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New York State Crime ... - Division of Criminal Justice Services

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					New York State Division of Criminal Justice Services
      Property Crime and UCR
          New York State Crime Reporting Program




                                                       1
          TOPICS TO BE COVERED
 Introduction to Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR)

 Part I Offenses involving stolen property

 Reporting stolen property by offense type, property
  type, and dollar value
    Robbery
    Larceny
    Motor Vehicle Theft

 Minimizing errors

 Resources available for crime reporting



                                                        2
   UNIFORM CRIME REPORTING (UCR) :
           INTRODUCTION
 National UCR Summary Reporting began in 1930
  UCR established to measure and compare crime throughout
    the United States
  UCR uses a national classification system so that all states’ laws
    can be compared despite differences in crime definition (e.g.,
     Assault, Battery)

 New York participates in this national program, by state
  law

 The UCR Summary Crime Report is a monthly list of
  reported offenses
   Usually one offense per incident
   Only the most serious offense per incident

                                                                       3
         UCR : INTRODUCTION – cont’d

UCR Collects:
   Offenses Known to Police
      Return A - Part I crimes
      Return A - Part II crimes
     Return A Property Supplement
      Domestic Violence Victim Data

   Supplementary Reports
      Homicide, Arson, LEOKA, Hate Crime, Personnel

   Arrest Reports
      Age, Sex, Race, Ethnicity of persons arrested


                                                       4
         UCR : INTRODUCTION – cont’d


Return A – Part I Crimes

    Murder (including negligent manslaughter)
    Rape
    Robbery
    Aggravated Assault
    Burglary
    Larceny
    Motor Vehicle Theft




                                                 5
           PART I OFFENSES AND THEFT

Stolen property is associated with six of the seven Part I
   offenses

    Murder
    Rape
    Robbery (requires property report)
    Aggravated Assault
    Burglary
    Larceny (requires property report)
    Motor Vehicle Theft (requires property report)




                                                             6
    OFFENSES AND STOLEN PROPERTY VALUE

UCR collects information on three aspects of Part I
   crime involving property theft:

   The number of crimes reported
   The dollar value of the stolen property
      by offense type
      by property type


   The type of property that was stolen (in dollars)



                                                      7
 FOCUS ON STOLEN PROPERTY OFFENSES


 Reporting stolen property by offense type,
  property type, and dollar value

  Robbery
  Larceny
  Motor Vehicle Theft




                                               8
Stolen Property
      and
  Robbery




                  9
                         ROBBERY

 Robbery - the taking or attempting to take anything of value
  from another person:
       by force,
       by threat of force or violence, or
       by putting the victim in fear

 Robbery includes motor vehicles stolen by force or threat, such
  as car-jacking

 Robbery count is reported on Return A, page 1




                                                                 10
11
                                             ROBBERY Example
A convenience store clerk was held up by a young man with a revolver.
The assailant fled the store with three cartons of cigarettes worth $150
and two cases of beer worth $50.

Property:   Cigarettes and Beer
Value:      $200
Offense Classification: Convenience store robbery w/ handgun

   6. ROBBERY                           DE     Highway/       Gas Station   Convenience   Bank   Other Comm.   Residence   Misc.
                                              Street/ Alley                    Store                Bldg.
   A. Handgun                           13                                      1
      Unfounded                         14

   B. Other Firearm                     16

      Unfounded                         17

   C. Knife or Cutting Instrument       19

    Unfounded                           20

   D. Other Dangerous Weapons           22

    Unfounded                           23

   C. Strong Arm (Hands, Fists, Etc,)   25

      Unfounded                         26




                                                                                                                                   12
         PROPERTY STOLEN BY ROBBERY TYPE
 Enter the dollar values by Robbery type on page 4 of the
  Return A

  Property:             Cigarettes and Beer
  Value:                $200

                                      PROPERTY STOLEN BY CLASSIFICATION
                                      CLASSIFICATION                                    DE   MONETARY VALUE
  3. ROBBERY
                                                                                        04

  (A) HIGHWAY (STREET, ALLEY, ETC.)
  (B) GAS OR SERVICE STATION                                                            06

