Bangladesh by ktixcqlmc


									Strengthening Bangladesh
Police Project (SBPP)
      A Joint initiative of the
    Government Of Bangladesh
United Nations Development Programme
                Setting the Scene
   Police reform is a difficult and necessary task for all states
   Bangladesh Police is seen as a legacy of colonial rule (The Police Act
    of 1861, the Criminal Procedure Code of 1898)
   The Police is considered as an instrument to preserve the power and
    authority of various types of governments, rather than a service to
    protect the rights of average citizens
   There exists a negative relationship between the Police and the
   The Police Commission of Bangladesh (1988-89) underlined the need
    for reforms but it’s recommendations were not implemented.
   The GoB did not forge partnership with other development partners
          despite their longstanding efforts.
                   PROGRAM PURPOSE:
The Purpose of the SBP is to develop a safer and more
secure environment based on respect for human rights and
equitable access to justice through police reform, which is more
responsive to the needs of poor and vulnerable people
including women.

                 PROGRAMME OUTCOME:
Enhanced capacity and willingness of Bangladesh police and
key stakeholders to contribute in a collaborative manner to the
creation of a safer and more secure environment based on
respect for human rights, equitable access to justice and rule of
law in accordance with a multi-party democracy.

In short: To convert what had been created as an instrument of
the colonial repression, into a capable duty bearer at the
service of the community.
  The development and implementation process of

The Project Support Document (PSD) was designed by GOB & UNDP
and signed on 11 January 2005

                2003                  2004              2005

    STEP - 1       STEP - 2         STEP - 3         STEP - 4

  Preparatory      Needs         Project Support   Implementation
  Assistance       Assessment    Document
Juxtaposing the 10-step approach on the development and
            implementation process of SBPP

                2003                     2004                2005
  Phase -I             Phase – II    Phase – III         Phase –IV
Steps 1, 2, 3      Steps 4, 5, 6    Steps 6, 7, 8, 9   Steps 7, 8, 9, 10

Preparatory        Needs            Project Support
Assistance         Assessment       Document
                                Step 1
      Familiarizing with the Programming Context

   UNDP’s Human Security Report—In Search of Justice and Dignity
   Political Support at the highest level for a Police Reform programme:
    position paper on Institutional Strengthening of the Criminal Justice
    and Enhancement of Police Capacity in Bangladesh (2003)
   Interim PRSP (2003).
   TIB Surveys
   Social demand for improved security as reflected i.a. by the media.
   Wide consensus across party lines on the need to convert the Police
    Force into a Police Service. Shared electoral pledge.
   Enough pro-reform elements within the Police itself. Better training,
    better advancement prospects, seen as positive incentives.
             Selection of a development problem

   Identification of the Access to Justice Problem
   Naripokkho project monitoring 22 police stations over a period of
    6 years from October 1998 to November 2004, titled “Monitoring
    State Intervention to Combat Violence against Women”
   The UNDP Bangladesh got involved in critical discussions and
    negotiations at both formal and informal levels with the
    stakeholders of security and criminal justice sector, in
    Bangladesh particularly with Bangladesh Police
   Towards Pro-women policing in Bangladesh
   To change the Police Force into a Police Service, less
    militarized in its approach and training
      Securing Adequate Capacities
 It was decided to start work on a possible
  project to address this problem and
  accordingly a PA was launched
 The PA facilitated to undertake a Need
  Assessment Mission which was composed
  of both local and international Experts
         Ensuring participation
 The Need Assessment Mission undertook the
  critical process of participatory consultations with
  various stakeholders following draft guidelines for
  participatory consultations on access to justice
  released in June 2003 by AP-A2J Initiative
 Introductory Meeting—Brainstorming Meeting—
  Stakeholders Panels (Govt/CSO/DPs/Focus
  groups)--Consolidation Workshop.
 Adequate space for participation throughout the
  Project life
    Analyzing Problems and its cause and effects
•    The needs Assessment confirmed the analysis made by the Human Security Report

One of those major obstacles in the case of criminal justice is the lack of police
   responsiveness to the poor, due in turn to several factors:
 anti-poor bias
 lack of human rights awareness,
 pressures from powerful interest groups and influential members of the
 deficient training resulting in serious lack of investigative skills,
 ethos focused on repression,
 poor mechanisms for police monitoring and accountability,
 poor remuneration and motivation,
 lack of an adequate promotion system.

   Results: worrying law and order situation. Serious lacks in the police forces
    are one of the main causes in the law and order problem. This situation affects
    more severely the disadvantaged groups who see their problems compounded
    by the obstacles they face to access justice.
             Steps 6 (& 7)- Setting objectives and
             Selecting outcomes (Defining and Prioritizing

        Contribute to a Safer and more Secure Environment
          Based on Respect for Human Rights, Equitable
                access to Justice and Rule of Law

        Crime                     Investigations,
      Prevention                   Operations &                       HRM & D                   Strategy and
                                   Prosecutions                                                  Oversight

