DR5566 Biblical Exegesis Selected Texts

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                     DR5566 Biblical Exegesis: Selected Texts

                                   UNIVERSITY OF ABERDEEN

                                        2005-06 CREDITS 20

Course Aims

(1) to engage in close study of specific Old and New Testament texts, selected for their relevance for
issues of biblical theology;
(2) to develop the technical skills necessary for advanced biblical exegesis, including textual criticism
and the study of the Septuagint;
(3) to correlate biblical with appropriate non-biblical material, so as to bring out areas both of
similarity and of difference.

Teaching and Assessment

The course will be taught in three blocks of four weeks each. Classes will meet on Wednesdays,
11.00-1.00, in teachers‟ rooms (PJW, FBW) or in MR265 (SJG). Students will be expected to provide
a written introduction to three sessions in all – one in each of the three blocks. These introductions
should be circulated in advance of the class, either electronically, using the class email address
(, or through paper copies in the pigeonholes. These will serve as the basis
for discussion at the class, and should have been read in advance by all members of the class. For the
sections with Prof. Watson and Dr Gathercole the introductions are to be of around 2500 words. For
the section with Dr Williams the introduction is to be around 2000 words. In addition for the section
with Dr Williams students will also be expected to prepare a discussion of up to 1000 words on a point
of textual variation in John 1:1–18. Following the class, the introductions may be revised, and all
written work should be submitted together no later than Monday, 15 May. The final assessment for
this course will be based entirely on these submissions. There will be no examination.

(1) Textual criticism: the Johannine prologue (Dr Pete Williams)

1 Feb.         Introduction to manuscripts of John 1.1–18
8 Feb.         Introduction to editions of and projects on John 1.1–18
15 Feb.        The early translations of John 1.1–18
22 Feb.        Theoretical Frameworks for understanding the transmission of John 1.1–18

(2) Genesis 1-3 LXX: text and early interpretation (Prof Francis Watson)

1 March        Genesis 1-3 in Greek (1): LXX and MT
8 March        Genesis 1-3 in Greek (2): the Greek textual tradition
15 March       Genesis 1-3 in Philo, de opificio mundi
22 March       Genesis 1-3 in Early Christianity

(3)   (Dr Simon Gathercole)

19 Apr.        Galatians 1 and the Gallio Inscription: Pauline Chronology
26 Apr.        Galatians 2 and 4QMMT: Works of the Law and Justification
3 May          Galatians 3 and CD 1-3: Israel, the Law and the Curse
10 May         Galatians 5-6 and Josephus BJ 2.119-166/Ant. 13.171-173; 18.12-25: Divine and
               Human Agency


(1) Textual criticism: the Johannine prologue (Dr Pete Williams)
Introductions to classes: students should prepare a paper to be circulated to the class, and to
serve as a point of discussion, based on one of the following books (by agreement with Dr
Williams). The paper will be expected to summarize the content and argument of the book and
then proceed to a critical analysis of the book and/or of issues that it raises.

Aland, Kurt and Barbara Aland, The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the
      Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism (tr. E.F.
      Rhodes; 2nd edn; Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1989).
Ehrman, Bart D. and Michael W. Holmes, eds, The Text of the New Testament in
      Contemporary Research: Essays on the Status Quaestionis (Studies and Documents 46;
      Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1995).
Aland, Kurt and Barbara Aland, The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the
      Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism (tr. E.F.
      Rhodes; 2nd edn; Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1989).
Ehrman, Bart D., The Orthodox Corruption of Scripture: The Effect of Early Christological
      Controversies on the Text of the New Testament (New York: OUP, 1993).
Metzger, B.M. and Bart D. Ehrman, The Text of the New Testament: Its Transmission,
      Corruption, and Restoration (4th edn; New York: OUP, 2005).
*Black, David Alan, Rethinking New Testament Textual Criticism (Grand Rapids: Baker,
*Sturz, Harry, The Byzantine Text-Type and New Testament Textual Criticism (Nashville:
      Thomas Nelson, 1984).
Elliott, J.K. (ed.), The Principles and Practice of New Testament Textual Criticism (Leuven,
Hoskier, Herman C., Codex B and Its Allies (2 vols.; London, 1914).
Vaganay, Leon, An Introduction to New Testament Textual Criticism (Revised and updated by
      C.-B. Amphoux; ET: Jenny Heimerdinger; Cambridge: CUP, 1991).
Epp, Eldon Jay and Gordon D. Fee, Studies in the Theory and Method of New Testament
      Textual Criticism (Studies and Documents 45; Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1993).

