VOL 94 NO 11 March 25. 1989
sat there, a stranger. in the
I They obviously lovedThere must have been it150 peopleattitudecongregation.
Jesus—they showed in their
But I didn't know any of them.
My son was there, somewhere among the people. This Sunday evening was
to be his special night. He was giving his life to the Lord. He was to be baptised
in this strange church, among people who were unfamiliar to me, who didn't
believe in all that is sacred to me.
Why was I sitting in this strange church to witness my son's baptism among
strangers? It should have been different. I felt comforted that he loved his Lord,
that he wanted to give his heart to Him. However, for me, this joyous occasion
was full of regret and sadness as well.
Why wasn't he being baptised in our own church with his grandfather
officiating and our church family around us?
The order of service was unfamiliar. Although many of the gospel songs were
familiar, the clapping and swinging to rhythm were strange.
He stood in the font. Tall, handsome, surrounded by young people who
loved him and who were plainly overjoyed to see him take his stand for the
It was a simple service and he stamped it with his own touch of humour and
enthusiasm. I cried with a blend of happiness and disappointment. How could
I begrudge him happiness and Christian friends when his peers had never
shown acceptance before?
How can I condemn their lack of belief in the fourth commandment, as I be-
lieve it, when they obviously love my son in a way he has never experienced be-
Has the Adventist Church lost a boy full of enthusiasm and unbounded en-
ergy because they were unable to accept or understand him in a way every
human heart longs to be accepted?
Do we place too much store on conforming to stereotypes and, in so doing,
overlook the glorious individuality God has given us each one?
Will the church of his birth ever accept him and prove attractive to him?
Seventh-day Adventist Church
South Pacific Division
Editor James Coffin
Associate Editors Gary Krause
Assistant Editor Joy Totenhofer
who oppose ordaining women
M anypastoral ministry (or that the
elders) point out, correctly,
Granted, we don't know much about
Phebe or about how women may have
been selected and inaugurated as dea-
Editorial Secretary Glenda Fairall
Copy Editor Graeme Brown Bible contains no directive or precedent cons, but we do have Biblical precedent
Graphic Designer David Blyde for it. Many also argue that Paul's state- for women to serve in this capacity.
Illustrator Wayne Louk
Senior Consulting Editor A. H. Tolhursi ments in 1 Corinthians 14:34, 35 and 1 Further as a church we have recognised
Correspondents R. H. Baird, J. T. Banks, Timothy 2:11-15 aren't based on cul- the need for women to play such a role.
R. L. Coombe, M. Darius, A. Kabu, N. K. Peatey,
L. Solomon, P. B. Weekes ture, but describe a God-sanctioned Thus we have established the office of
Regional Reporters D. D. Blanch, R. K. Brown, order. "deaconess." So why have we tradition-
R. G. Douglas, G. W. W. Drinkall, L. J. Laredo, However, before we unduly empha- ally not ordained women filling this role?
M. R. Potts, L. R. Rice, G. M. Smith,
E. M. Greenwell, R. W. Townend, A. R. Walshe sise these two arguments, we need to Has our withholding of ordination im-
Local Reporters Church Communication look at their implications. After all, con- plied that we view the female deacon's
Secretaries sistency and credibility go hand in hand. (the term "deaconess" doesn't come
Subscriptions South Pacific Division, SA25.00
SNZ28.75. All other regions, SA48.25 SNZ55.50.
1. Understandably, the Bible provides from the Bible) role as different from, in-
Air mail postage rates on application. Order from no directive or precedent for many prac- ferior to, or of lesser spiritual significance
Signs Publishing Company, Warburton, Victoria tices common in the church today— than that of the male deacon? But on
Manuscripts All copy for the paper should be including the ordination of men to pas- what basis? Or does it reflect something
sent to The Editor, RECORD, Signs Publishing toral ministry. about our culture's attitudes toward
Company, Warburton, Victoria 3799. Phone The Bible says the 12 apostles were or- women and the role we will allow them
(059) 66 9111. Telefax (059) 66 9019
Printed weekly by Signs Publishing Company. dained (Mark 3:14; Acts 1:22). It says to play in things spiritual?
elders were ordained (Acts 14:23; Titus On the other hand, since we seem to
Directory of the South Pacific Division of the 1:5). It says the apostles laid hands on have been quite comfortable accepting
Seventh-day Adventist Church, the seven deacons (Acts 6:6). And hands female deacons (as long as we call them
148 Fox Valley Road, Wahroonga, NSW 2076,
were laid on Paul and Barnabas before "deaconesses" and don't ordain them—
President Walter Scragg their missionary journey (Acts 13:3). even though they really perform the
Secretary Athal Tolhurst Paul declares that he was "ordained" same function as deacons), would we
Treasurer Tom Andrews
Associate Secretary V. B. Parmenter
(the word ordained can merely mean ap also accept female pastors and female
Associate Treasurers O. S. Mason, L. G. pointed, see various modern trans- elders (as long as we called them
Wilson lations) "a preacher, and an apostle." He "pastoresses" and "elderesses" and
Field Secretary A. J. Ferch
Archivist and Statistician R. E. Clifford
goes on to define his role more didn't ordain them—even though they
Auditor G. J. Bland, Associates E. N. Hokin, specifically as a "teacher of the Gentiles" would perform the same function as the
M. E. Mitchell, E. J. Moffitt, N. F. Sawert, (1 Timothy 2:7, emphasis mine). male pastor or male elder)?
K. E. Watts
There simply is no New Testament 3. If the crystal-clear statements of 1
Adventist Health D. E. Bain (Director), H. J.
reference to the ordination of pastors. Corinthians 14:34, 35 and 1 Timothy
Stanton And equating elders and pastors doesn't 2:11-15 aren't based on culture, but de-
Church Ministries A. E. Birch (Director), provide a solution. It merely creates a scribe a God-sanctioned order, then why
A. B. Gane (Youth), B. K. Craig (Family Life),
P. R. Jack (Personal Ministries), L. R. Chester new problem, of at least equal magni- have we allowed women to speak in our
(Sabbath School) tude, in a different arena. churches—particularly in our Sabbath
Communication, Public Affairs and Religious So, on the basis of Biblical precedent schools—throughout the history of our
Liberty R. L. Coombe
Education G. F. Clifford (Director), and directive, there's no more reason for denomination?
L. D. Devine, B. A. Hill, J. I. Howie, R. A. Spoor pastors to be ordained than for teachers, How can we justify trotting out Paul's
Health Food E. W. Grosser (Director), R. L.
Rogers, R. G. Windus
Bible workers or several other groups. statements only when women's ordi
Ministerial Association A. D. C. Currie 2. The fact that the Seventh-day nation is mentioned? The statements
Publishing J. T. Knopper Adventist Church has traditionally not either are or aren't influenced by culture.
Trust Services J. L. Lansdown ordained its "deaconesses" (although it's If they aren't, then women should im-
happening occasionally now) raises in- mediately be banned from speaking in
ADRA G. A. Laxton (Director), N. Hughes,
W. P. Truscott, A. H. Forbes
teresting questions—because here is a churches. We can't have it both ways.
Christian Services for the Blind and Hearing case where we do have Biblical There may be valid theological or so-
Impaired E. C. Lemkc precedent. ciological arguments against ordaining
Risk Management Service R. E. Smith
There was at least one female deacon women. But if we deny them ordination
in New Testament times (Romans 16:1, on the basis of the two arguments I've
RSV; Seventh-day Adventist Bible Com just analysed, then we'd better prepare
mentary, Vol 6, page 649)—despite the for major changes in church practice.
fact that the criteria for being a deacon, Or we'd better prepare to live with
as for being an elder, include being the some credibility-destroying incon-
husband of one wife ( 1 Timothy 3:12)! sistencies. James Coffin.
RECORD March 25. 1989
Questionable Interpretation Pastor Taylor, in deference to the rolewas Timothy (1 Timothy 4:6). A deacon
The articles by Pastors Taylor and of Ellen G. White in our church, is was able to baptise (Acts 8:38).
Rudge on the ordination of women happy to allow women to preach. How- Romans 16:1 tells of a woman hold-
(February 18) employ a number of ques- ever, 1 Corinthians 14:34, 35, to which ing this ordained position. Further, most
tionable points of interpretation: he later refers, forbids them even to speak
Bible translations indicate (at least in
1. The Old Testament priest is not a within the church. their footnotes) that 1 Timothy 3:11
parallel to the New Testament minister It is evident that the Pauline writings,
isn't talking about the wives of deacons;
(literally "servant"). as with all Scripture, are the product ofit's talking about women deacons (or
2. The incarnation is a model of div- conceptual rather than verbal inspi- ministers). So these two passages clearly
ine servitude (Mark 10:45), not of minis- ration and therefore are influenced by show that women were ordained in the
try as a masculine monopoly. the culture of their day. One has only toNew Testament church.