  (C) CONVENIENCE STORE                                Beer ($50) + Cigarettes ($150)   08                    $200

  (D) BANK                                                                              09

  (E) OTHER COMMERCIAL BUILDING                                                         11

  (F) RESIDENCE (ANYWHERE ON PREMISES)                                                  13

  (G) MISCELLANEOUS                                                                     15




                                                                                                                13
14
         PROPERTY STOLEN BY ROBBERY TYPE
 Enter the dollar values by Robbery type on page 4 of the
  Return A

  Property:             Cigarettes and Beer
  Value:                $200

                                      PROPERTY STOLEN BY CLASSIFICATION
                                      CLASSIFICATION                                    DE   MONETARY VALUE
  3. ROBBERY
                                                                                        04

  (A) HIGHWAY (STREET, ALLEY, ETC.)
  (B) GAS OR SERVICE STATION                                                            06

  (C) CONVENIENCE STORE                                Beer ($50) + Cigarettes ($150)   08                    $200

  (D) BANK                                                                              09

  (E) OTHER COMMERCIAL BUILDING                                                         11

  (F) RESIDENCE (ANYWHERE ON PREMISES)                                                  13

  (G) MISCELLANEOUS                                                                     15




                                                                                                                15
16
              PROPERTY STOLEN BY PROPERTY TYPE
   On page 5 of the Return A, find the type of property that was stolen
    during the robbery
   Enter the dollar value of the loss
   Also record the value of any property that was recovered on page 5

                                                PROPERTY BY TYPE AND VALUE
                TYPE OF PROPERTY                                            VALUE OF PROPERTY

                                       DE                         STOLEN                                    RECOVERED

1. CURRENCY, NOTES, ETC.               01   A                                                           B
2. JEWELRY AND PRECIOUS METALS         02   A                                                           B
3. CLOTHING AND FURS                   03   A                                                           B

4. LOCALLY STOLEN MOTOR VEHICLES       04   A                                                           B
5. OFFICE EQUIPMENT                    05   A                                                           B
6. TELEVISIONS, RADIOS, STEREOS, ETC   06   A                                                           B
7. FIREARMS                            07   A                                                           B
8. HOUSEHOLD GOODS                     08   A

9. CONSUMABLE GOODS                    09   A                Cigarettes ($150) + Beer ($50 ) =   $200   B
10. LIVESTOCK                          10   A                                                           B
11. MISCELLANEOUS                      11   A                                                           B
                            TOTAL      12   A                                                           B


                                                                                                                        17
Stolen Property
      and
  Larceny




                  18
                         LARCENY

 Larceny - the unlawful taking or attempting to take another’s
  property by theft or stealth

 The theft may or may not be committed in the immediate
  presence of the victim

 Larceny does not include the following offenses, which are
  counted in separately in other categories:
     Theft of motor vehicles
     Theft by fraud, forgery, or embezzlement (Part II crimes)




                                                                  19
20
      LARCENY AND MONETARY VALUES

Larceny counts are recorded by two offense
    categories, shown on page 2 of the Return A:
   Value Type (Under $50, $50-$199, $200 and Over)
   Larceny Type (Pocket-Picking, Purse-Snatching, Shoplifting,
      etc)


Monetary values are reported for both of these
   categories, on page 4 of the Return A
            And
Losses in property types are reported as dollar
   amounts on page 5 of the Return A

                                                                 21
                             LARCENY Example 1
A woman reported the theft of a shopping bag. She had set it down
against the store counter while she made another purchase. The bag
contained a bottle of perfume just bought for $37.

Property: Bottle of Perfume
Value:      $37
Classification of Theft: All Other



6. LARCENY - THEFT   DE   Pocket    Purse       Shop-     From   MV Parts     Bicycles   From   From      All Other   Reported
(EXCEPT MV THEFT)         picking   snatching   lifting   MV     or Access.              Bldg   Coin                  Offenses
                                                                                                Machine
A. $200 And Over     52

   Unfounded         53

B. $50 To $199       55

   Unfounded         56

C. Under $50         58
                                                                                                              1
   Unfounded         59


                                                                                                                                 22
                           LARCENY Example 2
Another woman at the same mall complained that someone stole dry-
cleaned clothing from the back of her car while she was shopping.
Her husband’s suit and top coat, plus her own suit and two sweaters,
amounted to an $1100 loss.

