of Soil and by jrnbbyzbujktdafk


									                                                                                                      but, according to one estimate, SO per
         World                                          President's                                   cent of these areas have been drained
                                                                                                      and turned into farmland over the last
     Association                                        Report                                        century.
                                                        By David Sanders                                 Greenhouse gasses, global warming

      of Soil and                                                                The puttie has
                                                                               been appalled
                                                                                                      and climate change are also being
                                                                                                      blamed but we must remember that

         Water                                                                 by the tragedy in
                                                                                                      heavy      rains,   cyclones,   and flooding
                                                                                                      have always been common in this part

  Conservation                                                                 According
                                                                                         to          of the world. Nevertheless, poor land
                                                                                                     management and the resulting degrada
                                                                               reports, tie flood    tion of the catchment areas exacerbated
  NEWSLETTER                                                                   ing      easily       the severity of the flooding and the
                                                                               exceeded    the        speed at which it occurred.
      Volume 16       Number 2 (May 2000)
                                                                               previous 1977            Why do I raise this subject? Well, to
                                                                               record and was        me it underlines the importance of our
                                                        by far the worst since records began in      mission as an organization to "promote
                                                        1948.                                        good practices in soil and water conser
                                                           One of the questions now being            vation and the development of systems
                                                        asked is how much of this disaster           of better land husbandry." Our constitu
                                                        was due to nature and how much               tion also reminds us that, "The WASWC
                                                        was manmade? Here in England, a              will strive to encourage all nations and
                                                        number of newspaper articles have            communities to improve their care of soil
                                                        appeared blaming, at least partly,           and water resources, to strengthen poli
President                                               the condition of the catchment areas         cies which promote better land hus
David Senders                                           of the rivers. Nine of Mozambique's          bandry and to eliminate unsustainable
Flat No. 1. Queen Quay, Welsh Back
Bristol BS14SL. England                                 fifteen main rivers are international,       land use practices." These are worthy
                                                        with much of their catchment areas           aims in the light of what has happened in
Doputy Prasldont
Samran Sombatpanit,                                     lying in South Africa and other sur          Mozambique, but it's all too easy to for
67/141 Amonphant 9, Sol Senanikom 1
Bangkok 10230, Thailand                                 rounding countries. For the most             get them as we carry on with our day-to
                                                        part, these catchments are in a poor         day life and work.
Immediate Past President
HansHumi                                                condition with soil compaction,                 Finally, on a less serious note, I'd like
Centre for Development and Environment
                                                        crusting, and high rates of runoff.          to remind all members of the coming
Institute oJ Geography, University of Berne
Hallerstrasse 12.3012 Berne, Switzerland                Added to this problem is the vast            ISCO Conference. It takes place in
Appointive Vice Presidents                              area that has been covered with              Buenos Aires, Argentina, from 22 to 27
Africa: Zachee Boll                                     concrete and bitumen in recent               October 2000. It will soon be upon us! I
Asia: Dimyati Nangju
Australasia: Ian Hannam, Panamatta, Australia           years as the Johannesburg conur              hope that many of you will attend this
Europe: Martin Haigh, Oxford, England
                                                        bation and other towns and cities            important conference. The organizers
Erie Roose. MontpeOer, France
Latin America: lldefonso Pla Serttis. Uedla, Spain      have rapidly grown. These urban              would like to know early if you do plan to
Middle East Georgi Gergov, Sofia, Bulgaria
North America: Jerry Hammond, Virginia, USA             areas now quickly shed huge vol              attend. Abstracts are due May 31. Email:
Pacific: Samir El-Swaify. Hawaii USA                    umes of water during the high inten          isco2000@cirn.inta.gov.ar or mail at
Executive Secretary                                     sity storms that are a feature of the        Secretaria    Cientifica    ISCO    2000,
William C. Moldanhauer
                                                        region. At one time, the run-off was         FAUBA, Av. San Martin 4453, (1417)
317 Marvin Avenue
Volga, South Dakota S7071 USA                           absorbed by the region's wetland's           Buenos Aires, Argentina.                        \

Maurice Cook
                                                                                          Member's Forum
3458 Leonard Street                                        In response to Samran Sombatpanifs article "Total Sediment Methods for Measuring
Raleigh. North Carolina 27607 USA
                                                         Soil Loss," Dr. K. G. Renard, calls attention to a project carried out by J. ft Simanton,
SWCS Liaison
                                                         W. ft Osterkamp and himself in southeastern Arizona, USA:
Craig Cox
7515 NE Ankeny Road                                        Sediment yields from two small semiarid subbasins are estimated using three types
Ankeny. Iowa 50021 USA
                                                         of sediment sampling equipment. Measured sediment yields from each subbasin were
Editor                                                   compared by sampling method and then to estimates using the Revised Universal Soil
Ryan Nash
7515 NE Ankeny Road                                      Loss Equation (RUSLE). Sediment yield versus storm runoff volume were related for
Ankeny. Iowa. 50021 USA
                                                         each sampling method and results showed that, as sampling equipment became more
The World Association of Soil and Water Conservation     efficient, regression line slope increased indicating an increase in subbasin sediment
Newsletter Is sent quarterly to WASWC members, The
newsletter seeks to keep conservationists worldwide
                                                         yield. The magnitude of difference between RUSLE estimates and measured sediment
informed of new developments in the field of soil and    yields changed with sampling method.
water conservation and land management issues.
