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POVERTY REDUCTION and REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT

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									POVERTY REDUCTION and
REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT
26.01.2010




             United Nations Development Programme
Why UNDP? 


•   Poverty reduction is at the core of UNDP’s mandate. UNDP’s poverty
    reduction strategy is based on the overall framework of the
    achievement of the MDGs. Main approach on reduction of human
    poverty with a rights-based approach.

•   Focus areas include:
    –   MDG Strategies (monitoring, assessment, planning and implementation)
    –   Inclusive development
    –   Participatory local development
    –   Gender and poverty
    –   Private sector
Situation in Turkey: Poverty


•   A middle-income country: no extreme poverty.
•   Food poverty rate: 0.54%, food+non-food poverty rate is 17.11%
    (TURKSTAT 2009, Poverty study)
•   Serious income disparities between urban and rural parts, 9.38%
    urban poverty rate; 34.6% rural poverty rate.
•   Regional disparities between east and west, and pockets of poverty
    within better-off regions. (2003 SPO-socio-economic Development
    indicators)
•   Variations in employment figures across regions and population
    groups such as women and youth. Unemployment rate: 13%, youth
    unemployment rate: 24%. Women’s participation in labor force is very
    low (27%), where majority are employed in unpaid family work.
•   Need for rights based approaches for service delivery and poverty
    reduction.
Situation in Turkey: Competitiveness


                                              Rank     Score       Turkey continues to benefit from its large
                                              (133)     (1-7)
                                                                   market, which is characterized by strong
GCI 2009–2010 (out of 133)                        61       4,2     competition (26th) and reasonably
GCI 2008–2009 (out of 134)                        63       4,1     sophisticated business practices (52nd).
Basic requirements                                69       4,3     Compared with other countries, Turkey has
1st pillar: Institutions                          96       3,5     also seen an improvement in its
2nd pillar: Infrastructure                        62       3,9
                                                                   macroeconomic stability, moving up from
                                                                   79th to 64th this year, although this is mainly
3rd pillar: Macroeconomic stability               64       4,7
                                                                   because of other countries’ weakening rather
4th pillar: Health and primary education          74       5,3     than particular improvements in Turkey’s fiscal
Efficiency enhancers                              54       4,2     and monetary policies.
5th pillar: Higher education and training         73       3,9     On the other hand, some more basic issues
6th pillar: Goods market efficiency               56       4,3     must still be tackled, such as upgrading the
7th pillar: Labor market efficiency             120        3,7     quality of infrastructure, now ranked 62nd
                                                                   (especially ports and the electricity supply),
8th pillar: Financial market sophistication       80       4,1
                                                                   improving the human resources base through
9th pillar: Technological readiness               54       3,8
                                                                   better primary education and better healthcare
10th pillar: Market size                          15       5,2     (74th), addressing the inefficiencies in the
Innovation and sophistication factors             58       3,7     labor market (120th), and reinforcing the
11th pillar: Business sophistication              52       4,3     efficiency and transparency of public
                                                                   institutions.
12th pillar: Innovation                           69       3,1


                                                                 Source: WEF Global Competitiveness Report
Situation in Turkey: Regional Development


 Level 1: 12 Regions   Level 2: 26 Regions         Level 3: 81 Provinces




                                   Share in National Added Value
                                   2006
Programme Components  
Expected Results and Impact

1. Policy: support to government in developing social policy on poverty
   reduction, regional disparities, service provision and so forth.

2. Implementation: Projects for local economic development, increased
   competitiveness, income generating activities, employment creation
   and reduction of regional disparities.

•   Outcome: Pro-poor policies developed through partnership with civil
    society and private sector for social and economic development at all
    levels of society to achieve the MDG targets for all
Projects


CASAR Competitiveness Agenda for the Southeast Anatolia Region
RE&EE     Utilization of RE Resources and Increasing Energy Efficiency in the SEAR

OAC       Organic Agriculture Cluster in the Southeast Anatolia Region

WTCP      Preperatory Assistance for Winter Tourism Corridor

CSP       Cluster Support Programme for Ministry of Industry and Trade

RCOP      Technical Assistance to Ministry of Industry and Trade on RCOP

IRS       Industrial Restructuring of Sanliurfa

CTD       Coruh Tourism Development

ACT       Alliances for Culture Tourism

GDE       Growth with Decent Employment for All

SUN-F     Swiss-UN Youth Fund

IWE       Innovations for Women’s Empowerment in Southeast Anatolia
L-
          Localizing MDGs
MDGs
SSC       South-South Cooperation
Synopses


