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                        Reg. No. A0034364L

                   TO                                             N
                    P.O. Box 85, Chewton, 3451.

      C       H EW                           
                          Published on the 1st of each month                  Issue 134           April, 2010.

   Chewton Pool – the FUtURe?

                                                                               Information sessions were then organized
                                                                           across the shire, the first being held at Har-
                                                                           court. This put the issue firmly on the agenda
                                                                           when it was reported in the Castlemaine Mail
   As the March Chewton Chat was being printed, Mount          (and it appears on a Blog on - that is
Alexander Shire Council met on the 23rd of February and        worth an on-line visit!).               Continued on P.2
considered the Aquatic Facilities Report (see the March
Chat for that background). The decision that council ad-
opted followed a motion that was put by Cr. Cross:                     Rhone
   That council:
1. Release the details of a proposal to develop an indoor         Mechanical Repairs
aquatic facility in the Shire;                                         Last month’s question answered...
2. Favours Option 2, which includes a warm water exer-
cise pool, as it responds directly to the needs of the Mount
Alexander Shire community;
3. Undertake a range of activities to enable the commu-
nity to be informed of the proposal and
provide feedback; and
4. Following the period of public comment, receive a fur-
ther report seeking resolution on the development of an
indoor aquatic facility in the Mount Alexander Shire.
   This motion was seconded by Cr. Redden and carried.
   N.B. The difference between Option 1 and Option 2 in
the study is that Option 2 included a separate warm water
exercise space and is consequently more expensive. Op-
tion 1 had been costed in a range between $11,731,000
and $13,939,000 depending on finishes, and Option 2
(with the additional water spaces) had been costed in a                ...welcome to Sianne Sarah Rhone,
range between $13,473,000 and $16,034,000.                               little sister for Alex and Jessica.
   Existing pools in Chewton, Harcourt and Castlemaine
would be closed to allow this proposal to succeed.               5472 2546 or 5472 2374
   A petition to canvass support for saving the Chewton Pool
was suggested, and organized quickly by Gloria Meltzer. It
   We the undersigned electors of the Mt. Alexander Shire, re-
                                                                       trally located heated facility and a community based
quest that the Chewton Swimming Pool remain open to the local
                                                                       outdoor cold water pool were explored. Costings,
community on a long-term basis for the following reasons:
                                                                       proposed asset sales, shire’s total infrastructure needs
1. It continues to serve the local Chewton community well;
                                                                       and budget, attendance and usage figures, pool size,
2. It is patronized by surrounding communities such as Fryer-
                                                                       25 metres, teenage usage, picnic usage, the reservoir
stown, Elphinstone, Faraday, all of whom do not want to travel
                                                                       alternative, school usage, public transport, private
to Castlemaine for a swim;
                                                                       transport, pool expense versus other rundown sport
3. It is a convenient small local pool used for swimming lessons
                                                                       and recreation facilities, water use comparisons,
by the Chewton Primary School;
                                                                       environmental comparisons, carbon footprints, pro-
4. It provides a warm, friendly grassroots focus for the local
                                                                       posed site defects, history, centralization, volunteer-
                                                                       ism and community. Many people shared their expe-
5. It has greater appeal to parents of young children than a large
                                                                       riences and thoughts, and the concern of the Chewton
aquatic centre.
                                                                       School community was clearly conveyed.
   This petition was placed in businesses in and around Chew-
                                                                          Cr. Henderson suggested that the feedback time-
ton, and was quickly taken up. The first page of the one in the
                                                                       line be extended, and a second meeting (this time in
General Store was filled within an hour. It is believed that more
                                                                       the evening!) be scheduled for Chewton after further
than 300 signatures had been obtained by the time the Chewton
                                                                       specific detail on the condition and specific detail on
information session was held.
                                                                       the budget needs of the Chewton (and other under-
   The Castlemaine Mail provided detail of the reaction within
                                                                       threat) pools is obtained and made available.
Chewton in the edition on the 19th of March, and carried a photo
                                                                          The Sunday Herald Sun then had a photographer
of a hastily arranged protest rally at the pool.
                                                                       at the Chewton Pool in late March. Sam’s car may
   The Chewton information session was in the Community
                                                                       never be the same!
Centre and held on a Monday between noon and 2 p.m., a less
than convenient time as regards community attendance. Several
in attendance pointed this out. Nonetheless, there were about
30 there, Crs. Henderson and Acklom attended, as did several
council staff members. Mayor, Cr. Schier explained the back-
ground and invited questions and discussion, saying council was
in a “juggling” situation with this issue; that a clear proposal was
now “out there” and that council was seeking feedback on it.
   Wide-ranging conversation followed, as the issues of a cen-

                                                                         There is a feedback form available – see
                                                                       page 29 of this Chat. Whatever your feelings,
                                                                       and no matter what meetings you’ve attend-
                                                                       ed, no matter who you have spoken to – go
                   PRoGReSS?                                           one step further and fill out a feedback form.
      Photo left: Chewton kids at the Garfield Mine Dam                  You are an important part of public opin-
                      for a swim circa 1926.                           ion!
        Photo centre: Chewton kids in the Chewton Pool                 note: the deadline for feedback
                     during the 2008 season.
    Photo right: A Chewton kid fearing the worst is testing the             has been extended to
               water at Expedition Pass Reservoir.                       9th of April 2010 at 5.00pm.
       CoUnCIlloR’S ChAt                                        moved that the Chewton pool be kept open until a new
                                                                indoor pool was opened in Castlemaine, should council
   As a councillor I’m pulled in two directions on the issue
of the Chewton pool. As a representative of Chewton,            resolve in future to proceed with such a facility. But,
I’m drawn to finding ways to keep the pool open as one          having listened to Chewton people speaking passionately
of Chewton’s special features – a Chewton icon if you           about their pool and witnessed efforts being made to rally
like. For families living close by, it must be wonderful        support for the pool, I have an inkling that there may be
to bundle the kids off to the pool when they come home          other options, if people are prepared to back words and
from school, hot and grumpy, and not have to drive into         wishes with creative energy and communal effort. Before
Castlemaine, hunt for a parking spot near the outdoor pool.     writing off the Chewton pool, let’s recall the words of
The toddlers’ pool is a great venue for parents to gather       the bard of my generation’s youth: “Don’t speak too
with their littlies, under the shade. Then I’m faced with       soon for the wheel’s still in spin...and the times they are a
the problems that the pool has: its ageing infrastructure,      changin’”        Cr. Christine Henderson,
in need of replacement; its serious leak. Council would              Coliban Ward, Mount Alexander Shire Council.
need to spend several hundred thousand dollars in urgent                             Tel: 0466 004 628
restoration works. I have to ask myself, would this be the             Email:
best use of our public money? If Chewton were an isolated               Next month’s Councillor’s Chat will be by
community, a long way from the nearest town, then it                                 Cr. Brook Acklom,
could be argued that the pool is vital to the community’s             Calder Ward, Mount Alexander Shire Council.
wellbeing, that a considerable expense is justified. But                             Tel: 0466 004 629
Chewton is only five minutes by car from Castlemaine,                   Email:
15 minutes by bicycle. Can we justify the expense of the
works needed to fix up the structural problems and keep
the pool open, knowing that more money will need to
be spent in future years, not for improvements to what’s
there, but simply to keep the status quo – an old swimming
pool, available to the community for at most one quarter
of the year.
   Whatever your views, mild or passionate, on whether
council should or should not build an indoor aquatic
centre, I urge you make your views known to council. If
you haven’t already done so, please fill in a community
feedback form, expressing your opinion. You can collect
a form from the helpful people at the front desk in the
town hall in Castlemaine, or from the council website
                                                                       That Mysterious Solution Go to ‘YOUR INPUT’                         to All Our Problems
(bottom right hand box on front page) then select ‘Mount        Imagine you are a business person asked to invent a cure
Alexander Aquatic and Leisure Centre proposal Feb 2010’.        for childhood obesity. You spend millions of dollars
Once into that section, scroll down to the bottom of the        perfecting your idea, and you come up with:
page, where there are links to two options for Feedback                          A swimming pool
forms – a Word version that you can fill in on your computer,   Imagine you’re a scientist asked to invent a way for us
save and email back to council (email address provided on       to survive the increased summer heat of global warming
form) or a PDF version that you can print out, fill in and      and you come up with:
mail or drop off at the town hall. Please make the effort                        A swimming pool
to send your feedback to council. I haven’t made up my          Imagine you’re a town planner asked to find a way to put
mind on this issue. I’m waiting to hear what Chewton, and       a social heart back into a dying town, and you come up
Coliban ward residents in general think about the proposal.     with the perfect social hub:
Councillor Acklom and I have asked that the community                            A swimming pool
feedback period be extended, to allow as many people as         Imagine you’re a sociologist asked to come up with a
possible to express their views.                                way to get children away from their video games and
   If many people in Chewton , Castlemaine and Harcourt         into real social interaction, and you come up with:
prefer the option of a local seasonal pool, and are not                          A swimming pool
interested in a year-round indoor facility in Castlemaine,        Committees are formed to find ways of attracting and
then we need to take heed of this information. It is after       keeping young people and families in our town with its
all, public money that council will be committing to the        aging population, and the committee comes up with:
construction and maintenance of any new facility. One                                A swimming pool
thing is certain. Mount Alexander Shire does not have the       The government would pay millions of dollars for the
capacity to restore and maintain the Chewton swimming           solution to any of these problems, yet we have the
pool and build a new, central indoor pool. That was agreed      solution, and we want to give it away.
in a council meeting back in 2007, when Councillor Gittus                                                Joyce Sanders.
    letteR to the eDItoR 1                                       I am interested to know if they make a profit at all. One
                                                                 50metre outdoor pool, a diving pool and slide, an indoor
    The Aquatic centre discussed in this district seems to be
a ‘Where’ issue for the Mount Alexander Shire, rather than       25 metre, learners and babies pools, plus gym and sauna
a ‘Why’ or ‘Why Not’ discussion.                                 are the sum total of facilities and very good they are too.
    This Shire’s population is just not large enough to either   A bigger idea than proposed here to be sure. Upgrades are
justify or support even the interest payments on the funds       rare and subsidized by combinations of Council and State
borrowed to build it in the first place. Based on the figures    Government funding. How does that compare with the
published in local press this week, the pool/gym income-         potential use of an indoor aquatic centre in regional Victo-
after wages, utilities, insurances - has to be about $4,000      ria? And what Rate levies will ratepayers have to submit
a DAY to cover the interest payments. At about, say, $10         to in order to subsidise even a very modest centre here?
per patron, that means 400 approx. patrons are necessary a          Local schools could also use this dedicated Pool bus
day, every day, to fund just interest payments, never mind       service to go to Kyneton - or Bendigo. I feel it far wiser to
the debt and running costs. And I seriously doubt the local      have one well patronized, viable, accessible facility in the
population would actually pay $10 to use the pool/gym.           area, than two centres limited by the population available
I suggest you ask local traders the average discretionary        to keep them running.
‘spend’.                                                            The closure of the little community pools is a terrible
    I am very familiar with the Manningham Aquarena.             thought. These pools help MAKE the communities. I live
I notice those people using it for hydrotherapy need the         in Chewton and often use the pool, myself and with my
edge of the pool to stabilise themselves. A short pool pro-      grandchildren. It is a calm and friendly experience. Kids
vides a quite limited stretch for that purpose. The aging        play with their ‘new friends’, parents chat with them from
population probably wants a hydrotherapy pool. I suggest         the lawns, casual and incidental conversations emerge
the Shire chooses a piece of land to build a dedicated hy-       with other patrons in a way I have never seen at a large
drotherapy pool. So, build one of those. Like a lap pool,        ‘complex’, the staff actually ‘engage’ with the patrons in
long and narrow to maximise the hard edge required. Site         a way that inspires kids to ‘get along’ with others, follow
it as close to the CBD as possible – perhaps opposite the        the rules and behave well. Behaving in ways that probably
Primary School in Forest St - on a site that can progres-        also inspire ‘community’. It is a singular delight to use the
sively include a gym, then a lap pool, then a recreation         Chewton pool, simply because it is small, even though it is
centre then a ..... what ever the growing community wants        open for such a short time each day.
- and is willing to fund. And in the meantime, provide              Where ever did we get the idea that ‘bigger is better’,
easy access to the neighbour’s pool.                             and that we have to have it?
    Of course I’d love to have a splendid aquatic centre just       There are lovely towns all over Victoria. It is the ‘com-
‘down the road’. But it is simply silly to rob my children       munity’ that makes living here so very good. There are
to have it. There is another way. Like neighbours every-         direct and indirect ways of bonding a community and I
where, the best pool is in someone else’s back yard.             feel certain these modest little local pools are important
    I suggest the whole idea be looked at from the point of      infrastructure that, in part, facilitate that sense of ‘com-
what the current and anticipated population requirements         munity’.
might be and plan an economically sustainable, staged, de-          Instead of bumping up the Shire’s debt, perhaps fund-
velopment to progressively meet the actualities.                 ing a few extra hours of operation, thinking outside the
    In the interim, I suggest, the Shire buy some, say 10,       square and using other local facilities, might be a better
comfy buses to provide a dedicated service to say Kyneton        idea. If trips to Kyneton/Bendigo stun the local pools out
or Bendigo Aquatic Centre - a combined bus/pool ticket           of relevance, then there is the hard data needed to justify
keeps the idea tidy. Buses could originate in Campbells          an Indoor Aquatic Centre. If not, then keep doing what
Creek, Harcourt etc, and run say, hourly each way so resi-       works!                         Gabrielle Posetti. Chewton.
dents can easily access existing facilities. Without know-
ing how much a bus costs to buy, and how much a bus
driver is paid, I feel certain this is a much more achiev-
able way of providing a service to ratepayers and residents
while avoiding a debt that just cannot be paid. By support-
ing the Kyneton aquatic centre, it then has a hope of both
paying for itself, and maintainence/upgrading as required,
because these facilities do indeed need upgrades. Burden-
ing the rate payer with debt, for a facility the population
just can’t justify, seems to lack forethought.
    (With a catchment of 116,000 residents, the Manning-
ham Aquarena apparently struggles to make money. Each
week 40 Land classes and 28 Water classes, plus the gym
and perhaps 10 local school Swimming Carnivals, com-
bined with the swimming club activities and recreational/
fitness swimming accumulate up to 805,000 visits a year.
                           the BUSIneSS(es) oF Chewton
   Goldfields Concreting is a newly established concreting
business that is the result of a partnership between Gavin
Jury and Mark Donnellan. Gavin and Mark bring a com-
bined experience of nearly 20 years into Goldfields Con-
creting. Over the years they have worked on many projects
throughout the district, involving all aspects of concreting.
They have worked in conjunction with architects, commer-
cial home builders, owner builders, and local tradespeople.
They provide concreting services which include house
slabs and footings, as well as the concreting of garages and
sheds, driveways and paths. Gavin and Mark also work
in coloured concrete, slate impressions, pattern paving and
colour. They also specialise in erecting colourbond fencing
and gates as well as tubular fencing which is very popular
around in-ground pools.
   Both Gavin and Mark are local people. Gavin was born             Gavin (right) and Mark (left) are pictured doing a
in Castlemaine, and his father and grandfather were raised               site cut in preparation for laying concrete
in Chewton’s Eureka Street. His parents, Bill and Vi Jury,                     at the rear of a miner’s cottage
lived locally and Bill ran Castlemaine Taxi Services for a number of years. Gavin now lives in Hoopers Road, in a mud
brick house that he constructed. Gavin and Rhonda have six children, and Rhonda is currently on the Chewton Primary
School Council where son Joshua is in Grade six.. Rhonda also attends the Chewton Playgroup with Em and Aiden.
   Mark, on the other hand, was born and educated in Melbourne and moved to Chewton approximately 20 years ago
after purchasing a property in Golden Point Road a few years earlier. Prior to making the move he was a regular visi-
tor to the area catching up with friends who were renovating an old miner’s cottage. It wasn’t too long before he fell
in love with the rugged countryside, its rich history, and of course, its unique characters. He has fond memories of his
time playing football at the local football club and attending the after match celebrations at the Red Hill Hotel where the
local band was Tex Hughes on keyboards, Bruce Newman on the spoons and someone (anyone!) who had too much to
drink on vocals!
   After concreting and fencing together for the past six years, Gavin and Mark have established Goldfields Concreting.
They pride themselves on the quality of their preparation and, of course, in the quality of the finished job. They have all
the necessary equipment to prepare your project (including bobcat and tip truck), as well as the tools and pride of work
to ensure a top quality finish.
                         For a free no obligation quote or advice on your next project, contact .........
                  Gavin on 0407 368 784, or Mark on either 5472 4825 or 0418 336 612.

