healthier
living. Part motivational text, part how-to primer, this book is appropriate for the recreational athlete, health care provider, mental health practitioner, or anyone who wants to make significant changes towards greater fitness.
Informative and inspirational, the title is something of a misnomer, as the contents cover a wide range of topics related to exercise and health including basic physiology, the socio-political impact of obesity, attitudes towards fitness,
mental and physical benefits of vigorous activity, and tips for embracing a healthier lifestyle. Conquering Depression and Anxiety is an approachable read, clearly written in lay terms with just enough facts and figures to attest to
its validity without losing the train of its underlying message—Americans must make significant changes to their diet and fitness habits in order to live longer, fuller, happier lives.
                 The book is divided into four sections. The first part of the book, “Trouble in Paradise” (chapters one through three), documents the author’s philosophical belief that modern humans have strayed from the path
of an ideal existence, which at its core is founded in moderation and physical activity. Chapter one provides a brief history of American fitness from human evolution to the twentieth century. As an example of the ideal lifestyle,
the author presents the Shangri-la villagers of the Himalayas, whose robust health is credited to diets low in calories, fat and protein, moderate use of tobacco or alcohol, and daily vigorous physical activity. This lifestyle is contrasted
starkly with the reality of “optional premature death” that Americans face as a result of inactivity and indulgence. Chapter two provides a snapshot of the modern American fitness buff and the motivation of those who do engage
in regular physical activity. Chapter three rounds out the section by detailing the physiology of aerobic exercise and the basis of cardiorespiratory fitness.
                 In part two, “Exercise and Mental Health” (chapters four through seven), the author covers the topic for which the book was named—the demonstrated relationship between exercise and mental well-being.
Beginning with a primer on the nature of scientific research in chapter four, Johnsgard presents a plethora of evidence supporting the “inescapable conclusion” that physical activity can positively impact our affective states. The
author does include a brief warning that over training can sometimes be “too much of a good thing” by compounding chronic stresses that may induce staleness. Hence, the underlying message remains that of moderation in all
things—including food, work, and exercise—to achieve a balanced and healthier life. Chapters five and six provide a detailed diagnostic and etiological background of the anxiety and depressive disorders.
By developing the reader’s understanding of the physiological basis of anxiety and depression, the author provides a clear explication for the link between exercise and mental health. The evidence cited is particularly persuasive
for the incorporation of aerobic activity in the treatment of anxiety disorders—an intervention typically avoided by both practitioners and patients because the physiological state induced by exercise greatly resembles that of
acute anxiety or panic. Based upon the powerful research evidence supporting exercise as an intervention for both anxiety and depression, the author suggests that reliance upon pharmacological interventions such as anxiolytics
and antidepressants may be reduced or even eliminated in some cases. Less is known about the use of physical activity in the treatment of other non-psychotic disorders; however preliminary research indicates attitudinal changes
accompanying an active lifestyle are linked with reduced consumption of drugs, alcohol, tobacco, and other unwholesome habits.
                 The third section of the book, “Exercise and Physical Health” (chapters eight through ten), is by far the most compelling and best documented portion of the book. In this section, the author outlines the evidence
for exercise increasing longevity by preventing early death caused by stroke, heart disease, cancer, diabetes, and immune dysfunction. Since many of the benefits of exercise appear to be the result of more healthful eating
patterns that accompany a physical regime, there is also a chapter devoted to promoting weight loss through combined exercise and dietary changes. A brief section is dedicated to the risks associated with extreme physical activity
(such as marathon running), though this chapter clearly reflects the author’s own view that the benefits of exercise far outweigh the risks.
The fourth and final section (chapters 11-12), entitled “The Art of Embracing Sweat,” is purely motivational and geared to those hold-outs who have not already been converted. In it, the author outlines his own personal odyssey
into fitness and provides reasonable tips for those who may need further encouragement to surrender the false panacea of television, video games, tobacco, alcohol, and comfort foods. In essence, Johnsgard empowers the reader
through knowledge and challenges the public to prioritize health through self-care.
                 Though Conquering Depression and Anxiety is truly a motivating read (I even found myself dusting off the treadmill in my basement after I began this review), there is nevertheless a tone of condescension towards
the “chunky masses” who Johnsgard asserts are “not our friends.” This judgmental tone is occasionally insensitive and might easily turn off a reader who could most benefit from the book’s timely warning against premature
death. Furthermore, although Johnsgard acknowledges that demographic factors such as gender, family size, and socioeconomic status can limit an individual’s access and ability to participate in the beneficial aerobic exercise that
he prescribes, no clear solutions to these sociocultural barriers are offered. It would seem that affluent, single, white males will continue to be the greatest beneficiaries of the book’s pro-health message.
                 Despite these limitations, Conquering Depression and Anxiety is an excellent informational text covering a full range of descriptive and quantitative data on the mental, physical, and social outcomes of vigorous
exercise. It is comprehensive, well-written, and a valuable addition to the personal or lending library of any health provider committed to increasing public awareness of the benefits of a moderate and physically-fit lifestyle.