Please send editorial contributions to Executive            The data were published in IAHS Publication No. 217, 1993, Sediment Problems:
Secretary William C. Moldenhauer.                        Strategies for Monitoring Prediction and Control (Proceedings of the Yokohama
                                                         Symposium, July 1993)
 Water Resources Data                    1995) it was down to 14 cubic           revegetation, pest plant and animal con
                                         km/yr.                                  trol, property planning and community
for Bu/garia                             ■ In the period before the economic     development.
By Professor G. Gergov, vice             crisis and political changes started       Landcare is a broad partnership
president for Middle East,               (1989), the annual water consump        including the wider community, all three
WASWC                                    tion was evaluated at about 60-70%      tiers of government, industry, utilities,
   Some recent publications about        of the available water, which means     universities and schools, philanthropic
water resources       give   confusing   from 9.8 to 12 cubic km/yr.             trusts, the media and the arts.
information about Bulgaria. For          ■ Some 5 cubic km/yr of water is           Some 1150 delegates attended the
instance, the Encyclopaedia, edited      used for cooling the nuclear power      International Landcare 2000 conference
by Prof. Hershey et al (1998), some      station located on the banks of the     held in Melbourne, Australia from 2-5
papers of the Central and East           Danube River.                           March.
European      Technical    Advisory      • The information in the CEETAC            Half were members of Landcare
Committee (CEETAG) and the               tables about the Danube River           groups and networks; the rest came
Global Water Partnership (GWP),          water, as part of the Bulgarian water   from government, business and catch
include assessments of mean annu         resources, was found to be serious      ment management bodies and from
al water volume of 204 cubic km/yr       ly wrong. The Danube River,             overseas: some seventy people from 20
including about 187 cubic km/yr of       Europe's largest river, flows along     countries. There were 90 speakers, 85
run-off entering the country from        Bulgaria's northern boundary and        posters and 36 trade and government
abroad. The experts within the           carries an average of about 200         exhibits.
country believe these estimates to       cubic km/yr of water to the Black          The mood was sociable and buoyant
be incorrect and fear that further       Sea. Bulgaria uses just a small por     - the Landcare movement has been
reference to them may lead to mis        tion of it (3 - 5 cubic km/yr) for      magnificent for promoting fruitful net
understandings at a time when            domestic and industrial water sup       working and collaboration and for gener
international collaboration    should    ply for several small towns. This       ating new friendships. A tour of the
be developing.                           amount was further reduced after        poster stands reinforced the pride and
   To clear up this problem, a meet      1989 but proper assessments have        enthusiasm. Popular themes included
ing was held on 29 and 30                not yet been made. Obviously the        greenhouse projects, management of
December 1999 of the Global Water        figure of 187 cubic km/yr (about        large-scale projects, running networks,
Partnership and WASWC members            80% of the annual volume) of the        urban landcare and projects for indige
with leading experts from Bulgaria       Danube River as being part of the       nous communities.
from the Technical Union of Water        water resources of Bulgaria is not          David Suzuki, keynote speaker, was
Affairs and the Bulgarian National       correct                                 flanked by several academics, politi
Water Association. A number of           ■ It was strongly recommended that      cians and global agency representa
studies, published in Bulgaria and       a   Water House    be   established     tives. A dozen national Landcare awards
abroad, were examined. Some of           through which professionals can         were presented at a ceremony highlight
these    have    calculated    water     create awareness among decision         ing the diversity of activities in all states
resources     (Galabov,     Lazarov,     makers.                                 and the strong role played by business
Mandadjiev), some the amount of                                                  in Landcare. The conference website
water consumed annually and water                                                carries the entire proceedings:
management problems (Nikolova,
                                         International Landcare                    www.nre.vic.gov.au/conf/landcare
Hristov) and others such subjects        Conference held in                      2000

as the long term regulations and                                                    Whilst they depend on voluntary
                                         Melbourne                               effort, Landcare groups are frequently-
climate function impact on hydrolog-
                                         By Rob Youl                             supported by paid part- or full-time co
ical practices (Genev, Gergov,
Lazarov, Modev, Raev).                       Remarkable and very positive        ordinators. Increasingly, groups form
  The Bulgarian Water Country            changes     have     occurred    in     into regional networks for greater effi
Vision,   presented     by    Dr.   G.   Australian rural land management        ciency and to attract more of the gov
Bardarska, to the GWP Conference         and community action over the last      ernment and private resources available
in Budapest, 1999, and provided by       two decades. Given the environ          for project development.