                                  letteR to the eDItoR 2
   A few months ago I started advertising my new busi-         found out about me and my business. My clothing repairs
ness in the Chewton Chat. A short while later I was ap-        and fashion sales have also increased, word of mouth start-
proached to have The Big Zipper as Business of the Month       ing from the local paper is a powerful tool for any busi-
so A2 and I prepared an article and set up some photos. I      ness.
was able to put a lot more information in that article than       I just want all the people who work on the Chewton
in the little monthly ad.                                      Chat to know you are making a difference for local busi-
   Since that Business of the Month article my business has    nesses. Thank you for the opportunity to be involved.
really increased, especially the sewing machine repairs. I     The Chewton Chat shows what can be achieved by a small
couldn’t believe that so many people read this local paper     community and a strong band of volunteers.
– so many of my customers mention that that’s where they                        Yours etc., Max (from The Big Zipper).
    Know YoUR neIGhBoUR
          have you met Ken James?
   After learning that his great-great grandparents, William
and Elizabeth James, had lived in Chewton in the 1850s,
Ken James, a Melbourne school teacher with a passion for
history, and particularly his own family history, decided in
2003 to spend part of his long service leave researching the
family tree and its connection to the Chewton area.
   Ken says that he spent this time researching the family’s
history both in Chewton and also at Lyal, near Redesdale,
where William and Elizabeth moved to in the mid-1870s. He
admits his long service leave wasn’t all spent in research.
‘I also indulged my other passions, bushwalking and rock
climbing, during a trip to New Zealand.’ Recently Ken
took part in his school’s annual 24 Hour Hike in which 120
students from Years 9-12 try and walk 100 kilometres in 24
hours. Thirteen students reached this total and Ken and two
students were runners-up with 115 kilometres, the winner
reaching 129 kilometres!
   William and Elizabeth James came from Wales in 1855 with their first born son William, Ken’s great grandfather.
They had eight children altogether. One, a daughter Hannah, is buried in the Chewton cemetery. The burial date says
1861. She was 11 months old.
   Initially they went to South Australia to the Burra copper mines, where William worked as a smelterer. A year later,
in 1856, they decided to try their luck at the Victorian gold diggings, walking overland all the way from South Australia
to the diggings on Forest Creek around Golden Point in Chewton. According to Ken, ‘for most of their time they lived
in a Welsh enclave in Donkey Gully, where William worked as a quartz miner on the Nimrod Reef.’ He explains that the
Metcalfe Shire rate books 1864 to the early1870s show that the family paid rates on a weatherboard house in Donkey
Gully. ‘We know exactly where they lived in Donkey Gully, although nothing remains now of any dwelling.’
   Trying to discover the kind of lifestyle his relatives would have experienced when they resided in Donkey Gully,
Ken was able to trace items about his family in old newspapers. ‘One article was about great great grandfather William
being a member of a mining syndicate.’ Curious about who was living at Donkey Gully and the other Welsh enclave at
Golden Gully Ken went through the Metcalfe Shire rate books, putting together a database of all the ratepayers in these
two localities from 1850/1860 up to 1880. In the process he discovered a lot of information about Donkey Gully, Golden
Point and Nimrod Reef. ‘All this enabled me to conjure up a feel for life at that time. And I have a record of my great-
grandfather William attending the Donkey Gully school in Chewton.’
   Ken learnt that in the 1850s there were two school boards, the denominational school board, and the national school
board. Interestingly, Chewton, the first of the national schools in the district, commenced operations early in 1853 in a
tent in the vicinity of what is now Ellery Park. He was most interested to learn that initially on the goldfields the schools
operated out of tents that had been specially made so that they could be easily moved as the miners moved on to new
diggings. ‘The tent schools consisted of a teacher teaching the students in a tent with no floor, no power or water, with
the wind howling through, and very few resources.’
   In the early 1870s Ken’s great great grandparents and family left Donkey Gully for farming land they purchased at
Lyal, a district adjacent to Redesdale. ‘It was a small holding, running a few sheep, a few cows for milking, some hay
and oats. The property remained in the family until 1912.’
   Ken was delighted to discover that a Melbourne woman who had some old photo albums from the Redesdale/Lyal
district, informed him that the album contained photos of his great great-grandparents. ‘I had never seen photos of them
before, and when I saw them I became very emotional.’            (Photos of Elizabeth and William James are on page 7)

    Great grandfather William moved to Eaglehawk ‘where he set up a printery, later run by my grandfather Eddie.’ Ken
himself was born in Eaglehawk and remained there until the age of 10, when he and his parents moved to Melbourne ‘so
that my father, a chartered accountant, could further his career.’
    The research into his family at Donkey Gully ignited a passion in Ken for researching,
writing and publishing history books of localities in Central Victoria. Initially there
was A History of the Lyal District, the locality to which the family moved from Donkey
Gully. Others include A History of Fryerstown State School; A History of Glenluce; A
History of Gold Mining at Lyal and Myrtle Creek; A History of Myrtle Creek; A History
of Weatherboard; Chinese Entries in Various Land and Mining Records held by the Public
Record Office Victoria; Chinese Miners and Market Gardeners of the Lyal and Myrtle Creek
Districts; Muddy Waters: A History of Burrumbeet; and Schools of the Redesdale District.
An interest in the man who was responsible for much surveying work on the goldfields and
other localities led to The Surveying Career of William Swan Urquhart 1843-1864.
    Other books have been co-authored with Noel Davis, a farmer and local historian at Sutton
Grange. These include A History of Elphinstone; A History of Sutton Grange; For King
and Country: Those with a Shire of Metcalfe Connection who enlisted in WWI (Barfold,
Barkers Creek, Chewton, Elphinstone, Faraday, Harcourt, Langley, Metcalfe, Myrtle Creek,
Redesdale, Sutton Grange, Taradale); and For King and Country: The Shire of Metcalfe
and WWII (Barfold, Barkers Creek, Chewton, Elphinstone, Faraday, Harcourt, Langley,
Metcalfe, Myrtle Creek, Redesdale, Sutton Grange, Taradale.
    For the past twelve months Ken has been putting together a history of schools in Chewton,
titled ‘Schools of the Chewton Borough 1853-2009’ out of gratitude to our local Chewton
history buff, Allan Dry, for the extensive information he provided on Chewton for the books
on WWI and WWII. ‘This was my way of repaying him for his help.’ The WWI book is
available from the Chewton Town Hall as will be the WWII book when released in August.
    One of the most interesting people Ken spoke to for this book was Alf Morter, who
recently died when he was well into his 90s. Alf was a former Chewton school principal
from 1955 to 1970. ‘I went to his home near Bendigo where we sat and talked for almost
three hours. His memory was still sharp.’ In the 1970s Alf had done extensive research into the histories of the Chewton
schools, when preparing material for the Education Department’s book ‘Vision and Realisation’ - A Centenary History
of State Education in Victoria. I was able to use a lot of his material when I came to doing my book.’ This year is the
Chewton Primary School’s 140th anniversary and it is hoped that Ken’s book would be launched at any celebration of
this landmark.
    Ken has been a secondary school teacher for 32 years at Scotch College in Melbourne, where he teaches History and
Geography and is currently head of Geography.
    Currently Ken is working with Noel on a history of the Barfold District and a history of bushfires and bushfire
brigades in the Metcalfe Shire, which will include Chewton. ‘There were quite a few buildings in Chewton that burnt
down in the 19th century.’ Ken has unearthed some interesting accounts of these fires from old newspapers. For example,
The Argus of January 5, 1863 gives a detailed account of a fire at what was Chewton’s Mount Alexander Hotel, reporting
that ‘within an hour and a half of the first alarm, the destruction of the Mount Alexander was complete.’
                                                                                                        Gloria Meltzer.
        FRAnK CARPenteR
Frank Carpenter left a legacy to benefit children resident
in the Chewton area. The trustees of the Frank Carpenter
Charitable Trust are currently advertising in the Midland
Express (Public Notices, 16th March):                                  The Bold Café serves a variety
The Frank Paul Carpenter Charitable Trust exists for                     of delicious, handmade food
the benefit, assistance and furtherance of the sporting,             from our East meets West menu.
community and artistic interests of children resident in                        Our specialties
                                                                  A curry every day. Laksa on Sundays.
the Chewton area.
                                                               Monk Dish on Friday & Saturday. Berry flan on
Applications for funding are now invited from groups             Saturday & Sunday. Gluten free selections
and individuals seeking one-off grants for the current
calendar year.                                                                   Easter Trading:
The amount of each grant will be commensurate with the             Closed Good Friday Open Easter Sat & Sun
merits of the application.                                      NEW TRADING HOURS FOR THE BOLD FROM APRIL
Applications should be in writing and should be ad-                   Thursday to Sunday 10am – 4.30 pm
dressed to The Trustees, F.P.Carpenter trust, C/- 169                     146 Duke Street, Castlemaine
Barker St., Castlemaine 3450.                                               Telephone: 54 70 60 38
Applications close on April 30th, 2010.                                        Your Host: Onn Ho

