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Hospital Patients Routinely Discharged into Homelessness Residents

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October 15, 2006 - November 14, 2006   •   Volume 3, Issue 12                                                                                                                                www.streetsense.org




     Streets to Soccer Star                                                             Hospital Patients Routinely
                                                                                        Discharged into Homelessness
                                                                                           By Peter Cohn                        with a broken leg, according to a se-     said the hospital put him out.”
                                                                                                                                nior staff member. “He had the iron          Sometimes the hospital calls in
                                                                                           In Washington, D.C., approxi-        rods on the outside [of his leg], and I   advance to make arrangements and
                                                                                        mately 18 people per day end up         said ‘you shouldn’t be here like that’    give a heads-up to the shelter, but
                                                                                        in shelters or on the street after      because you could see where the           “other times the hospital will have
                                                                                        leaving hospitals, according to a       screw went into his leg and every-        them dropped off in taxicabs—any
                                                                                        District government-sponsored re-       thing, and he said he was just ‘gon-      kind of ride they can get—leave
                                                                                        port. Thus, between 10% and 20%         na be here overnight.’” The shelter       them at the shelter and keep going,”
                                                                                        of people in District-funded emer-      employee added that the man was           said the shelter staff member.
                                                                                        gency shelters have arrived after       put in the front of the facility, where      “We’ve had some come here with
                                                                                        leaving a health institution.           he could be watched, although he          colostomy bags, or various open
                                                                                           Many of these individuals arrive     should not have been at the shelter       wounds that need to be cleaned on
                                                                                        with bad legs, a sore back, gaping      in such poor condition.                   a daily basis,” the staff member said.
                                                                                        wounds, or other aliments that             “One guy had just had surgery,         “They still need medical attention,
                                                                                        shelters are not equipped to deal       I think on his appendix or some-          and this is not a medical shelter, this
                                                                                        with, according to shelter staff and    thing,” said the senior staff member,     is an emergency shelter.”
                                                                                        advocates.                              “and he was bent over. He was still
                                                                                           At one D.C. shelter, a man arrived   bleeding from the operation, and he       See   DISCHARGE, page 4

                                                                                        Residents Stop Shelter Closure
       Knight holds up the American Flag during HWC opening ceremonies.
        By Laura Thompson Osuri

         At first glance, Michael Knight looks like the typical working-class              By David S. Hammond
     D.C. resident. The strain of a hard 50 years reveals itself in his raspy
     voice and salt-and-pepper goatee. He wears modest, worn jeans                          “I am absolutely elated. I’m just
     and an old sweatshirt, and can often be found at CCNV, the largest                 beyond words!” That’s how Jesse
     shelter in D.C. where he currently lives.                                          Smith celebrated the latest news
         But for a week at the end of September, he was not a middle-                   in one long-running dispute over
     aged homeless man invisible to the world, but a prominent diplomat                 emergency shelter in the District
     and soccer star traveling the streets of South Africa with pride and               – and the political coming-of-age
     confidence.                                                                        for a group of homeless men who
         That whirlwind trip has changed Knight forever in both body and                have been trying to save the down-
     spirit. The resulting signs of dignity show not just in the medal hung             town shelter where they live.
     around his neck and tucked beneath his shirt, but also in the new air                  Smith was reacting to word that
     of confidence and aura of peace that surround him.                                 the District will not be closing the
         “I’ve realized that it’s not just about me, but everything is bigger           Franklin School Shelter at 13th
     than me. There is so much going on,” he said. “I have more com-                    and K streets, Northwest. A home-
     passion and more understanding of people’s weaknesses because                      less resident of Franklin, Smith is
     I know my weaknesses. And I know there is greatness in everyone.”                  president of the Committee to Save
         Knight went to South Africa as part of the U.S. Homeless World                 Franklin Shelter (CSFS). The com-
     Cup Team, one of 48 teams from across the world.                                   mittee has worked for months to
         After six days of competing in 4-on-4 soccer, Russia took first                tell people that Franklin should re-    Jesse Smith (front, right) and the Committee to Save Franklin Shelter celebrate.
     place, with the United States coming in 46th. Knight admits that he                main open and be improved from          redevelopment that threatened the         would be leased out to become a
     is “not a strong player,” and that the first time he kicked a soccer ball          its current overcrowded, run-down       shelter.                                  boutique “hip” hotel. But questions
     was this summer, when a handful of CCNV residents started practic-                 condition, and that the city should        The Williams administration pre-       have been raised about the lease as
     ing for the Homeless USA Cup.                                                      provide enough emergency shelter        viously had said Franklin should          well as the decision to close Frank-
         But he said the trip was not                                                   in downtown Washington. Now, in-        close next March, at the end of the       lin, and it became clear the city
                                             See SOCCER, page 9
     about winning.                                                                     creasing support for those ideas has    winter hypothermia season, and            could not find alternative space.
                                                                                        slowed the steamroller of downtown      that the handsome 1869 building              At the Oct. 10 meeting of the
                                                                                                                                                                          city’s new Interagency Council on
                                                                LOCAL                                                                                                     Homelessness, Deputy Mayor Bren-
                                                                                                                   FEATURE
 Inside This Issue                                              Mission Move                                       Are You Sensitive to the Homeless?                     da Donald Walker announced that
                                                                                                                                                                          Franklin would remain in use as a
                                                                Controversy continues but the Central Union        Test your homeless sensitivity with this new
                                                                                                                                                                          shelter. She later told Street Sense
                                                                Mission is still planning Petworth move, page 3    quiz, page 15
 LOCAL                                                                                                                                                                    that the city will keep the shelter
                                                                                                                                                                          open, make improvements to the
 Adult Illiteracy                                               REVIEWS                                            EDITORIALS
                                                                                                                                                                          building and add comprehensive
 D.C. has one of the highest adult illiteracy rates             Fogo de Chao                                       Mental Health Revolving Door
                                                                                                                                                                          support services for its residents.
 in the country but nonprofits are trying to help               Vendor Allen Jones fills up on Brazilan good-      David Pirtle on the problems with D.C.’s mental
 lower this number with education, page 5                       ness, page 12                                      health system, page 16                                 See SHELTER, page 7
2 ALL ABOUT US                                                                                                                     Street Sense . October/November 2006


                                                                                                      Our Mission
                                                            Street Sense aims to serve as a vehicle for elevating voices and public debate on issues
                                                              relating to poverty while also creating economic opportunities for people who are
  1317 G Street, NW
                                                                                experiencing homelessness in our community.
  Washington, DC 20005
  Phone: (202) 347-2006                                                                       Our Editorial Policy
  Fax: (202) 347-2166                                    Editorials and features in Street Sense reflect the perspectives of the authors. We invite the
  info@streetsense.org
  www.streetsense.org                                     submission of journalism, opinion, fiction and poetry, hoping to create a means where
                                                               a multitude of perspectives on poverty and homelessness can find expression.
                                                                             Street Sense reserves the right to edit any material.
  BOARD OF DIRECTORS
  James Davis
  Robert Egger
  Ted Henson
                                                              The Story of Street Sense
                                                       Street Sense began in August 2003     Street Sense came out with its first is-
                                                                                                                                            We are proud members of:
  Barbara Kagan
  August Mallory                                    after two volunteers, Laura Thompson     sue in November 2003, printing 5,000
  David Pike                                        Osuri and Ted Henson, approached         copies. Since then, the paper has
  John Snellgrove
                                                    the National Coalition for the Home-     published consistently on a monthly
  Michael Stoops
  Kathy Whelpley                                    less on separate occasions about         basis and has greatly expanded its
                                                    starting a street newspaper in Wash-     circulation and vendor network. For
                                                    ington, D.C. A street paper is defined   the first year, Street Sense operated
  EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR                                                                                                                               North American Street
                                                    as a newspaper about poverty, home-      as a project of the National Coali-
  Laura Thompson Osuri                                                                                                                             Newspaper Association
                                                    lessness and other social issues that    tion for the Homeless, but in October
  SENIOR EDITOR                                     provides an income to the homeless       2004, the organization incorporated
  Ted Henson                                        men and women who sell it. About 25      and moved into its own office space.
                                                    street papers operate in the United      In March 2005, Street Sense received
  ASSOCIATE EDITOR
  David S. Hammond                                  States and Canada in places like Se-     501(c)3 status, becoming an indepen-
                                                    attle, Chicago, Montreal and Boston,     dent nonprofit organization.
  EDITORIAL INTERN                                  and there are dozens more throughout        In October 2005 Street Sense formed
  Peter Cohn                                                                                                                                        International Network of
                                                    the world.                               a full board of directors and in Novem-
                                                                                                                                                          Street Papers
  AD SALES MANAGERS                                    After bringing together a core of     ber the organization hired its first em-
  Jake Ashford                                      dedicated volunteers and vendors,        ployee, a fulltime executive director.
  Muriel Dixon
  Allen Jones                                                                                                                           Street Sense
  Mark Jones
  August Mallory                                                                                                                   Vendor Code of Conduct
  Brenda Wilson
                                                                                                                             1.    Street Sense will be distributed for a voluntary
  VOLUNTEERS/WRITERS                                                                                                               donation of $1. I agree not to ask for more
       Tommy Bennett, Karen Brooks, Bobby                                                                                          than a dollar or solicit donations for Street
  Buggs, Conrad Cheek Jr., Cliff Carle, Ralph                                                                                      Sense by any other means.
  Dantley, James Davis, Amy Detteriech, Mi-                                                                                  2.    I will only purchase the paper from Street
  chelle Gaudet, Jake Geissinger, David Harris,                                                                                    Sense staff and will not sell papers to other
  Alex Hiniker, Dan Horner, Jennifer Jett, Allen                                                                                   vendors (outside of the office volunteers).
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  Goodwin, Enoka Herat, Brad Lehman, August                                                                                        other vendors – respectfully, and I will not
  Mallory, Brad McCormick, Courtney Mead,                                                                                          “hard sell,” threaten or pressure customers.
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  Linda Wang, Marian Wiseman, Mhari Whitton
                                                                         Leroy Pingo                                               of drugs or alcohol.
  VENDORS                                                                                                                    8.    There are no territories among vendors.
      Jake Ashford, Robert Beecher, Tommy                         Anonymous in memory of                                           I will respect the space of other vendors,
  Bennett, Kanon Brown, Grayling Brown El                                                                                          particularly the space of vendors who have
  Bobby Buggs, Cliff Carle, Conrad Cheek Jr.,
                                                                     Charlotte Thompson                                            been at a spot longer.
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  Harrison, Michael Herbert, Patricia Henry,
                                                                            Thank You!                                             of Street Sense and will not deface it. I will
  Phillip Howard, Michael Jefferson, Patricia                                                                                      present my badge when purchasing the
  Jefferson, Allen Jones, Mark Jones, Wayne                                                                                        papers and display my badge when selling
  Kern, Lee Mayse, Michelle McCullough, August       WANNA HELP?                                                                   papers.
  Mallory, Carl Morris, Rodney Morris, Charles       If you are interested in becoming a volunteer or a vendor, please       10.   I understand that Street Sense strives to be a
  Nelson, Larry Olds, Therese Onyemenam,             contact Laura Thompson Osuri at Street Sense.                                 paper that covers homelessness and poverty
  Tracey Powell, Chris Sellman, Patty Smith, Tom                                                                                   issues while providing a source of income
  Taylor, Francine Triplett, Amia Walker, Martin     OUR NEXT EDITORIAL MEETING                                                    for the homeless. I will try to help in this
  Walker, Wendell Williams, Brenda Lee Wilson        November 8th at 6:00 p.m.                                                     effort and spread the word.
                                                     1317 G Street, NW (near Metro Center)
Street Sense . October/November 2006                                                                                                                                             VIEWPOINT 3



  LET’S TALK ABOUT HOMELESSNESS
  By Brenda Donald Walker
  Deputy Mayor for Children, Youth, Families and Elders
                                                                  Cold Weather and IACH Meetings Ahead
                                                                     Our objective is to save lives during extreme cold while    tives, advocates and others.
                                      Even though the leaves      being sensitive to the preferences and rights of those who         And once again, it is now time to review a number of
                                   are changing now, the Dis-     are homeless. Unfortunately, there was one death of a          construction projects. One ongoing venture is the renova-
                                   trict government’s com-        homeless person due to hypothermia last season. We want        tion of the former Gales School at Massachusetts Avenue
                                   mitment to the goals of        to do everything possible so that there are no deaths this     and G Street in Northwest. The interior demolition has been
                                   preventing and ending          winter.                                                        completed, and we are now in the process of determining
                                   homelessness remains              All winter the District’s Emergency Management Agency       a starting date for the renovations. When finished in the
                                   constant. We will accom-       monitors weather conditions, notifying the agencies in-        latter part of 2007, Gales will feature central air condition-
                                   plish these goals by sus-      volved when the hypothermia alert is to become effective.      ing, space for group activities, individual storage and a full
                                   tained, meaningful efforts     Providers then open shelters and keep them open until the      range of services. This project represents our commitment
                                   guided by clear vision and     temperature rises above 32 degrees. A toll-free number, 1-     to serve those who are homeless with appropriate living
                                   strong leadership.             800-535-7252, is available for those who are homeless to       space, amenities and necessary services in a convenient,
                                      One way we are doing        seek assistance and for the public to report emergency situ-   central location.
                                   this is by preparing for hy-   ations involving homeless citizens.                                The improvements at the Community for Creative Non-
                                   pothermia season, which           Turning to another important subject, the Mayor’s In-       Violence (CCNV) have been completed on the north side
  begins Nov. 1, 2006, and ends March 31, 2007. I wrote about     teragency Council on Homelessness held its third meeting       of the third floor, and they are now underway on the south
  this important topic last month, and I want to cover hypo-      on Oct. 11, and one of the topics discussed was the require-   side. We are upgrading plumbing, electrical, heating and air
  thermia season and our preparations in a little more detail     ment to gather input from the public about the service         conditioning systems. When finished, this floor will contain
  again in this column. Last winter, there were 85 hypother-      needs within the homeless community.                           administrative offices, space for service providers and ac-
  mia alert days and nights when the air temperature fell be-        We want as much information as possible, so we will hold    commodations for residents.
  low 32 degrees Fahrenheit or the wind chill factor created      four sessions at locations and times shown in the table that       I sincerely hope that this column is informative and that
  the effect of 32 degrees or below.                              accompanies this column. During these sessions, we will        it shows the high level of concern that exists for our fellow
     Hypothermia, a life-threatening condition, occurs when       take testimony and solicit ideas about homelessness and        citizens who are homeless. Please continue to be alert for
  body temperature goes below 95 degrees Fahrenheit due           homeless services from interested citizens, including those    your own safety and also care for one another, especially as
  to exposure to the cold, and usually requires medical treat-    presently and previously homeless, public and private pro-     we enter hypothermia season. I look forward to next month
  ment.                                                           viders, the religious community, neighborhood representa-      when we can again “talk about homelessness.”
     We have created a plan for the upcoming cold months,
  called The Winter Plan: Protecting the Lives of Homeless Peo-                         Public Hearing Locations                                         Dates and Times
  ple in the Winter of 2006–2007, and have budgeted 110 days
  on which we expect hypothermia alerts, an increase over                Martin Luther King, Jr. Library, 901 G Street, NW                     Thursday, Oct 19 from 1 to 3 p.m.
  last season. We planned for an increase so that we are pre-
  pared to meet the needs of our homeless population under              Kennedy Recreation Center, 1401 7th Street, NW                         Tuesday, Oct 24 from 1 to 3 p.m.
  nearly any conditions. During the winter, we have a network
  of shelters offering warm places for those who seek relief                   The ARC, 1901 Mississippi Avenue, SE                            Monday, Oct 30 from 6 to 8 p.m.
  from the cold. Outreach services provide blankets, food and
  supplies, and workers are trained to recognize hypothermia              Shrine of the Sacred Heart, 16th & Park Rd, NW                       Thursday, Nov 2 from 7 to 9 p.m.
  symptoms and take appropriate action.