the Ministry of Environment and          mental    destruction    that  has         Not a typical situation: the award-win
Waters, was especially relevant.         occurred in 200 years of European       ning Hindmarsh Shire in Victoria spon
   The meeting came to the follow        settlement, we hope that these          sors a local network of over fourteen
ing conclusions:                         changes are not too late!               groups of cereal farmers. The network
• The long term (1935 to 1985) total        Much of this progress has been       runs at least four big projects - a cam
annual available water resources         through the Landcare movement, a        paign involving local and metropolitan
from the inland water resources of       national network of over 4000 local     volunteers to restore roadside vegeta
Bulgaria amounted to 20 cubic            groups dedicated to undertaking         tion corridors (that it calls 'biolinks') con
km/yr while in a dry period (1982 to     catchment improvement projects,         necting two huge national parks some

Page 2
 50 km apart; further plantings joining      Report of the GCTE                          ings,   wheat network and others
 biolinks to bush remnants on nearby                                                     were    organized. The plenary ses
  farms; a visionary regional shelterbelt
                                             Focus 3 Conference on
                                                                                         sions    provided an opportunity to
  program along the lines described          Food and Forestry:                          many     leading agencies to demon
 above; and a project to recreate the        Global Change                               strate research progress in global
 original (indigenous) grassy wood           and Global Challenges,                      change impact on major monocrops
 land on 140 hectares of prime              September 20-23, The University of           and pasture and rangeland produc
 Wimmera black-soil country cropped         Reading, U.K.                                tion, pests, diseases and weeds;
 since European settlement began in         By Dr. R.B. Singh                            soils; multi-species agro-ecosys
 the 1860s.                                   Global Change and Terrestrial              tems; and managed forests.
     Through its exposure to Landcare       Ecosystems (GCTE) is a Core Project             The plenary session focused on
 the Shire has introduced rate rebates      of     the    ICSU-the      International   "The Global Change and Food and
 for landcare commitments, success          Geosphere-Biosphere          Programme       Forestry Production: Future Scientific
 fully promoted ecotourism and indus        (IGBP)-the Study of Global Change.          Challenges" by PJ. Gregory and J.S.
trial development as its reputation for     The main objective of the GCTE              Ingram. The focus was on intensifica
environmental care has grown, and           Focus 3 is to provide an international      tion which leads to changes in soil
assisted local schools to carry out         framework for planning and synthesis-       organic matter content, erodibility
several astonishingly creative pro          ing global change research on agricul       and nutrient dynamics. There has
jects - such as a 500 metre board           ture, forestry and soils; address priori    been a 2-20 fold increase in the
walk in a local wetland system.             ty issues of global importance; devel       nitrate loading of river systems and
    Landcare has spread to New              op links with other IGBP core projects      an increase in nitrogen oxide emis
Zealand, Iceland, South Africa and          and non- IGBP research. The GCTE            sions to the atmosphere contributing
the Philippines.                            Focus 3 conference is organized in associ   to global warming. Another paper
    WASWC Deputy President, Samran          ation with the journal Agriculture,         entitled "Global Change: Links
Sombatpantt attended, a worthy agent        Ecosystems and Environment, published       Between Agriculture Research and
for your association and an indefati        by Ebevier Science.                         Policy Formulation' discussed how
gable recruiter.                                The agricultural environment is the     global change impacts on food and
   Landcare in Australia - Foundation       foundation of human life. Environmental     agricultural production will, increase
for Community Action is available           conditions being viewed as locational       the consequences of interactions
free from Rohan Wilson, International       capabilities of regions, are also the       between bio-physical and socio-eco
Landcare Clearinghouse, Agriculture,        deciding factors of national or regional    nomic processes.
Forestry and Fisheries Australia,           environmental change. The tradition of         Focus 3 Research Areas: The
GPO Box 858, Canberra ACT                   food and forestry research, along with      paper,    "The    Role of Climate
Australia 2601 fax 0015 612 6272            its significant changes in content and      Mapping in Predicting the Potential
4526; rohan.wilson@affa.gov.au              methodologies, will meet the expecta        Distribution    of   Non-Indigenous
                                            tion of society as the science of practi    Pests Under Current and Future
                                            cal value and contribute to the devel       Climates" by Baker et at., empha
                                            opment of global change research.           sizes that the use of climate map
            Renewals                                                                    ping in the prediction of species dis
                                            This conference explored a new
                                            paradigm of environmental research in       tributions under current and future
                                            which the integration of human and          climates has recently been criticized
   You may renew your                       physical processes is facilitated.          for ignoring species dispersal and
 membership      to   world                                                             the multitude of complex species
                                              Speakers reviewed recent research
 Association by using VISA,                                                             interactions which also influence
 Master Card, or American                   and identified future research issues,
                                                                                        range and abundance. Soil organic
 Express.                                   involving   both   macro    theoretical
                                            research and micro case studies relat       matter models are able to predict
     Send your renewals to:                 ing to food production land use             change in soil organic carbon levels
                                            change and forest production with           under intensive cropping systems.
    World Association of                                                                This has been tested by Diels et al.
    Soil and Water                          relation to key areas like environmen
    Conservation,                           tal consequences, climate variability,      in the paper "Modeling Soil Organic
    c/oSWCS,                                scaling-up issues.nutrient and water        Carbon Changes Under Intensified
    Attn: Angie Porter.                     dynamics and predicting future pro          Land Use in Tropical Conditions."