   Lots of lovely rain early in the month, the gardens are looking good, the grass is greening up and the evenings and
mornings are cool. The blackberries, while not environmentally desirable, have been an enjoyable part of our walks but
they are now over. All fruit is abundant this year with people sharing peaches, grapes, plums and now apples, pears and
quinces from their gardens, and in Fryerstown from the old abandoned gardens also. The small birds are around too. A
lovely time of year!
    Last month in the Chat I wrote about two articles published in the Age in February 1938, which were a personal
account of a visit to the town, as the Age writes “By our Special Correspondent Who is Touring Victoria”. The second
article, published on 10th February, was entitled The Heyday of Fryerstown and starts “It is hard to imagine that the now
pallid, straggling village of Fryerstown once gave house and home - and living - to ten thousand people. The lines of its
streets are there; the ruins of substantial buildings stand; there are men in the village who can talk of it as it was in its
heyday. Mr Mark Amos, mining registrar and life-long resident – he was born in the house in which he still lives - took
me to the front gate of his picturesque home and pointed out where the homes and the buildings of Fryerstown once rose
against the sky line”. After referring to the number of breweries and hotels and churches in the town in its heyday, he
goes on, “ ..all the leading banks had substantial premises; a boot factory turned out footwear for the town and for many
other towns even as far as Creswick and Clunes. There were several coach builders in the town, and a line of shops in
which were busy grocers, butchers, bakers. There was also a post office, a court house and a well-staffed police station,
with both mounted and foot men.” In 1938 there was only one store - the Post Office. Today there are none. The 1938
Age article goes on, “I went back to the books in Mr Amos’s office, and there and elsewhere from official documents I got
confirmation of the greatness that once was Fryerstown’s. For instance the gold escort book - rescued from amongst a
pile of books condemned to destruction by unimaginative officialdom – told me that from February to December, 1853,
the gold taken from the Fryer’s Creek field to Castlemaine weighed 46,609 lb, and in addition, the escort carried 10,327
pounds in cash.” Later in the article the author states that in the early years, Fryer’s Creek was known for its rich alluvial
diggings and he quotes a surgeon who was in practice in the early fifties on these diggings, “ I have been doctoring and
gold digging on most of the diggings about this vast auriferous region. It is impossible to convey any idea of the immense
sums made by individuals in a few days, and far from the reports being exaggerated, they are, I assure you, very much
below the mark. This I knew from personal experience as a gold buyer and a digger.”
   The article states however that during his visit in 1938 the author found that miners in the area were not optimistic
about a lasting revival in mining in the Fryerstown, Vaughan, Chewton area as right through the old records “…. runs
somewhat the same story - ground payable at shallow depths, not payable above 250 feet.” He states, “Practical miners
in the area claim that the same thing will be found where ever the district is worked. The make of stone, they say, is
scattered; there is no continuous body. The best of the gold-bearing country was worked out in the shallow depths years
ago, they say.” Nevertheless he points out that many of the old miners were still fossicking around Fryerstown because
they “just can’t help it.”
   The Age correspondent in 1938 examined the hand written the diaries and journals of Commissioner TDS Heron,
also rescued from destruction, and found the first entry in Heron’s name was in August 1853 when he had visited the
whole district and he quotes Heron as saying, “I am happy to state that I have never known the diggings more orderly
disposed than the present time.” In December 1853 Heron writes, “ I beg to recommend that the police station now at
German Gully be removed to the junction of Fryer’s Creek and the Loddon, as the population is increasing. I beg to call
your attention to the fact that there is no lock-up at this station, and the only way of securing prisoners is by fastening
them to a chain secured to a log, which in many instances cannot be done as the offence is not often of a nature which
justifies such a proceeding.” No wonder Heron was so well thought of in Fryerstown. He is always referred to as
                                                     CRIMe RePoRtInG lIne

                                                     5470 6166

“well respected” and a gentleman. Apparently his plea for the removal of the
lock-up to Fryers Creek from German Gully was unsuccessful because George
Brown says in his book Reminiscences of Fryerstown, that Fryerstown did
not have a lock-up until 1858 when a rough log building known as “ the logs”
was built. George Brown says until then there were several large trees where
people were chained while waiting for trial. Some of the trees are still there.
One, in particular, is believed to be several hundred years old.
    Photo courtesy of Tim Todhunter: The largest of several trees believed
     to have been used for chaining prisoners in Fryerstown before 1858
                     when the first rough log gaol was built.
   The next film night will be on Saturday April 24 at 7.30pm in the Fryerstown
Hall. The films to be shown are the short BARNUM AND RINGLING INC.
(1928), an ‘Our Gang’ series comedy with Oliver Hardy. This will be followed
by IN OLD CHICAGO (1938), Tyrone Power and Alice Faye in a major Fox
production with magnificent staging of the great Chicago fire of 1891. Cost is
$3.00 per person including tea and coffee or join for the year (10 film nights) for
$25. Don’t forget to bring a chair! You don’t have to live in Fryerstown to be
welcome at our film nights!                                      Kay Thorne.

 Chewton BUShlAnDS AnD
  ConneCtInG CoUntRY
    Most of us up here in the Chewton Bushlands are
 keen to protect and enhance the unique quality of our
 environment. Its hills and gullies are a natural sanctu-
 ary for hundreds of plants, animals and trees, and we
 want to do everything we can to promote their natural

    With this in mind we were delighted to welcome Kris-
 ta Patterson-Majoor of Connecting Country when she
 came to visit on Feb. 25th. Together we went to several
 sites and properties, and residents discussed with Krista
 their various concerns, including the best way to deal
 with invasive plant and animal species.
    As a result Connecting Country has agreed to fund
 some initiatives, and best of all, Krista has put together
 a Site Management Plan. This document has a timeline
 of five years, and sets out an action plan and guidelines
 to follow over that period. This practical approach pro-
 vides us with a highly workable set of attainable goals,
 and it will be a wonderful incentive for us to achieve our
 aim of ‘caring for country’.
    Thank you Krista and Connecting Country!
                                           Cate Freeman.
                    MACQUARIe PeRCh not FIN-ISheD Yet
                                        More than 3500 of the endan-
                                     gered Macquarie Perch are finding
                                     their way back into Victorian wa-
                                     ters. Most have just been stocked
                                     into Expedition Pass Reservoir, with
                                     250 soon to be stocked in Hollands
                                     Creek near Benalla.
                                        Joe Helper, the Minister respon-
                                     sible for Fisheries, joined Member
                                     for Bendigo West Bob Cameron at
                                     Expedition Pass Res. to release the
                                     last of the 3,300 fingerlings and cel-
ebrate the new breeding and stocking program. Mr Helper explained
Macquarie Perch were once an abundant and highly regarded recre-
ational fish in the midland and upland streams of the Murray-Darling
Basin but their numbers had declined through changes to habitat, bar-
riers to fish movement and the impact of introduced fish. This is the
first release of the endangered Macquarie Perch in Victorian waters for
12 years, and is part of the state government’s $13.5 million Enhanced
Fishing Program.
    “The Brumby Labor Government is taking action to restore stocks
on what has become a very vulnerable species,” Mr Helper said. “This
stocking will hopefully boost the conservation of Macquarie Perch in
the short term and potentially improve recreational fishing opportunities
for the species in the long term.”
    The Macquarie Perch were bred at the fish hatchery at Snobs Creek.
The site at Expedition Pass Reservoir was chosen after a fisheries as-
sessment of its suitability as a possible recreational fishery for Macqua-
rie Perch in the future. Locations for stockings were identified using a
rigorous site selection process in conjunction with recreational fishing
representatives, researchers and fishery managers. Future stockings are
planned for other waters if larger numbers of stock become available
next season.
    A Department of Primary Industry Information Note describes Mac-
quarie Perch as being able “to attain weight of 3.5 kg, but more com-
monly in Victoria lengths of 35-40 cm and weights of 750g-1 kg. Males
can mature at 2 years of age and grow up to 21 cm; females mature at
3 years of age and grow up to 30 cm, although local conditions may
induce the species to breed at smaller or larger sizes.” It also explains
growth can be rapid, a five-year-old fish being up to 38 cm. Fish of 10
years of age have been collected. It is carnivorous, taking its food by a
sucking motion. The principal diet items are aquatic insects
with some crustaceans and molluscs.

                                                                 Photos clockwise from top left: “It’s Mac Time” t-shirt,
                                                                     Joe Helper about to let the fish out of the bag,
                                                                  Bob Cameron and Joe Helper sharing their Maccas,
                                                                      and some fingerlings being taken for release
                                                                             on the far side of the resrvoir..
               FISh SURVeY                                           ReAl eStAte GoSSIP
   Fisheries Victoria Researchers conducted a fisheries as-       What glorious weather to be out and
sessment survey of Expedition Pass Reservoir on the 16th       about the real estate and land sites in
and 17th of December, 2009. The aim of the fisheries as-       Chewton. They say in the property
sessment survey was to determine what fish species and         business that if you find a value prop-
in what number they are present in the water body. The         erty that meets most of the criteria for
survey consisted of using a variety of fisheries assessment    making buying decisions, then grab the opportunity or
techniques including boat electrofishing and overnight         miss it.
mesh netting, fyke netting and bait traps.                        Recently listed by CPG was a neat and affordable home
   The fish species recorded in the survey included 44 Red-    on 2.5 acres at 614 Pyrenees Highway Chewton for virtual
fin with an average size of 19 cm, 1 Golden Perch 25cm         land price at $235,000. Sorry to advise that it has been
in length (pictured), 11 Goldfish, 5 Tench with an average     snapped up by an astute buyer.
size of average size 47 cm, smaller native and exotic fish        Stuart Real Estate advise that they are offering a 2 acre
species and yabbies. The water was described as having a       block off O’Hallorans Road with picturesque building
range of fish habitat including aquatic and riparian vegeta-   sites for $150,000. They also have listed a superb 3 bed-
tion, submerged rocks and woody debris and various water       room home on a block of 1442 square metres with mature
depths.                                                        trees and garden, and located at 28 Eureka Street Chewton.
                                                               This is listed for sale at $255,000
                                                                  Residents in Chewton and Castlemaine should be aware
                                                               that the area is being inundated with buyers wishing to
                                                               relocate to this area from the City and surrounds. The area
                                                               abounds in tranquility, quality personal services, good em-
                                                               ployment and educational services, great transport, sport-
                                                               ing and shopping opportunities. In fact, nobody wants to
                                                               leave and this makes finding a home to live in or land to
   The information gained from the survey was used by          build that dream retirement home increasingly difficult.
Fisheries managers to assess the suitability of Expedition        New listed properties are in short supply and are being
Pass as a potential Macquarie Perch fishery. The location      snapped up.
of the reservoir is within the Macquarie Perch’s natural          Contact your reporter if you have any news or real es-
range, its water depth, its proximity to urban centres for     tate gossip to report.
recreational anglers, its access, its water temperature, its                          Happy house hunting. David Uren.
habitat and its food availability were all factors that were
considered when assessing the water as a suitable loca-
   And the release of the Macquarie Perch has now taken
place. The Age covered this story on Saturday the 13th.