Bibliography for Greek Manuscripts
British Museum, Codex Alexandrinus: Vol.4: New Testament, Clementine Epistles (London:
      British Museum, 1909).
*Comfort, Philip W. and David P. Barrett, The Text of the Earliest New Testament Greek
      Manuscripts (2nd edn; Wheaton, IL: Tyndale House Publishers, 2001).
Elliott, W.J. and D.C. Parker, The Gospel according to St. John: Vol. 1: The Papyri (Leiden,
      New York : E.J. Brill, 1995–).
Lake, Kirsopp, Dated Greek Minuscule Manuscripts to the Year 1200 (10 vols; Boston, 1934–
Metzger, B.M., Manuscripts of the Greek Bible: An Introduction to Greek Palaeography (New
      York: OUP, 1981).
Rettig, H.C.M., Antiquissimus quatuor evangeliorum canonicorum Codex Sangallensis
      Graeco-Latinus interlinearis nunquam adhuc collatus ad similitudinem ipsius libri manu
      scripti accuratissime delineandum et lapidibus exprimendum curavit H.C.M. Rettig
      (Turici: Schulthess, 1836).
*Swanson, Reuben, New Testament Greek Manuscripts: Variant Readings Arranged in
      Horizontal Lines Against Codex Vaticanus: John (Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press,
Kurt Aland†, Barbara Aland, Klaus Wachtel, Text und Textwert der griechischen
      Handschriften des Neuen Testaments V. Das Johannesevangelium. 1. Teststellenkollation
      der Kapitel 1-10. Bd. 1.1 Handschriftenliste und vergleichende Beschreibung, Bd. 1,2.
      Resultate der Kollation und Hauptliste (ANTT 35–36; Berlin: De Gruyter, 2005).

Bibliography for Early Versions
Horner, G., The Coptic Version of the New Testament in the Southern Dialect, Otherwise
      Called Sahidic and Thebaic: Vol. 3: The Gospel of S. John (Oxford: Clarendon, 1911).
Hoskier, H. C., Genesis of the Versions of the New Testament (2 vols.; London, 1910-11).
Jülicher, A., W. Matzkow and K. Aland, Itala: Das Neue Testament in Altlateinischer
      Überlieferung: IV, Johannesevangelium (Berlin: De Gruyter, 1963).
Kasser, R., Papyrus Bodmer III, Évangile de Jean et Genèse I–IV, 2, en bohaïrique (CSCO
      177–178, Louvain: Secrétariat du Corpus SCO, 1958).
Kiraz, G.A., Comparative Edition of the Syriac Gospels, Aligning the Sinaiticus,
                                              ersions: Volume Four, John (Leiden: E.J. Brill,
Metzger, B.M., The Early Versions of the New Testament: Their Origin, Transmission, and
      Limitations (Oxford: Clarendon, 1977).
*Quecke, Hans, Das Johannesevangelium saïdisch. Text der Handschrift PPalau Rib. Inv.-Nr.
      183 mit den Varianten der Handschriften 813 und 814 der Chester Beatty Library und
      der Handschrift M 569 (Papyrologica Castroctaviana 11; Rome, Barcelona: Biblical
      Institute Press, 1984).

Material on variants in John 1:1–18
It is assumed that major commentaries will be consulted.
Elliott, J.K., „John 1:18: “God” or “Son” Stalemate?‟ (Majority Text Society Newsletter,
       Summer 2003 []).
Hort, F.J.A., Two Dissertations (1876), 1–72.
Metzger, B.M., A Textual Commentary on the Greek New Testament (1st edn; Stuttgart:
       Deutsche Bibelgesellschaft, 1971). [contains information on 1:15 not in 2nd edn]

Metzger, B.M., A Textual Commentary on the Greek New Testament (2nd edn; Stuttgart:
    Deutsche Bibelgesellschaft, 1994).