                                                                                                                                                       Congratulations to Amy Latimer!
                                                                                                                                      Dr. Latimer of Yale University is the recipient of the 2004 APA
                          Congratulations to Michael Sachs!                                                                           Division 47 Dissertation Award. The title of her dissertation is
                                                                                                                                     “Bridging the Gap: Promoting Physical Activity Among Individuals
           Dr. Sachs of Temple University is the recipient of the
                                                                                                                                       with Spinal Cord Injury Within the Context of the Theory of
            2005 Distinguished Contributions to Education and
                                                                                                                                       Planned Behavior". Her dissertation advisor is Dr. Kathleen
         Training in Exercise and Sport Psychology Award. He is
                                                                                                                                       Martin Ginis (1996 award winner). Look for a summary of
          being recognized for consistently providing significant                                                                          Amy’s dissertation in the Fall issue of the newsletter.
           contributions to education and training in sport and
                            exercise psychology.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Page 11
  An Encouraging Word from our Student Reps
  by Amy B. Stapleton, M.S., Jessica Mohler, M.A., Adam Wright, M.Ed.
  After completing the APPIC, traveling to interviews, completing the dissertation, and relocating for internship, I was ready                            Ronald Levant, the 2005 APA President, has pledged to support early career psychologists. Issues such
  for adjusting to more of a “real world” schedule and focusing on my training experience. Yet, after settling in it seems                as post-doctoral requirements and supervision for clinical and research graduates have been noted. Graduate students
  that the next hurdle is right around the corner! Emails from my training director started flooding in with the subject line             are aware of the challenging post-doctoral year before passing the licensure requirements. States vary on the licensure
  reading “jobs.” After all, soon the student loan companies will start knocking at my door and I think that something will               requirements, so it is recommended for graduates to research such requirements in order to make an informed decision
  have to change if I am to meet their pleasant request.                                                                                  about relocating to a different state. Many students who are seeking academic positions may choose research oriented
                                                                                                                                          post-doctoral positions in order to become more competitive in academia.
                  The process of completing a terminal, either masters or doctoral, degree in psychology is not only a
  draining and challenging task, it is also an exciting one. Many will be graduating this spring with a great sense of                                     In continuing the process of becoming a competent practioner, educator, and/or researcher, graduates are
  accomplishment and at the same time, a great deal of worry about the next step, finding a job. As an unlicensed                         encouraged to call upon their networking skills in order to find the ongoing experience that will be meet their needs.
  professional, often the next hurdle may feel like the biggest one. In different regions of the country, many early                      Researching information on the web regarding state licensing boards, job postings, and area psychologists is also a fruitful
  professionals may be competing to find employment in a saturated market. Some graduates may choose to continue                          start to finding the right position. Also, state psychological associations and specialty organization members are often
  their training experience with a formal post-doctoral position. However, many will continue their pursuit to practice                   excited to assist early psychologists through mentorship programs. Lastly, division listserves also provide valuable
  independently through community counseling centers, university counseling centers, school systems, state and federal                    information about job openings across the country. As student leaders in Division 47, we welcome students’ feedback
  agencies, which afford graduates opportunities to practice under supervision in staff positions. Sometimes creating your                and questions about the process of becoming an early professional. We look forward to the 2005 APA Convention and
  own position, as an unlicensed practitioner, can be difficult yet there is also a rewarding feeling from developing a position          the divisional programming that will allow early professionals the opportunity to network and learn more about the field
  that matches your inzdividual interests. While many of the salaries from these self created positions may create                        of sport and exercise psychology.
  apprehension due to a large amount of student debt, usually the salaries are similar to post-doctoral stipends.
                                                                                                                                          Happy Spring and Congratulations to all graduating students!

                    SCIENCE CORNER
                                                                                                                                         Henschen, K.P., & Newton, M. (2004). Building confidence in sports. In Morris & Sommers (Eds.)