                                                                      GolDFIelDS GoSSIP
                                                               Castlemaine Goldfields Ltd have their 2010 AGM on May
                                                               4th. The next information for Chat readers will be pub-
                                                               lished in the June edition.
   Thanks to staff from Fisheries Victoria for this informa-
tion and photo of the Yellowbelly from the reservoir.

                                     CAStleMAIne theAtRe CoMPAnY
                           Rehearsals for Dirty Work at the Crossroads are going very well, and proving to be a lot of fun
                        for all concerned. The cast is particularly dedicated and several of them have already mastered all
                        their lines, with others having learnt quite a lot of theirs. I don’t think I can recall a previous show
                        where so many people learnt so many lines so quickly!
                           Director Kenneth hadn’t even got around to giving a deadline for scripts-down and now it looks
                        as though he won’t need to as it is happening anyway.
                                           The chorus has now been brought up from their separate rehearsals and they
                                        have become an integral part of the cast. This is a big step as it is much easier to
                                        feel part of a show if you are directly involved in the rehearsals, and they now have
                                        the opportunity to watch and become familiar with the show as a whole. And of
                                        course getting up on stage is a whole different feeling to standing on the floor! The
                                        stage is not very high but it is a whole other world up there! The chorus consists of
                                        Bernadette Ryan, Philip Edwards, Jude Davies, Julie Henchman, Josephine Bodno,
                                        Jacques Willemsen and, of course, our musical director Bairbre Williams.
                                           It has been heartening also to have a couple of
                                        people contact us offering to help out backstage
                                        or wherever needed, and some of these people
                                        have come along already to watch a rehearsal and
                                        become familiar with the cast and the show.
                                           We have now held our first production meeting
                                        to discuss the sets required for the show and will
                                        have commenced working bees by the time you
read this. The set in one way is comparatively simple, yet constructing it and painting
it will take a lot of time - especially in our church theatre where we don’t have the
luxury of existing curtains, wings and other structures.
   Helen is organising the costumes, props are being collected and Neil is beginning
to get excited about lighting possibilities. We are very grateful to Rae Hawkins for
her generous donation of some lovely music-hall costumes. Rae is also hoping to
be available to be part of the entertainment for a couple of the performances of the
melodrama. Anyone interested in being involved in the production, back stage or front of house aspects of Dirty Work
at the Crossroads please contact Annette on 0438 415 259, after hours or by email:
   At the March meeting of the theatre company committee it was decided that a play by local author Ian Nash will be
entered in the one-act play festivals in July, August and September. Titled Tapestries, it is part of a trilogy of plays,
all involving two women and using a sewing theme. Ian has quite a long involvement in theatre, but this is the first

                                             Buda historic home & Garden
                        Home of the noted gold and silversmith Ernest Leviny and his family from 1863 to 1981
                          featuring authentic furnishing, arts and crafts collection, significant heritage garden.
                         Also Looking After Your Soil a series of talks and hands on instruction for gardeners
         keen to get the best from their soil April 13, 20 & 27 1.30pm, $5 per session or $12 for all three.
          Plus Chooksheds in Gardens a self drive garden ramble to visit five out of eight gardens with
      interesting “chooksheds” which are seldom open to the public - the gardens that is. Friday 23 April
                             bookings essential cost $35 pp including lunch at Buda:
             42 Hunter Street, Castlemaine 3540 T/F: (03) 5472 1032 E:

time the theatre company has produced one of his plays, and this particular
play has not been produced before so there are a couple of firsts there. Ian
is directing the play himself and has selected Anna Davies and Christine
Sheehan as his cast. We intend to take Tapestries to Mt Macedon, Anglesea
and Kyneton, and possibly Ararat as well.
   By the time you read this our AGM will have been held, but you will have
to wait for the May Chat to find out about that as deadlines don’t permit for
this month. Hopefully some new people will step up to come involved as
a couple of the current committee members have indicated they will not be
re-nominating for various reasons. We thank them for the time and effort
they have contributed to our company over the past year or longer.
   Dirty Work at the Crossroads will be performed from May 7th to 23rd
(Fri & Sat evenings at 8pm, Sun matinees at 2pm), at our home in Chewton.
It will be performed cabaret-style, with the audience seated at tables and
encouraged to bring along their own drinks and nibblies to enjoy during the
show. BYO glasses as well.
   Tickets will be on sale at Hardings Footwear in Barker St., Castlemaine
from Monday 12th April.                                  Annette Engstrom.

                                                                                    THEY’RE BACK!

                                                                                      on the 2nd Fridays
                                                                                         of the month.
                                                                                           From 6pm
                                                                                      in the Dining room
                                                                                     at the Red Hill Hotel.
                                                                                This month it’s on April 9th.
                                                                                If interested please contact
   Photos from the 19th of March rehearsal: Page 12 from top: Helen
                                                                                 Jill Loorham on 5474 3206
      admiring the model stage, Doug and his instruments, Mookie
         triumphs over Munro and the chorus build the railway.
             Page 13: Why did they dig ma’s grave so deep?                      Gloria Meltzer on 5472 3592.

             St.John’S newS
                FoR APRIl
Good Friday April 2nd: 9.15 service with Geoff Nutting to
easter Day Sunday 4th April: 9.15 Holy Communion with
Carole Broughton speaking
Sunday 18th April: Morning Prayer with Carole Broughton
speaking once more.
               SnAPShotS oF lIFe At Chewton SChool
          It’s been an exciting time at Chewton P.S.                                       Swimming
    We are about to launch a new program called                                                We had a wonderful swim-
                 Gourmet Garden!                                                               ming program this year,
Working with a qualified chef, students will learn                                             supported by the fabu-
how to cook foods such as bread rolls, pickles, jams,                                          lous Bendigo YMCA Life
pastry, quiches and more!                                                                      Guards at the Chewton
We will use as many products as possible from our                                              Pool. It is so important
lovely gardens, and if we can’t produce it ourselves                                           for small schools like us to
we will purchase it locally. We also have some love-                                           have access to these local
ly new chickens in the renovated chicken yard (now                                             resources. The cost factor
fox-proofed thanks to some very hard working par-                                              makes it difficult for us to
ents who came up to school in the holidays) which                                              travel to larger venues, so
were chosen by students for their varied qualities.                                            being able to go to Chew-
The Frizzle Aracaunas are simply beautiful (I think                                            ton Pool was great.
they are my favourite!) with their pale grey plum-
age, and they actually lay pale blue eggs. Below
is some information from Sera-Jane, our resident
chicken-expert, which explains a little more about
them. Later on, once the ‘girls’ get a little more ma-
ture, we have plans to make the eggs available for
sale to the community, so please let us know if you
would like to be on the list.
We have four breeds selected on the basis of needing good layers who     We finished off
are attractive, who need to be adaptable to a chook tractor system       the lessons with a
and confined spaces, and which are docile and potentially like chil-     celebration where
dren. Our plan is to rotate the chooks from the pen to the tractors in   we tested out the
the garden on a week-by-week basis. The breeds are:                      boats we had made during the week, and then
* Bantam Wyandottes, very good layers and scratchers                     shared some icy-poles on what was the end of a
* Salmon Faverolles, layers and scratchers                               very hot week. Thanks to all those parents who
* Frizzle Aracaunas who lay blue eggs and are also good foragers         joined us there in support.
* The Silkie is a pet.                              Sera-Jane.                  Michelle Griffiths, Acting Principal.

     Chewton PlAY-GRoUP                                            ReD hIll SoCIAl ClUB
     For local families and children 0-5 years.               Howdy Folks,
The Chewton play-group, based at Chewton Primary              March has been a quiet month for the social club and has
School, is an informal get together for parents and           given all the chance to “have a rest”. We are now selling
children. The play-group is held at the school and            raffle tickets for Easter with three prizes of Easter Baskets
has access to art and music equipment, library, play-         choc full of choccies!
ground, sandpit and other school facilities. We meet          A Twilight Car Rally is planned for mid-April so keep
Monday mornings at 9.15am and we run only during              your ear to the ground or call into the Red Hill for details.
                                                              The Friday night Spinning Wheel and the Meat Raffle are
school term.
                                                              still proving to be popular as are the excellent meals, so
For more information phone:                                   get on down to the Reddy and see ya for a Social One.
Denise        5473 4334     FRYERSTOWN                                                           Cheers, James.
Sera-Jane     5470 5568     CHEWTON                                  (And apologies for covering James’ name with
 Come along, new members are always welcome!                                   an ad. in last month’s Chat!)
    what                       PoetRY CoRneR                                              Visitors
                                          Waterfalls                       It’s nice when friends stay a day or two
  the ... ??                                                                 And say, “I’ll do washing up for you,
  I am working on a         ‘Twas on the fifth of never                     You put your feet up and have a rest”.
   major story at the          when he woke up with the dawn                But after they’ve gone it is quite a test
moment and all will         And gazed around his abode,                      To find the things they’ve put away.
   be revealed in the          saw ev’rything was gone.                  And though you’re grateful you’d like to say
 next few months of         There were no distant mem’ries,                     “Oh leave the washing up alone,
  the Chewton Chat.            were no pictures on the wall,                I’ll do it all when you’ve gone home”.
 This story is sooo ..      Yesterday’s lost in the mist
                               of tomorrow’s waterfalls.              Who would have thought that when they were dry
 big it will probably                                                     The dinner plates would be put so high
 need to spread over        Reaching for the windowpane,
                               saw the bleeding fingertips                   By a kindly soul of six foot two
      several issues.                                                     That they’re so far out of reach for you.
 This has the poten-        That touched his face through the night
                               and quenched his long dried lips.       And why is that bowl on the shelf over there,
tial to rock Chewton                                                       And I can’t find my teapot anywhere.
 to the core. It is an      The music echoed distant,                           The cutlery is all mixed up,
 amazing story – it’s          the last trumpeter did play              And where on earth did they put that cup?
 real and I now have        Such a sad and mournful tune
 all the facts to back         that continued through the day.                  I love my friends and family
   it up. After many        The roses on the hilltop                        And they love doing things for me,
 weeks of investiga-           that once glistened in the sun,           And when they’re here my greatest pleasure
 tive work I am now         Had given way to the frost,                    Is to sit and chat and take our leisure.
 starting to put it all        they knew winter’s soon to come.                Work and washing up can wait,
 together for the big       And with the blink of an eye                     Exchanging gossip is really great.
        revelation.            he knows his future’s the past,                 So come to tea or come to stay,
    Photos don’t lie!       In all the things yet to come                    But I’ll put the washing up away.
            A2                 there will be nothing that lasts.                                     Rae Hawkins.
    YOUR                    But yet there is a feeling,                        The Mad Witch of Chewton
                                in all of this misery,
   TURN???                                                            When the moon sulks full over the rolling hills
    The Chewton Chat        That he’s not been left alone             And the gold miner’s ghost drifts free,
 welcomes contributions         to look out upon the sea.             When a cackle is heard in the crisp dark air,
     to Poetry Corner       A song of joy forgotten                   It’s the Mad Witch of Chewton you’ll see.
       each month;              echoes with the beating heart,
  just as news, articles,                                             She’ll stand in a storm with streaming eyes
letters, photographs and    While the words of salvation              And stare down all sorts of foe,
   ideas are welcomed.          repair pages torn apart.              But give her a red and a soapie or three
         Email to           In the mists of days gone by              Then she’s quiet and calm as a doe.
        goldenpoint             forgiveness embraces all,
                            There are still distant rainbows          It’s that Mad Witch of Chewton, mothers do quote,
      or leave in the                                                 At evening their children to fright,
      Chat box in the           that connect life’s waterfalls.
                                                                      While secretly wishing, deep in their hearts,
Chewton General Store.                             Daniel Larson.     To fly with her just for one night.
                                                                                                        Gavin Brosche.