Property: Dry-cleaned clothing
Value:      $1100
Classification of Theft: From Motor Vehicle


 6. LARCENY - THEFT   DE   Pocket    Purse       Shop-     From   MV Parts     Bicycles   From   From      All Other   Reported
 (EXCEPT MV THEFT)         picking   snatching   lifting   MV     or Access.              Bldg   Coin                  Offenses
                                                                                                 Machine
 A. $200 And Over     52
                                                            1
    Unfounded         53

 B. $50 To $199       55

    Unfounded         56

 C. Under $50         58
                                                                                                               1
    Unfounded         59


                                                                                                                             23
                           LARCENY Example 3
A boy found that someone had stolen his second-hand bicycle from
the bike rack at the library. He had bought it at a police auction for
$45.

Property: Bicycle
Value:      $45
Classification of Theft:                           Bicycles


 6. LARCENY - THEFT   DE   Pocket    Purse       Shop-     From   MV Parts     Bicycles   From   From      All Other   Reported
 (EXCEPT MV THEFT)         picking   snatching   lifting   MV     or Access.              Bldg   Coin                  Offenses
                                                                                                 Machine
 A. $200 And Over     52
                                                            1
    Unfounded         53

 B. $50 To $199       55

    Unfounded         56

 C. Under $50         58
                                                                                  1                            1
    Unfounded         59


                                                                                                                             24
                           LARCENY Example 4

A discount store reported the theft of MP3s, with a wholesale cost of
$3600.


Property: MP3 Players
Value:      $3600
Classification of Theft:                           Shoplifting


 6. LARCENY - THEFT   DE   Pocket    Purse       Shop-     From   MV Parts     Bicycles   From   From      All Other   Reported
 (EXCEPT MV THEFT)         picking   snatching   lifting   MV     or Access.              Bldg   Coin                  Offenses
                                                                                                 Machine
 A. $200 And Over     52
                                                    1       1
    Unfounded         53

 B. $50 To $199       55

    Unfounded         56

 C. Under $50         58
                                                                                  1                            1
    Unfounded         59


                                                                                                                             25
                           LARCENY Example 5
A college student’s new $179 spare tire was stolen from his 8-year-old
car.

Property: Tire
Value:      $179
Classification of Theft:                           Motor Vehicle Parts or Accessories


6. LARCENY - THEFT   DE   Pocket    Purse       Shop-     From   MV Parts     Bicycles   From   From      All Other   Reported
(EXCEPT MV THEFT)         picking   snatching   lifting   MV     or Access.              Bldg   Coin                  Offenses
                                                                                                Machine
A. $200 And Over     52
                                                   1       1
   Unfounded         53

B. $50 To $199       55
                                                                     1
   Unfounded         56

C. Under $50         58
                                                                                 1                            1
   Unfounded         59




                                                                                                                                 26
                           LARCENY Example 6
A man reported his billfold, with 4 credit cards and $148 in it, taken
from a restaurant coat rack while he had dinner. Another patron’s
coat on the same rack lost $250.

Property: Wallet, Credit Cards, Cash
Value:      $402
Classification of Theft: All Other



 6. LARCENY - THEFT   DE   Pocket    Purse       Shop-     From   MV Parts     Bicycles   From   From      All Other   Reported
 (EXCEPT MV THEFT)         picking   snatching   lifting   MV     or Access.              Bldg   Coin                  Offenses
                                                                                                 Machine
 A. $200 And Over     52
                                                    1       1                                                  1
    Unfounded         53

 B. $50 To $199       55
                                                                      1
    Unfounded         56

 C. Under $50         58
                                                                                  1                            1
    Unfounded         59


                                                                                                                             27
                          LARCENY Example 7
A 5-year-old’s bike, complete with training wheels, was taken
overnight from the side yard, a monetary loss of $90. It was later
recovered.