    7515 NEAnkeny Road,                     duction areas.                              Hence, if efficient weed control tech
    Ankeny, IA 50021-9764,                                                              niques are introduced on smallhold
     USA.                                      Major Highlights of Technical
                                                                                        er farms, SOM levels might decline
     angiep@swcs.org                        Deliberations:     The   programme
                                            included invited keynote speakers,          unless reduced weed inputs are
                                            oral presentations, poster presenta         compensated by increased inputs of
                                            tions and various workshops. Along          crop residues, tree prunings or other
                                            with the above many network meet            sources of organic matter.

                                                                                                                      Page 3
     Environmental Consequences            participants desired to develop fur      types of modeling land use changes
  of Increasing Production: The            ther collaboration in this field. The    were presented involving an empirical
  paper by J. S. Wallace "The Need to      paper by Ndiritu and Nandwa enti         study of China and Africa. The session
  Increase Agricultural Water Use          tled   "Strategies   for Sustainable     strongly pleaded for better integration of
  Efficiency to Meet Future Food          Productivity     of  Cropping     and     social science knowledge in land use
  Production" discusses water scarci      Forestry Systems Under Global             change models. Lack of effective infor
 ty and decrease in arable land in the    Change" stressed that one of the          mation is another constraint for model
 world due to population increase.        most important direct impacts of          building.
 The future increases in production       global change to agriculture and             The relevance of IGBP research
 will have to come mainly by growing      forestry will be seasonal variation in    could be substantially improved by link
 more food on existing land and           soil moisture levels due to increased     ing more with institutions based in the
 water. These papers addressed the        frequency and severity of drought.        tropics that are carrying multidisciplinary
 issue of the efficiency with which          Agriculture        and    Climate      research that link "people" issues, such
 water is used in agriculture.            Variability: The inter-annual vari        as poverty and food security, to global
    The      paper      Environmental     ability of the North American climate     change issues such as biodiversity, car
 Consequences         of   Agricultural   has been proved to be exacerbated         bon sequestration and greenhouse gas
 Development: A Case Study from            by the presence of El Nino Southern     emissions.
 The Green Revolution State of             Oscillation (ENSO) phenomena: the           Scientist realise that there is a need
 Haryana, India by R. B.Singh com          warming of sea surface water (SST)      to develop a strong link between GCTE
 municated some of the critical envi       in the Central Pacific Ocean fol        science and policy research. Even
 ronmental issues like soil erosion,       lowed by air pressure variations that   where biophysical and socioeconomic
 soil and water quality depletion,         provoke changes in the direction of .   models are not formally linked, there
 declining ground water level, and         trade winds. This concept is dis        may still be significant gains from taking
water logging problems due to             cussed by Mario Tiscareno-Lopez          more multidisciplinary approaches and
extensification and intensification of    et al. in the paper "Forecasting         in exchanging information that could
agriculture. My paper identified the      Crop      Yield   Deviations   Under     help design appropriate scenarios under
following critical issues:                Climatic Variability of EL Nino          which separately performed biophysical
• Declining crop yields.                  Years." On scaling and extrapola         and economic analysis would be more
• Changes in groundwater level and        tion, different methods for aggregat     complementary.
quality. Excess irrigation induced        ing input data to the simulation            More Interactive Opportunity dur
water logging.                            model are compared for climate and       ing Poster Session: Everyday poster
• Land Degradation as reflected in        soil data. A scaling-up of the vari      sessions were organized relating to all
declining soil quality, soil saliniza-    ability in the plant-pathogen system     six themes mentioned above. The
tion, nutrient depletions and loss in     and scaling-up from field to region      poster sessions were very successful in
crop biodiversity.                        for wind erosion prediction on crop      communicating objectives, methodolo
• Need for developing land quality        land using GIS are discussed.            gies and the findings of the research
indicators and a monitoring frame            Incorporating Soil and Pests,       papers to the participants. Various ques
work.                                     Disease and Weeds in Crop/             tions and doubts were resolved by per
• Increasing use of land for growing      Pasture/ Forestry Growth Models:       sonal discussion between presenters
food crops vis a vis increasing sig       The session focused on different       and participants. All posters were well-
nificance of livestock in household       modeling exercises in crop and         prepared to an international standard.
economy.                                  forestry areas. The models have        Handout copies were distributed.
• Price policy and input subsidy          been used to explore the long-term     Printed abstracts were very helpful for
induced changes in cropping pat           transient and equilibrium effects of   understanding the research focus of the
terns.                                    climate change and different man       papers.
• Need for enhanced Research and          agement strategies and system pro         Lessons Learned during Parallel
Development efforts and organiza          ductivity, carbon sequestration and    Workshop Sessions: Nine parallel
tional set-up to promote sustainable      N fluxes. Another important highlight    workshop sessions were organised by
management options to improve             of this session was to identify soil     leading scientists in the specialised
environmental quality, e.g. promo         and related constraints to be includ     research areas. These sessions includ
tion of organics and biofertilizers.      ed in these models. The session          ed:
biopesticides etc.                        deliberated multi-trophic modeling,      • Processes linking soil erosion with soil
   Many participant took part in the      biological resolution, model parame      organic matter dynamics and soil biolo
discussion. They were interested to       terization, verification and valida      gy-
know about policy intervention,           tion, interpolation, simulation modu     • Technological change in agriculture
nutrient quality of crops and             lar modelling, collaborative net         and the economics of biodiversity loss.