Electronic Resources – Biblical Manuscripts Project gives online images of
      many NT mss. – Centre for the Editing of Texts in Religion
      details the Principio, Verbum and Byzantine Text projects. – Elliott, Rich, The Encyclopedia of New Testament
      Textual Criticism – Institut für Neutestamentliche Textforschung,
      the centre that produces Nestle-Aland. – Willker, Wieland, An Online
      Textual Commentary on the Greek Gospels, gives detailed comments on the variants of
      John 1:1–18. – Seid, Timothy W., Interpreting Ancient
      Manuscripts, has images of mss of John 1.

*on order for QML

(2) Genesis 1-3: text and early interpretation
Copies of the Rahlfs LXX and the Kittel BHS will be required for the first session. In the
second session, material from the Göttingen LXX will be supplied. Those preparing
introductions should use the Loeb Classics edition of Philo‟s de opificio mundi for the third
session (volume 1 in the Loeb Philo series), so that the Greek may be consulted. Others may
wish to use the old Yonge translation, available online along with other valuable Philo-related
material at The fourth session should cover material not
only from the New Testament but also from the Apostolic Fathers, e.g. 1 Clement and
Barnabas; a Loeb Classics edition should again be used in introductions.

Brenner, A. (ed.)    A Feminist Companion to Genesis (Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press,
Brown, William P. The Structure, Role and Ideology in the Hebrew and Greek Texts of
                     Genesis 1:1 – 2:3 (SBLDiss, Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1993)
Fernandez Marcos, N. The Septuagint in Context: Introduction to the Greek Version of the
                     Bible (Leiden: Brill, 2000)
Hays, Richard B.     First Corinthians (Interpretation, Louisville: WJK, 1997)
Jobes, Karen, and    Invitation to the Septuagint (Grand Rapids: Baker, 2000)
 and Silva, Moises
Loader, William      The Septuagint, Sexuality and the New Testament: Case Studies on the
                     Impact of the LXX in Philo and the New Testament (Grand Rapids:
                     Eerdmans, 2004; chapters 2, 4)
Luttikhuizen, G. P. Paradise Interpreted: Representations of Biblical Paradise in Judaism
                     and Christianity (Leiden: Brill, 1999)
   -                 The Creation of Man and Woman: Interpretations of the Biblical
                     Narratives in Jewish and Christian Traditions (Leiden: Brill, 2000)

   -                 Eve’s Children: The Biblical Stories Told and Reinterpreted in Jewish
                     and Christian Traditions (Leiden: Brill, 2003)
Pagels, Elaine       “Adam and Eve, Christ and the Church”, in A. H. B. Logan and A. J. M.
                     Wedderburn (ed.), The New Testament and Gnosis (Edinburgh: T. & T.
                     Clark, 1983; pp. 146-75)
   -                 “Exegesis of Genesis 1 in the Gospels of Thomas and John”, JBL 118
                     (1999), pp. 477-96
Runia, David         Philo of Alexandria, On the Creation of the Cosmos according to
                     Moses: Introduction and Translation (Leiden: Brill, 2001)
   -                 Philo of Alexandria and the Timaeus of Plato (Leiden: Brill, 1986)
Thiselton, A. C.     The First Epistle to the Corinthians: A Commentary on the Greek Text
                     (NIGTC, Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2000)
Watson, Francis      “The authority of the voice: A theological reading of 1 Cor 11.2-16”,
                     NTS 46 (2000), pp. 520-36
Westermann, Claus    Genesis 1-11: A Commentary (London: SPCK, 1974)
Wevers, John W.      Septuaginta: Vetus Testamentum Graecum. 1. Genesis (Göttingen:
                     Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1974)
Wevers, John W.      Notes on the Greek Text of Genesis (Septuagint and Cognate Studies 35:
                     Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1993)

(3) Galatians and extra-canonical texts
Week 9: Galatians 1 and the Gallio Inscription: Pauline Chronology

   Text A. Deissmann, St. Paul: A Study in Social and Religious History (London: Hodder
   and Stoughton, 1912), p. 246; H. Conzelmann, Acts of the Apostles (Philadelphia: Fortress
   Press, 1987), p. 152.

