NYSERDA CHP Programs October 1_ 2010

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NYSERDA CHP Programs October 1_ 2010 Powered By Docstoc
					             The Contribution of
       CHP/Cogeneration to Business
    Continuity and Resiliency in New York
                         Presentation to Region I
                        New York State Office of
                        Emergency Management
                              April 14, 2011

Office of Emergency Management, NYS Division of Homeland Security and Emergency
                           Energetics Incorporated
                        Pace Energy and Climate Center

            What Is Combined Heat and Power
    CHP is an integrated energy system that:
    • Generates electrical and/or mechanical power
    • Recovers waste heat for
       –   Space heating
       –   Water heating
       –   Space cooling
       –   Dehumidification
    • Is located at or near a
      factory or building that
      can use the energy output
    • Can utilize a variety of
      technologies and fuels
    • CHP is also known as cogeneration

    Why CHP/Cogeneration for Business
        Continuity and Resiliency?

    A system that runs (and saves money!) every day is
    more reliable in an emergency than a system that
    only runs when you need it.

    CHP/Cogeneration offers the opportunity to keep critical
    facilities running when the grid is impaired, enabling:
     • Business Continuity
     • Community Sustainability
     • Disaster Preparedness

     How Does CHP/Cogeneration Work?
CHP/Cogeneration is an
  integrated energy system that
  generates electrical and/or
  mechanical power. Located at
  or near a factory or building
  that can use the energy
  output, CHP/cogeneration
  increases power reliability,
  improves efficiency, lowers
  operating costs, and reduces
  air emissions.

    Critical Infrastructure (CI) Facilities That Benefit
                 From CHP/Cogeneration

• Healthcare – Hospitals, clinics, nursing homes
• Wastewater treatment plants
• Public safety – 911 centers, jails/prisons, Fire/EMS
• Transportation centers (airports)
• Facilities of refuge
   – College campuses, high schools, BOCES
   – Hotels w/ kitchens, laundries, conference centers
• Food distribution including cold storage and
• Communications/data centers

      Existing CHP/Cogeneration Capacity in
                 New York State
• New York a CHP/
  cogeneration leader                                CHP Sites in New York
                                      Healthcare                    19%

• 434 sites in New York                 18%                                    Agriculture/

  State with CHP systems                                                           4%
                                   Multifamily                                Recreation/

• 5,885 MW of capacity
                                     12%                                       Lodging

  (as of 12/10)                                  Education        Other

                                                   19%            12%

 Snapshot of CHP/Cogeneration at Critical
     Infrastructure Sites in New York
• 289 sites totaling over 2,275 MW
• Critical infrastructure sectors with CHP/Cogeneration:
          Application - Critical Infrastructure       # Sites     Capacity (MW)
          Nursing Homes                                   43             10.5
          Hospital/Healthcare                             35             133.2
          Food                                            23             171.2
          Chemicals                                       17             578.0
          Government/Military                             11             376.2
          Places of Refuge                                110            296.1
          Other*                                          50             713.9
          Total                                           289          2,279.2

*Other includes CHP installations at transportation, communications, utility, wastewater
   treatment, food stores, and agricultural sites.

    New York State Emergency Managers On
                The Front Line

             • Disaster Preparedness
              • Business Continuity
           • Community Sustainability

                    What Is Your Role?
• Disaster mitigation, business continuity, and community
• Help community leaders and business owners to:
   – Identify energy efficiency measures that have a high
     return: lighting, building shell, HVAC
   – Consider CHP/cogeneration:
       •   Require thermal energy?
       •   Use energy more than 5,000 hours per year?
       •   High electricity and low gas prices?
       •   Need reliable power supply 24/7?
       •   Require a place of refuge?

     You Want To Take Action – Where To Go For
              Northeast Clean Energy Application Center for FREE Energy
               Assessment and Preliminary CHP/Cogeneration Screening

              NYSERDA for Cost-Shared Energy Assessments and
               CHP/Cogeneration Project Support

              ConEdison for CHP/Cogeneration Information and Support

              National Grid for CHP/Cogeneration and Smart Grid/Micro Grid
               installation Information and Support

              LIPA for information on clean, sustainable energy options

      Determine If CHP/Cogeneration Works for Your
Northeast Clean Energy Application Center (NE CEAC)
 No-cost feasibility studies for CHP/cogeneration, district
  energy, and waste-heat recovery projects in New York
 Education and outreach for building and facility owners
  and operators, municipal government, other
 Market analysis and support

 Identifying Technical and Financial Help -
   Where to Find It and What’s Offered?

                                    NYSEG
                                    Central Hudson
                                                            Technical Assistance,
                                    Con Edison
                                                             Information, and
                                    LIPA
                                                             Potential Grants,
                                    Orange & Rockland
                                                             Loans and Other
                                    National Grid
     From whom do you purchase                               Incentives
                                    Rochester Gas &
                                     Electric (RGE)
           electric power?