IRS           CASAR           RE&EE        OAC            WTCP          CSP            RCOP


Industrial Restructuring of Sanliurfa


Funding Agency         European Union
Partner                Ministry of Industry and Trade
Lifespan               08.2008 – 11.2010
                       €2.6M               €1.0M (2009)
Budget / Delivery
                       1.6M(2010)
Objective              To reduce regional disparities in Turkey, by contributing to social
                       stability and economic development in the GAP Region

Main Components        1.   Development of Integrated Industrial Development Plan
                       2.   Investment Promotion
                       3.   Assessment of Applications
                       4.   Business Development Services
                       5.   Capacity Building
Synopses


IRS          CASAR          RE&EE        OAC          WTCP          CSP             RCOP


Competitiveness Agenda for Southeast Anatolia
Short-term Action Plan

Funding Agency       European Union
Partner              GAP Regional Development Administration
Lifespan             06.2008 – 12.2010
Budget / Delivery    $ 552,000           105K (2009), 342K(2010)
Objective            To operationalize the strategy of the competitiveness agenda


Main Components      1.   Securing High-level Political Commitment to the Agenda
                     2.   Pilot Investment on Renewable Energy Generation
                     3.   Pilot Study on Organic Textile and Clothing
                     4.   Access to Int’l Networks for Renewable Energy Research
                     5.   Planning and Due Diligence
Synopses


IRS          CASAR          RE&EE        OAC          WTCP         CSP           RCOP


Utilization of Renewable Energy Resources and
Increasing Energy Efficiency in Southeast Anatolia Region

Funding Agency       Government
Partner              GAP Regional Development Administration
Lifespan             09.2009 – 12.2010
                     $1.26M              $104K (‘09), $1.17M
Budget / Delivery
                     (‘10)
Objective            To improve the competitiveness of the Southeast Anatolia Region in a
                     sustainable and socially equitable manner

Main Components      1.   Assessment of RE and EE investment and business potential
                     2.   Regional RE and EE Strategy and Action Plan
                     3.   Access to International Networks for RE& EE Research
                     4.   Establishment (or improvement) of Regional RE and EE Centre(s)
                     5.   Pilot (Demonstrative) Investments on RE/EE
                     6.   Strengthening Institutional Capacities
Synopses


IRS          CASAR          RE&EE         OAC           WTCP        CSP          RCOP


Organic Agriculture Cluster in the Southeast Anatolia Region


Funding Agency       Government
Partner              GAP Regional Development Administration
Lifespan             09.2009 – 12.2012
                     $4,2 Million        $27K (2009), $639K
Budget / Delivery
                     (2010)
Objective            To improve the competitiveness of the Southeast Anatolia Region in a
                     sustainable and socially equitable manner

Main Components      1.   Cluster Development Activities
                     2.   Pilot actions and demonstrative studies
                     3.   Branding, promotion and visibility
                     4.   Organic Agriculture Innovation Centre
                     5.   Institutional Capacity Development
Synopses


IRS          CASAR         RE&EE         OAC           WTCP      CSP            RCOP


Preparatory Assistance for Winter Tourism Corridor Project


Funding Agency       Government
Partner              Ministry of Culture and Tourism
Lifespan             07.2009 – 04.2010
                     $300K               $200K (2009), $68K
Budget / Delivery
                     (2010)
Objective            Preparation of the Winter Tourism Corridor Programme (WTCP)


Main Components      1. Terms of Reference for Technical Assistance Component
                     2. Market Research and Development of TS of the Supply
                        Component
                     3. TS and special conditions of the works Component
                     4. Terms of Reference for Supervision Component
                     5. Development of the feasibility and CBA report
                     6. Simplified Environment Impact Assessment Report
Synopses


IRS          CASAR         RE&EE         OAC           WTCP          CSP           RCOP


Cluster Support Programme for the Ministry of Industry and Trade


Funding Agency       Government
Partner              Ministry of Industry and Trade
Lifespan             02.2010 – 12.2010
Budget / Delivery    $361K               $0
Objective            To develop a cluster support programme for the MoIT, and to improve
                     the institutional capacity of the Ministry to implement the programme.