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4 LOCAL NEWS                                                                                                                                              Street Sense . October/November 2006



Mission Set For
Petworth Move
  By Diane Rusignola

    Central Union Mission’s deal with Alturas
LLC continues to move forward despite pro-
tests from Columbia Heights and Petworth
residents, dating back to the spring, against a
homeless shelter moving into their neighbor-
hood at 3510 Georgia Avenue, NW.
   The shelter, currently in Logan Circle at 14th
and R streets NW, has been looking to relocate                Guests mingle as they enjoy great food, friends, and music.
since 1999 but has been restricted by finances
and zoning laws.
    Central Union Mission’s deal involves sell-
                                                                                                         A Night of Fun
ing developer Jeffrey Schonberger and his
company, Alturas, the current property for $7
                                                                                                        and Fundraising
million, dependent upon the company finding
and purchasing a new site for the shelter.
                                                                                                        For Street Sense                              Guests bid on 66 different items at the auction.
                                                                                                                                                      Here one guest looks at the NPR package.
     The Mission now is purchasing that                                                                       Photos By Michael O’Neill
new property, two lots around 3510 Geor-
gia Avenue, for $2 million from Alturas.
The deal also assigns development of the
Mission’s new shelter to Schonberger.
 The new, $15 million shelter is to have 250
beds for men only in 70,000 square feet of
space, which is almost triple the size of the
mission’s current 30,000-square-foot, 84-bed
shelter. The new shelter also will include a café
providing breakfast and dinner, a drug rehab
center and a chapel.
   Leading the protest against the Georgia Av-
enue site is MissionDCFacts.com. According
to its website, it is an organization of “citizens,
                                                        Fresh Start Catering provided tasty food for the                         Executive director Laura Thompson Osuri introduces vendors
business owners [and] community activists”
                                                        night. Volunteer Rebecca Schlesinger takes a taste.                      Lee Mayse (center) and Jake Ashford (left) who read poetry.
dedicated to informing neighbors and other
D.C. residents “why the proposed relocation
of the Central Union men’s shelter to Georgia
Avenue is unwise.”                                                                                         The Task Force is also recommending that        Resident Transfer and Discharge Policy for
   Among its complaints, MissionDCFacts.               DISCHARGE, from p.1                              another facility similar to Christ House be        Nursing Homes and Community Residence
com contends that according to “an individ-               Due to liability concerns, shelter person-    created, recognizing that hospitals cannot         Facilities) is already in effect in Washington
ual with expertise in commercial sales and            nel are not allowed to assist residents who are   be expected to hold homeless individuals for       for individuals under care of nursing homes
development,” the Central Union Mission’s             unable to care for themselves. But individuals    an extended period of time when there are no       and community residence facilities. That plan
current property in Logan Circle is actually          arriving from hospitals have nowhere else to      available facilities for placement, according      was legally mandated under the 1987 Nurs-
worth between $10.6 million and $12.6 mil-            go. “We’re not going to let anybody stay out      to Steve Cleghorn, chief policy analyst for the    ing Home Reform Law. There is no similar law
lion, and they are underselling the land by           on the street—that’s not what we do,” said        Community Partnership for the Prevention of        governing hospital discharge.
$4.6 million.                                         Abdul Nuradeen, acting executive director at      Homelessnes. Christ House is a 33-bed health          The nursing home discharge policy re-
   City Council Member Jim Graham (D-Ward             the CCNV shelter.                                 care facility for the homeless to which many       quires a full assessment of the resident’s
1) also has spoken out against the shelter, even         A committee of advocates and government        men are often discharged, as a step-down           physical, mental and psychological status
though he is a longtime activist for the home-        officials is trying to come up with answers to    placement for homeless people too sick to          before the resident’s release from the facility,
less. Graham said that while he is not opposed        alleviate the problem facing shelters strug-                                                         in addition to aiding in locating alternative
to relocating the Mission, he feels that the          gling to help individuals needing medical                                                            placements and facilitating the move.
Georgia Avenue site is not the right location.        care. The group has created a plan and devel-                                                           Although the nursing home law does not
   Along with local residents, Graham cites           oped best practices for discharging patients               “This is not a                            specifically state that homeless shelters are
the neighborhood’s renaissance, which in-             from public hospitals.                                                                               not acceptable placement, it requires a safe
cludes hip new businesses and expensive                  This committee, called the Discharge Plan-            medical shelter,                            and orderly transfer upon discharge, and that
condo units, as the primary reason a homeless         ning Task Force, was established after Mayor                                                         would preclude shelters, according to Jerry
shelter would be unfair to the neighborhood.          Williams’ January 2005 release of Homeless               this is an emer-                            Kasunic, director of D.C. Long Term Care Om-
 Adding yet more fuel to the fire is a battle over    No More, the District’s 10-year plan to end                                                          budsman Program.
the Euphemia L. Haynes Public Charter, an             homelessness. The Task Force developed a                  gency shelter.”                               “Homeless shelters are not safe and orderly
elementary school at 14th and Irving Streets          document, A Comprehensive Public Sector                                                              transfers,” Kasunic said.
NW. In August, the school announced that it           Discharge Planning Policy to Prevent Home-                                                              After the proposed discharge planning
has won approval for a loan to purchase prop-         lessness in the District of Columbia, which                                                          policy is presented to IACH and approved,
erty next door to the proposed shelter.               proposes a hospital discharge plan. The re-       go to a shelter after hospital release             implementation documents will need to be
   The charter school plans to more than triple       port applies only to public institutions, not         “There’s nothing wrong with the report,        created and followed by all District public-
its size to serve 650 students when it moves.         private hospitals.                                it’s just a matter of implementing it,” added      funded institutions.
Graham and neighborhood leaders are firmly               The report calls for hospitals to fully ana-   Cleghorn, who was also a convener of the              For now, shelters are forced to deal with
opposed to locating a homeless shelter next to        lyze patients’ situations to ensure that they     Discharge Planning Task Force.                     whatever injuries individuals may arrive with.
an elementary school.                                 have stable housing and proper planning for            The regulations have been mapped out,         “Ambulances bring by people who have been
   While the D.C. Historic Preservation Review        employment and post-hospital care after dis-      and the next step is having the Interagency        referred on a stretcher or in a wheel chair,”
Board in early October awarded concept ap-            charge. It requires a follow-up evaluation no     Council on Homelessness (IACH) adopt the           said Nuradeen. But discharged patients
proval to Alturas for its luxury condominium          more than 30 days after release and again six     policy and find a way to pull together infor-      continue to arrive on a regular basis, forc-
plans on the Logan Circle cite, Central Union         months later. Referring a patient to the local    mation and resources to be shared by all in-       ing Nuradeen and other D.C. shelter staff to
Mission’s plans to move to the Petworth neigh-        homeless coalition for placement in a shelter     volved agencies, according to Cleghorn.            accommodate them. “[I do] whatever I can
borhood are still not final.                          must be only a last resort.                           A similar discharge policy (the Model          possibly do,” said Nuradeen.
Street Sense . October/November 2006                                                                                                                                                                 LOCAL NEWS 5



Success and Struggles: Adult Illiteracy Persists in DC
                                                                                                                            Both Liptak and Sommers agree that learn-     they can help themselves” instead of relying
                                                                                                                       ing to read and write as an adult is much more     on others to read a menu at a restaurant, un-
                                                                                                                       difficult than learning as a child.                derstand a bus schedule, or open a checking
                                                                                                                            “Their lives are a fragile balance to make    account, Liptak said.
                                                                                                                       things meet,” Sommers said of the Academy             The promise of student confidence was
                                                                                                                       students. “They have full-time jobs, children      evident during a recent Monday night basic
                                                                                                                       and other life responsibilities that make a        class at WLC office in Dupont Circle. Volun-
                                                                                                                       commitment to classes difficult.”                  teer instructors Valerie Briggs and Jessica
                                                                                                                            Liptak said that there is “a whole host of    Nysenbaum led students in sounding out the
                                                                                                                       challenges” that make participation in the         spelling of words.
                                                                                                                       Washington Literacy Council program espe-             The vowel “e” appeared to be the most dif-
                                                                                                                       cially difficult, even though it requires just     ficult to pinpoint as they attempted to spell
                                                                                                                       one class a week, in which students learn to       the word “stem.” A woman in the front of the
                                                                                                                       read phonetically. Many students are earning       room succeeded in the spelling. “Right on!”
                                                                                                                       less than the minimum wage, have no ben-           she said, raising her hands in the air in a cel-
                                                                                                                       efits, work long hours and have seasonal jobs      ebratory dance.
                                                                                                                       consisting of physical labor, she said.               A burly man nearby asked, “Can I try one?”
                                                                                                                           “They’re only different [from young stu-       Briggs happily acquiesced.
                                                                                                                       dents] in that it’s harder,” Liptak said.             The man said, “I was writing someone the




                                                                                                        BEN CROSBIE!
                                                                                                                           And there also are challenges for the or-      other night and I was trying to sound out
                                                                                                                       ganizations trying to educate adults who are       ‘companion.’ ”
                                                                                                                       illiterate.                                           Briggs prompted the students to sound out
Academy of Hope graduates enjoy applause from the audience upon recieving their GEDs.                                      The federal government often uses illiter-     the word and spell it on the board. All strug-
                                                                                                                       acy statistics to push GED education, Liptak       gled with the “ion” ending, one of those tricky
  By Tessa Moran                                    mas. Most have dropped out.                                        said. As a result, funding is often “skewed” in    exceptions in the English language.
                                                        Most illiterate adults simply get by through                   that direction. But earning a GED isn’t always        Meanwhile, at the Academy of Hope, mag-
    Although Edith Barns is retired, at a gradu-    memorizing key words and phrases, Liptak                           realistic for many adults who come to WLC.         azines, books and newspapers fill the shelves.
ation ceremony one recent evening at the Na-        said, but they are so limited that they often                          “If they can feel more successful, those are   Carefully framed photographs of every gradu-
tional Baptist Church in Adams Morgan she           cannot complete a job application and end                          important measures too,” Liptak said. “We see      ate hang on every wall of its entrance beside a
was not in the audience, but rather a recipi-       up taking the lowest level of jobs.                                a lot of qualitative improvements,” including      board that states, “Great things are done by a
ent. As she stood on stage and grasped her              That was the case for Carlton Davis, a re-                     increased self-esteem and independence.            series of small things brought together. – Vin-
diploma, she told an audience of family and         tired maintenance worker who has been at-                              Literacy “makes them feel in control, that     cent Van Gogh.”
friends, “You have no idea what this feels like;    tending basic reading classes sporadically at
I’ve wanted this for 40 years.”                     the Literacy Council for 10 years. He grew up
    John Harris, a recovering alcoholic from        one of 21 children when schools were still
Southeast Washington, D.C., also graduated          segregated. His mother worked tirelessly in a
from the Academy of Hope that same evening.         peanut factory but couldn’t make ends meet.
When he received his diploma he said, “When         He left school during the fourth grade so he
you talk about adult education, you’re talking      could help provide for the family.
about breathing life, giving another chance.”           Though he still harbors some resentment
    Harris and Barns are just two of the hun-       over the injustices of his past, Davis said he is
dreds of adults who have conquered their            pleased at how things have improved for his
illiteracy through such organizations as the        children and grandchildren.
Academy of Hope and the Washington Lit-                 “I wish my mom could see this happen,”
eracy Council that offer adults free help and       Davis said. “She never thought it would.”
education.                                              Liptak said, “We are kind of seeing the rem-
    However, there are still thousands of indi-     nants of segregation, when people didn’t go
viduals in the District of Columbia who are         to school.”
unable to read or write beyond a third-grade            Although things have changed since seg-
level, and this problem does not appear to be       regation, there are many children who do not
getting better.                                     receive the education they need and are left
    Approximately 37% of D.C. residents are         limited in their adulthood.
at the lowest level of literacy, a figure that is       “They don’t just show up on our door-
down only slightly from over a decade, ac-          steps,’’ Liptak said, “they’re the product of
cording to a 2003 study from the U.S. De-           our schools.”
partment of Education. This is compared to              While the Literacy Council focuses on
a national average of 22% of adults at the low-     students with the lowest level of literacy, the
est level, which was down 4% compared to 10         Academy of Hope helps those with more
years earlier.                                      comprehension, at about a sixth-grade level,
    The reasons why people grow up unable           according to program director Kathryn Som-
to read and write vary greatly. But one factor      mers.
that stands out in many illiterate adults in            Still, there are similarities. Many Academy
D.C. is a background of poverty, according to       students are high school dropouts who left
Washington Literacy Council program direc-          school because of a teen pregnancy or fam-
tor Elizabeth Liptak.                               ily illness.
    “There’s both a cycle of low literacy and
there’s a cycle of poverty, and I think they go
hand in hand,” Liptak said.
                                                        However, about 40% of the Academy of
                                                    Hope students are refugees and immigrants
                                                    who are seeking to improve their English.
                                                                                                                                  Shelter Hotline
                                                                                                                                             1 800 535-7252
    Liptak said 20% of students have “environ-      That includes several women from Afghani-
mental dyslexia” caused by a lack of stimu-         stan who could not be educated in their own
lation during their youth. “The result is the       country and have sought education at the
same as if they had classic dyslexia,” she          Academy of Hope.
added.                                                  The reasons why people are in the literacy
    Additionally, only about15% of students at      program are “almost as diverse as the student
the Literacy Council have high school diplo-        body,” Sommers said.
6 INTERVIEW                                                                                                                                Street Sense . October/November 2006

 MARYLAND GOVERNOR’S RACE

                   Ehrlich Details Anti-Poverty Plans for Md.
                                                                        pens when demand for lower-cost housing outpaces             nursing students to work in Maryland after gradua-
                                                                        the supply, and when people cannot earn enough to            tion.
                                                                        afford the housing that is available. How do you plan
                                                                        to respond to this problem?                                     Street Sense: Maryland’s minimum hourly wage
                                                                                                                                     for private-sector workers presently stands at $6.15 an
                                                                           Ehrlich: This administration has several initiatives      hour (the federal baseline is $5.15). Is that the right
                                                                        that serve low-income individuals, as well as pro-           level? What should Maryland’s minimum wage be, and
                                                                        grams to support nonprofit organizations and local           why?
                                                                        governments that serve this community.
                                                                           The Lifeline Refinance Program was established               Ehrlich: This administration believes that any in-
                                                                        by this administration to help borrowers with “exotic        crease in the minimum wage should be done in a way
                                                                        mortgages” that may be forcing them into untenable           that does not hurt Maryland’s job growth or compro-
                                                                        and unaffordable mortgage situations leading up to           mise our economic competitiveness in the region.
                                                                        potential foreclosure.                                       We encourage the federal government to conduct a
                                                                           The Ehrlich administration supports the Shelter           regular review of the minimum wage to make sure the
                                                                        and Transitional Housing Facilities Grant Program,           wage is in line with other indicators such as inflation
                                                                        which provides nonprofits and governments with               and cost of living adjustments.
                                                                        funds for emergency shelters and transitional hous-
                                                                        ing facilities. This has helped create new housing and          Street Sense: In places like western Maryland’s
                                                                        shelter for the homeless in Baltimore City, Frederick        Garrett County, and Somerset County on the Eastern
                                                                        County, Hagerstown, and Howard County.                       Shore, rural poverty can mean a scarcity of well-pay-
                  Maryland’s Governor Bob Ehrlich (R) is running for       The Ehrlich administration also supports the              ing jobs and educational opportunities, along with
              re-election to the state’s highest office.                Group Home Financing Program serving special-                special challenges like a lack of public transporta-
                  Ehrlich was born in Arbutus, Md., a suburb of Bal-    needs populations, and the HOME Investment Part-             tion, and even the high cost of gasoline and heating
              timore. He was educated at Princeton and the Wake         nerships Program, which helps nonprofits acquire             oil. Please describe your plans to help Maryland’s rural
              Forest University School of Law. He practiced law in      small low-income rental projects.                            poor people.
              Baltimore and in 1986 was elected to the Maryland
              House of Delegates. In 1994 he was elected to rep-           Street Sense: In Maryland, as in so many places,             Ehrlich: Because we believe that providing jobs is
              resent Maryland in Congress, where he served four         health care and medical insurance are things that too        one of the most powerful tools to combat poverty, this
              terms.                                                    many people cannot afford – so they go without. And          administration is committed to fostering a healthy
                  Ehrlich was elected governor in 2002, and his cam-    in some parts of the state, doctors, dentists, and clinics   climate for businesses to grow and provide jobs. Our
              paign touts his work in defeating tax hikes, increasing   are few and far between. What are the biggest barriers       philosophy of “One Maryland Economy” stretches
              school funding, and creating jobs.                        to making health care available in all parts of Mary-        across geographic and demographic lines, so our ad-
                  Because so many of our readers live and vote in       land, especially for homeless people, and how will you       ministration has supported several economic devel-
              Maryland, we wanted to cover this race. Here are Eh-      overcome them?                                               opment projects in far western Maryland and on the
              rlich’s responses to Street Sense’s candidate question-                                                                Eastern Shore that will significantly benefit residents
              naire composed by David S. Hammond.                          Ehrlich: The Ehrlich administration has increased         of those areas.
                                                                        Medicaid and children’s health program funding by               Projects in western Maryland include the American