         GolDen oRB weAVeR                                                  Please support our advertisers...
This spider was busy devouring a millipede when it was photo-
            graphed at Expedition Pass Reservoir.                      ...their support keeps the Chat chatting!
                      SoCCeR newS
                    Welcome once again to another World
                Cup year of football - can it really be 4 years
                since we cheered our Socceroos in Germa-
                ny? This year all junior registered players
                will receive a free Socceroos scarf as their
gift from Football Federation of Victoria - just in time to
wave it at their farewell game in Melbourne in May.
    We are looking forward to the year as the Mt Alexander
Shire Council has now awarded the building contract for
the renovation and extension of the George Archer Pavil-
ion so our long awaited improvements will begin to take
shape. We also thank Castlemaine Rotary for their gen-
erous donation to the building project and Mt Alexander
Shire for their Community Climate Action Grant towards
solar panels for the building. Both are much appreciated.          Orienteering cOmes tO chewtOn
    All new and returning players are encouraged to self             and brings the rain AgAin………
register using the national player on line system. Go to          It seems that just lately when and follow the prompts. For             there is an Orienteeing Carnival
a step by step guide you can go to ‘Membership’ on the            to be held in Chewton the forecast
club website where you will find all the information re-          is for rain, rain and more rain and
garding the process, fees and discounts etc.                      that was what was predicted for
                           Saturday the 6th March. Luckily
    All competition for u10 up and seniors will begin on the      the rain stayed away till the
first weekend of May.                                             afternoon, but with the rain the
    In order to improve our local players’ skills we have         day before and the warm morning
again invited Tyrone James to come to the club to provide         the conditions made the event
extra football tuition to interested players. Tyrone is an ex     very humid.
English League player and he has a Melbourne training             The Event Centre was at the
academy. The improvement in the players who worked                Garfield Wheel, which proved a
with him last year was significant. Our club believes that        great backdrop for the event; the
the tyranny of distance can be overcome and instead of            National Orienteering League
our players going to Melbourne to further their skills, we        (NOL) event was held around
have arranged for Tyrone to come to Chewton. There are a          the Wheel and in the gold mining
limited number of places and the cost of the 10 week term         area and was a great for spectators
is $200. For bookings and enquiries, please contact Huw           to view the Elite Orienteers
Walters on 5472 4453. The sessions are on Wednesdays              navigating from one area to
from 6 - 7.30 starting April 14.                                  another.
    Our Small Sided Juniors will again be run in Castle-          After the NOL event it was opened for the public event
maine at the tennis courts and the Western Oval on Friday         that saw local Castlemaine identity John Wilkinson win
afternoons next term as this has proven to be an effective        Course 3.
way of reducing the parking concerns at Chewton on Sat-                               Orienteering for April:
urday mornings. They do not have training so they will            10 April - Spring Gully. Meet at the Spring Gully Primary
start on April 23, 4 - 5pm. On Friday 16 April we will be         School from 12.30 - 2.30 (Spring Gully Rd).
there to answer queries, provide information etc for any          12 April - Mandurang. At the Mandurang Oval from 12.30
new players.                                                      - 2.30 and follow signs.
    We hope all our players have a terrific season and we         24 April - Smiths Reef. Go to the Old Gower School from
know they are eager to get on the ground, get fit, get com-       12.30 -2.30 on the Castlemaine/Maldon Rd and follow
petitive and get going.                                           signs.
      Happy footballing! Robyn Lewis, President, CGFC.            For information go to or
                                                                  phone me on 5474 2884.                       Judy Hill.
                                                                      Photos from top: The Garfield Wheel Event Centre,
                                                                          James Robertson competing, and NOL coach
                                                                                      Jim Russell in action.

                                                                           wAtCh oUt FoR...
                                                                      ...World Heritage Day on the 16th of April
                                                                          ...Earth Day on the 22nd of April

         ChInAMAnS PoInt
        BIRD oBSeRVAtIonS
Ern and Leslie Perkins have been conducting bird surveys
at Chinaman’s Point since January 2002. The most re-
cent was on the 12th of March this year. when Ern emailed
“We went this morning to do our monthy bird survey at
Chinamans Point. Highlights were a Red-capped Robin            GolDen PoInt lAnDCARe
(the first we have seen in any of our sites) and a Black-        At the first meeting for 2010 Golden Point Landcare
chinned Honeyeater (our first record of one at for China-     members covered a lot of ground when they caught up at
man’s Point.”                                                 the Chewton Town Hall.
Ern also forwarded a spreadsheet showing the complete            Our weed spraying contractor had completed as much
results of the 73 surveys they have done there. Among the     work as he could upstream from Expedition Pass Reservoir
regular sightings have been Common Bronzewings, Grey          but because of the recent rains the blackberry had gone
Fantails, Red-browed Firetails, Galahs, New Holland           berserk. It was agreed to thank Pat Radi Mansbridge for
Honeyeaters, Yellowtufted Honeyeaters, Magpies, Spot-         the work he had done and to request support from the
ted Pardalotes, Eastern Yellow Robins, Crimson Rosellas,      North Central Catchment Management Authority to help
Eastern Rosellas, Grey Shrike-thrushes, Silvereyes, Brown     with this weed maintenance as this was the area the North
Thornbills, Striated Thornbills, Yellow-rump Thornbills,      Central CMA had worked on back in 1999.
Red Wattlebirds, Weebills, Rufous Whistlers and Superb           We will identify an area for direct seeding along Forest
Fairy Wrens .                                                 Creek in preparation for a June/July working bee.
Other birds have been more elusive at that site. Over the        An expression of interest to have Brush-tailed
years, single sightings have been made of another 19 spe-     Phascogale nest boxes installed and for members to be
cies including a Jacky Winter, a Buff-rumped Thornbill,       part of the monitoring program will be sent to Connecting
a Varied Sitella, a Mistletoe Bird, a White Ibis, a Black-    Country. Check for more
faced Cuckoo-shrike as well as the Red-capped Robin and       information about the projects and the new blog. Thanks
Black-chinned Honeyeater mentioned above,                     to Mount Alexander Shire for its support on Clean Up
                                  As the graph shows, he      Australia Day – having a skip available for the rubbish
                                  average number of sight-    picked up around the res and along Golden Point Road
                                  ings per visit peaked at    made a huge difference.
                                  9.1 in 2005, is currently      The dumping of household garden waste on crown land
                                  5.9 in 2010 (which in-      is a growing concern – many of us are neighbours of the
                                  cludes a visit in Febru-    Castlemaine Diggings National Heritage Park and the
                                  ary where there were no     dumping in the park has the potential to spread weeds as
                                  sightings at all).          well as create an additional fire hazard.
                                  “Last month was the first      The next meeting will be on Sunday April 25th at the
                                  time that we have had a     Chewton Town Hall at 10.30 a.m.
nil count for Chinaman’s Point.” Ern emailed.                    Contact Jillian Milton on 5472 2298.
     Wonderful website. I live in
  Maldon which does not yet have
 a local website although it’s being
looked into at the moment by peo-
ple who seem keen. I know that it
takes continuous effort to maintain
 a website once it’s up. Congratu-
    lations! A Guestbook Entry.

                                                CleAnInG UP FRYeRStown...
                                      Seven brave cleaner-uppers ventured forth on Sunday, 7th March, scouring the
                                      Chewton-Fryerstown roadside in search of trash. An eighth member dropped off
                                      and picked up volunteers, along with ferrying back the mountain of booty. Whilst
                                      the forecast of heavy showers and probable storms was unsettling, the Clean Up
                                      Australia Day weather gods were smiling on Fryerstown. Not a drop of rain fell
                                      in the designated 90 minute timeslot.
                                      I think most of us were surprised at just how much rubbish was actually out there.
                                      More than 100 kilos (half of it recyclable bottles and aluminium cans) of bagged
                                      trash was collected. The spiffy (and reusable) white and bright yellow bags pro-
                                      vided by Clean Up Australia were perfect for this task. In addition, enthusiastic
                                      volunteers managed to haul up to the road enough unwieldy items to fill a trailer.
                                      And this was just the rubbish from two kilometres of roadside!
                                      So mark your calendars for next year’s Clean up Australia Day on 6th March. Just
                                      think of all the trash still waiting to be found.              Janobai Smith.
                                                               Photo: Shelley Hillman with a find

     ...AnD GolDen PoInt RoAD
When we were part of Clean Up Australia Day a few years ago
I would have said, based on the rubbish that was collected then,
that those what travelled along Golden Point Road and used Ex-
pedition Pass Reservoir smoked a certain brand of cigarettes, ate
at a well known distant fast food place, ate a lot of packet chips
and drank a great deal from juice packets or little brown stubby
How times have changed. Based on last Sunday’s efforts it ap-
pears that the younger generation are doing the right thing and
taking care of their own rubbish as there were very few chip or
sweets packets. Ditto for the smokers, or perhaps many have given up. The fast food containers were less but are now
evenly spread across three brands. If only we could change the habits of those who like a drink – beer and mixed drinks
in bottles and cans. Perhaps bring back a container deposit or make recycling more profitable and someone could make
a dollar.                                                                                  Marie Jones.

                                                 CleAnInG UP - YUK!
                                   During the weekend of the cleanup someone took the time to unload
                                   (and carefully stack) 3 mattresses beside Golden Point Road (about 50
                                   metres from the skip). And someone dumped in Trapps Gully. Yuk!
               wAteR wAtCh
   The Coliban storages and Holding Basins (McCay,
Barkers Creek, Caledonia, Eppalock’s Coliban Share,
Lauriston, Malmsbury, Sandhurst and Upper Coliban)
were holding 26.1% capacity on 16/3 (26.2 % last month,
on the 16/2).
   The Coliban website reports McCay Reservoir at 80.1%
(60% last month) but its 3 feeders are Malmsbury at 3.6%
(4.9%), Lauriston at 81.9% (87.5%) and Upper Coliban at
0.1% (0.1% ). Figures are from 16/3, with those in brack-
ets from 16/2.
                                                                            SMoKe In the AIR
   Eppalock is currently at 7.48% (7.29% last month) and          Controlled burns like this recent one near Taradale are cur-
Cairn Curran at 4.86% (4.53% last month). These figures           rently underway. Watch for announcements or call the
are from the 21/3.                                                Bushfire Information Line on 1800 240 667.
  ABOVe AV. sUmmer rAinFALL
  BUt POOr inFLOw FOLLOwing
   Despite above average summer rainfall at Coliban Wa-
ter’s catchment reservoirs near Malmsbury, summer in-
flows are still below the ten year average. Managing Di-
rector Gavin Hanlon said although good rainfall had been
received, inflows only resulted in 90% of the average for
the last ten years and only 22% of the long-term average.
   “148 millimeters of rainfall was received at our Malms-
bury Reservoir, which is the second highest summer rain-
fall for the last ten years, with half the rainfall received in
February alone. But inflows still remain below average as           the olD Chewton GReY
the catchment remains dry,” Mr Hanlon said.                          The Chewton Grey native plant is back! I found it in
   Total inflow for the three months was 875 megalitres,          abundant supply at Forest Creek Nursery – at the north end
with catchment storages holding 17,443 megalitres or              of Castlemaine on the Midland Highway.
23% of capacity.                                                     After the article in the Chat announcing its existence a
   “We received 90% of the average summer inflow for the          number of people went looking for it so orders were put in
past ten years of 970 megalitres. This is still well below the    and now it’s back. Happy gardening A2.
long-term spring inflow average of 4,430 megalitres,” Mr
Hanlon said. “An autumn break is necessary to wet up the
catchment and maximise inflows over the winter period.
Unfortunately, this has not happened in recent years.”
   The Coliban catchment reservoirs are the only source
of supply for the Coliban southern system, supplying the
areas of Castlemaine and Kyneton. The Coliban north-
ern system, which supplies Bendigo and surrounds, will
continue to be supplied from the Goulburn system via the
   Reservoir information is updated weekly on the Coli-
ban Water website
                                Taken from a Press Release.