Property: Bicycle
Value:      $90
Classification of Theft:                         Bicycles



6. LARCENY - THEFT   DE   Pocket    Purse       Shop-     From   MV Parts     Bicycles   From   From      All Other   Reported
(EXCEPT MV THEFT)         picking   snatching   lifting   MV     or Access.              Bldg   Coin                  Offenses
                                                                                                Machine
A. $200 And Over     52
                                                   1        1                                                 1        3
   Unfounded         53

B. $50 To $199       55
                                                                     1           1                                     2
   Unfounded         56

C. Under $50         58
                                                                                 1                            1        2
   Unfounded         59


                                                                                                                           28
            LARCENY: PROPERTY STOLEN BY
                    VALUE TYPE
 Enter the dollar values for value types on page 4 of the
  Return A

Value types of property stolen in Larceny-Theft examples
$200 and Over: dry cleaning ($1100) + MP3s ($3600) + wallet, CCs, and cash ($402) = $5102

$50 to $199: bike ($90) + tire ($179) = $269

Under $50: bike ($45) + perfume ($37) = $82

                                 PROPERTY STOLEN BY CLASSIFICATION

                               CLASSIFICATION                        DE   MONETARY VALUE

          6. LARCENY – THEFT (EXCEPT MOTOR VEHICLE THEFT)
           (A) $200 AND OVER            03            $5102
           (B) $50 TO $199              05            $269
           (C) UNDER $50                07             $82
           BY TYPE:




                                                                                           29
30
            LARCENY: PROPERTY STOLEN BY
                    VALUE TYPE
 Enter the dollar values for value types on page 4 of the
  Return A

Value types of property stolen in Larceny-Theft examples
$200 and Over: dry cleaning ($1100) + MP3s ($3600) + wallet, CCs, and cash ($402) = $5102

$50 to $199: bike ($90) + tire ($179) = $269

Under $50: bike ($45) + perfume ($37) = $82

                                 PROPERTY STOLEN BY CLASSIFICATION

                               CLASSIFICATION                        DE   MONETARY VALUE

          6. LARCENY – THEFT (EXCEPT MOTOR VEHICLE THEFT)
           (A) $200 AND OVER            03            $5102
           (B) $50 TO $199              05            $269
           (C) UNDER $50                07             $82
           BY TYPE:




                                                                                           31
                    LARCENY: PROPERTY STOLEN BY
                          LARCENY TYPE
 Enter the dollar values by Larceny Type on page 4 of the
  Return A
 For each type of theft, add the estimated dollar losses and
  enter the totals as shown

                                 PROPERTY STOLEN BY CLASSIFICATION
                                 CLASSIFICATION                                          DE   MONETARY VALUE
 BY TYPE:

  (A) POCKET-PICKING                                                                     10

  (B) PURSE-SNATCHING                                                                    12

  (C) SHOPLIFTING                                                MP3 Players ($3600)     14                $3600
  (D) FROM MOTOR VEHICLES (EXCEPT PARTS AND ACCESS.)             Dry cleaning ($1100)    16                $1100
  (E) MOTOR VEHICLE PARTS AND ACCESSORIES                                  Tire ($179)   17                    $179

  (F) BICYCLES                                            Used Bike ($45) + Bike ($90)   19                    $135

  (G) FROM BUILDING                                                                      21

  (H) FROM COIN MACHINE                                                                  23

  (I) ALL OTHER                  Wallet, Credit Cards, and Cash ($402) + Perfume ($37)   25                    $439
                                                                                                                 32
                           LARCENY: PROPERTY STOLEN BY
                                 PROPERTY TYPE
  Enter the dollar values by type of stolen property on page 5
   of the Return A
  Total the estimated value of the stolen property by type
  Any property that was recovered is also recorded on page 5

                                                    PROPERTY BY TYPE AND VALUE
                TYPE OF PROPERTY                                                      VALUE OF PROPERTY