                                                                                                   ‘‘
‘‘
                                                                                                                  $1.25 billion      Woodmark cabinet assembling facility; a state-of-the-
     Two issues we will target immediately are the loss of                                                        since fiscal
                                                                                                                  year 2003
                                                                                                                                     art, recirculating whitewater sports course in Garrett
                                                                                                                                     County; and a ClosetMaid facility now under con-
  housing due to a temporary household economic crisis,                                                           which pro-
                                                                                                                  vides health
                                                                                                                                     struction. These are bringing hundreds of new jobs.
                                                                                                                                     Projects on the lower Eastern Shore include a planned
  and homelessness that occurs when youth transition                                                              care services
                                                                                                                  for 770,000
                                                                                                                                     expansion by the packaging company ODDI, USA; the
                                                                                                                                     Wal-Mart Distribution Center, which has the potential
  from public juvenile programs into adulthood.                                                                   medically
                                                                                                                  underserved
                                                                                                                                     of providing 700 jobs averaging $8 to $12 an hour; and
                                                                                                                                     many aerospace industry projects including develop-
                                                                                                                  Marylanders.       ment and manufacturing.
                 Street Sense: Maryland’s Department of Human                                                     Furthermore,          We are also proud that this administration’s efforts
              Resources reports that nearly 35,000 homeless people      we developed the “Babies Born Healthy” initiative to         have helped decrease unemployment in these com-
              were placed in shelters and motels in fiscal year 2005    reduce infant mortality, an especially serious problem       munities. In a second term, this administration will
              – and additional people sleep on the streets or in the    in poor communities. This administration has also            continue to focus on increasing the number of eco-
              woods, or double up with friends and family. What are     expanded access to nine community health centers             nomic development opportunities.
              your plans for responding to this problem?                around the state providing health care to 37,800 ad-
                                                                        ditional Marylanders.                                           Street Sense: Voter participation is lower than most
                 Bob Ehrlich: The Ehrlich administration recently          We also enacted the Health Disparities Initiative as      people would like to see, but poor and homeless people,
              adopted a 10-year interdepartmental plan to combat        a way to support the goals of the Health Care Services       too, have a stake in the election. What are you doing
              homelessness. Two issues we will target immediately       Disparities Prevention Act of 2003. This law encour-         to reach these voters, and what message do you have
              are the loss of housing due to a temporary household      ages the training and development of health care pro-        for them?
              economic crisis, and homelessness that occurs when        fessionals. Planning to reduce health care disparities
              youth transition from public juvenile programs into       based on race, gender, ethnicity and poverty, and to            Ehrlich: I believe that this administration has a
              adulthood.                                                address available funding, gaps in service, and dupli-       strong record in empowering people and serving the
                 We believe that prevention is the best approach,       cation and fragmentation are part of this effort. And        most vulnerable in our state through several econom-
              so we continue to increase support to programs like       in 2004 we created the Office of Minority Health and         ic development, health care and housing initiatives,
              energy assistance and rent assistance to keep people      Health Disparities to provide a permanent mecha-             many of which have been previously outlined. I plan
              in their homes. We also are focused on helping ensure     nism for reducing health disparities statewide.              to continue this level of dedication to ensure that all
              that youth who are moving from public programs, like         The Ehrlich administration also understands that          Marylanders have equal opportunity and access and
              foster care, to independent adulthood have a clear        a shortage of health care workers is especially hard         can share in our state’s prosperity.
              plan that addresses key areas like education, employ-     on poor communities. So we have increased funding
              ment and housing.                                         for the state nursing scholarship, facilitated a plan to       NOTE: Reporter Michelle Gaudet also submitted
                                                                        raise $88 million over 10 years for grants to increase       these questions to Baltimore Mayor Martin O’Malley
                 Street Sense: In Maryland as elsewhere, people are     the number of nurses in Maryland, and negotiated             (D), Ehrlich’s challenger. The O’Malley campaign was
              talking about an “affordable housing crisis.” This hap-   a loan rebate program with Sallie Mae to encourage           unable to return the questions by press time.
Street Sense . October/November 2006                                                                                                                                                   LOCAL NEWS 7


Green, Republican Mayoral                                                                             SHELTER, from p.1                                      A listserv and a Web site (www.savefrank-
                                                                                                                                                          linshelter.com), the work of committee mem-
                                                                                                         This commitment comes after years of ru-         ber Michael McFadden, also have helped the
Choices Address Social Issues                                                                         mors, false alarms and growing concern about
                                                                                                      the future of the shelter – much of it reported
                                                                                                                                                          CSFS spread their message. And Mary Ann
                                                                                                                                                          Luby from the Washington Legal Clinic for
    The 2006 campaign season saw a hard-           east of the Anocostia River, and believes it is    in Street Sense. This concern from shelter res-     the Homeless helped the committee learn
fought race for the Democratic nomination to       the next spot to be revitalized. “I will focus     idents, advocates and citizens, Walker said, is     to navigate among the City Council, the Wil-
be mayor of D.C., and Street Sense has present-    positive community redevelopment with-             part of why she moved to announce the new           liams administration and the complexities of
ed those candidates’ responses to our question-    out displacement as my Office of Zoning            plans for Franklin’s future.                        homeless policy.
naire on poverty and homelessness.                 and Planning will be driven by the wishes of          “I know there’s been a lot of angst about           This has added up, Smith said. “We have
   Now, with the November 7 general election       neighborhood-level Advisory Neighborhood           Franklin Shelter, a lot of rumors, and it was       been garnering support and speaking at any
approaching, we bring you profiles of Dave         Commissions,” he said. “This should help           time for people to know that we heard you,          venue that would allow us to speak, and try-
Kranich, the Republican candidate for mayor,       stem the redlining and displacement of long-       and we are responding,” Walker said.                ing to connect with organizations that are
and Chris Otten, who is running as a State-        time D.C. residents.”                                 That will take a lot of work. According to       sympathetic to our issues,” he said. “And the
hood Green. Otten completed our candidate                                 - Diane Rusignola           the CSFS, the needed changes include both           reception has been very positive.”
questionnaire; Kranich was unable to do so                                                            physical renovations and the presence of ser-          That doesn’t surprise observers of the city’s
by press time, but spoke with Street Sense.           Dave Kranich                                    vices in the shelter. The building needs sig-       shelter sagas, because it isn’t only the CSFS
                                                      In a n ove r-                                   nificant electrical work, and the toilets and       that has been calling for shelter downtown.
   Chris Otten                                     whelmingly                                         bathrooms are in desperate need of repair.          The business community, represented by the
   Chris Otten is                                  Democratic city,                                   As for services, the CSFS would like to see job     Downtown DC Business Improvement Dis-
the D.C. State-                                    Dave Kranich                                       counseling, medical support, particularly           trict, has supported having adequate shelter
hood Green party                                   a s s e r t s h e ’s                               for mental health issues, affordable housing        in the area, and that played a role in the city’s
candidate for                                      running as a                                       placement, and legal representation for those       decision.
mayor. The D.C.                                    candidate who                                      who need it.                                            “We need this shelter in the location where
Statehood Green                                    happens to be a                                       “The main thing I would like to see at           it is, and we need it renovated. A shelter
Party was formed                                   Republican. He                                     Franklin are services – real services – that        downtown is key to getting people to where
by a merger be-                                    takes issue with                                   would help people in fulfilling their lives go-     they need to go to re-establish their liveli-
tween the State-                                   the question of                                    ing forward,” Smith said.                           hood,” Smith said.
hood Party, whose                                  what he would                                         Effective help for homeless people, located         Even though Franklin’s planned closing has
roots stretch back                                 do to build bridges across the many groups         where they need it most, has been the overall       been replaced by plans to change it for the
to Washington’s                                    that comprise D.C., saying that a common           prize envisioned by the CSFS. The commit-           better, the CSFS still will be active, petitioning
Home Rule era, and the D.C. Greens. Otten          assumption of the media comes from ig-             tee was formed during resident meetings held        to see that those changes are put in place.
hails from Long Island, N.Y. and has lived in      norance: that because he’s Republican and          last summer at Franklin, called in response to         “We will plan for these changes with the
the District for the past six and a half years.    white, he cannot do the job well.                  news of the shelter’s planned closing. Smith        residents in a respectful and inclusive way,”
He has served as an AmeriCorps volunteer              Raised north of Philadelphia in Hatboro,        and founding member Rommel McBride saw              Walker said.
tutoring low-income Florida children in            Pa., Kranich studied marketing at Penn State       that small start grow quickly to a wide effort         For the CSFS, that’s only the beginning.
reading, and as project manager at Charlie’s       University and was drawn to D.C. mainly by         on many fronts.                                     One of their goals is to reach out to shelters
Place, a homeless services agency serving          politics. He started two businesses (bottled          The committee’s first big appearance was         all over the city to help spark similar efforts,
poor people in Northwest D.C. Otten works          smoothies and Christmas trees) and then            at a rally before a City Council hearing in June,   and they also are developing a policy shop
in the information technology field.               entered real estate in 2002 as a sales agent at    followed by visits to every member of the City      – committee members have been assigned to
   Otten pledges to support any fiscally re-       Randall Hagner Ltd. Kranich’s resume does          Council and to City Administrator Robert            research the best practices at shelters in other
sponsible legislation that aids working-class      not include previous political experience.         Bobb. CSFS members, including David Pirtle          cities, with a view to setting a high standard
D.C. families, generates positive outcomes for         Kranich said that D.C. government can          and Eric Sheptock, went on to attend fund-          for D.C. facilities.
their children, and involves the local advisory    do better than it has. The cornerstone of his      raisers and other events for D.C. candidates.          And there’s more to this story than deci-
neighborhood commissions.                          mayoral vision is improving schools through        Ward 3 Council member Kathy Patterson,              sions about the shelter. “Everyone figures
   On helping the homeless and building shel-      better management and legislation, follow-         then a candidate for Council chair, even met        people in the shelter are a bunch of derelicts,
ters Otten believes that the D.C. City Council     through on existing contracts, and direct          with the committee at Franklin Shelter, and,        and crazy, “ Smith said. “What we have done
has been weak in not trying to prevent shelter     mayoral control of school board appoint-           as reported in this newspaper, received the         shows that ‘it ain’t about the stereotypes’
closings. “These attacks on the poor cannot        ments. Kranich also says he would create           committee’s endorsement along with several          – even though we are homeless, we can get
be ignored and I’m just not seeing the so-         more affordable housing for middle- and            other candidates who pledged support for the        things done.”
called city leadership stepping up to fight for    lower-income residents, lower taxes to en-         CSFS’ goals. The CSFS followed up its voting
these folks. I have worked with the homeless       courage these groups to stay in the city, and      guide by leafleting for their chosen candidates        Laura Thompson Osuri contributed to this
community in this city for years. I pledge that    lower property taxes.                              at the polls on primary day.                        story.
I will help the thousands of homeless people          While Kranich’s schedule did not allow him
and families and continue my service to this       to complete Street Sense’s questionnaire on
community as mayor,” he said. “TheDC State-        homelessness and poverty, he spoke to the
                                                                                                                                 e care.        e help.         e heal.
hood Greens will make sure that beds are           issue in a July 10 interview on WPFW-FM.                                         Quality Primary Care Services for D.C. Medically
available for anyone who needs one.                In response to a bipolar, formerly homeless                                      Underserved and homeless Individuals……
   He added that the city must focus building      caller who asked what he would do about
new shelters to support homeless families.         homelessness in D.C., Kranich said:
Otten explained that “these facilities should         “Homelessness is a big problem...I don’t
be clean and present a positive environment        know the numbers on homelessness and I’ve
whereby the folks living there have a stake in     heard conditions are bad. I don’t have a spe-
decision making and programming. Such pro-         cific solution off the top of my head, but I can
grams will include vocational training, career     tell you it’s certainly something that will be
and personal counseling, and opportunities         addressed by my administration. It’s a diffi-
for artistic expression, plus a healthy diet and   cult problem and something that needs to be
good hygiene shall be available for all.”          looked at closely.”
    The surge of condominiums in the city             Kranich argues that much of the poverty
also worries Otten because believes it is          in the city stems from poor education. Busi-
forcing out long-time working class District       ness owners want employees that will cost the                           For information on medical services in homeless shelters call
residents. The stop this trend he wants strong     least, meaning local employees, and Kranich                             202-255-3469. For an appointment at any of our community
rent control inclusionary zoning policies.         supports D.C. residents getting jobs first. He                                      health centers call 1-866-388-6489
   “I pledge to have 100,000 really affordable     says that if education better trained residents
housing units online within two years and          to match the skills that businesses seek, the
simultaneously create hundreds of trade ap-        situation could improve, and he would con-
                                                                                                                               We want to help. We want to help you.
prenticeships and jobs by engaging in this         sult with advisors to raise the minimum wage
worthy endeavor,” Otten added.                     so more people could remain living in D.C.
    Otten also pledges more development                                           - Jen Pearl
8 LOCAL NEWS                                                                                                                                  Street Sense . October/November 2006