       Chewton CFA newS                                         Chewton DoMAIn SoCIetY
                                                                    The Committee of Management’s March meeting began
                                                                with a review of on-going projects. Correspondence
                                                                included a letter of thanks from Rae Hawkins, and thankyou
                                                                cards that had been forwarded to Bernard Slattery, Heather
                                                                Holst, Richard Piesse and Di Baird for their help at the
                                                                2009 Monster Meeting, a congratulatory card to Ken Parker
                                                                for his achievement of 40 years service in the priesthood,
                                                                a thankyou to Ken James for his offer of sharing profits
                                                                from his book on local schools, and a card of thanks to the
                                                                author of the poem featured in the January Chat.
                                                                    The Treasurer’s report was tabled, showing the
                                                                balances at the beginning of March to total $37,692.45,
                                                                comprising a general account of $25,428.08 and a term
                                                                deposit of $12,264.37. Accounts paid totalled $5,566.91
                                                                and included the Shire’s rates, and payment for work on
   We have been busy with turnouts but, fortunately, noth-      the interpretive display design. There are still committed
ing major. We have been very lucky so far but we still          funds in unspent grants received for drainage ($1,500.00)
need to be careful. Now the fire restrictions are lifted it’s   and from Museums Victoria Heritage Display ($1,541.00)
time for poeple to check their flues and chimmeys and               The People and Places display reported that $60 worth
make sure that any clothes dryer has the filter cleaned out     of photos have recently been sold. Information relating
after every use.                                                to a photo of people being on a railway bridge to see the
   East End Servo is holding an Easter raffle for the Chew-     inaugural trip of the Spirit of Progress turned out to be not
ton Brigade – as always a big thank you to Alan and Heath-      at Chewton, but at Wheeler Street in Castlemaine.
er and staff for their continual support. The raffle will be        The Chewton Chat reported on difficulties in producing
drawn on the 2nd of April.                                      the February edition - the first morning’s planned printing
   Chewton Fire Brigade is now recruiting for Junior            had to be cancelled because it wasn’t ready. The Copy
members. If you’re aged 11 to 15 years old you are now          Centre completely printed 500 copies (all 28 pages), while
able to be part of social gatherings, team building exer-       200 were to be printed at Halford Street. A problem arose
cises and developing firefighting skills. Anyone interested     so only 134 were half printed. The Copy Centre then did
in becoming a junior member at Chewton Fire Brigade             another 70 (570 total) and the other 134 half Chats were
can gain more information and register at Chewton Fire          done a week later when the problems were resolved. The
Station (Mount Street, Chewton) at 10am on Sunday the           interviews Gloria has done in Know Your Neighbour were
21st of March. Further information is also available by         listed in total to show how a balance is achieved.
phoning brigade Captain Jo on 0408 522 488 or Lauren on             The Monster Meeting flags were discussed as stocks
0419 514 592.                                                   are down to one large one. It was decided that the CDS
      Photo is of the raising of the flag at midday on          purchase another 20 large flags. needs
             the anniversary of Black Saturday.                 another year’s hosting to be paid to our Internet Service
                                                                Provider. At $8.80 a month, this means $105.60 to be paid
                                                                to Graaf’s as soon as possible.
                                                                    Membership was reported at 180 with one new member.
                                                                The Property Management report covered the inspection
                                                                of required works and a subsequent report by the MAS
                                                                Heritage Advisor Louise Honman. Recommendations
                                                                made in the report were agreed to.
                                                                    The Park will benefit from input by Golden Point
                                                                Landcare (GPL). Site preparation for a planting session in
                                                                the park is to be organised in April in appreciation of the
                                                                use of the town hall for GPL meetings.
                                                                    Chewton Primary School building will celebrate its 100
                                                                years in October. The school is organising a Parent Club
                                                                Committee to manage an event that will be a children’s fair
                                                                to celebrate the event, to raise the school’s profile and be a
                                                                fundraiser. CDS agreed to support the school by offering a
                                                                regular section in the Chat for publicity, and will consider
                                                                other ideas put forward by the school.
                                                                    The meeting closed at 8.20 p.m.
                                                                    The next meeting is on Tuesday 6th April, 2010, Chewton
                                                                Town Hall at 7.30 p.m.
                        Free lectures Series
heRItAGe hoUSeS in the 21St CentURY
                                                                                    ARe YoU A
   Castlemaine and the surrounding towns of Mount Alexander Shire are            CURRent MeMBeR
justifiably proud and protective of their heritage homes and buildings. They                    of the
are part of the towns’ attraction to tourists and new residents. Many love
the idea of buying an older cottage or even a grand house in this lovely area             Chewton
with its great arts community, musical events, the biennial State Festival
and wonderful gardens. If you live in an old house or are planning to do so,
you will be interested in the free Lecture Series - Heritage Houses in the                SoCIetY?
21st Century to be held over four weeks on Wednesday evenings (7.15pm -          All are eligible (and encouraged) to
9.15pm) on 14th, 21st, 28th April and the 5th of May in the Phee Broadway        become a valued CDS member! Mem-
Theatre in Castlemaine. This series, which is a new initiative, will discuss     bership is only $5 per person each year.
adapting heritage houses to the lifestyles and environmental issues of the       This can be
21st century while retaining their heritage values and ambiance.                 * given to any committee member,
   Mount Alexander Shire Council, the Heritage Council of Victoria and           * or simply mailed to:
the Department of Planning and Community Development are supporting               Chewton Domain Society, PO Box 85,
these lectures with speakers who are experts in their field. The first lecture             Chewton, Vic 3451.
on April 14 will be given by Jim Gard’ner, Executive Director of Heritage
Victoria on Good Design in a Heritage Context and will include local
                                                                                 MAKE A SMALL INVESTMENT
examples. In his previous position Jim was Director of Strategy and
                                                                                   IN YOUR COMMUNITY!
Policy at Heritage Victoria where he had a special interest and expertise
in adaptation of heritage buildings to 21st century use. The second session
                                                                                 What does the CDS do?
the following week on April 21 will be on Caring for Heritage Houses.
                                                                                 It owns and manages the park, town hall
A panel of local experts will be looking at practical problems that arise in
                                                                                 and post office properties - the whole
repairing and maintaining old houses. The speakers will talk about rising
                                                                                 central block in Chewton.
damp, cracked walls, repairing plaster and use of appropriate materials and
                                                                                 It also publishes the monthly Chewton
techniques. Ray Tonkin will give the third lecture on April 28. Few people
                                                                                 Chat, maintains the community website
are more knowledgeable about the development of heritage protection
                                                                       , collects and displays
legislation, policies and administration. Ray, the former Executive Director
                                                                                 Chewton’s history in the Town Hall’s
of Heritage Victoria, will speak on Planning and Management Objectives
                                                                                 People and Places Display. And it also
to Maintain the Heritage Values of Houses. In the final lecture on May
                                                                                 welcomes new members!
5, Brod Street will speak about Solving Heritage and Planning Issues:
                                                                                 CDS Secretary Bettie Exon (5472 3892)
Integrating Water and Energy Efficiency into an 1890 House. Brod
                                                                                 is only too happy to encourage member-
has first hand experience to share because he will talk about his family’s
                                                                                 ship renewals or new memberships.
experiences in altering a brick cottage to be sustainable and adaptable for
life in this century, more than a hundred years after the cottage was built!
   This promises to be a fun and informative lecture series and it is free! If
you want to stay on for a light supper afterwards it will be just a gold coin
donation. Brochures are available in the Market Building, Castlemaine
and other places around the Shire. Those wishing further information can
contact                    Taken from a Press Release.

          The Castlemaine Theatre Company
                 is proud to support the Chewton Chat
      As the oldest theatre company in the Mount Alexander Shire
     we bring to the area theatrical productions catering for all tastes
       including musicals, melodramas, straight plays and pantomimes.
We encourage all members of the community, regardless of age or experience
 to get involved with CTC either on stage, back stage or behind the scenes.
     For all enquiries or to be put on our mailing list for our bi-monthly
             newsletter please phone the Secretary (5472 5469)
                     or email us at
      For website go to castlemainetheatrecompany and follow links.
      Wishing all Chewton Chatters health, happiness and success in
      the future. Please come along and support your local theatre.

                                  Chewton then AnD now
          the olD weSleY hIll ShoP - 160 DUKe StReet, weSleY hIll
   Image 1 (Courtesy Robin Taylor collection):
This photograph was most likely taken in the
1950s or early 1960s, and shows G.J. Harrison’s
Wesley Hill grocery, sweet and ice cream shop.
This building is not the present Wesley Hill shop,
but one that was located at 160 Duke Street on the
Chewton side of the present Albion Hotel. This
places it just outside the Chewton town boundary
approximately halfway between the Albion Hotel
and the Forest Creek Tourist Mine, see map, Image
3 below. The front section of the building was of
brick construction, and was set back from the street.
A verandah covered the whole length of the front of
the building, whilst the rear sections of the building
were of weatherboard construction. The advertising        2
on the front fence is typical of the time, while there
appears to be a formed footpath and gutter at the
front of the shop.
   The land on which this building was once
located comprised two larger allotments, 75 and
76, with a frontage to the Forest Creek Road as it
was then known, and two smaller allotments, 75A
and 75B which were located at the rear of the larger
allotments. At the government auctions on 3rd
March 1859, allotment 75 was offered for sale and
was purchased by David Williams, while allotment
76 immediately next door was purchased at the
same auctions by Thomas Davis. David Williams also purchased allotment 75A at the auctions conducted on 23rd
August 1864. The 1869 rate record shows that allotment 75 had a shop on it with David Williams listed as a storekeeper,
while allotment 76 which he now also owned, was described as land only. It would appear that some type of alterations,
perhaps an extension, took place at about this time in the 1870s because the 1879 rates recorded that a store covered
both allotments 75 and 76 with David Williams still listed as storekeeper.
   By 1890 the rate record shows that David Williams had departed and the store was owned by storekeepers Watkin
and Margaret Jones, an association that lasted for approximately 40 years. In the 1901 rate period the allotments had
a store and a cottage listed for the first time, so it is likely that some additions were also made to the earlier store in the
intervening period. The description of the building then remains constant until the 1927 rate period when the building
was described as a shop and house. Watkin Jones had died in 1919 at the age of 62, and his wife Margaret had continued
to run the shop during the 1920s. The ownership of the business changed rapidly after Margaret Jones retired and the
1934 rates show that a George Robert Alexander occupied the house and shop and was listed as a grocer. By 1937 the
business had changed hands again, and Neil Hardy Lester was listed as grocer in a building still being described as a
house and shop. During the war years the business was conducted by Chewton identities, Bill and Alvie Minehan, who
sourced their groceries and bread from the family grocery and bakery business located diagonally opposite the Red Hill
Hotel in Chewton.
   The last owners of the business were Jean and Ron Harrison who ran it for at least 10 years during the 1950s and
1960s. The G.J.Harrison written on the front façade of the building stood for Gwenneth Jean Harrison. Jean, as

she preferred to be called, was the person who conducted the business.
Anecdotal evidence from early residents of the area describes the business     the olD weSleY hIll ShoP
circa 1940 onwards as two shops in one. The door on the right of the

building was the entry to the sweet and ice cream shop, while the door

to the left next to the window was the entry to the grocery shop. It was

not possible for the customers to go from one shop to the other inside the            Hal Hill

                                                                                               k St
                                                                                   Mar l and
                                                                                       ket S
building, but rather they had to walk out onto the footpath to enter the


other shop. This would seem to indicate that at some stage in the past that
building additions had occurred as suggested above. At this stage that                      Duk
part of the building located on the extreme left of the photograph was used                      e St
                                                                                                           The Old Wesley
as a store room. Local identity Spencer “Spenie” Stewart demolished the                Albi
                                                                                             on               Hill Shop
front, the shop section of the building, for the Harrisons in 1964/65.                 Hote
    Image 2: This photo was taken in late 2009, and shows the building at                  el
it is at present. After the shop was removed, the Harrison Family rebuilt
on the front section and continued to live there into the 1970s, at least      N
until Ron Harrison died in 1973. The present day building is cloaked
by vegetation and the newly constructed front fence provides the present
                                                                                  0 10 20 30 40 50           Forest Creek
owners with privacy. The gutter at the front looks to have deteriorated                                      Tourist Mine
since the time of the earlier photograph.
    Image 3: This sketch map of the area locates the earlier shop and present house in Wesley Hill. The field of view of
both images looks towards the south.                                                                  Ken McKimmie.