Main Components      1. Development of the cluster support programme
                     2. Improving the institutional capacity of the MoIT
                     3. Designing the monitoring and evaluation tools
Synopses


IRS          CASAR         RE&EE          OAC            WTCP           CSP              RCOP


Technical Assistance to Ministry of Industry and Trade on
Regional Competitiveness Operational Programme

Funding Agency       Government
Partner              Ministry of Industry and Trade
Lifespan             11.2009 – 06.2010
Budget / Delivery    $400.000             $0
Objective            Finalization of “operation identification sheets” of 47 projects.


Main Components      1. Risk Mapping and Diagnosis
                     2. Assistance to beneficiaries on development of the OISs
                     3. Quality Improvement and Assurance
Synopses

                                                                     L-
CTD          ACT           GDE           SUN-F         IWE                         SSC
                                                                     MDGs


Çoruh Tourism Development Project


Funding Agency      Efes Pilsen
Partner             Ministry of Culture and Tourism
Lifespan            2007 – 2009          2010-2012
Budget / Delivery   $750K /305K(2009) $635K/305K(2010)
Objective           Developing national and local capacities for improved incomes
                    through sustainable tourism

Main Components     1.   Development of a local tourism strategy
                    2.   Tourism related product development
                    3.   Promotion of the region’s tourism potential
                    4.   Development of local capacities to leverage tourism potentials for
                         improved incomes, including women’s entrepreneurship potentials
Synopses

                                                                    L-
CTD           ACT           GDE           SUN-F         IWE                       SSC
                                                                    MDGs


Alliances for Culture Tourism in Eastern Anatolia (UN Joint Prog)


Funding Agency        Spanish MDG-Achievement Fund
Partner               Ministry of Culture and Tourism
Lifespan              2008 -2011
                      $1.68M                $385K (2009)/750K
Budget / Delivery
                      (2010)
Objective             Local capacities for integrated cultural tourism planning &
                      implementation for increased income & contribution to achievement of
                      the MDGs
Main Components       1. Development of a tourism strategy and business diagnosis for
                          Kars
                      2. Establishing local partnerships for tourism planning and
                          implementation
                      3. Development of cluster roadmaps for short, medium and long
                          term.
Synopses

                                                                   L-
CTD          ACT         GDE           SUN-F         IWE                         SSC
                                                                   MDGs

Growth with Decent Employment for All
A Youth Employment Programme in Antalya

Funding Agency      Spanish MDG-Achievement Fund
Partner             National Employment Agency, İŞKUR
Lifespan            2009 -2012
Budget / Delivery   $1.682.000          45K (2009), 365K (2010)
Objective           Preparation and implementation of employment policies that reach
                    out the most vulnerable populations (youth, migrant families etc.)

Main Components     1. Preparation of a National Youth Employment Action Plan
                       (NYEAP) in line with YEM commitments
                    2. Development of national/local capacities to implement NYEAP
                    3. Develop local capacities to address the employment related
                       challenges faced by young men and women, including those from
                       migrant families
Synopses

                                                                     L-
CTD          ACT          GDE           SUN-F          IWE                          SSC
                                                                     MDGs


Swiss-UN Youth Fund


Funding Agency      Swiss Development Cooperation Agency
Partner             General Directorate of Youth and Sports
Lifespan            2008 -2010
Budget / Delivery   $750K               360K(2009), 330K (2010)
Objective           Supporting initiatives of young people that leverage cultural and
                    tourism assets for professional, economic and personal development

Main Components     1. Identification and support to local initiatives that aim at young men
                       and women’s integration in their society and their social
                       empowerment
                    2. Capacity development of young people in strategic thinking,
                       partnership building, developing self-confidence, and so forth.
Synopses

                                                                      L-
CTD          ACT          GDE           SUN-F          IWE                           SSC
                                                                      MDGs


Innovations for Women’s Empowerment in Southeast Anatolia


Funding Agency      Swedish International Development Agency
Partner             GAP Regional Development Administration
Lifespan            2008 -2011
                    $910K             290K (2009), 340 K
Budget / Delivery
                    (2010)
Objective           Women’s social and economic empowerment through social support
                    and market-based approaches.