                                                                                                                                         Newton, M., Watson, D., Kim, M., & Beacham, A.O. (in press).
  A look at the University of Utah’s Graduate Program in Exercise and Sport Sciences                                                     Understanding motivation of underserved youth in physical activity
                                                                                                                                         settings. Youth and Society.
  by Shelley A. Wiechman, Ph.D. and Nicole Detling, Ph.D. (ABD)
                                                                                                                                         Newton, M., Detling, N., Kilgore, J., & Berhardt, P., (2004). The
  The University of Utah’s graduate program in Exercise and Sport Sciences has a long history of training                                relationship between achievement goal constructs and physical self
                                                                                                                                         perceptions in physical activity setting. Perceptual Motor Skills, 757-770.
  sport psychology consultants using a scientist-practitioner model. With a large and diverse faculty, there
  are numerous opportunities to research different areas in the field. They currently have 4 faculty                                     Watson, D.L., Newton, M., & Kim, M. (2003). Recognition of
  members, 36 Master’s degree students and 11 Doctoral students. The faculty has a strong commitment                                     values-based constructs in a summer physical activity program. Urban
                                                                                                                                         Review, 35, 217-232.
  to developing graduate students’ research skills by providing opportunities to participate in various
  research projects. Current areas of study include: motivation, specifically the impact of the motivational                             Fry, M.D., & Newton, M. (2003). Application of achievement goal theory
                                                                                                                                         in an urban youth tennis setting. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology,
  climate in explaining and predicting motivational responses and optimal functioning; social and                                        15, 50-67.
  emotional development examining the link between caring and empathy in a physical activity setting as
  it pertains to prosocial attitudes, hope, and expectations of future participation; performance                                        Reel, J., & SooHoo, S. (In press, 2005). Eating Disorders from a Counselor’s Perspective. Chapter to appear in Lynda Ransdell’s
                                                                                                                                         Ensuring the health of active and athletic girls and women.
  enhancement with a specialization in track and field; disordered eating and body image among athletes
  and exercisers; and the impact of home- and university-based programs on mothers’ and daughters’                                       Reel, J.J., SooHoo, S., Gill, D.L, & Jamieson, K.M. (In press, 2005). Femininity to the Extreme: Body image concerns among
  exercise behaviors. The four faculty members overseeing the Exercise Science program are Keith                                         college female dancers. Women in Sport and Physical Activity Journal.
  Henschen, Justine Reel, Maria Newton, and Melinda Frey. Recent publications are listed below.                                          Ransdell, L.B., Detling, N., Hildebrand, K., Moyer-Mileur, L., Shultz, B., & Lau, P. (in press). Daughters and mothers exercising
                                                                                                                                         together (DAMET): Effects of home- and university-based physical activity interventions on perceived benefits and barriers
  Henschen, K.P. & Lidor, R. (2004). Psychology of Team Sports.                                                                          related to exercise. American Journal of Health Studies.

  Davis & Henschen (2004). How will sport science and PE continue to evolve over the next decade.                                        Ransdell, L.B., Detling, N.J., Taylor, A., Oakland, D.L., Reel, J., & Shultz, B.B. (2004). Effects of home- and university-based
                                                                                                                                         programs on physical self-perception in mothers and daughters. Women and Health, 39(2), 63-81.
  Henschen, K.P., & Detling, N.J. (in press). Vertical events. In R. Vernacchia (Ed.) Psychology of High Performance: Track and Field.

 Practice (Positive Psychology/Performance Enhancement) Committee Report
 Jack Watson, Ph.D., Chair

 Dear colleagues, I write this column with the intention of providing a brief overview of the current endeavors of the Practice Committee. Currently, the Practice Committee has 6 members (myself, Jeanne Hinkelman, Jerry May, Paul Lloyd,
 John Lubker, and Marshall Mintz). At this time, we have either recently completed or are attempting to make progress on the several Division related issues listed below.
 (1) This past year we completed a supervision brochure for the Division website. This brochure outlined many of the legal and ethical issues related to the practice of supervision within our field. It also served as a basic guide to help students
 find appropriate supervision for their applied sport and exercise psychology experiences.
 (2) You may not be aware of this, but one of the first initiatives of this committee was to promote the issue of positive psychology within the field. For this reason, several members of this committee have been working for some time on a
 review of literature which will outline the inclusion of positive psychology topics into the sport and exercise psychology literature. An excellent and extensive draft of this article has already been completed, and the authors are now searching
 for a publication outlet while the draft is condensed.
 (3) The committee is also in the process of collecting information about the application of sport psychology principles and programming in life enhancement programs (e.g., “Play It Smart” and the “First Tee” program). Once completed, this
 information could serve as a marketing tool for our profession, as it indicates the pervasiveness of sport psychology into everyday life. It also indicates how sport psychology professionals are giving back to their communities. We have information
 about many such programs, but could certainly use help in identifying others. If you have any ideas about programs that might be able to fit within this list, please contact me at:
 (4) In the near future, we believe that we will be working with the Executive Committee of Division 47 to assist with the development of a supervisor network for those interested in developing their skills. This endeavor is still somewhat unclear,
 but as time passes, we will make sure to clarify our role in this process.
                   I believe that we as a committee and a profession are well suited to complete each of these tasks, and are looking forward to the challenges of working on each of them. Furthermore, if you have any ideas about additional
 initiatives that you believe would be best taken on by the Practice Committee, I encourage you to contact me ( with your suggestions.