                                                               Post call but all the tunes are different. The U.S. “Taps”
             the lASt PoSt                                     may have originated during the American Civil War.
   In some countries April is the month of Spring showers         In 1928 the citizens of Ypres (Ieper) in Belgium were
and flowers or “… when a young man’s fancy lightly            looking for a way to show gratitude to those who had
turns to thoughts of love”. Here, however, April brings       fought and died to free their country in World War 1. The
Anzac Day when communities all over Australia offer           Superintendent of Police suggested that the Last Post and
remembrance for those who served and those who died           Reveille be sounded each night at the Menin Gate. The
in war.                                                       first sounding was on July 1, 1928 but the ceremony lapsed
   At every one of those gatherings the “Last Post” and       after about four months. It was revived in 1929 and the
“Reveille” bugle calls will be sounded.                       short ceremony has been carried on nightly ever since,
   The Last Post is a particularly haunting call that         with the exception of the years of German occupation
originated in the 17th century when the British Army          during World War 2 when it took place at Brookwood
was serving in the Netherlands. It was the routine at         Military Cemetery in Surrey (U.K.).
the end the day for all posts to be inspected and after           The ceremony was revived at the Menin Gate on
the final inspection a bugle call was sounded to let every    the very evening of the day that Polish forces liberated
soldier know that the day had ended, so the call became       Ypres and has been carried on ever since. Shortly before
the “Last Post”. It is believed to have drawn on an old       8.00pm each day, no matter what the weather, the road at
Dutch custom called “Taptoe”. The Taptoe also signalled       the Menin Gate is closed to traffic and silence descends.
the end of the day but had no military connection then.       At exactly 8 o’clock up to six buglers from the local
Instead it was the moment when the beer barrels were          Volunteer Fire Brigade step forward. They play the Last
turned off and so ended the day. The Dutch “taptoe”           Post and, after a short silence, Reveille.
comes from a Dutch phrase, “Doe den tap toe” meaning              This information has been taken from an interesting
“turn the tap off”. Today, the Dutch also have a military     web site,
signal “”Taptoesignaal” or “Taptoe”. The Dutch call and       last-post-ceremony.htm. There is a lot more information
the American “Taps” serve the same purpose as the Last        there and the site is well worth visiting.         Albar.

Difficulties with producing an APRIL - 150 YEARS AGO column have provided an opportunity to look at the history of
Expedition Pass Reservoir. This opened in 1868 - and this extract describes the situation during construction the year
                        the eXPeDItIon PASS ReSeRVoIR.
  (FROM OUR SPECIAL REPORTER). CASTLEMAINE, WEDNESDAY.                      Re-printed from the Argus 14th March 1867.
   To state that the works connected with this portion of       face of the bed rock. The wall will be carried up from its
the gold-fields water supply scheme have not been com-          foundation to the natural earth surface, having its sides as
menced would be incorrect. They have been commenced,            nearly vertical as possible, so that every portion may fit
and commemorated likewise, although the latter proceed-         compactly into the trench. This latter portion of the work
ing passed off in a somewhat unobtrusive manner, being          is almost completed, and will be soon ready for official
unaccompanied either by official inauguration or public         inspection. From the surface to the top of the embank-
demonstration. On Tuesday evening the contractors for           ment, the wall will be gradually reduced in width on each
the construction of the reservoir (Messrs. Robb and Over-       side, on a scale of one foot in five. The material to be used
end) entertained a select number of friends at dinner, at       will consist of the best selected clay, which will be passed
Young’s Imperial Hotel. This festive party absorbed the         through a steam puddling-machine. The chief embank-
entire local excitement of the occasion.                        ment, which will form a superstructure of the puddle wall,
   I proceeded this morning to the scene of the works, and      is to be 792 feet long, sixty feet high, and ten feet wide.
arrived there without encountering anything particularly        It is proposed that this mass of earth be level for its entire
worthy of mention, the journey constituting an hour’s un-       length on top ; but at the cross-sections that it shall slightly
mitigated jolt and jingle through a hilly, uncultivated, and    incline towards the centre. That side of the embankment
seemingly unproductive district. To the inexperienced eye,      next the water will have an incline of three feet to one; and
the appearances presented at the works would rather tend        that of the opposite side will be two feet to one. An ex-
to perplexity and dubiety, little more than surface clearings   periment is to be attempted on the face of the embankment
and trenching outlines having been effected. The site of        next the water. Instead of adopting the prevailing custom
the reservoir is situated at Expedition Pass, which is at the   of “pitching” the face, it is proposed to cover it with a coat
head of Golden Point Gully, and distant about seven miles       of broken metal (sandstone), one foot in thickness. The
from Castlemaine. It is one of the best sites that could        next feature of importance is the tunnel - the main artery
have been selected, its natural formation and circumjacent      of the whole concern. The works at this point are at a more
advantages being such as to obviate in a great measure an       advanced stage than elsewhere. Fifty feet of driving have
immense expenditure in the way of artificial constructions.     been accomplished within the last three weeks ; and, tak-
A portion of the bed of the once famous Forest Creek is         ing into consideration the difficult nature of the ground to
the spot chosen to form the floor of the great dam; and this    be delved through - mostly solid rock - this ranks as first-
portion of the creek will be cut off from its natural course    class work. The tunnel will be 214½ft. in length, having
by the principal embankment. A magnificent watershed,           a diameter of 6ft. It will be fronted by solid ashlar, of 3ft.
of 3,000 acres in extent, and entirely composed of steep        6in. in thickness. When completed, and a sufficient body
hilly country, has been secured ; so that if a heavy down-      of water has accumulated, filter-beds are to be laid down
pour of rain should occur the accumulation of water in this     along the tunnel, from whence the water will pass into
artificial basin will be truly prodigious. The foundations      metal pipes, and finally issue to refresh the palates, or may
of the dam are constructed with a view of securing a solid      be to rejoice the hearts of the residents of the Castlemaine
and even foundation for the puddle-wall and earthwork;          and Chewton districts.
and wherever the stratum exposed in excavating is not suf-          Lastly, at one end of the great embankment a large by-
ficiently solid, the excavation is continued further. The       wash is to be constructed in the solid hill, which will serve
depth of water will be fifty-six feet, leaving about four       as an outlet for all surplus water.
feet clear from the bank surface. It is estimated that the          Since the commencement of operations, steady prog-
reservoir will be adequate to contain 120,000,000 gallons       ress has been maintained. The number of men employed
of water. Ample provision will be made for leakage and          is not large - in all, about seventy - with twelve drays. The
all kinds of exhaustive demands, by falling back upon the       erection of an engine-house will be proceeded with imme-
resources of the Coliban, which, as you are aware, is to be     diately; and what with contractors’ residences and offices,
the sole renovator of the continuous chain of reservoirs        stores, and such like erections, the works will speedily as-
connected with this great water scheme. I may as well           sume the business-like bustle of a diggings township. The
mention that this immense volume of water is intended           term of contract is limited to nine months, and the amount
for domestic purposes only; the supply for mining and           is £13,758 9s. 11d.
other necessary works will be conveyed from the Harcourt            Such are the few facts connected with the Expedition
reservoir, distant about six miles. With regard to a most       Pass Reservoir that I have been able to collect. Passing
essential portion of the undertaking, namely, the construc-     along the artificial water-course towards Elphinstone, the
tion of the puddle-wall, it has been deemed imperative to       works are being vigorously carried on, particularly along
thoroughly excavate all the cracks, fissures, and veiny and     that portion known as “Porter’s Contract,” where some
unsound portions of the work, in order to insure a perfect      heavy excavations and deep sinkings have been com-
contact between the clay puddle and the clean solid sur-        menced. There appears to be an opinion existing here
with regard to the Government portion of the watercourse,
namely - that it will entail perpetual watching and clearing,
                                                                                FoBIF wAlK
                                                                On the 18th of April the FOBIF Walk will be part of the
which will, ultimately exceed its original cost of formation.   Walk Against Want. Join the FOBIF contingent on this
This alleged oversight, it is asserted can be remedied by       year’s Walk .The walk will be through bushlands north of
having the levels properly lined. There are a large number      the Castlemaine Botanical Gardens and there will be de-
of men at work, but whether they originally belonged to         licious soup and bread in the gardens afterwards. 10km.
the small-job croakers of the Eastern Market, I cannot say.     Meet at the Botanical Gardens at 10 a.m.
One thing, however, was quite apparent - there seemed to          For more information ring Bronwyn Silver 5475 1089.
exist amongst them a tacit and unanimous understanding
as to the precise expenditure of physical energy compat-                   MAY ChAt DAteS
ible with the regulation “screw.”                                      Apr. 23rd (Fri.) is the May Chat Deadline
   The Hon. J. F. Sullivan, accompanied by the various                      Apr. 28th (Wed.) Printing Chat
colonial delegates at present attending the Postal Confer-                   Apr. 30th (Fri.) Printing Chat
ence at Melbourne, will make an official inspection of the             (Call Heather 5470 6532 if you can help)
Expedition Pass Works to-morrow (Thursday). There will             Apr 30th (Fri.) Folding at the Chewton Town Hall
be no demonstration of any kind, although the municipal                               at 2.30 p.m.
authorities have made some feeble efforts to create a Cas-
tlemaine sensation, and there are whispers abroad of an
address being presented.
 SATURDAYS AND SUNDAYS (& most Public Holidays) 1pm to 4pm
 April 2010
 Friday           2        Good Friday Closed.
                                                     s n
                                                   te w

 Saturday         3        Cate
                                              ui da ur o

 Sunday           4        Jack
                                          n’ es yo

 Monday           5        Closed
                                        do f th ge
                                            ts e

 Saturday         10       Judy
                                           i an
                                        ap arr

 Sunday           11       John
                                      sw se

 Saturday         17       Rose

 Sunday           18       Frank

 Saturday         24       Ken McK
 Sunday           25       Elaine - Anzac Day
We need friendly people with an appreciation of Chew-
ton’s history, who are prepared to give 3 hours one Satur-                MoUntAIn BIKInG
day or Sunday each month.                                          The Central Victorian Rocky Riders will be taking a so-
Please ring Allan Dry 54723385 or Elaine Appleton 54722498      cial ride along the Goldfields Track between Creswick and
if you would like to be part of the team.                       Daylesford on Sunday 11 April 2010. This will take rid-
                                                                ers through the Wombat State Forest along the Anderson
Connecting Country’s woodland                                   tramway. The length is approximately 30km so riders will
    Restoration Program                                         need a medium level of fitness, sufficient water and food.
Cultural Landscapes – a free evening talk by researcher,        RSVP to Nick at or 0425 873 345
Robyn Ballinger, highlighting the fascinating history or           Weekly social rides leave from Castlemaine Cycles
our woodland environments.                                      each Sunday at 9:30am exploring the local bushlands.
Thursday 8th April, 7.30 p.m. Ray Bradfield Rooms,              More information can be obtained by contacting David on
Castlemaine.                                                    0401 141 733
For more information: or              A full calendar of events is available at the Rocky Rid-
info@connectingcountry, or 5472 1594.                     ers website