                   StreetPolitics
                          By David S. Hammond




                                                                              ON THE HILL By Jill Merselis

                                                                              Native American Health Care Support
                                                                                Title:                              ans and Alaskan Natives in these     mental, social and spiritual health
                                                                                Indian Health Care Improve-         programs.                            of Native Americans by ensuring
                                                                             ment Act Amendments of 2006               This act would allow qualified    that high-level personal and pub-
    A Plan for the City is a Tool for People to Use                          (Introduced in House)                  Native Americans to enroll in        lic health services are accessible.
                                                                                                                    State Children’s Health Insurance        Additionally, this act would
     People have been saying D.C.’s state bird is the “crane,” because
                                                                                Purpose:                            Programs (SCHIP), Medicare and       create a bipartisan Indian Health
  so many construction cranes crowd the skyline. You see them ev-
                                                                                On May 9, 2006, this bill was       Medicaid, and for related pay-       Care Commission to study the
  erywhere, but the citywide building boom really isn’t undertaken
                                                                             introduced in the House of Repre-      ments to Indian Health Programs      health service needs in Ameri-
  according to plan – or at least, say the experts, the plans we have
                                                                             sentatives to change to the Indian     and Urban Indian Organizations.      can Indian and Alaskan Native
  fall short on some critical points. And that’s one reason affordable
                                                                             Health Care Improvement Act of            This act would also consolidate   communities by preparing and
  housing is in so much trouble.
                                                                             1976. The bill seeks to extend cer-    existing health programs of Indi-    reviewing a report, and making
     That may be changing, because the recommendations of the
                                                                             tain provisions of the law to more     an tribes and tribal organizations   recommendations to Congress
  mayor’s Comprehensive Housing Strategy Task Force are gaining
                                                                             American Indians and Alaskan           into a new program of compre-        about the delivery of federal
  stature and heft. Mayor Williams drew on them in his budget for
                                                                             Natives (referred to as “Indians”      hensive behavioral health, pre-      health care services to Indians.
  the current fiscal year. They’ve surfaced in proposed legislation to
                                                                             in the Congressional Record for        vention, treatment and aftercare
  support “workforce” housing affordable to city employees and in
                                                                             this bill) and to revise other parts   for Indian tribes, all through the     Sponsor:
  debates over inclusionary zoning.
                                                                             of the law.                            Indian Health Service.                 Rep. Don Young (D-Alaska)
     And goals developed by the Task Force are showing up in the over-
                                                                                                                       The Indian Health Services is
  haul of the city’s Comprehensive Plan, adopted in 1984. It’s slated to
                                                                                 Background                         currently an agency within the         Cosponsor:
  be replaced by a new Plan that’s coming before the City Council this
                                                                                The original Indian Health Care     Department of Health and Hu-           A mix of 29 Republican and
  fall, to serve as an overall guide to decisions about building, zoning,
                                                                             Improvement Act was enacted to         man Services, which has the re-      Remocrat representatives
  roads, transportation, and more.
                                                                             provide federally for the care and     sponsibility of providing health
     Advocates for affordable housing are excited that inclusionary
                                                                             education of American Indians          services to federally recognized        Status:
  zoning and enhanced support for the Housing Production Trust
                                                                             and Alaskan Natives by improving       American Indians and Alaskan            Sent to the House Committee
  Fund are included in the draft Plan. As elements of a new Comp
                                                                             the services and facilities of the     Natives through a system of          on Ways and Means, which grant-
  Plan, they would serve as yardsticks against which many govern-
                                                                             federal Indian health programs,        tribal and urban programs, and       ed an extension (until November
  ment actions could be measured.
                                                                             and by encouraging maximum             Congressional acts. The agency’s     17, 2006) for consideration of the
     That might smooth out some of the bumps and jolts of the last
                                                                             participation by American Indi-        mission is to raise the physical,    bill.
  several years, which have seen a loss of affordable housing as prices
  rise and neighborhoods change. A determination to reboot the city’s
  development decisions drives much of the support for the new draft
  Plan. Ironically, similar concerns about the impact of large-scale de-
  velopment are also turning the Comp Plan into one of the last grand
  neighborhood fights to confront Mayor Williams and the outgoing
  City Council.
                                                                                     Get Out the Vote
     Opponents say the draft Plan hasn’t been adequately vetted, and                 You don’t need a home to vote – but you do need to
  that flaws in its technical language could open the door to too much            register. That was the message from Brenda Lee-Wilson
  redevelopment, too fast. The Council heard many of these criticisms             when she helped register voters near Dupont Circle in
  at a September hearing, and will again in late October, when it con-            early October. Lee-Wilson is a Street Sense vendor who
  siders whether to approve the draft Plan as is, call for changes, or            also works with the National Coalition for the Home-
  leave the decision for next year’s new mayor and Council.                       less’ Speakers Bureau, and she pitched in for NCH’s
     Whatever happens, the Office of Planning’s baseline projections              voter registration drive, part of National Homeless and
  for population and jobs, and the Housing Task Force’s recommenda-               Low Income Voter Registration Week. Lee-Wilson has
  tions, are expected to be the starting points for discussions of D.C.’s         often been involved in community affairs; she donated
  housing needs for years to come. As early as next year, they could              housecleaning services to the Street Sense silent auc-
  find their way into more housing-related legislation before the City
  Council.                                                                        Council’s Human Services Committee about conditions
     As for the high hopes reflected in the draft Plan, their success will        in the shelters, and she has written for Street Sense.
  depend on the attitudes, and the actions, of everyone from the new
  mayor and Council, to developers, planning and zoning profession-
  als, the ANCs, civic groups, and everyday Washingtonians.

                                                                                                       Expert Witness Available
    A Shout-Out from Cheryl Barnes                                                                  for Securities Arbitrations and
     Street Politics heard from Cheryl Barnes, Washington’s well-known                                Trust & Probate Litigations
  freelance homeless advocate, who had a message for the Committee
  to Save Franklin Shelter: “Your voice was heard in your city of Wash-
  ington, D.C. It reminds me of the voice coming from a guy named
                                                                                   Over 30 years investment experience including 19 years as Bank
  Mitch Snyder, that we humans in the state of homelessness might                Portfolio Manager for Fiduciary & Discretionary Accounts. Testimony in
  be in a shelter for now, but don’t deserve to be there for our future.         over 30 Arbitrations (NASD, NYSE, JAMS, AAA), 16 Depositions and 3
  Keep up the good work!”                                                        Federal trials. Chartered Financial Analyst (1979).
    Your feedback is welcome at StreetPoliticsDC@aol.comWhat’s on                                Call Steve Stern, CFA 305 979 4015 SternInves@aol.com.
  your mind? E-mail StreetPoliticsDC@aol.com.
Street Sense . October/November 2006                                                                                                                                                   INTERNATIONAL NEWS 9



                                                                                                               Russia Wins Homeless World Cup
                                                                                               In late September, Russia became the new Homeless World Cup champion after defeating first-time
                                                                                            team Kazakhstan 1-0 in the final match.
                                                                                                 “One of my strongest dreams has been realized,” said Russian Captain Shelaevskiy Viatcheslav. “I
                                                                                            will never forget these days. Our main goal when we get home is the creation of a street soccer league.
                                                                                            Football helped save me. I’ve made friends and if anything happens to me, I now have friends to help
                                                                                            me.”
                                                                                               Other teams that finished in the top five were Poland, Mexico and Cameroon, respectively. The
                                                                                            United States’ team ranked 46th overall, finishing above Norway and Malawi.
                                                                                               The event, held in Capetown, South Africa, was the fourth Homeless World Cup and by far the larg-
                                                                                            est. Nearly 500 players representing 48 nations participated in the event, compared to the 27 teams
                                                                                            represented last year.
                                                                                                South African President Thabo Mbeki and Archbishop Emeritus Desmond Tutu were among those
                                                                                            present supporting the event.
                                                                                               The Homeless World Cup concept came about in 2001 as the idea of Harald Schied, editor of Aus-
                                                                                            trian street paper Megaphon, and Mel Young, co-founder of The Big Issue Scotland street paper, at the
                                                                                            International Network of Street Papers Conference. The first Homeless World Cup was held in 2003
                                                                                            in Graz, Austria, and has since been played yearly in Gothenburg, Sweden in 2004 and Edinburgh,
                                                                                            Scotland in 2005.
                                                                                               Nike and the Union of European Football Associations (UEFA) have been supporters of the event
                                                                                            since it began.
                                                                                               Men and women over 16 years of age who have been homeless at some point after September 2005
Knight is just one of nearly 500 homeless people worldwide coming together in South Africa. were eligible to play. Each participating country had a team of eight players, with four playing at a time.
                                                                                            Matches were played in a special stadium on the streets, on enclosed street surfaced courts. Games
SOCCER, from p.1                              of his team, by this time a hodgepodge lasted for 14 minutes in four rounds of play.
                                              of players from New York, Charlotte and          The 2007 Homeless World Cup is set to take place in Copenhagen, Denmark in July 2007.
   “It was not about me playing soccer elsewhere. Passport issues should have                                                                                                                         - Peter Cohn
but the whole idea of playing soccer to also held up Knight, who is on parole and
bring attention to this whole cause and thought he was unable to leave D.C., let
the problem of homelessness around the alone the country.
world,” Knight said.                             He also had trouble tracking down his
    With sponsors like Nike and special birth certificate and even making it to the
guests like Archbishop Desmond Tutu passport agency in New York. Apparently
the Homeless World Cup has turned into despairing of his making their scheduled
a worldwide phenomenon in just four flight, the rest of the U.S. team and its
years.                                        coach Jeff Grunberg left two days before
                                                                                                                                            FRESH START CATERING
   It has also changed the lives of the Knight at last procured his passport.
players, all of whom are homeless or             “I am still in awe that I was able to
used to be. A year after the 2004 Home- go,” Knight said. “Everyone was saying I
less World Cup, 78 of the 204 participants should just let it go and that it’s not going
were working regular jobs — including 16 to happen, but I said, ‘No! I am claiming
that became professional soccer play- this.’”
                                                                                                                                            Celebrating Ten Years of Serving
ers or coaches — and 95 improved their
housing conditions.
                                                 And once Knight got to South Africa
                                              — and managed to find where the players                                                       More Than Just Great Food
   Last year just 27 teams participated, were staying — he said it was like a dream
including one from the U.S. This year a come true. He said the players were
whole new batch of U.S. players attend- treated like royalty, parading through the
ed, including Knight, the first one from streets, having videos made of their ev-
                                                                                                                                              M            S
                                                                                                                                               ENU ELECTIONS
the Washington area.                          ery move and being surrounded by locals
   Knight became homeless nine months hanging on to their every word.
ago on ending an 18-month stint in pris-         Knight said he even shook the hands           SIGNATURE                      SIGNATURE                     VEGAN VEGETABLE ROPA VIEJA
on. Dropped off at the Central Union Mis- of Archbishop Tutu and South African                 HORS D’OEUVRES                 SANDWICHES                    CURRY
sion with “$42 in my pocket and a jean president Thabo Mbeki.                                  Maryland Crab Cakes            Roast Beef & Watercress Wrap Fresh vegetables with tofu in a Pulled flank steak with spicy
outfit on my back,” he soon switched to          And the players also bonded, Knight           Chicken Satay with spicy       Veggie Hummus Wrap            rich and spicy curry sauce,    sofrito sauce, served with black
the CCNV shelter. There he helped in the reported, not because of their homeless                 peanut sauce                 Thai Basil Chicken Salad      served over steamed rice with beans and Spanish rice
                                                                                               Smoked Salmon Pinwheels        Basil, Mozzarella and Roasted carrot-daikon slaw
computer lab by day and worked at the situation back in their countries of origin,
                                                                                               Artichoke & Olive Crostini       Red Pepper Sandwich
Verizon Center at night (a job he learned but through religion, politics, comedy
he’d lost upon his return to the States).     — and most important, soccer.
   Late in June he saw a poster in the           But amongst all the fanfare and cama-
computer lab advertising tryouts for soc- raderie, Knight said what he remembers
cer players for the Homeless USA Cup, most are the locals from South Africa,                    Fresh Start Catering offers professional catering
and decided to give that sport a try. “It who made him realize how the littlest                 services while employing graduates from DC
was difficult getting people to show up, gestures can mean so much.                             Central Kitchen’s Culinary Job Training program,
but there were four of us that were faith-       He recalls that after a match on one           further preparing them for employment in the
ful and getting into it,” he said.            of the last days, a young South African           food service industry.
   So the team of four went to Charlotte          girl came up to him and asked him for
and had a great time — but placed last in         something of his she could take away for
the tournament. It therefore seemed to            a souvenir. And Knight, standing there
Knight he’d lost to the team from Atlanta,        in his sweat-drenched soccer outfit and
the winner, his chance to go to South Af-         cleats, told her he had nothing. She then
                                                                                                                                                FOR MORE INFORMATION, CONTACT:
rica and represent the U.S. in the Home-          asked for his dirty socks because she had                                                              Fresh Start Catering
less World Cup.                                   none of her own.                                                                                           425 2nd ST NW
   Then he lucked out. Because of pass-               “And when I took off my socks and                                                                 Washington, DC 20001
port problems the Atlanta players could           gave them to her, she gave me a big hug,”
not go. Just two weeks before the start of        Knight explained. “What meant so much
                                                                                                                                            (202) 234-0707 | freshstart@dccentralkitchen.org
the tournament, Knight received the call:         to her was something that I had taken for                                                            www.dccentralkitchen.org
he would go to South Africa with the rest         granted.”
10 PHOTOS & POETRY                                                                                                                  Street Sense . October/November 2006




   A Young Heart World

   Hello young world!
   Is your world truly yours?
   Make your homework a chore.
   Settle scores for the poor,
   and maybe city slick across a few marble floors.
   Accept, whatever never.
   Keep your perspective broad as the horizon,
   and wisen up until your cup
   overflow becomes knowledge.
   Truly a young world, for sure it’s all yours!
   Just grab a book, don’t be a crook.
   Open as if every exit is an entrance,
   because with patience and perseverance,
   prayer can help you concur the frustrations
   of adolescents.
   Here’s the message.                                                                                                                      Here’s a picture of success. This is a really goo
   There is a God, and with acceptance                                                                                                      shelter and has a good job and place of his own.
   comes his blessing.
   For the Lamb’s blood was shed,
   and his forgiveness was as of a sip.
   Again, young world I say to you, your world is yours.
   For the word of God heals the spirit,
   as Aloe Vera to a sore!
                                                                 I call this portrait “Dread Man.” I have never seen dread locks like
                                                                 that before; they are amazing!                                                                             Cliff
                    - Bobby Gene Buggs, Jr.
                                                                                                                                                          Vendor Cliff “th
                                                                                                                                                     been snapping portra
                                                                                                                                                       passersby in the la
                                                                                                                                                       these are some of h
                                                                                                                                                     wants you to particip
                                                                                                                                                    – before reading the ca
                                                                                                                                                         homeless….looks
  Invisible Being

  Do you see me? I think you do.
  Do you hear me? I think you do.
  As you walk toward me, what are you thinking
  As you walk toward me, what are you saying
  As I acknowledge you I get no response
  As I acknowledge you I hear mocking remarks
  As I acknowledge you I see fear in your eyes
  I am to you the Invisible being that does not exist
  I am to you the Invisible being that is known as worthless
  I am to you the Invisible being who is mentally insane
  I am to you the Invisible being who is known as a bum
  I am to you the Invisible being who is known as a drunkard
  I am to you the Invisible being who is known as a crackhead
  I am to you who is known as all of the above
  I am to you the Invisible being

                                 - August Mallory




                                                                                                                                            This is Bill. I love his mustache because it’s quite



                                                                What really attracted me to this photo was the nurturing aspect of
                                                                it – mother with child and all -- but I do like here dreadlocks, too.
           Street Sense . October/November 2006                                                                                                        PHOTOS & POETRY 11




                                                                                                                            A Very Long Walk

                                                                                                                            There is a pharmacy on this corner.

                                                                                                                            this is where
                                                                                                                                 i once turned hopes & dreams
                                                                                                                                     to puffy
                                                                                                                                       silver clouds
                                                                                                                                            of nothing.

                                                                                                                            there is a pharmacy down the street;

                                                                                                                            the Very Poor Folks pharmacy
                                                                                                                                sits on the corner of sixth and nowhere;
                                                                                                                                in the stifling waiting room
                                                                                                                                we perch on
                                                                                                                                   cheap plastic chairs
  d friend of mine who recently moved out of the
                                                                                                                                 counting the airless hours
 .
                                                                                                                                 until
                                                                                                                                 our names are called
                                                                                                                                 and life-sustaining capsules
                                                                                                                                 packed in small brown bags

f’s Pics                                             Why do I like this photo? I like dogs and I like ladies and this has
                                                     ‘em both.
                                                                                                                                 are passed through iron bars
                                                                                                                                 to our hard and fragile hands

 e Moose” Carle has                                                                                                         a wrong turn at seventh
                                                                                                                                  and nowhere
 aits of customers and                                                                                                       carries me past
 st few months. And                                                                                                            a man with broken teeth
                                                                                                                              & sunken cheeks
his favorites. Now he                                                                                                            who grasps me by the shoulder, whispers
                                                                                                                                   “i’ll take you round the corner
 pate and try to choose                                                                                                             & show you
                                                                                                                                      where they got the real shit...”
 aptions – which one is
s can be deceiving!                                                                                                         he knows my face from furtive skulking nights
                                                                                                                                 of looking for an ersatz heaven
                                                                                                                             but on all those mornings after,
                                                                                                                             rapture’s exit door led to
                                                                                                                              stinking damp dark depths
                                                                                                                               and my screams of anguish echoed against
                                                                                                                                       attentive ears of no-one

                                                                                                                            it is a very long walk
                                                                                                                                from seventh to sixth,
                                                                                                                                from the pharmacy on this corner
                                                                                                                                (sidewalks lined with whispering hucksters)
                                                                                                                                   to the Poverty Pharmacy
                                                                                                                            where the very poor folks
                                                                                                                                recieve potions
                                                                                                                                  which fix broken
                                                                                                                                       hearts & heads & lives.