   Bibliography R. Riesner, Paul's Early Period (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1998); R. Jewett,
   A Chronology of Paul's Life (Philadelphia: Fortress, 1979). Paul in Acts: B. Rapske, The
   Book of Acts and Paul in Roman Custody (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1994). C.J. Hemer,
   'Observations on Pauline Chronology', in D. A. Hagner and M. J. Harris, eds. Pauline
   Studies. Essays Presented to Professor F. F. Bruce on his 70th Birthday (Grand Rapids:
   Eerdmans, 1980).

Week 10: Galatians 2 and 4QMMT: Works of the Law and Justification

   Text E. Qimron and J. Strugnell, Discoveries in the Judaean Desert: Volume 10: Qumran
   Cave 4: V, Miqsat Ma‘Ase Ha-Torah (Oxford: Clarendon, 1994); F. Garcia-Martinez & E.
   Tigchelaar, Dead Sea Scrolls Study Edition (Leiden: Brill, 1996), pp. 790-805.

   Bibliography J.D.G. Dunn, „4QMMT and Galatians‟, New Testament Studies 43 (1997)
   147-153; various essays in J. Kampen & M. Bernstein, eds. Reading 4QMMT. New
   Perspectives on Qumran Law and History (Atlanta, GA: Scholars Press, 1996); L.
   Schiffmann, 'Halakah and Sectarianism in the Dead Sea Scrolls', in T. Lim, et al., eds. The
   Dead Sea Scrolls in their Historical Context (Edinburgh: T&T Clark, 2000), pp. 123-122;

   S.J. Gathercole, Where is Boasting? Early Jewish Soteriology and Paul's Response in
   Romans 1-5 (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2002), pp. 91-111.

Week 11: Galatians 3 and CD 1-3: Israel, the Law and the Curse

   Text Again, use DJD (vol. 18) and DSSSE (end of vol. 1)

   Bibliography C. Hempel, The Damascus Texts (Sheffield: Sheffield Academic, 2000); J.M.
   Baumgarten, et al. eds. The Damascus Document: A Centennial of Discovery (Leiden:
   Brill, 2000); J.D.G. Dunn, „Works of the Law and the Curse of the Law (Galatians 3.10-
   14)‟ New Testament Studies 32 (1985), pp. 522-542; T.R. Schreiner, „“Works of Law” in
   Paul‟, Novum Testamentum 33 (1991), pp. 217-244; S. Westerholm, Perspectives Old and
   New on Paul (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2004), pp. 366-384; F.B. Watson, Paul and the
   Hermeneutics of Faith (London: Continuum, 2004), pp. 314-345; S.J. Gathercole, „Torah,
   Life and Salvation: Leviticus 18.5 in Early Judaism and the New Testament‟, in C.A.
   Evans, J.A. Sanders, eds. From Prophecy to Testament: The Function of the Old Testament
   in the New (Peabody, Mass: Hendrickson, 2004), pp. 131-150.

Week 12: Galatians 5-6 and Josephus BJ 2.119-166/Ant. 13.171-173; 18.12-25: Divine and
Human Agency

   Text Use Loeb Classical Library text and translation.

   Bibliography A.J. Saldarini, Pharisees, Scribes and Sadducees in Palestinian Society
   (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2001 [1998]), pp. 107-133; S. Mason, Flavius Josephus on the
   Pharisees (Leiden: Brill, 1991); J.M.G. Barclay, Obeying the Truth. A Study of Paul‟s
   Ethics in Galatians (Studies of the New Testament and its World; Edinburgh: T&T Clark,
   1988); Gordon D. Fee, God's Empowering Presence: The Holy Spirit in the Letters of Paul
   (Peabody MA: Hendrickson, 1994), pp. 420-469 + conclusion on pp. 469-471.

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