research and development efforts in       works.                                   • Effect of agricultural intensification on
the areas of sustainable manage              Land    Use   Change         and      trace gas emission.
ment of agriculture in India. A few       Agricultural  Production:       Two      • Extensification and intensification in

Page 4
 low-input farming systems.                     Minister and are supported by the                 tices. District Plans are required
 • Vulnerability and resilience in farming      Minister's Department of Primary                  to be updated regularly and usu
 systems.                                       Industries.                                       ally also include an inventory of
  • Linking ecosystems and economic                South Australia has a Mediterranean            other natural resources such as
  models at regional scales.                    climate of high variability and with soils        geology, soil, vegetation and
 • Developing or modifying crop produc          of low inherent fertility there is a high         water.       District Plans are
 tion models to simulate losses due to          risk of land degradation through the              required to be developed in con
 pests and diseases.                            state.    The major land degradation              sultation with the community.
 • Making global change research rele           issues are wind and water erosion,                   The District Plan forms the
 vant to pasture and rangeland decision         nutrient fertility, decline, dryland salinity,    basis for the action program that
 makers.                                        soil acidity and degradation of soil              each Soil Conservation Board
• Improving the way we model: Towards           structure. Soil Conservation Boards               undertakes in its role. District
a model interchange format for crop            were first formed in 1947 as a response            Plans are available to the public
and forest models, and tools for working       to severe wind and water erosion of soil          in hard copy or electronically on
with models expressed in this format           following the opening of new agricultur           CD and on the Web. The Soil
    In workshop session 1, the influence       al lands following the World War.                 Conservation Board model pro
 of SOM soil properties such as aggre              Boards are responsible under the              vides communities with the abil
gates and pores, nutrients, biology,           Soil Conservation and Land Care Act               ity to oversee the protection and
global carbon cycle were presented by          to:                                               management of their own envi
scholars. Changes in total SOM content         • promote awareness and understand                ronment Boards are responsi
occur slowly. Active factors such as           ing of land conservation in their district        ble tor making judgements on
microbial activities indicator species         • develop and support programs to con             appropriate practice among
have been discussed. Resistance to             serve land and rehabilitate    degraded           their peers and in determining
erosion can be influenced more by sur          land                                              education strategies - who bet
face than bulk properties. The biotic          • give advice and assistance to farmers           ter than the local landholders to
relation and soil degradation was elab         on land management                                know what will work in their own
orated in detail. The components of            • administer the provisions of the Act            community.
runoff threshold are vegetation inter          which enable legal force to be used to               This process of community
ception, litter interception, depression       alter land management practices which             empowerment does have a
storage, surface infiltration and soil infil   may degrade land.                                 price.  While Board members
tration.                                           Boards are formed by the Minister             are reimbursed travel costs and
   The conference was able to attract          where communities, usually through                sitting fees, their duties do take
many sponsors well known in the areas          their local government, express an                them away from their farming
of global change research. As a partici        interest in forming such a body. The              businesses.      Many members
pant from a developing country, the            Board district is determined at that time         contribute far more time than
writer received a valuable base from           based on common landuse and man                   they are ever compensated with
which to develop the strong link               agement practices. Many districts fol             remuneration.
required to promote collaborative global       low local government boundaries but in               In South Australia there is at
change research in the future.                 some areas they are consistent with               present a move to ensure Soil
                                               catchment boundaries. Boundaries can              Conservation Boards integrate
                                               be altered reasonably easily to suit              their policies and activities with
SOIL CONSERVATION                              changed circumstances.                            other natural resource manage
FRAMEWORKS IN SOUTH                                Soil Conservation Board members               ment groups eg. water, vegeta
                                               are enthusiastic in their activities of pro       tion and plant control.
                                               motion and program support They are                   With these changes govern
By Bill Davies                                 often less enthusiastic about using reg           ment policy is to ensure region
   There are 27 community based Soil           ulation to enforce change. They are               al communities continue to have
Conservation Boards covering almost            aware that knowledge and understand               a major say in their own destiny.