                                    NYPA                   Contact NYPA

        CHP/Cogeneration Technical and
             Financial Assistance

                   NYSERDA* -

                       – FlexTech Program
                 – CHP Demonstration Program
                   – Existing Facilities Program
     – Renewable Portfolio Standard – Customer Sited Tier (RPS-
                       CST) Fuel Cell Program

*Assistance available only to utility customers who contribute to
                       Systems Benefit Fund

     NYSERDA Technical and Financial Assistance
                   FlexTech Program

• Energy Conservation Studies for Industrial,
  Commercial, and Institutional sites for all energy
  measures – including CHP
• 50% matching funds up to $1,000,000 per site (or
  10% of annual energy cost)
• Funding available to electric customers of any NY
  investor-owned utility
• Use to prepare for CHP funding in 2012!

     NYSERDA Technical and Financial Assistance
                 CHP Demonstration Program
•    For new and existing industrial, commercial,
     institutional, and multifamily facilities
•    Competitive selection – up to $2M/site, 30-50% cost
•    Additional 10% cost share may be provided for
     Facilities of Refuge
•    Program closed at the end of 2010
•    There will be a new program with new funds in
     January 2012

     NYSERDA Technical and Financial Assistance
                  Existing Facilities Program
•    For existing commercial, industrial, and institutional
•    CHP systems greater than 250 kW/site
•    Up to $2M/project – up to 50% cost share
•    Funding available to electric customers of any NY
     investor owned utility
      – Pre-qualified equipment rebates and performance based
      – Payback 1-18 years
      – CHP Component Expires: 6/30/11

NYSERDA Technical and Financial Assistance
             Renewable Portfolio Standard –
           Customer Sited Tier Fuel Cell Program

•    $50,000 funding cap for small systems (< 25kW)
•    $1 million funding cap for large systems (≥ 25kW)
•    Open enrollment. Must use eligible equipment.
•    Funding available to electric customers of any NY
     investor-owned utility
     – $3M/yr funding limit
     – Open until: 12/30/15 or until funding is exhausted.

       New York Power Authority (NYPA)
       Technical and Financial Assistance

• Offers a low interest loan program that includes
  investments in CHP
• Offers a "turnkey service" package where NYPA can
  serve as a CHP project developer
     – NYPA is currently doing a CHP project at Rikers Island as
       the project developer

     Peter Giasemis, NYPA,,

Con Edison has been a leader in promoting
Energy Efficiency…

•        1971: Save-A-Watt program – 200 MW reduction
•        1988 – 1998: Enlightened Energy program – 740
         MW reduction

Current – DSM programs
•        Heating, Ventilation and Cooling Program
•        Targeted Demand Side Management Program
•        Oil to Gas Conversions
•        Small Business Direct Installation Program
•        Various Demand Response Programs
•        Ongoing Energy Efficiency Portfolio Proceedings

    …and is becoming a leader in integration of clean and
    renewable Distributed Generation
Initiatives in place
• New York State Energy Plan
• System Benefits Charge
• Geographic/Regional Balancing
New York City
•        PlaNYC 2030 - 800 MW of Clean DG
•        Large and small interconnected CHP on the
•        Working with DoB, NYSERDA, and
         stakeholders on interconnection issues

Historic Distributed Generation Interconnections
 Emergency network support
 • Substation Support
 • WTC Network

 Emergency Backup for Critical Loads
 • Hospitals, Water and Sewage Treatment, Prisons
 • Typically diesel generators dedicated to critical loads
 • Not parallel or with intricate protections schemes

 Large customers
 • Familiar with ConEd specifications
 • Interconnection requirement costs proportionally not prohibitive

Current DG Interconnections
More and smaller customers interconnecting
• Increase in self supply and peak shaving – in addition to
  emergency backup
• Protection tailored to each interconnection
• Increase in smaller CHP installations
• Dramatic increases in solar

Expanding ConEd and NYISO markets for DSR
• Demand response, peak shaving & ancillary services
  (reserves, VAR support, blackstart capability)
     – ‘Physical Assurity’ required for load forecasting and planning
     – Communications, dispatch, and M&V are Key

           Helpful Con Edison DG Websites

              Future Interconnection Landscape
     DR and DG Become an Integral Part of the T&D system


         Consolidated Edison Assistance

     DG Policy: ConEd permits any customer to operate
      generating equipment in parallel with the company’s
      electric system, provided there is no adverse effect on the
      company’s other customers, equipment, or personnel.
                            Margarett Jolly, PE
                        DG Ombudsman Manager