Page 12
                                                  Meet the Professional: An Interview with Dr. Kate Hays
                                                                                                                     Adam Wright, M.Ed.
One of my initiatives as the new Div 47 Student co-representative was to provide students with a venue for communication with         and psychodynamic. In particular, Dr. Hays comments that most clients would contend that she worked from a cognitive
established sport psychology professionals. I had two goals in establishing this initiative. First, I wanted a means for students     behavioral perspective. However, depending on the various levels of resistance and success in changing a client’s behavior, she
to gather information about the experiences and insights of established sport psychologists. Second, I wanted to create the           will often take a more eclectic approach, and may even examine the impact of early issues and relationships on current
opportunity for students to develop relationships with current practitioners in order to help develop their professional careers.     functioning. She contends that a broad background in theoretical approaches is important for applied sport psychology work.
Consequently, I decided to establish a “meet the professional” interview section in the newsletter to encourage students to
contact professionals and conduct their own interview with a practicing sport psychologist. Through this connection, it is possible   5. “What are some of the challenges and opportunities confronting sport psychologists in the future?”
that a student might establish an ongoing relationship in which the professional can act as a mentor, guide, role model, teacher,     Dr. Hays believes that challenges and opportunities in the future are going to be greatly affected by one’s level of training. She
and/or sponsor for the student. At the least, one might gather significant information that can be utilized and shared by the         notes that training in applied sport psychology is a contentious issue. Trained as a clinical psychologist, she believes that dual
sport psychology community. I conducted the initial interview with past Div 47 President, Dr. Kate Hayes.                             training in sport psychology and clinical/counseling psychology is the ideal model since it allows for the most opportunities in
                                                                                                                                      the field. Moreover, a dual background lends itself to a true interdisciplinary model of sport psychology that could allow for
1. Summary of Dr. Hays’ academic background:                                                                                          great growth in research and practice. However, she is concerned that training will continue to be an issue of disagreement in
Dr. Hays owns The Performing Edge, a consulting practice devoted to sport and performance psychology in Toronto, Ontario.             the field.
She earned a Ph.D. in Clinical Psychology from Boston University and has been practicing in psychology since 1971. Dr. Hays
is a licensed psychologist in the state of New Hampshire and the province of Ontario and has developed expertise in sport             6. “What is the most rewarding part of being an applied sport psychologist? What is the least rewarding part?”
psychology and performance psychology over the past 15 years. She is a Fellow of the American Psychological Association               Dr. Hays feels that the most rewarding aspect of being an applied sport psychologist is the satisfaction of seeing athletes using
(Divisions of Exercise & Sport Psychology, Psychotherapy, Independent Practice and the Society of the Psychology of Women.)           their minds to increase their performance and enjoyment of the game. In addition, she enjoys helping others to make positive
and the Association for the Advancement of Applied Sport Psychology (AAASP). Moreover she is an AAASP certified consultant            psychological changes that affect the rest of their lives.
and is listed in the US Olympic Committee Sport Psychology Registry. She was also the recipient of the Ogilvie Award for              The least rewarding aspect has to do with lack of funding. In Canada (which is where Dr. Hays practices), nationally ranked
Professional Practice from D47 in 2004. Finally, she is past president of APA’s Division of Exercise and Sport Psychology.            athletes get services paid through the Canadian Sport Center. However, national funding is limited. Because much of her work
                                                                                                                                      is focused on individuals, she can more easily deal directly with some of the otherwise challenging issues of team/organizational
2. Applied psychology experience and academic publications/presentations, etc.                                                        issues around client responsibilities and confidentiality.
Dr. Hays has extensive applied psychology experience, which includes both amateur and elite/Olympic athletes and performing
artists. She has published widely in scholarly journals and has written several books that are directed toward both sport             7. “What kind of experiences/education should I get to make me a more competent/proficient professional?”
psychology professionals as well as the general public. The titles of her books include the following: Move your Body, Tone your      As previously stated, Dr. Hays believes that the dual model of education that embodies both sport science as well as traditional
Mood; Working It Out: Using Exercise in Psychotherapy; Integrating Exercise, Sports, Movement, and Mind: Therapeutic Unity;           clinical/counseling psychology is the optimal model for applied sport psychologists. Moreover, she believes that the practitioner
and You’re On! Consulting for Peak Performance (with Dr. Charlie Brown).                                                              should get as much “clinical” experience as possible, such as in sports medicine clinics, fitness facilities, healthcare systems,
                                                                                                                                      nursing homes, colleges, etc. Whenever possible, she suggests supervised opportunities and on-going peer consultation, even
3. “What is your area of specialization/expertise?”                                                                                   when practitioners’ formal training is complete.
Dr. Hays has three areas of specialization:
a. Mental benefits of physical activity                                                                                               8. Any final thoughts/recommendation concerning applied sport psychology in general.
b. Psychological skills training for athletes                                                                                         Dr. Hays believes that certification is an important issue. She contends that the legitimacy of profession lies in recognition of its
c. Performance enhancement for artists, etc.                                                                                          competencies. Ideally, she would like to see multiple routes to reach this goal. Moreover, she believes that there will be a large
                                                                                                                                      amount of opportunities in the future if we do not limit ourselves to traditional sport psychology and expand our focus into the
4. “What is your theoretical/philosophical background in applied sport psychology and do you have a preferred approach to             many realms in which performance oriented individuals exist. In particular, Dr. Hays believes that the performing arts is an
professional practice?”                                                                                                               area that has great promise for sport psychologists. According to Dr. Hays, we must realize that the scope of sport psychology
Dr. Hays has an eclectic philosophical approach to her practice, which includes: cognitive behavioral, learning theory, systems       is, “…much larger than {working with] elite athletes.”