all of the agricultural and pastoral areas     ing will lead to more lasting change              Soil Conservation Board District
of the state of South Australia. Board         requiring lower levels of policing and            Plans may be visited on
districts vary from 200,000 hectares up        less conflict within their communities.           www.soil.pir.sa.gov.au
to 200,000 square kilometres. Each Soil            The Soil Conservation Boards have
Conservation Board has seven local             each developed a District Plan for all            Fallow Management
landholders, one of whom is nominated          land within their district These plans
by local government with the other six         identify the classes of land, its capabili
                                                                                                 in the Tropics
being landowner nominees appointed             ty and the recommended land use,                     The Cornell International
by the State Minister for Primary              where there is degradation or where it            Institute of Food, Agriculture
Industries.                                    may occur, the causes of degradation,             and Development (CMFAD)
   The Boards report directly to the           and preferred land management prac                through its programs on
                                                                                                                           Page 5
 Management of Organic Inputs in          syntheses of invited and voluntary     Progress Towards a
 Soils of the Tropics (MOIST) and         papers will identify knowledge
                                                                                 Global Sustainable Soil
 the Cornell Agroforestry Working         gaps and research priorities, the
 Group (CAWG), is organizing a            impacts of fallow management on        Convention
 one-day       symposium       entitled   sustaining agroecosystem produc        By Dr Ian Hannam
 Fallow      Management       in    the   tivity, the social and institutional       The WASWC is a principal support
 Tropics. The symposium will be           factors contributing to changes in     er of the concept of the introduction of
 held during the American Society         fallows management and the             an up to date international strategy for
 of Agronomy Annual Meetings              maintenance of agrobiodiversity        the sustainable use of soil. As reported
 (November 5-9, 2000) and will be         and environmental services in the      in an earlier Newsletter, at its March
 co-sponsored by Divisions A6             21st century.                          1999 meeting the IUCN (the World
 (International Agronomy) and S6              The symposium will have invit      Conservation Union) Commission on
 (Soil & Water Management &               ed keynote presentations that          Environmental Law (CEL) resolved to
Conservation).                            summarize and synthesize the           investigate the feasibility of introducing
    The goal of the symposium is          regional fallow management initia      a global environmental law instalment
to highlight the work of on-going         tives followed by voluntary oral       for soil and a working group was organ
regional initiatives on fallow man        and poster presentations, and a        ised to look into this.
agement in Africa, Latin America          final panel discussion.                    The proposal was initially put to the
and Asia, synthesize the results,             Ifs anticipated that the keynote   IUCN CEL in response to the good level
and provide a framework for               papers and selected papers/posters     of support for such an instrument that
                                                                                 came out of the 2nd International Land
improvements in networking and            will be published in a special issue
                                                                                 Degradation Conference in Thailand in
coordination of regional research         of an international journal. For
                                                                                 January 1999.
on fallows. We hope our findings          more information contact Dr. Erick
                                                                                    The WASWC Council at its meeting
will facilitate the application of the    Femandes        (ecf3@cornell.edu)
                                                                                 at Purdue University in May 1999
results by land users, research           Tropical Cropping Systems &
                                                                                 debated the proposal, and a resolution
and development specialists and           Agroforestry Department of Crop &      was passed outlining its support. A let
policy makers. In keeping with the        Soil Science, Cornell University,      ter was subsequently sent from
theme for the 2000 annual meet            624 Bradfield Hall,                    President David Sanders to the Chair of
ings, the symposium will focus on         Ithaca, NY 14853, USA                  the IUCN CEL.
the emerging knowledge and                Tel:+1(607) 255-1712                       Herewith is an outline of the
dynamics of managed fallows. The          Fax: +1 (607) 255-2644                 progress made over the past year.
                                                                                 Many WASWC members would recall
                                                                                 that the substantial background to the
                                                                                 proposal was set out on pages 47-48 in
                                                                                 the special Discussion Paper -
                                                                                 "Sustaining     the    Global   Farm.
                                                                                 Strategies,   Issues,   Principles,   and
                                                                                 Approaches" prepared for ISCO 10
                                                                                 under the direction of our Vice-
                                                                                 President Prof Samir El-Swaify.
                                                                                    The proposal was one of a number
                                                                                 of key matters discussed by the 14
                                                                                 Discussion Groups at ISCO. Feedback
                                                                                 from the Groups was mixed, but gener
                                                                                 ally reflected a lack of understanding
                                                                                 among soil conservation people of the
                                                                                 role of global environmental strategies
                                                                                 in conservation planning and environ
                                                                                 mental management.
                                                                                     In September 1999 I travelled to
                                                                                 Austria for further discussions on the
                                                                                 proposal with Prof Winfried Blum,
                                                                                 Secretary-General of the International
                                                                                 Union of Soil Sciences. Many of you
                                                                                 would be aware that the IUSS estab
"Impact Monitoring: Everybody Demands It, But Nobody Likes to                    lished a "sustainable soil convention
See It Done" By Karl Herweg                                                      working group" at the IUSS Montpellier
                                                                                 Congress in 1998. The IUSS is also one
Page 6
  of the key soils institutions which       much positive feedback. However,
  support for the sustainable soil          it was clearly emphasised that we
  instrument       During September         must carefully explore all possible
  1999,     I   also   travelled   to       options for a global soils instru
  Wageningen, the Netherlands, and          ment - including a full convention,
                                                                                    The African Queen
 talked to staff at the International      treaty, or protocol. The relation        By Dennis Cahill
 Soil Reference and Information            ships between the Convention to
 Centre (ISRIC) about the proposal.        Combat        Desertification,     the
     Director, Dr Roel Oldeman for         Biological Diversity Convention
 warded a letter of support to IUCN.       and the Framework Convention on
                                                                                      I he river tide surged onward,
 The main part of my September             Climate Change, must be closely          inexorable and blue,
 visit to Europe was to attend a spe       looked at.                               The brave ship chugged against
 cial  meeting      at   the   IUCN             The next step involves a meet       it, empowered by its screw.