                                                                                                                                               - David Harris




 e, um, unique.



                                                   I love this picture because this guy looks so put together but he re-
                                                   ally is a nut obsessed with Jennifer Lopez. He’s the homeless one.
12 FEATURES                                                                                                                                                   Street Sense . October/November 2006


MY TURN AT THE TABLE By Allen Jones

Brazilian Brilliance                                              But, let’s get to the important de-
                                                                                                                           A Portrait of Innocence
                                                               tails of this review: the food.
                                                                  Our first course was a variety of
                                                               vegetables and cold meats. There
                                                               were too many choices to remem-
                                                               ber, but many of the vegetables
                                                               were from different countries like
                                                               South Africa and Italy. I really en-
                                                               joyed all of them, but one really
                                                               stood out—the tubule. Tubule is a
                                                               choppy green vegetable dish that
                                                               resembles fresh spinach, and was
                                                               very good on its own. We also en-
                                                               joyed the delicious fried bread po-
                                                               tatoes. And we particularly enjoyed
                                                               the cold salmon and a cold lunch-
                                                               meat steak, which was like biting
                                                               into butter.
                                                                  The main course consisted of
                                                               several rounds of different meats,
                                                               which were all delectable. Our fa-
                                                               vorites were the filet mignon, roast-
                                                            PETER COHN




                                                               ed chicken and steaks served on
                                                               spools. Instead of waiting for sepa-
                                                               rate orders of well-done, medium
 Vendor Allen Jones waits for some perfectly cooked meat       or rare meats, all of those choices
from a waiter at Fogo de Chao.                             were brought to the table.
   Street Sense intern Peter Cohn and I were                   And at Fogo de Chao you do not
happy to get out of the rain and into the classy wait for your order to be taken because they
Fogo de Chao, a Brazilian restaurant in Down- use a signal system using red and green discs.
town D.C. As we entered the restaurant, our Green indicates that you want to be served
hostess greeted us with courtesy and profes- and red means you are not ready to be served.
sionalism. When she escorted us to our table, And as soon as we turned the disc to green a
I noticed right away that this establishment is waiter arrived with a variety of meats.
very popular with the lunch crowd.                     Truly, I would say that of the many restau-
   The restaurant is immaculate and its ar- rant establishments in the downtown area,
chitecture and chandeliers provide a warm, Fago de Chao with its quality entrees, variety
comfortable atmosphere in which individu- of meats and polite and efficient service has
als, couples and groups can dine. The staff to rank at the very top of list.                                    An original drawing of a young girl from Jean-Jean. He is a resident of Franklin Shelter
wears a traditional outfit – tall black boots,                                                                  and is looking to publish his own book on religion. (If you are interested in purchasing
black pants, red shirts and black vests.             Allen has been a vendor for Street Sense for               any of his drawings, contact info@streetsense.org.)
   Peter and I were quite impressed by the nearly three years. He loves to play tennis and
quick and pleasant service.                         read books about business strategies.



                                         E-Commerce: Efficiency and Identity Theft
                                          I’ve     my life—for the better.                              there’s no telling when the thief (or thieves)             3.    Keep your website passwords in a
                                      been             Then one cold day last December when             will come back to impersonate me.                      secure place. Do not use obvious passwords
                                      told that    I unknowingly provided an online thief (an              I was somewhat consoled when I learned              – combinations of letters and numbers are
                                      patience     internet “phisher”) with my social security          that I was in good company; according to the           best. Change your passwords regularly and
                                      is a vir-    number, a long list of personal information,         FTC, at least 10 million Americans fall victim         do not use the same password for every on-
                                      tue; in      and the keys to a lot more. Days later, I was        to identity theft each year, and most fall vic-        line account.
                                      fact, I’m    faced with the rude awakening that my iden-          tim due to their internet activities. Until it             4.    Protect your computer with reputa-
told that quite often by family and friends,       tity had been stolen.                                happened to me, I was one of those people              ble firewall, antivirus and spyware software.
because patience is something that doesn’t             It was really hard for me to swallow the fact    who thought that I was too smart to be duped           It is worth the expense, and some programs
always come easily for me. If you want to          that the same efficient technology that made         by the latest phishing scheme. So I will repeat        are free.
see me at my worst, put me in a long line at       it so easy for me to conduct my daily business       the advice that I’d heard many times before,               5.    Review your credit report at least
the bank or DMV – with no reading material         made it equally easy for a stranger to steal my      but which, in a moment of haste, I failed to           every 6 months and make sure that you rec-
– and watch me fidget, as my mind reels with       identity.                                            heed:                                                  ognize everything. You can order a free copy
thoughts of all the things I could be getting          The following months were not fun; I filed                                                              annually from each of the three major credit
done if I weren’t standing in line.                police reports, fraud alerts with the three             1.     If you get an e-mail or pop-up alert         bureaus (Equifax, Experian and TransUnion)
   Given my low tolerance for waiting, I was       major credit bureaus, an identity theft re-          asking for personal information, don’t reply           at www.annualcreditreport.com.
beside myself when I learned that I could          port with the Federal Trade Commission               or click on the link in the message. Legitimate
stop waiting and “point and click” instead. In     (FTC), and several affidavits with my bank to        companies never request personal informa-                 To learn more about identity theft and how
no time at all I was paying bills, shopping for    get stolen funds returned to my accounts. I          tion by e-mail.                                        to deter, detect, or defend yourself if you be-
books, clothes and household items, check-         spent countless hours on the phone explain-             2.     Before you make a purchase or share          come a victim, visit ftc.gov/idtheft or call the
ing my bank account balances and transfer-         ing to creditors that my identity was stolen         personal information online, make sure the             FTC hotline, 1-877-ID THEFT.
ring funds, registering my car, buying and         and I had not ordered the items that I was           website is secure. Look for a lock icon on your
shipping birthday gifts, and so much more, all     billed for. I signed up for a credit monitoring      web browser’s status bar or a URL that begins             This regular financial column is presented
online. In addition to the time I saved, I was     service that sent text messages to my phone          with “https” (the “s” means “secure.) But also         by Capital Area Asset Building Corporation
also thrilled about the money I was saving on      several times a week alerting me to the lat-         know that scammers can forge these security            (www.caab.org). Send your questions on this
postage, transportation, and sales tax. There      est attack. It was a tremendous hassle, and          indicators, so it’s best to stick to sites that you    topic or ideas for future topics to saving@caab.
was no question that e-commerce changed            while it seems to be under control right now,        know and trust.                                        org.
Street Sense . October/November 2006                                                                                                                                   LITERATURE        13


                                                                                           BOOK REVIEW
        Marvin Hammerman                                                                   Slavery: From its Ancient Roots
                         A mystery novel in parts
                                                                                           to its Legacy in the New World
                                   BOOK 3, PART 9
                                                                                                David Brion Davis’s “Inhuman Bondage”
                                                                                           is a thorough recounting of slavery in the New
                                 By August Mallory                                         World, from the capture of blacks in Africa,
                                                                                           their enslavement in the Caribbean and the
                                                                                           Americas, and finally to their release.
                                                                                               This easy read leaves few aspects of this
      As late evening approaches in East Point, Ga., three men are planning to make        tragic period unexamined.
   another move on an innocent victim.                                                          Davis is a Sterling Professor of History
      “Ok, so what’s our next move?” asked Handler. “We have to make a hit some-           Emeritus at Yale University and Director
   where.”                                                                                 Emeritus of the Gilder Lehrman Center for
      “Not so fast, man,” said Smith, “we are going to have to think this thing through.   the Study of Slavery, Resistance and Aboli-
      We have to figure out how we are going to handle those two dudes that we ran         tion, also at Yale, and is widely considered the
   into earlier—especially that one dude who does all that fancy foot kicking.”            country’s leading authority on slavery. “Inhu-
      “Yeah! He almost broke my neck with that spin kick of his,” said Williams. “We       man Bondage” (Oxford 2006), subtitled “the
   need to hold back and figure this out awhile.”                                          Rise and Fall of Slavery in the New World”,
      As these three are figuring out their dastardly plan, Hammerman and Jamison          attests to this.
   are back at the Marriott Marquis Hotel working on a strategy to find these three             He reminds us that slavery was not unique
   guys.                                                                                   to the New World, and goes back at least to
      “Russ, Mr. Gregory gave us the name of a woman who was almost killed by this         ancient Rome. But it was not until the 1500s
   Handler guy. What was her name again?”                                                  that it became widespread, with blacks be-
       “Yeah, Carmella Henderson was her name—she stays at the women’s section of          ing captured in Africa and transported by the
   the Atlanta Union Mission; maybe we can call the mission and talk to her.”              New World’s conquerors to labor in their new,
      “Well, let’s see what they tell us.”                                                 rich lands.                                                   Inhuman Bondage
      Hammerman makes the call to the Atlanta Union Mission and is transferred to              “The peoples of West Africa, as well as                   By David Brion Davis
   the executive director.                                                                 those of every maritime nation in western                 (Oxford University Press, 2006)
      “Good evening,sir. My name is Marvin Hammerman. I am a District Attorney             Europe and every colony in the New World,”         slave rebellion in the New World, the success-
   working on a case here in Atlanta, and am in need of your help to locate someone        Davis writes, “played a part in the creation of    ful 1791-1804 revolution by blacks in Haiti
   for me, a woman by the name of Carmella Henderson.”                                     the world’s first system of multinational pro-     and its impact on North America. The victory
      “Very good, sir,” says the director. “Allow me to connect you with the women’s       duction for what emerged as a mass market          by Haitian blacks over the armies of France,
   shelter.” Once directed to the women’s shelter, Hammerman begins to provide             -- a market for slave-produced sugar, tobacco,     Spain and Britain inspired other blacks and
   details of the case. Meanwhile, efforts are being made to locate Carmella Hender-       coffee, chocolate, dye stuffs, rice, hemp and      “hovered like a weapon of mass destruction
   son, and it is discovered that she is at a day resource called the Gateway Center.      cotton.”                                           in the minds of slave-holders as late as the
   As Hammerman and Jamison make their way to the Gateway, Smith, Williams and                  Truly multinational, blacks were first cap-   American Civil War.”
   Handler are now in town searching for another victim to assault.                        tured by other blacks, then sold in West Afri-         Abolitionism in Britain in the 1830s, and
      At police headquarters, Capt. Chadwell comes up with some surprising informa-        can ports, then transferred to British, Spanish    Britain’s freeing of some 800,000 colonial
   tion: The fingerprints left on the knife at the crime scene are the same fingerprints   or Portuguese slavers and taken to the Carib-      slaves put pressure on other European na-
   found on a blunt object used to kill Billy Joe Biddle. The fingerprints belong to a     bean islands or to mainland North America.         tions to end their slave trade and led to a
   man by the name of Daniel Smith—a longtime fugitive on the run.                         There the enslaved were sold, and with the         strengthening of anti-slavery forces in the
      Chadwell immediately contacts Jamison and informs him of the discovery.              money “earned,” the ships bought up the New        United States.
      Once Jamison finishes speaking with Capt. Chadwell, he and Hammerman con-            World’s goods for transport to the Old World.           But U.S. abolitionists faced strong op-
   tinue their interview with Carmella Henderson.                                          And there, once the cargo was unloaded, the        position. The government supported slavery
      “Miss Henderson, we were referred to you by a Mr. Ronald Gregory. We really          ships headed back to Africa for a new load of      and slavery’s economic benefits were great.
   need your help in this case we are working on. Mr. Gregory tells us you once had a      slaves.                                            To maintain this “inhuman bondage,” Davis
   confrontation with a Jeffery Handler.”                                                       Davis says slavery was vital to the New       writes, “the ‘lords of the lash’ forged close
      “Yes,” she replies, “I know who Jeffery Handler is. He is a total nutcase who does   World and not an accident. “We must face the       ties with Northern ‘lords of the loom,’ to say
   not belong on the street. I had been drinking very heavily one day and he nearly        ultimate contradiction that our free and dem-      nothing of Northern banking, insurance and
   beat me senseless with a very large stick almost as thick and heavy as a 2x4. I         ocratic society was made possible by massive       shipping firms.”
   thought he was going to kill me. I was too intoxicated to defend myself, and that’s     slave labor.”                                          But the abolitionists were a potent force.
   how he got the better of me. I spent several days in Grady Memorial Hospital with            He writes extensively about the rise of       And then came Abraham Lincoln. Before him,
   two broken ribs, a broken knee bone, a broken collar bone, two black eyes and a         slave labor and its uses in Portuguese Brazil,     no president had challenged the slave-hold-
   swollen face. That man is crazy—he has no remorse for anybody or anything.              but centers on slavery in North America and        ing interests. Lincoln’s election, however, led
      She adds, “He hangs out with two other men who call themselves Smitty and            the Caribbean.                                     to formation of the Confederacy, which gave
   Gutter; I don’t know their real names.”                                                       In a discussion of a subject not often       recognition and protection to the institution
      “I believe we do; that information is being sought after as we speak,” replies       covered by other writers on slavery, Davis         of slavery.
      Hammerman.                                                                           examines racism’s link to slavery. He asks if         The federal reaction was the Emancipation
      Hammerman and Jamison are observed from three pairs of watchful eyes as              anti-black racism led to the choice of Africans    Proclamation.
   they leave the Gateway Center. Suddenly, a large stone hits Jamison in the back         to meet the labor demands of the New World             Davis concludes that slavery in the New
   and he falls to the ground. Smith, Handler and Williams go on the attack fast and       or was racism the result of long-term inter-       World ended in large measure through a ma-
   hard—knocking Hammerman off balance. Instantly, a gunshot is fired that hits            action with black slaves, as some historians       jor transformation in moral perception led
   Jamison in the right leg and Hammerman in the shoulder. The three men take off          have claimed.                                      by anti-slavery advocates. These advocates
   running.                                                                                     Racism/slavery is a complex equation, but     “were willing to condemn an institution that
      Witnesses heard the shooting, and one yells to his staff inside about what has       Davis points out that in both the ancient and      had been sanctioned for thousands of years
   just taken place.                                                                       medieval worlds there was a strong inclina-        and who also strove to make human society
      Security personnel move swiftly to the aid of Hammerman and Jamison; the po-         tion to equate slavery with ugliness and dark      something more than an endless contest of
   lice are called, and an EMS is also en route.                                           skins. “Thus various interpreters claimed over     greed and power.”
                                                                                           the ages that the biblical Joseph, sold by his         “Inhuman Bondage” is a superb summary
     Coming next month: As Jamison and Hammerman are being treated for gunshot             brothers to slave traders, did not ‘look like a    of New World slavery, its origins and demise,
   wounds, Smith, Handler and Williams are identified as the parties who may have          slave’, since he was so handsome and light-        and also a reminder that although the bond-
   been involved in the murder of Billy Joe Biddle.                                        skinned.” This equation still pertains in parts    age has ended, slavery’s legacy remains.
                                                                                           of the world.
                                                                                                Davis takes a close look at the first major                             - Robert Trautman
14 PUZZLES                                                                                                                                                                       Street Sense . October/November 2006

Cryptogram                                                                                                                                                 Street Su-Do-Ku
Solve the message below to discover a famous,                                                           This Su-Do-Ku puzzle was put together by vendor Chris Sellman who claims he is obessed with the game.
meaningful quote on poverty and homelessness.                                                                  He promises that the puzzle below is easy to solve, but warns it may get beginners hooked!