                                                                                 Council of Representatives Meeting Report
                                                                                                               February 18-20, 2005
                                                                                               William D. Parham, Ph.D., ABPP, Council Representative
I would like to start this report with an acknowledgement of Kate Hayes, Ph.D. who, in my absence, served as the eyes and ears of Division 47 during this most recent Council of Representatives (COR) meeting. A previously contracted consultation precluded my
attendance at the mid-year meeting and despite all efforts to try to participate in both venues I was unable, ultimately, to juggle being in two places at the same time. This report reflects my abstraction of written notes from Dr. Hayes, a post-COR telephone
conversation with Dr. Hayes and comments and observations of other colleagues who attended the COR meeting.
                  The Friday-Sunday COR meeting was described in many ways, including “lively”, “having a lot of good energy”, “positive”, “productive” and “historic”. The latter description refers to an experience in which all COR members participated. The
experience was framed, in part, by a discussion of the report of the 6-member delegation that attended the World Conference Against Racism, Racial Discrimination, Xenophobia and Related Intolerance (WCAR). An already scheduled diversity training
(“Understanding and Combating Contemporary Bias”) for the COR that was led by Sandra Shullman, Ph.D. (APA-BOD), John Dovidio, Ph.D. and Tony Caldwell-Colbert, Ph.D. also contributed to the COR experience.
                   In my previous report of the COR meeting that convened during the APA convention in Hawaii, I mentioned that the COR decided to not receive the report of the APA delegation to the WCAR. Their refusal to receive the delegation’s report came
on the heels of impassioned discussion about a document appended to their report that was believed by some COR members to contain anti-Jewish and anti-Semitic language. Diane Halpern, Ph.D., APA President at the time of the Hawaii COR meeting put together
a 7-member WCAR Task Force (of which I was a member) to address the concerns expressed by some COR members. The WCAR Task Force met in January, 2005, produced a report and presented their findings to the COR at this past meeting. After more
impassioned discussion, personal confessions and numerous expressions of thanks for the opportunity to engage in such important discourse the COR received the delegation’s report.
                   Diversity training was already on the COR agenda (resulting from past COR discussions about the need for enhancing cultural diversity within APA) but the WCAR component of the weekend COR meeting added context and substance to the
presentation. There is a feel amongst those on the COR that APA is beginning an organizational self-assessment of their philosophy and practice relative to multiculturalism. The above reference experiences coupled with the awareness and excitement about APA’s
increasing presence internationally will fuel ongoing examination of APA image as the leading organization of psychology. Note: D47 will continue to chronicle their efforts at addressing diversity and multiculturalism (e.g., convention programming, liaisons w/other
division related to multiculturalism, etc.) and communicate the fruits of our efforts to APA leadership including the BOD and the COR.
                   Ron Levant, Ed.D., MBA, ABPP, current APA President, shared his Presidential Initiatives that included; (1) making psychology a household word (will be developing tool kits on mind-body approaches), (2) promoting healthcare for the whole
person (making use of a biopsychosocial model and a multi-disciplinary team approach), (3) diversity (wherein Richard Suinn, Ph.D. was appointed Chair of a Task Force on Enhancing Diversity in APA), and (4) evidence-based practice (APA statement available