3. Addressing God as Father is a compare 1 Corinthians 11:14 (where it is Pastor Taylor also wrongly states that
metaphor emphasising God's com- declared disgraceful for a man to have Ellen White never suggested women
passion (Psalm 103:13), and does not long hair) with Numbers 6:5 (where long should be ordained. Perhaps he has over-
denote the ministry as a male pre- hair is considered part of the Nazarite looked these statements:
serve. vow) to note two diverse cultural situ- "There are women who should labor
4. 1 Corinthians 14:33-36 and 1 ations within Scripture. in the gospel ministry."—Evangelism,
Timothy 2:11-15 do not address the The Scriptures, to my reading, make page 472. "Women . .. should be set
problem of women's ordination, but of no concrete statement on the ordination apart to do this work by prayer and the
noisy women in specific congregations. of women. And they certainly make no laying on of hands."—Review and Her
It is no more valid to universalise these statement condemning it. It is time that ald, July 9, 1895. "The Holy Spirit ...
injunctions against feminine speech we as a church looked toward the merit prepares workers, both men and women,
than it would be to restrict for all time of the individual rather than being con- to become pastors to the flock of
the number of speakers to two or three (1 cerned with their gender, age or race. God."— Testimonies, Vol 6, page 332.
Corinthians 14:29). But note that the Colin Fair, NSW. Pastor Taylor quotes Dr Samuele
permitted speakers included women (1 Bacciocchi's book Women in the Church.
Corinthians 11:5). Sad Day I have underlined every un-Biblical and
5. It is important to realise how in- Pastor Taylor says the New Testament theologically incorrect statement I
formal New Testament worship was. church had only a male ministry (Febru- found in the book—and only a dozen
Although appointment of leaders be- ary 18). That isn't so. double pages don't contain under-
came more formalised by the time Paul The two levels of ministry in the New lining!
wrote to Timothy, women were not ex- Testament were elder and deacon. The The only reason for opposing ordi-
cluded (Romans 16:1). Greek word for the latter is sometimes nation of women is tradition. And it's a
In the end, all sides have to face the translated "deacon," but is more often sad day when the Adventist Church
fact that the New Testament gives no translated "minister." Paul was a deacon bases its theology on tradition rather
clear statement for or against the ordi- (Ephesians 3:7; Colossians 1:23, 25), as than on inspired writings.
nation of women. Therefore, the ques- Phil Ward, Qld.
tion can only be decided on the prin-
•7 4- A *<
ciples of the gospel.
Ordination is not a sacrament. It is the
recognition by the congregation that
God is working with and through an in-
dividual for the building up of the con-
gregation. It would be a very hollow
spiritual equality (Galatians 2:28) if the
spiritual community refused to recognise
formally the ministry that certain
women already perform.
Norman H. Young,
Senior Lecturer, New Testament,
Pastors Taylor and Rudge have
offered the usual arguments against the
ordination of women. While their
opinions are to be respected, they are
only that: opinions. None of the Scrip-
ture quotations noted are direct com-
ments on ordination.
RECORD March 25, 1989
Why an Issue? is no Biblical directive saying women date they have piled up—since a major
Why is the ordination of women an cannot be ordained. And in the absence function of a prophet is to explain Scrip-
issue? There is no Biblical precedent, of such a directive, let's put away the ar- ture. So why didn't Ellen White explain
and the Bible is quite clear about the chaic, gospel-defeating arguments about these passage to herself?
God-ordained male priesthood in both women's ordination and welcome them But she did. Her not preaching with
the immediate family and the larger into the organised work of spreading the James on the platform is a clear and con-
church family. gospel just as quickly as we can. sistent exegesis. She is God's mightiest
Let's not confuse the issue of gender Neville A. Salmond, SA. mouthpiece in 19 long centuries.
equality and the recognition and exer- I can understand traditionalists with
cise of spiritual gifts. Both men and 10 Answers vested interests having problems seeing
women can receive, make full use of, and I propose the following answers to the Sabbath truth because of some of us
receive full recognition for the same Pastor Knopper's 10 questions about the not seeing the provision in Scripture for
spiritual gifts—without being ordained. ordination of women (February 18): the ordination of women. Surely our loy-
No one should desire to be ordained. Or- 1. The only requirement for ordi- alty to the Inspired Word would be more
dination is God's sole prerogative nation in the days of Deborah, Huldah convincing if we showed some attempt
through His ordained priesthood. We and the other female prophets was to be to get back to it. Lynden Kent, NSW.
should seriously question the motives of a male descendant of Aaron. Most of the
those desiring the ordination of male prophets would not have qualified Spot-On
women. either. Thank you for the two articles on the
In these troubled and uncertain times 2. No. Neither should many male ordination of women (February 18). I
God needs men and women who are preachers. agree explicitly with both authors.
dogmatically sure of the foundation of 3. No. Ordaining women will not (Mrs) Jean Simpson, Vie.
their faith and not afraid to speak out for necessarily give a higher profile.
Him. Claude Wiltshire, NSW. 4. If ordination is seen as recognition A Reading Must
of a spiritual gift, Yes. If ordination is God only knows how happy I am after
A Few Questions merely a status symbol, then no one reading the articles in the RECORD
Regarding the ordination of women should be ordained. about the ordination of women (Febru-
(February 18): 5. Administrations have a great ary 18).
Which is greater, ordination by God ability to ignore actions they find un- My wife and I, former Roman Cath-
or ordination by humans? Everyone is pleasant. Perhaps the 1881 motion went olics, became Seventh-day Adventists
called (1 Corinthians 7:17). Every the way of so many others—under the because of our conviction that this is the
Christian is an ordained priest (Revel- carpet. church of God, the church that believes
ation 1:6). We are a holy priesthood (1 o. No. But what do all the men or- that the Bible is all we need to follow.
Peter 2:5). We are a royal priesthood (1 dained as elders do? Then, after our conversion, a woman
Peter 2:9). Are not all equal in God's 7. If other Christians feel that it is and a young unmarried man were or-
eyes? Or were the Bible writers out of right to ordain women, their opinion dained as elders in our congregation. In
touch? must not be ignored. After all, their spite of our love for our sister and
The majority of religious organis- Bible is the same as ours. brother, this doesn't seem right in light
ations have an excuse for their ignorance 8. Yes. And it says the same about of the Bible's teaching.
in these matters, but we profess to be a deacons. But I am unmarried and a dea- As we prayed and studied we came
people of the Bible. con. Is my ordination unscriptural? across the book Women in the Church,
Incidentally, who created the division 9. The basis for our faith must be by Dr Samuele Bacciocchi. We believe
between ordained male clergy and laity? Scripture. However, our basis for prac- that everyone in the church who wants
I rest my case. S. F. Higgins, NSW. tice must not ignore our culture. to follow the Bible should read this book
10. The Bible is clear on the subject, before making a decision on the matter
Alarm Bells but it seems that many of us are "ever of women's ordination.
What an alarming situation when hearing, but never understanding." This book will not leave you with any
Adventist lay people have to read such lan Butler, NSW. shadow of doubt. The problem is not
poorly structured arguments as those one of worth but of function. There is no
presented against the ordination of Fool's Gold problem of who is greater, but of what
women in the RECORD of February 18. Any Adventist who applies 1 kind of ministry is right for me—male or
The arguments were incomplete, biased, Corinthians 14:34, 35 and 1 Timothy female—according to God's order. We
unbalanced opinions. 2:9-15 to "men" and "women" instead are all of equal value, but have different
It is incorrect to argue on the basis of of to "husbands" and "wives" has unwit- functions. Alfred Minks, NSW.
(1) the lack of directives and (2) tingly tossed Ellen White out with the
precedents from a man-only situation. tailings, to keep a pile of pyrites. (See "It
Those precedents were established in a Wasn't Sackcloth," December 17.) Views expressed in Letters to the Editor do not necess-
totally different culture from what we see Further, they sit on this mound of arily represent those of the editors or the denomination.
Letters should not exceed 250 words and should be mailed
around us today. The writers seem to fool's gold from which cavillers have to RECORD Editor, Signs Publishing Company,
have totally ignored the relevance of been hurling hunks of pyrites at Ellen Warburton Victoria 3799. Writers must include their
women's role in society at that time and White for over a century. How sad. For name, address and telephone number. Letters received
more than three weeks after the date of the issue carrying
the dramatic changes since that time. she exercised authority and taught men the article to which they respond will normally not be
We need to get one thing clear: There in a manner far beyond the false man- printed.
RECORD March 25, 1989
Driving the Spikes In
Pulling Them Out?
by Colin Winch
I see the two old men, probably with long white hair and beards,
struggling up the slope. They're carrying a ladder.
T he Bible's willingness to under-
state amazes me. Often we get
only the bare bones of a story—
told in a just such a way that we want to
know more. Such is the case with Luke
Nicodemus, "Get another ladder. You'll
have to come up and help me."
So the old man trots down the hill,
hurrying to the nearest village. Having
procured another ladder, he labours up
23:50-53. the hill with it. Then he puts it at the side
We know little about Joseph, except of the cross.
that he was from Arimathea. Obviously, Together, these two old men, secret
he was a secret disciple of Jesus. Then, disciples no longer, gradually take out
right at the end of Jesus' ministry, he the other nails. They gently drape
takes courage and approaches the Christ's limp arms over their shoulders.
governor for permission to take Jesus' I'm sure if Jesus were alive He'd have
body from the cross. said, "Thank you for coming just when I
As I read this account, I ask myself, needed you!"