 Environmental Law Centre in               ing of the Steering Committee of
                                                                                    People standing at the prow
 Bonn,    Germany,       to   review       the IUCN CEL in April 2000 where
                                                                                    saw how it cleaved the tide.
progress with the proposal and            the final Terms of Reference for
                                                                                    Said "Look how we're making
compile the Terms of Reference for        the project will be endorsed and a
the project. As part of the meeting,      2-3 year workplan will be put in
                                                                                    We'll be home by even-tide."
the IUCN had invited some repre           place.Other key soil institutions
sentatives of the Tutzing Group"          supporting this proposal include
                                                                                    But a young lad sitting quietly,
from Tutzing in the south of              the International Board for Soil
                                                                                    with his mother on the deck.
Germany, including Dr Martin Held         Research        and       Management
                                                                                    Watching the trees upon the
and Dr Kerstin Odendahl, to speak         (IBSRAM) Thailand, and the
about the initiative they had taken       European Soil Bureau (ESB) of
                                                                                    called "Oh no, we won't by heck!"
in preparing a possible draft instru      the      European         Commission.
ment      see       -     www.soil-       Discussions have been held with
                                                                                    "Do you know we're going back
convenfaon.org.                           Dr Eric Craswell and Dr Frits
    Prof Rabah Lahmar from the            Penning deVries of IBSRAM and
                                                                                    The current's stronger than this
Foundation      Charles      Leopold      Dr Luca Montanarella of the ESB.
Mayer was also present to speak                As this initiative is now a major
                                                                                    His mother hushed him quickly
about the Foundation's "Soil              matter of interest to the WASWC,
                                                                                    and their fellow passengers
Campaign," which supports the             members are invited to send any
introduction of a global soils instru     comments to President David
ment and gives recognition to the         Sanders. Should anybody wish to
                                                                                    Until an older voice then said
Tutzing work.                             receive a more comprehensive
                                                                                    "D'you know, the lad is right!"
    However, the most significant         background        and      explanatory
                                                                                    We're not only going backwards,
progress with the IUCN CEL "sus           paper, please contact me at your
                                                                                    but the waterfall's in sight!0
tainable soils" initiative so far was     convenience at
in February 2000 when I travelled         Department of Land and Water
                                                                                    Now call the river "population
to the IUCN Headquarters in               Conservation,       10    Valentine
                                                                                    growth," its tide "land subdivi
Gland, Switzerland, with the Chair        Avenue, Parramatta, 2160 NSW.
and Deputy Chair of the CEL to            Australia; fax - 61-2-9895 7939;
                                                                                    The little ship call "Progress,"
discuss the initiative with the           e-mail
                                                                                    its engine donor-driven.
Councillors of the IUCN (their            ihannam@dlwc.nsw.gov.au.
Council     meeting     was     7-9       Regular updates on the sustain
                                                                                    Its crew may think ifs reaching
February). The overall support was        able soils convention project will
extremely good and there was              feature in the Newsletter.
                                                                                    with future prospects fair,
                                                                                    But they're steadily going back
                                                                                    wards, and the waterfall IS there!
                           Soil and Water Conservation
                                                                                    Now the moral of this story is,
                                                                                    for which the young lad thank,
                                   Annual Conference                                When you're assessing progress,
                                        July 8-12, 2000
                                                                                    FOR GOD'S SAKE WATCH THE
                               St. Louis, Missouri, USA                             BANK!
                        www.swcs.org or 1-800-THE-SOIL

                                                                                                                       Page 7
                                                    Upcoming Meetings
 2-7 July 2000.15th ISTRO Conference.              Essen.      Phone: +49-201-183-3754 or              5948. flanagan@purdue.edu ASAE Web
 "Tillage at the Threshold of the 21st             2390.    Fax 2390; wol^ang.burghaidt@uni-           site:   http://www.asae.orgS/mposium
 Century: Looking Ahead." Forth Worth,             essen.de or roswithamoeOers@uni-essen.de;           Web sites: http://trace.ncat.edu/erosion
 Texas, USA. Contact: Dr. John Morrison,           http:ZAwwviwniessen.de/bodenkunde                   http://horizon.nserl.purdue.edu/~flana-
 ISTRO 2000 Conference, USDA-ARS-                                                                      gan/erosymp For other information, con
 GSWRL:       808    East    Blackland    Rd..     22-27 October 2000. International Soil              tact 2950 Niles Road, St. Joseph, Ml
 Temple, Texas 76502, USA. Phone: +1-              Conservation Organization (ISCO) XI                 49085-9659.
 254-7706507;       Fax:    +1-254-7706561;        Conference.       Buenos Aires, Argentina.
 ISTRO@brc.tamus.edu                               Please send your intention to attend or             10-12 May 2000. 11th Atlantic Region
                                                   participate to be sure to receive future            Hydrotechnlcal Conference
3-7 July 2000. New Trends in Water                 announcements. Contact:     Secretaria              Moncton, New Brunswick, Canada
and Environmental Engineering For                  Cientifca ISCO 2000, FAUBA. Avda. San               Contact Daniel Babineau, UniversKe de
Safety and Life: Eco-Compatible                    Martin    4453       (1416)    Buenos   Aires,      Moncton, Moncton, NB E1A 3E9.