3/15/05 @ Dr. Levant and I have talked about D47’s interest in his initiatives and he has included me on his listserve wherein these initiatives are discussed. I will communicate updates to the D47 Exec. Committee as they
become available.
                   Russ Newman, PH.D., JD of the Practice Directorate, shared his agenda with the COR group and included: (1) current focus on the intersection between the psychological and the physical [healthy workplace, resilience, wellness, healthcare], (2)
new slogan: For a healthy mind and body, talk to a psychologist”. D47 leadership will discuss ways of contributing to the efforts of the Practice Directorate.
                   Norman Anderson, Ph.D., current APA-CEO reported that the organization continues to show good financial health. Income from electronic products is strong and is now significantly greater than income from print products. Dues and non-dues
revenue streams are showing strength. Also, there is a potential tax abatement from Washington, D.C. that may involve agreeing to hold APA convention in D.C. every third year. I will report on this item as it develops.
                   Other news and notes included:
(1) The proposal for a new division ( Society for Human-Animal Studies) was defeated;
(2) Travel support for all COR members was approved;
(3) the 2004 Policy & Planning Board 5-Year Report (e.g. required under Article IX, Section A of the APA Bylaws wherein the structure and function of the Association as a whole in reviewed in every 5th year) was discussed and forwarded to the Boards and
Committees at the March, 2005 Consolidatd Meetings;
(4) Proficiency renewal re: Clinical Geropsychology was presented, discussed and approved [ this may have implications for D47 projects … more to come];
(5) Guidelines for Education and Training at the Doctoral and Post-Doctoral Level in Consulting Psychology/Organizational Consulting Psychology were presented, discussed and approved as APA policy;
(6) Detemination and documentation of a need for practice guidelines was discussed as was the need for a working group on psychoactive medications for children and adolescents [funds were allocated to support two meetings of this group];
(7) Council voted to receive the report of the Task Force on Mental Disability and the Death Penalty;
(8) Council voted to approve APA making a $60,000.00 annual contribution as a line item in APA’s budget to the Archives of American psychology in support of its archival activities;
(9) Council voted to adopt a resolution on the Psychological Needs of Our Troops, Veterans and Their Families;
(10) Council voted to adopt as APA policy the Resolution in Favor of Empirically Supported Sex Education and HIV prevention for Adolescents;
(11) Funds were allocated for one meeting of the Task Force on the Sexualization of Girls and for two meetings of a Task Force on Gender Identity and Intersexuality. Details of the above COR agenda items can be provided upon request.
                   Finally, our Brochure project has made its way to the agenda books of the Board of Educational Affairs (BEA) and the Board of Professional Affairs (BPA) both of which will be meeting during the APA Consolidated Meetings, March 18-20, 2005.
I will be attending these meetings and have made arrangements to attend BEA and BPA at the time the agenda item is up for discussion. I will report on their deliberations in my next report. One last note, the next Council of Representatives meeting
is scheduled for August 17th and 21st 2005 during the APA convention in Washinton, D.C. and I will submit my report of those proceedings in the next scheduled ESPNews.                                                                                        Page 13
Mid-Winter Executive Committee Meeting – Division 47
January 14-15, 2005, Orlando, FL
Diane Finley, Ph.D., Secretary/Treasurer
In attendance: Frank Webbe, Diane Finley, Penny McCullagh, Jennifer Carter, Adam Wright, David Conway, Judy Van Raalte, Keith McConnell, Amy Stapleton, Bob Harmison

