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					Literature Searching:
Theories of Mental Illness
Min-Lin Fang, MLIS
Education and Information Consultant for
Nursing and Social and Behavioral Sciences
Objectives
 At the end of lecture, you will be able to

 •   Find an article quickly
 •   Develop search strategies and conduct efficient
     PubMed searches
 •   Select appropriate databases
 •   Identify MeSH(s) and use MeSH(s) to run PubMed
     searches
 •   Use subheadings, major concepts and limit options to
     refine searches
 •   Save searches and set up an automatic updates
 •   Conduct simple searches in CINAHL, PsycINFO,
     SocAbstracts

                                                        2
Online Tutorials
    PubMed Search Guide
     http://www.nlm.nih.gov/bsd/disted/pubmed.html (NLM)

    Literature Searching Guide for Nursing Students
     http://www.library.ucsf.edu/edtech/class/handouts/litsearch.
     pdf (Fang)

    CSA PsycINFO, SocAbstracts online tutorials
     http://www-md3.csa.com/tutorials/advsearch.html

    CINAHL, Basic and Advanced




                                                               3
PubMed @UCSF
         Special URL:
           http://www.library.ucsf.edu/db/pubmed/
         UC-eLinks
   Links to UCSF full text journals
   Check whether UCSF owns a journal
   Check all UC libraries collection using Melvyl
   Request articles not owned by UCSF from other UC
    campuses
   Copy and Paste citations

Online Help: UC-eLinks QuickGuide



                                                       4
Quick Way to Find an Article
in PubMed - 1

   Enter the PMID number.
    Reed PG.
    The dialogue within nursing theory-guided practice:
    a frontier of knowledge and development.
    Nurs Sci Q. 2006 Oct;19(4):328-9.
    PMID: 17034071 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


                                                      5
Quick Way to Find an Article
in PubMed - 2




                           6
Databases
   UptoDate
   PubMed@UCSF (PubMed online tutorial by NLM)
   CINAHL (Basics, Advanced Search tutorial)
   PsycINFO (Quick Guide) , PsycARTICLES, Sage (CSA)
   SocAbstracts , Social Services (CSA)
   Science Citation Index (Find who has cited these articles,
    when you retrieved few citations from other databases.)

   NOTE: Nursing Subject Guide:
    http://www.library.ucsf.edu/collres/reflinks/nursing/




                                                            7
Database Access on GALEN




                           8
Developing Search Strategies
    Formulate a question.
    Break your question into multiple
     concepts.
    Locate the appropriate MeSH (index
     term) for each concept.
    Run the search using AND, OR, NOT
    Apply limit options (date, language, age,
     publication type, gender), major
     headings and subheadings
    Modify your search strategies and rerun
     your search.

                                                 9
Boolean Operators (upper case)
    AND
     Combine different concepts to narrow your search.
     aged AND women  aged women
    OR
     Broaden your search to include similar concepts.
     HIV OR AIDS  AIDS patients
    NOT
     Exclude a concept
     AIDS NOT hearing aids  AIDS patients



                                                         10
Why Use MeSH (Indexed Term)?
    MeSH terms (indexed terms) are an efficient way to find
     articles on “concepts” where authors may use different words
     to discuss the same ideas.

    Using MeSH improves precision and accuracy of subject
     searching.

    Keyword search (title, MeSH, abstract) may not retrieve
     relevant articles.

     Example: physical therapy

     “Storytelling as therapy: implications for medicine.”
     Abstract: Storytelling is an art developed during the
     beginning of human history, probably to teach the wisdom
     of generations past, including basic mental and physical
     health principles…


                                                                    11
When to use Keyword search?
   New studies not yet indexed
    e.g. PubMed – in process
         PubMed – as supplied by publisher
    Do a keyword search and limit search results for
    the past few months.
    search sample: management of schizophrenia




                                                12
Locating MeSH
    Do a keyword search. Click on “Details” to see the
     assigned MeSH.


     OR
    Do a title word search e.g. nursing theory [ti]
     Display citations in Citation format to locate MeSH

     OR
    Search the MeSH database
     1. Scope Note
     2. Subheadings
     3. Major Topics
     4. Explode



                                                           13
MyNCBI (Save Search, Updates)
   Create a free MyNCBI account

   Save search strategies

   Set user preferences – highlight search words in
    your retrieval.




                                                       14
CINAHL
    Produced by Cinahl Information Systems
    Covers nursing and allied health disciplines
    CINAHL covers almost all nursing journals; MEDLINE
     covers nursing journals with focus on research.
    70% overlap with MEDLINE
    Includes book, book chapters, dissertations,
     conference proceedings, AV materials, software
     (MEDLINE includes journal articles only.)
    Index terms:
     Use MeSH terms and Nursing-specific headings.