                                                                                                                  Just fill in the numbers 1 through 9 without repeating a number in any column, row or box.

     MKZ SCWZVME CY CRV UZGMRVE JA RGO-
                                                                                                                                                                5                               7                 8
                                                                                                        Last Month’s Solution
     JPZ MKFM CY FGE CMKZV. JM JA GCM, FA
                                                                                                         2   3     8   7       1   5       6   9   4
                                                                                                                                                           8           2       5       1               7
                                                                                                         1   4     9   6       8   2       7   3   5       7                   9       2                          4
     SCWZVME LFA DZYCVZ, MKZ VZAROM CY                                                                   7   5     6   3       9   4       1   2   8
                                                                                                         4   7     5   1       2   8       9   6   3            2      6       7                                  1
                                                                                                         6   2     1   9       5   3       4   8   7
     GFMRVFO AUFVUJME, DRM CY F AZM CY
                                                                                                         8   9     3   4       7   6       2   5   1
                                                                                                                                                                       9       3               2       4
                                                                                                         3   6     7   8       4   9       5   1   2
     SVJCVJMJZA JQSCAZB RSCG MKZ VZAM CY                                                                 9   1     2   5       3   7       8   4   6
                                                                                                                                                                  8                            6       3          2
                                                                                                         5   8     4   2       6   1       3   7   9              4                     7      9                      1
     MKZ LCVOB DE MKZ VJUK. – XCKG DZVIZV
                                                                                                                                                                       7                6      1        9             8
     Hint: Y = F

     Last Month’s Solution:
                                                                                                                                                                 9              8                                 7
      Empty pockets never held anyone back. Only empty heads
     and empty hearts can do that. ~Norman Vincent Peale

                                                                                                              7   Asian nation
    Crossword                                                                                                 8
                                                                                                              9
                                                                                                                  Title of respect
                                                                                                                  1972 Olympic location
1     2    3       4    5         6        7    8    9         10   11   12                        13
                                                                                                             10   Talk
14                                15                           16                                            11   Stringed instrument
                                                                                                                  need
17                                18                           19                                            12   Captial Area ___
                                                                                                                  Building Corp.
20                           21                      22   23                                                 13   Glasses part
                                                                                                             21   Be incorrect
                   24   25                      26                                                           23   Doused
                                                                                                             25   Person sensitive to art
27    28   29                              30
                                                                                                             26   Impressionist painter
                                                                                                             27   Recess
31                                32                                33   34                        35


36                                37                      38   39
                                                                                                             28
                                                                                                             29
                                                                                                                  Dozes
                                                                                                                  Oak                                  Put a “Face” to Homelessness
                                                                                                             30   Author of “Inhuman
40                      41   42                           43                                                      Bodage”
                                                                                                             32   Log house                                Hear personal stories from people who have
                        44                           45                                                      33   Straight mark                                         experienced it!
                                                                                                             34   Institution (abbr.)
      46   47      48                           49                                                           35   Colors                                           Who is homeless and why?
                                                                                                             39   Airman                                     What are the causes of homelessness?
50                                         51                  52   53   54                        55        42   Excite
                                                                                                             45   Baby eating apparel                                What can I do to help?
56                           57   58                      59
                                                                                                             46   Common girl’s name
                                                                                                             47   Hurting
60                           61                           62
                                                                                                             48   Ancient German                       Get the answers to these and other questions from the
63                           64                           65
                                                                                                                  letters                                                REAL EXPERTS!
                                                                                                             49   Swell
                                                                                                             50   Tie
                                                                     DOWN
ACROSS                                38    Showery
                                                                      1 Merry
                                                                                                             51   Gilt                                       Bring our “Faces of Homelessness” panel
1 Blooper                             40    Compass point                                                    53   Green Gables dweller
6 Green seedless plant                41   Manner                     2 City in Yemen                        54   Sponsor of Indian                    to your place of worship, school or community center.
10 Spoken                             43    Street ______             3 ___ de Chao                               healthcar e act
14 Dote                               44    Aegis                     4 Shelter saved from                   55   Sleigh
15 Vendo who like Maya                45    Small hats                  closure                              58   Apollo
   Angelou                            46
                                      49
                                            Vendor with trucking job 5 Conger
                                            Antic                     6 Large
                                                                                                             59   Discs                                National Coalition for the Homeless
17 Washington _____ Clinic            50    Loaf                                 L A P    S             C R U B            J   O   H N S
                                                                                          O             R A T E            A                               “Faces of Homelessness”
                                                                          September’s Answer Key




   for the Homeless                   51   Chat                                  A D S                                         B   A F T
18 Object                             52    Grabs                               W V A     M             E T E R            K   E   L L Y
19 Association (abbr.)                56    Cast metal                          M I L D E               W     G R          E   Y                                Speakers’ Bureau
20 Soon                               57   Competition at the Greek              A C M E                  P L E A              A
                                                                                                                               S       G E
21 Sea eagle                               games                                N E S T                 Y E A R N              B       O O
22 Feels sorry for                    59    Irrigation ditch                            E M             E R Y              P I L       L S                                       Michael O’Neill
24 Corn syrup brand                   60    Money raised at auction                N O C O              S T   T E          S T E       D                       Director, Faces of Homelessness Speakers’ Bureau
26 Split second                            (in thousands)
                                                                                 V E N T O                  C H R          I S                                        National Coalition for the Homeless
27 Disposable horn                    61   Spoke
                                                                                 E A T                  O S C A R            E M       U   S                                phone: 202-462-4822 x20
30 Residence hall                     62    Booby
                                                                                 T R O T                W E S T              L E       N   T                                    fax: 202-462-4823
31 French capital                     63    24 hour periods
                                                                                        A C             L U     L          I F T       E   R
32 Long boat                          64    Whirl                                                                                                                    email: moneill@nationalhomeless.org
33 Container top                      65    Word with home or in                R A T I O                 R O B E          D   T       A   I
                                                                                                                                                                      website: www.nationalhomeless.org
36 Bushed                                                                        E V E N S                A B O V          E   L       S   D
37 Avenue                                                                        F E N T Y                T I B I          A   E       Y   E
Street Sense . October/November 2006                                                                                                                                            FEATURES 15



   POP QUIZ          By James Davis
                                                                                            Commercial Ruins Inventor
                                                                                                                                    By Conrad Cheek Jr.

  Homeless Sensitivity Rating
                                                                                                                              O
                                                                                                                                      ver the    a decent portion of the financial expectations
                                                                                                                                      last       of my invention. Should I solicit someone at
      1. Tou are going to lunch solo at a Subway or Quiznos and encounter a homeless                                                  few        Duracell to purchase the patent on the cheap-
   person looking through the trash barrel for food scraps as you go in, do you –                                         years I have           er single-use battery version of the PUCCER?
      (a) Tell him/her “that’s a nasty habit! Get out of there!” (0 points)                                               been attempt-          The advantage of my product is that it is
      (b) Tell him/her he shouldn’t eat out of a trashcan, it’s unsanitary. (1 point)                                     ing to patent a        universal: all cellular phones can be charged
      (c) Offer him $2.00 to get himself/herself something to eat. (3 points)                                             mobile cellular        in a car with a cigarette lighter adapter, and
      (d) Invite him/her inside as your guest where he can clean up in the restroom and                                   phone charger          that same car charger adapter can be used for
   treat him/her to lunch. (7 points)                                                                                     I designed. You        any cellular phone in a PUCCER or a DUC-
                                                                                                                          m a y re c a l l a n   CER (Duracell Universal Cordless Cellular
      2. Tou encounter a homeless person shaking a cup and asking for money, do you -                                     advertisement          Recharger.) Others may or may not produce
      (a) Yell at him/her “get a job!” (0 points)                                                                         in Street Sense        an adapter for every cell phone on the mar-
      (b) Tell him/her a sign might get better results and wish him luck. (1 point)                                       for the PUCCER         ket, but the PUCCER and the DUCCER are
      (c) Drop all your loose change in his/her cup and smile. (3 points)                   (Pocket -Sized Universal Cordless Cellular           “universal”.
      (d) Give him/her a dollar or two and chat him/her up, ask how he/she is doing.        Phone Recharger). It is a product that can              I am sure that some of our Street Sense
   (5 points)                                                                               charge the average cellular phone twice a day        readers want to know the status of the patent
                                                                                            for years to come, with no additional cost.          process for the PUCCER.
     3. You see a homeless person walking in the snow with no shoes on and you just            Recently, I observed an Energizer com-               Well, to cut a long story short, it did not
   came out of Payless Shoes from a shopping spree. do you –                                mercial where a person charged his cellular          work out, and I guess I am one of the many
     (a) Stop and say “hey you idiot, don’t you know it’s freezing out here!?” (0 points)   phone with a pocket-sized recharging device          people who never managed to secure patent
     (b) Say to him/her “you should put some shoes on.” (1 point)                           using a single-use battery.                          protection for a good idea, or bring it to the
     (c) Offer to buy him/her a pair of socks. (3 points)                                      My hopes for the future were devastated.          point of successful, high-volume sales. My in-
     (d) Take him/her inside the store and put a pair of shoes and some thermal socks       I had planned to complete the patent pro-            vestors, patent lawyer and I did not see eye-
   on your credit card. (7 points)                                                          cess, find a manufacturer and collect royalty        to-eye, and the patent process takes a long
                                                                                            checks for a lucrative living-wage retirement.       time anyway, more so when disputes arise.
     4. You see someone physically attacking a homeless person for no reason, do you -      Now I am faced with big corporations making             After this, I saw the television ad for a cel-
     (a) Join in and help them. (0 points)                                                  a similar device. And there are other devices        lular phone recharger, and my heart sank. At
     (b) Tell him/her to run. (1 point)                                                     out there that do the same now – although            this point, I would like establish a relationship
     (c) Try to stop it by yelling at the attacker. (3 points)                              they use single-use batteries that have to be        with a financial backer and a patent attorney
     (d) Try to enlist help from others who are around and call the police. (6 points)      replaced.                                            because the PUCCER is only one of my sev-
                                                                                               I can argue that my invention is more eco-        eral inventions.
      Final Score:                                                                          nomical in the long run because my recharge-            Nothing would make me happier than to
      0 – 4 points: Examine your reasoning in buying this paper. Try volunteering at a      able battery pack lasts about four years. Based      put past disappointments behind me, patent
   soup kitchen or shelter.                                                                 on the cost of the original purchase, this aver-     some other good ideas, and start working my
      5 – 12 points: You are sensitive to the needs of the homeless. Continue to strive     ages out to about $2.00 per month. In addi-          way to financial stability.
   to become more involved.                                                                 tion, the PUCCER is more ecologically sound
      13 - 20 points: Your heart is in the right place. We need more people like you.       because the battery pack is recycled every             Conrad has been a vendor for Street Sense
      20 points or more: You are a model citizen. Consider becoming an advocate or          four years, as opposed to single-use batteries       for nearly three years. He can often be found
   fulltime volunteer helping the homeless if you are not already.                          which, with heavy use, may be discarded as           at Eastern Market and in Georgetown. See his
                                                                                            often as three times a week.                         PUCCER “Going Out of Business Sale “ ad on
                                                                                               The question arises as to how I can salvage       page 18.




                          Raising Dollars and Sense
                       Thanks You! Thank You! Thank You!
     Thanks to everyone who attended our first silent auction fundraiser. It was a huge suc-
         cess, with 141 people in attendance, 66 items auctioned off, and $9,036 raised.

   And a very special thank you to those that helped make it happened. With all of your hard
               work and generosity this event turned out to better than expected.

                  EVENT ORGANIZERS                                        Courtney Meade                                        PUBLISHER LEVEL TICKETS
                                                                          Jen Pearl                                             Congressional Hunger Center
                  Ted Henson, chair                                       Jennifer Singleton                                    Caroline Gabel
                  Amy Dietterich                                          Marian Wiseman                                        Barbara Kagan
                  Jessi LeGarde                                                                                                 John Kenny
                  Mike O’Neill                                            SPECIAL CONTRIBUTORS                                  Jonathan Lamy
                  David Pike                                                                                                    Michael Osuri
                  Laura T. Osuri                                         Cafe Saint Ex: for the drinks                          Swinitha Osuri
                  Rebecca Schlesinger                                    Fresh Start Catering: for the                          David Pike
                                                                       food                                                     Bill Slover
                  EVENT VOLUNTEERS                                       Brad McCormick: for the music                          Laura Slover
                                                                         Project Northstar: for the space                       Bernie and Becky Thompson
                  Michelle Gaudet                                        St. Andrews School: for the paper                      Michael Ward
                  David Hammond                                        flowers                                                  Marian Wiseman

   And we hope to see all of you and more next September when we plan to do it again, but even bigger and better!
16 EDITORIALS                                                                                                                                       Street Sense . October/November 2006


                                                                                                 IN MY OPINION By David Pirtle
   ON THE ROAD By August Mallory
                                                                                                 A Poor Record on Mental
        Cops, Curfews and                                                                        Health Care for the Poor
     Stereortypes in Jackson                                                                                                                         reported that while the D.C. Jail is currently
                                                                                                                                                     operating at 400 inmates below maximum
                                                                                                                                                     capacity, the Correctional Treatment Facility,
                                                                                                                                                     a medium-security wing for prisoners who
                                                                                                                                                     require psychiatric care, is more than 100
                                                                                                                                                     inmates over capacity.
                                                                                                                                                        This is not a local phenomenon. Jamie Fell-
                                                                                                                                                     ner of Human Rights Watch told the Commis-
                                                                                                                                                     sion on Safety and Abuse in America’s Prisons
                                                                                                                                                     that “there are three times more mentally ill
                                                                                                                                                     people in prisons than in mental health hos-
                                                                                                                                                     pitals.” In 1985, 5.6% of U.S. prisoners were
                                                                                                                                                     diagnosed as mentally ill. By 1999 that num-


                                                                                                   I
                                                                                                        n this nation, homelessness and men-         ber had increased to more than 16%. That’s
                                                                                                        tal illness often go hand-in-hand.           300,000 mentally ill men and women at a cost