The meeting was called to order at 5:10 p.m. on Friday January 14, 2005 by Webbe.

The meeting began with introductions and an overview of the agenda. Adam Wright was introduced as the new student representative.

Webbe highlighted areas related to the committees that need discussion including roles, goals, structure, chair openings, and activities for this upcoming year. He summarized the use of committees over the past years. He mentioned previous
ad hoc and sunsetted committees. The Board reviewed the Committee information from the Policies Manual. A student member will be added to each committee. Stapleton will recommend names. Carter was added to the Education Committee
as EB liaison. Finley resigned from the Education Committee.

McCullagh raised the idea of linking the committees to the APA directorates in order to raise visibility and better accomplish committee and Division goals. Consensus support for this action was voiced by the group. The EB liaison to each
committee is to check the websites of APA Directorates for potential linkages.

The EB added the following charge for each Committee:
Be cognizant of initiatives of the related Directorate of APA and liaison with activities within the Directorate.

Webbe asked for nominations for Chair for Education and Membership Committees. He asked for nominations for new members and student members.

Standing Committee reports followed:

Education – Report given by Finley
The committee is continuing to work on the task of developing guidelines for the practice of sport psychology. The plan is to use the Guide for Psychological Practice with Older Adults as a model. A planned retreat for spring did not occur. The
Committee will continue to work on development of the guidelines using electronic communication. Harmison suggested that the guidelines being developed include multicultural competencies. Van Raalte suggested looking at other sport
psychology organizations and their guidelines as well. Support for both suggestions was voiced by the group.

The Committee presented a well-received workshop at the 2004 APA convention. Committee members continue to produce books and articles for professional and public consumption. Bradley Hack has resigned as Chair due to other
responsibilities. The Board thanked him for his service.

The EB added a charge to the Committee’s goals: Coordinate with Division 2 (Society for the Teaching of Psychology) on teaching activities and possible convention presentations.

Science – Report given by Finley
The Science Committee is continuing to write the Science Corner for the newsletter and plans to expand coverage to labs outside of the United States as well as to nontraditional labs. The Committee will continue to choose the Dissertation Award
winner. The deadline for 2005 is February 1 to encourage more people to apply. Review of applications will be complete by March 13. The Committee is refining the evaluation criteria to achieve more standardization in submissions.

Conroy recommended having the Science Committee work with the Science Directorate to increase visibility with NIMH to increase funding for basic research.

Membership – Report given by Webbe
There is an all-time high number of student affiliates (167). D47 is 33rd in total size of the Divisions (N=53). The Committee has been contacting new members to welcome them and is surveying members not renewing to inquire about reasons
for nonrenewal.

McCullagh suggested that this Committee take responsibility for the distribution of Division brochures at national and regional conferences.

It was suggested that an early career slot on the membership committee be designated. The possibility of adding an Early Career Professional Award for the Division was discussed. This will be explored in more detail over the next year.

The EB added a charge to the Committee: Develop the new career professional membership of D47 by generating ideas for their inclusion in Division activities.

The meeting was adjourned at 6:58 p.m.

The meeting was reconvened at on Saturday January 15, 2005 at 8:40 a.m.

Conroy reported on the program for APA 2005. 31 of the 39 submissions were accepted. The quality is good. The issue of “no-shows” was discussed. The Board set the following policy to conform to APA’s policy stated in the submission directions:
Anyone whose program is accepted for presentation must attend and present. Failure to do so will result in a one-year ban on presentation for D47. The Program Chair must be notified if a genuine emergency arises and attendance is not

Conroy will include this policy in the acceptance letters for 2005.

Dr. James Blumenthal of Duke University will present the keynote on exercise and depression. The Board discussed other issues related to the conference program. The Board generated nominees for the Heyman lecture. McConnell and Webbe
will coordinate a D47 daily walk/run at 7 a.m.

VanRaalte will coordinate the giveaway-athon. She asked Board members to collect contacts and send them to her. She asked Webbe to compile a list of sport psychology practitioners in the DC area. The Public Interest Committee is charged
with publicizing this annual event. McCullagh asked Van Raalte to complete a description of this activity for the Policy Manual.

Webbe commended Harmison on the newsletter. Harmison will hire a new graphic designer due to the resignation of Elizabeth Albers. The Board commended her on her work this past year.

Webbe tasked Harmison with contacting potential advertisers, including publishers and graduate programs. McCullagh recommended that the newsletter be sent to President, Past-President and President Elect of APA and heads of the Directorates
as well as targeted Division Presidents. The group voiced approval of this suggestion. McCullagh also recommended having a one page program available for Convention at all D47 events.

Council of Representatives
Bill Parham called in to report on the Council of Representatives. The Giving Back to the Community is an important initiative for APA. The Division has some initiatives in place to support this. Webbe asked Parham for DC contacts for Division
activities at the 2005 Convention. Parham recommended looking for some developmental programs for possible participation in the giveaway-athon, potentially working with elderly on exercise issues. Next Council meeting is Feb. 18-20.
Items on the agenda include 1) Levant’s health care for the whole body initiative; 2) international involvement; 3) issues related to racism and anti-Semitism. A recommendation will be made to adopt a resolution against anti-Semitism and

Page 14
related discrimination. Parham recommended that the Division continue to include programming on diversity issues and that any publications on training emphasize these issues as well. Conroy explained several 2005 Convention programs
relate to this topic. The COR will also examine mental illness and the death penalty. They will also discuss financial support for the Psychology Archives at University of Akron. There is also a proposal for a new division entitled Society for Human-
Animal Study. Several divisions are requesting name changes. There will be discussion of training issues and strengthening undergraduate training in psychology. There will be a working group looking at psychotropic drugs and
adolescents/children. Parham encouraged the Division to continue to emphasize diversity issues.