Solutions for Aquatic Environments,                Argentina, Phone: 54-11-4481-1688. Fax              Fax: (506) 858-4082; babined@umonc-
Capri, Italy. Contact: Louis Dumoulin,             54.11.4514-8739/4481-1688.                          ton.ca
Balkema Publishers, Postbus 1675,3000              Isco2000@mail.agro.uba.ar
BR Rotterdam, Netherlands.      Phone:             http://www.isco2000.org.ar                         5-9 February 2001.         International
(+31.10)    4144154,   Fax:   (+31.10)                                                                Erosion Control Association is calling
2400730, louis@balkema.nl                          3-5    January         2001.   Soil   Erosion      for presentations for Its 32nd Annual
                                                   Research for the 21st Century, an                  Conference. Las Vegas, NV Individuals
12-18 July 2000. First International               International Symposium, sponsored                 involved with erosion control are invited
Conference — Soils of Urban,                       byASAE. Contact: Dr. Dennis Flanagan,              to submit abstracts. Presentations avail
Industrial, Traffic and Mining Areas,             Symposium Chair USDA-Agricultural                   able include: technical papers, poster
Essen, Germany. Contact      Prof. Dr.            Research Service National Soil Erosion              presentations, and progressive learning
Wolfgang     Burghardt,   FB   9   —              Research Lab-oratory, 1196 Building                 sessions. Contact: International Erosion
Angewandte Bodenkunde, Universitat —              SOIL,West Lafayette, IN 47907-1196.                 Control Association.     Phone: (970) 879-
GH Essen, Postfach 103 764, D 45117               Phone: (765) 494-7748 Fax: (765) 494-               3010, ecinfo@ieca.org

                                          World Association of
                                      Soil and Water Conservation
President                     lal.1@osu.edu                 Philippines                    Av. Alcalde Rovira Route,    Join WASWC
David Sanders                                               dnangju@mail.asiande-          177                             Membership      of the
Flat No. 1, Queen Quay,       Executive Secretary:          vbank.org                      E-25198 Ltedia               World Association of Soil
Welsh Back                    William C. Moldenhauer        Australasia:                   Spain                        and Water Conservation is
Bristol BS1 4SL, England      (USA)                         Ian Hannam                     lpla@macs.UdL.es             open to all individuals or
sanders@clara.net             moldwc@itctel.com             Department of Land and                                      organizations Interested in
                                                            Water Conservation             Middle East:                 the wise use of land and
Deputy President              Secretary-Treasurer           Macquarie Towers               Georgi Gergov                water resources worldwide.
Samran Sombatpanit,           Maurice Cook (USA)            10 valentine Avenue            National Institute of        Benefits include the quarter
67/141 Amonphant 9.           mgcook@mindspring.com         ParramattaNSW2150              Meteorology and Hydrology    ly newsletter and discounts
Sol Senanikom 1                                             Australia                      Blvd. Tzarigradski, 1784     on books published by
Bangkok 10230, Thailand       SWCS Liaison:                 ihannam@dlwc.nsw.gov.au        Sofia, Bulgaria              WASWC.
sombatpanit@hotmaU.com        Craig Cox (USA)                                              Georgi.Gergov@meteo.bg           Membership is US $10.
                              craigcox@swcs.org             Europe:                                                     Organizations who wish to
Immediate Past                                              Martin Halgh                 - North America:               negotiate a bulk purchase of
President:                    Editor                        Georgaphy Unit (S.S.)          Jerry Hammond                membership for individuals
Hans Humi                     Ryan Nash                     Oxford Brookes University      8413 Fort Hunt Road          within a country or region
Centre for Development        (USA)                         Oxford, OX3 OBP, England       Alexandria, Virginia 22308   should contact Executive
and Environment               deb@swcs.org                  mhaigh@brookes.ac.uk           USA                          Secretary            William
Institute of Geography,                                                                    JerTy.Hammond@usda.gov       Moldenhauer for more infor
University of Berne           Appointive Vice               Eric Roose                                                  mation.
Hallerstrasse 12.3012         Presidents:                   ORSTOM                         Pacific:                         Membership payments
Berne, Switzerland            Africa: Zachee Boli, IRAD     B.P. 5045                      Samir El-Swaify              (in US$ or from the mem
hurni@giub.unibe.ch           B.P. 2123, Yaounde            Montpelier, F 34043 France     Department of Agronomy       ber's credit card) should be
                              Cameroon                      roose@melusine.mpl. orsto      and Soil Science             sent to WASWC in care of
Past Presidents:              iita-humid@iccnet.cm          m.fr                           University of Hawaii         the    Soil    and     Water
William C. Moldenhauer                                                                     1910 East-West Road          Conservation Society, 7515
(USA)                         Asia:                         Latin America:                 Honolulu, Hawaii 96822       NEAnkeny Road, Ankeny,
Email: moldwc@itctel.com      Dimyati Nangju                lldefonso Pla Sentis           USA                          Iowa     50021-9764 USA.
Norman W. Hudson              Asian Development Bank        Departament de Medi            elswaify@hawaii.edu          Membership is on a calen
(England)   '                 P.O. Box 789                  Ambient, Ciendes del Sol                                    dar-year basis.
Rattan Lai (USA)              1099 Manila                   Universitat de Lteida

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