     I
            begin this story as I prepare to say goodbye to all of my Street Sense                      The practically nonexistent mental           of more than $50,000 per person, or $15 bil-
            readers. I have one more trip to make, and that trip will be from                    health care safety net compounds the inher-         lion annually. Fellner characterized the care
            Pittsburgh, Pa.                                                                      ent difficulties of living with symptoms of         in these facilities as “woefully deficient.”
      As I make my way through the Jackson, Miss., area, I tour the home of civil rights         schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and other              All of this doesn’t even take into account
   activist Medgar Evers. Evers fought for the equal rights of African Americans in Mis-         diseases, resulting in the current crisis. And      those who live in and out of shelters. The ma-
   sissippi. As I look around, I still see disdain towards African Americans in this part        the situation appears to be only getting worse      jority of these people don’t receive even the
   of the country. The poverty rate is extremely high, and probably higher than it is in         with the shortage of hospital beds and appro-       substandard care available to those in the
   the Washington D.C. area.                                                                     priate treatment.                                   District’s hospitals and prisons.
      I am directed to a place called the Stewpot Community Services Center, which is               As a homeless man struggling with                   Where I stay, a facility known as Franklin
   located at 1100 West Capitol Street in downtown Jackson. It’s a very noisy sort of place,     schizoaffective disorder, I am one of more          Shelter, there are a number of men who go
   and there’s a lot of gridlock among the clients. But as I arrive for lunch, I have a very     than a million Americans with mental illness        untreated for lack of a genuine intake process
   nice, enjoyable meal.                                                                         who sleep in hospital beds, prison bunks or         that could identify those in need and direct
      Downtown Jackson is a city unlike Chicago, New York or any of the big-name cit-            simply on the street.                                                       them to available servic-
   ies. It’s a somewhat sleepy, laidback, quiet sort of town where you would expect few             Recent surveys have                                                      es. Instead, they simply
   problems. But Jackson probably has more poverty and crime and fewer compassion-               counted more than 12,000              For the men-                          are warehoused.
   ate politicians than any place in the country.                                                homeless people in the                                                         For the mentally ill
      I recently lear ned that the cur few has been ter minated. Jackson’s                       greater Washington, D.C.,           tally ill in shel-                      in shelters, life is often
   arrogant mayor has decided not to fully enforce a curfew on the homeless in                   area, and between 36% and                                                   a constant barrage of
   Jackson. As I was having lunch at the Stewpot, that’s all I heard about.                      39% have been diagnosed           ters, life is often a                     abuse. Natural victims
      I noticed that Jackson police officers were stopping a lot of people for various things.   as schizophrenic. When                                                      fall prey to those look-
   One man was stopped for having his backpack unzipped with a shiny object sticking             these people look for help,
                                                                                                                                   constant barrage                          ing for an easy target.
   out. It turned out that the object was a musical instrument that looked liked a weapon to     the only entity to which          of abuse. Natural                         At Franklin there have
   the officer. I looked at the person, and then I looked at the officer, and                    they can turn is the city.                                                  been several assaults
   thought, “Just how ridiculous can you be?” Surely, if the person had a weapon,                   Unfortunately, Wash-            victims fall prey                        on clients who couldn’t
   do you honestly think he would be so stupid as to expose it in clear view? I                  ington’s record for dealing                                                 defend themselves
   don’t think so. However, in the criminal justice system, law enforcement                      with the mentally ill has          to those looking                         and sometimes lacked
   officials are trained to think negatively. And that means that when they see a                always been poor.                                                           even the ability to iden-
   person who is homeless or who may appear to be homeless, they think that person is most          Last year, D.C. Superior
                                                                                                                                   for an easy target.                       tify the perpetrator.
   definitely the criminal type.                                                                 Court Chief Judge Rufus                                                     This, combined with a
      Homeless people are crazy, homeless people are dangerous, homeless people are all          King, in a letter to U.S.                                                   sense of apathy by the
   crooks and thieves, they are all drunks and dope addicts, and they are all lazy and a bunch   District Chief Judge Thomas Hogan, ques-            staff, virtually guarantees that these attacks
   of worthless street trash. That is the rule of law about the homeless in this part of the     tioned whether the District was meeting its         go unpunished.
   country. And it’s a crying shame.                                                             legal obligations to the mentally ill, citing a        What is most embarrassing about this
      May I say this? We talk about dishonesty with the homeless. But we overlook the peo-       sharp decrease in the number of admissions          situation is that there is no reason why these
   ple who wear the fancy $900 to $1000 suits and carry their fancy attaché cases. I have        to St. Elizabeths Hospital, the only place          people should be in shelters at all. According
   often wondered, besides paperwork, what else are they carrying? When we see a person          where those afflicted with both poverty and         to Sam Tsemberis, founder of the New York-
   dressed like that, we feel very comfortable. And yet they could be the                        mental illness can go for intensive treatment       based program Pathways to Housing, it is not
   biggest crook there is. And we will allow that person access to any place                     in the District. I myself can testify as to the     only more sensible but also more fiscally re-
   around.                                                                                       difficulty of getting oneself hospitalized when     sponsible to place the mentally ill in perma-
      But when a person who is dressed down in second-hand clothing and                          you can’t afford it.                                nent, single-occupancy homes.
   looking not-so-presentable, we automatically assume he is up to no good. And                     King also criticized the increasing number          He told The Washington Post that “putting
   that is what I have experienced here in the Jackson area. I have spoken                       of patients who are released from St. Eliza-        someone in an apartment with a team of
   with a few community leaders, especially church ministers, and they all feel                  beths only to be readmitted a few days later,       clinicians on call costs about $20,000 a year.
   that the homeless and people in poverty are treated less than human beings.                   indicating that they had been discharged            Putting someone in a shelter cot costs $25,000
      I wanted to stay in Jackson for a couple of more days to get more information on           without appropriate treatment and lacking           to $30,000 a year.”
   Medgar Evers and his assassination. In the next issue, I will share with you what I           significant outpatient services.                       The District of Columbia cannot afford to
   found.                                                                                           This drive to push people out of hospitals is    keep ignoring this situation. As rates of men-
                                                                                                 not unique to the District. Since the advent of     tal illness continue to rise, the problems in
     Please tune into the More Betterman Show on Radio Station WOL-AM 1450 this                  deinstitutionalization, the availability of hos-    our hospitals, prisons, shelters and streets will
   month and next month. As I wrap up my final show in November.                                 pital space for the mentally ill has declined       only worsen. Washingtonians need to decide
                                                                                                 from more than 200 beds per 100,000 citizens        whether we have a responsibility to provide
      August has been a vendor since the first issue of Street Sense. He is originally from      in 1970 to fewer than 50 in 1992.                   at least a modicum of services to the most
   Indiana but calls Baltimore home. You can contact him at carriergroup2009@yahoo.                 King’s letter concluded with a criticism of      vulnerable of our citizens.
   com. Also, if anyone cares to donate to August’s travel fund, please send your contribu-      “the criminalization of the mentally ill.” The
   tion to Street Sense and note that it is for “On The Road.”                                   justice system in the District is indeed swol-         David is a resident of the Franklin Shelter
                                                                                                 len with individuals who should be getting          in downtown D.C. You can e-mail him at an-
                                                                                                 help rather than doing time. The City Paper         thonydavidpirtle@yahoo.com
Street Sense . October/November 2006                                                                                                                                                       EDITORIALS 17



                                                                                                                                            Affordable Housing
   MAURICE SPEAKS                          Signs of Change
                                                                                                                                            in Different Terms
                                               I
                                                n September,         luck. It’s as simple as that. No alternative shelters are be-
                                                I witnessed          ing opened. There is nothing pretty about that reality.                                        By Ralph Dantley
                                                a number                Clearly, while some positive changes are taking place,


                                                                                                                                             H
                                        of changes for the           more changes are needed. The lack of available shelters                            ere in Washington D.C., we are in a crisis that is
                                        homeless, some of            during hypothermia season should be regarded as a crisis,                          called “Affordable Housing.” With the homeless
                                        which are on a per-          but so far, there are no signs of any action being taken.                          and unemployed population growing and minimum
                                        sonal level but not             Repeatedly I have heard that under the current city ad-           wage not keeping up with the cost of living, how can one expect
                                        all. At theCommuni-          ministration, homelessness is not a priority. It is October.         to keep a roof over their heads? Especially with Washington D.C.
                                        ty for Creative Non-         Action is needed now to affect the upcoming hypothermia              becoming “condo crazy,” stating prices from $300,000 and up.
                                        Violence (CCNV ), I          season. The question is whether some alternatives can or                 They make it sound like it’s buying a value meal at McDon-
                                        was able to leave the        will be found in the interim.                                        alds, real cheap. Where is this “Affordable Housing” when
                                        temporary quarters              By the time the elections are held, it will be too late to        people are making only minimum wage and having to work
                                        that I had assumed           implement any significant changes for this winter.                   two jobs just to make it, how are you going to live? With rooms
                                        since June and return           I still remember in the years before my becoming                  costing $500 and up a month, and apartments starting at about
  to the floor where the staff members reside. I was eligible        homeless when a friend told me that there was no need                $800 a month — and that’s for an efficiency, hopefully with
  to move into one of the available rooms, so I consider my-         for anybody to be on the street in the District of Columbia,         utilities included — what’s this “Affordable Housing”, when
  self most fortunate.                                               that the city government would provide shelter for any-              people aren’t making “Affordable Wages”. Take into consider-
     September was also the month for the Democratic pri-            body in need. Once, back in the 1980s when the Right to              ation those who work and are homeless, living in shelters and
  maries. Adrian Fenty was elected as the Democratic can-            Shelter Act was in force, his words would have been true.            other places.
  didate for mayor. For the homeless, this choice certainly          But those days are ancient history now.                                  Politicians and realtors speak of “Affordable Housing” as if
  comes as good news. He has repeatedly shown concern                   The words of my friend still ring in my ears; he also be-         it’s like going to the bathroom, real easy. Section 8 and vouchers
  for the plight of the homeless in the District of Columbia         lieved that a resident in the District could not be evicted.         aren’t solving the problem, because the list is so long.
  as evidenced through the Public Roundtable Committees              Apparently he was living in Fool’s Paradise while he was                 SE Washington D.C. use to be the last frontier for so-called
  and through his activity in bringing the Homeless Services         living here, and I shudder to think what became of him.              “Affordable Housing”, but with the realtors on the prowl, now
  Reform Act to approval.                                            He truly believed that homelessness was not possible in              SE is a boomtown. Prince George’s county is bearing the brunt
     At the same time though, there are some grim realities          the District of Columbia. How he could have believed that            of all of this dis/relocation and is at the point of declaring war
  that the homeless in the District must face; one of them is        with the largest shelter for the homeless in the nation ex-          on D.C., blaming its rise in crime on D.C. ex-residents.
  that hypothermia season this year will leave many people           isting in the District is beyond me.                                     So next time you hear someone talk about “Affordable Hous-
  with no shelter.                                                      If he truly believed that the District of Columbia was a          ing,” get their name and where they work and give them a call
     The ongoing renovations at CCNV will keep its drop-             Shangri-La where homelessness was impossible, would                  and tell them you and a few thousand people need a place,
  in closed to intake for hypothermia cases. Because of the          logic not dictate that he would have returned? If he had,            and where and when this “Affordable Housing” leasing office
  renovations at CCNV, many of the male residents have               he would have discovered just how wrong he was.                      opens.
  been issued exit notices and have been transferred to the
  Franklin School shelter, thereby filling that facility.               Maurice King has been writing editorials for Street Sense            Ralph M. Dantley is the founder and executive director of a
     The Gales School shelter will not be ready for occu-            since January 2004, and is in the process of publishing his          new nonprofit called Good Success Servant Services, which pro-
  pancy in the coming year, so those people who do not find          own book. For comments, please e-mail him at benadam@                vides street outreach and hands-on help to those living on the
  bed space in the few available beds will simply be out of          cyberdude.com.                                                       streets.




                                                                                         Dental Care for the Homeless
  Thank You Godmother                                                                                                           By Bobby Buggs



                                                                                                                 T
                                                                                                                        here are         best interest is this? I’m all for funding a dental benefit under
                                                                                                                        problems         Medicare, but who is going to need the free services when D.C.
                                                                                                                        with dental      Health Care Alliance picks up the tab for those who lack Med-
                                                                                                              health care in Wash-       icaid or private medical insurance coverage?
                                                                                                              ington, D.C., but I’m         In addition, grant programs that revamped the low-income
                                                                                                              not quite sure if it’s a   dental clinic program could very well have hindered the option
                                                                                                              lack of communica-         to provide Medicaid recipients with dental care. I wouldn’t say
                                                                                                              tion or a lack of fund-    the program funds were misappropriated, but there was a lack
                                                                                                              ing.                       of research and a failure to determine what would be most ben-
                                                                                                                 I have experi-          eficial for the people accessing these services.
                                                                                                              enced numerous                Providing services to the needy must be paramount. Regard-
                                                                                                              dental issues myself:      less of the upgrade of in-house services, overall, it’s still a vicious
                                                                                                              I presently have four      cycle of running around.
                                                                                                              wisdom teeth that             When I went to So Others Might Eat for help, they referred
                                                                                                              need to be pulled, an      me to Walker Jones. When I got to Walker Jones, they asked me
                                                                                                              abscess and a cavity       to call them later. I called the following day and was told I had
                                                                  that needs to be seen to. But as a Medicaid recipient, I do not        to wait, and so on and so on. Situations like this do not serve
                                                                  have dental coverage. There are some resources available but           Medicaid clients well. We need something better in D.C. that
                                                                  they’re spread out all over the city.                                  will allow dental patients to get the care they need and not the
                                                                     A report released in February 2006 by So Others Might Eat’s         runaround.
      I want to thank my Godmother, Joyce, who helped me
                                                                  Rebecca Bruno said that the mayor and City Council should
  make it through my recovery program these past two years.
                                                                  work with the Medical Assistance Administration (MAA) to fund            Bobby Buggs has been a vendor for Street Sense for two and a
  I met her through a friend three years ago, and since then
                                                                  a dental benefit so that all Medicaid recipients have access to        half years, and wants to start his own fashion denim line some-
  she has given me the strength and good advice to do what
                                                                  oral health care. When I read this, I had to ask myself, in whose      day soon.
  I’ve needed to do. I need to thank her because I love her and
  she has always been there for me. When I’m down, she lifts
  me up and she told me never to give up. Joyce gives me the
  strength I need and has stuck with me.                             If you are homeless or formerly homeless and want to share you ideas in a thoughtful editorial or if you have artwork or comics
                                      - Vendor Tommy Bennett         you wish to be published please send an e-mail to info@streetsense.org or mail to 1317 G Street, NW, Washington, DC 20005.
18 COMMUNITY PAGE                                                                                                                            Street Sense . October/November 2006


UPCOMING EVENTS: TIME TO RUN!