"But how could he do that all by himself? But He's dead. And so they take the
He must have had help." body down.
I see the three crosses on that rocky Where is the favourite disciple—
crag. They're tall, made from large Peter? Cringing in a back room, scared
pieces of timber. The reason for putting deed was the long-looked-for Redeemer, stiif of what might happen to him.
people on crosses was to make an ex- the Saviour! Peter—that man of iron! Where is he—
ample of them. They certainly aren't Could it be that this conviction the man who said he would do anything
close to the ground. So Joseph must have brought them out of hiding? Their tim- for Jesus?
had someone to help him. idity vanished. They suddenly became Oh, Peter had meant what he'd said.
John 19:38 tells us that Nicodemus courageous men. Here they are, showing When they tried to take his Master, he
was that helper. Both were timid men. affection for the One who is accursed, pulled out his sword, with every inten-
Nicodemus had come to Jesus by night, the One who has been crucified, the One tion of splitting that servant's head right
and Joseph was a secret disciple for fear who has died the death of a criminal. down the centre. But he missed, and
of the Jews. When you consider it, they chose a lopped off his ear instead. He didn't in-
I like to picture the scene. Jesus in the most inopportune time—requesting per- tend that, you can rest assured. Not
centre, the thieves' crosses on each side. I mission to bury a criminal—granted that Peter.
see the two old men, probably with long they'd been frightened to be associated But where is he now? It takes two old,
white hair and beards, struggling up the with Him while He was still alive. once-frightened men to come and gently
slope. They're carrying a ladder. I picture Joseph, the one who has put the Master to rest.
And as they go, they're disappointed some up-and-dust about him, taking the I think back on my activities of yester-
and somewhat confused. But they want initiative. I see him with a claw, wrestling day, and the past week, or even just this
to pay their last respects. with a spike, trying to withdraw it from morning. Have my actions driven the
Why didn't they come out into the the hand of the Master. spikes in? Or pulled them out? I'm as-
open before? Could it be that it wasn't As the spike comes out, the body of sured in Hebrews 6:6 that it's possible for
until they saw the Master crucified on Jesus slumps forward. Joseph frantically me to crucify afresh the Son of man and
the cross that the penny dropped, that tries to hold it. Nicodemus, watching put Him to open shame.
the prophecies fell into place? Here in- from the foot of the ladder, tenses. Do my actions, do yours, like Peter's,
"Careful, Joseph. Careful with the Mas- bring pain and shame to the Master? Do
Colin Winch is president o) the Central facipc
Union Mission, with headquarters in Suva, Fiji. This
ter," he says. they drive the spikes in again? Or, with
article is adapted from a sermon he recently Joseph, clinging to Christ's body, re- Joseph and Nicodemus, do my actions
preached at the Lilydale church, Victoria. alises he can't do it alone. He tells and yours help to pull them out? Q3
RECORD March 25, 1989
History of the New
Testament Text— 1
by Arthur J. Ferch
Given the thousands of handwritten documents, the New Testament is
the best-attested body of ancient writings.
T he history of modern-language
translations of the New Testa-
ment is fascinating, yet some-
times poorly understood. Questions that
are frequently raised include:
Autographs and Copies. The story
of the New Testament begins with the
writing—under the supervision of the
Holy Spirit—of the documents that now
make up our New Testament. The
of a copy of John's Gospel in a provin-
cial town of Egypt—about 1,000 kilo-
metres from its traditional site of
composition—within about a gener-
ation of the gospel having been writ-
What happened to the original New Christian church came to believe that ten.
Testament writings? What types of New these books and letters originated, like Copies of New Testament writings
Testament manuscripts are in existence their Old Testament counterparts, when were obviously produced for neighbour-
today? How did the variations in the men impelled by the Holy Spirit spoke ing churches and must have spread from
sacred text come about? To what degree the words of God (2 Peter 1:20, 21). district to district (compare Colossians
do these variations affect the New Certainly Paul believed that he wrote 4:16). As congregations began to incor-
Testament's teachings? How well- under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit porate the reading and exposition of the
attested is the New Testament when com- (1 Corinthians 7:40; 1 Timothy 4:1). Christian writings into their worship ser-
pared with other ancient manuscripts? And Peter claimed that Paul's writings vices, the need for copies of the New Tes-
What changes occurred when printed were on a level with the other inspired tament documents became apparent.
text replaced handwritten copies? What Scriptures (2 Peter 3:16). Newly established churches probably
is the Textus Receptus? Why did the so- Unfortunately, the autographs (orig- received copies of the New Testament
called "Standard Text," which is the inal documents) did not survive long. from their founders or by transcribing
basis of modern-language New Testa- Wear and tear, frequent use and imperial the founders' manuscript or borrowed
ment translations, replace the Textus edicts demanding the destruction of the copies. It would appear that in the
Receptus? How did Ellen G. White and Christian sacred books account for their earliest period there were no professional
Adventists in the past relate to various early disappearance. However, when the copying centres (called scriptoria), hence
Bible versions? documents first appeared the early be- manuscripts would have been copied
Lack of clarity concerning these and lievers did not wait long before they privately by hand. The practice of copy-
other issues has at times led to conten- made handwritten copies and distrib- ing by hand opened the possibility for
tion and bewilderment—especially uted them among the communities of divergences (or variants) in reading to
when agreement with a particular assess- faith (compare Colossians 4:16). creep into the text.
ment of Bible versions has been made a Some of these manuscripts (a word de-
criterion of orthodoxy. rived from Latin, meaning "written by Versions. Christianity entered a
The purpose of this six-article series, hand") travelled hundreds of kilometres world in which Greek was the world
which will be run in the RECORD at shortly after they were written. This is language. Greek was spoken and under-
fortnightly intervals, is not to evaluate well-illustrated by one papyrus stood in both the west and the east of the
modern translations of the New Testa- fragment—the oldest copy of any Roman Empire. The New Testament
ment (this has already been done). portion of the New Testament known to writers employed the Greek of daily con-
Rather, I wish to trace the history of the exist today. This fragment (known as Pa- versation (ie, the Koine or "common"
books comprising the New Testament pyrus 52) was found in Egypt. It con- Greek). However, its quality varied from
from the time of their composition to the tains only a few verses of the Gospel of the rather polished language of the Book
present day. My aim is to help readers John, in Greek. On the basis of the style of Hebrews to the "Jewish Greek" of the
gain an overall perspective so they can of script, the fragment has been dated last book of the Bible.
assess modern translations in the light of AD 125. Two documents illustrate the com-
the New Testament text prevalent at the John's Gospel is generally assumed to mon use of Greek in the first-century
birth of Christianity. have been written in the last decade of church. The first, known as "1 Clem-
the first century AD in the city of ent," is an epistle composed in Greek
Arthur J. Ferch, ThD, isfield secretaryfor the South Ephesus in Asia Minor. Thus, this scrap and sent by the church of Rome to the
Pacific Division. of papyrus proves the existence and use church at Corinth in about AD 95. Fifty
RECORD March 25, 1989
years later a treatise entitled "Shepherd ided into a system of lessons. form meaning "inch-sized" (literally, "a
of Hermas" (in which the author shared These arrangements were called 12th part") letters. Early copies of the
with his fellow Christians in Rome his lectionaries. Though scholars are still New Testament were written in this
understanding of the delay in the second uncertain as to the lectionaries' date of more formal book-hand style, character-
coming) was also written in Greek. origin, it is generally conceded that they ised by Greek capitals with each letter
By the end of the second century AD, preserve a text that is often much older separated from the other.
however, radical changes were taking than the actual date of the manuscript However, the book-hand style began
place in the Roman Empire. The Greek might lead one to believe. to diminish, and by the beginning of the
language was being confined primarily ninth century a script of small letters in a
to the east. However, historian Adolf Patristic Citations. In addition to running hand was introduced for the
Harnack, a respected historian of the handwritten copies of the original Greek production of books. This cursive style,
early-church period, says that from the New Testament compositions or their called minuscule (meaning "rather
mid-second to the mid-fourth century translations into regional languages, we small"), coexisted with the uncial type of
the greatest concentration of Christians have a considerable body of comment script for about two centuries, after
was in the east. And it was among these on the Christian Scriptures by the spiri- which the cursive replaced the uncial let-
Greek-speaking groups of the east that tual leaders (generally known as the tering.
copies of the Greek New Testament con- Church Fathers) of the various early- Thus, the various scripts assist us in
tinued to be transcribed. Christian communities. dating the New Testament manuscripts.