                   St lUKeS                                          wAlK AGAInSt wAnt
  A sharing of information carer’s lunch                                           Sunday 18th April.
         for mental health carers.                                 Keep this date for Castlemaine Oxfam Group’s annual
    Mental Illness is usually a traumatic experience for not   Walk Against Want. Starting at 11 am, enjoy a 2, 5 or 10km
only the person who experiences it, but also every other       walk through bushland, leaving from the Castlemaine
person who cares for them. Parents, siblings, partners and     Botanical Gardens. Entertainment will be provided at the
friends can struggle to know where they can find informa-      start of the walk, and soup provided when you finish!
tion and resources to support the person that they care for.       Donations on the day will all be forwarded to Oxfam
Navigating mental health and community services avail-         Australia, to help the work it does in communities in more
able can be difficult and daunting particularly when carers    than 24 countries, overcoming poverty and injustice.
are dealing with their own feelings around mental illness.       If you would like more details about this event, please
Caring for someone with a mental illness can often come                    contact Lynda Evans on 54724190.
at the expense of carers own emotional and physical health         Castlemaine District Health Service (CHIRP)
    Mental health carers from the shires of Macedon Rang-
                                                                   AnnUAl heARt weeK wAlK
                                                                               Wednesday 5th May 2010
es and Mount Alexander are invited to a free lunch. Their
                                                                           Castlemaine Botanical Gardens
will be guest speakers on what carer supports are already
                                                                       Your choice of Walks: 2km @11.30am,
available in these shires and carers will be given an oppor-
                                                                          4km @ 10.30am or 7km @ 10am
tunity to let services know what their needs are.
                                                                    Registrations are 15 minutes before each walk.
    The lunch is being held at in the Richardson Room at
                                                                         Healthy light lunch available for $3
the Kyneton Town Hall, between 11am -3pm on Saturday
                                                                                      BYO chair
the 17th of April, 2010. Places are limited and must be
                                                                        To assist with catering please register
booked on 5470 5403
                                                                     your attendance with CHIRP on 5479 1000.
    This is filling fast. Book now to secure your place!
                                                                     Bob Cameron MP
                                                                 State Member for Bendigo West
                                                                     Representing Chewton, Fryerstown, Faraday,
                                                                          Castlemaine and Newstead areas
                                                                                Electorate Office:
                                                                       8 Panton Street Golden Square 3555
                                                                                Phone 5444 4125
                                                                                 Fax 5441 8140
                                                                  the oIlInG oF AMeRICA
       MARKetInG & MeDIA                                       Big business, government agencies and medical organi-
           FoR CoMMUnItY GRoUPS                                zations have campaigned deceptively against animal fats,
   Publicise your events, celebrate your achievements and      meat, eggs, butter and other nutritious, traditional foods,
use marketing to recruit new members or volunteers.            leading to huge profits from the sale of toxic margarine,
   Presented by Our Community and Hootville Commu-             shortenings and liquid vegetable oils, and the foods that
nications, this fun and interactive seminar will help you      contain them. Scientific data contradicting current anti-
demystify the media and identify new ways of marketing         animal fat public health policy was suppressed and cen-
your group / event / community. Seminar includes 30 pag-       sored for many years. Dr. Enig and Sally Fallon now tell
es of expert advice, templates for media releases and mar-     you the truth about how that happened.
keting plans and contact details for local media outlets.      The Oiling of America will open your eyes to fraud and de-
 At the Garden Room at Buda Historic House & Garden,           ception behind the lipid hypothesis of heart disease. Top-
                  Hunter St, Castlemaine                       ics include:
  on Friday 16th April - 9am - 1pm with lunch provided.        • How scientists cheat in scientific studies
   Registrations close 1st April 2010, and there are imited    • Why cholesterol is not the cause of heart disease
places. Hosted by the Mount Alexander Volunteer Net-           • The dangers of cholesterol-lowering diets and drugs
work, this accredited training costs only $10 with catering    • Why trans fatty acids and liquid vegetable oils are so
(lunch) provided.                                              dangerous to human health
   Enquiries & bookings to Jacqueline on 0425 323 005,            The Oiling Of America 2 hr (and 10 minute intermis-
email or pop by the Castlemaine Com-            sion) DVD at the Community House, 27 Littleton Street
munity House at 27 Lyttleton Street, (opp. the police sta-     Castlemaine, Monday 12 April at 7pm. Gold Coin Dona-
tion).   Jacqueline Brodie-Hanns, Co-ordinator,                   tion. Bookings preferred, call Cathy on 5472 1754 or
          Mount Alexander Volunteer Network.                                email
     PhysicAL ActiVity PrOgrAms                                                       FIelD nAtS
                           LifeBALL:                                          VISITORS ARE WELCOME AT CLUB
LifeBALL is a social fun team ball game that involves walking                   MEETINGS AND EXCURSIONS
and ball passing. It is for for adults of all ages, and is starting up   April:
in Castlemaine from 22nd March and will be run on a weekly               Friday 9th: Speaker - Julia Brown - Connecting
basis at Wesley Hill Stadium.                                            Country.
  For more information call Julie Flynn at the Shire 5471 1802.          Saturday 10th: Field trip - Lerderderg River.
           Strength Training Program for Men:                            Ordinary membership: Single $27, Family $35,
Strength training is a physical activity program involving light         Pensioner or student: Single $24, Family $29
weights, balance and stretching exercises. To gain health benefits       Subscription includes postage of the monthly
you need to attend a one hour program twice a week for at least          newsletter, Castlemaine Naturalist.
10 weeks.                                                                General meetings - (second Friday of each month,
This program will be run at Mt Alexander Golf Club on Mondays            except January) are held in the Uniting Church
and Wednesdays 4.30 to 5.30, commencing Monday April 12th                (UCA) Hall (enter from Lyttleton St.) at 8.00 pm.
for 10 weeks. The cost is $95 for 19 sessions.                           Field Trips - (Saturday following the general
Prior to joining the program you need to book in for an assess-          meeting) leave from the car park opposite Castle
ment with a physiotherapist at Castlemaine District Community            Motel, Duke Street at 1.30pm sharp unless stated
Health. Call 5479 1000.                                                  otherwise. BYO afternoon tea. Outdoor excur-
                                                                         sions are likely to be cancelled in extreme weather
                                                                         conditions. There are NO excursions on total fire
                                                                         ban days.
                                                                              CASTLEMAINE FIELD NATURALISTS
                                                                                PO BOX 324, CASTLEMAINE 3450

                     Tap Into Timor
                    - a free community event
             Saturday April 17th 12.30pm—2.30pm
            Buda House Garden Room – light lunch
   The Mount Alexander Shire’s East Timor Friendship Group
(Friends of Lolotoe) Inc. are celebrating their first year by hosting
a free public event, Tap Into Timor, to recognise the community
groups and individuals throughout the Shire who have already
tapped in and discovered the pleasures of working on small
projects together for the East Timorese community of Lolotoe.
   The Guest Speaker at Tap Into Timor will be Mr Richard
Brown, Chair of the VLGA’s Timor-Leste Working Group and
Project Coordinator for the Moreland and Hume Councils’ East
Timor Friendship Group (Fraends of Aileu). With over ten years
working on East Timor issues, Richard Brown’s address will
focus on the Friends of Aileu’s story, attributing its success and
longevity to its local communities working together.
   Organisers say that Tap Into Timor is an opportunity for
people of all ages to come along and be part of this growing
friendship between the Mount Alexander Shire and the Lolotoe
                Buda Historic Home Garden Room
                   42 Hunter Street, Castlemaine
               Bookings essential – RSVP April 9th
                   Contact Marion on 5423 4199
              or email:
                   SOME GOOD RAIN AT LAST
                                                  With John indisposed this                                                 Rainfall totals
                                                  month the weather report
                                                                                                                         January – March inc.
                                                  comes from Eureka Street.
                                                                                                               2000   149mm
                                                  I have now been keeping
                                                                                                               2001   107mm
                                                  rainfall records for 11 years,
                                                                                                               2002   108mm
                                                  and this is the wettest first
                                                                                                               2003    46mm
                                                  3 months of the year. The
                                                                                                               2004    31mm
                                                  March total of 76.5ml (up to
                                                                                                               2005   109mm
                                                  the 19th) is also the highest
                                                                                                               2006    94mm
                                                  received in the 11 year peri-
                                                                                                               2007   146mm
                                                  od and with almost 2 weeks
                                                                                                               2008    51mm
                                                  left in the month at the time
                                                                                                               2009    31mm
 of writing there is a chance that further falls might add to that total.
                                                                                                               2010   160mm (up to 19th March)
 I don’t possess a maximum/minimum thermometer so I am unable to au-
                                                                                                                                Ken McKimmie.
 thoritatively comment in this field. Anecdotally however it would seem
 that the start to the 2010 year has been milder than in 2009, with a green                                     Photo: Golden Point Road awash on
 tinge in the paddocks. This is a rarity in March.                                                                      the 5th of March.

The Chewton Chat is a newsletter published by the Chewton Domain Society. A subcommittee of John Ellis (Ed.),Bettie Exon, Gloria Meltzer and Jill Loorham is
responsible for the publication. Regular volunteers Judy, Wendy, Ian, Barbara, Allan, Richard and Jillian amongst others, also help with production and circulation.
It is circulated on the first of each month, necessitating a deadline of about the 22nd of the month before. Material can be left at the Chewton General Store, with any
of the sub-committee members, sent by e-mail to or by calling 5472 2892.
Contributions of ideas, news items, articles, and letters are always welcome; as are advertisements that help meet monthly production costs. Circulation is via the
Chewton General Store, Chewton Pet Supplies, Rhones, East End Servo, Red Hill Hotel, Castle Automotive Enterprises and Tourist Information Board, as well as
the Bold Cafe, Castlemaine Library, Market Building, CHIRP, CIC, ANZ Bank, Castlemaine Copy Centre and Castlemaine Office Supplies. Mt. Alexander Hospital
Residential receives monthly copies too. Whilst copies are free, there are donation tins at many collection points and donations can be mailed to the CDS address be-
low. Subscriptions for mailed copies can be arranged. Circulation is now 700. A full colour Chewton Chat can also be downloaded each month from www.chewton.
net - as can the previous 12 issues. The CDS can be contacted through PO Box 85, Chewton, 3451; or the Chewton Town Hall 5470 6131 (when open).

                                                   CAlenDAR oF eVentS
 Apr. 2nd              Good Friday.
 Apr. 2nd              Good Friday Service, 9.15 a.m., St. John’s Anglican Church, Chewton.
 Apr. 4th              Easter Sunday.
 Apr. 4th              Easter Sunday Holy Communion, 9.15 a.m., St. John’s Anglican Church, Chewton.
 Apr. 5th              Easter Monday Public Holiday.
 Apr. 6th              Chewton Domain Society Committee of Management meeting, 7.30 p.m., Chewton Town Hall.
 Apr. 8th.             Senior Cits (SC) Train to Water Gardens, 9.06 a.m. train, C’maine Railway Station.
 Apr. 8th              Woodland Environments (Robyn Ballinger), 7.30 p.m., Ray Bradfield Rooms, C’maine.
 Apr. 9th              Last Day for feedback to Council on the Aquatic Facility proposal (i.e. Chewton Pool).
 Apr. 9th              Chewton Community Dinner, from 6 p.m., Red Hill Dining Room (5472 3592).
 Apr 11th              POHAG meeting, 10 a.m., Chewton Town Hall.
 Apr. 12th             School Term 2 starts.
 Apr. 12th             Tickets for Dirty work at the Crossroads go on sale at Hardings Footwear.
 Apr. 13th.            SC Mystery Trip, 8.30 a.m., Bus at C’maine Market Building.
 Apr. 13th             MAS Council meeting, 7.30 p.m., Taradale Hall.
 Apr. 14th             Heritage Houses Lecture, 7.15 p.m., Phee Broadway Theatre (also 21st, 28th and May 5th)
 Apr. 15th.            SC Lunch 12 noon, Meeting 1-30 .pm., Chewton Community Centre.
 Apr. 18th             Morning Prayer, 9.15 a.m., St. John’s Anglican Church, Chewton.
 Apr. 18th             FOBIF Walk - Walk Against Want, 10 a.m., C’maine Botanic Gardens.
 Apr. 22nd.            Rural Concert, 10.30 a.m., C’maine Town Hall.
 Apr. 23rd             Deadline for May Chewton Chat.
 Apr. 25th             Anzac Day.
 Apr. 25th             Golden Point Landcare Meeting, 10.30 a.m., Chewton Town Hall.
 Apr. 24th             Fryerstown Films (In Old Chicago), 7.30 p.m., Fryerstown Mech. Inst.
 Apr. 26th             Anzac Day Public Holiday.
 Apr. 27th             MAS Council meeting, 7.30 p.m., C’maine Senior Citizens.
 Apr. 28th             Chewton Chat printing, 9.00 a.m., Halford St. Council Offices (and 30th).
 Apr. 30th             Last day for applications to the Frank Paul Carpenter Charitable Trust.
 Apr. 30th             Folding the Chewton Chat, 2.30 p.m., Chewton Town Hall.


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