Community     Community      Crime            General        HRM &          Leadership       Asset           Oversight,
Engagement    Confidence &   Investigations                  Professional   Management &     Planning,       Future
& Crime
                                              Policing &
              Equitable      & Prosecutions                  Development    Administration   Acquisition &   Directions &
Prevention    access &                        Public Order                                   Management      Planning
              Crime                                                                                          Prosecutions
                         Steps (7 &) 8
    Setting outputs and a Partnership Strategy
                 (Defining and Prioritizing Strategies)
   Two pronged strategy: 1) Increase police’s professionalism 2) Make it
    more responsive – behavioural change – and integrated in the
    community, increasing public confidence.
   Gender and responsiveness towards the poor and disadvantaged
    mainstreamed in all components, both in design of procedures and in
    allocation of resources.
   Holistic and integrated approach to address issues within the
    organization and external factors that impact on performance.
   SBP is phase 1 (3 years) of a broader Police Reform Programme, with
    successive phases to reach a total of 9-10 years, depending on the
    results achieved on phase 1, including continuing support by GoB.
   Open process approach to be able to respond to opportunities and
    reform priorities as they arise. Emphasis on flexibility.
                            Step 9-
    Establishing an Implementation Framework
   Implementation under National Execution (NEX) modality
   Implementing partner: Ministry of Home Affairs (MoHA)
   Designated National Institution: Bangladesh Police (BP)
   Cost-sharing partner: DFID (many others are willing to be partners)
   Steering Committee will include as well representatives
    from NGOs and Civil Society Groups, Attorney-General’s
    Office, Ministry of Social Welfare, Ministry of Law and
    Justice & Ministry of Women and Children Affairs
Designing a Monitoring and Evaluation System

 Program Support, Monitoring and
  Evaluation Unit (PSM&EU)
 Compliance of UNDP’s M&E Framework
                   Strengthening Bangladesh Police
                           (PRP: Phase – 1)

                                  Access to Justice
    Crime                                                                           HRM &
  Prevention                                                                        Training
Investigations,             Improved Efficiency and                               Strategy &
 Operations &           Effectiveness of the Bangladesh                           Oversight

                              Development & Poverty
                            Reduction (in line with MDGs)

   Safer,more          Enhanced         National Stability   Better Stakeholder   Environment for
Confident commu.    Police Capability      & Security           Cooperation         Investment

• People of Bangladesh in metropolitan and rural
  locations throughout the nations. Particularly poor,
  minorities, women, children and young people.

• The police themselves are also a target group of
  this intervention.

• Crime Prevention
• Investigations, Operations and Prosecution
• Human Resource Management and Training
• Strategy and Oversight
• Programme Management
 Component –1: Crime Prevention

 Objective: Police-community engagement
will create an environment that facilitates
prevention of crime and equitable access to
justice. This includes development of a
National Crime Prevention Strategy with a
gender perspective.
A further key objective is to minimise the
opportunity for inappropriate influence over
the police in administering their role in the
justice system.
      Component –1: Crime Prevention
 Key outcomes:
• Enhanced crime prevention through police/community
  awareness and collaboration
• Removal of barriers to the more effective reporting of crime
• Creation of an environment that enhances the public
  image of police and provides reduced opportunity for
  inappropriate influence over police
• Contribution by Police to victim support enhanced
  particularly for the poor, women and girls and vulnerable
• Enhanced Capacity to be responsive to women, young
  people and vulnerable people
• Refurbish and equip replicable model Thana in selected
   locations within Metropolitan Police and Ranges and
   staffed with both male and female police
Component–2: Investigations, Operations
         and Prosecutions

  Objective: To ensure high quality police
  operations and investigations are
  undertaken in a timely and professional
  manner and lower court prosecutions do
  justice to investigative efforts.
Component–2: Investigations, Operations
         and Prosecutions
Key outcomes:
• Improved crime scene preservation and forensic support;
• Enhanced efficiency and effectiveness of investigative
• Improved systems and processes for gathering and
  analyzing criminal intelligence.
• Increased capacity , professionalism and effectiveness of
  court Inspectors to prosecute charges in the lower court;
• Revised criminal laws and regulations to reflect
  contemporary requirements
Component –3: Human Resource Management
               and Training

  Objective: To ensure ethical, capable and
  well-trained people lead and staff the
  Bangladesh Police, and the human resource
  management (HRM) processes result in
  efficiency, transparency, accountability and
Component –3: Human Resource Management
               and Training
  Key outcomes:
• Introduction of transparent, merit based police recruitment;
• Development and institutionalization of training (including
  specialized training) development, delivery and evaluation
• More flexible and cost-effective training delivery options
  including work-based learning.
• Support to setting targets for women recruitment into the
  police. More efficient use of women police and their
  representation in more responsible roles enhanced.
• More efficient and effective use made of human resources
  throughout Bangladesh Police; and,
• Leadership and management training is improved
Component – 4: Strategy and Oversight

Objective: to help the Bangladesh Police
establish and maintain the standards,
systems and structures necessary to meet
current and future policing needs.
This component essentially focuses at the
strategic policy level but includes practical
operational initiatives to ensure strategic
policy is implemented and actioned.
     Component – 4: Strategy and Oversight
 Key outcomes:
• Core functions and priorities of Police established and
  widely known;
• Mainstreaming of gender perspective in all policies and
• Enhanced policies on violence against women; stronger
  focus on crime prevention;
• Enhanced police capacity to identify and deal with
  emerging crimes.
• Clear performance targets set and monitored;
• Anti-corruption and complaints mechanisms made more
  robust and accessible;
• Better relationships between police and the media:
          Component – 4: Strategy and
 Key outcomes:

• Enhanced capacity for planning, acquisition and
  management of key assets;

• Effective use of information technology and
  communications technology; and,

• Strengthened capacity for planning, policy and research in
                   Strengthening Bangladesh Police
                           (PRP: Phase – 1)

                                  Access to Justice
    Crime                                                                           HRM &
  Prevention                                                                        Training
Investigations,             Improved Efficiency and                               Strategy &
 Operations &           Effectiveness of the Bangladesh                           Oversight

                              Development & Poverty
                            Reduction (in line with MDGs)

   Safer,more          Enhanced         National Stability   Better Stakeholder   Environment for
Confident commu.    Police Capability      & Security           Cooperation         Investment
Thank You

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