As the Greek language became less These "patristic citations," beginning Copies from up to the eighth century are
widely used, regional languages began to with the second century AD, witness to written exclusively in uncials. Those
assert themselves. Since Christianity the particular types of New Testament from the ninth to the 11th centuries are
spread principally among common texts that were popular in the geographi- partly uncials and partly minuscules.
people who no longer understood cal regions in which the leaders lived or And from the llth century on Greek
Greek, it became increasingly important to which they travelled. New Testament manuscripts are written
to express the gospel in the languages of in minuscules. In fact, the number of late
the various geographic regions. Writing Materials. The earliest minuscules outnumbers the older uncial
By the mid-third century the Christian known New Testament Scriptures were manuscripts by more than 10 to one.
church in Italy, Africa, Gaul and some all written on papyrus. We presently
other provinces had become a Latin- know of 41 papyri from the period up to Conclusion. So far we have noted
speaking church. The churches of Rome the third/fourth century AD, all of that no autographs of the New Testa-
and Carthage (North Africa) were corre- which were preserved in the hot, dry ment writings are extant. The earliest
sponding in Latin by about AD 250. In sands of Egypt. witnesses to the New Testament consist
some areas, especially in the region Papyrus was the cheapest and most of generally fragmentary Greek manu-
around Edessa (now known as Urfa), commonly used writing material of the scripts, versions, lectionaries and patris-
Christians came to use the Syriac time. In later centuries parchment, a tic citations in various languages. All of
language. Similarly, Christian monastic much more expensive writing material these were written by hand either on the
orders in Egypt used various Coptic dia- made from the hides of young goats, papyri or parchments. The earliest
lects from the beginning of the third cen- sheep, calves or antelope, gradually re- manuscripts were written in the formal
tury. placed papyrus. uncial script, whereas the later
At the end of the second century and The earliest parchment manuscript of minuscules are characterised by a cursive
the beginning of the third, New Testa- the New Testament dates from the form of handwriting.
ment translations (also known as ver- second/third century. But the best- Given the thousands of handwritten
sions) began to appear in Latin, Syriac preserved and most famous parchments documents, the New Testament is the
and Coptic. In the following centuries of the Christian Scriptures are the fourth- best-attested body of ancient writings.
translations were produced in century Codex Vaticanus and Codex Yet in spite of the multitude of wit-
Armenian, Georgian, Gothic, Slavonic, Sinaiticus. nesses, there are no two manuscripts
Ethiopic and other languages. Parchment remained in use as a which are word for word the same. How
Since these translations of the Greek writing material for New Testament can this be explained? It is to this issue
New Testament originated in distinct documents until the 16th century. It we will turn our attention in an article
geographical areas, they help students of then gave way to paper, which the Chi- that will appear on April 8. Q]
the New Testament text identify nese had introduced to the occidental
idiosyncracies of the manuscript tra- world centuries before.
dition in the regions where the trans-
lations were made.
Lectionaries. Following the Jewish
Style of Writing. Scholars classify
the handwritten copies of the New Testa-
ment according to material on which it is
custom of reading Old Testament pass-
ages during the synagogue services, the
written and style of writing used. During
the early-church period scribes used one
Christian church instituted readings type of script for non-literary and
from the New Testament for Saturday
and Sunday services as well as for other
common-place Greek documents and
another for literary works.
occasions. For this purpose, the Biblical Literary compositions utilised a script
text of the Gospels and Epistles was div- called "uncial," which is an abbreviated
RECORD March 25, 1989
Central Chiapas, with CORD for $A35 and
28,971 members, and head- SNZ48, should have been
quarters in Tuxtla SNZ40 for single purchases
Gutierrez; and North and SNZ35 for bulk pur-
Chiapas, with 33,005 mem- chases of six or more. The
bers, and headquarters in video is designed as an "en-
Pichucalco. tering wedge" and is avail-
able at all Adventist Book
Navutoka's Struggle Centres.
The 35 members of the
Navutoka company in the Music and Worship
Provonsha Speaks at Wahroonga Tonga and Niue Mission Pastor Louis Torres has
have commenced erecting a been conducting meetings
Jack Provonsha (third from right) gave the graduation new church—but the relating to music and wor-
address on February 12 at Wahroonga church when 35 $T 10,500 needed is a real ship in the North New
students from the "Green" nursing class graduated from struggle for the small group. South Wales Conference
the Avondale College Wahroonga Campus. Dr Provonsha, Company leader Soeli Nau during March. A founding
now retired, established the Centre for Christian Bioethics and builder Namu Tuifua member of Bill Halley's
at Loma Linda University, California. Others who partici- would appreciate any help, Comets, Pastor Torres has
pated in the ceremony included (from left): Alwyn Gal- says local mission president been a leading musician
way, head of the School of Nursing; Sydney Adventist David Hay. with some of America's top
Hospital General Superintendent, Dr H. E. Clifford, SAH rock groups. He is now sec-
Director of Nursing Rose-marie Radley, Dr Tim Gorle, retary of the Greater New
acting principal, Avondale College and Dr Geoffrey York Conference.
Madigan, registrar, Avondale College. Prizes for excellence
were awarded to Yvette Tooby, Wendy Lee, Kathryn New Complex
Todd and Denise Murray. The Ballina Shire Council
has approved a development
Handicapped Home? no work in this application for the establish-
The North New South predominantly Muslim ment of Stage 1 of a retire-
Wales Conference has ap- country, says Saleem A. ment village complex at
proved the establishment of Farag, HAD Health and Chefs Win Medals Alstonville, near Lismore,
an investigative and steering Temperance director. Chefs from Auckland NSW.
committee to consider the Adventist Hospital recently
possibility of establishing a New Church won medals with four of Advance in WA
home for handicapped and A new church building their five entries in culinary During 1988 some 208
retarded children in the for Hastings, NZ, is due to competitions held at the people were baptised in
conference. be completed in late May, Chase Stadium. The medals Western Australia through
according to publicity were for margarine carvings, the combined efforts of
Food Conference officer Cushla Cruickshank. and included one of the ministry and laity—a 50 per
The Health Food Depart- Members celebrated the four-headed leopard of cent increase over the pre-
ment of the General Con- centenary of Adventism in Daniel 7. The hospital staff vious year. "This is an aver-
ference will conduct an In- Hastings last year, just be- also took medals in the veg- age of nine baptisms for
ternational Health Foods fore the Nelson Street etarian section and the fruit each minister," says confer-
Conference at Coffs Har- church was sold. The con- flan junior section. AAH ence president Peter
bour, NSW, from April 2 to gregation will continue head chef Michael Colquhoun. "If we could
9. Eric Felhberg, General meeting in rented quarters Johnson's entry of two old maintain that ratio through-
Conference World Health until the new complex in gold diggers (pictured) out the Trans-Australian
Food director will attend Ada Street, close to received a silver medal—no Union Conference we
the conference. Windsor Park, is available. gold was awarded. Made would almost equal results
Members are fundraising in from cubes of pastry mar- in Papua New Guinea!"
Somalia Clinic order to open the building garine more than a metre
Eastern Africa Division debt-free. square, the carvings were Macedonian Call
officials have begun nego- displayed for some weeks in Pastor Nikola Trajkov,
tiating with the Somalia Mexico Divides the foyer of the Adventist from the South Yugoslavian
Government regarding At constituency meetings Hospital. Conference, has been in-
establishing a dental clinic held late January, members vited to conduct an evangel-
in the capital city of of the South Mexican Con- Contact Video in NZ istic campaign for
Mogadishu. Seventh-day ference voted to divide the The Final Act video, ad- Macedonian people in Mel-
Adventists currently have conference into two— vertised recently in RE- bourne, Victoria.
RECORD March 25, 1989
this will help them to con- commenced studies in the
Burma Fires tinue learning how to be Faculty of Medicine at the Smokeless Flop
Major fires broke out in effective Christians," says University of Newcastle this The F. J. Reynolds
southern Burma on Febru- Pastor Walshe. year. Each year, the faculty Tobacco Company is to dis-
ary 16, destroying 20,000 reserves five spaces to in- continue test marketing the
homes and leaving 22,000 $1m Bursary Fund duct aboriginal students. smokeless cigarette, ending
people homeless. The Avondale College Only four were awarded this a planned billion dollar
Foundation has recognised year. Kelly's father, Frank product launch. "While
Full House the need for financial assist- Saunders, is a recent gradu- smokers are interested in
The Waitara church, on ance for theology and busi- ate from Avondale College, the concept, the current
Sydney's outer North Shore, ness students. At its half- and is pastoring in Sydney. product has not achieved
is commencing a second yearly executive meeting on He is also ministering five adequate consumer accept-
service each Sabbath to ac- February 26, it unanimously days a week at Dubbo, in ance," the company said.—
commodate the crowds at- voted to extend the southern New South Wales. The Herald, 1/3/89.
tending. The first service foundation's current bursary
will commence at 9 am, fol- scheme by launching a pro-
lowed by Sabbath school at
10 am and a second wor-
gram to raise a capital base STORY
of $ 1 million. The annual
ship service at 11.30 am. income from this fund
"This situation results from
a mission conducted by Pas-
would be allocated solely
for student bursaries.
Rotten Egg Shampoo
tor George Bumside over
the past six months, plus a NZ Youth Rally by Julie Millett
successful Creative Activi- Greater Sydney Confer-
ties outreach run by the
church," says local pastor
ence Youth director Eric
White will be guest speaker
at a youth rally in Wiremu
J Victoria. Rossthey collectedsheep stationorphaned lambs,
ulie and lived on a in northern
Each morning they fed the
and after school eggs for their
Street church hall, Auck- mother.