Main Components     1. Assist local authorities’ capacities to develop policies that aim at
                       women’s increased entry into the labor force
                    2. Improve women’s productive capacities through strengthened
                       market links and institutional capacities
                    3. Develop women’s institutional capacities through technical
                       support and branding
Synopses

                                                                     L-
CTD          ACT          GDE           SUN-F          IWE                         SSC
                                                                     MDGs


Localizing MDGs


Funding Agency      TOBB (+ UCLG - MEWA)
Partner             TOBB (+ UCLG)
Lifespan            2008 -2010
                    $1.500.000             $ 290K (2009), 25K
Budget / Delivery
                    (2010)
Objective           Localizing the government’s MDG commitments by advocating
                    prioritization of the MDGs and implementing initiatives at the local
                    level.
Main Components     1. Developing local campaigns and action plans through the City
                        Councils and partnerships developed at the local level
                    2. Support to local initiatives of the private sector that aim at
                        contributing to the achievement of the MDGs.
Synopses

                                                                  L-
CTD          ACT           GDE         SUN-F        IWE                         SSC
                                                                  MDGs


South-South Cooperation


Funding Agency      Government and UNDP
Partner             TIKA
Lifespan            2008-2011
Budget / Delivery   $ 1,973,000         414 K(2009), 526 K
                    (2010)
Objective           To strengthen the capacities of the government as an emerging
                    donor in development assistance

Main Components     1. Turkey’s emerging donor role strengthened through international
                       forum events hosted by Turkey, with support from UNDP
                    2. TIKA’s Technical capacities strengthened:
                         - For elaboration of a Development Assistance Strategy
                         - Turkey’s talent bank mechanism and funding pool est’d
                         - For elaboration of an Action Plan for the Paris Declaration
Success Stories and Lessons Learned


Success Stories
                                                    Lessons Learned
“Beauty is in the eye of the beholder”
•   Competitiveness Agenda for the Southeast        • Marketing support and innovative approaches
    Anatolia Region,                                  are critical for entrepreneurship support for
•   Designed the first-ever competitive selection     women. Branding and institutionalization is
    process for an OIZ in Turkey,                     crucial for sustainability and success,
•   An early adapter of the clustering approach     • Sustainability of UNDP’s projects are often
    for regional development.                         “questioned” … a low-cost method?
•   Marketing and branding support for women        • Sustainability of UNDP initiatives at the local
    entrepreneurs in SEAR                             level are highly dependent on local capacities
•   Local/sustainable tourism initiatives and         and ownership at the local level.
    capacities in Eastern Anatolia Region           • UNDP deploys hundreds of consultants, with
•   UNDP involvement in capacity development          no systematic way of transferring their know-
    of TIKA (high level of ownership and              how into the CO’s knowledge base ,
    responsiveness, leveraging UNDP/ BRC            • Being a “change agent” requires telling the
    capacity) for strengthened development            things that others won’t tell,
    assistance                                      • Importance of working at both policy and
                                                      project implementation level
                                                    • Leveraging UNDP/ BRC capacity) for
                                                      strengthened development assistance
                                                    • “Stories of Failure” are also valuable, we
                                                      should not shy away from sharing them
                                                      publicly
Challenges and Opportunities


Challenges                 Opportunities
                           •   Regional Competitiveness Operational
                               Programme: operates on a rolling basis
                               with the programmes authorities
                               experiencing problems in disbursement
                           •   Development Agencies: Newly
                               established, SPO’s “sweethearts”
                           •   Government’s Armenia “Opening”: As
                               soon as the risks of engagement decrease
                               to a “tolerable” level, UNDP’s presence in
                               both countries can be exploited for cross-
                               border cooperation programmes/projects.
                           •   Successful pilots with potential for up-
                               scaling
Future Plans and Ambitions


Future Plans
Local Economic Development                            Entry Points
•   Capitalize on experience in tourism and           •   Development Agencies: (1) engage them
    industry sector for LED in new regions, in            in whatever we do; and (2) develop a multi-
    cooperation with MoCT & MoIT                          annual strategy of cooperation rather than
•   Emphasize HRB approaches in economic                  jumping the guns with a piecemeal
    development, for partnership with bilateral           approach,
    organizations                                     •   Southeast Anatolia Action Plan
Social Policy                                         •   SPO requests UNDP support in: (1)
•   Close cooperation with Bratislava Regional            community based/voluntary schemes for
    Center (BRC) and Bureau for Development               social service provision; (2) capacity
    Policy (BDP) for development of social                development for Administration of Disabled
    policy initiatives, with experiences from other       People
    countries.                                        Ambitions
Partnership
•   Capitalize on joint UN programmes and             •   A show-case “regional RE and EE strategy”,
    partnerships for an integrated approach           •   An efficiently functioning “LCP”
                                                      •   The first-ever provincial “IIDP”
                                                      •   “Club of regions” as a platform of
                                                          cooperation and collaboration between
                                                          developing regions

								
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