Van Raalte reported on the website. The Center for Sport Psychology at North Texas maintains the site and submitted a record of time spent on the website. The Center will be asked to continue these duties.

The Center will email a monthly report of work done to one of the members at large. There was discussion about adding the members’ database to the site that would be members only. McCullagh made a motion that a searchable, sortable
database be added to the website. Seconded by Finley. Motion passed unanimously. Van Raalte will convey that responsibility to the Center. A counter should be added and its use will be reassessed in a year. (Note – the EB decided to wait until
summer of 2005 and evaluate the budget before proceeding with this.)

The D47 listserv is still operational and is working well. Doug Hirschhorn is moderating the list.

Running Psychologists
McConnell reported on plans for Ray’s Race at the 2005 convention. McConnell made a motion to subsidize the race for $250 (as in past years), to continue the subsidy for D47 members of a 50% early registration discount and to allow new
members to join D47 at the race and receive the discount. McCullagh seconded. Motion passed unanimously.

Treasurer’s Report
Finley presented the treasurer’s report Current balance is $1427.55. Cash reserves are $45,340.52.

Students/New Professionals
Stapleton & Wright reported on Student/New Professional plans. Issues to be addressed include increasing student involvement and recruitment. They will have a “Meet the Professionals” session at Convention as well as a social and will
participate in the Giveaway-athon. D47 will continue to have a table at the AAASP Program Fair. The Student representatives will nominate students to serve on each of the committees.

Other Business
Carter will refine the Policies and Procedures Manual, adding items noted during the Midwinter Meeting.

McCullagh reported on her experiences at the Division Leadership Conference in Washington D.C.

The meeting adjourned at 12:15 p.m. and reconvened at 2:00 p.m.

Online Continuing Education
McCullagh raised the issue of offering continuing education courses online. The main goal would be to give psychologists easy access to courses related to respecializing. She discussed the two types of continuing education. She recommended
surveying members to determine their interest. She will check with the AAASP certification committee and devise a budget.

Carter recommended that Conroy ask symposia presenters to consider submitting their presentation as a CE for the convention. McCullagh will explore ways for D47 to become a CE provider for APA.

Finley suggested also compiling a list of available online university courses relevant to sport psychology.

Ogilvie Scholarship
Finley reported on the issue of a scholarship named for Bruce Ogilvie. If the Division were to create such a scholarship, the Treasurer would need to process the checks. If more than 20 checks need to be processed, the Division would be charged
an additional fee. Moreover, in order for a scholarship to be effective, a significant endowment (>$50,000) would be necessary. She recommended that the Division not establish such a scholarship. The Board concurred.

Blackboard Site for Divisional Administration/Communication
McCullagh and Finley demonstrated the new Blackboard site for the Division. The site will be used to enhance communication among the EB and committees.

Division 47 Name Change
The issue of changing names of the Division was raised. Several other divisions have recently changed their names. The rationale is 1) it would make the Division identity clear to those outside of APA; 2) it would provide greater opportunity to
recruit, and 3) it would be consistent with trends within APA. The Division would still be D47 within APA. A list of potential names was generated. Finley will create a Discussion Board for all committee members to discuss this issue.

Following further discussion via the Blackboard site by the EB, Webbe will send a group email to members who have supplied email addresses asking for feedback about this and other issues. The Secretary will keep member email addresses
and will follow APA guidelines governing the use of email when composing the email list.

Nominations and Fellows
Van Raalte has only 1 completed Fellows application. She asked the EB to encourage people who are eligible to complete the application.

Van Raalte asked for nominations for President (3 year term) and Member-at-Large (2 year term). McCullagh asked for a list of previous candidates and people who have expressed an interest in membership positions. A preliminary list was
generated and Van Raalte will contact them about their interest in running.

Van Raalte asked for nominations for the Distinguished Contributions to Education and Training Award for 2005. A letter nominating the candidate should be sent to her. Criteria are on the website.

The Fellows Committee will also choose the Awards. Van Raalte will take responsibility for getting the plaques made.

2005 Budget
The EB created the budget for 2005, using previous income levels to set a balanced budget. McCullagh motioned to approve the budget. Van Raalte seconded. The budget was approved unanimously. (The budget appears at the end of the

Supervision Brochure
Van Raalte raised the issue of the supervision brochure. There was positive feedback from APA. She will work with Troy Booker from APA to get the brochure approved through APA channels.

Scheduling of Convention Events
Conroy showed the Board a proposed Convention schedule noting that APA makes the final decisions as to time slots. The Board discussed pros and cons of different sequences, and recommended a final draft. The Board commended Conroy
for his work, planning and organization.

The Meeting adjourned at 6:20 p.m.
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