Youths in Cells land, NZ, commencing at Some of the hens laid their eggs in the hayshed. And
Following the recent 10 am on April 8. one night, tired of doing their tasks, the children decided to
Canberra Youth Congress, have some fun.
Tasmanian Youth director Studying Medicine "I bet I can throw an egg over that big beam and catch
Allan Walshe has organised Two Adventist aboriginal it without breaking it," boasted Ross. Taking careful aim,
the conference youth into students, Kelly Saunders he threw an egg and caught it.
cell groups. "We feel sure and Craig Russell, have Then it was Julie's turn. And she managed to do as well
as her brother. They took turns in what they thought was a
great bit of fun—until Julie's egg hit the beam. Guess
where it fell? Right on top of Julie's head! It splattered all
through her hair and ran down her face. But that wasn't
the worst part.
The egg had been in the hay for many days, and it was
rotten. Have you ever smelled a rotten egg? It smells like
mouldy oranges mixed with cow farmer's socks and boot
"Ugh! You stink," exclaimed Ross as he ran away. Julie
didn't know what to do. She dared not yell for help
because she would have to open her mouth and some of
the egg would drip into it. And she didn't fancy to taste
the egg—the smell was bad enough.
Julie tried to get away from the smell, but it went with
her wherever she went. So she ran to her mother. Mum put
down the cake she was mixing and steered Julie towards
the bathroom. She carefully washed her hair with
sweet-smelling shampoo, and wiped the evil-smelling liquid
"Faith for Today" Founder Dies from her face. Then she rinsed it all again, before drying it
William A. Fagal (pictured with his wife), who pion- with a towel. And she found another dress for her. Soon
eered the "Faith for Today" television ministry, died on Julie smelled clean all over again.
February 16 in Camarillo, California, following a stroke You know, God wants to clean up our lives. If we are
suffered early last year. Born in Albany, New York, in sorry for the things we do wrong, God will wash them all away_.
1919, Pastor Fagal started his ministry in the New York
Conference in 1939. He began Faith for Today in 1950
and led the television ministry until 1980, when Dan Julie Millett, a primary school teacher, attends Wantirna church in
Matthews became speaker and director. Melbourne, Victoria.
RECORD March 25, 1989
Descendants Re-enact Guadalcanal's Past tact during celebrations to recount the
blessings of God since that time. High-
light of the weekend was the unveiling of
a memorial plaque commemorating the
role played by Pastor Norman Ferris and
Ibi, whose son, now an ordained minis-
ter, took his father's place.
Special guest for the weekend was Mrs
Ruby Ferris, and her two daughters,
Norma Crabtree and Marilyn Davey. It
was the first time Mrs Ferris had returned
to the Solomons since she was evacuated
50 years earlier because of the second
world war. Other pioneer families pre-
sent included Mou, who made the orig-
inal request, Nathan Rore, Kata Ragoso
Jnr, Laejama, Oko and Pastor Julius.
The celebrations included a baptism
at the place where the first contact was
made. Pastor Newton Galo had 87
people respond to an appeal to follow
Pioneers and descendants attended the Jubilee Celebrations in Guadalcanal. Back row, from left: their Lord in baptism. And Pastor Errol
George Muke, Nathan Rore, Marilyn Davey, Ruby Ferris, Kata Ragoso, Ervin Ferris, Norma Wright welcomed 17 young men who
Crabtree, Jioni Poa. Front: Drelli (Ibi's son), Shadrack, Ropiti, Mou, Laejama, Oko, Julius.
answered his call to those wishing to
M ou stopped to listen. Never had the
young chief from Guadalcanal
heard anything so beautiful. The har-
Then Pastor Ferns's cookboy, Ibi,
stepped forward. "Please, master," he
begged, "let me stay."
reach out in service.
Some 17 churches and 2,000 church
members now stand as living monu-
monic notes came from the mission ship Some 56 years later, the baby born to ments to the work commenced in 1932.
Melanesia, anchored in the port of the Ferrises at that time, now Pastor ByZena Wright, who serves as secretary to the presi
Tulagi, while the crew conducted even- Ervin Ferris, took his father's role at a dent of the Western Pacific Union Mission with
headquarters in Honiara. Her husband is president
ing worship. reenactment of the landing and first con- of the Eastern Solomon Islands Mission.
The next day Mou came to listen
again. Then he returned to his heathen
village. But he couldn't forget the mel-
odies he had heard drifting across the
Services Mark Vanuatu Church Opening
water. As he engaged in devil worship
and other heathen practices, the sound
of the singing intruded into his mind. He
tried to remember the tunes, but they
eluded him. Finally, in desperation he
sent a request to the Seventh-day
Adventist Mission to send someone to
teach his people.
Newly appointed director of
Adventist work in Guadalcanal,
Norman Ferris, had been praying for
such an opening. He and his wife, Ruby,
were in Tulagi, then capital of the
Solomon Islands, awaiting the birth of
their third child. It was October 20,
1932. The newly dedicated church at Baiap, on Ambrym, Vanuatu, culminates 30 years' work.
On receiving the request, Pastor Ferris
told his wife he felt he had to answer the
call. Leaving his overdue wife, he made
F our days of celebrations marked the
opening of a new church at Baiap, on
the island of Ambrym, Vanuatu, just be-
the official opening ceremonies, which
lasted four and a half hours. The new
church is estimated to be worth 4 million
his way to Koilotumuria where Mou met fore Christmas last year. The event vatu ($A50,000).
him and took him to his village. The climaxed 30 years of sacrifice and Pastor A. D. Pietz, who had been dis-
people enthusiastically received Pastor prayer. trict director more than 40 years ago, led
Ferris and pleaded with him to stay, or at More than 1,000 people gathered out in the meetings.
least leave a teacher with them. from as far away as Noumea and all "It was such a thrill to see the growth
Unfortunately, no one was available. islands of the Republic of Vanuatu for that has occurred over the years," says
10 RECORD March 25, 1989
Pastor Pietz. "But it was even more won- convict days) and local historical
derful to catch some of the devotion, en- societies also featured displays.
thusiasm and dedication of these people The Mayor of Parramatta, Alderman
for whom the coming of Jesus means so Alan Hyam, and his wife, Alderman
much." Judith Hyam, participated in the
The first meeting commenced at 7.30 Sabbath service. Pastor George Metcalfe
am on December 21, when members preached on the subject Has Christianity
gathered at the site of the first Seventh- Failed?, and the Wahroonga Ladies
day Adventist church ever built on the Choir, directed by Gwen Behrens, sang.
"We gathered in a coconut grove
around a small slab of concrete— Singing-Pastor Story
thought to be the rostrum of the original
building," says Pastor Pietz. "Later in the | Sparks Baptismal
day the local people re-enacted the |
events associated with the pioneers, in §
Interest in Tauranga
particular missionary Donald |
The following day saw the official |
| A picture story in the local newspaper
regarding the work of the Adventist
pastor in Tauranga has led to the bap-
opening and dedication of the new p tism of a woman who had been strug-
church. Pastor Pietz cut the ribbon and g gling with demon possession.
preached the sermon. Five retired minis- George Metcalfe showed models of Daniel's John Horvath is known in the district
ters and three ordained men employed beasts at a display in the Parramatta church. as the "outback, singing pastor." And
by the mission assisted.
"After the service everyone enjoyed a Parramatta Mounts Marie Ridgen's knowledge of Mr
Horvath's activities gave her confidence
delicious meal," says Pastor Pietz. "Then
everyone gathered in the church to hear
Bicentenary Show to attend a 5-Day Stop Smoking Plan
that proved to be the start of her walk
the many items that had been prepared
for the opening service—but that could
not be included. The resulting concert
T o celebrate the bicentenary of the
founding of the city of Parramatta
(on Sydney's western outskirts), the Par-
into the church.
"From then on she has been like a hart
thirsting for the living water," says Mr
continued till 11.30 pm!" ramatta Adventist church held a special Horvath. "Home Bible studies and at-
Pastor Pietz also led out at the ordi- worship service on November 19 in their tendance at a Revelation Seminar con-
nation of Reggie Toto Masengnalo, son new complex and set up a historical dis- tributed to her Christian growth. She has
of an early worker from the village of play that attracted some 500 visitors become very supportive of the activities
Baiap. "Reggie and his wife, Lily May, over 11 days. and outreach programs of the church,
have a long association with the work of "Both static and audiovisual displays and her enthusiasm and perseverance
the church," recalls Pastor Pietz. "Lily traced the congregation's history contributed to our excellent Appeal
May, a trained nurse, worked for years at through the three churches," says church total this year."
Aore Adventist Hospital, at times taking pastor George Metcalfe. "The first—in
full charge. which Ellen White preached—was built
"Reggie attended Parker Missionary in Charles Street in 1892. The 1937
College at Aore and then Fulton in Fiji. brick church was built on the same site.