 Combined Heat & Power

Christopher A. Cavanagh, PE
New Products/Energy Services
April 14, 2011
Combined Heat & Power
 Cogeneration:          Defined as the sequential
                         production of electricity and
                         usable heat (FERC)
 Customer Value:        Principally economic for own use.
 Operational Modes:     Base-loaded (24/7)
                         Reject excess heat
                         Thermal load following (boiler)
 Grid Interconnection   “Islanding” not allowed during
                          blackouts for safety
                         Relays automatically disconnect.
 New capabilities       Black -start and operation
                         isolated from grid for pre-       28
                         identified loads
CHP installations in National Grid
Service Territory
 270 MW installed on site customer generation
     NE – 133 MW 54 sites
     UNY – 48 MW 10 sites
     DNY – 89 MW 128 sites
 Over 72% below 300 kW
 Significant Projects
     NE – 133 MW 54 sites
          5.9 MW at food manufacturer
          5 MW at Medical School
          5.1 MW at Pharmaceutical
     Upstate NY
          29 MW steam turbine at Healthcare facility
          8 MW ICE at Community College
          6 MW Turbine at Casino/resort
     Downstate NY
          2.4 MW ICE at Hospital
          2.4 MW ICE at Shopping Mall                  29
          2.4 MW ICE at College
The Importance of CHP black start
 Energy Security
    CHP may be an opportunity
    CHP now may be a critical asset
 Customer need, value and perception
 Key Functionality for Smart Grid and Micro Grid
 Focus in National Grid’s Technology and Innovation

Sample of CHP projects
 South Oaks Hospital
     1.25 MW CCHP plant
     Recently repowered
 Van Blarcom Closures
     1.5 MW CCHP plant
     Tecogen packaged 100 kW inverter ICE
 Twin Marquis Foods
     200 kW
     Food Manufacturing
 Toren
     500 kW plant
     New construction mixed use Commercial and M/F
 Verizon Call Center
     1.4 MW CCHP plant (7) United Technologies Fuel Cells
     Recently repowered
 Big Six Towers (Queens)
     2.5 MW grid isolated
     Apartment complex with (4) gas engines
Micro CHP
 Climate Energy Freewatt Plus
     1.2 kW residential (1 cylinder Honda IC engine)
     Several single family homes in NY and MA
     Integrated system with HEE heating system
     1.8 kW
     Intelligent critical load panel
 Yanmar mCHP
     10 kW packaged system
     Expanding to US market
     Nursing Home Facility
     High Electric generating efficiency
     Plug and Play design
 Small fuel cells (US. Japan & UK - Future)

  Going Forward

     With your help we can lead the way in creating the
                    climate for change                 nationalgrid    33
Federal Sources of CHP/Cogeneration Technical
           and Financial Assistance
 • Modified Accelerated Cost-Recovery System (MACRS) + Bonus
   Depreciation (’08-’12)
 • Business Energy Investment Tax Credit (ITC)
 • U.S. Department of Energy Office of Industrial Technologies
 • U.S. Environmental Protection Agency – CHP Partnership
 • U.S. Department of Treasury - Renewable Energy Grants
 • USDA - Rural Energy for America Program (REAP) Grant and
   Loan Program

       CHP/Cogeneration Keeps on Trucking!
Northeast Blackout of 2003
  While half of NYC’s 58 hospitals suffered
  backup power failures, sites with CHP systems
  continued to be operational:
  South Oaks Hospital - Amityville, NY
  Montefiore Medical Center - NYC
  Spring Creek Towers - NYC
Hurricane Katrina
  Baptist Hospital, Jackson, Mississippi - 624 bed
  urban hospital with 3000 employees
  Grid down – 52 hours starting August 29, 2005,
  Baptist Hospital’s CHP system ran islanded and
  provided power, hot water, and air

     South Oaks Hospital
       Long Island, NY
               • South Oaks Hospital, Amityville,
               • Operates a 1.3 MW CHP system,
                 consisting of two dual-fuel
                 reciprocating engines
               • During the blackout in August
                 2003, South Oaks Hospital never
                 lost power.
               • Hospital employees were initially
                 unaware of the blackout since
                 they saw no interruption in their

      Long Island Jewish Medical Center
              New Hyde Park, NY
• 829 bed, non-profit teaching
  hospital located on a 48-acre
• NYSERDA CHP Funding:
  $1 million
• CHP system installed in 2009
  with two 1,500 kW natural
  gas-fired reciprocating
• Heat recovered for domestic
  hot water and space heating.

     SUNY Stony Brook
      Brookhaven, NY
             • 40 MW CHP system installed in
             • Not the main campus
             • Consists of a primarily natural
               gas-fired combustion turbine
             • The SUNY Strategic Energy Task
               Force comprised of personnel
               from State-operated campuses
               and community colleges (not just
               the Stony Brook campus) issued
               draft recommendations in 2007
               with a goal of 5 new CHP
               projects by 2010.

     MacArthur Waste to Energy Plant
            Ronkonkoma, NY

• Began commercial operations in
  March 1990 for the Islip
  Resource Recovery Agency
• CHP system consists of a boiler
  plus a steam turbine.
• The facility processes 485 tons
  per day of municipal solid waste,
  generating up to 12.5 MW of
  renewable electricity, or enough
  to power 12,000 Long Island

Partnership For CHP/Cogeneration and
  Critical Infrastructure - Next Steps
•    Learn about CHP/cogen
•    Address energy efficiency first!
•    Look for CHP/cogen opportunities
•    Distribute information about CHP/cogeneration
•    Visit website for information on
     CHP/cogeneration and critical infrastructure – Scroll down to Project
            Description and Additional Detail!

              For More Information
NYS Department of Homeland Security and Emergency Services

 New York State Energy Research and Development Authority

         Northeast Clean Energy Application Center




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