  5th Annual American Classic 5K: Race for Humanity
                                                                                Street Sense Is Hiring!!!
                                                                                **Vendor Manager**                              Vendor Notes
                                                                                                                                  We are sad to report that vendor, board member and
   When: Saturday, Oct. 21, 8 a.m.                                    We are looking for a Vendor Manager who cares
                                                                                                                              writer August Mallory will be leaving Street Sense at the end
   Where: American University Campus. Registration begins at          about Street Sense and its mission and is ready for
                                                                                                                              of November, and moving to Seattle, Wash. August has been
6:30 a.m. in front of Mary Gradon Center.                             some hands-on work. We want a quick learner who
                                                                                                                              with Street Sense since it started in November 2003, and
   Who: Team Runn’g Heads, a student club at American U.              is motivated, creative, patient and organized and has
                                                                                                                              has consistently written the Marvin Hammerman series
   What: Run a race to raise money that will benefit American         experience working with homeless people.
                                                                                                                              every month as well as Focus on Baltimore/On the Road.
University’s chapter of Habitat for Humanity, an organization                                                                 We will miss his steady presence, his wonderful stories and
that builds homes for families experiencing great financial           Duties would include:
                                                                                                                              his very dry sense of humor dearly, but know that he will do
strife.                                                                •       Coordinate job skills workshops
                                                                                                                              great things on the West Coast and Seattle should be grate-
                                                                       •       Recruit and train vendors
                                                                                                                              ful to have him. While his “On the Road” column will cease,
  For more info or to register online visit www.americanclassic5k.     •       Help vendors get community exposure
                                                                                                                              August said that he will probably continue Hammerman.
com                                                                    •       Coordinate incentive system for vendors
                                                                                                                              Perhaps a Seattle-based murder mystery this time?
                                                                       •       Develop ways to increase vendor income
                                                                       •       Provide some case management
  19th Annual Help the Homeless Walkathon
                                                                      This is an Americorps VISTA position (which has a
   When: Saturday, Nov. 18. Rain or shine. 7 a.m. Preregistra-        set pay and reqires other commitments) through the
tion and event day registration begin. 8:30 a.m. pre-Walkathon        National Coalition for the Homeless.
activities begin. 9 a.m. Walkathon begins.
   Where: Between 4th and 7th Streets, on the National Mall            For more info or to submit your résumé and cover
   Who: The Fannie Mae Foundation                                          letter, please e-mail info@streetsense.org
   What: Participate in the Walkathon to raise money for The
Fannie Mae Foundation’s Help the Homeless Program. Nearly                                                                               Goodbye August. We will miss you!
200 beneficiary organizations that provide services to the home-
less in the Washington metropolitan area will receive a portion                PUCCER HALF-PRICE SALE!!!                         On a happier note, vendor Martin Walker has moved out
of the funds raised at the Help the Homeless Program                                                                          of the area for a new job with a Richmond, Va.-based truck-
   How Much: Preregistration fee: $25 for adults, $15 for youth       The Pocketsize Universal Cordless Cellphone             ing company. This comes just a few weeks after he started
(age 25 and younger); Event Day Registration fee: $30 for adults,     Recharger is the last cellular phone charger you’ll     another job at Bates Trucking, which he will be leaving. He
$15 for youth.                                                        ever need.                                              was selling Street Sense up until the very last hour before
                                                                                                                              he left town, and promises to report back on his success.
  For more info or to register online visit http://www.helpthe-        It is designed to be small, lightweight and carried
homelessdc.org/walkathon.html                                         in a shirt pocket or purse. It can replace your lost       Three vendors also found work through our silent auc-
                                                                      or broken home chargers, and will provide at
                                                                                                                              tion last month, auctioning off their own creations and ser-
                                                                      least two spare charges per day for years to come.
                                                                                                                              vices, receiving 20% of the final bid price. Brenda Wilson
                                                                      When you change cell phones, there is no need to
  5th Annual Thanksgiving Day Trot for Hunger                         change the PUCCER. It gives you the freedom to          provided maid services for two days and a medical blanket
                                                                      recharge your cell phone while lying on a beach,        from World War II; Cliff Carle provided two photographs he
  When: Thursday, Nov. 23 (Thanksgiving Day), 8:30 a.m.               or walking up the street, sitting on a flight, or out   shot; and Patricia Mottley provided two hand-knit hats. If
  Where: Begins on Ohio Drive between Independence Avenue             on the town at night.                                   you were not the winning bidder and would still like artistic
and West Basin Drive in West Potomac Park.                             If your cell phone loses power, be prepared            photos, knitted hats or maid services, please feel free to call
  Who: So Others Might Eat (SOME)                                     to PUCCER UP!                                           Street Sense at 202-347-2006, and we can put you in touch
  What: 5K fun run and family walk to benefit SOME.                                                                           with the appropriate vendor.
  How Much: Registration is $20                                       Please send JUST $40 money order for this
                                                                      limited edition model to Puccer Enterprises Inc.            Both vendor Chris Sellman and writer Jesse Smith had a
  For more info or to register online visit www.some.org.              .O.
                                                                      P Box 15879, Wash, D.C., 20003-0879 or                  brush with Hollywood at the beginning of October. “Shoot-
                                                                      call (703) 577-9730. Or talk to vendor Conrad           er,” a new movie starring Wesley Snipes and Danny Glover,
                                                                      Cheek Jr. about it as he is also the inventor.
  If you are a local nonprofit and have an event or announcement                                                              was recently filming in D.C., and for one day the crew and
                                                                      ininventorPUCCER.
you want to publicize, please send all the key information to info@                                                           extras ate lunch at the church where the Street Sense office
streetsense.org before the 10th of the month.                                                                                 is located. At the last minute the catering needed help, so
                                                                                                                              Chris and Jesse stepped in and what was thought to be an
                                                                                                                              afternoon gig turned into five days of helping to feed and
                                                                                                                              clean up after the “Shooter” cast and crew. And they even

   Subscribe to Street Sense!                                                                                                 got to see a glimpse of Glover, who Jesse said seemed like
                                                                                                                              a nice guy and mingled with the extras.

                                                                                                                                 And vendor Patty Smith, who has one shift a week in the
   Want to continue to support Street Sense throughout the year? Order a subscription. When you do, not                       Street Sense office, can now be found at the Community
   only will you receive 12 issues packed with all our latest news, poetry and photography, you will also                     Council for Homelessness at Friendship Place in Tenley-
   contribute to raising awareness on poverty in Washington.                                                                  town, where she recently started working in its office once
                                                                                                                              a week. Patty and Street Sense associate editor David Ham-
                                                                                                                              mond also recently met with the staff of Friendship Place,
   ___ YES! I want to subscribe to Street Sense. That means I get 12 issues for $25 a year.                                   and Patty spoke about her experience with Street Sense and
   ___ YES! I want to give half of the cost of a subscription to my favorite vendor: _________________                        helped to spread the word about the paper.

                                                                                                                                 And in case you were wondering what a large group of
       Name: ______________________________________________________________________________                                   shabbily-dressed students was doing selling Street Sense
       Address: ____________________________________________________________________________                                  on Oct. 8 and 9, they were part of an Urban Plunge, led by
       City: _________________________________________State:_______________ Zip: _______________                              vendor Cliff Carle. Through the Urban Plunge, arranged by
                                                                                                                              the National Coalition for the Homeless, students experi-
       Phone: ______________________________________________________________________________
                                                                                                                              ence homelessness for 48 hours, complete with sleeping
       Email: ______________________________________________________________________________                                  on the streets, going to soup kitchens, panhandling and
                                                                                                                              – of course – selling Street Sense. For more info on Urban
                                                                                                                              Plunges, call 202-462-4822 or e-mail info@nationalhome-
                                                                                                                              less.org.
   Mail to: Street Sense, 1317 G St. NW, Washington, DC 20005. Thanks for your support!
Street Sense . October/November 2006                                                                  SERVICE PROVIDERS & VOLUNTEER OPPORTUNITIES 19

Community Service Index
SHELTERS                                   SOUP KITCHENS
                                                                                      Hypothermia Hotline: 1- 800-535-7252
                                                                                    Food and Friends                     Byte Back (computer training)
                                                                                    219 Riggs Road, NE                   815 Monroe Street, NE
Calvary Women’s Services                   10th Street Baptist Church               Washington, DC 20011                 Washington, DC 20017
928 5th Street, NW                         1000 R Street, NW                        (202) 269-2277                       (202) 529-3395
Washington, DC 20001                       Washington, DC 20001
(202) 783-6651                             (202) 232-1685                           The Welcome Table                    Capital Area Food Bank
                                                                                    Church of the Epiphany               645 Taylor Street, NE
Central Union Mission (Men)                Charlie’s Place                          1317 G Street, NW                    Washington, DC 20017
1350 R Street, NW                          1830 Connecticut Avenue, NW              Washington, DC 20005                 (202) 526-5344 x223
Washington, DC 20009                       Washington, DC 20009                     (202) 347-2635
(202) 745-7118                             (202) 232-3066                                                                Catholic Community Services Homeless
                                                                                    MEDICAL RESOURCES                    Services of Washington, DC
CCNV (Men and Women)                       Church of the Pilgrims                                                        924 G Street, NW
425 2nd Street, NW                         2201 P Street, NW                        Christ House                         Washington, DC 20001
Washington, DC 20001                       Washington, DC 20037                     1717 Columbia Road, NW               (202) 772-4300
(202) 393-1909                             (202) 387-6612                           Washington, DC 20009
                                                                                    (202) 328-1100                       Catholic Comm. Services Emergency Center
Community of Hope (Family)                 Dinner Program for Homeless Women                                             1438 Rhode Island Avenue, NE
1413 Girard Street, NW                     945 G Street, NW                         Community of Hope                    Washington, DC 20018
Washington, DC 20009                       Washington, DC 20001                     2250 Champlain Street, NW            (202) 526-4100
(202) 232-7356                             (202) 737-9311                           Washington, DC 20009
                                                                                    (202) 232-9022                       Coalition for the Homeless
DC Village (Family)                        Eofula-Spanish Senior Center                                                  1234 Massachusetts Avenue, NW
2-A DC Village Lane, SW                    1842 Calvert Street, NW                  Unity Health Care, Inc.              Washington, DC 20005
Washington, DC 20032                       Washington, DC 20009                     3020 14th Street, NW                 (202) 347-8870
202-561-8090                               (202) 483-5800                           Washington, DC 20009
                                                                                    (202) 745-4300                       Community Partnership for the Prevention
Franklin School (Men)                      McKenna’s Wagon                                                               of Homelessness
13th and K streets, NW                     2114 14th Street, NW                     Whitman-Walker Clinic                801 Pennsylvania Avenue, SE
Washington, DC 20001                       Washington, DC 20009                     1407 S Street, NW                    Washington, DC 20003
(202) 638-7424                             (202) 328-6608                           Washington, DC 20009                 (202) 543-5298
                                                                                    (202) 797-3500
Gospel Rescue Ministries (Men)             Miriam’s Kitchen                                                              Community Family Life Services
810 5th Street, NW                         2401 Virginia Ave, NW                    OUTREACH CENTERS                     305 E Street, NW
Washington, DC 20001                       Washington, DC 20037                                                          Washington, DC 20001
(202) 842-1731                             (202) 452-8926                           Downtown Services Center             (202) 347-0511
                                                                                    945 G Street, NW
House of Imagene Shelters                  So Others Might Eat (SOME)               Washington, DC 20001                 Foundry Methodist Church (Aid, Clothing)
214 P Street, NW                           71 “O” Street, NW                        (202) 737-9311                       1500 16th Street, NW 20036
Washington, DC 20001                       Washington, DC 20001                                                          (202) 332-4010
(202) 518-8488                             (202) 797-8806                           Bethany Women’s Center
                                                                                    1333 N Street, NW                    Hermano Pedro DC Center
House of Ruth: Madison Emergency Shelter   Washington City Church of the Brethren   Washington, DC 20005                 1501 Park Road, NW
(Women)                                    337 North Carolina Ave, SE               (202) 939-2060                       Washington, DC 20010
651 10th Street, NE                        Washington, DC 20003                                                          (202) 332-2874
Washington, DC 20002                       (202) 547-5924                           Georgetown Ministry Center
(202) 547-2600                                                                      1041 Wisconsin Avenue, NW            JHP, Inc. (Jobs and Housing)
                                           The Welcome Table                        Washington, DC 20007                 1526 Pennsylvania Avenue, SE
John Young Center (Women)                  Church of the Epiphany                   (202) 338-8301                       Washington, DC 20003
117 D Street, NW                           1317 G Street, NW                                                             (202) 544-5300
Washington, DC 20001                       Washington, DC 20005                     Martha’s Table
(202) 639-8469                             (202) 347-2635                           2114 14th Street, NW                 Jubilee Jobs
                                                                                    Washington, DC 20009                 1640 Columbia Road, NW
La Casa Bilingual Shelter (Men)            Zacchaeus Community Kitchen              (202) 328-6608                       Washington, DC 20009
1436 Irving Street, NW                     (“9:30 Club”)                                                                 (202) 667-8970
Washington, DC 20010                       10th and G Streets, NW                   Rachel’s Women’s Center
(202) 673-3592                             Washington, DC 20001                     1222 11th Street, NW                 Samaritan Ministry
                                           (202) 393-9144                           Washington, DC 20001                 1345 U Street, SE
N Street Village (Women)                                                            (202) 682-1005                       Washington, DC 20020 and
1333 N Street, NW                          EMERGENCY FOOD                                                                1516 Hamilton Street, NW
Washington, DC 20005                                                                Sasha Bruce Youth Work               Washington, DC 20011
(202) 939-2060                             Bread for the City                       741 8th Street, SE                   202-889-7702
                                           1525 Seventh Street, NW                  Washington, DC 20003
801-East                                   Washington, DC 20001                     (202) 675-9340                       Travelers Aid, Union Station (train level)
on the St. Elizabeth’s Hospital campus     (202) 265-2400AND                                                             50 Mass. Avenue, NE
2700 MLK Ave., SE                          1640 Good Hope Road, SE                  Friendship House                     Washington, DC 20002
Washington, DC                             Washington, DC 20020                     619 D Street, SE                     (202) 371-1937
(202) 561-4014                             (202) 561-8587                           Washington, DC 20003
                                                                                    (202) 675-9050                       Virginia Williams Family Resource Center
New York Ave Shelter (Men)                 Covenant House of Washington                                                  25 M Street, SW
1355-57 New York Avenue, NE                2001Mississippi Ave, SE                  Community Council for the Homeless   Washington, DC 20024
Washington, DC 20002                       Washington, DC 20020                     at Friendship Place                  (202) 724-3932
(202) 832-2359                             (202) 610-9630                           4713 Wisconsin Ave. NW
                                                                                    Washington, DC 20016                 Washington Legal Clinic for the
Open Door Shelter (Women)                  Father McKenna Center                    (202) 364-1419                       Homeless
425 Mitch Snyder Place, NW                 19 Eye Street, NW                                                             1200 U Street, NW
Washington, DC 20001                       Washington, DC 20001                                                          Washington, DC 20009
(202) 639-8093                             (202) 842-1112                           ADDITIONAL RESOURCES                 (202) 328-5500
                                PHOTO FINISH                                                                            VENDOR PROFILE
                                                                                                                           Amia Walker
          ... And Sometimes Y                                                                                               Amia, 36, was born and
                                    By Tessa Moran                                                                      raised in Northeast Washington
                                                                                                                        D.C. She spent all of her life in
                                                                                                                        foster care with various brothers
                                                                                                                        and sisters in what she referred
                                                                                                                        to as a “Christian home.”
                                                                                                                           After graduating high school
                                                                                                                        she spent most of her adult life
                                                                                                                        working as a security guard for
                                                                                                                        various companies in the D.C.
                                                                                                                        area. She was recently unable to
                                                                                                                        find work in this field after she
                                                                                                                        was denied her security clear-
                                                                                                                        ance because of a restructuring
                                                                                                                        of the system.
                                                                                                                           She currently stays at the
                                                                                                                        Open Door Shelter, and she
                                                                                                                        is very active at Metropolitan
                                                                                                                        Baptist Church. Here she helps
                                                                                                                        out with the Pre-K to five year old ministry on Sundays and is also in the Temple
                                                                                                                        Sentinel security ministry.

                                                                                                                          How did you become homeless?
                                                                                                                          Back in 2001 I had my own apartment and the landlord had trouble keeping the
                                                                                                                        apartment up and I had to leave so she could take care of the fixtures, but then I
                                                                                                                        was never able to get back in the place. So I stayed with friends for a while and paid
                                                                                                                        them but that wasn’t working out, so I moved into the shelter five months ago.

                                                                                                                           Why do you sell Street Sense?
                                                                                                                           Because I can generally relate to the paper. My favorite part of selling it is inter-
                                                                                                                        acting with people.
   Valerie Briggs instructs adult students in sounding out words at the Washington Literacy Council.
           To learn more about adult illiteracy in Washington, D.C., read the story on page 5.
                                                                                                                           What advice would you give someone who is homeless?
                                                                                                                           No matter how difficult a time comes to pass, focus on yourself and better your-
                                                                                                                        self.


   StreetFact                                                                                                             I strive to better educate myself. Maybe go to college.

                                                                                                                          Favorite music?
    Outside of the District of Colum-                                                                                     I like a whole range but my favorite is gospel.

    bia, Fairfax County has the largest                                                                                   Favorite movie?
                                                                                                                          I like various action pictures, especially ones with Steven Seagal.
    homeless population with 1,164                                                                                        Favorite Food?

    individuals or 1.7% of the county’s                                                                                   That’s an easy one: steak, medium.

                                                                                                                          Favorite author?
    residents.                                                                                                            Maya Angelou.
                                                                                                                                                                   Amia
                                                                 SOURCE: METROPOLITAN REGIONAL COUNCIL OF GOVERNMENTS                                 reminds customers to only buy
                                                                                                                                                     from badged vendors and not to
                                                                                                                                                      give to those panhandling with
                                                                                                                                                                 one paper.
October/November 2006 • Volume 3 • Issue 12


Street Sense                                                                                                               Street Sense is now part of the
1317 G Street, NW                                                                                                          Combined Federal Campaign.
Washington, DC 20005                                                                                                       Please include us in your CFC
                                                                                                                                    recipient list.


                                                                                                                                     CFC#
Mail To:




           Interested in a subscription? Go to page 18 for more information.
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