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Over nine million women in the U.S.     Are you at risk for diabetes?
have diabetes. And three million of
                                        • Do you need to lose weight?
them don’t even know it!
                                        • Do you get little or no exercise?
Did you know that...?                   • Do you have high blood pressure
• Diabetes increases the chances of       (130/80 or higher)?
  having a heart attack or stroke.      • Does diabetes run in your family?
• Some women get diabetes when          • Are you a woman who had
  they are pregnant.                      diabetes when you were
• Women who have diabetes are             pregnant?
  more likely to have a miscarriage     • Have you had a baby who
  or a baby with birth defects.           weighed more than nine pounds
                                          or more at birth?
What is diabetes?
                                        • Are you African American, Native
• Diabetes is a disease that changes      American, Hispanic, or Asian
  the way your body uses sugar.           American/Pacific Islander?
  The food you eat turns to sugar.
  The sugar then travels through
                                        If you answered yes to any of these
  the blood to all parts of the body.
                                        questions, ask your doctor, nurse, or
  Usually, insulin helps get sugar
                                        pharmacist if you need a diabetes
  from the blood to the body’s cells,
  where it is used for energy.
• When you have diabetes, your          What are the warning signs?
  body has trouble making and/or        Some people with diabetes notice:
  responding to insulin. So your
                                        • Going to the bathroom a lot
  body does not get the fuel it
  needs. And your blood sugar stays     • Feeling hungry or thirsty all the
  too high.                               time
                                        • Blurred vision
What are the types of diabetes?
                                        • Cuts or bruises that are slow to
• Type 1—The body does not make           heal
  any insulin. People with type 1
  must take insulin every day to stay   • Feeling tired all the time
  alive.                                • Hands or feet that tingle or feel
• Type 2—The body does not use            numb
  insulin the way it should. Most
  people with diabetes have             Most people with diabetes do not
  type 2.                               notice any signs
What can I do if I have diabetes?        Check your blood sugar and know
                                         your ABC’s
Use medicines wisely                     • Help prevent heart disease and
• Sometimes people with diabetes           stroke by keeping your blood
  need to take pills or insulin shots.     sugar, blood pressure, and
  Follow the directions.                   cholesterol under control.
• Ask your doctor, nurse, or             • Check your blood sugar with a
  pharmacist what your medicines           test you can use at home.
  do. Also ask when to take them         • Ask your doctor for an A-1-C
  and if they have any side effects.       (“A-one-see”) blood test. It checks
                                           blood sugar levels over 2 to 3
Watch what you eat and get                 months.
                                         • Talk to your health care team
• There is no one diet for people
                                           about your ABC’s:
  with diabetes. Work with your
  health care team to come up with         A-1-C
  a plan for you.                          Blood pressure
• Be active at least 30 minutes            Cholesterol
  a day, most days of the week.
  Exercise helps your body use
  insulin better.

                                         FDA Office of Women’s Health

To Learn More:
Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Diabetes Information

                                                               TAKE TIME TO CARE... For yourself, for those who need you.

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