Recently he has been a successful district And our modern 31-room complex
director on Malekula. I was delighted opened last year in Hammers Road, Old
that assisting me with the service were Toongabbie."
two men at whose ordination I had par- Another booth featured the history of
ticipated many years previously." four other early Sydney churches—
The new Pastor Masengnalo conduc- Kellyville, Stanmore, Ashfield and Pros-
ted opening-Sabbath worship on Friday pect (now Corrimal).
evening. The following day, Sabbath Included in the historical display were
school and the worship service included life-sized models of the beasts of Daniel,
many special items. Pastor Pietz prophetic charts illustrating Bible doc-
preached the first sermon in the newly trines, and displays by the Adventist Baptised with Marie (left) were (from
dedicated church. Media Centre, Adventist Book Centre, left) Dorothy Griffin, Janice Gibson and
"In the afternoon we gathered to wit- Avondale College and Avondale Foun- John Ashmore. John Horvath is in front.
ness the baptism of nine people," con- dation, Sydney Adventist Hospital, the "Four other new members joined
cludes Pastor Pietz. "The ministers told Sanitarium Health Food Company, Tauranga church this year," says Mr
me that a baptismal service is held some Christian Services for the Blind and Horvath. "We have strong outreach
place in Vanuatu every Sabbath. Deaf, and the Parramatta church's plans for this year and would welcome
"We found it a moving climax to four Pathfinders, video ministry and health names of friends, relatives or ex-
never-to-be-forgotten days. My wife and outreach. Seventh-day Adventists in this area.
I appreciated the dedication and hospi- Cumberland Hospital (originally the Send them to me at 25 Judea Road,
tality of these people. God bless them." "Female Factory"—a work house of the Tauranga, NZ. Phone (075) 89 313."
RECORD March 25, 1989 11
The woman at the shop was most help-
OJA Seeks to Expand Circulation ful, and did the job without payment.
In appreciation, Pastor and Mrs
he anti-smoking, anti-alcohol, anti-drug magazine One Jump Ahead now
T circulates across the whole South Pacific Division. The 20-page magazine is
designed to help children make a positive decision about harmful drugs before
Vickery gave her a Bible as a thank-you
gift. When the woman discovered they
were Seventh-day Adventists, she felt
they reach high school and the teenage years. impressed to attend their church. Her
Last year 162 Adventist churches placed bulk orders for a total of 2,500 daughter had recently been in contact
copies of the magazine, taking advantage of a special price made possible with Adventists elsewhere, and had
through financial assistance from the South Pacific Division Adventist Health shared her experiences with her mother.
Department. Pastor Don Bain and Dr Harley Stanton, the department's direc- Since that time, this woman has attended
tors, say they hope that every Adventist church will order the magazine for its church, along with a young friend.
primary-age children. In their 29 years in evangelism, Pastor
One Jump Ahead gives children information about harmful drugs in a way Vickery and his wife, June, have minis-
that is appropriate to their age. It gets them involved in puzzles, stories and reg- tered in 26 different cities and towns all
ular competitions to help them be ready in advance for the peer pressure and over the South Pacific Division. When
the unfair advertising directed against teenagers in today's society. The maga- he was seriously burned, he thought he
zine helps families start communicating early on these subjects so that it will be had preached his last sermon. But in-
easier to keep it going when children get older. stead, he found he was carrying on as
Some churches have planned major outreach projects around the magazine. church pastor, with the loyal support of
Hillview church, south of Newcastle, NSW, has an order for more than 100 the local congregation.
copies per month, using it for children in local primary schools where the The Vickerys are so happy in the far-
church conducts Bible classes. Many other churches are taking copies each western New South Wales mining city
month to their local schools and libraries. that they have purchased a house and
One Jump Ahead is a lay project operated by Nainie Magnusson, editor, and plan to spend their retirement there fol-
her husband Eric, of Canberra. This year they hope that every church in Aus- lowing a period of service in Newcastle.
tralia and New Zealand will help their pre-teens keep a jump ahead of the men- This year Pastor Neville Tosen has re-
ace of smoking, alcohol and harmful drugs. placed Pastor Vickery in Broken Hill.
By Marilyn Harris, communication secretary of the
Broken Hill church.
If you ask me,
most of them are in a
Do the people
in that church
state of ignorant bliss.
| They think they've got
Video Ministry Wins
know that their
kids are in
automatic protection! New Members in
/ Now, wait a minute!
-s. The WindsorSydney, isonusingbywestern
library to promote evangelism
I That's just not true. bers. Sabbath school assistant Kevin
I That church gets OJA! Brown organises the outreach.
Church deacon Ken Smith tells of
riding a new bike, just purchased by his
son, past a friend's home. "My friend
was on the footpath talking to a neigh-
bour," he says. "When he called out a
OWE JUMP AHEAD.....for kids with perceptive parents
greeting, I felt compelled to join them,
and almost fell off the bike as I made a
Silver City Pastor when sparks ignited nearby lawnmower
fuel. He was flown to Royal Adelaide
"In the conversation, my friend told
about a recent visit to Egypt. This news
Puts Down Roots Hospital for treatment at the burns unit.
Many prayers ascended on his behalf
reminded me of the video I had collected
at the church the day before, intending
L ittle did Ivan Vickery know that
when he reluctantly accepted a call
to pastor the Broken Hill church, New
during the eight weeks he remained
But his suffering has led to a new face
to show it to my brother. So I asked
whether they had a VHS. When he re-
plied in the affirmative, I suggested that
South Wales, three years ago, it would in the local congregation. When Pastor his family might like to view a video I
lead to dramatic changes in his life and Vickery returned home, he was wearing had, featuring that area of the world.
future. an elasticised jacket to protect the new "He agreed. So the following Thurs-
In October, 1987, while welding evan- skin. Needing a zip fastener inserted in day we showed them the video," con-
gelistic equipment, Pastor Vickery one of these jackets, he was advised to tinues Mr Smith. "They enjoyed seeing
received burns to 24 per cent of his body seek assistance from a local fabric shop. the places he had visited, and asked some
12 RECORD March 25, 1989
questions regarding the spiritual issues 1926, and began teaching the following "We also challenged them to take part in
dealt with in the video. I was surprised to year. She teaches piano, violin, organ, the pentathlon event that included
discover how easy it is to introduce Bible recorder and singing. Marathon walk (learning memory
truths through this means. Her students are now scattered verse), High jump (talk to someone
"A few nights later my wife and I took throughout the world, and some of them about Jesus), and Pole vault (take the
the video to my brother. We sat with our are judges, doctors, dentists, teachers mission story). Dene Hardy (Greece)
children and watched the whole tape. and journalists. won the pentathlon. Samantha
They were impressed. He asked if he During the Great Depression, Mrs Gildersleeve (Papua New Guinea) and
could keep the video for a week, to show Higgins could not find enough music Ayesha Jones (Australia) won gold
his relatives. Of course, we agreed. And students in Toowoomba. "I would travel medals, Troy Gildersleeve (Great Brit-
this has been the pattern since then. to Cambooya for half a day and to ain) silver, and Michael Brand (USSR)
"One night, when my brother was Boodua for a full day's teaching," she bronze."
showing his relatives the third video of says.
the series, one of the young men in the Mrs Higgins's main love is piano.
family had just returned from Brisbane. However, during the Depression many
While in Queensland he had viewed the farmhouses couldn't afford to have a
first section of the same video, and had piano. But almost all had a violin. So to
wanted to see the rest of it. Imagine his get work, she taught children the vi-
amazement to find the identical video olin.
was being shown to his family! It is from the music of the great mas-
"The story is not over yet," concludes ters that Mrs Higgins's students learn
Mr Smith. "But I consider this a wonder- their art. "Music is a great thing," she
ful means of outreach and witness. Any- says. "It's one of God's greatest gifts."
one can do it. It's as easy as falling off a Her life revolves not only around a
bike!" piano and her music. She helps with her
church's community service. She also Tikipunga Birth
cooks for people when they are sick, and After a difficult confinement and pro-
is the publicity officer for the Women's longed labour, the Tikipunga
Fellowship of the Bible Society. (Whangarei, New Zealand) company
Adapted from an article by Yolanda Torrisi in the (pictured) finally arrived on December
Toowoomba Chronicle, November 26, 1988. 10. Its birth caused much joy. "This
newly dedicated little body has no less
CHURCH NEWS than 39 members," says company leader
bob Clark. "With many young people
and friends to care for it, we are
confident the child will continue to grow
"Melody Park" Opens in strength and grace. A nursery has
Mrs Kathy Sullivan recently received been provided by the Tikipunga Uniting
the keys to her home from Pastor Ross Church at 150 Kiripaka Road. Visiting
Baines and became the first resident at hours commence at 11 am and visiting is
the privately run Melody Park retire- unrestricted. The new company wishes
ment village, Nerang, Queensland. to thank consulting specialists Pastors
"'The Park' as it's affectionately called, is Lionel Smith and David Blanch, and
being established for the benefit of Doctors Ken Bird and L. Webber."
