Over nine million women in the U.S. Are you at risk for diabetes?
have diabetes. And three million of
• Do you need to lose weight?
them don’t even know it!
• Do you get little or no exercise?
Did you know that...? • Do you have high blood pressure
• Diabetes increases the chances of (130/80 or higher)?
having a heart attack or stroke. • Does diabetes run in your family?
• Some women get diabetes when • Are you a woman who had
they are pregnant. diabetes when you were
• Women who have diabetes are pregnant?
more likely to have a miscarriage • Have you had a baby who
or a baby with birth defects. weighed more than nine pounds
or more at birth?
What is diabetes?
• Are you African American, Native
• Diabetes is a disease that changes American, Hispanic, or Asian
the way your body uses sugar. American/Paciﬁc Islander?
The food you eat turns to sugar.
The sugar then travels through
If you answered yes to any of these
the blood to all parts of the body.
questions, ask your doctor, nurse, or
Usually, insulin helps get sugar
pharmacist if you need a diabetes
from the blood to the body’s cells,
where it is used for energy.
• When you have diabetes, your What are the warning signs?
body has trouble making and/or Some people with diabetes notice:
responding to insulin. So your
• Going to the bathroom a lot
body does not get the fuel it
needs. And your blood sugar stays • Feeling hungry or thirsty all the
too high. time
• Blurred vision
What are the types of diabetes?
• Cuts or bruises that are slow to
• Type 1—The body does not make heal
any insulin. People with type 1
must take insulin every day to stay • Feeling tired all the time
alive. • Hands or feet that tingle or feel
• Type 2—The body does not use numb
insulin the way it should. Most
people with diabetes have Most people with diabetes do not
type 2. notice any signs
What can I do if I have diabetes? Check your blood sugar and know
Use medicines wisely • Help prevent heart disease and
• Sometimes people with diabetes stroke by keeping your blood
need to take pills or insulin shots. sugar, blood pressure, and
Follow the directions. cholesterol under control.
• Ask your doctor, nurse, or • Check your blood sugar with a
pharmacist what your medicines test you can use at home.
do. Also ask when to take them • Ask your doctor for an A-1-C
and if they have any side effects. (“A-one-see”) blood test. It checks
blood sugar levels over 2 to 3
Watch what you eat and get months.
• Talk to your health care team
• There is no one diet for people
about your ABC’s:
with diabetes. Work with your
health care team to come up with A-1-C
a plan for you. Blood pressure
• Be active at least 30 minutes Cholesterol
a day, most days of the week.
Exercise helps your body use
FDA Ofﬁce of Women’s Health http://www.fda.gov/womens
To Learn More:
Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Diabetes Information
TAKE TIME TO CARE... For yourself, for those who need you.