Kohlberg's Theory of Moral Reasoning by hedongchenchen

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									Kohlberg’s Theory of Moral Reasoning
             Aaron Dornbos
             Fede Vallazza
              Jacob Green
             Haley Campbell
               Visual Overview




Stages 1 & 2      Stages 3 & 4   Stage 5


  Level 1           Level 2      Level 3
General Overview of Theory.
• Kohlberg’s Theory of Moral reasoning is described in three different levels,
  based on the mental development of the individual.
• Each Level is divided into different stages.
• Level 1: Self Interest.
    • Preconventional level.
• Level 2: Social Approval.
    • Conventional level.
• Level 3: Abstract Ideas.
    • Postconventional level.
Level 1: Self Interest.
• The Preconventional level represents Kohlberg’s lowest level of moral
  reasoning.
    • Stage 1: Moral decisions are based primarily on fear of punishment or
      the need to be obedient.
    • Stage 2: Moral reasoning is guided most by satisfying one’s self interest,
      which may involve making bargains.
    • Example: Young child.
Level 2: Social Approval.
• The Conventional level represents an intermediate level of moral reasoning.
    • Stage 3: Moral decisions are guided most by conforming to the
      standards of others we value.
    • Stage 4: Moral reasoning is determined most by conforming to laws of
      society.
    • Example: Teenager.
Level 3: Abstract Ideas.
• The Postconventional level represents the highest level of moral reasoning.
    • Stage 5: Moral decisions are made after carefully thinking about all the
      alternatives and striking a balance between human rights and laws of
      society.
    • Very rare for an individual to reach this highest level of reasoning.
    • Example: Ghandi.
Conclusion.
• Kohlberg’s theory of moral reasoning has 3 levels:
    • Level 1.
         • Stage 1.
         • Stage 2.
    • Level 2.
         • Stage 3.
         • Stage 4.
    • Level 3.
         • Stage 5.
Answers.
  1. Stage 2.
  2. Stage 4.
  3. Stage 5.
  4. Stage 1.
  5. Stage 4.
  6. Stage 5.
  7. Stage 1.
  8. Stage 3.
  9. Stage 2.
  10. Stage 3.

								
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