Age No Barrier to Adventists who want to enjoy the
Queensland climate in their retirement," Invercargill Reprieve
Teaching Music says Southport church communication
secretary lan Taylor. "The name is de-
Invercargill church school has won a
reprieve from closure—through the
A ge has been no barrier for Too-
woomba resident Mrs Mabel
Higgins, who at the age of 81 still teaches
rived from the sounds of the rippling
creek and the birds' songs in the area.
Within two years a leisure centre will
efforts of the church's education sec-
retary and the favourable response of
Sydney teacher Jean Carter, and her hus-
music to children more than 75 years her add enjoyment. Later, 30 serviced hostel band, Peter. Mrs Carter indicated her ac-
junior. apartments will be added." ceptance of a call to the South New Zea-
Mrs Higgins—or as she is known to land city just nine days before the school
her students, Miss Head (her maiden Bunbury Olympics year was due to open. "We certainly wel-
name)—believes age isn't a handicap in The Bunbury Teen Sabbath school come the Carters," says church com-
doing what you enjoy best. class recently developed a unique means munication secretary Sharon McKay.
"As long as I remain well and men- of encouraging Bible study, by organis- "We just couldn't face the prospect of no
tally alert, I will continue to teach," she ing a Bible Olympics. "Each young per- church school, after all the hard work
says. Her students range in age from six son chose a country, and participated in promoting the school last year. In
to 60. weekly events with points given for gold, Invercargill we've learned that with the
Mrs Higgins received her licentiate silver or bronze, says Bunbury com- Lord the impossible takes only a little
from the Royal College of Music in munication secretary Robert Garvin. longer."
RECORD March 25. 1989 13
WA, after a prolonged illness. When she was three years of
age, Jessie moved with her parents to Western Australia.
Baptised in 1914 in the old Boulder church, she was a
charter member of the Grass Patch church. The opening of
"We do not want you to be ignorant about those who fall this church in 1969 was a special day for her. Prior to her
asleep, or to grieve like the rest of men, who have no hope. hospitalisation in 1985, Jessie lived for 30 years in
... For the Lord himself will come down from heaven, Scaddon. She is survived by her children: Edith Sharp,
with a loud command, with the voice of the archangel and Albert, Matilda Erceg, Charlie, Ron, Jessie Logan and
with the trumpet call of God, and the dead in Christ will Frances Norwood; 30 grandchildren, 44 great-
rise first. ... Therefore encourage each other with these grandchildren and three great-great-grandchildren.
words." 1 Thessalonians 4:13, 16, 18, NIV. The editorial lan Royce.
staffjoin the church family in expressing sincere sympathy
to those who have lost the loved ones recorded below. Larymore, Alma Hope ("Lary"), born 1905 at
Geraldton, WA; died February 20 in Wahroonga, NSW,
Brandstater, Norma Florence, died December 14 at after a prolonged illness. "Lary" had been an Adventist for
Wardell Private Hospital, Ermington, Sydney, NSW, and approximately 60 years. For the past nine years she was a
was buried at the Avondale Cemetery, Cooranbong. resident at the Elizabeth Lodge Retirement Home. She is
Forty-four years ago Norma was a student at Avondale survived by her sons and daughters-in-law, Kimball and
College. An accomplished singer, she loved music, and Pamela (Sydney) and Michael and Judy (Brisbane); and
looked forward to singing with the heavenly choir. She is grandchildren, Shayne and Elizabeth, Michael-Scott and
survived by her children, Peter, Pauline and Donna. Belinda. D. J. Silver
O. K. Anderson.
Putman, Lois Ann (affectionately known as "Lou"),
Christian, Olivevine Melva (nee Sprengel), born Oc- born December 24, 1896; died February 7 at
Pastor Alfred James Gatbercole. One of a family of tober 29, 1911, in Milford, Qld; died February 9 at Maryborough, Qld. Starting work at the age of 15, she
of five children, Alfred James (Jim) Gathercole was born Caloundra and was buried at the Nambour Garden Cem- stayed in the employment of the same family all her work-
in Dunolly, Victoria, on September 6, 1900, and died in etery. She served with her husband, Pastor Herb Christian, ing life. In her retirement years she became a member of
the Belmont Hospital, New South Wales, on February 10, in Samoa as well as Australia. She is survived by her hus- the Maryborough SDA church. She is survived by her sis-
1989. band; daughter and son-in-law, Val and Ken Lawson (Or- ter, Violet Brown (Cairns); and brother, Percy Putman
His father, a butcher, moved the family to Perth, West- ange, NSW); sons and daughters-in-law, Owen and (Maryborough). Ivan Adams, elder of the Maryborough
ern Australia. Upon completing his education, Jim Pamela (Woombye, Qld) and Brian and Lenice church, assisted the writer in the services. W. R. Cross.
worked in the lead mines, was a legal clerk for a time, and (Bundaberg); grandchildren, Lindal, Jayden, Darren,
then apprenticed to an exacting Englishman in the build- Lyndon, Vicki, Kelly, Rachael and Jamie; and sister, Fran Thomson, Georgina Araminta Talbot, born June 19,
ing and cabinet-making trade. He married Phyllis Abbot (Morisset). Pastors Keith Miller and Ken Lawson 1894; died February 7 at the Charles Harrison Home,
Maxwell and the couple had two daughters, Joan and assisted the writer in the services. David Lawson. Cooranbong, NSW. In September 1928 she married Cecil
Sylvia. Thomson, who predeceased her in 1933. Georgina loved
Joy Stobart—who had recently become a Seventh-day Clare, Dianne, 37, died January 19 at her home in to sing and play the piano. She lived in Cooranbong for 42
Adventist and was engaged to Phyllis's brother, Lionel— Wauchope, NSW, after a courageous battle against can- years and was a member of the Avondale Memorial
invited Phyllis to attend evangelistic meetings being con- cer, and was buried at the Wauchope Cemetery. She is sur- church. For some time she served as an assistant treasurer.
ducted in the Savoy Theatre by Pastor Erwin Roenfelt. vived by her husband, Gary; and seven children, Joanne, She is survived by her daughters: Cecily Ward (Kempsey)
Jim was not interested initially. But when Phyllis prepared Belinda, Tobyn, Carolyn, Ellena, Priscilla and Emmy; and Orion Hanbury (Mount Colah); brother, Douglas
to attend the second meeting, Jim said he would come too. and parents, Ken and Audrey Trafford. Pastor Graham McDonald; and nieces Eunice Hancock and Ruth
The prophetic topic aroused his curiosity, and his interest Alien was associated with the writer in the services. Southon (both of Murwillumbah), whom she raised as her
grew. As a result, the Gathercoles were baptised in 1931. S. R. Goldstone. own daughters. Pastor Leo Rose assisted the writer at the
In 1932 Jim was invited to take up literature evangelsm services. O. K. Anderson.
in the north of WA. For five years he worked the area in a Gander, William Joseph, born February 26, 1901, at
Model-T Ford. In 1937 he responded to an invitation to Poole, England; died January 8 at Benalla, Vie, and was Strickland, Daisy Emma, 84, died February 22 at the
lead the colporteurs in Victoria. Three years later he went buried beside his wife in the Eltham Cemetery on January Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, Vie. Bom in Tasmania,
into full-time ministry at Numurkah. Among those who 12. In 1908 Bill came to Australia, where he later joined Daisy was the eldest of 13 children. Her parents were the
joined the Adventist Church through his preaching of the the SDA Church. He attended North Fitzroy church be- first Seventh-day Adventists on King Island. Although un-
gospel in tents and halls, were the parents of Gordon and fore transferring to the East Prahran church. In 1945 Bill able to attend the Auburn church, Vie, for several years,
John Lee, both of whom became ministers and church married Florence Emma Cause. They were among the Daisy maintained her loyalty and faithfulness to the
leaders. founding members of the Greensborough church, where church. She is survived by her children, Dawn and Terry;
While serving as minister in Mildura in 1942, Jim Bill held several offices, among them elder and treasurer. and brothers and sisters. R. W. Howes.
Gathercole was ordained to the ministry. Following a sec- He spent a number of years as a literature evangelist before
ond period of service in Benalla, the Gathercoles trans- working for the Sanitarium Health Food Company. He is
ferred to Nunawading. In 1953 they were called to Fiji, survived by his son, Lionel and family. His wife prede-
where Jim designed and built the Suva Adventist church. ceased him in 1987. K. W. Andrews.
Returning to Melbourne late in 1955, they served in Mel-
bourne until retirement in 1965. Gathercole, Alfred James, bom September 6, 1900, in Clare. Gary and children, Audrey and Ken Trafford, and
During 24 years spent at Nords Wharf, NSW, Jim was Dunolly, Vie; died February 10 in the Belmont Public Chris and Lea wish to thank all who expressed thoughts of
active in community affairs and the Lake Macquarie Hospital, NSW, and was buried in the Adventist Cem- comfort and sympathy at the time of Diane's passing.