                                       DE                                    STOLEN                                     RECOVERED

1. CURRENCY, NOTES, ETC.               01   A                                                Cash $398      $398    B
2. JEWELRY AND PRECIOUS METALS         02   A                                                                       B
3. CLOTHING AND FURS                   03   A                                     Dry Cleaning $1100        $1100   B

4. LOCALLY STOLEN MOTOR VEHICLES       04   A                                                                       B
5. OFFICE EQUIPMENT                    05   A                                                                       B
6. TELEVISIONS, RADIOS, STEREOS, ETC   06   A                                         MP3s       $3600      $3600   B
7. FIREARMS                            07   A                                                                       B
8. HOUSEHOLD GOODS                     08   A

9. CONSUMABLE GOODS                    09   A               Perfume ($37) + Cigarettes & Beer ($200 )       $237    B
10. LIVESTOCK                          10   A                                                                       B
11. MISCELLANEOUS                      11   A   Bike ($45) + Bike ($90) + Credit Cards ($4) + Tire ($179)   $318    B       Bike     $90
                            TOTAL      12   A                                                                       B
                                                                                                                                    33
   Stolen Property
         and
Motor Vehicle Theft




                      34
                MOTOR VEHICLE THEFT

 Motor Vehicle Theft - the theft or attempted theft of a motor
  vehicle

 Motor vehicles are self-propelled vehicles that run on
  land and not rails

 Personal property within stolen vehicle is added to the value of
  vehicle

 Motor Vehicle Theft does not include farm equipment, water
  craft, construction equipment, or airplanes (these are reported as
  Larceny – All Other)




                                                                  35
36
            MOTOR VEHICLE THEFT AND
                  MONETARY VALUES

   The Motor Vehicle Theft count is reported on page 2 of
    the Return A

   Personal property reported stolen with the vehicle is
    recorded two ways

       By offense type   (motor vehicle value + content value)   on page 4
        of the Return A

       By Property Type Stolen – Vehicle and content are
        separately reported by type on page 5 of the Return A



                                                                              37
                MOTOR VEHICLE THEFT Example
A woman left her car running in the driveway while she finished
getting ready for work. Upon leaving her house, she found her car
had been stolen from the driveway. The woman also reported that her
compact disc collection worth $200 was in the car.

Property:    Auto and compact disc collection
Value:       $9000 + $200 = $9,200
Classification of Theft: All Other

 7. MOTOR VEHICLE THEFT     DE      Street   Parking Lot   Public Garage   All Other
                            61                                                1
 A. Automobiles
      Unfounded             62

 B. Trucks And Buses        64
    Unfounded               65
 C. Other Vehicles          67
       Unfounded            68




                                                                                   38
            PROPERTY STOLEN BY OFFENSE TYPE
 The dollar values for the stolen car and the CD collection
  inside it are entered on page 4 of the Return A
  Property: Automobile and CD collection
  Value:    $9,000 (car) + $200 (CDs) = $9,200

                                 PROPERTY STOLEN BY CLASSIFICATION
                                 CLASSIFICATION                                           DE   MONETARY VALUE
 BY TYPE:

  (A) POCKET-PICKING                                                                      10

  (B) PURSE-SNATCHING                                                                     12

  (C) SHOPLIFTING                                                MP3 Players ($3600)      14                $3600
  (D) FROM MOTOR VEHICLES (EXCEPT PARTS AND ACCESS.)             Dry cleaning ($1100)     16                $1100
  (E) MOTOR VEHICLE PARTS AND ACCESSORIES                                  Tire ($179)    17                    $179
  (F) BICYCLES                                            Used Bike ($45) + Bike ($90)    19                    $135

  (G) FROM BUILDING                                                                       21

  (H) FROM COIN MACHINE                                                                   23

  (I) ALL OTHER                   Wallet, Credit Cards, and Cash ($402) + Perfume ($37)   25                    $439

 7. MOTOR VEHICLE THEFT                         Automobile ($9,000) + CDs ($200)          27               $9200
                                                                                 TOTAL                    $14,853
                                                                                                                  39
40
              PROPERTY STOLEN BY PROPERTY TYPE
   The dollar values by type of stolen property are entered on page 5 of
    the Return A

