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Chapter 3

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									                                 Chapter 3
   1930-PRESENT
   1929 Carnegie Report
   Depression-What happened to
    structured sports? Recreation?
   NEA – Jay Nash assigned to evaluate
    the school physical education programs
       APEA & NEA merge giving the new
        AAHPERD
                                       Chapter 3
   1932 FDR takes office and creates
    programs to keep individuals busy
       Private Sector –Boy Scouts, Girl Scouts,
        YMCA/YWCA
   1943- Physical Education is a complete
    failure and should be replaced by
    “Fitness Programs”
   1950’s Hans Kraus & Ruth Hirschland
                             Chapter 3
   President Eisenhower forms the
    “Presidents Council on Youth
    Fitness”/Physical Fitness & Sport
   Two fitness-leaders emerge Jack
    LaLanne & Charles Atlas
   1954 Brown vs Board of Education
   1956 Rosa Parks
   1957 Russians send Sputnik into space
                              Chapter 3
   1967 Bowerman writes “Jogging”
   1968 Kenneth Cooper “Aerobics”
   1969 Sorenson starts Aerobic Dance
   1972 Title IX of the Educational
    Amendments act passes
   1975 U.S. Congress passes Bill S.6 94-
    142(education of all handicapped
    children)
                                  Chapter 3
   Physical Education is now moving
    towards:
       Outdoor Education, Adventure Education,
        Movement Education,with very strong
        disciplines in Biomechanics, Motor
        Learning, Sport Psychology, Sport
        Sociology, Sport History and Sport
        Philosophy.
   Organizations & Certifications
                                          Chapter 3
   ACSM
       Certified Personal Trainer
       Health/Fitness Instructor
       Exercise Specialist
       Registered Clinical Exercise Physiologist
   NSCA
       Personal Trainer
       C.S.C.S
   Fitness Gram

								
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