Council named a park in his honour.—Laurence Gilmore. etery, Cooranbong. He is survived by his wife Phyllis;
daughters, Joan and Sylvia; brother, Bob; seven grand-
children and 18 great-grandchildren. Pastors Leo Rose
and John Oaklands assisted in the services. A life-sketch
appears in this issue. Laurence Gilmore. SAH Vacancies Enrolled Nurses. We currently
Brown—Bowman. Wayne Brown and Janine Bowman have positions for full-time enrolled nurses in medical and
were married on February 5 in the Brightwaters church, Heazlewood, Edith May, born September 4, 1893, near surgical wards, as well as operating theatre. A wide range
NSW. Wayne and Janine plan to set up their home in Digby, Vie; died December 25 at Coronella Retirement of experience available. For further information, please
Wyee. S. R. Goldstone. Homes, Nunawading. Edith lived in the Digby area until write to Mr A. Styles, Nursing Personnel, Sydney
1913, when she went to Melbourne and became a Adventist Hospital, 148 Fox Valley Road, Wahroonga
McRae—Parker. David McRae, son of Alf and Anne children's nurse. She was later a stenographer. In 1921 she NSW 2076, or phone him on (02) 487 9111.
McRae (Perth, WA), and Sharilyn Parker, daughter of Ed married William George Heazlewood. In 1931 a colpor-
Parker (Warburton, Vie) and Marie Williams (Canberra, teur, Ruby Creelman, sold Edith the book Practical Guide Erina Church Anniversary. Former members and
ACT), were married on December 11 in Canberra. David to Health. This led to studies, and Edith was baptised at the friends are invited to a special 70th birthday program for
is a Federal policeman and Sharilyn is in the Police De- Mont Albert church. For many years she was a member of Erina church, NSW, on April 29, commencing with
partment, both working in Canberra. Ed Parker. the Bond Street, Ringwood, church. She is survived by her Sabbath school at 9.15 am. If you are able to join us for
children, Joan, Clive, Walter and Florence; 11 grand- lunch, phone Mrs Billins on (043) 67 6609.
Spyve—Olive. Phillip Spyve and Sarah Olive were mar- children and great-grandchildren. B. C. Smith.
ried on December 18 at the Park Ridge church, Qld. Phil Vacancy La Mancha Health Centre. A dedicated
and Sarah plan to set up their home in the Brisbane area. Kendall, Jessie ("Grandma"), bom March 26, 1898, in Christian lady is required with experience in massage and
Brad Strahan. Auckland, New Zealand; died February 1 in Esperance, hydrotherapy. An understanding and caring attitude to
14 RECORD March 25. 1989
people essential. For details phone Matthew Steele on chase house or land with water frontage on Lake Mac- enjoy an active retirement among lively Christians. "Mel-
(066) 295138. quarie or creeks with access to the lake. Will consider land ody Park" Adventist Retirement Living, Gilston Road,
only with good views. Phone Terry or Suzanne Healy on Nerang Qld 4220.
Health Food Sbop for Sale. Open 5 days a week in (03)3876170.
Merredin, WA. Good location, growing business. Phone Kitchens. Renovating or building a new home. We have
(090) 41 2211 during business hours. Typewriter Value. Popular brand electronic with 5 k quality kitchens at affordable prices. Contact "Easy Clean
text memory, spell check and a host of automatic func- Kitchens" on (02) 688 4444 or A/H (049) 59 5531.
Old Photos Wanted. Photographs and memorabilia tions. Incredible value this month—only $355. Phone
dealing with the history of Erina church are sought for a (067) 66 5122. Pacific Office-Centre, Tamworth NSW. You Don't Need to Be Alone. Buying a house or a
display on our 70th anniversary on April 29. Please post business can be a confusing experience. If you need indi-
items (including return postage) to Mrs Heath, 83 Facsimile. Warehouse clearance of leading brand auto- vidual and discreet personal legal service, contact Ken
Chamberlain Road, Wyoming NSW 2250. dial fax machines. Save $600 each. Be quick. Phone (067) Long, solicitor, Long & Company, 16-20 Barrack Street,
66 5122. Pacific Office-Centre, Tamworth NSW. Sydney. Phone (02) 29 4081.
Accommodation—Sydney. Private furnished S/C
flat, accommodate two. Very clean, bright. 5 min walk Rescue From Beyond Orion. Discover the Biblical Bookkeeper will prepare Cash Book, Purchases/Sales
Thomleigh station. Close Sydney Adventist Hospital, truth about the Second Coming. Also outlined are five records, Profit Reports, Club lists/circulars etc. You don't
Wahroonga. Linen, etc, supplied. Nightly $30. Weekly principles that can help you understand the Bible. need a computer to get the benefits. Qualified accountant
$175. Phone (02) 484 4086. (AASA). John Stirling, 7 Roy Terrace, Christies Beach SA
Attention. Pathfinder clubs, church schools and individ- 5165. Phone (08) 3847437.
Toowoomba School. Toowoomba offers you the ad- uals who wish to supplement their income. Selling calen-
vantage of a Christian education for your children. We dars door to door is a proven income-earner. For further Ansvar. The insurance company for non-drinkers only,
have well-equipped classrooms, spacious grounds and information on 1990 calendars, contact Indian Pacific specialising in motor and household. Contact your local
playing area. For further information, phone (076) Traders, PO Box 42, Cooranbong NSW 2265. Phone agent or the Ansvar office in your state: NSW (02)
35 9090. (049)77 1221. 6834166; Vie (03) 650 9711; Qld (07) 221 8449; SA
((08) 232 1272; WA (09) 321 6291.
Wanted. Access to, or copy of, The Unbelievable Pre-Trib Videotapes for Hire or Sale. Evangelism, health,
Origin by Dave MacPherson and/or documentation of children, and music topics. Reasonable prices. Ask for free Australiawide Insurance Service. For business,
Margaret Macdonald's Irvingite meeting "rapture" vision. catalogue. Write to Radiant Life Videos, 13 Merewyn farm or domestic insurance renewal quotations, contact
Phone Newcastle 43 1515 and reverse charges, or (049) Street, Burpengary Qld 4505, or phone (07) 888 3225. Graham Sidney on (008) 99 8046 between 7 am and 11
43 1515, or write Bob M, 16 Blackbutt Street, Kotara am (weekdays) or 10 am and 3 pm (Sundays) (NSW
NSW 2289. Legal Services. One half-hour conference offered, free times). A/H (09) 299 6855. Fax (09) 299 7466.
of charge, to Adventists for advice. Instructions accepted
Resident Funded Unit. Aazalea Court, 50 William in all legal matters from advice to Supreme Court actions Advertisers Please Note: All advertisements should
Streeet, Hornsby NSW. One resident-funded unit is and including overseas adoptions. Contact Daphne be sent to RECORD Editor, Signs Publishing Company,
presently available at Azalea Court. The unit has one bed- Kennedy, Solicitor, "Avondale Village," Freemans Drive, Warburton Vie 3799. Advertisements approved by the
room, en-suite bathroom, living room, kitchen and bal- Cooranbong NSW 2265. Phone (049) 77 2633. editor will be inserted at the following rates: first 30 words,
cony. No garage is available. Price $75,525. Azalea Court $ 10; each additional word, $ 1. For your advertisement to
is convenient to Homsby shops and rail and churches. La Mancha Health Centre, Wollongbar NSW 2480. appear, payment must be enclosed, with a recommen-
Please direct inquiries to Mr W. Winterton, 47 Dural For a holiday that will make you feel great, try La Mancha. dation from your local pastor or Conference officer.
Street, Hornsby. Phone (02) 476 3207. A community ser- Weekly rates $295 single, $390 double. For brochures
vice project of Association of Business and Professional phone (066) 29 5138.
Men Limited. Finally: By improving yourself
Melody Park. Now under construction, spacious 2 B/R the world is made better.
Wanted to Buy. Young Melbourne couple wish to pur- villas on Queensland's beautiful Gold Coast. Plan to
LET'S GET INVOLVED
Would You Like to Learn How
to Meet People?
Learn How to Pray With People?
Help Win a Soul?
You Can ...
Through Literature Evangelism
I would like to receive further details of how I can
be part of the Literature Ministry.
Name (Mr Mrs Miss) Send this coupon to: Publishing Department
Address ............................ South Pacific Division
. Postcode. 148 Fox Valley Road
Phone Wahroonga NSW 2076
RECORD March 25, 1989 15
Book of the Year
Imagine another galaxy and
another time. A time when the
entire universe gave
unquestioning service to the
Supreme Lord. It was a
learning time. And one of the
most powerful commanders
taught rebellion. There was
The war began in the
universal control centre. Then
six thousand years ago it
shifted to a lonely outpost
called Earth. The war
Author Ken McFarland
takes us into the very mind of
the rebel commander through
"the Lucifer files." His strategy
is revealed in these directives
to subordinates in rebellion. It
is a self-serving strategy, as
you will soon see.
In a background narrative to
the "files" the author lays bare
the whole great controversy
theme. You will begin to
understand the real nature of PREPARED FOR YOU
the rebellion. The Supreme TO WITNESS WITH
Lord emerges as hero, not
villain, and His ultimate
victory as a triumph for
goodness and love.
CALL YOUR ABC FOR BULK PRICE SUPPLIES.