   Total the estimated value of the stolen property by type

   Any property that was recovered is also recorded on page 5

                                                     PROPERTY BY TYPE AND VALUE
                TYPE OF PROPERTY                                                      VALUE OF PROPERTY

                                       DE                                    STOLEN                                          RECOVERED

1. CURRENCY, NOTES, ETC.               01   A                                                     Cash         $398   B
2. JEWELRY AND PRECIOUS METALS         02   A                                                                         B
3. CLOTHING AND FURS                   03   A                                             Dry Cleaning        $1100   B

4. LOCALLY STOLEN MOTOR VEHICLES       04   A                                               Automobile        $9000   B
5. OFFICE EQUIPMENT                    05   A                                                                         B
6. TELEVISIONS, RADIOS, STEREOS, ETC   06   A                               MP3s ($3600) + CDs ($200)         $3800   B
7. FIREARMS                            07   A                                                                         B
8. HOUSEHOLD GOODS                     08   A

9. CONSUMABLE GOODS                    09   A               Perfume ($37) + Cigarettes & Beer ($200 )          $237   B
10. LIVESTOCK                          10   A                                                                         B
11. MISCELLANEOUS                      11   A   Bike ($45) + Bike ($90) + Credit Cards ($4) + Tire ($179)      $318   B   Bike   $90
                            TOTAL      12   A                                                                         B
                                                                                                                                         41
                                                                                                            $14,853              $90
               MOTOR VEHICLES RECOVERED

   Enter the number of motor vehicles recovered
               – locally or elsewhere –
    which were initially stolen in your jurisdiction or elsewhere

   Do not enter dollar values


                                NUMBER OF VEHICLES RECOVERED

      1. STOLEN LOCALLY AND RECOVERED LOCALLY       21   B

      2. STOLEN LOCALLY AND RECOVERED BY OTHERS     22   B

      3. STOLEN OUT OF TOWN AND RECOVERED LOCALLY   23   B




                                                               42
REVIEW OF STOLEN-PROPERTY REPORTING

   Crime counts by offense type are entered on pages 1 and
    2 of the Return A (number of robberies, number of larcenies, etc)

   Monetary values are reported by offense on page 4
       Murder, Rape, Burglary may include property stolen
       Robbery, Larceny, and Motor Vehicle Theft must have stolen
        property reported or a note of explanation
       Larceny values are reported by Value Type and Larceny Type
       Contents of stolen vehicle are added to the value of vehicle

   The property type of stolen (and recovered) property is
    reported in dollars on page 5
       Value of stolen vehicle and contents are reported separately



                                                                        43
                       MINIMIZING ERRORS
   Cross checks help to verify that all offenses and stolen property have been
    recorded properly
       Larceny value types and monetary value rules of thumb:

         “$200 AND OVER” total: multiply $200 times the number of crimes at this level on
            page 2. The result is the MINIMUM expected dollar amount in the $200 and Over
            line on page 4

         “$50 TO $199” requires monetary values on page 4 to be no less than $50 times the
            number of crimes at this level, and no more than $199 times that crime number

         “UNDER $50” total in dollars, divided by the crime count at this level, cannot be more
            than $49

       The two Larceny sections within the “Property Stolen by Classification”
        report on page 4 must be equal to each other

       Total value of all property stolen on page 4 must equal the total value of
        stolen property on page 5

                                            Example


                                                                                           44
                   UCR RESOURCES
 UCR Handbook (FBI publication), latest edition 2004

 New York State Resources
    NYS Supplement to the UCR Handbook
    New York State UCR Forms and Instructions
    DCJS Law Section Reference Table
    UCR Law Cross-Reference Table
    NYS Coded Law File
    eJusticeNY account
    UCR e-mail: infonysucr@dcjs.state.ny.us
    Call     DCJS Crime Reporting Unit at 518.457-8381 or
              DCJS Customer Service at 1-800.262-3257

                 http://www.criminaljustice.state.ny.us

                                                             45

				
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