The Argumentative or Persuasive Essay by hedongchenchen


     Mr.Wilson – LMAC - English
What is a Persuasive/Argument Essay?

 “Persuasive writing, also known as the argument
  essay, utilizes logic and reason to show that one
  idea is more legitimate than another idea. It
  attempts to persuade a reader to adopt a
  certain point of view or to take a particular
  action. The argument must always use sound
  reasoning and solid evidence by stating facts,
  giving logical reasons, using examples, and
  quoting experts.”
         Planning your Essay
1. First – choose a topic you are actually
    interested in.
   Examples?
      Planning your Essay
2. Choose   your position:
     Pick a side
     Provide a solution
     Know the purpose of your essay

3. Know   your audience:
    Will they agree, be neutral, or disagree with your
    Age? Culture? Pop references? EMOTIONAL RESPONSE?
       Planning your Essay
4. Research    your topic:
      Must include specific and relevant evidence
      The more you research – the more convincing

5. Structure   your Essay:
     Once you have your evidence, what order will it be
     presented in?
     Always keep in mind your purpose, your audience and
     your topic.
                      Basic Structure
   Introduction
       Your introduction should hook your reader's attention and provide background
        information on your topic or controversy.
       The paragraph should end with a clear statement of your main idea or point of view.
   Body paragraphs
       Your body paragraphs should present the points in support of your main idea.
       Each body paragraph should focus on one point.
       Be sure to provide evidence or examples for each point.
   Opposing view
       After presenting your supporting points, develop one paragraph to accurately
        explain and then refute the most significant opposing view.
   Conclusion
       Creatively restate your main idea and supporting points.
       Try to leave your audience even more connected to your topic and persuaded by
        your main idea or perspective.
             Essential Criteria
1. Use    Legitimate Sources:
      Be very careful! The internet is a difficult place to find
      reliable sources for supporting evidence.
      Books are better – interviews are awesome!

2. Test   your Thesis:
     Is there a counter argument to your own?
     Is it debatable?
          Essential Criteria
3. Disprove   the Opposition:
     Understanding the opposite viewpoint of your position.
     Counter it by providing contrasting evidence.

4. Support   your Position with Evidence:
    Remember that your evidence must appeal to reason!
    Evidence without context is not evidence.
     Different Types of Evidence
   Facts:
     Very convincing, but they require research.
     Not the same as a “truth” – which is simply something
      everyone believes but cannot be proven.
   Statistics:
       Must be from responsible sources – and explained.
   Quotes:
       Make sure they are from reputable sources.
   Examples:
       Make your ideas concrete by providing proof.

To top