                                                          15
PsycINFO
    Produced by the American Psychological
     Association (APA)

    Available through the CSA Illumina
     interface at the University of California,
     along with PsycARTICLES and
     Psychology: Sage Full-Text.




                                                  16
Coverage
    Includes over 1,800 professional
     journals, chapters, books, reports,
     theses and dissertations, published
     internationally.
    Also includes more than 8 million cited
     references in 185,000 journal articles,
     books, and book chapters.
    Covers citations from 1806 to the
     present, with approximately 60,000 new
     records added yearly.
    Updates weekly

                                               17
Subject Coverage
    Major areas of coverage include:

        Applied psychology
        Communication systems
        Developmental psychology
        Educational psychology
        Experimental human and animal psychology
        Personality
        Psychological and physical disorders
        Physiological psychology and neuroscience
        Professional personnel and issues
        Psychometrics and statistics
        Social psychology
        Social processes and issues
        Sports psychology and leisure
        Treatment and prevention


                                                     18
PsycARTICLES
    Full-text access to articles from journals
     published by the APA, the APA Educational
     Publishing Foundation, the Canadian
     Psychological Association, and Hogrefe & Huber.

    Most of the 58 APA journals included in
     PsycARTICLES now go back to volume 1, issue 1.

    Journal articles covering from 1986-present.
    Full-text coverage of book chapters from 2000-
     present
    Journals in this database also indexed in
     PsycINFO with access to citations and abstracts
     only.

                                                       19
Subject Coverage
    Major areas of coverage include:

        Applied psychology
        Communication systems
        Developmental psychology
        Educational psychology
        Experimental human and animal psychology
        Personality
        Psychological and physical disorders
        Physiological psychology and neuroscience
        Professional personnel and issues
        Psychometrics and statistics
        Social psychology
        Social processes and issues
        Sports psychology and leisure
        Treatment and prevention


                                                     20
PsycARTICLES
    Full-text access to articles from journals
     published by the APA, the APA Educational
     Publishing Foundation, the Canadian
     Psychological Association, and Hogrefe & Huber.

    Most of the 58 APA journals included in
     PsycARTICLES now go back to volume 1, issue 1.

    Journal articles covering from 1986-present.
    Full-text coverage of book chapters from 2000-
     present
    Journals in this database also indexed in
     PsycINFO with access to citations and abstracts
     only.

                                                       21
Psychology: a Sage Full-text
Collection
    Includes the full text of 35 journals published by SAGE
     and participating societies.

    Subject Coverage: Applied Psychology, Assessment,
     Child Development, Clinical Psychology, Cognitive
     Psychology, Counseling Psychology, Cross-Cultural
     Psychology, Cultural Psychology, Developmental
     Psychology, Educational Psychology, Environmental
     Psychology, Family Studies, Group Work,
     Industrial/Organizational Psychology, Language
     Acquisition, Latin American Studies, Learning
     Disabilities, Measurement, Neuropsychology,
     Personality, Philosophical Psychology, Psychiatry,
     Psychology of Diversity, School Psychology, Social
     Psychology, and Sociology of Race and Ethnicity.

    Each bibliographic record in the Collection links to the
     appropriate full-text in PDF format.

                                                                22
Social Science Databases
    Multiple databases can be searched at
     once via the CSA Illumina interface.

    While PsycInfo, PsycArticles and
     Psychology: Sage Full-Text are the
     primary databases for psychological
     literature, relevant citations may also be
     found via Sociological Abstracts,
     Communication Abstracts, and ERIC.




                                                  23
Search Exercises
    1. risk factors of postpartum depression
    2. treatment and prevention and control of
        dementia
    3. poststroke depression: prevalence,
        diagnosis, treatment, and disease
        progression
    4. diagnosis, genetics, treatment, prevention
        of anorexia nervosa



                                                24
Managing Citations
 APA Style
    APA Formatting and Style Guide (Purdue Univ.)
    APA Style Tips (APA)
    Publication manual of the American Psychological
     Association 5th ed. (Reference book, Library, MB,
     SFGH) BF76.7 .A46 2001

 RefWorks
    a FREE web-Based citation management tool
    Check the class schedule and reserve a space for
     the RefWorks class.
    EndNote vs RefWorks



                                                         25
More…
    Class evaluation
    Getting Started
    Library Tours
    QuickSearch on GALEN

    Personal Consultation:
     Contact Min-Lin Fang for personal
     consultation.
     Email: fang@library.ucsf.edu
      Phone: 415-476-3397
                                         26

				
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